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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 17, 1888)
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VOL. XIX.-NO. 26.
COLTJMBTTS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 962.
bash Capital - $100,000.
- - DIRECTORS:
LEANDEK GEKRARD. l'r't.
GEO. V. If UUST, Vice Pren't.
:' ' ' . JULIUS A. REED. -
: .. ; .. "K. ii. iiKNity.
.'..' . J. E. TASKKR, Cashier.
C'eliectioa lrmptly Made
Pay latereMt Time iep-
iy. 11. SIIE1 J()X. 1WL
i ' W'.A. McALLISTER.-Vire Pre'.
O. A. NEWMAN. Cahir.
.-'. DANIEL 8CIIRAM, Ass't Cash.
J P '".BECKER. JONAS WELCH, .
(VltLlJELSKE. II. !. H. OEHLRlCH,
1 H WUKWEMAX. W-"M.WINgUW,
GEO. W. GALLEY. ARNOLD OEHLRlCH.
' Tliiri Rank transact n regular Bankins Busi-
'imvs, will allow interest on time deposits, make
collections, buy ir wll exclumgo on United
State and EunijHMinil buy mid ell available
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COFFISS-AXD METALLIC CASES
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Mf COLUMBUS, SEBBAflU.
aaaa i MPgj
W AGED REPUBLICAN.
104 YEARS OLD AND WILL VOTE
FOR HARRISON AND MORTON.
George Habbartt, of Bfapletoa, Md.,
Cast m Ballot In Krery Presldemtial Elec
tion bat Three A Short Story of His
In Mapleton, Md., there live two men, '
father and sou, named George Habbartt.
Their average age is 91 years. The father
was born in 1784, and is consequently 101
years old. The Chicago Tribune's corre
spondent found him in Indianapolis,
where he was visiting his daughter, Mrs.
Samuel Record, of 814 East Market street.
The old man's countenance was interest
ing. The' ravages of time had left him
yet with a bright blue eye, his cheeks are
full of lines, but not much sunken, and
bis mouth has capacity of expression un
asual in men forty years his junior. The
leepest marks of tune are in his brown
ttnd withered hands, which, despite his
great age, ere "steady as a clock today,"
to quote his expression. His voice is
clear and strong, though he keys it high,
as most person do who have defective
After a general conversation the old
"I was blind for three year. Cat
aracts grew over my eyes, but since
they were removed I have -had excellent
sight. 1 wear one pair of glasses when I
read and another pair when I walk, but
that is not unusual for younger men
"To what do you attribute your great
"I always lived as close to nature an I
-:ould. Exercise, good food, warm cloth
ing, and sleep and nothing else than
these; have kept mo in good health. I
never - used tobacco in my life, and have
had little to do with stimulants."
Mrs. Record said her father usually-retired
early at 7 or 8 o'clock and arose at
4 or 5. lie had for a number of years
taken a nap after dinner. His diet usually
excluded meats because he feared indi
gestion. He drank coffee and tea.
"I farmed until a few years ago," tho
old man said, "and than I moved into the
village. I had got so I wasn't much ac
count on a farm."
Bern;? asked for a sketch of his life ho
gavo these data: "I was born in Sussex
county, Del., March 27, 17S4. When I
was 0 years old my parents moved to
North Carolina. I remember tho trip well.
I lived with my parents until I was 22
years old, and then I concluded to roam
around in the west awhile. That was in
lbOG. Wo hadn't anv steam cars in thor.o
days, and there wasn't any boats on tho
river. I saddled a little roan nag one day
and set out. All tho west was ono great
wilderness then. Not a path had been
broken through the big forests of this
state, and wo had no guides to show us
tho way. It was Just a dive into" tho big
woods, and, if you got lost, get out tho
best you could or mako the most of stay
ing. A young fellow who didn't like ad
venture staid at homo those times. That
was before Gen. Harrison whaled the
Injuns, and tho woods was full of red
skins. "When I first saw Cincinnati they were
rolling logs away from tho levee, and
that was the only well cleared spot in the
town. There were logs and stumps
everywhere about the old south market
Mr. Hubbartt related in an entertaining
manner a number of hunting anecdotes,
showing a remarkable recollection of even
tho most trivial details of events which
occurred eighty years ago.
Two years of life in the great forests
had appeased the appetite of the young
man for "roaming."
"After that, long a time I went back
homo on horseback," he said, "and settled
mo down to Nancy Thomas. Pretty soon
after that Nancy and I bundled up a little
plunder and started for tho west. Wo
stopped in Ohio for some time, but finally
moved down into the territory, settling
in what's now Dearborn county of this
state. In 1810 I had a little "patch of
ground cleared up and was a pretty thrifty
farmer. Then the war with the Indians
broke out and I entered tho 'service under
Capt, Spencer. Wo built a Mock house
down on a branch of the Maumee river,
into which all tho women were collected.
Then we were sent away into the woods
to keep tho Indians from getting help
from tho south or from escaping acrosa
the Ohio river. I was in that service
when the battle of Tippecanoe was fought
and tho treaty signed which closed out
Blockhouses were built and owned by
communities. They were a sort of fort
into which tho women and children were
assembled in times of peril. Frequently
the blockhouses were occupied only at
night, tho families returning to their
homes at the approach of the succeeding
day. Tho architectural form of the
blockhouses mado them impregnable.
"Two houses and a palisade avenue
connecting them made up tho '. general
groundwork," Mr. Hubbartt said in do
scribing these pioneer forts. "The houses
were built up solid of logs so cut that tho
joints fitted closely. At tho height of
about ten feet longer logs were hud cross
the top of tho house, to that -the floor
jutted over, allowing a walk round and
above tho outer house which was used by
guards in protecting the house from being
bfit on fire. The palisades connecting the
houses wero ten feet high. There was a
heavy gate in tho" center of ono side of
the inclosure. and it was covered by the
portholes of both buildings. The en
trance to the houses was by heavy gates
connecting with tho palisades. Admit
tance to the upper floor was gained by
steps which were drawn up when not in
"When I first moved into 'Dearborn
eounti my house was farthest west of
any individual home In the county. There
were posts west of us. but no separate
houses. I guess our nearest neighbor
was Gen. William Henry Harrison, who
.lived at North Bend, His house was on
our way to CinrinnatL I often saw the
old general in passing his house. Ho was
a sociable old gentleman, who had a homo
which, in those days, attracted a good
deal of attention, as you may hare heard,
for its cider barrel and gourd. It was a
cabin, such as you see today in the back
woods, but it had more than cider and
gourds; it was full of books and gave the
general great.fame for his wisdom. I re
collect I was going by Ms place once-
5 Vil 4 i
wnen tne rresnetsnaa maae tuu rood im
passable. A friend was with me and wo
had proceeded as far as we could without
having to return. Tho old general was
out in a clear space before his' house. He
called to us: 'Gentlemen, don't you think
you are getting out of your .way down
there?" We told him we guessed wo were
not. Then he told us the road was cut
away at a point round tho hill and invited
us to walk across his field. Ho came
down to the course we had to take across
the lot anil had quite a talk with us."
-Mr. Hubbartt spoko of the high regard
in which tho hero of Tippecanoe was held
by those who knew him. "People often
came far to see him," said tho old man.
As to other old people he said: "I do
not know of any one who has voted longer
than I have. ' 1 voted at all -the elec
tions for president except those at which
Washington, Adams and Jefferson wero
chosen. I expect to live long enough to
vote for two or three more Cfpublicau
Those who know Mr. Hubbartt as an
industrious farmer, an upright neighbor
and a good citizen, love him. He has the
wishes of them all for many more years
of life. Tho records of the war depart
ment, showing the age of Mr. Hubbartt
when he .entered the army in 1810 ho
was then .23 years old authenticate the
story of his great age.
TRUSTS IN ENGLAND.
They Are There, Only They Go Under
The following interesting item is taken
from tho financial columns of The Scots
man of Monday, Sept. 3. Tho Press has
a copy of the paper:
A Steel Rail Corner. The Ironmonger
announces that a new rail association,
comprising the whole of tho steel rail
manufacturers in Great. Britain, Germany,
Belgium and France, has been formed.
The details of the scheme, however, are
not yet known.
Oh, no, there are no trusts and combi
nations in England, none in Europe.
Trusts und combinations are only possible
in protection countries. It is perhaps not
generally known that the Mills bill, which
puts tin plate on the free list, will increase
tho demand for English sheet iron. In
view of this it is not surprising to find
the following in a recent copy of a Liver
Further important steps were taken
yesterday to strengthen the operations of
the maimers' ring in the Staffordshire and
Midland sheet iron trades. Some ques
tion is beginning to arise whether the re
starting of additional mills by outsiders
may not weaken tho hands of the ring.
With the object of preventing this an in
fluential committeo was yesterday elected
to induce firms not now members of the
trust to throw in their lot with the asso
ciation :uid so keep up prices. Since the
inauguration of the ring prices havo risen
fifteen shillings per ton.
Already the British salt producers and
manufacturers of tin havo made a combi
nation in view of the passage in tho house
of representatives of tho Mills bill, mak
ing ono-sixth of our dutiablo imports
free, and now tho steel rail manufacturers
and sheet iron trades aro organizing for a
raid -on the American market. New York
The Democrats and Not the Sons of Eric
In a recent speech at London Mr. Cham
berlain, prospective son-in-law of Cleve
land's administration, declared "exper
ience showed that, whether in Dublin,
New York or Boston, Irish government
was alwavs inefficient and corrupt."
Now this is certainly unjust. There
has been no genuiue Irish government iu
Dublin for a hundred years, and wo think
the records of Irish history will not bear
out the assertion that the government ol
Dublin was generally inefficient and cor
rupt previous to the union of Ireland
with Great Britain. The terrible corrup
tions of tho local government of New
York city in the past ore not directly
chargeable to tho Irish, but to the Demo
cratic politicians who unfortunately con
trolled tho great bulk of the Irish vote
as they probably can never do again.
As to Boston, that city has really never
been under "Irish government." It once
had on Irish mayor, it is true, but
if his administration was not in all re
spects a model for efficiency and purity,
it at least contrasted very favorably with
tho administration of other Democratic
mayors, not Irish, in other cities.
Mr. Chamberlain can embark a British
free trado sympathizing administration in
a disgraceful and un-American fisheries
"treaty," but he will have to be even
smarter than he is now before he can.
make tho American peoplo believe that
tho Irish are responsible either for British
niisgovcrnmcnt in Ireland or for Demo
cratic inefficiency and corruption in Amer
ica. Ohio State Journal.
- TJlsnop Ticwrain Heard From.
Bishop Newman writes:
"If I had time to spare from my con
ference work. I would gladly respond to"
tho invitation now sent me, and show,
first, that whatever lias been accomplished
in the way of temperance legislation in
this country has been tho work of tho
Republican party; and, second,' that in
that party today is tho hope of the tem
perance people and the temperance legis
lation of the country. So far as I can
observe in traveling through the country,
the people, with few exceptions, aro com
ing to this conclusion and are standing
firm for Harrison and Morton."
That is good talk. Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette.
Hotv Do Yon like It, Farmers?
The Democrats are claiming before
audiences of farmers that tho Millc bill
does not repeal tho duty on potatoes. Tho
Mills bill absolutely repeals, without any
qualification, the duty on potatoes in
theso words (seo lines 12S-9of the free"
list of that bill):
"Vegetables in their natural state, or in
salt or trine, not specially enumerated or
Potatoes are vegetables. Potatoes are.
not specially enumerated or provided for,"
end are, therefore, put on the free list.
This is another specimen of Democratic
dishonesty and evasion. Indianapolis
Too Generous by Half.
The Mills bill repeals the duty on wool
but puts "sheep dip" on the free ' list.
Sheep dip is a preparation to destroy ticks
on sheep. When the farmer's flocks are
destroyed, as they would bo by free wool,
he would have"no use for sheep dip. The
"ticks" would go with the sheep. The
free traders are too generous. Indian
The town of Calais, Maine, is one of
those which nearest adjoins British terri
tory, and which was considered to be
quito intimately t fleeted by tho fishery
question as treated in "President Cleve
land's retaliation message. The rote of
Calais was as follows on governor: Pro
hibition, 17; Democratic, 83S;Bepublican,
883. New York Sun (Dem.)
He Mast Be One ee the Other.
The man who is opposed to a protective
tariff is a free trader. No writer on free
trade has ever attempted to define the ex
pression in any other way than to state
thatit is the converse of protection. Con
sequently, any one who is not aprotec
tkaist mast ba a free tmier.-r43an Iran
OUR PRESIDENTIAL GUS WILLIAMS.
"Vait, I set my big dog Surplus on you.
Doggie! doggie!! doggie!!! Vere is dat
""i doggie?" Buffalo News.
FREE TRADE IN LUMBER.
Former Canadian Member of Par
liament Says About It.
Francis Wayland Glen, of Brooklyn, for
many years a member of the Canadian
, parliament, furnishes an interesting tariff
j "Before the reciprocity treaty of 1854
was abrogated 1 resided in Canada and
' manufactured saw mill machinery I
thereforo understand the views of lum
bermen on free trado in lumber Many of
, them were in parliament with me. and I
i therefore am able to say that there is not
a manufacturer of lumber in Canada who
dees not believe that if lumber vrere put
on the t'reo list in this country the price
of lumber in Canada would advance nearly
or quite the full amount of the duty taken
off. and that the convertible valuo of
timber limits would ' be enormously iu
"As tho increase in tho value of lumber
in Canada would bo clear profit, all lumber
men, without distinction of party, favor
j free trado with tho United States in that
i product Tho amount of lumber sent
, from Canada to this market is not suf
ficient to control tho price, and- conse-
j 'uently tho Canadian producer, and not
' the American consumer, will reap tho
benefit of the removal of the American
"Tho day after the free wool clause was
' adopted by tho lower house of congress
tho leading journal of Canada reported
the wool market as being "very much ex
cited and quotations suspended." holders
believing that if the duty wero removed
the price in Canada, liko that of lumber,
would bo advanced nearly or quite as much
as the amount of tho duty taken off.
"The journal referred" to advocates a
tariff for revenue only,' and would, not
havo so reported tho w'ool market unless
' compelled to do so as a faithful reporter.
The Canadians believe that reciprocity in
. national products will add millions "au
; nually to the value of their exports to
, tub country. They aro quite willing to
abandon their fishery claims for a much
. less valuable consideration. Cauadians
know a good thing wheu they see if, and
are, therefore, anxious to have lumber
and wool admitted to this country free of
( duty, knowing that it will increase the
. valuo of these products in Canada,
i "A short timo sinco a Dominion parlia
mentary election was being held in an
Ontario riding. In ndvocatufg the claims
: of tho Liberal candidate tho leading jour
nal anti-protection), to show the farmers
of the riding tho value of reciprocity as
1 advocated by tho Liberal candidate, in an
editorial, quoted from a late return the
quantity of grain and tho number of cat
tle raised in tho riding, arid added -the
, American duty to each class, and declared
I that tho total sum (some hundreds of
I thousands of dollars) represented the
valuo of reciprocity to tho farmers of tho
i riding for a single year, although this
; journal for the past forty years has in
. sisted that the consumer "pays the duty.
"Leading Tories resident in Canada
I during war times always argued that if
1 England recognized the Confederacy she
j would have a permanent freo trado ally,
becauso tho government would bo founded
upon the theory that the laborer isachat-.
tel. and thereforo there could not bo any
industrial development or any commer
cial marine, consequently English ships
would carry the raw products of the
south to England and return iu payment
the products of English manufactories.
"And that further. England, having
her Canadian provinces on tho north and
her freo trade ally on the south, could se
riously cripple, if not crush, the indus
trial development of the then loyal states.
What England failed to accomplish at
that timo it is now proposed to securo
through a united south and such north -em
Democrats as prefer party to indus j
"If consumers in this country will studv
the 'condition' of the nrarkets'ond not the
maxims and theories' of John C. Calhoun,
reiterated by Messrs. Mills, Carlisle and '
tho Breckinridges, and automatically re
peated by President Cleveland, they will
soon be convinced that competition among
home producers fixes tho market price in
this country of manufactured goods, and
not the amount of duty placed upon im
ports, and that they aro safer in the hands
of home rnanufacturcrs trnder-a protective -
tariff than they would be at tho mercy of j
a foreign manufacturer under a tariff'
revenue only," JNew lork Press.
FACTS PLAINLY STATED.
Tb President's Message sad the Mills Bill
Already Cringing Disaster to Industry.
President Cleveland, aided by his lieu
tenant free trader, - Mr Roger Quintus
Mills, has seen fit to attack our woolen '
industries iu the interest of England and
other foreign nations. This important -branch
of our country's prosperity keenly
feels the effect of this unjust attack.
The farmers, as a result, have alreadv
Iost more than $li5,0O?,000 on their wool ;
this year, and tho woolen mills, with few
exceptions, have been able to securo only
about one-half tho amount of orders from
the distributing trado which they need
for the current season, or which were
taken by the commission houses in the
corresponding period of 1887.
There is scarcely a single article made
by the worsted spinnings mills, by tho
woolen and knitting nulls or by those
mills engaged in' making woolen dress
goods which today returns any profit in I
its manufacture. On the contrary, many "
manufacturers are keeping their em
ployes busy at a serious loss to their own ,
interest. The jobber or distributor is in
a peculiar situation; he does not know
whether to purchase domestic or foreign '
woolens, and awaits the election of Har-
rison or Cleveland before he makes a de- l
cision. He therefore gives in the mean-
time but a fraction of his usual order to '
bridge over election day. The situation
is also a dangerous one for some of these
distributors, inasmuch as. the enactment
of the Mills bill means their inevitable
failure where their capital is limited.
-inis is a plain statement of fact.
election of Harrison means the sure con- i
tinuance of the manufacture nf Trnolens
in the United States and the starting up
of a great amount of machinery now idle
or being stopped for lack of orders; it
jaMcs thetBuaznaat. at good wagga, of
nunareas orcfiousanas or men ana women
(hitherto kept almost constantly busy
under the protective system); it means
that many more avenues will speedily be
'opened for tho employment of laborers,
-spinners and weavers on woolen goods; it
means that the busy hum of the spindio
will be heard from the Tuscaloosa to the
The Press believes that it is within
bouuds when it prophesies that moro
than one-half of tho woolen machinery
now running on goods for men's wear will
be silent, making more than 50,000 idle
workmen within sixty days if Grover
Cleveland is elected. Labor must surely
bear its share of the blow. A dearth of
orders already exists as a direct result of
the President's message and the agitation
of the Mills bill. This fact no theory of
Cleveland's can explain away. Neither
the manufacturer nor tho distributor can
afford to carry a pound or a yard of un
necessary woolen stuffs in his stock in
view of tho catastrophe which must fol
low Cleveland's election.
The decision, wage earners, is in your
hands. Yen are the arbiter. .So you de
cide for Harrison, protection and employ
ment, or for Cleveland, free trade and the
inevitable idleness of yourself and your
fellow workmen in tho great woolen in
dustries of this land. New York Press.
FARMERS AND PROTECTION.
Fallaelons Free Trade Arcntnents Wont
Deceive the Aerlcalturist.
Every free trader, from President Cleve
land down, has been striving with might
and main since last December to convince
tho American farmer that he is being
robbed and plundered by the protective
tariff. The amount of misrepresentation,
of sophistry, of fallacious argument and
of downright lying that has been expend
ed in this attempt would furnish a regi
ment of Baron Muuchauseus with mate
rial for their litcrarv labors for a lifetime.
The trouble is that while this talk
about Being robbed and burdened and
ground into tho dirt by tariff taxation
sounds very well, when tho American
farmer gets to thinking tho question over
he cannSt find where it is that ho is rob
bed or maltreated. If ho be a middle
aged man ho con. without any difficulty,
tmce tho gradual decrease in "the cost of
the things necessary for his use. Ho can
tee that everything which he has to buy
costs him less money than it used to, and
he begins very soon'to doubt the truth of
the free traders' oft repeated assertion
chat the import duty increases the price
of home made articles to the consumer
Ho remembers, for example, that under
free trado his wife's China tea set cost
her '$3, while nowadays tho American
chinaware of tho same kind can be bought
for $2.39. It occurs to him that ho used
to pay 7 a dozen for files and that now
he can buy them for $2.80 a dozen. When
it comes to blankets, clothes and such
articles, ko calls to mind tho fact that
they do not cost over one-half what they
did iu freo trado times; and ho soon
makes up his mind that the freo trado
orator is cither a fool or a liar, and hi
either case not a safo counselor.
Gen.Raum. of Illinois, says that he re
cently attended a meeting in Pope county
in that state, which was composed almost
entirely of fanners, having no manufac
turing interests whatever, and yet they
wero all outspoken in favor of protection.
The same thing can bo said of certain com
munities hi th:3 state. A correspondent
has written us from a town hi the inte
rior, which is scarcely more than a village,
saying that a club has been formed there
with a membership of nearly 800, nearly
all of whom aro interested in agriculture
ono way or another, and all of whom are
And so it will bo all over the country.
The American farmer is a man of brains,
of intelligence, of reasoning powers; and
ho is not going to be induced to cut his
own throat in order to gratify somo imag
inary spite against his countrymen who
prefer something else to farming. Ho
would rather feed them than ruin them,
. and so long as he keeps of that mind he
has no use for freo trade. San Francisco
Some' Protection Figures.
What the protective tariff lias done for
this country is forcibly shown in. a statis
tical paper by Mr. Michael G. Mulhall".
ono of tho ablest of living students of
political economy. He demonstrates that
tho total working power of the United
States, man. horse and steam, is 80,454
fcot ton.t daily, against .W.OoO In tho
United Kingdom. 30.::.') in Franco ami
S7.220 in Germany. Tiio working energy
of our people equals that of tho two great
est of tho older nations combined. Mr.
Mulhall predicts that the American cen
sus of 1890 will show a population of G6,
000,090, .with .an aggregate energv of
100,000,000 of foot tons dailv and an ac
cumulated wealth of " 070,000,000,000.
"figures 'never before applicable to any
nation in tho world." As Mr. Mulhall is
a distinguished Englishman, it is cer
tainly not because of prejudice that his
figures cause him to argue so strongly for
tho benefits of protection. Albany l. Y.)
Dcinonracy and tSie Trusts.
' Tho Democratic platform condemned
trusts and combinations that "rob tho
body of our citizens," and Mr. Cleveland.
iu his letter of acceptance, asserted that
! this declaration was "sincerely made, anc
; up member of our party will bo found ex
! cusing tho existence "or lelittling tho
pernicious results- of these devices to
I wrong the people." Ilowmuch sincerity j
I there is in the Democratic party in this !
matter was shown in Washington vester-
i day on Democratic authority.
T ,...,,. r
Grain, of Texas, who stated that since
Aur. o- tT7elvo biUs dircctc.i .t
J trusts have been referred to the committeo
ou ways and means: If the sentiment of
. tho platform quoted by Mr. Cleveland was
! "sincerely made,'" the public would liko to
j see the non-action that Mr. Crain com-
plains of explained. Sir. Mills ought to
obligo it in his next political speech.
, New York Tribune.
The Uiud of a Surplus We All Want.
"Ah," said the tariff reformer, "if vou
will only consider this, my friend.. You
save seventeen cents a. day" in the cost of
living under my system."
"True," replied tho far seeing working
man; "but I lose $1 in wages. What do
you call the eightv-three cents that I don't
"Why, my dear sir. that is your sur
plus, and the object of my reform is to
remove the surplus."
"Oh. I see," said the farsecing working-,
man. as he walked- to 'tho polls and voted
the straight Republican ticket his guar
antee of home, health and comfort. New
Foreigners the CeneSriaries.
The discovery that tho Mills bill would
put millions of dollars into the coffers of
tho Dominion government by tho repeal
of tho duty on lumber need occasion no
surprise. Tho wholo effect of tho Mills
bill is to put money rate the pocket s of for
eigners. Indianapolis Journal.
Syrap of Figs
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is the
most easily taken, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches. Colds and Fevers: to cure Habit-
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
"Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
aleorJy by Dowty & Beeher. 27-y
A Novelette in rah.
While the fish were in the ocean and the
country in commotion, wily Joseph
took a notion that he'd do and die;
he took a sail;
And o'er many a costly supper did himself
and Sir Charles Tupper fabricate an
easy crupper for the harried Lion's
For the senators unstrangled and the cau
dal member dangled, and by frequent
pullings mangled, till its beauty was
And, indeed, twas necessary that the
senators so merry should be shut off.
in fact, very for the tail was getting
So with Bayard's help they framed it and
quite garrulous declaimed it, and
when questioned went and blamed it
on desires for mutual peace.
I And o'er bumpers big of stingo all -hands
laughed at Bayard s jingo, .and in then
peculiar lingo said theyhad our states
And the president waxed pensive as he
, thought of votes extensive got by
methods inexpensive from the fisher
1 men of Maine;
And his wholo administration tried to
havo the Yankee nation take up Jo
seph's invitation; sure, he thought we
Then the senate had its innings, and it
iumped on Bayard's shillings, and the
iion got no "winnings in the long,
Holy smoke! It was a wonder how retali
ation thunder was directed at the
blunder of the cabinet heavy weights.
So the treaty was rejected in a way that
much reflected on tho way that
Grove expected to catch Anglo-maniac
With tho Democrats abusing and Repub
licans enthusing, it was really quite
amusing to reporters taking notes.
Then thought Grover, "Now I wonder,
can I steal somebody's thunder? Tho
Republicans 111 plunder!" So he set
his wits to work.
Whilo the senate was a-fighting, he his
message was inditing, tho Canadians
inviting to take water where fish lurk.
"Onr relations we will sever. It is better
lato than never! Now admit that I
am clever!" was tho burden of his
you hear the Lion roaring, as the
Eagle high is soaring? Is the "Union
Jack" a-lowering! Bet your boots
there's nothing wrong!
Leonard Wales in Chicago News.
The Letter They Couldn't Get.
"Say," said the chairman of the Dem
ocratic national campaign committee as he
came into headquarters hurriedly, "who
was that man isaw coming out of here a
minute ago with a uniform on?'
"Letter carrier," replied tho private
"What did he want in here. I'd like to
know!" demanded the Democratic cap
tain. "Ho had a letter, for us."
"Ha, is that so? Er contribution to
the campaign fund or"
To rr V? .. i " I
"I don't know," said the secretary rue- '
iuui,a uo urruuuieu uu ino iuit) wjiu
11 U J j il...i.i:..l
his fingers. "There was two cents duo on
it. and all I had was one cent; so he
wouldn't givo it to me. He said I could
get it at tho post office any time when I
called with tho full amount."
"That's too bad," said the chairman '
slowly, as he rubbed his nose; "and I
I can't help you out any this morning,
either. I s'pose we'll have to raise the
money somenow. Still, I don't know as
it is worth while, after all: no one would
Probably it was only
from somo Democrat abusing us for some
thing we havo done or have'nt done,"
and the chairman sighed heavily and took
a volume of Topper's poems out of his
pocket. New York Tribune.
rree 'sreae and I'anperUm.
The statistics of pauperism in the United ;
States and in Europe show. an amazing .
contrast. According to the census of 1880
the number of persons hi almshouses hi
this country was 88.665, and tho number
of outdoor paupers 21,598, a total of 110.
2K) out of a population of 51,000,000.
Great Britain, with a population of 85,
COO.OOO. maintained 764,155 paupers in
England and Wales, 416.982 in Ireland
and 91.0D1 in. Scotland, according to the
latest returns 18S5. A total of 1,292,228
paupers in tho free- trade country and
110,263 in a protected country! In no
part of the civilized world is so small a
portion of the population dependent upon
cliarity as in the United States. Our sys
tem of government is the freest and the
b:-st. and no wonder the sufferers iu for
eigu lands seek refugo and a chance to
living among us. New York
A Home Market for Homo Products.
Tho Republican party holds that a pro
tcctivo tariff is constitutional', wholesome
and necessary. Wo do not offer a fixed
schedule, but a principle. We will revise
tho schedule, modify rates, but always
with an intelligent prevision as to. the
eucct upon domestic production and the
wages of our working people. We believe
it to bo ono of the worthy objects of tariff
legislation to preservo tho American mar
ket for American producers and to mam
tain tho American scale of wages by
adequate discriminating duties upon for
eign competing products. The effect of
lower rates and larger importations upon
tho public revenue is contingent and
doubtful, but not so tie effect upon,
American - production end American
wages. Gen. Harrison.
Cnarw tii In,, Interadtteat Fever.
Residence in valleys or on lowlands
through which or upon which cold air.
flows at night, and thui causes insidious
changes in the atmospheric temperature,
favors. intermittent fever. In our climate
those measures, such as drainage, which
enable the soil to retain warmth, during
tho night, and thus reduce tho dailv range
cf temperature immediately over such
soil, tend to decrease intermittent- fever
among residents thereon. In the cure
and prophylaxis of intermittent fevar
those remedies are useful which lessea
torpidity (especially of tho liver) and tend
to increase tho power of the body to react
promptly to insidious changes in atmos
pheric temperature. Science.
Owing- to Clrcnasstances.
A man "stops" at a hotel when he
lodges for one night; ho "stays" when he
is well fixed: ho "puts up" when he is
given a sky parlor; he is a "guest of the
landlord" "when ha does not pay. New
The President's Fool Friends.
Henry George, the freest of free trad
ers, out-Herods Herod. He says: "I stand
en Cleveland's side and ask you to 'aid hi
his re-election. I am a free trader ab
folutely. I say, abolish tho tariff alto
gether." It is feared that the president
is just now suffering from a severeattack
send anything of anv Importance by mail , now. mrougu pomicai circumstances,
iuthe condition tho service is in at pros- thxongli tho progress of general intclU
cnt. Probably it was only another letter ud through tho conquests o: tech-
of tool menda. at. ratunoBar
The Enquirer's correspondent denies
that Cleveland himself subscribed $10,000
to the fund for his own ro-election, but
says that Myrou II. Bangs gave the $10.
000. Cleveland having previously sold
him a fat government contract on condi
tion that he was to contribute that
amount to' the campaign. Well, that
does clear up tho matter. Cleveland
doesn't give $10,000 of his own money,
but effects a sort of bargain and solo with
Bangs through which tho latter is to con
tribute that amount out of money ab
stracted from tho treasury. It is to bs
liopcd The Enquirer will continue its
good work of defending Cleveland. Ohio
Another Democratic Mess.
According to a leading administration
organ. The Now York Herald, tho Chinese
treaty has been rejected by the Chincso
government simply because of the hide
cent hasto with which the exclusion bill
proposed by Scott, ono of Cleveland's most
powerful and prominent supiorters. was
rushed through congress. This makes
ono moro miserable mess for Bayard and
Cloveland to odd to their long list of blun
ders in dealing with foreign "nations. If
tho situation of tho United States wero
not such that it is isolated from most in
ternational complications overy patriot
might well tremblo for his country with
the present administration hi control - at
Washington. Cleveland Leader.
The Best Vie for the Surplus.
Our public debt amounts to $1,840,000,-
C00; tho interest bearing debt is $1,100.-
000.000. In 1891 $250,000,000 bonds fall
due. and iu 1C07 S737.S00.CC0 bonds. Tho
surplus in this vear amounts to $19,000,
000. Wo will have to bo very economi
cal in order to meet these debts. He who
is not of tho opinion that a public debt is
a blessing must admit that Mr. Harrison
is right when ho states that tho best uso
of a surplus, if there be one, is to reduco
the public debt. Cincinnati Volksblatt
What Protection Has Done.
Under a protective tariff California has
increased her raisin output from 5.000
. boxes in 1870 to 1,000,000 boxes in" 1 887,
I and to 1,200,000 boxes in 1S88. The Dem-
ocratic party can't stand too much pros
' perity, and so passed the Mills bill iu the
house, which reduces tho tariff on foreign
raisins half a cent a pound. Sacramento
Go to Ireland, We Have No Uso for Yon.
A Democratic free trado paper says
clothes aro not cheap enough in this couu
, try, "A good suit of ciothe3," it says,
"can be bought in Ireland for $0.56."
Then why don't you go to Ireland! That's
just the place for you. The "condition"
thcro exactly fits "your theory cheaper
clothes and starvation wages. Cleveland
For V.'ase Workers to Study.
Tho report of Carroll D. Wright. United.
States commissioner of labor, shows that
the average wages of. employes in woolen
mills in the United States was $1.49 per
day, against 8S cents per day in British
mills. (Annual report for 18SG, pa;o 22G.)
Wo defy any freo trader to show how
American manufacturers, even with free
Kwool. could compete with British maun
facturers without an - equalization
wages. Minneapolis Journal.
i There are very few raw materials which
arc not produced or could not be produced
in tho United States. Free trade in raw
material, as President Cleveland wants
means to wndeinn half of our work
j a ..-. - l!
"""" """ " "T IBIlUOn
"" ' fc, - rm v via lOiUlOiD
ifwtof lSi4 Af nw 4 sowjw
to idleness. Cincinnati volksblatt (Ger
Thirty Tears KehSnff ilie limes.
The fault of honest freo traders i. e.,
such men as aro enthusiastic for freo
t trado without being specially interested
in Cleveland's ro-election is that they .do
not take the changed conditions in "the
' world into consideration. What was a
sound commercial theory thirty years ago
nieal domains, become perfectly unpructi-
i col. Cincinnati voliisblatt.
I Who KeajM the DencOt?
I Tho Mills bill retains a tarifT of CO per
" cent, on sugar and 100 per cent, on rico.
Is this done in order to reduce tho neccs
; saries of life? None but tho. sugar lordsv.
as tar as wo can see, uerivo a benefit from
it be President Cleveland, to
wuose re-ciection ineso gentlemen con
tribute liberally. Cincinnati Volksblatt
They Will Do It. You Know.
Tho mugwumpish New York Evening
Post consumes itself with excitement
over tho fact that Blaine was recently
hissed in a Republican convention in
Maine. We belie vo there is' no statutory
provision against the hissing of geese.
Berpeuts or Democrats. St.- Paul Pioneer
The free traders propose to mako tho
cation rich by compelling it to send ell
its money away tortho purchase of for
tign prv.'ucls. Ohio State JournaL
Itetrltched His Change
A man in Nashville. Tenn.. began to
think himself bewitched and to stand in
danger of arrest as a counterfeiter as well
Tho troublo was that silver money would.
go into his pocket all right and Como out
unmistakably bad. and there was a prcttv
how d'ye do till ho recalled 'that shortly
before ho had pocketed tho broken bulb of a
thermometer, and the quicksilver from it"
was what ailed hU coin. Chicago Herald.
"Did n't Know 't was
May do for a stupid boy's excuse, but
what can be said fur the parent who
Hees his child languishing daily and f.iiis
to recognize the want of a lomi- and
blood-purifier? Formerly, a ocre ol
bitters, or sulphur and rr.oIa.vte., was the
rule in well-regulated families ; but now
.all intelligent households keep Aycr's
Saraaparilla, which is at once !i-a.sa:it
to the taste, and the niost-seareliiiig ami
effective blood medicine ever iisco ercd.
Nathan S. Cleveland, 27 E. Canton .t ..
Boston, writes : " My daughter, inn. 21
years old, was in perfect health until a
year ago when she began to complain of
fatigue, headache, debility, dizziness,
indigestion, and loss of apatite. I con
cluded thatall her complaint originated
in impure blood, and induced her to take
Ayer s Sarsaparilla. This medicine soon
restored her blood-making organs to
healthy action, and in due time reestab
lished her former health. I find Ayer's
Sarsaparilla a most valuable remedy for
"the lassitude and debility incident tc
J. Castright, Brooklyn Power Co..
Brooklyn, N. Y., says : "As a Spring
Medicine, I find a splendid substitute,
for the old-time compounds .in Ayer's
Sarsaparilla, with a few doses of Aver?
Pills. After their use, I feel Ire-dier and
stronger to go through the summer."
Dr. J. C. Ayer ft Co., Lowell, Mass.
M 1; all settle, ft. Wonaasabottls,
Authorizl Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund f - $20,000,
And the largest jB-iaMm Gkak
any bank iataU part of tbe State.
lr-DeposiU received sad iai
tVOrafts ob the .prise ipal cities ia this
try and Earopeboasbt and sold. -
OrCoUectioM and all other
prossptaad caretal attention.
A. ANDERSON. Prea-t. .-"
J. H. GALLEY, Vice ProVt. '
G. ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON,
JACOBUREISEN. HENRY RAGAT&
JOHN J. SULLIVAN. W.A-McAlJJrJTfK.
Attorney and Ceunseller at Law.
Office on Nebraska Ave.. Colnmbos, Neb! " All
legal bnsinvett promptly, accurately and careful
ly attended to. . - lSaoK-y '
ATTORNEYS AT LAtTr.
Office over First National Bank", Celnaba.
Nebraska, 504f .
M. MACPAfSLArs. '
ATTORXEY f XOTARY PUBUO.
. HWici" over Fiwt National Bank, Colniti..'
but, Nebraska. - ..-
'Pnrtioii aliui ! , ...! .1 L-. -
...n miohiuk "uncjiau none can . uu
dress meat Columbus, Neb,, or call at my office -n
Court House. . . -r 5mf.y!.y ". -
T J. itmER,
"CO. SUP'T PUBUQ SCHOOLS; '.
I will be in my office" in the Court . Houee; the
third batnnlay of each month fortheexamina-- "'
tionor applicant for teachers ferticaU. and '
for the tranwiction of other school: business -
DRAY and -EXPRESSJIEX.
li'ldit and heavy haulinjr. fioodt. handled with
?!E"..?.artint J- ' lacker A CeA oflie.. .
Telephone. Xt and 'it. - . - aiJmar&ly- .:
VI K. TUKMEK (CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers of tho-
CCL-atSTC JCTJ5JIAL asi tirJTIS; riaT.J37JXjrii;';
Both, port-iwid tonn.radtlress.-for $2.W a- year" '
Btnctly jn advance. - F.ijiitT- JotriwALi 9Umi'
W. A. McALLISTEK, . .il. CORNEUUS:
ATTOIiXEYS AJLAUK '.;'"'
Colnmluis. Neb. -.-..-
V10ffice.u "'"irs over'Emof & SchwnrzV sfon. on
Eleventh btreet -..-.. lHmmjt -.
OieutscherArzt.y - "
Plh'SICJ AX and SURGEON;;
EYE DISEXSEVA SPECJALTY. ) '
Office: 'Tele'phone" "
Eleventh Street. -Office. No. : Residence Noto;
." ' SSmarW-
HIGGUIS ft GULLOW,
Specialty made of Collecticns'by C. J. Garlow
. " .. rm"
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work,. Hoofing aid Gotttr- "
ing a Specialty .
5r8.,,i,'."n i31.h 8tht. Kranse- Bro.'s old"
and on thirteenth street. aatf
CaventH.nnii Trade Mark obtained, and all Pat
ent bosmeH condnrted 'for MODERATE -FEES
n?rS$P-W OPPOSITE u"s;PATENT
" r " e have no sub-aKencies, all business
direct, hence w can transact patent business in
less time and at LESS COST than thosoremote
Send model, dnwrimr. or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise lf-patentable or not, free of.
coarse. Our fee not dne till patent is secured.
A book. "How to Obtain Patents." with refer
ences to actual clients in your state; county or
town, sent free. Address
Opposite Patent'Omce, WiwhmKton, D?C
thouwind- of forms, but are sur
passed by the marvels of invention.
-.."j win aro ui uwu oi proniaole
work tliat can lie done while living at home
hnnld of nw. mnl !... ii .. .. - at ..
u..,Crt,, ujeir uuuress 10 ilallett &
t.o., Portland, Maine, and receive free, full in
formation liow -either xex.of all ages, can earn
from j to r per day and upwards wherever
they live, lou are started free. Capital not rv-
a aired. Some have made over 130r in a-sinsle
sy-at this work. All succeed. .g7deciy
We will pavthenbove reward for anr-case of
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick-headache, fadii
jcestion. cocMipation or cost iveaess we cannot
cure with WeetV Vegetable Liver Pills, Viien the
directions are" strictly complied with. They are'
pnre.y vegetable, and never fail to give atiff ac
tion. argo boxes coptainin '50 sugar coated
pills, 2r,c. tor sale by all druinrists. Beware of
counterfeits and "immitations. The genuine
?laUl.,sl!?aPNl oc1t by JOHN C.W'EST A.CO..
&J W.Madison St., Chicago, 11L dec7'87y
th world during" the'
bait half centory.
Not least Amnnv Urn
wtaoere 01 inyeniivo progress is a xnetnod ""
system of work, that can lie performed-all over
the country without separating the worker from
thir homes. Pay liberal;, any ono can do the
work; either scx.young or oldrno special ability
required. Capital not needed; yon are started.
free. Cnt this oat and return to us and we will
send yon free, something of great value and iaw
portance to yon. that will 6tart yon in business,
which will bring yon in more money right away.
than anything elbe- in the world. Grand outfit
(rte. Address True A Co.. Augusta, Me. dec2B
EW8PAFER a book wow-
The best book for an
advertiser to con-
rnSJNB8alt te'be expert-
lenced or otherwise.
Itcotit:ii:uli-iaof newspapers and estimate
grants to pend one dollar, finds ia'it the ln-
- fon iiHtiimbe requires, while forhiui who will
invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad
vertising; a scheme is Indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or ean.be mmlt
to doto by tliylit chancer tetiiif arrimtdat seer
respojulenee. I4! editions have been Issued
. Sent, post-mild, to any address for 10 cents.
-.V rite- to MiilO. P. ROWSLX. CO..
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BTJBKAU.
uosoratacPrinf lag Ho in, ). Sew Yw
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