The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, June 19, 1889, Image 1

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VOL. XX.-NO. 9.
WHOLE NO. 997.
w-? irtsMir'i
roniMBUs, NEB.
Cash Capital - $100,000.
l.EANDER Ql'JUtAltl I'n't.
OCO. W. 1I0LST. Vice rreVt.
J. E.TASKi:U.nnJiipr.
mlc r fteMlt. WIwouhI
. mm Eirhawer.
, Srfptl j trfm
M all ft(
'. . ray lairrrM oa 'rime -
: u.
AHthorizK Capital of $500,000
Paid in Capital - 110,000
. II. 8IIELD0N. IVos't.
II. V. II. OHLUICII. View I'.i .
C:. A. NEWMAN, fa-diicr,
DANIEL 8CII11AM, Ass't Cash.
C. II. Sheldon. ,., J. l Ueelcor,
Herman P. H.Orfilnch, J'nrl Itijniko.
Jonas Welch. W. A. McAl hster,
J. Henry Wnntaniii, II. M. Winslow,
Frank Borer, Arnold F. J I. (Munch.
ryBnnkof depo-it; intivt allowed on time
lepoit; buy ami 11 exchange on United States
anil Kurope. and bay nnd sell nvnilablepccnritie.
We shall bo pleaned to receiirc jour bnainess. We
solicit yonr patronagn. , 2SdecS7
TrmrellMC ttmleasnmm.
Syrbeas organs are first-lass in oery par
tirnfaur. and so guaranteed.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
- Binder, wire or twine.
Pups Krpairei on start notice
-One door wt of Hcintz'o Drnir Store. 11th
street. Columbus. Neb. l.novSWI
t rrac I da not mean merely to
tar them for a ttme. aad : h w
1 hara made the disease of
. niv i vmctvT iTiemedrto
TZZZFam. cum. Recanae others have
trial, and K will cure yon. Addrcns
H.O.ROOT,M., Wfoiiw"
of alt kinds of Uphol-
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmV "m MHD
mtmSTr JoBlmWWjmm.
Bcautlfm! Pletares tka
A City Fooadsd by tfcw Pbcssdclans. UN
B. C The Thre Grades of Society am
Shewn In tha PabUe
There is a carious little city on the
Gibraltar straits. It is called Cadiz.
Some 900 years ago a man named Co
lumbus sailed from there on a cruise to
the westward. Before he returned ho
discovered some islands.
It would appear that the little city is
still celebrating the return of Columbus,
for it is ever a gala day in Cadiz. Laugh
ter and pleasure are in the very air.
No port in Spain is more charming
than this pretty little capital of famed
Andalusia. Just the place for a man-of-war
to make after a hard cruise on the
coast of Africa or a week's drill at target
practice out at sea.
It was a lovely run down the Portu
guese coast from Lisbon; a trifle warm;
but what was this when offset by the
cool evenings so characteristic of the
Spanish-Portuguese climes? As we neared.
port on the morning of the second day,
carrying all sail and a full head of steam,
Uie corvette fairly gamboled over the
water. The haze which had been envel
oping the contour of the coast lino grad
ually lifted, presenting to the gaze of of
ficers and crew Andalusia in all her
beauty, charm and grandeur. Many
fishing craft came in view, and as the
corvette surged past the boatmen raised
their caps in respect to the flag flying
from tho peak end.
The appearance of the city from the
anchorage is beautiful in the extreme.
Tho several convent and castle crowned
hills are the background of a lovely pic
ture. Especially on a moonlit night the
harbor is to be seen in all its beauty.
From the shores tho strains of music
from the military bands in the parks are
wafted across tho water, while among
the dazzling glimmer of lights tho gay
promenaders can bo seen winding in and
out along the Alameda. As the night
advances the gay scenes close, and save
now and then tho black specter of a huge
steamer gliding silently by, or the tink
ling of a little convent bell away back
in the hills, nothing breaks tho silence of
the night
Cadiz is perhaps not so well known to
Americans as many cities of less im
portance. Situated apart from the main
highway of travel, and having but little
direct commerce with tho United States,
it is seldom visited by our countrymen
on matters of business, except when pas
sengers aboard one of tho Royal Mail
steamers or en route to some of the col
onies are enabled, by a short stop over,
to obtain a cursory glance at this quaint
and most interesting of Spanish sea
ports. The city was founded about 1100 B. C.
by thetPhoanicians, who was calkd it
Cadir. It successively passed into "tho
hands of the Carthagenians and Romans,
the latter giving it the name of Gades.
Then passing into the power of the Goths
It was again taken in 711, this time by
theArab3. Tho Spjiurmls got control
in 1963, and named the place Cales. It
was known by this name when captured
and sacked by the English in 1596. The
loss of the city and the immense treas
ure held there at the time caused almost
general bankruptcy in Spain. Time and
again the English attacked this beauti
ful city, and each time it was success
fully defended. It was surrounded by
the French during 1810 and 1813, being
at that time the seat of the Central Na
tional Junta. Wellington's approach
raised the siege of Marshal Victor's
Cadiz has long been associated with
the liberal movements in Spain, and has
been conspicuous during more than one
crisis in Spanish affairs. In fact, the
first movement which overthrew Queen
Isabella took place in Cadiz, Sept, 17,
1868. Unlike most European cities, the
name of Cadiz is recognized by all coun
tries. We get Vienna out of "Wien,"
Lisbon out of "Lisboa," by what right I
do not know. The Spaniards write tho
nainoof the Quaker City "Filadelphia'
and New York "Nuevo-Ybrko."
In an evening stroll upon the lovely
Alameda one lias an excellent opportu
nity to observe the beauty of theAnda
lusian women. Three parallel walks di
vide the people in their amusements as
rigidly as any mark of caste. In the
center is the promenade for tho upper
classes and the military. On tho right
runs the walk of the middle class, and on
the left that of the peasantry and com
mon soldierr. The young women were
all accompanied by duennas or chape
rons. Here and there along the Alameda
stood a brilliant cafe. All the women
are dressed modestly in Parisian attire,
and their beauty is certainly extraordi
nary. Cadiz has a clean appearance, due
largely to the white stone used in build
ing. The streets are narrow but regu
larly laid out Around the outskirts of
Cadiz runs the Alameda boulevard. I:
is very fine. Throughout the city are
numerous squares, some large, others
small. They offer a refreshing retreat,
among the numerous tropical plants, to
the heated pedestrian. These squares all
connect with the Alameda.
The private dwellings are usually sev
eral stories in height The ground floor
is retained for a store room, and differ
ent families occupy the several flats.
The fantastic manner in which the houses
are built on the hillsides, and tho utter
disregard to grading makes the tops of
some houses on a level with the first
floors of the others. On the exterior the
appearance of the dwelling is plain save
for tho bright hued tiles of varied colors.
Large, heavy iron doors secure tho en
trance, and this is usually attended, as
in France, by a concierge. The interior
fittings are very fine. An exquisite
taste, and in most cases lavish expendi
ture in furniture, rugs, bric-a-brac, and
unique ornaments characterize the ar-
nmtrr-ajpnfa 'ew Vrk Time,
to tfc
of Df-
It from EtU
Every nook and corner of Chickering
hall was occupied when Felix Adkr rose
to deliver his lecture on "The Struggle
f Against Temptation.'' The audience
listened to Mr. Adkr with rapt attention
and at the conclusion of the address ap
plauded loudly.
After, the usual ainginf y the. choir.
Mr, A.lwMidlHitliunsntolrewmiat
the bottom of nearly all ti goedaad
vflij the world; the dmaos for km)
ease rosterea tmvuaiimot
desire for the bsautifml had created the
arts, and virtue would beuakaownif
there was not within man a gropinc; for
moral harmony.
"There are also within us," he con
tinued, "certain gross appetites and
cravings, and when these occupy the
field of the mind they crowd out the bet
ter thoughts and drown the soft, sweet
voice of virtue. The voice of duty k
been called still and small, and to hear it
we must have the faculty of stilling our
"Certain natural desires are bast dealt
with by satisfying them, particularly in
children, whose appetites are only sharp
ened for pleasure when it todenledtheaa.
Many children, denied what is perfectly
legitimate in youth, psxtfcularly the
sons of clergyssen, go to stob tin the
moment they gain their liberty.
"It is the normal rule to weaken de
sires by satisfying thesn, but there are
certain desires which we rssnnt and
others which we must not gratify. No
desire is justified because it is nstnaL if
it interferes with higher considerations;
and all desire must be supprssssd when
it does interfere with these considera
tions. The object of desire has power
over us in proportion as its mental image
is sharply definad. Consequently, when
such desires do impress themselves upon
our mind, we must at once turn our
thoughts in another direction.
"Human will is free, let doubters say
the contrary, notwithstanding. This the
ory to the contrary is the outcome of ob
scure metaphysics. We must, neverthe
less, understand the limits in which we
are free. Let no man believe that he
can harbor evil thoughts without being
the worse for it We are, however, free
to throw off these thoughts when they
enter, and in making this effort lies our
redemption. This throwing off must be
complete and immediate, else it only
leads to renewed moral degradation. We
must force our thoughts into a new
channel when evil ones assail us, but by
forbidding them we only make the de
sire more intense. Jesus illustrates this
when he says 'Get thee behind me,
"By some it is argued that this system
is cowardly and that we should boldly
face evil It is true that we ought to be
able to face it; but it is also true that
we aro unable to do so successfully.
You hear of the great social sin, the
moral filth of which is spread over
our city. How can men who have
mothers and sisters forget the sanctity of
women and profit by this sin? It is de
sire tltat curses them and makes their
vision narrow, and they apologize for
themselves by saying that the desire is
natural Weaklings all, ever ready to
appeal to nature. Let each man have a
task for himself throughout life, and
like Ulysses he will sail past the sirens
toward the shining goal.
"Tho two great helps toward this end
are the society of good and true men,
and particularly that of cultivated and
refined women, and thoideal companion
ship of those loved ones who have passed
"In the first we find tliosethingswhich
we have been striving for taken for
granted, and in the second we can do
nothing wrong in the radiant beauty of
those sweet faces which have gone to the
life of
infinite peace." New York
Time Is Money.
Time well employed produces money
or an equivalent gain of some kind. Time
idled away or wasted away upon some
unnecessary or useless labors not only
yields no return, but represents a loss of
opportunity that cannot be replaced. One
may regain any other thing that is squan
dered save time. Once gone, it is gone
for all eternity. No. more important les
son can be given to the young than that
on the value of time. It may be passed
by unheeded, for on this subject more
than any other men seem determined to
learn by experience; but warnings should
nevertheless be given, that there may be
as early an awakening as may be to the
irreparable loss of wasted time.
Even the best of men arrived at mid
dle agere sure to have regrets for lost
opportunities, for wasted time, rvflrfng
back with the knowledge gained by ex
perience, they can see how much better
they might have ordered their lives if
they had made the best possible use of
their time. Such knowledge cannot be
expected in younger men. The time will
come when they, too, will look back with
regret; but they should be given early
warning from the experience of others,
and be taught as well as maybe that
time is money not in the vulgar sense,
but in that higher one which represents
money as merely a symbol of things that
are good to have. Baltimore Sun.
"Ureea's Fnaeral Ttta."
Tho Listener knows a distinguished
musical critic who has a playful side to
his character and, who, for instance, had
the performance of "Verdi's ReqxMn
Mass" down on his budget of memo
randa the other day as "Green's funeral
tune." At the hall the Listener encoun
tered the great critic as he was coming
"How did you like it?" asked the List
ener. "It was great; I think I never heard
the tune played so well in my life."
And he passed on. Just behind the
Listener were two good looking girls,
who bad been in a state of perfunctory
rapture over the performance. One of
them whispered to her companion:
"Did you hear what that man called
the reqmem? A tune! How perfectly
shocking! I should think people so ig
norant as that would stay away from
concerts!" Boston Transcript
A rvstal Cactf Wan aTOIa.
When some sntfaMri of the future
reports that a ciUsau of Belfast wrote
on a postal card the whole of one of the
annual ansssages of President Cleveland
the inference will be that President
Cleveland was a man of few words, but
the inference will be wrong. The sses
sage contained 15,000 words, yet Mr.
a steal pen arid ink, each letter, ss seen
through a microscope, being beautifully
formed. Moreover, a border three
eighths of an inch wide is placed around
the card, wrsssiiHii& a string of beads,
fifty-two in number, each three-sixteenths
of an inch in diameter, and most
of them containing the Lord's prayer;
4,000 word3 are, put into this border.
Mr. Kittredge is 77 years, old, and says
he could get 18.000 words on a postal
card. It took him forty-five days to
WlitP tliiu nnn. IpviatiM tZZ. Jmi.-nl
deVote their tisae exessaively to.
Arm K
Ey T th
Important Part Played by CsmpstMtoas.
A man who had received a cable mes
sage composed of nothing but names of
cities went to an expert maker of cipher
codes to see if he could throw any light
on the meaning.
MHave you made no personal arrange
ment with any correspondent by which
those names of cities are to stand for cer
tain phrases?" asked the expert.
"I have not," answered the man. "I
came to you because I thought you might
have some code containing the ciphers.'
"There is no printed code thst con tains
proper names as ciphers," said the ex
pert. "The reason is tins: The cask
companies accepted all kinds of business
at first, even combinations of letters
which spelled nothing. But they soon
found that the ingenuity of their mer
chant patrons enabled them to send al- i
most any message at the cost of but a
few words, by devising codes wherein
each letter stood for a phrase, and j
wherein even the juxtaposition of letters
and numerals, which in themselves had
meanings, indicated still other mean- j
ings. Of course this reduced the prof
its of the cable companies, so they began
to make rules. They refused to trans
mit any combination of letters unless it
spelled an actual word. Then they lim
ited the number of languages they would
transmit Then they refused to take
proper names, unless the context showed '
they were a proper part i
"All this, of course, was to make it so
hard to get up satisfactory and perma
nent cable codes that the merchant would
be compelled for safety's sake to resort
to straight out and out discourse in fram
ing his messages. But as the difficulties
increased men began to make specialties
of devising ingenious codes, and finally
the companies had to como out flat footed
and refuse to transmit messages in cipher.
Of course this was a severe blow to trade,
as a vast quantity of small business could J
not inen oe uone, oecause we coot ui
cabling about it cut off most of the even
tual profit
"But even then codes were used, but
of a curious sort In one that I know of,
for instance, it was arranged that a cer
tain large catalogue of common verbs,
nouns, adjectives and prepositions should
be understood to have no meaning what
ever. The cipher words were mado up
outside of this catalogue, and the ex
empted words were used to fill in, giving
the semblance of on actual, straight out
sentence. Here was a sentence, for in
stance, that I cabled while a clerk in a
shipping house:
"Carrie very m. TeUTboraas prepare nitrate:
Anaalas coins; telegraph Josephine.
"That looks innocent: yet this is what
it meant:
"Carry Market on ere of a sharp rise.
"Very Buy for speculation.
"IB No meaning
Tel No meaning.
Thomas-Ship at earliest dbpatch.
"Prepare One hundred tons.
"Kteato-Nkrateof sods Cssltpeter).
"Ananias We can sell at.
"Qomf-Ko meaning.
"Josephine Kine cents
"So you see I really sent this message:
"Market ob ere of a sharp rise Buy for specu
lation. Ship 100 tons nitrate of soda at earliest
dispatch. We can sell at 9 cents. Telegraph.
"That is to say, I sent twenty-six
words at a cost of eleven words, while I
appeared to the cable companyto be mere
ly transmitting a communication that
poor Carrie was sick, and that Ananias
was going to telegraph Josephine about
it It must have seemed strange to the
operators that we should telegraph
Thomas, who was 5,000 miles away, to
prepare medicine for Carrie, who was
presumably in New York, especially as
the rate then was about 8 a word. It
must also have seemed strange that Car
rie got very ill every time there was a
rise in the nitrate market But the mes
sage was straight discourse, and of
course the companies had nothing to do
but accept the message.
"Competition finally came to the mer
chant's aid. New cable lines, seeking
business, offered more liberal conditions,
and gradually the merchant acquired, as
bis recognized right, the power of using
a cipher code. Still, most of the original
petty retrictions were adopted by all
competitors. Among these were the reg
ulations against proper names. As a
matter of fact, in the present state of
competition, one is tolerably safe in using
proper names and ciphers, for each com
pany is afraid of driving custom to a
rival by applying the rule. Consequently
there are any number of small personal
or temporary codes agreed upon between
man and man to serve a certain imme
diate purpose, in which names of towns
or persons figure as ciphers. But we
professional code makers, who compfls
and print expensive codes for sale to the
public, carefully avoid infringing even
dead letter rules, because we do not
know when some big cable company
may swallow up a smaller competitor
whom one of our patrons patronizes and
screw down the thumbs on some rule, to
the disadvantage of our patron and our
selves. "Looking over thk catalogue here of
the cable lines of the world, you will
still find a dozen or more companies,
chiefly located in the ends of Asia, Af
rica and Polynesia, who boldly adver
tise, 'No ciphers permitted.' That means
that they have a monopoly of their par
ticular fields and are working their dia
mond mines for all they're worth. In
no line of business is the advantage of
good competition shown more strongly
than in cabling. Merchants who deal
with far off countries wfll tell you that
those lands which are reached by only
one came line are as yet practically un-
J: Mm - . m .
oy uaae." new xors: sun.
A well known lawyer started for his
north side home about dusk one evening
Isstweek. He thought be needed exer
cise, so he concluded to walk over. He
had with him a ladies' work basket,
fixed usonahigh standard, and this, be
was carrying home to his wife. He
struck Dearborn avenue and histnsirl
north at a rapid gate. He was looking
straight ahead, and after he- had gone a
few blocks he noticed a stylishly dressed
lady alight from a handsome equipsgs
sad ran hurriedly up the steps of a
He thought he noticed her drop
...ana wnen Jm reached the
in front nf the h'nsma'nhsr s the
down sjnf
. -t '
oHcoverea a fat purse. Picking it up be
tripped up the steps and rang the door
bell, the lady having been admitted be
fore he came up. His ring was answered
in a moment by a neat maid, whom he
asked if the lady of the house was in:
The lady evidently lieard the question,
as she stepped at once to the door. He
was about to return the pocketbook she
luul dropped, when she noticed the bas
ket in his hand and blurted out: "No,
we don't want anytldng." Then she
slftrtmed thedoor in his face. He wanted
to explain, but it wounded his pride to
be taken for a peddler, and he tucked the
pocketbook in his pocket and proceeded
on his way home.
Ob lus way down town in the morning
the gentleman stopped again at the lady's
hot e to return the pocketbook. His wife
liadaot been satisfied with the work
basket he had brought home with him,
and he carried it along to exchange for
f Ittbsppsaed that when he rang the
t the hou. the number of which
iwlM.csrefully noted the day before,
the lady herself was in the hall. She
hastened to the door and when she saw
the man and the basket again she petu
lantly exclaimed, "I told you last night,
sir, that we wanted nothing," and for
the second time she slamniid the door in
his countenance. This made him hot.
When he reached his office he put the
pocketbook in a sealed envelope and
tucked it away in his safe. For a whole
week afterward the lady advertised in
all of the papers for her lost wealth.
At last the lawyer addressed her a note,
asking her to call at his office. When
she came he sat her down, explained all
the circumstances to her, and then hand
ed over her pocketbook. It contained
$351. Now it is a safe ber that when a
man who looks like a canvasser rings
her door bell she will search her pockets
before she turns liini away. Chicago
Hew It Is Done la Mexico.
"Like the alcalde of Lagos'," Como el
alcalde de Lagos, is an expression cur
rent throughout a large part of Mexico
to denote any trying or ludicrous posi
tion that a man is placed in because both
his hands are full. The story runs:
Once went an alcalde of Lagos to
church. And in his right hand lie car
ried his staff of office, and as he entered
tho church he lifted off and held in his
left hand his hat Then he sought to
put the holy water upon his forehead;
buttbis he could not do, for both his
hands were f ulL Then in a while a bold
resolve entered bis heart, and he plunged
Ids head into the font
Before the plaza that is in the midst of
the town of Lagos was set iu order, as
it now is, there was in the middle of it a
deep and wide hole. And tins hole
caused the town council (ayuntamiento)
much concern, for they perceived that it
was a dangerous place, into which the
unwary might fall in the dark and be
killed or maimed. So a meeting of the
council was called, and it was decided
that tho hole should be filled. And to
get earth to fill it a hole was dug beside
it jna, oenoia, wnen it was run were
was a new hole, as deep and as wide as
that which was filled! Then in the same
way did they set about filling tho new
bole, and again was the samo lesult,
only now the hole no longer was In the
middle of the plaza, but over at the side
or. it in me screes iuai goes out towara
the north. And again they filled it. and
so continued, until at last tho hole was
far out in the northern suburb of the
town. And there they suffered the hole
to remain, for there it did no harm.
Scribner's Magazine.
at the Play.
Most people are aware that Gen. W. T.
Sherman is a resident of New York, and
that he is one of the most tireless of
theatregoers. He is a first nighter, and
usually a conspicuous figure on an aisle
seat or in a proscenium box. A pecu
liarity of the general's is that he seems to
forget that any one besides himself is in
the theatre. He talks to his companion
about the people on the stage in atone of
voice easily audible up In the balcony.
He coughs, clears his throat, blows his
nose with a sound like a steam whistle,
and actually bellows out bis remarks
without regard of his surroundings. The
other night at .one of the fashionable t
bouses ne nroxe in upon a perfectly si
lent bit of stage action, which was being
worked out by a young actress, with the
stentorian praise of:
"She's going to make an actress."
Everybody near him stared and then
laughed. The general did not appear to
be aware he had been heard, coughed,
blew bis nose audibly, and then settled
back into his lag collar with a loud grunt j
oi utter contentment. At tnat tneatre.
where everybody knows the old warrior, I
ms rumoiing interruptions are accepted
good naturedly. New York Letter to
Pittsburg Pos- ,
1M Mv o--. itechrietined. j
After theenjoyment of aTurkishbatb,
and when reclining on one of the couches
in the cooling room, a few days since, I
asked the attendant, who had given me a
niorethan usually good rubbing, what
hisnasaewas. He replied, "Jim." "Isn't
there but one Jim in the place?' "There
couldn't be, sir,'' said he. ' 'But suppose
a new man with that name should be
employed? Don't such a thing happen oc
casionally?' "Yes; but we would baptize
lum and give him another name. Anew
fellow came on yesterday who said his !
mmawiHJimM. W f-rahhwl him font i
him over to the big plunge and com
-, i
menced swinging him back and forward
for a good souse. Ho cried out, 'Don't
throw me, for I can't swint' When he
came up out of the hole he had made in
the water and was relieved to find that
he could touch bottom with his head clear
ofthesurface,hewasealuted with, 'Your
name is John,' and his name is John here.
The next John will havo to go through
the same process and be baptized some
thing else.'' Brooklyn Eagle.
Power ec Dfamsr.
A distinguished lawyer came out of
his private office a few days ago and
brusquely told a reporter that he did not
cere to discuss the private affairs of his
clients. He said it was none of the pub
lic's business, and then be bounced back
into his private office and slammed the
door. It was important that tbe reporter
should get the news, and so, on the
strength of past experiences, he called at
the lawyer's home that night The
lawyer had just finished his dinner, and
he came into bis parlor, his face beam
ing with geniality and a prime cigar in
his mouth. He shook the reporter's
hand, and then talked to him for half an
hour, and gave him more information
than be bad any use for. Alight knowl
edge of human nature is sometimes very
useuu. asw xors;
The WtMrnJ Meteoric SJrnwer 1SSS.
Thssrlss as ta th Canes ami ffShit A
Child's WnaJiiminA as th Bessie Sapsr
stltloM Aw fCetorsd People.
One of the earliest andsoost vivid of
my personal recollections is of the grand
meteoria shower of Nov. 18. 1833. A
aimiJar occurrence is recorded ashappen-
I lag in northern Europe near the close of
: tne y century.
tfut no meteorological
display has equaled that or 1833 in ex
tent and duration from the beginning of
the historic period.
vxxkd qtTEsnosa.
With reference to the origin of these
meteors there nave, been divers conjec
tures, saest of which are at east hap
riaamapecBhmloas. ft number nf sstrnn
omers have regarded them as fragments
of sn exploded planet small in size, but
of a like sort with the hundred and odd
asteroids that have been discovered be
tween the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
Kepler himself thought that a large
planet was needed inrthis vast interplane
tary space to perfect the rhythm of Uie
n, aabsequent discoveries of Piazzi and
01. "Tf ... MwailurtM h.M ,..
aktoaanil 1Va SfenlAS sntaii yf atvltnsuwi
Olbersand their successors have fully
justified this opiniou. This old astro
nomical fancy of a lost Pleiad likewise
finds its vindication, it may be in these
asteroids and in the far more numerous
meteoroids which have since been seen in
all parts of the world. Whether they be,
as suggested, the disjecta membra of
some errant and wrecked orb doomed
and damned for some earlier Adamic
transgression, they certainly occupy a
definite place in our system.
Their periodical occurrence with great
er or lesser brilliancy in May and Novem
ber and likewise in August and Decern-
ber, establish the facts that at these dates
our earth in its annual travel comes in
, frequent contact with a meteoric zone.
It may require another century of inves-
, tigatlon with the aid of mightier instrtt-
. ments than that of the Link observatory
to determine wliether,Aas is probable,
these meteoric exhibitions result from a
vast volume of nebulous matter revolv
ing around the sun, and itself tho nur-
sery of embryonic planets.
Whatever our conclusion on these
vexed questions, it was certainly not
only the privilege of a lifetime, but a
millennium, to be an eye witness of such a
stupendous and resplendent hpectacle. I
distinctly remember being aroused about
A o'clock in the morning by the weird
outcries of the domestic servants. They
seemed possessed with the idea that the
day of judgment was at band, and I read-
' ily recall the efforts of my father to quiet
, the uproar by assuring them that there
', was no cause of alarm,
i Of course, I knew nothing of scientific
t import My impressions were those of
' elation rather than fright To me the
whole scene was about what I have
since conceived of the pyrotechnic dis
plays of the Vauxhall garden or a full
fledged Chinese feast of lanterns. eAboy
reader will best understand the aspect of
things when I add that asido from the
' fix and the pop it was like a thousand
Oiristmases condensed into one.
j Scientific observers have since told us
' that these meteoroids all seemed to pro
ceed from a point in the constellation
Leo. For this reason they liave been
since called Leonids. My boyish remem-
brance accords with this statement of
j the scientists. Usually they issued singly,
i but at times they had the appearance of
a stream of fire. A few that I observed
were very large, one or more not unlike
the nucleus of Halley's comet in 1833,
when it was receding from the sun.
They nearly all seemed falling directly
to the earth, and it was a matter of child
ish wonderment to me that they did not
cover the ground as I had seen falling
snow flakes do at other times. The splen
dor of these celestial fireworks gradually
waned as the dawn approached, very
much to ay personal regret
A great many stories are still current
in regard to the general consternation
producedbythismarvelous phenomenon.
In some instances persons were fright
ened into convulsions, and several deaths
were reported from different parts of the
In my boyhood there was a story cur
rent of a wealthy slaveholder in western
Georgia, who was besides something of
a philosopher. He resided in the center
of a large negro quarter, and beinjr
awakened by the shrieks and yells of
nearly one hundred slaves, he hurriedly
equipped himself in pants and slippers "j
and stepped out on his front piazza. He
was soon surrounded with a largo uum-
ber of slaves who were frantic with ter-
roT. For a time he surveyed the heavens
!?? defee4Uof "? W?toa-
noticing in we crowd an old negro
preacher, in whose piety be bad much
confidence, he addressed him in thiswise:
"Uncle Joe, do you watch the 'seven
stars' and 'the ell and yard,' and when
yon see them start come into the -big
house and we will ' havo a word of
Of course the Pleiades were immova
ble, nor did the empyreal suns that .blaze
in the belt of Orion "shoot madly from
the,r Hheres. As a consequence the
hypothetical "word of prayer" was un-
-, , . . -. -,. ,
spoken. The return of daylight blotted
out the meteors and calmed the super
stitious fears of master and slave.
Most astronomers tell us that another
such spectacle will probably never be
witnessed again through all the genera
tions of men. St John, who was a
prisoner in Patmos, says: "I beheld
when he had opened tbe sixth seal" that
"the 6un became as blood; and the stars
of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a
fig tree casteth her untimely figs when
she is shaken of a mighty wind." Rev.
J. W. Scott
Mr. Ton der Wettora'a Collection of Deer
Borne, Game, Ac.
Mr. W. Von der Wettern, Sr., who re
sides at No. 413 West Saratoga street, is
one of the best posted sportsmen in Bal
timore. He was originally a forester in
Germany. Tbe rifle is his choice gun,
and, while he is fond of small game
shooting, large game has been his favor
ite sport. That be is a master hand at
rifle shooting a case of twenty gold med
als attests.
Like all ardent sportsmen Mr. Von der
Wettern has preserved many trophies of
the clues, his collection of deer and'
irfliM Imnu halnmr ma f iha m- - - tt
not the afesst, la thk -country. Tne
uorus numiwr over km pair, aavSare val
ued at over $10,000. They were aUeesm
tifully mounted by Mr. Von der Wet
tern, and, as he keeps them for his own
pleasure, the immense smoaut of work
which he has spent on them has been a
source of pleasure.
On reaching the fourth floor of Mr.
Von der Wettem's dwelling the visitor
finds himself confronted by a passage,
tbe walk of which are studded with
mounted boms, under which are a lot of
cages filled with song birds. The horns
are of all kinds and so arranged above
and about the cages as to remind the
looker on of a rose bush with its thorns
guarding tlie roses. In two rooms lead
ing from the passage are neatly and sys
tematically arranged nearly 300 pairs of
horns. The mounting k artistic. Each
pair is a true pair, being attached by the
frontal bone of the animal to which they
belonged. By the means of screws pass
ing through thk bone the home are at
tached to the shield shaped wooden
panels, the, size of the paaek rising in
conformity with the horns. The penek
are attached to the walk by books, so
that they may be easily handled.
There are horns tliat would have been
the pride of old hunters in tbe days when
rifles were loaded from horns and
pouches; horns that would adorn the
halls of a maneion; horns that the dude
would give up his last dollar for. so that
hk cane and umbrella liaudle might be
the envy of hk fellow chappies; horns,
big and little, straight and crooked, of
normal and abnormal growth, from for
eign shores and different parts of Ameri
ca, some with and soino without a his
tory; some that would make corkscrews,
some that would make gimlets, some
that would make boat hooks and others
that would make baseball bats and bat
tle axes. In fact, it would be hard to
find a more varied or beautiful collection.
Besides the horns the sanctum contains
a collection of pipes and canes of rare
designs, gathered from different parts of
the world.
Mr. Von der Wettern has not as yet
catalogued hk collection of horns, but
on each pair he has attached a ticket
which bears the name of the animal from
which the horns were taken. The most
striking of the horns are those of the
elk. One pair of these came from an
Oregon elk, and attached to the horns is
a portion of the skull of the animal,
neatly fitted into a life sized liead carved
from wood. Tho horns aro nearly as tall
as a man, and it takes a lengthy pair of
arms to bo able to span the distance be
tween the top prcugs. One horn contains
nine and tlio other seven prongs. Another
pair from a Montana elk, though con
taining but twelve prongs, weighs thirty
six pounds. The lightest pair weighs
eighteen pounds. Deer horns from dif
ferent species of deer naturally form the
larger part of tho collection. The finest
specimen k from a black tailed deer
killed in Colorado. It lias fifteen prongs.
The others range down to one prong.
Among tho deer horns those of the Ger
man noble deer aro tho most beautiful,
the colors ranging from light brown to a
seal brown and bkek, tho tips of all
being polished white. The largest of the
collection has fourteen prongs.
Mr. Von der Wetten's firearms are all
adapted to the sport to which ho k de
voted. Besides a regular target rifle, he
has a case of guns of foreign and domes
tic patterns, generally of smaller bores,
from 13 down to 16. Some of them are
combination guns for shot and ball. One
fowling pieco has two sets of barrels of
different caliber which fit the same stock.
A handsome leather case sheathes a col
lection of his hunting knives. Baltimore
Tomatoes in England.
Americans, accustomed to see tomatoes
in some shape on the table nearly every
day of the year, will scarcely appreciate
how nearly that familiar vegetable comes
to being a rare delicacy in England.
Ten years ago it was an exception to find
thk delightful fruit on the tables of any
but the wealthy; but today they ore to
be found in most houses during the sea
son, their extensive cultivation having
brought down the price so as to make
them come within the reach of all. Tho
tomato, or love apple, as it was formerly
called, originally camo from South
America, but it was not until the climate
of the United States was found to be
eminently adapted to their growth that
they came into general use, the taste for
the same spreading to Europe.
It k, in addition to its valuable hy
gienic qualities, one of the most profit
abk fruits to cultivate, and wo know of
one private gentleman who sends no less
than one ton to market daily in the early
season, the price paid for the same aver
aging 6d. per pound, all of them being
grown under glass. Few come to per
fection in the open air, owing to the
short duration of sunshine in England.
Like the olive, it was a long time before
the people became accustomed to the
peculiar and delicate flavor, but euch
day they grew in popularity, so much so,
indeed, that Cape Town has been requi
sitioned for a supply of the same when
they are out of season here. London
A Plumber's Trick.
The Sanitary News describes a new
plumbers' trick, which has been first dis
covered in Milwaukee, but may be known
elsewhere, so that architects and inspect
ors will do well to be on their guard
against it. In Milwaukee, a in many
other cities, all soil pipes put up in
dwelling houses must be tested by filling
them with water. A certain firm, know
ing that a defective pipe had been used,
contrived to plug it with clay, so that
the water applied for testing it did not
enter the pipe at all. It is not stated how
tho inspector happened to find out thk
ingenious deception, but he did, and the
offending firm was reported, and pun
ished by having its license revoked until
the defective pipe should be replaced by
a new one. Most persons will eay that
the revocation of the license ought to
have been made permanent Scientific
Prefemleoal Advice.
Certain physicians are careful not to
give advice to people except when they
are formally consulted, or in the strict re
lation of physician and patient
One evening, at a social party, a lady
was introduced to the celebrated Dr.
"O doctor, I'm so glad to have met
you!" exclaimed the lady. "Tell me,
what do you do when you have an
awful bad cold?'
"Cough, ma'am," said the celebrated
Dr. B . Youth's Companion.
Humorist 1 drsassed last night about
esse jokes that I wrote.
friend (who has read some of them)
Hew I fHy yon. Yankee Blade,
ftU 'it'
National Bank!
AtithwHztw Capital f $250,000,
And the largest Pali n
l em hen
the State.
Ur-lVtHMita received sad interest neid on
time deposits.
eVDrafte oa the prime iral rittrs ia thUconav
try and Kurope houaht and sold.
tsToUaatfsaa aad all ether Vilam stvanv
r mi nsrifiil sites Hue
' - - -TjeiLt-
J. H.GALLKY. YieeFm'l.,
a T.BOKi, Cashier
ii-iia j.oviouta.1, -. ', einrJIPKIt
I . Kls.l.a.v
OHic- oter Columbus State lUnk. CoJtunLue.
Nebraska. S
Ci 1.S.1VA a tts:ncssKts.
Office over Hist National Bank. C
neorasKa. SS4f
T M. .H4t:iAai.A.m,
1M ISlJniKft,
OP"PartieH Viriut; Mr-iiu dom. ran so.
llV-.TiT4 r",um- XeOHXTniHiSc.
iu ( .urt Hon-. 5niaiSL
to. svrr public schools.
i ? TUJ ,.3e ? In offitv " Conrt Rones, the
ml Hatunlay of u;h xuon.h tufSSS&
for thetmaaartion of other school lba;"teae!
. :ookij.
T i . - "--"',' . . nrcaerauo. e
v.It-H"H-. JS anil .51. raartBl
iw.rwm 10 amble r Hitstrlt),
k Pf"(rtrartrs ami builders will fad oar
brick ant-rlaiM nnd oSitmI at reaMmahJomsas!
We are also prepared t do all kiwis of brisk
work- wmayem
M. K.TURfElt ss CO..
Proprietors and itihlMrt of the
ceimsss jociual u u su. rAiztr nnvAC
Hoih, 4kl-pt,id tun vMjv, for S2.SS n sear
trutly in ndvanre. ruuL WaSS. WSSi
rAI.I.IN I F.St 4'Ost Sell's
I'olnmun-s Neo.
OtWee m. Mtairx over Ernt A HcLwurt's store en
Eleteath -troct. lSmmj8S
John a. mr.aiss.
Sperialty rihUm i-t t 'ullcctioaa bj :. J. Oariow.
JMNurAcrrnia or
Til aid Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Werk, lUtAif and totter- -isj
a specialty .
t$hop nu isth Mreet. KraiwM Hn.' old
stnnd on llurwnthfttrfvt. saf
ire OJTrr Uotk for a Year, at ttjto.
Tbe JotrjwiX. ia acknowledged to be the beet
news sad fjmmUr mwer ia Phrtte coentrad The
"' miMmwmtmm w w uo HJawdOSOl
17 magazine oevoceq entirely to Ai
inre. American jneanfiC i
the onir decided exponent of A:
tions. It mas aoori as any of the
sines, famishing- ia a year otkc USS
concent literature, ntta by the
rich with chermins- eontJni
So more necreorwte
amde than a year's subscription la Ike
can smirac.
It. will be
especially brilliant dart the
The nviee of Java!. feSjue. asm la
wsass. we
nmm. nam la
merieaa. lnasita.
Mens oC the
assess Amrri
liemi and la
and short stories.
l-r-f- -
r i.
, i Ai
zt i- -w?
anm. - -
5tfj'fV3rr-jsr -.sq i
. -.