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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 30, 1890)
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OU.'ME XX1.-NUMBER 2.
LsOK,rrc't. - .
I. ILAL.US. Vice Prest.
O. T. KOEN.
rifl'i. 1. AMMSKSUN,
JltEISKNH HENRY KAQATZ,
JOUi J. bUL.Ld.VAN.
it of Condition at tht Close of
iness September 33, 1889.
....'. 30,M0 00
iaad boinje ,
rwrbank. - 5 l3.tH5.ii
, rJ.TreacurY ".Tfi.tH
ttd ... I.,t'.'i.l-" -S3.1M C7
f 267,628 07
IHnrnlnft '' . . fifi ft-
lprciJ, . v 7,017 M
tank lU)fi olitiJandiny 13 '.00 (K)
pV' '!" .".. ...... !!,tl!0 14
"" 1M.OS3 w
T-r Colaiabee gtuto Hank, Columbus,
ATTOltNEYS AT LAW,
Iovor first National Bank, Columbus,
u. ' auf
hrtiea dcririiu; Mirrejing done can so.
ft iit CoWnn1us. Rob., or rail utinv nhicc
I SUJT PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
4 if fnt i-fri in 4liA efVknrt TaVttVeu 4lm
tturrlHtr nf aannli vnnnlh fnr 4ia iTqAtinn
ipplicmpujfoi: teachers certificate, -anil
attacuon or tfitr ecrtooi UuaiaeM.
IMl aW EXPRESSMAN.
bc1 lir-jiTf. hauling. flood handled with
ichiiinrtTR at J. r. llecitrA' I o.'b office.
q. S3 and 34. 2!nialtf
ll.E A BltADSHAW,
I u-cgtor fo iaublc it DyuheXi),
rOK 1IAKERS !
tntractora and bnilders vrill find our
klxo prepared to 'db all kinds of brick
, TURNER CO.,
Proprietors and l'eblishcro of the
I JWlSAL si ifci 1TES. mill nVSKAL,
tt.nniil fn n arlff raa Tnr YfVI 0 .
1 111 advance. FAN1I.Y JoCE-al, fl.00 a
IcALLllsTEll. W. M. CORNELIUS
Ll.l JX I F.K Ml COK!K;i,llT.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
pp ftUhyover Ernst ASchimTz't htore on
ieirepu . . . ibmimes
C. J. BAULOW,
HXGQINS & GAEL0W,
f y mado of Coliectioae by C. J. Garlow.
m - .
tnd Sheet-Iron Ware !
Work, Hoofing and Qatter-
iag a. opeciuiy.
kiop m '13th Btreet, Eraase Bro.'a old
mm 1 uH-ctn Bireei. aiii
i KNAPP BROS..
tractors anil Builders.
lfit furn"-hd ov'lirick and stone'work
meTmiz.jrsf. opeciai ain-niion iven to
lkitilr; . Tnnntlma ii KtnTntnf finfl
ointinK old or new brick work to reprc-
isea oncic. n.epocxany. lorreeponaence
1. References civen.
bayly KNAPP BROS.,
. . roB
3ARD3..- " .
- .. CIRCULARS,
. "DODGERS, ETC.
IE. AMERICAN MAGAZINE,
Off ex Both for a Tear, atfUM.
JobbsAi. is acknowledged to be the best
iaa lamiiy pper in f latte county.and 1 hs
can Magazine ie the only bich-classmonth-iiziRQ
devoted entirely to American LiJera
Anirian Thought and Progress, and is
u ipciil exponent ot American latitu-
lt i as ctod as anyaoi the older masr..
--....i-. 4ii ui ardx uci ,fw jugn ui lilts
pt lit3me. written bj the ablest Am'ri
kt;r. It js beaatifnll illnetratod, aad is
czar.ng eontsnaed and snort etones.
. o.e "approDriate vieeeot can be
-Jirs ianscalica to The Ac en-
!! Ws esreciallycrilUa daring the year
-c.i as.L wounerbGUzorIi.w.
. .". '. "" " v -
A TALE OF WATER.
KEPOKTS OF THfe VOUTHERN SITUA
. TION mmWuat EXAUVKKATKD.
The Lre Brake Are Sertoli , But Tmitm o
Lire and fruperty Losses Ar t.knar-rantrd-A
Iteceat lleview bi" the Coali
tlon at New UrlcaaltHber Xewa,
Ae Kralfemt Bay'o'A Savi.
A Baydu Sart ftclai, relating to the
great Mdrg&oza crevass?. hatr th .t.r
tbere is only a foot orless below the crown
ouneievee, which, ai the break, was
twentj-six foet high with a bue of over
200feeU The break i now eotee 1,360
feet wide and is caving off at lb'6 lower end
at the rate ef 306 feel in 24 hoars. The
aver&ffe tost of this Iavm in .f-
lineal foot, bo that at the present rate of
cBTicp oi the lower end it is wa6biog away
at the rate of $3,000 a" day. Every " effort
will be used to protect what remains of
t he Morgan za with as little delay as pos
sible. The stories of suffering And Ws of life
in the overflowed districts are to say the
least prematura. Thus far some stock
has been drowned and it is impossible 13
predict how serious the los tc slock may
be in the interior) bul even now there are
many who will not take the trouble to have
it removed, though they are absolutely
sure to be overtaken by the
back water within the next
few days. Fortunately the water
from the Great MorganZa crevass falls
into an uninhabitable swamp lets than 100
yards from the base of the levee, and it is
sheer nonsense to suppose that it will
overtake any one who has ample warning
of its approach.
Secretary Hester, of the cotton exchange,
in reply to a dispatch from the cotton ex
change at Norfolk, Va., states that MtheW
is not now nor is there likely to be the
sliRbtest danger to New Orleaus from high
water in the Mississippi river."
WiiHloiu' Hill Knocked Out-
By a strict yarty vote the house commu
tes on coinage, weight; aud measures
authorized the chairman to offer the silver
bill agreed uron in the caucus Wednesday
night th place of the Windom eUVer bill
already repotted by tbft Sohnuittee.
During the Benston of the committee
Bland oflrel several amendments which
where rejected. The democratic members
voted Bgainst the bill becausa it was the
republican caucus bill) aud because, as
ifiand said, it was the torst bill from a
silver standpoint tbnt had yet come before
the committee. When the substitute is
offered in the house Bland will present as
a counter proposition his free coinage bilh
Victoria YVomlhull'fl Latest Scheme.
Sir Francis Cook and Lady Cook (Ten
nie Claflin and Mr. John Biddulph Martin
and wife Victoria Woodhull) have arrived
nt New York on the steamer Trave. in an
interview Mr. Martin sid the object of
their visit -was to establish two banks, one
in Ken- York and one in Chicago, to be
used in connection with the bmking
houses of Cook & Martin, of London.
The new venture is an extension of the
Anglo-American company in which they
Mrs. Martin said Lady Cook and her
self would found two homes, one in New
York and -one in Chicago, for the preven
tforrof crime, n"Iiero"e'Ut!iH3U woiilu'fco'
taught to abhor all that is evil in society.
The department of agriculture has
issued statement shouiDg the condition
of the prospective hog crop of the
countiv and the losses dnriug the past
year. It estimates the. number of hogs
in tho country at 51.5NO.000; losses dur
ing the past year at about 4,000,000.
Iowa has a larger number of hogs than
any other state, her total being put at
5,8JO,000; Illinois comes next with 5,-1:13,-000;
Missouri, 5,090,100; Indiana, Ohio,
Kentucky, Tennessee, Kansas, Nebraska
and Texas, between 2,000,0t0 and 3,000,
000 each. The repoit says of Illinois:
"The condition of swine is nearly up to
the average for the season. The loss has
been principally from hog cholera (so
called), which prevailed to a greater or
less extent in more than half the counties
of the state."
The O'Shea Divorce Cane.
A London speeal to the 11 orW says:
Itumors that the Parnell-O'Shea case was
being settled wero prevalent during the
week. lean state on the best authority,
however, that the rumors have no basis in
fact. Parnell's object from the outset has
been to have the case fully investigated.
His only fear is that the form in which
O'Shea'6 petition has been framed may
limit the scope of the inquiry. As it is,
the case is being delayed in a most unac
countable way. With ordinary diligence
it might be brought to trial next month,
while now it is doubtful if il can come on
Mrs. O'Shea will not consent to a set
tlement anyway. She is only too glad to
get a divorce, no matter on what grounds.
A Borgia in Short lreset.
Mary Stewart, 14 years of age, is under
arrest at McKeesport, Pa., on a charge of
poisoning her mother, two sisters and 4-year-old
brother. James. The little boy
died Saturday. The Stewart family lived
in the most wrttched of poverty stricken
quarters of McKc espott. When tbey were
taken sick the doctor who was called said
indications were they had taken arsenic,
and administered the proper remedies. He
then iustitnted an inquiry and found that-
the family had been taken ill on partaking
of some soup prepared by the daughter
Mary and strongly impregnated with,
arsenic. Mary Stewart, who is in jail, de
nies having put any arsenic in the soup.
A Gainesville special says: A cloud
burst (.truck the city, lasting four hours
and deluging the country to the depth of
several feet. The Iosb to proierty will be
heavy, as the whole country is deluged and
the crops ruinrd.
The storm was the heaviest ever known
in this section. Large washouts Uive oc
curred on the railroads in this vicinity and
it will be several days before ttams can
run. The only life lost wa9 that of a
woman wbo died io the arms of a man who
was carrying her from her home, which
was surrounded by water several feet deep.
A Strange Claim.
Grace Wooiward, who married Edward
Woodward at Qamcy, Id., i-ept. 12, 1887,
ana bo lived with him until July 1889,
now sets up the claim that the muriage
was illegal under the laws or Illinois,
because she and her husband are first
cousin. H r busbitid will not consent to
a sepaiation, but threat? as to do Ler great
bodily injury if she attempts to exercise
the lights of an unmairied woman.
llisiunrck hee "othln to Fear.
The Londou Herald publishes an
account of an inteiview. with Bismarck.
The riince said that if it was in bis power
he -.u!d nst iatsrfa: with rcrkmen on
Mayday. Neither-ou!d ie display any
ax'ett -xbic-h weal only increase agjres
cin n.if tii iiriratnif. Antacotismbe-
tvfeU employers ani employed wM nat j
oral la intTa necessity of human progress.
Progress would cease should man ever be
come satisfied. He dwelt upon the seed of
combating socialism, the victory of which
he said would mean government by tb
He prfedictefioat socialism would give a
good deal of'trny'ot Hb M,i the iil&n
W...? o1 yw to the present manifesta
tion rra i coward aud it was sometimes
true benevolence to shed the blood of a
riotous minority in defence of the law
abiding majority. He declared" that May
day was not a dangerous enemy., Thfe day
noed not be dreaded: Jt wbiijd lie merely
a sham fight HK that of tne Salvation
Refunding the Mexican Debt.
Dispatches received from the City of
Mexico give additional information re
garding the scheme of paving off the
enormous debt of tne Mexican govern1
ment. A project for a way to triable the
government to pay aS outstanding railway
subsidies Las teen under consideration
ten months', and meantime the adminis
tration has had several o&e'ra of the neces
sary funds, one 'offer being for the enorm
ous nam V;f $200,000,000 wherewith to ex
tinguish not only existing pledges to pay
railway, but the entire amount
of subsidies in the shape
of bonds issued fot the construction;
which in tho Vlonrse of the next ten years
are likely to run u to sdmo $COd,'iOO,000
in silver cunencr. Thfe loan would also
pay off the existing external debt held in
Europe, amounting to $52,500,000, the in
ternal debt, now reaching ?l5d)O,0O0
silver, and would wipe 9ct State 'debts, en
abling tho slates td reform their internal
system of taxation, which still in some
states amounts to a serious restriction on
trade. The plan of tbirt jiaulic Iban was
several mtmthS Ago shbmitte J to tho gov
ernment and is still under consideration.
The syndicate offer to accept povernment
bonds as security, and thus place tLu coun
try on a sound financial basis for half a
A Reverend BlgmuUU
ltev. John Wood, writ) a fevJ year? since
wa r boy pt Nttwbuirg, N. Y., has risen to
b a minister of the gosp-1 without the
formality of graduating from the school of
theology. He is also noted for his power's
as a Methodist exhorter Incidentally he
has been A O.iptft'.n of the Salvation Army.
Ui? iedirdion is maryiug a second wife
without the formality of a divorce from the
first, the daughter of a retired New Jersey
judge, has led to his incarceration in jail
at Olean, N. Y. His first or lawful -ife
has begun a suit for dixorce-.
Wood Is Ohly fi years old and is hand-
ftomei In December, 18S8, he marritd the
daughter of ex-Judge Ulie at Phillipsburg,
representing that he was a sr&duaie of
Columbia college alid of fine family. Wood
went td preach at Micha9l after his mar
riage. Last October he received a call to a
much more lucrative pastorate in Port Al
leghany, Pa. He was transferred to the
general conference and went 'o Port Alle
ghany to preach. He did not take bis wife
along, but left her with her parents at
Phillipsburg. The parsounge, he toldber,
was not fit to take so dainty a lady into,
but as soon as it was properly repaired he
would come to Pbiilip&butg for her.
Two days later Wood arrived at Buffalo,
where he was married to Miss Ida Bell
.Mann,23yearsold. Wood . and jiis new,
wife went toTort Alleghany ami took up
their residence in the Methodist parson
age. He went to the Ulie mansion at
Phillipsburg five days after his second
marriage. The repairs were not yet fin
ished on the parsonage, he told his wife.
By frequent trips to Phillipsburg and the
most plausible of excuses about the par
sounge at Port Alleghany, he allayed any
fears his wifo may have bad, and carried
on his dual life -in apparent security, but
it was not to last. The minister was be.
frayed by a friend, who accidentally dis
covered his secret.
Wood had made all preparations to goto
Germany, where he has an uncle. To con
ciliate his real wife he told her that he had
been forced into a marriage with Miss
Mann, whose health has been too delicate
to attend his trial, aud was on the point of
telegraphing her to meet him for flight to
Germany when he was arrested. To Miss
Mann he said his wife was an adventuress.
He is now in jail.
The i'ope on the Labor Question.
The London Herald of recent date prints
the report of an interview with the pope.
In difecussing the labor question, his holi
ness dwelt upon the necessity' for improv
ing the moral condition of both workmen
and employers. He said that he iutended
to form a committee in every diocese in
the world whose duty it would be to call
the toilers together on every fast day and
rest day and discuss their duties
and teach them and inspire them with
true morality. Sound rules of life,
said the pope, must be founded upon
religion. The committees which he pro
posed to form are to consist of workmen
or of those sympathizing with workmen,
and a bishop is to be at the head of each
committee. Referring to the subject of a
European disarmament, he said that a
military life surrounds thousands of young
men with violent and immoral influences,
and crushes and degrades them. Armies
drain countries of their wealth; they with
draw labor from the soil, overtax t he f poor,
impoverish the populace, set the people
against each other and intensify(natioual
jealousies. They are anti- Christian. The
doctrine of arbitration, as accepted by
America, is the true principle, but most of
the men controlling Europe do not desire
A week ago the family of Lewis Prewitt,
living near Lagrange, -Ky., was attacked by
a virulent disease, the nature of which the
local doctors were unab'e to determine.
Its symptoms wero similar to those of
spotted fever, but no cause of such a dis
ease could be found in the 6urroui.ding
neighborhood. Dr. D. N. Porter, physi
cian of Eminence, was railed in, aid at
length decided that it was "tornado poison
ing." The germs, he said, were borne on
the late tornado from some infected dis
trict, probably hundreds of miles away,
and lodged in the vicinity of the Prewitt
homestead. He claims that smallpox and
other virulent diseases have thus been
communicated to patients in many cases
in medical history. The community is
much alarmed, as it is imposible to tell
what dire disease may be lurking in. its
midst. One of Prewitt's daughter's has
died and two others and a son are at pres
ent at the point of death.
Three Atnericans Convicted.
The trial of tne three Americans, Frank
Lackrcse, William Smith and Charles
Robinson, arrested on the charge of at
tempting to rob a bank clerk of a bag con
taining a large amount of money, notes" and
gold, took place in London and resulted in
the conviction of the prisoners. Thev
were each sentenced to eighteen months'
imprisonment at hard labor. "
No Oae Hurt.
It is learned that co one was iojixed by
the explosion in ths Anthony Powder com
pany's mill at Negaunee. and that the fire
did not extend beyond the mill.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1890.
A Chteaira Man Who Claihls ft Sk're ot
tiiMre DaVl' Xstftte:
- .1. . .
get moBt or the property.
There are a dozen applicants for letters of
administration, among them being Henry
A. Boot, of New York; John Ai Davis, of
Cbiragoi W. H. Vouh o? Bultej. Janws
V: iturjihy: pob.lic administrator of Silver
Sow Eountv.;,andW. H. Joung. The lat
ir aoks rf or tetters of Htiministratioo .in
behalf of T. J. Davis, of Jefferson couniyj
la., who claims to be the 6on of the de
ceased by a woman named Sarah Brown.
No marriage was performed, but the
claimant says his mother and father
lived together and publiclt recognized
each other As. hiisbahd and V-ife,. which
bonstithtes a legal marricge according td
the laws of both Montana and Iowa. In
'court .he i aske'dfqr 'abostporjementpt the
case, thht h'o, might bring vitlenco froiii
Ioa to establish his rights. His motion
to that effect was denied, and the conit
proceeded to investigate the application of
John A, Davis, bat bo decision was reached.
fin and font iisters. All of, thra. hav8
pooled their r3?uefi. Heurv A. Root is a
son of '?. deceased sister of the late Sir.
Divis, and he refuses to join the other rel
atives in the fight against T. J. Davis, the
illegitimate 6on, thus making tho fight
fc'AXSAS' t'.VTTliK QUAKAVriE.
Kastern Reeves to Be Held Nmetv Days at
The Kftn'ab live stock sanitary commit
tee, which has been in session at Topcka
for the purpose of framing more (rinent
regulations than hate heretofore been in
force aSrec'u upon an order that cattle from
the eastern states must be held ninety days
at Kans .b City at the expense of the owner,
'and until they reemvo a bill of bealth "igocd
by the "tae vpteHrmridii ol Hansa. This
Applies lo all cattle shipped into Kansas
from that portion of New York lying south
of the north line of Connecticut, all Peun
sylvania, New Jersay, Delaware. Maryland,
Dittrict of r0luriifain; Yifgimc, West
Virginia dud tho dominion of Canada.
Cattle from other districts may cuter tho
state provided the shipper satisfies the in
spector that they are healthy and have not
been exposed to any contagious or infec
tious disease. All cattle coming into the
state front tfr through the Kansas City
6toek -ynrdB must have a permit from the
state inspec'ter. Cattle from the south line
of Kansas that have been kcrt sinco De
cember 1 west of the east line of Indian
territory and north of the thirty-sixth par
allel of north latitude or west of the
twenly-first meridian of longitude west
from Washington and north of tho thirty
fourth parallel of noith latitude may. be
be admitted to the state upon proof or
affidavit 01 interested parties. The penalty
for violation of these rules is not less thau
$100 nor more than $5,000.
A SENSATIONAL STORY.
Alabama Iad Ftguivs Out That d.
Wllko Kootli i4 Ali'.
The Chicago Times publishes a story
from Birmingham, Ala.-, in which Louis,
orcester, at one time a conhdante ot J J
WW .M . . .MW. ... M. . M
Lincoln, is credited witn saying mat nouiu
is not dead. She declares that in 1807, two
years after Booth's supposed death, sun te
ceived a letter without date Or Signature,
but unmistakably in Booth's handwriting.
This letter, she says, is still iu existence.
As to the probabilities of tne man
shot by Boston Corbett for Wilkes
Bootb. she points out that tho body
was closely guaided and secretly buried
without an opportunity having been given
for identification by any of those intimately
acquainted with him. She believes that
the man killed was oue of the conspira
tors and that Booth made gocd his escape;
but that in the excited and clamorous con
dition of the public mind,it was thought
best by the authorities, if they knew of the
deception, to allow it to p iss unchallenged
in order to allay the fever of excitement
which the assassination had aroused.
Tho Continued Flood In the South.
A New Orleaus Time-Democrat Bayou
Sara special says: Seven crevasses have
been leported betweeu this p!u:e and
Waterloo. This makes nine on the
Pointe Conpea front. The devasta
tion in that and the southwestern
parish will be terrible. The rains con
tinue. Last night it poured down in tor
rents, causing a freshet in the bayou and a
rise of five inches in town. This addi
tional rise caused more damage to goods
in the stores. The opening of the crev
asses, however, let considerable water out
this evening and it fell twelve inches in
The railroad trestle has been washed
away and the only communication with
tie main land is by boat.
News of additional crevasses near Baton
Rouge and Bayou Sara has led to the
belief here that the disaster to the sugar
belt will equal that of 1S74, when nine
parishes were inundated, unless the water
Indianapolis Carpenters Win.
Committees from the striking carpenters'
and the contractor's associations met
with Mayor Sullivan and after a five
hours' conference reached an agreement
which settles the eight-hour strike. The
contractors agree to pay competent carpen
ters and joiners 30 cents per hour and con
cede the eight-hour day. About 500 men
will resume work at once.
Sioux City Live Stock.
Hogs Estimated receipts, '-',600: official
yesterday, 2, 100. Market opened 5c higher and
fairly acilve. Quotation: Light, 9i.00a4.03;
mixed. Ur2(3-u5;navv, $U5 4.10.
Cattle Estimated receipts. 500; official yes
terday, 503. Shipments, It;. Market quiet and
unchanged, l'rospects good for neit week.
Everything of desirable quality in demand.
Quotations: Fat steers, prime, $3.90
4 05; medium to good, C3.6593.M; feeders,
choice 900 to 1,100 pounds, S2.93d3.25; medium
to good, 92.75 2.90; stockers, choice,
83.7593.00 ; medium to good, $'J 50s 2.70; Inferior,
t2.25t52.45; cows, extra choice, $2.753.00;
medium to good, 2.602.70; common to infer
ior. (1.90 u 2.35; can rif re.. 75c a SL75; yearlings,
choice. 2.6.2.K); mtuon. S2.4O32.G0 ; bulls,
choice, $2.35920; coci!uo:.. $1.&2.25; ealves,
South Omaha Live Stock.
Hogs Estimated receipts, 3,000; official yes
terday, 2.7o5. Market opened steady; selling
at 9t.ot&4.i:3; uui oi N.iosiui'i.
Cattle Estimated receipts, 1.400;
yesterday, V-75; shipments, 23 can.
steady, quality very common.
Chicago Live Stock.
Hogs Receipts 14.000. Market active, slightlv
lower. Mixed $4.05(54.32 ; Light. I.104.30;
heavy packing aad shipping. $4-1034.37;.
Cattle Beeefpts, lS.uoo. Market steady and
active. Beeves, J3.3034.35; stockers and
feeders. f2.-"ig4.03; grass Texans. $2.50 -3.5.
Sheep Receipts, 10.000. Market firm. Mat
toss, l. 0006. 00; corn-fed westerns, 3.00
(95.10; Texans S4.OCS5.lo.
Wneat Et;adr; cash, 6S?20c; May, 90e:
"Corn Steady; caih, 32ic; May, 32jaa32e:
Oats Steady; cash 24Jc; May. c; July,
'Bye-42uie4. 49 vc.
Prime Timothy Firm ; IL333L54.
FHx seed-Firm $L43.
Provisions Pcrio quist; cash, -May, miT;
July. iVs.iS. L&rd firm: cash Mir a..Mm
t32,;Jiy,5,43B645; --- r
Vb. bcntgs"overThe $7,000;000 esiaof
he late ? odRSPsVifi.' CroesuB of Xn
tana, has begifn arid r-ilpSaf ances are that
lawyers will get moBt of the nroDertv.
the topic still a livk one u tmk'
A CMlpy Summary of Opinions .There
Touching the 'Relation of That Country
and This Other Notes ot Vfcrions Sorts.
A Cuban letter says: .
Thre is the usual olantor here net nOw
igafnst the prfcvmlinp oiitrageorls: method
of assessing property, lieut Zsfacc and
personal property are often assessed at
more than 130 per cent., and no one can
escape the ilx gahei"t: A the value ot
land has greatly depreciated, many aie un
able to pay either rent or taxes. Profes
sioinl men, too, find it very hard to satisfy
the tax gatherer. Professional men and
tnen 14 btJdsjse arS assessed As 8 body
anil not as ik'dividuais; auU lit tiliS 3'ay itUj
authorities are able ia a-measure; to control
thetoveral profesiions'ana, trades. This
explains why there are no American com
mercial houses here.
Moreover, taxes once imposed will hot
be reduced, no matter what legal steps
may Ui taken. When taxes are due, a
.i!. .T-sV V Shm.1 k maU 1 a t !
&' .!" 7. il u' tuL - i., r.- : to" year R-
mc uio uui utftiu ui iui'Uf a tuu uuo in
imposed and if they are not paid within a
few days the property is seized. I know
one case where the tax gatherer followed a
sick creditor 'ntc a friend'e house and by
theal composed ttie friend to pay the
iaica due. In the American consulate1
here there are records of similar case.?, in
which American citizens nave appealed for
protection ng-iin'St thesS extoiiionels.
. One case it) that df an Unfortunate
dentist, whose tales. for one year amounted
to $t'.20. Tlie f urnituro iu h's house was
seized, but was found to be tho property
of an Englishman, who appealed to the
courts for protection. After spending
much money, he wen his case. The tax
gatherer, hoveven . ignored thfl proceed
ngs gn'd attempted1 to seize tho f urnituro
again. . The doors were closed against bim,
and a second appeal being made, violent
action is suspended for the present.
The Annual Assessments
junoup.t to h'twen $2?,000;CO1 thfl $20,
'000,000 and yet only about half of this
amount is collected. The Spanish bank
loans the deficit at a high rate of interest
and then farms out these arrears to un
principled sharks at a percentage. Arrears
thus collected necessarily involve a con
fiscation of bropertV;
AccuftatlBnt Against the utllclary
Have bejn very frequeht of late. La Tri
buna, for instance; openly arraigns one of
the highest officialc in the country. "This
man," it says, "has served Her Majesty for
6ix years at a salary varying from $2,500
to $6,000. To-day he is worth $100,000.
'Ihrough an agent he buys, property ex
eusijly and eecretlyi Lawyers help him
and his Own iiame never appears in. thee
questionable transactions. He was once
publicly charged with selling justice, and
we do not hesitate to say that a prison cell
would be his reward if he were to demean
himself thus in the United States." For
publishing this article the proprietors of
V- m't...... . 1 J .1
mmx nouna were prosecute auu luo paper,
ttao ennBAaPA'. I
Another paper, ta Luclia, has alsb been
suppressed, because it contained extracts
from a private letter of the late Capt: Goli.
Salamanca to the minister of Ultra Mar;
ItJf-SUkjUie'iilijU Lu T.IiL'.1Ul UU-
nonnced that the treasury intended to pre
fer charges against the clergr. It is al
leged that churches which have only oue 1
priest and one janitor have been drawiug
salaries for three priests. As the clergy
aro veiy powerful these charges may not be '
pressed, and even if a decision should bo
given against them it is quite likely that
the court itself would be suppressed by the ,
government. The supreme court was re
cently suppressed because it found a ver
dict in favor of one Prado, who was
charged by the government officials with a
heinous crime. Sanchez Fuoiites, presi
dent of the court, was placed on the re
tired list, Ramon de Armas was removed
and Valdez Pages was sent to Puerto
Principe to preside over a branch of the
court there. Prado meanwhile had been
reirrested and will be tried again on the
'the Pan-American Congress.
The conservative newspapers here are
jubilant over what they term the shipwreck
of the Pan-American congress at Wash
ington, and their New York correspond
ents never fail to attribute the meanest
names to all Americans who have taken
part in the congress. These men pay no
heed to that article of the constitution
which authorizes the reigning monarch to
"separate, cede or exchange any part of
Spanish territory and to incorporate any
other territory with the Spanish kingdom."
According to La Tardc it is perfectly law
ful to discuss the expediency of incorpu
ratiDt; Cuba with the United States, and a
popular petition ought to receive attention
from the king and cortes. Conservatives,
nieanuhile, denounce Anglo-Saxons aud
tho Monroe doctrine, and call loudly for
an .VuRlo-Lain alliance. Opposed to them
are thousauds of young Spaniards whom
modem thought is irresistibly impelling
toward liberty and progress.
Liberal editors are doing their rork
boldly, in spite of arrest and impris
onment. Many of thefe arrests are con
trary to liw, asd the authorities have been
severely denounced on account of them. A
notable case is that of the editor of La
2'rihuva. He has hern placed in solitary
conficoment, though it is claimed as yet no
charge has I cm 1 r f erred against him.
From all these fasts yon can infer how
this uufortunate island is governed at
Sl'AKKS FKOM THE WITtES.
Tht. Norwegian bark Btrcenseeren was
lost oif the coast of Mississippi. Ihe crew
wa saved, but the vessel and cargo are a
The Ieadiug business house and bank of
E"lridge, Kan., owned by Mr. Mudge,havo
assigned. The liabilities are about 100,
000, while the assets, are small.
At Do Ruyter, Madison county, .n. Y.,
four stores and eighteen dwellings were
destroyed by firf.
German raiWay employes fcave been
warned not to absent themselves from
their posts of duty on May 1, on pain of
dismissal in the event of disobedience.
G. F. Churchill, manacins partner of
tho firm of fSiffnrd jfc !hnrphi1l-nf f'M
cago, dealers in etchings, engravings, etc.,
is said to be in Canada with some of the
fcroi s money.
A 3J1LITABX council was held at Vienna
to dscide upon measures for the suppres
sion of a possible ' outbreak during the
labor demonstration on May day." Em
peror Francis Joseph presided.
Thomas Kimbek, a'young Englishman
who came to Montreal ab ut three weeks
ago, has disappeared, leaving behind a
large amount of baggige. The detectives
have no else to his whereabouts.
The New York senate has recalled from
; the assembly the S&xton ballet refora: hill
& rehashed it. changing it so as to sgree
v:h tha amended Saxtoc bill which was
a?red o last Friday by the governor, Mr,
Stoa and others.
THE LABOB SITUATION.
e. Threes of a Serioaa Corn-
The labor situation is growing more
ta'nplsx vfefr feour. fthai with the strikes
that are on hand and tnb ones that ate
threatened labor leaders do not hesitate td
predict a condition of affairs even more
formidable than the stirring times of 18SG.
There is 00 telling as yet how aaay trades
will bo drawa into the new eight-hour
mdvetteat. There Js so ranch disorgani
zatiofi iSnr! so llttlS leadership that every
thing will depend on (ho outcome ?t tb
biglabor parade that will take place May
v ,The action of the American Federation
ofLabirffri designating Chicago as the
Iheater of the struggle tbt eiqht hours has
bad the effect of arousing a rfpirii 0 .is
content among certain trades thtlre be
tieved to be entirely neutral. The -ultimate
effect cn itardly, be anything else
ihan.a strike' of cilfri&drrMr proportions',
which may inc'ude Over.iod.OOO men: Ajf
50rdicg7Q well-known' labor leaders, who
are recjiving equine,' ef ratblet bulletins;
from restive organizations, the moverntut
will be even more sweeping than it was in
1886. The strike fever is spreadiog with
Mity. Organizations that-
tf mi',9 an utter failure 01
their efforts to secure a reduction W work
ing hoars are in the field again more de
termined than ever. The attitude of tho
general body of the federated trades has ss
tnitch to do ith this singular condition of
Affairs ad arty othSr te'asOdi The men who
ire contemplated striking believe thoy will
have material and moral support without
Down at the stoc yards, for example,
uWard of 13,000 taen are ready to
aeseri thetf beuclies' , rind Stalls at a
moment's notice. United ad they
ira in an organization that is 6lyled
the Stock Yards Laborers' union, and
iupported by the laborers of every packing
house in the west, they are quite confident
f the testllt Qf ft general fight. President
O'Neil has already 6cfvbd riotlc'e an the
packers that the men are willing to submit
their grievances to arbitration, but with few
exceptions he has received no answers, and
he is afraid that a strike will have to ba re
sorted J". ''Eight h9u?3 a day ie not all
wo want," he said yesterday aftefnodn. ""It
is only one of tho things we are bonnd to
to have. We want to abolish the present
system of holding out ten days' pay; we
want to establish a uniformity of working
hours and wo Will fix it so that men will
1)3 treated a little better than if they were
dogs: Whyj there are hundreds of honest
felloes who hate been 'permitted to earn
only 1 bare living ddring" the past
winter. Some of them averaged
less than 70 cents a day, and
when you consider that these same men
bad to deposit ten days' wages at regular
raleswith the packers you can guess that
ihey had soble difficulty in earning enough
to live, the demoralization that followed
the strikes ol 188G has cluhg to fls ever
since. We have had no chance whatever
to escape from it. The men have been
rather chary about talking ot strikes,
owing to the contracts they sigued, which
" ' 'I"1
will forfeit their deposits to the packers
, thev flKe R tw0 weeks' notice of
their intention td quit, ow, those con-
tracts are not worth the paper they are
written on: They ate utterly valueless
and there would be no trouble in collect-
inti -meAat ilia ig-"-Amnaifc Th man 1
KllOW mis now auu inej uie tumoum;
I prepared td fight. 1 have no tlotibt that
I they will better their condition before tbey
1 get thiough. They certainly cannot make
it any worse."
1 "What are the gievances of which thry
complain?" Mr. O'Neil was asked.
President O'Neil has almost abandoned
hope of bringiog about a compromise by
arbitration. The silence of a majority of
the packers on the subject has satisfied
him that they do not mtend to make any
concessions except when forced to do so.
" Well, one is that a great many men are
scarcely allowed to live. One part of the
force? of certain houses goes on duty at i
o'clock. It is relieved at 6 oclock with in
strnctions to call around again at 9. Per
haps at the latter hour there is no work to
do, and the men are sent away until noon.
If there is still nothing to do at noon they
are dismissed for the day, and there is a
I bare chance that when they report in the
1 morning they will again be sent home.
! Now, isn't that a nice condition of affairs?'
' Another organization that is likely to
jump into the ngnt is the union of lumorr
yard laborors, which was largely responsi
ble for the bloody riots on the "Black
Road" four years ago. The freight hand
lers are also growing restive; so are the
shop tailors, the machine woodworkers and
manv others. The bricklayers are practi-
' caliy as idle as if they were on a strike, as
are tne plasterers, nou carriers ana stone
masons, owing to the row of the carpen
ter?. The bricklayers who are at work are
, getting restive. They are beginning to de
mand tnai tne carpenters trouoies oe nu
justcd at once, and they are dropping bints
every day tbnt unless something is done
they will decline to do any more work.
George E. Detwiler, in 6peaking of the
situation admitted that it looked quite the
contrary of rosy. "I have no doubt," he
said, "that it will be even more serious
' than it was fonr years ago. The number
l of men who will be engaged will be larger.
They are better organized, too, and more
competent to carry on an active fight, such
as they have a right to anticipate. Of
course there will ba bodies of men in the
I movement that arc not fully organized, and
these will have good deal to do with the
I general result. They are the oneB that are
liable to precipitate rioting and
bloodshed. The strike fever is spreading.
, The eight-hour movement has met with
' such encouragement that it must event
ually succeed, and the unions feel that
the sooner it is recognized the better for
themselves. The carpenters' strike is one
I of the biDges on which the whole thing will
f swing. It is the particular movement that
will be respontible for absolute peace or
lots of trouble. The master carpenters
could setilo the question very promptly
and easily by merely recognizing the union,
but they don't want to do it that way.
They would rather wait for trouble and
then take advantage of somebody's idiocy
to raise a sentiment against the strikers
that will put an end to the strike. They
may be fooled yet."
Another labor leader in discussing the
i threatened strikes said: "I am of the
1 P,nn that 'he combtt ""l" be J
whichever side wins. Ihe eight-honr
sentiment has been growing steadily. It
has met with the sanction of nearly all
thinking men and of the press as a whole.
L very thing will depend on the men who
strike. If they keep out of trouble tbey
can win; if they precipitate rioting and
fighting they will lose. But then, when a
great body of men quits work there ie no
telling what will happen. I vonld say
from the present indications that not. less
thin 100,000 men will ultimately engage 'in
the struggle for an eight-hour day.7
Tk prime minister 'of the South Asirl
car rrpibiicof Colusbii "has arrived it
B- "iu rnr the puipess oi negotiating witi
tb- f-lsin EcvarnjE'nt lor tLft.es.tabliRh
pint of trace ieJ.iU3i.s. ' ,
XDthkUlS SLKUAt-KA MQK.
A lluUaiuu- Discovery.
While Johu Juker was plowing em his
farm near Berwin. Custer county, the
other day, he unearthed tha skeletons ef
three grown person, a child and the skull
of 8 dog. Abput a aai and a half from
the tiud ther? is every indication, says the
Broken Bow Republican t of aa old battle
field. D. A. Htman, who settled ia that
locality eleven years ago, says that indica
tions of ride pits were plainly delaed at
that time. Various parties at sandry times
have found bullets and other evidences of
af on the ground near the rifle pits. Mr.
Juker last year found n knife. From ap
pearances there was a camp groandof
geneiul resort on the creek bottom about
half mile distant from the locality where
a lnes were unearthed. Here would
evideu!' be an interesting locality for the
mound digger. - .
She Wielded a Baggy Whip. -
Jfrrt. G Adams, a widow of Arapahoe,
caused some little excitement on the street
by publicly whipping, with a buggy whip.
yotiflfc btfyt Richard Eramett, whs-, she
says, insulted her lktle 10-year-old girl.
.She then repaired to Bellamy's drag store
and attempted to use the whip on Dr. C.
Ballard, but the doctor quietly took the
fcip away from her, telling her she was
laboring tinder a mistake. The woman ia
thought to be insane.
The Pension Kccord.
T'PnslonK havn been issued as louows to 1
Nebraskans; Original Francis L. Allen,
Harvard; Louis J. GranI, Tamora. In
creaseDaniel Mullen, Crete; Byron D.
Bates, Mullen; Wm.H. Sturtevant, Beaver
City; Wo. 1'. Bullis, Valentine; Albert
Boswell, Plattsmouth; Johu Sunderow,
Preston; David L. Grenies, Chapman, lie
issue Barnabas! Walton, O'Neill.
The prospects are that two now elevat
ors will be erected at Sidney this season.
Thbrb are twenty-eight branches of the
Farmers' alliance In Saunders county, wi'.h
a membership of 1,500;
P. Williams, late of Cedar Bluff, left
bis home in Fremont about two weeks ago
and has not been heard from since.
At Harvard four head of cattle have died
with hydrophobia and three more are suf
fering from the same complaint.
J. N. Youno, two miles southeast of
Deshler, in digging a well found an elk
horn at the depth of fifteen feet, in a good
state of preservation.
A scnsERY firm at Crete offers to give
"one of their be3t apple trees to each child
in the county between the ages of 4 and 21,
who will promise to plant and cultivate it.
The coroner's jury in the case of Mrs.
Knapp, daughter of a man named Charl
ton, living near Silver Creek, returned a
verdict of death by poison, administered
by her own hand.
Raltlesnakes have already appeared
in western Nebraska. The little danghts.
of H. D. Taylor, of Hiawatha, was bitten
by one last week, but will recover without
any serious trouble.
Last week two of Carletou's citizen;
had a rather novel lawsuit. One sued the
other to compel the payment of a debt of
10 cents. The defendant had to pay the l'l
cents and 2 costs beside.
Mns: Mattie L. Shade, livin" near
and was taken to the asylum. She was in
Oiegon during the heavy storais of a few
mouths ago while her husband was in Ne
braska, i;n.l the worry is thought to have
affected her mind.
Valley county has had fonr suicides
since Feb. 1, two women and two meu.
A MAl dog wai killed at Odell after
having bitten a horse and several other
Htate papers are calliog the attention
of township assessors to the lw pasiedby j
the legislature, of lb'., exempting all per
sons drawiug pensions from the govern
ment from poll tax. t
A county seat war threat ns to enliven
affairs in Red Willow county.
Taiile Rock wants a Untiring mill.
Yokk is negotiating for a Catbolio
Peter Bhchn, of Rnshville, is missing
with another man's wife.
While the children of Rev. Mr. Will
iams, of Scotia, were playing with a
hatchet, one of them struck the other's
hand and nearly severed three fingers.
Five gold badges are Leing made nt
Plattsmouth for the coming fireman'
tournament. They will be of elaborate
design, finely engraved, and are to cost $2.j
- Mrs. George Talbot, a widow living
near Syracuse, committed suicide by J
hanging heroelf in her room. She left a
note stating that she was tired of living.
Ray Stickly. a 10-year-old boy liiug t
ten miles north of Columbus, was bitten
on the hand by a rattlesuake, but his
father sucked the poison out and the boy
is thought to be out of danger.
The 2-year-old son of Mr. Miller, living
near Ansley, was bittn by a horse and all
tbe flesh of one cheek taken out. It is
thought the child will recover, but will be
disfigured for life.
Among the labor saving devices which
have recently come under the notice of the
editor of the Sargent Time ti the plau of
bitching a harrow to a sulky and riding on
the sulkv while harrowing.
Quong Lee, a Chinese lanndrymau of
Plattsmouth, sent for bis wifo and chit- '
dren, and when they arrived at San Fran- ,
cisco last week the custom house officers
refused them admittance and he is out $1&
as a consequence. I
Steps are being taken looking to the sa'e j
of the York college property to the Uriw 1
line Sisters, of Peoria, III. If the property j
falls into the hands of th-'s order, as it I
doubtless will, a college and a good om; .
will be started at once.
John Rystrom, who was accidentally j
shot in the knee, died at his home in '
Sjtromsburg ten days after tbe accident,
the direct cause of bis death being homor- t
rhage. The deceased was a native of
Sweden and one of the oldest settlers in
the county. He leaves a wife and four
The Fairbury O'azeltc tells this: Two 5
.of William Tonoemaker's boys, who live'
east of town a few miles, went out gun
ning last Saturday and killed twenty-one '
rattlesnakes, some of them having from (
twelve to eighteen rattles each. This is a
snake story, but true, nevertheless.
The streams in the northwestern por
tion of the state are being stocked with
young trout. j
The new town of Berea, north of Hem-
ngford. is being laid out in lots this week -
and will be put on the market Fridav. t
John Sandebson, of Broken Bow, vu j
shot by H. McOwen while attempt::: to -
take some stock under a chattel ntortgnje,
and his recovery is doubtful. j
. l. . ,.:-. I
A IT' P 'It i1 touuij, f a. low &bo UUiS ,
to 76 calves last west, but noa? ol them !
I 'itzk gorillas were torn at the London '
"Zee" tne ether diy. Ihey ara the h;st of j
' ts.eiran?rife erer bore vs England.
WHOLE XCUBEK 1012.
THE OLD XXXIABIX
lOldest btat Bank io the ittate.)
PAYS IHTEIEST N THE KNOTS,
MAKES LOANS ON REAL ESTATE.
ISSUES SIGHT DRAFTS ON
Omaha, Chicago, New Tork, and all Foteiga
TEAM9Uir TICKKTS. .r
BUYS GOOD NOTES '
And Helps Its Customers when they Need Help.
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
IiEANDER GERKAllD, Tre?ident.
G. W. HULST, VIce-lTeeident,
JOHN STAUEEEK. Csshter.
JULIUS A. HEED.
K. H. HKNKV.
Atttiorizei Capital of $500,000
FlMffi Capital - 90,000
C. H. SHELDON. Pres't. '
H. P. H. OHLRICH. Vice Pres.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier.
DASIEL SCHBAM, Ass't Cask,
SH. Sheldon, J. P. Becker.
tfmanP. H. Oehlrich, Carl Rienke.
Jobs Weleff, , W.A
J. IfenryWurdernan, H. M
Geofte W. Qalley, 8. C.
w. a. Mciiusier.
Arnold F.H. Oehlrich.
arBaakof deposit; interest allowed on tins
ffepositsTjtAy aad sell exchange on United Statee
&nd Europe, and buy and sell available secnril ie.
We shall be plsosed to receive your baninms. We
solicit your patronage. 2.decS7
FOR THE '
MM PAGE ORGAN
A. Ic M.TURNER
eW a. W,
BssTl!aeas 40Vp are first-class ia every par
SJesas; Ism seTWssaaTewl
SOMFPMTI It PUTN.
Buckty Mowt r, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Flaps Repaired start aaiice
sTOaa dapr west of Heintz's Drug Store. 11th
troet. Colflnibus. Neb.
NORTH and SOUTH
U. P. Depot, Columbus:
lafrspatring of aumnmiof upo
Columbus State Bank-
-as- ' : - - I
eXjWMJ TO ATiTi.."