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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 3, 1888)
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VOt. XIX -O. 24.
COLUMBtrS, NEB, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER S, 1888.
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Xt -..- .
Cash Capital - $100,000.
LKANDER OKRBAKP. Hre-'.
OHO. V. IIULST. Vice lV.Vt:
JULIUS A. RKKP.
J. K TASKKlt. Car-liic-r.
CllectlBN Promptly "
w-. a. McAllister, Vio Pn'.
V.A. NEWMAN. Ciishicr.
DANIEL SCHItAM. Ass't Cash.
JONAS WKU'H. ,
II. M. WLNSLOW,
KO. W. GALLEi". -
Thin Bsnk transacts A regular Nankins I'usi
bcw, -will allow interest on timft de-witH, niako
collection. W or noil eschanKt- n United
,8tatnnd Europe, And Ui and available
We.shall'bo.pioa-tS'I to noivo your business.
We solicit your patronage. We j-iiurantoe. satis
faction in all buiain&M intrnnje,! in our care.
W ESTERN GO rT AG H ORG iN
s"Theee onrans aro first-class in every Pr
.i ticolar, and o guaranteed.
SCIIFFBOTH & PUTI,
-. Bucky Mower, combined, Self
- ' Binder,-wire or twine.
.-. Flaps Repaired on sUert votice
. KrOne door west of HeTntfa Drug Store, 11th
atset,oIusttbu.Nelv . Lnowo-tt
Health is Wealth !
Dm. E. C West's Sebve . on Bbai- I-mat,
- . anorr, a aaaranteed snocific for Hystena. Dixzi-
'.'Bess. -Conrnltlons, Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,
V Headache. Nervous rrortratiftn canned by the use-
: "f alcohol or'tobacco. Wakefulness. Mental De-
MMsion. Softening of the Brain resulting -jn-m-
aaitxand leading to 'misery, decay and. death,
Pie-BsrnT-,01d 'Aice.. Barrenness. Low of power
ji either sex. Involuntary Losses and Sperunat-
' ctrsj-ta caused iy over-exeruon of ihe braui,ielf-.
abaes-or over indulgence- Each .box contains
oeesaoBth treatment: $1.00 a box. or six boxes
- - mr
' 'Tcw any JeTW&eBcwweired byns
for 'six boxes.-aeeompaiaed'with $5.w,wewill
." asad the purchaser our written guarantee-' to re-
'-"fBBd the money if the treatment dee not effect
.- - " ram ' Gnaianteee issued onls" by Dowty ft
efaer. dmsgicts, sole agenis, coiuiboub, mu.
aecrSTy - -.. - . '
--- - . . a . wr
:;: YHEISTKY GrASS.;r
py latere! TIsae srepa"-
m aaa--r- -
CwFflNS AND METALLIC CASE8
' OT Repairing ofm cllkinds.of:Uph6l
IS FREE TRADE WANTED?
AN IMPORTANT QUESTION WHICH
EVERY VOTER MUST ANSWER.
Array at Democratic Declarations and Ex
timwlons Which Are of Vital Impert
ance to Every Mao Who Will Casts a
Ballot la November.
In a political contest ao important to all
the people of this country and affecting so
closely and patently the . financial policy
of the nation and consequently the ma
terial interests of its citizens, every voter
should clearly understand tbe positions
occupied by the parties asking his sup
port. Fortunately there is but one con
troverted fact regarding their positions
the attitude of the Democracy. The issue
is squarely one of taxation and may be
concisely btated thus? How ahall the gov
ernment collect tbe- revenues for Us sup
port? The Republican party says by the
imposition of protective duties upon im
ported articles which' compete with, those
of Lome production. It is unreservedly
for protection to home industries.
What is tbe position of the Democracy?
Is it a free trade party? These are ques
tions of vital importance and should be
explicitly and honestly auswered by each
voter before he casts his ballot for or
against the policy which that party rep
resents. For the purpose of showing ex
actly what is the attitude of the Democ
racy, we will bubinit the declarations of
the" part v in its national conventions, the
latest act of the party In congress, and
tho exnressions of its leaders and of un
prejudiced foreiguers. If from, such
sources the unbiased truth cannot be dis
covered then it is undiscoverable.
In 1850 the national platform of the
Democratic party said: "The time has
come for tho people of the United States
to declare themselves in favor of progres
sive free trade tliroughout tho world."
In 1860 the platform of 1856 was re
affirmed. In 1864 no declaration was
made upon tho tariff. In 1863 the plat
form was "tariff for revenue with Inci
dental protection." In 1872 the' !arty
rceonteed that there were "honest but
iiTeconcilablo differences with regard to
the respective systems of protection and
free trade" and remitted tho discussion
of tho question to the congressional dis
tricts. In 1876 the tariff plank was: "We de
mand that all custom house taxation
shall bo only for revenue."
And in 1880 it repeated this saying:
"A tariff for revenue only."
In 1884 the phraseology was again vanea
although the meaning was not changed.
Tho ftfst of the tariff plank was in these
words: "Wo demand that Federal taxa
tion shall be exclusively for public pur
poses and hall not exceed the needs of
the government economically adminis
tered." la tho platform of 1888 there is no spe
cific declaration upon tho tariff, but the
president's mossago and tho Mills bill are
indorsed and thus become tho present
tariff platform of the party.
Tho policy announced by the president
and adopted by the Democratic conven
tion is very plain. There is, the president
says, a surplus this year of $113,000,000.
This must bo got rid of by reducing taxa
tion, and as he declines to touch the in
ternal revenue the reduction must be
mado in customs duties which amount to
$217,000,000. Of this sum $42,000,000 is
derived from luxuries which it is not pro
posed to touch. Of tho balance $58,000,
000 comes from sugar, and this item is not
reduced above $11,000,000 by the Mills
bill, adopting Democratic figures. Tfare
remains a balanceof $ll7,000.000customs
duties upon, which the redaction of the
-surplus must be made, and, by the figures
'of 'Mr. Cleveland and tils party, there" re
mains a snrplus of $102,000,000. It id too
plain for argument that a reduction of
$102,000,000 upon duties only $15,000,000
larger is free trade. But this is the In
evitable logic of the president's message.
The other article in the tariff creed is
the Mills bill, which is much less radical
than tho president's recommendations,
although still in tho direction of free
trade.'- The 'reason why it Is less radical
is naively explained by Mr. Mills, "who
admits that it is crude and unsatisfac
tory, but the best that would pass. It Is
not tho ideal Democratic measure, but
merely a beginning the first move in an
attempt to carry outthe, ideas Mr. Clevo
Kud expresses. It has free wool, whlci
The Philadelphia Times two years ago
said meant frco trade, and tho general
trend of the bill is clearly in that direc
tion. iSueh. in brief, nro tho ufucial declara
tions of the Democracy and the positive
act of tho party in coucress.
But there are clearer expressions than
that. Mr. Cleveland, the candidate and
leader of the party, refers to tho present
orotective tariff as a "vicious, inequitable
rad illogical source of unnecessary taza
ion." Henry Wattericn. tho boldest of
.he so called tariff reformers, and whose
;arty standing is shown by tho fact that
lie was this year' the chairman of the com
mittee on resolutions in the national con
vention, says: "The Democratic party if
a free trade party or Hot hiuif. " Koger Q.
.Mills, author of tho bill which that con
vention indorses, states: "I desire fre
trade and will not help to perfect any law
that stands in tho way of it." Inthif
connection the significant facts may be
stated that two members of Cleveland's
cabinet are likawise members of tho fa
mous Cobden club, England's most noted
free trade organization, and ex-Secretary
Lamar, now on tho supreme bench, is
also & member, as are the author of the
Mills bill and the chairman of the com
mittee 'that formulated tho Democratic
platform of 1888.
sources distinctly official and all friendly
to the Democracy, now can any sane man
say that the Democratic party is not
clearly and .-unequivocally a free trade
party?. To hold that it is not one must
falsify its record for thirty years, must
nullify-tnc plain xenns oi tue president, a
message ohd give the lie direct to the
British sympathisers with the Democracy
who, knowing exactly what free trade is,
savtho message, which is officially In
dorsed as the party creed upon the tariff
isa "distinct pronouncement in favor of
free trade."-Towanda (Pa.) Keoortex
Joumal VHAT IT MEANS FOR THE FARMER.
the Attitude at Demecraey aa ategaras
the AgricBltwrisU -
There has been a good deal said about
the interest of the farmer In suturing the
repeal-or reduction of rates of duty; says
The New York Mail and Express. The
-farmer-is treated like a baby, and told
that he is' the under dog and .that he has.
been, deceived and hoodwinked by the
manufacturers. What will the "-farmer
lose by the tariff? In the first pTace'.he
cannot grow' wool profitably if the Mills
bill should become the law. r He now
grows about 800,000,000 pounds of wool
.annually. He: does not get. much profit
'out of it at -the present -rate of duty,
. a -serious' reduction haying "been made
In." 1863. ..This- will. throw, out of
use., a", good -."deal , ot- land .that
.is chiefly valuable 'for sheep grazing.
It-wiU also- throw out of employ-.
ment- about 600.000 flock masters.' The.
annual crop of wool is worth 175.000)000,
TMawrlll h a. Bartons' loss to the farmers
and is not met by the flippant sxplaristkHi
of Mr- Scott that, if the inaustry were
wiped ai it would cost each .'fun in
Pexawyvlania a very small amount, le--
to tne."! tttyf
iruu stf m seui uciap. sjv hh . j
butts. $5; jute, 20. per cent.; Sisal grass,
$15; other vegetable substances, $15.
These are all put upon the free list, and
the linen and bagging interests will be j
dependent upon a foreign supply while t
the range of the farmer's crops is limited, j
Hemp .seed, rape seed and garden vege-
tables are also put on the free list. ' !
The farmer does' not escape in the free ,
trade scheme to revise tho tariff. If he
raises anything which Mc Mills, acting-.
under the direction of President Cleve
land, can consider raw material, it goes
on the free list. It Is the first step toward
ultimate free trade which, in the end, will
deprive of protection, everything that is
taken from the ground, including iron
ores and bituminous coaL We have
shown the farmer that protection' has en
riched him and has given to him the homo
market, the existence of which is denied
by tho blind free traders. This should
stimulate him to support the protective
system, but if this is not enough surely
the direct attack upon the industry in
which he is engaged should be. The far
mer, wo fancy, is not simple minded
enough to rob himself for the sake of the
f reo trader.
This argument is continued by the San
Francisco Chronicle as follows:
There is no more absurd assertion than
that which charged that protection fa
vors one class of tho community at the
expense of the other. If the protectionist
asks which class, the freetrader will prob
ably answer the agricultural. But it is a
notorious fact that the efforts of Mills
are directed not so much to diminishing
the protection afforded to manufacturers
as to takeaway that now enjoyed by the
farmer. Tho articles placed on the free
list by Mills, and those on. which the
heaviest reductions aro made, are products
of the soiL The object of the free traders
is transparent, but their dodge would not
work, because the manufacturers of
tho United Saates are not fools. They
aro able to see a length before their nose.
They would be donkeys, indeed, if allowed
by the cry of cheap raw material to lend
themselves to the removal of the duty on
wool or any other American product.
What right would they have to demand
protection if they denied it to the wool
grower? It Is because they clearly realize
that the interests of all cusses in the
United States are interdependent, that
the manufacturers have given in then:
adhesion to a policy which has for its ob
ject the bettering of tho condition of tbe
whole country. Experience has taught
them that profit flows from standing to
gether, and therefore they heartily in
dorse tho protectionist motto, "United
we stand, divided wo fall.
PERTAINING TO PENSIONS.
Boat Facta and Figures Which Democrats
Dare Met Fabllsh.
No Democratic newspaper has as yet
made a decent pretense of telling the
whole truth concerning pension matters,
and more particularly private pension
bills passed upon by various admuiistra
tions The most common comparison
made by journals of that party is between
the number of such bills signed by Presi
dents tirant, Hayes. Garfield and Arthur
and those signed by Orover Cleveland
Tho continued dragging of Garfield's
name Into the controversy Is In itself a
gross deception, as his life was not
spared long enqugb to his country to
permit a single pension bill to be
submitted for his consideration Dnr
ing the twenty-four years of Repub
lic&n administration, from Lincoln to
Arthur, there were but eight vetoes
of pension bills. These were all made
by President Grant Five of them were
mado because the beneficiaries had already
been allowed at tbe pension office a better
stipend than thev could secure under tbe
bills. During the terms of Grant and
succeeding Republican presidents the
house of representatives was Democratic
with the exception of two years, and
allowed pension legislation to accumulate
and refused to pass much that was
worthy. Before Grovor Cleveland came
into office there were modifications of tbe
pension laws that extended the benefits
of the system, and the Democratic party
dropped its hold back policy.
The real question is c it on how many
bills Cleveland lias signed, forwe take the
ground that all disabled and deserving
veterans are entitled to recompense, but
on how many he has vetoed or disap
proved. The record shows that during
tho first three sessions of congress be ve
toed 171 bills, with others to bear from.
It also shows that up to the 1st of Au
gust he had refused to sign 157 bills which
ho permitted to become laws by tolera
tion. The presumption concerning the
latter is that the applicants had such in
fluence that, while he would not endorse
their claims, he dare not openly deny
them. This is f urtherproof of the innate
moral cowardice of the man.
Inasmuch as be refused to sign these
bills he certainly did not approve of them,
so the record of disapproval is 171 vetoes
plus 157 unsigned bills, making in all a
total of S28 disapprovals from incompleted
returns of three years. This, La com
porison with the Republican record of
eight vetoes in twenty -four years, cuts a
sorry figure, and -the comparison is still
-.verse when it Is remembered that five of
the eight Republican vetoes were mado
for tho pensioner's benefit. The record
of twenty-four years' Bepublican admin
istration is three actual vetoes. The
record of a trifle over three years of Dem
ocratic administration is 171 vetoes and'
157 disapprovals. These figures are abso
lutuly correct and can be verified by the
records. No Democratic paper dare pub
lisb them and then assert that Cleveland,
tho man who hired a substitute and
turned his back on tho exercises of Dec
oration day. is a friend to the veteran or
his cause. Cincinnati Commercial Oa
democracy's Candidate la New Yerk.
Tho recent canvass that has been mode
on the exchange of this city and my own
careful inquiries have convinced me that
there are at least 20,000 business men who
support Cleveland and Thurman who-will
not vote for 'Hill. And a very careful
canvass among the labor organizations has
led me to the conclusion that at least 30.
COO men connected with those o'rganiza
-tions who support the Democratic national
ticket are unalterably opposed to Hill. The
aggregate defection from the state ticket
ifHill should be nominated I judge to be
50,000. Tbe opposition to him is based on
principlo- and will not. I think, yield to'
any persuasion. Everett- P. Wheeler's
Of Gears Be "Dees, He's a Beaahlleaa.
Gen. Harrison's letter has been'before
tho country some lime., and its straight
forward, plain, clear statements have liad
tho effect of making people feel he is a
level headed;- cleat minded 'man of sincere
convictions who wastes no words and goes
to the root of things. Philadelphia Press
He Can't Stop t?T Leaf Ebouxb.
. Mr.'aevelandasareialialorls amusing
It is the 'funniest show of the season.
The tail twisting is apolitical trick, well
understood by the British -lion and. en
joyed by him.' 'But to carry out the gams
' completely "the lion'shoukT do some roar-'ing.--Cinciiinati
Whr-Doat They Stay at
'' When a free trader tries to make .you
believe' that wages are not any better La
this country than abroad, ask him why'
nearly- 5,000.000 of people ware" foolish
enough to. emigrate from- Europe to the
United States sines 1880.-Ban
THE DEMOCRATIC RIP VAN WINKLE.
v ;! 'ri
JI BtpxaEV Ml W If I II I 2"
BVr lSa2 -
urrca raov caiaua a. utchmix, bksbtakt
or Kxicurs or usoa.
Tbe conflict is between tbe American system,
which would foster and encourage the labor of
oar people, and the British srstcm, which would
break down tho barriers of protection and throw
open our home market to the production of
foreign factories and foreign labor.
Every dollar' worth ot labor imported b by so
ranch a reduction ot home laborers' wages. I do
sot hesitate to say that tbe triumph of tbe Dem
ocratic party, dominated by intolerance in the
south and British free trade sentiment in tbe
north, would be the most serious blow to organized
labor It could possibly receh e.
Old Rip Van Thurman Freo trade will
be a great blessing to you workingmen.
Workingmen (laughing) The solid
south fought for English frco trade and
cheap negro labor in 1SC0, and she was
beaten; and she will be beaten now in her
fight for cheap white labor and English
free trade. Old man, you have been
asleep for over twenty years! Judge.
ADVANTAGES OF PROTECTION.
High Wages and Prosperity Are of Benefit
to All Classes Alike.
Say, for instance, tho tariff did benefit
the laboring men of this country who aro
employed in manufacturing and that is
the only class that it could possibly bene
fitwould it be just to levy a heavy tax
on every other class in this country for
tho benefit of such a small minority? asks
The Texas Iron News. Where does the
protection for the farmer, the clerk, the
mechanic who is not engaged in manu
facturing come in?
To these questions the Pittsburg Amer
ican People answers:
Suppose the Edgar Thomson Steel
Works, of this city, which employ about
3,000 men, were removed from its present
site and located in a farming community
in Texas. Those 3,000 men would repre
sent about 7.0C0 others, dependent upon
them. Thcsso 10.000 persons would of
themselves constitute a pretty good-sized j
town, and would give support to a good
many hundreds more merchants, me
chanics, bhoemakers, tailors, "butchers, t
bakers and candlestick makers," and
those dependent upon them.
Now, i3 our contemporary willing to
defend the position that these 8,000 em
ployes of the .Edgar Thomson Steel
Works, if tho works were located in a
.Texas farming community, would be of
no benefit to anybody in that community
but themselves? Would not the small
but bustling city created by this plant
make a splendid market for the produce
of the formers of the surrounding coun
try their garden truck, their grain, their
meat, their poultry, their eggs and but
ter, and almost everything else they have
to soli? Would they not sell more than
they are now selling? And would they
not get better prices than they are now
getting? And if this would be tho effect
in Texas would not the same cause pro
duce tho same effect in any other state or
Therefore, does not the tariff, by caus
ing the erection and maintenanceof manu
factories, benefit all classes? Is not the
American workinginan in Texas getting
$2 a day, and living right at the farmer's
door, as it were, a better customer of the
Texas farmer than the Euglish working
man 3,000 or 4.000 miles away, and get
ting but $1 a day? The expense of carry
ing the produce of the Texas farmer 4,000
miles lias got to bo borne by some one.
either tho producer or the consumer, and
it must come out of the produce. In send
ing three bushels of grain from Texas to
Liverpool, it takes, say, two of tho
bushels to pav for the transportation.
This is a great loss a loss that is almost
wholly obviated by bringing the producer
and the consumer close together.
GEN. HARRISON'S LETTER.
A Dignified DocaaMnt, Dealing Ably with
Gen. Harrison's letter of acceptance is
a dignified, conservative document, ju
diciously suited to the circumstances un
der which the distinguished candidate
finds himself placed, and altogether de
void of sensational or startling features.
It is a paper that, without creating any
great degree of enthusiasm throughout
the country, will commend itself to think
ing men generally and doubtless be
accepted by tho Republican party as
everything that was to be desired or ex
pected. It is needless to refer to Gen. Harri
son's views on the tariff question, which
are so well known and have been so often
Stated as to havo become familiar house
On the Chinese question, whatever
doubts may have hitherto existed as to
his position, he puts himself squarely in
line with the policy enunciated by both
parties in congress and will see that what
ever laws they pass are faithfully en
forced. As to trusts and combinations. Gen.
Harrison indorses fully the declarations
of the Chicago convention, and expresses
the opinion that legislation ought to be
adopted for the suppression of the abuses
growing out of arbitrary capitalistic at
tempts to coerce the course of trade in
particular directions. He occupies simi
lar ground to that taken by Mr. Sherman,
though a somewhat less vigorous and ag
To the civil service reform system ho
extends an unqualified Indorsement. Upon
the temperance question he indulges in a
mere generality. As to the fisheries im
broglio, he trusts that the resources of a
firm, dignified and consistent' diplomacy
will prove equal to Its peaceful settle
ment, but no reference, except by indi
rection, is made to the president's re
jected treaty or the retaliation message.
Altogether, the letter- is- a calm, unim
passioned and prudential view of tbe
situation, taken from a party standpoint,
and is well calculated to concilitate the
confidence of the party whose standard
he bears In the pending conflict. Wash:
RELATING TO BUTTER.
' la his letter of acceptance President
Cleveland lays down the proposition that
the 'tax on oleoniargaruro, or butterine,
'adds two cents. per 'pound to the cost of
all the butter consumed in. the United
If that be so-the people of the country.
are "taxed; to the extent of' tSO.000,000
to i0.00q.KX) a rear for the Wttaft of fha.
utfTCer maters" abiT dealers in natter.
The law levying a tax on" but terlne was
passed but' a short, time ago, and. was
eagerly approved by President Cleveland,
though at the time of its passage there
was a large and increasing surplus in. the
; It. would seem that the president did
not know the effect of the oleomargarine
act when he-signed it did not know that
it would cost the people such .'immense
sums of money. "From -the general tenor
of bis letter it is fair to infer that ho da-
Bires to punish the monopoly of buiter
macera and dealers bv renealincr the oleo-
margarino act. If he does not mean that,
what does ho mean? .
-. With respect' to, butter, as in every-,
.thing else, air. Cleveland assumes that
the natural competition between butter
makers does not have the effect to keep
prices within a' reasonable limit. There
fore, he would punish dairymen, farmers
and farmers' wives by permitting vilo
imitations of butter to freely compete
witlrthe genuine article. It seems to be
a notionof his that all Americans. engaged
In gainful pursuits are deep dyed rascals,,
while foreign producers aro innocent and
honest. Ohio State Journal.
The President's Error.
Not to go into useless detail, it may be
safely asserted that every class which the
president has placed in the list of those
nuaffocted by tariff reduction would in
fact bo immediately influenced thereby
sometimes directly, sometimes indirectly,
and often disastrously. The entire argu-
meut of- the president is based on tho old l
and often refuted Democratic anmment
that the tariff helps only those engaged
in the "protected industries" and that it
is injurious to all outside that number.
Tho opponents of protection refuse to see
tho remarkable inter dependence of indus
tries, wluch constantly grows closer in
every community end every state, and
which may bo now seen throughout the
Union in harmonious adaptation and effoc-
Strangely enough, tho president neg
lects, cither from design or oversight, to
notice what effect tho serious reduction
of the tariff would havo on the 1,810,253
men employed in transportation, viz., on
tho railroads, coastwise vessels, river
.steamers and barges, canal, wagon and
stage lines. These varied, modes of trans
portation represent on investment of
thousands of millions of dollars of Amer
ican money and give employment to
nearly two millions of men, whose earn
ings support nine millions of people.
Whatever impairs American manufact
uring strikes at the great transportation
interests. Iron ore admitted free from
Spain, coal admitted free from Nova Sco
tia. wool admitted free from Australia,
all favor British ships at the expense of
American railroads. Tho further tha
president goes in the direction of the
doctrino laid down In his message, the
more direct and tho more deadly is the
assault upon the whole organization of
American industries. James G. Blaine in
. - ..
The Mills Bill.
Tho Mills bill is but a step, says Gen.
ILlir'son, but it is a step in a direction,
Exactlyl A step toward a tariff for rev
enue only. -A step which takes us one-1
sixth of the way on the road to free '
trade. A step which absolutely abolishes
the customs duties Ion. one-sixth, or over '
$70,000,000 of our foreign imports.
RcDresentative Breckinridee. of Arkan- ?
-sos, is reported from Washington as say-'
ing: "irwe win it will mean that tne
Mills bill as a preliminary step to free '
trado is all right. It is a victory or4
Waterloo for the Republicans. It's victory
or a twenty years set back for us." Let .
every patriotic citizen interested In the ,
welfare of tho country and every wago
earner remember these words. And let
them also bear in mind the fact that the
first step represents one-sixth on the free
list and reduced duties all along the line.
Can the million wage earners of New
York, New Jersey and Connecticut, who
aro directly interested in protection, afford
to let Arkansas win in this fight? They
cannot. New York Pres3. ;
Editor Jones Hits tho BuUseye.
THE SHOT. THE TARGET.
New York Tunes. Cleveland's Letter
Nodody teaches that ' Acceptance.
the full amount of the I suDDOse that It
rintv 1 4 aildnl to tt.f nwl!MM tn nrnlaln flint I
price o! tbe protectedlall these duties and as- 1
domsfclic product. Isessments are added to ',
me price oi ineurncics
upon which they are
levied. I sup-
ose. too. It h well un- .
erstood that the effect
of this tariff taxation is
not limited to the con
sumers of imported ar
ticles, dui inai u.e amies
lmrjosed uoon such arti
cles permit a corre
sponding Increase in
price to be laid upon
domestic productions of
the same kind.
New York Tribune.
A Solid North and Broken South.
The election in Maine responds to that
in Oregon, and tells the samo story that
rolled down from the Green mountains.
Wo shall have this year against the sec
tionalism and fraud of the Cleveland ad
ministration a solid north. Maine has
settled that. Now the main question is
whether we shall have a broken south.
If the Republicans carry the Virginias,
southern sectionalism 'will be at an end,
and the country go on gloriously to a
greater destiny than the wisest have fore
cast. The Republican ways arc the paths
of progress for all sections. Cincinnati
A Different Kind of Chief.
"The papers say that tbe bands play
Hail to the Chief 1 when Mr. Thurman
'Well, that Isn't right. I want people
to understand that I am the chief, with a
big C, too."
"You are right, sire, but the people
don't mean that kind of chief. fThey
mean ihe handkerchief the bandanna,
you know." Pittsburg Chronicle.
The Result la arkawsat.
In 1884 tho Democrats carried Arkan
sas by a pluralitv of 46,336; in 18S6 it was
36,580. and tins 'fall it is placed at a little
over 15,000. Probably this is the reason
some of the ballot boxes have been stolen.
They were not stuffed enough on election
day and so were stolen and fixed up after
wards. A Democratic majority manu
factured by such methods, "however, Is
very tmall ground for Democratic boast
ing. Cleveland Leader.
Why Are They Silent?
The Omaha Ropublican wants to know,
what has become of. the men wuo. a few
weeks ago, were offering to bet large sums 1
vi - money on me eiecijon oi wioveiana.
Perhaps their present silence can be ac
counted for bv the fact that theyhare
put cl! their money up on Harrison aud 'j
aionon. jjt. i'aui noneer rress.
i ... s
"-. . . - -
. " " Syrup ot Fig
' ' ' " " -
Tb Nature's own true laxative." It-is tne
most easily taken, fend .the most effective
remedy known to pieanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Heed
aches, 'Colds and Fevers; to -cure" Habit"-
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Trie's, etc.-
Manufactured only by-the California Fig
Syrup Company, Spn Francisco, Cal.'-For
ale only 1y Dowty & Becber. '.". S7:y.. .
. . CfarelaasVa Accept isftti.
.HnrranforGroTerL-'Lo, the letter's doae' '
And Dap has copied ft maaanif old, . "..I
Seeding a copy In a ilaiB round aaad " "
To all the daly paper.leastand west,
Fortius relief much' thanks; if -when done
Tia done, then it w.ere well, as Shakespeare says.
That it were quickly done. Thus do' we see
'.That Shakespeare liild our Grover think alike.
For O.'ho.w quickly done this letter was!
U U hurried scrawl, dashed aJmblr4S;
A.mcre Impromptu from the White. House'desk
.Thai one .at lightning .speed .will sometimes
"i"-"i j hs "" w wr
A prpmst acceptance oradi to )ne. . ';'
Tbe days are few; in fact, but Ninety-six, -Just
Ninety-sbc," no more than Ninety 4dx, . : .
Since Urorer, baring got thaeeegateH
Began bu canvass Tor a second term; -'
(That becond term which, four short years ago,
Uo swore by all the gods no man could take' .-
wlio did not mean to do ulconntry wrong!)- .
And yet already to the -letter done,.
Completely done from date to 'signature,
Completely done done, enveloped and ataraped !
O, rare dispatch! O. feat beypodcoeapare! '
Jorevtr m our annaKahall it stand ::
To teach' tbe generations yet to come
rehearse the tale they'll rate tteirbaada
Aqd roll their eyeballs with profound surprise.
And say to one another: "Shades of Scott,
But whata hostler drover Cleveland was:
Ho dashed hla letter of acceptance off, ..
The whole of it, in'Kinety-atx. brief days!
Did G rover ever intimate to Dan,
fa tho full confidence that Pie inspires,
That If he chose he round the earth could But
A first class girdle, bucklinsr well the cads.
In forty aiUiutes? Like aa not he did;
At leant 'tis clear, a all the world uuat owe,
'bout regard to parties' hostile lines,
rir irnimi. with jiw nirn iitihimni fi.nn
A letter through hi Ninety-six brief days,
Co did do swift Fuck's most famous girdle act
l,i Puck's own time and never turn a hair !
And are there those who sneer a bitter
And laugh a scornful laugh, and stout maintain
That G rover's letter was absurdly later
Go to, ye scoftera all the Pyramids
Tho Chinese .Wall, the spires that grace Cologne,
The Brooklyn Bridge, the second Punic war;
New York's huge Capitol, tbe temple grand,
, Built by the Kiug, the peerless 8olomoa
No one of these achievements of our race
Was dono Inside of Ninety-six brief days.
Aye. even Hawthorne, so 'tis understood.
Took twice, .mayhap three times as long as that
To write his letter of a scarlet hue.
Why then attack our Grpverf Why pretend
He did not catch the very earliest nudl
With his acceptance that he could hare caegatT '
What's Ninety-six brief daysr A bagatelle,
A Bnau, inconsequentlil pinch of TiaWs poor
Hurrah for Graver! Lo, tbe letter's done.
And bob ahall hail htm, while our banner Boats,
Hand 8. of those whoYe soonest with the van!
New York Trtbaae.
To Be Swag la Ne
The tram is coming
Around the bead;
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by;
It's loaded down
With Harrison men;
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by,
By, free trade baby,
Bock it, Grover, tenderly,
By, a free trade baby
Well smash the cradle.
Free trade Is busted.
Protection we say,
Good-by, Old Grover, goon-by.
Boast beet to eat,
Two dollars a day,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by.
The time has come
For loyal men,
Good-by, Old Grover; good-by.
To shoot the bandanna
And vote for Ben,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by.
The duty on wool
Will keep the same,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by;
If you uont believe it
Just ask Jim Blaine,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by
Your colors are out.
The English say,
Good-by, Old Grovergood-by;
We still unfurl
The American flag,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by.
Ana Morton too,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-by;
If you can't remember
' You will In November,
Good-by, Old Grover, good-bv.
L. P. Brown in Cleveland Leader.
Aa Anticipatory Teat Mortem Khycae.
The ancient "Roman" his roamln' has done.
From tbe lakes to Atlantic's bar.
His peripatetic philosophy's gone;
Ta-ta, dear Thurman, ta-ta.
The old hani is guttering now
With many a tearful star;
Put tbe little snuff box among bric-a-brac stocks;
Ta-ta, dear Thurmaa, ta, ta.
Wc feel that thou, too, must leave us bom;
Thy pulses flickering are;
Tby "civil service" has lost its tune;
Tata, dear Grover, ta-ta.
i Thy "raw material" slaking low
I (The "grandson" 'a the rising star);
rreo trade and the "surplus" will with thee go;
Ta-ta, dear Grover, ta-ta.
Tha O. O. P. has ran over tbee
With tho crash of a Juggernaut ear;
Fcr Bialne, of Halne, holds the leading rein;
Ta-ta, dear Grover, ta-ta.
A pillow of flowers, with motto "Rest," - . ift
And the White House "Gates Ajar,' "' ' -
We'll tenderly spread at thy feet and head;
Ta-ta, dear Grover, ta-ta.
And a scythe, with tbe legend, "Gathered la,"
And the harvester's merry ha-ha!
Bespeak the "clean sweep" of tbe heirs that win;
Ta-ta, dear Grover, ta-ta.
-Charles H. A. Esling la Philadelphia North
Front a Canadian StaadBeiat;
Grover had a little fad
He called retaliation.
He threw it at Jean Canuck's bead
But his nussOe was too weak
- The dominion to cJsmember.
His boomerang, will bit aim back
And kill him next November.
Winnipeg (Can.) Sifting
Sow Becklesa These- Demoerata Are. -
"Much of a rubh this morning?" asked
tbe chairman of the Democratic national'
campaigu committee of his private seere''
tary on coming into headquarters
"Yes. pretty lively." replied the secre
tary as he continued catching Hies and
placing them in an empty Ink bottle
"One dog stopped and looked in tbe door
as he was going post."
"Democratic dog, probably?", inquired
"Guess so he'had one ear chewed -off "
"You should .-have nipped him."' re
turned the chairman with a slight frown
"However encouraging may. be to see
that a dog evidently sympathises with us.
tho fact remains that he has so vote
You should have 'nipped the our. and
turned the money .you got for him at tha
pound- into, the campaign fund. I. want
.to send -more money into Arasnsps -as'
soon" as possible." Then the ehairasaa
took 'down a book entitled ''Hours of Idlet.'
ness" and sank' Into an assy chair. New-'
York Tribune.- ., . -. -
"..".- The Trae
- .The -most vivid 'picture-.of the tarut
Issue so. f ar presented was drawn feytbs
master-hand of James G. Blaine. '-TW
alignment of the two great parties is thus
illustrated" In the accompanying extract
frotaT a report of Blaine's great New York
.taa niar uo ugntibr cue' mannractur
era'. '-They can take care' of- themselves
fAnplauso.l. But this is-a fight for the
strong.arm and sturdy, heart of the Amer . I
reau. laoorer. iries...oi . uooai -uopai i
If wo" have' free trade- the'-factories will
not bo closed.' but:. if kept open, they will
bo-run" at half tho'nroseut wages' I Loud.
applause.! .That is the issue which should'
be. pressed homo on- tue Democratic party
They should.be arraigned, as I arraign
them, as -conspirators against' 'the welfare;
of. every -laboring maul--(Cheers. J Let
that "bo the issue.- and' watchwonf of Re
publicans,' and defeat. Is impossible."
;-.Why Net UtlV'cll EBoaghAIaenr
The way to proteet Li to protect. "Amer
ican' -Industries' .are.1 now in a .prosperous
f condition and tlie workingmen of this
country are in, bettor condition than those
of ' any other country on .the globe. No
body, can deny that protection has made
this possible. Then" why should wo" take'
the long step toward free, 'trade ' proposed'
by the Democratic, party?' -.."Let well'
enough alone'-' is a good maxim and" aptly
applies to this.case. Cleveland Leader.,-
' -Ilere'a a Chance Car Seaaebewy. .
The death. of "Bij Winnio" leavCsran
opening in the dime museum. world which
cannot be filled until after March' 4 next,
when his heaviness o ". the White House
will be open for engagement. Managers
desirine this attraction can make cppli-
-cation to Col. Daniel .Lamont. Washing
ton, D. C Ohio State Journal.
Growing, Crowing. Grown.
" Cfrjjwing, growing"! Every day since Lis
nomination Gen. Harrison has bsen grow
ing In popular regard, lie has mado no
mistake; his speeches have evinced en
lightened statesmanship, sagacious' dis
crimination, sound judgment, earnest and
unwavering patriotism. Ho 'a to be our
next president, "sure 's you live"" Troy
IntelUgriH ii Coaaea High, Tttoogh.
'Bight in tho faco of Mr. Cleveland's
1 10,000 campaign contribution, and of the
fact that the Democratic, managers are
assessing government employes all over
the country, The Philadelphia Record
prints the following legend: "This is' a
campaign of intelligence, not of boodle."
Evidently The Record is trying to fill tho
long felt want of Philadelphia for a hu
morous paper. Indianapolis Journal.
Befer Ulna to 1837.
When a freo trader tells you that the
country was prosperous under a tariff for
revenue only, respectfully refer him to
the fact that in 1857 tho liabilities of the
bankrupted concerns exceeded 1280,000--000,
a far greater amount than the fail
ares havo reached in any year since i860,
although the business of the country-has
increased fourfold during- the period.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Twaa Ever Thna.
A few hours before Mr. Thurman spoke
In Hew York on Thursday night he saidr
"I think I can mako "10,000 people hear
me." When ho spoke people beyond ten
feet from him could not hear his voice.
There always is considerablo difference
between what a Democrat flunks he can
do and what he does. Bellefonte (Pa.)
So Does Every One Else.
At the anti-Hill protest meeting in New
York Henry George said: "I am for Grover
Cleveland becauso I -am a- freo trader."
Henry George is like tho other George, he
cannot tell a lie. He knows what Grover
Is for. Buffalo Express.
When Grover said to Danielr
"Have you. heard the news fromSfalnef
Wbr.t Daniel said to Grovor
Would give a ChribUanpsIn.'
. Washington Critic.
It is only sixty years ago thlft month
that the first stage carrying tho United
States mail westward passed over the
Allegheny mountains. The road taken
by tho stage was from Cumberland, Md.,
to Wlit-eling. a distance of 130 miles.
Make Hla) Tarnish Proof!.
Don't let any free trader tell you that
the price of an article is raised to the
consumer by the ataount of the duty with
out demanding proofs. He can't-furnish
them. 'San Francisco Chronicle.
A Common Throat Disease.
There is a "very common disease of the
throat, accompanied by a white exuda
tion, which is frequently confounded with
diphtheria. The mucous membrane of
the throat, particnlarly of the tonsils, is
studded with numerous small holes called
follicles. These follicles secrete mucus,
and when the throat is inflamed fronrany
cause mucus and pus collect in the
mouths of tho follicles, appearing as a
whitish exudation. The tonsils ore often
est the seat of local inflammation, tho dis
ease being known as tonsilitis. The con
fusion that exists is between simple ton
silitis with points of exudation, and diph
theria with a false membrane. Herald of
What She Talks About.
A Kentuckv gentleman of an lnauirlni
.mind has been trying to find out what tho
average girl talks about wuen on tne
street. -. He had found out that "if yon
hear 100 bits of conversation between two
women there are CO chances that they
aro talking about 'says he.' 'says 1,' or
'says she,' with the probabilities largely
in lavor of 'says lie.' Then there aro
3d chances that they are talking about
matters of. dress, and only I chance in
tbe 100 that they are talking about some
thing else." New Orleans Times-Democrat.
-' . -
It is Absurd
. For people to expect a cure for Inrtigev
tion, unless they refrain from eating
what is unwholesome ; but if anything
will sharpen the appetite and give tone
' to the digestive organs, itis Ayers Sar
saparUla. Thousands all over the land
testify to the merits of this medicine'.
- Mrs. Sarah Burroughs,, of 218 Eighth
Street.South Boston, write; "My bus.
band-lias taken Ayer's Sarsaparilla, for
Dyspepsia and torpid, liver, and. has
."been greatly benefited."
A Confirmed Dyspeptic.
C, Canterbury,' of 141 Franklin st.,
'. Boston,'. Mass., "writes,, that, suffering
for years 'from Indigestion, he was at
last induced to try .Ajer's Sarsaparilla
and, by Its use,' was entirely cured.
. Mrs. Joseph Aubin, of High street, -
Holyoke, Mass., suffered for oyer a year
' front Dyspepsia, so that sho could not
eat substantial food, became very weak,
-vand was unable to care for her family.
. Neither the medicines prescribed by
physicians", nor 'any. of the remedies
' advertised for the -cure of Dyspepsia,
"helped her,- Until she commenced tbe
.- use of Ayera -Sarsaparilku "Three-
- bottles of this "medicine," she writes,
' Dk J. .a Ayer Co.," Lowell,' Mass.'
; ---or -.'
Autkoriztd Ctoitil of $250,000,
A Surplus Fumlof - $20,000,
Ami the leut FM.f
'any bask ia thfc part of aba State.-! "" v
' s Deposits received; and. 'Interest peid'oa.
timedepuoits." . - '". "". ; ".,.-- ---.
t-D rafts ob the princ ipal cities ia thli
try and Europe bought and sold. " - '"-.-. -
arCoUecUona and.all otaW
prospt sad- rarsfal atteatiasf.'-" .
a." anderson! p't. :' ' :. -
. Jl HlflALLKY, VieePr't. -
.--..- " O.T.'ROKN. Cashier
G. ANDERSON,-- V - K ANDERSON.
JOHN J. BULUVAN. W,A.McAUJ8TEK.
.- . Apr2s-Wtr
i i ' i
RICHARD CUNNINGHAM. .
- Attorney n4 Csurmllar: at Law.- -
Office, on Nebraska Ave., Columbus, Neb. All
legal business promptly, accurately and careful,
ly attended to. . ISaag-y
OU-L-Llv A St ttEEavEat,,-
- ATTORNEYS AT JUHV -"'-
Office over First National Bank. CoiasBbaa,
Nebraska. ' .--..-- SS-tf -
T IM. UlACPAK-LAiagli.
ATTOJtXEi' yOTARV PUBLIC.
W-Offiee over first National Bank, Colum
bus, Nebraska. -
COUXTY SURVEYOR. '. "
"LT'FJuties desiring nrveying dohe'eaa'ad.
rtreM me at Columbus, Neb., or rail at my ofice-
in Court House.-. - 5maj8S-y -"
T ' J. CKAER, .
CO. SCPT PGBtJC SCHOOI& -,
I will b""ih inj office in the Court .House; the -tliifd
Sdturtui or Midi month for the examina
tion of ttpj4icant for U-iu-Ikth' certificates, anf
for the trnntwtion of otlrer tu-itool business.
VAT Al.UKA' KKWk, ' -.- "
JXAY and BXPJHESjSJrEN;
LiRhtnmr heavy hauling, (toods handled with
care, lletultfuartent ntJ.I. Becker ifos office.'
Telephone, 33 and. SI. 9Umary
M K. TTJIUfXm at CO., .
Proprietors and JPnblbhers of-the
CCIUISTS M7XSXX. US tilt SES: rilflLT HffliriL; -
Both. pOAUpnid to any nridmis. for S2.0O a 'yeirr,
strictly in advance.- Famil JocbjaiSJ.OO a""
year. . . -. .
W. A..XCALLISTER.' - W; JL CORNELIUS. 5
MAUJTRK A X'OKIEUVji:
.'. ATTORNEYS AT LA
Offico up Main over Kmt & Schwan'k store-OS
Eleventh utrwl. - - ItltnmytBi
DK. JT.C1IAM. Ulf,I.W.
- (peitttcher Arzt.f '
PHYSICIAN und SURGEON,.
Columbus, Neb ..
EtR DISEASES A SPECIALTY
.... Office; " "" " THphnnec:
Lleveoth Streef.' Office No. 4i: Residence No.67, 0'
JOHN G. II KiOLNS. V? J. GAULOW. - "
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Gerlowv
3. c. botb;
XAScrACTcan or .-- -
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Soofimr aid Otttsr- .
GST-Shop on 13th street. Kranss- Brow's old " .
stand on Thirteenth street. , S2tf
Caveats and Train .Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent bnsiiiesH conducted for- MOnEKATK FEEH.
U.PFE!r.E 1S OPPOSITE U. 8. PATENT
OtH'.E. We h&ve no (mb-senciea, all business. -direct,
henco we can transact patent business in ,
less time and at LESS COST than those remote -from
Bend modeU drawing, or photo, with descrip-
tion. We adviite if patentable or not. free of
charge. Onr fee not due till patent is soenred,
A book. "How to Obtain PatenW witb rfr- v
ences to actual clients in. your, state, county or
town, sent free. Addrt-ss
Opposite Patent'Office Washington. D?Cf
H fc aw- ayhonwand of Tormsbat are snr
ir r E880 fcJf t10 niarvels ot invention..
Faaianil Tboxe who' are ia need oi profitable
work, that can be -donft while livias; st home
should at once en'd their .address, to" fiallett A"
Co., PortlanVIJMaine, and teeeive free, full in
formation how either sex.'of airaaesvcaa earn
from $3 to KS-per day and upwards wberevsr
they live. You are started free. Capital not re-
quired. Some have made over. Sib fa a Single,
day at this work. All succeed. KdecaBy .
We will pay the abnver reward for. any case of
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick' headache, indi
fcestion. constipation -or cofttivenrss we cannot
cure wilh West a Vetafle Livr Pills, when the ,
directions are etrictlir.complied with. They are
purely vegetable,, and never fail to give satisfac
tion. Large boxes containing SO sugar coated
pills. 25c. Forsale by all druggists. Beware of
counterfeits and immitationt. The genuine
manuidctui-ed only by. JOHN C. WEST A CO;.
W2.W. aduton St.. Chicago, 111. dee7'8Ty
the world daring the
last half century,.
.Not least anion the
wonders of inventive progress- is a method and
Kystem of work, that can be performed all over
the country without separating the workers from
their homes. -Pay liberal; any one -can' do: tb
work: either sex. young or old: no special ability
required. Capital. not needed;-job bib started
free- Cot this oat and retorn to as and we will
end yon free, something of great value sad im
portance to you, that will start yoa is bnsotess,
which will bring yoa in more money right away,
than anything else in the world. Grand ouqU
free. Address True A Co., Augusta, Me.- " CecS
A book of 10 pages.
Tbe best book for aa
advertiser to cos
suit, "be he expert ""
r s. .p.4-(iiw-a ur uiuomit
It cop t.ilnnli-ttt of newspapers anil estlften
"wants to spend one dnliar. Burls to it the taj-.. .
formation he require wbile.forhisi wha will '
Itivaa mm hnmf ru.1 vaarrkintf1 -f)nlamrnB bbT aUW "-
vertoingv a scheme Is inflioated wbleh will t
.todotaby flight caot mtilg ofriMlaX sycor-;
inant Vila ava-v -prwinl m maatrl tL I
reipondemee. lt euiuoaa save Deem insaea.
Sent., post-paid, to any aaareatforjBeeBta;
acv. . -
OSSmB St ITIstlSg
-- - '.
' .: " " "
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