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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1888)
Entered at the Post-oEce, Columbus, Neb., as
second-class mail matter.
ISSUED ETEBT WEDNESDAY BT
M. K. TURNER & CCX,
TEnsis or subscription:
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fix months, Sj
hree months M
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postal card, giving both their former and their
present postoHice, the first enables us to readily
find the name on our mailing libt, from -which,
being in type, ve each -week print, either on the
wrapper or on tho margin of your JoUBJfAL, the
date to which your subscription is paid or ac
counted for. Kemittances should be made
either by money-order, registered lettor or draft,
V ' SI. K. TCBXEB & Co.
All communications, to secure attention, must
1k accompanied by Uio full name of the writer.
We reserve tho right to reject any manuscript,
and cannot agree to return tho same. we desire
a correspondent in every 6chool-distnct or
PJatto county, one of good judgment, and re
liable in every way. Write plainly, each item
separately. Give us facts.
WEDNESDAY, JANUAliY U. 1SS8.
Hok. Jonx GiLiiET, the oldest ex
United States soldier and veteran of the
war of 1812, died recently at Notting-ham,-N:
J., at tho age of ninety-six.
Fitosi London it is reported that two
express trains on the Dutch. staU rail
road collided near Meppel the other day,
killing twenty-six persona and injuring
A pnrv'ATE dispatch from Valparaiso
to Lima says cholera has increased at
that port to an alarming extent, the
number of oases daily reaching 130, of
which on the Cth, about ninety proved
Fob the holidays, it is stated for a
fact, that a whole train of twenty-two
cars loaded with dressed turkeys and
geese left Ottawa, Canada, for Boston.
Tho value of the poultry was over
It is claimed on good authority that
ono hundred and twenty thousand more
immigrants came into this country in
1887 than in 18SG. It is a strong proof
that the American nation is advancing
Auntt Mama Kexxedt, a colored
lady, died the other day near Cement
ville, Ind. She was born 102 years ago,
and her descendants are three children,
twenty grand-children and thirty-nine
A sfeciai. report from China states
that a powder magazine explosion re
cently occurred at Ahmey, doing great
damage. A quarter of the buildings in
tho town wero wrecked, fifty soldiers
blown to atoms and several hundred in
Mn. Spotxger introduced a bill the
other day to organize the territory of
Oklahoma. This new territory is to be
created out of all that part of the Indian
territory west of the five civilized tribes,
covering an area about as large as Ohio.
Reprksextative Doksey introduced
ono day last week the joint resolution
of tho Nebraska legislature concerning
repeals of arrears of pensions act and
6ilver medals for veterans, and it is said
that Senator Manderson will do tho
same in the senate.
Patents granted to citizens of Ne
braska during the past week, and re
ported expressly for this paper by C. A.
Snow & Co., patent lawyers, opp. TJ. S.
Patent Office, Washington, D. C: R X.
Pepperling, Stuart, drag saw; W. R
Adams, Omaha, curry comb.
It was reported at Philadelphia, Fa.,
on tho 31st ult. "that 225 Pinkerton men
left Chicago that evening, each armed
with a Winchester rifle, to go to Potts
ville and in tho Lehigh valley to guard
the 1,000 Belgian miners who are coming
to tako the striking miners' places."
A ijepokt came from London last
week that the British iron-clad Hercu
les touched a reef off Ferroll, Spain, the
other day and knocked a hole in her
side. All efforts to stop tho leak failed,
and the ship with difficulty reached the
harbor of Ferrol. where she was gradu
Fbom London wo have the statement
that in great services rendered her
majesty fn respect both to colonial and
foreign relations, she has conferred the
knight commandership of St. Michael
and St. George upon John Pender,
president of the Direct United States
B. W. Haxxa, who has been private
secretary to every secretary of the navy
since the day President Hayes appoint
ed Mr. Hunt, of Louisiana, to the head
of tho navy department to serve some
political purpose, was removed the other
day and given a clerkship in the bureau
of provisions and clothing.
Fargo (Dak.) Republican: Boiled
down, the way to revise the tariff is to
put a duty on everything that we can
produce with profit under protection,
and admit free everything that we can
not produce. This is protection to
American industries and American labor
and tho political party that fights that
principle is a dead duck.
It is now definitely known at London
that the vessel wrecked near Water
ford, Ireland, was the American 6hip,
Alfred Snow, which left San Francisco
August 31, for Liverpool. The bodies
of the captain and one of the crew have
been recovered. There is no doubt but
every member of the crew perished. The
ship's papers have also been recoveredt
The small-pox scourge, it is asserted,
has become epidemic within the last
week at San Francisco, CaL It is 6aid
the pest house, not being large enough
to hold all the patients, that the city
authorities have erected a large tent on
Clay -and Kearney streets for their ac
commodation and that the indignant
citizens of the neighborhood have had
the authorities arrested.
FikaiOiT nearly a thousand men are
reported from Philadelphia, Pa., who
"were employed in and around the ex
tensive freight depot of the Reading By
Co. at Willow street as on a strike on
the morning of the 31st ult, and the
work of 'handling freight was badly
crippled. The Beading railway employee
at Allentown, P&, say they have no
grievances and that they will not go out
Enforce tke Law.
The licensing board of Omaha, so says
the Bee, have rejected- tho applications
of nine Baloon-keepers for license on the
cTound that fotheir places are resorts of
vice and crime, and reported by the chief
of police as disorderly." Mayor Broatcn
of Omaha has got at this business none
too soon. The people of Nebraska mean
to try the high-license law and, if it will
accomplish its end they will seek no
further. If not, they will provide for
more numerous petitioners, a larger
bond, severer penalties, etc, until they
accomplish what they are aiming at, viz:
the regulation of the liquor traffic in tho
interests of the public. The saloon
keeper who violates tho law in any of
its more important features should havo
his license revoked and not be allowed a
renewal. Good citizenswill obey the
laws; he who does not obey tho laws but
defies them is -a bad citizen and should
be compelled to obey: for instance, he
who would sell liquor to a minor, an
insane person, idiot or habitual drunk
ard is entitled to just such mercy as a
rigorous enforcement of the law would
give him and no more; he who sells
liquors on election days and on Sundays,
contrary to the law, is a violator of law,
is liable to a fine of ono hundred dollars
for each offence, deserves no sympathy
from the community where he lives, is
not entitled to their eonfidenoe or sup
port, and his license to sell should be
revoked and no renewal allowed.
The city of Omaha is to.be congratu
lated upon the fact that their mayor has
taken the only consistent stand that an
executive officer could take, that is,
enforce the laws. The metropolis of the
state ought to be a model to the other
oities of this growing commonwealth,
and it is to be hoped that she may never
again have a mayor who will, on any
occasion, give the roughs the "freedom
of tho city," so to speak.
Protection and the South.
Tho ruling classes and the people in
the south are notagreed.''t This may
seem anomalous, but when the political
methods ol tne soutn are laten into con
sideration it is not strange. The masses
of the people of the south favor protec
tion. A large majority of the leaders
are f reo traders. The reasons which in
fluence the latter are'.theso: They have
secured possession, and under oxisting
circumstances can maintain it. The up
building of the manufacturing indus
tries in .the south would, in a few years,
bring in a population of hardy white
workingmen whose presence is not de
sired. They would prove political revo
lutionists, and overthrow the ruling oli
garchy. High rates of wages would be
paid, necessitating an increase in the
wages of colored men, whose services
are now secured for a song, and the
black man would learn the value of the
ballot and of his right to use it accord
ing to his own judgment.
This explains why tho leaders of the
south in congress support Mr. Cleve
land's free trade theories. They take a
selfish interest in the question. They
do not want the resources of the south
developed at the expense of their own
Several years ago the writer met Gov.
NeilL of Alabama, and asked him why
he did not encourage the investment of
northern capital in the development of
the great iron mines of that state. "Why,"
said he, "because we prefer to do it our
selves. We may be a little longer doing
it unaided than we would by outside
help, but when northern men come here
they begin at once to dabble in politics,
and make trouble between the blacks
That is the secret of the whole matter.
The southern leaders do not want north
ern men to come among them because
they form a disturbing political element.
Therefore they favor free trade, willing
that the great natural resources should
lie undeveloped, bo they may retain
their leadership. The masses of the
people in the south prefer a better state
of affairs, but they are under a political
thraldom from which they have not the
spirit or the energy to relieve themselves
Protection in a few years more would
break the solid south. The democrats
understand this, and they are making a
fight to remove this menace to the par
ty. Omaha Republican.
The introduction of. Senator Mander
son's bill to pension ex-prisoners of war,
who spent a miserable time in prison at
Salsbury, Andemonville and Libby, de
stroying their health, has stirred up a
wonderful bad feeling among some of
tho original traitors to the government
as to stigmatize those prisoners as
skulkers, when the truth is manifest
that they were among the first in the
Union army and, at the time of capture,
in the front ranks. Away with such
libel as skulkers, and do justice to the
soldier and ex-prisoner. The Union in
the future will need the services of
brave, loyal men to protect and defend
the flag and government and in the past
those traitors got a taste of their work;
treat them right now and that govern
ment can always readily have the sup
port of good men again.
Train Them to Be Useful.
A woman who cannot cook a dinner as
well as eat it, Make a dress as well as
wear it, a woman who cannot turn' her
hand to anything when occasion re
quires, who is not able to train her ser
vants practically and teach them the
value of economy of time as well as
money is not, in my opinion, educated at
all, although she may be very much cul
tivated, and even have been to college
and taken a degree. Mrs. Boyle in
Stephen Coxbot and Patrick O'Don
nelL of Baltimore, Md.,.were drinking
together the other night for some hours
at the home of the former, and about
-midnight a fight took place in which
O'Donnell was badly beaten and thrown
out of the house. When found he was
unconscious and so badly beaten that he
is almost certain to die. The police went
to arrest Conroyand found he had killed
his aged mother with an axe. The room
presented a horrible appearance, the
walls being splashed with blood.
Fbom a close investigation of the ruins
of the recent fire of the Equitablegas
company in New York, the evidence is
strong and conclusive that the explos
ion was not caused by steam. The
steam boilers and pipes were intact.
Neither was it caused by gas, because
the gas pipes and tanks were perfectly
sound. Dynamite was the cause of the
wreck. How dynamite was got into the
engine house still remains to be found
The Lane county, Kansas, ku-kluz
was broken np the other day by the
arrest of all their number but one.
There were eight of them and they were
all taken to Topeka and lodged in the
county jail. The charge against them
is conspiring to intimidate a homestead
er by the name of Hoover, with a view
to forcing him to abandon his claim, for
the purpose C e of their number
The attorneys in the fladddck mur
der caso at Sioux City, believing that
the ends of justice cannot be accomp
lished in prosecuting the other defend
ants under arrest and indictment, made
a motion to dismisn the 'prosecution
against J. Arnsdorf, H. L. Leavitt, P.
Leader, H. Shearman, A. Kosohriski and
S. Ganda. which motion was sustained
by the court, whichputs an end to the
legal proceedings in trying to find the
murderer of Haddock.
A wondebfdii meteor fell lately on
the land of the New Brunswick railroad
six miles from Van'ceboro, Me. It has
been seen since it fell and the Btono was
sunk deep into the earth and yet projects
10J feet above the surface. It is the
color of burnt rook. While falling it
illuminated the heavens and it is said
could be seen 200 miles away. When it
struck the earta'the shock was felt at a
Some cases of scarlet fover are re
ported at Craig, Burt county.
Senator Mandereon spent the holidays
at home with his family in Omaha.
Pawnee City was illuminated the
other night by eleotrio light. The plant
cost 810,000. -
During the year just past Omaha "used
in nice buildings of different kinds over
Hon. M. B. Beeso took his seat the
other day as Chief Justice of the su
preme court of Nebraska.
The citizens of Weeping Water the
other day voted fifteen thousand dollars
in bonds to construct waterworks.
M. A. Doughertya prominent citizen
of Crete, slipped and fell on the side
walk not long ago, and broke his leg. ""
Arthur O'Pelt, of the O'Pelt hotel,
Lincoln committed suicide Friday by
taking morphine. No reason is given
for the act.
Mrs. Clauts Hartz, a German lady
living near Oakland, was reported last
week as momentarily expected to die
with trich'iSB, caused by eating raw
Dr. T. W. Street, coroner-elect of
Dodge county, committed suicide by
taking laudanum at his home in Ridgely
one night last week. Family troubles
are said to be the cause.
Following Nebraska soldiers have
been granted pensions M. G. Taylor, of
Jossup; J. B. Edwards, Benkleman; A.
G. Parker, Nebraska City; J.W. Beymer,
Grand Island, and A. Quein, Odell.
The citizens of Loup city becoming
alarmed at the attempts to fire a part of
that city, have offered a reward of $1,200
for the apprehension and conviction of
the person or persons who made the at
tempt. Charles Heath, a farmer living near
Norden, was found dead in his barn the
other morning. The coroner's jury re
turned a verdict of death from paralysis
caused by a wound in the head, received
during tho late war.
Friday night last a gang of safe-crackers
visited Central City and called on
Jas. Stephen, Merrick County Lumber
Co. and the B. fc M. R R. Co. At the
first, nothing; the second, 11 cents; third
nothing. Smart burglars.
Geo. Sanders, one of our big hay deal
ers, has shipped one hundred and sixty
five car loads of last year's hay crop al
ready, and haa about fifteen hundred
tons yet to ship. It averages about ten
tons to the car load. Schuyler Sun.
The board of trade at Albion has been
negotiating with a Red Cloud company
on a proposition to erect a flouring mill
at that point, and has succeeded; the
conditions required by Albion are now
ready, that is to say, a valuable mill site
almost in town.
In the house of representatives at
Washington the Nebraska representa
tives occupy places on the following
standing committees: McShane, public
grounds and buildings, and Indian af
fairs; Dorsey, territories and private
land claims; Laird, agriculturo and mil
The eight years old son of Henry
LeekhouB, of Olean, met with a very bad
accident last Friday while playing
around a corn sheller. A shawl he had
around his neck caught on the tumbling
rod and wound him up, threshing him
on the ground, breaking both legs above
the knees. Schuyler Herald.
Homes for 10,000 people have been
built in Lincoln during 1887, together
with three-quarters of a mile of brick
and stone business frontage, as well as
81,000,000 in residences and nearly as
much in business blocks, and including
all the permanent improvements in the
city during the past year no less a sum
than $3,000,000 has been invested.
A report comes from Alma of a sad ac
cident near that place the other even
ing. D. . Logan, his wife and babe
came to town in a two-horse wagon.
Logan while in town imbibed freely, and
on the way home his horses ran away,
throwing them all out of the wagon,
killing Mrs. Logan and fatally injuring
Charles Thrush has sold his large
farm to his son John, 320 acres for $9,000.
The old folks are compelled to retire
from active life, having labored hard in
Nebraska for 32 years. John takes pos
session of the place well equipped with
150 fat cattle, 150 stock cattle, and about
300 hogs. Mr. and Mrs. Thrush can well
afford to lay back now and enjoy the
fruits of their toiL Schuyler Sun.
Two additional deaths from diptheria
are reported from Scribner the daugh
ter, about 12 years old, of W. B. Gar
danier, whose illness was before an
nounced, on Tuesday afternoon, and a
daughter of R. Drishaus, Friday morn
ingthe second death in the latter's
family within a week. The misfortunes
of our neighbor town entitle them to the
profoundest sympathy. (Fremont Her
ald. A fearful accident occurred the other
morning at Omaha with a large sleigh
and six heavy vhorses of Stevenson at
tached, ran off and smashed things up
terribly. Among other things the rig
was in charge of Jim Clark, boss hostler
for Stevenson, who was found with his
shoulder broken and badly mangled.
The horses were badly cut np and injur
ed. The people escaped injury, but
some of the ladies fainted from fright
and had to be carried into strange
. B. Abel found a dead man the other
day lyiagbf tke side of a fcayataek two
and a half miles southwest of Clarks, j
near the track of the St. Paul railroad.
He was about 45 years old, 5 Teet 9 inch
es high; gray eyes, dark hair, with some
gray. Among his clothing in his valise
was a white shirt with the name of Pat
Hogan written on the collar with ink.
The jurors' verdict was that the man
came to his death by starvation and
freezing. He was given a burial at the
Henry Muehl, of Shell Creek precinot,
one day last week sold at.Richland seven
teen hogs, seven months old, that aver
aged 2-12 pounds each. Mr. Muehl, also
a short time ago sold forty hogs at the
same placo that averaged 420 pounds
each. His hogs are nearly pure Poland
China. The above demonstrates the
fact that it pays in raising hogs to keep
nothing but the best stock; and what is
true with hogs is also true, of cattlo and
horses. Schuyler Herald.
The citizens of Loup City were ex
cited over the attempt the other night
to start an incendiary fire in the store of
H. J. Shapp & Co., on the west side of
the square. An empty oil barrel with
papers placed inside and around it,
was set on fire with a lighted candle
held by a potato, that when the candle
burned low tho papers would ignite.
It is said to be the third attempt within
a few months to fire that side of the
square. Hanging is too good for tho
man who would do this.
A strong and experienced firm of
packers have accepted the proposition
made some time ago for a canning fac
tory in Fremont. Their acceptance is
in the bands of the board of trade for
action. The thing now to be done is
for our citizens to make up the bonus
asked and we are assured of a plant
with a capacity double the size of any in
the state. The bonus askod is a very
liberal one, but it appears that only in
this way can a city get such institutions
these days and it is the getting of such
institutions that make a city. As we
have heretofore remarked, money talks.
We aro reliably informed that the con
tract for building tbeB.&M. road north
west from this place will bo let the
coming spring. We are also informed
that it is the intention of tho company
to build a line north from Columbus,
and connect that branch with its line
from this place near the northern line
of Platte caunty. This will make a
town at that place that in time to come
will be no small rival to our sister city,
Columbus: but a road going out of this
county at the point that it does, will cut
off very little if any trade from this
place. Taken all in all this road will
prove of no small benefit to this town
and county. Schuyler Herald.
Now that the ruins of the Dodge coun
ty court house at Fremont, which was
destroyed by fire Saturday night, have
cooled off, the exact amount of damage
can be estimated. The main part of the
building is a complete wreck, but the
south wing, in which the clerk's office is
located, is not much injured, and will be
fixed up and used for the present. The
other county officers will scatter in
rooms around town. The clerk's and
treasurer's records were not greatly
damaged, but those of the clerk of the
district court were partly destroyed.
The books and papers in the superin
tendent's office were nearly all destroy
ed. As a matter of dire necessity
Dodge county must now have what has
been needed for years a new court
Tho Union Pacific railroad company
applied on tho 5th inst., to the United
States oircuit court for an injunction,
the court having granted a temporary
injunction, returnable January 17, re
straining the 6tate board of transporta
tion "from making, issuing, serving or
in any manner attempting to make, is
sue, serve or enforce any order or decree
requiring the opening of the grade and
embankment of the road between tho
village of Waterloo and Elkhorn station,
and from making, fixing, establishing,
or in any way to make, fix, publish or
enforce rates of tariff on freights or pas
sengers over the Union Pacific or Oma
ha & Republican Valley railroads, wheth
er interstate or domestic, and from in
any way intermeddling or interfering
with the rates and tariffs charged by
The U. S. Court has finally disposed
of the Lincoln caso against the mayor
and council of that city for disobeying
tho terms. of an injunction issued by tho
federal court. The fine imposed by the
court against the mayor and three of
the councilmen who voted against the
proceedings was $50 each. Upon the
other eight officials was imposed a fine
of $600 each. The opinion was an
nounced by Judge Brewer; it covers all
ground, producing all the authorities
bearing on the question. We are much
interested with his introductory re
marks, and produce here a portion of
them. He said: "It is a fact that there
seems to be manifested a feeling that
federal courts have no business to in
terfere with anything done in the
state. They seem to look upon the fed
eral tribunal as belonging to some for
eign power, and that every time they
act they are invading the rights of the
state. Now it need not be said that the
fact that these states from ocean to
ocean make but one country settled at
great cost of life and treasure, and the
federal courts do not represent the for
eign power. The federal courts are
your courts just as fully as any court in
the state." In other words, we are a
nation, when we come to think of it.
From our regular correspondent.
Today are inaugurated in Washington
the social festivities of its official world.
The semi-official retirement in which
the cabinet circle are plunged through
respect to the memory of ex-Secretary.
Manning was of less than a week's
duration, and therefore has not inter
fered with the time honored custom of
New Year's day.
As on former similar occasions, the
White House was fragrant with floral
decorations, dazzling with gas, and bril
liant with gold lace.epaulettes and rich
costumes. The New Year's day recep
tion at the Executive Mansion was in
stituted in the early days of the Repub
lic and Washington himself, after con
sultation with Adams, the first vice
president, established some of the eti
quette which still prevails.
This ceremony, more than any other
in the United States, resembles what is
called a court. In the early days the
peeple roamed to a public reception in
such numbers that the representatives
of foreign nations had complained of be
ing crowded out, and declined to attend.
An arrangement was then made to re
ceive the diplomatic corps separately,
and shortly after it was deemed neces
sary to determine the relative rank and
.precedence among the foreign function
aries and our own high officers of state.
Washington consulted his entire cabinet
and a system of precedence was arrang
ed which became tho foundation of all
the etiquette of the Capital.
While the order of approach to tho
presidential presence observed at one of
tho receptions is well known to -many, I
will mention for tho benefit of others
who are curious to learn, that the
officers of tho cabinet and their families
are first received by tho president and
hostess of the While House, and then
followed by the diplomatic corps in the
order of their seniority of residence in
Washington, so that it is possible the
plenipotentiary from St. Domingo may
have precedence of tho Minister from
the court of St. James. After the dip
lomatists come tho judges of the su
preme court and then the senators and
representatives, officers of the army and
navy, and a number of government
officials too varied in namo to mention.
The parade in the east room today was
worthy of comparison of glitter and
lace with that of many real courts. The
diplomats are always in court dress, tho
judges of the' supreme court somotimes
wear their gowns, and the army and
navy officers always woar full uniform.
After the official crowd havo passed out
and those who have contrived to ac
company it to seo the sight, of which
there is always a goodly number, the
democracy is admitted, and hod-carriers
and washer-women can bo seen under
the chandeliers whore the representa
tives of Kings and Queens have just
aired their royal decorations.
The opposition to tho confirmation of
Mr. Lamar is being so well organized
and of such a determined character,
that it is qnito likely final action upon
the case will be delayed for several
weeks. It is understood that Senators
Sherman, Edmunds and Hoar will make
speeches against his confirmation, and
as the democrats will reply, there will
doubtless be a prolonged debate. Mr.
Lamar would seem to realize his jeopar
dy. At a wedding reception a few days
since a guest who wished to congratu
late the Secretary upon his new honors,
accosted him with a bow, and "Ah, Mr.
Secretary, allow me " ''No, not yet, I
am not continued" interposed the pos
sible new supreme court justice. "Oh,
but you will be and then, perhaps, I
shall have the chance to" "Let us
wait until we are sure, at any rate," he
It appears from a letter of the at
torney general to the secretary of the
treasury, that there is no money to pay
United States bailiffs, witnesses and
jurors, and that the U. S. courts in sev
eral districts have adjourned on that ac
count, and the secretary is asking to
press immediately the passage of an
"urgent deficiency bill." Here is an
other evidence of "democratic economy"
so much boasted of at the last session.
Tho first business to be done this ses
sion is to make up deficiencies.
FARM ATO GARDEN.
THRESHING CORN-VALUABLE VINES
FOR INDOOR CULTURE.
The Honey Crop in Various Sections.
How to Ship Honey A Movable Roof
for a Hay Shod Described and Illus
trated. A practical farmer describes in Tho
Country Gentleman a movable roof for
protecting bay, straw and the like, which
Is readily heightened or lowered to any
desired position and which.has given sat
isfaction in his section of the country.
FIG. 1 MOVABLE B00F FOB BAT SHED.
Fig. 1 represents the roof supported by
pins In the corner posts and elevated a few
feet. It also shows the lever, A, and a
movable upright, B. Fig. 2 gives a view
of one corner of the roof, together with
lever and upright, the pin, C, In the up
right being in contact with the under aide
of the frame.
no. 2 MOVABLE ROOF FOB HAT SflSD.
A glance will show that as the long end
of the lever Is brought down, the upright,
together with the corner of the structure,
is carried up. Securing this corner In its
new position by moving the pin in the
corner post a hole higher, fever and up
right are moved to the three other cottiers
successively. Coming round again to the
first corner, the pin, C, is placed a hole
higher in the upright and the process is
repeated. With this contrivance two men
can with ease elevate a roof twenty feet
square to the desired position.
During the past few years reports have
been occasionally received in regard to the
utility of threshing corn in an ordinary
threshing machine. This past season re
ports of the successful results of thresh
ing corn have been such as to make it ap
pear that the practice is on the increase,
not only in the west but in the New Eng
land states as welL
A correspondent in Minnesota farmer
claims that a neighbor threshed with a
steam thresher 300 'bushels of corn
in one short day, using thirteen men and
three teams. It also required four men to
stack the fodder. The corn was of the
Near Mankato, Mian., a farmer used
his Case thresher, the sanfe as for small
grain. The fodder was shredded in fine
shape forthe cattle to eat, and the shelled
corn was well cleaned. Kine acres gave
280 bushels of shelled corn, and it took
but one day to thresh it. Near Sao City.
la., Mr. H. H. Blodgett threshed 860
bushels of corn in a day. The corn came
out in good condition and tho stalks and
cobs were so crushed and mixed that the
stock will eat them np clean. Dwight
Hazen, near Osseo, Wis., and several
others of that vicinity threshed their en
tire crops in this way and are entirely
satisfied with the results. 3
The journal quoted from says: "Wheold
threshers do welL we presume, when the
italics and ears are not too large, but the
work will be done better and with less lia
bility to damage machinery, when a new
mMaa made .especially for the purpose
iWLton fea iitraftad. We onto
stand mat eocn wui soon oe pat upon tho
Iowa Homestead tells how a fanner in
Iowa threshed about 200 bushels of corn
per day; this farmer prepares the machine
for threshing by taking out the front eon
cave and each alternate tooth of the rest.
The journal in question-says that thresh
ing .corn is the quickest and most economi
cal way of disposing of it, costing but
little more than husking and shelling the
corn, and the saving in the value of the
fodder is about 40 per cent.
Tho Hosier Bee Interests.
Numbered with interesting reports re
ceived and read at tho meeting of the
American Beekeepers' association In
Chicago were the ones on the honey crop.
Florida reported a light crop and little
honey on hand; Iowa, very poor crop;
Pennsylvania, exceedingly light yield;
Georgia, below average but sufficient to
carry the bees through winter; Indiana,
bees did well for themselves throughout
the season, but the honey crop was light;
Vermont apiarians lost heavily in swarms
last winter, and there was a scarcity
of early honey, probable yield of the sea
son one-third of an average crop; Quebec,
fair for honey gathering, especially in
the autumn; Ontario, bees wintered well,
but many spring losses; average yield
about twenty-five pounds per colony.
A diversity of opinion prevailed among
tho apiarians in- session as to the best
packages for shipping honey. Finally a
vote was taken, with tho results as fol
lows: Thirteen beekeepers in favor of tin
packages, four gave preference to wood
packages, while forty n. nbers use both
wood and tin, as occasion suggests. There
was a general denouncement of the cheap
"lead tin" packages. Oak barrels were
approved of by several for shipping large
quantities of honey. While the cost of
production varies largely, it was estimated
that a general average was about ten
cents per pound.
Car of Cows In TVlater.
The essential requisites for keeping up
a good flow of milk from cows in winter
are: Warm stabling, abundant supply of
food and .plenty of water with tho chill
taken off. It pays to warm tho water.
When milk cows aro kept out of doors in
inclement or severely cold weather, even
though they may be protected by a shed,
if they are forced to drink ice cold water
a speedy drying up of milk is a certain re
sult.. Exposure to a cold, searching wind
for a half hour or so will show its effects
in a decreased yield of milk at the next
time of milking; tills decrease is, of course,
more or less noticeable according to the
length of the exposure and the severity of
the weather. Somo exercise for the ani
mal is all rlsht enough in cnmfartable
weather, but warmth and quiet are great
promoters of milk.
In winter an extra amount of food is
required to keep up the normal condition
of the animal, and if milk is also to be
produced an additional quantity must be
eaten, out of which the milk is to be
made. This cannot bo done wholly with
the coarse winter food such as hay, fod
der and the like; something more is re
quired to take place of pasturage. For
this purpose an excellent ration, to give
twice per day, is composed of six quarts
wheat bran, one quart Indian meal and
one quart cotton or flax seed meaL Give
this in form of a bran mash, and feed the
coarse ration in its natural state; or,
better . still, run both hay and fodder
through a cutting box and mix all up to
gether with warm water. As a large per
cent, of milk is water, the latter may be
given with good results three times a day
slightly warm. A little salt and a quart
of bran to the bucketful of water acts as
an inducement to the cow for drinking
more than the usual amount. Roots are
a valuable adjunct to a milch cows's feed.
Cut the pork to suit the demands of the
market in which it is to be sold,' or the
various uses for which it is intended, but
remember always to have it in such form
that it will pack snugly. Above all, take
care that is cold through and through, be
fore packing it down.
Salting with and without brine aro both
popular methods, and it makes little
difference which is practiced providing
proper care is observed. When brine is
used, allow salt at the rate of 8 pounds to
each 100 pounds of pork. If it is desired
to make a brine in which sugar, saltpetre,
etc., are added, the following is a good re
cipe: For 100 pounds of pork take 4
ounces of saltpetre, 3 pints of molasses or
2 pounds of brown sugar and 7 pounds of
salt. Dissolve all in water and pour over
the meat. None of the meat at any time
ought to bo allowed to remain above the
For curing hams and shoulders without
brine, a favorite recipe is 12 pounds fine
salt, 2 quarts molasses, 1-2 pound powdered
saltpetre, well mixed. This mixture is
to be rubbed in thoroughly and the hams
and shoulders laid singly in a cool, dry
placo. At the end of the first and of the
second week, rub them again as at first,
then expose to continuous smoke for ten
days. The above formula la sufficient for
150 pounds of meat.
Mice In Orchards.
A writer of experience gives a preven
tive for mice in orchards, which he affirms
is a sure one. Late in the season, before
the ground Is frozen, cut out all grass
near tho trunks of your trees with a sharp
hoe, then shovel up to them clean soil,
hilling up somewhat and to extend a foot
or more around the trees, and pack with
shovel or trample solid with feet. Mice
will then find no harbor next the trees,
nor will they Injure them in any way.
Warts om Horses.
A southern correspondent of The Culti
vator finds that a pure article of hog's
lard well rubbed in is a most excellent rem
edy for warts on horses, and will invari
ably effect a cure at the first application.
In a varied experience with horses, cattle
and mules, he has never known a wart to
withstand a second application. They
generally commence sloughing off after
the first application, and to nil appear
ances without the slightest pai
Sacxestions for the Bonpy Season.
As the roupy season is at hand trust
worthy authority in poultry matters calls
attention to cresoline as a useful prepara
tion that gives off dense fumes as it burns,
tho inhalation of which operates very
beneficially upon the fowls. With chlo
rinated sodas as a wash, cresoline as an
inhalation and German roup pills as a
tonic and alterative, roup can be success
fully treated, according to this authority,
In all curable cases.
Drunkenness or the Liquor Habit Positively
Cared by Administering Dr. Haines'
It can be given in a cup of coffee or
tea without the knowledge of the person
taking it; is absolutely harmless' and
will effect a permanent and speedy cure,
whether the patient is a moderate drink
er or an alcoholic wreck. Thousands of
drunkards have been made temperate
men who have taken Golden Specific in
their coffee without their knowledge,and
today believe they quit drinking of their
own free will. IT NEVER FAILS. The
system once impregnated with the
Specific it becomes an utter impossibil
ity for the liquor appetite to exist. For
full particulars, address GOLDEN
SPECIFIC CO., 185 RACE STREET
CINCINNATI, O. janl2-87y
NOTICE OF SALE.
In the matter of the estate of Charles Heits
Notice is hereby given that in. pursuance of an
order of Alfred M. Post, Jndge of the District
Court of Platte county, made on the 25th day of
November, 1887, for the Bale of real estate herein
after described, there will be sold at the resi
dence of the late Charles Heitsman, deceased,
situated on the southwest quarter of section ten,
Creeton township, Platte county, Nebraska, on
the 28th day of January, 1SS8, at 1 o'clock p. m.,
at public Tendue to the highest bidder for cash,
the following described property, to-wit: The
south half of the northwest fourth of section
ten. and the west half of the northwest fourth of
section fifteen, all in township twenty, north,
range one, east of the sixth principal meridian.
Said lands to be sold subject to the following
mortgages: The 8. H of N.W. Hot section ten
subject to a mortgage of 1175 to Ira Davenport;
one for $250 to I. Olnck. and one to Ira Daven
port for $325. On the W.H of the N.W. H, of
u4inn is. a mortsaoe to C. P. t A. B.Dewey for
1400. Said sale will remain open one hoar.
Dated this 26th day of December, 1887.
Executor of the estate ef Otuurlse HftaaW . I
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
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SUPERB LAMP FILLER
AND GOAL OIL
r7i i r" " " "" """ ""
sample can and get srices.
jy If yon buy it you getlOO rods of fence from
i7r"-rrrvr.v"r;rrr-i:r,k""'''r " mpuicni. so danger of ex
"""""?, .iwuuuoBcuiiiwiiu. u Bpuiuitf, wonuBg or dripping of oil on the floor
or outsida of can. Us it onp and von will nnt ha ;t.nr. ; J? -1 "u . v .r
!Til1- 'WuTmWi ilisL-Jr''lL
What better than a good warm coat for your
wife or daughter? Bargains will be given for
the next THIRTY DAYS, to close them out be
Mye Hundred Suits !
Of men's, boys' and children's clothing to close
out. On account of the open winter we will close
out over 200 overcoats cheaper than ever known
Do not fail to see Galley Bros.' bargains be
fore buying. Remember these bargains will not
last long, we mean to close them out, so take ad
vantage of the bargains we shall offer at
Money to loan on Improved farms In this and adjoining
counties, at current rates. We are prepared to close loans
promptiy, in all cases where title and security are satisfactory.
Office up-stairs in Henry Building, corner of Olive and
Eleventh streets. juiyivwir
SPEICE & :n"okth,
General Agents fur the sale of
Union Pscillc and Midland Pacific B. B. Lands for sal at from S3.00 to f 10.00 pr acre for casa
or on five or ten years time, in "mml payments to snit purchasers. We baT also a large and choic
lot of other lands, improred and unimproved, for sale at low price and on reasonable terms. Also
business and residence lots in the city. We keep a complete abstract of title to all real estate in
COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA. "
W.T. RICKLY& BRO.
Fxeslx i Sa.lt Iescts.
Game, Peiltry, aid Fresh Fish. All Kiids of Saistge a Specialty.
IVCash paid for Hides, Pslts, Tallow. Highest market price paid for fat cattl.X
Oliv trt, Mcoad door aortfc of First Matioaal Bank.
b"ed, It embodies th
" wiuruueu io wore Mturactonly. Call and see
ALWAYS FOR SALE AT
EIIST & SCVf 11ZS.
STEEL BARB WIRE.
100 pound of wire, which no other willdo."
ERNST & SCHWARZ.
:-::i!-7 rasatz i so.,
Have a Fine Line of Staple and Fancy
Crockiry and Glassware,
Which were bought cheap for cash, and will he sold
at very low prices.
Street, Columbus. Nebraska.
Retail Dealers in
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