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VOL. XX.-NO. 12.
COLUMBUS, NEB WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1889.
WHOLE NO. 1,000.
k.a ..Tf .
, Cash Capital - $100,000.
"v ". UlKKCTOltS:
LKANnrt OERKAKO. Piv-'u
GEO. W. UULST, Vice Pre'U
JUL.TDS A. ItEEl).
' . . R. 11. HENRY.
4. E. TAStCEK. Cashier.
. IIectioas lrepy Wad'
. fy Inter oat TInae laepa
Antliorized Capital of $500,000
laid in Capital - .00,000
(Vll. SHELDON'. Prea't.
II. r. H. OHLUICII, Vice Pros.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL SCIIRAM. Aas't Cash.
' t 11. Sheldon, J. 1 Becker,
Herman P. H.Oehlrioh. CatI Rienke.
. Joiiiu Welch, W. A. McAllister,
J. Henry Wnrdeman, H. M. Window,
CeorKeW.O'alley. S. CCjrpy. ,,,,..
'Frank Rorer, Arnold F. II. Oehlnch.
-Bank pf deposit; interest allowed on time
VlHiitn; buy anil wll exchange on United States
aad Europe, and buy and eell availablefecaritiea.
We shall bepleased to receive your business. We
solicit your pat ronaco. 28doc87
F OR THE
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
A. & M.TURNER
Or G. W. KIBLEK,
J"Thee ontans are first-class in every par
ticular, and so guaranteed.
Bockeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Praps Repaired shtrt tice
jyOne door west of Heintz'e Dnut Store. 11th
treet. Columbus. Neb. 17noT-t
Whea I ear Ccxz I do sot mem Merely to
stop then lor a niae, nd thea bare Utem n-tara-agaia.
1 MKXS A RADICAL CU&K.
1 have aiade the diaeaae of
Altfe-IoBS study. I wimust mi eaeay to
Ccaa tae worst cases. Itecaase others aava
lasted is ao re asoa or not bow recejnac a cara
Head at oaee lor a treate aad a Faxs tomi
C air IxraixiBLK Kkxsot. Give EzacaM
amA Pot Ottcc. It costs yoo aotafass; far a
trial, aad it will cure 70c Aaaras
C0FFWS AID HTALLIC .CASES
of mil kinds of Upkel-
-. . -st-- t --
. -W ?r- J . ( -
USEFUL HINTS ON MATTERS OF
EVERY DAY OCCURRENCE
CoDsJderirig the frequeocy with which
foreign bodies an swallowed, mptcUHj
by cbildreB, the beat treatment to esa
ploy ia sach caaee aboold be gooenHy
known. A variety of such method ha,Te
been advocated, but just now the so called
"potato cure" appears to be the most
popular. One physician not Ions fore
ported that be had suneasfiiMj applied
it with the best results in three cases.
One was that of a t-year-old boy, who
had swallowed a small weight; another,
that of a gh-L 9 years U, wjp hd swal
lowed a nail; and the remaining one, that
of a woman who had swallowed a set of
teeth. He fed the patients for three days
on nothing but potatoes. This treatment
is a method in vogue among the pick
pockets in London, who, swallowing their
booty, live on potatoes until the stolen
articles have passed dow-i and out of the
THX TOBACCO HAKT.
Probably much the larger proportion
of physicians are smokers, and doubtless
the force of their example is felt more or
leas by laymen, who will scarcely believe
that the tobacco habit can be so very in
jurious since those who indulge know
most of its evil effects. This view of the
matter is by no means justified. Because
physicians smoke is no reason why
others should be encouraged to do so.
Every general practitioner ought to be a
smoker. He who does is much safer
from infection than he who is strictly
temperate in that respect. Clothing well
impregnated with the fusses of tobacco
is a poor conductor for disease germs.
And what is more important, a "tobacco
breathw is decidedly unfriendly to them.
The germs of many diseases infect
through the air passages. He who smokes
does not furnish favorable conditions for
their lodgment; According to The Sci
ence, Dr. Hajek, of Vienna, has declared
that smokers are less liable to diphtheria
than non-smokers in the ratio of about
one to three; and Dr. Schiff says that
smoking is forbidden in the bacteriologi
cal laboratories, because it is known to
hinder the development of bacteria in the
various culture media. We think Dr.
Hajek does not go far enough, and be
lieve that the physician who takes a
"good smoke" before he is exposed to a
diphtheria patient, and another as soon
soon as he leaves him, is practically safe
Not a few clergymen are quite prolific
in inventions of new remedies and meth
ods of treatment of disease. Such seem
to entertain the idea that their profes
sional training has made !" unusually
discerning in matters physical as well as
moraL One of the latest contributions
from this source is a remedy for Iusosmv
nia. The agent recommended as a cure
ia the peanut, and it is advised that it be
eaten freely just before retiring. A mem
ber of the clergy reports success with
this treatment after having tried other
means without good results. Of course,
the assumption is that the peanut pos
sesses some sedative principle. If it has
such, however, it has never yet been dis
covered. The real value of the peanut
lies in its fixed oil, which amounts to
more than 20 per cent. This oil has
about the same "w;;.' ns'i'tim. si
olive oiL Chemists endeavored to use it
in pharmaceutical preparations, butjdid
not do well with it. It has been need
for various purposes in the arts, as for
oiling machinery, in tae sasaufscture of
light woolen cloths, etc. If. the peanut
has a good effect in insomnia, it can be
attributed to its food value, pure and
simple. And there are any number of
other foods which would be pref Stable,
for peanuts, as usually sold, are very aV
ficult of digestion, and if eaten freely at
bedtime for several nights, would be
likely to bring on a smart case of dys
pepsia. Let those who would use pea
nuts in insomnia try bread and milk; it
will be just as serviceable as a remedial
The extent of injury which man can
suffer from and yet live is simply mar
velous, as the following case shows.. It
also offers some evidence of the skill of
surgeons of the present day. A Parisian,
aged 20years, swallowed a wooden spoon.
Twelve hours after he felt severe pains
and had a sensation of tearing asunder
ia the neighborhood of the rtirraarh In
a short time the spoon could be felt just
a little above the naveL The following
day hk physician, Le Dents, cut down
and opened tike stomach, but found k
empty. He then made an rncision over
the spoon and eeMly extracted it. Now.
in this case, the spoon bored through the
walls of the stomach, and finally psasrd
out of it into the abdominal cavity, some
twelve or fifteen, hours after it had been
swallowed. The tear it made in the
stomach healed up with wrceeding rapid
ity, and, although that organ was taken
out and carefully examined when Le
Dantu opened it forty-three hours after
the spoon had been swallowed no trace
of the tear could be foucL rtmrfhn
marvelous feature about this case was
the wandering about of the spoon lathe
abdominal cavity without setting npin
naauaiation. The operation lasted a : little
over two hours, Jndnding the chloro-
aad a speedy recovery took
la itself there was perhaps noth
ing woskSsttuL for gastrotomy is now
quite frsqentiy perforated. In soma re
spects this case was ao snore mterestiag
than that of an inmate in one of our hos
pitals here. A man swallowed a set of
falsa teeth. They did net anas down into
the stomach, but remained lodged in the
fcwer pert of the passage toit. Theat-
tenojag surgeeai opened the stomach,
esBsodged the teeth aad removed them.
apeedy recovery took place. Boston
that the legend E
which has appeared on
to 1m so placed by lawr said
"It was first saed m
that way in 1791 There was no United
States saint than, bat there was a private
one at Kewbnrg, N. Y.,aad the aaetto
of the United States was tot places eat
acofwjercoistetruckat thataaant. Few
collections have spe
They are valuable, In 1787 a
coin worth todarttnnn w rsxbr fony
Tfce -Paaaat Caw- A Wsiislsai aW-
coins or tne estate of new .Jersey. .
"A great assay of oar early coins,
before there was any legs! asAhorisyfor
national coinage here, were aaade in
g-ji The State of Kentucky had
sonae peculiar copper coins which were
minted in Fnglsnd in 1791 and bore the
national motto. The United States saint
was latihliahnd in 1799, bus the use of
the motto on any of the gold, silver or
copper coins was not authorised or
directed by any of the pro visions of the
act estabsssttsaT it. The asotto had not
appeared on any of our coins since 1837
until the present silver dollar was coined.
It remained on our early gold and silver
coins until 1891, when it was osaitted
from the gold coins. Ia 1899 it was
dropped from the silver. twenty-five cent
piece, and the following year from all
silver coina, PhiladfJahia Press.
Not loaa-ago the
of the suicide of a clog from grief at
being beaten by its master was chron
icled, and now we read of a monkey de
stroying itself, under very remarkable
circumstances. The facta of the case,
which are positively vouched for by a
correspondent writing to a Paris con
temporary from Montrichard, in the de
partment of Loir-et-Cher, are as follows:
A learned, monkey, named Bertram, was
deeply altachedto its owner, who, among
other, tricks, had taught it to fire a pistol
while galloping on the back of a dog.
The master of the animal, it seems,
lately met with certain domestic troubles,
and, in a dejected frame of mind a few
days ago. he sent a bullet through his
head, death being instantaneous. The
monkey was present at the death of his
master, and probably took in every par
ticular. In any case, when a doctor was
called in to see if life was extinct in the
man, he was astonished to find himself
in presence of a double suicide, the
monkey's body being stretched beside
that of his master, with the revolver
clasped between its fingers. It is stated
that the animal picked up the pistol
after his master had blown out his
brains and imitated what he had just
seen done, sending a bullet through his
head precisely as the man had done.
At the very beginning of the present
century Volta, stimulated by Galvani's
recent discovery of what he called "ani
mal electricity, invented the "pile and
the "crown of cups. We now speak of
any equivalent arrangement as a voltaic
battery. Without attempting to trace
out the path of discovery and invention
pursued, by Volta, it will be sufficient for
our purpose if we make clear, the gene
ral construction and action of such an
It a plate of zinc and a similar one of
copper be nearly immersed in water con
taining a little sulphuric acid, which may
be held in any suitable vessel, no note
worthy action will be apparent so long
as the metals do not touch; out if they
be brought in contact, or be joined by
means of a conductor, bubbles of hydro
gen gas will at once appear on the sur
face of the copper, snd the sine will
more or less rapidly dissolve to form
zinc sulphate with the acid.
If the plates be separated, and the por
tion of the zinc, which remains above
the liquid be tested with a very delicate
electroscope, it will be found to be
charged with negative electricity, and in
like manner the corresponding portion of
the copper plate will be found to be
charged. with, positive electricity. Pro
fessor C. F. Brackett in Scribner'a.
Plasty r on.
The fear that there would be an oil
famine in the near future has been ex
pressed again and again; but the figures
given by The Oil City Derrick and in
dorsed by Bradstreet. go to show that
the Pennsylvania and Virginia belt alone
is practically inexhaustible. So far the
yield from this tract of 204 square miles
has been over 340,000,000 barrels. The
estimate is that the possible future yield
will not be far from 2,000,000,000. This
estimate makes no reference to the fields
that exist in Canada, in Colorado, Cali
fornia and elsewhere, both at home and
abroad. The yield per square mile has
been for fifteen years 1,000,900 barrels.
There seems to be no reseca to fear that
the oil supply will fail before its substi
tute is fully established. St Louis
Mr. Andrew Carnegie's library is a
suite of four rooms. One of these is a
bathroom, where Mr. Carnegie can cool
off an enthusiasm in a moment, or rein
vigorate himself with a convenient ath
letic machine. Another small room is
for a secretary. Here the habitable uni
verse is suspended in maps, any spot of
which can hft iwianrtrtatrfy rnifplfcd for
the owner's inspection. The fourth room
is a luxuriously curtained alcove, over
looking the rear of the Cornelius Vander-bilthouse,-and
serosa the way to ex-Secretary-Whitney's
portaL The fibrary
proper,, a large room m the center of
thesevhas been decorated by the Associa
ted artktfL The part of thedecorators
isseen in th har an lii ins iiiijs i ssii si of
gcldan brown color. New York Star.
street a laraegre
turtle and a frog are
aussaisi tank. A frog
sain under water, and
there m no
for the fellow in
tion to reach a Isading p lsca'on the side
of the tank. Bat hshaa ilkinisia
the topef she tattle's back is out of
except when the turtle drvaa. So he
mounts the back aad rides around the
tank with aa air of owning the whole
raiisMi,- Wham the turtle goat uader
he swiras aroussd aatil the hark msassto
the surface again,, when Its again mounts
and continues the trip. Hartford Cou
bs real they.
have roots dee below
.ve totals nod-
to have the
' - '""-- lr... -.... - J-
are Known to Be
Geod winners must have a solid foun-
be genuine, they must be the fruit of
siansriry aad gooAfssMng; and their ex
ercise mast be mcosiecsaitywkh the
working of these qualifies mths heart.
No art can sutxeerf ally cniistsr f sit true
heat rnsssrfssn ef hooka and
sshar asplianyia JTor the swssnit of this
A HMGESG POSTPONED.
CHANFRAU'S TWO EFFORTS TO PLAY
A PENNSYLVANIA TOWN.
tfew Fallal ts
Some few years ago I piloted Frank
Chanf rau over the Pennsylvania circuit,
and as it was my first experience on the
"road' I was particularly anxious that
the tour should be a success, not only for
my immediate benefit, financially, but
also for the purpose of creating a repu
tation with other stellar attractions whom
I proposed to take over the same terri
tory later on. I also desired to stand
well with the local managers, enabling
me, as it would,, to make advantageous
arrangements as to terms, etc, 'etc
AFFKASDiq KIT'S WKATH. ,
The "country manager, as a rule, is a
peculiar individual, combining, as lie
often does, the various duties of janitor,
bill poster, ticket seller and scene shifter.
He is usually a clever fellow, and as his
expenses are almost nothing, he easily
earns a handsome income, no matter
how small the business may be for the
star or company, his share of the receipts
being quite all profit.
But where he particularly 6hines and
brings his latent, talents to the fore, is
his readiness to account for a bad house
(and he has many of them during the
season) with a prompt and reasonable
excuse, so that in the event of business
being unsatisfactory he may calm down
the irate manager and disgusted star,
and induce them to again visit the vil
lage on some future occasion. Hie fol
lowing is a true illustration. We had
played all through the coal regions,
Kit proving a magnet, and we were
piling up the dollars. We continued the
tour into the western portion of the
state, but on reaching Lockhaven we
found that we had met our Waterloo.
I forget now just what our receipts
were that night, but it was in the vicin
ity of $12 or $15.
Chanfrau was simply mad. It was his
first visit to that town, and he vowed it
would be his last, and, after the per
formance, when the local manager joined
us at the hotel, the genial Frank did not
mince his words, and, it is well known,
that his curses could be "both loud and
deep on occasions.
"What kind of a town is this? said
he; "does anybody live here? Do they
ever come to the theatre? Here we bring
you a New York success, with a first
class company, and we don't play to
enough money to pay for hauling the
"Now, my dear Mr. Chanfrau, re
plied the man of the opera house, "you
must know that we have had a show here
every night for the past six weeks, and
our people are drained of money. Why,
"Cellers & SapmanV company last
night didn't tafc in 95, and Pill's "Gob
lins had to leave their trunks for their
hotel bilk. Ordinarily, this is a first
class town, and you can play. to big
money. You made a hit to-night, and
will be the talk of the town. Now, if
you could be here on Friday the house
wouldn't be big enough to hold the peo
"What cyclone is going to occur then?
'Why, were going to hang a man here
next Friday, and all the people will come
from miles around. You come back and
play, and.rU give you 90 per cent of the
receipts and haul your baggage free.
What do you say?
Chanfrau looked at me and I looked at
Chanfrau, and as he seemed to acquiesce
I accepted the proposal, and then and
there signed contracts for the return
The next day 1 wired several towns,
changed dates, canceled the Friday
night where we were originally booked,
and, at much trouble and some expense,
arranged matters so that we could give
the good folks of Lockhaven and vicin
ity one more opportunity to witness
"The Arkansas Traveler."
- Friday came and we rode all day,
making a long jump, and arrived about
7 o'clock. As it was too late for supper
we hurried to the opera house.
One thing struck me at once as being
curious, and that was the total absence
of people on the streets. Not a mac,
woman or child was in sight, and the
town seemed like a city of the dead,
when I had naturally looked forward to
a gala night stores open, citizens
promenading up and down the main
street and every seat in the house sold
before our arrival.
At 8:30 o'clock, and with nobody in
the theatre, I mildly suggested to the
manager that he had better put out his
gas, as we would give no performance,
and asked him to come with me. and ex
plain matters to Mr. Chanfrau. He did
so and we proceeded to Frank's dressing
room at once.
Whatis the matter now? Where is
that man you were going to hang today?"
said my furious star. "
"Why, Mr. Chanfrau," replied the
local director, "we postponed the hang
ing for another month." Boston Globe.
TSsif A j res.
On entering Buenos Ayres from the
pier one can hardly realise that it is the
chief city of South America and one of
the most flourishing places in the world.
-The streets are narrow and badly paved,
holes several feet deep being not uncom
mon, and the houses are mostly only
ground floor; some have one upper story,
but very few have two. However, it
improves on nearer acquaintance. The
streets, though not wide, are straight
aad uniform, and far better than those
of Seville, Cadiz and a great many other
important European cities, and between
the, shanties which etui exist in many of
the principal streets are edifices which
would not disgrace the best parts of Lon
don or Paris. Indeed, several well known
French firms have branch
here quite equal in style
to their .head offices. Buenos Ayres is
the moat European lookinsr citr of South
It is far from being English
I snouJd rather describe
it as "Mediterranean." though it would
be difficult to say whether it it
Spanish, Provencal or Italian.
ins greas majority ot tne wori
clsssssare Italians, and the inscriptions
on all the shops near the water are in
that language. But on advancing into
the town, one hears quite as much Eag
aah,finraian and French spoken as Span
ishorltshaa; and English booksellers.
-Bierhallen snd French hotels
-The restaurants sanaTsvcet all
Oess en tae rans ootuevards down to
estssaiaets, whose chief delicacies are
sauerkraut and sssdhv Every nation's
tastes are consulted. The Marseillaise
can get bouillabaisse, tivt Neapolitan ra
violi and macaroni, made and cooked by
his fellow countryman, and an Fnghsh
man has a better chance of a good cut of
roast beef than be would have in assay
European towns. London Globe.
In reply to the assertion that the world
in the future may be .dependent upon ;
America for its supply of coal, a foreign '
exchange cites the numerous undrained
coal fields of the Netherlands, Switser
land. Sweden. Denmark.. Germanr. Bo
hemia, Servia and Hanover, which are
estimated at 59,000 square miles, and .
Russia with 22,000 square miles. The
island of Formosa can show 10,000 square
miles. Near Peking coal veins of ninetr
.five fact thickness are to be found.
Largexoal fields are also found in Aus
firia;; ffjaiePPortogal,, Italy.. Greece,
TiirfeHV aatr Persia, with 99.000 amure
miles, to which India's 35,000 and China, feel m 8Uch " A ralking be
wfth about 400,000 square miles, are still ! come torture to them; and on their
to be added. Japan can furnish 9,000 necks are placed yokes which attach
sauare miles, mere still remain tne
Falkland Islands. Patagonia and Peru.
which contain rich coal deposits. The.
largest portion of southern Chili is an
immense coal bed. Brazil contains coal
beds of seventeen to twenty-five feet
thickness. In the United States of Co
lombia a soft chalky coal of good qual
ity is found. Mexico, Vancouver's Isl
and and New South Wales all have coal;
the Litter country has 25,000 square
miles. In addition thereto, Queensland,
Victoria and West Australia add upward
of 14.000 square miles of coaL New
Zealand furnishes 70,000, besides Tas
mania, New Caledonia, Natal. Alaska
and other partially developed portions
of the world, which should represent at
least 100,000 square miles, in addition to
former figures. The coal fields are in
the main but partuJly explored, and
known only to the geologists. The coal
fields of North America (excepting Alas
ka and Mexico) are as little considered
in the foregoing statement as are those
of Africa. Oil City Derrick.
A Hmiis fly.
One of the prominent figures in West
erly, R. I., is "Steeple Jack," by which
name William Wallace, the chimney re
pairer, is known. "Steeple Jack's"
method of working on a chimney is novel
and interesting and he always has large
audiences. He is never out of work. He
sets up his own peculiar device for a
staging, which is a feature of his profes
sion and which enables him to complete
a job in about the time that it takes to
erect an ordinary staging. "Steeplejack"
first places a long, light ladder against
the chimney that is to be operated on.
Then, mounting it he drives a peculiarly
shaped iron pin into the brick work and
binds the top of the ladder fast to this
pin. Standing on the top" round of this
ladder, he drives another pin into the
chimney as high above his head as he
caa, reach.- A rope is then pissed over
this sin andmade fast to a round in a
second ladder about tbrejgsfeet from its
bottom round. This ladder is then hoisted
up until it rests on the top of the first
ladder. It is then made fast to the lower
pin, and then "Steeple Jack" mounts to
the top of it and, driving in another pin,
secures the top round to that From this
ladder a third is hoisted, as before, and
Jack and the ladders, as many of them
as be necessary, continue to rise as fares
may be desired. It is estimated that he
has clambered about fifteen miles up into
the air in this way. Philadelphia Times.
A Caaac W
Last winter I climbed Lookout Moun
tain in company with a veteran of the
late war. It was his first visit since the
day of the memorable assault, and as we
climbed he fought the battle over again
for my benefit As the conflict waxed
hotter he grew excited, and on our arri
val at the hotel near the summit was at
fever heat We then passed .on through
the narrow defile which leads to the pin
nacle, where we were confronted- by
a diminutive specimen of the genus
"cracker" with these words: "If you gen
tlemen wish to go to the top you must
pay twenty-five cents." This was too
much for the pent up feelings of my war
like companion who, tragically waving
his strong right arm, shouted: "I won't
pay it Twenty-five years ago I came up
here with a sword in my hand." But the
modern Leonidas, moving not otherwise
than to display a deputy sheriff's badge,
quietly remarked: "Well, sah, you must
coint up with a quarter today. The
numcy was paid. C. CTealeinHarrwra
The highest mountain on the globe is
not ss is generally supposed. Mount Ev
erest, that honor belonging to a lofty
peak on the Isle of Papua, or New
Guinea. This monster, which lifts its
snow capped summit far into the clouds,
was discovered by Capt A. J. Lawson,
of London, in 188L According to Law
son this new claimant for the champion
ship, is 83,763 feet in height being 8,781
feet higher than Mount Everest, which
is only 29,003 feet above the level of the
Indian ocean. This New Guinea giant
has been named Mount Hercules.
Of oceans the Pacific is the largest
being 11,000 miles long and 8,000 miles
wide.. It also claims the honor of being
the deepest The deepest place yet meas
ured was near the Leadrose Iilanrin.
where a depth of 4,475 fathoms was
found. This great depth may be better
understood when we consider that 4,475
fathoms is 29,850 feet or something over
five miles. St Louis Republic.
Sonnentbal, one of the most prominent
actors of Vienna, had a very implrasant
experience. He was asked to appear at
Riga and accented the invitation, there
being a large German speaking colony in
that city. Shortly after his arrival there
the prefect of police issued an order sum
marily expeUmg him from the czar's
domain. There was flurry of excite
ment, as Sonnentbal is held in very high
estimation. Inquiries as to the cause of
the order elicited the information that
the sole reason was that the actor had
been so contumacious as to be born of
Hebrew parentage! Improbable as it may
seem it required negotiations between
the Austrian ambassador at St. Peters
burg and the highest Russian official be
fore the outrageous order of the police
could be revoked. San Francisco Chron
icle. saw you Idas the nurse this
Wed, why not? Didn't she
he had thecrous?
SLAVE TRADE IN AFRICA
USIWESS THAT SEEMS
ON THE INCREASE.
No one who understands how hi
life is estimated by savage peoples will
doubt the. shocking- and revolting ac
counts of travelers regarding this phase
of the traffic; and ao one who knows
whst an Arab's heart is made of will
make any discount evesjr the ex
aggeration of an orator, as he listens to
the following citation from a speech de
livered in London by. Cardinal Lavigerie:
"The men who appear the strongest
and whose- escape is to he feared, have
tlieir hand tied, and sssirfTsins their
. - - . j .
all day; at night when they stop to
rest a few handf als of raw sorgho are
distributed among the captives. This is
' all their food. Next morning they must
start .again. But after the first day or
two the fatigue, the. sufferings and the
privations nave weakened a great many.
The women and the aged are the first to
iialt Then, in order to strike terror
into this miserable mass of human
beings, their conductors, armed with a
wooden bar to economize powder, ap
proach those who appear to be the most
exhausted and deal them a terrible blow
j on the nape' of the neck. The unfortun
ate victims utter a cry, and fall to the
ground in the convulsions of death. The
terriiied troop immediately resumes its
march. Terror has imbued even the
weakest with new strength.
"Each time someone breaks down the
same horriblesceneis repeated. At night
on arriving at their- halting place, after
the first days of such a life, a not less
frightful scene awaits them. The traf
fickers in human flesh have acquired by
experience a knowledge of how much
their victims can endure. A glance shows
them those who will soon sink from
weariness: then, to economize the scanty
food which they distribute, they pats be
hind these wretched beings and fell them
with a single blow. Their corpses re
main where they fall, when they are not
suspended on the branches of the neigh
boring trees; and it is close to them that
their companions are obliged to eat and
sleep. But what sleep! it may be easily
SLAVERY ON THE INCREASE.
It is enough. Our hearts are sick with
slaughter. Let the witnesses stand down.
Is the smoke of tliw torment to go up for
ever and ever? Remember tliat these
deeds of blood and darkness are no iso
lated facts, no temporary misfortunes,
no mere passing accidents of the savage
state. They are samples of a sustained.
accepted and carefully organised system
of cruelty and murder which pervades
and penetrates every corner of this con
tinent Do not let it be supposed that
this horror is over, that this day of tribu
lation is at an end. This horror and this
day are now. It is not even abating.
Slavery is on the increase. Time, civiliza
tion, Christianity are not really touching
it No fact in relation to the slave trade
is more appalling than this.
The fact of this increase, for a time
denied, then doubted, has at last been re
luctantly admitted, even by the govern
ment of England. In a government blue
book her majesty's consul for the Somali
coast reports that "the slave trade has
been very active of late. On the 16th of
Sept (1888). Capt Gissing captured three
dhows and brought two hundred and.
four slaves to Aden." The consul at
Zanzibar writes (September, 1888) to the
Marquis of Salisbury: "There's a marked
increaseJn the slave traffic carried on
under the protection of the French flag."
Tlte consul further states that dhows
carrying French colors were constantly
and regularly leaving for the Comoro
Islands, Mayotta and Madagascar, loaded
with slaves. In June, 1888, Brig. Gen.
Hogg, dating, from the Aden residency,
wrote to the Bombay government: "I
have the honor to bring to the notice of
government that I have from time to
time received reports of the activity of
the slave trade from the neighborhood of
the Gulf of Tajourra, and I deem it my
duty to inform government of this fact
with a view to such action being taken
as may be deemed advisable." From
"Slavery in Africa," by Professor Henry
Drummond in Scribner'a.
mm or th
The New York Chinese doctors are be
ginning to. lose their hold upon their
heretofore devoted clients. This has
been accomplished by simple but solid
American-medical genius. It has been
the custom ever since the Chinese colony
began to'put on airs" ia New York for
sick Chinamen from all parts of the
country this side of the Rocky mount
ains to come to Gotham to consult with
their big medicine men, of whom there
are over a dozen who have their fantastic
shingles hung up in Mott street upon the
doors of their, domiciles. Besides this,
they give a bigger prescription and.
heavier doses than their American com
petitors. These Chinese physicians will
devote from two to six hours to feeling
your puke, aad all for the munificent
sum of from a quarter to a fifty cent
Imagine a man who, having taken a
big dose of opium with the avowed pur
pose of having his carcass housed in
Evergreen cemetery as early as possible,
so that his bones may be ready for speedy
shipment to China, having a doctor with
big round eye glasses sit down to feel the
poor fellow's pulse for two hours and a
half, and then give him the following
prescription to be boiled into a soup and
uorea gaMeac reecKaac
; white ratal
; ratUessaka tafl. X of aa
S eaaces; dsa hark. H aa
bora,Xaa jmmcm. hlnhV daws, tf of aa ossxw;
dried giagcr, M of aa once; cosm aaOs(oU
oaea),Kaaoace Boa the who with 2 sarta
of water aatuoaJr half of the water is left, aad
theadriah tteaaf rrMwiiiiiydoaa.
Such was the prescription given on
last Friday afternoon to a poor laundry
inan on the corner of Broome aad De
laacy streets by a Chinese doctor, who
said hw office was at 18 Mott street T But.
fortunately for the patient, before the
was nmt n kr. a.
a Or t stopaftMa Fat' to a sTsaw aasl
rissi aeisM Casv
VOQ wnWn CalCSsK
druggist on Jters
friend. Ah Sing, ruahed.to an
doctor near Chiaatowa. The latter want
to the dying maa and restored him to
consciousness before the deadly anea
seager got back.
Here ia another prescription given to
Wong-Ah Sing, of 5 Mott street, soase
time ago. for a cancer, which the doctor
and his colleagues had been trying to
cure for the past four years. Bat they
didn't cure it. At last the poor felfew
was nearly dead, and the doctors at the
New York hospital got hold of the pa
tient and cured him ia less than three
This is the prescription for the cure o!
cancer, translated from the original:
Baw satta, S ounces: waster wasat, S imi isj.
ginseng pOa,3; sprig of rt sina, oaaess;
rs apricot seeds, 1 oaace; vsw leaves, i
.aafcwsiwd oU. 1 osaea; rsd dsc tatt,t
peach ftkia. 1 ouace; class aTsta, t ;
wurid.3 --"t ifrtril 1 miara
Mat ash boU r.i:h water; tak K aavea tisasa a
day. Da. CaoPuw.
Of the dozen or more sick Clunamea
who have recently beeajlragned nsat
to death by such wonikrful compound,
many have been subsequently cured by
American physicians when they had
been given up as hopeless by their own
physician. These examples of their own
doctors inefficiency is the principal cause
of their recent downfall. Wong Chin
Foo hi New York' World.
Ci-um That lit Not Grtwa.
It may U? noted that the one defect of
the Riviera is. that it is not green. A
few of our forest trees would make the
landscape perhaps too perfect The
olives which clothe the hills are gray.
The gr.Ls.s is scanty and ill grown. When
a miliionnire would indulge in the lux
ury of a lawn he has to resow it every
year: from which the reader accustomed
to immemorial turf, which has lived
through a3 many generations as would
suffice to confirm the nobility of a fam
ily, will understand what grass is in
these regions. But our Frenchman was
none the less sure. "Sir," said an Ameri
can, afterwards, "there is no grass in the
world like English grass, except at New
port; there is beautiful grass at New
port" And we bethought us, to soothe
our feelings, of Mr. John Burroughs; the
American naturalist who declares that
if we would but refrain from washing
for a little while, such is the soft and
dewy character of our climate, a green
ness would grow all over us a turfy de
posit upon our hands, a gentle veil of
mosses upon our uncovered brows. Such
are the differing opinions of other na
tions. Blackwood's Magazine.
Flapping of a Fly's Wiag.
The slow napping of a butterfly's wing
produces no sound, writes Sir John Lub
bock in his book, but when the move
ments are rapid a noise is produced
which increases in shrillness with the
number of vibrations. Thus the house
fly .which produces the sound F, vibrates
its wings 21,120 times a minnte. or 835
times a second; and the bee, which makes
the sound of A, as many ac 2C.400 times,
or 440 times in a second. On the con
trary, a tired bee hums on E, and there
fore, according to theory, vibrates its
wings only 330 times in a second. Marcy
has succeeded in confirming these num
bers graphically. He fixed a fly so tliat
the tip of the wing just touched' a cylin
der which was moved by clockwork.
Each stroke of the wing caused a mark,
of course very slight but still quite per
ceptible, and he thus showed that there
were actually 330 strokes in a second,
agreeing almost exactly with the num
ber inferred from the note produced.
A gentleman riding along a countrv
road after a heavy rainfall, came to a
rickety old cart and a horse to match
the vehicle stuck fast in the mud. The
driver was an elderly negro; by his side
sat bis wife, and behind them were seven
or eight little pickaninnies of all ages. J
Ail were decked out m a great variety
of faded and second hand finery, but all
The man stood up and. belabored the
poot old horse, urging it on to the im
possible task of pulling the cart out of
"The horse can't start the wagon while
all of you are in it," said the gentleman.
"Why don't you get out and lighten the
"'Cause, sah. was the reply, "we's
all gwine to a polity, sah; en 'we's got
our leei waaneu spesmy io tne casion,
sah; en we cayn't git out in de mud en
den go on lookin' like nobody!" Youth's
la Crest Britain.
Some interesting statistics have re
cently been compiled concerning the
number of criminal commitments in
England by comparison with former
times. It seems that thirty years ago,
when the population of England and
Wales was about 19,250,000. the average
number of penal servitude sentences was
2,589. At the end of 1867, when the pop
ulation had risen. to 27.750.000, the aver
age number was only 002. On the last
day of .1899 there were 11,680 persons
undergoing sentences of penal servitude
in England and Wales, out of a popular
of 21,681 .000. In July, 1888. with a pop
ulation of nearly 28,000,000. the number
of convicts had fallen to 0,921. This
showing is justly regarded with much
satisfaction by the press and those inter
ested in the moral progress of the nation.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Th Cyan Tree.
A cypress tree in Sonima, Lombardy,
is said to have been standing since the
time of Julius Caesar. Napoleon, in mak
ing a road over the Simplon, deviated
from n straight line that he might not be
obliged to cut it down. Cypress wood is
very enduring, and for this reason, no
doubt it was used for mummy cases and
statues. Pliny tells us a statue of Jupiter
carved from cypress wood remained
standing for 900 years. In Turkish ceme
teries it fa a rule to plant a tree of this
variety at every interment Cypanissus.
a beautiful youth, was transformed into
a cypress by Apollo that !mj might grieve
all the time. The cypress ia an emblera
of xDoui nine. Vick's Magazine.
One of Napoleon's veterans, who sur
vived his master many years, was wont
to recount with great glee bow ha had
once picked up the emperor's cocked hat
at a review, when" the latter, not noticing
that he was a private, said, carelewdv,
Tbank you. captain." "In what regi
ment sireT instantly asked tlie readj
witted soldier.. Napoleon, perceiving his
mistake, answered, with a smile, "la
my guard, for 1 see you know how to be
prompt" The newly made officer re
ceived his cossnussion next moraine
ass- hank lath part of
Orafla ea the pttee irel Htisa ia thU
tVToUsctiea aad all eta
rosapt aad earsf at artaatiaa.
A. ANDERSON, Prea't.
J. 1LGALLKY, Vic PWt.
U. ANDKKSOX. P. AX
JACOB OKK18EN. MENst3
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
UUicw oTsr Vint National
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The JocMSAL I sxkaowfedard to be the beat
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