The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 04, 1888, Image 2

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Entered at the Post-office, Colnmbns, Neb., aa
second-class mail matter.
Columbus, Neb.
One year, by mall, postage prepaid,.
Biz months.
Three months
... 1.00
... .50
Paj able in Advance.
J-Spocimen copies mailed free, on applica
When subscribers change their place of resi
dence tbey bhonld at once notify us by letter or
postal card, giving both their former and their
present post-office, the first enables ns to readily
find the name on onr mailing list, from which,
being in tyie, we each week print, either ou the
wrapper or on the margin of your JoUBSAI., the
date to -which your subscription it paid or ac
counted for. lteniittances fchould be inade
cither by money-order, regibUred letter or draft,
payable to the order of
1 M. K. Tubneb & Co.
All communications, to becure attention, must
I. acc4iminied by the full name of the writer.
We reserve the right to reject any manuscript,
and cannot agree to return the same. Wo desire
a correspondent in every tchool-distnct of
Platte county, one of cood judgment, and re
liable in every way. Write plainly, each item
separately. Give ns facts.
The national prohibition convention
will be held at Indianapolis. June 6, 1888.
The Manchester Courier says that
Lord Stanley of Preston, has accepted
the governor generalship ot Canada.
A violent wind storm visited Freder
ick, McL, the other morning, unroofing
many houses and uprooting many trees.
A keport comes from Dublin that
warrants have been issued for the arrest
of Mr. Crosbie, editor of the Cork Ex
aminer, a liberal journal.
If free trade is right, in principle, let
us have it in fact, and do with the gen
eral government as we do with our state
governments, support it by direct taxa
tion. Henri- Wise, a farmer, was found the
other day frozen to death ten miles
from Austin, Tex. This is the first death
by freezing that ever occurred in that
New post offices have been established
at Halsay aud Linscott, Blaine county,
and Thedford, Thomas county, with K.
A. Emery, C. J. Lovo and W. W. Cowlos
respectively, postmasters.
A fierce hurricane from the west, ac
companied by a severe snow storm the
other night, prevailed over the whole of
Greece. Twenty-live vessals were driven
ashore and wrecked in the gulf of Patros.
Pensions have been granted to Davis
Fouts, at Blue Springs; John Johnson,
Omaha and Winnebago agency, Dakota;
Isaac L. Taylor, Newcastle; Lott Fil
more, Calamussia and Hilton Dirnal,
A protective tariff tends to the de
velopment of our own natural resourc
es; builds up homo markets always the
best by bringing the factory with its
employes and their families,nenr the raw
' Gov. John S. MARMADUKEof Jefferson
City, died at the Missouri exeutive
mansion ou the night of Dec. 28th. He
had not been well since the adjourn
ment of the extra session of the legisla
ture last summer.
The colored people of the south since
the war, have given evidence of unusual
progress in Georgia, South Carolina and
Louisiana as shown by late statistics,
which proves that they pay taxes on
48,000,000 worth of property.
At London telegrams from Riveira
say that the heaviest enow storm on
record in that region w:is raging on the
28th ulL, and that the weather was un
precedently cold. Dispatches from
Spain report the snow two feet deep and
railroads blockaded.
At Oil City, Penn., the other night a
mixed train on the Pittsburg & Western
road went through a trestle into a gully
eighty feet deep. The wreck took fire
from the stoves and was consumed. All
the passengers escaped, but six were
seriously, perhaps fatally injured.
GaudilIiA, a small port of Porti Bico
suffered from a high wave recently caus
ed by a norther. Fifty-three houses
were swept away. The wave destroyed
the solid masonry of the cemetery, and
eleven bodies washed out to sea and
lost. Manv vessels were storm-bound.
TnE attorney general of the state, in
his investigation of the questions sub
mitted to him relative to the law in
counties under township organization
governing the collection of taxes, has
discovered the fact that chapter 67, as
printed in the session of 1887, never
fassed the senate, and is therefore no
aw at all.
Advices from Massowah of a recent
date state that King John, of Abyssinia,
is advancing upon the place by rapid
stages. He has under his command
three' bodies of troops. The first col
umn is marching via Antalo and Algrab,
the second via Adowab, while the route
of the third column, which is composed
of Thoans, is unknown.
Norman Coon, a farmer living three
miles northwest of Weeping Water, was
crossing the track near his home;, a
freight train struck him killing both
horses and breaking his leg. He was
watching for the passenger train from
the south, as it was time for it, and fail
ed to observe the freight train. It is
feared that he has been injured intern
ally. The cold wave extended over a vast
territory last week. It visited Daven
port, la., Milwaukee, Wis., Minneapolis,
Minn., La., Cross, Wis., Dubuque, Ia
Winona, Minn., Oshkosh, Wis., Spring
field, Dl., Marsballtown, la., Cedar
Rapids, la., and Sioux City, as well as a
great many other places had to submit to
the storm and jack frost. At a majority
of the places visited on the night of the
28th ult, the mercury dropped to seven
teen and in some cases to twenty de
grees below zero.
A terrible collision and wreck oc
curred on a passenger train on the New
Yorlr Pennsylvania & Ohio railroad run
into a double header freight train near
Meadville, Pa., on the morning of the
31st ult, and was totally wrecked. It is
reported as many as forty persons were
killed, and a large number fatally and
many .others seriously wounded. Both
. trains it is said, present a horrible scene
o! destruction, as the fast express was
Tplring up lost time. The blame is
charged to the engineer and conductor
of the freight train, who were running
on express time.
Organize. .
With the prospect of an adjustment by
congress of the matters of difference be
tween the Union Pacific railroad and
the government, ensuring, as we have
good reason to believe it will, the con
struction early in the spring, of several
branch lines, already contemplated, in
two of which at least the city of .Colnm
bns has a decided interest, it certainly
behooves the business men and property
owners of our city to be up and moving
in the matter of placing themselves in a
proper position to take advantage of nn
opportunity that will surely be offered
to start the county seat of Platte county
on the road to prosperity, but failing to
seize and utilize jt, may keep it lagging
in the back ground where it has too
long been as compared with the progress
made by many other points not nearly
so centrally located and with fewer nat
ural business advantages. We have
quite recently had good strong words of
encouragement that bright prospects
await our city in the near future, and a
well-grounded faith that its hopes and
expectations will le fully realized.
There is every incentive for our jieople
to rouse from their "Rip Van Winkle"
sleep bury beyond the possibility of a
resurrection petty local jealousies and
cast to the dogs useless und nonsensical
prejudices, the indulgence in which can
only have the bad effect of retarding the
inauguration of much needed and prob
able enterprises.
We have but one suggestion to make
at this time, and that is the. speedy and
complete organization of a business
men's club, to secure the location of
manufactures and other business enter
prises in our midst. Thousands of dol
lars of capital will be seeking investment
in different parts of Nebraska the com
ing season. There is no other interior
city in the state possessing better nat
ural business facilities than the city of
Columbus, and not one that so little of
which is known to outsiders. It needs
but organization and united and intelli
gent action, to bring to Columbus a
boom that will come to stay.
Again, we say organize and do it at
once. It will pay and pay big.
r. u. p.
Thayer's Protect.
A great deal has been written against
John M. Thayer because of a letter ad
dressed recently to Senators Manderson
and Paddock against the confirmation
of Lamar. Mr. Thayer, by reason of his
having been elected to the governor
ship of the state, has lost none of his
rights as aitizen of the United States,
and it is as a citizen that he writes. It
is little wonder that a man who served
as a soldier to put down a mean re
bellion, of which Lamar was a part and
for which he shows no 6ign of regret,
should make strong objection. Here is
the letter, and readers of the Journal
can judgo of its appropriateness:
As a citizen of the United States, and
as a republican, I respectfully but most
errnestly protest against the confirma
tion of L. Q. C. Lamar as a justice of the
supreme court of the United States. He
was a bold and defiant advocate of the
dissolution of the Union in 18C0-'l ; he
was in heart and principle just as much
a traitor as Jeff. Davis; he has never re
canted his treasonable sentiment. A
man with such a record should never be
placed on the bench of the supreme
court of the United States by the votes
of republican senators. He is not a fit
person to interpret the constitution of
the United States.
Very truly yours,
John M. Thayer.
"We want more foreign imports bo
"that there may be more competition in
"our markets, to regulate the prices of
"articles of use, necessity, luxury," says
an assailant of the protective tariff. The
truth is, the sharp competition that al
ready exists in this country between
rival manufacturies, producers and mer
chants has the effect of regulating prices
and keeping them down, as is abundant
ly demonstrated by the fact that the
cost of living, housekeeping and of
carrying on almost any business is lower
now than ever before, and lower than in
any free trade country in the world.
Introduce foreign competition to the
extent the free traders propose, and
you would ruin almost every manufac
turer in the United States, and, as a re
sult, impoverish the working classes by
destroying their means of earning a
living. Do we want that kind of 'compe
tition a kind that would swamp our
prosperity, drain our resources of
wealth? and pauperize our population?
President Cleveland's choice, among
all the great lawyers of this land, for
one of the highest, most honorable posi
tions in the government, a member of
the supreme court, which has in its
sacred charge the foundations of the
government is one Lamar,. who in the
U. S. senate in 1879, long after the war,
uttered the following sentiments, touch
ing the unrepentant rebel, who engi
neered the lost cause:
"Jefferson Davis stands in precisely
the same position I stand in.
The only difference between myself and
Jefferson Davis is that his exalted char
acter, his pre-eminent talents, his well
established reputation as a statesman,
as a patriot and as a soldier, enable him
to take a lead in the cause to which I
consecrated myself. His same
will continue to be honored for his par
ticipation in that great movement"
Protection is a necessity to all the
people of this country. To just the ex
tent that wages are taken 'from the
workingmen of this country the home
market for the products of the farm is
affected. The question is not altogether
one of price. We now manufacture in
this country an average of $7,000,000,000
worth of commodities, and pay the la
boring people each year, who are directly
employed in making them, 81,500,000,000.
We want to keep that work and that
money at home. Protection will do it
Free trade will give it to England. That
iswhy the Cobden club put their money
into American politics, and why the
press of Great Britain approve of the
message of Mr. Cleveland. Omaha Re
publican. Mrs. Taylor, wife, of Congressman
Ezra Taylor of Ohio, was stricken down
in Washington Dec 29th, about noon,
with apoplexy, and without regaining
consciousness, died at 2:30 p. m. Mrs.
Taylor was about fifty-five years old and
Mr. Taylor's second wife, whom she
married about six weeks ago.
Later news from Fort Worth report
eight men frozen to death at Pan Handle
city, Clarion Co., Tex during the recent
cold spell. Great scarcity of wood is
reported from theTan Handle counties
and much suffering has been occasioned
y tk severe neither.
A Christmas presidential ticket was
announced by the St Louis Globe
Democrat. We second the motion. For
president James G. Blaine, of Maine;
for vice president John M. Thayer, of
Nebraska. Remarks are out of place.
At Boulder, Col., the other "evening,
Isadora Pierce, a store keeper, shot his
wife twice in the presence of his four
children, and then killed himself. The
wife is not fatally wounded. Jealousy
was the cause.
John M. Browx, for many years jour
nal clerk of the house of represents;
lives, died at Washington Dec. 24th, OT,
aged 71. He was appointed clerk thro'
the influence of President Lincoln.
Martin Haley, of Albion, will soon be
tried for the murder of John Sayere, Oc
tober last Judge Tiffany will preside.
The defence will be insanity.
The new Masonic temple at Hastings
was 'dedicated with appropriate cere
monies in the presence of five hundred
invited guests on the night of the 27th
Hans Henning, another small boy
twelve years old at Fremont, the other
day did not know it was loaded and
fired a' revolver bullet through his left
The colored people of Nebraska City,
on the evening of the 26th ult., gave a
grand Christinas ball. Grand music
was furnished by the Clarinda, Iowa, or
chestra. A magnificent opossum supper
was served at 12 o'clock.
Commissioner Lawes introduced a
resolution the other day at Lincoln be
fore the board of transportation abolish
ing all railroad passes, except to actual
employes on the pay roll, and reducing
passenger fare to two cents a mile.
A large and ferocious panther was re
ported last week to be prowling about
not far from Nebraska City in the woods
near Dunbar. When seen last it was
dragging the body of a calf. A large
party of citizens are reported to be out
hunting for the animal.
Railroad service in Nebraska has re
cently been established from Omaha,
via Irvington, to Arlington, Nebraska,
Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley
railroad, 27.69 miles and back, six times
a week, or as much oftener as trains
may run; from Jan. 16, 1888.
The Masonic temple craft of Fremont
has been organized by the election of
officers and directors. L. M. Keene,
president; A. Trusedell, vice president;
W. D. Thomas, treasurer; Robert Kittle,
W. H. Munger, Wm. Friend. All named
have been elected directors.
O. B. Hazen shot a young Canada lynx
while hunting along the Elkhorn yester
day. The animal was crouched in a
tree and Mr. Hazen put a load of quail
shot into his neck aud brought the prize
in to Mr. Sessions. This is the first one
of this species that is known to have
been killed in this section. Norfolk
Frank Harry, a farmer arrested the
other night at David City, for drunken
ness, attempted to hang himBelf with a
rope made with the pieces of a blanket
taken from his bunk. He was found by
the marshal and promptly cut down; he
will probably recover although nearly
dead at the time.
Mrs. Henry Groteluschen, and her in
fant child, of Wilson precinct, died one
day last week. Mr. Groteluschen is one
of the oldest residents of that precinct
She leaves besides her huBband five
small children to mourn her loss. The
bereaved family have the heartfelt sym
pathy of their friends and neighbors.
Schuyler Herald.
The Union Pacific has answered iu the
Lisco case, denying that they discrimin
ate against him in the shipment of hay,
straw, etc., and charging Lisco with
using double bills of lading, each of
different weight, the bill for the lesser
weight used in paying freight, the great
er used in selling goods, all for the pur
pose of defrauding respondents.
Judge Brady has decided the case of
H. F. Cook vs. the city of Beatrice, to re
strain the issuing of $50,000 bonds to
the Rock Island railroad company by
giving a judgment prepetually enjoining
the city from issuing bonds. The non
compliance with the provisions of the
law in voting the bonds in making pro
vision for the payment of the principal
debt by them created was the ground on
which the court decided the case.
A report has been given to the
public from Crawford, that William
Stance, sergeant in the 9th U.
S. cavalry, was shot dead from ambush
on the night of the 25th ult, while on
his way from Crawford to Ft Robison.
Ab he was a very strict disciplinarian it
is believed he was killed by one of his
men. He Btood high in the esteem of
his superiors, and wore a medal awarded
by congress for bravery in rescuing
children from the Indians.
The police of Omaha the other day ar
rested L. W. Hill, James McKenzie and
Anna Elizabeth, a colored woman, who
have been running a shanty on the cor
ner of 16th and Nicholas streets, where
some of the party have been engaged in
making counterfeit money. The officers
found a quantity of copper and zinc, a
lot of very poorly executed counterfeits
of silver halves, and a set of moulds for
casting quarters. All three plead not
guilty and were remanded for trial.
The snow plow on the engine was
smashed the other morning, and with
two or three cars of another train were
thrown from the track on the Fremont,
Elkhorn & Missouri Valley road near
the Union Pacific crossing four miles
west of Fremont, but no one was seri
ously injured, although two or three
persons received severe bruises, one of
them was the landlord of the Delevan
house at Linwood, who received a se
vere out on the head.
The thoughts of the approach ot
Christmas so excited a colored tough of
Lincoln by the name of Botts, that he
attempted to runfthetown without leave
or law, commicted several outrages and
unlawful acts, though when officer Hud
son attempted to arrest him he found
him armed with a razor and revolver
but demanded his surrender which he
refused and commenced his resistance,
which the officer promptly met and with
his first shot killed Botts. The law
justified the act of the officer and every
body approved it
A snow storm at St Paul, Minn., on
the 30th nit, and moving eastward fifty
miles an hour, and the indication officer
prediate that the now belt will extend
from Calgary, N. W. T., to St. Louis and
from there will reach the Ohio valley,
and will be felt in the extreme east
Heavy snow is indicated for Minnesota,
Dakota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kansas, Ne
braska, Illinois, northern Indiana and
Ohio. At this point in Nebraska, the
wind part of the storm was not so very
fierce, but passed by fast enough to be
healthy, and loft a nice snow behind it,
which will aid in developing good crops
again next year.
With this week the administration of
the affairs of the county passes into new
hands, in part, and as the new officials
will receive the watchful attention of
the voters, and their future official life
will depend largely on their record, it is
certainly proper and right that they
know upon what foundation they are
building. Much of future trouble or
annoyance may be avoided by a thorough
and careful examination of the books by
a competent and honest acconutant If
the books are all right it hurts no one,and
if they are not all right-the county ought
to know it. It might be said that the
board of, supervisors con attend to that
without extra expense to the county,
but they are not competent nor can
they give it the time and attention that
the subject would demand. Let us have
a complete overhauling of the county
books, and a published statement that
will be explicit enough that the common
people will understand the financial
condition of our county. Humphrey
It la Trying Hard To Winter Over.
What has become of the lawsuit car
ried on by the Nebraska attorney gen
eral against certain railroads, decided
in favor of the state and its "transporta
tion committee?" Have the railroads
obeyed, or will further proceedings be
fore the courts be required. The com
mission ought to keep the people posted
in regard to this matter, concerning the
whole people's interest. Grand Island
Factories. Wholesale limine, etc.
Mr. Editor: I wish to urge upon the
live citizens of Columbus to weigh well
the advantages certainly to be derived
by acting, and promptly too, upon the
suggestions that naturally arise from
our general situation.
The argument that Columbus posses
ses unrivaled natural facilities for the
location of manufactures, wholesale
houses and other business enterprises,
is beyond contravention. Centrally sit
uated, with railroad lines now in opera
tion and others which will be construct
ed during the present year, reaching in
all directions, it can be made by united
and organized action upon the part of
its people, and in a proper direction, one
of the best commercial distributing
points in the state, and without doubt
far superior to several others that might
be named, which by the energetic ami
liberal action of their citizens, do now
aud have for tome time, with but com
paratively slight natural advantages en
joyed a distinction of no mean propor
tions as commercial centres. But these
things cannot bo accomplished by the
business men and property owners of
this city lying supinely upon their back
and lugging the hope that capital u ill
seek investment here, unless effort is
made and inducements offered in that
direction. Wake up, now is the time to
act, and act vigorously.
Then aud Now.
Home, December 29, 1887.
Tilings have changed materially in
these parts since last I wrote you about
three years ago. Then a farmer could
make fair wages in hauling his corn and
produce to market. I rememler one
man who in coming to Genoa, on ques
tioning a farmer in regard to what he
received for his corn, amounting to nlout
$4.50 to $5, concluded that he would
buy a mule team and go right into
freighting corn, but when he discovered
that the farmer had to furnish his own
freight, he wisely concluded to give up
the idea of investing in a mule team.
But now a great change has taken
place; on meeting a farmer in the streets
of Genoa he is full of life and laughs
from ear to ear; only think for instance,
of the four to five dollars for his load of
corn; it usually runs up to $15 to $18
and mark the result: new houses and
commodious barns are being erected
throughout the surrounding country.
Among those who have made substantial
and costly improvements I am pleased
to mention the name of Mr. Samuel C.
Terry, formerly a Marylander. About
ten years ago he located on an 80 acre
farm eight miles northeast of Genoa, in
Platte county, and by hard work and
continued industry he has added two or
three 80's to his first. Beginning with
the inevitable dug-out of the early set
tler, he has gradually improved his sur
roundings so that at the present time a
$1200 cottage succeeds the dug-out, a
$100 barn and a fine wind-mill .with
other out-houses corresponding. In ad
dition to all this, you will see a large
pasture enclosed with a good substantial
fence, while indeed his whole farm pre
sents the appearance of thrift and enter
prise. This is only one instance of
success and is given to satisfy many of
those who are almost but not altogether
persuaded in their own' mind to give
Nebraska a trial. We say, come right
along and yon can do likewise.
Uncle John.
Correspondence from Gibbon, Neb.
I want to thank you for the interest
ing war story. It gives the children a
vivid picture of war times, and ought to
help them to be thankful for the liber
ties and blessings they enjoy in this
goodly land, now happily reunited un
der one banner. While there were
doubtless many good and conscientious
men on the side of the rebellion Stone
wall Jackson's, Lee's, Lamar's it is
very hard to understand how they could
ever be willing to lift up arms against
the most benevolent government in the
world. What would be the condition of
America if each state could be inde
pendent? Look at Continental Europe.
Arbitrary lines are drawn between
French and German territory, between
German and Russian, between Swiss
and German, between German and Dan
ish, between Danish and Dutch. Yon
shall find a piece of timber through
which stones are placed at intervals
marking the boundary of two govern
ments that are deadly enemies. Watch
men are placed on both aides all along
the line. It is fortified by fortifications.
The movements of the armies along the
i line Jire JKUUUOXJ1 WBWIieu UJ nr;UKjCU
I HA14S..i,a .inji uiataamon fin, ulna
gathers a few more soldiers along the
line and directly the other side wants 'to
know what that means. Common sense
seems to have almost nothing to do
with the governing of Europeans. Hun
dreds of millions of dollars arc spent
to keep 'up the vast array of armies.
All Europe ia one vast military camp,
and all because the territory is divided
among a dozen different governments,
instead of having oue all-European gov
ernment! State rights! with a venge
ance! This is the state of things which
must result from the damnable state
rights doctrine in America. How could
wise and good men ever entertain such
a doctrine?
This region is prospering. Corn is
worth -10 cents. Hay four dollars. Thous
ands of sheep and cattle are being win
tered here. People who are not satis
fied with this region, .especially the
Platte and Loup vallies, do not know
what they want. It must Beem plain to
thinking men, who have seen something
of the world, that it is useless fo leave
here and go elsewhere expecting to find
something better. The best soil, a
healthful climate, a market east aud
west, plenty of grain, enormous quanti
ties of jjrasa and hay, school-houses in
abundance, colleges, universities.chnrch
es of all shades, newspapers, libraries,
railroads, growing cities :dl that heart
could wish. -And still not satisfied!
Well, many people do have queer no
tions. Some very intelligent people
seem to ua to act very unwisely. It
must be intelligent people who livejin
the great cities and build houses ten or
twelve stories high; and yet it seems to
me you could not hire me for any
amount or monqy to live in the tenth
story. Think of lire! Or a child falling
down the stairs, or nn elevator hole, or
out of a window! This whole question
of "rapid transit," elevated railroads,
tunnels, etc., loolcs to us very absurd.
Why be in such a hurry? There's plen
ty of time to get to the grave. There's
plenty of room in the world; why pile
one city on top of another? So with the
shortening or time to San Francisco.
What difference if you don't get thereto
qnick? What difference does 24 hours
make? Why not go slow and safe?
Hurry, hurry, hurry, this seems to be
the craze now. Better stop that hurry.
Better sit down and think a little. The
race is not always to the swift. Stop
and think of your real self, whence do
you come, whither are you going, what
does it all mean this human life? Stop,
I say, and think. Twill do you more
real good, than this mad hurrying. Set
tle down upon a solid basis of existence,
one that will last, one that will give gen
eral satisfaction. Not all gold that
glitters. Bo sure you find true gold.
Gold, tried in tho fire of human exist
ence. Lei others run after the mica and
Itra.b. Stick ou to the true gold!
C. G. A. ni'LLiioitT.
Southern Frcteetlonlht- Aroused.
A correspondent of the New York
Herald, writing from Birmingham, Ala.,
who has been interviewing the mo-it
prominent manufacturers in Alabama,
gives the result thus:
Summed up, the opinion of leading
manufacturers here is that the message
will defeat the democratic party next
year, and will also have the effect of
stopping further investments in manu
facturing until there is' a new Adminis
tration. The South will no longer be
solidly democratic, the manufacturers
This is undoubtedly a fair summary
of the sentiment of a large and influen
tial class in every Southern ctate. The
Atlanta Constitution, the leading jour
nal in Georgia, says the President dis
cusses the tariff question from the
standpoint of W. R. Morrison, of Dlin
ois, who as the Constitution remarks,
"waB left, at home by his esteemed con
stituents on account of his extreme
Another well known Georgia newspa
per, the Augusta Chronicle, has this to
say alxrfit the President's altitude to
ward the industries of the country:
Candor compels us to say that his
views on the internal revenue system
and the tariff will not strengthen our
caitBe in the Presidential election in the
states of New York, Connecticut, New
Jersey and Virginia.
The Birmingham Age, one of the most
able and conspicuous journals of Ala
bama, in speaking of the injury which
the President's utterances have inflicted
on the democratic cause, says the repub
licans in the presidential canvass next
year will disregard the negro alliance in
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and
Alabama, and, in the states named,
"strike out to capture the white vote
pronouncedly opposed to the president's
theories." The Age adds that ''the
democratic masses of the Union will
lOj'IIUlulO JWI. uraicuuiuo iiha;iivd.
The Herald, another prominent demo
cratic newspaper of Birmingham, be
lieves that the republicans will choose
the next president, and takes this lugu
brious view of democratic chances:
We feel that the president hits made
a serious blunder and has struck a
severe blow at the fine prospects of the
democratic party and his own chances
for re-election. If he be nominated on
such a platform as his message indi
cates he can not be re-elected. We fear
that he has thrown the democratic fat
into the fire.
The Nashville American, one of the
leading journals of Tennessee, also
strongly condemns the president's views.
The same paper calls attention to the
well-known fact that the revenues from
wool and woolen goods were greater in
the two or three years following 1883
than they were in the same length of
time immediately preceding that date,
although duties on most of the articles
of that class were reduced in 1883. The
American, in referring to this fact, says
truthfully that a "reduction of the tariff
does not necessarily reduce the revenue,"
and adds that "the reduction of the
tariff, unless done by experts, is more
likely to increase than diminish the
This is the response of the protection
ist democratic newspapers of the South
to the free-trade policy outlined by the
president Even more vigorous atad im
pressive is the response which the peo
ple ot Virginia, through their legisla
ture, have just made. The lower branch
of that body calls on the congressional,
delegation from Virginia to vote for the
repeal of the internal revenue taxes.
This would mean that the tariff should
be left practically untonched. The sen-
...i: "C r"lT.nlol'o tliinui
timent, indeed, was so overwhelmingly
opposed to the free-trade programme of j
the president, the secretary of the trass-1
ury and the speaker that only one of tha
uiw;-uud momumoui tun , nj,uua wg-
lslature who voted on that question
voted to sustain the policy of the preei-
dent and the dominant faction of his
party. Globe-Democrat
(Educational! Beparfitnt
er wanted.
The recent death of Dr. Mark Hop
kins recalls, to many of us, memories
ot President Garfield, who said that he
owed the impulse of his life to the
teaching of that venerable man. I
think it was he who said, that worth
more than all the noble college build
ings in the conntry, would bo a plain
wooden, bench with Mark Hopkins at
one end of it if he could sit at the
other. I have always since thought
of that ideal wooden bench when I
have been shown fine school build
ings adorned with pictures and statues
and furnished with every modern con
venience. Are we not sometimes in danger of
forgetting, in onr desire for fine school
houses, the fact that, after all, it is the
teachers inside of the buildings and
not the buildings themselves that make
the school? Emerson says somewhere,
that it does not make so much differ
ence what a child learns, as of whom
he learns it. This is only his way of
stating the truth, that it is the person
ality of the teacher that will make its
mark on the child's mind. After all
the lessons have beeu recited and the
school doors have been left for the
last time, the effect that remains, the
last result which the pupil holds over
from his school, will be the view of
life, the way of thinking, that he has
gained from his teachers.
That is the one permanent thing,aftor
all. This is only another way of say
ing that the end of all true teaching is
the training of the mind, and not the
acquisition of fact. If it were the lat
ter the man who knew the most would
be the best teacher. But how often
the only memory which a man retains
of his school-days under one of these
wise men, is that of painful effort to
memorize certain facts, or that
of tricks playetl to -deceive; and
all this finally fades out, leaving noth
ing as a residuum.
But with the other kind of a teacher
an ineffaceable mark has beeu left on
the character of the pupil. Xo matter
how wise he may grow, till he may
have far outstripped hib old instructor
iu many departments of knowledge, he
is always forced to recognize with a
tender grateful thought, the touch of
the creative huud which shaped his
boyish thinking the inflexible will
which went down before no obstacle,
but bent like a swaying reed before
any question of justice and right; the
reverent search for truth, the whole
truth and nothing but tiie truth; which
led the way even iu a simple arithmeti
cal example; the undoubtiug faith and
trust to which every'lesson in natural
science led up; the patient repetitions,
the glad welcomings of the success of
the student.
It is not the Bible reading iu the
morning that he remembers now. It
ia the way iu which the reading was
done, and, more than all, it is the
daily life going in aud out among the
children that he remem hers, und lor
which he is grateful.
Such are the feelings with which the
pupils of Mark Hopkins thought
and think of him. Such are the
feelings with which the real creative
teacher is sure to be looked back upon
by those who were his pupils.
A teacher is an in the highest
sense. And far more fortunate is he
than all other artists in the material
with which he works. The Greek
sculptor might embody his highest
idea of grandeur in marble, and the
Roman conquerors dash itto pieces,'or,
at any rate what the Romans spared,
Time will not spare. The painter may
put his noblest thoughts on canvas,
and hang the picture in the holiest
place behind and above the altar in the
most sacred building, it may be safe
from invaders, but the smoke from the
very incense and candles which are
burned before it will throw a veil ovei
its beauty, and it will fade and grow
indistinct as the years go by. The
poet's words are liable to be destroyed.
Only the teacher works on indestruct
ible malerial.His carving cannot be sub
ject to decay; the picture that he paints
no smoke nor dust can injure; the
poems that he writes sing on forever,
not only in the hearts that he has di
rectly spoken to. but in thousands ol
others that he will never know. He
only may work out of reach of dis
couragement and fear' high above all
anxiety and foreboding. If is only in
measure as the sculptor, painter, poet
are teachers, that they may hope to
share his immunity from loss.
To be a real teacher is to sow imper
ishable seed on the ground that is
quick with life, and under the sunlight
and rain that never fail. And the fruit
is abundant a thousand fold.
When such a teacher as Mark Hop
kins dies, or when one of his grateful
pupils dies: then we recognize the
truth of these words. It is not only
and it is not first of all college gradu
ates that we want for teachers in oui
public schools: it is real men and
women that we want, first of all; true
men and women, who shall influence
by their character, and whose silent
teaching of Truth; Honor, Sincerity
and Earnestness, shall inevitably build
up citizens for the Republic and maka
fast and sura the foundations of the
rapidly growing nation.
When will onr Normal Schools teach
this lesson above all to those who are
to go forth from them? When will
colleges have a course on humility for
the graduating class among all other
courses of study, so that the graduates
shall lay their -hands to the work of
teaching in a reverent spirit of conse
cration? Those of ns who never knew
Dr. Arnold in life count him as one of
onr benefactors. We who never saw
the face of Mark Hopkins, yet have
heard his voice for tho voice of the
real teacher " goes out to the ends of
the earth " quickening and vivifying
hearts that he never knew, and lifting
up hands that never touched his own.
The plain wooden bench on one end
oi which he sat, reaches far away be
yond his horizon, and has room for
thousands of listeners and learners.
And there ia always room and always
there ara teachers wanted at the other
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Which for mM . convenience, clean liu.- anil Mtiiplicit . cannot b- txtvlioii. it embodie th
bioipkHt principle iu iliiieoihjr and tk the rank ubm ull Lamp Fillers. No 4UnMe- of .r
plcaionH. Aimolut-stVty Kiiunmtw.1. Nuripillun;, vmlm or dripping of oil on the floor titltU
oroutmde of cnn. IWit oncuuudjou will not bewiUiout it for nvettoiit itjcodt It -work-, iu
lttrice cand an wull us dinnll ont, thereby Mvin the friu.Mit and aunoin trip to th tor? with a
amall can. i.ery can uiadi. of the ver U-at tin, and wurrnted to work rfatisfactorilr Call and ma
(kinilecan andi;et uricfrf. R
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rZ4S5Tt mftaJL--cZ
- m - - mfm "-
JSlf tl Imy it J on K-t IM rod of feniv from 10l oiind- of wir. which m other will do.".;
What better than a good warm coat for your
wife or daughter? Bargains will be given for
the next THIRTY DAYS, to close them out be
fore invoicing.
Fiye Hundred Suits !
Of men's, boys' and children's clothing to close
out. On account of the open winter we will close
out over 200 overcoats cheaper than ever known
in Columbus.
Do not fail to see Galley Bros.' bargains be
fore buying. Remember these bargains will not
last long, we mean to close them out, so take ad
vantage of the bargains we shall offer at
Before we invoice. 2I"
Mckinley &
Money to loan on improved farms in this and adjoining
counties, at ourrent rates. We are prepared to close loans
promptiy, in alt cases where title and security are satisfactory.
Office up-stairs in Henry Building, corner of Olive and
Eleventh streets. juiyiraitr
General Ayeulsfor the sale a
Union Pacific un.l Midland Pacific B. H. Land
or oa five or tea yar time, in aunnal pal ment to
lot of other lands, improved and unimproved, for
baaineaaand residence lou in the city. WV kwp
Platte County.
Wholesale and
Fxes&a. i !vea.t3.
Gave, Poiltry, and Fresh Fish.
IVCaah paid for Hidoa, Pelts, Tallow.
Oliv trt, second door north of First national Bank.
Presents !
K3IR7 mm 2 CO.,
Have u Fine Lino of Staple and Fancy
Grtckery and Glassware,
Whirli wpm lMMifjht cheap for caah, anl will lie 30M,
at very low prices.
Street, ftilumluiM. Nebraska.
for Mile -t from i3.00 to 10.00 per cr for cuh
nuit purcbar. YYe have alo a larga and cboic
tialu at low price and on reasonable terma. Alao
a complete alwtract of title to all real eetato la
Ketail Dealers in
All Kiidu ef Saisage a Specialty
Highest market price paid for fat cattle.B