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'.-;."... . -- ' eeparit4y." Gue ns-facta. -.
-WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 10. 1888.
. . BENJAMIN HARRISON
""'.. Of Indiana.
LEVI P. MORTON,
' -Qf New York.
Fic Bepresentative in Congress, 3d District,
fiJSOKttE W. E. DOllSEY.
lonN M. THAYEll.
l ' Ci
UGE D. ME1KLEJOHN.
- Fof Secretary of Stat. ,..,.
v- V GlIIiEKT L. LAWS.
For State Treasurer, " -
--.-.- - J. E..HILL.
:-" For Stato Auditor, - "
-", F4r Attorney Genoral,
: ' ; . . . WILLIAM LEESE.
' For Commissioner Public Lands and Buildings,
- For 8mftrintend;nt Public Instruction,
.- . GEOKGE B. LANE.
' - Cemmty.
For Reiireecnbitive 21th District.
.--.-- W. A. ILVMPTON.
For County Attorney,
-i i M
IwRv bV aaaa. vflDRo
President Glevecasd gives bis ap
- lirovnl to tbo bill excluding Cbinamen.
" - -" The only time England can use an
-- Irishman "Is wben ho emigratesto"Amer
': ica and votes for free trade." London
.- " Times. . ;.
Now titat tbe iJenate republican tariff
' '-., jneastire has been introduced, the people
rcan see how protection looks .in the
. " - luinds of its friends. "
'"GboVek Cleveland 1hi6 done more
1i to advance the cause of free trade Than
lx. nay-prime Minister of England has ever
"' -ilone." London Spectator.
-. . A speciaIi from Duluth to Minneapo-
,' lis kij'S there are over 150 cases of ty-
- - "phoid fever at Duluth and the epidemic
' seems to lie jjrwinE- "A number of
.' deaths have tccurred.
: Ten weeks ago a case of small pox was
'discovered at Buffalo, N. Y. Since that
- , -tinio there have been sixty-nine cases
.' and aeventeen deaths, six of. "which were
:-' caused by black small pov, which is the
'" most fatal. There are now twenty-two
V r cases in the hospital.
, ' The Sun is always for democracy of
"' thearly American father, which Jeffer
son taught, Jackson practiced, and Til--'.
-den illustrated. The democracy which
;. ": -chiefly reveres England the Cleveland
'', .- deoiocracj'J and seeks to build up her
- " trade' .and manufactures Iby the Mills
; : m bill J "at tlie expense of the United States
'"'.. "we are not for. New York Sun, (dem.)
.!" A itEFOBT to the Times at Pittsburg
."."-.one.day last week from Point Pleasant,
'. W. Va.says that news was received
'-. there that-three persons had died during
,; - the day bf yellow fever at Gallipolts, a
"" town on the Ohio river 150 miles below
, - Pittsburg. . Those who died are Capt.
:".'.' W. K: Hall,, who was taken 'sick at
".."-..-'Catlettsburg, Kj'b Mrs. Smeltzer and
-; Miss Anna Robinson.
- . A combined plow and harrow has
:been petented by Anna Trexlerof Sabin,
: .Mimx. The invention provides a simple
- and inexpensive, harrow attachment
: adapted for connection to a plow beam,
-. and .operating to pulverize the earth
."' - freshly turned over by the plow, to
economically and efficiently accomplish
..' the harrowing while the plowing
:: ."" .-. -prpgresses.-Scientific American.
. :-. ' .' Campaign Lies.
!.':.: -".Tve have now discovered why .the
y.: ' JonKXiAi. asks for a" prohibitory law."
y .-.'-'; Democrat of Sept. 7.
"--. ' It is sufficient to say 6f this lie that it
-v " .; is'a-very blundering one. The JouHsy p
"'.:". -.favors submitting any question of great
-':": "public interest to a vote of the people,
. .uL.ia upputie io uie aaopxion til ite
....-prohibitory amendment. ."
Aatericaa Goods for Aarrlrak Motty.
. .'." American inoney should be .'spent at
-V.-- home, to" pay for. American made goods.
'" ..' Let". us-sell our cotton,-wheat,' oil and
'-'.", other products for cash, instead of buy-
-'-.': ing knick-knacks with the proceeds and
- - supporting foreign Systems, of labor and
'- ' .trades All that America needs can be
. - " ".made in America, and American Ktanu-
. facturers.are.entitledto-tne patronage i
of the' American
-. ....'.." :"... " Gramtwl
. ." . .". "TojcitiaenBof Nebraska during the past
" "- '"-.-weelc, and reported for this -paper by C.
"...- A. Snow Co, patent "lawyers, .opposite
.. C r ".' 17.&Patent"omladuWn,D.C. -
. .:-..- ' J Brqttf-EnitiB, attachment for
. . .check row corn planters; RE Copeon,
. .','. Omaha, broom. or brush bride; Jas. M.
."' . k. O. A. CrandelL "Nelson, churnr Geo.
'..'.'' - -'Dakgacaa, Hastings, staple setting im-
": pfewnnt; A.R Dempster, Beatrice,wind-
. . aafll;. J. P. Howe, Hartington, combined
cvKirator aad barrow; A. Q. Ingfcram,
A whiter in the David City Tribune
makes some comments on the usefulness
of -our common-school system as at pres
ent conducted; and among other -things
inveighs against the youth and inexperi
ence of many of the teachers, and is in
clined to think, that, the old and ex
perienced is not as fully appreciated as
she ought to Jbe. :..:--
. - 'Looking over lists of teachers' names,
lately, to whom certificates were grant
ed, we find side" by side, in the' same'
grade the teacner wno, tor years, lias
toiled assiduously to not only advance
the interests .of his own particular,
school, -but also to establish a standard
of excellence,' moral and intellectual,
throughout the .'country, and the giddy
school girl who, perchance, has laid,
aside her chewing gum and donned her.
long drees on examination day; to suit
Being armed with' the -necessary" cer
tificate, the boy and girl pedagogue sally
out, usually in advance of the unassum.-,
ing teacher, and engage schools.
' Well, it is a glorious thing to be a
school teacher, get. out from under the
eye of the 'old folks," gain a little spend
ing money, have a good time", and 'make
a mash.' Beg pardon, reader, but it
sometimes happens that said boy and
girl confess a little too loudly, and' we
have only quoted original diction. What
then? O, .nothing only the 'pure white
pa per' of the youthful mind comes un
der the-hand of those vernal pedegogites,
and the results can be readily ascertain
ed by a visit to the school of the vicinity
after .a lapse of three or four mouths."
The editor adds that in many coun
try districts, while experience is in .de
mand for alL positions, from stable lxy
up, tbo training of the children for use
fulness, happiness and success, is the
only task for which experience does not
appear to be desirable; in some city
schools the case is not much different."
It is said that the city council of
Memphis, years ago, passed three resolu
tions, something like this: First, that a
new jail should be built by the city;
second, that the new jail be built of the
material of the old jailjthird that the
old jail stand till the new one is built.
If the old teachers could always "be
patient and active, and not die off, they
alone might be employed, but, with all
the modern ways of manufacturing
teachers to order, in the normal and
other professional schools, there must
be experience added in the school itself,
and, as with the young dentist or the
callow medical student, somebody or
somebody's children must suffer some
of the consequences of inexperience in
the teachers, and, even if the inexperi
enced but bright and hopeful young
miss carries ner "chewing gum" into
school, it is not nearly so bad as the
ancient " master," who brought his cow
hide whip and cud of tobacco, and of the
first made daily, almost hourly use, and
from the Becond manufactured juice
enough to blaeken the floor for years.
Until we are ready to imitate the wisdom
of the Memphis city fathers, we must
submit to some of the inconveniences of
having young men and young ladies
teaching oar public' schools. What if
thegiddy young girl" does fall in love
with some of the older boys on a rear
seat, or the young gentleman who is
teaching his first school and, to the best
of his ability, is aiming to give his spare
moments to Blackstone,but doesn't suc
ceed altogether because of the attraction
of one of the bright algebra pupils!
Aged teacher, the world looks forward,
and over your head if need be, and while
it will not ask you to cease work until
vou vourself beir off. it will give the
young a chance to earn the loaf of bread
that sustains life.
The convention was held at Genoa
Oct 2d, and nominated, as understood
it would, without a dissenting vote, Mr.
Niels Olson of Creeton township, this
Mr. Olson was born in the Bouthern
part of Denmark in the year 1812. He
removed to America in 1861, locating in
Illinois for a year; afterwards removed
to Milwaukee where he lived a few years.
In the fall of 1871 he removed to his
present home in Creston township, this
county, where he has resided all these
long years and enjoyed the respect and
confidence of Ins fellow-citizens, as an
honest, straight-forward, upright man
devoted to the best interests of the pub
lic. He is and has always been a farm
er, and is a man who cannot be swerved
from his line of duty, as lie sees it. Be
sides, he has the ability to know the
right and the wrong, and to see the
bearing of proposed measures.
On questions of' railroad legislation,
no man in the district would cast a
more satisfactory vote.
On the question of prohibition, which
agitates the public in several quarters of
the district, he stands firmly on the re
publican platform, the Slocum law, a
measure which, passed by the republican
legislature years ago, has approved itself
to the practical good sense of every
community, where they have sought its
enforcement in accordance with the
sentiment of the community on the
Mr. Olson has been school director of
.his district ever since its organization,
and has been a member of the County
Board of Supervisors since Platte coun
ty adopted township organization. As
Nanoe county is likewise working under
township organization, this feature of
Mr. Olson's equipment for the service of
the district "will commend him to very
favorable consideration, because the
township law needs a good deal -of
wholesome amendment, and needs it
b"d. Mr. Olson has not been an idle
member of the Board by any means, and
knows, perhaps as well as any man in
the district, wherein the township law
iEvery voter in the district, without
respect .to "party ties, should think sev
eral times .before casting a vote against
Mr. Olson; republicans who know Mr-
Olson will be glad of the opportunity to 1
cast their vote for a man so well'inform
ed, and fio staunch" and true in the line
of duty." .
, Walter Tobias's blacksmith shop., at
Seward was destroyed by fire one day.
last week. The cause of .the fire is. un
known. The building is a total loss; no
insurance.- . . '. . .'....
At Blue Springs one "afternoon last
week 'Mrs. Pleiffenburger strangled -her
'two children aged two -and four years
old and-then shot herself through the
heart She left a letter to tier husband
.-who was absent at the-time, saying that
she felt herself becoming crazy, and see
ing no future for her children, had re
solved to kill them and herself. .' I
Wm. Howell, a carpenter in ths n-'
ploy of Wm. Decker, fell out of Godfrey
Bihart's hay. loft hut Friday, sustaining
a compound fracture of the right leg
above-the knee, and the 'knee' cap of the
left leg. Bed liquor was the cause of
the unfortunate accident, andif Mr. H.
is.up to snum hie can make the bug juice
shop that sold him the stuff pay all
expenses. He has-got the law on his
side and can get a good fatfee if he
pushes - his caseT . Later: Mr.. Howell
died on Monday morning last at 6 o'clock
at the residence of his brother,." Web:"
Howell. The funecal took place Tues
day, Bev. Howe conducting the last sad
rites; Ulysses Dispatch.'.
' At last 'the Richland saloon is 'in a
fair way Of receiving investigation.. "Last
Monday 'complaint " was made before'
Judge Thomas' by . Adelbide Olbrich
against Fred Keitchm'ark, charging him
with' freaking into her house with in
tent to commit personal violence. Upon
hearing the evidence, the prisoner -was
discharged. The woman who made the
complaint is the one' suspected of 'keep
ing the saloon, and the 'evidence showed
that it was:.liquor the defendant want -
ed and also that he got it' ' Now com
plaint has Iieen made by Henry Kluck
against the woman for violating the law
by selling liquor without a license, and
the oase is on trial as we go to press.
A dastardly attempt ' at wholesale
poisoning was made last-Thursday night
on the family of Judge Allen. Friday
morning water was drawn from the well
of which each member of the family par
took, and shortly after they were all
taken more or less sick. -An examina
tion of the well showed the presence of
some kind of powder, and in the water
was a sediment of the same thing. A
portion of the powder was given to Dr.
Bridenstine for examination, and with
out chemical analysis, he said it had
every resemblance to and apparently was
"Rough on Rats." It certainly was
some kind of poison for the family was
deathly sick for quite a while. The
judge was not aware that he had an
enemy in the world who would resort to
such despicable means of revenge. It
was a cowardly trick and if the perpe
trator was known, a short rope and a
dance on air would be his portion.
About 3 p. m. Oct 2d Mrs. George
Poffenberger strangled her two children,
1 and 3 years old respectively, and then
shot herself with a pistol, at her home
in Blue Springs. Her husband is de
fendant in a case in the district court
in a suit for $5,000,brought by the widow
of a man who died two years ago from
excessive drink obtained at Poffenberg
er's saloon. This suit preyed much on
Mrs. P.'s mind. She was an exemplary
Christian woman and tried to induce her
husband to quit selling liquor. During
his absence at court she committed, the
triple tragedy. About 2 o'clock her
mother left her in apparent good spirits.
She obtained a strong cord, strangled
both children and shot herself through
the heart She left a note to her hus
band, saying he was very good, and ad
mitted that she was crazy and did not
care'to live. In her absence she saw no
bright -prospect for her children and
would take them with her. After strang
ling the children she laid them on a bed,
face to face, and covered them with a
bed quilt The children's faces were
horribly discolored. She then disrobed,
put on her night clothes, and was found
dead on the floor by the side of the bed.
Her husband was notified by telegraph
and the case was adjourned to the next
term of court in deference to his be
reavement A later telegram says: The
coroner's verdict in the Blue Springs
tragedy last night affirms the facts stated
in the previous telegram. Mrs. Poffen
berger shot herself twice after strangling
her children. She used a corset cord
and garter to strangle them. Her hus
band ruined his team of horses driving
from Beatrice to Blue Springs on re
ceiving the intelligence of his wife's
suicide. Fears are entertained that he
will become insane oyer the tragedy.
Mottoes for Aericaa.
"You don't hear of any one emigrating
from the United States. We prefer car
pets on the floor rather than sand."
"We won't be dragged down to Euro
pean wages. Let them come up to our
"Let the tariff be revised by its friends
and not by its enemies."
"There can be competition only be
"Whatever is manufactured at home
gives work and wages to our own peo
ple." "The lowest priced fabric means the
lowest priced labor."
"We are on strike against the free
trade democracy and European wages."
"Let well enough alone."
"Cleveland runs well enough in Eng
"Experience has taught me that man
ufacturers are now as necessary to our
independence as to our comforts.
"To be independent for -the comforts
of life we' must fabricate them our
selves." Thomas Jefferson.
"Cleveland has advanced free trade
more than any British minister." Lon
"The' American standard of living sat
"Never surrender to England. No
pauper wages for us."
"The only time England can use an
Irishman fs-when he emigrates to Amer
ica and. votes for tree trade." London
Times. '" " . :. -.
"All free-traders are Democrats, but
all Democrats are not free-traders."
"The Mills bill was. introduced by a
"We had tariff revision. '46' and 57,
and soup houses followed."
A MODEL LETTER. " '.
Written Wy Levi PMertoa Accepting the Be
paUfcaa XosdaatieBTfce Tariff the Great
Ine the CoaatryJImrt Decide.
New' York, Oct 2,--Following is Levi
P. Morton's letter accepting the nomina
tion for vice president: ; .
Emm' Cuff, N. Y:, Oct 2. Hon. W.
U EtUe. -and Others, Committee Gen
tlemen: In making formal acceptance of
my nomination as republican candidate
for the vice-presiaency, x aesire u ex
press my grateful appreciation of-' the
confidence reposed in me-by the conven
tion. The dnties devolving upon the
(.vice president as presiding officer qf the
senate, ana m certain conungeucieB pox-,
tidpant in legislation of congress, make
it proper that the people should know
distinctly and unreservedly the political
views of the candidate who may be pre-
sented for their-avtrages.
It fortuiiately happens that this duty
far myself. Uy discharged by re.
f erring to the principles embodied in the
resolutions 'unanimously adopted -by the
national convention. These resolutions,
unequivocal and comprehensive in char
acter, reflect my personal convictions
and have my hearty approval. It is
difficult, however, in a political campaign
to fix popular attention 'on more 'than
one issue and in the pending election
every voter in the United States clearly
sees that the controlling question is
whether the protective tariff duties now
in force shall be so reduced as to destroy
their efficiency, or whether these duties
6hall be retained with such modifications
'and adjustments as shall better adapt
them to the great end of protecting the
vast and important 'industries of., the
whole country. -The. republican plat
' form, while recognizing the .necessity of
reducing the revenue, declares that this
reduction must not be made 'at the ex
'penseof these industries and of Ameri
can .labor.' The" 'American -people -have,
now 'enjoyed the protective system for a
longer- continuous period "thau ever 'beP
I fore in "the history of. the-national gov
ernment- The result is .tuat tor more
than a 'quarter of a century' they have
realized a degree of 'industrial and .finan
cial prosperity unprecedented-. in. this
country, and never equaled in anyoiher.
The pressing reason for once attain
trying the' old experiment -of revenue
J tariff without protection as the motive
or end is that the present tariff .has 'pro
duced, and is producing, a. surplus in
the treasury, -but- it is now easily within
the wisdom -of -congress to. adjust .the
income and the national expenditure
without sacrificing, or even "imperiling,
the industrial systemwhich' has brought
untold advantages to- the Country. Ad
mitting that the present tariff, by the
lapse of - time and large expansion of
trade which it has stimulated, needs re
vision, is it not wiser and more' patriotic
to revise it with careful regard to the
interests of protection than with the
purpose of 'lessening, its protective' fea
tures? " -
These are some of the questions which
must be answered at the national polls
in November. For myself, as a citizen
and as a candidate, I do not hesitate to
declare that, from long observation, I am
the unwavering friend of the protective
system. In a business life now extend
ing over forty years I have witnessed
and compared the effects upon the coun
try of a revenue tariff tending to free
trade, with a protective tariff en
couraging home industries. Under the
former the development of the country
has always been arrested, while under
the latter it has uniformly been pro
moted. To men who earn their bread by
the sweat of their brows the difference
between the two systems is that of nar
rowing the chances on the one hand and
of expanding opportunities on the other.
Free trade would open America to com
petition of the whole world. Protection
reserves America for Americans, native
The industrial system of the country
is as sensitive as its public credit. A
hostile movement creates distrust in the
pnblic mind, and confidence, the only
basis of successful trade, becomes im
paired, new enterprises wither in the
bud, capital grows timid; the field of
labor is contracted and the pressure for
employment inevitably reduces the
wages of the workingmen.
With the viewB of the convention so
frankly expressed in its resolutions upon
all other questions of public interest, I
find myself in hearty accord.
In relation to silver and its important
bearing upon the national currency, as
well as its connection with and influence
on the prosperity of large sections of
our common country; in its advocacy of
judicious settlement of the public lands
policy; in urging the necessity for better
coast defence and the duty we owe to the
shipping interests of the country this
platform but repeats the approved prin
ciples of the republican party.
The republican platform proposes dis
tinctly an American policy, not one of
narrowness 'and bigotry, but one broad
and philanthropic the policy that best
helps the whole world by the example
of a great, growing, powerful nation
founded upon the equality of man before
the law' It is for the American people
to develop and cultivate the continent
to which, in the providence of God, they
have fallen heirs. They should adopt
the policy which looks steadily to this
great end. With no spirit of narrowness
toward other people, but rather in the
highest interest of all, they should find
under their own flag a field of limitless
advance in the direction of the improve
ment, prosperity and happiness of man.
Very respectfully yours,
LEvr P. Morton.
LFrom oar regular correspondent. J
Brigadier General S. V. Benet, Chief
of Ordinance U. S. Army, in his anxiety
to help the democratic party has got
himself into trouble, as well as the ad
ministration. In 1886 he sent a confi
dential circular to the commanding
officers of the national armories at
Springfield, Masa, and Rock Island, 111.,
and the United States arsenals at New
York, West Troy, N. Y., Philadelphia,
Pa., Boston, Mass., and Benicia, Cal.,
ordering them to discriminate in favor
of democrats in the employment and
discharge of employes of every grade,
including women and children. The
secret was well kept, and was only re
cently discovered by the widow of a re
publican soldier, who, together with' her
child, was discharged from the Rock
Island arsenal. She demanded of the
commandant the reason of her discharge
and he showed her a copy of the confi
dential circular of Gen. Benet's. The
matter has created great indignation
here, as it is the first time that any man
has attempted to manipulate the army
affairs in the interests of either political
party. Gen. Benet makes no attempt to
deny or palliate his offence; he says it
was done on the advice of Secretary En
dicott for the purpose of making places
for the democratic congressmen who
were bringing great pressure to bear on
the secretary. Whether this case of -the
plainest violation of the civil service re
form law will be looked after by Senator
Hale's investigating committee, or
whether it will be brought up separately
before the whole senate has not yet been
fully decided upon, but the universal
sentiment among the fair-minded men is
that Gen. Benet and Secretary Endicott
should be pushed for this gross violation
The idea that army officials, as a class,
are honester than other men has just re
ceived a terrible set-back by the dis
covery, of great frauds in the building of
the aquaduct tunnel, which is intended
to increase the water supply of this city,
which is being built under the'supervis-
lon or army engineer pincers, xne tacts
already .discovered show conclusively
that the army officers have beencmiltv
of criminal neglect' of duty, if of nothing
worse, congress proposes to go into a
thorough investigation of the -whole
scandal, to find the guilty party or par
ties, and to 'see that they are properly
punished. To' all. of which, the long
suffering citizens of 'Washington, add a
Dan. Lamont -went over to New York
last week to see if he could do anything!
to improve the rapidly waning fortunes
of 'Cleveland in that state. His mission
was not successful. He was .quietly in
formed by. the local politicians that the
best thing he could do for Cleveland was
to keep his hands off aud go back to
Washington. " '.The'republican substitute for the Mill
bill was not reported to the senate to
day, as it was expeciea .n wouia be.
The delay is caused by the democratic
members of the committee who have not
vet Drerjared their reoort Thv
v it will Hn naitr in two nifliroa Jan.
if it is-tk bill will be reported thk MmmenM capacity. She supplies fabrics
w .. mnr ww w-v v " my LHa A
week. The tables are completely turned
upon the -democrats. They have- been
complaining of the slowness of the re
publicans in 'preparing -their bill, and
now the republicans have got their bill
ready to report and they have to wait
for-the democrats. The bill is a very
long one. Jt- took the clerk of the com
mittee - nearly four hours .to read it
The big -Harrison 'and Morton ball
was received' here Friday evening.by the
republican clubs and rolled, up through
the principal streets to the' headquar
ters of the Republican National' League,
where an ent'uusinslfe meeting was held.
Among the speakers ware -Senator Dolph,
Representative Johnson, Honek, Per
kins, and others. The big lull started
west from-- hqre. It will go through
West Virginia Ohio and 'Indiana, aud
there' is a possibility of its going lis far
as the Pacific coast. '". . .-""-.
Clerks' in. the departments here --have
all'"ree"eived- circular letters "from' the
democratic national committee, asking
them to contribute to the campaign
fund.' This, in addition to the personal
solicitation of. the. local ''democrats,
makes the' government clerk's, life any
thing" but a pleasant one just now.
The house has not.had a quorum for
a week past, and little business of pnlt
lic'importanrce has been transacted.. It
is thought that the .house will not have
a quorum present until after election.
Senator Chandler's' resolution provid
ing for. an investigation of the Louisiana
election 'brought on a sharp, 'personal,
and -political debate in the senate, in
which Senator Coke tried to see how
often lie could, violate the rules of the
senate by using unparliamentary langu
age. Senator Gibson nlade a speech on
the same subject the day before, in
'which he virtually admitted that the
elections in his state (Louisiana) were
controlled by the whites irrespective of
the nnmlterof votes east and he strong
ly intimated that it was no business of
Senator -Sherman", from the senate
committee on foreign affairs, reported
his resolution looking to closer and
bettor commercial and political rela
tions with Canada, and it was placed on
the calendar. Mr. Sherman stated that
it was not tho purpose of the committee
to push this measure to a vote at the
present session, and probably not at the
next it being such an important matter.
In the meantime it may be called up at
any time that 'a senator desires to speak
on the subject.
Cleveland's Canadian Retaliation bill
is believed to do sleeping its last sleep
in the quiet room of the senate commit
tee on foreign affairs.
The senate has passed a bill giving
Mrs. Gen. Sheridan a pension of $300.
Senator Stewart has introduced a very
comprehensive Chineso bill. It prohib
its Chinese laborers from entering the
country and compels those already here
to be registered.
Republicans hero continue to receive
good reports from Indiana, New York,
Now Jersey and Connecticut
BLAINE ON THE TARIFF.
A Mastsbly Speech at Adbun, Mien. The
Onevr Statesman Explains His Vote- ox
the Luxbeb Tax Question in 1SB8 The
Difference Between Internal Revenue
and Import Duty Interpreted fob the
Democrvts 0.evelnds Utterances on"
Protection to Amebic n Industry Con
trasted Wjtii the Mills Wool Schedule
England's Eefort to Enter the American
Maukkts-Why They Should be Reserved
Adrian, Mich., Oct 4. Mr. Blaine
spoke at the fair grounds this afternoon
to about 12,000 people. Premising with
a reference to a letter published in a
democratic'journal at Detroit on the 3d
inst, and addressed to him over the sig
nature of W- Stearns, the democratic
congressional candidate, Mr. Blaine said
that whether it was intended to be cour
teous or not the letter would receive
from him a courteous reply. He -continued:
The writer wants to know why, in the
house of representatives, in 1868, 1 op
posed a tax on lumber and why I am now
in favor of continuing the tariff on lum
ber. My questipner has evidently con
sulted the official record, for he cites a
page and date of the Congressional
Globe. If he will again make the same
reference he mil find that I opposed an
internal tax on lumber and that this had
nothing whatever to do with the tariff
tax on lumber, except as it made the
tariff more effective. That was a time
when we were taxing everything on ac
count of the great increase of our na
tional debt I maintained then, as I
maintain now, that it was unwise to
impose upon breadstuffs or lumber an
internal tax, which increased by the
amount of the tax the cost to the con
sumer in the United States. If the gen
tleman cannot distinguish between an
internal and a tariff tax, I will explain
the difference. Cries of "Oh, he doesn't
know it." As to that I express no
opinion other than that the jury of the
vicinage seems to be against him. The
internal tax is one that does not protect
any American industry, but takes just
that much out of an industry. It is a
tax which in this country is levied (ex
cept on a very few articles) only in war
times. Jt is the same as the excise
which has for generations been a tax in
Great Britain. It is the same against
which the people of portions of the Uni
ted States came near rebelling during
Washington's administration. We are
in bettor order now and we pay every
tax that is levied, but the United States,
in the judgment of the republicans.
ought to raise all the money they need
for the support of the government from
the tariff, because the tariff gives the
American laborer and every industrial
interest in our country a great advantage
over a foreign laborer, and the industrial
interests of other countries, and aids in
building up a great home market
which is something that the United
States possess today beyond any nation
on the globe. I have said that I was
opposed to every tax except the tariff
tax. I make one exception. I am in
favor of continuing the tax on whisky,
except on.that which is used in the arts
and in medicines, as proposed in the new
tariff bill reported to congress. A
voice, "why?" I will tell you why. I
am in favor of it because J think the
tax tends to make the price a little
higher; to lessen the number of those
who would purchase it as a drink. That
is my own reason, and the only reason,
namely, that for every restriction upon
a vice that can be confined (and the
drinking of liquor is a great vice) you
gain so much from it But that consid
eration Xdo not regard as of paramount
importance in the discussion of the great
and leading question which is at issue,
because it does not have a feather's
weight in deciding that which the Amer
ican people must decide, and upon
which they must now win or lose for a
generation. I repeat that the question
at issue in 1888 must be decided one way
or the other for a generation. If the
protective tariff is lost in this election
not any of you who are careless of your
votes can. flatter yourself that it may be
caught up next year or the year after.
You 'will not have an opportunity for
many years, to reverse your verdict of
this case. The democrats who are as
sailing the tariff well know that if they
lose this year and the cause of. protec
tion triumphs, they 'are beaten finally,
and for this generation. It is a joining
of issues for a final combat such as has
hot occurred in this, country on that
question since 1833;' and every voter
within the hearing of my voice may take
my .word for. it, whichever party tri
nmphsthis year triumphs for the whole
time for which they will be actors onthe
political stage. So -that the effect, of
your votes now is not confined to this
year or the next, but will in all proba
bility be felt for all time 'throughout
which you may take part in political
The question comes to this. Great
Britain is a manufacturing country of
I ii i w i i u . irf w
to millions of people throughout the
world. (She has 200,000,000 subjects in
India, all of whom she supplies.).' She
has in Australia practically a monopoly
of the supply, ana she has. South Africa
and her colonies here and there-over the
whole globe.- Bat there is one market
in. which 65,000,000-of the most intelli
gent people on- the 'globe are purchasers
and. consumers a market which she
knows is larger, better and grander than
all the other markets combined that-of
the -United States of America.. She
knows' that 'if she can'get into that mar
ket it means -a "revival of her trade to an'
extent such its' baa not bae.n known-for a
century, and such -as could not exist,
until the United States hntl attained its
E resent 'power and 'greatness. 'Great
Britain sees an entrancein'to bur market,
and the-democratic; .party, following the
lead of President Cleveland; is .'doing
everything it, can to destroy tlie. home
market of this country and -give a-large
share of it to nations beyond the sea: -To.
begin with, they say "let us have no duty
on wool; why Bhonld you give.the pro
tection to wool;' why not say td Austra
lia, bring your wool .hero-and 'you will
have just as good a market in this coun
try as the American himself lias for his
wool?" They say- to- Canada,'- "every:
thing you can raise, every vegetable
product, your grain, your dairy, shall
come .here and have -just- -as good a
chance under the American Hag as the
products of our own people have,-who
pay taxes to support our-governmentr
They say to all the people of the globe,
to those who produce- salt, aa to all
others, "Come,hero and you ahull have
just as good a chance in our- market as"
the state of Michigan has in supplying
salt and so on with the whole list of
home products. As to each' principal
staple or the two or three leading staples
of each state they'make the declaration
j" that these products, in the'production-of
which so many American citizens are
laboring, shall not be marketedunless it
be in direct competition with " tho pro
ducts of foreign nations, of nations who
pay no taxes to support the government
of the United States, and are not in any
way interested in the government of the
United States, Is that fair play? That
the state of Michigan, of which I sup
pose there are nearly 2,000,000 of people
who contribute yonr share to the sup
port of the state and national govern
ment should have no more of right and
receive no more of favor under the flag
of your country than is given to and
received by a man who lives in a foreign
country and beyond the sea? Is that
ordinary fair play between man and man?
There is an advantage in free trade
under certain conditions and with cer
tain limits. With a population of 65,
000,000 in the thirty-eight states and
eight territories, we have 3,500,000 square
miles of territory, with 17,000 miles of
ocean front Throughout that vast area,
nearly equaling in extent that of Europe,
but with an ocean frontage more extend
ed than that of Europe, Americana have,
among themselves, around their own
hearthstones and firesides, absolutely
free trade. We do not erect barriers on
our stato borders to prevent free com
munication. A citizen of one state who
has for sale a particular article that is
better or more Saleable than a similar
article offered in another state can come
down to Maine, to New York or toKew
England, or he can go to California or
Oregon and he will not encounter on the
way custom house officers or tax collect
ors. So that as a matter of fact (and I
have brought that aspect of the ques
tion to the attention of the people be
yond the sea) wo enjoy the blessing of
free trade to an extent to which they
have never been carried heretofore, be
cause of our vast territorial area, and the
many millions of our people. But bear
in mind, that is free trade among our
selves; that is the intercourse between
members of the one great family of the
American people, to which every stato is
guaranteed as a home to him who choos
es to locate therein, and to whom every
right of citizenship is secured in all
states alike. But when you come to
free trade with those who are not of our
national family, who pay no taxes to
your government who-are alien to us
and who live beyond the ocean; when
you come to consider whether they shall
enter into our home market, we say it is
another question. There comes the great
doctrine of protection. Let
me say here that the principle of pro
tection cannot bo applied in every coun
try with equal advantage and profit. It
is of peculiar and lasting benefit to the
United States because our country is a
world within itself. If the United States
was a little narrow country with only
one or two leading products, the prob
able result of an attempt to protect
those products would be an increase in
their price among ourselves. But ours
is a country that extends from the At
lantic to the Pacific, from the gulf to
the lakes; from latitude 23 on the bor
ders of the tropic of cancer, to latitude
49, way off on the borders of British
Columbia. Our products range in va
riety from the semi-tropieal in southern
California to those of the north, and
among them are the cereals, the fruit,
cotton, wool, hemp, and so on. We have
a world witnm ourselves, and so uni
versal is the principle of protection and
so varied in its application that it can
not be said that one man is protected at
the expense of his neighbor. Every pur
suit and every product which would
come in competition with the handicraft
and the commodities of other people,
receives its share of benefit under the
efficient protective system of the United
States. When in England they talked to
us about free trade. I tell them they do
not understand it in its relation to our
selves. In a word, we have absolute
free trade among 65,000,000 of our own
people, and we have protection against
the 1,400,000,000 of people who live out
side of our domain. I understand my
duty to be to look out for those 65,000,
000 of people at home.
There was an old saying that the city
oi .brogue was tne cleanest city or Eu
rope. And the reason was that every
man brushed his own door steep. These
philosophic statesmen like President
Cleveland, whe want to look out for free
trade beyond the sea and benefit man
kind in general, have, I think, a larger
job on hand than they will accomplish.
A nation like our own, which take3
care of its own interests, is acting ac
cording to not only the first law of na
ture, but the best teachings of philan
throphy, because as we grow richer and
more powerful we impress the entire
world with the evidences of what intelli
gent self government can accomplish
for man, without the aid of nobility or
royalty. That is the mission of this
country. We framed our government
without the protection of loners, and in
spite of them; we grow strong without
the favor of Europe and in spite of it.
Today that which in the struggle of 1776
was a litue nation of 3,000,000 has be
come a great, overshadowing power in
the affairs of nations. . The influence of
ourexample is worth more to struggling
nationalities and to suffering humanity
than all the efforts of the philanthropists.
The policy which has been followed is
the policy of protection. It is that
which built up every industry at home;
which has facilitated the interchange of
domestic products among ourselves and
prevented injurious intrusion from
abroad. Long continued applause.
A report comes from the Soudan 'that
Khalifa, the new mahdi, has died at
Emperor William left Munich one
evening last week- and would reach Vi
enna the next day.
' An engineer captain has been arrested
at Portsmouth tor showing. Americans'
over the secret 'parts of Spithead forts. '
At Berlin, the departure of the expedi-
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j. i . ' a'i al al a.. - I emaciated. -.A large crowd awaited him
delayed until.the nan of the satires in I and um 8ppearance be was given
east Africa iscjiwUei ... . -. laaenthoaiaatio reception. '-
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4iailt principle in ihiluMphj-;inti ttikcta!te rank. -alivt -all- Liinip Filirn.. No ilanior of ex- '
pliMiuut). Atwilute s-iTety kuarautced. XntiUinfc, w.itinKrtIritini;iir'ir on -Ihi-floor tM-"""
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small can. Kverycua ni'iiluiitthoWjr txwtiin.anil yrurntwUo Rork-rutisfactotilv 'i'-nHMiut..,
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BAKER PERFECT STEEL BARB MM:
36IfyoabayJtyuagetl00roltiof fence from 100 ik.iiihI of wire, which no other tfillilo.'-2 '-
ERNST fc SCHWARZ.
Auction Beginning Oct. 8lh7
AT YOnRflFN PRICES.,-
Auction at lO a. m., 2 p. m., and 7 p. my.
Private sales the rest of the day. Come at
once and get what you want for the winter be
fore everything is gone.
BETTCHER & KERSENBROCK,
- DEALERS IN HEAVY AMD SHELF
Stoves and Tinware,
Pumps, Guns & Ammunition.
The Celebrated Moline Wagon Sold Here.
Bfl. 2? t
Unioa FKileaad Midland Pacific R. B. Laada for aale at from 13.00 to 110.00 per acre forcaak
e ob aactwreaxa time, iaaimaal payments to asit purchasers. We have also a large and choiat
lot of other laada, improTed and unimproved, for sale at low price- and oa reasonable terms. Abe
baaiBeaa aad residence lots in the city. We keep a complete abstract of title to all real estate ia
COLUMBUS, HXBRASKA. - "'
The examination 'of Prof, Goeffecken
at Hamburg was closed one day last
week and tho prisoner turned over tot
the high court of justice at Leij-?ie.
Tho lord mavor of London has offered
a reward of .100 for the arrest of tlie
perpetrators of tho Whitechapel mur
derers. Several persons have been" sir
rested on suspicion.
Owing to the increase- of emigration
into France President Carnot last week
signed a decree regulating the residence
of foreigners, who have settled or. are
about to settle in France.
Foster, the New York produce ex
change swindler, is believed to be at
Toronto, but' as the police have received
no notification from New York aa to bis
offense, they can do nothing.
The corn millers' association, at a
meeting held at Leeds one day last week
advanced the; price of Hour Is 6d per bag
of eighteen stone, making a rise of 7s per
bag 'within seren weeks. The' advance
lis due to the poor conditionof English"
una increasea yaiuee oi ioreign wneais.
-'-. ' .' .
Patrick.O'Brien,. member from North'
Tipperary, was. released one day last
week from. Kilkenny -jail, his 'sentence
having expired.' He is 'much- worn and
; 6MLINI v
A LVA YS-'Ftli: SALE AT -"
OF HONEST GOODS
for the sale of
NOTICE PROBATE OF.WlLfi,
Notice nrch&te of will, Johan. Bredohoft.'de-
eetuvd. In county court, Platte, county. Neb.
The State of NehraMka to the- heirs and .next' of
Jcin or the Haul Johau Hrnlehoft. deceased: -Take
notice, that upon Uintr of a written in-r-'
Hfmmcnt purporting to he the last wilt-anil
testament of Johan Bretfchoft for probate and
allowance.. if is ordered that .said matter foe set
forhearinirthe 25th day of OctoJier; A. D., 18R8, v
before oaitl county court, at thohourof lGO'clockr
a. m., at which time any irgon" interested may
appearand contest the same: and notice of thin
proceeding is ordered, published three week "
Hucerfsirely in" Thjc ComjinuH Journal, a
weekly newspaper, published in. this State.
In testimony wherwif, 1 have hereunto- set my
hand and the heal of the county, court, at CbltjK
bus, this 29th diiyoX September. A. D.. 18P8.
"II. J. Hcdbox,
-3oct- - County Judge.
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