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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1889)
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VOL. XX.-5TO. 20-
COLUMBUS, NEB WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1889
WHOLE NO. 1,008.
" " j -t-i -
. . Cash Capital - $100,000.
. . DIRECTORS:
LKANDEK .n ERRA RD. Pre-.'!. -. -,
: GEO. W. HULST, Vice Pre't.
JULIUS A. HF.KD.
. R. H. HENRY.
J. E. TArfKKR, Ci-lner.
teak m efIt.
rewptly ?fi3 o
iy laterent em Tlie Oepo-
Anthorized Capital of 500,001)
Paid in Capital - 1)0,000
C H. SHELDON. PreVt.
H. P. IL OHLRICH. Tiro Pre-.
C. A. NEWMAN. Caahier.
DANIEL a'HlLUI, AmmT Cash.
C. H. Sheldon. J- P. Becker.
Herman P. H.Oehlrich, Carl Rienke,
Jona Welch, W. A. McAUUtt,
4. Hew? Wanlemnn, H. M. Winnlow,
George. W. Gallej . S. . Grey.
Fnuik Borer. Arnold F. H. Oehlrich.
9fiuk of iieot.ir; intercut allowed on time
deposits; bay and sell exchange on United States
and. Europe, and bay and sell available securities.
.we shall be pleased to receive your business. Wf
solicit your patronage. 29decS7
WESTERN COTTAGE QBQAN
A. & M.TURNER
Or 6. W. EIBLEK
SeFThese -man- are first-class in every par
ticnJar, aad so froarmnfeed.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pup Bet aire sktrt itice
door Mt of Heintx's Drag Store, 11th
Coluabaa. Neb. 17novSi-tf
larCCU I do aoti
Ser oat, aau xsem aiw 11111 i
1 XKA2I JL KADLUaJ. CLlJUb.
CBdT. I WAKXA3T MT'
worst cues. Btcaue oaa nave
TfTTr kxxkby. Grre Express
rmrv a carta yea aMMafKva
It wiUearejom. AoVareaa
AI HIT AIXIC CASKS
of all binds of Uphol-
HER WORK IS SEVER DOM
SIMPLY KCAUSE THERE 1SNT
EN0UGH SYSTEM ABOUT IT.
If HouNkMBtaf 1
M Xai'i X.
It Caa Urn FlaialMd J
bun An Flaai
Wh Haa StadlaJ
Women are cocatantlj complaining
that their work never amda -thit while
a man works only daring certain hoars
of the day they never get through. The
principal reason, perhafa, is that they
do not put enough, thin king into their
"Why couldn't you tell me every
thing at once?' was the petulant protest
of a child who had been sent up stairs
to her mother's room, first for a pair of
scissors, then for a tape n assure, then
for a spool of cotton, aad maalhr for a
Sanaent that was to he mwnteil id had
been forgotten. .
The child received a sharp reproof for
her impertinence, the mother placidly
remaining quite oblivious of the fact
that she also needed a reproof for her
own heedlessness. The child recognized
the injustice and didn't forget it. A
little thought would have saved steps
and temperr and it is this same thought
that needs to go into the , everyday
One trouble with women many of
tliem is, they fail to recognize house
keeping as a business, to be carried on,
as any business is, with dignity and with
method. They regard it as a drudgery,
and they fret and worry over it until
both mind and body are disturbed, and
the peace of the household is worried
with contention. The mental atmos
phere of the house mother is felt by
every one, and she cannot be out of sorts
without putting everybody else out It
may be impossible to keep from fretting,
and a difficult task to be always serene;
but one can more nearly approximate
the latter condition and keep free from
the former by having things so arranged
alwut the house that everything will go
like the traditional "clockwork."
Mrs. Cornelius, who has been the friend
and counselor to so many young house
keepers, has arranged the work of the
week in a few words of kindly advice.
Nothing better has ever been written,
and it is good enough to quote as a text.
She has arranged this for the benefit of
families whose pecuniary means allow
an entirely comfortable, but not a costly,
mode of living. You will see that it
differs somewhat from the customary
'Monday work," etc She says: On
Monday have the house swept and dusted,
the clothes for the wash collected and
such articles mended as should be before
being washed. On Tuesday wash. In
families where the washings are large it ;
is better to delay the ironing till the next
day but one. This gives time for doing
some things necessarily omitted on wash
ing day, for instance, baking if the size
of the family makes it necessary (bake
.twice a week) and for folding. the clothes,
as one is better able to do the whole iron
ing in a day than if she was to perform
this labor on the day immediately after
the washing day.
Therefore on Wednesday bake and
fold the clothes, on Thursday iron,
on Friday have all parts of the house
that are in constant use swept and
dusted again, the brasses rubbed,
the windows cleaned, and if there
are closets to be cleaned let them lxs
done on that day also. On Saturday
bake and provide such a supply for the
table as shall supersede the necessity of
cooking on Sunday, which should be
"the day of rest" for the house mother as
well as for all the rest of the household.
Still another way is to wash ou Mon
day, bake and do other things necessarily
omitted on Tuesday, iron on Wednesday,
mend and take your ease on Thursday,
sweep and clean on Friday, bake on Sat
urday and lay out the clean linen for
rooms, beds and individuals. This is
the plan that is the most often followed.
But there are improvements even upon
this well tried method, if housekeepers
are not so wedded to their ways as to be
unwilling to try the experiment.
Women who do their own work, rely
ing possibly upon young daughters for
the little help they can give them out
side of school hours, often find die laun
dry work, particularly the washing, the
stumbling block. It is not always easy
to get a woman to come for washing; it
is an expensive matter to send to, the
laundry, and the only alternative is "do
it yourself." The task is much simpli
fied if the husband will send shirts and
collars to the laundry, and there are
comparatively few who cannot afford to
do this. That part taken out, half the
dread of the work is done. Summer or
winter the shirts and collars are a bug
bear, particularly as they are made. So
begin by supposing that that part of the
family linen goes to the laundry.
That leaves a washing larger than most
women want to do at once; so on Friday,
when the rooms are swept aad dusted,
change the bed linen. Friday evening
put it to soak, and it is a very easy mat
ter on Saturday morning to boil it and
hang it our. The bed linen is not hard,
but large and heavy, and it is a good
deal gotten out of the way, and the 'Mon
day wash does not seem nearly so hard.
The baking can then be done, and vou
will be all ready for Sunday. On Mon
day the remainder of the washing can be
done. On Tuesday the clothes maybe
folded and necessary baking done. On
Wednesday the ironing; Thursday may
be a rather restful day. That is, the
haakpt of clothes looked over and mend
ed, and no extra work done. That
you around again to Friday, with
Now, here are the wavs all readv laid
out for you, and you may take which
you like. Only, whichever way you de
cide, keep to that way, and donVbe per
petually trying experiments. In that
way you lose all ideas of system.
There are times when sickness or some
untoward circumstance will put every
thing awry, and make it impossible that
vou shall carry out your "fr and plan;
but that is only a temporary upset that
will come to every one in every branch
of basinesB. The "only tiling "is not to
worry over, and to "raitch up as quick
ly as you can. New York News.
HOW FISHES CLIMB HILLS.
Li that fascinating book on frpi
history, "A Froaen Dragon," is aa ex
planataon of the phrnmneaon that trout
are often rnrrmi in mountaav
far as toward taen
pooL oat of which lad a direct
of :tae richly
tb us tMOu or case
around by land.
berl began to frighten ta
what they would do. '
Some iawhfd at the little aMI aad dis
appeared, while caersdacsal over and
swam down stream. Still farther ap I
found the speckled game, until finally
the passage became so cuflcuttthat I was
obliged to turn back; la the village I
chanced to aseatioa the sabjeut to a
friend who owned the asttl oa. the saane
stream, and he told me that the lanes'
ascent was a puacle to aim, until one
day his boy called hint out to the dam,
where the riddle was solved. The dam
was nearly four feet high, and to relieve
the stream several auger holes had been
bored in it, allowing a small stream of
water to jet forcibly out and to go splash
ing down into the clear pool below. As
my friend approached the spot and look
ed through the bushes several large sized
trout were seen moving aader the mimic
fall, evidently in great exciteaseet, and
j dartnigmto krasif eajoyaar- the splash
- and" roar of the
Suddenly one of the fish made a quick
rush that sent it up the falling stream,
so that it almost gained the top; but by
' an unlucky turn it was caught and
thrown back into the pool, where it dart
ed away, evidently much startled.
Soon another made the attempt, dart
ing at it like the first, and then rapidly
swimming up the fall, but only to meet
the fate of its predecessor. This was
tried a number of times, until finally a
i trout larger than the others made a dash,
i mounted the stream, and entered the
i round hole.
j The observers were almost ready to
clap their hands, but it was not success
ful yet. As the water stopped Sowing
for a moment, they saw that, though the
athletic trout had surmounted the fall,
, the hole was too small for it to pass
through, and there the poor fish was
lodged. The lookers on Iiastened to re
lieve it, and found that its side or pec
toral fins were caught in the wood, but,
by pushing the fish ahead, which you
may be sure they did, they liberated it,
and it darted away into the upper pond.
Here, then, was the explanation, The
trout climlied the mountain by swixn
ming up the falls, darting up the foam-
ing masses, and adopting every expe
dient to accomplish their journey. For
tnese nsn deposit tneir eggs mgn up
stream, so that the young fry, when
hatched, may not be disturbed by preda
tory nsn and other foes living in the
f Will Psrnr.
Tliree stories were told over after din
ner cigars the other day, showing the
power of man's wilL One was of a
young officer in the English army, who
was peculiarly stubborn and irascible.
He had been confined to his bed after a
severe attack of the heart, and was un
able to move. His physician asked one
of his fellow officers to warn him that he
would never get out of bed again, that
he might arrange his affairs before
death. When the sick man was told
what the doctor had said, he arose in
bed excitedly and said: I will never get
up again, eh? I will walk to the doctor
myself and show him." He jumped to
the floor, walked across the room and
The other was about a sheriff out west.
who, when arresting a man, was stabbed
through the heart. He seised the man
by the shoulders, after the blade had
struck him, pressed him to the ground,
drew his revolver, and deliberately
thrusting it down the struggling prison
er's throat, pulled the trigger at the in
stant he himself died.
The third story was regarding awh
officer who was hunting down a thief.
The man thought he had given his pur
suer the slip, but just as he entered one
door of a railroad car theofficer appeared
in the other. The thief instantly fired,
the bullet penetrating bis pursuer's brain.
The officer, however, returned the shot,
bringing bis man to the ground. He then
dragged himself along the aisle of the
car, firing as he crawled, until his revol
ver was empty. He was dead when he
was picked up a second after he ceased
to shoot; Boston Gaaette.
Good, sound watermelons, not cracked,
kept in a shady place, will keep three or
four weeks. Many attempts have been
made to keep them all winter, but the
fruit preservers have not as yet made a
success of it. Some proposed to do it by
varnishing the outside, so as to exclude
the air. George Blank, however, who
isa-big dealer in watermelons at Pier
27, North river, says that the best way
to keep a melon all winter is to bury it
in the ground where it will not freeze.
No attempt has been made to keep
watermelons all the year round as a
commercial speculation, except tnat a
few have occasionally been put in cold
storage, and once in a while a gardener
raises a few in a hothouse for the benefit
of those who do not like anything that
is got in the normal way.
Among melon dealers die belief is
widespread that the fruit is good for
kidney troubles. The effect upon the
kidneys is almost as qaickly perceptible
as that of asparagus, while to the fevered
tongue the taste is as delicious as that of
an orange. It is of the utmost import
ance that melons should be kept free
from cracks. Very soon after a melon
is cracked it begtaa to get soar. New
Americans Irvekahrar than oar fomga
"Among foreigners next to the Ameri-
stand the Irish, gegifoh and Ger-
m the order aaaaed.
Few Germans or TjnfpjAm) dig of
Germans famish the highest percent
age c suicide.
Satire Aaarrii aim are coanpantively
free from diseases of the liver
Typhoid fever has the aaoat victims in
the northwest and the fewest in tae
south, but in the latter aection there m a
large mortality from other zyaseticdkv
and aura lim iliiaa 1W leas kid-
Apropos of much that has appeared
about the Duff -fsaaily. a book which re
mains to be written is a gename and
true history of the peerage of the United
Kingdom, The large volasaes ol ro
atance and fiction styled Peerages," at
present circulating in the kingdom, are
completely ridiculous and thoroughly
nisleatung- With regard to model h cre
ations, their' aiiftarfraitt annihilation of
facts is subliaae.
others to see
The statistics recently yibhahed bya
saaay i la'ia nnaHs,
THE ALUMINUM AGE.
IS BORN THAT WILL
WIdaly Diatrikated. Mam, Cas
Jfow Moat OUBralt Btetal tat
la Bat in TIbm Urwentmrn W1U Dat
Evea Batter Thaa tkut Saj mur MathaaL
To aluminum enthusiast the death of
Fred J Seymour will be most keenly
felt For the man who believed, and
believes, that it is the metal of the
future, and that it is being developed
through slow stages, there is some con
solation Ief k
Others araR; work at this moment
perhaps hundreds of them as many, no
doubt, as are at work on any other one
thing, striving by night and by day to
usher in the aluminum millennium atthe
earliest possible date, with- every chance
of success in their favor.
ine metal is aaowa to exist in every
clav bank and in everv rock, great and
small; it is more plentiful than all other
metals combined; the modus operandi
whereby it is separated is well known to
chemists and mineralogists already; the
objective point of all this research is
cheapness. The Sofmour process did the
work more cheaply than any other yet
devised: hence the lamentations over his
Even with the Seymour process the
cost of producing aluminum has been so
great as to exclude it from general use.
It has been announced at least a half
dozen times that a new and cheaper mode
of chemically extracting the precious
metal from its earthly base had "just
been discovered. " Still it was worth
$4,000 a ton, according to Maj. Powell,
of the geological survey.
The newspapers reported the shipment
of 150 pounds of chemically pure alumi
num, manufactured under a new pro
cess, from Newport, Ky., to London.
England, in August, 1S89.
The same account, besides telling us it
was the first of the metal ever extracted
from clay3 for the purpose of shipment
in the United States, tells us how it sold
for fifty cents per pound. Both allega
tions must be untrue, as the Engineering
Journal of March this year gives a tabu
lar exhibit of the value of rare metals
in which it classes aluminum as being
worth $8.50 per pound. The Journal is
good authority, too.
About the time of this reported ship
ment of aluminum from Kentucky an
oUier and more startling story was cabled
from Germany. According to the Ger
man Don Quixote aluminum was being
rapidly turned out in 100 pound bars at
the Krupp gun works at a cost of less
than twenty cents per pound. Teutonic
"goaheadness" did not cast a bar and a
half and then make a shipment like they
did in the land of blue grass, but they
turned them out in great bars as rapidly
as a wood chopper would sticks of wood
and piled them up for future use, per
haps with a view to cornering the alumi-
Thia metal of the future, of which -o
mnrh has been said, was discovered by
Professor Wohler in 1823. While seek
ing to settle in his own mind the ques
tion as to what were the component
parts of common clays, and while fusing
a mass of the yellow mud at a white heat
under the blow pipe, he accidendy ob
tained a single minute globule or bead of
what was to Iiim and the rest of the
scientific world at that time a new metaL
Subsequendy by various chemical tests
he proved the drop to be the precious
aluminum. He surely did not consider
his discovery of grave importance, other
wise he would have given it more atten
tion than fie, did; as it was, it appears
that he did not experiment with the
aluminum idea in view again for some
thing like eighteen years. In 1846 he re
discovered it in a mixture of cloride of
aluminum and eonimon salt. Tliis time
the metal was obtained in quantities suf
ficient fir more extensive examination.
It was found to be a white metal between
the color of zinc and silver, but with
more bluish tinge than that found in the
last named metaL
Its specific gravity is from 2.3 to 2.67,
according to purity, that of the average
grade being about 2 j times heavier tiian
water. It is four times as light as sil
ver in other words, a coin the size of a
silver dollar made of aluminum would
weigh about the same as a twenty cent
piece in silver. It lias great rigidity and
tenacity; is nearly as hard as iron, but
can be wrought into wire as fine as spi
der webs after being thoroughly an
nealed. W03DEBFUL QUALITIES.
By being subjected to the goldbeaters
art, a piece of aluminum the size of a
dime may be beaten into a sheet several
feet square, so great is its tenacity. Only
two metals known can be rolled into a
sheet as thin as it can, and they are gold
and silver. When it does at last come
into general use, and the advent of that
era will not be retarded much by the
man whose death furnishes the text for
cms article, it win oe used tor every
thing and put to every purpose to which
iron, steel and wood are now put. Its
adaptability to ship building is very ap
parent. Great steamships, the size of the larg
est Canards, with the same tonnage and
the same number of exposed linear feet,
if constructed of aluminum, from keel
to the top of the masts, instead of draw
ing eighteen to twenty-six feet, would
not draw more than four or five. Lithe
days of the future aluminites deep water
conventions wfl be useless assemblages.
It holds, a polish the best of any metal
known, there being but few elements
that will cause it to fc"-" or turn
black. Bust, too, is a quality unknown
to this wonderful white metaL Boiling
water will not affect its luster, which is
retained for an indefinite period in any
atmosphere. Strong nitric acid raven
ously attacks silver, but has no effect
whatever upon- aluminum. Gold or
platinum will be ruined if nlumred into
a bath of sulphuret of potassium or melt-
ea aiterr aluminum comes out bright
and shiny as if from a bath of pure cold
water. John W. Wriaht in Sl LouLi
If marriage is not a failure there tan's
a questioa as to die indifferent regard in
whack the wedding ring- ia hekL Even
the jeweler has aaaaa-caettemptuoua way
of presenting the tray of plain gold bands
taaes which jte hums or whistles softly,
bat none the less significantly, aa he
note of the initials to be in
Verv voung brides wear the
yalow band, but in swejl rirrlra yoang
avnes nave the bravado to lar
taaeashea oc uadrma- lovaaa
as tut; aoaeymoon is over.
Among older wives the ring is discard
ed altogether, and if you inquire- about
it? the matron will calmly tell you it's
sach an unfashionable piect of jewelry
to fee obliged to wear and as a result the
young lady daughters in the family are
married with a seal ring, not one of
which can be procured for the paltry $7.
the price of the rel low band Emeralds,
rabies and turquois. set in small but
brilliant diamonds, are popular as wed
ding jewels, and not a few bridegrooms
have wedded their ideal with a marquise
A bride of a month ago was married
wiUi a serpentine ring, composed of two
snakes exqufsitelycarved. each with a
precious jewel in its head. To show the
low degree of enthusiasm for the time
Ssunored symbol of conjugal love atthe
last coaching club dinner party given in
the Brunswick, but three ladies out of
forty, all attended by their husbands, i
wore the plain gold band. There were
-blusters, of diamonds circlets of pearls
and solitaire stones by the quart, but
the single trio displayed the simple yel- i
Grass widows find the hand, particu
larly obnoxious, and those gay and fes
tive wives who have a few more links o(
freedom th:m is wholesome never give
it position outside of the jewel casket.
At the resort.- and in social gatherings i
one hears frequent outbursts from the)
young and innocent society men whe i
protest against what they consider mis-!
placement of the onlv badge tiiat dis- "
tinguishes a married woman from a
spinster. New York World.
Very Old Bread.
A German who visited Pompeii writes
as follows concerning the bread discov
ered there: "In one room are shown in I
glass cases, side by side with
whii'li wn fnnnfl in in nronf o.-Viir-li I
more by and by burnt, of course. This
bread is round and lias four cuts, and
may have weighed when fresh about
three or four pounds. To this day bread
like this is baked in Naples and the neigh
borhood, a proof of how little advanced
the baker's trade is in the soutii of Italy.
Our guide assured me that some of this
bread had been sold to foreign museums
for enormous sums of money, and dial
before me would not be sold at all, nc
matter what was the price offered. Hav
ing seen thu bread, I was curious to sec
the oven in which it had been baked and
found. After a most interesting tout '
through thestreea of Pompeii, we found
ourselves suddenly before the house oi
the Pompeiian baker.
"The houses are not built like ours ol
today. They are without windows, with
an entrance into the interior, which is a
square, open hall, or radier yard, which,
in the better class of houses, contains a
fountain and water basin. Into this yard
the doors from all the rooms open. The
streets serve as drains for die houses at
well as the streets. Great blocks oi
stone serve as stepping stones to past
from one side of the street to the other.
Washin the boose was also placed the
hairing room, and die oven was built ol
baslatic stones, which were still in good
preservation. This oven was very much
like those which we see in country baker
ies of the present day. In the same
room, a little away from the oven, stood
also a corn mill, of dark gray stones,
similar to our old sugar mills. There
was a hole in the upper stone, with t
bar to pass through, which slaves oi
donkeys had to turn around." Confec
The Beat Dressed Xea la
Although the London men about towr
are the best dressed in the world, there if
littie or no adoration of the male beauty
here. It is one of the most difficult
things imaginable to find out the Eng
lishmen who are considered to be on the
summit of fashion in the mrcoi- ol
clothes, unless one knows them person
ally. Portraits of society women of all
kinds and ranks are to be seen in pro
fusion here, but never a portrait of a so
ciety man unless he happens to hold some
r public office of prominence. Pngliah
swelldom has a great deal of samenesE
To begin with, the swell must have a
tide or be a military man, and as all
titled Englishmen have something to dc
with the army, the mflitv the yeomanry
or the volunteers, all swells of the first
water are military officers of some kind
Before a young tided Englishman can be
qualified to become a credit to his fam
ily and the British aristocracy he must
have been to Eton, to Oxford and have
held a commission in the Guards. It
doesn't matter how long he holds the
commission. Then, again, the personal
appearance of the most admired men of
this type is apt to be wanting in variety.
They run about sx feet in height, have
broad shoulders, deep chests and com
paratively small waists, for which three
latter things the tailor may be partly re
sponsible. They, almost without excep
tion, shave all their face but the upper
lip, where they grow as big and curly a
mustache as possible. Blakely TTli m
Clothier and Furnisher.
With all their democratic theories and
feelings, Americans are not a whit be
hind die rest of the world in a fondness
for honorary tides.
When Samuel C. Pomeroy, afterward
Senator Pomeroy, was on his way from
Massachusetts to setde in Tit"TH?. his
traveling companion, a man fmmT
with western customs, said to him:
"Pomeroy, a man on the frontier ia no
body without a hrulla to his name. You
most certainly have one of some kind or
Mr. Pomeroy declared that he was not
entitled to any, but his friend persisted:
"You were once a member of the Mas
aachusetts general court, weren't von?
"Well, that will answer perfectiy."
The new comer was accordingly intro
duced as "Gen. Pomeroy," and as long
as fee lived be was known by that tide.
It was in Paris that the doorkeeper of
a large block of apartments, having been
bothered by the noise of dogs, put up in
the court a placard, in large letters: "No
Barking Allowed." Thai sign did not
seem to make much impression upon the
dogs, but it soon brought down an angry
'"What do you mean," he shouted to
the doorkeeper, "by patting up that
"Oh, yoa mustn't be offended, sir," said
the doorkeeper "The sign iant intended
for yon; it'a far roar dcgT Yoatk'e
AN OVERSIGHT OF MAKE HfV
Had come a live with. Ra,
Aa t ae wanted It brought to the rasls,
That it inisoc est aad crow.
"It must wait for awhile." said i
ta aaawer to her
Tor a little thisc taaaaaeat i
Cast eat lite joa I
Adkad Flo ta fraes
-Ok, mjr be last it
56 teats, beta
I jraaa," after '-"-c grave
Tbct must have beaa forgot.
Cat we hey Wat saaw ate craadpa's
I'd like to Icaow war aot.'-
Ttat afteraooa to the ooraer.
Wita paper aad pea aad Ink,
West Fie earing: Doa't talk to ie.
If yoe do ifH atart aa tUak.
I'm wri tiara letter, rraadaaa.
To aead awar to-aWac
Aa' 'cane if a very "pertaat
I waatta set it neat,"
A waadarftU taaar to me,
Aad directed to "Gw bt beer
tread it over taaMt1
Tb aae if it'a rtokt, yoa kaow.-
Aad tore la the latter written
To God brattle Flo-
"Data Gok The baby you brought ue
Is awfalaioB aad sweet.
Bat 'cases yoa forgot his tooae
The poor little thing can't eat.
That's way Tai writing thin letfcy.
A-gurpueato let yoa know;
Please rrnne aad eaiab the baby.
Taat'aaa. From Lrma Fto."
Te Oe Awaw With
"I notice," said CoL John J. to The
Man About Town, "that the daily press
, of the country is beginning to agitate aa
t a means of doing away with the evil of
1 drunkenness a remedy which I advo
cated several years ago. Mv idea was
to build at public expense asylums where
drunkards could be sent and kept in con-
, dement until pronounced pernxanentlv
I -" by acompetent pkysiSt was
my opinion that these institutions should
be maintained by money secured through
a tax levied on the keepers of saloons,
and I do not believe that there is one
saloon keeper out of a hundred who
would not favor such a plan. Such in
stitutions, properly conducted, with a
law requiring the confinement therein of
every man detected in a stats of intoxi-
I cation would, I think, go far toward
bringing about an abatement of the evfl.
It would cause a large-percentage of the
men who now make a practice of getting
drunk to hesitate before meWwgp the ven
ture. I had even gone so far aa to draft
a bill embodving the provisions outlined
i above, with the intention of having it
introduced in the legislature, but at the
earnest solicitation of a few friends, who
deemed it an unwise measure, I allowed
the matter to drop, although I felt then
and still feel that it would be a good
thing for the state to have some such
law in operation." St. Louis Bepubhc.
In a recent lecture M. Romanes is re
ported as having strongly denied the ex
istence of even a trace of any feeling of
the ludicrous in the renowned chunpan
aae "Sally." It may be worth while to
record a small fact observed by me
lately, tending, I think, to favor an op
Being alone with a friend in Sally's
house, we tried to get her to obey the
commands usually given by the keeper.
The animal came to the bars of the
cage to look at us, and, adopting the
keeper's usual formula, I said: "Give me
two straws, Sally." At first she ap
peared to take no notice, although she
had been eying us rather eagerly
before. I repeated the request with
no further result; but on a sec
ond or third repetition she suddenly
took up a large bundle of straw from the
floor and thrust it through the bars at
us, and then sat down with her back to
us. Our request was perhaps unreason-
.able, seeing that we had no choice mor
sels of banana with which to reward
her. She did not, however, seem ill
tempered at our presumption, and the
next instant was as lively as ever. It
seems to me that her action on this occa
sion certainly came very near to an ex
pression of humor. Bather sarcastic
humor perhaps it was, but she certainly
appeared to take pleasure in the specta
cle of something incongruous, and tbia
surely lies at the base of all sense of the
The bearing of education on the char
acter and reformation of criminals hi dis
cussed by Dr. Hamilton D. Way in a pa
per on the physical and industrial train
ing of that class, which is published by
the Industrial Fdncationiaaociation. The
author assumes that "it is a mistake to
suppose that the criminal is naturally
bright. Moral failure and blunted intel
lect, as a rule, go hand in hand. If
bright, it is usually in a narrow line and
self repeating." The crinimal's malprac
tice has ita origin in blanted or non-developed
nervous areas, and is indicative
of wrong headedneas. Whatever may
be said of the motives or incentives that
led to crime, the fact remains that the
head of the criminal is wrong. The time
has gone by in which to argue that to
educate the criminal is to make him
a more accomplished and successful
scamp. "It is through, physical and
mental training and their composite la
bor that the slumbering germs of man
hood are fructified, maturing under a
firm and unrplaring discipline."
The criminal's mmd, "while not dis
eased, is undeveloped, or it may be ab
normally developed in certain directions;
the smartness resulting therefrom par
taking of low cunning and centering
about self. He is deficient in stability
and will power, and incapable of pro
longed mental effort and application.
"His intellect travels in a rut, and fails
him in an emergency. His moral nature
shares in the imperfections of his physi
cal and mental state," A training is ad
vocated by the author that will awaken
the alnmhering faculties, and thus set the
mind in a aoraul condition. Thai train
ing had beat not be given by persons con
nected with the prison, for it might
thereby be unpleaaaatly asanriatcrl with
penal features, but by teachers broaght
in for the purpose. Dr. Way gives an
interesting relation of experiments which
he has made with prisoners in accord
ance with these views, the average re
sults of which are very encouraging.
Popular Science Monthly.
nsaefc le WWte.
The word black (Anglo-Saxon
bhek, bleak) la fundamentally the
as the okl German blach now only to be
found in two or three compounds, as
hlachfelrt, a level or plain; Ktarhmafel.
die sewn watch floats on top whan silver
iaasakadVaad hlsnhfroat; aad It assent
imlmimmthw "kni - "1
co oenota oiaceness. Decauae Mac:
(apparendy) bare of color. Bat the
used form of black u blank; which also
meant orurinaily bare, aad was used to
denote whiteness, because whiteness ia
(apparendy) hare of color. The same
word watt used to denote the two oppo
site things. From which it would seem
that Black is white.
To any one who shall point out a flaw
in this etymological arguBsent I shall
endeavor to be grateful, provided he does
not disturb the- very satisfactory conclu
sion. This I should naturally resent. It
may help him to a conclusion and serve
as a further support to my contention to
point out diat black in Anglo-Saxon actu
ally means "white" as well aa "black,.
so that it is not in iauasalLsed form only
that the same word is employed to ex
press opposite tilings. Why is this, un
less that to the primitive mind both
white and black appeared to agree in
being bare or void of color, and for that
reason to deserve the same name? Anil
here I cannot help harbnringa suspicion.
f-juajxeshid-hytite old Gt-nBaa blachfrnst
(wtu'ch appears to lie neiurly obsolete, or
only used in soma localities), tiiat our
black frost" meant, originally a frost
liare of accomplishments, as hoar, rime,
and it is a coincidence only that it should
he black in color ami blacken the vegeta
tion. But we have long lost hold of die
original meaning, and believe it to refer
to the color. Notes and Queries.
Jaat a Fit,
If a boy sees a coat that fits him he
sometimes puts it on before he knows it:
or we may say the same diing in oth.
words: "A guilty conscience needs no
Two school boys had quarreled and
finally had engaged in a real stand up
fight. The teacher got wind of the
affair and called the combatants before
"He struck me." said one of the bovs.
"He said I stole his knife." said the
"I said somebody stole it." said die
"WelL you meant me." replied the
"Why, Charlie," said the teacher, "if
Willie had told me that somebody had
stolen his knife, it would not nave made
me angry. I should not have thought
that he meant me."
"Well, but you don't steal." was the
readv answer. Kind Words.
X Angela Yet.
The reformers are not angels yet no!
quite and it is possible tiiat they ma;
make mistakes and are responsible for a
good deal of injustice and unnecessary
suffering. The trouble is that we gc
upon the theory that we are always
right and that the other fellows are al
ways wrong; that orthodoxy is oiB
doxy, while heterodoxy is the other fel
As was hinted a little way back, per
haps we had better go slow in our alleged
reforms, and be very considerate and
charitable and tolerant while we are
The wQl of the majority embodied in
a statute will not change human nature,
and policeman's club never convince:
its victim that what he believes is right
is morally wrong. Atlanta Constitution.
A law Abider.
"I don't want to break the law," he
said, as he stood in the presence of Capt
Starkweather at police headquarters the
"You are very kind," replied the cap
en "Wbat is your case?"
"Mv wife has skipped."
"Yes, skipped out two days ago.
said. I don't want to break the
What is the customary rule
"Let her skip."
"I am not expected to pursue her and
"Thanks, She lias slapped. Let hex
skip. If she returns I overlook and for
give. If she does not I marry the hirec
girL Perfecdy satisfactory, sir, al
around, and I thank you for your kind
ness." Detroit Free Press.
A Valuable Tlaaepleee.
Chief of Police Packard, of Hartford,
Conn., carries a watch that is indeed a
novelty, as well as a valuable timepiece.
Without opening the watch, the time of
day or night to the minute can be ascer
tained. By pushing down a spring on
the outer edge of die case, the hour is
given by the striking of a miniature
gong, as are also the quarter hours and
minutes. If, in the night, the owner
wishes to know die time, it is learned in
a very few seconds, and is found out in
this way: If it is six minutes to 3 o'clock,
one of three little gongs will strike two;
two gongs then tttrike alternately tliree
strokes, each giving the tliree quarter
hours, and another gong strikes nine
two hours, three quarters and nine min
utes, making the exact time six minutes
to 3. The chief said that eleven years
ago the watch would cost $1,200, but at
the present time the watches are sold for
9450. Boston Herald.
A Helping Head.
Frederick Greenwood, in an article in
The Nineteenth Century, makes a point
in favor of helping the man who is in
temporary trouble rather than the
chronic poor. The point is a good one.
Every well to do man can, by keeping
his eyes and heart both open, keep from
dropping into the slums some family
that has met with temporary disaster.
Those who are trying to help themselves
are the ones least likely to get a helping
hand. One church in a northern city
keeps a private register of the ffnarfji
condition of all members, and has it as
the duty of the deacons to see that no
one's misfortunes lower them in social
position or break them up. Anyone dis
covered to be in need is promptiy, but
secretly, relieved. St. Louis Globe
Democrat. A r lass 1 1
Most parodies are cheap. They have
aoteven the merit of satirical purpose.
Once in a while, however, we find one
that is so nonsensical on ita surface and
so rrqnMa.a in its deeper meaning that
it belongs "c the American classics.
By the way, we should like to know who
wrote the following verses. Can any
body teU us?
Be killed the noble xndjokiris.
Wish the akin he made hixn mittens,
Made then with the fur aide inside;
nade them with the skin side outsider
He, to get the warm aide iaaide.
Pas the haririu akin side outside;
Ha, to get the cold side outride.
Pat the warai aide Air aide ueaosc -Tnafa
why he pat the fur side inside.
War be pas the skis auie ouoide.
aw,. July Oh. last:
Loaaa aal DiaenaaSs.
Orerdrafte aerarad aa
Other stock, bonds
Da rroaa asDruved i
Dse from Stat Hank aavr I
Keel Estat. Furnitamand Flxrane.
nrrwat expeanee aad faxee paid
Prrauaase paid v ...... .
Check aad other cash itaa
gichria aad cento ..... ....
Lenai trader aMtesin!""
Kmlemptioa fund with U. 9. Triasm
er (5 per cwfc. of c-rcnJetion) .
Capital stock paid ia
Satoooel Bsak aetMasaaaaasasng.'
hah vidua! depuaita mUm to charfc
Demand cwtiBratHftiif tleptiait.....
Notea aad bill rMliaconnteil
A. ANDERSON. Pree't.
J. H.GALLKY. Vir IWi
G.ANDEB80M. P. AHMliw
t&c ow Cidnmbaa skate
ATTORNEYS AT LA IT,
Office orw Fir- National R-wfr r.
.learSBKA. - v
ePartiiai desiring Mirrt?vinr doae cam
in Omrr Hon,. '"- "r aJS?
CO. SUP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
r wit !. r j- .
.i.- i o T onus, m the Court Honae th
m!.rfamnr,r f 7" mtwit ???.
tumor applirante for tHttchera' ovtiaeatea. asZi
for the traiMictioa of th- -.i -,.31T, "
Uttfit anil heavy haulm. (hmh handled with
enjv. nHtti,juarh.rH ar J. P.IWkerACoToaTce:
I Inphune. J3 and .U. Iinay3etf
FAUBLE A. BBADSHAW.
(.VncrrsMfirz tit FnnM ,r nitshril),
BRICK jVIAKERS !
wrk? n"1rwt t do all WimU, l brick
Hf, Tuxirnt co
Proprietor ami Publiiikers of the
KZ31I37S OT3SAS.a4 tis SIX raaUr OTxat.
Both. poatHjaid tnaayadiim. for 0U m re-r
stncUj. m advance Fn. jOPB
W. A. McUXJSTEK.
W. M. CORNELIUS
A TTORXE VS AT La W.
JOHN G. HIGGINS.
C. J. GAKLOW.
HH&HXS Jt QAMLOW
Specialty miuie of IVilecrihu by C. J. Gariow.
II. C. BOYD,
Tin aid Skeet-Irti Wire!
Jek-Work, mU aid Gmttar-
stand on flurteenth atreet. ff
Cms. K. ILiipp.
Ka.ig R. hjt apf.
Contractus and Baillirs.
Estimate famished on brick and aCuaWwork
and plaateruwr. in-. Special attention area to
settinjr boilers, mantl, etc Stainiag aad
.-.-. i..u.iuK oi.i or new hr-.ck writ to repre.
JSmaylr KNAPP BHOtl.
A STRAY LEAF!
- NOTE HEADS,
THE AHERU AN MAttAZIffE,
lt Off-rr Both for a War. at t4JMi
The Jocnxti. is acknowledged to be the best
news aad family paper in Platte cooatyad. The
American, llsaarint' i the nnlTfiisti fleas imoHli
'i gins TiiTir I nfiiilinil lii Tilan
tare. American Thought and Preaveaa, aad ia
the only derided exponent of AoMneaa Tartirn
tiom. It ia aa kimmI an any of the older maea-ziae-t,
fnmniHnir in i jnr nnir T.HS jiaiai nf llm
choicest: literature, written by the abieeC Ameri
can author. It In beaotirally iTInl I awl, aad ia
nch with charming coatinea and short stories.
Ho more appropriate present cam be
made than a Tear sabacriptioa to That .
It will be m
especially brilliant daring the year
The price of Jocaxju. i aO". aad The i
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