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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 2, 1892)
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"A Costly Poem.
Pojs received S25.000 for lils version
of Homer.. But the prize-winner in a
. .competition opened by tho proprietors
. of a half-penny journal in England has
lust been paid So.003 for five lines of
verse composing tho "poem which was
. adjudged tho best offered. This is' at
- 'the rate of $1,000 a line, and say $100 a
word, making this tho most costly poem
. ou record.
Oa tho Way" to Tai-aiMse.
Let hb hope that the people who habitually
"disregard their health -will reach that deBirabla
. place, and avoid the locality which is leea de
sirable as an eternal residence on account of
' the beat and surroundings generally. Butwhilo
. we tarry in this Tale of tears, why should wo
voluntarily endure the tortures of dyspepsia
when a systematic use of Hostetters Stomach
Bitters Trill rid ns of the atrocious malady
which unless physicians are very much at
fault - tends to shorten the term of our exist
ence. Heartburn, biliousness, constipation al-
mV6t always accompany this complaint and aro
symptomatic of it. These are all extinguished
by the Hitters, w ich also conquers completely
. malaria, rheumatism, nervousness and debility.
Since the appearance of 'la grippe" it has shown
a' singular mastery orer this formidable coni-
plaint that has carried off 0 many of our
brightest and best.
Tiik Ilaionessvon Zuyllan of Paris
'has the finest stables in the world for
, her magnificent horses. Even those of
the" great czar himself do not equal
them in "magnificence. On Sunday.
afternoons she takes her tea in tho
htahles, where, down the center of the
greet building, a thick pilc-carpct is
placed, leadit.g up to the tea room.
The horses come up to the tabic for
sugar from their mistress like pet dogs.
The buildings cover over three acres of
The Only One Ever I'rlntccl Can
rind the Word? i
There Is :i 3-Inch display advert iscmciit.
In this paper this week, which ha-s no twoj
words alike vccpL one ord. The same !
true of cai'.li new one appearing ea'h week1,
frojii The Dr. Jiarter Medicine Co. This
house places a "Crc-cent"' 011 everything
thjcy hiake and publish. Look for it, send
tliem tho name of the word, and they will
return you book, iieactifiii. i.iTiionnAl'iis, '
or SAMTLUS ritEC
Ax Atlanta man owns two valuable
relics of Washington in the shape of
cut-glass decanters that once adorned
the sideboard of the father of his coun
try. Every now and then it is discov
ered that the "father of ins country"''
Cuuchine Leads to Consumption.
Kemp's Ualam will stop the Cough at
once. Go to your Druggist to-day and get
a 1 it sample bottle. Large bottles 50 cu.
Tun ancient Komans did not build for
a day only. The people of Koine get
their supply of water, which is said to
"bo remarkably pure, from the Appc
niucs through an ancient aqueduct that
was constructed by their forefathers.
Cicacin&Co.. Philadelphia. Pa., will send,
(pt paid,'for - Dobbins' Klectric ir'o-ip wrap
pers and 10 cents, any volume of "Surprise
ei ie.,'' (be-t authors), i'5 cent novels, about
-00 pages. Send 1 cent --tamp for catalogue.
Rrssi.v has plenty of coal oil, but this
country is still the oil reservoir for the
old world. Fifty tank steamers are now
carrying oil in bulk from this country
COUGHS AND nOAKSEXESS. The irri
tation which induces coughing immediately
relieved by u-c of ''Itroicn's Bronchial
Trochcx.- Sold only In boxes.
Tin: late Cardinal Maiuiin? left no
auto-biographical notes. His executors
will probably write the life of the emi
. licut churchman and edit his letters.
Heeciiam's Pills will euro wind and pain
in the stomach, giddiness, fullness, dizzi
ness, drowsiness, chills, and loss of appetite.
Divkrs notice that when fi h aro
frightened each variety seeks tho shel
ter of the submarine growth nearest in
color to the tish.
. can be healthy. She will be,
if she's wisely cared for. As
.she enters womanhood, Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription
builds up and strengthens the
system and regulates and pro
motes the functions. It's a
' supporting tonic, and a quiet
ing, strengthening nervine. It
corrects and cures all those
. delicate . derangements and
.weaknesses peculiar to the
. sex. " In every case for which
it's. recommended, the "Favor
ite Prescription" is guaranteed
to give satisfaction. If there's
no help, there's no pay. It
does1 all that's claimed for it,
: or the money is refunded.
It's a risky way to sell it
but it isn't your risk.
Thousands of delicate
women and girls doing
housework, or employed
in stores, mills, facto
ries, etc-, where they are
cbntinualh on their feet,
suffer terribly with dif
ferent forms of female
"that bearing-down feeling,." backache,
faintness, dizziness, etc. Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Ccmpcimd will relieve all
tliis quickly and permanently. It has per
manently cured count-
-tles3 cases of Female
eases of the Uterus or
.Complaints, etc" Its
success is world-famed. $&
Dtnjocitts tell it, o
lil. in form of Pi
or tA i5
Voicugn, on rrmptofSl -.
J-lrer PUlt. c Corr.
Ron!eQc freely uuvered.
AadrMi in rnrifirlrs
lisi or C,
Lima. fjnrra "' "
SoiMlenc. freely neied. VmSjfi. &c:
darrsi in confidence. r r " -
TBtt' Ttay Mil act as kindly ob tho
child, the delicate fetnale or InfirmA
oldaa as npon the Tlgorous man. V
Tutt's Tiny Pills!
give tone and atrenctlito the wrakS
toaach,lKwcK kidneys and bladder
with Pastes, Enamels, and Taints which
s"-ihe hands, injure the iron, and burn
Jiaat, Odorless, Durable, axd the con-
i "P 'aHlV ijBBaaaav
jlCtT POLISH IM THE WORLD.
A FEW SyOGESTIONS FOR OUR
Importance or Stirring the Grand Cea
ceralag farm Labor Valae o'r Salt aad
" Ashes for ric-l be Dairy at the World's
Fair Hoasebold aad Kitcbea.
Koep the Greaad Stirred.
value of a fre
quent stirrinc of
the soil in the
corn field. The
value of this
ever, is greatly
increased in sea
sons of drought.
The reasons is
that the top of
the soil by fre
quent stirring is
made to act the
part of a sponge,
and arrests the
moisture that is
heing constantly poured into the air
Says an agricultural exchange: We
once made the following experiment,
to obtain an approximate idea of the
amount of moisture thus drawn off,
and the hindering effect on evapora
tion through constant stirring of the
During a prolonged drought a place
in a well traveled highway was se
lected, where the fine dust was sev
eral inches deep. A large bell glass
(a two-quart Mason fruit jar will an
swer the same purposcy was well
chilled by contact with ice, wiped
perfectly dry and placed mouth down
on the dust and covered with several
thicknesses of white cotton cloth.
After a period of five minutes the
cloth was removed and it was found
that suflicicnt moisture had arisen
from the dust, and condensed on the
cold glass, to run down its sides and
form a wet ring in the dust, quite
On the side of the road was a field
of corn which the owner had not
cultivated for more than a week.
The dry weather had formed a multi
tude of fine cracks in the soil, out of
which moisture was passing at a
rapid rate. To "determine the differ
ence in evaporation of the unstirred
ground in the cornfield and the fre
quently stirred dust in the road was
a fact that would be valuable to know.
Accordingly we again chilled the glass
and placed it in the cornfield in the
same manner and for a like period nt
time as in the road dust. The result
showed to our satisfaction that the
moisture was pouring out of the corn
field at least three times faster than
in the road.
Had the owner of the cornfield kept
the ground stirred lightly on top
every two or three days he would have
arrested this wasting moisture and
thereby watered his corn very effect
ively, besides destroying the noxious
weeds. It was worth to us all the
time and trouble taken in the ex
periment to know this principle and
learn how thereafter to turn it to
valuable account in the cultivation of
corn and other crops.
An Immovable Grind stoats
Who has not been annoyed when
grinding by the wobbling of the grind
stone on its frame, especially when
the treadle was in use? I have never
equal to the ar-
p. equal to
m e n t
cut, writes a
correspond c n t
in Farm and
are set in the
ground at least
three feet. At
height they are
sawed off level
"and the grind
stone bushings secured in place
on top of them. Another ad
vantage offered by this frame is that
it docs not interfere with the grinder
or bis tools. It should be well
braced, if the ground be soft, by
placing stones or blocks of wood
against the posts at the top and bot
tom 0? the hole underground. If a
third post is set facing the grind
stone and a bracket or narrow shelf
attached to it, the can to supply the
stone with water may drip from" it as
Wages and Treatment or Farm Labor.
The laborer has always resisted the
introduction of labor-saving machines
at the outset, sometimes to the de
struction of the offending innova
tions, fearing that the demand for his
service may decline and wages fall.
It is ever a futye opposition and a
foolish fear, as; the result is always an
increase of demand and production,
the elevation of labor and increase of
wages. Fifty years ago the wages of
farm hands employed by the year
ranged from SS "to 10 per month,
rarely 12 in regions' of unusual de
The range for labor is now from $20
to S30 per niontb', in extreme cases
somewhat higher. Last year, in the
midst of depression, the average
wages of :Xc England was $26.ii4
per monthfof tnc jdndlc States,
$23. G2, ojthe WestcrT States, $22.
It has bon very steady for yoars It
was lost in 1ST!), when all prices
were very low. The labor of colored
men has also advanced as it has be
come more intelligent. The farm
labor of the Southern States averaged
$14.77 last year. It is a common
complaint of farmers that labor is too
high. As the burden of rural drudg
ery is reiieveu, me proprietor is in
clined to take things easier, as he
should do, if he can afford it. giving
himself more time for reading, study,
management, and social duties and
privileges. And the laborer is also
worthy of hia hire. American Agri
culturist. ''LIVE STOCK AND DAIRY.
SaU,aadjAnhes Tor Flics.
Animals that are confined in close
quarters and fed on concentrated food
always require certain mineral ele
ments which nature supplies to them
in the fields and woods. The need
which' pigs have for salt and ashes is
well known but it is not so generally
practiced and Ji red up to. When the
pigs arc roaming about the fields and
woods they do not need the ashes, hut
when confined in their winter quar
ters and fed concentrated food a
weekly supply of wood ashes will be of
inestimable value to them. We have
not yet found out exactly what ele
ment in the ashes they desire,
w-'iether it is the charcoal, lime or
p tash, but it is certain that the
ashes themselves are very beneficial.
One of the benefits of feeding them
ashes is, a better appetite for their
rations of meal and fodder. They eat
more and steadier, and their food is
Vi1 1 )
L 'i ?
better digested and assimilated. Ex
periments at the station with a great
number of pigs have proven this fact
beyond dispute. Salt does not en
tirely take the place of ashes, for
where food, water and salt were given
in abundance, and the ashes omitted,'
the pigs did not take on as healthy a
growth. "Where both were omitted
the animals became sickly, and seemed
to want something which the food and
water could not supply.
Corn is a very rich food, and it goes
to meat and muscld in a way that no
other food does when fed to pigs, but
its very richness often clogs the sys
tem and prevents the best results.
The stomachs of the animals can not
digest and assimilate it. The same
is true of all the other highly concen
trated foods. They generally clog the
appetite and prevent the highest re
sults. Ashes and salt come inas
splendid articles to prevent such dis
astrous result They act as tonics
and medicine, clearing the system of
effete matter, and giving strength
and tone to all of the internal organs.
It is probably in this way that ashes
help the pigs. They set directly
upon the digestive organs, but really
add nothing to" the body. If corn is
making the pigs puffed up, and their
appetite is poor, a liberal supply of
salt and ashes should he given at once.
Hard wood ashes of the best quality
should be used for this "purpose, as
they seem to give the best results.
The ashes and salt should be ad
ministered in equal quantities, cither
with the food or kept in a seperate
vessel in the pen for the pigs to take
when they felt inclined.
The Dairy at the World's Fair.
Rules to govern the conduction of
dairy tests of breeds at the Columbian
Dairy School have been submitted by
the sub-committee of the Executive
Committee of the Columbian As
sociation. There "will he two breed
tests, one for four months, one month
of which is to be devoted to cheese
making; the other for seven months,
thirty days and six da3's and under
the same committee as the other.
Each cattle association competing
shall furnish twenty-five registered
cows of their breed, except the Red
Polled and Brown Swiss associations,
which may. compete with an entry of
fifteen, cows each. An accurate ac
count will be kept of all food given
their cows for thirty days before and
during the test, and all kinds of dairy
products so made in the test and
charged to the cow so fed at the mar
ket value. Owners will be at liberty
to feed as they choose, provided ordi
nary foods are fed to the cattle.
(Jrcat care will be taken to guard
against fraud in every way and the
cows will be closely watched as well,
also their products, to sec that they
arc exactly as stated. Awards will
be made for increase ol flesh, the
amount of butter or cheese made by
individual cows and for the best dairy
and also herd of five cows.
A time and labor saving way to
purify the poultry-house is pacticed
and praised by a writer in the Ger
mantown Telegraph: I attach my
spraying pump to a kerosene barrel,
and shoot water into every part of
the house cracks, corners, roof and
all and then sweep it, after which I
fill the barrel half full of lime-water
and spray the inside of the house with
it. I think it much better than
whitewashing, and more quickly and
easily done. The lime gets into spots
not possible to reach with a brush,
and leaves the inside of the house in
Wire Fences to Yards.
The wire fence does not keep the
winds out of the yards. When such
a fence is made, the lower part should
be of boards, and they should be put
together so as to be close. A fence
seven feet high, composed of three
feet of boards and four feet of wire,
should be high enough to keep nearly
all breeds of hens within bounds, and
the boards will make the yards much
warmer and more comfortable than
when wire only is used. It is an ad
vantage for the hens to be outside
sometimes, for they will not be con
tent to remain in on clear days; but
to send them outside on a cold, windy
day, with the yards enclosed only
with wire, is to expose them to a
very severe test.
A jard should have wind-breaks of
some kind if the hens arc to occupy
them, and this can oc accomplished
in several ways; one by having-boards
at the bottom, and another by ar
ranging corn stalks on the north and
west sides of the fence. Anything
that will break the force of the wind
will be found beneficial. Farm and
Points on ronltry.
Tame" hens, like other tame and
gentle stock, have the advantage of
using all their food for business.
Fright wastes food in the bird as in
the cow, and also frequently causes
broken eggs, broken windows in the
hennery, and other losses.
Cork is too fattening for fowls as a
steady diet in mild weather, but for
supper in cold weather nothing is bet
ter than a full crop of it heated
slightly before it is fed.
Awi.es decaying in the cellar, and
there are plenty of them this winter,
will be used economically by the
poultry. Ducks and geese have been
wintered on them almost exclusively.
A dish of dry bran, Standing con
stantly in the fowl house, will do the
birds good, both in the exercise they
will get picking the fine stuff, and in
making them drink more. It will
not fatten them, while they will im
prove upon it.
TnE incubator has taken the place
of the hen on many farms the past
season, resulting in many cases in a
larger percentage of healthy, vigorous
chicks. It is the coming way of
HOUSEHOLD AND KITCHEN.
For sore and inflamed eyes use
burnt alum. Place the alum on a
hot iron tilt it stops bubbling; then
dissolve it in cold water. It will
smart but it will do good. For dysen
tery or diarrhea, a strong decoction
of white oak bark tea is good, a
tablespoonfnl at a time. Two or
three doses are usually sufficient. For
erysipelas and salt rheum use the oil
of tansy. One application cured
erysipelas of twelve months' standing
and salt rheum after the doctor had
given it up. Ten or twelve drops of
kerosene oil on sugar, taken on going
to bed, will break up a severe cold.
It is very healing.
To Cure Chilblains. Bathe the
feet in a strong solution of alum.
To take Stains Out op Silk.
Mix iu a vial two ounces of essence
of lemon and one ounce of oil of tur
pentine. 'Grease and other spots
rubbed gently, with a liucn rag
dipped in this wash will disappear.
SIUSIC IN THE SCHOOLS.
CRITICISM OP METHODS OP IN
Children Caa teara to Read Maale as
Readily as They Learn to Read Words
When the One Is Taught la as Rational
a Manner as the Other.
Many public schools are giving much
attention to music. Eote-sincinc. in
vogue for a time, has beeic abandoned
for the scientific method. And there are
singing-superintendents and assistant
singing-superintendents, and charts, and
blackboard exercises, and graded singing-books,
and a compliant force of
graded teachers. Tct in the face of all
this machinery and talent tho leader of
a boys' choir says, in tho Chicago
Times: "I have had scores and scores
of boys come to mo for training nearly
all boys from the public schools and in
not one case were they able to read even
simple music at sight."
He believes the root of the trouble to
lie in the fact that the reading of music
is not taught generally and systemati
cally in primary grades. He declares
that pupils drilled from tho first primary
to the grammar grades ought then to bo
able to read and sing with ease and
spirit such music as trios from Rossini
and Abt. Furthermore, he says he can
- Po do rt it "
mrt d.tci oads dpiM do
prove that it has been dono. Ho said:
"Singing and speaking .advance side
by side in childhood. When tho educa
tion of a child commences, the reading
cf words and notes should not part com
pany, and tho writing of notes and words
should bo allowed to remain compan
ions, as words and music were before
the child commenced its education; then
all would understand written music ns
well as they understand written words,
and would write down their own musical
thoughts as easily as they write their
nonmusical thoughts, and never will
there bo a thoroughly musical nation
until it is educated up to this point.
Scale sounds must be known. They
can be taught to the least child that en
ters a school, and should be taught upon
its first entering the school. A chart
which contains all tho twelvo scales
should bo used for this purpose, be
causo upon it is represented all tho
sounds used in music, except the ex
treme high and low sounds which aro
not necessary in vocal music. As a
change from tho chart, simple note ex
ercises upon the staff should be com
menced, and extended and varied as tho
o) 1 Utrt
ability of "the child develops. Hero is
an example of a tune made of three
"All blackboard exercises, should be
written by the pupils as soori'as they are
competent to do so. Reading" should bo
mainly taught in tho primary depart
ment. Practice of the highefct grade of
music would then be possible in the
To give variety to chart-reading and
the note exercises of blackboard and
book, hesuggests that tho little -pepple
now and then write, at the dictation of
the teacher, the first letter of each note,
and when the tunc is thus completed,
sing it from their papers. This is a drill
in scale sounds, is an exercise in letter
formation, allows one book to serve a
room, and adds the spice of chance to a
He further adds: "The trouble has
been hitherto that tho ability to write
down musical thought has been consid
ered almost an impossibility, except by
the musical genius. The writing of mu
sic should begin with the writing of
words, then the ability to sing from
notes would advance side by sidewith
the ability to read words. For instance,
a child could easily be made to under
stand that the lowest line in key E or E
flat represents the first sound of the
scale, and that all notes upon that line
are called DO in either of those keys,
and all notes in the lowest spac3 repre
sent RE, the second sound of the scale,
and all notes close under the lowest line
Fa me re d re do ti
jwtcr land of lib cr-Tf. 0 fhte I
represent TI, the seventh sound of the
"Then, if two other notes be added to
those already used, the tune may be fur
"With these five notes learned, an ni
most endless number of little tunes and
exercises could bo written. I will givo
one familiar example:
A recent visit to a representative
school revealed creditable work then
going on in music as in other things. In
the second primary a bright teacher
greeted tho visitor with this apology:
"We've been having a perfectly dread
ful day. The singing superintendent
and tho drawing superintendent have
both been here happened to come at
the same time and on a rainy Monday!"
Then she looked at her little flock as
if they were shorn lambs. Singing was
asked for, whereupon tho teacher drew
down a chart from some hiding-place
and the children, following her pointer,
ranged up and down avenues of sound,
and into cross streets with apparent con
fidence. "They havo learned twenty
three exercises by note," the teacher
said, producing a primary-grade singing
book. "They learn by note everything
Whether this represents the teaching
in all primary grades is not known.
.dscriki 4aMrc etdsrcmi .da fi
The excellence may be sporadic or it
may be fairly general.
In a grammar grade was found a musi
cal teacher whose enthusiasm had evi
dently awakened much interest in tho
possibilities .f throat, chest, and lungs.
At her command the pupils climbed tho
scales bravely, curved among tho tones,
jumped abruptly from joy to despair,
and seemed to enjoy the vocal gym
nastics. "Do you begin with your pupils on the
.supposition that they have learned to
read music In the lower grades? was
The answer came with a smile: "I
always begin at the beginning. It's
safe, you know."
One can but reflect bow undermining
it would be to the public school system
if frh9 and other teachers of grammar
grades were to begin at the beginning
with all the branches of their wori. The
pleasantly guarded statement seemed to '
go to prove what some strongly assert
that music i6 not graded and not taught
in schools as systematically as are other
studies, and as it will le must be
sooner or later. It is not contended
that, even with superlative training,
every child can learn to soar like a
soprano angel or descend like a basso
prof undo, but the gentleman heretofore
qio'ed maintains that every child can
learn to read music intelligently, and he
should be taught to. do so, not in tho
hurry and crowding of the upper-grades,
but in the leisure and patience' of the
beginnings of knowledge. This age, he
eays, knows no bounds in science or
art. Let "the wee to te" be placed wisN
ly, persistently at the' head of St.
Cecilia's train and future years may
have for us the revelation of general
PLAYING WITH LICHTNINU.
Wbjr a Fakir RoUed oa the Gronad aad
YcUed like a Demon.
The unfortunate fakir must have
been firmly impressed with the su
periority of English magic to his own,
although these strange men an often
adepts in mystery, and perfect mas
ters of tricks of all kinds. The ama
teur experimenter had arranged his
apparatus in the open air, and was
setting to work when the fakir made
his appearance and asked for alms.
These wer? refused, on the ground
that the fellow could quite well work
if he chose, and the Englishman re
sumed business, trying to disregard
the mendicant, who, however, did
not budge an inch, but remained
silent with "what appeared to be a
pair of tongs and a brass dish at the
extremity" still extended to receive
the expected coins.
I looked up at him again. There
he stood on one leg, his eyes riveted
on mine. He continued this per
formance for nearly an hour.
"If you stand there much longer,"
I said, at length, "I'll give you such a
taste of lightning as will soon make
you glad to go."
The only answer to this threat was
a smile of derision that sent his mus
tache bristling against his nose.
"Lightning!" he sneered. "Youri
lightning can't touch a fakir; the
gods take care of him."
Without more ado I charged the
battery and connected it with a coil
machine, which, as those who have
tried it are aware, is capable of rack
ing nerves in a way that few persons
are capable of voluntarily enduring
beyond a few seconds.
The fakir seemed rather amused at
the queer-looking implements on the
table, but otherwise maintained a look
of lofty stoicism, nor did he seem in
any way alarmed when I approached
with the conductors.
I fastened one wire to his still ex
tended tongs, and the other to the
foot on the ground. The machine
was not yet in action, and beyond dis
concerting him a little, the attach
ment of the wires produced no effect,
but when I pushed the magnet into
the coil, and gave him the full
strength of the battery, he howled
like a demon. The tongs to which
his hand was now fastened by a force
against his will, quivered in his grasp.
He threw himself on the ground,
yelling and gnashing his teeth, the
tongs clanging an irregular accom
paniment. He rolled about in such
a frantic way that I began to fear he
would do himself mischief. I stopped
the machine, therefore, and he
scrambled up and left the lawn at a
double-quick step. N. Y. Journal.
Neva's Dcllghtrul Climate.
In May, June and July the weather
on the INeva is as hot as it is in sum
mer time in Queensland, and tho
chief delights of the people whose
official duties detain them in the
capital is to be rowed about the Jf eva
in the soft and mellow gloaming, and
to experience the pleasurable sensa
tion of being able to read the news
paper without the aid of artificial
ngnt at 1 p. m.
The ilarbarous Kiquluiaut.
Both sexes among the Esquimaux
are tattooed. Labrcts are favorite
ornaments. In early 3011th a cut is
made in the lower lip and a small
wooden ring is introduced to keep it
from closing. Gradually it is en
larged and- the adult is decorated
with a labret of jade, ivory, bone or
glass, shaped like a silk hat in minia
ture, the rim being inside the mouth
to hold it.
The Pesky Thins;.
A dime fell down behind one of the
bolts in the big safety vaults of the
City National Bank of Plainfleld,
X. J., the other night, when it was
locked, and the vault could not be
opened the next morning. Two ex
pert safe-openers from New York
worked twelve hours before the door
could be opened, and had to cut a big
hole in one of them.
Ho Wt Frugal.
A man bought a loaf of bread of a
Lewiston baker, says the Journal,
and finding he could not cat it ail ur
he brought back part of it the second
day and asked to have it exchanged
for hot biscuits. "If that don't beat
all," remarked the baker, "and the
man has much of this world's goods,
too." The baker wasn't soft enough
A citizen of Chicago has invented
a simple device for delivering mail
matter to the upper floors of build
ings by means of movable boxes at
tached to wires on the exterior. TT.f
effect is to save an endless amount of
stair climbing a matter which stead
ily assumes increased importance as
buildings grow in height.
Tho Bamboo Tree.
The bamboo tree does not blossom
until it attains its thirtieth year,
when it produces seed profusely, and
then dies. It is said that a famine
was prevented in India in 1812 by the
sudden flowering of the bamboo trees,
fifty thousand people resorting to the
jungles to gather the seed for food.
, Deep Hurled IlellcH.
A Stockton well-borer recently found
the tooth of an animal at a depth of
1,124 feet. It resembles the tooth of
a monkey. Another tooth, apparent
ly that of a herbaceous animal, was
found at a depth of 900 feet.
A Butterfly Bath.
Australian butterflies bathe. One
will alight close to the water, into
which it backs until the whole of the
body is submerged, the fore legs alone
retaining their hold on dry land. In
a moment it will fly away, apparently
In Pant Ages.
A copper rod projecting from the
face of a cliff in Saline County, Mo.,
indicates that at some date in the
far West, beyond the ken of man,
copper mining was carried on In that
A Rhode Island Quarry.
On a farm in the suburbs of Provi
dence, K. I., there has been located
what is claimed to be one of the
largest and richest veins of granite in
the entire country.
The City of Melbourne.
Melbourne, Australia, which was
founded less than fifty years ago, has
. m A . . n
now a population 01 ouu,uuu and is
the fifth city in size inthe British
Because the New York .Republicans-
are depending on a Fassett is
no sign that the Democrats will de
pend upon abunghole. Washington
DIRECTIONS FORTYING THE TIB
An Exact Dreerlplloa of a Method Re
qalrlag Care aad Patience Only.
. "Will you kindly illustrate by dia
grams in your Sunday edition, how a
white lawn- tie for evening dress
should be tied? Ten
thousand of your
readers have occa
sion often to wear
evening dress and do
not know how to ad
just the tie," a young
man wrote to the
Sun. This request
is simple, and it is
to be hoped that the
young man has overestimate 1 t' c
number of men who are unable to
adjust their lawn tics.
The well-dressed man never wears
a made-up tie, an expert says. . He
ties his own four-in-hand ami his
Ascot. The ready-made lawn tie for
evening dress is stiff, cannot be made
to fit snugly to the collar, and its
only recommendation is that it saves
the time required to tie a knot. Any
man who can tie a bow-knot can tie
a lawn tie. On each man's skill and
patience, however, de
pend the success; of
his tie. If the. knot
is made carc!c5sly and
the lawn twisted and
wrinkled his tic is a
failure. One reason
why some men fail to
make the proper knot
is that they do not
lawn must be handled carefully, and
after the knot has been made it will
not be mistaken for the ready-made
Here is one method of making the
knot. The ends of the tic should bs
of the same length. Then place one
end across the other, as in Fig. 1. and
make a simple knot, as in Fig. "2.
Twist these ends around sd that they
will be in the position outlined bj
the dots in Fig. 2. If the first knot
be not drawn tight the tie will be
failure, and it will annoy the wearct
by climbing up the front of the col
lar. Then make a bow of the lowei
end of the tie and drop the upper end
straight over it as in Fig. 3. Tha
end outside of the bow should be bent
as the other one was and drawn iij
inside of it. That makes a double
bow-knot, as shown in "Fig. 4. Be
fore the bows are drawn tight thej
can be brought down so that thej
will be parallel with the ends, as it
Fig. 3. That gives the tie a llnished
appearance. To keep the knot tight
a very small pearl pin, or a silver pir
with a small round head can be rue
through the back of the knot so that
only a glimpse of the head of the pic
can be obtained from the side. Small
pins were worn last winter, although
they are not necessary after drawing
in the bows tightly. The bows car
be shortened or lengthened easily
after the knot has been made.
In Fig. 6 is shown the style of tit
that is popular at cake walks. It is
not always white, and is usuallj
tucked into the bosom of the shiri
just above a "sparkler." It permits
the display of a tie pin, and that
seems to be its only recommendation.
It never should be worn with even
Stomach Full or Lizard.
It is reported that a post morten
examination of Daniel Mummert
who recently died in Adams County.
Pennsylvania, found his stomach lit
erally alive with lizards. lie hac
been suffering for some time wit!
what the doctors called pulmonary
consumption. A short time ago he
was seized with a violent fit of vom
iting and threw up six small lizards.
He gradually sank and at his death at
.examination was held with the aforo
said result. It is said that he trav
eled about a good deal, frequenth
drinking from roadside springs, and
it is thought that he swallowed the
lizards in the water, though no thcorj
is advanced as to how the lizards
managed to resist the action of the gas
trie juices and to escape smothering.
An Unknown Island.
In recent years a number of expe
ditions, scientific and commercial,
have touched at TSova Zembla, bui
the island is still little known, and
even the greater part of its coast
line is not yet accurately laid down
on the maps.
A Frenchman's Ingenuity.
A Frenchman has invented a new
and ingenious frictional machine.
Mercury is forced by means of a
pump through the pores of a piece ol
chamois, and electricity in consider
able quantities is generated by th
Boll Tour Jan.
Earthen and stoneware jars 01
crocks should be filled with cold
water and put over a slow Are and al
lowed to come to a boil once or twice
before using, to cook in.
The greatest curse in the world is
jealousy. 2fine out of ten domestic
troubles originate in it. More than
half the murders in the world are
committed through its influence. It
is a guest that no man or woman who
ever entertained, could afterward
get rid of. Institutes should bo
I opened to cure those afllicted with it,
ror It rums more hordes than drink.
It is the shadow that follows love,
and the happier and more blessed
the love makes' you, the darker and
more cursed the cloud of jealousy will
'-v. ! :
L hf I
fs "F " A
; vry p
' Ten Thousand Men Wanted.
Men who desire wrk can set It in th j lied
River Valley of Minnesota and Dakota in
the early sprlujj. During tho past reason,
owing to tho largo crops and scarcity of
help, farmers rrcrc unable to thresh their
wko.it and do the regular fall plowing.
Tli resiling machines have been miming In
various parts of the" valley all winter, and
hundreds of acres of grain &tlll reruahl un
threabed. To plow aud seed tho fields in the spring
of l93 wltl require the labor of at le:it ten
thousand men iu addition to present help.
The sen of farmers In the overcrowded
East should consider this opportunity tqxct
work and pay tbclr expenses while investi
gating the chances In one of the finest agri
cultural sections of America. Many of the
well-to-do farmers of the valley began life
there as laborers or renters.
The laud Is plowed, seeded and harvested
by machinery, and the largn area awaiting
cultivation r-sr.ulrei an army of men. The
soil U easily worked, ami farmers wish to
put in large ci ;.
Write to John ltirkholz. Grand Forks, N.
D., Jacob Lowell. Fargo. X. D.. II. W. Oon-
aniMMi, oitiicoie. .num.. v. 1. wiutney.
St. raul. Minn., or W. B. MrNlder. General
I'a-sngcr Agent Sioux lity & Northern
ltullroad, Sioux City. Iowa, for particular-.
An Amoricnn physician who rccently
maile a voyago from Europe to this
country in an immigrant ship, says that
out of 158 of the steerage passengers
whom ho examined not one-half were
found to bo physically sound, though
tho unsound passengers were not
nfllicted with such diseases as would
prevent them from landing at any of our
ports. If this shipload is a fair sample,
tho amount of disease annually im
ported into our country must be ap
palling. The (lisnsrrcablc operation of forcing
liquids into tlie head, and the use of ex it
lng miuIT arc leing tuporceded by Ely'.s
O't cam Balm, :i cure for t'atarrh and colds
iu the head.
1 h:ive bucn a gieatsufferer from catarrh
for t.Mi years; could hardly breathe. S.me
nighti I could not sleep. 1 purchased Ely's
Cream Balm aud am using it tiecly; it i'-
working a cure suuly. 1 have. advised
several friends to u.-u it. and with happy
results rh every case. It U the medicine
above all others for cat-irrh. and It is wortli
Its weight in gold. 1 thank God I have found
a remedy I can use with safetv and that
do -sail that is claimed for it. -B.'W.Sperry.
Harford, C nn.
Apply Balm Into each nostril. It is
Quickly Aborbed. Gives Uelief at
Once, l'rlce CO cents at Iiruggists or by
mail. ELY BROTHERS.
C6 Warren St., New York.
A new years ago an abolitionist's por
trait would not have found faor in
Washington. Hut recently Mrs. Henry
Villanl has presented to Howard I'ni
vcrs ty iu Washington a bust of her fa
thei, Uilliaiu I lord Garrison, ami the
univers'ty was cry glad to get it.
Wo otTer Ono Hundred Dollars Reward for
aiiycoo of cat'inrli that ennuot lx cure I by
iikin Holl'rt Catarrh Cum.
F. J. CHENBY & CO.. 1'ropn.. ToMo. o.
We. the undersigned, havo Kn wn !'. J. Cheney
!or tbo last fifteen yearn, and believo hi u ir
'ectly h'inor.ibto in all baiuesj transaction,
and tiuinclnlly ii'uIj toca-ryoutanyobliga'.ioni
urn I.? by their finn.
Wo3ttTr at. Uholoiato rrnpgists. Toled . O.
WaMing. human & .Marvin, Wholoiale Drtig-
fiis's. Till do. Ohio.
Hall s Cta tIi Curo i3 taken Internally, aot'n?
ditcctly ii1k)I1 tbo bluotl aud miicoas Mirfu'e.-i of
tbo svBtriu. l'rico, 73c per bottle. S jM by all
Tin: Atchison Gluhc says: When a
man invents anything all his friends
assist in jetting him crazy by saying
that it certainly is a great tiling and
will make him rich, although they know
nothing about if.
When Baby ttcs sick, vc gare her Cajtorla,
When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria,
When sh3 became Miss, she chins to Castoria,
When sho luul Children, sho gave them Castoria.
Tiik suffrage of this country U on the
increase. A statistician frays: At the
next Presidential election it is estimated
that more thun II, .".00,000 men will have
the rig'it to vote.
Avoid am. Ki.sk with a Stubliori Couh
by using at oijce Dr. I). Jnyne's Ex
pectorant, a sure rem-dy for nil Coughs and
Colds and well calculated to exert a benc
licial intlunce on the Lungs and Throat.
Japan is a little disappointed in its
railways. The big island has now over
1.100 miles of railways, but the invest
ments have never proved to he profita
ble. Goon Advice. Use Hale's Honey of Hore
Hocsd ami Tau for a cocgh or cold.
I'lKtS Tootuacue Unoi b Curein one Minute
la lis Worst Foim. I
Benton, Lar. Co., Wis.. Dec, "89.
Her. J. C Bergen Touches for the following
James Booney who was sufli-ring from St. Vitur
Dance in its worst form fcr about 1! years war
treated by several physicians without effect
two bottles of Tutor Koenig'a Nerve Tonic
Sarcd From the Cirave.
North Washington. Iowa, Mcb... 1831.
The womlcrfnl discovery of Tastor Koenlg'e
Nervo Tonic has evidently saved me from tne
gravo or an Insane asylum; and I and my kinl
eld mother cannot thank yon enough for tbo
happinoss you havo bos to wed upon us. for which
wo think you many thousand tiinos, and will
remember yon in oar prayers.
A Valuable Book en Nervoun
llitteaKCH Beat tree to any aiiurecs.
and poor paticntu can 1mj obtain
thin medicine free of charge.
This remedy ban been prepared by the Eevercsil
Pastor Koeuiff. of Fort Wayne. Ind.. since ISfcand
Isnow prepared underbis direction by tne
KOENIC MED. CO., Chicago, III.
Sold by Druggists at SI per Bottle. G for 85
Iarce Size. 91.75. C Bottles for S9.
Tus GREAT COUGH CURE, this success
fnl CONSUMPTION CURE is sold by drug
gists on a positive guarantee, a test that no other
uure. can siana succesrany. ii you nave a
COUGH, HOARSENESS or LA GRIPPE, it
will cure yon promptly. If your child has the
CROUP or WHOOPING COUGH, use it
rick.y nd relief i3 sure. If yon fear CON
SUMPTION, don't wait until your ease is hope
less, but take this Cure at once and receive
immediate help. Price 50c and $1.00.
Ask your druggist for SHILOH'S CURE.
If your lungs are sore or back lame, use
Shiloh's Porous Plasters.
Kit mr fimin Well
parfect aeU-cIeaniac and
LOOMS & NYMAN.
ASABZKSlg aires Instant
relief, and is an ISKALLr
ULE CUKE for PILES.
Price. $1; at drrjritistK or
br mail. Sample tn.
Box itllfi. Xcw YoiUC Cm.
m m FIT FOLKS REDUCED
X n Mra. Alio Maple. Oregon. Mo. wrllea
I Wf I J"MywoightwaS2&p3unl.noitUl!?a.
a raductinn of r tha." For circular a4itrea. with te
Dr.U.tV.KSNVUKK. ifcVicVeraTlieatre. Chicago. Ili.
Morphine Habit Cured In IO
DR. J.STEPHENS, LoDanon.Ohio.
' Mr. Albert Hartley of Hudsoa,'
N. C, was taken with Pnenmonia.
His brother ltad just died "from it.
When he found his doctor could not .
rally him he took one bottle of Ger
man Syrup and came out sound and
well. Mr. S. B. Gardiner, Clerk .
with Druggist J. E. Barr, Aurora,
Texas, prevented a bad attack of
pneumonia by taking German Syrup
in - time. He was in the business
aud knew the danger. He used the .
great remedy Boschee's German C
Syrup for lung diseases.
It (TnrM t'nidt, Coitslm. Sor Tliramt. Croup,
Inlliiouzit, Whooping C'iiiiIi. ltroti-;liUIs mid
Asthma. A certain onr lor t'oiisiimptHiii in llrt
raicex, ami a mr rdW in hiIv.iiu'imI slut.-s. tf-a
tu r. You will ce the ot telle it etlect utter
txKitie the lrt tltise. Koitl by itea.oraeti'ijwiicro.
Largo bolte?.Ucvut&aml ttbtt.
Both the method and results when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
aud refreshing to tlie taste, and acts
gently yet promptly on tlie Kidneys;
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head
aches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup r.f Figs is the
only remedy of iis kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the tr.ste and ac
ceptable to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly !c::efk i::i in its
effects, prepared only from the nio-t
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the mcs.t
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
and SI bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro- -
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not accept auy
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SA.'f FRANCISCO. CAL.
ICL'ISVIUE, KY. NEW Y0HX. N.t.
RELIEVES nil Stomach Wa tress.
REMOVES Nausea. Sense of FuUnca
CONqKSTIO.V. Vf IN.
REVIVES Faiuno ENERGY.
RESTORES Normal CIrcuInUoa, C3i
Warms to Tea Tirs.
OR. MAR7ER MEDICINE CO. St. looli . Me?
MF-NTIOV THIS TATER n wmma it, tnitmiui
. ... - ,
1 W.;.""7' vi-pwiai.1
1 Pkir. I.rii.in.
Qfi,fcJ!;,,lmB Cotalo In America
!.? r&f4?: .-!'0.0A -V " . Plant?
fl-".. i.i..." "."." "'""' ."ina rc. for
. MVn.V-X "?',..?? ""-OS IMl-l.tl.
CntaloK aad obovo 3 Megs., 17c.
JOHN A. SALZEFf,
Sib IlMsr TnoursoT, tie.
most noted physician of Eng
land, says that more than
half of all disease coaic frora
errors la diet.
Send for Free Famplc of
Garfield Te to 319 West
l&lh Street, New York City.
Wl effead jatlBg;carea Mtk If eniltarho;
YOU want to make M0XEC
Yonareagooiart? you m sen.
C3T The Simple Account Pile Jl '
To everybody wlio'knftps nccognts.
It will pay both the agent ami purchaser.
Sknii for tkkm.4. 1 (JihmI Vluuwe.
The J. 15. Van FJoren Co.. Fremont. Ohio.
Month and Expenses
To Agents to Sell
CIUAK. TO DKALKKS.
J0HH O. M51KG &C0., -.--.. ,. .
Et. Paul, Xira. SAMPLES FREE !
tnneJr 1CC. II5TMT MUFF Fiml
enret 1 10 diva. .Neter renins nopurve
noaltp: noHtti'iK) itorr. A ilrtim tr.mi
in rain CYerrremeurtnasflihcor red aMmi!n mm
Creaa J. H. KKKTJa. Box 2200. N.Y.Clly.N.
wnicn no win man rrae in n s lenow Minrer.1. . Ail.
aKIIOlU Pi WaMhliiztoit. .!
Successfully Prosecutes Claims.
Late Principal Examiner U.S. Pension Iiurean.
XOirs-Bsf all SOLniraai
W 'A disabled. f2 fee for Increase. SSyearsex.
perience. Write for I.awa. A.W.McCoHmea
A Boms. WasnixaTON. D. C. S Cikcimnati. oT.
ConannpflTea and peoDle
who hare weak longs or As4h-
mi snonianao lm3Cnrefor
Consumption. It has cnr.i
thousands. It ha tint tni
I l nip It I. ns.. .....I . - '. I
Ml. IhA Ka. ah " " " " I
b Vi ""-,-VuaTrup.
Q'l'il AVttwVWh.. .sa. w
v-. -j "UCiU. UCa
.- - !
- - -. -
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