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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1888)
DARING AND SUFFERING.
A History of the Andrews Eailroad
Eaid Into Georgia in 1862.
The Most Heroic and Tragic Episode
of the Civil War.
Cmbracin? a Tull and Accurate Account
of the Secret Journey to the Heart of
tme Confederacy, the Capture of a
Railway Train in a Confederate Camp,
the Terrible Chase That Followed, sad
the Subsequent Fortune of the leader
and Hit Party.
The expedition, in the daring of its inception,
tad the .wilducss of a romance; whllo in the
gigantic and overwhelming results it sought and
was likely io obtain it was absolutely sublime.
Judge Advocate Oekkral Holt'u Official Ra-
It was all the deepest laid scheme, and on the
grandest scale, that ever emanated from tho
brains of any number of Yankees combined.
THE SoCTilERX COVFEDEUACT (ATLANTA. GA.),
April 15. 16Gi
Oespito its tragic termination, it shows what a
handful of brave men could undertake in Amer
ioa. Coxte de Paius' History ok the Crra. Wab
Cf America, vol. a, p. 1S7.
By WTT.T.TATvr PITTENGER,
A MOJDEa OF TIIE EXPEDITION.
tOopyrighted. 1SS7, by War Tublisliing Co.. N. Y.,
and published by arrangement with them.
A DAY OF IU.OOD.
The 18tb of June -was a bright summer
day. Our party in the jail were making
merry with games and songs, utterly un
suspicious of immediate injury. But one
of our number, looking out of the win
dow, saw a squadron of cavalry approach
ing and called attention to it. There was
nothing unusual about this, for we often
noticed bands of troops on the streets;
but they now halted r.t our gate and sur
rounded our prison. This was unusual
The doors down stairs opened. We
heard the shuffle of feet in the hall and
tho clink of officers' sabers as they
ascended the stairway. We held our
breath in painful attention, while they
paused at our door, unlocked and threw
it open, and then one of tho number,
stepping before the others, read tho names
of the teven tried at Kuoxville. They
were ordered to respond and stand in a
lino before him, which they did. Robin
sou was sick with fever, but a guard as
sisted him to rise, and he stood with the
rest. Then they were all told to fdllow
over into the opposite room, whilo the
Tcnnesseeana there were brought in re
turn to us.
With throbbing hearts we asked one
another the meaning of these strange pro
ceedings. Somo supposed our comrades
were about to receive their acquittal;
others, still more tanguine. that they
would be paroled, preparatory to an ex
change. But we had no confidence in
these suggestions even while we made
them. It would not have becu necesuiry
to surround the prison for such purposes;
and the faces of the officers who had en
tered our room were solemn and stern.
I was sick, ioo, having suffered a good
deal recently with malarial fever, but
rose to my feet oppressed with unutter
able fear the most deadly I ever remem
ber feeling. A half witted fellow who
had been put in with the Tennesseeaus
came to me and v. anted to play a yauie of
cards! I had been fond of the game, but
never played it after this day! Now I
struck the greasy pack from his hand and
bade him leave me.
From over the waj" we heard the sound
of voices, muffled and indistinct because
of the two iron doors between; then the
opening and shutting of doors, tho passage
of several person up and down the stair
way, and last the sound a of solemn
A little while after I cannot judge of
the length of time spent in such fearful
agony the ministers in the other room
think it must have been more than an
hour the door opened and our comrades
came back, one by one; but the change in
them was fearful. My own friend, George
Dj Wilson, was leading, his step firm, his
form erect, but his hands firmly tied, and
his face pale as death. "What is it"'
some one asked in a whisper, for his ap
pearance silenced everv one.
"We are to be executed immediately,"
was the appalling reply, given in a low
tone, but with thrilling distinctness. The
others followed him into the room, all
tied ready for the scaffokl. The officers
were standing in the door, and barely
granted them the privilege of taking us
once more by the hand before death.
Then came the farewells, hopeless in this
world. It was a moment that seemed an
age of measureless, heart breaking sorrow.
What had occurred in the other room
while we were separated? The narrative
of the ministers will make that plain.
Rev. W. .T. Scott was requested by Col.
G. J. Foreacre. then provost marshal in
Atlanta, to visit some Federal prisoners
at the city jail who were about to die. On
his way Mr. Scott called on Rev. George
G. X. MacDonell and asked him to go
along. At the jail they were taken into
the room where our comrades were.
"They impresssed mo at once as a body
of remarkably fine looking young men.
I could but notice also their cheerfulness
tinder such painful environments." He
told them that he was the bearer of un
welcome tidings. This arrested their
attention, but they wero still unprepared
for the blow that followed. Then Scott,
with tho brevity which was the best kind
ness, with a few questions answered,
gave the full truth, every word being like
an added stab, telling them that they
had been found guilty at Knoxville of
being spies that they were to die to die
by hanging and at once! Their natural
and indignant protests wero waved aside
as something with which the ministers
had nothing to do; their only business
was to help the doomed men by prayer
and counsel to preparo for death, and the
hour was at hand. Anxiety and even
horror was in an instant depicted on every
countenance. When they asked, "How
soon?" he answered, "In less than two
bou-s." This was probably a merciful
overstatement. The hearts of tho preach
ers, upon whom had been rolled tho fear
ful task of first communicating this ter
rible intelligence, were very heavy. Scott
adds: "They wero gallant men, who
would have fctood unshaken in the immi
nent deadly breach. They were picked
men, chosen for their soldiery qualities;
yet in a moment every cheek blanched to
the lily'a whiteness. In another moment,
nowever, they rallied and appeared firm
and nnfiincliing.' Scott and MncDonell
then gave them such counsel as the dying
need, recited to them appropriate Scrip
ture passages, and prayed with them.
What followed is so extraordinary that
it is fully given in Mr. Scott's own lan
guage with only two remarks. Tho "few
hours' notice" was virtually no notice at
all, as, accordinc to Mr. Scott's own
words, aU the time was taken up with
clerical and official preparation. From
the moment the awful news was com
municated there was no pause save (or
the prayer of the minister, the reading of
the' sentence, the binding for the scaffold
and the clasp of hands with friends. Thie
We had often said to each other that no
matter who else might perish, Ross in
some way would escape by reason of his
high standing as a Mason. Probably
the following narrative shows better than
anything else the fearful resolution with
which this deed of blood was carried
through. Mr. Scott continues:
As we rose from our knees one of them I am
not sure at this late day whether Ross or Camp
bell gave me a Masonic signal which craftsmen
are only permitted to use in seasons of supreme
periL I recognized it instantly and took him
aside and satisfied myself that he was a "son of
light." Ko one who has never been raised from a
dead level to a living perpendicular can appre
ciate my feelings. I said with a faltering voice:
"My brother, I wQl do what I can for you con
sistently with my obligations to the government
to which I owe allegiance."
He replied: "last for nothing more. We are
about to be executed with only a few hours'
notice. We had no intimation of it until rou ii-
tormea us. Now, can you not prevail on the mil
itary authorities to respite us one or two dsysf"
I replied: "I will mate an bonet efTort."
The other prisoners must have heard a portion
of the conversation, for they ssrmrri quite elated.
I knew that I must act promptly, so leaving
brother MacDoncll to talk with them, I left the
cell and weut down into the front prison yard
where a squadron of cavalry were already drawn
up. They had, I found, been waiting quietly for
our appearance. Col. TV. J. Lawton had on that
day assunwd command of the post. Ho was nn
old tmd highly esteemed personal friend. I told
him what had transpired in the cell, and urged
him to respite them at least until the next day;
that to execute them on such short notice v, ould
be utterly indefensible; that he could easily cut
off all possibility of escape. He was a man of
generous impulses, and I saw he was greatly
troubled and perplexed. He replied:
I agree to all you say. I would most gladly
afford them relief, but," he continued, "my orders
are peremptory. I am required to execute them
today and have not the slightest discretion. If I
disoliey my orders lam liable to be cashiered
He proposed to show me his orders, but I told
him his statement was sufficient.
I was compelled to return aud announce my
failure. I was then asked if I would transmit
some messages to their friends. 1 said certainly,
if the military authorities would allow It. They
then dictated their messages, brother 2IacDoneJl
writing three in his memorandum bcok and 1
writing four in mine - There were but slight
verbal differences in their messages, and the fol
lowing may be taken as a sample of the whole:
"I am to suffer death this afternoon for my
loyalty. I am truo to the old flag and trust iu
Ood's mercy for salvation."
Tho name of the party and number of his regi
ment was attached.
The messages wero not sent because of some
technical objections at the war department.
f B U z
SAMUEL SLAVEX8. KARIOV A. ROSS.
4. J. AKDUXWS.
WIU.IAII CAKr-BEM- JOfiS SCOTT.
riVK OF THE KAIDEILS EXECUTED.
Immediately after this failure to get the
least respite in the inexorable orders, the
officers read the sentence of tho court
martial, which directed tho hanging of
the accused "as soon as this order shall be
made public;' "between tho 15th and 22d
days of Juno inst."
When this cruel clause was first in
serted, it was probably thought that all
tho band would be convicted iu the same
manner, aud then in one terrible hour all
would be swept away with no opportu
nity to leave any word behind! The re
fusal to send a harmless message to
friends a privilege that would not be de
nied to the most infamous criminal
agrees with this view.
It was the manner of death rather than
death itself which seemed so horrible to
our comrades as they took their last leave
of us. Most of them were ulso without
any clear hope beyond the grave. A day,
e. en, to have sought divine favor would
have lieen a priceless boon. Wilson was
a professed unbeliever, aud many a time
had argued the truth of the Christian re
ligion with me half a day at a time; but
he said, "Pittlnger. I believe you are
right now! try to be better prepared when
you come to die than I am." I could
scarcely release his hand as he muttered,
"God bless you," and turned away.
Shadrack was careless, generous and
merry, though often excitable, and some
times profane. Xow he turned to na with
a forced calmness of voice which was
more affecting than a wail of agony as
"Boys, I'm not prepared to meet my
When asked by some of us, whose tears
were flowing fast, to think of heavenly
mercy, he answered, still in tones of
thrilling calmness, "I'll try. I'll try, but
I know I'm not prepared."
Slavens. who was a man of Immense
strength and iron resolution, turned to
his friend Buffum and could only articu
late, "Wife children tell" when utter
John Scott was well educated, and had
left a very pleasant homo in Findlay, O.
Father and mother, brothers and sisters
have always been among the most re
spected of the citizens there. He had
been married but three days before enlist
ing, and now the thought of his young
and sorrowing wife nearly drove him to
despair. He could only clasp his hands
in silent agony.
Campbell had a half smile on his strong
face, but it was terribly unreal, with no
light in it, as he pressed our hands, and
even muttered an unconscious oath, say
ing, "Yes, boys, this is hard."
But Ross was a marvel and wonder to
us ail. A cloud had long seemed to rest
upon his spirits, but now completely rolled
away. All foreboding and fear were gone
in the presence of the reality. Others
were bitterly and terribly disappointed;
he was not. The gaunt specter he had so
long faced came out of the shadow, and
lo! it was disrobed of aU terror! Ho was
perfectly erect, with easy grace; there was
not a sign of dread, while his eye beamed
end whole face became radiant with the
martyr's joy. "TeU them at home," he
said, in a clear, vibrating tone, "if any of
you escape, that I died for my country
and did not regret it."
Brown, Knight, Buffum, Mason and
myself all that were left of tho Knox
ville party were even more affected than
our comrades, for we had not the awful
excitement of coming death to sustain us.
nad there been a gleam of hope of success
how gladly would we have thrown our
selves on the guaras and fought for the
lives of our brothers! But the officers and
the guard filled the door and entry, while
the jail yard was also full of enemies.
The sense of our absolute helplessness was
All this transpired in a very few min
utes, and even the marshal and others
with him in the door showed signs of im
patience, and urged that their time was
short, I cannot help believing, for the
sake of our common humanity, that they
wished to hasten only because the scene
was becoming too painful for them to
Very brief leave taking was permitted
with the eight who were In the other
rcom. Robinson, who could scarcely
stand, was hurried off with the rest. We
heard the dreadful procession descend the
stairs, and then from the window saw
them enter the death cart and drive away.
It was surrounded by cavalry, and thus
passed out of sight. In about an hour the
procession returned. The cart was empty!
On leaving us the procession had taken
a courso which soon carried them out of
sight over the summit of an adjoining
hill, and continued iu an easterly direc
tion till it reached the Atlanta city ceme
tery a distance of probably two miles.
What thoughts crowded through the
hearts of the doomed men we know not:
"but it is to be hoped that in this last hour
of life they realized that God was more
merciful than man, and found that pardon
which is never denied to those who sin
HEBOISM OK THE SCAFFOLD.
The cemetery is beantif nUy located and
finely kept. The scaffold had been built
in a little wood at tho southeastern side
of the yard; then outside, but since in
cluded in its boundaries. A monument
to the Confederate dead had since been
erected in this cemetery, and a large por
tion of land deeded bj the cemetery asso
ciation for their burial,' and it was at the
edge of this plot that the great tragedy
took place. No element of melancholy
horror was omitted. A. shallow trench
had been already dug within a few feet of
the long and hideous scaffold, bo that the
men as they drove up could look upon
their own open crave. The eeaffold, mixlih
had just lieen completed, consistea or a
single long beam extending from one trea
to another, to which the ropes were at
tached, and a narrow platform of loose
plank extending under this, so arranged
that the knocking out of props would
cause it to fall. A considerable number
of spectators were present, but not nearly
so many as attended the execution of An
drewsno general gathering of the citi
zens being permitted indeed the prepara
tions had been carried on as secretly as
Cap. FuUer, who had chased the men
on the cars and attended the trial at
Knoxville, was here also to see the end.
He had been moved to come by a promise
which he as a Mason had made to Ross,
that ho would mark the spot of his burial,
and notify his father, in Ohio. Ho wai
faithful to his promise, though the notifi
cation, owing to tho policy of the Con
federate war department, could not be
made until the close of the war.
Our comrades mounted the scaffold by
means of steps from behind, and then
stood, all seven, side by side, with tho
ropes dangling beside them. At tho foot
of the steps Fuller shook hands with Ross,
for whom ho declares he had come to feel
a deep friendship. The clergymen, with
their souls in indignant protest against
the manner of death, had not accompanied
the procession. There was no help, and
in a few moments death in its most awful
form was to come.
Yet the bravery of the seven was such
as to command tho admiration even of
their foes. Capt. Fuller had attended
many military executions during the war,
for such things were fearfully frequent on
the Confederate side; yet he says that he
never saw men die as bravely as these.
With uncovered faces they looked steadily
and serenely on the surrounding foe. But
they were not to die without a word of
testimony that should bo long remem
bered, and which to some hearts then
present seemed the death knell of the Con
federacy. Wilson was their spokesman. He asked
permission to say a word beforo death,
and il was freely accorded. Possibly tho
surrounding hundreds expected to hear
some word of pleading or confession
somo solution of what still seemed mys
terious in the great raid. But if so they
were mistaken. I have received an ac
count of this address from more than a
score of persons who wero present sol
diers, citizens and negroes and it made
the same impression on all. Wilson was
a born orator, and ho now spoke with
marvelous skill and persuasive eloquence.
He had conquered fear and banished nil
resentment; and his calm and dispassion
ate earnestness was such as became a
man on the threshold of another world.
rm: speech or wilsojt ox the scAFroLD.
He began by telling them that though he
was condemned to death as n spy, he was
no spy, but simply a soldier in the per
formance of dutv: he said he did not re
gret dying for his country, for that was a
soldier's duty, but only the manner of
death, which was unbecoming to a soldier.
Even those who condemned them well
knew that they were not spies; then leav
ing the personal question, he declared
that he had no hard feelings toward the
I south or her people, with whom he had
long been well acquainted; that they were
generous and brave; he knew they were
fighting for what tbey believed to be
right, but they were terribly deceived.
Their leaders had not permitted them to
know the facts in the case, and they wero
bringing blood and destruction upon their
section of the nation for a mere delusion.
He declared that the people of the north
loved the whole nation and the flag, and
were fighting to uphold them, not to do
any injury to tho south, and that when
victory cane the south would reap the
benefit as well as the north. The guilt of
the war would rest upon those who had
misled the southern people, and induced
them to engage in a causeless and hope
less rebellion. He told them that all
whose lives were spared for but a short
time would regret the part they had taken
in this rebellion, and that the old Union
would yet be restored, and tho flag of our
common country wave over the very
ground occupied by this scaffold.
There were tears coursing rapidly down
the checks of many Confederate soldiers;
the emotion of a number of negroes who
were a long way off. yet in easy hearing
of the trumpet like voice, was almost un
controllable. One of them said to Capt.
Sarratt two years after, "Massa, if that
man had only spoke a few minutes longer
they could never have hung him in the
world." A rebel officer was heard to
mutter, "Why don't they stop him? What
do they allow such talk for?" But it was
not so easy to stop a dying mau, whose
words were so kind and persuasive, and
whose eloquence was of that highest type
which throws a spell over friend and
So the tide of truthful speech flowed on
till many of the poor men in the rebel
ranks heard for the first time the fuU ar
raignment of their own guilty government
with a clearness which carried conviction,
and then with the bold prophecy of com
ing triumph for the glorious cause a
prospect which seemed to lift the speaker
above all fear of his own death the hero
closed, giving tho sign for tho deed cf
shame dying with this glorious predic
tion on his lips!
No coffins had been provided. As soon
as life was pronounced extinct the bodies
were laid in the shallow trench, just wide
enough for their length, and long enough
for all the seven to lie cloe together a
brotherhood in death as thoy had been in
Jjfe. Hero the earth was filled in, and
they remained till, at the close of tho war,
the national government removed their
bodies to nn honored spot in the beautiful
national cemetery at Chattanooga. A
monument Bhould mark both this spot and
that in Atlanta, where heroism in death
shone so brightly.
CONVERSION AND RELIGIOCS EXPERIENCE.
Those wh remained in prison suffered
scarcely less than their comrades. The
bitterness of death was upon us also. We
did not think that vengeance would stop
with those who had fallen. The hope we
had so long cherished was overturned at a
blow. In Knoxville wo had urged that all
should be tried together, or that the sen
tence of vona should otand for all. There
was no reason for giving any preference to
ono over another, and no indication that
such preference was to be given. But
even if wb had not believed that only a
few days or hours of prison life lay be
tween us and the scaffold, the parting:
from our loved friends, whose voices were
yet lingering In our cars while they them
selves had passed beyond the gates of
death, was enough to break the stoutest
heart. There were tears then in eyes that
would not have quivered in the presence
of any danger.
But I could not shed a tear. A elond of
burning heat rushed to my head, and
fever seemed to scorch through every
vein. For hours I scarcely could realize
where I was or the loss that had been suf
fered. Every glance around the room,
revealing the vacant places of friends,
would bring our sorrow freshly upon us
again. Grief for our comrades and appre
hension for ourselves were inseparably
blended. The suddenness of the shock by
which we were separated seemed to reveal
a spirit that forbade us to hope, while it
was & terrible aggravation of the pain of
parting. Thus the afternoon hours slowly
drifted by under a shadow too dark for
words. Ko one ventured as yet to speak
The first distraction in this terrible hour
'we owed to our friendly jailer. He asked
ns if we would like to be all pot in one
We were eager for this privilege, and he
brought over the eight who were in the
front room and placed them with us. Wo
were now fourteen, including Capt. Fry,
of East Tennessee fame, who was placed
with us. , There would hae been much
to talk about in our separate experiences
in Knoxville and Chattanooga at any
other time, but now the thought of the
lost swallowed up everything else.
At length some voice suggested rather
faintly at first, for only a few hours be
fore it would have met keen ridicule
teat it would be well for us to pray. The
thought was warmly welcomed. Not Uie
' slightest objection was offered by any one,
and we at once all knelt. One member
of the party has lately told me that while
he knelt with the rest, and was careful to
say nothing to discourage us, yet he never
led iu prayer, or said auything to indicate
that he had changed his life purpose. I
did not notice the exception at the time,
as every head was bowed and every face
covered. Capt. Fry was first requested
to lead us, which was peculiarly appro
priate, as ho had always maintained a
consistent religious life, and now seemed
to feel our grcnt sorrow ns if it were his
own. He prayed with deep earnestness,
. strong sobs mingling with his fervent pe
, titions. Then others led, and we con
tinued until all but the one already al
luded to hail prayed in turn; then those
who had prayed before began again.
There seemed to be some help in simply
tellins our trouble. On my own part, I
do not think that there was a great deal
, of faith, at least so far as temporal deliv
erance was concerned, but there came a
j calmness and -a passing away of bitter
ness that was restful to our tired hearts.
J We besought God mainly that he would
prepare us for the fato that seemed
inevitable, and that ns he had led
I its into great trials, he would in somo
J manner sustain us there. We kept on
, praying with but short intervals till the
I sun went down. As twilight deepened
into darkness the emblem of our own
lives so our petitions grew more solemn.
God seemed nearer than ever before. In
the darkness it appeared easier to behold
the heavenly light. Wo began to ask for
deliverance in this world as well as in the
hour of death, and to have a hope, very
faint and trembling, that it might be grant
ed. Then little by little we began to profess
our purpose to live religious lives while
eve were spared, whether the time was
I lotig or short I do not know that there
was anything clear and definite in the
way of conversion or sudden change on
the part of any; but when it is remem-
I bered that in the forenoon wo had amused
I ourselves by all kind of games, that pro
fano words and jests were not uncommon,
and that we would have been aehnmed to
. speak of prayer or of religion in any way
except as a mere theory, it will be seen
that there wan no slight alteration in ns
already. From that hour I date the birth
. of an immortal hope and a new purpose
in life. And in this experionco I am not
It is an interesting fact, which the ra
tionalist may explain as ho will, that from
the time of that long prison prayer meet
ing from early afternoon to midnight
tho fortunes of our party began to im
prove. There were fearful trials still be
fore us, not much Inferior to any that we
had passed; we long held our lives by the
frailest thread; yet til the close of tho
war, though many perished around us,
death did not claim another victim from
Our midst. We committed ourselves to
the Lord, not expecting deliverance in
this world; and in his boundless mercy
he bestowed upon us all we asked, and far
I more than we had dared to hope.
I Few things In our whole prison experi
ence were more fearful than awakening
the next morning. The chill light of a
new day the dispelling of dreams that
may have been very pleasant, and have
brought home vividly before us always
made the morning hour the most dreary
of the day. But on this occasion we
looked around and saw the places of our
friends vacant, and all the great sorrow
of our bereavement again rolled over us
like the Incoming of the sea.
But we wished to do something. A
small Bible wus borrowed from Mr. Tur
ner when he came to bring our scanty
breakfast Mr. Thoer, who was always
with him to see that he gave us no undue
Indulgence, did not object and then we
had reading, singing and prayer nearly
every one praying, so that it might rather
be called a morning prayer meeting than
"family worship," though the latter was
the title used. We now resolved to con
tinue this practice ns long as our prison
From this time forward we had relig
ious exercises morning and evening, and
found them a great consolation and sup
port. They begau and closed the day
aright, and thus added sweetness to all its
hours, supplying a subject or thought not
bearing directly upon our own gloomy
prospects, and thus enabling us to main
tain better mental health. We always
sung a hymn or two on these occasions.
Indeed there was nearly as much singing
as at Chattanooga, but of a far different
and more inspiring character. Instead of
"Nettie More," "Carrier Dove" and such
harmless sentimentality, we sang "Rock
of Ages," "Jesus, Iover of My Soul,"
and others of a pronounced spiritual cast.
This greatly astonished the guards. They
were given strict charge to watch us
closely, with the statement that we were
the most desperate characters in the whole
United States; then to hear us sing Meth
odist hymns, and to know that we had
prayers, morning and evening, was a con
tradiction they found it hard to reconcile.
Soon the story of the heroic death of our
comrades and our own religious bearing
was noised about Atlanta, and no doubt
there were many expressions which gave
some ground for the bitter complaint of
"sympathy" made afterward bj the pro
vost marshal in his report. But we cared
comparatively little for this, of which, in
deed, we then knew nothing. We had
never expected to receive much help from
the people outside, and would not have
dared, for fear of treachery, to accept it if
offered. But we wished to find that
peace in believing that we had heard of
Christians possessing. What would we
not now have given for the counsels and
assistance of a minister we could fully
It is a delicate matter to speak of the
beginning of one's own religious life to
say neither too much nor too little; but in
the hope of euidiug some other who is
feeling after the truth, I will venture,
using the light that twenty-five years
have thrown back on those early days.
After the terrible 18th of June I am
not conscious of any experience of a re
ligious character for several days, except
a profound and burning conviction that it
is folly to wait for death before trying-to
be right with God. I might be sinful or
wicked again, but the idea that the great
business of life may safely be left to tla
last could influence me no more! Just
how to be religious wns a puzzle. I knew
if I had a command to execute from an
army officer I would do it, if in my power,
no matter bow difficult or dangerous; and
I wished intensely thnt it was just as easy
to be religious as to be a soldier. But
there was the question of right feelings
and right motives that did not seem to
come into play very much In the army;
for if a soldier did his duty, he was not
apt to be asked how he felt about it; I had
the belief that I must have joy and rap
ture in thinking of death, a readiness to
shout God's praises which I did not feel;
and for a time it seemed as if I could never
reach a genuine conversion. I diligently
read the Bible which we had borrowed,
bnt while I enjoyed many things in it,
little direct guidance for me was found.
I asked counsel of Capt. Fry, for whom
I had the greatest esteem and respect.
But It was so easy for him to believe that
I thought his case must be very unlike my
own. I also spoke to J. R, Porter, the
only one of our number who had a clear
religions faith, and seemed to be happy in
it. His first answer was very striking. I
asked how he felt about death. He thought
that I referred to our worldly prospects,
and answered that probably we would
soon all be put to death. "But what is
your feeling about death itself?" I con
tinued. He said:
"I am not afraid to die, if it is God's
will; I trust him now, and I expect to
trust him to the last. " He took my hand,
and there was a steady light in his eye
that made me believe every word he said.
Bnt when I asked him how be got such a
faith he could only tell me that he went to
a "Methodist "mourners' bench" two yean
before and sought till he found it, Xhi
did me ne cood. for there waa so sneh
place accessible here.
In sore perplexity I read the Bible from
day to day and prayed, taking my turn in
praying aloud and reading with the
others. At length I thought I began to
sco that trusting Christ meant something
like taking his words and teacliings for
my gaide, trying to do all that ho com
mands, amtlcaving the result, while I did
this, with him. This was not that sud
den transformation that I had hoped, but I
soon fouud that it opened up a good many
things that l had never areameu oi. une
. of these seemed especially strange under
! the circumstances. I had yet but a slender
; hope of ever escaping from the prison ex-
! ccpt by the way of the scaffold. But in
' spito of the dark prospect the question
camo as an absolute test of my olcdience,
"Will yon. if satisfied that it is God's
will, be ready to give up tho profession of
law if you ever get home and go into the
I ministry?" Tho first and spontaneous re-
i ply was, "No!" I had studied law and
meant to practice it if I ever got whero
' knew of the danger it indicated at the
time indirectly. Our guard, was strength-
' ened; the jailor was overheard by a
' prisoner in another room saying: "Thosw
Ohio men will soon all be hungl" The
commander of the post, Col. Lee, visited
us and asked of us almost tho same ques
tion Davis asked, as to the difference be
tween our case and that of our comrades,
and urged great vigilance on the guards.
These things con vinced us that our only
chance of life was by taking the matter
in our own bands. One plan proposed
was to try to get out secretly, at night,
by sawing off the bars of our windows
and lowering ourselves, one by one, to tho
ground. The fatal objections to it were
tlmt it required us to nwait a dark night,
and even then it was scarcely possible
that more than one or two would get out
before an alarm was given. I had no
hope from it.
But the other plan couldnot fail if every
man did his exact duty, and we were now
fw well acquainted that we had perfect
confidence in each other. It was simply
to attack our foes in broad daylight.
When our food was brought in the after
noon, and the door opened, we could rush
out, seizing and holding perfectly quiet
the jailer and his. assistant, threatening
them with death if they moved, unlocking
all the doors so that we might have the
assistance of all the prisoners, and then
charge upon the seven soldiers below, dis
possessing them of their muskets in the
first rush; and if this was done without
noise or alarm, march them up into our
room and gag them there. It was not
likely, however, that we would be able to
keep everything quiet enough for this; in
which case we were to run as soon as an
alarm was raised, for we knew that there
was a strong reserve close by, and did not
feel able to reckon with any more than the
seven rebels on hand.
In such an attack, the element of time
and exact planning of every man's work
no that there is no confusion and hesita
tion, are of vital importance. Wo ar
ranged with the utmost nicety. Capt.
Fry was to begin tho movement, for he
was the oldest, and we gave him the rest
of honor; I was to stand by nnd help hhn
with the jailer and the watchman Thoer,
if the latter was on hand, as he usually
was; probably I was given this place from
the correct view that with my poor eyes
I would be of more service in a scuffle in
the hall than In the glaring light outside.
Then Buffum, who was as ngile as a cat,
was to snatch the keys, and, waiting for
nothing else, to open all the doors above.
There were three, and the fitting of keys
from the bunch under such excitement
was likely to make this take some time.
I think no one of us felt tlmt Buffum had
ii desirable office. Rut it was desirable to
to have nil the prisoners released if only
to distract the pursuit. All the others
were arranged into two bands with lead
ers, to slip down the stairway at the pro
per time nnd break out on the guards nt
the front and rear doors simultaneously.
Then quickness, courage and desperation
were to be pitted against loaded muskets
aud bnyouets, and the issue left to the
God of battles.
We had also chosen our comrades and
routes. We were to travel in pairs and
in every direction. Capt. Fry was to be
my partner, and all the rest considered
thut I was fortunate, for he would be at
home iu the Cumberland mountains, to
watd which we were to journey. The
intended course was marked out for each
couple and everything done to forward
the movement on which we believed de
pended our last chance of e?cnping the
gallows. We did not forget to make most
earnest supplications in prayer, and to
vow, iu the old time manner, that we
would render faithful service to the Lord
of Hosts if he would aid us in this great
It was afternoon when we received the
intelligence which determined our action
and we could not very well be ready to
start that day. So the work was set for
the following afternoon. We patched our
shoes as well as we could, and made cloth
moccasins to protect our feet, for many
shoes were worn out. We gave messages
to each other beginning with the form,
"If yon get out and 1 do not" for we
could not tell who would be the fortunate
ones in the effort, or how many might
fail. We had a strong conviction of suc
cess, but whether seven guards would
allow their muskets to be taken vnthout
using bullet or bayonet against some of
their 'assailants with fatal effect, seemed
moro than doubtful! I have made ready
for battle more than once, but never had
so deep and solemn a realization of the
uncertainty of the issue as on this occa
sion (T6 6e Continued.)
Artistic Taste In India.
The natives of India .ire a gentle, re
fined, art loving people. In no conntrz,
Italy not excepted, is the love of art more
inuatc; and nowhere is thero presented a
higher standard of taste in figure posing
and of effect in color combination, whether
in embroidery, weaving or painting. In
pottery and brass work their patterns are
those which, for thousands of years, have
most pleased mankind combinations of
slender, graceful, curved parts with mas
sive parts the same as are found in the
pyramids of Egypt, in the tombs of Cyprus
and in the ruins of Pompeii, and as today
aro imitated in the art pottery of Dresden
and Worcester. Nothing can exceed in
richness of coloring, delicacy and per
fection of work, their paintings on ivory,
csiecially figure painting the mast diffi
cult of all. They are passionately fond of
ornaments, of dress, of music, of flowers
and delicate perfumes. They love illumi
nated books; are fond of coin collections,
and tho dwellings of the wealthy are
models of exquisite taste in furnishings
and decorations; nnd in architecture, the
world might be challenged to produce the
equal of that dream in marble the Taj of
India. Journal of the Military Service
Fire Drill in Berlin School!.
The school board of the city of Berlin
has made the practice of leaving the class
rooms and school buildings with order
and promptitude a compulsory branch of
study. At the opening of every new term
both teachers ana pupils must, at a given
sign and in a prescribed order, leave the
school, and that practical exercise Is re
peated until It is carried out by all classes
to the satisfaction of the authorities.
Every director is obliged to make a special
report to the school board upon the suc
cess of the practice. In that -way it Is
hoped to prevent loss of life in case of fire
or other accidents in the school building.
Tbo Same with a Difference.
Omaha Teacher Yes, my children al
ways remember thero is no human love
equal to a mother's lore.
Little Girl Womens love their chil
drens better than their husbands, don't
"Yes, Indeed. When we gets the hic
coughs mamma gets sorry and tries to
cine 'em; but when papa gets the hic
coughs she gets mad." Omaha World.
A curious piece of art Is on exhibition
in an ivory store nt New York. It is an
ivory figure of the child Jej-us, taken from
a Mexicau cathedral, and supposed to be
nearly 300 years old. Chicago Times.
- A person io health should average each
day about two pints and a half of fluids.
In this quantity are included water, tea,
coffee and other beverages. Boston Jour
nal of Health.
A Fimmi BaOnlo Range.
From the Red bnttes onward you see
where the millions have gone This was
once a famous buffalo range, and now
the bleaching skeletons lie scattered
thickly along all the trail. Like ghastly
monuments of slaughter, these ugly ex
crescences stand out In bold relief on the
smooth, hard surface of the prairie, from
tho hu?e bnll skeletons lying clow beside
the wagon trail to those far back in the
bad Kinds, where they are merely dark
speaks in the distance. They lie today
precisely an they fell four years ago, ex
cept that the flesh is no longer upon them.
The head stretches far forward, an it for
its last gasp, and the legs he helplely
upon the turf with precisely the ssime
curves 'as when they movil for the last
Now and then you come to a place
where the hunter got a "stand" on a
"bunch," and from his hiding place in the
head of a gully or amongst the rocks fired
leisurely with his 40-120 Sharp's rifle, at
the rate of a shot every twi or three min
utes until every buffalo of the bunch had
fallen. Here you can count seventeen
skeletons on a little more than an acie,
and near by are four more that evidently
fell at the same time The powciful
effect of the strong, parching winds and
the intense dry heat of summer has liter
ally stripped the flesh from the bones, but
the skeletons lie precisely as they fell.
The bones are still held together hy a few
dried up ligaments, but are bleached us
white o snow. W. T. Hi.riiaduy in The
Thakore Sahib in America.
The Thakore Sahib, of I.in.txli, speak
ing in Sau Francisco of his jout tey through
the United States, said. "The uties of
the eastern states are as good as any in
the world, while the condition of the agri
cultural districts is better. As I traveled
west the marvels seemed to incre.u-e in
stead of stopping, and the name material
advancement marks all the great western
states. I was singularly impiescd with
the beauties of scenery of Yellowstone
park. I think I like the people of the
west better than those of the east. Tbey
seem mors home like to mc. They think
that the beauties of nature are beltet than
themselves, and not thnt they are better
than the beauties of nature. The great
wheat fields of California undented a
splendid sight to me. Some of the finest
scenery I have ever seen Lt that ot the
Shasta mountains." New York Tribune.
Origin of an Ancient Proverb.
The dictum that "Cleanliness is next to
godliness" has been ascribed to John
Wesley, but it is said to have originated
from the following sentence by M.on?e
Herbert- "His (a clergyman's) apparel is
plain, but reverend and clean, without
spota or dust, the purity ot hi-i mind
breaking out and dilating iuclf, even to
his body, clothes and habitation" Chi
Mr. N. H. Frohilchstein, of Mobile,
Ala., writes: I take great pleasure in
recommending Dr. King's New Dis
covery for Consumption, having used it
for a severe attack of Bronchitis and
Cutarrh. It gave me instant relief and
entirely cured me and I have not been
afflicted since. I also beg to state that I
had tried other remedies with no good
lesult. Have also used Electric Bitters
and Dr. King's New Life Pills, both of
which I can recommend.
Dr. King's New Discovery for Con
sumption, Coughs and Colds, is sold on
a positive guarantee.
Trial bottles free at Dowty Jt Becber's
The honey is sweet, but the bee stingy.
Dr. L Rader, of Fulton, Kan., says: "I
have been practicing medicine for 27
years. Many times I have prescribed
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and d;
not believe it has an equal in the mn--ket."
It is a certain cure for Cough J.
Colds and Hoarseness. It is n splendid
expectorant. It contains no opium,
chloroform or any injurous substance,
50 cents a bottle. Sold by Dowty &
He that eats the hard, Bhall eat tho
An Elegant Substitute
For Oils, Salts, Pills, and till kinds of bit
ter, nauseous Liver Medicines and Ca
thartics is the very agreeable liquid
fruit remedy, Syrnp of Figs. Its advant
ages are evident it is moro easily taken,
more acceptable to the stomach, moro
pleasantly effective, and more truly
beneficial to the system than any other
remedy. Recommended by leading
physicians. For sale only by Dowty &
He that riseth first, is first drest.
Good Wages Ahead.
George Stinson & Co., Portland, Maine, con
give you work that you can do and live at home,
making great pay. You are started free. Capi
tal not needed. Both sexes. All ages. Cut this
out aud write at once; no hasm will be dono if
yon conclude not to go to work, after you learn
all. All particulars free. Beet paying work in
this worlds -ly
He that plays his money, ought not to
A conflict for possession. "When your
system becomes disordered do not let
sickness or disease take possession. Take
St. Patrick's Pills at once. They act
promptly, cure costiveness and bilious
disorders. They ward off diseases and
tone up the whole eyBtem. Sold by
Dowty & Becher.
He that looks not before, finds him
W. D. Hoyt & Co., Wholesale ami Re
tail druggists of Rome, Ga., says: We
have been selling Dr. King's New Dis
covery, Electric Bitters and Bucklen's
Arnica Salve for four years. Have never
handled remedies that sell so well, or
give such universal satisfaction. There
have been some wonderful cures effected
by these medicines in this city. Several
cases of pronounced Consumption have
been entirely cured by use of a few bot
tles of Dr. King's New Discovery, taken
in connection with Electric Bitters. We
guarantee them always. Sold by Dowty
I wept when I was born, and every day
shows wb v.
I am selling ".Mooro's Troo of Life"
and it is said to give the very Iwst satis
faction. Dr. A. neiutz. 30-6m3
If the old dog bark, he gives counsel.
Worth Yonr Attratiou.
Cut Ihi. out and mail it to Allen A Co.. Au
gusta, Maine, who will uend jou free, somethiu
new, that ju-t coins mo:.? for all worker. A
wonderful aa the electric light, as gvnuin
pure gold, it will prove of lifelong value and
importance to you. Doth sex, all ages. All-n
& Co. brer exponso of starting jon in hnsine.
It will bring you in more cash, right away, than
anything 1" in tbis world. Anyone anywhtf
can do the work, and livo at home also. Better
write at once; then, knowing all, should yon
conclude that you don't care to engage, why no
harm is done. -l-ly
He that stays does the business.
Try Moore's headache cure, it beats
the world. For sale by Dr. A. Heintz.
Where there is no honor, them is no
The Importing Draft Horse Co.
KtSr .HMBBEBHeBBBBBVBBBK&'jItt tC
L; bTb5b ,B1- W?SE JsbSbA "
IKSBdeBBV' Lf sfeB eBBMBlBV'iTerr?3t',"'& ' 4nVbbbbbbb
SiflHisVsliltBH am- W.&B -Z!
Pure-bred French Draft (Percheron or Norman)
AND ENCL1SH SHIRE HORSES.
Visitor altrars welcome. Call and our borc or wuit for calaln;.
Milk says to wino, Wolcoaie. friend, i
Any person who is effected with Tet '
ter, Salt Rheum or any itching or smart-1
ing skin disease, had better try Cham-'
berlain's Eye and Skin Ointment. They '
will certainly never regret it. It is'
guaranteed to give satisfaction. Sold by '
Dowty & Becher. '
They that know one another, salute
A positive cure for liver and kidney
troubles, constipation, sick and nervous
headache nnd all blood diseases is
"Moore's Tree of Life." Try it. Sold
J by Dr. A. Heintz.
God complains not. but doth what is
ltarklen's Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for Cuts,
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt llhouui.
Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands,
Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin Erup
tions, and positively cures Piles, or no i
pay required. It is guaranteed to give
perfect satisfaction, or money refunded.
Price 25 cents per box. For sale by
Dowty & Becher. july27
THK CHEAM8T BATIM6 OM lARTHi
A8X YOUR GROCER FOR THEM!
xxaax fish ooacPAirr, 0t.xoozs.xo.
PUBLISHERS' NOTICE. J
An Oiler Worthy Attention from
Every Reader of the Journal.
TOCB CHOICE OV FOCH OOOO IMPKHS, FBKE.
S0NSH1NE: For youth; alto for thoe of all I
BgM whoiio hearts are not v. ithered, irt a hand- j
borne, pu refuser in ana uioet interesting paper;
it i published monthly by K. C. Allen A Co.,
Augusta. Maine, at SO ceuta a year; it in hand
DAUOIITEKS OF AMERICA. Live- full of
usefulness are worthy of nn-.anl ami imitation.
"The haml that rocks the oratllo rulee. the world,"
through its gentle, Kittling iunneuce. Emphat
ically a woman's paper in aU branches of her
work and exalted station in the world. "Eter
nal ntneM" is the foundation from which to
build. Handsomely illustrated. Publisht-d :
monthly by 1 rue & to., Augusta, Jlaine, at M
cents per jear.
THE PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEFEK AND I
LADIES' FIRESIDE COMPANION. Tuis1
practical, feasible imixT will proea loon to ull '
housekeepers and ladies who read it. It ha- a
boundless field of usefulness, and its ability ap- I
IK-ars equal to the occasion. It is strong aud
bound in all its varied deiartmcnt,. iltiudsome-'
ly illustrated. Published monthly by II. Hallett
A Co., Portland, Maine, at 50 cents per year.
. FARM AND HOUSEKEEPER. Good Earn
ing, Good Housekeeping, Good Cheer. T lis
handsomely illustrated paier is devoted to the
two most important and noble industries of the
world farming in all its branches houseko !
ing in eiery department. It is able and up to
tho progressive times: it will be found practi al
and of great general usefulness. Published
monthly by George Stinson A Co., Portlan 1.
Maine, at M cents per year.
2"We will send free for one year, whichever
of the above named papers may be chosen, to any
one who pays for the Journal for one year in
advance. This applies to our sudscriljcriTand all
who may wish to become subscribers.
B?Wo will send free for one year, whichever
of the above papers may be chosen, to any sub
scriber for the JotmN'AL whose subscription miy I
not be paid up, who pnall pay up to ante, or iio
yond date; provided, however, that such paynvnt
shall not be less than one year.
J5?"Toanjone who hands us payment on ac
count, for this paper, for threo years, we shall
send free for ono year, all of the above described
papers; or will send one of them four years, or
two for two years, as may be preferred.
5"Tho above described papers which we
offer freo with ours, are among tho beet and mat
successful published. We specially recommend
them to our subscriber, and believe all will
find them of real usefulness and great interest.
ltf M. K. Tcbnfr A Co.
Columbus, Neb. Publishers.
AU kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Bnggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Alio tell the world-famous Walter A'
Wood Xoweri, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and SelMundtrs the
ICeT'BhoD opposito the " Tattersall," on
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. W-m
Health is Wealth !
iK. K. C. West's .Scbtc jsd Biui.x Treat
UKXT. a Kiiar.-.ntwd spfcilic for Hytn, Uii-i
noe. Omvultiona. Fits. Nerroni Neuralgia,
Headache. Norrous Prostration causal hy the use
of alcohol or toharco. Wakefulness, MentHl De
pression. Koftecini: of the Umin resulting in in-ranit-
still Iwuling to mibcry, decy and death.
I'reroi.ture OM Ago, Ilarreuness. I.om of powfir
in either e-x. Involuntary Losoauil Sperimnt
orrbcea caus.xl by ovr-exertion of the- hrain.solf. t
abuse or ov r ittilulgf nc. Knrh box contains
ono month's tr.-otn'nt. e't.Go a box. or six boxce
for .00.sent hy mail pivpaM on receipt ofprice.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To ccr any case. With each order received by ns
for six boxes, r.ccomianied with 5.0). we will
sonti tho pur-nar our written gus ronton to re-,
fund the money if th treatment do not effect
a cure. Guarantees inrd only by Dowtv A
Becher. druggists, sole agents. Columbus, Neb.
iSEA WONDERS "ist in
-. l.v tkr. innwraiH nf intfintion.
AL.. !... .m ev fiotel nt nrrifftftrSiA
sBBBBsr aaaatapafjaf j imvw u - " . - - .
work that can do none wruie i'os'"w
should at once sid tieir addresn to Hallett &
Co.. Portland, Maine, and receive free, full in
formation how either sex, of ail aires, can wn
from $5 to f& per day and upwards wherever
they live. You are started free. Capital not re
quired. Some have made over $V) in a single
day at this work. All succeed. SidecSsy
T m'lll 1
Blacksnuui ana Wosod Maker
t.snvt, I URAIfa I
Sciatica, Scratches. Contracted
Lnmbago, Sprains. Kaselee,
Rheumatism. Strains, Eruption,
Barns, Stitches, HocfAil,
Scalds, StifFJoints, Screw
Stings, Backache, Worms,
Bite, Galls, Swinney,
Bruises. Sores, Saddle Galls.
Bunion?, Spavin Piles.
THIS COOD OLD STAND-BY
accomplishes for everybody exactly what Uclatmetl
for It. One of the reasons for the great popularity of
the Sfcstanjr liniment U found in IU aolvereul
aealieabllltr. Everybody needs such a medicine.
The LaaibermaBneedi It In case of accident.
The Heeaewife seeds it for geaeral family on.
The Caualer ncedi It for hU teams and bit men.
The Mechanic need it always ee his work
The ailoer needs Utaeascef emergency-.
The Moneeraeedslt eaa't get aleag without lu
The Farmer seeds ltUUi aease, a!s stable,
and hU stock yard.
The Steamboat man or the Meatman ami
it la liberal supply an oat sad aefcere.
The Ilorse-fnuoler needs it it U LU Lost
friend and safest reliance.
The rftoclt-urowcr need It It will save tin
thousands of dollars and a world of trouble.
The Railroad man needs It and will need It v
lent as his life Is a round of accidents and dancers.
Tho Backwoedsttiau needs It. There Is noth
ing lite It as an antidote for the dangers to lifct.
limb and comfort which surround the pluaeer.
Tho Merchant seeds it about his sUraaniong
hls employees. Aecldenu will happen, and when
these oonie the Mustang Liniment Is waatod at once
Keep a Bottle In the House, lis the be..!
Keep a Bottle in the Factory. Iulmmedlste
use lu case of accident saves pain and loss of wages.
Keep a Bottle Always in the Viable for
see wacu wanted.
:09 A 111 W. Ninth St.. KANSAS CITY. MO.
Tht only Spteialist in th Citu tcho is a tegzltr
Gradual! m Medicine. OttriO years' Praetin,
12 yiar in Oueago.
THE OtDCST IN AGE, MD LOWEST LOCATED.
.SS Authorized by the State to treat
fW . Chronic.Xervousand "Special Die
P eases." Hemtnal Weakness (niaU
BUfF AioMe),Sexual Debility (bus of senwit
atsfefata Jnpotctr). Nervous Debility. PoisooMl
IJJJJJIUV Blotxl.UIcers andSwelllnga of every
HBP kind. Urinary Diseases, and la feci.
f-fflilllr all troubles or diseases In either
SsafBBm- jnaje or female. Cures guaranteed
or money refnnded. Charges low. Thousands ot
cases cured. Experience Is Important. All medi
cines are guaranteed to be pure and efficacious,
being compounded In my perfectly appointed
laboratory, and are furnished ready for use. S
running to drug stores to have uncertain pie
Rcrlptlons filled. No mercury or Injurious medi
cines used. No detention from business. Patients
at a distance treated by letter and express, medi
cines sent everywhere free from gaze or break
age. State your case and send for terms. Con
sultation free and confidential, personally or by
A CI page TJAlTT For Beth Sexee. sent
Illustrated Wwtt sealed in plain envelope
for 6c. In stamps. Every male, from the age ef
15 to 15, should read this book.
THE HEAT TURKISH RHEUMATIC CURE.
A POSITIVE CCBE tor RHEUMATISM. I
S5e forujru thU tmtswnt tlllill
car or neip. uretstM aircororr is annus
ofmlldn. Oncdoa iTM rrllef; a few I
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