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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1892)
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VOLUME XXlll. NUMBER 28.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1892.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,172.
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THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank !
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
.Pays Merest on Time Depsits
Mates Loans on Real Estate
MfcS BIGHT DRAFTS CH
Omaaa, Ckicago, New York ami ail ,
SELLS : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And Helps its Customers when they Need Help.
OFFICERS AKD DIBECTOBS I
LEANDER GERRARD, Pres't.
R, H. IIENRY, Vice Pres't
JOHN STAUFFER, Cashier.
M. BRTJGGER, G. W. HUL8T.
Authorized Capital of $500,000
Paid iii Capital - 90,00
O. H. SHELDON. Pres't,
H. P. IL OHLRICH. Vice Pras.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL SCIIRAM, Am (
C. n. Sheldon. .7. P. Decker.
Herman r. ll.Uehlnch, t arl lticnlce.
'.V. A. McAllister,
.7. Ilenrj Wnnleman,
Georce V. Galley.
jl. Jl. Winslow,
S. C. Grey,
Arnold F. H. Oehlrich,
fy Bank of deposit; interest allowed on tima
deposits; bay and nell exchange on United States
and Europe, and bny and sell available securities.
Ws sliall bo pleased to receive yonr business. We
Okliett yonr patronage. 28dec87
DUPLE! Villi Mills
And ill Kinds of Pumps.
PUMPS REPAIRED ON SHORT
eleventh Street, one door west of
Hagel & Go's.
WehaTe jast opened a new mill oa M street,
opposite Schroeders'' flouring mill and are pre-
. pared to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WORK.
Store Fronts, Counters,
Stairs, Stair Sailing,
Balusters, Scroll bawin
BTBEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
IVAll orders promptly attended to. Call oo
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE 18 OPPOSETEJJ. S. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-agencies, all business
direct, hence we can transact patent business in
lees time and at LESS COST than those remote
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. Our fee not due till patent is secured.
A book, "How to Obtain Patent," with, refer
ences to actual clients in your state, county or
town, sent free. Address
Opposite Patent Oraos, Washington, DVCL
The Journal for Job Work
Manj land seekers abound in Nance
A circus has gone into winter quar
ters at Norfolk.
Boyd county has been divided into
three commissioner districts.
Mac Workman, of Juniata, was se
riously injured by trying to. stop a '
The Episcopalians of Lexington aro
making efforts toward building a new
house of worship.
Twenty three families of Danes have
taken up land south of Potter recently,
in Cheyenne county.
Mrs. S. B. Uilman of Logan county.
who gave birth to triplets Oct. 4. died J
last week. Two of the children are '
still alive and healthy.
The Alliance elevator at Dunbar is
full of grain. They paid the first of
last week 32 cents to 'Si cents for corn
and 53 cents for wheat.
The late Buffalo county fair had the
best and largest display of farm products
shown since the fair association was
organized fifteen years ago.
B. A. Shinklo, one of the Dioneers
of Wallace and a veteran of the late '
war, died from the effects of a sun '
stroke received two years ago.
Underneath a fine bunch of large
solid ears of corn, hanging in the post-
ofllce at Juniata appears the legend, I
Korn is King and Kures Kalamity." j
The Fremont Fire Department last
week received a check for $25, in pay
ment of the Drize won in the hose races
at Columbus during the Platte county
As a threshing outfit were crossing
a smail bridsre east of Oak Wednesday
of last week with their steam thresher, '
the bridge gave way letting the ma- '
chine fall about six feet, doing consid- '
About five years ago John Lanhum '
planted on his farm near Crete a lot
of youthful well eyed pike, obtained
from the fish commissioner. Now he
shows sanmles weigning from seven !
to eight pounds..
Burglars at Blair entered the resi
dence of Dr. Taylor and tooK sfGO
from the doctor's pocketbook, his '
watch valued at $50. his diamond pin
valued at $90 and his wrist buttons. '
They then visited his neighbor, W. D. '
Haler, where they found nothing of
any value to carry oil, but helped
themselves freely to provender from
the ice box. No arrests. !
Rev. R. F. Powell, who has been
pastor of the Cumberland Presbyterian '
church at Dunbar for so many years,
has tendered nis resignation as pastor
to take effect on the 29tn of next month
and will leave that place. The con
gregation of his church have of.
fered every inducement possible to get
Rev. Powell to remain but he has de
cided to make a change and will leave
on the date named above.
The ceremony of laying the corner
stone of the new German Lutheran
Orphan's Home at Fremont, now in
course of erection occurred on the lGth.
A number of German srlerjryman and
other prominent people from abroad
were present, among tnem oeing Rev.
Wellcr. from Mary&ville, toward
county, who assisted Rev. Graef in
conducting the ceremonies. The oc
cusion was an interesting one.
For some " time past it has been a
cause of coinpiaint tnat Hastings has
been without a cornet band. Lately,
however, such an organization was
made, and the new band was placed
under the direction of Prof. M. L. Av
erill. Last weeK the members gave
their first concert. Dutton hail being
crowded to the doors. The program
was an unusually fine one, every mu
sician of prominence in the city tak
A large number of United States
troops from the frontier posts passed
through over the Etkhorn yesteruay.
says tne Fremont Trioune, on the way
to Chicago to be present at the open
ing ceremonies of the world's fair.
There were 300 from the Ninth Cav
alry, stationed at Fort Robinson, and
400 from Fort Niobrara. The largest
proportion of the latter were colored
men with a springing of Indians and
white men. i
A well-known Fremont business
came very near meeting a horrinie
death. He was at the Eitchorn depot
in the evening, and was on the train
talking to some friends. When tne
train commenced to move he started j
to step off, out in some way misseu nis
footing and fell oetween the train and j
the platform, but luckily in such a po- i
sition that he was able, by hugging
the ground and lying perfectly still, to
escape the wheels.
The citizens of Plattsmouth have
been greatly agitated recently over the
nerve and impudence shown by aSioux
City man in cutting tne big growth of
willows which grow immediately at
the foot of Main street and witnin the
city limits. The willows were to oe
cut for riprapping purposes at Omaha.
Mayor Butler gave the devastator no
tice to leave and had he met with a
refusal 2u0 men stood ready to run him
and his men into the river.
W. A. Slack's residence south of Ju
niata was burned down last week. Mr.
Slack and family had gone to Hastings
in the forenoon, and in less than an
hour after their departure the house
was a mass of flames. The alarm was
given, but nothing muchcouid be done
beyond saving some of the furniture.
Tne fire is supposed to have originated
from the kitchen stove in which a fire
had been built in the morning. Tne
house was insured, so that the loss
will not be a total one.
An examination of the affairs of tne
two banKs recently closed at Ains
worth and Springview respectively
show both to be in a bad condition.
The Ainsworth bank had deposits
amounting to $38,703. The resources,
according to the examiner's report,
will amount to $4L419. whiie the lia
bilities run up tor$34.y53. Tne bank's
capital1 was fixed at $23,600. Tne
Springview bank had a capital of but
$6. 000. but the examiner states that
items amounting to $5, 967 should be
charged up to the stock, thus leaving
the institution a bona fide capital of
$3 to offset individual deposits amount
ing to $13. 145.
Incendiaries started a fire in Wheat
on's planing mill at Norfolk whicn
caused damage to the extent of $1,000.
. Nellie, the little 8-year-old'daughter
of J. K. Cooper of Broken Bow. feh
over a chair on last Thursday evening
and broke her arm.
Martin Swanson. who lives near
Funk. Pnelps county, came near get
ting killed last week. He was run
over by a load of hay and had three
ribs broken and his lungs torn so that
he bled considerably. He also had a
severe bruise in the back of his
Application for the appointment of
a receiver to latce charge of the affairs
of tne State BanK of Ainsworth.
located at Ainsworth, hasben made
to the supreme court. Tne applica
tion states as a reason therefor that
upon the examination of tne affairs of
the oanK made by Ben li. Cowdery it
was found and reuorted bv him to
the state banking ooard. that
bank did not have sufficient property
required by law in excess of the liabil
ities, and that the protection of the
interests of the depositors and credit
ors makes a receiver necessary.
At 3 o'clock the other morning at
Albion night watch discovered the ele
vator owned by Miles Dodd of Los An
gels. Cal., rented and operated by
Brewer & Cook, was on fire. The
Almen fire company was on hand
promptly and prevented the flames
from spreading, but the elevator is a
total loss, fuliy covered by insurance.
The loss on gram on hand is $'2,500.
insured for $1. 000. Tne net loss of
Brewer & Cook is $1,500. not covered
by insurance. The Fremont; Elkhorn
& Missouri Valley Railroad company
lost a water tantc and one freight car.
There is no view to the origin of the
Sheriff Bennett of Douglas county
has been out of Omaha recently look
for a horse thief. A short time ago
Dan Mason, who lives at Fiorenca
lost a horse from his barn oy theft.
Shortly after a stranger traded horses
with Bud Camp down in the country.
Camp came to Omaha with nis horse
and it was recognized as Mason's and
taken from him. Bennett met. head
ed for the scene of trade to get the
theif ana succeeded in finding another
one of the norses saia to have been
stolen. Deputy Sheriff Vic McCartv
of Bellevue arrested Charles Wagner
and lodged nim in the city jail for safe
Keeping. Positive proof exists, so the
authorities claim, that A'aener is the
man who stole Dan Mason's horse.
A case of considerable importance is
attracting attention now at the county
court, says the Lincoln Call. It is a
suit for tne recovery of $125,000 dam
ages against the estate of the iate El
der J. G. Miller, on behalf of Mrs. Eva
E. Lewis, whom it was always supposed
Mr. Miller had formally adopted. This
now turns out not to be the case, al
though Eve was taken from the home
of the friendless at Chicago on that
condition. Elder Miller afterwards
had the child baptised as Eva Miller
and treated her ail intents and pur
poses as his daughter and she was al
ways so recognized. When in later
years she married Mr. E. O. Lewis,
against the Eider's desire to have her
go as a missionary to the Orient, the
"latter cut her off in his will making
no mention whatever of his adopted
daughter. Tnis suit is brougnt to re
cover $125. 000 damages.
Burgiars broke open the frontdoor
of Kennedy & Erret's saloon in Fre
mont and pryinjr open the money
u rawer, extracted therefrom about $8
in change. About daylight in tne
morning a trainioad of soldiers came
througn on the Elkhorn, and during
their stop in Fremont some of them
ran the saloon to suit themselves,
rinding the door open, they walked
in and tooK what drinks they wanted,
leaving $2.30 to pay for it on tne shelf
bacK o; the bar. During the same
night the office of the St. Paul lumoer
yard was broken into by burglars,
who pried open a window in the ware
house part of the building, and then
oroKe open the aoor into the office,
l'ney started to drill a hole into the
iock of the safe, but gave it up after
tney had got a hoie far enough
througn the paint to be perceived.
One of the convicts at the state peu
ltentiary. John Evans, was shot and
uroDaoiy mortally wounded by one of
the guards wmie enaeavoring to es
cape. JenKins, who did the snooting,
saw the man making away anu cailed
to him to nalt, which command Evans
refused to heed. The guard then fired
twice, one shot penetrating tne leg and
tne otner tne head. Evans nas tne
reputation of being a dangerous man,
is aoout 35 years old, and was sent up
from Omaha about four years ago un
der a sentence for burglary. Auout a
year ago ne made an unsuccessful at
tempt to escape. When recaptured
tne guards found that he nad mauaged
to conceal for nimself a shirt of mail,
made by fastening pieces of noop iron
in an old garment, so that when put
on under his clothes, his body. bacK
and front, was covered from neck to
iegs by iron.
A Lincoln, dispatch says: Probaoly
no otner city in the slate has done so
muen to keep alive the interest in tne
development of the beet sugar indus
try in this state as Lincoln. Ever
.-inee the meeting of the state beet su
gar convention in this city last Feo
ruary a number of gentlemen of this
city nave oeen quietly and persistent
ly at work upon the subject. They
hae been in constant communication
witn interested parties in the east and
are now for the first time aole to an
nounce to the state the resuit of their
summer's work. A few weeKs since
M. A. Lunn was sent east as the spec
ial representative of the Lincoln Board
of Trade. He spent three weeks in
Xew York, Boston and Springfield,
and from what he learned is able to
state emphatically that a beet sugar
factory will soon be within reach ot
every moderately sized town in Ne
braska. A desperate convict named John
Evans who was under seutence at the
penetentiary for a term of ten years,
met his death yesterday afternoon, says
the the Lincoln Cali, whiie trying to
escape. Evans had been transfered
to the broom department lately, and
was working near the gates and imag
ined he saw a chance to gain his lib
erty. He stole out and had gone but
a few rods when he was spied by John
.jenKins, one of the guards who pa
trols the walls, and who called to him
to halt at once. Evans broke into a
run for the brush but the guard drew
oead on him with unerring aim brought
him down. Jenkins fired twice, the first
bail striking Evans in the right leg.
the second went through his head
killing Evans instantly. The dead
criminal was about 35 years old and
jwa sent up about four years ago from
Omaha for burglary. He nas always
been considered a bad man. and has
been watched pretty closely.
WORLD'S FAIR BUILDINGS.
FORMALLY DEDICATED BY AS
A Great .miliary and Civic Parade
Fcrreitt Prayer sad Patriotic Ad
dresses Brilliant and
Display of Fire Works.
Dedicatory Exercises In Chicago.
Chicago, Oct. 22. At 9 o'clock yes
terday the great civic and military
parade, which was a most magnificent
and imposing display, visitors began
to stroll into the grounds and by 10
o'clock 30.000 people had passed
through the gates. From this time on
the multitude was augmented by tens
of thousands. As the visitors arrived
the most of them made their way di
rectly to the great dedication build
ing, anxious to obtain desirable seats,
and in a short time all of the 90. 000,
except those reserved for the distin
guished guests, were occupied by the
At 10 o'clock the parade outside, in
which 12, 000 regulars and state mili
itia participated, had already begun,
and it was evident that many thou
sands who were doing it must be con
tent with standing room, and that at
least two-thirds of the visitors to the
grounds would never get within hear
ing of the speakers' voices.
Let -us enaeavor to get an approxi
mate idea of this unique scene. Im
agine thirty great steel arches of a 385
foot span and 200 feet high covering a '
oputo i, uu ieei long, mis, coverea
partly with wood, partly with glass,
and surrounding its entire length a
broad gallery with raised seats. Im
agine a great starry banner hung from
the center of each arcn, with the clus
tered Sags of all nations gathered in
sheaves on the front of the balcony
between each pair of arches. At one
end imagine a great platform filled
with musicians, vocai and instrument
al. In the middle of one side imagine
a great stand with a pulpit light pro
jection in the middle, draped with
white and yellow festoons this is the
official stand. Imagine it filled with
governors and their resplendant staffs,
dignitaries of foreign nations with jew
elled, strange but vivid costumes. In
front of this stand upon the mam floor
imagine a large railed-off space set
with tables and occupied by newsoaoer
men from all quarters of tho globe
working furiously, trying to picture
the scene before them. Back of th9m
and to the left and right see the great
audience sitting and standing, filling
the immense space until it will not
hold another human being, until boys
and men take hold of the great steel
arches and clamber through their
braces high up above the heads of the
gathered tnrong. Imagine depending
from the roof, midway down, stream
ers of yellow, red and white bunting
to the sides of the great arches. Im
agine festoons of American flags
draped here and there, while in the
center a carved stone eagle forms the
nucleus of a glorious stand of colors.
On one side of this hangs the banner
of Spain, with its lion, its castle and
towers of red, white and black. On
the other side the green cross of Ferdi
nand and Isabella, upon a white
ground, where their initials, sur
mounted by a crown, are blazoned in
yellow. Near by the official banner
of the World's Columbian exposition,
triangular in form, divided evenly,
one-half of the ground blue, symbol
izing Lake Michigan, the other half
white, suggestive of the exposition
building. A fringe of dark goid
which, with white, makes the coiors
of Isabella. In a tassel of dark red
strands at once are the crimson of
Ferdinand and Columbus and the terra
cotta of Chicago which, with white,
makes the new municipal colors. In
the field near the staff is an oak
wreath enclosing four gothic C's"
the intertwined initials of Cyclos,
Christopher Columbus and Chicago.
The oval of the -C's" is expressive of
tne romanesquo cnaracteristic of the
J World's fair buildings, the four typi-
lying tne quaaro-centennial of the
aiscovery of America.
Suddenly a shout crops up from
one end of the vast building. Gradu
ally growing it approaches the stage
until, near at hand, the form of Hon.
Chauncey M. Depew is seen making
for his place on the stand and fur
nishes reason therefor. And so it
goes, as one after another the well
known people are recognized by the
great gathering. Sometimes there
are half a dozen eddies of hand clap
ping in different Darts of the house to
signalize the approach of as many
different persons of note.
Among the first to enter were the
members of the grand dedicatory
choruses, filling the seats assigned
them to the number of 5,500. Shortly
after 10 o'cIock the band struck up,
and a great volume of sound from 5,
500 throats joined in the preliminary
practice of the dedicatory ode, several
stanzas of which had been set to music.
But this huge volume of sound made
no more impression in the vast build
ing, covering thirty acres, than wouid
an ordinary choir in a church. The
practice through, it was heartilv
cheered by the. great audience.
It was the throng of a century, a
scene of a lifetime, a spectacle that
will in coming years mark an epoch
in the march of (he nationtofthe
earth. No human pen can adequately
describe it. One must have seen it to
appreciate it words and figures fail.
When one says the great audience
room is capable of seating 90.000 per
sons comfortably, with space left for
75, 000 more, it is simply'a big aporox
imation. At 12:35 booming cannon announced
the arrival of the head of the military
parade at Jackson park.
Bishop Fowler delivered an eloquent
Mayor Washburn then delivered the
address of welcome to Chicago's dis
Director Burnbam was the next
speaker, followed by President Hig
ginbotham, accepting the structures
from the builders.
The Work of the Board of Lady
Managers" was the subject of an ad
dress by Mrs. Potter Palmer.
Speeches were made by Vice President
Morton. Chauncey M. Dewew. Henry
Watterson and others, the exercises
ending with prayer by Cardinal Gibbon.
How the Scat Received the Olive
Branch of Peace OsTered the Peo
The platform of the People's party
contains this noble sentiment: "We
declare that this republic can only en
dure as a free government while built
upon the love of the whole people for
each other and for the nation; that it
cannot be pinned together by bayo
nets; that the civil war is over, and
that every passion and resentment
which grew out of it must die with it,
and that we must be in fact as we are
in name, one united brotherhood of
Upon this platform they nominated
an ex-Confederate general. Here was
an olive branch laden with luscious
fruit. With that in his hand General
Weaver, the presidential nominee,
went into the south to advocate his
party's cause. Instead of being given
a respectful bearing he was mobbed.
Think of it. The preferred choice for
the presidency of the great party in
America, denied a bearing in this land
of free speech. and freemen. Nor was
that all.' The ladies of his party, his
wife and Mrs. Leese. the "Patrick
Henry in petticoats" assaulted with rot
ten eggs! And this in the land of
boasted chivalry! When Miss Winnie
Davis, the "Daughter of the Confed
eracy" was in the north some years
ago, she everywhere received marked
courtesy. The only lady who declined
to receive her was Mrs. Cleveland.
What a contrast. Jefferson Davis'
daughter showered with kindness;
Mrs. Weaver showered with rotten
eggs. The Georgia delegation voted
solidly for Cleveland in the Cnicago
The democratic party hopes to elect
Grover Cleveland, who was nomin
ated by the south, by throwing the
election into the house of representa
tives, which they hope to do by voting
themselves for the Weaver electors.
Will you aid them in this attempt?
Will the true men of the north become
the cat's paw for the south?
The voters of Nebraska who were
formerly republicans are earnestly re
quested to read the following state
ment before voting at the next election.
Admitting that you believe in the prin
ciples of the people's party, and in
the measures advanced by that party
to promote the general prosperity of
the nation and earnestly desire the
election of Weaver, how is it to be ac
complished? If Weaver and Field
were to carry all the foliowinsr states,
although they do not claim more than
thirteen of them the result would be:
Al ibaina 11
Ark in.is ,
K orid.i ,
v) u th Dakota ..
T?:i3 ........ :...
v nulling on
South Carolina !
V riii a U
Totul. Jl)". Neccsarv to choice. 223.
Weaxer and Field would therefore
ttiil need 18 votes in the electoral col
lege. But no one will now claim that
the people's party can carry ail of
tnese 26 states. Weaver himself says
he will carry 13 states. It is impos
sible to name thirteen stales exclusive
of New York. Pennsylvania and Ohio
which wili give him a majority in the
electoral college. The only result
therefore possible for his candidacy is
to throw the election into the house of
representatives which insures the elec
tion of Grover Cleveland,' who is op
posed to every plans in the people's
party platform; is a goid bug. opposed
to the coinage of any silver whatever;
ihinks reciprocity a sham" and is op
Doeed 10 free speech especially by the
speakers of the peopie's party.
The democrats are seeking to elect
Cleveland by voting for Weaver elec
tors in a few northern states and
thereby throwing the election of pres
ident into the nouse of representa
tives, which is done when no candi
date has a majority in the electorial
college. They are very friendly to
the people's party in the norm but in
the south it is different. Tne New
YorK World of Oct- Utn. Cleveland's
personal organ in New YorK, contains
a two column extract from the speech
delivered in Georgia by H. W. J. Ham
of that state, accompanied by his port
rait. To show his reirard for the peo
ple's party and the respect entertained
for them by Cleveland's supporters we
quote the following extract from the
World's account of the speech:
After jumping on the women's suff
rage plank he asKS the boys in a con
fidential way if they nave ever seen
Mrs. Lease. "Well. I have. " says he.
Weil, bovs, she is a plumb sight. If
I had a hound dog tnat would bark at
her as she passed by the gate I'd kill
him oefore night She could sit on a
stump in'the shade and Keep the cows
out of a one-hundred-acre contield
without a gun. She's rot a face mat's
harder and sharper than a butcher's
clever. I could take her by her heels
and split an inch board with it. she's
got a nose like an ant-eater, a voice
like a cat fight and a face that is rank
poison to the naked eye."
The conditions in Georgia now. "
he will begin his speech, "are signifi
cant because all the old elements
which have always fouirht democracy,
the snollygosters. shoulder-hitters and
sons of guns, the discordant dements,
every atom of which is a storm center
of political disintegration, are mus
tered under this piebald banner of so
In describing what wiil become of
the Third party he gives this little al
legory: "I have somewhere read a
story of a lion who iay asleep in a for
est. There came along a pestiferous
little animal whose name I will not
call who. with an old grudge against
the lion, thought it would be some sat
isfaction to slip up and bite him, for
be thought he was dead. He awoke
and simply placed his paw upon this
pestiferous little animal, and all that
was left of him was a greasy spot in
the sand and a little stench.
"I want to tell you, my fellow citi
zens, that the democratic lion in Geor
gia is alive and awake, and in Novem
ber he will place the paw of his power
upon this pestiferous little skunk of a
Third party, and all that will be left
of it will be a little greasy spot in the
sand and a little stench."
What shall it profit a party to carry
Nebraska for Weaver and thereby
elect Cleveland and put in power a
gang of men that treat them in this
manner, and who ridicule and reject
every idea advanced by it. If you fa
vor free ooinage of silver, why elect a
man who openly advocates the com
plete demonetization of that metal. If
you favor 'fair sad liberal -nensions"
why vote so as to elect a man wh
does notbelieve in giving any.
I'rcis of I'ii rm Products.
If the farmer will carefully study the
changes in the market price of all farm
products by a comparison of the far
mer's price and tho manufacturing
price, or in other words, the price on
the farm and the price at the factory,
he wiil see what an advantage manu
facturing states have over those which
are purely agricultural. The manu
facturing states during the past year
have been paying an average of 91
cents for corn. 95 cents for wheat; 60
cents for rye, 35 c.nts for oats, 60
cents for barley, 5S cents for Irish po
tatoes, and $11.25 per ton for hay;
while in the agricultural states the av
erage price for the same period was
for corn 25 cents wheat 66 cents, rye
34 cents, oats 20 cents, barley 40 cents,
Irish potatoes 25 cents, and hay $5,30
per ton, being an average of about 60
per cent, in favor of the manufactur
ing states. It cannot be said that the
cost of production in Pennsylvania is
any greater than it is in Wisconsin,
therefore the comparison leads the
thoughtful producer in this investiga
tion to clearly see and understand that
the farm needs the factory in order to
secure the best prices.
Tlie Farm r nmt Ijjric-ulmral Imple-
inentM .Ire Not the 1'rlcetLowcr
Tlian liver llelore Klivn?
We have been living now for nearly
thirty years under the protective sys
tem. If protection has oppressed the
farmer by increasing his expenses,
then clearly he ougni to be paying
more to-day for his necessaries than
he paid, say. ten years ago; certainly,
he would oe paying more than the
British farmer pa s. for the British
revenue system even longer than ours
has been a protective system. But
the fact is that the American farmer
pays in the American marlcet less
money for all his supplies in 1892 than
he had to pay in lSbO; he paid in 1880
less than in 1870, and in 1870 less than
in 1860. when we were living under a
free-trade revenue; and he pays to-day
in the American mai-Ket, protected as
it is from foreign assault, less money
than the British farmer pays in the
British market, open though it be to
the production of the whole world.
e have been protecting all the ma
chines mentioned and England has not,
and if protection raises prices and
free traue lowers them, as the dem
ocrats aiiege. how under the sun. can
it happen tnat farming implements
here are cneaper than in England? In
an address delivered at tbe Farmer's
congress, in Chicago, in 1887, the
Hon. Thos. H. Dudley, of New Jer
sey, formerly our Consul at Liverpool
mace this pertinent statement:
-Something over three years ago I
attended the national agricultural ex
hibition of France. It was held in
Paris, and a grand exhibition it was.
quite worthy of the great nation it
represented. 1 spent four days at the
exmbition. Tnere were fourteen or
fifteen acres of ground covered with
farming implements, tools, machinery,
etc. All the exhibitors nad their price
lists upon tneir exhibits, and I was
careful to obtain copies of them. The
lowest priced horse-raKe was 250
francs, or $50 dollars of our money.
You can buy one just as good in any
town in the United States for $27. The
lowest priced mower was $102 in our
money, anu was no belter than we sell
for iUO. if as good. Ihe lowest priced
reaper, wunout the binder, was $185
no better than ours for $110. Tho
piows. harrows and cultivators were
2U per cent above the price they are
selling for in tne United Mates. There
was not a hoe. tort;, shovel, spade or
rake on ttie ground but was dearer
in price and inferior in quality to ours.
I therefoie repeat what I have said
oefore. tnat under our protective tariff
the prices of all manufactured com
modities, instead of being enhanced,
have actually been reduced, and that
nine-tenths of ail manufactured com
modities now used by our farmers and
iabonntr ueople in the United States
are as cneap as tney are in England,
ami in many instances cheaper."
t liu Mil. Vole to 'lake America a
I r- I rade Coiuitr) !
It is an awful fact it is really not
short of awful that in this country
(Great Britain) with all lis wealth, all
its vast resources, all it- power. 45 per
cent. that is to say. nearly one
half of the persons who reach the
ace of 00 are or have oeen paupers.
I say thai it is a tremendous fact, and
I cannot conceive any suoject more
wormy of the attention of the Legisla
ture, more worthy of the atttention of
us ail." Jotin Morlev.
v 1 rei- 'Irafie rtrttirr.
By nn Knlbliiii in.
Though England is deafened with
spinmng-weeis, her pople have not
clothes: thougn she is black with the
digging of fuel, they die of cold, and
though sne has sold hersoul for grain,
they die of hunger." John KusKin.
Again, how many farmers are aware
of the fact that there were 62.411 head
of hordes imported and oid in the
United States in 1888. and only 2,263
exported. Tnis is depriving tne farm
ers of tne United States of the saie of
over 60. 0U0 norses annually; and the
same is true for each of the past five
vears. Most of these norses came
I from Canada, and, under the o1- law.
1 paid a duty of 20 per cent ad lorem
' on a value of about $45 per head;
wnile under the McKinley bill they
1 will have to pay at least $30 per head.
, wnich will undoubtedly stoo their
cominir here, and the farmers of the
' United States wiil reap tbe benefits
I tittle .
In 1887 there were 72,665, head ol
I beef cattle imported into our markets,
thus adding to our surplus, and depre
ciating the value, paying a duty of $2
per head. The average importation
for the past five years nas been 88,000
per year. Now, the act passed by the
republican party says to the Canadian
(most of these cattle come from Cana
da), you must pay us a tax of $10 per
head if you want to sell your steers in
the United States." Is not this all
Why not protect the farmers of the
United States in raising farm products?
Why should farmers of other countries
find a market in the United States for
65.000 bushels of buckwneat and pay
only ten per cent, ad valorem duty?
by not maicc them Day us fifteen
cents per bushel, as provided in the
McKinley bill? It would take over
6.0j0 acres to produce the buckwheat
that was imported in 1889.
Last year 1.583,941 bushels of flax
seed were imported and none exported.
So the republicans said: "We will
put a tax of thirty cents per bushel on
flaxseed," for the benefit of tho far
Canada sent $54, 230 worth of saur
kraut. $4,100 worth of peanuts. $2,564
worth of sweet potatoes, 200.000 bar
rels of turnips, besides cabbage, caul
iflower and other vegetables, which
our Eastern farmers can raise just as
well as not, instead of raising so ex
clusively the less profitable crops of
wheat, oats and corn. The duty on
all vegetables not classified was in
creased from ten to twenty-five per
cent, ad valorem.
Canada sent us nearly 16.000,000
dozen of eggs last year, at tbe rate of
three cents duty. The McKinley bill
raised the duty five cents per dozen;
now the egg industry in the United
States is showing great growth.
We have been importing from Can
ada some eleven million bushels of
barley and malt annually. A large
number of the farmers of the United
States ask to have the tariff raised
from ten cents per bushel to thirty
cents per bushel (48 lbs.) The re
publican party says "all right, we
propose to help the farmer, " and so
they increase the tariff on barley. 'The
average yield per acre in the United
States is given at twenty-two bushels
per acre, and it will take 477, 000 acres
to produce what barley is imported
We imported in 1888, 8,259.538
bushels of potatoes upon which a duty
of fifteen cents per bushel was paid.
Eastern farmers asked to have the
duty raised to twenty-five cents per
bushel, and this was done in order to
help the farmers of the United States.
The same year there was imported
1,942,864 bushels of beans and peas,
paying a duty of ten cents per bushel.
Our farmers requested this duty raised
to forty cents per bushel. This was
dona and at the same time the duty
was raised on a long list of other
vegetables for the benefit of the Eas
tern farmers. This was all right was
it not? For if the Eastern States raise
commodities they will not be raising
wheat, oats. corn, and stock, and this
will help the Western farmer.
There was 100,269 tons of hay im-
narted in 178. Davinsr a duty of two
dollars oer ton. McKinley and
Republicans thought they could help
tne i arm era in 1019 anu u muo .uo
Inttr fAii. rlnllnN not tin Tt -Till TA. '
UUVJ AWUa WAtaa0 wa wws- - ----- -
quire 100,000 acres to produce theim- I
We are importing annually an av
erage of about 7,000.000 pounds of
hops more than we export and it
would require seven thousand acres to
produce tnese. xae tarin, iormeriy
eight cents per pound, is now
A Farmer's Letter.
Monu Valley, Kans.
My Dear Sir: What will the
Democrats and Mugwumps do with the
tariff this session of Congress? As you
know, I am a farmer and quite an old
man. and I have lived in this country
a good many years when we had de
mocracy and free trade, and I know
what they are. In those days I drew
wheat from my farm in Indiana to Vin
cennes. a distance of 45 miles, and
sold it for 33 cents a bushel, and took
calico at 35 cents a yard, and very
common brown sugar at 14 cents a
pound, and as is generally known, there
is much sand in Vincennes, and the
merchants were troubled with optical
delusions, and could not tell the dif
ference between common brown sugar
and yellow sand. and. as a result,
when we would get home we would
find our sugar badly mixed with sand.
Remembering all this. I say, as an old
farmer, may the good Lord deliver us
from democracy and free trade.
Can't you send me some docu
ments?" TLaughter. . Yours truly,
L W. H. Harper.
-Hon. B. W. Perkins.
Washington. D. C."
The Truth About Van Yt'yck.
Lincoln. Oct. 9. 1890.
To all Members of the Independent
People's Committees, and to the Vo
ters of Nebraska:
It having become evident that Mr.
Van WycK has turned squarely against
the independent movement, and is
using his influence to defeat the inde
pendent candidates, we recommend
that he be not invited to adrress inde
pendent meetings nor given an oppor
tunity to use his unfriendly influence.
Geo. W. Blake.
Chairman State Central Com.
C. H. PiirrLE.
Secretary State Central Com.
Hints For Travelers.
First Traveler "How do you man
age to make such nice acquaintances
in strange cities?"
Second Traveler "In New York 1
follow the crowd and it takes me into
all the respectable places. In Chicago
I keep out of the crowd."
An Average Barber.
Barber "You don't come very
Customer "It take? too much
Barber "I cut hair in ten minutes."
Customer "Yes, but it takes three
weeks for it to grow enough to look
Little Dick "Papa, I wish you'd
buy me a fish -pole."
-"There are no fish in that
Little Dick "Well, then, you won't
have to go 'long to take 'em ol! th'
Great Cholera Mixture.
"Doctor, what is a good cholera
mixture for this time of year?"
"Well, ice cr am, watermelon and
lager beer will do very well." Indian
A Question of Veracity.
"Harry, I don't believe Mrs. Slang
Harry Why, dear?
"Last night she said Mr. Jaglets
was over tne bay, and I know he was
not near the water once."
First National Ban;;
A. ANDERSON. Pres't.
J. H. GALLEY. Vice Pres't.
C. . KAKLY. Ass't Cashier.
G. AN DERSON. P. ANDERSON.
JACOB GREISEN. IIENKY KAUATZ
JAMS G. REEDEK.
Statement of Condi tiea at the Close ef
Business Se.tt. .10, 18U2.
Loan ami DNcotmN .... I21MW3.K1
Re il EtntKuniiturf and Fix
mrvM .... .. .. 10,701 "33
tl s.. I5.mil 15500L0
I l)m from II. S TriMirer. J B7S.nO
Diif iroiu other bunk iVi-T) l&
Caaiouhaml . 2 0.1 87.ftl
Tiipital Stock- paul In.
Un llvuleil pront .....
I t'irculntiou ........
... 3,8 IS 52
m :ki mi
Office over Columbus State Bonk, Columbns.
ALBERT & KFKDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LA VV,
W. A. MCALLISTER. W. M. CORNELIUS.
cAI.IJMIKU & COK.lKMUi
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
1 Cor. Eleventh A North St.. COLUMBUS, NEB.
EELollccuonH - upeciaiiy. rrompi. anu care
ful attention g.M-n tuthe nuttlementof e.tutes
in the county conn 1J executor, administrators
.iu, r itit.liiirw- Will timitiitt in nil thd courts
' of this Htnte and of : itith Dakota Refers, by
ieruii5ttOii. iu me r irai .i,iimuiu kmiuk.
E. T.ALLEN, M.D.,
Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon,
Secretary Nebraska Stats Board
309 Raxok Block.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing1 a Specialty.
Shop on Nebraska Avenup, two doors sort
A.. E. SEAKL,
PBOPBirrou or tuk
The. Finest in The City.
iJf The only shop on the South Side. Colum
bus. Nebraska. 280cUy
Office over poxt office. Specialist in chronic
ilitH.-u.ses. Careful attention given to general
A STRAY LEAF!
All kinds of Repairing done oi
UhAnr ntiaa Knircrias
Ol""1 MUMMJ. UUf,p,VI7' " "
ens, eic, naue iu oruer,
and all work
ALso tell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders -the
Shop on Olive Street, Columbus. Neb
four doors south of Borowi..ks.
cnsrDERTvFs: :t i
Collins : and : Metallic : Cases !
Z3T Repairing of all kind of Uphot
tf " COLUMBUS. NKKKASIf
BMh St. ToDsoM Pari.
BlacKsmui ana WasonHaKer
ii iii is wir 'I" i fi Mr2.
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