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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1888)
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W. A. HassStea.
"The. republican candidate lor repreeent-
-- stive, was born Jan. 19th, 1851, at Oak-
. . field in Perry county, Ohio. His father
- .moved onto a farm with his family when
- lie was four years old, where he worked
-'. during the.summer and attended a dis-
;. txict school during the winters, until he
was sixteen years old, after which time
V he attended school at New Lexington,
" Ohio, one winter and during eachsum-
-" .'taer until the spring of 1870, teaching a
..; .district school during" the intervening
win tere, after" which time he went to
:'.. Elsworth, Kansas, where he accepted a
: position with James F. Ellison of San
. Marcos, Tex:, an extensive cattle dealer
"of that state, as superintendent of hia
cattle interests in Kansas, which Mr.,
Ellison sold to a Mr. "Stevens of Penn-
sylvania late in the fall of 1870, with
: whom Hampton accepted the same
:..'" trust and spent the winter of 1870-71
'..: and the following summer in Kansas.
' -. rn.the.fall of 1871 he resigned his place
. with Stevens and accepted a trust with
.; a Mr. Moore of Texas, as superintend
;"":.' ent to drive 1,000 head of cattle from
.Elsworth, Kansas, to Nebraska City,"Se-'-."..
braska, and deliver to a man from
' Glenwood, Iowa, which delivery was
.made in November 1871, after which, he,
; in charge of the men and horses used in
handling the cattle, returned them- to
Moore's ranch in Texas, and in- the fol
lowing "spring again accepted a trust.,
with Ellison to drive 1,"00 head from
San -Marcos, Texas, to Cheyenne, Wyom
ing, where he arrived in July 1872, Elli--.
son-sold the cattle to parties "who wore
establishing a ranch in Wyoming, in
whose employ ho engaged and with
whom he remained until December 1873,
whon he returned to Ohio and spent the
winter at his father's. In the following
spring he commenced the study .of medi-
cine at New Lexington, Ohio, continu
ing in the College of Physicians and
. Surgeons, Keokuk, Iowa, from which.in
" stitution lie graduated in February 1877,
-. and practiced medicine in Stark county,
111, until the spring of 1883, when he
moved to Platte county, Nebraska. Be
ing; dissatisfied with tho profession of
medicine: he, in 1881, commenced the
study of law with Martin Shellenbarger,
. of Toulon, HI., and after moving to Ne
. .braska continued the study of law in
" his own office and was admitted to the
bar of Platte county in January, 1887,
" since which time he quit the practice of
medicine and has practiced law.
. Mr. Hampton's lire has been oneofcon
' -slant effort to better his condition. He
. is "animated by tho true American spirit
:: of progress hold fast to that which is
good, and with steady firm step, march
-Asa representative of Platte county
he would endeavor to know tho will of
.".the '.people, and represent that will by
.'' his vote and his influence in tho legis-
. ." He has the respect and esteem of those.
'- who know him, and. will make Platte
' county a good representative.
' - " Float Keprenetitativfc.
. -The. convention was held at Genoa
Oct. 2d, and nominated, as understood
-. it wouldi without a dissenting vote, Mr.
Niels Olson of Creston township, this
- Mr. Olson was born in the southern
. part of Denmark in the year 1812. He
-removed to America in 1804, locating in
Illinois for a' xvurz afterwards removed
to Milwaukee where ho lived a few years.
In the fall of 1871 he removed to his
present homo in Creston township, this
. county, where he has resided all these
".. long years and enjoyed tho respect and
-confidence of his fellow-citizens, as an
-" honest, straight-forward, upright man
- devoted to tho best interests of tho pub--..-
lie Ho is and has always been a farm
er, and is a man wbo cannot be swerved
'. from his line of duty, as ho sees it. Be
. '. sides, ho has tho ability to know the
.-' right and tho wrong, and to seo the
: . bearing of .proposed measures.
' On questions of railroad legislation,
lio man' in tho district would cast a
"- more" satisfactory vote..
Oh the question of prohibition, which
-". agitates the public in several quarters of
" . the district, he stands" firmly on the re
- publican platform, the Slocnm law, a
measure which, passed by the republican
l'ejjislaturo year& ago, has approved itself
: to the practical good-sense of evory
'.-r-.eonuiiunity, where they have sought its
. enforcement in accordance with the
" . sentiment . ef the community on the
Mr. Olson" .has been school director of
his district ever since its organization,
' - and has been a member of the County
Board of Supervisors since Platte coun
ty adopted township organization. As
. Nance county is likewise working under
"township organization, this feature of
'- Mr- Olson's equipment for the service of
the district will commend him to very
favorablo consideration, because the
township law needs a good deal of
wholesome amendment, and needs it
', -bad. Mr. Olson has not been an idle
member of the Board by any means, and
knows, perhaps as well as any man in
.---.the. district, wherein the township law
Bhould be amended.
Every voter in the district, without
respect to party ties, .should think sev
eral times before casting a vote against
."-Mr- Olson:, republicans who know Mr.
-- . Olson will be glad of the opportunity to
cast their vote for a" man "so well inform
. t ed, and so staunch .and true .in the line
- James G. Kerdrr.
;".' . "The. republican candidate for county
attorney, was born in Erie county, Pa,
.- -Jan. 18," 1858, which makes Mr. Beeder
. nearly thirty-one years of age, a very
: good age for him who is tohave charge
- ' of tho prosecution of criminals and to
.' act as the law adviser for county of-
" Like all young Americans, Beeder en
. joyed the benefits of the public, school
'system, abd made good use of bis oppor-'-
-. tunitios to acquire an education.
-' After his attendance upon the public
schools, he was a -student at the State
Normal School at Edinboro, as well as
'. the Penn College at Allegheny. . -
. He taught school three terms in
Pennsylvania, studied law at Erie, Penn.,
and went south to Memphis, Temx,
where lie lived two years practicing his
profession. His political convictions
" . were strengthened and deepened by hia
residence in the south, so that he is no
sammer-day republican, but one who
knows the worth of patriotism and the
practical value of a government of the
people, by the people, tor the people.
- :Jn 1882 Mr. Beeder removed to Coltun-
-bus, Nebu, and here he has been the last
six yean in the practice of his profes
sion, now being the law partner of Hon.
John J. Sullivan, late county judge.
Mr. Beeder is recognized by his fellow-citizens
as a careful, pains-taking
attorney, very attentive to the interests
of his clients; a man who is found at all
times attending strictly to business. He
is a man of decided convictions and
when called upon for a legal opinion
will give if so plainly that it will be un
derstood by all. As an official he will
do his full duty.
Macauloy said, "If any one would make
me the greatest king that ever lived,with
palaces and gardens, and fine dinners
and wine and elegant coaches, and
beautiful clothes and hundreds of ser
vants, oh condition that I would not
read books, I would not b a kin;. I
would rather bo a poor man in a garret
with plenty of. books, than a king who
did not lovo reading." And I read what
great and good men and women have
wrote, with so much pleasure and satis
faction, that I wonder not th3t he thus
said. The young are greatly influenced
by what they road, and therefore we
cannot be too careful to" provide good
books and good papers at all times for
them. And whon any" of us are overta
ken by disaster, and poverty conies un
awares, and those for whom wo have
done much, prove, to be our enemies, or
when sickness or old ago causes .us to
become helpless, and death seems very
near to us, it 'makes us gloriously happy
to read these words of our Savior: -4Lt
not your heart be" troubled: ye believe
in God, believe also in -me. In my Fath
er's house are many mansions: if it were
not so, I would have .told you. I go to
prepare a place for you. And if I go
and prepare a place for you, I will come
again, and receive you unto myself, that
where I am, there ye may be also."
N. D. H. W.
Thoa. L. Lutton served papers upon
W. A. Hampton to the effeet ordering
Hampton to vacate a building that he
forcibly entered. Hampton remonstrates
and the- end is not yet, for Hampton is
the republican nominee for representa
tive and will not allow his record as a
lawyer to be infringed upon simply
for the sake of - a little dwell
ing, for which he worked hard and cut
two dollars' worth of weeds, put in new
locks into the door, and called a poor
banker tho meanest, littlest thing on
earth, and . Well, let's wait" for fur
ther developements. Humphrey Dem
ent. The end "and further develop
ments mentioned have materialized, and
resulted in Mr. Lutton calling at the
office of Mr. Hampton, unsolicited by
him, and paying all costs and paying
$42.00, when the difference that caused
the trouble between the parties. was only
S38.00. W. A. Hampton's record has
not suffered personally, politically, or
professionally by his transaction regard
ing the dwelling spoken of above, and
the only thing exposed is the smallness
of the editor of the Democrat- in en
deavoring to make political capital put
of. a simple business transaction that has
proved a boomerang to the orignator.
On Monday of this week Mr. John
Casey of Oak Creek, sold $150 worth of
hogs at Brainard. At noon Tuesday, a
tall, slender m.m, a stranger, with a
small black mustacho, stopped into his
house, stuck a revolver to Mr. Casey's
head, and compelled him to deliver up
his $150, af tor which he disappeared as
suddenly a3 ho came. Mr. Casey was
taken so effectually by surprise he can
give no clue to the individual who rob
bed hiui. Later: We discover the real
facts are materially different. The per
son who did tho robbing is a man who
goes by the name of Kelly, and worked
for Mr. Casey a long time last summer.
Ho ha3 been absent quite a while, and
last week returned, pretending to be
sick. After lying around Mr. C:isoy's
for several days, tho opportunity was
presented on Monday, during Mr. Casey's
absence, for him to rob the house, while
the women folks were outside, attending
household duties. David City Press.
The Cold Troth.
Minneapolis Tribune: The high license
law has closed a thousand saloons in
Minnesota. A vote for the third party
prohibition candidate is a vote to open
not only that thousand but several thou
sand more, simply to allow some imprac
ticable people to try to close them a
different "way. They would probably
succeed in a great many of tho smaller
towns, but for overy saloon closed in the
country there would be two opened in
the cities and larger towns of the 6tate.
The best way to go forward is not to
tako two steps backward but to hold the
ground already won and fight for more
to add to it. Begular and steady pro
gress to the total abolition of the saloon
lies through the intermediate means of
high license and local option.
It develops right now, in the heat of
this campaign, that our government
when it undertook to tax' foreign impor
tations, made one extensive blunder. in
that it tuxes its own people and business
instead! Well, now, that was a cruel
mistake just think of it. Our govern
ment charges our people, a duty becanso
it .lets foreign -folks send in goods to
compete with .our business! This was
the blunder of Washington, Jefferson,
Hamilton, Franklin and all the old lieads
we have been celebrating for the wise
system of government they provided for
Ui.. Cleveland is wiser than all, as ho
has demonstrated many times, in reject
ing the combined deliberations of both
houses bf congress, Schuyler Sun.
It is reported that the whisky trust
has instructed Brewer Her of Omaha, to
call for as much boodle as he can use
judiciously' in fighting -the republican
party in Nebraska. And at the samo
time the third party prohibitionists aro
bitterly fighting the republicans. Here's
a conclusion that looks unsavory and
suspicious but not at all 'dangerous.
The German army has a new device
introduced for the benefit and comfort
of their soldiers. It is a cloak cut and
finished in, such a way that two of the
garments together may be converted
into a tent, the supports for which ac
company the cloaks.
Henry Campbell, a member of parlia
ment for South Fermanaugh, has
brought legal action against the Times
on account of that paper's having stated
that he was the writer of the alleged
Day after day day after day
Alirsys tho stun-' gray skies:
.ad. sobbing the & dirge ai.vay.
The sea beneath them lie.
"Day after day the wind is load, -The
stinging raindrops faU;
rm weary of it alL"
"Ok, fool,' mine own heart otld to me
"And ready to complain:
Walt, and the gray skies blue must be.
The sniwhiao come again."
Book that are sad. lives that are gray
'Neath sorrow's lingYhig blight.
Wait only-clouds shall pass away.
And earth oaee more be-bright.
Shirley Wynne in Once a Week.
THE FAMILY BURYING GROUND.
A wall of crumbling stoma doth keep'
Watch o'er long barrows where they sleep,
Old chronicled grave stoaes of Its dead.
On which oblivious mosses creep.
And lichens gray as lead.
Worm days the lost cows as they pass
Best here and browse the juicy grass"
That springs about its son soorehed stones;
Afar one bears their bear deep l
Waft melancholy f
Here the wild morning glory goes .
A-rambling as the myrtle grows;
Wild morning glories, pale aa pain.
With ho!y urns that hint at woes.
The night bath jailed with raw. -
Here are blackberries largest seen.
Bich, winy dark, whereon the lean
Black hornet sucks, noons sick with beat.
That bend not to the shadowed green
The heavy bearded wheat,
At dark,' for Its forgotten dead,
A requiem of no knows wind said.
Through ghostly cedars moans aad throbs.
While to thin starlight overhead
The shivering screech owl sobs.
TESTING DRINKING WATER.
CasatUCaciory Basalts Which. Are Some
times Obtained RemarkaMe Testa.
We are giving more and more attention
to the purity of drinking water as It be
comes more apparent that infection of al
most every kind travels by water. It be
comes of the highest importance to know
whether the tests usually resorted to for
the detection of organic impurities are
trustworthy. ' If dangerous impurities
slip past these tests, they afford no pro
tection against the transmission of dis
ease germs. The Sanitarian prints a pa
per by Dr. J.- A-.Tanner, of Boston, giving'
results of some of his experiments in this
direction, which may almost be called
Dr. Tanner declares boldly that the
chemical processes relied upon for testing
water are "as apt to condemn a good
water as they are to commend it, and to
commend an impure water when they
should condemn it," and his statements,
go far to support his theory. For example,
if 5 per cent, of milk or any beef extract
be added to a gallon of distilled water the
processes will condemn it as impure be
cause it contains organic matter. Add a
few million of disease germs to a gallon
of distilled water and none of the pro
cesses will discover them, because the
quantity of organic matter is not large
enough. Yet the one mixture is entirely
harmless, and the other, if we accept the
germ theory, is dangerous. The combus
tion process relies upon the proportions
found of carbon and nitrogen; the am
monia process upon the presence of free
ammonia and albumoid ammonia; the
permanganate process upon the amount
of oxygen required to oxidize the organic
matter. All of these tests are extremely
delicate, and a slight inaccuracy is enough
to cause an impure water to be rated as
pure, or the opposite.
The fact that they disagree wildly in
their results with the same water is
enough to shake faith in all of them. Dr.
Tanner shows this by reference to the in-,
vestigation conducted by Professor J.
Mallet for the national board of health
some years ago, with which he was con
nected. Nineteen samples of natural
water, believed from actual use to be
wholesome, were - examined by these processes.-
.They agreed that ten were pot
able and three were not, but as to six, or
one-third of the number, they disagreed
totally. Then nineteen samples were
taken of "natural waters which there
seemed to be fair grounds for believing
have actually caused disease:'' But only
four of these were rejected as unwhole
some; as to nine, or one-half, there was
no agreement, and six, or one-third, were
pronounced wholesome by all the pro
cesses. Then, twenty samples were taken
of natural water, of doubtful but sus
pected character, and as to these the re
sults were really more unfavorable than
as to the waters known to be dangerous.
The most remarkable of all the tests
were with twenty samples .of good water,
to which were added various pollutions,
such as sewage from various sources,
black vomit and like offensive and poison
ous substances. Only eight of these
samples, less than half, were condemned
by all the processes; as to nine the re
ports did not agree, and three tho pro
cesses actually concurred in pronouncing
good. Water, to which enough of a weak
mixed sewage from a largo public sewer
had been added to create, it was believed,
serious danger ef typhoid, was pro
nounced to be of "great organic purity" by
two. processes, and "good" by the third.
A larger admixture of the same sewsvje,
as much as 6 per. cent, was pronouncedTof
"medium" quality by two processes, and
"bad" by only one. Even more striking
examples could be given. Yet tho same
processes condemned as impure the Lake
Drummond water from tho Dismal
swamp, which is inpart the water sup
ply of Portsmouth, Va., and the Cochitu
ate of Boston, simply because of- the
presence cf vegetable matter contributed
by leaves,, roots, etc New York Tribune.
fowtalH Climblac for. Invalid.
Oertel has extended his advocacy of
mountain climbing, as a curative agency,
to other forms of heart disease besides
such as are dependent upon or associated
with corpulency namely, to all forms of
"weak heart, and also to valvular de
fects. For this purpose he prefers re
sorts surrounded, by mountains,-on the
sides of which graduated walks, of in
creasing difficulty,-and extending up to
.between three thousand and four, thou
sand feet can be mapped out. "It is by
no means a matter of indifference how
'you walk up. these ascents. It is to be
done in a strictly prescribed manner.
The hills aro to be ascended slowly, and
the pace must be as even as possible, with
no talking and no interruptions. This
may not -be attainable at. first, but it is
the end to be aimed at.
. "Then the pace and the breathing must,
in a sort of way, keep time; with one
step the patient should make an inspira
tion and with the next an expiration;
both acts should be equal and regular in
length, neither longer nor shorter than
the step. One foot is raised with the be
ginning of the inspiration and put down
as it .ends; the other foot makes its step,
in the same manner, with the expiration.
These precautions must be minutely ob
served, or palpitation and difficulty of
breathing will be induced. -The patient
may lean on a stick, but he must not
passe often hi his walk; but he may rest
for half an hour or an hour after the com
pletion of one of the appointed tasks.
The cure wuT be alow and gradual, re
miirmg great patience; it should but from
four to six weeks, and it may have to be
repeated several times in the year."
"I want to call your attention to the
unlicensed barrooms you-will notice hi
this house," said Mr. Smith, as-heentered
another house near by.
Here flowers resembling small red bana
nas could be seen. They were hollow and
open at the top, and contained a liquid.
These were the unlicensed barrooms.
Breaking one off and opening it, it was
filled with small red ants. '
"They come and drink the liquor," said
Mr. Smith, "get drunk and die happy."
"Here is the cockroach barroom,'' he'
continued, "and here the spiders. An ant
will not drink any of the roach or spider
liquor and vice versa." -
Near the door a beautiful plant with
rresiBT white leaves was labeled "eon
"Whence the najner asked the repor
ter, 'Vtte plant oUsasssr
the reply, "ana: wnere turn mm
are tinted a creamy white they are dis
eased longs. You know that a pl?"t
breathes through its leaves.. This plant
Is propagated for its beauty."
The fly trap flower, in a large pot near
by, hundreds of tiny, thick leaves resem
bling semi-circular jaws provided with
small, sharp teeth attracted the reporter's
"That's the well known fly trap flower."
said Mr. Smith, by way of explanation.
While he .was speaking a butterfly
alighted hi one. Quicker than thought
the jaws closed and the butterfly was a
"How long will that butterfly remain a
prisoner" asked the reporter.
' 'Two.or three days. By that time the'
flowers will have derived all the benefit
and good the fly possesses, and its jaws
will soon open ana the fly be cast out. It
is my belief that the flower obtains susten
. ance from the prisoners it takes. Some
times it gets hold of the wrong kind of
food, however, and it gets dyspepsia.
This conclusion is reached from tho effect
of the food on the leaves. Now thu cell
caught the head 'of a blue bottle fly a cou
ple of days ago, and got the dyspepsia, as
you.can see by its color."
The reporter looked and saw a sickly
combination of green and yellow markings
on the leaves, and the dead fly still be
tween them. Washington Star.
How to Act at a Fire.
In a lecture before, the Society of Arts,
London. Mr. A. W. C. Ghean gavo the
following conciso and simple directions
how to act on the occuirenceof fires: Hie
requires air; therefore, on its appearance,
'every effort should be made to excludo
air;- shut-all doors and windows. By this
means, fire may be confined to a'single
room for a sufficient period to enable all
the inmates to be aroused and escape;
but if the doors and windows are thrown
open, the fanning of the wind and the
draft will instantly .cause the flames -to
increase with extraordinary rapidity. It
must never be forgotten that the most
precious moments are. at the commence
ment of a fire, and not a single second of
time should bo lo3t in tackling it. . In a
room, a table cloth can be so used as to
smother a large sheet of flame, and a
cushion may servo to beat it out; a coat
or anything similar mav be' used with an
equally successful result.
The great point is presence of mind,
calmness in danger, action guided, by rea
son and thought. In all large houses,
buckets of water should be placed on
every landing, a little salt being pnt into
tho water. Always endeavor to attacK
tho bed of a fire; if you cannot extinguish
a fire, shut the window, and be sura to
6hut the door when making good your re
treat. A wet silk handkerchief tied over
the eyes and nose will make breathing
possible in the midst of mnch smoke, and
a blanket wetted and wrapped around the
body will enable a person to pass through a
sheet of flame ui comparative safety.
Should a lady's dress catch fire, let the
wearer at once lie down. Rolling may
extinguish the fire, but if not, anything
(woolen preferred), wrapped tightly round
will effect the desired purpose. Boston
' How Uobs Hnat Game.
Lions, as a rule, hunt In family parties.
A very old lion, not infrequently inca
pacitated from taking an active part in
pursuing game, is generally to be found
at the head of such a coterie, and on him
devolves no unimportant part of the pro
gramme. Down to leewara, a Hundred paces be
low where the draught bullocks are made
fast when a train halts for rest, the younr;
and active males and lionesses-place them-
selves behind what availablo cover Is to
bo found. Thia being done, tho old lion
goes to windward Of the encampment and
shakes out his abundant mane in the
breeze, so that the odor from it may be
carried down to the excited draught ani
mals. 0ii9 sniff of tho tainted breeze brings
every ox to his feet hi a moment; then,
standing; often trembling with fear, they
gazo with dilated eves .into tho impene
trable darkness. Closer and closer ap
proaches the aged lion, to his victims,
shaking and reshaking tho dense, tawny
covering of his forequarters.- .
Then, if the traveler's harness he not
strong, he may .look out for a stampede.
Should it hold temporarily, the aggressor,
as a climax to his former maneuver,
gives utterance to his' deepest .and loudest
roar, wheu tha frightened beasts, if not
secured by tho stoutest fastenings that
can be obtained, will break freo and rush,
with inconceivable rapidity into tho very
jaws of their loss, secreted to leeward.
Days and Nights by the Desert.
Bicycles for English Soldiers.
. The bicycle force that has been organ
ized in connection with the English, vol
unteers recently had its second field ma
neuvers, the first haying been held at
Easter. Rainy and disagreeable weather
embarrassed the troops on each of these
dates, but the result' of the turnout has
.been very satisfactory. On the recent
trials the men covered about 100 miles in
forty-eight hours, fighting, scouting and'
camping by the way. There were seven
teen officers and seventy-seven men out,
made up of representatives of a number
of tho leading volunteer regiments.
The force was divided into two bodies,
one retreating and the other following it.
At frequent intervals the retreating force
made stands at bridges and. other eligible
points of defense, and the pursuers were
compelled to halt, dismount,' send .out a
skirmish line and perform aJLL the other
preliminaries of attack, as. though in
active war. It was found that two or
three men left behind by the retreating
body could make a show of force at a
bridge that would greatly delay the ad
vance of a pursuing force, and then could
mount and swiftly ride away under cover
of a hedge and escape to the main body.
This ability to fight and run away with
greater facility than the ordinary infan
tryman is one of the chief points urged
by the bicyclers in favor of tho new
"arm." It Is said that scouting and re
connoitering parties mounted upon bicy
cles could do much more effective work
without risk of capture than men on foot.
In these maneuvers, although the re
treating force numbered but three officers
and twelve men, they succeeded hi delay
ing the pursuers so that it took them
three hours to cover a distance easily
made in less than two when no 'obstacles
are interposed. Three of the retreating
force' dallied' too long at a bridge, and
were ridden, down and captured by a de
tachment of the enemy.- .There were no
other losses. The chief difficulty experi
enced was due to the number of parallel
roads occasionally converging that ran
through the country traversed. The re
treating party had to keep scouts con
stantly ahead picking Up the lay of the
land and bringing in reports, to pro
tect themselves from the danger
of being flanked on some of these
roads and cut off entirely at a con
verging point. In a country with ono
good main road and" but few aide roads
the success of a bicycle corps in obstruct
ing the passage of an enemy would be
much greater. Bicycles have not yet been
introduced in the British regular army,
but if their success among the volunteers
continues, it is expected that a similar
corps will be organized, in each regular
regiment. New York Sun.
.Frogreuioa In Car .Brakes.
Every year has shown progress in per
fecting the comforts and -safety of the'
railway. car. In 1849 the Hodge hand
brake was introduced, and in 1851 the
Stevens brake. These enabled the cars
to be controlled in a manner' which added
much to the economy and safety in hand
ling the trains. In 1869 George Westing
house patented his air brake, by which
power from the engine was transmitted
by compressed air carried through hose
and acting upon the brakes of each car
in the train. It was under the control of
the engineer, and its action was so prompt
audits power so effectual that a train
could be stopped in an incredibly short
time, and the brakes released in an in
stant. In 1871 the vacuum brake was de
vised, by means of which the power was'
applied to the brakes by exhausting the
A difficulty under which .railways suf-'
fered for many years was the. method of
coupling-ears. The ordinary means con
sisted of coupling pins inserted into links
attached to the cars. There was a great
deal of "alack," the jerking of the train
In eonaamiMioo was varr ohjactiooable.
and tse distance between tne piatrornw
of the cars made the crossing of them
dangerous. In collisions one platform
waslikdy to rise above that of the ad
joining car. and "telescoping" was not an
The means of
against standing on the platforms were
characteristic of the dangers which
threatened, and were often ingenious in
the devices for attracting attention. On a
New Jersey road there was painted on the
car door a picture of anew made grave,
with a formidable tombstone, on which
was an inscription announcing to a ter
rified public that it was "Sacred to the
memory of the man who had stood on a
platform." Scribner's Monthly.
TJstatT Second Hand Tin Ci
Economy may be the secret of wealth,
but there.are cases where it does noi pay
to economize too closely. A method is in
use, and has been recently patented, of
using again old tin cans from which peas,
lobster, salmon and other edibles nave
been removed. The practice mav prove a
pernicious one, and tho cans should be
relegated to tho furnace and rolling mill
before being again used for canning food
At best, cans are never preserved, after
the food has been removed, hia very
clean condition, to say the least, and the
acid contained in the food often causes
poisonous compounds, when combined
with oxygen of the atmosphere.
The old cans are, it is stated, collected
in the "revamping" establishment, the
damaged top removed, and .the cans
thoroughly cleansed. If this statement
be true, there may be no objection from a
sanitary point of view, but it is doubtful
if cans can be cleaned short of removing
the entire coating of more or less oxidised
tin coating with which they are covered,
thus leaving some of the poisonous mat
ter to contaminate the nest food placed
hi the can. .
After cleansing, the old bottom is
Knched to serve as a new top. and a new
ttom soldered on from the inside,
through the punched hole. It might be
well for purchasers of canned goods to ex
amine the construction of cans when
purchasing, and promptly reject all goods
likely to be in cases or cans that are
"second hand." Boston Budget.
Horses of tho World.
Considering the very important roles
which cavalry asd artillery play in the
art of modern warfare it 'is an interesting
fact to know the total number of animals
which the leading countries of the world
can throw into the field of battle. It is
equally interesting to know that the stat
istician in formulating his tables places
the United States in second place. The
following is the list, according to the late
statistics furnished the war department
Russia, 21,570,000 horses; America,
9,500,000; the Argentine Republic, 4,000.
000; Austria, 3,500.000; Germany, 8,850,
000; Franco, 2,800,000 and 800,000 mules;
England, 2.790,000; Canada. 2.024,000;
Spain, 080,000 horses and 2,800,000mules;
Italy. 2.000.000; Belgium. 888.000; Den
mark. 316.000; Australia, 801,000; Hol
land. 125.000, and Portugal. 88,000 horses
aud 50.000- mules. New York Mail and
Tho Secrets of Success.
Without doubt, the secrets open to all
in business, if well followed, are most
sure to lead to sufficiency, which is suc
cess enough. These are: Tenacity of pur
pose, courage of convictions, strict at
tention to your own business and letting
:hat of others alone; knowing when to
iay no and meaning it when said; allow
icg- thought to precede words and action;
placing a high value on truth; rating the
respect of mankind higher than wealth;
living within your means; wearing an old
coat until you can pay for a new one; liav
leg a firm belief that this life is not all
there is to work for. There are other
"secrets" which seem to lead to success,
and one called "booming," but it is doubt-,
ful if they should be encouraged or re
commended to the rising generation, as
they are based on deception, supported
by falsehood, and lead to but a glitter bf
success, likely to tarnish. J. H. Mc
Vicker in Chicago Journal.
A Xstural Soap Well.
A natural soap well has been discov
ered, sixty-eight miles west of Buffalo
Gap,- D. T. The soap is skimmed from a
boiling spring and hardens by exposure
to the air. It is like soft clay, and can be
gathered with a shovel, and is supposed
to bo a mixture of alkali, borax and the
lubricating oil found in many parts of
Wyoming. ' A sample has been tested by
a prominent Chicago soap manufacturer,
and. he reported the discovery worth the
full weight of tho manufactured articlo.
Parties surrounding the springs have
used tho natural article as axle grease
by adding a little of the oil discovered
there, and it is pronounced the finest ma
terial ever used for that purpose. The
soap will wash iu the hardest of water
and leave tho hands much softer than
tho ordinary articlo. The supply is sup
posed to be inexhaustible. Brooklyn
The inhabitants of mountainous dis
tricts and of dry. elevated table lands may
have a better sight than dwellers in low,
humid, and level regions, although just
the reverso may" be the case. Among
European nations the Germans are gener
ally supposed to have weak .eyes, owing,
some imagino, to their excessive indnl--gence
in tobacco, while others attribute
tho supposed decay to the form of typo
used in their books, which requires closer
looking at than ours iu reading. Long
man's Magazine. '
What av'phllorapner Said.
There recently died in this city a .well
known . Boston merchant of convivial
habits, and who was known as a good
liver in an. epicurean sense. Among those
who attended the funeral, were two
friends,, ono of whom said to tho other:
"J ongbt to have lived twenty years
longerv ho had a constitution equal to.lt."
"Yes," replied the philosopher of the
two, an ex-member of the senate, "a man
inherits his constitution; but he makes
his own bylaws." Boston Budget.
Boat Building: of Old,
It. is sod to think of. the trouble Robin
son Crusoe put himself to when he under
took to make himself a boat. Had he been
up in archeology he would have hollowed
out a tree trunk with red hot stones. His
ancestors appear to have used this rude,
but-effective, .method. A canoe found re
cently in 'the Tunhovd fiord, in Central
Norway, has proved to have been fash
ioned after this manner. It is in 'good
condition, and will be shown at the mu
seum of Christiania. Detroit Free Press.
A Jfew Nickel Plated Ballet.
A new bullet proposed for the English
army Is of an unusually small caliber,
and is encased in an outer sheet of nickel,
which increases its power of penetration.
It is used with a rifle of greater thick
ness of barrel, in which a heavier charge
than usual can be fired. Several hundred
of tho rifles have been made for experi
mental use. New York Sun.
A New English School.
A young woman's' polytechnic institute)
Is a new English school, the object of
which is to supply technical instruction to
women; such as dressmaking, cookery and
bookkeeping. In the evening the build
ing will be used as a young woman's club,
and rooms are fitted up for social purposes
and reading. Good Housekeeping. "
An idea has been developed in Germany
in the shape of .the manufacture of mor
tar by machinery in large quantities, to be
delivered to contractors and individuals
as required for use. About 2,000.000
barrels were disposed of hi Berlin on this
plan alone hut year. Public Opinion.
Cats Torsns Bahhlts.
Cats are found to be the best extermi
nators ef rabbits in New Zealand. They
do great havoc among the youngoncs. and
in some sections scarcely a rabbit was to
be seen. .
It would not be surprising' if some
society women were to specially set apart
a day upon which to reef-re their dearly
balovedcUMren. PUIaAelpUa Call.
The First Syoiptsms
Of ail Lung diseases are mut-h thra!ue :
fevcrfeliness, loss of appetite, sure
throat, paiiu in the chest and. luck,
headache, etc. In a few days yon may
be well, or. on the other hand, yott nay
be down with Pneumonia or " galloping
Consumption." Run no risks, but begin
immediately to take AVer's Cherry
Several years ago, James Birchard. of
Darien, Conn., was severely ill. The
doctors said he was in Consumption,
and tltat they could do nothing for him,
but advfcetl him, as a last resort, to try
Ayer's Cherry. Pectoral. After taking
this medicine, two or three months, he
was pronounced a well man. His health
remains good to the present day.'
J. S. Bradley, Maiden, Mass., writes :
" Three winters ago I took a severe cold,
which rapidly developed into Rronrhuiit
and Consumption.,- 1 was so weak that
I could not sit up. wm mnch e'tna.-i'tti!,
and coughed incessantly. I co'tsuitetl
several doctors,-but they wre power
less, and all agreed that I was in Con
sumption. At last; a friend brought me
a bottle of Aj er's Chorry Pectoral.
From the first . !oa. I found relief:
Two bottles cured me, and my health
ban since Iwcn perfect.-'
Aysr's Cherry Pectoral,
rRKPARElt BY . $.
Or. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowe!!, Mess.
Sold by all PnjjrststK. I'lL-ogl ; Kbou!e,35
A pretty woman said the other night
she didn't in the least mind .being old. but
it was the getting there that distressed
Vhen littlo Alice first saw a money
river, she exclaimed. "Oh. "how sun
burned the liver is!"
A New Fork s
;r9et merchant's sign
The B. & M.RR have arranged to
ran several Harvest excursions from the
east to Nebraska points, including Co
lumbus. Any persons desirous of advis
ing friends in the east of these excur
sions can have them advised from our
Omaha office by addressing J. Francis,
Genl Passenger Agt, or by advising C
E. Barrell, Agt, Columbus, Neb.
The wolf must die in his own skin.
The proprietors of SANTA ABIE have
authorized Dowty & Becher to refund
your money if, after giving this Califor
nia King of Cough Cures a fair trial as
directed, it fails to give satisfaction for
the cure of Coughs, Croup, Whooping
Cough and all Throat and Lung troubles.
When the disease affects the head, and
assumes the form of Catarrh, nothing is
so effective as CALIFORNIA CAT-B-CTJBE.
These preparations are with
out equals as household remedies.. Soli?
at 1.00 a package. Three for $20.
He that keeps his own makes war.
At this season of the year people can.
not be too careful about keeping their
bowels regular. Bilious and malarial
diseases are often brought on by allow
ing the bowels to become torpid. An
occasional dose of St. Patrick's Pills is
all that would be required, and might
prevent serious sickness. For sale by
Dowty & Becher.
Promising is the eve of giving.
English Spavin Liniment removes all
hard, soft or calloused lumps and blem
ishes from horses; blood spavin, curbs,
splints, sweeney, ring-bone, stifles,
sprains, all swolen throats, coughs, etc
Save S50 by use of one bottle. Warranted.
Sold by C. B. Stillman, druggist, Co
He can give little to his servant that
licks his knife.
The Passenger: Department, of the
Union Pacific, "The Overland Route,"
has issued a neat little pamphlet, pocket
size, entitled "National Platform Book,"
containing the democratic, republican
and prohibition platforms, together with
the addresses of acceptance of Grover
Cleveland,-Benjamin Harrison and Clin
ton. B. Fiak; also tabulated tables show
ing the plurality vote, the electoral vote
and an analysis of the vote as cast for
Cleveland and Blaine in 188L This
book is just what is needed at this time
and should be m the hands of every
voter. It plainly sets forth what each
party has to offer and every reader can
draw his own comparisons. Sent to any
address on application". Address, J. S.
Tebbets, Gen'l Passenger Agt, Union
Pacific Ry, Omaha, Neb.
A stone in the well is not losL.
Aa Absolato Care.
The ORIGINAL ABIETINE OINT
MENT is only put up in large twohounce
tin boxes, and is an absolute cure for
old sores, burns, wounds, chapped hands
and all kinds of skin eruptions. Will
positively cure all kinds of piles. Ask for
the ORIGINAL ABITINE OINTMENT
Sold by Dowty & Becher at 25 cents per
box by .mail 90 cents. mar7y
Poverty is nosinjust a.little unhandy
Cholera Morbus is one of -the most
painful and. dangerous diseases, many
deaths result from it each year, usually
because it is not properly treated. The
most severe cases may be cured, by us
ing Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy. It never fails. Sold
by Dowty & Becher.
' Words are women, deeds are men.
Wfcat Florida People Live Oa
"What do you Florida people live on
in summer?' "Fish." "What in the
winter?" "Yankees." -Alas! how many
northern people draw their last breath
in Florida, slain by the fell destroyer,
consumption,, who would have lived, had
they used at first that marvelous spe
cific for consumption, when not too far
advanced, Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery better, that nypopnosphites
and cod liver oil, because more nutritive
tonic; also an invaluable' liver corrective
and blood-pnrifier, 'cleansing away all
scrofulous humors (which, cause con
sumption), and' all other impurities of
the' blood, curing glandular swellings,
goitre or thick neck, old sores, and
ulcers. Of druggists.
Don't hawk, and blow, and-' spit,-but
use Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy.
them bom their nomas and families. The
profits are. large and sure for every induatrious
person, many nave made and are now making
several honored dollars.a month. It is easy for
anyone to make 3 and upwards per day, who is
williag-to work. Either sex, yonng or old; capi
tal aot needed; .we start yon. Everything new.
No atacial ability naoired: yea. readdr. can do
it as well as any one. Writ to .as at once for
fall partfeaOars. whiefe w taau free.
- - . - -
trirX- Ur MwM Lllljfrtti S
- ' - - .. . . ;, '
l t' " aw r :- . . ..
aTA. W 0Sy - v . . - - .- .
jrl rav mf I -..- --? - --
i - - (S It" 111 ' y - .: E&'-'-i-?-
aVal lafa JAWk. m-lf m. TmV.- mefc' . . . -.
lr-v"L 1 f MP lfmt m -7flL. " - y H&
i ' Sr I. J : II-"' .'.-" -. - ..' t-'- :-
.fe T - iri ',.''-; mmmaw!mflKf"mmm""m"''"'""mamWVBem- ammmmmmmmC11 ' '
ThisistheTop of the Genuine
Pearl Top Lamp Chimney.
Tins exact Label
is on each Pearl
A dealer may say
and think he has
otners as sopd.
BUT KE HAS NOT.
Insist upon the Exact Label and Top. .
FSI 5L EVErcrK'CE. RACE CKIY KT
SHO. A, MACBETH &.G0., Piitscar&.P
Contains lso full ml complete li, of fceth
tke rrett stin.Urd beams. IHs'J. ith. numerous superb pat
traits. Among the authors will I found the names of Sena
tors FCTe.Oandler. Ilawlejr. In?a!U. John I. Lonr. popular
ex-genr. oflta;.. McKinley of oiito. rites on the TarMT.
Henri- Cabot Lodge, and a numLer pf others of a Bke prom
"?" 1 4my ""tHtic C.it?ain Sm. inSorstd h
tniai.K.tr.fm. Uont be induced tu get any other. Dis
tance no hinderance as we pay all fieicht cbarces. Send SO
cents in ic. sumps for outfit and be the flrst In t&a Said, or
W,"JVI !"" """ ana special i erms sent free to all,
'" -., ruus.. Springfield, M
ffOOO Book Agents wanted to sell
THX LOT AUD PUBLIC SZBVICZS OP
Fall mad unr!t. bum Urn hoThood to hi nomination In Si.-
lante, with pmonal nmlolmoo. lncUai and ttwedotoa.
tntmmU illwttatad with aMl portraits and w4 tifrmrtBfa.
TW task alto maUlm a ntwrb rsnrail aMtnfull aedeuspWt.
UVK OV WBA. nUEVRTlA'KIl- totkr with aeoanlate
Mavrafky of AIXEN- O.-THURMAN. Thia toi lb. onto
illHr Lifl. Dsat U udwad UMn; othar. Thar sill
ankaatT ba aaaataortsad Una. but thia 1 tha right . DU-
Sanaa aa Madams, aa pay all trauportatloa charm. ,
weantatalcataaiMaaaMinaBna la iaa ,wui,
taa gohlan aaraast. Writ for rail aartlnlara and Spaalal Tansa
ant fra la all. AUraa.. WINTER A C0.7
For "riin-down." debilitated and overwork"!
woaaen. Or. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is
the best of all restorative tonics. It iaapotrnt
Spedflc for all taoaa Chronic weakm- ana
Diseases peculiar to Women : a powerru I. gen
eral as well as uterine, tonic and wrvrnf, it
imparts vizor and strength to the whole bjhI cm.
It prompt! v cures weakness of etomach.nausea.
indigestion, bloating, weak back, nervous pros
tration, debility antf sleeplessness. In either sex.
It is carefully compounded by an experienced,
physician, and adapted to woman's delicate
organization. Purely vegetable and perfectly
harmka in anv r-nnrlitinn nf the svstem.
r "IVl-.i -it --
tleat la the only medicine
for women, sold by dniforistA.
tor a esitlve raar.
of satisfaction in every case, or. price
(11.00) refunded. This guarantee lias been
printed on the bottle-wrapper, and faithfully
carried out for many years.
For large, illustrated Treatise on Diseases of
Women (100 pages, with full directions for
home-treatment), send ten cents in stamps.
Address. World's Dispensary Medical
Association, CO Main Street. Buffalo, N. ..
! iifh laealltvi
Waanasm aal f
aoo ha aaca locality, to tea la
i. iia.Tinlhnn-rri- " -
mmrm " SaaMTSlKaM
7aaasssasvaasraHaaiavaen,w nana n . i
saanaaawaaasay aaacallad.tar bacoata j.iar own srory:
M hsTaMtata auk thlairatt oSar. aradlac tha l.Ma
sVafaa'haadrsaT-raiiiiliafiri st thaahowtna-of
sraU aa taa srateb.wa and flmaad i
i astoT loealttT. al warn raanlta la a larc trad lor
r aananlaB has ana ta a locality tor a month or taia
i Hal raa tuna.i ,
BaoVofthacaaae. BaaarUwUlbharJlTany traM
i akas tawaaanial So inosa srna mar cau xr auvv
mf miafai ini i a postal eardoa
a so ear a go fa-taar, aoaarm la doja.
aaad joar addrasa at oneat yon eaa aaenra rail
rTiTiTi i. fa tk world aadea
.!""!. r M . ., - at.taa .ail
Try the Cure
Ely's Cream Balm
layB Iiiflammation. Heals tho Soros.
amTaa"LSmVmrW-rw W ' m.tVV J- ftu'
11 MKSi ci
,JIjKBBBB -f VSmawJSmmmV "
"rBVtn latalr. Bant BK bFbF
.raWt9BbJTaVkpr. Warrant. Baa
afafaBrrVOsaaKVMM M Caaaa,
aTaVTSaTrelXIaa and ssataiaeea.
aTBTBTBTBTBTBTBTBTBTBTrSflfaTal wl hsdlaa'aad taatsalaas
BaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaTaT'T3hW44Bawtta work aad eaaaa or
FAMILY : J0PBNAE.:
.;' ; ; . ':'1'' - - --" -'- ::.r
A Weekly Newspaper mti every;
32 Celimis el reaaiig Mailer, eti
sistiig ef Nekraska Slate Newg
Item's, Selerie4Siries aii "
Miseellaiy. i '..-
B"Samtld roiriew sent'frtr. fo.anjrr.aktreM.'
" Subscription, price,., v
SI a ytar, ii Mmc,.
.-Ml" K; TuRNBK'Jt" G6.:; : .
..... Columbus,- ';:. ,;.. -.. 'i
y LPiatfc&CJo;; NebrJ
All kiids - ef Repair.!
Short Notice. Bigries, Wajv
wis, ete.. ade w enfer,
aii all Werk Giar-
Um Mil tke wrld-fsaiwn Walter A
Wm4 Xtwn,:leMMn,;. Caafcim-
i JbdaiBM, llaalTasrteTt,
op opposite tfee "Tattersaii,'.'
Olive 8U COLUMBUS. Sti
,09 A 111 W. Mnrtk St. KMMUSCI7Y. MO
Thtonhf SptriMU is Ma CUf KAa.lt a Bmtor
Gradual UMmUtbu. Otfr 20 star Praetlet,
THE 0LKST JwKT, M LiwttST LOCsTEt,
Anthorlzrd by. tlie State to treat
Chronic. Nervousand 1 Special IMs-
easen." seminal wemaoea imgnt.
power), Nervous Debility, maonea -
kind, brlnary Dlfleaaea. and In fact,
all troubles. or dlvasea In either
male or female. Cores vaJrantaetl
or money refunded. Charges low. Thousands of.
casea cured. Experience Islmportant.- All medi
cines are guaranteed to be pare and efficaclotw,
being compounded In my perfectly appointed
laboratory, and are furnished ready for uh. X
running to drug' stores to have- uncertain pre.
acrlptlens filled. No mercury or Injurioux modl
'dnesuMd. No detention from business. 1-atleats
at a distance treated by letter and express, medi
cines sent everywhere free from gaze or-' breaks
age. State your case and aend for terms. Con
sultation free and confidential,, personally. or by
A M page "MiiYirVmr ;9th Sex, tent
Illustrated JIUvA sealed fn plain envelopn
for 6c. In Mampn. Every male, from the age 4
15 to 45, Hhuuld read this boob
IRE GREAT THUS1 MBJsUTIC CORE.
A roSITtVE CCBE r RHKUMAflSM.I
Sfii kr anr eaaa- thia trratmrntihitotal
eareornnp. ira.iMiaiaeverTaaaai i
r medicine. One dmm aitra reiiafs a lev I
doan mnoTV'rrr and pala ta-Joluts;.!
lure eftranktcn in i to I oaja. fJnkl mr-1
svnt of a with, stamp, for Circulars. I
dll. or adlrra I
FAUill.K .V HKADS'lAW.
t'SurceiMfj tu-Fuulrfe Htuhtlt),
BRICK MAKERS T
ay"t"irjtrar.trH";inil ItulrUVm'-wil!' "find-nur
hrirk ilrht.l?aii :iUl ollrnti :r rwiwonub't' ralwt.-Veab,Nil,t.'pn,iii-d,
W ! ;!J. kTiuls of lirick
Senti for circo!jr.lrWtIt3ir2.' '
mZWMZBLMmmi ciu -
I : i .
XkOWW fc BEcmni.
Trade annaliad he tha HI T. Class:' larM Ct.
Iilaenla, Neb. - - 1mm ly. -
i i 7, aw'-
5i . i?:
-.1".'-.-- - -
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