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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1888)
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A Masterly Argument in Favor
LE6ISLATI0N ON THE TARIFF.
The Mastery of Rereaae Lam la TkkCMa
trjr Reviewed Way l"Vee Trade Weald
.- yiaaa DUastcr aatl Ituln te'AaMiriraa
laataatrfes Address Delivered- la. New
Tefjtc City, on the Kveulaj of Sept. 29, ay"
Has. James C. Ulal'ae.
. - - -
'1Ip.'Cii ui" asd Fellow Citizkss
' (Jen.. Harrison has shown remarkable ability
in condcnsing-a whole argument within the
-'- dimensions of a proverb. This isa'great and
nuj talent. It was the striking feature in
" Franklin's mode of reasoning, and was prac
ticed -by. Lincoln with Irresistible effect.
When Gen. Harrison; inhis letter or accept-
- anco, described the dogmatic free traders as
' - "stjidents of rpiiTims and not of markets," he
exposed in one brief sentence" the fallacy and
the weakness of their economic creed. Tbey
are, in truth, simply theorists perpetually
" - - . arguing from arbitrary premises to an ideal
conclusion, and blindly rejecting the teach-
" ings- of a-century's experience a century
. during .which protectire revenue tariffs, have
had an equal chance to exhibit the results' of
'' their operations and of-their relative effect
'. upon all the material interests of the coun-
try. Whoever deceives himself as. to the
".. facts of the history of this long period does
so willfully or ignorantly.
THS-FiaST ACT .THAT WAS PASSED.
'.' " From the foundation, of the government to
the war'of. 1612 there was no embittered con-
" - Xroversy ou the question of the tariff-. The
' 'first act passed for levying.duiies on "foreign
goods, wares and merchandise"" was reported
by Mr. Madison, afterward president .-of the
United States, and was in its preamble de-
" clared to be "for tho support of government,
- for the discharge of the debts of the. United
'States, aridfdr the encouragement' and pro-
-tectiou er manufactures." It was the second
enactment placed on the statute book of tho
United States, and received" President Wash-
' ington's approval on an auspicious and pro-
.: " .-photic anniversary the Fourth of July,'
..1789. It affirmed both the power and the
policy of protective duties, the affirmation
being sealed by the unanimous vote of the
. : senate and by a majority of more than five
tobnointhe bouse of representatives both
houses containing many of those who had
taken a prominent part in framing the con
stitution of 'the 'United States. Since that
.. vote-all drgumepts against the constitutional
- right and power of -the government to levy
-. protectl vo duties have been as futile as aeon
"tradiction of Euclid's demonstrations.
- isCkeasixc the bate of duty.
." Between tho adoption of this first tariff act
-and the" beginning of the war of 1812 twelve
additional acts were passed, generally in
creasing the rate of duty and adding to their
protectivejpower. The indisputable effect of
these protective' acts bad been stimulate
. .'. the growth of all the material interests of
the country' in a remarkable degree. The
population increased in a greater ratio from
. . 1790 to 1610 than in Any subsequent twenty
years in the life of the republic, and this was
. an index of the' growth of agriculture, manu
factures and commerce which -was so great
as to.draw the attention of- alT Europe:
The annual messages of Washington and
. Jefferson, representing In their persons both
. the political schools into which the people
' were -then divided; give ample testimony to
-' .this end. In iiis message of December, 1785,
six years after "tho national government was
-' organized, Washington spoko of "our' agri-
;' culture; commerce- and manufactures pros-
. pering beyond former example," and" "every
part of the Union displaying indications of
- rapid -and various improvement,-with bur
dens so light as scarcely to. be perceived." In
- -- his -message of the following year he urged
lipon' congress "the necessity of accelerating
the establishment of certain usef ul mannfac--"
tures tiy the' intervention of legislative aid
.- .and protection."
- In his first message, delivered in December,
1801, Jefferson felicitated congress upon the.
" .revenue derived from tariff duties, and sug-
. gated that "there is how reasonable ground
. - of-confidence 'that we may safely dispense
"with 'all internal taxes." Dispensing with
-'"ail internal, taxes" and relying upon the
tariff duties for the "support of the govern-
' - - merit and the payment of the public debt"
- was. .Jefferson's conception of- a financial
- policy a policy $ternly resisted "by the party
. today that claims (however absurdly) to hi
". the" inheritor of his principles.
Iu his messagp of December, .1 SOT, Jefferson
was able to adviso congress of a heavy sur-
.. plus iu tho .revenue. The only duty which
. " . he projosed to -remit in consequence of this
- - Anticipation was that on salt, on article of
high price at that time and very insufficiently
.supplied by our own product. -But with the
salt duty totally repealed, and what is known
'. as the "Mediterranean fund" at an end, Jef
ferson -informed congress that "there will
-till ere long be an accumulation of moneys
.' in tho .treasury beyond the installment of the
public debt which we are permitted by con
tract to pay. " The question,' there-
- fore, -now. comes forward: To what other
objects shall these surpluses be appropriated,
' : .ami the. whole surplus of impost after the
entire discharge of tho public debt and when
- purposes of war shall not call for them?
Shall we suppress the impost and give that
'. ' advantage to' foreign over domestic xnanu-
- . :JEFFERSOX STUCK TO THE PROTECTION
This weighty question was answered by
. Jefferson in the negative. He was not
... .-frightened into an abandonment of the pro
tective system because it happened to yield a
surplus, nor did he recommend the over-
-'tuming'of a fixed industrial policy oh which
' the growth and wealth of the country; were
founded, simply because the national treasury
shared the general prosperity of the country
' and' overflowed, with money. This subject
bad' taken strong hold on Jefferson's mind,
and the next year (1S0S), in returning to the
. subject in his annual message to congress,
. he-said: ''The probable accumulation of the
- surplus of revenue beyond what can be ap-
- plied to the payment of the public debt,
whenever the freedom and safety of our
commerce shall bo restored, merits, the con-
. federation of congress. Shall it lie unpro-dBCtive-in
the public vaults r Shall the
- revenue be reduced! Or, shall it not rather
to appropriated to the improvement of roads,
' aanxls, rivers, education; and other great
'. foundations. of prosperity and union, under
the powers which congress -'may already pos
sess, or such amendments of tho constitution
as may bo approved by the atatesf"
-So earnestly was Jefferson in favor of ns
. ing the surplus which was yielded by a pro
. ' tective tariff for.some great national benefit
'- - that he was ready and anxious to amend the
:. constitution to supply any deficiency of
"-' power which 'bis strict construction creed
.- aught find. "Sor was it a trifling surplus
-.."-" which be was ready to use for national im--."-..'
provements. It amounted to $14,000,000
'- eamivaleBtjoo "the mere basis of popaiatios
-'" ' Burptas today of 1150,000,000, and equiv
. " . slept on the 'basis of relative national
'-. .- wealth of the two periods to a surplus of
$450,000,000. It never occurred to' Mr, Jeffer
; " sons mind-the most comprehensive and far
-.-'". .'seeing mind of all the presidents ef the-
' -- '.United States.' his peer being found, if found
';-,;- at all, in Abraham Lincoln alone I say it
"-.".' -never occurred to Mr. Jefferson's mind that
.' it would be a wise policy for the government
.""-" or aa advantageous one to the people to loan
-' the treasury surplus to a few favorite banks,
as the administration of President Cleveland
-. .has done. Mr. Jefferson looked to higher
. V'aims and ends something that would benefit
the nation at large and be of equal and im-
'-' partial advantage to ail the people. '
.'" COXQBESS TOOK A WXSX PBXCACTIOH.
. ' In 'his message touching the useful par-
. .. '-.poses to which the treasury surplus might be
.applied Mr. Jefferson apprehended the poasi-
bility of trouble with England, and bad al-
-. ready recommended the "Embargo." His
'-' wise and-beneficent designs were thus fros-
-. trated for the time, and the whole country
- was compelled to face the probability of war
. with Great Britain long before actual hos
tilities were begun. When there was no
longer a doubt of war, congress -took the
wise precaution of passing a tariff bill.in the
. highfst degree protective. All existing dn
tiss were doubled, and 10 per cent, was added
to this rate, upon all importations in vessels
. gmfliag under a foreign sag. This act was
'aaaroved by Madison, July 1, 1812, and,
t toe tares years of war that followed.
Biade rapid strides in devalop-
i far richer at tha ckmof the
warx&aa at ns Deginaing. American
facterers had indeed beea greaUy stisaalated
from 1808 to 1815, arst by the "Embargo,"
and still further by the period of actaal hos
tilitiet. - It k worthy of special mark that up to this
time there bad bean no sharp division of party
lines on the tariff. The various acts were
passed with the general acqmfeseenos of all
parti, with some difference on minor de
tails, But on the return of peace the' war
tariff,-so called, expired by its own limitation,
tndinits stead followed the famous tariff of
1S1G. It was not, however, passed without
discussion and resistance. Its advocates, as
Bear as an analogy might be found in eras
so remote and situations so different, made
the same hwdfr and unreasoning blunder
that the. free trade Democrats and the sup
porters of the Mills bill are making today.
Its opponents foretold the disasters that
would follow its enactment. What those
disasters were I shall not myself attempt to
describe, but shall quote two contemporary
witnesses of .illustrious faine, one the greatest
of Whig leaders, -the other a Democratic
statesman of lasting renown.
A DARK PICTURE DRAWX.BY HKXBY CLAY.
Mr. Clay, at that time speaker of the house,
in a speech during the session of 1823-4, seven
years after the tariff of 1810 had been enacted,
said: "The general distress which, pervades
the whole country' ' forced -upon us by nu
numerous facto of the most incontestable
character. It is indicated by the diminished
.exports of native produce; by the depressed
.and reduced state of our foreign navigation;
by our diminished commerce;, by successive'
unthreshed crops of grain perishing in our
barns for want of market; by tlv alarming
diminution of the circulating medium; by a
'universal complaint of the want of employ
ment, and a consequent reduction of the
wages of labor; and' above all, by
.the low and depressed state of the value of
almost every description of property in the
nation, which has, on an average, sunk not
less than about SO per cent, within a few.
years. It is-most painful to .me to
dwell on the gloom of this 'picture.- But 1
have exaggerated nothing. Perfect, fidelity
to the original would have authorized me to
throw on deeper and darker hues."
CoL Benton's description of the same
period fully sustains the dark picture drawn,
by Mr. Clay. He gives this vivid descrip
tion of .the "hard times": "No price for
property or produce. No sales but those of
the .sheriff and the marshal. No purchasers
At execution sales but the creditor, or' some
hoarder of money. No employment for in
dustry no demand for labor no sale for
the products-of the farm no sound of the
hammer, but that of the 'auctioneer, knock
ing down' -property. Stop laws property
laws replevin lawsr-stay laws loan office
laws the intervention of the legislature be
tween the creditor and. the debtor; this was
the business of the legislature in. three
fourths of the states of the Union.
No medium of exchange but depreciated
paper; no change even,-but little bits of foul
paper, marked so many cents and signed by
some tradesman, barber or inn keeper; ex
changes deranged to the extent of 50 or 100
per cent Distress, the universal cry of tho
people. Relief, the universal demand,
thundered at the' doors of all legislatures,
state and federal"
ItEUEF CAMS THROUGH THE TARIMT.
"Relief" came and it was through the en
actment of the protective tariff of 1824. Tho
relief was profound and general, reaching
all -classes, the farmer, the manufacturer, the
ship owner, the mechanic and the day
laborer. The change was as great as was.
wrought in the financial condition of the
United States when Hamilton smote the
.rock of public credit and abundant streams
of revenue gushed forth. It may be instruc
tive to the free trade Democrats of today,
from tho president of the United States to
the -ward orator, to read the yeas and nays
in the two houses of congress by which this
protective act was passed. He will find
among its supporters not only CoL .Benton,
whose graphic outline of the previous distress
has iust been quoted, but he will find Gen.
Andrew Jackson, then a senator from Ten
nessee and afterward president, also Martin
Van Bufen, then a senator from New York
and afterward president, also James Buch
anan, then' a representative from Pennsyl
vania and afterward president, Richard M.
Johnson, then a senator from Kentucky,
afterward vice president of" the United
States'; Louis McLano, then a representative
from Delaware, afterward a member of Gen.
Jackson's cabinet; Uen. Sam Houston, then
representative froia Tennessee and afterward
senator from Texas.
Following these great leaders came scores
of Democrats in congress, who, differingfroai
the Democrats of .today, believed that a pro
tective tariff was the surest and most effective
measure for the financial safety and general
-prosperity of the country.
CHEAT DEMOCRATS THEM OX TBS BIGHT SIDE.
After four years of prosperity under the
tariff of 1824 and when the publio men had
gained courage in the cause of protection, a
measure still more effective and imposing
still higher duties was passed in 1828. CoL
Benton, who supported the tariff bill of
1834, voted also for the tariff of 1828; so did
Mr. Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson who
became vice president under him, so did Mr.
Buchanan, so did Louis McLean, so did Mr.
Hendricks,-of Indiana, uncle of the late vice.
I president, and.last of all, so did Silas Wright,
tue ablest uemocrat ever sens to congress
from the state of New York. These great
men, the founders of the Democratic party,
were not afraid of the doctrineof protection,
nor were tbey squeamish, in its application.
Wool didn't frighten them as it apparently
has President Cleveland. They levied on
wool a specific duty of 4 cents per pound and
sn ad valorem duty of 40 per cent., with a
Vroviaion that at the end of two years it
should be raised to SO per cent At that rate
today it would impose a much higher tariff
than the 10 cents duty in which President
Cleveland finds especial danger to our
SOUTHERN HOSTIUTT DEVXIXJPI5G.
Following the tariff of . 1828 a southern hos
tility began to develop, confined mainly,
though not with precision, to the states that
afterward rebelled against the national gov
ernment. Mr. Calhoun originally favored
protection, but he bad come .to the conclu
sion that manufactures could not be estab
lished in the planting states of the -south;
that free labor and slave labor could not be
made to harmonise, and that the example of
free labor would breed discontent among
the negroes and ultimately undermine and
overturn slavery, or at least render' it un
profitable, which was equivalent to its de
struction. He had, moreover, since his quar- .
rel with Jackson, been compelled to give, up
:tll prospect of the presidency, and had -no
hope of conciliating the northern Democracy
on the basis of its existing organization,
which was firmly in the bands of the sup
porters of Jackson and Van' Buren. Mr.
Calhoun felt and foresaw that with the
southern states united-in defense of slavery
and in hostility to protection, be could ulti
mately control the policy of the Democratic
psriyf Just then and just .there began the
change of the northern Democratic party on
the tariff, and of northern "doughfaceism"
on the question of slavery. Free trade and
the extension of- slavery formed a national
partnership, and were thenceforward made
the cornerstones of Democratic policy.
A 8UDUTO SCALX ADOPTED. -
Attempted nullification followed, and after
a hot contention a compromise tariff bill was
agreed upon, with a sliding scale downward
for ten years, with the certainty, as the pro
tectionists believed, that it would end in'
commercial and financial disaster. The dis
aster came sooner than was expected, -and in
1837, the year after the election of Mr. Van
Buren, a panic came upon the country that
beggars description for its severity and dis
tress. Many men still living can testify to
the widespread suffering and the general de
rangement of all departments of business.
The condition' of the country between 1816.
and 1824, as described by Mr. Clay and CoL
Benton, was exceeded by the prostration fol
lowing the panic of 1837. A peculiar feature
in both cases was the deep distress of 'the
farming interest - Mortgages and forced
sales in every direction, thousands of men
out "of work or toiling for twenty-five cents a.
.day or less, and other thousands compelled to
rely on the-soup houses for. the food which,
for lack of opportunity to labor, they were
unable to supply for themselves.
The people naturally revolted against the
administration. The Democratic party was
justly accused of ranking money scarce by
its banking policy, and of crushing all de
mand for labor by its tariff policy, and under
the joint inflneare of the two it went down
under an avalanche of popular disfavor in
the presidential election of 1840. In 1838,
when. Van Buren 'was elected, his Whig op
ponent, Oca.- Harrison, carried only seven
states, aad in 1S40, when Gen. Harrison was
tooted. Van.Bjirsm carried oaly
xne contrast was e vea stronser u
oral vote, for Harrhxm bad seventy-three in
18MandVaaBaraa bad bat sixty ia 184a
It ws a popular uprising against the Damo
craQc party, a revolt against free trade, a
powerful affirmation in favor of a protective
policy. , " -
GOOD RESULT OF THE WBS VICTOET.
The fruit of the Whig triph was the
protective tariff -of 1842, which held the
same relation to the compromise tariff of
1833 that the protective tariff of 18341 held to
the tariff of 1810. And again was the policy
of protection most signally vindicated. The
years 'following the enactment'of the tariff j
of 1843 witnessed aa almost phenomenal re-
vival of all industrial pursuits in the.coun- j
try. A.1 interests felt it, and the popular :
sentiment was so widely and deeply touched
by it. that in' 1844, in the presidential con
test between Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk, the lat
ter ui compelled to write a letter express
ing his Uiiet in the value of protection, and
a Pennsylvania candidate,' George M. Dallas,
-had been associated with him on the ticket
ili order that the people might have the
p'edge of the strongest protection state in
the Union as the guarantee that the prbteo- ,
live system would be safe under a Demo
But under the malign influence of the
southern leaders, the ablest exponent of free
trade iu the country, Robert J. Walker, of
Mississippi, was made secretary of the trees-'
ury. Uudorjthe'whip and spur of southern
domination, and without even an apology for
tho perfidy involved, the protective tariff of
1842 was broken do wn and the free trade tariff
of 1840 .was placed "upon Che statute book by
the casting vote of Vice President Dallas.
who had stood as the political hostage that
protectiop should be maintained, while Silas
right, to whom the v)ce presidential nomi
nation was first offered, and who had voted
for the high tariff of 1828, ran- for governor
of New York and innocently yet powerfully
aided in a deception of which' he afterward
repented in sackcloth acid ashes.
THE EVIL DAT PUT- OFT BT SPECIAL CAUSES.
"Great apprehension was felt by Whigs and
Democrats alike as to what effect the tariff
of 1840 would have upon the industrial inter
ests of the country. Tbe protectionista ex
pected that bad results would be visible
within a year, but an extraordinary series of
incidents, or' accidents, if you please, post
poned the evil day. Coeval with President
Polk's approval of the. tariff bill came the
declaration of war with Mexico. That led to
a demand for more than 100,000 men for en
listment and camp followers, and caused an
outlay 1150,000,000 beyond the ordinary ex
penditures of government within the ensuing'
two years. Before the great stimulus given
to all departments of trade by these largo
disbursements began to lessen a great famine
occurred in Ireland. That led to an alto
gether unprecedented export of breodstuffs,
and that, of course, brought large shipments I
of money from Europe. Before tbe effect
produced -on our trade by the famine had
ceased tbe European revolutions of 1S4S be
gan, and trade and manufactures over the
whole continent, from Madrid to St Peters
burg, were disturbed,, and in many coses
thrown into hopeless confusion and panic
.This stopped importations,-and gave to tho
American manufacturer a far larger field
than be could have had if a normal condition
of business had existed in Europe.
THEN CAVE THE DISCOVERY OP COLD.
While these causes were in full operation
and-were producing a prodigious effect upon
our prosperity the whole country was elec
trified, at the close of tbe year 1848, by the
tidings that gold bad been discovered in Cal
ifornia, which we had acquired only a few
months before from Mexico. The precious
metals flowed to us in rich streams from the
Pacific slope for the next six years, and
opened avenues of trade unknown before. It
drew yoiuig and vigorous men by .hundreds
of thousands from the older states, and gave
to this great metropolis of tbe continent, the
city of New York, an impulse' the like of
"which it had uover experienced before.
It was a historic epoch in the advancement
of the country, and when, at the beginning
of 1854, the output of gold showed signs of
decline, a European war supplied fresh
stimulus to the trade of the United States.
The three leading Bowers of Euroo. as
powers were then reckoned, "England, France
and Russia, engaged in a giants' contest on
the shores of the Black sea, and the con
fusion which resulted throughout Europe for
the next two and a half years afforded a rich
harvest for the United States. Peace came
in 1856. The spindles and wheels and looms, '
tbe forges and factories and furnaces of
Great Britain and France were set going
with renewed energy. Tbe seas were once
more unvexed, and .Russia poured forth her
grain in the markets of western Europe to
compete, with the shipments from America.
RESULTS OF DELUSIVE PROBPERITT.
The last of tho causes which had con
tributed to our prosperity in these ten years
of happy accident was at an end, and its
course had so deluded our people with tbe
Democratic fallacy that a low tariff leads to
prosperity as surely ns a protective tariff,
that in the. spring of 1837 congress passed a
brief tariff act lowering the duties still
further, and the United States set forth to
depend upon its own energies, with a tariff
that brought it directly in competition with
the low priced labor of Europe. We were
t no longer sustained by some, extraordinary
accideut like war, or famine, or revolution
abroad, or the discovery of vast deposits of
the precious metals at home. I need not tell
tho result The panic of 185? came upon the
country with crushing and disastrous effect
Every interest was prostrated, and a Demo
cratic president, within a year from the end
of the last of the extraneous causes that
helped us, was compelled in his message to
congress to portray tho disastrous condition
of the country in as strong criftrt'jwnw""''
. irt lot 7
Iji t No
. ne sw
.ciQuuig uie industrial paralysis
of tho eleven seceded states, tiJe country wa?
enabled to sustain itself and. to revive and
increase in an extraordinary degree its manu
facturing industries, and generally to enter
upon a course, which, for nearly -the twenty
eight years which close the century of our
tariff experience, has given to the United.'
States a prosperity beyond that ever enjoyed
by any country, ancient or modern, in this
hemisphere or the other, upon any continent
or upon the isles of the sea.
raCTS THAT ABE BETOXD DISPUTE.
i In this-brief historical view of our century's
experience witn tne tarur tnese tacts are, 1
think, mcontestably established: - j
First, that this country, under a low tariff, j
inviting sharp competition and large impor-
tationsfrom abroad, has never prospered;
but every such attempt has ended in financial
and industrial disaster, prostrating every
interest, most of all the agricultural, and
operating without exception with peculiar,
severity upon the wage earners.
Second, that at no time in our-century;
history has the United States ever recovered
from the financial depression caused by a
low tariff until a protective tariff was enacted
, to take its place The tariff of 1834 relieved
the long suffering that followed from the too
hasty lowering of duties in the tariff of 1816.
Tbe tariff of 1843 revived .the country after
tbe compromise and destructive tariff of
1833, and tbe tariff of 1881, still in force, and
which Mr. Cleveland's administration is en
deavoring to destroy, introduced a prosper
ous era after tbe tremendous convulsion of
1857, which was caused by the perfidiously
enacted tariff of 1840. '
Third, that there never has been a time
since Mr. Calhoun forced tbe Democratic
party to submit to tbe control of snulliw n
leaders, aett is now ingkrioosly sabsaittiaf;
tooyjsM. sot a to.
sne repeal- ana Destruction or a-protecavo
tariff, even when its efficient and Nuvftfi'
action upon all the interests of the country
'was established and demonstrated beyoad
doubt or caviL Mr. Calhoun forced tha Desa
ocratic parry in 1833 to break down the tariff
of 1824 and 1828, for which three Democratic
presidents had voted, Mr. Polk forced the
Democratic party, even though it stained his
political record with bad faith, to 'break
down the tariff of' 1842, which had already
in its four years existence renewed the hopes
of the country, after along era of depression.
And now Mr. Cleveland, true to the pre
cedents and the. instincts' of his party,-seeks
tobreak'down the present protective tariff
at the risk of disturbing the industries of a
continent, and to commit the American
people once more to the old experiment of
Democratic free trade or revenue tariff,
with its inevitable disaster to tho material
interests of .the. country, and in an especial
degree to that mighty host who earn then
day's bread' by -.their day's work, and 'to
whom good wages bring happiness and lor
WORK1SGMEN MUST PROTECT TUEXSELTES.
The first political speech which 1 delivered
after more than a year's absence tu Europe
was in this great city, last month. 1 then
warned tbe laboring men of the United States
that a protective tariff was' 'their shield and
bulwark; that-they could break it .down
with their-votes or tbey could sustaiu it with
their votes.. I repeat that admouition in the
same great city, here and now. If .the great
.army of wage -workers iu this country will
not protect themselves, there is no other
power that can protect .tUem. A century's
experience of the tariff should be their warn-
1 iug and their guide.
it is for you to say if a century's experi
ence should be a light to your fee t It should '
teach you the great and useful lesson that if
you do' not maintain your own ground uo
one elso will maintain it for you. The power
is in your, hands. It may be wielded for
your destruction, or it may bo wielded for
your-protectiou and for your safety. Loud
and prolonged cheering, and waving of hats,
flags and oanes.
smaxovesaeat la Our Sebeol'.
The schools should be an aid to the Im
provement of man's estate. In noway
has so. much been accomplished in this
direction as by new inventions, by me
chanics or artisans. The improvement of
our material surroundings places human
ity on a higher plane, and enables those
who care for it to obtain the education in
classics, etc., which they may desire.'
The tendency in the public schools should
be to educate youths so that man-may
be better able to deal with his material
That can be done in connection, with
the.mere book education now given. But
it is not done. A small departure in that
direction has been made Li the normal
I training. This needs to bo carried fur-.
j titer. The expensive higher branches
. should be lopped off and more aid "given to
those who need it. The old methods
must give way to modern ideas. Improve
ment in the school system is badlv needed.
New York News.
Danger la a New noose.
Acquaint yourself, so far as possible,
with the principles of good sanitation in
building operations; watch the work and
you aro not likely to have a faulty house.
Thero aro plumbers who do their work on
sanitary principles, and who never leave
fever nests on their trails. The loveliest
house may bo ruined, by bungling" sewer
connections. Many mysterious and often
fatal ailments are explainable by intelli
gent refcrenco to hidden pipes and ducts.
Then, too, the plumbing may be perfect,
yet disaster may befall a family who are
in too great a hurry to get into their new
abode. It is a fact. An old proverb says;
as to a new house: "The first year for my
enemy; the second for my friend; the
third for myself.' Newly -finished-houses
- are often reeking with dampness. Walls
may seem to be perfectly dry when .the
plastering is very damp. It is perilous to
sleep in a room newly plastered. It is, of
course, a strong temptation to rush into
and occupy a pretty and convenient
house. Pioncor Press.
Convenience to Stamp Purchaser.
When the postal authorities adopted
the suggestion that tho sheets of postage
stamps should be perforated, so as to fa
cilitate the division of them, it was'recog
nized that an important economic reform
had been brought about. Both the sellers
and buyers of stamps saved much valu
able time by the introduction of an im
provement so simple in itself that every
ono wondered why it bad not been
thought of before. Has not the time ar
rived for a further development in tho
same direction? Why should not tbe au
thorities make up little packets of stamps
ready for use, in ten, twenty, twenty-five,
thirty, forty and fifty cent packets, to be
banded over to the buyer in a quarter of
the time that is now occupied in pulling
out large sheets, counting and tearing oil
tfce stamps? Onco a Week.
Sign -Names la Chicago.
"One of the amusing things for. a
stranger in Chicago to do," said CoL
Stephen A. Vail, of Nebraska, "is to
watch signs in tbe streets, especially
names on them. Nothing gives one a
better idea of this city's cosmopolitan char,
-acter. Riding on a Cottage Grove ave
nue car. for instance, I- saw in one single
block sign names indicating ten different
nationalities. Thero was a Greek name,
n Portuguese name, several unmistakably
Hebrew names, a Polish name, ono or
two Irish aud Scotch names, a French one,
three or four German and tho rest English
and American ones. On Milwaukee ave
nue I noticed that the feigns indicated a
i curious mixture oi uouemian, rousu.
I Swedish. Norwegian, Danish, German
witli a small sprinkling of Irish. I noticed
tio Atiijlo-Saxou names at ail." Chicago
I . . . n.v.n,ri
i' A .Prevailing Masculine' Fad.
A prevailing mascnlino "craze" is for
each man of fashion to wear a distinctive
Sc flower. This is a notion from "across
seas." The Emperor Frederick wore con
tinually, in his- buttonhole, a modest
cluster of violets,-jnet as his father was
A always decorated with the corn flower;
A well known society man of today' is
never seen without a single ivy leaf on
the lapel of his coat, and another weara.
' invariably, a white rose, so small as to be
' barely noticeable. By fall it is prophe
sied that military fashions for men will
Tbe the rage. Tins is also a "fad bor
r rowed from our foreign cousins, who are
f sporting extensively what they term "La
B. Bevahche" styles: The carnation, the em
H blem of "glory," glows in triumph on the
8 breast of every patriotic Frenchman.
j A Novelty in Watches.
English cavalry officers have, been the
means of furnishing people from the states
with a novelty in watches. The cavalry
men have found' it convenient while en
horseback to carry their timepieces on a
strap around their wrists to save them
selves the trouble of unbuttoning their
coats whenever -they want- to Know the
time of day. Some one turned np at the
Metropole a few days ago with a .watch
worn as a bracelet, and now nearly every
American who wants to be in style carries
his timepiece in this manner. 'They are
really of value to men on horseback.
London -Cor. New York Press.
It Was the Cat. ..
"What was all that racket in the yard a -moment
ago, Bobby ".demanded the old ge'u
tleman; "it was enough to set one crazy."
'.'I was playing with the cat, pa;' explained
VWeH, if you can't make lcsji .uoise wueu
I'm trying to read Til have your mother tie
you to tho bed post"'
"I wasn't making' any 'noise, pa," said
Bobby, with an injured air; "the noise tu
all made by- the cat" Harper's Bazar.
The Bigness of Texas.
Texas can produce within its own bor
ders food amply sufficient for the support
of 230,000,000 people. - It has a clircaie
adapted not only to the production: of the
temperate zone, but to those of semi
tropical character as welL It has timbei
as well as coal, silver, copper and other
minerals in almost exhaustless abunJ
Sighlas; far (Joloa Square.
"The .world is mine." exclaimed the
tragedian, in "Monte Cristo." aad tbe
cosasdy man waiting for eight weeks' back
aalarv. murmured faintly: "Cut me off e
meee of New York. olsaae.'.'4-Ths Idea.
LOVE HATH BETRAYED THEE.
Weep ia the sueace, eh heart, my heart.
Love.hath wesMed of theel
Aad thoa ia tbe gloem of the shadow 6t dooss
Forever alone must be.
Weep ia tbe sueace, oh heart, my heart.
Love hath betrayed thee!
ia the sUeace, oh heart Bay heart.
. Kwio uwu Biuucn aim imeo:
Bath deaf ened his ear till be cannot bear;
Bath left thee to thy disgrace.
'Break hi the silence, oh heart, my heart.
Love lutth betrayed thee.
Die In the suence. oh heart, "my heart. ".
Love hath broken. his word!
Thy pleading prayer beats the empty-ah
Like the bruised wings of a bird. . '
Die in the sileoce. oh heart my heart,
Lore bath betrayed thqe!
The Garde of America.
Bearing ' on :the proposition ' of Maj.
Powell to reclaim the -Colorado deserts,
for which congress has already made a
preliminary appropriation, is an article by
Joaquin- Miller on '''The North American
Nile." He urges that the land instead of
being a desort is in reality enormously
fertile. "These ruins of Arizona are
older than history as old ss the oldest
ruins on the Nile of Egypt. The region
then was densely populated. No. allure
ments of gold: nothing but the generous
.soil and the genial climate built up cities
here that rivaled id extent those "of Egypt,
If then these primitive people made a
-garden of this land, where we now insist
on locating a desert, can we not do some
thing with our improved methods?" Very,
clearlv this region -was once the garden of
America, and it 'is reclaimable. Miller
says- he never ate finer bananas than those
'grown near Fort Yuma. " His article Is
full of enthusiasm and poetry, but also of
facts and sound sense as well. No doubt
Fie- is right in calling it the North' Ameri
can Nile: and every way more interesting
for its ant'quities, as well as natural
grandeurs, than the .Nile of Africa.
Remarkable Change of Cllssate.
The British consul at Bossorah, on the
Persian gulf, in his last report states
that a remarkable improvement has taken
place in the climate of the country round
Bussorah, with the substitution of date
and. wheat cultivation for that of rice.
The malarious fever, to which Bussorah
gave its name, is now .comparatively rare;
and sallow complexions and worn looks,
which some years ago were universal, are
now no longer seen. The northwest wind,
which prevails in the hot weather, instead
of being moist and clammy, as it used to
be. is dry and hot. The month of Septem
ber, when the marsh which is formed
yearly by tho overflow of the Euphrates
is drying up. is still the least healthy
season. December and January are cold,
July and August are intensely hot. The
rest of the year is very much like the
spring and summer of southern Europe.
His Eye Got Too Hot
-ilass eyes never produce irritation or
become painful, except when exposed for
a long time to a strong flamo. This is
strictly prohibited. A ary amusing in
stance came under my notice some time
ago. A horse dealer, who visited a well,
known auction and salesroom in this city,
purchased a horse, which; to all appear
ances, was a model of symmetry and. per
fection, but two nights afterward, while
standing in front of a lamppost on Broad
way,, he suddenly became restless, and
darted through the streets in great fury.
When stopped his owner- became alarmed
on discovering the animal's eye blazing
hot. but further investigation laid the
swindle bare; and the glass eye was at
once extfacted. Joseph V. Gavan in New
Results of Mental Overwork.
The English Anthropological society
has been culling from reports, of school
masters' observations on the symptoms
of mental fatiguo- Tho .observations re
veal, that weariness of mind reveals itself
under the aspects of irritability and in
capacity. Children at "school showed such signs of -mental
'irritability as -sleeplessness and
nervous laughter, while those who were
fatigued could neither sleep nor get up
their taskwork. The flagging will showed
itself by lolling, yawning;-aud a languid
manner. Headache also resulted from
overstrain in study when combined with
defective ventilation. Youth's Compan
ion. Honesty by Weight.
"Is that boy the new Junior?" the presi
dent of the bank asked tho cashier, point
ing to a youth in the office.
"Have you tested his honesty?"
"Yes, sir. I left him alone in your
room for half an hour or more to count a
Eile of- gold, which I told him had not
''Of course it had been counted?."
"That was rather risky, wasn't it?"
"Not at all." replied, the cashier; "I
weighed the gold myself first." Pitts
. . A Theater Goer's Suggestion
An English - woman Is responsible for
the suggestion that along with other im
provements to theater seats, there be an
arrangement by which they can be sunk
through a trap in tho floor into a saloon
below, 'so that men can go out between,
the acts and see a man without treading
on the toes of all the women near them.
New York Sun.
New Type .Setting Machlaes.
Several inventors are at work upon
machines which cast and set type at the
same time, each letter being cost when a
key is pressed. The principal trouble
with this class of machines, and with all
other type setting machines, is' that it is
difficult' to "justify" that is, to fill ont
the lines properly at the right hand end
and space properly between the words.
St. Louis Republic
Watt Whltasaa's riace.
A writer says of Walt Whitman's place
among the world's poets: "A sturdy rebel
against conventions, a representative of
the masses, he encamped before the cita
del of tradition and proclaimed the war
that was to bring about the democracy of
song. His cause will perish with .him,
and his name stand like a pillar in a waste
place lonely, but imperishable. New
Ceataaia-BSBess of Diseases.
Scarlet fever is a" specific poison which
emanates from the person of the "patient,
and can be caused by no other means.
Diphtheria is contagions, but may arise
from fermenting filth, etc. Typhoid
fever and Asiatic cholera are not- directly
communicable from person to person, but
are spread by the dejecta of their victims,
which contaminate the water supply.
Of the Taper Crnst-
Miss Rural (watching the prdmenaders)
Who is that curious little man almost
a dwarf? .
Mrs. Metropole (shocked) Why. my
dear, that's. Hnbert Highlife. He's tbe
very npoer crust.
Miss Rural Ho is? Then they put in
great deal too much shortening. Time.
. The Dentist's Generosity.
- Sufferer Great Cesar, doctor!
"Yon have pulled the wrong tooth."
"Don't let that worry you. I won't
charge-yo'u for it." Lincoln Journal.
Way of. the Werld.
Brown What makes you look so blue,
Mortley? Mbrtley To tell the truth, old
"man, I feel so well I'm afraid something's
going to happen: Tis a tough, tough
world. Brown. Utica Observer.
The '.Teleahoae Disease."
The "telephone disease" has been dis
covered by Professor Wilborstadt, of Ber
lin. Tho use of the instrument produces
disorder to the vibratory chambers of the
ear, generally in tho. left ear.
The direct action of steasa at '212 degs.
Is sufficient to destroy all gems in from
five to fifteen minutes. The efBcacy of
heated dry air Is
A Famous Doctor
Once said tliat the secret of good health
consisted in. keeping the head cool, the.
feet warm, and the bowels open. Had '
this eminent physician. lived iu our day,
and knowu the merits of Ayer .Pills
a an aperient, he would certainly have
recommended them, as so many of., his
"distinguished successors are doing. .
-The celebrated Dr. Farnsworth, of
Norwich, Conn., recommends. Aycr's "
Pills as the best of. all remedies 'for
''Iutcrniilteut Fevers." '
Dr. I. E.."-Fowler, of Bridgeport,
Conn., 'says: "Ayer's Pills are highly
and universally apoken'of by Unpeople
' about here. I make daily use of them
iu my practice." ; . -.
Dr. Mayhew.-.of New Bedford. Mass., .
says : " Having prescribed many thou",
sand of Ayer'.H. Tills. -in my practice, I
can unhesitatingly prououuee them the.
lst cathartic iu use."
Tile MassaeliUHetts State'Assayer. Dr.
A. A. Ifaveg. itilis : I have made a
careful aiialysi.s of Aver" PilU. They
contain the .active principles of well-,
knowu drugs, -isolated fr.sn inert mst
tr, which plan is", chemically, speaking,
of great importance to their usefulness.
It insures nothity. cerramty. Hud'nni
furmitv of effect. Ayer's Pills contain
v.,t metallic or uiinrrn! sulwfaiiiy. but
V. virtues of vegetable remedies, in
anillfiili'uihh'in'itioii.". .Ayer's Pills,
ri.;.fcn-ri . :st ' s Aj.-f .iv.,ioo:..iii.
:,!. I".; . : 1 CUri !u '.Zeilk'lne.
: C'aiaa la Waking Up.
The British consul at Hankow says, that
Chins, though-still spoken of as a couutry
of' stagnation -and stereotyped ideas, is
really only a little behind its pushing
neighbor. Japan, in its haste to get rid ot
ancient prejudices. Chicago Herald.
The city of London is said to have-fewer
inhabitants to the houso than any other
of the large cities of Europe. Vienna has
five times as' many.
A soldier who was seen to take off his
cap while using the telephone informed a
questioner that he did so because he was
talking to his superior officer.
Of the 200 gold beaters in New York,
not one is a woman, while of the SCO gold
witters rf? on Is a taii-
The B. & M.B.R have arranged to
run several Harvest excursions from, the
east to Nebraska points, including Co
lumbus. Any persons desirous of advis
ing friends in the east of these .excur
sions can have them advised from our
Omaha office by addressing J. Francis,
Genl Passenger Agt., or by advising C.
E' Barrell, Agt., Columbus, Neb.
Beat the dog before the lion.
At this season of the year people can
not be too careful about keeping their
bowels regular. Bilious- and malarial
diseases are often brought on by allow
ing the bowels to become torpid. An
occasional dose of St. Patrick's Pills is
all that would be required, and might
prevent serious sickness. For sale by
Powty & Becher.
Courtesy on .one side only lasts not
' English Spavin Liniment removes- all
hard,, soft or calloused -lumps and blem
ishes from horses . -blood spavin, curbs,
splints, sweeney, ring-bone, stifles,
sprains, all swolen throats, coughs, etc.
Save 850 by use of one bottle. Warranted.
Sold by C. B. StiUmhh, druggist, Co-
umbna. . o-iy
Yon must lose a fly to catch -a trout.
The Passenger' Department of the
Union. Pacific, "The Overland Route,"
has issued a. neat little pamphlet, pocket
size, entitled "National Platform Book,
containing the democratic,-' republican
and prohibition platforms, together with
the addresses of acceptance of Grover
Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison and. Clin
ton B. Fisk; also tabulated tables show
ing the plurality vote, the electoral vote,
and nn analysis of the vote as cast for
Cleveland and Blaine in J884. This
book is just what is needed at this time
and should, be in the hands of every
voter. It plainly sets forth what each
party Jias to' offer and every reader can
draw his own comparisons. Sent to any
address on application. Address, J. S.
Tebbets, Gen'l Passenger Ag'l, Union
Pacific liy, Omaha, Neb.
He is not free that draws his chain.
Aa Ahsolate fare.
The ORIGINAL ABIETINE OINT
MENT is only put up in large two-ounce
tin boxes, and is an absolute cure for
old sores, burns, wounds, chapped hands
and all. kinds of skin eruptions. Will
positively cure all kinds of piles. Aak for
the ORIGINAL ABITINE OINTMENT
Sold by Dowty & Becher at 25 cents per
box by mail 30 cents. ninr7y
He goes not out of bis way that goes
to a good inn.
Sooths and Heals.
SANTA ABIE sooths and heals the
membranes of the throat ami luugs,
when poisoned and inflamed by dibease.
(t prevents night sweats and tightness
across the chest, cures colds, croup,
asthma, coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia,
whooping-cough and all- other throat
;.ml lung troubles. No other medicine
"-- s') successful in- curing nasal catarrh
'IILIFORNIA CAT-R-CORE. The
-.-loruiods and increasing, demand for
.hese" standard California remedies con
firm their merits. Sold mid absolutely
jnaranteeil by Dowty & Beaher at 81 a
package. Three for S2"0.
There comes not out' of the sack, but
what was there.
Mrs. O'JLear'y's Fanoas Cow
kicked over the lamp, and Chicago, the
blustering young metropolis of the west,
was laid in ruins. This is a striking il-
lustration'of the old saying that "great
results have small beginings." The neg
lected cold, the hacking cough of today,
may. a few -months hence, develop into
that direst of destroyers,, consumption.
Be warned in tinie. Dr. Pierce's Gold
en Medical Discovery, it taken in the
first stages of this dread disease, is a
certain cure. It is also a sovereign rem
edy for asthma, bronchitis, sore throat,
chronic nasal catarrh, and all -the dis
uses of the respiratory organs.
The cleansintr. antiseptc and healing
qualities of Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy
Haste comes not alone.
Cholera. Morbus is one of the "most
painful and dangerous diuoaoon, many
deaths result from it each year, usually
"hflcauae it is not properly treated. Tne
most severe cases maybe cured, by us"
ing Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Bemedy. It never fails. Sold'
by Dowty Becbr. -
'-ifitji: ur Mute Liuler Co.
aW!ii''vi w ;ri'i!-'-i
Thisis theTor of the Genuine.
Pearl Top Lamp Chimney.
.Tliis exact Label
ison each Pearl
A dealer n:av sa.v-
and think he. lias
others as good,.
BUT HE. HAS NOT.-
Insist upon the Sxact "Label and Top.-.
Fas Sale Evestokebe. fr.ncrc-xiY cy
6E0. A. MACBEfH & CO., Rfisttri Pa.
"nnta"fi a?n ftitl a nni..i:.u i .i
HARRISON & MORTON
the gnu staiitUrd bearen. HIsM.with ntimnoui tupetl. nor
UaiB. Amonir the-authors -ill Le found the n'amn of Sena
loisFfje. Chandler. Ilawley. Znealls. Jol.u I). Lonrjwpulit
ov-of3fau. MiKinteyof Ohio, wjites oh the Tariff.
Hrniy Cabot Lo be. andanumbr. f othmnr i,iiT!MJ..
lit. jt.Kif. Cent. Don't be indeed t. ret any oilier. Uiv.
tance no hindrance as c pay 'all .ir-iht charces. Send SO
cemtsin ic. stamps for'outnt and betheflrat In the field or
"n,,ISIi'?'Ci,arnJ SP"1' Term ent free In all.-
... is ww.,""-, ipnniieio, mass.
6000 Book Agents wanted to sell
THE tlPX AND PUBLIC 3EHVICE8 OF
Fall and onitl.f from k'm Wivhnnd to lit nimlnalloo In St.
boua, wu praonl rcoibilter&c.,, incbi.oi. .mi "wwowh
It Ulutratad with .tel portrait wi "-a .ngniing.
k abo enatatiw a .ntwrb Portrait and m fjll and cobicUm
ZJFS OF MBS. CLEVELAND. toK.thr with a cmpl.u
WofraBby or ALLEN O. TUURMAN. ThU 1 the mJ
Mllnnc Ufr. Don't tw lndud tu ft any othar. That ill
probably to onaathorkod LIm. twt tW l tto right ou. Dia
aaata Be hladrraan, aa w. pay alt tran.pvrtailn cbarava. Sao4
Wcaata hi le. .tamp, aad to tha ant 1a tto B.M. aad tho raaa
to roUan burnt. Writ for tall partlcnlara aad SpMtal Trrma
aat tn v, all. Add.. WINTER A CO. rnfta
for an Incurable case of Catarrh
It. SHE'S CATA1IH IEMEIT.
STBaatoBss off Catarrk. Headache,
obstruction of nose, discharges falling into
throat, sometimes profuse, watery, and acrid,
at others, thick, tenacious, mucous, purulent,
bloody and putrid ; eyes weak, ringing in ears,
deafness, difficulty of clearing throat, expecto
ration of offensive matter; breath offensive:
smell and taste impaired, and general debility.
Only a few of these symptoms likely to be pres
ent at once. Thousands of cases result in con
sumption, and end in the grave.
By its mild, soothing, and healing properties.
Dr.Sajre'B Kemcdy- cures the worst cases. Mc.
mj.l30 The Original
ev.ivt I ivci Phis
OWQTIai Ue A HarmltMU
TTrww,niMi mr Liver Pill. 8mallest,cheap-
mt futait to take. One Pellet a arose.
Mzzlneas, Constipation, IndisjestloB,
Bilious Attacks, und all derangements of
the stomach aud bowels. S3 cts. by druggists.
LIJold tar at on-1
itii lauiy. ,
b tlm .1
Aatptr. Warrant!. Hay
tfciia uoia naming ta.
Bacaat and macalScaal.
out waits aan area
HIM M TXaiAl
toaaea locality ran aarara on
war. !! asa wuit anaa MlV
a"tBBBBBBaV n to aaeb locality, to katp la
mloaMaaad tT ' aeiSEBBlB MSPUl.
Tfcaaa aaaaptaavu wU aa tarn wacB,w atoa mnana ainr jvm
tankaft ibaaaha yoor hoaa fcr month and ahown taana
(otkeaa'wboaMy baealld,thy toeonw yoorown preparty;
N to poaatU to Bat. tala rat offer. andln lha MUM
BBMMIV-- and CMTV aanpla . aa U Vrrlncor
to aaaaalaalB hay locality, al way nanltolaalari trad for
a: altar oar aaanla to torn Inaloealltyforamontaortwo
waaliytfronaaetoaeeeia trad, from tha
aSmlaaceoaBtryT Tola,tb. moat wonderful or ewr
kaow&tj mad la ortar tart ear aaaplea may to ptaead at oncj
"Storattoycaa toSra. all owr AaMrtea. Writ at oace. and
aaakahranofttoeaanc. Baadwiiwttltonardiyaay tronbla
form to ito ttoaampVai to thoa who may caU at yo or noma
MyoarrtwuwTubaMtaatMactory. A poatal card oa
wMekto wrttoaacoatacatl c.ntaBdafuryaBowaiI.iiyoa
2,aoteartooforthr,whynobaraUdon Bat If yon do
Saat MnM wateto la th world and oar Uri llMOf
?2."SaSKSTSri "irirMfiirm muiK
iKainjiiw""".,..,. . ",
D Ul Vwho reatl tWo and then act';
K I Ian I I they will find honorable era-.
Illlfllkl nlovment that will not take
them from their homes and families. The.
profits are larce and enre for every lndantnons
person, many have made and are now making
several hundred dollars a month. It id easy for
any one to make f-Vand upwards per day, who is
willing to work. Either Hex, young or old; capi
tal not needed: we start yoor. Everything new.
No special ability required;, you, reader, can do
it as well as any one. Write .to ns at once for
fall particulars, which re mail' free. Address.
Stinson & Co., Portland, Me. dec28y
- Syrap of Figs
Is the delightful .liquid laxative, and the
only trne'remedy" for habitual constipa
tion and the many ills depending on a
weak or inactive condition of the kidneys,
liver and bowels. It is a pleasant rem
edy to take, both to old and young; it ia
gentle in its action and effective; it isac
ceptablo'to tbo stbmacb, and strengths
ens the organs on which it acts. Manu
factured only . by the California Fig
Syrup Company, -San Francisco, Cal.
For sale only by Dowty & Becher. .
.erai ia.. .ciVjAWr ,$ vw?
-bbbbbbbW ea Baal
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBL .OBBBF m
" ;' : NTBRAK-A
FAMILY : J0UKNAI
.A-Weekly Newspaper issteil-every ;
Weiiesdiiv. ;32 ("mIhbus ef l'eadiiia- atleiv'ii-
sistia of Nebraska State-News ..'
Iteps, Selected Staries aad -MiseellaBV:
. ' .
STSnmiIeriiiceiient-'rt'i'tii any "a4ilr.s."fc; -"
- Suliscript'on jrice,;.
SI a ytar, in Mvuct.
-M. K. TUKNFJff Co., .
. Tlatto 'Coy.N'e'lir. :
All kinds f Rejairlag dole
Short N'fttiee. Bigeies;. Wag-
. Mas, etc., Made te erder, .
and all wrk-ar- ":
albo Mil the werld-faiMiB ITaltec A
Woe Xawers. leaver, .CdaiVa-
ei Mackinee. Ham
aad Self-binder the
'Shop opposite the "Tattersall," on
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. 2-b.
.09 W. KiHtk St. KMMSMS CITY. MO.
The mis Specialist i tha City mho is a RgUfr
Graduate in Medicine. Over 20 gears' Practice.
12 years is Chicago.
THE OLDEST W WE, MO INCEST LOCATED.
. AtlthorlZfMl bv the Htatf Iu trt-at
bT- C'bronlc.NervoasjuMlKH.-lal I'l-
.aBK? mum-i." Mniliml WeUtnm litiyht
BBBaBT TV"-).SxuiU Helilltyio.t sriuul
BBBBBBB itlP"i"el. Nervous- Debility, l'lMued
BBBBBBBBBTkiiil,Uriiiury lieases. aHl lit-fact.
fJBffBBBBTr all troubles or dlvaws.iti.eltlifc
rOfm malp or female. Curet ifimrnlsl
or money refunded. Charges low. TliousaiKlof
ca.tes cured. Kxperience Is Important. Allniedi
clues are guaranteed to be pure and efllctif lou
being compounded In my perfeclly apiiIn(e(l
laboratory, and are furnished ready for nue. .No
runolng to drug storeti to have uiicertHln le
ncriptlons tilled. JTo mercury ocliijurioux iiimIi
cinesused. Xodetention frombusltie. rutient.
at a distance treated by letter and eprv, tutu?
cines went everywhere free front gaze or brHifc
aKK State your raw and elld for term..- fou
snltatloti free and confidential, personally tr 1y.
A ta page niBfllT Jr Beta Sexeav "."t
illiistruteil ilvVik-iiminl in plain euvt-!.;-for
I. In "lumps. Kvery male. Troai the ae -'
1.1 to-,Miould read thin hook.
m SHUT TURKISH RHEUaUTK CURE.
A POSITIVE CURE wr RllKL')TATh4M.
SAO f..raayca-v thl trratm.nt faiUlol
cursor hrlp. t;r-at.tdinr.ry In annal.l
cfDKltclnr. tlue.low (pre rtllr; airwi
do rrniore. f.rer and p-Ua Iu joint.; I
Curecoraplrt"! lnSuId3. Snd .fate-'l
tm-nt nf eae with ataajp for f 'ircularm. I
Call, or addrr., I
ISnrrt-tinr i tit t'mtfilf tt: Hiuhrlt),
-Cntnt;.-tor :tnl l)iiillt-r will fiml our
liricSc tifft-cLir-s r.ntiil'i rttl at re:iHon.-tl)le. mtei.
War :tlw j.r'j.irnl t ! Jill kimln ;f I. tick'
li .-nrnnciiR w.ii:?
r"'-J... -a "'c- :-. t.n
tl . rrt-jK.? -Said. nWWI
! Send hr'CtrCo!jr.!..MrJ!!!yira
Trade supplied by the H.-T. Ctaax Daco' Co':,
Ubco1b,NwD. ' ' Jmum-fj,
p rtWGjj.rirrs ;',y.i?CUJGd
5- 1'i.tt ljtve
1 H& ""jaay '
i bv ittii"itrAi
a - ar t x.
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