The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, May 30, 1888, Image 1

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WHOLE NO. 942.
vol. xix -no. o.
Cash Capital
(!KO. W. HlJLST, Vic- I'o-'l.
J. 11 TASK KK, Cashier.
Bank of WPohII. SM-ronui
anl Krlsun.
Collection Promptly J21'
nil Ioli--
Pay Ian . hi on 'rime po
H.HIU'LlHtN. I'n-'t.
W. A. .M.'ll.LISl'KU. Nice Pn-V.
KOI'Kin'UIlLIli. Ca-d.ier.
danh:ls'Hkam. .wi oe.ii.
11. M. W1NSLOW.
- ink transact- a regular liuikinx H"ii-
iilh, will allow intoio-t ou tin"- dcpowitH, H'1'
collection-. Iij or -11 exchan- on """1
Stiit. nnil KnroiM-. and bu and.-ll ainlnbl
Wehallbeplea-e,l receive oiir business.
Wo solicit your patmniwo. Wo c-iarantee sati-fat-tiou
in all busings intrusted in our care,
CAI.l. UN-
I'ra.v'Iinjs Sali'timin.
;-These organ are firt cla in every par
ticular, ami so soar mteed.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired ou short notice
L-OniMlcM.r.t r H.-int: Drugstore. 11th
street, Columbia. Neb. l.uov.-o-tf
Fnrniture. Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
&o., Picture Frames and
&rKcpiiiriii(j of all kinds of Uphol
stery Gooila.
Caveat and Trad- M-irk- obtained, ami all Pat
ent bunine. ooiidurte.1 for MODEKATE FEES.
OFFICE. We imve no Mib-'ui.-ncit-.. all bn?ini--direct,
hence vie can transact pr.tent biirine-H iu
lfe time and at LESS COST than tho-e remote
from Washington. ....
Snd model, dra-n-inp, oi photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charse. Our fee not dne till patejit ib wcun-d.
A book. "How to Obtain Patents." with refer
ences to actual clientB in ionr t-tate, conntj or
town, itent free. AddreK
C. A. SNOW & CO,
Opposite l'atent Oflice, neliington, I. t .
ML ml
Northern Democrats Still Hound by
Southern Chain). A Summary of tlic
llich Principle for Which Kepubilcans
tight Democratic Shilly-Sballylng.
The campaign Is fairly open; we know
Just wbat the issues are to be. and they
suit tbo Republican to t t The Demo
crats wabbled all around the dividing line,
and actually put in for a while an appear
ance of statesmanship and patriotism that
deceived eonio people; but when the test
camo their old instincts proved too strong
for them, they fell flat before the south
ern brigadiers and took such principles as
the latter dictated. They never have
been emancipated. Republicans declared
their Independcnca over thirty years ago.
and even the negroes wero freed by 1870:
but the regular Old Hunker Democrats
are still subject to the plantation lords.
The result is. they oppose American
manufacturers, and a free ballot and a
fair count in the Qulf states
And that Is jnst the kind of a fight the
ue,.uu..,-ui - fViZ.nVrf.h I
liairov as when fijrhting for human rights
- ... ,, r
and American institutions. They are for
the American laborer every time against I
the European, for tuo ngut or every j
American, laborer or capitalist, to vote as
he pleases and have his vote counted, for
education, protection and progress, and
on the present i&sucs their triumph is ab
solutely certain, unless tho people have
lost the sense of honor and tho judgment
ot what's good for them: and we don't be
lieve they have
But asido from general principles, are
there no specific facts, it will bo asked,
which foreshadow a Republican victory?
There ate many, of which we will mention
but a tew
First la the fact that Mr. Cleveland was
electisl by a sort of accident and on the
iM.istevnlicit nledces. wlncli no lias openiy (
violated Those who were "too good to
vote tor Mr Blaino havo lately given us
their candid opinion of Mr Cleveland's
lieriormnnces. and what is it? Without
an exception, from Curtis to Caliban, they
say lie has violated his pledges A few of
them announce their intention to still for him. but what sort of an appeal
can they make to their followers? Neces
sarily it will amount to about this In
Mr Cleveland's name and by his authority
we gave you most solemn assurances of
civil service reform and a new era of
purity, bo has violated all these pledges,
demoralized the postotlice department,
degraded tho judicial department, con
futed the customs service and very ,
grievously alllicted us by sending inferior
men. largely e.x-iebels. to represent us
abroad and therefore what? Well, now
tho damage Is done, be cannot uo any
more. to let us try him again, and see ir ,
ho does not improvo by experience If j
the American people are chiefly simpletons '
that "argument" will win votes. '
Another nalnnble fact, and one that is I
going to count in this campaign for much
more than tho Democrats suspect, ia this
Everyliody knows that the administration
of James O Blaino, whatever other faults
- . .
it might havo had. would have been in
tensely American, and everybody knows
that tho administration of Grover Cleve
land has been painfully the reverse. As
Dickens' "Jerry Cruncher" said of his
wife, "sho do bo always a flopping and
a Hopping agin tho business, too;" so
Cleveland's cabinet has "flopped" every
time tho chaneo offered. When Bayard
wasn't "flopping" before England or
Canada, or Cleveland himself "flopping"
before what ho called the "Confederate
states" (his own words) in the flag busi
ness, tho others wero "flopping" before
Mexico or tho whisky ring. Always and
everywhere "a flopping." And after
backing out of their first position In the
fisheries, and refusing to execute one act
of congress, and violating tho law by cre
ating a commission without authority,
they ended by negotiating a treaty bo bad
that tho Democratic journals dare not de
fend it. and Democratic senators only
venture to ask that its consideration may
bo postponed till after the election! The
national pride is wounded; Americans feel
humiliated, and many thousands not
known as Republicans, men who do not
say much, will put in a very effective
protest in November. When the majority
against Grover Cleveland ia counted out,
credit 100.000 of it to national prido and
as many more to that shameful letter on
returning flags to the "Confederate
Another very palpablo fact is the feel
ing of the Union veterans. It is becoming
the fashion to sneer at tho "soldier ele
ment." and we must admit with patriotic
Borrow that as tho years roll on the ranks
of tho veterans are thinning fast; but
there are still enough of them to make a
big difference. The old soldiers are not
vindictive, they cheerfully indorsed the
unprecedented amnesty granted the Con
federates But they do Insist that pa
roled prisoners should show a little
modesty, that they should not claim a
divine right to rule the country or even
tho half of it, and that as the same recon
struction acts which restored them to
citizenship gave the suffrage to colored
men. common gratitude and common hon
esty ought to make them defend the col
ored voters' right as they would defend
their own. Even the common instincts
of honor that prevail among gamblers
ought to make them do as much as this.
To be "bossed" by those they captured
and paroled, to be taunted as "waving
the bloody shirt" when they protest, to
bo sneered at as "beggars" by Confeder
ates in congress and insulted in veto mes
sages, is too much. The veterans will
give a good account of themselves in No
vember. These are but a few of many forces
working mightily for Republican success.
The people have made fair trial of Mr.
Cleveland and his "Confederate states"
statesmen, and their disgust is certainly
a palpable fact. Quietly but positively
they are making up their minds to rcle
gate the party of Dan Voorhees and Jeff
Davis to a back seat for a few years more,
till tt shall acquire lust notions of Ameri
can dignity and patriotism, and until ex
clusion from office and power shall have
taught the non-progressive Bourbons that
the way of the transgressor is hard.
Some Great Indnstrlos Alreartjr Paralyzed.
Failures Doe to the Mill Bill.
The ideas on which the Mills tariff bill
is framed are deadly to home industries.
But Mr. Mills and his friends refuse to be
lieve it. As if for the express purpose of
convincing them, or else of convincing vot
ers throughout the country, that the bill is
pernicious, there comes a series of disas
ters, now in one state or branch of indus
try, and then in another, which curiously
illustrates the theories to which this
mcasuxe.owes ita.ben.and. itssbape, A
fresh one comesiTom rlillaaelptiia. wmcn
is the more worth sindying because the
false principle which it illustrates is ap
plied in the Mills bill to the entire range
of imports which affect by competition
several of the largest home industries
The catastrophe in the cotton hose
trade, it Is estimated by one large dealer,
has already compelled at least 5.000 work
ers in Philadelphia to seek other employ
ments One shop after another has closed,
and though a few of the strongest con
cerns, which depend for the sale of goods
not upon extreme low prices, but upon
the preference of an established custom,
are still in operation The Boston Com
mercial Bulletin believes that none can be
doing a profitable business. What is the
trouble? Simply this, that duties havo
been reduced from about ten cents per
pair to less than three cents per pair, and
just at a time when an overstocked
market abroad causes ruinous prices
there. New York Tribune.
Failure Due to tb Hllli Bill
The Mills bill has already been je di
rect cause vf a $2,000,000 failure in Sao
Francisco William T. Coleman & Co
extensive dealers hi California fruits,
wines, salmon and boras, with large branch
houses in Chicago. St. Paal, Kansas City
and New York, depended upon the sale of
borax properties to enable them to fulfill
large contracts. The Mills bill placing
borax upon the freo list appeared in tinio
to prevent the sale, and the farm, not-
withstanding it was solvent, had to go to
. nfe ..... .... . . J .
liio Willi 11JU iUlllS UUI UU JUVCD IIU1,
u t,je fm) ,jst j f t suonld pas3 it
v,0i,j ue certain to ruin a firm with large
purchaMUg contracts out. The Coleman
failure will Interfere very seriously with
the markets of the farmers and fishermen
ot the Pacific, which were not very good,
and will now be a great deal worse. The
wool crop of the southwest and California
is now ready to market, but the free wool
rlattbo of tho Mills bill hangs over it with
a demand for 23 per cent, off or no sales.
This is traditional Democracy, and the
people will havo a chanco to experience
just a little of it before the next presi
dential election, even if the Mills bill is
nut passed. Binghamton Republican.
Cleveland Now unrt a Yciir Ago.
rtno vast Hen President Cleveland ae-
cepted for the nation the statue to James
A uarneia a uemocrauc aanunibira-
tion had run for two years. The mask
of civil service reform had not fallen.
The professions of reform were main
tained. Looking to tho spoils system as
the ultimate cause of President (iartleld's
assassination, Mb successor, who litis
dealt civil service reform the most fatal
blow of the generation, said:
"Tho discovery of tho origin and hiding
place of these hateful, unnatural things
should be followed by a solemn resolve to
purge forever from our political methods
and from the operations of our govern
ment the perversions and misconceptions
which gave birth to passionate and bloody
thoughts If our watchfulness against
the dangers of a mad chase after partisan
boiLs be quickened the dedication of this
statue to the people of tho United States
will not be in vain."
This was one year ago. and the events
uf the year are a better comment than we
an make on the "solemn resolve" to
which Grover Cleveland called tho nation.
A clean sweep in federal olnco, conven- .
tions packed by office holders, tho entire j
influence of tho administration enlisted to ,
f "-'"'" " """""- " .
? what tho SP?" ' ' a Jf ? ha
dono "to puree forever from our political
methods and the operations of our govern
ment" tho spoils system.
"The dangers of a mad chase after
partisan spoils" are plainer than when he
spoke, ans he has made them so Many
a man believed In President Cleveland's
sincerity a year ago when ho mado this
speech. W e doubt if a voter in either
party does today Out of his own mouth I
comes tho condemnation of the policy to
which ho.and his administration have j
surrendered. i
It would not be possible for Grover I
Cleveland to look an audience of his fel- !
low citizens in tho face today and repeat
this speech of one year ago. Philadel
phia Press.
Theory and Practice.
Said tho Con. Roger Q. Mills in his
speech opening the discussion on the tar
iff bill
"Tho tariff robs the fanner on one side
by Increasing the price of what he buys;
It robs him on the other by decreasing the
price of what he sells."
That is pure theory, drawn from the in
ner consciousness of Sir. Mills, with noth-
ing whatever to sustain it. Now for the '
practical side. An old and succ ssful j
farmer of Collinsville, Ills., writes The
Chicago Inter Ocean.
"Since 1862 I have carefully, and I think '
impartially, weighed both sides In the .
matter by studying all tho British and ,
American authors on political economy,
from Adam Smith's works to our present i
authors In addition to this theoretical '
part I can add over forty years' experience I
in practical farming, somo twenty-seven '
of which have been under our present
protective tariff rule, and in tho light of
both tlieorv ana experience i una mat
Abraham Lincoln's declaration, that tho
protective principle was certainly friendly
to the farmers, is true beyond the shadow
of a doubt. But facts are better than
theories. My account books for 1887
show that a given quantity of my farm
products bought mo 79 per cent, more of
all the manufactures which I needed last
year than a like equivalent of similar
products bought me in 1659; or that after
twenty-seven years under protection my
products will buy me nearly twice as much
of manufactures as they did in 1859 under
the so called free trade rule."
Thus theory and fact come Into irrecon
cilable conflict. IVoy Times.
The PerfeetloaTolnt.
No Harvard medical student is declared
"up" in his perfesh until he can cut off a
leg without drawing a drop of blood.
The man who owns the leg must also
wake up as from a sweet slumber, and
6o far forget himself as to try and
scratch the missing member. Detroit
Free Press.
Charms of City Ufa.
Occupant Third Floor Flat (wiping her
eyes) What Is it you want?
Janitor The fourth floor sends respects
and some flowers fer y'r husband's coffin,
an' begs you won't cry so loud, 'cause it
disturbs the weddin' festivities up stairs.
Omaha World.
Too 9Incb Top DroMlnc
My son, I don't think I know a man
who wears better clothes or more of them
your friend Smallbore. Oe makes me
think of a storekeeper I used to know in
Peoria, who put so many goods in the
show window he bad nothing left on the
shelves. Burdette in Brooklyn Eagle.
In Peril of Hla JAt.
Fond Mother (excitedly) Sakes live,
chile, yo' brudder's gone to dat dar dance
at Johnsing's an' he'll nebber come back
no moahl
"Why notr
"He's donegone forgot to take his razor
wid him." Nebraska State Journal.
Searching the Record.
Minister's Wife (whose husband Is short of
a sermon) Here is an old one, dear, that
3-0U preached several years ago, before you
accepted your present call; why not use
Minister What is the text!
Minister's Wife It is about the camel and
the eye of the needle.
Minister That wooHnt do at aQ. Dont
you know that 1 preach to a $200,000,000 con
gregation every Sunday morningrThe
President Cleveland Seo all those
people dressed iii English cloths Figure
now much their cost is increased by the
duties imposed by the iniquitous tariff
Workingiuan That's nothing to me 1 ,
don't wear imported clothes. American
goods suit me. and are as well made as
the English goods And the only way 1 J
see for you to make them cheaper is by t
screwing down wages Wo workingmen
had rather earn twice as much and pay .
half as much again for clothes as tho j
foreign workmen j
In Voting for the 1'ree Tnitlo Party They
Tote Agulnat Their Own Interests.
Tho members of the Irish National
leaguo in America at tho convention held
in Philadelphia in 1883. when it was de
cided to change the name of the old land
league to that of the Irish National
league, and which would include the
members of all other Irish societies in this
country, struck the keynote In the adop
tion of their platform when they inserted
a plank pledging themselves uot to pur
chafco any English manufactured goods
This was followed up at the state conven
tion. held at Syracuse hi the spring of
1884. by the introduction of tho following
resolutiou by Rev Father Cronin. editor
of Tho Catholic Union and Times, of Buf
"That as tho manufactures of Great
Britain are the chief sourco of her ma
terial greatness, already declining under
the influence of American competition, we
earnestly counsel our countrymen in this
state of New York not to use English
manufactures themselves, and discouu
tenauce their use within the sphere of
t heir influence, and that a pledge to this
effect be a condition of admission to mem
bcrship in the Irish National league "
This resolution was adopted unani
At the last national convention of tho
Irish National league of America, held in
Chicago on Aug 1 and 10. 1880. tho fol
lowing clause in the platform was
"To hurt tho enemy where he will feel
it most by refusing to purchase any ar
tide of English manufacture, and by
using all legitimate influences to discour
ago tradesmen from keeping English man
ufactnres on salo "
An effort was mado by President Cievo
land's followers In the convention to have
this section eliminated, but it ignomin
iously failed. In view of the above facts
how can Irish Americans, the great ma
jority of whom were members or sup
ported the Irish National league, support
the Democratic party in tho coming con
test, when that party has now committed
itself to the policy of free trade to help
the enemy which has destroyed the manu
factures of Ireland and driven her chil
dren exiles to tho four corners of the
Redpath's Weekly, edited by James
Redpath. commented fully upon these ac
tions Following are some of Mr. Red
path's remarks
"Protection and free trade are neither
party nor sectional policies. "
As long as there are freo trade Demo
crats and protectionist Democrats the
Irish voters can hold the balance of power
and insist on a policy that is at once bene
ficial to America and prejudicial to Eng
land. Ought they to be so? From this
point of view of their interests as
a class in America the Irish voters
should support protectionist can
dictates only, because nine-tenths
of them are either directly or indirectly
supported by American manufacturing
interests. It is cities and villages that
receive the first fruits of the benefits con
ferred by protection, and the overwhelm
ing majority of tho Irish in America live
in cities and villages or in their immediate
vicinity Self interest controls the action
of other voters, and self interest should
bo consulted by the Irish voters But
race interests exert an equally potent in
fluence on tho Irish voters. As long as
their race is maligned the Irish ought
never to lose sight of race Interests, be
cause their social Interests are insepar
ably interwoven with them. Are there
any Irish patriots who would aid England
In her commercial policy? Not if they
know it! But do they help England un
intentionally?" Mr Redpath then quotes from an ad
dress delivered by Thomas A Dudley,
who was American consul at Liverpool
during the administration of President
Lincoln. Mr Dudley in the address said
that while dining with a number of dis
tinguished men in London the question
of the Irishman was discussed, ana one of
those present said that the only time
when the Irishman was of any service to
England was when ho emigrated to
America, joined tho Democratic party and
voted for free trade. After the quotation
Mr. Redpath continues:
"There is no phrase that so quickly
excites the merriment of the pro-British
free trade press in America as 'British
gold, when Irish patriots speak of it as a
force hi American politics. Yet the Cob
den club, one of the wealthiest and most
aristocratic dabs in Europe, admits that
it distributed in America host year no less
than 780.7G0 books and pamphlets free, to
create sentiment hi favor of British free
trade. They offer prizes in colleges and
subsidize presses and professors. Does
England thus act for love of us? No. It
Is because she desires to crush our indus
tries and make herself the great absentee
manufacturer of America. Absentee land
lords (who take the rent out of the coun
try) have ruined old Ireland, and absentee
manufacturers (who would take all the
profits out of the country) would speedily
ruin our America."
Bat Little Profit Now, There Would Be
None Without Tarim
Mr. S. & Hall, of Reno. Nev., Is presi
dent of the Nevada State Wool Growers'
association, and is the largest producer of
wool In his section of the state. He has
ust arrived in New York from New Or
eans and was seen by a Press representa
tive at Smith & McNeil's hotel, Washing
ton market. He said:
"I have been very much interested in
watching the tariff legislation of the last
few years Our people are opposed to
this continual tinkering with the tariff!
It unsettles everything and we don't
know whether we will be 'prosperous next
XfilE ot whether our business. 'Kill be
ntreny oau.Trnpr aiyopimon is tnat tne
tariff should bo so formed as to protect
our home industries, and when it docs
that it bhould be let alone and not trifled
"1 havo been engaged hi sheep raising
in tho western part of Nevada for eighteen
years I have 12.000 sheep, and seud on
an average 40 tons of wool annually to
market On March 8. 18S3, tho tariff on
wool was reduced. Before that dato I re
ceived in San Francisco for raw wool 43
cents per pound. The same class of wool
brings mo now 1GJ cents. I sold 25 tons
at that price last January At this rate
wo are making very little profit, and any
further reduction in tariff will utterly de
moralize the wool trade. The largest pro
ducer of wool is South America. Australia
comes next and the United States third.
In Australia tho grass is better than it is
in this country There one herder, who
is paid $15 per mouth, takes care of about
8.000 sheep In our country the sauio
number of animals require four men, who
receive $50 per month each, a total of $200
a month.
Tho most of our wool Is sold hi San Fran
rijco We pay 8$ cents per pound for
ireight from Reno to that city The
freight chargo from Australia to San
Francisco is only J cent a pound. Tho
Australians pay 2 cents to 8 cents a bead
for shearing, wo pay 10 cents a head.
"In short. Australia has tho advantage
In every jioiut South America cannot get
her wool to our shore quite as cheaply as
Australia, and yet it could undersell us iu
our own markets if it wero not for tho
tariff The Mills bill, which places wool
upon the free list, will utterly destroy the
wool business of America. The wool
growers of Nevada are against it. to a
man We are very much afraid that it
will pass the house, and our only hope is
that it will bo killed in the senate. The
price we get for mutton will not pay us
for raising tho sheep. If tho Mills bill be
comes a law the result will certainly be
that there will not be left a solitary sheep
in the country unless It is as a pet.
"There has been a great revulsion of
feeling in my state," continued Mr. Hall,
"in tho last four months. 1 was brought
up a Democrat, and voted the ticket for
years, but I cannot vote for free trade,
nor with a free trade party Tho wool
growers will vote the Republican ticket
this year. Cleveland lost probably
2.000 votes by his message Nevada is
generally a doubtful state, but it will be
Republican by a good majority this falL
Tho Pacific slope does not believe in free
trade and will not hesitate to express a
decided opinion." New York Press.
lie Cannot Undo Ills Past. j
After ridiculing wounded veterans in '
his pension vetoes and going fishing on
Decoration day. President Cloveland made
a discovery What he discovered was the
fact that there are not only a great many 1
veterans left hi this country, but also a
largo number of other citizens who ar
dently sympathize with them, and whoso
inextiuguishablo debt of gratitude to
them for their sufferiugs for the country's
preservation makes them keenly feel and
promptly resent any slight or Insult in
dieted on them.
Mr Cleveland has gotten these facts
through his epidermis, and as this is
presidential year and ho wants to be re
elected, he is going to cultivate the
veterans. He has consented to review
the Decoration day parado hi Brooklyn
He will look down from a grand stand
with patronizing air as the veterans march
by him and leave him behind, as they left
him behind when they marched to tho
front twenty-seven years ago. Perhaps
he will utter a few sententious general
itics on the duties of patriotism. The
veterans will please not forget that Mr
Candidate Cleveland stands ready to as
sure them of his most distinguished con
sideration this year.
Why protend, Mr. Cleveland? Nobody
will be deceived by it. Nobody expects it
of you. It is unreasonable- to expect a
man who stayed at homo writing herd
books to fed his heart beat faster and his
blood tingle with the fire that burned the
shrines of treason to ashes. Not only
does the coin of hypocrisy not pass at par
in this country, but it will not pass for
anything of value. It will come back to
you for the bad penny that it Is. New
York Press.
Tulle "Veriia Practice.
Congressman William L. Scott, of Penn
sylvania, mado tho star speech in favor of
tho Xlills tariff bill tho other day in which
he expressed a great deal of sympathy
and shed crocodilo tears for the poor
farmers, miners and other laborers in his
state This alleged sympathy for the
workingmen was of the gpnutno Demo
cratic brand -pure buncombe to catch votes
Tho weight and influenco it has in his
own district is shown in the expressions
of leading labor men there concerniug his
Said John Flannery, editor of The
Trades Journal, and ex-secretary of the
Miners association, today "The operators
fear him not only becauso ho pays less
wages to his miners, but becauso he runs
a largo "pluck mo' store. Tho miners are
compelled to deal there if thoy want to
retain their situations Other coal
operators pay cash for mining.
"Scott pays five cents per ton less than
any other operator in tho Pittsburg dis
trict or along the lino of tho Baltimore
and Ohio railroad He has always proven
himself an enemy of labor organizations
Scott Haven, where the congressman't.
mines are located principally, is known all
over tho state as the place where the poor
est wages are paid, and where tho men
never have any case. "
John Jarrett said. "He (Scott) says
there is but 50 percent, difierenco between
wages in England and tho United States,
whereas there is over 100 per cent, differ
ence His estimate of the averago cost
of producing a ton ofT steel rails at Car
negie's during 1887 Is several dollars too
low to my actual knowledge His figures
on structural iron and steel beams are still
more nighty, and his argument upon tho
profit of these beams is ridiculous.
"Why didn't he give his own experience
of 1882, when he refused to , pay reason
able wages to his iron workers because
the profits were too low? He forgets also
to say anytliing about his profits as a coal
operator Then all through his state
ments are vague and wild and can be
readily disposed of by figures within the
reach of all."
.Mill und Tree Wool.
One of the worst of the Roman emper
ors expressed a wish that tho people had
but one head, so that he might cut it off
Possibly Mr Mills wishes that the sources
of prosperity were concentrated into a sin
gle industry, so that he could extinguish
them at one blow. Tho wool Industry
comes the nearest to being the Ideal one
for his purpose Free wool would not
only closo factories but It would, by re
ducing the number of sheep, decrease tho
food supply, and. by reducing the average
availability of rural land on which sheep
can browse whilo no crops can bo raised,
injure the fanners Perhaps tho compre
hensiveness of capacity for harm is what
makes Mills so anxious for free wool.
New York Press
Syrup of Figs
Ts Nature's own true laxative. It ia the
most easily taken, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
sale only by Dowty & Becher. 27-y
Timely Hints for the Yecetable Garden.
Honr to Cat and Bunch Asparagus (or
Market Suggestions In the Culture of
Cyicntnbers and Tomatoes.
To readers who may be growing aspara
gus for market for the first tune tho cau
tion is given to exerdse care in cutting
the grass and bunching it. Asparagus
ought not to be cut until tho shoots are
four or five inches above ground, so that
these may be at least eight inches long,
that being the usual length of tho bunches
Knives cf various shapes are made ex
pressly for cutting asparagus, and are
known In the hardware stores as "aspara
gus knives A full bearing bed in
vigorous growth may be cut daily for
about four weeks, after which period
there Is danger of breaking tho plants. In
cutting asparagus pass tne blade of the
knifo down along tho shoot to tho neces
sary depth, make a turn of tho handle
and the shoot Is sovered and can be
lifted out.
The bunches that bring tho highest
prices run, as a rule, about 4 inches in
diameter. 8 inches hi length, and 2 to 2
pounds iu weight It need hardly bo told
that the bunch should be evenly and com
pactly made Lirge growers resort to
the patented asparagus bunchcrs. whilo
ingenious 6mall cultivators sometimes
make their own buncbers A biuiplo form
of buncher. described by Dr Qiniler in
his book on "Truck Fanning," can bo
made by any one It consists of a board
with four puis, about six inches loug,
placed four inches apart, and forming a
square This is placed against a wall. In
order to make the ends of tho shoots even.
The ties are laid down and tho shoots
stacked up between tho pins.
When cucumber plants are large
enough, thin out to two or three in a hill.
At the first thinning it is wdl to draw
the soil to the stems up to tho seed leaves.
Keep the earth loose and clear between
the rows 1 the end of the. vine is
E inched off. lateral fruiting branches will
e started, which will bear earlier than
the main vine.
The usual distance apart for tomato
plants Is 3 to 3J feet in rows, which are 4
to 6 feet apart, according to variety and
soiL Training the vines to poles or trellis
may be practiced with decided profit on
small areas.
flow to Iiiitchso the Value of IVrnu
nent Picture.
Generally speaking no crop in this
country receives less attention aud care
than the pastures, and yet a pasture in
good condition is as valuable proerty as
any man can possess. Great injury is
dono every spring by turning stock iu
pastures before the ground settles and
tho soil becomes firm By this eaily pas
turing the grass receives an injury that
it does not recover from during tho whole
year. On the other hand pastures ought
not to bo allowed to grow too long with
out feeding, as tho culms run up and
blossom and mako a growth distasteful to
tho stock Professor Beal (excellent au
thority on tho subject of grasses) advises
tho use of movablo fences, so that a piece
may be feed off closely, then allowed to
get a start, then feed off aguiu evenly
The authority quoted also advises, in
largo pastures, a mixture of animals or
one kind following another, bo as to keep
Iho grass more evenly fed than will one
kind alone. To prevent patches that have
been left uucropned from going to seed,
mow these a small quantity at a time, and
when the grass is vilted the stock will
eat it.
Both pastures and meadows are often
eaten closo to the ground late in autumn,
especially if tho season chancea to be a
dry one. This is a severe drain on the
vitality of the plants and causes them to
bo a long tlmo starting the following
spring. Some fall growth is necessary to
give tho plant strength for a good start in
the spring.
Scatter the droppings of cattlo that no
offensivo bunches of grass may spring up.
Where the pasture is thin and unproduc
tive, harrow the surface and sow on other
kinds of grasses and clovers, with a lop
dressing of some fertilizer. This will
acrve to some extent as a rotation of crop,
for the soil. If tbo cattle are fed on rich
food, as oil cake, etc., the droppings
will help matters. Baro spots will be
improved by a thin mulch of straw put
on early hi winter. Worn pastures are
most improved by an application of bono
and ashes.
A Massachusetts farmer not long since.
in a talk on sheep in pastures, before a
farmers' club, expressed the opiniou that
"a farmer can keep a sheep with every
cow without any additional expense. If
ho can do that, he can get so much more
for his money, and it will bo a wiso act
for him to do so. A former keeping
twenty cows will find ho has just as much
food if ho has kept twenty sheep with
them, and they are just as well nourished. "
Permaaent Sod in Orchards.
Successful orchardists, as a rule, claim
that permanent sod Is an injury to the
orchard. In some of hi3 earlier experi
ments Dr. Beal emphasized this fact.
For some years ho kept apart of tho trees
in sod, others wore cultivated thoroughly,
while still others were cultivated at vary
ing distances from thb body of the tree.
Even as early as 1874 ho found that
"trees in grass mado less growth, looked
yellow in foliage, and boro smaller fruit,
and, apparently, less of it." In 1875 ho
observed that "the evidences look more
and more strongly every year against tho
propriety of leaving trees, in his section,
in grass. They havo stood tho severe
winters no better; they have borne no
' better; the apples are smaller, the trees
grow moro slowly: a greater proportion of
trees have died than those cultivated each
So marked havo been the result that
ho had plowed up that part of tho orchard
! which had been left in grass.
I A cal nut llehoriilnc
I Hoard's Dairyman warns dairymen and
farmers against dehorning on tho ground
that dehorning is likely to impair the po
tency of the transmission of tho butter
function and to create a tendency toward
the beof temperament and typo In this
samo journal it is told that O K Gordon.
of Milwaukee, president of tho Humane
society of Wisconsin, on being interviewed
on the subject of dehorning, s-aid that
"while the society are not opposing the
practice, they are withholding their de
j cision until they seo more of the imrno-
diato results of It. They will uot oppose
. it on the ground of cruelty, as they are
conservative enongh to seo that temporary
1 pain for a permanent benefit is not
Potatoes Under Mulch.
At the Colorado State Agricultural col-
. lege, where potatoes have been grown
under mulch for three seasons, it has
been dedded that the best mulch is com
I posed of either partially decayed mater
' lain or of clean oat straw It is reported
! that the yield under mulch Is ordinarily
I greater than without, especially -n uucon
genial climes. The shading of tho ground
i furnishes the proper conditions of tern
perature and moisture at the root, as well
as assuring the necessary mechanical con
dltion of the soil so desirable In securing
uniformity and the greatest possible de
vdopment of tuber. A mulch, to be of
any wlue-ln. a. dry. climate, should, ac-
coTtlingto tne repotr in question, oe quite
a foot thick, using large seed pieces, how
ever, to enable tho tops to push through
the cover
The opinion is expressed that mulch
culture is only practicable on a small scale
and in localities, soils and seasons unfa
vorable to tho proer development of the
lotato under ordinary culture.
KeroHeno Kuiulsiou for Scale Insects.
Tho formula for kerosene emulsion for
tho destruction of scalo insects, advised
by Professor iiiley and generally approved,
is as follows
Kerosono .2 gallons.. V? per cent.
Common soap or whole I
oil soap !$ pound.. V 83 percent.
Water 1 gallon...
Heat tho solution of soap and add it
lioiling hot to the kcroseuo. Churn th
mixture by means of a force pump and
spray nozzle for five or ten minutes. The
emulsion, if perfect, forms a cream which
thickens on cooling and should adhere
without oiliness to the surface of glass.
Diluto before using, one part of the emul
sion with nine parts of water. The above
formula gives throe gallons of emulsion
and makes when diluted about thirty gal
lons of wash.
Cureulio Remedies.
A Pennsylvania fruit grower tells how,
by removing a layer of earth about four
inches deep from around plum trees at tho
time they begin to bloom, the larva) of tho
cureulio. hibernating in that very spot,
are all removed aud the fruit will bo
saved A few wheel barrows of soil may
bo spread around the tree in the summer,
four inches deep, and again removed in
the spring, when bloom begins This
will accomplish the same end. says this
correspondent, and involves less trouble
than jarring the tree and hunting for the
full fledged bisect for many days in suc
cession. Mr J S Woodward is credited with
saying that he has cured black knob of
plum trees in its early stage by tho us
of turpontlne. He cuts oil the knob and
applies the turpentine.
Transplanting Vegetable Plants.
In lifting most small plants, like cab
bage? and tho liko, it is useful to have a
small hand fork or trowel, tho fork is bet
ter to lift tho plants without tearing the
fibrous roots unnecessarily With larger
plants, liko tomatoes, tho spado la used,
and for moving plants with delicate fibrous
roots, such as melons and cucumbers, a
piece of eight inch stovo pipe, six inches
long, is pressed down into tho earth threo
or four inches, and then a spado is run
under tho "hill," and it is removed with
tho iron ring to its destination.
C round Itone for Chicken.
Ground bone, says Poultry Yard. Is not
a panacea for all the Ills of chickenhotid.,
but is nevertheless a very .useful, .article.
It uot only ok: rates as a prevenjve of leg
weakness, and is useful as a cure of this
trouble, but it furnishes material for the
framo of growing chicks so that they can
dovelop into massive birds, and provides
matured fowls with some of tho materials
that are needed in tho workshop where
Cfgs are manufactured. It is so useful
that tho wonder is how hens got along so
many years without Its uso.
Feed for Young Calf.
Professor E. W. Stewart, recognized
authority on matters pertaining to stock
feeding, states that one ounce, or less, of
oil meal to a gallon of warm, swcot whey
will mako it nearly equal hi feeding value
to whole milk for raising a calf to three
weeks old, and after that another quarter
of an ounco may be safely added. The oil
meal should be dissolved hi hot whey be
fore mixing with that of tho right tem
perature to feed.
The Woodruff Grape.
G. V. Campbell, of Delaware, O., says
ho considers the Woodruff, tho red grapo,
originated at Ann Arbor, as ouo of tho
finest of that color, having more of the
characteristics of a first class market
variety than any other red grape, and
believes that it will bo, in red grapes,
what tho Niagara and Pocklington are
among white and tho Concord among
black sorts.
Acrlcnltnral Notes.
Keep tho pig3 growing welL
Protect tho lady bugs; they do great
good in destroying ophides or plant Uce.
According to recent reports from the
different state agricultural societies
peaches will prove about half a crop, tho
npplo cron will be abundant except in New
York anu other eastern states, straw
berries light and grapes a full crop.
If a solution of London purple is used
for spraying orchard trees you may know
it has been applied too strong if yellow
blotches appear on tho leaves, later the
whole tree turns yellow and assumes an
autumnal appearance.
The late Professor Arnold once said. The
sooner tho minds of deirvmen are dis
abused of the idea that the ripening of
cream and the development of high
flavor in butter lies only in the souring of
tho cream tho better will it be for tiieir
reputation and their pockets, and also for
tho consumers.
Tho Galloways, as a breed, possess
splendid staying powers, and consequently
are true breeders.
No Shotgun Argument In tho North.
An important feature of tho Republican
club movement in Indiana is the unusual
activity among tho colored men. It
would be well for our Democratic friends
to explain, if they can. how it is that the
negroes, who in the south, at least ac
cording to Bourbon authorities, largely
vote tho Democratic ticket, here in the
north stand almost solidly by tho Repub
lican party. Boston JournaL
To Save Life
Frequently requires prompt action. An
hour's delay waiting for the doctor may
he attended with serious consequences,
especially in cases of Croup, Pneumonia,
and other throat and lung troubles.
Hence, no family should he without a
bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
which has proved itself, in thousands of
cases, the best Emergency Medicine
ever discovered. It gives prompt relief
and prepares the way for a thorough
cure, which is certain to he effected by
its continued use.
S. II. Latimer, M. I)., Mt. Vernon,
Ga., says: " I have found Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral a perfect cure for Croup in all
cases. I have known the worst casei
relieved in a very short time by its use;
and I advise all families to use it in sud
den emergencies, for coughs, croup, &c."
A. .T. Eidson, M. I.. Middletown,
Tenn., says : " I have used Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral with the best effect in
my practice. Thin wonderful prepara
tion once saved my life. I had a con
stant cough, night swears, was greatly
reduced in flesh, and given up by my
physician. One bottle and a half of tho
Pectoral cured me."
" I cannot say enough in praise of
Ayer's Cherry " Pectoral," writes E.
Bfagdon, of Palestine, Texas, "believ
ing as I do that, hut for Its use, I should
long since have died."
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
gold by all Druggists. Price $1 ; six bolUet, 5.
National Bank!
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largest Paid 1b Cask Capital of
any bank in thii. part of tlio Htnttf.
fEB'Dei!it received ami interest ivid oa
tyDraitn on the prino ipal citi.H in this coun
try and Europe botitilit and mild.
taSTolleotioUH and ull other Lmaiuesa given
prompt anil careful attention.
J. II.OALLKY, Vice l're't.
business (ards.
Otlire over First National Hank. Colnuibua,
NehniHkn. fiO-tf
1 IK KVAftM, rl. .,
WOtljco and room. Cluck ImildinK. litli Telephone communication. ..y
tOdiee out Kirt National Hauk, Coluui
uim, Nebraska.
W"PartieH dwirinK nnreyin dono cti ad
drer mo nt CoIuiiiIhin, Nel... or rnll at my othi-o
in ourt lloiife. lmaW-y
I will Ih in iiiyotlic.. iii tho Court Houw. tl.o
tjiird Saturday of each month for the examina
tion of applicant-, for t.acliem certificate!., ami
fortliotran.-i.ictionof otlur ncliool hiiHiucHrt.
URAF iiron..
Liiiht and heavy haulinir. (hmkIk handled with
wire. Hcaditiarter ut J. I. HeekerAfo.V oUice.
Telephone, 33 and 31
yk K. TURNER & CO.,
lVoprietors and I'liMibttera r tho
CCLTJXSrS :C21?At 11 til KI3. FAKILT J0U21IAL,
Hoth, post-paid touiiy nildn-nri. for $2X1) u yeur.
Htriclly iu advance. Famiia Jouu.v.u.. ii.tnj a
Columbus, ,1.
OIKee up stairn over Krntt A Schwa rz'n ctore on
hleventh ctreet. lriinmjb
CoIumbiiH. Neb.
Office: Telephone:
Kiev .nth St reel. Oilico No. W: Itetsidetice No.7.
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Onrlow.
8 J-m
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing' and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
J3T"Shrj on 13th street, Krmiie Hro.B old
fetiind on Thirteenth street. sutf
Clover, Timothy,
Red Top, Millet,
Hungarian and
Blue Grass Seed,
-AT -
nrrnSEA wonders tst in
IILLUllihaH of formrt. but are nur
ll pnfwd by tho marvel of invention.
Wkkl Thine who arn in need of profitable
work that ran Iw done while living at homo
nhould at once wild their addrcxM to Hallett A
Co., Portland. Maine, and leceive fre. full in
formation how either Hex, of all aw, ran earn
from ." to i'S per day and upwards wherevwr
they live. You aro tttarted free. Capital not re
miired. Some have mado over jt.Vj in a iuIu
day at tli in work. All Hticceed. SjTdec'Jiy
$500 Reward !
W. will pay tho above reward for any row of
liver complaint, djopepnia, bick headache, indi
Kcntion, constitution or cof-livene1 we cannot
ctirc with West Vegetable Liver Pill, when the
direction are Mrictly complied with. Thej ar
purely vegetable, unit never fail to nive Kit fac
tion. Ijirxe 1hxit. contnininK So fcuirar coated
pill. 23c. For Kile by all ihuKKint.-.. B.wareof
counterfeits and imuiitatinnx. The jtpnuin.
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST A CO..
Wl W. Madienn St., (. hicuh'o. III. decT'aly
luis revolutionized
the world during tho
lact half century.
Not least nmona tho
wonders of inventive pnitrreen is a method and
HjHteni of work that can be performed all over
the country without neparatin;? the worker) from
their home. Pay liberal; any one can do tbo
work: either i-ex, touiik or old: no ftpecial ability
required. Capital not needed; jou are started
free. Cut this out and return to us and wo will
send you free, something of great value and im
portance to yon. that will utart you inbusineerf,
which will brituV you in more money right away,
than anything els, in the world. Oraiul outfit
frtr. A(ldree True & Co.. Acirusta, Me. dec28
hook- of ino nacea.
The heat, honk for an
advertiser to con
sult, be he experi
enced or otherwise.
It contains list of newspapers and estimates
a?.1io iAnf fuflt.crftatn
,..........-,....-..... ........ -- ---;-. ,
TliaiHK- li
f:.Tno advertiser wno
! A.ulaln irfhAln-
wunts to 9pend one dollar. nmiB m nuw m
ue dot
formation no requires, while forhim who wm
Invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad-
vertlsin?. a scheme is indicated which will
meet his evorv requirement, or can be made
to tloio by sli'jh't changes easily arritedat bycor'
respomUnce. UO editions have been issued.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write to GEO. P. nOWELL CO..
UOHomcuMt.rrinUntf House So..), New York