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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 14, 1888)
OUR TRICKS OF T1UDE.
CHEMIST THE MAGICIAN OF
THE PRESENT DAY.
Competition the Life or Trade, bat Not
Always Beneficial to tbe Pabtlo Tlie
Business of Adulteration Systematically
Carried On The Result.
" In this era of universal enlightenment
the training of tli" successful tradesman
13 much b'roader than that of his prede
cessor of fifty years ago. The latter con
sidered himself fully educated when he
was able to distinquish the quality of the
different grades of -the various articles in
which ho dealt, and as very few methods
of sophistication and adulteration" wero
known, his task was a comparatively easy
one. With the merchant of the present
day. however, everything is different. IIo
can depend on his own judgment only in
very few instances. IIo must know not
only how to manipulate his wares so as
to undersell his competitors, hut ho
must bo continually on his guard
to make sure that the articles
which ho himself buys shall be just
as represented. IIo may bo a dealer in
woolens and buy his stock from the
deacon who passes the plate in church,
yet ho never neglects to have his samples
examined by an expert, and analyzed if
necessary. But the strangest phase of
the wholo matter is that, so universal has
the custom become, ho does not consider
it any reflection on his neighbor to take
this course, and if heiinds that tho goods
are not as represented, ho thinks nonotho.
worso of him, after he has claimed and
secured his rebate No branch of trade is
free from this sophistication, and as long
as tho resulting article is not injurious to
tho health of the people, wo havo come to
accept it without a murmur, as an inevit
able result of competition. With such a
state of affairs, it will readily bo seen that
tho merchant of "yo olden time" would
now stand a slim chance of success unless
he called in outside aid.
A NEW ADUI.TEKATIOX.
The chemist is really tho magician, who
today is sought by one party to develop a
new adulteration, and to-morrow is called
upon to analyzes tho article which he has
just succeeded in adulterating. His la
boratory becomes the confessional for
merchants of all degrees, and ho must be
as silent and secret as tho clergyman. But
his power is greater than tho ecclesiastic,
who cannot read our thoughts, and who
may know only what we care to tell him.
But to tho chemist all facts within his
provincoaro accessible. If wo are frank
with him, we cau render easier tho work
which we havo for him to do. If, how
ever, ho has a suspicion that anything has
been withheld, ho has but to inake an
analysis and tho whole secret is open to
him. In his realm he is king. He says
to tho merchant, "Do thus," and the busi
ness man, realizing that his only way to
success is by following such injunctions,
does so. and is relieved for a time. Soon,
however, ho learns that ho is being under
sold, and once more has recourse to tho
magician, who finds that some brother
genins has stolen his charm, and it be
comes necessary for him to conjure up a
more powerful one, only to have it, in
timo, again stolen.
Tho following incident, related by a dis
tinguished chemist, may be interesting,
as showing how systematically this busi
ness of adulteration is carried on. The
gentleman mentioned was recently con
sulted by a firm of oil dealers, who were
naturally anxious to learn how it was that
their competitor was always able to under
sell them, in faco of the fact that the
chemist of their factory could not discover
any adulteration in their rival's product.
On analysis, no foreign substance ap
peared, and the consulting chemist was
forced to confess himself nonplused. In
the course of conversation he happened to
mention, quite incidentally, that the only
impurity he hnd been able to find was a
'trace of petroleum oil. which he had con
sidered accidental. The oil dealer inquired
tho amount of this oil present, and on
finding that it was about Si J per cent., im
mediately said that the problem was
solved. Two and a, halt per cent., he ex
plained, mado i:i a barrel of forty gallons
a differenco of one gallon, and. by extract
ing this quantity vi an oil worth fifty
tem, aiai uiiusututing a gallon of an m-
ferior kind worth, say, ten cents, his rival 1
had 10211 enabled to draw away almost all
People have become so accustomed to
finding the discussion of tho subject of
adulteration confined to articles of food
:;ud drink that they aro apt to consider
t hat this is tho only part of it of any im
portance. Physicians, however, can toil
a different story. For instance, they are
frequently consulted for disorders which
can be directly traced to cheaply dyed
articles of dress, and many of tho most
obstinate cases of skin disease are due to
poisonous coloring matters.
Beforo tho art of dyeing had progressed
, much most of they dyeing colors in uso
were prepared from simple vegetable ex
tracts. Soon, however, tho demand was
greater than tho supply, and tho chemist
was called upon for substitutes. Step by
step ho followed nature back to her labor
atory, and finally was able to announce
' that ho could produce at will iu unlini-
itcd quantities a dye stuff which could
not bo distinguished by any test, either
chemical or physical, from tho natural
product. Tho 'substauco which ho had
made was alizarine, tho coloring matter
of madder, and tho articlo from rhich ho
mado it was common coal tar. This dis
covery worked a revolution in the indus
trial world. Tho path, onco it had been
pointed out, was easy to follow; and in
quick succession camo tho announcements
of new colors mado from this same waste
product coal tar until at tho present
day any color or tint can bo supplied
But here, too, the practice of sophisti
cation soon becamo a prominent factor,
until the question was. Hot how well can
dyes bo mado, but how cheaply. The
process of manufacture is a long one, and
great caro is required at every step to
thoroughly remove the powerful chemical
agents by which the necessary changes
aro brought about. Here was tho oppor
tunity for cheapening tho final product.
An incomplete removal of theso chemicals
means less labor and less expense; henco
the indifferently finished product can be
Bold cheaper. Unfortunately, however.
these impurities thus left in tho dyo are
In most instances highly irritating to the
skin, and when an articlo dyed with such
substances is worn it is very liable to
cause trouble, especially if tho skin Is
chafed or scratched. Boston Herald.
Three Bales for Talkla.
This remark of tho doctor's brought to
my mind the case of Wore, the intercol
legiate amateur. I remember a talk I onee
had with him. We were at. the same
hotel and I asked him to give me a rule for
"There aro three rules," ho said. "In
ordinary walking the arms should be al
lowed to swing naturally, and in this way
the whole body is exercised and invigor
ated. In fast walking this movement of
the arms is correspondingly increased and
greatly facilitates the speed and comfort
of tho walker. Fast walking is univer
sally recognized as ono of the principal
branches of athletics, but no sport en
genders so much controversy or Is so
unsatisfactory to its votaries. It is,
of course, an artificial gait, and there
fore requires a judge, who is usually
a superannuated walker, with de
cided ideas on the subject. If these
judges could only bo brought to believe
that as no two men are alike, so no two
havo an exactly similar style in walking
and that a walk may be .fair and yet dif
fer widely from their own ideal, walking
would assume the rank in athletics to
which it is entitled, but 'to err is human.'
and a man may train conscientiously and
honestly, endeavoring to cultivate an ir
reproachable style, only to be disqualified
in his first race. . I have often heard men
highly praised by competent judges of
walking, whom equally good judges had
pronounced incapable of fair walking; in
fact, in no other sport is there room for
such wide variance of opinion among pre
sumedly honest and intelligent men.
"Tbe fundamental principle of fair
walking is that one foot must be on the
ground all tho time; this is imperative,
aaoaa easily he denonstrated br. trial.
A violation or tnis 'ruio must resuitnn a
ran. Another idea on which judges
should lay great stress is that tbe knees
mast not be bent when the feet strike
tbe ground, and remain rigid until after
they leave it. This is absolutely neces
sary in fast walking, although a man can
walk fairly with his knees bent if he tries
to, but nothing can be more awkward or
unnatural. This rule necessitates a third,
which is that the heel of the forward foot
strikes the ground simultaneously as tbe
toe of the rear foot leaves it. This gives
rise to the popular expression, 'heel and
toe walking." Any ono who observes
these rules will walk fairly." D. J. Mc
Grathin Boston Globe.
WOMEN'S RIGHT8 IN AFRICA.
Ladles of tbe AJees Tribe
Tur-lr Husbands to Terms.
Mr. Pauli. who lived for -some timo in
the Cameroon region. West Africsi,tells
of a highly successful woman's rights
movement a while ago in t he Akonn tribe,
illustrating the fact that when '-omeu
unanimously assert them iu savage lands,
as well as elsewhere, they are a great
power in tho community. In that be
nighted region women are not supposed
to havo any rights. When a girl is 13 or
14 years old she is sold to anybody who
has property enough to pay tho price her
father asks for her, and "thereafter she
works like a slave for her board and
lodging and is subject to all the caprices
of her lord and master. Even the bonds
men in the community havo more priv
ileges than the free women, and some of
them in time are able to support rather
extensive harems of their own.
It happened that there were some strong
minded women among tho Akona people,
and they lifted up their voices hi public
places in favor of some radical social re
forms that would mako the lot of woman
kind rather more endurable. They were
jeered at, as women reformers have been
in some other lands, and were advised by
the superior sox to keep on digging in tho
fields and pounding manioc root and
thank fortune that their lot was not less
tolerable. Reform was evidently not to
be secured by any amount of feminine
protest, aud so these strong minded
women put their long heads together and
decided upon radical aud far reaching
The tribe is a small one. Nearly all the
adult females hi it enlisted under tho ban
ner of women's rights. One day there was
an enormous commotion in that little
community. It was almost wholly con
fined to the male population, the fact
being that there was hardly a woman there
to sharo the excitement. Tho mothers
and wives, in a most unexpected and
heartless manner, had suddenly dropped
their implements of drudgery, and with
their children in arms and marriageable
daughters had hied them through the
forests to tho territory of another tribe,
where, at a distance of eight or ten mdes
from their own garden patches, they wero
rcpared to open negotiations with tho
ordly chapel they had left behind them.
They knew beforehand that they would
meet with a hospitable reception in the
tribo with which they took rcfugo. It
happened that this tribo was larger than
tho Akona, and did not like them very
well, and it tickled them half to death to
see tho pickle in which tho Akona mcu
suddenly found themselves. The women
set themselves to work earning their
daily bread, and waited without a bit of
impatience for an embassy from home. It
was not long before the embassy put in an
The Akona tribo was of tho opinion that
they could not continue in business
without the female members thereof, cud
they wanted the women to come home.
Tho particularly strong minded spokes
man of tho refugees said she was glad to
learn at last that tho women of their
tribe wero regarded as a desirable ele
ment of the Akona people. As the women
had taken care of all the men, it was evi
dent they were able to tako caro of them
selves, and they hadn't the slightest in
tention of going homo except on certain
important conditions, which she specified.
Then the embassy went home to consult
the chief men. who, as their harems were
tho largest, were tho greatest sufferers by
tho flight of tho fair sex.
The women stipulated that they would
ecir.o back if a considerable part of the
agricultural duties of tho community
werc in future turned over to tho slaves,
if tho mothers were permitted to have
something to say about tho disposal of .
their daughters, and if several other con- j
cit ions wero complied witn. it uia not
take longjfor thegeutlemen of Akona to
decide what to do. A day or two later
tho women went back in high feather,
having achieved a complete victory, and
they have been treated very well ever
since. New York Sun.
A Little Barren KIngdoai.
Tho little kingdom of Greece embraces
a territory of about 23,000 square miles,
and has a population of a little more than
2,000,000 Greeks and Albanians. Scotland
has about tho same territory and almost
twice as many people. Switzerland has a
third less territory and a third
territory ana a tnira more
people. Belgium and Holland taken to- I
gether hare about the same territory as
oa tihint tha cottia tamrnm ne I
Greece and live times as many people. As
for wealth, Greece is proverbially the
poorest country in Europe. Her rugged
mountains and barren shores are hardly
fit in many places for the scantiest vege
tation; she has no rivers with fertile
banks; her commerce is still undeveloped,
and sho is cutoff from Europe by the
treacherous Adriatic and by the inhospit
able strip of Turkish territory that prom
ises to keep her for an indefinite future
from opening her railway connection with
In Greece today it 2s the universal cus
tom to speak of "going to Europe" just
Americans do with the stormy Atlantic
between New York wnd Liverpool. Add
to all this the fact that this little barren
kingdomVif 2.000,000 souls has a public
debt of $80,000,000. and supports an army
as large as that of the United States.
The taxes are so high that tho island of
Crete, now under Turkish rule, would
nearly double its ratio of taxation should
it enter tho kingdom of Greece. But in
spite of all this discouragement Athens to
day is a busy hive of educational institu
tions, and in all tho country villages there
are thrifty schools, a compulsory law
being carried out with more vigor year
after year. Ten years ago the statistics
for illiteracy in Greeco were ahead of
thoso of Italy today, and these ten vears
have revolutionized educational affairs in
Greece. "H. W. H." in New York Post.
aZarket for Human Hair.
There is at present a scarcity of fancy"
human hair in tho market. As'l said, the
scarcest hair is pure white, and its value
is constantly increasing, and if it is un
usually long that is, from four to five
feet the dealer can get almost his own
price, while if it is of ordinary length it
is worth from 375 francs to 500 francs an
ounce. Tho fact that pure white hair is
the court coiffure throughout Europe
keeps the demand for it very high. It is
much prized by American women whose
own hair is white and who desire to en
rich its folds, for white hair is held to
give certain distinction to the wearer.
There is no fancy market for gray hair.
It is too common. It is used to work into
wigs of persons who are growing old.
Still, the woman who shot herself through
tho heart the other day because her hair
was turning gray was a foolish creature.
She could easily hare found, yon know,
pleasanter ways of dyeing. Emile Nou
veau in Philadelphia Times.
Area of Tar Famed Siberia.
Siberia itself is a far more extensive
country than most people imagine. Mr.
Keenan says it could hold the entire ter
ritory of the United States, with the great
annex of Alaska included, and then leave
room enough for all of Europe, outside of
Russia. Russia's Asiatic conquests, by
the acquisition of Chinese and other ter
ritory In various wars, have carried the
southern bounds of Siberia far southward,
whero the almond and the orange can
flourish, whilo its northern limits are up
on the frozen Arctic ocean, adjoining
Alaska. Hartford Times.
It is a well authenticated fact that the
mother of the poet Scott, while lying in a.
trance -and declared by the physicians to
bo dead, was laid away, in the family
tomb in the great vaults under the parish
METHODS OF COURTING.
THE SAVAGE LOVER GENERALLY
SHOWS A LACK OF TENDERNESS.
I CoartafeJp Among the
tike Australia Capture Has Bride Tho
Stylo la Certain Parts off Asia A Cari
ous Custom In Holland.
Among the ancient Assyrians all mar
riageable young girls wero assembled at
ono place, and tho public crier put them
up fur sale one after the other. The
money which was received for those who
were handsome, and consequently sold
well, was bestowed as a wedding portion
on those who were plain. When the most
bsautiful had been disposed of the more
ordinary looking ones were offered for a
certain sum, and allotted to those willing
to take them.
In ancient Greece the lover was seldom
favored with an opportunity of telling
his passion to his mistress, and he used
to publish it by inscribing her name on
the walls, on the bark of the trees in the
public walks, and upon the leaves of
books. He would decorato the door of
her house with garlands, and make liba
tions of wine beforo it, in the manner
that was practiced in the Temple of
According to Dr. Hayes, courtship
among tho Esquimaux has not much
tenderness about it. The match is mado
by tha parents of the couple. The lover
must go out and capture a Polar bear as
an evidence of his courage and strength.
That accomplished, he sneaks behind the
door of his sweetheart's house, and when
sho comes out he pounces upon her and
tries to carry her to his dog sledge. She
screams, bites, kicks and breaks away
from him. He gives chase, whereupon aft
the old women of the settlement rush out
and beat her with frozen strips of seal
skin. She falls down exhausted, the
lover lashes her to his sledge, whips up
his dogs, dashes swiftly over tho frozen
snow, and the wedding is consummated.
Tho Australian lover is still more lack
ing in tenderness, if the statement mado
by Myers Deley is true. The lover makes
up his mind as to which woman shall bo
his bride, and then hides in the bushes in
the vicinity of her dwelling. As soon as
sho comes near the spot where ho is con
cealed ho knocks her down with a club,
and carries her off before she comes to. If
he docs not get her to his hut beforo she
recovers there is likely to bo a lively fight
in tho bush, for tho Australian damsel is
generally a vigorous one, and may havo
reasons of her own for objecting to his at
tentions. Tho lover may then be obliged to
club her again, and as that is considered
to be somewhat of a reflection on tho ardor
with which his earlier effort was made, ho
is apt to nut as much soul and musclo
into his first lovo tap as ho can summon.
In some parts of Asia the question of a
man's title to a brido must bo settled by
a fierco fight between tho friends of tho
contracting parties. If his forces are vic
torious, his sweetheart becomes his
trophy. If her friends are victorious, he
must pay such prico as tho victors de
mand. All over that country somo cer
emony of violence or exhibition of phy
sical power must precede a wedding.
Some native tribes insist upon a foot race
between tho brido and bridegroom to de
cide tho question of marriage, and others
requiro a long chase on horseback. In
somo sections of Asia the lover must
carry off his bride on his back; If he
reaches his hut with her, there can bo no
protest against tho marriage. Failing in
that, he must pay her parents for her iu
cattle. Tho willing brido makes no out
cry; the unwilling bride rouses the wholo
village, tho residents of which try to res
In tho Isthmus of Darien either sex can
do tho courting, whilo in the Urkraino
the girl generally attends to it. When
she tails in love with a man, she goes to
his house and declares her passion. If ho
declines to accept her, she remains there,
and his case becomes rather distressing.
To turn her out would provoke her kin
dred to avenge tho insult. The young
fellow has no resort left him but to rim
away from home until the damsel is other
wise disposed of.
A curious custom prevails iu Oud
Beierland, Holland. October is the aus
picious month, and on the first Sunday
(known as review day) the lads and lasses,
attired in their best, prcmeuado tho
village separately, stare each other out of
countenance, and then retire to make up .
their minds on tho second Sunday, which
is called decision day. Tho young men
po up and pay their "compliments to the
fair ones of their choice, to learn if they
aro regarded with favor. Ou the third
Sunday, or day of purchase, tho swaiu is
expected to snatch tho pocket handker
chief of his adored one, and if sho sub
mits to it with good graco he un
derstands that his chances of winning
her are flattering. Tho captured
pledge is restored to the fair owner
on the fourth Sunday, the "Sunday of
Taking Possession," and it rarely nap
pens that the damsel refuses the lover for
tho Suild-V foliovdrif, the suitor, aord.
whom she has indicated a preference. On
. .. .. - ' -
ing to custom, calls at tho house of his
inamorata, where he is asked to tea. If a
piece of the crust of a ginger bread loaf is
handed to him. there Is nothing left for
him but to retire. If, on the other hand,
the parents offer the young man a pieco
of the crumb, ho is allowed to come again
and is admitted into tho family.
On tho Island of Himia, opposite
Rhodes, a girl is not allowed to havo a
lover until sho has brought up a certain
quantity of sponges, and given proof of
her agility to tako them from a certain
depth. On the Island of Nicarus tho girl
is not consulted. Her father gives her to
the best diver among her suitors. Ho
who can stay longest under tho' water and
gather tho most sponges marries the
maid. Frank H. Stauffer in The Epoch.
Tbe Soft Shell and the Hard Shell.
It is a popular fallacy that soft shell
crabs area different species from hard
shell crabs. Practical fishermen and
scientific books both disprove -it. The
soft shell crab is tho hard shell crab soon
after it has moulted. Four times a year
to tho young crab and once or twice a
year to tho grown crab comes a season of
peril and fear. Ho crawls into a dark
cranny or nook in the rocks, swells out
until he cracks open his shell, and then
creeps out. This operation is sometimes
extremely painful, for his claws are much
larger tnan tho joints through which they
must be pulled, and they aro often lacer
ated in the process. If his flesh did not
become soft and watery beforo shedding
he could not get out at all.
When the crab has moulted, the once
mailed warrior, who feared no foe except
a more powerful antagonist of his own
kind, is at tho mercy of any enemy who
can get into his "retreat. - When tho
female crab moults her male consort
chivalrously guards the entrance to her
hiding place until her skin is covered
with a fresh deposit of lime. The ex
perienced eyo can tell when the change is
approaching. Last year a number of
"shedders" established themselves on the
Thames, a few miles south of Norwich,
near Fort Point. They caught hard shell
crabs, imprisoned them in a crate be
neath the water, and when the shells had
been shed, tho "soft shell crabs" were
shipped to New York and other points.
Cor. New York Tribune.
Monuments of an Unknown Race.
Unhewn 'stone monuments are among
the most interesting relics of prehistoric
man found in Franco and other portions
of Europe, the ancient province of Brit
.tany being especially rich in them. The
builders, Mr. Thomas Wilson states, are
supposed to have come from a "more or
less remote east during the polished stone
ago, bringing a knowledge of agriculture,
-somo ideas of government and a religion,
with less of art than the inhabitants of
the country before them possessed. They
buried their dead, and left the magnifi
cent monuments over them which, to the
number of more than 6,800 in France and
more than 1,600 in Brittany, are now be
ing carefully restored and preserved by
the French government. Some of these
monuments are made up of many im
mense atones, while others are really col
lections of monuments in great numbers.
The works are known by various names.
A menhir is a large stone standing on
end; a dolmen, a table like tomb; a crom
lech. drda of stones: an alignment.
Enes'of mennirs; anu atummus.amouna
of earth or stones usually covering a dol
men. Many of tho monuments most
have disappeared, but all those remain,
dotting, the country in every direction,
enormous, rough, rude, unhewn granite
stones belonging to another civilization,
mighty in its time, but now dead and
buried in the ages of tho past, with no
inscriptions aud no history. Arkcnsaw
Lester Wallack' Perfect Coolness.
Mr. Wallack was known in private life
as tho concentration of coolness. This
characteristic is illustrated by an anec
dote in Howard Carroll's "Twelve Fa
Wallack was playing in "Home." Just
after appearing disguised as CoL White,
and being ordered from the house of his
father, who does not know him, a num
ber of persons iu the audience shouted
"Look behind you! Look behind you!"
Mr. Wallack quietly turned and noticed
that on the stage mantelpiece tho candle
had burned down almost to the socket
and ignited the paper which was wrapped
around it. This was in a blaze, and a
curtain which hung above it was on the
point of taking fire.
The danger was imminent, but tin
actor was equal to the occasion. With
out tho least show of excitement he drew
tho candlestick away from the curtain and
held it. while the burning wax fell fast
upon his unprotected hand, and all the
time continued to deliver tho lines of his
part, thus completely reassuring the audi
ence. When tho danger was past, to loud ap
plause ho said, simply, of course inter
lining the words; "Well, tho governor
has turned me out of his house, for which
I am exceedingly sorry; but I at least
havo the satisfaction of knowing that I
havo been instrumental in saving tho es
tablishment from destruction by fire."
A distinguished British officer, writing
A British Officer's Criticism.
. o .:.... V5.l lw. jl. rs
IV a intiuio I ICUU VIA iuu UCAUI Ul uuu
Sheridan, says: "My conviction is while
Sheridan was every inch a soldier he was
not a cavalry officer and had no idea of
how cavalry as cavalry aro and can be
useful in war. The country he knew was
not a country where cavalry could bo
used. Sheridan was a first rate mounted
infantryman who took up the Confeder
ate Gen. Stewart's Stuart's? lino of ac
tion, and having unlimited resources in
men, horses and material at his back, did
most admirably and has left behind him a
great name in the United States-, never to
bo forgotten by any who value the Union
Now, it is perhaps well to see ourselves
as others see us, and I am therefore glad
to l)o able to cite these words of a great
and acknowledged authority for tho bene
fit of those whom I havo listened to in
Europe with some awe when they averred
that the United States cavalry to this day
aro not, in tho German, French or Eng
lish sense of the word, cavalry at all, but
mounted infantry. London Cor. New
aianual Training In Schools.
Tho extent to which manual exercises
may bo introduced into public schools will
no doubt bo governed by certain peculiar
limitations. To begin with, it is not ex
pected that boys generally will bo ablo to
handle heavy tools until about 13 years
old. Give them, therefore, exercises in
which tho lighter means may bo employed,
such as glue, tho jackkulfe, etc Again,
we aro limited by tho absolute impossi
bility of generally connecting with com
mon schools work shops and special in
structors. Furthermore, courses of study
already overcrowded, and tho lack of
specially prepared teachers, are obstacles
which the average country school, at
least, cannot overcome. Industrial draw
ing is largely taught throughout the
country. Wo would urge that exercises
connected with it bo arranged for an out
growth of constructed objects. This is
not only practicable, but applicable to all
Depend upon willing parents, brothers
and sisters for whatever homo instruction
is necessary in the manual execution of
the thought, and wo shall at least havo
wisely directed the natural tendency of
children to make things, and havo aroused
an interest which will assist materially in
the establishment of special manual train
ing schools whenever they becomo practi
cable. Charles M. Carter iu The Century.
Back Rooms Arc Preferred.
"How much of your income do you
havo to pay for offlco rent?" was asked of
a well-to-do lawyer tho other day. His
rooms are on tuolirst floor bad: of a Dia
mond street law building.
"Well," said he, "my partner and I
havo three rooms, way back, as you
would call it, and havo "to pay for their
use the modest sum of $600 per year. I
feel sometimes that I'd rather "be the
owner of a largo law building than bo
an attorney with a big practice."
"You say your offices ere in the rear;
what do tho men in the front of tho build
"Not nearly so much. You're surprised?
Well, no doubt; but what I say is right,
and I'll tell you why. Persons occupying
rooms in the roar of a building are" will
ing to pay a littlo moro than for front
rooms. This is because they aro not an
noyed by habitual office loafers, of whom
there aro many; then tho man who runs
in 'just to write a note,' as ho says, 'or
wants to use your desk a minute,', is un
known. Fakirs don't find you in tho
recesses of your rooms, and tho nciso and
rumbloof wagons and street life. do not
annoy you. Theso aro a few reasons why
back oificcs aro preferable aud eemmand a
higher rate of rent." Pittsburg Dispatch.
The Czar Chopping Wood.
The yachting party of the czar and his
family has been quite an idyl. The impe
rial party picnicked on an island; a boat
was filled with provisions and all require
ments for a good lunch.' but no attend
ants were allowed to land, the czar and
his family having resolved to enjoy them
selves al fresco and all alone. And they
actually laid tho cloth, lighted the fire and
cooked tho fish and made the tea them
selves. It must havo been a grand sight to see
tho autocrat of all the Russias with his
coat off, making up the fire. He owned
afterward to having grown very tired
over chopping the wood and being on his
knees trying to make it burn up; the
princesses came and had a blow at it, now
"and again, to encourage him, and the
czarina busied herself meanwhile cutting
the bread. Ah! how good it must havo
tasted, that luncheon on a little island all
to themselves, and far from the din of a
court, the strife of politics, the fear of
conspiracies; and how loth the parents
and children alike must havo been to
leave it and realize that their summer
holiday was nearly over! London Mod
Tbe Italian's Ugly Weapon.
A knife, commonly carried and fre
quently used by criminal Italians, is what
Professor Scannapieco, tho Neapolitan
fencing master, calls tho "mollctta." The
molletta bears somo resemblance to a
razor, though considerably longer. There
is only ono edge, and the blade opens like
a penknife. It swings loose, however,
ana when drawn is opened by catching
hold of the handle with the fingers and'
throwing the blado outward. This re
quires practice and dexterity. " A small
spring catches the knifo and hclds it
open. It is closed by pressuro upon a
tiny "button" ou the -handle Though
not as effective a weapon as tha stiletto,
it makes an ugly wound when used by an
expert, and can be opened almost cs
quickly as a stiletto can bo drawn from
its sneatu. l no ease witn wnich it cau
be concealed adds to the frequency of it.s
use. The handle Is hard wood or bone.
New York Graphic
Belgian Watch Dogs.
Among tho exhibits in a Belgian dog
show is a breed of dogs, the Schipperkes.
found only in Belgium. They are made
use of as watch dogs on board the numer
ous inland navigation boats. They civ
small black decs, without talis atvl'vith
pointed ears, of extraordinary intelligence
and fidelity. New York Sun.
800.000 freight cars on the
railroad lines in the United
SOME STRANGE DISHES.
HOW UNUSUAL MATERIALS ARE PRE
PARED FOR THE TABLE.
Fear off Naples Delia, la Sea Crck-
j too Hedcehor Cooked la a Roman Ta
vern Snails of Agreeable Flavor Snakes
a Dimcult Question.
On tho whole, popular cookery has a
strong likeness to popular poetry it is
full of good ideas imperfectly worked out.
Who can say, for example, what mos
tarda might becomo if the fruits were
treated with a little more care and per
sonal consideration beforo they were
placed in the mustard? As it is, there is
a hint of a new flavor about it which
human ingenuity has not hitherto
brought fully out. Ripe grapes pickled
in vinegar, though their merits are well
known in southern Russia, have never
received due recognition in Eng
land, but these are delicacies rather
than food. The fishermen all along
the coast from Gaeta to Naples have va
rious ways of cooking fish which are un
known in the great hotels. Many of them
aro interesting and might be attractive
but for the predominating flavor of garlic.
Fresh sardines, crisply fried in oil, are
quite admirable eating, but the fisher
men have discovered a more excellent
way of dealing with them. They place
them in a shallow tin, embed them in
bread crumbs, add a few savory herbs,
pour a littlo good olive oil, squeeze a
lemon or two over them, and thon bake
them over a sharp fire. The result is un
expected but not disagreeable. In some
, towns and villages of Northern Italy
' small birds are treated with the same ap
,' preciativo kindness. They are roasted on
a spit before a sharp fire, and then laid in
I pickle for a day or two and served cold.
I No one will sucrrest that there is any-
UBi uwu uicuuuura, ib uuro uui umu wj-
der on impropriety, but may bo freely en
joved by men of all sects and nations.
As soon as one turns to unusual materials
national prejudice asserts itself and tho
ground becomes unsafe. In central and
a considerable part of northern Germany
the man who eats a rabbit becomes a
social outcast; iu England many re
spectablu citizens indulge shamelessly
In this mild form of dissipation. The
Neapolitan poor aro not as a rulo dainty,
but while delighting in sea urchin they
look down with scorn upon tho Calabreso
because they eat sea slugs, which, if prop
erly cooked, are not very nasty. Nay,
even hi our own country there was a tune
when persons scoffed at frogs; now most
Englishmen who havo been to Paris know
that, if properly treated, they add a new
zest to dinner, if not to lifo.
The old prejudice against snails still
continues, yet there are at least two
edible kinds which aro worthy of all re
spect. They must be kept and fed cleanly,
preferably "on vine leaves, for somo time
beforo being used, but when this has been
done both sorts add a peculiar and agree
able flavor to several clear soups, and ono
of them when boiled, chopped small and
allowed to cool, greatly improves any
green salad. Do not let tho hasty reader
imagino that they havo any resemblance
to tho common periwinkle.
COOKING A HEDOEnOO.
Hedgehog is good, at least for a change,
aud it used to bo well cooked In a small
tavern in the Ghetto of Rome, to which
artists frequently resorted when their
spirits were high and their funds low.
According to an aged South Italian sports
man, they should be killed in the woods
and immediately skinned, and then al
lowed to hang for a few hours, and. after
being trussed with their own quills, bo
roasted beforo a sharp fire. The stuffing
should be mado of their own fat. finely
chopped with breadcrumbs and such sea
soning as suits the cook's taste. Of course
no one with a sense of decency would
think of eating a hedgehog which had
been employed for months in hunting
black beetles in a cellar and was only
slaughtered because ha showed signs of
Snakes are a difficult question. The
force of civilization is against them in
every way, though in a few north Italian
towns they are considered delicacies, and'
thoso who havo eaten of them declare that
they aro superior to eels, as they are less
rich and have a more delicate flavor. One
i would not like to give an opinion without
some practical experience, and no ono can
I be expected to travel to the neighborhood
of Genoa in the early autumn for the
! mcro purpose of eating stewed serpent.
! Many other animals occupy a similarly
I dubious position. Jays and crows are
; said to make excellent soup, even when
, they are well stricken in years, though
' their flesh is otherwise worthless. But
whv do wo accept tho calf and reject the
foal? Why do we regard bear's paws as t
dainty and roasted cat as a crime? Tastes,
of course, differ; but this is not a matter
of taste, but of imagination. There are
persons who cannot eat duck and green
peas, and others who are unfortunate
enough to find no charms in oysters or
caviare they are to be pitied, not
blamed. London Saturday Review.
The Very Useful Cent.
Pennies, so long despised in the south
and west, aro now demanded by thoso sec
tions so eagerly that tho Philadelphia
mint, the only one manufacturing minor
coins, cannot keep up with tho demand.
Three million pennies wero mado at the
mint last month, but if double that num
ber had been produced it is probablo they
could at onco havo been placed in circula
tion. With tho influx of common, vulgar
copper pennies in tho extravagant west
and tho aristocratic south, there is a drop
hi the general prices, particularly of small
articles. This, while benefiting the buy
ers, will also do good to merchants by in
creasing consumption to a very decided
extent. Pennies aro very good things,
particularly if ono has enough of them,
and their widespread introduction all over
the United States, though rather late in
coming, now seems assured. Trade Re
porter. a rauure tor Hlsmarek.
Score ono failure for Bismarck. The
establishment of colonies, apropos of
which he displayed such enthusiasm a
few years ago, and for which he nearly
precipitated a war with Spain, is ac
knowledged by his official organs to bo an
utter failure. Prince Bismarck's purpose
was to divert the stream of emigrants
from the United States to some land or
lands where they would continue to be
German in speech, tastes and habits, in
stead of becoming speedily unrecogniza
ble as of German origin. This he pro
posed to do by means of his "agricultural
colonies" in Africa and his "plantation
colonies" in the South Pacific Islands.
For all the money expended in the effort
not a kreutzer has been received in profit,
and the colony craze is to bo abandoned.
Once a Week.
jenaency to increased Luxury.
Tho tendency of tho timo is to increased
luxury. There will be more pretty little
adjuncts to the dressing case this year
than ever. Toilet sets have been growing
richer and richer every year. Last year
ivory backs to brushes, and ivory combs
wero considered the proper things. This
year everything runs to oxidized Eilver
for combs and brush and mirror backs. I
suppose after awhile gold will be the
proper caper. J. A. W. Fernow in Globe
Democrat. The Third Class Passenger.
The third class passenger is becoming
more and more conspicuous in England.
According to a report of the Great North-"
cm railway for one-half of the year, first
class passengers were 3J per cent, of the
traffic, second class 5 per cent, and third
class 01 per cent. Chicago Herald.
In Seventy Days.
A postal card sent from London around
the world via Hong Eong and San Fran
cisco returned to its destination -after a
tour of seventy days. This is forty days
less then tho time 'taken ten years ago.
The population of St.- Petersburg has
diminished by 85,000 in the last seven
To bo a successful fool, a man most be
core wise than foolish. Uncle Sack.
A Famous Doctor
Once said that the secret of good health
consisted in keeping the head cool, the
feet warm, and the bowels open. Had
this eminent physician lived iu our day,
and known the merits of Ayer's Pills
a an aperient, he would certaiuly havo
recommended them, as so many of his
distinguished successors are doing.
The celebrated Dr. Farnsworth, of
Norwich. Conn., recommend Ayer'a
Pills ns tint Iteat of all remedies for
" Intermittent Fevers."
Dr. I. E. Fowler, of Bridgeport,
Conn., says: "Ayer'a Pills are highly
aud universally spoken of by the jieople
about here. I make daily use of them
in my practice."
Dr. Mayhew, of New Bedford, Mass.,
says: "Having prescrilieu many thou
sands of Ayer'a Pills," in my practice, I "
-:ui unhesitatingly prouounco them the
best cathartic in use."
The Massachusetts State Assayer. Dr.
A. A. Hayes, cv nines : " I haw 'made a
careful analysis of Ayer'a Pills. Tiiey
contain the'artivn principle of well
known drugs, isolated from inert mat
ter, which plan is, rheniirally speaking.
f great imjMirtanco to tlst-ir usefulness.
It injure activity, certainty, ind tini
f'lrniity of e'TVct. Ayer's Tills contain
r metallic or mineral substance.- but
Tin irturs of v'gotoble remedies iu
i'repan :1 '. r !r..I. ''. ..r 3s ... Lowe!!. Mass.
Sul ! - E 1 ft a:or i:i Medicine.
Publicity or vnrate azzun.
There were never so many books in tho
world as there are now, and never were
mankind so gregarious. In fact, now, a
thing of privacy is almost unknown, and
hardly conceivable; people live under one
another's noses, and looking down one
another's throats. The newspapers tell
all that is, and are accused of telling even
more, sometimes. Tha windows of our
bedrooms are at the merer of passengers
in the elevated trains. If a distinguished
man is ill, we pass our days and nights at
his bedside, and watch the operations of
his physician and surgeon; if there hap
pens a war at the ends of the earth, it is
fought at our own hearthstone, and the
map of the scene of the conflict is drawn
on our dining table. The obscurest mur
derer or swindler is our familiar compan
ion, and we discuss the domestic affairs of
European sovereigns as confidently as
those of our next door neighbor. Julian
Hawthorne in America,
Dresden's Street Car Uses.
A Baltimorean, writing from Dresder
to a friend in that city, says: "It was
here that I saw the best managed street
car lines. Tne lull boys are men, ana the
'jaded' hill horses are "fiery steeds;' all
the company's employes aro uniformed,
and such uniforms are not on our police;
they look more like our military dress.
The cars are spotless, double decked, first
and second class, roof cheaper; first class
faro 15 pfennings, or less than 4 cents
from end to end of the route, and 10 pfen
ning for shorter distances. Tho horses
tfu iifce raco horses, and are evidently not
overworked. There are waiting rooms at
numerous crossings along the route, and
the norma;: papers are kept on tho racks
two papers to each car." Chicago
HamoronsZy mad Tearfully Tree.
Mark Twain, in his dry way upon occa
sion, said: "The temptation to drink
among literary men is not the liquor.
When a man is dissipated his friends al
ways say, 'Such a brilliant fellow if ho
would only let liquor alone.' In time the
drinker gets credit for talents ho never
dreamed of possessing, and there aro
many who try to pluck this brand from
tho burning. The number of chances
offered to a dissipated man to reform and
earn a good living are many more than
those open to tbe acceptance of a sober
and industrious young fellow. Iu fact
the sober and industrious aro supposed to
get on any way." And this is not only
humorously but tearfully true. The
record of "literary labor does not show
such a splendid premium on industry and
sobriety. Current Literature.
Eighty-four children belong to four
mothers of Media, Pa. Mrs. Samuel Field
has twenty-eight. Mrs. Joseph Chandler
tweuty-five, Mrs. James Barrett sixteen
and Mrs. William Wright fifteen.
The B. & M. R R. have arranged to
run several Harvest excursions from the
east to Nebraska points, including Co
lumbus. Any persons desirous of advis
ing friends in the east of these excur
sions can have them advised from onr
Omaha office by addressing J. Francis,
Genl Passenger Agt, or by advising C.
. Barrell, Agt., Columbus, Neb.
Choose a horse made, and a wife to
At this season of the year people can
not be too careful about keeping their
bowels regular. Bilious and malarial
diseases are often brought on by allow
ing the bowels to become torpid. An
occasional dose of St. Patrick's Pills is
all that would be required, and might
prevent serious sickness. For sale by
Dowty & Becher.
The cow knows
till she has lost it.
not what her tail is
English Spavin Liniment removes all
hard, soft or calloused lumps and blem
ishes from horses; blood spavin, curbs,
splints, sweeney, ring-bone, stifles,
sprains, all swolen throats, coughs, etc.
Save $50 by use of one bottle. Warranted.
Sold by C.'B. Stillman, "druggist, Co
A poor man's cow
dies a rich man's
Nipped ia the Bad.
- Is it not better to nip consumption,
the greatest scourge of humanity, in the
bud, than to try to stay its progress on
the brink of the grave? A few doses of
California's most useful production,
SANTA ABIE, the king of consumption,
will relieve and a thorough treatment
will cure. Nasal Catarrh, too often the
forerunner of consumption, can be cured
by CALIFORNIA CAT-R-CURE. These
remedies are sold and fully warranted
by Dowty & Becher at SI, or three for
A pleasure long expected, is de'ir
A prominent physiciau calls the kiss
elegant disseminator of diseases.
He says, "fever ia spread by it, so are
lung diseases." He maintains that if
the kissing custom wero driven out of
the land "it would save onstenth of one
per csnt of human lives." which aro now
sacrificed: Out upon the gnaried and
sapless vagabond! Evidently kis303 are
not for such as he and the old fox says,
the grapes are sour. Let him devote
himself to making our women healthy
and blooming that kisses may be kisses.
This can surely be done by Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription which is magicid
in its effect upon all diseases peculiar to
females. After taking it there will be no
more irregularity, no more backache, no
more nervous prostration, no more gen
eral debility. All druggists.
To regulate the stomach, liver and
bowels. Dr. Pierce's Pellets excel. 25
cents a vial; one a dose.
i Try the Cure
iE!y5$ Cream Balm'
! C3oaBss3th9tfoselP3ss&3C3. Al-
lays IniLuEEiation. Ecalstno Sores.
; Reetorea tho Senses cf Tosto, CmoII
1 A pawlcls la ar?!!ctl Into mcestestri! end
2s aurpeutrlr. P.-:-c60c. t Drasgiate er ejr
Thisis the Top of the Genuine
PeariTop Lamp Chimney.
Allothersy similarare imitation.
This exact Label
is on each Pearl
i A dealer may say
and think he has
K&S&y others as good.
BUT HE HAS NOT.
Insist :pon the Exact Label and Top.
?52 Sl EVEKTVfSlRf. M3E 0M.Y BY
m, A. MACBETH & CO., Pittsburg, Pi.
For "run-down." debilitated and overwork! '
women. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is
the best of all restorative tonics. It is a potent
Spedflo for all those Chronic Weaknesses r.nd '
Diseases peculiar to Women ; a powerful, pen- i
era! as well as uterine, tonic and nervine, it
imparts visor and strength to the whole system. I
Itpromptlr cures wraknemof stomach. nausea.
lnaig-esuon, bioatinr.weak back, nervous pn- i
tration. debilitv am
d sleeplessness, in eit her sex. i
It is carefully compounded by an experienced
physician, and adapted to woman's delicate
organization. Purely vegetable and perfectly
t harmless in any com
Ition of the STStem.
M Favorite Prescrip
tion" is the only medicine
for women, sold by drutnrist.
ader a vealthre nar.
antee of satisfaction in every case, or price
(fl.00) refunded. This guarantee has been
printed on the bottle-wrapper, and faithfully
carried out for many years.
For large, illustrated Treatise on Diseases of
Women (100 pages, with full directions for
bome-treatment). send ten cents in stamps.
Address, World's Dismlnsahv Medical
AssociAXUKr, SO Slain Street, Buffalo. N. Y.
Contain alio full an J complete lives of both
HARRISON & MORTON
the treat sua.Unl bearers. 1 1 U'J. with numerous superb rwr
tralts. Among the autnurs will Is found t"ie namricf Sena
tors Frjre. Chattier. H.wley. Imrills. Jtha . Lonr popular
n-foT-iJMass.. McKinlcy of Viu. ntcs on the Tariff.
Hrary Cabot Lodge, amlanuailer uf tthersof aliLe trom
ImtAiU.Ktf. Cam. Vum cbeimtiM.nl to vn any usher. Dis
tance bo hinj-rance at we pay all ticittt haies. bend 30
cents la ic. stampj for outfit and be the Brat In tha field, or
"'tlft f4!iV!il1r;od Special 1 erms sent Un to all.
WINTER CO., rubs.. Sprlnsfleld, Man.
UlfllUI W who read tnis and then act;
nllllll I they will find honorable em.
Ill Vllk I ployment that will not take
them from their homes and families. The
profits are larxe nntl nre for every industrious
person, many have made and are now making
several hundred dollars a month. It is eaty for
any one to mako $" and upwards per day. who is
willing to work. Either sez, jonnit or old; capi
tal not needed: we start you. Every thinir new.
No special ability required; yon, reader, can do
it as well as any one. Write to us at once for
full particulars, which we mail free. Address
Stinson & Co., Portland, Me. dec2y
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent business conducted for MODEKATK FEES.
OUK OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. S. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-aicencies, all basinet's
direct, hence we can transact patent business ia
lees time and at LESS COST than those remotu
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. Our fee not duo till patent is secured.
A book, "How to Obtain Patents," with refer
ences to actual clients in your state, county or
town, sent free. Address
C. A. SNOW CO.
Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
The Passenger Department of the
Union Pacific, Tho Overland Route,"
has issued a neat little pamphlet, pocket
6ize, entitled "National Platform Book,"
containing tho democratic, republican
and prohibition platforms, togethorwith
tho addresses of acceptance of Grover
Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison and Clin
.ton B. Fisk; also tabulated tables show
ing the plurality vote, the electoral vote
and an analysis of the vote as cast for
Cleveland and Blaine in 188-1. This
book is just what is needed fit this time
and should bo in the hands of every
voter. It plainly 6ets forth what each
party has to offer and every reader can
draw his own comparisons. Sent to any
address on application. Address, J. S.
Tebbets, Gen'l Passenger Ag't, Union
Pacific Ry, Omaha, Neb.
So many men in court, and so many
Cholera Morbus is one of tho most
painful and dangerous diseases, many
deaths result from it each year, usually
because it is not properly treated. The
most severe cases may be cured, by us
ing Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy. It never fails. Sold
by Dowty & Becher.
He hath not lived that lives not after
An Absolute Carr.
The ORIGINAL ABDZTINE OINT
MENT is only put up in large two-ounce
tin boxes, and is an absolute cure for
old sores, burns, wounds, chapped hands
land all kinds of skin eruptions. Will
positively cure all kinds of piles. Aak for
the ORIGINAL ABITINE OINTMENT
Sold by Dowty & Becher at 25 cents per
box by mail 30 cents. mar7y
It is anill air where we gain nothing.
Every voter should know that the Un
on Pacific, "the Overland Route," and
the Chicago & North-Western Ry., com
menced Snnday, October lltli, to run
Pullman and Wagner Vestibnled Palace
Sleepers through from Denver to Chica
go via Omaha and Council. Bluffs.. The
principal line from Denver to Chicago.
W?teieCl.!isf" ""v-' '? jC5f B?CLr
H.sl aaesw " PCSssbbbbbswSbV. 0 LsL. f I I
FAMILY : JOUKNAL;
A Weekly- Newspaper issiel erery
32 1'Imis f readiig Hatter, cek
sistiiaf Nebraska State News
Iteus, Selected Steries aail '
MTSsmpU copir sent frem to any 4dreM,-Yr
SI a ytar, in tdvaitct.
M. K. Tcrnek ' Co.,
LOUIS SCHREIBER. K
BlacRsfflilil and WaaoD Maker.
All kiids f Repairiag deie ea
Short Notice. Baggies, Wag
ons, etc., aiade re order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sail the world-fawHU Walter .
Wood Mowers. Setters, Caatia-
ed Machines, HarTMtrs,
and 8elf-biadeffl the
Shop opposite the " Tatteriall " on
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. -
.09 W. Hinth St. KAMSAS CITY. MO.
Th only SfttidUst in tht City icho it a Rtgniar
Gradual i Medicine. Over UOurjr' Practice,
12 years in Chicago.
THE QUEST II ME, HD LOWEST LOCATED.
Authorized br tne State to treat
Chrnnlc.Nervousand "Special Dis
eases." bennnai weaKucMs (nipnr
ItoasrjtJSexual Debility (low oftrmal
tpower). Nervous Debility. rolKonul
HI ood.UlcersandSwslllnirsof every
klnd.Urinary Diseases, and In fact,
all troubles or diseases In either
male or female. Cures suitrantrci!
or money refunded. Charges low. Thousacibiot
cases cured. Kxpertence is Important. All medi
cine are guaranteed to be pure and efficacious.
being compounded In my perfectly appointed
laboratory, and are furnished ready for use. Xi
running to drug stores to have uncertain e
scrtptlons filled- No mercury or Injurious medi
cines used. Nodetentlon from buslti ess. ratlsnts
at a distance treated by letter and express, medi
cines sent everywhere free from gaze or break.
age. Stale your case and send for tonus. Con
sultation free and confidential, personally or by
A M page Ttgimr rr Beth Sexes, sent
Illustrated UWJk waled Iu plain en elope
for Cc. In stamps. Every male, froai the age of
15to4i. shuuld read this book.
TNE 6BEAT TlfflltSH RHEUMATIC CORE.
A POSITIVE CCRK fcr RHEUMATISM.
for uij cfto this tmtroeat Jfcll to
eurrorbelp. rrt. dUcorvrr la annalt
of meiUcf q. Om do ffUr relief; a few
do removes fever and pmln In jolut;
Cure completed In 5 l dav. Send etato
laeni of cae with stamp &r I'lrcutara,
Call, or a44re
6000 Book Agents wanted to sell
TUB Lire AND PUBLIC 3XHYICX8
Full and eompUt from kl aoyaood to hla aomlnadoa !a St.
tcala. with (xnooal nmlnlmim. IntUanU oJ aMiltl.
FlofaarlT Ulnatraud with ! ponnlta an4 wood tnUc.
Ta took alw contain. nparb Vorm!t aa4 hit anl naKi
ZJFZ OF KBS. CLEVELAND, tonikar with a coiIa
Mofrap? f im.tw o. THUBJCiK. Tala la ito oofe
ml Me 14k. Doat ba L-klaml to c-t may auwr. Thar will
pretablj e aaaathorlaad LWaa. bol lUa U taa rlafil oaa. Dta
laace ao tiadaraaca, aa wa jar all traaapartailoa caarna. BaS
Mcaaialale.atampaaadbathaSnt ka la SrM. aad ibna raas
the a oI4m harMM. Writ for hit aartlraiM ami Spaalal TM
aaat fraa to alU AAlr.. WINTER CO., rata,
lM9boI4 r to-
IU1 lalalj. Sa !
kaaear. Warranto. Haay
MM OoM Manilas finis
; Slacaai and macalSoona.
I Boa UoWaaif raata'alaM
'with works and raaes of
fiaal aalwaOKK !
tnoach locality eaasaeuw on
Waaaavar wa traat waa far
on la aach loralltr. to neap la
I aaow a Ibnaa who call, aoawwlata lino ofw
aolwaktaaarf vary waafal BMimKataLia aASiri.Be.
ba swar boom tor naootna aad ahown Uob
. tm ma. an csjlad tbor fearankToer own eroaarr:
N at poaalMa to aafta tht treat oOar. eaadloe: (ba S)aM.Is
jet ST-ra'T1- """ ' r1 . " baabowtaaf
Saaawaaiaa ta nay leeainr. al waja raaaiie ia a larja treoo r
bk anar oar awaptai naaa aaaa n a Meat iiy r a oau or iww
waaaaaBr sat trotnlieee to Sjesee l trade fwaa aa
aw, i mailing eoaatry. Tb!a,tbe Beat weaoarfol eaW eaar
kaawaJe aada ta orer taat oar ee alea nay ba piaoaa at oeea
wbaretbayeea ka aaaa, all oear America. Write a ewre.aa
anbaiiiiftbirbaa- ia lir H will ba hardly any troebto
Sir yea to anew aVeaaatatea to uaaa waa aaay cau aa year aa
aad ywrowarS will be wont ealfcaarlocy. ApoataleerS
aw aa care ta Be farther, wby aa karat la doe Sea U yoada
I aold watcbaa fa IU world aad ear larte ttaeef
.VmJUmmMM. We say all eaaraaa, IMrtt. .
THT O NUY-
-arJW ., rt - n an-Zrt
1 t& Tainr
v.s j e'i - iv
l!2 BY wltw j CaAV
SitMO wT, CUCUlAwC ; A0
-. '.::. j
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