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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1888)
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' TO COBMCSPONDESTS.
All communications, to neenre attention, 'iini-t
l:icomjiiniedbyUie full narat of th .i-ht.
Wo r-5.'- tho -right to reject anj ai.!iii-"M '
aiid ci.t.ot agree to return the h un. e i
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liable in every way. Write plainly, each .
' aepsrntely. Give us facts.
WEDNESDAY. DKCKMBKIt 12. 1888.
Feed Walters has been arrested in
Omaha charged with adultery.
Fate's periodical comet is on its ro
.turn and has deen discovered at Nice.
The official vote of Nevada has been
made. Harrison 7,23S; Cleveland 5,326;
Serious strikes were repcrted last
week among tlio laborers in various parts
At Jacksonville. Fla., on the 4th inst.,
there was but one new case of yellow
fever, and no deaths.
Judge JIobert B. Warden, formerly
judge of tlio supreme coort of Ohio,
died at Wellington City on the night of
the 2d. "
An cttempt was made in Paris on the
nth to blow up the registry office in Bue
St, Deats with dynamite. Several ar
rests have been made.
The anarchists in Chicago are about
to stir up moro tronblo by holding their
public conventions and disseminating
their lawless and incendiary ideas.
The trial of Bauereison, the Chicago,
Burlington & Qnincy striking engineer
indicted for putting dynamite on the
company's track, was begun one day
last week at Geneva, III.
It was shown on the second day of
the woman's suffrago convention at
Omaha last week by a duly certified list
that there are in the state of Nebraska
12,000 women who desire the ballot.
The secretary of the treasury at
Washington has transmitted to congress
estimates of appropriations required for
the government service for the fiscal
year ending Jnne 30. 1890. They aggre
It seems very probable that a strong
effort will bo mado at tho coming session
of the legislature to pass a law providing
for the investment of a goodly portion of
the surplus public funds in the -hands of
Ose day last week near Youngstown,
Ohio, a collision occurred between a
mixed passenger and freight train. Con
ductor Kennedy, of the passenger, was
instantly killed, and the fireman and
brakeman fatally injured.
John IL Welch has tendered his res
ignation as superintendent of tho treas
ury. Ho went home to Albany before
tho election to vote for Cloveland but
has uot returned since. He sent his
resignation by mail, assigning no reason
for his action.
TnEO. E. HAZEtnuBST, past grand
commander of tho grand commandery,
Knights Templar, of tho state of Now
York, shot and killed himself one morn
ing last week. On examination the
doctors aro of the opinion that death re
sulted from accidental shooting.
The earth's internal heat is now being
used in a practical way at Pesth, where
tho deepest artesian well in the world is
being sunk to supply hot water to public
baths and other purposes. A depth of
tt,120 feet has alreadv been reached and
the well supplies daily 176,090 gallons of
vater heated to 150' Fahrenheit.
In London common rumor asserts
that the failuro to capture "Jack the
Kipper" is duo to the official jealousy
which has prevailed in the police de
partment, and it is confidently predicted
that tho advent of Mr. Monroe will be
marked by tho murderer's speedy arrest
At least 20.000 exconfederate soldiers
in Virginia voted the republican ticket
at the last election. This is the most
promising sign of the times, and is an
indication that the best sentiment of the
south is tired of the democratic party,
its reactionary politics, and its blind
hatred of northern loyalty. For such
rebels" the loyal north has an open
heart, filled with warm and fraternal
kindness. Let more of them come!
Chicago Journal. -
In speaking of the operation of the
prohibitory liquor law in Rhode Island,
the Providence Journal says: -The sa
loons are quite as open, much more nu
merous, and a great deal more mischiev
ous than when under a license and
restriction as to character and conduct,
and paid .a revenue to the city and
state." We commend this statement to
the impracticables who wish to substi
tute prohibition for the Slocum law in
Nebraska. Omaha Republican.
At Birmingham, Ala, in mystery and
cruelty the Hawes murder reported on
the 8th inst, has not been equaled in
that section. May Hawes and her moth
er were both murdered. The body of
Mrs. Hawes was found at the bottom of
a lake in the park half a mile from the
cottage where the family lived, and five
miles from east lake where the body of
little Mary was found. The circum
stances and evidence pointed to Dick
Hawes, the husband of the dead woman,
as the murderer and he was arrested and
placed in jail. At midnight a mob
gathered at the jail for .the purpose of
lynching Hawes. The officers fired
several volleys on them. It is reported
that nine men were killed and several
wounded at the jaiL- Another report
says that over twenty of the lynching
party were killed and wounded.
Kefcruka's Back Yard.
For farming and stock raising Ne
braska is probably not excelled any
where in the United Stated. She has a
climate exceedingly well adapted for the
latter, and a soil not easily excelled for
the ready production of crops of all
Fortunately, for everything that we
can raise, there promises to be a rapidly
growing market in the mining regions
west and northwest of us, and here, too,
as mines develop and manufacturing in
terests multiply, the products of Ne
braska farms and workshops will be in
increasing demand, as the years roll by.
One phase of Nebraska's back yard is
thus set forth by the Omaha Bee:
It is undoubtedly true that the people
of Colorado and the territories hardly
realize the great natural resources of
that section of the country awaiting to
be developed. We have repeatedly call
ed attention to the possibilities and ben
efits which will come to the west through
the development of the petroleum fields
and asphaltum beds of Wyoming and
Colorado. It now conies to light that
there is a great future for tho uses to
which the soda deposits so plentiful in
all the territories can be put. In Wyom
ing, especially, there are remarkably rich
deposits of pure soda found in the so
called soda lakes. The proximity of soda
to fine beds of quartz, sand and lime
stone makes it possible that in the near
future extensive glass works will be es
tablished. There is but one thing neces
sary. Nature has provided everything
in her laboratory except anthracite
coal, which is a prime necessity to sup
ply a hot blast for making blown or
pressed glass. Unfortunately anthracite
coal is not known to exist in the bowels
of the Rock- mountains. But its place
can be supplied by petroleum, which
can be made to yield a name equally as
reliable and as hot as from anthracite
coal. It is plainly evident that not only
the glass industry but other great man
facturing enterprises are awaiting the
developement of the natural oil regions
of Wyoming and Colorado. For that
reason the petroleum beds of these lo
calities should be developed without
A Chicago Man Shoot His Landlady and
Chicago, Dec. 10. John A. Martin, an
engineer, fell desperately in love with
Mrs. B. W. Merrill, his landlady, and
knowing that his love was unrequited,
shot her this morning antl then killed
himself. The woman died at 3 o'clock
this afternoon. B. W. Merrill and his
wife have kept a boarding house for sev
eral years. Among their boarders was
Martin, and ever since his arrival in the
house, over a year ago, he has professed
the greatest love for Mrs. Merrill. His
attentions at last became unbearable,
and today she advised him to leave.
After pleading with her not to send him
away and finding her determined, he
shot her and then himself.
Hastings is to have a sewerage system.
W. B. Thome or Blue Hill fell from a
load of hay the other day and was killed
by tho wagon passing over him.
The annual session of the Nebraska
woman suffrage association will be held
in Omaha Monday and Tuesday of next
Thos. Camber, a farmer living near
Madison, was seriously injured one day
last week by being thrown from a load
During tho absence of John Stillihan,
a farmer of Otoe county, John Trerichs,
a hired man, robbed tho family of 8222
and left far parts unknown.
A collision was reported one day last
week from Hastings between a switch
and freight engine on the B. & M., which
resulted in the fatal injury of Bill Nolan,
fireman on the switch.
They have a big grain elevator at To
bias, called '"The Farmers' Elevator."
It has only been open for a week for
business and it is said to tako in daily
about 3,000 bushels of grain.
The industrial society of Kearney
contains 184 boys and 61 girls. Lan
caster county furnished the largest num
ber of inmates, 65; Douglas next, 39;
Gage third, 34, and Buffnlo fourth with
John Koberg, jr., who was shot by
Louis Wonskey in Madison county, on
tho 16th of November while in the act of
stealing a turkey, died on the morning of
tho 8th inst., after an operation was per
formed. One day last week a four years old
daughter of Jacob Lein, living near the
town of Mason, was so badly burned
while popping corn over a cook stove
that in a day or two thereafter she died
in great agony.
Mrs. Andrew Jacobs an old lady living
at Lincoln, while gathering up coal un
der the cars, was run over and crushed
to death ono day last week. She had
often been warned by friends and rail
road men of the danger, but she did not
desist until by it she lost her life.
Frank Sepek, whose parents live near
Tobias, is quite a thief for one of his
years, being not over fifteen. He has
stolen a colt from his father, for which
he has been arrested. From a friend in
the vicinity he has since stole a valuable
necklace. He has been arrested also on
An erring girl of Red Cloud, fifteen
years old, left her home one day last
week and was found the next,day by po
lice,in a bagnio in Hastings. She was re
turned to her father. Her leaving home
was due to the influence of a railroad
man. Young girls, asothers, should be
ware of the acquaintances they make.
A report reached O'Neil on the even
ing of the 8th that E. J. Lefler, a promi
nent citizen and postmaster at Bliss,
attempted to commit suicide by shoot
ing himself with a revolver, the ball en
tering his body just above the right
nipple, and glancing from a rib, passed
around to the back. At last report he
was Etill living.
John Oleeon, a Swede recently arrived
in this country and employed on the B.
& M work train on the Island east of
Nebraska City, while attempting to get
on the engine slipped and fell in such a
way that his left foot was caught and
crushed in a painful manner. It became
necessary to amputate his leg below his
knee. He is resting easier since the op
eration. J. Curry'6 store -was burglarized Tues
day night, and goods consisting of jewel
rynufflers, silk handkerchiefs,overcoats,
hats and caps, neckties, shoes, under
wear, and grips were stolen, to the
amount of 500. Entrance was effected
by unlocking the front door. No trace
at this writing. Mr. Carry offers $200
reward for recovery of the goods and
capture of the thieve. Schuyler Sun.
There has been a greater number of
deaths in this immediate vicinity in the
past three months than in any nine
month previous since the settlement of
the county. ''Especially is this true of
the mortality among grown people, or,
say from fifteen years upward. Typhoid
fever has been the principal disease, and
of such a malignant type is it that a ma
jority of the cases have proved fatal
Two men two weeks ago drove into
Beaver Crossing late at night, and put
ting up a very tired team at the livery
stable, promised to return for the team
next morning but did not, and nothing
has been heard of them since. It is now
supposed that the two men were the
president and cashier of the Valparaiso
bank, making their escape from creditors
of the bnrsted bank. The team was at
tached by a local firm that had $800 de
posited in the bank.
Neil Bollong made arrangement for a
grand husking bee at his farm northeast
of town last Monday, but for somo rea
son but few buskers put in an appear
ance. Among the attractions offered
wero a first, second and third prize for
the three who would husk and crib
the most corn in a day. Bill Ryan husk
ed and shoveled 104 bushels inside of ten
hours. Hod Daly got 90 bushels in the
same time, and Dick Baker who did not
get there until half-past nine got in 70
bushels. We consider this pretty fast
handling of the "king." We are also
told that Ryan husked and cribbed 40
bushels in two hours and thirty minutes.
J Schuyler Sun.
From our regular correspondent.
Senator Ingalls and Speaker Carlisle
rapped their respective houses to order
at noon on the 3d, and the closing ses
sion of the Fiftieth congress was for
mally declared open for business. Neith
er house was by any means full, but the
number present was much larger than
was expected or thought possible forty
eight hours ago, every train bringing
additional members, and it is probable
that nearly all of them will be here by
tho middle of the week. According to
tho action of the democratic caucus in
agreeing to break the long dead-lock in
the house at the last session of congress,
ono of tho first measures to come up in
the house will be the direct-tax bill.
This is the bill that tho southern mem
bers fillibustered against because under
it their states will receive no money. Its
early passage by tho house is confident
ly expected, and it has been intimated
in some quarters that Mr. Cleveland
would veto it
Representative Samuel J. Randall
came to Washington Sunday. Ho has
almost recovered his health, but owing
to the orders of his physician, he will
not attempt to regularly occupy his seat
in the house. The defeat of the free
traders has put Mr. Randall back into
his old place as leader of the democrats
in the house.
Tfie stranger as he sits in the gallery
of the house of representatives has no
difficulty in naming the politics of each
member as he enters the hall. The re
publicans still wear tho same 6miles they
put on the day after election, and the
democrats all look something like pro
fessional pall bearers at a funeral.
Some men will have notoriety, oven if
it is necessary to make asses of them
selves in order to obtain it. One would
think that Representative Oates, of Ala
bama, who lead the filibusters in their
attack on the direct-tax bill last spring
had gained enough notoriety at that
time to last him at least one year, but it
seems not. He has announced himself
as the special champion of a movement
to disfranchise the negro. This man
talks about legally depriving the negroes
of their votes as if it was tho easiest
thing in the world to do almost as
easy as they now illegally do it in his
own and other southern states. The
idea is almost too absurd to be even
seriously considered by anybody. Aside
from any question of right and wrong
that may be involved, the southern poli
ticians would resist the proposition
from motives of policy. If adopted it
would deprive the south of about one-
third of its representation in the houce
of representatives and in the electoral
college. The reason given for this most
remarkable and extraordinary proposi
tion is, that the negro as a clase is ig
norant. That assertion is, unfortunately
for the poor negro a true one, but if tho
negro is to be deprived of his citizen
ship on account of his ignorance, why
not carry the idea to its logical conclu
sion and deprive the hoodlums of New
York and other large cities of their right
to vote? The negro is ignorant be
cause he has no opportunity to be other
wise. The democratic hoodlums of
New York are both ignorant and vicious
from choice. No sane man will assert
that the average negro of Alabama is
more ignorant or less capable of intelli
gently casting his ballot than the aver
age hoodlum of New York or any other
large city, and yet there is not a demo
crat in the country who would dare to
make a proposition to adopt a constitu
tional amendment depriving the hood
lum of his vote. Why? Simply be
cause the hoodlum always votes the
democratic ticket. As long as the south
persists in sending such men as Mr.
Oates to congress the color line will ex
ist in southern politics. Mr. Oates, and'
men of his calibre may as well make up
their minds that as long as this republic
exists the negro will be a citizen thereof
in every sense of the word. This is an
age of progress, not of retrogression.
It is generally understood here that if
Representative McKinley is a candidate
for the speakership of the next house,
Representative Butterworth will not be.
As tho question now stands it is the
east against the west, the eastern mem
bers mostly favoring Mr. Reed of Maine,
and western members dividing their
support among Messrs. Cannon of Illi
nois, Burrows of Michigan, and McKin
ley and Butterworth of Ohio. It is al
together -a friendly rivalry, and anyone
of the gentlemen named will make an
excellent speaker, and one that will
give satisfaction to republicans of every
section. The democrats, or rather a
large number of them, will endeavor to
give the complimentary nomination for
speaker to Mr. Randall, as a slight com
pensation for tho treatment he has re
ceived at the hands of Mr. Cleveland,
Carlisle, Mills, and other free traders,
during the present adminsitratkra.
MR. REED IN ENGLAND.
How Harrison's Eltetioa was Regarded. Dr.
London, England, Nov. 8, 1888.
The fact is I have been very jubilant
today. I never was so proud of my
country. It seemed enough yesterday
when the news came that Harrison was
elected, but when today we learned that
the republicans would have a clear ma
jority in the house and an increased ma
jority in the senate, it seemed to be one
of the grandest victories even effected in
our country. I can appreciate it, as I
would not have been able to do at home.
I am just as satisfied as I can be of any
thing that I do not know absolutely that
had the result been different we should
have come to a point when our progress
would have been deflected downward in
stead of upward as it has been. Not so
much on account of what had been done,
as for what would have followed, which
now will be impossible. All the force of
this great English nation (and it is a tre
mendous force), would have been used
with yet greater energy than it already
has been to urge our government in the
wrong direction. If yon could see what
a change has come over English opinion
as represented by the great journals, in
the last 24 hours, you wonld be as much
interested as I am. They give up the
battle of free trade so far as the United
States is concerned, and concede tho
matter to be settled there, and yet the
result has commanded the admiration
of the people here. Not eo much has
been said favorable to the States, their
people r.nd their institutions, not one-;
hundredth part so much m all the time
I have been here as in this morning's
issues. The United States is the topic
for the long leaders in all the influential
papers, and all in an entirely different
vein from what had been said before.
What adds to the interest of the day,
yesterday at Birminghan was held tho
most important meeting, one from which
far-reaching results to this nation will
come, than from any meeting for eight
years. The liberals, headed by Mr.
Gladstone, have laid down a policy not
only with regard to Ireland, but to re
forms in England and Scotland, that
have been seconded by the peoplo with
such emphasis that the whole conserva
tive structure trembles today. Nothing
can withstand the tide that has now set
in, and if more is not done within the
next few years to the benefit of the
masses than has been done here in the
last half century, I shall be greatly dis
appointed. That grand old man, seventy
nine years old, stood last night before,
or rather in tho middle of an audience
of nineteen thousand people (admitted
by ticket) and spoke for an hour and
fifty minutes, not merely to make a
speech, but he discussed frankly tho
matters to be urged and accomplished
by this liberal element for tho benefit of
the people. The enthusiasm was almost
I went to Dr. Parker's church last
night to a free concert. I had heard
something about these concerts given in
several of the leading churches, that is,
of tho non-conformist churches. I
should think the church would hold at
least 2,000 and every seat was full, and
about 100 or more stood all evening.
The audience was made up from the
poor class of people. All were decently
dressed but it was easy to see that they
were working people not accustomed to
such places. The admission was by
program for which each one paid one
penny. The performance consisted of
two or three solos on a violin played by
a lady, and songs by one lady and two
gentlemen, all sentimental songs but of
tho healthful sort, and most beautifully
rendered. Nothing operatic about any
of them the words very distinctly ut
tered. The singing was really very
enjoyable and pleased the
groat audience wonderfully. There was
no distinctly religious sentiment in any
of the songs, nor was there any speech
making or anything of the kind to give
the people any impression other than
that the entertainment was given for
their entertainment. During a short in
termission the boxes are passed around
after they are asked to give what they
could towards paying the expenses. It
was put in such a way as to make them
feel that it was their concert, and I
noticed nearly every one put in some
thing, but the coins were only pennies, I
guess. Now this church is located in
one of tho busy centers of the city.
When night comes no one is left in that
part but the poor who live in cellars or
garrets or some little room back in be
hind the business places, those that
have no brightness or pleasure in their
homes. The inclination of course iB to
go onto the streets or into the drinking
places, and to turn them from such in
fluences these concorts are kept up once
a week the year round, and mostly by
amateur musicians from the church
congregation. Its influence for good
must bo beyond estimate. When I first
came to London it seemed sometimes
that the few churches and christian peo
ple it the great city would be no account
whatever, so surrounded as they are by
wickedness and worldliness, but I begin
to see that there is a tremendous in
fluence for good in the churches and
benevolent organizations here. It is all
in a quiet way but it is the saving of the
city. Whatever Dr. Parker may be, it is
certain that his church is a power in
London and many other churches are
doing the same sort of work, and work
Today was "Lord Mayor's Day," but I
understand a great departure from the
long-time usage on 6uch days. 100,000
(8500,000) are usually spent on decorat
ing the city, on the display in the pa
rade, and in the banquet in the evening.
But a small fraction of this amount, not
over one tenth, I suppose, has been
spent today in that way, but instead, the
balance of the funds have been spent in
giving about 10,000 poor people within
the precincts of London city proper a
good "meat dinner" and in various such
ways. It was the Lord Mayor's own
notion and it met with a good deal of
opposition by the people and some of
the leading journals, which claimed that
the people ought not to be deprived of
tne grand show 'they had been accus
tomed to, but by tomorrow he will have
anly praise for the very bold step he
The above portions of a letter from
our neighbor, J. H. Reed, were not
written for publication, but we feel sure
that he will forgive the liberty that has
been taken with his letter, when he
knows what interest is taken by his
many friends, who are readers of the
Joubnal. Ed. Joubnal.
Tae Joaraal-n Colorado Coiwpoade.ee. i
I have learned from Elmer Sheets,!
since writing my last, that Charlie Coan !
is still working at the freight depot of
the O.B. & Q. R. R. Co. in this city at a
salary of $60 per month, Elmer says
that he does not see Charlie very often,
but that he thinks that he is getting
along nicely, that he must be giving sat
isfaction to the Co.. or he could not
retain his situation so well, in a city
where there are so many idle men anx
ious for almost any kind of a show to
earn their daily bread. When I was at
Columbus last summer it seemed very
strango to hear people say, that any one
can get work, who wants to. If they
lived in a large city very long and looked
around very much, their delusion in that
regard would soon be dispelled.
I can learn nothing of Geo. Schram's
whereabouts. I presume that he is
somewhere in this locality.
Robert Baird, brother of Frank Baird
of Woodville, is still on the Merchant's
police force. We room near by, so that
one can see that the other keeps straight.
"Bob," :is we call him, says that he has
not heard from Frank for ovor a year,
that he wrote him last July and has
never received any answer. We who
know Frank understand that he has the
faculty of taking care of himself pretty
well, so that it is reasonably safe to guess
that he is O. K.
Doctor Bonesteel is so busy I do not
try to see him any moro except as he
drives along the streets in his buggy.
A man who used to work for George
Scott called to me on the street a few
days ago. His name has escaped my
memory. I w;:s glad to meet him. Geo.
will doubtless recollect him. I told him
about Mr. and Mrs. Scott's trip to the
old country, and little "Georgie's" ac
counts of the many strange sights he
beheld, while they were "over there."
Tins was all news to the young man.
I am not going to say anything in my
own behalf for that, according to the
rules of the law, would not be evidence,
coming from an interested source. I am
too selfish to say anything against my
self, so I will have to let my friends, and
those who may feel otherwise inclined
infer, what they wish about me; and if
they aro happy in such reflections, then
I say "eo mote it be."
Thanksgiving day passed off very
pleasantly with us. Your correspondent
attended the Unitarian church in tho
evening, listened to an address from the
pastor. Subject "A morning with Count
Tolstoi of Russia," whom he had re
cently visited near Moscow. The speak
er said that the count and his family
spoke good English, that they lived in
plain style; that the works of Dickens
and Henry George are great favorites of
his. It would seem from this discourse
that tho count believes and practices
the non-resistance doctrines of Jesus as
far as he can.
Last week a man and woman were
convicted in our district court of mur
dering the woman's husband last July.
If the verdict stands the punishment is
death. The parties are Hungarians, and
the woman has a child three weeks old.
Marshall Smith is back in Denver
again. The last time I saw him he 6aid
that he was managing a man's busincbS
for him, while he was absent. He also
informed me that Mrs. Smith's health
does not improve very rapidly. The
boys are well, and are very manly in
John G. Compton stopped in Denver
last fall while on his way to Old Mexico
with a view of speculating in lands and
mines. John was much fleshier than he
used to be when he lived in Columbus.
He said that since he located in Kansas
City he had made and lost a good deal
of money; that Harry, his son, is a clerk
in a bank located in that city, and gives
good satisfaction. John only staid here
a few days, and spent the greater part of
his time with Doctor Bonesteel.
Mrs. Alexander, mother of Mrs. John
S. Henrich, is here to stay the winter
with her daughter and son-in-law. She
is well pleased with Colorado, and that
there is little more spice and variety out
this way, than in the country from which
she recently came.
Denver, Dec. 5th, 88.
RECOLLECTIONS OF AN OLD SETTLER.
The national bank system furnishes
the lest currency the country has ever
had, yet there aro now a generation of
young business men on the stage of life
who know nothing practically of any
other paper currency excepting the
greenback. Their elders well recollect
tho inconveniences of tho wild-cat bank
ing system, under which a man starting
on a journey with his pockets full of the
notes of those banks, was not certain
that his money would bo current when
he got a hundred miles from home, and
when he went to bed at night he was not
assured that it would be good in the
morning. Such was the system prevail
ing at tho time of the organization of
Nebraska territory. It is not probable
that the first legislature was disposed to
charter any such institutions. A bill
was introduced and passed granting a
charter to theWesternExchange,andnre
and marine insurance company, author
izing them to issue policies on fire and
marine risks, and one section authorized
the company to receive deposits, and
issue certificates therefor. The place of
business was Omaha City, and among
the incorporators was Thomas H. Ben
ton, jr., then superintendent of instruc
tion of Iowa. The company never is
sued a policy of insurance, but erected a
good building for those days for an office
and had certificates of deposit printed
on bank note paper reading,
"The Western Exchange and Fire and Marine
Insurance ixmpany wiu pay to the bearer
Dollars deposited by-
-(the name of some
stockholder filling the blank) on presentation of
The stockholders of the company had
the confidence of the people of Nebraska
and western Iowa, and they had no
trouble in floating their notes. They
transacted a regular banking business,
receiving deposits and selling exchange.
Leroy Tuttle was the manager, and there
were employed two young men as tellers,
one of whom afterward became treasurer
of the United States. This was Treas
urer Wyman. The second legislature
chartered five banks, the Bank of Flor
ence, the Platte Valley Bank of Bellevue,
the Bank of Nebraska at Omaha, the
Nemaha Valley Bank of Brownsville and
one at Nebraska City. These bills bore
on the margin the legend, "Stockholders
individually liable," which we were ac
customed facetiously to translate, "Bill-
holders individually liable." A Nebraska
bank note would not pass east of the
Mississippi river, and was marked with
a dash in the bank note reporters, which
meant worthless. In one eastern city a
few bills were inadvertently taken in by
firms and through a mutual friend were
sept to me to be exchanged for eastern
money. The Bank of Florence, Bank of
Nebraska and Western Exchange were
considered to have the most wealthy
stockholders and were preferred. A man
who had been sheriff of Douglas county
wished to make a visit to his old home
in Illinois, and wishing to borrow money
from one of the Omaha banks, they
loaned it with the agreement that it
should be in their notes which he should
get in circulation in that state. On re
flection the man was afraid that he might
not be able to use their money when he
got there, so he took the crisp new notes
they had given him and crumpled and
soiled them until they looked like old
ones and got a friend to present them at
the bank for redemption. This was in
the vernacular of those days "sculldug
gery." In those days a part of the
money in circulation were the notes of
the Agricultural Bank of Tennessee
which had on them the stamp of Andrew
J. Stevens & Co., brokers, Des Moines
Iowa, promising to redeem them at his
bank in that place, which gave them
credit. The Andrew J. Stevens men
tioned was our former very enterprising
but unfortunate townsman.
When the Bank of Nebraska was open
ed a young man was employed as teller,
whose name then as now was D. II.
Moffatt, jr., and who was then develop
ing himself for what he afterward lie
came, the great Colorado banker. At
tho third session of the legislature a
batch of new bank charters was passed
and all vetoed by tbo governor. Tho
charter for the Bank of Tekama was
passed over his veto. This was in the
session of 1856-7. The following sum
mer tho panic camo and the banks, "O,
where were they !" The Bank of Tekama
got out a few notes, which in a month or
two wero valuable chiefly for book
marks. For a while all tho money was
Omaha script. Then Iowa organized a
system of state banks secured by state
bonds, which furnished a good currency,
then came the war, with the greenback,
and the taxing of state banks out of
BY MBS. PAOE.
Extract faom Chapters oa Piaao Teaching
by F. L. Coappey.
If you intend to play in public, if you
desiro to take rank among fine perform
ers, then let technique be the principal
object of your study; be a pianist above
all. If, on the other hand, your ambi
tion does not point in this way, if you
follow your musical studies with the
sole view of toaching, then, without en
tirely neglecting tho important side of
mechanism, apply yourself more and
more to becoming a musician.
Study to become an irreproachable
reader, and to make yourself familiar
with the works of the great masters; in
struct yourself and feed your mind
with good healthful reading,extend your
knowledge in all the questions relative
to your art, so that when a pupil con
sults you on any point, there will be no
error in your judgment.
- The teacher's authority over the pupil
should be established less by the employ
ment of a systematic severity than by a
sort of moral ascendency. Instead of in
spiring fear, a teacher ought to inspire
confidence and love of duty; he should
reign by affection. Here again is pre
sented a new danger. Affection leads
sometimes to familiarity, and from the
day when deference is forgotton, all au
thority is lost, never again to return.
Whatever, then, be the intimacy that ex
ists in private life, when once the lesson
is begun, it should be remembered that
there should be no confnsion of the role
of teacher with that of pupil. They
must be thoroughly distinct. The dis
tance ever to be maintained letween the
disciple and the master should be con
stantly borne in mind. For the hour,
assume the exercise of all your rights,
for one hour let the friend give place to
I have still to speak of some little
faults, some unfortunate habits, some
times met with in certain young ladies,
too forgetful of the precepts and ex
amples of the good education they re
ceive in their own homes. How many
pupils will openly show a lack of interest,
or come to their lesson in a bad mood.
and thus wound tho professor. How
many others hardly lend a distinct ear
to the most important recommendations
and pay no attention to the task or the
method of practice prescribed by tho
teacher. They seem to think it a matter
of course that the teacher should forget
nothing, while it is their privilege to for
get everything, as if he, simply because
he is a teacher, must have memory,
patience, zeal. These tendencies cannot
be too strongly condemned, for they
Bhow in reality a want of good breeding.
If accuracy is the duty of kings, as is
often said, good will, attention, and do
cility may be called the duty of pupils.
Since I have mentioned good breeding,
let me speak here of a bad habit which
is too common; a pupil, who, from any
cause whatever, is obliged to miss a les
son, ought always to take care to give
his teacher notice two or three days in
advance. Instead of doing so, the pupil
generally informs him at the last mo
ment, and the teacher with such short
notice cannot dispose of the hour, either
for his own use or for pleasure. If he
gives his lessons outside what can he do
with this unoccupied hour? It is com
pletely lost to him. Hence some teach
ers will not make allowance for missed
Farmers have taken advantage of the
nice weather and have got most of their
corn out now.
A great many of the neighbors have
been erecting new buildings this fall,
among which are Peter Greisen, who has
erected a new barn, Otto Miller, Louis
Heiden, Br., and a number of others.
A few days ago while unloading corn
fodder from a hay rack, O. D. Bntler
slipped and fell to the ground, hurting
his side badly.
Louis Heiden, jr., baa purchased a'
new buggy lately, so we expect by this
that he expects to take some of the la-
ERNST & SCHWAEZ,
-31 VNUFACTURKR8 AND DEALKR8IN-
jffffffffH fffffff!sffffffffffr''f -hk. r "ffc ."ffffffffffK "fff
ft2rtBr7nPRMtB H- m 1 nu Wiiiiii aBL muni ii
B m Tsui Mm jaajaMB-c
SUPERB LAMP FILLER
AND COAL OIL CAN COMBINED,
. Which for safety, convenience, cleanliness and simplicity, cannot le excelled. It embodies tL
simplest prmc:h m ihiloop.i Mint takt the rank olxm. all ijunp Filler. No danirer f x
plosions. Absolute sely Buaruin-ed. No spilluw, wastinjt or dripping of oil a the floor, tabto
or outside or can. Use it once anil j.tu will not In without it for n,e times itsrost. It woVksin
large cant as well as small ones .thereby musk the frequent and anno) inif trip to the ntore will.
mall can. fcory can ni-ule of tlu ery beat tin. and warruted to work Htit.-t.riU i-.t 1 ' "
aamplecan and net ariceu.
1 a. .
B fc, MP-ii-vy:" "- ,"c '
BAKER PERFECT STEEL BARB WIRE.
&Tl yon buy it yon xetlOO rod of fenco from 100 pound of wire, which no other wil I do.-3
SPEICE & 1STOETH,
General Agents for the sale of
Union Fadle aad Midland Pacific R. B. Land
m fiw or taa Tears time, in annoal uaruient to
lot of other laad improved and unimproved, for aale at low price and on reasonable terms. Al
Iwninff aad residence lots in the city. We keep a complete abstract of title to all real estate is
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA. "'
OMAHA MEAT MARKET!
We hive jnet oiiennd a meat market on NEUUASKV AVENUE, where we will keep th vnry
beet of nil kin! of
We attk the people of Columbus to uive
deserve by honest dwilimc and just ecale. i'leawegive u n cull.
dies buggy riding. We wish him success
as he is a promising young man.
George Hodel has purchased t0 steers
which ho intends to feed this winter.
Mr. G. is a prosperous farmer.
The literary that is held at the Bis
marck Academy every Tuesday evening
is a grand success. All nro invited to
Mr. M. P. Hurd is conducting the
winter term of school at the Bismarck
academy; he has an enrollment of 32
O. D. Butler and Stophon Waggoner
have left for Iowa on business.
Otto Miller has erected a new wind
mill; he is also fencing J0 acres of his
William Crann came home on a visit
Thanksgiving from Central City, return
ing the next Monday.
George Hodel lost one of his steers
the other day, cause unknown.
Bistrirt 44 and Vicinity.
Farm work all done; feeding and car
ing for stock is the order now.
P. S. Griffin, T. Johnson, John Her
ring, Joe Drinnin and Henry Lusche
have each killed their fat beeves for
Jacob Ernst, wo understand, will soon
move with his family into' Columbus,
and retire from active business pursuits;
we are sorry to lose Mr. Ernst and his
kind lady, but since they have conclud
ed to move, we are glad of their choice,
as they will fall into good hands. Did
you know that the city had a kind of
paternal feeling for all of the substan
tial farmers in this township?
A. W. Clark went up to Genoa Friday
to visit relatives in company of a cousin
of his from Ohio, who has been spending
a few days with him. He retufned Mon
day. Road-overseer Blaser has replaced the
railing on tho Reagan bridge, that was
recently torn down and carried away,
one piece at a time until there was none
left. He has also taken up and rebuilt
the twin bridges on the Browner road
across the same stream, which are still
dangerous for want of railing.
That irrepressible Frazier offered 5
cents Saturday and bought of Hogan
and son-in-law M. Siieedy, enough pork
ers to make two car loaiis of hne hogs.
The hogs were delivered Monday and
Tuesday of this week.
The roads leading to Columbus were
thronged with teams hauling fat hogs
Monday and Tuesday last.
Spencer Bice is resting up and will
soon move onto his claim in the west
ern part of the state, where he will take
off his coat and make the dirt tiy in im
proving his farm.
Mrs. H. Smith and Miss Anna
of Oconee, were guests of Mrs.
Stienbangb, Wednesday last.
Miss Carrie Kellie has been very ill for
several days bat at this writing is some
John Gleason visited Omaha Wednes
day of last week.
The Monroe Elevator association held
a meeting last Saturday, it looks now as
though Monroe would have an elevator
The Beading Circle met at N. S.
Hyatt's Friday evening, and had a very
--- . . iui twiu nvf
ALWAYS FOB. SALE AT
m . sniiizs.
ERNST fc SCHWARZ.
for aale at from f3.M to $10.00 per acre for cart
Bait Dorchaaera. We have also a lance and cholat
ut a nharo of their patronage, which we Iiom U
TURNER & CARSTENS.
enjoyable time. One of the most inter
ersting features of the entertainment
was the reading by Miss Wells of
"Betsey and I are out," and by Mrs.
Pngsley, of "How Betsey and I made
up.'' Tho next meeting will bo at the
residence of D. W. Zeigler, Thursday
evening, 13th inst:
The literary at Okay is well attended,
and interesting. We think it speaks
well for tho young folks of the vicinity.
The weather is delightful. No snow
yet. Father winter is dealing very
gently with us. t. i. x.
Fine weather for this season of the
Corn husking is finished here with the
exception of a few.
Mr. Borg and Neils Peterson did some
fencing last week.
Swan Swanson is building an entry to
the Swede Methodist churclu
The second month of the Lookingglass
school closed on Friday last with an en
rollment of twenty-nine pupils.
Several persons here have been sick
with cold and it is reported that G. A.
Dahlman's little son is down with tho
By virtue of an order of Rale directed to nut
from tliH diittnct court i.f Platte county. Nh
oraslcii, on an order of attachment obtained in
the diMrirt court or Platte county. Nebnwka. on
' (.L,y of !)W"r, 11H. in favor of Jhiiio
.llcAlliHter. jr.. n ulnintiir ..n,l ...:..... 1 1
Tripp, km ih-fenilnnt. for the hmmi of wven hun
ilivJ anil twenty dollar, and ciwta and aecruinir
coats. I have levied upon the following troodit
anil clmttelH taken n the property of mid de
fendant, to HutiHfy mud onfer of attachment, to
.i. ymm? huh. oiie row, one bLvIc homo, one lay
borne, one .black home ninle. one I.Wfc mrT.
-;. ..11- im, uom. ono cray mare pony, one
cream mare pony, one ilark bay home, two hay
coltH. about fort-hvo torn of hay and aLont four
thousand lnhel of corn in crib, and will offer
.. 1 i-T . " " "" "".- uinni
...rnursue utiiie niKlieot bidder, forcaith
ZiD Dv or Decexbeb. A. D.. ISM.
on the farm of the above named J. L. TriDD in
KT ?iY.n"'hiP' l',aUe w Nebraska, at tho
hour of 10 o clock a. m. of aid day. wlmn and
where due attendant will I- :.Zi, .Tt ana
dernutned. """" " " un-
Uated CoIumbuH, Neb., IW. 7th, 1883.
10 1 ,. ... 'J- U' Bloedobk.
ISllec:;t Sheriff of eaid Connty.
Sfetlee f IrMrn IHMfM
Notice Whereby given that bids will be re
ceive.! at theofneeor the County Clerk of Hatt
county at Columbus. Nebraska, up to i oUtwb
noon, Wednesday. January M 1889 for tk
building of 18 lineal feet, inoreorleV wJon
bridge, over the Matte river ata rE
nearly opposite the city of Colnmbua
hriiC,,,bC4lfeCl"A" truss or.afcet pih,
- "'V 2f 'J ,h,te oak nt 'ess than 26 feet
in length, and 12 inches diameter In center ii
driven 18 feet below low water mark? aid C
". ".f-.cur MrtafMH tob?'eteht fe
32 CrarSff wSi nTrW?1-
KSMPSHL 4yei jS 8-fc
1 . JZ. Z i !i w turnouts 0142 lineal
feet each must be provided. "neai
Proposal must be accompanied with elan
and speciHcations. showing5alledl meagre!
ment. and method of contraction- iuST
ccrtifled check for ?. I to Icon u r2t w m ht
entered into by successful biddeV aae &
re7 ot Kiat.rV,80rS "" U "
uateu. coiumbus, Nebr.,
Dec lht. 1888.
Joiijc HTAcrraa. .
By virtne of an order of aale directed tn ..
from the dfatrict court of Platte conSNebr2!
ka, on a decree obtained in onr aaidLcoart at3
reimlar September. A. D. 1888. teratl2 ?
Platte county. Nebraaka. to wit- eatkrSTE j
of September. 18.A in favorfAtjfefc
levied upon tho following SSflndtoJ
Sffen F.fendent? toSE
Pr A sawS
lEiZLV,"?0 Nebraska. anJwiuVer
the same for aale to th h.t,o- kij-i" " "?
hand, on the 15th daTof DZ3lZr 5"
lt tern? eonrtwaTbehCr hoof2
o'clock p. m of said day. when asH iSLi
attendance wlu be m ven tKndwSSrf
jJ.'A'4MtatfCTaatgss3aaagssaiBgsgwge- "" J '
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