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DARING AND SUFFERING.
A History of the Andrews Eailroad
Eaid Into Georgia in 1862.
The Most Heroic and Tragic Episode
cf the Civil War.
Embracing n Full and Accurate Accoant
or the Secret Journey to the Heart of
the Confederacy, the Capture of a
Kallway Trarn in a Confederate Camp,
the Terrible Chase That Followed, and
the Subsequent Fortune of the Ieadr
and Hi Party.
The expedition, in the daring of its inception,
had the Viiduess of a romance; while in the
pigantic and overwhelming results it sought and
was likely xo obtain it was absolutely sublime.
Jcdgc Advocate Gsxcrur. Holt's Omcw Re
port. It traa all the deepest laid scheme, and on the
grandest scale, that ever emanated from the
brains of any number of Yankees combined.
The Socthers CoSyEDERiCT (Atlanta. Oa.),
April 13, 1SG2.
Despite its tragic termination, it shows what a
handful of brave men could undertake it Amer
ica. Comede Paws' IIistokt or the Cmi. War
in America, vol. 2, p. 167.
3y WILLIAM PITTENGEB,
A MEMBER OF T..E EXTEOITIOX.
f Conrighted. 1SS7, by "War Publishing Co.. 2. Y-,
end published by nrrangemeut with them.
iCO'itinuedfrom last veck.)
yio i inn was lost iu useless regrets. All
of onr comrades resolved to carry out the
jilar. of escape which was their leader'5
only ri'ancu of life probably tlieir owr
also. T Andrews w:is separated from them
he same evening and put down into "tl:v
hole." There vai n knife in the party and
iliey at onseljegan work. On Saturday
nigbt they cut into the plank overhead, as
thi could be the more easily concealed.
It wa- fearfully ili'iicult. One man stood
on the shoulders of mouthers who leaned
against the walls, for then -was no other
means of reaching the ceiling, and carved
at the heavy oak plunk till weary, when
another rel.iy of three would take their
jilairc Tbr ct.tT;a- t, not very noisy,
hid a littif shuffling about, talking, and
especially siwging, eiFectually drowueil it.
A piece was thus workers out during the
night large enough to admit the passage
of a man's hodv and the work suspended
till the morning and afternoon visits of
the jailer had been passed.
After they had returned from their daily
airing on Sunday they went to work with
new vigor. Xow they did not need to con
ceal the evidences of their work, for lie
fore the jailer came again on Monday
morning they meant to be free. They
knew that dangers were ahead, but Use
thought of liberty, and their leader's life,
was enough to inspire them. They worked
liard and sang long that Sunday evening.
Swims afterward said that he ought l
have known that something was the mat
ter by their singing so mournfully! They
hoped to finish all that was to be done bv
midniglrt; but they had miscalviated
They had to cut the lock out of Hi- trap
door in order to bring Andrews up from
below; then to pick their way through the
end brick wall above the ceiling, slowly
and carefully, so as not to alarm the guard
outside. Their garments had to be twisted
into rotes to lift Andrews from below and
the last of themselves up to the ceiling, as
well as to make a longer rope for the per
ilous descent from the gabled end of the
jail to the ground outside.
When all was done day was just begin
ning to break faintly in the east . Xo time
was to be lost. In half an hour it would
be so light as to render their escape im
possible. They were all ia the lofi and
Andrews was given the first chance. Of
course all fetters had been removed. The
rope was passed out, and Andrews crawled
through, and iu a moment was swinging
outside; but in getting out he happened to
push off a loose brick, which fell to the
ground and gave the alarm. The nearest
guard raised his musket and fired at the
man hanging on the rope, but missed his
aim. Andrews had his boots in his hand,
but in the excitement let them fall and
could not stop to pick them up. He after
wards sorely needed them. But in liis
stocking feet he flung himself over the
fence and through the guard line, repeat
edly fired at but unhurt. John Wollani
followed, and while he was in the air lie
was fir.d at by other guards, but suc
ceeded iu getting out of the yard unhurt.
Those who had failed to get" out crawled
down and got on their irons again, and it
was a great mystery how the two men
alone had been able to effect their escape.
Andrews and "Wollam separated as soon
as they left the prison. The former ran a
short distance beyond the skirts of the
town, after having taken precautions to
throw the dogs off his track, and finaing
it too light to travel further in safety,
climbed into a tree with dense foliage,
Which stood it. plain view of the railroad.
All day long he watched the running of
the trains so close that he could have
tossed a pebble on them, and once heard a
party i'i pursuit talking about his mys
terious tilsappearanr . The search 't,
patient and complete, but they did i
think of looking over their heads'
I d"-cfided at nightfall and swam the
deep ar d rapid river, feeling that his best
foursc was to get into the loyal moun
tainous country, through which he would
only need to Journey a short distance" to
reach the Union lines. His prospect now
would have leen good but for the loss of
boot and hat in the first rush, and the
additional loss of his coat in swimming
the river. His course was in the main
down the river, but he could not make
rapid prevress. The sharp stones in the
darkness -non cut away his stockings and
left the bleeding feet unprotected He
bound them up with portions of his gar
ments as w. :s he could, and continued
on his desperate and painful way. But
he was a little too long in finding a hiding
place, and was observed in the morning
twilight, just as he was crossing an open
field beyond, in which he intended to
take shelter, as lie had done the day be
fore. Instantly the alarm was given and
pursuit made by men and dogs. With
boots aud other clothing he might have
escaped, for he could probably have made
such use of the stream as to elude them.
As it was he put forth every effort.
Hashing through the woods he regained
the river bank much lower down than he
had crossed the night before. Believing
that he was now unobserved, he sw.-ni a
narrow channel to a Email island, and
carefully concealed himself amo"g some
driftwood at its upper end.
But the hunters were determined to
leave no spot uuscarched. A part with
bloodhounds now crossed over from the
mainland and explored the whole island.
" He was soon found, but broke away from
them and ran around the lower end of
the island, wading in the shallow water
' to throv the hounds off the track; then
he plunged into a dense thicket with
which the island was covered, and again
ascended a tree. For a long time he
found secure concealment here, liis foes
being frequently under the very tree.
They finally concluded that he must have
got back over the strip of water to the
mainland, and slowly returned to seek
him there. Two littla boys who had only
followed for curiosity were all that lin
One of the boys happened to look up,
and said to the other that he saw a great
bunch on a tree. The second looked to
see what it-'-was shifted his position
looked again and exclaimed that it ivas a
man! They cried out in alarm, and thus
announced their discovery to their friends
on shore. The latter instantly returned,
and Andrews, seeing himself discovered
the story is almost too pitiful to be told
dropped from the tree, ran to the lower
end of the Island, seized a small, dead log,
and with a limb for a paddle pushed into
the stream, hoping to reach the opposite
shore before he could be overtaken. So
far as the island pursuers were concerned
he might have succeeded; but there was
another party with a skiff lower down the
stream, whashoved out to meet him. The
helpless man could do no more, and was
The struggle had been one of almost
hopeless agony. He had eaten nothing
since Sunday afternoon, and it was now 2
o'clock on Tuesday. His back was blis
tered hy exposure, unprotected, to the
sun, and his feet were covered with bleed
ing gashes. He .said that he felt so
wretched and miserable that the thought
of certain death, to which he then re
signed himself, had no further terror.
Wollam's attempt to escape was for a
time more fortunate and skillful than that
of Andrews. He broke through the
guards and rau the gauntlet of hasty shots
without injury. Sgo:i he reached the
river bank and not wishing to attempt
the passage in the growing light, hit upon
the happy expedient of making the enemy
believe that he was across. To this end
he threw off his coat and vest, dropping
them on the river bank aud then wailed a
little way in the water to throw the
hounds off the scent; then quietly slipping
back, hid himself in a dense thicket of
canes and rushes. He soon heard the
hounds and men who were pursuing on
the bank above and all about him. ne
could hear the words they uttered, they
were so close. At length they found the
clothing and concluded that he had taken
to the river. They -rossed over and
searched with their hounds along tho
water's edge on the other side for the placo
he had come out. As might be expected
the dogs failei to find the exit, and after
due consultation they concluded that he
was drowned, which being a satisfactory
termination, they returned.
KsfAPH OP AM.'i'iWS AXI WOIUM.
But Wo'Iam was not drowned. He
spent the day in much anxiety and sus
pense, and when night came he cautiously
left his biding pince aud worked liis wn
along the river on the very front of Chatta
nooga, till he came across a canoe which
he borrowed for the occasion without
seeing the owner and rowed down stream
all night. This was a swift mode of pro
gression. As soon as he saw a sign of
dawn he sought a retired place, sunk the
canoe, and hid in the woods till night al
lowed him to proceed. This he did daily
for a week. Twice he was saved if he
had but known it. Gen. Mitchel had
constructed an extemporized gunboat
with which to patrol the river, and twice
Wollam passed within hail of it. But he
1 cd heard nothing of any such Union
craft Iteiiig on the river, and imagined it
tic some Confederate boat, perhaps
-..arching for him. In the dark it was
not easy to see it'ij indications of its char
acter, .""o the poor loy crept cautiously
)V in he shadow of the slime without be
:i 'di -covered.
' .ut at last he made th ; mistake that
'V vxl and "Wilson had made long before.
,r imagined that ho was safe, and went
boldly forward in the daytime. One more
night's journey by 1oat, or half that time
put in on foot directly northward, would
have carried him safely beyond the Ixjrder.
But as he was going forward, congratu
lating himself on having succeeded so
well, a band of Confederate cavalry, who
were making a raid iuto Mitcnel's terri
tory, saw him. and, procuring a boat with
several pair of oars, came out to meet
him. WoU.-im sav his danger, aud there
wa- a hot chase, b.ir the advantage was
all on their aide, ri.- was retaken, and ar
usual tried to deceive them as to his char
acter: but a I.ient. Edwards, who had
len v.ith the party who captured him the
first time, identified him. and he was re
united with Lis comrades in Atlantc.
When Andrews was brought back to
Chattanooga a scene of much apparent
barbarity followed. ITis escape had ex
cited" great rage and produced most ter
rible consequences at Xnoxville, which
will be narrated hereafter. But they
were now determined to give him no
further opportunity of snatching their
cherished venceance from tlieir hands.
He was put down in the hole with the
other prisoners, and all access to the yard
was denied. Of course no other visitors
could see them. The guard was stimu
lated to renewed diligence. But as chains
and handcuffs had proved ineffectual,
something more secure was devised.
From the shc of William Lewis, a col
ored blacken-; :, a man was brought over
aud taken down into the dungeon, who
riveted a pair oi heavy iron fetters around
his ankles. Bc-sey and Wilson, who
UIVEiIKG CHAINS IX THE DUXGEOX.
vere present, desrribe the scene as omin
ous and terrible the dimness of the dun
jieoii, the p.or, death sentenced man, half
ecliuing with his feet across the black
smith's amil, the blows of the heavy
hammer as the work of riveting went on.
A strong chain, only eighteen inches long,
united the two heavy fetters, so that only
half a step could be taken at once. The
feet were thus fastened iu the same man
ner as hands are by handcuffs, and the
latter were also replaced. When all these
arrangements were completed he was
once inure left to himself.
Andrews had now but four days more
of dungeon life between himself and eter
nity. Escape was impossible unless there
should le a rapid advance of the Federal
iorces a possibility which did come very
tear being made a fact. He applied him
self to the great business of preparing to
die. Most unexpectedly a letter written
this time and in some way carried
through the lines Las come to hand, and
throws great light upon his character and
thoughts at this period. He managed in
some unknown manner to get writing ma
terial and wrote two or three letters.
One, no doubt, was written to his betrothed
in Flemingsbnrg, bat never received.
Another was written to his mother in
Missouri. The contents of the latter can
only be given as they are remembered
after an interval of many years by one
who read the letter. He told his mother
that he was to die, and that all he re
gretted was that he had been able to do
so little for his country; that many other
sons had left their bones bleaching on
southern battle fields; that he had tried
to do his duty, and was now seeking the
pardon and favor of God. There were
many other half remembered expressions
similar to those which are given in the
The following communication addressed
to a trusted friend in Flemingsburg, Ky.,
and which from some references to
property in contains has been called "the
will of Andrews," needs a word of ex
planation. The gift bestowed upon Miss
Layton was of trifling value, though most
pathetic a mere empty trunk. But the
full significance of this was no doubt
given, with probably more substaril
bequests, hi one or other of the missing
letters. This letter, which reached Flem
ingsburg, Ky., in August, two months
?ttr it was written, being mailed at
Zz.-7ZKX'- f W in t&2 F!T'tir3-
bnrg book of wills, while the original is
roost carefully preserved. Andrews had
directed his friend to draw out his money
in the Flemingsburg bank some $2,000,
with gold premium and interest in case
he never returned, giving him a check for
that purpose, and to lend it on good se
curity, paying the interest as a perpetual
bequest to the town poor. The friend
was faithful to his trust, and though the
money was afterwards squandered iu a
pitiful way and gave rise to vexatious
law suits yet this secured the careful
preservation of the letter.
In all probability Andrews wrote first
to his betrothed, giving those sad re
membrances and bequests which would
not be repeated iu a letter to another, and
followed with this more general and
business like communication. The orig
inal is terribly misspelled, far beyond the
ordinary misspelling of ignorant persons.
This is probably intentional, es a few lines
at the first have no errors. -
Chattanooga, Tenn., Jane 5, 196i
S. 5IrGavit Esq., Fl:minsburff, Ky.:
'.n Sir You will be doubtless surprised to
'. oni me from this place, and still more sur-
. I to hear tnat I am to be executed on the
.last, for ctt?mptin to capture and run a
rain of cars from the Western and Atlantic rail
r iad to Hunts ville for tho use of Gen. Mitchtl. I
lail ft party of twenty-one detailed men from the
Second, Tv.cnty-first and Thirty-third Ohio regi
ments with roe. We succeeded in t'Cttin posses
sioa cf tie train and traveled with it some eighty
or eiijLty-five miles, when, on account of an
c:tra train beins on the read, we were compelled
to aiiawiui the train, the party scattering and
trylis to inako our way baclc oa foot. The whole
party, however, were captured. I was taken on
tho 11th cf April. I cm satisfied I could very
easi'.v have r t away had they not put a pack of
doirson my irail. It was impossible to elude
ihein. I was trid by court martial and received
isy jcntenee oa the last day of May, just one
wee!: from the time set for my execution. Oa
3Ioik1.i;." morning, June 2, 1 made an escape. I
s.ic-eosle.! in fitting out of the prison aud run by
t;ic fjuanl, they shooting at me but not liittinfj
me. The v.Lole country was immediately
svarmed with soldiers. I succeeded in
eluding t!:e!:i till on Tuesday, about 31
o'c!otk, wlsea lr was recaptured and will
Ik ex'-cntM oa Saturday. The sentence seems
a hnr.l -n.-for the crime proven, but I suppose
i!m court tl.t tried me thought otherwise. I
have uoti cilnily submitted to ny fate, and have
Ixtu earii.tiy eujisrcJ in preparing to meet my
God in i:-ace. And I have found that peace of
mind and tranquillity of soul tlmt evc-n surprises
raysi.-!f. I ni'ver supposed it possible that a man
couid ft 1 o complete a change under similar
circiiiKitirii'i. How I would like to have one
hour's ch.it with you; but this I shall never have
iu tlil world, but hope and pray tliat we may
meet ia ln-avea, where the troubles and trials of
this; Hf ne wr inter. What the fate of the bal
ance of tbe p.i'-ty will La I am unable to say, but
I hope tliy w ill not share the fate of their VaikT.
If !i!-y rrtum. some two or three of 1'k-:j. will
M! on you and tbc rest of the frif nds. and I hope
vca will rceeivj- thein Uiadly. They are noblo
la-Hows, and will j.w you a whole hitury of tho
r.ffair. Please acquaint lay friends wit !i my fate.
1 will tr to write to some two or three more
Ih-'fore my en-cut n,n. Tell J. B. Jackson, should
tVri' be ruy little claims that I neplected to svt
tle. to pay th-m, ud beep the liorM. I tlou't
think there are any, but there may be. In re
gard to other matters, do exactly as Instructed
before I left. 1 wrote several letters, but nevet
received any. Please read this letter to Mrs.
EekK-s, and tell her that I have thought of her
kindness many times, and that I hope we may
weet in heaven, where we shall enjoy the pres
ence of the Lord forever. Give my kindest re
sard to Mr. Ecklcsaiso. Accordinpt" the courso
of nature, it will not be Ion? till wc shall meet in
tliat lutppy country- Blessed thou Kb t! Reinexn
lcr me also to the young ladies of Flemingsburg,
especially to Miss Kate Wallingford and Miss
Nannie Baxter. Hoping we may meet in that
better country, I bid you a long and last farewell.
J. J. Asdrews.
The following was added on the same
CnATTAXOooA, Tenn., June 5, 18fii
D. S. McGavic, Esq., J. B. Jackson. Mrs. Sarah
Eckles, Flemingsburg. Fleming county, Ky.:
You will find one trunk and one black valise;
the valise has my name in red letters oa the end,
the other had xny name on a paper pasted on the
end: these are at the City hotel at Nashville, in
care of the old porter on the third floor. These,
with contents, I preent to you. Mr. Hawkins,
you will find at the Louisville hotel a large lady's
trunk, no mark on it , and is entirely empty.
Please take it to Mr. Lindsey's, near Mill Creek
church,on the Maysville and Flemingsburg turn
pike, and request him to present it to Miss
Elizabeth Layton for me, and oblige,
J. J. Andrews.
(This was proved and recorded as a will
at Flemingsburg on the 3d and 19th of
January, 1863. Tho money referred to in
the clause, "do exactly as instructed be
fore I left," was duly drawn from bank
and loaned for the benefit of the poor.)
After writing these letters Andrews had
but two days to live. He watched for op
portunities to send them by faithful hand
through to the Federal lines. It was in
vain to ask permission of the Confederate
authorities, as they had apparently tried
to keep everything relating to us from the
The erection of the scaffold began at
Chattanooga, but on the next day the
movements of the Federals had become so
threatening as to produce quite a panic at
Knoxville, suspending the court martial
there, and leading to the removal of
everything which could be spared further
south. On the 6th of June, the day be
fore that fixed for the execution, Gen. E.
Kirbv Smith wrote no less than thirteen
j dispatches from Knoxville in different
directions, the general purport of which
was tliat the enemy was. advancing with
overwhelming forces, and that Chatta
nooga would fall and East Tennessee have
to be abandoned, and giving directions for
lines of retreat and for removing the
stores. Of course, to arrange for an exe
cution on tho 7th, in the face of an ad
vancing enemy, might have led to a very
sudden pardon; aud, accordingly, Andrews
and his companions were ordered to At
lanta once more on the early morning
train. There was again the excited
crowds, an invariable accompaniment of
nur frequent transits over this road; but,
in addition, the fact that Andrews was to
die was published, and he was taunted
frequently with references to his approach
ing doom. These he bore with his usual
calm, sad patience.
An instauce in connection with these
persecutions is especially pathetic. A Mr.
Whitemnn came on the cars, and, advanc
ing to where Andrews was, accosted him.
Parrott, who gives the account, was
sitting on the seat behind, and could not
help hearing all the conversation.
The merchant said, "What can you do,
Mr. Andrews, about that $ 10,000 I let you
have for the purchase of quinine aud
Andrews replied, "Mr. "Whitemnn, this
ia no time to talk about money. If you
had done as I wished you to do in Chat
tanooga, you would have had all that
back, and twice as much more." (Parrott
understood Andrews to refer to some pro
position that Andrews had made to Mr.
Whiteman on his trial, and the failure to
accept which was the greatest disappoint
ment that Andrews had then experienced.)
"Whiteman continued, "Is that all you
have to say, Mr. Andrews?"
"Yes, sir, that is all," responded the
doomed man. "W'-U a gesture of deep
disappointment. x. aiteman turned on his
heel and walked rapidly away.
The death procession reached Atlanta a
little after noon, and the prisoners were
conducted by their guard to a room used
as barracks, two squares from the depot.
Here they were kept under close guard
awaiting the completion of the arrange
ments for the military murder. The foot
chains had not been removed from An
drews, and as he walked up into his room
with the short, halting step that they re
quired, the clanking was horrible. Not
very much was said in these few sad
moments. Andrews did speak in his
quiet way of the better life, and his wish
to meet all his comrades in heaven. His
words could not fail of making a deep
impression, though hope of vengeance for
the coming deed would have been sweeter
to the poor boys than almost any kind c
a prospect beyond the grave. But soon a
body of strange soldiers came up to the
building. Their commander entered and
asked Andrews in a very respectful tone
if he was ready now. The latter answered
in the affirmative, and then bade "Good
by" to the comrades who had passed
through so many dangers with him.
The procession moved out Peachtree
street, the most fashionable and beautiful
street of Atlanta, and continued for about
two miles from the depot On the way,
the provost' marshal asked Rev. W. J.
Scott, a Methodist clergyman, to accom
pany them and act as chaplain. He
almost refused, but Andrews spoke in his
winning, courteous manner, saying, "I
would be glad to have yon go, sir." Such
an appeal Scott could not resist, and at
tended, him to the last, writing many
years after his recollection of the affair.
A great crowd, in addition to the strong
guard, went, along, but there anxwars to
have Deen no unseemly taunt or disorder.
: To Mr. Scott Anarews.gave substantially
the same account of the enterprise that
has already been given, colored a little by
the fact that he did not wish even in
death to say one word that might ia any
way injure those comrades who had been
so true to him.
No element, of pathos in the terrible
scene was lacking. A few scores of yards
from the road, in a little valley, a scaf
fold was erected. There were thin woods
around, and night was coming on. A
rope circle fenced off the spectators to a
respectful distance. Mr. Scott spoke the
words that he judged fitting; Rev. Mr.
Conyers led in prayer; Rev. Mr. Connor
administered some religious counsel to
the patient prisoner, who probably
thought that all the sins of which he re
pented were less than the sin of rebellion
of which they were guilty. No coffin was
provided, .but a few hundred feet away
the grave was already open. The signal
was given, and the not uncommon bung
ling of an execution added uew horrors.
The cotton rope stretched so that the
shackled feet reached the ground. "From
;notives of humanity" tho ground was
shoveled away, and the soul liberated.
The pathos of this death is indescrib
able. The drop falls and the mere physi
cal agony is soon over. The body, weak
cuexTby the hi3t terrible struggle for life
made not so much for self as for the
loving heart in far away Flemingsburg
cannot long resist. Then the corpse is
taken down; the horror bound spectators
still linger. The poor remains of a man
of superb beauty and princely endowments
are carried to the shallow grave on a little
hill crest, and there, near a large stone,
"which may mark the grave, if .any friend
ever wants to know where it is," as a
spectator charitably said, he is laid to
rest. There is no shroud. The only
grave clothes are tho tattered garments
left from the last sad race for life. Can
the reader conceive anything more pitiful
than the view presented just before the
damp earth is thrown on the cold, up
turned face? The busy brain, from which
came during enterprises and cool action,
is quiet forever. The limbs that toiled so
far for patriotism, fame, perhaps for ven
geauce, and at last for life, labor no more.
The heart so true to country and com
rades, so faithful under forms of false
hood, is stilled. The utmost depths of
adversity have been sounded, and the
enemy can touch him no more. Even the
welded shackels, which seem to bind in
the grave, have lost their power. It is
well that man has cie refuge from every
earthly misfortune; and as evening gath
ered its shadows over the little heap of
freshly turned earth ir. the wood a spot
long unrecognized wrs he not better off
than the comrades from whom he had
just parted, or those more distant, whose
fate was trembling in the balance at
Some days or weeks after the comple
tion of this mournful tragedy a man came
to the old depot at Stevenson, Ala., which
was then used as a storehouse by the
Federals. He seemed to be a stranger,
and went cautiously to Sergt. Willirm
Hunter Myers, of Company K, Thirty
third Ohio, and asked to sjieak with him
alone. Myers at once assented and took
him into the room. The man looked to
see that no one was near the door or win
dows, and then said: "I have papers in
my possession which would cost me my
life if the Confederates should discover
them on me. I want to get clear of them."
Myers took the papers and glauced over
them, finding the letter of Andrews to hi.s
mother and liis "will," already quoted.
He was perfectly familiar with onr expe
dition, belonging to the same company as
Parrott, This made it easy for him to
recognize the great interest of the papers,
for up to this time only scattered and
partial information had been brought
through the lines. On inquiry the man
said he was a fireman on the Georgia
State railroad, and that he had been em
ployed for several years in that capacity.
His native place, however, was Hagers
town. Md., and he had stood the ways of
the rebels as long as he could, and was
now anxious to get home. Myers wanted
to know how he came in possession of the
papers, but he declared that ho dared not
tell. Finding that he had nothing more
to say, he was sent under guard to Hunts
ville, from which place it was easy for
him to reach his old home; and the papers
also, after considerable detention, nrrived
at their destination.
The account of the escape and recap
ture of Andrews was published in The
Cincinnati Commercial, about the 10th of
June, and reached the sister of Miss Lay
ton, with whom that hidy then made her
home. As she was already in deep dis
tress because of Andrews' long delay
without any message, they did not dare to
tell her the perilous situation in which her
lover was placed. But near the end of
June the full account of his execution
was copied in the same paper from The
Southern Confederacy of June 8, 18C2.
As the end of all her hopes had come (less
than a week before the intended wedding
day) her brother and sister judged it best
not to keep her longer in suspense, and
the paper was handed to her; Her eyes
rested on the following paragraphs:
Yesterday evening's train brought from Chat
tanooga to this place to be executed, Andrews,
the leader of the engine thieves, under sentence
of death, convicted by court martial of being a
spy. He was carried out Peachtree street road,
accompanied by three clergymen, and escorted
by a guard. A considerable crowd followed to
witness the execution.
He was a native of Ilancock county, Va., born
in 1829. brought up by pious I"resbyterian parents,
who now reside In southwestern Missouri. A
good portion of his life had teen spent in Flem-
ing county, Ky. He had no family, but was en
gaged to be married during the present month. '
She did not shriek or cry out, but read ;
it through to the end, and went silently to i
her room, from which she did not emerge
for hours; and when she did rejoiu the
family her face was drawn and pale, and
the light had gone )at of her eyes. From :
this time forward ?".ie took little interest I
in anything until the letter to Mr. Mc
Gavic, printed above, arrived. Many
months after, the empty trunk, so pathetic
an emblem of her blasted hopes and the
great tragedy that had fallen on her life,
was recovered. In the absence of any
explanation, for the letter to her was
never received, it seemed like a cruel
mockery! Not long after she died, thus
rejoining the man she had loved so faith
fully through such hopeless sorrow. No
brave man perishes that some tender
woman's heart is not crushed!
Why twelve only of our number were I
carried to Knoxville, where a Confederate
court martial had convened, I have never
learned. It may h:ve been thought that
this number was -arge enough for ven
geance, or more probably it was intended
when they were disposed of to bring the
others also. Gen E. Kirby Smith com
manded the department, and all the pro
ceedings were under his authority. What
seemed to us very remarkable was that a
single one of our number at a time was
brought before the court, and all the pro
ceedings in his case were gone through
with before another was brought out.
Thus each trial was just the copy of the
one that went before, and, short as they
were, must soon have become very mo-
J notonous to the members of the court.
We employed two eminent Union men of
Knoxville as counsel Judge O. P. Tem
1 pie and Judge Baxter but they were not
' allowed to hear the plea of the judge ad
I vocate, the prosecutor against us. Neither
had wc that privilege, and cannot there
fore give the points that were most relied
on for our conviction. In fact, members
of the court visited us and said that we
would be acquitted of the charge against
us, which was that of lurking about Con
federate camps at Chattanooga, Dalton and
Marietta as spies, and only held as prison
ers oi war. This inspired in us a strange
and, as the issue proved, an unwarranted
degree of hopefulness. Onr own acknowl
edgment of what we did, which we linked
with the statement that we bad been de
tailed from our commands without our
consent and with no knowledge of the
nature of the expedition on which we were
Bent, and the evidence of some of those
who had seen us on the train or aided in
our capture, constituted the evidence in
the case. But we have reason to think
the whole result was predetermined,
although our attorneys were confident
that we could not be convicted of being
ipies. The fact that we were not placed
In Irons bm for thafi time durifif the
nearly two months of onr imprisonment
tended to increase onr hope.
But another element of far greater im-
i portaiice than the mere machinery of the
trials enterea now into tne determination
of our destiny. The trial of one of our
men there was no apparent order in the
selection was finished eacli day. The
next day another was taken. 1 have
! never doubted that the enemy's intention
was to go through the whole list in the
same way, and we were not at all solici
tous as to who should come first' or last.
But that did prove to be of tremendous
importance; for a vigorous advance
of the Federal armies upon both
Knoxville and Chattanooga caused
Gen. Smith to give up East Tennessee for
lost, and to dissolve the court and send us
all in hot haste to Atlanta, Ga. Seven
had then been tried. A delay of five days
in tliis advance would have finished the
whole twelve including the writer at
the rate they wera proceeding. But the
whole twelve were sent away together,
having seen or heard nothing to show a
difference in the position of the five and
the seven, and arriving in Atlanta just a
week after the execution of Audrews. "We
had heard of that terrible event in Knox
ville; but, while our sorrow was deep and
poiguant, our hopefulness either for the
seven who had been tried or the five
whose trial had been interrupted was not
diminished, for Confederates had always
been saying to us that his case was much .
. more aggravated than ours.
In Atlanta wc were placed iu the upper
room of a large brick building, surround
ed by guards. The remcinder of the
party who were with Andrews were
placed in another room of the same build
ing, which was the city jaiL Two great
events of the most opposite character,
upon v. hich turned the fate of our band,
are associated closely with this jail. They
will now bo narrated.
(To be Continued.)
A PALADIN OLDEN.
tntothe battle of being he rushed like true pa-
High beat his valorous heart ami the dreams of
the moraine were golden:
Arches that bent 'neath the garlands which fair
bauds of maidens liad woven;
Temples that glittered with armor and helmets
his stout ax had cloven;
Symphonies, rire with his prowess, tliat float
through the dome heaven trending;
Plaudits of monarch and nations and laurel?
and titles iiueuding.
Oh a gray stone iu the laekgrouud, set up In a
Here wbeie the band tierce beleagured he vainly
vu.l,-aivl to rally.
(Invest in niile. ftidinU-ttersauaiueandadate
liie tule euiletb.
Haply h niurryr tranrlc'iri-d into rlie siinerhal
V. 1J. Cuishuliu In X. O. Times-Democrat.
FINGER AND TOE PHOTOS.
An Album Which Contains a Curious Col
lection of l'lrtiire llumU anil Feet.
"My hand and fot album" is the
dainty inscription on the cover of a small
but highly pnzed volume belonging ton
young lady living in the .Mission. The
book is bound in morocco and win evi
dently intended by its maker as an album
for small card photographs of the regu
lation portrait order The novel u-e to
which it is now pur has made of the little
volume one of the ildet of curios. Iu
nearly every one of the .-paces prepared
for portnuts is u photograph of a feminine
hand or foot.
"How did I get thlr- collection? Well,
"if yon won't write an thing ridiculing it
I'll tell you."
That is what the owner of the album
said to a reporter.
"You see." s! ucit on, as she I'iriied
the leaves of . . interesting volume,
"some of the g;rK iu this part of town
with whom I am acquainted hit upon the
idea of having their hands photographed.
I believe the first one wanted to perpetu
ate the taper linger on which she had just
had au engagement ring placed. The
picture was taken iu a little circle, with
Mar points all around it, aLd showed noth
ing but the hand and a portion of the
wrist. Here it is, you see."
A remarkably pretty hand, white and
dimpled like a baby's, was shown.
"Yes, that was the first, I believe. The
girl showed it around among a few of her
mo-t intimate friends, of whom I am one,
aud they all thought the picture such a
cute' one that they immediately made
up their minds to have something after
the same style taken of their own hands.
Of course, they didn't all have eugage
' raent rings on, but some of them made
believe by using other rings, and others
had their hands taken plain, as you will
see, without any ring at all."
"But about these feet?" asked the re
porter as slippered and booted extremi
ties were shown in passing.
"Well," said the owner of the album,
just the least bit shyly, "yon know when
girls get started on such notions as these
they always go from one thing to another.
At tirst they thought it would be awful to
follow out such a suggestion, but finally a
very brave possessor of a pair of No. ii's
said she wasn't afraid, and if the other
girls would go with her to the gallery she
would sit for a foot photograph. So they
went, and the result was that the whole
party (except one girl, who wore Xo. 5's)
had their feet taken. You can see them
here in all positions and styles."
In nearly every case there was a fringe
of dress skirt above the shoe or slipper,
but in one or two instances this was lack
ing. However, nothing betokening im
modesty could be observed. Tnere were
high, arched insteps and low, broad toes
and narrow, but nearly all wore common
sense low heels, as the average mission
girl knows that rnnniug to catch a car
with a pencillike heel under her is any
thing but nice, and there is a good deal of
car catching done in the mission. San
Thrift of a Boston llouseholder.
A man who owns an apartment house
on Back bay was asked the other day if
he had let all the suites in it.
"Oh, yes," he replied. "I have just let
the last to summer boarders."
"Summer boarders!" repeated the
other. "What in the world do you mean"
Whereupon the householder explained
that the lessees were people from Xew
Orleans, who came north when the heats
of spring came on, and who took the
apartments for the year in order to be
provided with accommodations which
pleased them. This suggests unlimited
possibilities of the Box and Cox order.
The owners of apartments who are
shrewd enough and ot a commercial con
science sufficiently flexible will hereafter
endeavor to let furnished suites to north-
erners for the winter and to southerners
for the summer, each tenant, of course,
paying a full year's rent. From such a
practice to light comedy is, of course, but
a step. One famhy will be a day late in
moving in or onq family will be a day
late in moving out, and there is an ex
cuse for a tangle of complications only
limited by the boundaries of the invention
of the author. Providence Journal.
Englishmen Insulted at Waterloo.
English visitors to the battlefield, of
Waterloo complain in the Belgian papers
of the molestation and insults to which
they have been exposed by so called guides
over the battlefield. The communal
authorities of Waterloo and the neighbor
ing localities will do well to look after the
matter unless they wish to kill the goose
which lays the golden eggs during the
tourist season. In former years, twenty
and thirty years ago, some of the guides
had heard the cannon roar during the
battle, although an intelligent questioner
very soon found out that they had done
so at a considerable distance from the
field of battle; but the so called guides of
the present time are nothing else but a
set of the most rapacious and rude raga
muffins. Brussels Cor. London Times.
Sawing Lumber with the Grata.
A few years ago there was little if any
lumber" sawed quartered, or with the
grain. Xow not only oak but many other
woods are being sawed more and more in
that manner. Any consumer of lumber
will tell yon that it is far the better way
to manufacture. We now have oak,
poplar, gum and sycamore in large qnaz,
titles thus sawed. It costs more to saw
quartered stock than plain, but it is much
more valuable. The waste is consider
able. Northwestern Lumberman.
oomebody says that the "best people1'
now travel in private cars or their own
A Fhmmu Buffalo Range.
From the Red buttes onward you see
where the millions have gone This was
once a famous buffalo range, and now
the bleaching skeletons lie scattered
thickly along all the trail. Like ghastly
monuments of slaughter, these ugly ex
crescences stand out in bold relief on the
smooth, hard surface of the prairie, from
tho huge bull skeletons lying close beside
the wagon trail to those far back lu the
bad lands, where they are merely dark
specks iu the distance. They lie today
precisely as they fell four years iuo, ex
cept tliat the Uesh is no longct upon them.
The head stretches far forward, as il for
its last gasp, and the legs lie helplessly
upon the turf with precisely the same
curves as when they moved for the lost
Now and then you come to a place
where the hunter got a "stand" on a
"bunch," and from his hiding place In the
head of a gully or amongst the rocks fired
leisurely with his 40-180 Sharp's ritle, at
the rate of a shot every two or three min
utes until every buffalo of the bunch had
fallen. Here you can count seventeen
skeletons on a little more than mi acre,
and near by are four more that evidently
fell at the same time. The powerful
effect of the stroug, parching winds and 1
the Intense dry heat of summer bob liter
ally stripped the flesh from the bones, but
the skeletons lie precisely as they fell.
The bones arc still held toother by a few
dried up ligaments, but tk bleachtd as
while us snow. W. T. Hi.ioaiUy m The
Tlmkore Sahib In America.
The Thakore Sahib, of I.in.bdi, speak
ing in San Fianciscoof his join ney through
the Umttd States, said. -The titles of
the eastern states are as go.ni as iny iu
the world, while the condition .t the agri
cultural districts is better. As I traveled
; west the marvels seemed to increase iu-
, stead of stopping, and the same material
j advancement marks all the great nuMem
states. I was singularly impressed with
the beauties of scenery of Yellowstone
nark. I think 1 like the rieotile .if iln
west better than those of ihe vast. They
seem more home like to nie. They think
tliat the beauties. of nature are better than
themselves, and not that they mh better
than the beauties of nature. The great
wheat llelds ol California pu-setitcd a
splendid sight to me. Some of the 1 1 nest
scenery I "have eer ceen is thii ! the
Shasta mountains." New York Tribune.
Origin of an Aiieient J'roverli.
J The dictum that ".'ietmHne.s is next to
j godliness" has lieen a.-iribed to John
j Wesley, but it is sai I ! have originated
; from the lollowimr -entente lv t; s.iyc
Htn-ri "Hi (a ci-.-tgyman'M apparel i.s
j plain, but reverend and clean, without
i spots or dust, the purity ot hi- mind
! breaking out and dilating it.elf.
llis ls!y clotlasand bubitution
You cannot afford to waste time ex
perimenting when your lungs are in
danger. Consumption always seems, at
lirst, only a cold. I)o not permit any
dealer to impose upon you with some
cheap imitation of Dr. King s ev Dis
covery for consumption, coughs and
colds, but bo sure you get the genuine.
Because he can make more profit ho mav
j tell you he has something just as good
or just the same. Don't be diceived,
but insist upon getting Dr. King's New
Discovery, which is guaranteed to give
relief in all throat, lung and chest af
fections. Trial bottles free at Dowty &
Becher's drug store. Largo bottles SI.
Play with a fool at home, and he will
play with you in the market.
Good Wages Ahead.
George Stineon & Co., Portland, Maine, can
trive you work that you can do and live at home,
making great pay. You are 6tarted free. Capi
tal not needed. Both sexes. All ages. Cut this
out and write at once; no harm will be done if
yon conclude not to go to work, after yon learn
all. All particulars free. Best paying work in
Dally not with money or women.
Look Oat For It!
Hoarseness is the first symptom of
croup, by giving Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy freely as soon as a child be
comes hoarse, it will prevent the croup,
which can always be done if tho remedy
is kept on hand. There is not the least
danger in giving it. Sold by Dowty Jc
Cold words are worth much, and cost
The Delightful Liquid Laxative.
Syrup of Figs is a most agreeable and
valuable family remedy, as it is easily
taken by old and young, and ia prompt
and effectual in curing Habitual Consti
pation and the many ills depending on a
weak or inactive condition of the Kid
neys, Liver, and Bowels. It acts gently,
strengthens the organs on which it acts,
and awakens them to a healthy activity.
For sale only by Dowty & Becher.
To buy dear is not bounty.
Promptness is a good motto. It is
hard to find anything more prompt than
St. Patrick's Pills. They are a pleasant
cathartic and a good medicine. Sold by
Dowty Sc Becher.
Jest not with the eye, or religion.
A Sound Legal Opinion.
E. Bainbridge Munday, Esq., County
Attorney, Clay county, Tex., says: "Have
used Electric Bitters with most happy
results. My brother also was very low
with malarial fever and jaundice, but
was cored by timely use of this medi
cine. Am satisfied Electric Bitters
saved my life."
Mr. D. L Wilcoxson, of Horse Cave,
Ky., adds a like testimony, saying: He
positively believes he would have died,
had it not been for Electric Bitters.
This great remedy will ward off, as
well as cure Malarial Diseases, and for
all Kidney, Liver and Stomach Disor
ders stands unequaled. Price 50 cents,
and SI at Dowty & Becher's.
Buy at a fair, but sell at home.
I am selling "Moore's Tree of Life'
and it is said to give the' very best satis
faction. Dr. A. Heintz. 30-6m8
Cover yourself with your shield, and
care not for cries.
Worth Yoar Attention.
Cat tliii oat and mail it to Allen & Co., Au
gusta, Maine, who will send you free, something
new, that just coins mozej for all workers. As
wonderful as the electric light, aa genuine as
pare gold, it will prove of lifelong value and
importance to you. Both sexes, all ages. Allen
& Co. bear expense of starting you in business.
It will bring yoa in more cash, right away, than
anything else in this world. Anyone anywhere
can do the work, aad live at home also. Better
write at once; then, knowing all, should yoa
conclude that yoa don't care to engage, why no
harm is done. i-ly
None is a fool always, everyone some
Try Moore's headache cure, it beats
the world. For sale by Dr. A. Heintz.
Hell is full
of good meanings and
A positive cure for liver and kidney
troubles, constipation, sick and nervous
headache and all blood diseases is
"Moore's Tree of Life.". Try it. Sold
by Dr. A. Heintz.
. ill c
a BBBb L
gsfL. .MNk PS
Pure-bred French Draft (Percheron or Norman)
AND ENGLISH SHIRE HORSES.
.Visitor ol way welcome. CaM and wxjotirhoniM or i?nd for ctalo-;-c.
A wicked man's gift has a touch of
School children will learn much fast
er if they are made comfortable and
t kept in perfect health. Very few escape
severe coughs and colds during the win
ter months. It is an easy matter to
avoid the discomforts and distress of
coughs and colds by using Chamber
lain's Cough Remedy. It is by far the
best treatment ever brought into use for
coughs, colds and hoarseness. When
the Grst symptoms of a cold appear, use
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, and the
i cold can be broken up at once.
j Dowtv k Becher.
Take heed of still waters, the quick
Think of ease, but work on.
ziurklru's Arnica Salve. I
Tun Best Salve in the world for Cuts. ',
Bruises. Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum.!
Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands,
Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin Erup
tions, and positively cures Piles, or no
pay required. It is guaranteed to give
perfect satisfaction, or money refunded.
Price 25 cents per lox. For sale by
Dowty & Becher. jiily2T
ABK TUUK UllUliCn rUK ItlCMI
XEASZ PISH COMPANY. SX. XOUIfi. XO-
An Offer Worthy Attention from
Every Reader of the Journal.
YOCB choice of focb oood papehs, free.
SUNSHINE: For yonth; alao for those of all
agM whoso hearts are not withered, is a hand
some, pure, useful and most interesting paper;
it is published monthly by E. C. Allen & Co.,
Augusta, Maine, at Z0 cents a year; it is hand
DAUGHTERS OF AMERICA. Lives full of
usefulness are worthy of reward and imitation.
'"The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world."
through its gentle, guiding influence. Emphat
ically a woman's paper in all branches of her
work and exalted station in tho world. "Eter
nal fitness" is tho foundation from which to
build. Handsomely illustrated. Published
monthly by True & Co., Augusta. Maine, at 50
cents per year.
THE PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEPER AND
LADIES' FIRESIDE COMPANION. This
practical, sensible paper will prove a boon to all
housekeepers and ladies who read it. It has a
boundless field of usefulness, and its ability ap
pears equal to the occasion. It is strong and
found in all its varied departments. Handsome
ly illustrated. Published monthly by II. Haliett
& Co., Portland, Maine, at 50 cents per year.
FARM AND HOUSEKEEPER. Oood Farm
ing, Good Housekeeping, Good Cheer. TM9
handsomely illustrated paper is devoted to the
two most important and noble industries of the
world farming in all its branches housekeep
ing in every department. It ia able and up to
the progrett-tve times: it will be found practical
and of great general usefulness. Published
monthly by George Stinson & Co., Portland,
Maine, at 50 cents per year.
jyVV will send free for one year, whichever
of the above named papers may be chosen, to any
one who pays for the Journal for one year in
advance. This applies to our nudscribers and all
who may wish to becoino subscribers.
EyWe will send free for one year, whichever
of the above papers may be cloven, to any sub
scriber for the Journal, whose subscription may
not be paid up, who shall pay up to date, or be
yond date; provided, however, tlmt such payment
shall not be less than one year.
iSfTo anyone who hands us payment on ac
count, for this patter, for three years, wo shall
send free for one year, all of the above described
papers; or will send one of them four years, or
two for two years, as may be prefermL
JSThe above described papers which we
offer free with ours, are among the best and most
successful published. We specially recommend
them to our subscribers, and believe ail will
find them of real usefulness and great interest.
ltf M. K. Turner Jc Co.
Columbus, Neb. Publishers.
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also tell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Hamsters,
and Self-binders the
"Shop opposite the " Tatteriall," on
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. 26-m
Health is Wealth !
Da. E. C. Wxst'9 Nertz and Rbain Trk.it-
XXXT, a guaranteed specific for Hyeria, Diai
nee. Convoltions, Fits, Kervons Neuralgia.
Headache. Nervous Prostration caused by tho use
of alcohol or tobacco. Wakefulness, Mental Dtv
pression. Softening ot the Brain resulting" in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death.
Premature Old Age, Barrenseae, Loss of power
in either 6ex, Involuntary Losses and 8perimat
orrhcea caused by over-exertion of tho brain,self-
abose or over indulgence, nacn dox contains
one month's treatment. $1.00 a box, or six boxes
fA 9K Aft im hv mail nvwnatH nil mfiint ftf nncf.
th! GHRAfTTEESIX BOXES
To cure any case. With each order received by ns
for six boxes. accomDanied with 13.00. we will
send the purchaser our written guarantee .to re
fund the money if the treatment does sot effect
a cure. Guarantees issued only by Dojrtr &
Becher. druggists, sole agents, Columbus, Neb.
IEA WONDERS exist In
lOUSanas oi ioraw. out biv but-
ssed by the marreis oi invention.
lose who are in need of profitable
work that can bo done while living at home
should at once sena tneir saareas u auni ce
Co Portland, Maine, and receive free, foil lo
fomatioa how either sax, ot all ages, can earn
from $5 to 23 per day sad upwards whersrer
they live. You are started free. Canirsd not re
quired. Borne have made over $90 in a single
V1qI p I awAtx I
AH aBLX ' Btf 72saJ
Draft Horse Co.
Sciatica, Scratches, Contracted
Lumbago, Sprains, Muscles,
Rheumatism. Strains, Eruptions,
Barui, Stitches, Hoof Ail,
Scalds, StiffJoints, Screw
Stings, Backache, Worms,
Bites, Galls, Swumey,
Braises. Sores, Saddle (Jail.
Bunions, Spavin Piles.
THIS GOOD OLD STAND-BY
accom;lithe for everybody exactly what tsclnimnl
for It. One of the reasons for the great i-ojiLlaritr ot
tho Sluitang Liniment H found In Its universal
applicability. F.verybodrneedssuch a medicine.
The Laabernas needs It In cane of accident.
The Iloasewlfe needs It for general family ue.
The Caaaler needs It for his teams and Ms m-o.
The Mechanic needs It always oa his wurk
The Miner needs It In case of emergency.
The Pleaeerneedslt caa'tKet along without it.
The Farmer needs It In his house, his it.ibl.-.
and his stock yard.
The Steamboat mas or the Boanimu nreJt
It In liberal supply afloat and ashore.
The 11eraefaacier needs It It 1 i.U b-t
friend and safest reliance.
The Stock-eroTTcr needs tt It will sire him
thousands of dollars and a world of trouble.
The KallroaJ naa needs It and will need it so
long as his life la a round of accidents aud danger.
The BackwoodMBaa needs IC There Is not
ing like It aa an antidote for the dangers to life.
limb and comfort which surround the pioneer.
The Merchant needs It about hi store among;
his employees. Accidents will happen, and when
these come the Mustang; liniment la wanted at once
Keep a Settle la the Hease. "TU the best ot
KeeaaBettlela the Factory Itslmmedlate
use la case of accident sares pain and loss of wages.
Kee a Bottle Always la the Stable for
Boo whoa wasted.
.09 W. Ninth St., KANSAS CITY. M0.
Th enlg Specialist in thi City irto Is a Berwliir
Craduatt in Mtdiein. Ottr 20 years' Practk.
12 years in Chisago.
THE OLDEST II AGE. AND LOKEST LOCATED.
THE OLDEST I
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After Forty Tears
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th United StatM and toraign coan
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