The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, August 21, 1889, Image 4

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. fc.
vr X5"-
Mm to eaBaer they sat theas dowa ;
oer crleBHBeraes,theJoihestr-
"Tea; let's forget oar tronhW bow
Aa hold Ugh cararfaL-
r deae, the mall arrives;
i fata letters acaaalag;
With fresh quotations np or down
Hie baay brain Is craBualag.
Bat BB "war, what's ooaie over
Way tamed ao quick ahoatf
Be aav Jaat aa bis parda atart forth:
-Igmcml WOOtgOOBt"
Bis letter bore ao written word.
Ho prajer from vice to flee;
OaJryatrachwr of ahead
A babrahaad of three.
What itoare comas before hia
What doea hla memory petatf
A baby at her mother knee
Hi Uttla white robed saint
What cares a man for ridicule
Who wins a victory grand r
BB slept la peace, his brow was smoothed
By a shadowy little band.
Nought liio the weak things of this world
The power of ala withstand;
Ko shield between man's soul and wrong
Use a little baby hand.
Chicago Journal.
On the 16th of November, 1663, the
good city of Dunkirk was in that pecu
liar state of agitation which pervades a
bee hive when its tenants are about to
warm. News had that day been re
ceived Uiat Louis XVI, who was then
king of France, had purchased, the city
from the English, to whose share it had
fallen by the treaty of 1658; and as the
sun was sinking behind the horizon, the
French squadron came into the harbor
with a light wind, and anchored off the
citadel. A hundred years previous the
French army, commanded by the Duke
of Guise, had ravaged the town with fire
and sword; but time wears away all re
sentments, and the Dunkirkers were now
ready to swear allegiance to the haughty
monarch who sought to make Paris the
dominant city of Christendom.
The quays of the city were thronged
with fishermen, who gazed on the French
fleet with critical eyes, as they discussed
the models, rigging and general appear
ance of the respective vessels. Merchants,
notaries and priests, each wearing their
peculiar costumes, were also attracted
to tne water side, every one taking a
-great interest in the coming change of
rule, save those who (and they were few
in number) were on intimate terms with
the English garrison. The officers of
this force, too, were exceedingly vexed,
aa most of them were comfortably lo
cated, and loudly did they censure their
young King Charles. In so doing, in
deed, they but echoed the public aenti
ateat in England, for it was evident that
the inexperienced monarch, fond of
pleasure and in need of ready cash, had
.been enticed into the sale of a flourishing
portion of his kingdom for a tithe of its
value. All of his ministers had opposed
the transfer, and when they found their
exertions useless, they set to work to so
hamper the sale with conditions as to
diminish the value of Dunkirk to the
The news soon reached the environs,
aad nowhere did it produce a greater ex
citement than in the collection of miser
able cabins, which dotted a plain, cov
ered with frames of brushwood, upon
which the fishermen cured their spoil.
'Leaving their nets half spread out, the
men had gone to the quay the moment
that the French squadron anchored, and
by sunset most of their families had fol
lowed them. In the cabin of Cornille
Bart, however, a light twinkled as night
came on, and a faint wreath of smoke
curled upward from the low chimney.
Bart had gone to the quay, taking his
two sons, Gasper and Jean, with him;
but his good wife Catherine, like a good
housewife, remained at home to prepare
Her domestic zeal, strong as it was,
could not eclipse her curiosity though,
and every time that she turned the
johnnycakes of barley meal, which were
being baked before the fire, she gazed
eagerly through the small and only win
dow of the cabin.
"Well, well," she soliloquized, "here
the cakes are done, and no one to eat
them. Nor do 1 know a thing. Dear,
dear, but women who keep house are
unlucky" Here a rapid cannonading
interrupted, but 6he soon continued:
"Saluting at last bang, bang and I do
not know what it's all about. Well,
when the powder is burnt I may look for
my stragglers. That is, if there are no
fireworks. But here comes a man and
two boys is it them?"
Soon a familiar knock at the door dis
sipated the good woman's doubts, and
she hastened to admit her husband.
"Well, dame," said the burly fisher
man, "you are waiting supper for us,
are you not?"
"That I am, Cornille; and it was not
very charitable in you to stay away so
long, for you know my curiosity; at any
rate, you tell me often enough."
"Never mind, Catherine; serve sup
per, for those lads are half starved, and
a they eat I will give you all the de
tails." "And you, Cornille, have you left
your appetite on the quay?"
"Yea, indeed! The news weighs heav
ily on my heart, and I do not feel like
eating a morseir
"Our Lady preserve us, what is to hap
pen!" cried the good woman as her anx
foan glance shot from husband to chil
dren. "I will tell you," replied Cornille.
"You have heard that the king of
France," and as he spoke the fisherman
loyally raised his woolen cap, "has re
mvchased Dunkirk for five million of
"Certainly; but that is good news for
"At first sight, Catherine, it seems so.
But when one learns the conditions of
sale, it is anything but good news."
"And what are these conditions?"
"What are they? Why, every public
building is to be razed to the height of
the highest dwelling house. Bv the
white whale, Dunkirk fisheries.
worth millions now, will not
be worth that morsel of barley
"Bat how will the cutting dowa of
the fortress do this? Faith, I have often
thought that it was more cost than
"No one cares for the fortress, Cather-
but for the church steeple the bea
ny day and the directing light by
night for those who enter the port No
. will dare to venture out no
will dare venture in to purchase
i abort, Dunkirk is ruined!"
an interval, of gloomy si-
bnt, at length, Cornille said:
"Cease, my boy, go to bed. You
mm get up early to-morrow."
"And you," said his wife, "wfllyou
go to bed now also?"
"Nel I do not feel like deeping now
ajajwjtttakeaaniOsT; butyouneednot
sb. Let us repeat our evening
And all kneeling, repeated
a beautiful canticle, for in those
i French were a religious people.
between their
and Catherine,
herself upon the bed, appar-
to sleep. Cornille eat for
r silent y watching the cir-
ef sae.TOe, and than. wh
The fads were
endy went
a amaiurr treed, went to
he shot back the bolt there was a anght
movement on Catherine's bed, which ar-
hia progress, but as ahe did not
he opened the door, closed it gen
tly behind him and aet out f or Dunkirk.
He had not gone more than two-thirds of
the way when he heard rapid footsteps
Mining behind him. Was he pursued?
Did he not know that step? Was it the
echo of his own? No. Another instant
solved his doubts, for his wife approach
ed him.
"I knew," ahe aaid, "that you had con
cealed something from me."
"My poor Catherine, it was that you
need not be alarmed. Wefishermenhave
agreed to meet to-night in the priest's
garden to aee if something cannot be
done to save bur beacon tower. But you
see that women could do nothing at such
a meeting.'
"Saints preserve us! but if you men
care' so much for the steeple, do you sup
pose that we women do not care for the
church? There we were married, there
our children were baptized, there we
joined in masses tor our deceased pa
rents. O, Cornille, let the women pray
that the church may be spared, if noth
ing more, for fervent prayer can never
injure any enterprise."
"That's what I think, mother," said a
soft voice; and Jean Bart, the youngest
son, came from behind a fish flake. He
had followed his mother, but feared his
father's anger, and hid himself until he
could see how she was received.
"Another hand at the oar," murmured
the fisherman.
"Don't send us back," entreated both
mother and son.
"Well, well," said Cornille; "come
Half an hour afterward the trio en
tered the priest's garden, where they
found about a hundred fishermen, some
of them, like Bart, accompanied by their
families. All were'in groups, discussing
the threatened demolition of their
church. In the center, surrounded by
the oldest of the party, was the venera
ble priest. When all who were expected
had arrived he stood upon a wheel bar
row and requested silence. Every head
was uncovered, every tongue was silent.
"My children," said the priest, "you
asked me to permit you to assemble here
to-night, and I granted your request
Now, have any of you any project for
saving our dear city, with our loved
cliurch, from the parting destruction of
the English:"
Several propositions were made, but
the priest shook his head as he heard
them. Jach one was more impossible
than was its predecessor, and all were
based upon some act of violence which
would have drawn the wrath of both na
tions upon the city.
Catherine, profiting by a moment's
silence, addressed the priest
''Supposing, reverend father, that we
women, leading our children, go in pro
cession to see the English commissioner
and implore him to spare our tower?"
"It would be useless, my daughter, for
England seeks to ruin our past that hers
may flourisli. Your idea is hopeless."
There was a murmur of discontent
through the crowd, and one of the oldest
fishermen, elbowing his way up to the
priest, and with a countenance purple
with rage, suid, or rather growled:
"Look here, father, we hoped that you
would head us in saving our church and
tower, but you appear disposed to throw
cold water on all our projects. Indeed,
everything that is suggested you object
to. I didn't expect it"
"Master Perron, you have the fire of
youth under the debilitated envelope of
age; but you do not possess the wisdom
that belongs to your gray beard. I do
not wish to throw cold water upon any
reasonable project, but those suggestions
thus far are wholly impracticable. Nei
ther, my children, can I suggest anything
myself, and if heaven does not aid us,
"Our tower must be demolished," mur
mured several voices.
"Not at all," cried a shrill, childish
"Who spoke? What boy is that?" said
Cornille Bart, in a severe tone.
"Your son, Jean, father: and I think
I have the idea which you all seek. Do
you care much for our cabin at the
"Jean," cried Cornille, "1 will thrash
you if you 6ay another word."
"Fcr pity's sake," said the priest, "let
the lad speak. Remember that God has
often chosen a child to deliver those
whom he loves, and Jean's thoughts
may be like the pebbles in David's
"Well then, Jean, as the priest wishes
it, go on, but speak quickly. As for our
rottage, it is all we have to shelter us;
but I will cheerfully sacrifice it, if it
will do any good at the present critical
"Then, father, tear down our cottage
to-morrow night and rebuild it before
morning upon the top of tho church
tower. It will then dwelling house aa
it is and will be be higher than any
other edfiice in Dunkirk, and the city
will be saved!"
A burst of applause, hushed by a ges
ture of the priest, hailed this bright
"Silence, my children," said he. "You
see now that Providence protects us.
And as for you, my lad, you will be
spoken of hereafter."
"It's not to be praised that I made the
plan," murmured Jean. "But I love
Dunkirk and I hate the Fjtgltah, There
it is."
"But you will become famous, my
boy, and your mother will be proud of
you. Now, friends, shall we execute the
child's plan?"
"Yes, yes. Once get Bart's cottage
on the top of the tower, and- we are
" Well,then, meet here to-morrow night
at sunset, with such tools and building
materials as you can conceal under your
sea jackets. Master Perron here will act
as foreman, and tell each one what to
bring. And now let us implore a blessing
upon our deliberathaand ask a contin
uance of Divine Banns for to-morrow
night's work."
The next day the yHest, accompanied
by Cornille Bart, called upon Monsieur
Wostyn, one of the richest merchants
and ship owners of the city. They found
him sad and thoughtful, for the destruc
tion of the beacon tower would be the
downfall of his fortune. But his counte
nance brightened up as he heard of the
project of little Jean Bart
"Dunkirk is saved!" he exclaimed,
clapping his hands joyfully. "And as if
to aid you in "''""pliftning yonr task
undiscovered by the English, Providence
has so ordered matters that all the offi
cers will pass the night on board the
French squadron. As for the soldiers a
few jugs of Dutch gin will quiet tfwn.
"How? asked the priest
"Why,some strange fancy,asIthought,
prompted the Count d'Estrades to offer
a ball to our late enemies, and they will
thus be all out of our way."
After mutual congratuaioos,the priest
repaired to the church, and Cornille Bart
to his cottage, winch Catherine was pre
paring to leave. The family were gladly
received by the neighboring amara
and before night the cabin was entirely
demolished, and conveyed, concealed un
der loads of brush wood, into the priest's
garden, which adjoined the church.
Meanwhile, all was inmotion on board
of the admirals frigate. The upper deck,
covered by thick awnings, was converted
laioa BMgaiacent ballroom. Flags of I
clusters of Are anas, highly pouahed,
chandeliers and adrrors, gave a fairy like
appearance to the sooae. Below were
long supper tables, spread wiu. every
delicacy, ami a full band of msrtirimnsk
prompted the anspirhig dance. Tneothez
vessels of the squadron were brffliaatly
illuminated, and, as. may well be' im
agined, there was net a British oacer in
Dunkirk by o'clock. About mat time,
too, various landlords became very gen
erous towards the English soldiers, and
even gave them bottiesof gin for those
of their ooearades who were on guard at
Around the church all was life, yet
grave like silence reigned. Some, by the
aid of the booms brought from their fish
ing boats, rigged derricks upon the broad
platform of the stone tower, others tem
pered the mortar, and the old sanctuary
resembled an ant hilL The priest wag
on his knees before the altar, and the
women kept watch and 'ward round
about To cheer them in their toil came
the enlivening strains of music from the
squadron. Nor did they cease until the
cottage was entirely rebuilt, a fire burned
in its kitchen, and Catherine had her cof
fee kettle on. It was sunrise, and when
the ropes and accessories were taken
down and the cottage stood there the
highest dwelling house in Dunkirk, and
higher than any other building in the
city then they called out the old priest,
and the assemblage, falling on their
knees, sang the "matin hymn."
On board the flagship, meanwhile, all
was hilarity and gayety, though, unlike
every one else, M. Wostyn appeared un
easy. Occasionally he would steal out
into the stern gallery (which all frigates
then had), and cast an anxious glance
towards the church tower. The Count
d'Estrades noticed he did not dance, and
after supper he introduced him to the
English commissioner.
"Neither of you dance, messieurs,"
said the count; "andyoumaylikeagame
of cards, chess or dominoes."
Both bowed assent
"What shall it be? Chess?" said the
Wostyn said yes, though k was with
difficulty that he could bring his mind to
bear upon the game, and he consequently
lost several times. His antagonist be
came elated with success, and just as
daylight shone in through the flags, he
made a bold move and exclaimed in a
boastful tone:
"Ha, ha! your castle is in danger, and
I fear that it will fare no better than your
old church tower. Tis a pity, by the
way, that I must have that tower pulled
down today."
At that moment the almost despairing
merchant heard the hymn of praise and
he knew that all was safe. Rising from
the table he went out into the stern gal
lery, and requested his opponent to fol
low him. They found Count d'Estrades
already there, and the poop of the vessel
was already lined with curious observers
French and English. Plainly visible,
is? the glowing rays of the rising sun, was
Bart's cottage, and through the open door
all could see the honest fisherman and
his family quietly eating breakfast Fron.
the chimney waved the French flag.
"Check to your mover said Wostyn
to the English commissioner, significant
ly pointing to the cottage. "Behold the
highest dwelling house in Dunkirk, nor
is there even a weather vane above its
"I give up the game!" said the English
man, good naturedly. Then turning to-
warus me count, ne conunuea: we may
contend with you upon the battle field,
but when wit and invention ore at stake,
we surrender. Gentlemen, we will evac
uate the city todayf Ben Perley Poore
in Boston Globe.
Aa Experiment la Coavict Treatment.
The physical discipline to which they
were subjected consisted in (1) hot baths
three weekly, the Turkish and common
hath alternating; (2) massage kneading
of the muscles, passive motions of the
joints, and friction of the entire surface;
(8) physical exercise manual drill, free
gymnastics and exercise with dumb bells
ranging progressively from three to eight
pounds in weight; (4) the substitution of a
special dietary for the regular prison fare.
The experiment was continued during
flve months long enough to demonstrate
the value of the method, but not to de
termine the full measure of suceess prob
ably attainable by these means. At the
end of this period, nine of the eleven
men then living had risen from the third
or refractory to the intermediate grade,
the remaining two having merely main
tained their original standing in this
During the six months immediately
preceding the experiment, the average
marking for shop work, school work and
conduct had been 46 per cent During
the experiment, the average for school
work, previously lowest of all, rose to 74
per cent, the conduct improving at
about equal rate. Shop work was dis
continued, as the special training was
thought to secure enough muscular ex
ercise. During the six months following
the term of the experiment, the average
marking of the men in the three depart
ments of shop work, school work and
conduct rose to 71 per cent as compared
with 46 per cent for the six months pre
ceding the experiment At the end of
this period Dr. Wey reported that "al
though the men had been remanded .to
the former routine of prison life, mental
development was still going on; six of
the number had reached the first grade
in school work, and two of the remain
ing five had every prospeot of doing so."
Frances E. White, M. D in Popular
Science Monthly.
An Irishman was ordered to make a
coffin, which he did; and to paint the
inscription on the lid, which he did after
a fashion that caused a little excitement
in the churchyard.
By dint of following the written copy,
he managed to get as far as "Michael
Oltaffetty, aged f but, try as he
would, he could not imitate the 88.
At last he remembered that hecoold
write 7, and that four 7s made 28. So
he finished the inscription, "aged 7777."
When they came to bury Michael, the
coffin stood at the grave aide, and the
priest spoke as follows:
"Ah, he was a fine lad. He's lying
there so still, taken away in the very
prune or loife. Young he was, too,
only" Here the priest looked down
at the coffin plate to see how old Michael
"He was only," said Ins reverence
again, and he put his glasses on and
went nearer, to see how old he really
was. "He was only," he continued,
"seven thousand seven hundred and
seventy-seven years!" Christian at
At an election in Poland the other day
Assaartyoung candidate tried a saaneu
Jver which almost deserved to succeed for
its ingenuity. Nearly all the p-imts
krere against him, and the problem was
now to prevent them from voting. The
Imterval is very short between- the time
When they leave off work and the closing
setae pons, so tnat at the last half hour
great crowd was waiting. Suddenly
a cry of "Fire and a rattling
Bat tne ruse did not suc-
the atolid countrymen flrst waiting
reort their vote, and then hurrying
to nisi; the rrsanaaTttlun. London
Glow. A
Z-iFS -' ir2"- ,.
-.ST Z X, J i
- 5J;
Who la his aam him ana we iany
Aaaatmaa, wMaaaaseaeesef
To net to right aataira of atatar
The editor. AdadraUail
Who deeply molda the pmhUe thoaghtr
Foraaoacgr whooaa aaVr be honduf
Who always I
i tortha right has foughtf
Who aotes what great asm 4a aad as
Aad filea obttaarlaa away
Whea they ahaB die, to priat next day?
The editor. Barer hia!
Who aaSTars BattaaUy aad loa
The editor. Dost chide hiaM
Who kaowa of aU thaws
Or what he doat kaow aara eaa
Ttteedkor. Coasalthanl
Whea youthful taleat aseka to rise.
Who views its growth with frieadiyeyea.
Its aserits quick to recognise?
The editor. Oh, Ueaa hlmi
Who doth good judgBttat sadly lack.
Who has of taste sot e'er a aaaackf
Who Beet ayr little poem back?
The editor. OoefouBd html
Yha aoMier said aa he was called to akt
Bat ted aiy Bwther la the vBnge,
My sweetheart la the cottage.
lb ocay for ate with folded haada.
The soldier's dead: hla author aad hla
They pray for him with folded haada.
They dug his grave upoa the battlesala,
Aad all tin earth was red
Wbereia they laid fans.
The sua beheld him that, and said:
"I am contented."
Aad flowers clustered on bis grave
Aad were contented there to bloom.
And when the wind woald roar
Among the trees,
Thea asked tho aokuer from hla deep, dark grave:
"Was It the flag that flutteredr
"Nayl" aaid the wind. "mygaDaat hero,
Kay; thou hast died la battle, bat the flag
Hath woo the day. Thy comrades
Hare carried it away roll happuy."
Then aaid the soldier from hla deep, dark grave:
"I am contented.'
And then he hearkened to the
Of herds and shepherds, aad
"Is that the din or battler"
"Nay r they aaid; "nay, my gallant here:
For thou art dead; the war ia over; 1
Thy fatherland is free aad happy.'
Then said the soldier from hla deep, dark grave:
"I am contented."
And then he hearkened to the lovers
And thus the soldier asked:
"Are those the people voices, who
-NayP spake the lovers: aay, aay gaBaat hero.
For we are they who aever do leBMaiber;
For spring hath come, and all the earth isamOmg;
We must forget the dead."
Then said the soldier from his deep, dark grave:
I am coBteBted.
A Writer Who Holds It to Be a Rleetlag
to Poor aad Rich.
We are persuaded, from our observa
tion of many years in Greece and Tur
key, that the moderate use of pure coffee
is, one might almost 'say, a blessing to
rich and poor. Excess in its use, or the
use of it at all,.except when the decoc
tion is made from the genuine coffee
!erry, and properly made, is beyond any
question an evil. Ono must live in the
East for a while, or if not there confine
himself to partaking of the beverage in
other countries where the diameter of
the cafe, or the house where it is served,
is a guarantee of the purity, to appre
ciate what a cup of coffee really means.
It is a recognized fact that the mixture
drunk by the majority of people in Eu
rope and .our own country under the
name of coffee is a vile, or, at the best
an adulterated compound of inferior ber
ries, beans or other substitutes, and that
when occasionally the genuine coffee
berry is the basis of the hot fluid served
at the hotels, railroad stationed restau
rants and even in private houses, it is
not prepared properly, and more fre
quently than otherwise injures the diges
tion and, consequently, the health of the
constant drinker.
In Athens, broadly speaking, every
third man indulges in cigarette smoking
and coffee drinking, and this to an ex
tent that astonishes the stranger. It L
an every day sight when entering an
office or private sitting room, and not
infrequently the family room, to see the
tobacco box, cigarette paper 'and ash
box lying on tho table, and the visitor is
expected, without invitation, to help
himself and light his cigarette, as a
preparation for, and a companion to,
conversation. little cups of black cof
fee follow as a matter of course, how
ever early or late the hour may be. Rut
the Greek does not confine his atten
tions to the coffee cup on these occa
sions. He often takes his first cigarette
and his first cup in bed before rising,
and continues the practice at intervals
through the entire day. It is something
akin to the habit of ice water drinking
in the United States, but without the
subtle, injurious results that follow an
habitual use of cold liquids, which chill
the stomach, impair the general health
and produce decayed teeth. So far as
our personal observation goes, strength
ened by medical testimony, the Greeks
in the condition of their general, health
do not support the theory tnat the
habitual use of coffee injures the sys
tem or affects the eyesight
The same is the case in Turkey. There
coffee drinking is universal and contin
uous. The writer passed a greater part
of four years in Constantinople, where
he had occasion to call upon the officials
of the Sublime Porte so frequently that
it would be difficult to enumerate these
official visits; and with few exceptions,
when the visit was. protracted to any
length, black coffee, pure in quality and
prepared with the grounds, was regularly
served in small, delicate cups. All
Turks, from the highest to the lowest
indulge in the beverage, a few swallows
at a time, throughout the day, and. with
out any evil effects. What makes the
fact more remarkable is that neither the
sedentary habits of the Turk nor the
quick, energetic temperament of the
Greek seems to be affected by the per
petual imbibing of this beverage. Spec
tacles, it may be remarked, are as little
used in Turkey as in Greece; nor are
complaints of the eyes more prevalent, if
we except ophthalmia, which is brought
from Egypt and exists chiefly among the
unclean and dissolute lower orders. An
old pasha once told us that he considered
coffee to be one of the greatest blessingt
vouchsafed by Allah to the faithful, not
only from its grateful aroma, but from
its health preserving qualities. He re
ferred, of course, to the "divine berry"
of Mocha, and not to the questionable
compound served up in the "infider
countries of the west North Americas
Ketahle Bewreaaetieas ef Mui la
Uteratare Evelatlea IaexeraUe.
All great writers have imitated here
and there, but always consciously and
for their own amusement solely. Many
of these reproductions have been very
brilliant but upon no one of them has
the fame of an author ever rested. When
Coleridge wrote bis remarkable para
phrase of the Bible, "The Wanderings of
Cain," it was undoubtedly an event in
the literary world, and brought him
great praise; but if Coleridge had never
written "Cristabel," or "The Ancient
Mariner," or "Kubla Khan," what niche
in literature's temple would Coleridge
occupy today? Byron, in his "Heaven
and Earth.", wrote a descriotion of the
N-i-.-is w - v- - - .i. -.., - -. .,-w .. .. , r ,
Hood wnicn ror dramatic power, vivid
portrayal and stupendous strength, far
exceeds the Bible's picture; but became
the flood had been the Bible'e peculiar
property for hundreds of years before
Byron was born, so it will continue, to
bold its rights to the end of time.
To comedown in the scale. "St Ehmo"
and "Rutledge" owed their great vogue j
to the popularity of "Jane Eyre" and
the inspiration their authors drew from
that famous novel. The duchess and
Helen Mathers pressed their lips to the
fever stricken mouth of Rhode Brough
.ton and took the disease in a milder
form. Rita and Amelie Rives have
snatched the falling mantle of Ouida,
ili!lAil sfr Sw liaalf on1 -! stsfl it anfi rrlnmnl-ar
about themselves that it has becomeaa'
extra cuticle and could only be removed
by a surgical operation. i
Great original genius is only recog-'
nized and admitted after a desperate
fight, because there is no greater coward
than the intellectual public. The well
furnished and critical brain has every
shelf of its cells fitted up with tlie lore
upon which centuries or generations of
public approval have set their seal It
knows that to uduiire that choice library
is both safe and proper: it gives one dig- j
nity and it gives one pleasure. Any- j
thing, therefore, which is radically dif-1
ferent from the inhabitants of those
precious shelves must perforce be worth- j
People do not stop to compare or even
to remember the difference between the j
, succeeding literatures of past gener
ations. Think of the monotony of the '
world's letters if no original minds had
ever come to break loose from traditions, i
inaugurate new schools and plant new !
ideas! Suppose the glorious galaxy now j
illuminating our past had succumbed tc '
tho inevitable fire of public protestation, :
what sort of a literature would we have
today? Unquestionably the literature of
one generation, even of one decade, is
the natural result of the literature im
mediately preceding it; evolution is in
exorable. But upon this force of heredity
operate the great and complex forces of
the times, and the man who is thrust !
head and shoulders above the mass, as
the target of his generation and a I
landmark for posterity, is he in whonr'
both forces have met and been ignited
by the divine spark that shot in his un
born brain, whence no man can tell.
Gertrude Franklin Atherton in North
American Review.
No Apology
A Micliigan avenue car stopped at
Second street yesterday to permit a
young lady and a gentleman to get on. j
As the former, who was young as well t
as pretty, passed forward to accept a
scat offered her, she tripped over the '
outstretched foot of an individual whe
was sitting at the rear of the car.
In an instant she was almost at full
length in the bottom of the car. The excla
mations of the passengers and the black
looks they directed at the extended stum
bling block should have caused its ownei
to sink through the seat Quicker al
most than she went down, however, she
was on her feet again, and gracefully
acknowledging tho courtesy of the gen
tleman who surrendered his seat.
.She was greatly embarrassed, and hei
escort looked like a thunder cloud and as
if he would like to punch the head of the
fellow who had caused all the trouble.
But he didn't He contented liimseli
witlr occasionally stepping vigorously on
the still extended and offending foot
There did not seem to be the least sign
of consciousness from its owner, while
the passengers awaited the denouement
Finally, with a lurch from the car as an
excuse, the foot received another fero
cious dig tliat was so pronounced as tc
almost twist the man out of the seat
Thinking that perhaps he had really in
jured the man, the escort muttered an
excuse that was received in great equa
nimity, with the gratifying explanation:
"Oh, don't apologize; it's a wooden
one and used to being stepped on." De
troit News.
Sara Life la Chiaa.
A farmer may be hired by the yeai
for from 8 to $14, with food, clothing,
head shaving and tobacco. Those whe
work by the day receive from eight tc
ten cents, with a noonday meaL At the
planting and harvesting of rice, wages
are from ten to twenty cents a day, with
Gve meals; or thirty cents a day without
food. Few land owners hire hands, ex
cept for a few days during the planting
and harvesting of rice. Those who have
more land than they and their sons can
till, lease it to their neighbors
Much land is held on leases given by
ancient proprietors to clansmen whose
descendants now till it, paying from $1
to $14 worth of rice annually for its use.
Food averages little more than a dol
lar a month for each member of a farm
er's family. One who buys, cooks and
eats his meals alone spends from one and
a half to two dollars a month upon the
raw material and fuel. Two pounds of
rice, costing three and a half cents, with
relishes of salt fish, pickled cabbage,
cheap vegetables and fruits, costing a
cent and a half, is the ordinary allow
ance to each laborer for each day. Aber
nethy's advice to a luxurious patient
"lave on sixpence a day and earn it," it
followed by nearly every Chinaman.
One or two dependent relatives frequent
ly share with him the sixpence. Adele
31. Field in Popular Science Monthly.
Eseerlaieata with Sallats.
In 1885 one of the well known lights
of English modern surgery began mak
ing experiments, looking to the ultimate
invention of a splint that would hold the
head in an upright position when the
neck could no longer be used for that
purpose on account of fracture. In the
course of his experiments he tried pow
dered egg shells and plaster of Paris in
equal parts. The great diversity in the
sizes of the human neck rendered this
apparatus almost useless.
A few years later, probably about
1842, an eminent New York surgeon
tried t!ie virtues of closely woven cloth
bandages which had bean previously
dipped in a solution of plaster of Paris
and whites of eggs.
Me must have cried "JSurekar" upon
the first application of bis newly discov
ered and curiously treated bandages, for
they worked like a charm; the albumen
of the egg supplied the necessary adhesive
component; the plaster of Paris caused
it to set firm and hold the parts immov
able. The plaster cast splint was soon
superseded by the light and airy albumo
plaster bandages.
Broken neck is placed on the list of the
modern surgeon. as one of the curable
accidents incident to humanity, provided
tne spinal cord has not been lacerated
by the broken bones or drawn out too
far to admit of it being reduced to its
normal state by the head being pressed
downwards, backwards or sidewiae at
the time of the accident There is one
case on record where the patient recov
ered after the cord bad been drawn out
two inches by the head being pressed
down upon the breast at the time of the
accident John W. Wright in St Louis
Taej Need Nerve.
"Engineers at rest, sitting in the nar
row cabs of their engines. Tying at the
depot waiting for the signal to start,
of ten look to be a sleepy set of fellows,"
ail) itiA man ftRtt rttltAr nftrht ortw vnnc
the limited to Alliance. "Do you know,' I
he continued, addressing areporter,
- -- -
are always wma awaat
whea they mem to he fcaaalstaat tc
ansa lamamamg around Mams? There
are few thangs that escape their vigilaal
eyes. Many people have an idea that
asiaeers -go R bund and trues entirely
to the block system and the autsnem ef
good telegraph operatorn, but if they did
this there would be wrecks aad lives lost
every day.
"A good engineer is always on the
lookout Wesee plenty of things ahead
of us that harrow our nerves and make
the hair stand up straight, but aa long at
the fsmaengeni behind us don't know il
and we all escape uninjured, we heave a
sigh of relief and my nothing. 1 tell
you. it is no easy matter to hold a throt-
curves and watch
or wMtrucHons. An enmneer look
down ror a moment at tlie connecting
rode of the loconiotive. moving back
ward and forward with lightning likt
rapidity He doesn't know at what min
ute a pin may break and one of the rods
knockjus brains out as be leans out of
tlie cab.
"We have to make schedule time, the
road is full of curves, and we are likely
to bang into them? trains as w pass them.
Little do people know how rasping it b
on the nerves to be continually making
narrow escapes, and yet one invariably
feels that some day he is bound to 'get it
in tlie neck.' It is the uncertainty of the
business that is so trviiut." Fittaburs
Boaao FwcU Absat Tea.
Tea came iuto use almost by accident.
Some Buddhist priests, going on a mis
sionary expedition from northern India
to China, took with them the dried
leaves and also some cuttings of an in
digenous shrub which was said to have
the power of correcting aay injurious
properties in the brackish water they
might meet with on the way. The de
coction thus made pleased the mission
aries so well that they continued, as n
matter of taste, to drink it after they
had reached China, and introduced it to
their converts. They also set about
planting the precious shrub, and altbougn
it did not thrive so well in China as in its
native Assam, becoming smaller both in
stem and leaf, it was so well liked that
it soon formed the foundation of the
favorite beverage of all China, Thence
it was brought to Europe, to be drunk
and desired by Englishmen of every de
gree. And it is only of late years that
Assam tea has coma into thaEsuropean
market, to be looked
piciously as the rival of Its own
erated CfoinemdBter.- London Stand
It lim been supposed that birds become
accustomed to the presence of telegraph
wires, andancarefal to avoid them in
iyimj, but it would seam ettaer that this
is a mistake, or that the birds on the
Scotch and Englfah moors are lommtsUi
geat than their fellows. Systematic ob
servation there alone; a line of telegraph
wires has shown tnat great destruction
of bird life goes on titrosjghout the year,
and tlmt at certam seasons the roadside
is literally strewn with the remains of
unfortunate grouse, black game par
tridge, snipe and other birds. Every
morning at dawn marandina; bands of
rooks come from the lowland woods
to-fesst on the dead and dying;, and
the farmers and shepherds in the re
gion declare that mora spouse are killed
annually by the telegrsph wires than by
all the sportssoen. Phi kvMnhia Ledger.
A correspondent of The lairfleld (Me.)
Journal gives the following instance of
mind cure in the early days of that
town: Dr. Thayer, who Ural near what
was called the Back Jfeetfns: House, waa
one of the beet gmvnkaans in the connlv.
but hia skill was no avail in the case of
bis wife, who kept her hTtl
than two years. One day there was no
. -i v i v.
b.vnu jwsowh wmu mm mww auu iiw
little boy came rtmninf in With n bad
out ah tita n. tka.ut TKlat-
wee va aaav a4SmvSB Va eBBTmsmaM MmmmBAJUfBnsr UK""
fusely. With true motherly forgetful
nessof self, she sprung up, found band
ages and properly dressed the wound:
then, sitting down to rest, aha looked
around; everything seemed so pleasant
and she felt so nicely, aha decided not to
take her bed again, and aha did not '
She lived several yean ha Iks) enjoyment
of comfortable health.
This is what yon ought to have, in
fact you must have it, to fully enjoy life.
Thousands are searching for it daily,
and mourning because they find it not.
Thousands upon thousands of dollars
are spent annually by our people in the
hope that they may attain this boon.
And yet it may be had by all. We
guarantee that Electric Bitters, if used
according to directions and the use per
sisted in, will bring you good digestion
and oust the demon dyspepsia and in
stall instead eupepsy. We recommend
Electric Bitters for dyspepsia and all
diseases of the liver, stomach and kid
neys. Sold at 50c and f 1 per bottle by
David Dowty, druggist
Too much gravity argues a shallow
A Natural Presaet ef California.
It is only found in Butte county, Cali
fornia, and in no other part of the world.
We refer to the tree that produces the
healing and penetrating gum used in
that pleasant and effective cure for con
sumptionsthma,bronchitis, and coughs,
SANTA ABIE, the King of Consump
tion. Dowty A Becher guarantee and
sell it for f LOO, a bottle, or three for
S&50. By the use of CALIFORNIA
CAT-B-CUBE, all symptoms of catarrh
are dispelled, and the diseased nasal
passage, is speedily restored to a healthy
condition. SL00 a package; by mail fl JO.
Circular free.
To-a good man one must know how to
profit by the whole of one's fortune.
Baeklea'a Antes Salve.
The best salve in the world for cuts,
bruises, sores,-ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains
corns, and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required.
It is guranteed to give perfect satisfac
tion, or money refunded. Price 25 cents
per box. For sale by David Dowty. 3
They that stand high have many
blasts to shake them.
A Sera ef Payer Saves Her Life.
It was just at ordinary scrap of wrap
ping paper, but it saved her life. She
waa in the last stages of consumption,
told by physicisns that ahe waa incur
able and could not live but a short time;
she weighed less than seventy pounds.
On a piece of wrapping paper she read
of Dr. King's New Discovery, and got a
sample bottle; it helped her, ahe bought
a large bottle, it helped her more,
bought another and grew better fast,,
continued its use and is now strong,
healthy, rosy, plump, weighing 140
pounds. For fuller particulars send
stamp to W. H. Cole, druggist, Fort
Smith. Trial bottle of this wonderful
discovery free at David Dowty'a drugstore.
- - -
V yrjfc Mm " rtSlsAV'l
?vnanananaxe7v manm Jar M Ml ean aa. Mr ""' " "M naT' - 'rmYTjttkmnwmwm.
The above cut shows evidence of Mr. Johnston's
mistake. His wife having sent him for " n
DUST, but by some misapprehension he brought
home soap greatly to her dissatisfaction. After a
house-wife has once used
it is useless to offer her the old adulterated soap.
Ask your grocer for Gold Dust Washing Powder, and
take no other.
P. a.-rf eur hanwe are
CeasanBtion Sarrly t'arrtl.
To the Editor Please inform your
readers that I have a positive remedy
for the above named disease. By its
timely mse thousands of hopeless cases
have been permanently cured. I shall
be glad to send two bottles of my reme
dy fbek to any of yonr readers who have
consumption if they will send me their
express and post office address. Besiiect
fully, T. A. Slocum, M. O, 181 Pearl
street New York. I'lty
When a good man falls he dashes him
self to pieces.
Aa AtaulHte Cure.
MENT is only pnt up in large two-ounco
tin boxes, and is an nbfV.t. tum ior
old sores, burns, wounds, chapped hands
and all kinds of skin eruptions. Will
positively cure all kinds of piles. Aak for
Sold by Dowty & IJecher at 'Si cents per
box by mail 30 cents. uiarTv
aMCP !Ty01sTOfriiJ i'VEi
m. . - . M...
' Almost a Palatabto as Milk.
' eUegntesei tnat R cam a tanas.
aHceaccs. sua aartaatlateel tor tne aaeei
seaawstve aSeaaacn, wnea tne r-Taln
eaan.t ne Saleratesl; aaa by Sew
I !
rtne all wltn tne
it mnen. aaere
as a
8COTTS EMULSION k acknowledged by
Physicians to be the Finest and Best prepa
ration in the wodd for the relief and cam of
Tkt eresf rtmedv for fTiniaaWraa W
rrmmmg m vmuartn. aoia oy an
CTrmiMww thel!faaalPMDain;ofl. jj.
lay Tnftatmnstintt TTnalatt Hn.
Boatoroo tho ftanwja of Tasto, rimoll
and Hoaxing.
U.P. Depot, Columbus.
IttjEtotJUrn&sSfowk Ave- N. T.
Anesna Wanwdl
aw bbbbbw' mW f2MrS l7Jdfp
wM-wLWKmW "
MvetT eha aaa) aaajt aveatly heaiearies.
rnailM, with ettsTaM ef Dr. Waa.a-BTaat
mnananual finJ!!!aJl!li2iil '.'T fTfZ
aanananananananm - -5S TJsLegA a amfal
H IDC JWaWl arlanBlai mmWffti saanWgamwl sWef
- - ' -
d.. e'r-i--"sc -T-
i. uaeramv soa.
ST. 1811$.
Family : journal.
A Weekly Newspaper isciei every
32 Calmg af readiig Batter,
sistiigaf Nebraska State News
Heal, Selectei Stories aa '
tVSample copies seat free to aajr aaVlreM."
Subscription price,
$1 a ftar, m MvMct.
M. K. Turns & Co.,
Colnmbus, - '
Platte Co., Nebr
All kiais af Reaairiar dsae
Shart Natke. fcWies, Wag
as, etc., auu'eTa artier, -
aaa an wark Uiar
aateed. Alse Mil tke werM-ftsBSM Walter A.
Weed Mewtrs, Xaaaars, Comsia-
aa Wiaaiaaa Harri
aad ffif-aHBdan-Ue
bhop appetite the " Tatteraall,"
HB. DrODcmLievaV
ana yWSZASZS-'nWrrt.
cure row
(im irui - "if m Tl DDL!
or- --v v.x v Si lint til
Trad so
applied by the H.T.
. Cubic Dbco Co..
Caveats and Trade Marks obtaiaed. aad all Pat.
ent btwiaeMcoadBcted for MODK8AT JKEH
OFFICE. WehaTeBoMb4aacies,allbeeiaetM
direct, hence we eaa transact patent bosinae ia
tew time aad at LKSS COOT thaa those remote
from Waabiagtoa.
Send model, drawlac. or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or aot, free of
chant. Oar fee aot dae till pateat is secured.
A book. "How to Obtain Pateata. with refer,
races to actual clieats in joar state, eoaat or
town, seat iree. Adores
c. a -VOW at
Opposite Patent Otttce. Waehiagtoa.
A hooker
contains lists of i
waste to snead oae dollar, awte ha Stat nv
IbnaatlOB he reqairea. while for him wha.vBl
Savest ene hundred thoasand ttoHera la ad
vertleiBiz. a ttrtoenae ia lnilicntrd which VUS
steei Bis every requirement. r can sva
ruponitmte. let edfuoas have beea lam
Sent, noat-ttaitt. to aav aJJieaa for stem
Write to EO. P. KOWIX1V 4 COi
hewspapkb ADVEanaraa mwwuxj
aoissnmaTt.yimnagaViBmaa.), new Tsftw
Uliva St.. V H.UMBUB. Wat
Ut- kjae . -mwBBmTBhe- x
sS.x 1
l-l v--3'''" a IS
a F- j, -.v- - ! -T31
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