The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 30, 1889, Image 1

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VOL. XLX.-NO. 41.
WHOLE NO. 977.
VbwWA W MaJ l
it .
. f
Cash Capital - $100,000.
GEO. W. HTJL8T, Vica Trw't.
R. H. HENRY. f
J. E. TABKEtt, Cashier.
BBsmic r IftepMlfe IMf'
el Eichaace.
' CIlectIrttly
all lelsUa.
fay laterrMt Tlaae IN;-
C II. SHELDON. Fnsn't.
II. P. 11. OULRICH. Vice Pre.
a A. NEWMAN, Cashier.
. Tliis Baak transacts a regular Banking Basi.
nm, will allow interest on time deposit, make
collections, bay or sell exchange on United
States and Europe, and buy and eell available
We shall be pleased to receive your basins
We solicit yoar patronage. ""We guarantee eatis
fgetiouiu n bosineaa intrusted in oar care.
' 9r O. W. MIRI.EB,
Trmwillir Hatltwaanau
EBTbese organs are first-class in every par
ticalar, and so guaranteed.
Biioktyt Mower, comUned, Slf
Bindtf, wire or twin.
Pups Repaired em siert metiee
door vest of Heintz's Drag 8tore, 11th
street, ColaariMS, Neb.
etepearst for a thae. aad thea tev them re
lent sava. laaax A RADICAL CUKE.
1 km ante the disease f
I vAsaaar
mm. Beca
It ! for aotaow
laHsar Atxaaase aaa
aa JPaat Oav. it com yaa
trialf aM a w eara yea.
Repairing a mil kind ef Upkel-
RMiMBHSfaratHsBMsMa nBBOma
."?!!?, i-zrrr
ramlr.annsl "Morti.
, iasaasal Baaasawl"BaBaBw"l s
r Wattle lata
Xas 1
When I first went on the stage I aoan
aged to -get.myaelf diaUked ia aaoce
ways thaa an ordfauuy mortal would
deem it poaafMa. Ths first thing I did
waa to Ahoodoo" aTarytUBg. Now, I
didnt know what k to "hoodoo"
things, but I was alwaya doing it I
began in this way:
One night I cants to the theater in
high spirits; it was raining torrents, bat
what cared I for wind or rain? Waant
there a swell theatre pai I mads np jot
on my account, and woawa't IaUnein
the eyes of my old school friends aa a
bright particalar star, even though my
part was not one offcitnt importance?
In spite of my wet feet and dripping
umbrella I skipped hilariously into the
dressing room and greeted my sister
artists with a more than usuaUy cheer
ful "good evening." I took off my hat
and ulster and hung them up, then I put
my rubbers in the corner. We had an
unusually large dressing room, and there
were tliree or four of us dressing to
gether. . I looked around for a place to
put my umbrella. Not seeing any, I
went out in the passage. There was a
kind of sink just opposite our door. I
thought that would be a good place for
it. so I ojwned my umbrella and set it in
Uie sink to drain. Then I went into the
dressing room and began to get ready to
"make up. Now, ever since I was a
small child I have had a reprehensible
habit of whistling. I have tried in vain
to break myself of it. Whenever I feel
particularly light hearted I find myself
whistling away as merrily as if the old
proverb about "whistling girts and crow
ing hens" had never been neard of.
I took out my cosmetics and began to
grease paint my face. Just aa I was
about to make an amiable remark to one
of the girls she startled me by crying out
hi a peremptory tone, "Stop that!"
"Stop whatr I said.
"Tliat whistling."
"Don't you like that air? Well, here's
another for you"
"StopP they all cried, in a chorus.
"What is the matterr I asked. "What
am I doing?"
"What are you doing? Why, whistling
Carrie out cf the company."
"What .on earth do you mean!" I said,
looking from one to the other in bewil
derment. "Don't you know that it's the worst
thing you can do to whistle in a dressing
room? The ono next the door will be
whistled out of the company."
"Is that what all this fuss is about?" I
said. "Well. I'll stop whistling, but I
don't see where you got such an idea."
"You don't! Well, you get whistled
out of on engagement once or twice and
you'll see well enough."
"May I hum?" I asked, meekly, "or
will that bring down some horrible ca
lamity on our defenseless heads?"
"You may sing all you want to, but
don't whistle.""
So I began humming a favorite air,
and went on with my dressing.
I was heating 6ome cosmetic, and held
it in tlv !h::iH too long; it melted, and a
- , i i m my lily white hand; it
- sd left a big black
"s: . '"'ilied,
but it v. u . i.t.t cuiut" 0.1.
I dor" 1 tuui. 1 never ta. . t....i:tu;
stick so! "Take 6ome vaa.-hno." said
Lou. "It's no use," I groaned. "All
the perfumes in Arabia will not sweeten
this little hand!"
I was startled by a shriek of horror,
and was amazed to see consternation in
every face. I was frightened by their
looks, and said in a faint voice, "What
"Do you know what you said?" whis
pered Carrie in blood curdlingaccents.
"Why, yes," I replied, wonderingly.
"I said, A11 the perfumes "
"Stop," they screamed. "You must
be cray! Don t you know better than to
quote 'Macbeth' in the theatre?"
I breathed again. "Is that attT I
"AH it's enough. I'm not going to
stay in the room with her. She'll Jonah
every one of us before the curtain goes
up. rm dressed and I shall go upon the
stage and wait," said Carrie.
She walked to the door and opened it
Instead of going out she fell back with a
gasp. "WhodidthatTshesaid. "What?"
cried Lou and I together. "That," point
ing with a rigid forefinger.
I hardly dared to look. I feared to
some guosuy surnt. cm l screwea
my courage and followed the direo
a of her finser. What met my case?
Nothing in the world but my harmless
mainreUa set up to dry I
"I dont see anything but my um
brella," I aM. "Is it yoursTthey ex
claimed. "Why, yes; lset it up there
to dry." They looked at each other and
walked away in silence. As I stood
rooted to the spot a stage hand came
along and said: You must want to hoo
doo the theatre," putting an open um
brella in the hali I took it down and
shut it.
I went silently about the dressing room.
My high spirits were all gone now, and I
felt sad and depressed. As soon as I
could I went upstairs. The overture was
on, aad I stood listening to the music and
aanataf 4m the mutability of human
aJtairs, when I happened to remember
the theatre party. "I wonder if they are
hare yet," I thought. I went up to the
curtain and looked through the peep
hole. TJieliousowasnotfulLbutitwas
not had for a rainy night I espied my
friends just coming in; now nice they all
looked. As I waa thinking how well
Jennie C looked in her new theatre bon
net some one touched me on the shoul
der. "Do yon want to queer the business
for the whole week?" said a voice in awful
accents. "You must never look through
the peep hole when the orchestra is play-
I was oinpfetely discouraged. Was
fhare anything I could do that was not
bad lack? Thlsisonlya specimen of the
"ways that are dark" that a poor novice
aaast learn before she can really be con
sidered 4nitiated."--Columbine in Chi
cago Tribune. .
near cap Cod a spry WO awn
oat of a diTaiaiiated penary aad
i a country store.
Any plugged or clipped silver
yf The asked of the merchant.
hain't got time to look it
np. Next tune you
Oh! Iaiat anno hurry; look 'round
aaa, wiuye, anTU hang Youndaspeu."
"Do you lad the old aOrer
who sat
c "My ole
man waa a Cabforay forty-niner, be I
aajtap at every tai
arettv fair thine oat oat year ia an
- am aoaaur ana ncsaurnis
teeth wiA a Taunton herria
-year out. i rjuyunaereniutuaxeascmi
by Troy weight an' sell it to the bullion
"How do yon fix the price?"
"'Cordin'to market rates," said the
little man pompously. "Then I get lots
of old teaspoons an tilings that's bent or
broke from some o the farm houses.
T'other day a feller thought he's goin' to
play smart on me. He'd a lot of silver
odds and ends, and weighed 'em on
awerdepoy scales 'fore I cum along. I
weighed em on these Troy scales, an'
told Tbim the ounces. 'Hold, on,' sea he,
there's morent that, 'cause I weighed
it,' an' I couldn't make the critter believe
I warnt tryin' to stick him."
"Ever get any antique silver that isn't
broken up?"
"Sometimes, but folks genly hold
outer them old heirlooms. Taint long,
though, sence I got a big, long, chased
spoon with a twisted handle that looked
as though it come over in the Mayflower,
and "oncet I got a silver porringer or
christenin' cup, the feller called it when
Isoldit tohim.
"My biggest holt is out to them big
piggeries 'round Dedham aad -Hyde
park. The bogs are fed on city swill,
and Iota o forks an' spoons gets chucked
in by careless help. A good deal on't's
plated stuff, an' that I dont have no call
to meddle with. I know an ole woman
that own a piggery that got a half a
barrel full o plated forks an' spoons.
She can't sell 'em, an' she's too mean to
Sire 'em away. Sometimes rings an'
lings gets in. Then, again, I buy old
watch cases, pins an rings with stones
blocked out, or anything that's gold or
"Say," continued the spry man, in a
fit of confidence, "I'll let ye look into
my box if you want to."
Ho had a curious collection pieces of
little thin, old fashioned teaspoons,
3uaint time blackened iewelry with
cep chasings, old Spanish milled dol
lars and nistareens a heterogeneous heap
of worn, battered, clijrd and perforated
coins: the lid of a silver smii? box and
the handle of a gold headed cane.
"Should think you'd be afraid of get
ting robbed," suggited the admiring
young man.
"Lord! there liain't no highwaymen
about here," said the bonanza man, re
provingly. "A feller btopped rae oncet
down in 'Plymouth woods, but 1 told the
durn fool tcr git out, an he did. I guess
he'd been a drinkiu' rum. an callatcd to
skecr me a little." Boston ileiald.
CoL Ryan, theBanager of Prescott
& VarnelTs museum hi St. Louis, tells
the following narrow escape which
he had from being killed by the snakes
of his show: "We had ninety-seven ser
pents csexhibitkm, and some were enor
mous specimens eighteen to twenty-five
feet long. These were confined in a
glass covered cage, the top of which,
having been broken, was temporarily
held m place by a stick. Maj. VarneU
and myself Iiaa sleeping apartments at
the head of a stairway, directly above.
One night we returned and dropped
languidly into bed without lighting the
gas. After a little I felt something en
cumbering my lower limbs and heard a
harsh, grating sound all over the room.
Attempting to rise, I found to my horror
that my feet were bound, and by a flash
of lightning that passed at that mo
ment I saw an immense boa constrictor
wrapped olioutthem. Striking a match
I awoke VarneU and we found ourselves
shackled together by ths serpents. One
huge anaconda was also coiled on the
Major's breast.
"To i:::;!:e matters worse, the flicker
ing m:t: l:!i;;!!t in the gloom had at
tract'fl i - f ;f reptiles, and anacondas,
- .i...fc snakes, vipers,
coi t "-. on began to
conj;iH-3,,e. i.t . "- rarp like.
scaly IxwbuuT our ran. rrr.v.l .hcr
clammy wives over our faces and breathe
their bienth upon our ilesli. Great drops
of perspiration stood out on our faces as
we signaled each other to keep still and
silent. To speak would have been but to
transfer the attention of the reptiles to
ourselves. The snakes in a short time
began a fierce battle between themselves,
and the suspense grew awful, as help
less we lay, not daring to move if we
could, and listened to the writhing,
struggling forms and fangs in the horrid
work: of wasting their hateful venom
upon each other. But soon our jailers,
to our delight, took a hand in the row,
and unwound their coils from our limbs.
Once free, it was but a few moments'
work to light the gas, get brooms and by
the arts known to the profession, drive
them into a big box that was convenient
We found that they had knocked the
stick down, escaped through the roof of
the glass case and crawled up into our
room for warmth. St Louis Globe
Democrat. Early Hallow Ascents.
The following, taken out of an old
book, says a writer in The Leeds Mer
cury, will give an idea how the early
balloons were inflated, and will show,
also, that Baldwin's decent in a para
chute is an old invention: "On Sept 21,
1802, M. Garnerin filled his balloon with
hydrogen gas at St George's Parade,
North Audley street The gas was made
from diluted sulphuric acid, together
with a quantity of iron filings, placed in
thirty-three casks to generate, and by
communication with three larger casks
or receivers, and then by tubes to the
balloon. At 0 o'clock the balloon rose
with its long appendage of the parachute,
the aeronaut in the little basket Tens
; of thousands of spectators were fixed in
astomsmnent ana aamiranon ax tne gal
lant 'adventurer. For eight minutes the
balloon continued to ascend till it ar
rived at such an immense height as to
be scarcely visible. When Garnerin cut
away from the balloon the parachute did
not expand immediately. It fell with
great velocity for a short space of time,
when it opened, and the descent became
gradual, but attended with a remarkable
oscillation like a pendulum of a clock.
These vibrations became less as the
ground was neared. The balloon wit de
scended in a field near the smallpox hos
pital at St Pancras without injury to
himself or the parachute.
A village in New England came into
possession of a neat .and much needed
town hall, the gift of public spirited citi
zens. When completed, a meeting was
held to dedicate the new building.
Speeches were made by prominent citi
zens, and special reflareim was naturally
made to the chief benefactor, and to
those who had been most active in for
warding the enterprise.
One speaker mentioned the names of
five or six of these citizens, and sug
gested that a vote of thanks be tendered
mem. This was done.
A moment later a little wisen faced old
man arose in the back part of tbefaau,
and, ia a sharp, penetrating voice,
"Mr.' Cheenaan! Mr. Cheerman!"
The speaker being recognised, be pro-
"I iist wanted to say that there's them
echalatbeea aMationed, ea bes donees
matches tbeaa ea hes." Youth's Com
panion. Lady (as a blood cmrWmg war whoop
is heard from the kitcliea-What ii
Eztxavagaace aad Uuary iBtraaawad ar
PrcaMeat Baeaaaaa Tha Calo 1 U Bs
asperated by the laaotaMoa Karaaaaa
Bttatteis Who Splaxgef.
It was at the time of Mr. Buchanan's
administration that the most marked
change in dinner giving commenced. A
new mode of serving dinners came in,
more expensive, of course, for it necessi
tated additional servants and other auxil
iaries. Gautier had opened a large con
fectionary and restaurant and had, with
Wormley, a monopoly of serving swell
dinners. Some of the more old fashioned
in social life regarded hk mode aa in
novation aiid refted to acknowledge its
The most marked diflsrenea coaamstH
m reforming the entrees and the wines,
ete., served with each. He it was who,
in place of the Sauterne or wine of that
character, served with the raw oysters,
with which all dinners commenced, fur
nished a frozen punch called Arabian
punch. It waa white and frozen to the
consistency of cream. An amusing inci
dent of this innovation occurred atadin
ner given by Marshal Hoover. Among
the guests was CoL Sam Stambaugh, of
Pennsylvania, a very noted political
leader in that day and a friend of Mr..
The colonel was late, and he arrived
after the guests had finished oysters and
punch, and were on the soup. He made
his apology and took his seat His oys
ters and punch awaited him, and con
versing with his neighbor, he commenced
spreading the punch over his oysters.
It was observed, of course, and the
gentleman next him said: "Colonel, ex
cuse me, but that is punch.'
"The it is!" said the colonel; "I
thought it was horse radish."
The table was in a roar, and the colo
nel, a recognized authority in such mat
ters, denounced this new style and
pleaded in favor of the old fashion, and
gave adinnerafeweveningsafter, which
was served in the old style. It made no
impression on the new style, however,
which continued to be the rage, increas
ingin variety and expense.
The colonel's experience of the new
order that evening did not end with the
punch. With the dessert was served
what was then entirely new biscuit
glace in different colors and in paper
cases. He looked at the one placed be
fore him and said to his neighbor, in tones
of disgust audible to the whole table:
"Shaving soap, by 1"
Fashion, more powerful than any op
position, was on the side of Gautier &
Wormley, and the old style gradually
was wiped out The dinners at the ex
ecutive mansion were more lavish under
Mr. Buchanan's administration. ," There
was a very perceptible change in mode
and expensiveness, and of course it pre
vailed in the private dinners.
Slidell and Benjamin gave expensive
dinners, and one of your representatives
at that time, Gen. Sickles, occupied a
fine house on Lafayette square ana gave
most elaborate dinners and suppers. He
lived most expensively, entertained lib
erally, and from one of these dinners of
exceptional elegance, given on the Thurs
day before the fatal rencontre with Bar
ton Key, which occurred on Sunday, he
was caUed to learn, as was testified to at
the trial, the particulars of the affair
which led to the killing of Key.
Senator William M. uwin represented
California, and occupied the large man
sion on I street near Nineteenth, where
his dinners and entertainments were no
table. Mrs. Gwin's fancy ball furnished
as much talk and exhausted as much
preparation, in the costumes worn, as
the great ball of the Vanderbflts a year
or two ago. It was a very fine affair.
There was a good deal of the swell
attributes in the entertainments of that
period which might be attributed to the
example set at the White House. There
were several distinguished foreign vis
itors during the administration, and
they were entertained with lavish and
elegant hospitality, and the example of
the president was followed.
The English minister at about that
time, Lord Napier, entertained fre
quently and with great elegance. He
was popular beyond any of his prede
cessors, was vcrv general in his invita
tions, and mixed a good deal with the
people of Washington, attending "stag"
parties, then prevalent in the club, con
gressional ancf official life of Washing
ton. Before Ids return to England a ball
was given to him and Lady Napier by
senators and members of eonj;res3. cfii
cials and citizens, and a very Landmine
affair it was.
The foreign legations have always ex
ercised a very potent influence in Wash
ington society. Naturally so, as they
enjoyed a position that entitled them to
every social attention. The influence of
wealth had, up to the close of Mr. Polk's
administration, made but little impres
sion. The old families who, with the
army and navy and ofiicials, made up
the social lifo of Washington, were as
select as McAllister's 400.
There was but little wealth among
them; competence and comfort were
about the standard reached at that time.
A few years changed it alL The inroad
of wealth drove out the old substantial
style, and the new regime brought new
modes and larger expenditures.
Each season newer styles; each season
more expense and, of course, more ele
gance. The cost of dinners and parties
swelled into thousands, where hundreds
were formerly expended. This increase
of entertainment and the general invita
tions extended to official receptions
brought to the city a class of people,
male and female, who, witliout the so
cial recognition at their homes entitling
them to the entree, forced themselves
into every entertainment without invita
tion and with no acquaintance with
those upon whose hospitality they in
fringed. That style of thing continues to this
day, and some efforts for protection
from these hordes is needed. Cor. New
York Telegram.
Valuable discoveries have bean made,
and valuable mventioat nrrnntrnl. by
the veriest accidents. An alrhamisf.
while seeking to disooraramixtare of
earths that would make the most dur
able crucibles, one day found that he
had made porcelain. The power cf
lenses, as applied to the telescope, was
discovered by a watchmaker's appren
tice. While holding spectacle jrisases
between his thumb and finger he was
startled at the suddenly enlarged appear
anceof a rieighboring church spire. The
art of etching upon glass was discovered
by a Nuremberg glass cutter. By acci
dent a few drops of aqaa fortis fell upon
bis spectacles. He noticed that the
glass .became corroded and softened
where the add had touched it That was
hint enough. He drew figures upon
glass with varnish, applied the corroding
laid, then cut away the glass around the
drawing. When the varnish was re
aved the figures appeared raised upon
Meaaotiato owed its
ahnple accident of the gua barrel of a
swaymg to una xroor a cnaadeuer m a
cathedral suggested to Galileo the appli
cation of the pendulum. The art of
littographing was perfected through sug
gestions made by accident A poor niu
skiaa was curious to know whether
music could not be etched upon stone as
well as upon copper. After he had pre
pared his slab his mother asked him to
make a memorandum of such clothes as
slio proposed to send away to be washed.
Not liaving pen, ink and paper con
venient, he wrote the list on the stone
with the etching preparation, intending
to make a copy of it at leisure. A few
days later, when about to clean the
6tone. he- wondered what effect aqua
fortis would have upon it He applied
the acid, and in a few minutes saw the
writing standing out in relief. The next
step necessary was simply to ink the
stone and take off an impression.
The simp of a Dublin tobacconist, by
the namo of Lundyfoot, was destroyed
by fire. While he was gazing dolefully
into the smoldering nuns, he noticed
that'hia poorer neighbors were gathering
the,anuff from the canisters. He tested
thansnuff for-bimadf, and discovered
that'the fire had largely improved its
pungency and aroma. It was a bint
worth profiting by. He secured another
shop, built a lot of ovens, subjected the
snuff to a heating process, gave the
brand a particular name, and In a few
years became rich through an accident
which lie at first thought had completely
ruined him. The process of whitening
sugar was discovered in a curious way.
A nen that had gone through a clay
puddle went with her muddy feet into a
sugar house. She left her tracks on a
pile of sugar. It was noticed that wher
ever her tracks were the sugar was
whitened. Experiments were instituted,
and the result was that wet clay came to
be used in refining sugar. The origin of
blue tinted paper came about by a mere
slip of the hand. The wife of William
East, an English paper maker, accident
ally let a blue bag fall into one of the
vats of pulp. London Tid Bits.
Curiealtlea la Names.
Curious names are always interesting
to the general public, and there are
probably few persons who would not
throw a second glance from a Broadway
car as they passed the dry goods house
of Mr. Jxiques, or the barber shop of Mr.
Yf. The Lnglish speaking public have
become more or less accustomed to the
odd appearance of German proper names,
but there are few persons comparatively
who appreciate what peculiar meaning
is hidden behind the average jumble of
consonants and vowels which forms the
Teuton name. One cannot imagino the
possibility that the English transla
tions of some German .names could
be used for. the same purpose among
an Anglo-Saxon people without at
least causing a howl either of indigna
tion or of hilarity. In New York's di
rectory, for example, there are such
names beginning with "F" alone, as
Feigenblatt, meaning "fig leaf;" Fahne
stock, "flagstaff;" FauL lazy" or "rot
ten;" Faust, "fist;" Feuchtwange, "moist
cheek;" Fleischhacker, "meat chopper,"
and Frauenheim, "home for women."
And when these facts are considered
there arises at once the conviction that
Smith, Brown and the rest of them
should feel grateful that they are not
approached every day and addressed:
"How are you, Mr. Home for Women?"
etc New York Tribune.
Exceptions to the Xtale.
"The maddest woman I ever saw," re
marked Conductor Sam Bones, "was one
who had just been saved from death.
She was an old woman and was stand
ing on the track used by the local trains.
Tho engineer whistled, but she was
somewhat deaf and had her cars all
muffled up, and did not hear the whis
tle. Tho engine came on and on and the
old lady stayed calmly on the track,
with her back to the oncoming locomo
tive. Two young men ran from across
the street and dragged the old lady from
the track just in time to save her life.
Well, you would have thought that they
had done her an irreparable injury. She
stormed and raised a row, and all the
thanks the young men got for risking
their lives was a torrent of abuse."
"That reminds me," said Billy Norton,
modestly, "of a little incident out in the
San Joaquin Valley. I happened to be
there at a little station when a young
lady tried to step upon a moving train,
and fell under the cars. I dragged her
out After she bad collected her wits
she flew into a passion because I had
spoiled her bonnet, forgetting that her
life had been saved ingthe act Oakland
(CaL) Tribune.
A Goad WaaUagtoa Hotel.
Actor James T. Powers is the latest
practical joker of note. In his lost joke
Richard Cummmga, whoplays the part
of Wilfred Sbadbolt in "The Yeomen of
the Guard" road company, was the vic
tim. Cummings, who is an Englishman
and unfamiliar with American institu
tions, wanted to know of Powers where
he could find a good hotel when their
company arrived in Washington last
Sunday. "Do you want to put up at a
$3 or a & or a $5 house?" Powers asked.
Cummings thought he would be satisfied
with a comfortable 4 house. "The
Wliitc House is the best $1 house I know
in Waslungton," said Powers, putting on
his most serious air. "It's right in the
heart of tlie city and everything nice. I
can recommend it" Cummings called a
cab, said "White House" to the driver
and in ten minutes was having a heated
argument with the gatekeeper of the
White House grounds. The controversy
ended in the gatekeeper's favor and
Cummings went in search of Powers
with a club.- PhiJadalphia Tunes.
The Growth of BerUa.
One of the morning journals recently
published statistics snowing tho growth
of Berlin during the last seventeen years.
Removed as it is far from tho eca coast,
and situated upon a river which is only
6uch in name, tho rapid development of
the Prussian metropolis is one of the
marvels of the age. From 1870 to 1887
Berlin almost doubled its population,
adding 639,100 to its numbers, averaging
37,502 each year. During the same period
the number of lots built upon grew to
0,187, or an annual increase of 864. In
the year 1870 there were fifty-six persons
to every lot upon which a houso stood.
In 1873 this had increased to sixty, in
1870 to sixty-one, in 1883 to sixty-five,
and in 1887 to seventy-one. The density
of the population has constantly in
creased. The average rent of a dwelling
in 1870 was 470 .marks, which in 1867
bad risen to G49 marks, or about $160.
Berlin has over 1,500,000 Inhabitants at
the present time. Berlin Letter.
Heaey ffa Oajeat,
You can trust the average- Hajtiaa
negro with large sums of money, aad
be will not steal A French merchant
informed me that he had on more than
a hundred occasions sent thousands of
dollars in gold coin and in paper cur
rency over the wild rnonntain road from
Jacmel to Port an Prince by a single
messenger, without losing a cent On
the other hand, a fondness for petty pil
fering is universaL The same gentle
man stated that after the black messcn
ger delivered the money he has known
him to sneak, into the room and steal the
canvas wrapping of the parceL New
hare been kffled than
a BUmI to a T
Wevth a? BaM
TaaaatlfaUy CaUl
aa Ita Wle!
"It was my last cigar," said Mr.
Ffckleby, and, carried away by the flood
of aad memories, he leaned nisnead apon
his hand and wept "You see," said ae,
"the fellows in our set determined to
have a banquet and we've been saving
up since the last Fourth of July. It was
to be a five dollar affair, and for a week
beforeliand I lived on husks and abjured
pie. I was determined to eat, drink and
be merry, and I forced myself intoa vast
The night cams. It took me two
hours to dress, but it was worth while,
and wliea 1 looked oa myself at 9 o'clock
I beheld a glass of fashion and a mold of
form. There must have been fifty or
sixty of the fellows at the banquet Be
sides our set there were a large number
of in vited guests. It wasabout lOo'clock
when we sut down, and I was so ema
ciated from continued and rigorous fast
ing tliat I could hardly hold myself
"1 rarely touch wine, but when I pay
5 for a single meal, when at my board
ing house I can get twenty-one for the
same money, I stop at nothing. So I
permitted the mental to replenish my
sherry glass as often as I emptied it.
while oysters, bouillon, salmon, sweet
breads and lamb chops vanished behind
my waistcoat Nor did I permit the
claret to flow past me, but sipped it
while I discussed a tender bit of beef
with asparagus. I have heard mach of
the seductive and insidionB influences of
punch, but I must say that the punch
we fellows had at the banquet seemed to
me more like lemon ice cream soda
water than the fiery untamed spirit of
the alcoholic flask.
"Cigarettes came with the punch. I
may as well confess that I am not an In
veterate smoker. In fact, two or three
cigarettes a year generally is sufficientto
auay any cravings I have for the noxious
weed. But on an occasion like a five
dollar banquet I am possessed to indulge
in the most reckless nwripation, and after
the punch I made away with two cigar
ettes. Partridge and a sip or two of
claret followed. I dealt liberally, as is
my wont with the ice cream and the
cokes, the coffee and the fruits, and when
the toasting began, and the champagne
was pourea out, I began to feel glorious.
"Tho speeches were capitaL Some of
the most learned and witty men I ever
heard answered to the several toasts.
Every man around me was smoking. I
summoned a waiter and bade him bring
me a cigar. It was just glorious. Through
the blue wreaths of smoke I could just
see tho orator flinging out his arms over
tho china and silver. I sipped the spark
ling wine. Everything was happy. I
sat and laughed and let my head roll
where it would.
"The cigar finished I sat back finger
ing my vine glass as I listened to the
speakers about me. Suddenly I felt
something like a dark, damp green mold
creeping over me. I broke out in a pro
fuse perspiration. A vague feeling that
I was full of protoplasms possessed me.
A strange jpower seemed trying to raise
my lungs into my throat Thespeech lost
its brilliancy. I shaded my eyes with my
hand and gazed earnestly at the table
cloth. The plates began to move about
strangely. Through the cloud of smoke
about my head came the sound of clap
ping hands. Who had been speaking I
neither knew nor cared. There was a
wild, turbulent feeling of rebellion in the
region of my diaphragm.
"Somebody rose and began to speak.
I dared not raise my eyes to see him.
The plates swam round and round. How
the damp perspiration gathered on my
forehead! I could endure the suspense
no longer. I felt that something was
about to happen. Without a moment's
hesitation 1 slipped under the groaning
board and began myself to groan in
unison with it It may bo said tliat the
cause of our groaning was identical a
heavy load, if tobacco smoke can be
called a load. 1 languidly raised my
eyelids and looked around. I saw a
forehtof legs belonging to the leading
preachers, doctors and lawyers' in town,
a vast forest of legs. I heard more hand
clapping. The legs began to dance, the
table rocked, a chasm opened some
where. Somebody cried. 'He's under
the table! Then there was laughter.
"All at ouce 1 went to pieces. I re
member nothing save a confused ap
pearance of black faces, and wondered
if I was with Stanley. They hauled mo
along. 1 tried to think whether I was
Einin Bey or Gerard Fickleby. If I was
the former I knew Stanley would rescue
me. If I was the latter I knew that 1
was not feeling welL 1 asked the colored
person who was supporting me, and
whom 1 believed to be the king of Sene
gambia, if we were anywhere near the
Congo river. Ho said something about
Genesee, and I believe I argued the point
with him. though I am not sure. I know
I looked at the floor just a second, and
when 1 raised my eyes the stars were
shining over my head and the ther
mometer was below zero.
"It seemed to me that the common re
ports of African torridness were all
wrong. I looked about for a chair, but
could find none, and was forced to sit
down on the sidewalk. A policeman, I
believe it was, came along and tried to
carry on a social conversation with me.
He was an ignorant man, however, and
failed to follow my train of thought, and
I told liini what 1 thought of Iiim. I re
member nothing more until I found my
self in bed with a large wet cloth on my
head. No, I am firmly resolved never to
smoke another cigar.- Buffalo Courier.
Skating bone of Oa beat of sports,
and it is also one or. tae
It is always best when the poads and
rivers are first frosen,but that islike
wiso the time when the ice Is of unequal
thickness and strength because of car
rents and springs oelow. The weak
places in the ice are called air holes;
they constitute the chief dingers hi
skating and traveling untQ they are
marked by boughs set m the ice.
Should an unsuspecting traveler fall
into one of these open air cavities he will
most assuredly be carried udder the ice
if the current is strong, hk only chance,
in the absence of assistance, being to
swim against the current
One afternoon, says the author of
"Field and Forest Rambles," I saw a
sk:;ter plump into one of these danger
oat places, when suddenly another, ob
serving the accident, pulled off hk coat,
and as he skated past the man in the
water, tossed it toward aim, wno caught
the sleeve and was dragged oat by the
impetus with which the other was going.
The feat was done so cleverly that I
asked the performer if he had been ac
customed to save persons in that way,
and he told me that he had pulled many
men out of the air holes, and that pro
vided oneka good skater and can get
near enough to the indrriduel, there k
no naore ready aad enVacaoaaBaethod.,
On another occasion I observed a skat
er fail when unmedktery another palled
off hk coat and dashed toward the
arownrngmaa, who caught h aad was
iTfnvmtlHs faam a state timt)ttn I
take' to write down the fact Youth's
The growing popular knowledge of in
visible impurities aad the deepening im
pression upoa the minds of people, the
necessity of a pure water supply, have
caused a demand for a simple aad con
venient test As yet there k no certain
and reliable test oy chemical aaalysk.
The following' tests are recommended:
"Fill a perfectly clean quart bottle half
full of water, cork and shake it; remove
the cork and see if any odor can be de
tected at the mouth of the bottle. Cork the
bottlo again and put intoa warm place for
a few hours, or set into a pan of hot
j waterfor an hour. Shake, uncork and
again test by ainelL If an unpleasant or
faint or musty odor k perceptible, the
water requires more minute investiga
tion, i lie second simple test is to evapor
ate a quart of water to dryness ia a new
tin pan or cup, and note the character of
the residue, and what happens when it is
strongly heated in a metal spoon. If the
sediment left after evaporation k small,
and on being burned in a metal spoon
gives rise onrjr to such an odor as comes
from burning vegetable matter, the water
is uot greatly contaminated with sewage.
But if the sediment is iu considerable
quantity, dark in color and burns, giv
ing off the peculiar odor of burning liair
or other animal matter, then the water
is fouL"-New York Graphic
beat Disaster.
There seems to be something remark
able about steamboat disasters. While
they are few and for between, years of
practical experience as an agent has
taught me tliat they never como singly.
One occurs, and nine out of ten times
two more follow within a few days. It
appears strange, but the records will bear
me out When we do liavo a disaster on
the river, it is not generally ono followed
by great loss of Ufa There arc no more
careful or cautious men in professions
than our river boatmen, and it ba rare
thing to hear of accidents or fatalities.
In late years the most serious disasters
have occurred on the Mississippi river,
and generally come from sinking by
running into unearthed bnags of old
hulks of gunboats sunk during the re
bellion, or are caused by spontaneous
combustion and sparks setting fire to
cotton aboard the steamers. 1 here are.
however, fewer accidents on steamboats
than on railroads, and the percentage
last year was aliout ten steamboat acci
dents to a hundred on the rail. Cincin
nati Commercial Gazette.
A Story of Daniel Roone.
The party of surveyors "camped" on
tho bank of the Missouri river where
Boone was then located. A number of
gentlemen from Kentucky who came
west to look at tho new country (Mis
souri) were in camp with Boone. In the
evening, while they were all sitting
around the camp fire, expatiating on the
beauty of the surrounding territory they
had visited that day, saying it was cer
tainly tho best of earth, Boone, who had
taken no part in the conversation, said:
"Gentlemen, you liavo not seen today
the best country on earth." Tho Ken
tucky men, supposing that Boono had
been further west and had seen, if pos
sible, a better country, asked him where
the better land lay. Boone, in reply,
namedTfour counties in the bluo grass
region of Kentucky, the homes of the
men he was entertaining. They were
greatly surprised, and after further con
versation agreed that Boone was correct
St Louis Republic.
Am Unhappy Coincidence.
Dr. Leonard Bacon, of New Haven,
after bis activo pastorate had ceased,was
accustomed to sit in the pulpit, and, if a
stranger preached, to introduce him to
the congregation. One Sunday he said:
"The first pastor of this church was the
Rev. John Davenport," and ho proceeded
topronounce a brief eulogy upon him.
'The grandson of that pastor was the
Rev. John Davenport, of Stamford. The
iionof that pastor was the Rev. James
Davenport of Southold, L. L We aro
today to be addressed by a lineal de
scendant of John Davenport, our first
pastor." The minister thus introduced
was observed to be blushing violently,
and the occasion of hk embarrassment
became evident when he announced hk
text: "Visiting the iniquities of the
fathers upon the children unto the third
and fourth generation." San Francisco
Fopalnr Errata.
Misnomers are responsible for many of
our erroneous impressions, Prussian blue
does not come from Prussia; Burgundy
pitch does not come from Burgundy, and
it k not a pitch; Brazilian gross dossnot
come from Brazil, and it knot a grass;
black lead has no lead in it; sealing wax
has no wax in it; kid gloves are not
made out of kid; whalebone k no bone
at all, and salt k not salt, for it has been
long ago excluded from the class of
bodies denominated salts. Frank H.
Stauffer in tho Epoch.
William Perkins, of Owensborough,
Ky., k blind and ingenious. The result
of his affliction and hk genius ba writ
ing machine for the blind, which the
boy has just perfected. It is said that a
San Francisco firm has paid him $5,000
for tho right to manufacture and sell
the machine in the United States.
Papalnr Paaaa la
Who wrote the most popular poem in
the English language? Clement C
Moore. It commences: "Twas the
night before Christmas, when all through
the house not a creature was stirring, not
even a mouse," and it lias-given enjoy
ment to more people tlian any other liv
ing verse story of its length. Cincinnati
It is Absurd
For people to expect a cure for Indiges
tion, unless they refrain from eating
what is unwholesome ; but if anything
will sharpen the appetite aad give tone
to the digestive organ, it is Ayerfe Sar
saparilla. Thoasaads all over tbe land
testify to the merits of this medicine.
Mrs. Sarah Burroughs, of 218 Eighth
street, South Boston, writes : " My hns
band has taken Ayers Sarsaparilla, for
Dyspepsia and torpid liver, aad has
been greatly benefited."
A CoiifKriMd Dyspeptic.
C. Canterbury, of 141 Franklin st.,
Boston, Mass., writes, that, suffering
for years from Indigestion, he was at
last iadaced to try Ayer's Sarsaparilla
aad, by its use, was entirely cured.
Mrs. Joseph Auhte, of High street,
Holyoke, Mats., suffered for over a year
from Dyspepsia, so that she could not
eat substantial food, became very weak,
aad was usable to care for her family.
Neither the mediciae prescribed by
physicians, nor aay of the remedies
advertised for the cure of Dyspepsia,
helped her, natil she commenced the
use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. "Three
bottles cf this nwdiciae," she writes,
"cured me."
Ayer's Sanaparilla,
Dr. J. C Ayer ft Co LeweM, Mass,
i-J in.
t . ff,
National Bank!
AhrHrizw Capital f $250,000,
tVDeposita receivai
arDrafta ea ths ariae ipal cities ia taiai
. 6i! .. -a.
J. H. GALLEY. Tfcwraaj-o rrT
Obm over Cohnaaaa State
Attorney aad CeuaseHer Mv.
Oafee In Coauatre
ban. Nab. All laaal
carately aad canfally a
0e oyer First National
zarOSea over First National Baak. Cakaaw
bus, Nebraska.
tarPartie. deauias narfayiae daaViem a
dress aw as CoIbbukm. Nefac, or att at
aaa vaii v uuBnapo
I will be In my oSee hi ths Cbatt HeaaaTs
third Hatarday or each BKUfettfenaaMaa
tioa ot applicant for teachers' rsftllrassa. aad
urine iransaciioB or otner school
VyAI.UffXAF BssT.4
light aad heavy haaluur. Goods aaadbnlnrlBh
ran,. "--- . . I b --- -
'R.l.ltlijt.. Bmm.1 ma -
AOK-I'avav, mm KU .
(Successors to Fumble A MttaLtU
bnek finf-rbi ami ifml m ..n. -
We are also prepared to do all kinds of ariak
ym X. TUXMXat CO,
Proprietors and Publishers of the.
Both. Bost-naid to anv aritlmaa-fnr a). Mfe
strictly ia advance. Fawlt Jocsjujl, BLSB a
year. ---
w. a. McAllister. w. m. cosunojej.
flcAEXJflTRat fc CB)at!lKEilJS
unc np suura orer erase a seaware a
lueventti street.
Specialty aaade of Colleetfoaa by C.J.
XANcrAonnuot or
Tin and SheeMroi Ware!
Job-Werk, leeimf aa Gmtter
ih a Specialty .
KTttW on mh street. Kraase Bros old
stand oa Thirteenth street. BBC. -
OFFICE. WehaTenoub-aeneie,a)l
mrecr, neace we can transact pateat I
less time and at LESS COST than Um
irosa Washington.
.Send model, drawing, or photo, with das win,
tion. We advise if patentable or aot. free of
charge. Our fee not doe till pateat ia seeafed. .
A book. "How to Obtain Pateata." with refer
ence toactaal clients ia yoor state, meaty ar
town, sent free. Address , r
Opposite Patenfronke,jlaffl!kfc ?; -
. ..
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The tet toekl
advertiser ..te.
atur. oe ne-i
ltcuiiUii!i9lt;o! newaaapersaadi sthaatsa
wants to SDand one dollar. Berta bxttjaa
IbnutiOB be requires, wbUe torMm aha aXt
iavaacaneaandrod utoaudpnMhBev
veraenav a seneme 13 laUicar
meacala every 1
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Bern, nnmt mlrt tauv :
Write aeJEOL . BOBTaXI.' M
P. ATTDfJato.
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