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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1888)
VOL. XIX -NO. 16.
COLTJMBTJS, NEB. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST S, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 952.
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LEANDEK tlKKRAKD. Pres't.
GEO. W. IIUUST, Vice Pres't.
JULIUS A. KKKD.
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A HANDICAPPED PEGASUS.
John Boll (on Democratic Pegasus) Yon
are not flying just to my taste, "Peggy."
Democratic Pegasus How can I when
my wings don't balance? Time.
Catering for the "Moonshine" Vote.
Considering tho virtuous clamor which
the Democratic papers are making over
the alleged but non-existent "free whisky
plank" of tho Republican platform, it
must bo somewhat embarrassing for them
to noto that their party representatives
in congress, in the highly important In
ternal revenue clauses of the Mills bill,
aro deliberately adopting a policy which
fromotes free whisky, and plays into the
lands of tho southern "moonshiners."
The house Democrats first voted down by
a unanimous vote an amendment provid
ing for the payment of tho government
tax on whisky on withdrawal from bond,
or within ono year from tho timo it is
placed in bond. This arrangement would
have inconvenienced the whisky trust,
who will doubtless be grateful for the aid
of the Democrats. Then tho Democrats,
with like unanimity, adopted the pro
visions of the Mills bill which mitigate
tho penalties and embarrass the operation
of the laws against ''moonshine" whisky.
Under these provisions the minimum
penalty for violation of the internal rev
enue laws by illicit distilling, etc., is made
the very lightest which tho judge may
choose to inflict. The bill provides that
no arrest for violation of the revenue laws
shall bomadoon "information and belief,"
unless tho affidavit be made by a revenue
officer. It takes away tho storekeepers
and gaugcrs from all distilleries of fruit
brandy, and gives the secretary of tho
treasury power to removo storekeepers and
gaugers from grain distilleries with a ca
pacity of less than twenty-five bushels per
day, and to levy a tax on tho capacity only.
It does not allow fees to marshals, commis
sioners nor clerks unless the prosecution be
approved by the United States district at
torney, or there be a conviction. Instead
of providing for tho forfeituro and de
struction of illicit stills which aro seized,
as under the present law, it requires them
to bo removed to "a safo place for stor
age" until sold. Finally, it gives tho com
missioner of internal revenue full power
to remit 'any penalty" for the violation
of the revenue laws. It will be perceived
that these changes in the existing system
all tend to make it less severe upon offen
ders and moro difficult of enforcement.
Tho effect of such a measure, if it were to
become law, would bo to greatly stimu
late and increaso the manufacture of
"free whisky." Boston Journal.
A Sectlamal Tariff.
Another southern tariff bill has been
passed by the house. It is the direst
fruit of that great crime against free gov
ernment by which freedom of voting in
southern states was prevented and Presi
dent Cleveland was elected. Including
men paired, (53 northern members voted
for the measure and 141 against it. With
the northern states more than two to one
against the bill it nevertheless passed,
because 103 southern votes were for it,
of which at least 20 had been secured by
fraud. Sectional in its origin and spirit,
peculiarly sectional in Its provisions and
in the theory which shaped it, this bill
cannot carry a single northern state, and
yet it is to bo imposed upon the industries
of the north unless the senate defeats
it by votes obtained in southern states
through flagrant defiance of the constitu
tion and the laws.
If the northern people wished to be
ruled in that way, if they are willing to
have their industries prostrated and their
prosperity arrested by a sectional meas
ure passed by southern crimes, they will
continue to sneer at tho "bloody shirt" and
to permit the Democratic party to govern
the country. This great city and the
crowded adjacent population from which
the Democratic party draws all its hopes
of success have a deep interest in the re
sult, and yet cannot defend their indus
tries against the foreign infiuenco here
prevailing. But for the population
within ten miles of the city hall New
Jersey would not be doubtful, and New
York would give over 50,000 majority
against free trade and the sectional policy
of tho Democratic party. But here the
foreign agents and those identified in in
terest with them have something to gain
bv free- trade. Outside of this little circle
the great northern states have everything
to loso by breaking down homo industries,
and it is for the people of those states to
say whether a sectional southern policy
shall prevail. They can outvote this
city and environs if they choose.
Even after n Democratic congress had
been elected by southern crimes this or
any similar measure would still have been
beaten but for the patronage and irresisti
ble power of a president who had deliber
ately chosen to servo the south and to
betray the north. More than twenty
Democratic members were pledged to their
constituents to support the policy out
lined by Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania,
but havo been bullied or bribed into be
traying the interests of constituents. To
somo sham reform has promised places
in navy yards, custom houses and post
offices; to some it has promised jobs and
contracts; and somo it has brought to
their knees by the threat that the paid
hirelings of the administration would
pack conventions to defeat them unless
It is a good thing for the country that
the irresistible momentum toward a
southern policy within the Democratic
party has been thus plainly shown before
tho presidential election. New York
CORN COB PIPE FACTORY.
The Bis Business Done is a little Mis
souri Town Malting Pipes.
The only annoyance experienced by tho
company is now and then a scarcity of
cobs. Neighboring farmers do not Eoem
to "catch on" to the fact that they can
make more from the cobs raised than
from the com itself. The kind known as
the Collier cob is preferred, as it is larger
and the corn is not set in as deep as
in other varieties. For good cobs ono
cent apiece is paid, and many a load is
known to have realized $30.
"I wouldn't have believed it if I hadnt
come over here," said a man from Moselle,
ten miles distant. "A few weeks ago a
neighbor of mine brought over a load of
cobs, that I wouldn't have thought good
for anything but to burn, got $9 for them.
I have heard 'cm talk about the cob pipe
factory, but I never thought it amounted
to much, and would not now if I had not
1 happened over and seen for myself."
It MJpmTliicreaibla. jet tthiiLicTiorance
or the business in the outside world is
zealously cultivated by the company.
Farmers In the vicinity of Washington
are urged to grow the Collier corn and
bring in the cobs, but any spread of Infor
mation regarding the factory and the
magnitude of its work is discouraged.
"We do not wish to be advertised in
any way," said Mr. Welrlch. when Inter
rogated in regard to the process of making
pipes, by a correspondent. "We would
rather nothing should be said about the
Visions of intricate machinery and
precious secrets were limned to the corre
spondent back of Mr. Welrlch's reluc
tance to an Insight into the manner of
manufacture, but when permission was
finally granted, the real rudely dispelled
the ideal. The accessories are of the sim
plest kind. They are so simple that there
is only wonder that so good a tiling could
havo been kept in one company's hands so
long. The cobs are delivered at the fac
tory, and are dumped under cover. They
are then sorted, and the good ones
counted and paid for. The desirable size
is 1$ inches in diameter, farmers
being supplied with iron rings of that
size through which to try cobs. Those
rejected are invariably left by the farmer,
not being worth carrying away, and are
used in the factory furnaces for f ueL The
good cttbs are then sawed by small circu
lar saws to the right length for turning,
ono big cob making two pipes. The bor
ing follows. The piece of cob is placed in
a cup that holds it tightly, and an Inch
auger connected with a rapidly revolving
shaft is brought down through tho cob's
center for a specified distance. This is
done wonderfully fast by boys, who havo
become proficient from practice. With one
hand they jam the cob in the cup, bring
down the auger with a movement of tho
lever by the other hand, and in a twin
kling it is over. Almost as fast as they can
be counted the sawed pieces of cobs aro
bored. Tho turners next take the pieces.
There are two shapes to the pipes, tho
"pear" and "straight." Tho first swell
in tho center and are rounded at the bot
tom; the others are only smoothed, the
natural contour of tho cob being left un
changed. The turners are experts. They
have no pattern, but aro guided by their
eye and the condition of the cob. The
piece already bored is placed on a spindle,
the other end having a spring bearing
that gives the pressure to hold It steady.
With a turning tool the cob is cut down
to tho firm body, and the shape given, ex
actly as in wood turning. The fastest
turner in the factory can do 8,000 pieces
in a day of ten hours, but tho average for
the six men engaged in thi3 particular
part of the work is 2,500. They aro paid
1 per 1,000.
The next step involves tho patent
looked upon as throwing the law's protec
tion around the company's intereste. The
fillers, so called, carry it out. They are
boys, who fix tho bored and turned pieces
of cobs on spindles similar to those used
bv the txirner, grab a handful of plaster
of parls and clutch the revolving embryo
pipe. A Jar of water sits over their
hands, so fixed that a tiny stream flows
down and moistens tho plaster. One
grab, presto! all the irregularities of the
cob are filled with plaster. The pieces
aro then dried, sandpapered and shel
lacked. All is by machinery, and when
the shellac is dry, the pipes aro ready for
packing. Tho amount of plaster or
shellac used is trifling. Ono barrel of
plaster will fill 80,000 pipes, and one gal
lon of shellac will cover them. The stems
are of Arkansas cane, and como already
cut. Washington (Mo.) Cor. Globe-Democrat.
Harrison's Army Comrades.
No man who served in the army on the
Union side in the war of the rebellion had
a more enviable reputation as a generous
and manly commander than Ben. Harri
son. No commander was more courteous
to privates than he, and none were more
magnanimous or sympathetic. Ho was
ever ready to relieve their wants and
share their burden. Tho following tele
gram is of great interest to all old sol
diers: "Cvwker City, Kan.. June 25.
"To Gen. Ben Harrison. Indiana Head
"Congratulations from an old soldier oi
your regiment, whose knapsack you car
ried when he was exhausted from sickness
and fatigue on tho Atlanta campaign.
"J. B. Snow,
"Company D, Seventieth Indiana Inf."
Every old soldier knows what this
means; to him it speaks volumes for the
nobility of Harrison's heart. He did not
merely tender his sympathy, but putting
forth his strong arm he lifted the burden
from the shoulder of tho sick and fatigued
private. Should Gen. Harrison bo elected
president of the 'United States we most
confidently expect the old soldier to re
ceive the same unselfish treatment from
him that this struggling veteran received
while on the line of march. Tens of
thousands of his comrades are today tired
and weary on the way of life; they are
fainting under the burden of diseases and
wounds contracted during these marches,
and we believe that Harrison's affection
for the private soldier is the samo as it
was in 1864. Gen. Harrison, and every
honest man, knows that these men Ian-
fulsh and their widows aro making a
opeless fight against poverty and beg
gary because of these marches, and we
cannot do otherwise than believe that
the general who carried the private's knap
sack in '64 will do everything within his
power in '89 to relieve the indigent sol
dier of his unbearable burdens. Soldiers'
Some Pretty Hard Conundrums.
If the overthrow of our protective tariff,
aimed at by the free traders in and out of
congress, is to enable us to compete more
successfully with England in the markets
of the world, how comes it that the Eng
lish press is unanimous in favoring such
an overthrow? Is England to gain any
thing by being forced to como moro
into competition with our products in
markets foreign to both countries?
Has not England always sought to se
cure the monopoly of a market? Can it
be that England is willing to sacrifice her
own interests in order to aid us, out of
sheer kindness and unselfish regard? Has
England any record for doing that kind of
a thing? Is it not rather true that Eng
land is so anxious to have the barriers of
protection torn down in order to secure
for herself greater advantages in compet
ing with our own products in our own
markets? Can the American pcoplo af
ford to burn their fingers in pulling chest
nuts out of the fire for tho British manu
facturer and the British capitalist? Buf
falo News (Ind.)
A Very Consistent Fusion.
The Michigan Democrats and Green
backers have fused upon a platform whose
only intelligent principle is an agreement
to divide the offices. The joint resolu
tions are naturally as silent upon the
Greenback principle of fiat money as upon
the question of Indorsing the financial
policy of Cleveland's administration. But
the conventions aro very clear upon one
point. The Greenbackcrs are to have
three state officers and three electors, and
the Democrats the rest, if they can get
them. St. Paul Pioneer Press.
A Chans of Banners.
The Democrats are already very tired of
the red bandanna as an emblem. They
are making desperate efforts to change
the subject from dirty handkerchiefs to
Chinese flags. As Mr. Cleveland is now,
under the facts brought out by their own
too hasty investigations, recognized as a
friend of Chinese Immigration, the Chinese
flag will suit admirably as a Democratic
banner. Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise.
C. A. T.
Which, Being; Interpreted, StgmlSetli
Cleveland and Tharmaa.
Scene: Shores of Salt River. Tuts: 1989.
On the margin of a streamlet known and read of
all creation, where the India rubber catfish
and the acrobatic eel
Sport in festive, gay abandon, playing Jackstones
with the fossils of the tears of office seek
ers, and have salt at every meal.
Sat two sad, dejected trampleta, munching
musty free trade biscuits; and beside them
crouched a doglet, golden hued and full of
Knotted to whose hairless caudal was a soiled and
torn bandanna, emblematical of war nags,
flopping in the saline breeze.
One Is corpulent and massive, with a high and
frowning forehead, and in "two line pic
gothic" on his heavy face we see:
"I'm the Democratic Ma3COt Give Me Fifty
Thousand Yearly. Hip Hooray for Grover
Cleveland. I'm the Han of Destineel"
The companion of his wand'rings, sobbing, strokes
itis tangled whiskers, and hi sigh sounds
like "O-hl-o," as he gnaws his moldy crust
And he murmured: "Grover, listen You're the
man of dest'ny, pardner; rmThurman of
sorrers, Grover but I'll back ye Ulljre
"Let me see." said Grover, musing, as he pullod
his unkempt mustache and fastened his
suspenders to his trousers with a nalL
"It raustbe mortifying to you ecru colored puplet
to be forced to wear bandannas on his a la
Then ho sang a plaintive measure on the margin
of Salt river, and poor Allen G. assisted iu
a broken, crooniog way;
And the red top clovers nodded to the lemon
tinted canine, as he dined on pension vetoes
kindly tossed to him that day.
Then the tramplete and tho doglet doffed their
clothes and went iu bathing to relieve them
of their freshness and to cool each fevered
After which they read a passage from an old en
cyclopaedia, nnd they prayed another bliz
zardlet might never come ugain.
For a time, with listles3 manners, on tho brine
kissed shores they lingered; but only for a
littlo space in penslveness they stood;
And for aye their grizzly spooklcts, crusted o'er
with saline crystals, wander thro" tho deep
morasses of innocuous desuetude.
Buffalo Evening News.
The Cold, Hard Facts About the Hills
It is a free trade bill. It was drawn up
In tho interest of free traders, it was sup
ported by every freo trader in the coun
try, and It received the vote of every free
trader in the house. It has met with tho
enthusiastic appro-al of every free trade
newspaper iu England. It is a sectional
measure, framed in the interests of the
south and opposed to all the great indus
trial interests of tho north. Tho repre
sentatives of northern industries were
denied tho privilege of appearing before
the committeo which framed the bill and
presenting their claims to a consideration
of their interests. The Republican
congressmen who were members of
the committeo which prepared the
bill were not permitted to take any
part in its preparation and did not know
its contents until it was ready for pre
sentation iu the house. British repre
sentatives of great English industries had
moro to do with the framing of tho bill
than the representatives elected by the
people from great centers of American In
dustry. Its authors and promotors have
no Interest in American industry, and no
respect for the opinion of the masses of
workingmen in our great centers of in
dustry. Fraud and violence have given
them a secure hold on their seats in con
gress, while the decree of the caucus and
the party lash have made them masters
of their party. By the passage of the
Mills bill iu tho house they have
shown what they would do If their
party was in complete possession of
the government. The bill will now go
to tho senate, where the Republican
majority will be an insurmountable bar
rier to its passage in its present shape.
But the Democratic party has unalterably
committed itself to free trade. It has
nailed the Cobden club colors to its mast
head. It has no possible way of retreat
ing from its position as the party of free
trade. The question is now before the
people. It will be the all absorbing Issue
of the campaign. Tho pcoplo will be
aroused as they never have been before
sinco the election of 1860, wheu the south
was pitted against the north on tho sub
jects of free trade and negro slavery.
The wool growers, manufacturers and
workingmen of the nation will rallvto
the party that supports and protects their
interests. Vre will see within the next
few months the largest and most en
thusiastic political meetings over before
assembled m this country. Thero will be
E recessions and demonstrations of work
lgmen in tho streets of our large .cities
which will give unmistakable evidence of
the attitude of our peoplo on this Issue.
Tho planters of the solid south, with
Great Britain at their back, havo thrown
down the gauntlet. The working people
and manufacturers of tho north, with the
welfare of their families urging them on,
will take it up. and they will vote fot
Harrison and Morton and protection to
American industry. Cleveland Leader.
"A Sink of Injustice."
It takes a Democrat, sometimes, to piti
lessly score a Democrat and do tho lob
justice. So when Congressman Randall
called attention to tho fact that the ex-
Eendituresof tho department of justice
ad been greater this year under Attorney
General Garland than ever before, every
Democrat on the floor winced. Mr. Ran
dall did not spare words in commenting
on tho subject, but did let a good deal of
light in concerning facts. He showed
tliat a very considerable portion of the
unusual expenditure had gone Into the
pockets of Democratic lawyers for special
fees In the telephone cases, and that
Judge Thurman profited to a bountiful
extent by this liberality. He complained
bitterly of lax methods in the department,
and declared that the rights of citizens
were trampled upon and disregarded in
every conceivable way. In conclusion
Congressman Randall said:
I am almost inclined to say that instead
of being a temple of justice it seems to be
a sink of Injustice.
These aro strong words, and coming
from a statesman of Congressman Ran
dall's recognized ability, havo great force.
The fact that a leading Democrat sees fit
to expose the workings of the department
of justice goes to show what a really In
efficient and incapable person the attor
ney general is. Cleveland Leader.
A Medicine Dog- Feast.
In company with a friend I visited an
encampment of Indians at the Pipestone
quarries, Minnesota, and witnessed one
of the national feasts of the Sioux. Tfhe
Indians belonged to the Yankton tribe,
and numbered about sixteen lodges, or
eighty people, Including in their number
bucks, squaws, papooses, boys, girls, old
and feeble warriors, not counting the
large number of dogs. To many the In
dian cur would appear a worthless piece
of property, but at the feast in question
the most gaunt and hungry looking dog
of all played an Important part. A
trench about three feet In length and one
foot in depth had been dug and into this
the lean old dog was placed and covered
over with sticks, on which dirt was piled,
leaving the head only protrude. Two
days was he confined In this artificial
oven. At the expiration of the two days
the master of ceremonies, or medicine
man, pronounced all mystical rites prop
erly observed and that It was time to
carrxjout tho.completliur act. This.waj
aone oy removing rno airx ana piling on
more sticks, covering the animal com
pletely. Fire is now applied to this heap
of brushwood and the once respectable
cur made a roast dog.
Upon our arrival the roasting had just
been finished and the whole camp were
crowding around the smoldering embers
to get a portion of the much prized
"Medicine dog," which, when eaten, is
supposed to prolong life and to instill into
the ordinary savage tho qualifications for
a warrior. While wo were not altogether
welcome guests, courtesy seemed to forbid
the savage from Ignoring us, which many
would have preferred to the dainty piece
of roast dog. offered first to me and then
The medicine dog feast seems to be of
both medical and religious character, an
ancient custom to which the Indian clings
with tenacity. C. J. Crandell in Detroit
The Government Engraving Bureau.
The girls were from every part of the
country, but chiefly from the district sur
rounding Washington. Most of them are
poor; some of them have had the advau-
kag-is of wealth and social position, but
have been overtaken by misfortune and
compelled to earn their own liviug. Many
of them are studious and work hard to
educate themselves. I am told that
several of them aro excellent musicians,
while others aro proficient in elocution.
There are also several artists, and ono
who is a fine botanist.
"But are thev never tempted to take
some of tho millions of money that they
handle?" I hear somo ono speuk.
"Wo look upon it only as so much
Caper," said one of tho girls to whom I
ad put tho same question in a different
form. "It becomes of value to us only
when we receive it in payment for our
work. We never tuiuK of It hero as
Even if they did look upon it as monev,
and were tempted to fill their pockels
with it, thev could not get out of the
building with it. So perfect is tho system
of checks and balances in the bureau of
engraving and printing that a piece of
blauk paper, such as Is used to print
securities on, could not bo taken without
being missed inside of ten minutes, and if
it were not found no one in the division
where it was lost would be allowed to
pass out of the building until it was dis
covered and made safo again. Of course,
where such vigilance is exercised thero is
no temptation to steal. Washington Cor.
The Absurd "Trust" Argument.
Tho talk about tho trusts being created
or fostered by protection is the veriest
nonsense. Wo are mero infants and tyros
in tho trust business compared with Eng
land. Trusts existed thero before they
were dreamed of in tlris country, una
there are trusts there now compared with
which any in this country are a mero bag
atelle. Trusts are an inevitable product
of largo capital, accumulated wealth and
high commercial conditions. Protection
has nothing to do with them, except as it
has contributed enormously to the pros
perity and wealth of tho country. Demo
cratic freo trade would destroy trusts
just as it would destroy manufactures
and all industries and enterprises depen
dent on large wealth. It would destroy
combinations of capital by destroying
capital itself. It is the favorite British
scheme for reducing tho United States to
the status of a British dependency.
Therefore, down with the bandanna and
up with the American flag. Indianapolis
A. Kuilroad Wrecker in Command.
Mr. Quay will find in Calvin S. Brice a
foeman not to be sneezed at. Mr. Brice
is a pale, thoughtful man, with a brow
modeled on the Augustus Caesar plan. Ko
has a way of coming out winner iu ull his
undertakings. If he can organize politics
as ho docs railway enterprises ho will
uoon bo famous. New York World.
Yes, Mr. Brice has a fine record in the
Nickel Plate and other railroad wrecking
operations in which he has been engaged.
His connection with the aqueduct steals
in Now York also gives him some of the
experience necessary to the Democratic
campaign manager. He will doubtless be
as famous in politics as Barnum and his
"mules" or McLean and "coal oil." Ho
is tho same land of a uianaud ho will no
doubt be able to win fame as a manager
of dirty work and disreputablo campaign
trickery. His experience outside of poli
cies fits him for just that kind of busi
ness. Cleveland leader.
Cou-fusion In Michigan.
Tho Michigan Democrats havo nomi
nated a candidate for governor who was a
Republican until four years ago, and who
is bifurcated on the tariff question. This
does not look like particularly smart pol
itics. Mr. Burt, the Democratic candi
date, was a Republican, it is true, but he
cannot win Republican votes, for his op-
Sonont, Governor Luce, is a much better
Republican. He canuot win protectionist
votes, for his opponent Is a better pro
tectionist. Ho seems well chosen, how
ever, to scare away Democrats and free
traders from the Democratic ticket, fifty
of whom, in the convention as delegates,
protested against his nomination and re
fused to make it unanimous. Fusion is
so dead in Michigan that it smells worse
than the Hamburg canal at Buffalo. This
is no year for half breeds on any ticket,
and tho Wolverine state will give Harri
son and protection not less than 10,000
plurality. Cleveland Leader.
A British Organ Talks Right Ont.
In tho contest between Mr. Harrison
and Mr. Cleveland it is not to Mr. Harri
son that this country should wish success.
For tho question at issue ;s, broadly
speaking, a question of free trade against
if Mr. Cleveland should bo re-elected
tue United States tariff will bo modified
very materially In tho direction of free
trade, a result which cannot of course fail
to be beneficial to the trade of other
countries, and especially of our own
President Cleveland In accepting his nom
ination by his own party has abstained,
from motives of prudence, from repeating
his sentiments on the subject of the tariff.
But should he be re-elected there can be
no doubt that ho will find means to give
effect to them. London People.
Will Be Much More Sorry Iu govern oer.
We are sorry to observe ttie growing
number of Democrats of character and in
fluence who either declare that they will
vote the Republican ticket this fall or are
credited by common rumor with the in
toution of abandoning the Democratic
party because they do not approve the
tariff policy of President Cleveland. Cna
The Democrats wo have in mind are
men like Mr. J. H. Wade, of Ohio; Mavor
Jonathan Scoville, of Buffalo, and Mr. "W.
V. Tousley, of Cleveland. Scarcely a day
but brings news of the determination o'f
some such Democrat to support Harrison
for president, because the Republican
5latform declares for protection. New
Syrup of KijjH
Is Nature's own tr.io laxative. It i'h the
most easily taken, nnd the most effect ive
remedy known to GleHnse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to our Habit
ual Conatipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
sale only by Dqwty fe Becher. 27-y
Tho free trade economists will try to
educate the masses until November, and
then the masses will try to educate the
freo trade economists. Philadelphia In
quirer. It seems that Mr. Gorman has made up
his mind that he will not be the chairman
of the campaign committee. Mr. Gorman
is actually disgruntled with the adminis
tration. Baltimore Herald (Ind. Dem.)
Few people believe tho report that Will
iam L. Scott has contributed $1,000,000
to tho Democratic campaign fund. Few
people believe Col. Scott capable of doing
anything so magnificently silly. Phila
The appointment of Cal Brice. the rail
road manipulator and stock waterer, to
the chairmanship of the national Demo
cratic committee dulls tho point of party
censures against corporation control o'f
politics. St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The wool grower nowadays may be a
Democrat while on his farm, but when he
goes to town to market his wool becomes
a Republican of the most howling typo.
A pocketbook argument has no equal 'as a
persuader. Pittsburg Commercial Ga
zette. Tho report that Mr. Scott has hopes of
carrying Pennsylvania for tariff reform
' seems rather too ambitious to be true.
J Mr. Scott is evidently emulating the ex
j ample of the boy who aimed a brickbat at
j tho stars and succeeded in bringing down
1 some cherries at tho top of a tall cherry
tree. Boston Herald (Mugwump).
I A "reader of The Enoch" asks us
, whether so thoroughly independent a pa
per as The Epoch can approve of Grover
Cleveland as a civil servico reformer. To
this wo emphatically state "No." We
certainly look upon President Cleveland's
civil service record as unsatisfactory and
quite inconsistent with the courage he
has displayed in other matters. New
York Epoch (Ind.)
Tints a handful of southern sugar mak
ers nnd the monstrous sugar trust are
shielded, while the great wool producing
and manufacturing industries, built up
under wise protection and involving the
welfare of millions of people, are dealt a
deathly blow. Yet the Democratic press
, has the assurance to tall: about the Re
publican party, which would reduce or
abolish the sugar duties and retain the
wool tariff, as the friends of trusts I
This administration will bo celebrated
In history as the only ono that ever
bought army blankets in England in time
of peace or loaned Us surplus funds to
i wall street bankers without a cent of in
terest Cleveland Leader.
Tale of'a Handsome "Woman.
They tell a pretty tale, If only it had a
pretty sequel, of a handsome Chicago wo
man whos.o husband had been for some
years absent on diplomatic business
abroad. One fine afternoon she received
a letter setting a day some months dis
tant for his return. Now tho lady,
though handsome, was stout, and she
could not endure the thought that the
man who left her young and slim should
find her obese and aged. So then, putting
all other business out of hand, she de
voted herself with assiduity to one of the
various Turkish bath systems for putting
aside unwished for pounds. The ladv
was persevering and tho doctor skillful;
the arrival of the steamer found her
weighing to an ounco what she had
weighed when her youthful husband
sailed away. She got back her girlish
figure, but she could not present hei
handsome face. The fine lines which
seamed it in every direction were a
heavy price to pay in exchange for the
matronly proportions which she feared
her husband would not look with favor
upon. The husband, that chance had not
occurred to her, had gained avoirdupois
also, and if she had let herself alone,
they would have made a well matched,
portly pair. Chicago Herald.
Trouble with the Complexion.
This Is the time of year when recipes
for sunburn meet one at every turn.
Here is the best prescription that can be
made: Burn yourself a littlo more and the
red will turn to brown, the most whole
some and becoming color in summer time.
The samo rule applies to freckles equally
well. Freckle yourself thoroughly that It
may be evident at a glance that you are
taking a course in nature's university. If
the face smarts after a day out of doors
hot water will take out the sting. Cos
metics are especially Injurious, uecauso
the smart means irritation, and lotions
and balms, of tener than not. are poisonous
to an irritated skin. Complexion troubles
are doctored by frequent bathing of the
person where any application to the face
will only make them in tho end worse.
Perfect cleanliness as a rule means a good
skin. If it does not, then tho general
health is at fault, and the only remedy
lies in giving a better tone to the system.
A clean face is a charm which many girls
do not seem to appreciate. Chicago
Improving on tJIe Watch,
"Tho brain work on a watch." said a
jeweler yesterday, "is about all iu the
making of the machines and instruments
used in the manufacture of the watch.
Each factory has its inventors, who are J
constantly at worn on tno machinery,
which is improved every year. The ma
chines are very costly, but they are easily
used, and after a little practice the em
ploye can feed them, and thousands of
screws or wheels are turned out in an hour.
"There aro at least twelve watch fac
tories in this country, four of which the
Elgin, tho Waltham, tho United com
pany at Waltham and the Waterbury
factories turn out 2,000 watches In it
day. Many of them are sold In this coun
try, but many find a market abroad. The
American watches excel tho English time
pieces. In England watchmaking is just
what it was 100 years ago. There is no
money back of the manufacture. There
are no factories thero as in this country,
where one machine will cost as much as
the whole shop in England. Watch
making, or, moro properly, watch repair
ing, is a good trade, and it would b9 bet
ter if somo of our educated young men
had acquired it. Tho increasing demand
for watches makes more workmen neces
sary to keep them in repair. Watch
makers servo seven years without pay in
learning tho trade. But after they have
mastered the qusiness they can command
excellent wages." New York Graphic.
The West Coast of Mexico,
Warm weather commences here in May,
and the heat becomes extreme during the
months of June, July and August; In
September the rains begin. A hot wind
occasionally makes its appearance, and
such Is the fury of the withering blast
that it seems to scorch the skin like a
furnace. It comes when least expected,
and continues sometimes for four and
twenty hours. It is a remarkable circum
stance that it does not extend more than
a league from the coast, seaward, and
that while it prevails fresh water depos
ited In jars continues deliciously cool,
even In summer.
Fortunately for the peopla who live
here, the night air is not Injurious, as it
is in many semi-tropical countries, for
when the warm weather is fairly begun
the inhabitants, rich and poo, are obliged
to abandon the interior of, their bouses
and pass the uighta in the corridors and
courtyards; the poorer class lie on blankets
in the streets in front of their huts. The
purity of the atmosphere, the dryness of
the soil and the purifying effects of the
winds which sweep over this country all
tnri make this a varr salubrious
climate. The enormous death rates are
attributed entirely to epidemics aggra
vated by uuhealthful sanitary conditions;
there is no sewerage and the streets are
filthy. In spite of this the longevity of
those living here is remarkable; several
are more than 100 years of age, and two
have attained, one to 114 aud the other to
ISO. Laura B. Starr iu Cleveland
The Villages or Cuba.
Cuban villages or pueblos have always
Interested me deeply. They are of little
importance as we measure things. There
is nothing about them iu architecture or
human activities to make them worthy of
account. They are seldom populous and
are never busy. Iu them aud between
them, enterprise, rivalry, aspiration, are
uuknowu. But on this great earth are
not other spots so full of simplicity aud
There are just enough people in them
to make human preseuce an agreeable
consciousness. There is never any labor
done In any way that tires. Nobody
hurries. There is no fretting or fuming
about anything. No one is supposed to
be in haste. Nor could any such notion
ever come to surprise and annoy the
mind. Every animate or inanimate ob
ject seems at rest. If you desire to set
u Cuban village in an uproar of indignant
wonderment, yon have only to hint of do
ing, or of desiring something done quick
ly. Even the winds that blow move in
soft and soothing breeze, eloquent of list
less dreamfulness. The birds snijr in
subdued notes as if half asleep. Univer
sal siesta rests upon everything. The
very air wings narcotic, and pulses balm,
to the t.ense nnd soul. Despite your own
contempt for Cuban inanimation, after a
little, your best efforts are overcome; you
yield to the insensible sirens of scene
and scent and sound; and the enthrall
ment possesses you wholly. Edgar L.
Wakeman in New York Mail nnd Express.
The People of Shlraz.
The people of Shirnz are celebrated
throughout Persia for their gay aud fes
tive dispositions. While the average
Persian, outside the nobility, is a. calcu
lating, mercenary trader and trafficker,
the Shirazi is a gallant, a bean, a free
liver. The best soldiers in Persia are at
Shirnz, and the loviest women; from
Shiraz also issue huudreds of lutis or
buffoons who wander about all over the
empire, singing, tomtoming, and exhibit
ing trained monkeys.
Persepolis, believed to have been a
mighty city before the birth of Babylon,
and about the earliest home of pomp,
wealth and magnificence, is situated near
Shiraz. The old pagan kings and nobility
of Persepolis were royal wossailcrs.
Drunkenness and revelry were carried to
uu extreme in the marble halls of this
ancient Iranian capital thut we of to-day
little dream of. One has but to ta&te the
famous Cholar wine, note tho curious
difference between the Sfiirazis and other
Persian of today, and then look up at
the old ruins of Persepolis to come to the
conclusion that the three things have
some mysterious connection. Thomas
Stevens in New York Sun.
Verily, They Know.
It is many years sinco such an import
ant and suggestive message has been sent
to congress. If the policy of President
Cleveland is adopted its "effect on the
trade of tho world cannot fail to bo im
mense. London Chronicle.
Yes; and England would havo the lion's
sharo of tho prey, and that is why every
journal in tho United Kingdom, outsidn
of Ireland, eulogizes tho president as tho
greatest of American statesman ami re
formers, aud sneers at Gen. Harri.son us
an obscure and mediocre poHtirfnu. Thev
all know what Democratic success in No
vember will mau. New York Tribune.
A Small Suiuile of the Mills Bill.
There came iuto this country from
Austria last year 1.700.000 gross of pearl
buttons, the product of prison labor. In
consequence two-thirds of tho American
establishments are closed and two-thirds
of the American pearl button workers aro
out of employment, while the others are
idle half the time. But when a New
Jersey congressman offered an amendment
to the Mills bill putting a duty of four
cents a gross on these buttous it was
summarily rejected by a solid Democratic
voto. And yet there are American vork
iugmen who are blind enough to go about
hurrahing for Cleveland and free trade!
A "Liberal" Railroader.
Calvin S. Brice was made chairman of
the national Democratic committee be
eause he furnished a free train and free
bar to tho St. Ixmis convention. We have
assurance that this is correct, for our
Democratic contemporaries. In making an
nouncement of the selection, hasten to de
clare admiringly that Mr. Bruce is a very
liberal man and will not see tho campaigu
suffer. Cleveland Leader.
He Talked Ont at Home.
Roger Q. Mills went to New York and,
addressing the Tammany protectionists,
denied vehemently that lie was a free
trader. When he was down in Texas,
however, he got off the following:
"Tho moro confnsinn tit., tnrnr -n-.v..
to business the better I like it. because it
wm tne sooner be done away with. I de
Blre freo trade, and I will nnt iiin re
fect any law that stands in tho way of
It Was such nttnranrpQ na (l,nm V.,
Reed and Burrows mercilessly quoted
against mm alter ho got back from New
ork. Ohio State Journal.
People are constantly asking: "Is life
worth liviug?" and taking medicine at the
Eben de truff dat cuius frum er liar is
"Did n't Know 't was
May do for a stupid boy's excuse ; but
what can be said for the pareut who
sees his child languishing daily aud fails
to Tecognize the want of a tonic and
blood-purifier? Formerly, a course of
bitters, or sulphur aud molasses, was the
rule iu well-regulated families ; but now
all intelligent households keep Aycr's
Sarsaparilla, which is at once pleasant
to the taste, aud the most searching uutl
effective blood medicine ever discovered.
Nathan S. Cleveland, J7 E. Canton st..
Boston, writes : " My daughter, now '21
years old, was in perfect health until a
year ago when she began to complain oi
fatigue, headache, debility, dizziness,
indigestion, and loss of appetite. I con
cluded that all hercomplaintfruru;iuateri
in impure blood, and induced her to tr.ke
Ayer's Sarsaparilla. This medisinesoon
restored her blood-makiug organs to
healthy action, and in due time refstal
Hshed her former health. I tiud Ayer's
Sarsaparilla a most valuable remedy tor
the lassitude and debility iiundeii; to
J. Castright, Brooklyn Power Co.,
Brooklyn, N. Y., nays : "As a Spring
Modiciue, I find a splendid substitute
for the old-time compounds in Ayer's
Sarsaparilla, with a few doses of Ayer's
Pills. After their use, I feel fresher and
stronger to go through the summer."
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mast.
Price 91; six bottles, $5. Worth fS a bottle.
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largest Paid la Cask Capital of
any bank in this part of tbe State.
CBDepobiti received and interest paid on
S3PDrafta on the princ ipal cities in this conn
try and Europe bought and sold.
'Collections and all other business given
prompt and careful attention.
A. ANDKKSON. PnVt.
J. II. O ALLEY. Vice Prw't.
O. ANDKKSON, P. ANDKRSOV
JACOB (iKKISKN. HKNKY KAOA'fe,
JOHN J. SULLIVAN. W. A. MuALLIsfl'Kk
OUl.IMVA- A SEEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Ottice over First National Bank, Columbus,
y Ji. nACFAKI.4ID,
ATTORXKV t XOTAKY PUBLIC.
SS-fWice over First National Bank. Coluui
drwjb me at Columbus Neb., or call at my office
'""" uut. 3mai86-y
T J. CKAJIEK,
CO. SUP'T PUBLIC SCHOOLS,
,1 li'll in niy VUIco. in thc (v,urt House. ih
third batunlay of each month for tho exniniim
tion 1 of applicant! fr teachers certificate t, and
for the transaction of other school business.
DJIA V aud BXPRESSMEX. '
LiKht and heavy haulimr. (,ods handled with
rare. Headquarters at J. P. Becker A 0.'s office.
1 ele phone, it and 31. Suinar87y
(J K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishernof the
C0I.UMEJS JCSA1 K4 tk USB. JfAXXLT JCBSUAi,
Both, ixst-paid to any address, fur S2.W) a jer
strictly in advance. Family Journal. 21 (10 a
Jear. -. -
W. A. McALLISTKK. W. .11. COKNKLI US.
AI.MSIF.K A iOKi:i.lN
ATTUltXEVS AT LAW.
IHiceup Main over Ernst A Selmiirz' store ou
Eleventh street. IKininjbd
DK. J.1IAN. Wll.l.l',
PHYSICIAN and SCHUEOX,
EYf MSEASES A SPECIALTY.
Eleventh Street. Office No. W: Residence No.H7.
JOHN (i. HHU'INM. r. j. OARLOW,
HIGGIKS & GARtOW,
Specialty innilo of Collections by C.J. Harlow
R. C. BOYD,
- MANUFACTUBrK OF
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing; and Gutter
ing; a Specialty.
SSnihop on 13th street. Krause I'rV old
stand on Thirteenth street. ytf
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, nnd all Pat
ent business conducted for MODERATE KFKS
n?U")KS('.E ,S "PWHITK U. S. FATKjn
UtrH.fc. Weliavenosub-aKencies.atl business
clirect, hence we can transact iwitent business iu
less time and at LESS COST than those remot
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. Oor fee not due till patent is sMrured.
A IxMik, How to Obtain Patents," with refer
ences to actual clients iu your state, county or
town, txrnt free. Address
n .. CA snow at co.
Opposito Patent Office, WashinKton. D. C.
nrrns1 bonders it .
1 1 Uthonsamts of forms, but are sur
J"P passo.1 by the marvels of invention.
-Those who are in need of profitable
,' . . ,!lt caa ' ,!"no "hi!e living at home
should at once send their address to Hallett A
( 0., Portland, Maine, and receive free, full in
formation how either sex, of nil ae, can earn
irom i5 to Jil ir day and upwards wherever
they live. 1011 are started free. Capital not re
quired, borne have made over $50 in a sinnle
day at this work. All succeed. 87decy
Wewillirfiy the above reward for any case of
liver complaint. dgpepsia, sick headache, iudi
Kestion. conbtipation or costiveness we cannot
cure with West a Vegetable Liver Pills, when the
directions are strictly complied with. They aio
purely reliable, and never fail to pive satisfac
"? .- ,rsV. i' containing 30 supar coat.-d
pills. i,c. rorsjUebj-alldruKk-ists. Beware of
counterfeits and immitations. The itenuiiie
M,.nP.f!":tu,8J fdy oy John c. west a co..
Si . Madison St., Chicago. HI. decT e7y
the world during the
lwt.f hfOF ....nf..",'
tr;: ."":-" "'"v
wonders of inventive progress is a method anti
system of work that can U performed all over
wh;b uuuii, .ituuai T'vjMixaiiiiK ire worKers xrosu
their home, Pay liberal; any ono caa do ths.
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portance to you, that will start you in business,
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I PUfJCDA DPD A book of 100 txiccav.
"-lSt Ci I The be8t tjfror an
InintfiiiMAiiijk advertiser to. cott-
.91111, ie. ok eiiwri-
of the cost oiailveittiiiiir.Theailvertwer who.
warns 10 spend e:e uollar. Duds hi ittheiu
formution httieqiiil'es. while lorhitu who wilt
Invest 000 lunnlreil thousand !o!)Hniaaii
vertismg; a scheme Is indicated whici will
meet Mm every requirement, or can betnatla
to do so by slight changes eatUj arrived at by cor'
respondence. 149 editions have been issue.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write tc GEX K HOWELL A CO.,
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU.
aQSnwgr-PrmUaHcuSi.), Hw York.
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