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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1888)
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VOL. XVIII.-NO. 37.
COLUMBTXS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 4, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 921.
LKANDER GERHARD. Pre'L
GEO. W. IIUL8T, Vice Pre-'L
JULIUS A. REED.
K. II. HEXUY.
J. E. TASKKS, Cashier.
Bank of Ipo.It IMce
CllcctloBM Promptly Made
lay iMtereNf o Tl la
C. H. SHELDON. Pres't.
w. a. McAllister, vice Prea.
ROBERT UHUO, Cashier.
DANIEL 8CIIRAM, Ass't Cash.
J. P. BECKER. H. 1. H. OEHLRICH.
JONAS WELCH. CARL REINKE.
This Bank transacts a regular Banking Busi
ness, will allow interest on time deposits, make
collections, buy or sell exchange on United
States and Europe, and buy and sell available
We 6hall be pleased to receive your business.
We solicit your patronage. We guarantee satis
faction in all bueinese intrusted in our care.
Or . IV. KIBLER,
tTThese organs are first-class in every par
ticular, and so guaranteed.
SCMFFROTH t PUTN,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pimps Repaired ei alert istiee
tSTOne door west of Heintz's Drug Store, 11th
street, Columbus, Neb. 17nov-tf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
'Fsraltara, Chairs, Badataada. Bu-
raana, Tables, Safes. Loukm,
skc, Picture Frames and
ZF Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
4f COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
WESTERN GOTTAdE ORGAN
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat.
it business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUB OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. 8. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no subweades, all business
direct, hence we can transact patent business in
less time and at LESS COST than those remote
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tjosj We advise if patentable or not, free of
ebance. -Oar fee not due till patent is seenred.
A book. -How to Obtain Patents," with refer-
itoaetaal clients arwwwa coaaty or
CREMATION AS PRACTICED BY
THLINKETS OF ALASKA.
Providing the Spirit with a Square Meal
A Corpoe Awaiting Barial Weird Scene
at the Funeral How the Creatatlou 1m
Among those Indians known as the
Thlinkcts, who inhabit the coast aul con
tiguous inlands of southeastern Ataskx,
tbe practice of cremation is universal, ex
cept in the case of shamans or medicine
men, whose spirits after death inhabit a
higher world apart from the common
hei'i, and slaves who are considered
k'-'ircely worthy of this distinction.
The ThUnket liellevus that shortly be-
fore death the spirit of some loved friend '
ii.mc iM-roiv will appear to mm. saying:
it out a iew suns longer, nnu u a uesi
so, ror me is nut nam; s oe reaay, ior i
will soon come to lend your spirit to a
land where all is happiness." j
With the last breath tidings go out to j
the clan, who assemble with blackened
faces to mourn the dead, and in former
years the nearer relatives out oft" the hair.
"Hie corpse is now dressed in the most
v:iliM'd garments, the face decorated in
ret I ami black, arid placed in a sitting po--iiiiMi
with back to the wall, opposite the ,
eittrawv. All the property of the de-
teaM-d ! now brought and piled on either
hand the ThUnket rounts his wealth in
blankets, kept stored away in camphor
wood or cedar chests. Masks, rattles, I
ndici. guns, hunting and iLshiug imple
ment and dancing paraphernalia are
placed directly around; the head is sur-
Mounted by a grotesquely carved wooden i
iiuisl: iu toietnic iloin, brilliant in its in
lajing of holiotU sOirll and topped by a
r-eiui trait-parent forol of sea lion whisk-en-,
while over the Innly Is thrown a
l.iuhly ornamental blanket, woven from
the finer tleecc of the mountain goat and
worked in black, white, yellow and blue
trom old pattern boards that have been
hani"(i down through generations until
the dp-ten have ltocmie conventional.
Fmi- three days Hit .-lend remains a silent
spu tat or of household atlnifs, which have
io :. n much n usual, as a number of
fai:nii"s Iie under the Kime roof. Vis
itor, come and go, food is prepared ,-it the
coiaaioii central lire, and children toddle
about, tumbling over the sleeping do;s
bu: a general air of quiet prevails until
uiil.ifail. when the tribe assemble with
ilnn.i. rattle and dancing sticks, and to
their ineatireil accompaniment keep time
In moitotoiioiw chant. "eulogizing and la- ,
mentiug the dead.
Tiie -cene i weird to a degree, the many
colored blankets, the blackened faces, the
walls hung with arnis and INhiiig imple
ments, tiie curiously carved and colored
houve posts; while festoons of dried lis It
and meat deiend from the roof, and all ,
seen through the fitful Hashes of the great
crackling tire of cedar logs, over which at
intervals oil is dashed to redouble the
For three nights this scene is repeated,
but on the third day the wealth of the de
ceased is distributed among the relatives,
each one receiving a certain portion, as
judged by -Hipulnr consent.
Tiie funeral pj're is now erected direct! v
in roar of h1 house or on the outskirts c
the village, ui proximity to the shore.
Iogs of the fragrant jellow cedar are now
bioughlund laid uou each oilier, forming
a hollow parr'k.ogram seven feet long by
three wide. A. a height of from two to
three feet a finor'ng of. logs is laid, leaving
air spaces between them, alwve which tho
walls are continued for another foot Be
neath the flooring and around the sides
kindling and spruce knots, saturated with
gum, are placed.
All being in readiness, on this, the
fourth, day, the class ase;able, a plank
is removed from the side or end of the
l.on?e, and through this opening the dead
is carried on a mat made from the inner
liark of the red cedar, for it is a strongly
rooted superstition among these people
that should the body pass through the
doorway, that later the death spirit would
return to claim mere victims. As the
body is carried out an old woman takes
some coals and burning fragments from
the lire and scatters them after it, to drive
away the spirit of death and cleanse the
passageway, and afterward throws out a
dog to accompany its master's spirit to the
The procession now makes its way
slowly toward the place selected for cre
mation, and when reached the body is
deposited on the raised flooring of the
pyre and a torch applied to the resinous
splinters readily igniting the whole mass.
The women iu full dancing habiliments,
consisting of a blue black blanket faced
with red cloth and ornamented with hun
dreds of mother of pearl buttons, fancy
colored caps or headdresses cf raven or
eagle feathers, immense earrings and nose
pendants, faces blackened and carrying
in the right hand a long pole, the end
decorated with eprlgs of evergreen and
bright streamers, form in a half circle
about the head of the pile. The men,
with dancing sticks and rattles, are
grouped on one side. The nearer rela
tives sit about promiscuously, moaning
and wailiug. Tie older men lead the
chant or dirge, which is joined in by all,
and to its slow notes the women keep
time with the body swaying from side to
side and bowing in unison, reminding one
of the famous sword dance of the Bedou
in.. Oftentimes the nrms and personal be
longings of the deceased are thrown on
the fire, which, by means of long poles,
is constantly stirred, and the chant con
tinues until the body is reduced to ashes
and the logs consumed. The family col
lect any remains of bones and the sup
posed ashes, which are carefully deposited
in small decorated boxes or trunks cov
ered with cedar inauing, corded with
spruce roots, and finally placed in dead
houses or family vaults directly in rear of
Every one now returns to the house,
where a grand feast is prepared, consist
ing of dried salmon clipped in seal oil, her
ring spawn, potatoes, roots, berries, edible
sea weed, shell fish, seal meat and tallow
from the fat of the wild goat of the
mountain. Food and grease are placed in
carved platters, and consigned to the
names, to sustain the deceased spirit on
its weary journey. With the coming of
night the men assemble, seating them
selves around the fire, when the women in
full dancing costume file in, forming in
continuous rank around the walls, fncing
the audience of males, and repeat the
swaying, bowing dance previously enacted
at the cremation, keeping time to the
chant. This closes the funeral cere
monies, which have now lasted through
four days The dead may be -honored
again in future years by a period of -lancing
and feasting, and the rebuilding of a
deadhouse is always n season of ceremonial
celebration. G. F. Emmons in San Fran
PRINTED PAGES REPRODUCED
By the "WasUoat" GeUtlae
CtIUlns the Son's Bays.
The English edition of an encyclopaedia
ts being reproduced entire, in exact fac
simile, without a line of type being set.
The process by which it is being done, like
many inventions of the kind, is extremely
simple, and yet requires such delicacy in
handling that it has taken years of careful
experimenting to bring it to its present
state of perfection. The 90,000 pages and
the thousands of illustrations making up
the encyclopedia are being reproduced bj
just tnis mixture pinin, common gela
tine, such a you use at home in your
cooking. Nothing more, except a few
chemicals, ordinary brushes that can be
bought anywhere for a quarter, and
The idea of the "washout" gelatine pro
cess is not a new one. It certainly dates
back a dozen years. But it was in 1884
that the patent under which the encyclo
paedia is being reproduced was first ob
tained. But theu it was not practical. In
two or three years several different own
ers of the patent found it an elephant on
their hands, and because they could not
work it practically in other words, "to
make money out of It" failed. Finally
a year ago it began to assume a more
practical shape, and the company then
working it took the contract from a firm
of New York publishers to reproduce the
encyclopedia. Like many new things tiie
process was "cranky," and refused to
work practically and steadily enough to
produce the result aimed at The thing
dragged along, until finally last April the
company made an assignment, ana us
i mo. - .. m onMtnn niftiw'o or Ha
member of The Boston Globe's staff. He
saw what simple changes were needed
to make the process a success, and now
plates for the new popular reprint of the
encyclopaedia are being turned out com
plete and ready for thepress at the rate of
500. n week, while it seems that in the
near future there will be practically no
limit to the number of books that may be
reproduced without setting a line of type.
It is the simplest thing in the world
that is, to explain on paper. Gelatine,
when prepared by this secret process, has
the property of becoming almost as hard
as metal when exposed to the sunlight,
and remaining soft and soluble when kept
in the dark. When in a liquid state it is
run out into thin sheets about ''type
There is no international copyright. A
copy of the English edition of the ency
clopaedia is cut up and carried to the pho
tographers' room in this engraving estab
lishment. The pages are put in front of
large cameras and photographed. The
result is a black and while negative
densely black and absolutely translucent,
making a fac simile of the type page.
In the negative the black part of the page
that is, the type natter is translucent,
::ud the white parr of the page that is,
the paper is densely Mack.
These negatives ire next placed in
frames over the sheets of gelatine and ex
posed to the sunlight. Where the sun
shines through the negative the gelatine
becomes almost as hard as metal; where
the black portion of the negative
protects the gelatine it remains soft
and soluble. The gelatine sheet
thus "printed" is taken into a
dark room and washed with a brush and
ordinary water. The soluble portion dis
appears, leaving the hardened part that
is. the type standing up in bold relief.
It Is practically exactly like a page of
type set up ard eady for the pies. The
gelatine plate is then electrotyped and
from these electrotypes the book printed,
The illustrations are made in the same
way. A dot or a line so fine that it can
be seen ouly with tho aid of a microscope
"comes out" in the negative, and the
minute ray of the sun that shines through
that intinitesuinl aperture hardens its in
fiuitesmal molecule f gelatine.
English and other uncopyright 3d w orks
are uow being reproduced by American
publishers cheaper than they can be set in
type, and without the trouble and delay,
oi ajOKiii-' over proui t;iecis, eic .ij
leather goes into one end of a mp.ch'irt
and comes out a finished shoe at the other,
so English books go into this machine one
clay, and t ,n next day plates come out
complete from which American editions
may be printed. Cuts are clipped from
foreign books and periodicals, go through
this process, and in a few days adorn our
American books. New York Letter.
- - i 1-; 1 -
South American Visitor.
"There is something new," said a bird
importer, pointing to what seemed to be
half way between a turkey and a pheasant
"What is it" he was askfc"..
"A curassow. It is a native of South
America, and does not corns north of the
Isthmus. A few of them have been im-
nnrif-d tn t)i? mnntrv. nnil tliev KWrnetl
to take, and the probability Is that they ',
will become very popular. They are about
the size of pea fowl, and their plumage
varies from a glossy black to gray, and
there is occasionally one that is mottled
white and black. They hare a peculiar
tuft of feathers on top of their heads,
which they can raise and lower at will.
In Brazil these birds run nt large like wild
turkeys, and it is good sport shooting
them. They are easily domesticated, and
are wonderfully fine eat ing. There is such
a demand for them that a large number
will be brought up from South America,
and they will be exhibited nt the poultry
shows this winter." New York Mail and
Advice to the Barber.
"I always shave myself," said n well
kuowu lawjerat the city hall, "and be
fore commencing the operation dip the
blade in a cup of boiling water." "What
for?" "Well, 1 will have to lecture n bit.
If you will take a microscope aud look at
the blade of a newly honed razor you will
Hud that the edge is like n saw. Well,
the lulling hot water will run these saw
teeth together and make an even edge.
That is the philosophy of it." Everybody
who knows an thing about shaving knows
that of course, but how many do The
usual exper'ence is a removal of the hair
by a more or less effective power, but the
barber who take timi to plunge his blade
in boiling water is n rarity, and a glassy
strop is the uual developer of his weapon's
edge. B'iffalo New.
A Quick Wltted Girl.
Courtship is visible on every hand at
Saratoga. Its aspects are various, but
usually mild, though occasionally violent.
Only last evening I went quickly around
a corner of a veranda and caught a fellow
struggling with a girl for a kiss.
"You shan't have it," she said.
"I will," he persisted.
"No, you shaut " and here she saw
me, and she finished the sentence this way:
"This locket is a keepsake, and I won't
even lend it to you.'
Locket, indeed! Fellows don't pucker
their mouths like that in asking for
lockets. Philadelphia Times.
An Undeveloped Bonanza.
The chief plant products of West Af
rica having a present economic value are,
according to a new handbook by Capt.
Alfred Moloney, palm oil, ground nuts,
India rubber, coffee, gum, dye woods,
cacas, cotton, fibers and timbers. Palm
oil is obtained from a plant covering im
mense areas, and is imported to England
to the value of nearly $5,000,000 yearly.
A new product is the "white Africa- rub
ber," from landolphia owari" asl. in
which the trade has risen during ''e last
four years from almost nothing t i arly
$180,000. Many plants yield va'oable
gums, and many have important medici
nal propei ties. There is besides a won
derful botanical wealth whose posi:!e
practical value is yet unknown. ArSaa
"Witness My Hand."
In the cirly days only a few scholars
and priests knew how to write. It was
then customary to sign a document by
smearing the hand with ink and impress
ing it upon the paper,' at the same time
saving, "Witness my hand." Afterward
the seal was introduced as a substitute11 for
the hand mark, the two forming the sig
nature. This is the origin of the expres
sion used in modern documents. Chicago
A BOOK WORM'S DEtf.
THE QUEER PEOPLE WHO HAVE
tfANIA FOR OLD VOLUMES.
Bow the Habit of Book Bayinc Grows
aad Is Cultivated by Book Sellers..
Hobbles or the Old aad Young Worms.
''There goes one of the most confirmed
book worms in the city of New York,"
8aida clerk iu a big Broadway book store
the other day as an old man with a be
nevolent looking face and long white hair
passed out of the store with two very old
and very valuable books under his arm.
His face bore a look of contentment and
he seemed to be satisfied with himself
ami all the world. I watched him until
he boarded a Broadway car and sat down
to gloat over his latest possessions. The
sight was fasciuHting, and I gazed at the
fast disappearing car until the voice of
the clerk called me back from a mental
vision of old musty shelves filled with
older and mustier books, whose bindings
time has fringed and scalloped with a gen
"Rather interesting to look at a real
book worm, Isn't it.1" said tho clerk.
"You henr people call each other ltook
J worms simply because they are always
! reading, but they are not true, mustv
I smelling book worms. What are they?
J What's the genuine article? Well, I'll
tell you. A genuine book worm is a man
or woman (which latter is rarely the case)
who goes to u lxx)k store once or twice n
week, without knowing just what ho
wants. He lias no definite idea of buying
anything, but lefore lie knows it he has
one or tw o ginui books. They come to see
if anything ijw has been received; if so,
and it is interesting, they buy it, and
never object to the price. As a rule they
are men past middle age, but there are
some young men who are studying for a
profession, but 'hey usually buy only
those books which treat of the profession
they are studying. Then we have some
doctors and lawyers who are confirmed
book worms. Altogether I think there
are about 150 book worms in New York,
and about eighty of them are regular cus
tomers of ours."
A strange fact in connection with book
worms, the clerk said, was that they very
seldom visited the public libraries. They
think that if a liook is ink-resting enough
to read it is interesting enough to buy,
, aud buy it they do, even if they have to
deny themselves the necessaries of life to
raiso money enough to get the book.
1 "But are they not great and insuffer
able bores," I asked the clerk, as I
thumbed a disreputable looking copy of
an old Latin prayer book that bore the
date 10T5. The clerk smiled.
j "Bores? 1 should say not. I do not
think there is a bookseller in this city
who would be hard hearted enough to
, discourage a book worm that pays iiim a
professional visit. In fact, they will
gladly put up with the 'worm's' quips
and fancies in order to have his trade
j Why, I know a bookseller who refused to
sell an old Bible one that was yellow
with age just because he saw a worm
looiung ai ii me uay oerore: anil ne was
The worm bought the Bible and
a regular customer. It's a nitv.
3 too, for he spends every cent he can cet
for books, old books, new books., and
books, books, books seem to be the only
t'i.-.gs he lives for."'
While speaking of book worms in gen
eral, an old man entered the store, fol
lowed by a younger one. The old man
looked musty himself and the clerk
"There is one of the antiquarians a
genuine worm. That young man is u
worm, too. Now, If we approach him
gently, I think the old gentleman will
give you some tips. He's one of the most
, confirmed worms I ever saw, aud, al-
! though he wears shabby clothes, he lives
fairly well. He spends fully $1,000 a
' year on books, and manages to live on
. from $400 to $500. He's genuine."
The old gentleman was introduced, aud
talked freely about his hobby, winding up
by inviting me to inspect his collection.
As I left, the clerk said: "Now, you'll see
$10,000 worth of books. Don't ask too
many questions, and when he gets started
keep quiet and listen to him. He'll tell
you all he knows."
The old gentleman was Chesterfleldian
in his politeness, and as gallant as the
knights you read about in the medi&val
ages. Uptown in the elevated to One
Hundred and Twenty-fifth street we went,
and then to One Hundred and Thirty
second street near Eighth avenue. Here
is a little two-story building, and this was
the book worm's home. The old gentle
man apologized for his untidy house, and
conducted me to his "den," a room in the
second story. Books and books and
books! Did I ever see bo many books out
side of a book store? What jolly mid
night lunches ths worms and the mice
and the moths must have among those
musty, time decorated, dust hidden vol
umes. I would live in One Hundred and
Thirty-second street near Eighth avenue
were I a mouse. The little old man looked
as dried up and as must as his books.
He picked up a volume with beech wood
covers. There were faint lines on the
covers lines thnt looked as if they had
been traced there by some hand, which
was now like the dust that covered the
book. The lines were ghastly in their
"This is a Bibla Sacra Lutinn." he said.
"It was printed in Venice, and is what
they usually call Monk Latin. It is very
old. The date . vs it is over 400 vears
old. The date is 1485. Look inside. If
is my prize. You see the initials are
drawn by hand in red, block and blue ink.
They are bright. They used good ink in
The book was indeed a treasure. The
pages were not numbered, and the text is
in sections in the center of each page.
Surrounding these are various interpreta
tions by the monk who did the illuminat
ing of the initials.
"Here," said the worm, smiling, "is a
book I prize next to my 'Bibla Sacra .Lati
no.' It is, as you see, a copy of & dis
course in Latin by Zwingli, the Swiss
reformer. It is bound in parchment. It
was printed in 1580, and the woodcuts are
very fine for that time. I wouldn't part
with it for the world. Here between the
covers is a lock of hair and a letter to me
dated in June, 1824, and signed 'Mary.'
That was before I married her, and it is .1
love letter. She's dead now and well,
I'm getting old, 85 next month and I'll
soon be with ber. I wonder who will get
my books?" Tears glistened in the old
man's eyes, and I stole away and left him
to his memory and his books. "Mr. K."
in New York Star.
Eugene Field and the Bedbngs.
Eugene Field was here not long ago
nnder an assignment to describe the
Omaha saloon property of ex-President
Hayes, and I had the pleasure of dining
with him at one of our first class hotel.
Alter dinner we went up to his room.
When he opened the door for me to go in
I saw probably the most remarkable apart
ment it has ever been my lot to witness.
The walls had been white originally, I
suppose, but as I glanced at them they
seemed to have been transformed Into a
dirty yellow. The sheets of the bed-were
turned down, and they exhibited the
same discoloratiou. The windows had
spots of yellow on them, and the wash
stand and dressing case were similarly
blotched. . I turned to Field wonderingly.
Be was looking very sober, even sad. "I
had some trouble wih the bugs last
night," he explained pathetically, "and I
didn't sleep very well. As soon aa it was
light I went down to the drug store and
bought four jtounds of insect powder."
And he had used it all, and with com
, xnendable thoroughness.
We sat in the yellow room and chatted
a few minutes, nud then Field rose and
rang the belL A girl appeared, and he
asked her to send up the housekeeper. As
that large, venerable and matronly person
opened the door she saw Field in the cen
! ter of the room assuming a tragical atti
tude and rendered most fiendishly ridicu
lous by the waving plumes of a large
feather duster which he had found on the
dressing case, and the handle of which be
had stuck between his collar and the back
of his neck. It was a tableau as funny an
could be improvised. It was broken pres
ently by Field announcing himself in
blood curdling tones to the housekeeper
its "Spat, the Bedbug King." Then he
plucked her mysteriously by the sleeve,
and led her over to the dressing case. He
open! the top drawer of that article of
' furuftureTamTlhere. disposed In regular
line, were fourteen bedbugs lying iu all
the silent pathos of death on as many
small fragments of newspaper. I shall
never forget the expression of fear, aston
ishment and shame with which that
housekeeper turned and ran out of the
room. Omaha World.
Science In Navigation.
"Did you ever hear of plowing a chan
nel in the Alabama .river for a steamer to
get through?" asked an old river engi
neer. The reporter has heard many a tough
yarn from the fresh water salts who draw
the long bow on Front street between
trips, but this was brand new. and he
"Well, last July the Carrier grounded
on Yellowjacket bar on a falling river.
The crew pulled away on the capstan
without moving the old boat an Inch,
when the mate, seeing we would be high
and dry in a few hours, got out u lot of
hoes that were in the freight and part of
the crew were set a diggiug alongside the
bottom of the boat so as to wet her sides
while the rest were hauling away. Old
Dr. Harris, who lives about two miles
from the bar, and who has a turn for civil
engineering, asked Capt. Xewmaster if
there wasn't a plow in the freight. There
was, and in a minute a big darkey was up
to his waist in the channel above the bar
holding the plow handle, which was
hitched to the capstan rope, and the plow
was hauled to the boat a half dozen times
or so. Then the rope was tied to a tree
on the bank above and the old Carrier
went over that bar like butter through u
tin horn. There's a heap of science iu
navigation." Mobile Register.
Marching Through Georgia.
It was not uncommon to hear shots at
the head of the column. The foragers
would come tumbling back, and ride
alongside the regiment, adding to the
noisy talk their account of what they had
seen, and dividing among their comrades
such things as they had managed to bring
away in their narrow c cape from cap
tuie. A staff officer would gallop down
the roadside like a man w ho bad forgotten
something which must be received in a
At the sound of the colonel's ringing
voice, silence was instant and absolute.
Sabers flashed from their scabbards, the
men brought their guns to the "carry,"
and the battalion swung into line at the
roadside; cats, fighting cocks and frying
pans passed to the rear rrnk; officers and
sergeants buzzed round their companies
to see that the guns were loaded and the
men ready for action. The color sergeant
loosened the waterproof cover of the
battle flag, a battery of artillery Hew past
on its way to the front, following the re
turning staff officer, and we soon heard
the familiar bang of shells. Perhaps it did
not amount to much, after all, and wq
were soon swinging into "route step"
again. Capt. Daniel Oakcy in The Cen
tury. Crime Keeps Pace with Sclenre.
Crime keeps pace witli science and no
sooner is an impro ement in the arts o"
mechanics announced than the crooked
element instantly adopts it. Take the
simple case of the typewriter; it is an in
nocent looking instrument, yet it is the
means of baffling the police and other in
vestigators. Handwriting formerly was
a great aid to detectives in tracing up cor
respondents, and blackmailers and others
using threatening letters appreciate that
as well as any one. They wotdd write
backhanded, or try to disguise their chir
ograpby. The writing experts, however,
penetrated the disguise by following the
individual peculiarities that can never le
covered up in the characters. Now, how
ever, writers of anonymous letters use
the typewriter and if you are curious to
know the authority you will not be satis
fied, for there is very little satisfaction for
any one who tries to trace up the author
of such a document. It is even more dif
ficult than finding the printer of a circu
lar, for where there is. one printing shop
there are a hundred typewriters. Globe
Democrat She Was a Bright Girl.
A young lwly and her escort, both well
known in social circles, boarded a street
car the other day, which was well filled
with passengers. Soon the conductor
came along and the young gentleman
thrust his hand in one pocket and then
in another. He fumbled in his vest
pockets and then dove again into the
depths of his trousers, while his perturbed
features gave evidence to the interested
spectators that he realized the embarrass
ment of the situation. He was about to
make an explanation, wheu the lady with
the utmost nonchalance was l.earl to say:
"How stupid of me, I declare! When
you passed me your purse in the postofflce
while you stamped your letter I forgot to
She drew out her purse with a bewitch
ing smile. Her escort took it. paid the
conductor and nut it in his nocket. much
relieved at the narrow escape. Ao one
but a woman would have had the tact
of avoiding an embarrassing predicament
iu this neat manner. Yluneapolis Tri
A State of Simplicity.
A civil and social state in which there t
was no place for barter or trade, must be
a novel one at any rate, and it would be
either very happy or very dull. A visitor
to Monhegan Island, off the coast of
Maine, this summer, 'cund a child that
was living in just that state of simplicity.
The case is reported as follows:
Trading facilities ara limited to one
. store. One day I offered a cent to a small
child, but was surprised to hear it dis
dainfully refused with:
"What'd I do with it? My father
keeps the store." Youth's Companion.
American News in England.
Important news from several English
papers: "In the United States the tele
phone is already being superseded. A
writing telegraph is already working on
a commercial scale and with marked suc
cess. The writer uses a stylus or pen,
with which he writes in ordinary fashion,
but only on the empty air. Before his
face is a second pen, which reproduces Ids
words on the tape in front of it. At the
other end the receiving pen reproduces the
message In fac simile." New York Sun.
.nfcxico's Fushloii Cinb.
The Diario del Hogar says that a
"fashion club" is being oiganized In the
City of Mexico by thirty rich dudes, whose
only object will be to clothe themselves in
the latest styles.
A MASTER OF FENCE.
SWORDSMAN KILLS THIRTEEN OP
PONENTS IN A SINGLE HOUR.
Thtt Story of an Extraordinary Combat.
A Regimental Quarrel Settled in the
Presence of the Whole Army of French
To give an idea of what a brave man
can do if he knows fencing thoroughly,
and but keeps cool and collected in dan
ger, we will relate an historical duel. So
extraordinary is this combat that it would
be held a romance had it not been wit
nessed by a whole army. The hero is Jean
Louis, one of the greatest masters of the
i begiunlug of this century, and the duel
, happened iu Madrid in 1810. He was tho
, master at arms of the Thirty-second regi-
ment of French mfantry. The First reg- '
J iment, composed entirely of Italians, '
I formed part of tho" same brigade. t
Regimental esprit de corps cud rivalries
of nationality caused constant quarrels, I
when swords were often whipped out or t
bullets exchanged. After a small battle I
had occurred in the streets of Madrid, iu j
which over 200 French and Italian sol
diers had taken part, tho officers of the
two regiments decided to
uieaciies ui uiicr a great uiow unu io re- i
establish discipline; they decreed that the
masters at arms oi tne two regiments
should take up the quarrel and fight it
AWAITIXG THE WORD.
Imagine a whole army In battle array
on one of the large plains that surround
Madrid. In the center a large ring is left
open for the contestants. This spot is
raised above the plain, so that not one of
the spectators will miss one phase of the
The drum is heard; two men naked to
the waist step in the ring. The first Is
tall and strong; his black eyes rove dis
dainfully upon the gaping crowd; he is
Giacomo Ferrari, the celebrated Italian.
The second, tall, also handsome, and with
muscles like steel, stands modestly await
ing tho word of command; his name is
Jean Louis. The witnesses assume their
places on either side of their principals.
A deathlike silence ensues.
The two masters cross swords; Giacomo
Ferrari lunges repeatedly at Jean Louis:
but in vain, his every thrust Is met by a
parry. He makes up his mind to bide his
chance, and caresses and teases his oppo
nent's blade. Jean Louis, calm and
watchful, lends himself to the play, when,
quicker than lightning, the Italian jumps
aside with a loud yell, and makes a terri
ble lunge at Jean Louis a Florentine
trick, often successful. But, with extra
ordinary rapidity, Jcau Louis has parried,
and risposts quickly in the shoulder.
"It is nothing," cries Giacomo, "a mere
scratch," and" they again fall on guard;
almost directly he is hit in the breast.
This time, the swonl of Jean Louis, who
is now attacking, penetrates deeply. Gia
como's face becomes livid, his sword drops
from his hand and he falls heavily on the
turf. He is dead.
THE NEXT MAN.
Jean Louis is already iu position; he
wipes nts reeling blade, then, with
point of his swonl in the ground, he
calmly awaits the next man.
The best fencer of the First regiment
hns just been carried away a corpse; but
the day is not yet over. Fourteen adver
saries are there, impatient to measure
swords with the conqueror, burning to
avenge the master they had deemed in
vincible. Jean Louis has hardly had two minutes'
rest. He is ready. A new adversary
stands before him. A sinister click of
swords is heard, a lunge, a parry, a ris
post, and then a cry. a sigh, and all Is
over. A second body is bc.'ore Jean Louis.
A third adversary advances. They
wanted Jean Louis to rest. "I am not
tired," he answered with a smile.
The signal is given. 'Die Italian has
closely watched Jean Louis' play, and
thinks he has guessed the secret of his
victories. He multiplies his feints and
tricks, then, all at once, bounding like a
tiger oa his prey, he gives his opponent a
terrible thrust in the lower line. But
Jean Louis sword has parried and is
now deep within his opponent's breast.
What need to relate any more; ten new
adversaries followed him, and the ten fell
before Jean Louis amid the excited yells
and roars of an army.
At the request of the Thirty-second regi
ment's colonel, who thought the lesson
sufficient, Jean Louis, after much press
ing, consented to stop the. combat, and he
shook hands with the two survivors, ap
plauded by 10,000 men.
From that day fights ceased between
French and Italian soldiers.
This wondeiful and gigantic combst
might lie held a fable were not all the
facts above stated still found iu the ar
chives of the ministry of war.--Outing.
Tnrgeneff was very neat about his per
son, changing his underclothing every
day, etc. Polonsky's surprise at his man
ner of brushing his hair led to the state
ment of a curious fact with regard to Tur-
genetTs skull. "I brush It,flfty times on
the rightside. fifty on the left, then I take
wis como anu pass it tnrougn iuu times.
What are you surprised at? There is still
another comb a fine one." Then he ex-
plained that his love of brushing Ids hair
was inherited from bis mother, who was
once seized with a mania for dressing
everybody's hair. She combed the heads
of the maids, and once in Moscow called
a poor old invalid soldier in from the
street, seated him at her dressing table,
combed, arranged and anointed his hair,
and then gave him money and dismissed
him. In continuation of this subject he
mentioned the curious fact above referred
to. He was convinced that his temples
had never grown over iu infancy and that
his brain was covered only by the skin ou
the spot where there is a slight depression
it tin . lie
"wnen i was at uoaniing scnooi, ne
said, "I felt a sort of giddiness whenever
the children tapped on my temples with
their fingers, and as children never have
any mercy, sometimes they pressed my
temples intentionally and almost made me
Tnrgeneff was not wholly wrong on
on this point, for when the doctors exam
ined him after death they found that his
skull was very thin, and possibly it was
thinner still on his temples, so that it act
ually did yield under strong pressure,
particularly in childhood.
He was as particular as he was person
ally neat He always put things in or
der when he found them strewn about
the children's playthings, clothing, etc.
like a nurse. And once, wheu he had
forgotten to put his scissors in place, he
got cut of bed, lighted a candle, and only
went back when everything on his writ
iug table was in due order. He could cot
write if anything was out of place.
Miss Hapgood in The Independent.
Designer of the Yacht America.
I have heard a great deal in the way of
reminiscence about the America recently.
Her designer, George Steers, was pretty
badly treated it seems. Stevens offered
him $30,000 for a boat that would lend in
the yachting contests. The contract be
ing that she was to win all three of n cer
tain series cf races, Stevens threw her
back on Steers' hands because she was de
feated in one of them, though she bad am
ply proved her capacity and superiority to
anything afloat. Steers was in a great
state, for he could not afford to own her
and was owing for the material of which
she was built He was so close
coat ue took an offer of $20,000, and only
found after the sale was completed that
Stevens was the real purchaser, the other
man being the unacknowledged agent
' Steers had his opinion of such sharp
practices, but nevertheless took so keen
an interest in his work that he consented
' to go over in her to England. Stevens
was very high with him and never asked
him into tne cabin. He lived in the fore
castle during the whole expedition. When
I the Englishmen, however, found out that
1 Steers was the man who built the boat
, which defeated them, many more of their
( invitations went to him than to the man
who merely owned it by dint of a score of
i thousands and some slippery work.
! Steers staid in the forecastle, but he want
from there to dine on board the yachts of
the richest and most exclusive nobles of
I England, and Stevens found himself
' rather at a discount. At least thnt is the
j story as given to me. Brooklyn Eagle.
Our Aruiy Equipment.
From the present standpoint of the
world our troops can boast of offensive
weapons inferior to none; but as regards
the other items of necessary equipment of
the soldier in the field we are iu a worso
than transition state, scarcely any two
companies in the army being uniformly
equipped, and very often two. three, even
four kinds of experimental iquipment be-
i f,ir in liaa fit. t
e same time in the same
! -0 .. . ... .
Vt'lJIlJOll ,. AU4;.1 HU.V1CI,
t,v,vn .,- '1,. a, Ak I ....-,,
of the war
department to get the very best, to keep
pace with the most advanced progress of
the age, Is undoubtedly the prime causo of
this state of things, but the fact remains
that the importunities of inventors and
the kind heartedness of officials saddles
the army with an ununiformity of gro
tesque and Impracticable bags, boxes and
absurdities of all kinds.
At a recent inspection of four companies
of infantry equipped for field service (and
at which the writer was present) ono com-
i pany had blanket bags, another rolled
blankets, as in the war, another the cum
brous shoulderbraces and bags, while tho
fourth hnd meu equipped in all the?e
styles. These different articles were in
the hands of the men by proper orders and
regular Issue; but however effective the
command might have proved in the field,
its appearance was incongruous, even
ridiculous. Journal of the Military Serv
Confederate Cnptlres at Big Shanty.
A large cable, fastened to stakes, en
circled us round, on the outside of which
walked the soldiers who guarded us. They
all walked the same way, and the soldier
whose post was No. 1 bawled out when he
neared either end of his walk, "Right
about!" which was the signal for all the
guards on duty to right about at the same
time and so prevent sny chance of a pris
oner's crawling away uuperceived. I was
struck with this wise precaution on the
part of the enemy, for already I was be
ginning to look for some chance to get
away, and doubtless others of those chaf
ing Confederates were doing the same.
As it was, the regular tramp, tramp of
the soldiers' feet and the clock like "right
about!" of the master of ceremonies con
vinced us all of the hopelessness of any
such undertaking. I hnd no blanket, and
so, with a heavy heart and a weary head
and wide open eyelids which sleep refused
i to visit, lay down alongside of my men on
the bare bosom of mother earth, ono of
the most miserable and wretched of men.
Ex-Confederato Colonel in Philadelphia
"Aunty" In the Kitchen.
1 Even to-day one will find in many Ken
tucky households survivals of the old
order find "Aunt Chios" ruling as a
despot in the kitchen, and making her
' will the pivotal point of the whole domes
I tic system. I have spent nights with a
Kentuckian, self-willed and high-spirited,
whose occasional refusals to rise for a
half past 5 o'clock breakfast always
i brought the cook from the kitchen up to
! his bedroom, where she delivered her
commands in a voice worthy of Catherine
the Great "We shall have to got up,"
I he would say, "or there'll be a row!"
1 One may yet see. also, old negrcsses sct
1 ting out for an annual or a semi-annual
i visit to their former mistresses, and bear
ing some offering a basket of fruits or
flowers. I should like to mention tiie
case of one who died after the war and
left her two children to her mistress, to
be reared and educated. The tronble
t some and expensive charge was taken
and faithfully executed. James Lane
Allen in The Century.
Pictnre of a Mountaineer.
Bridger's appearance indicated his age
to be 48, but he was remarkably spare and
thin of flesh and nearly six feet iu height.
Altogether he was the most remarkable
white man I ever met on mountain or
plain in his personal appearance and de
meanor. Dressed in the clothing of a
white man, he seemed to wear it as a
stranger to the garb of civilized life.
Surrounded, as he had been, so many
years by constant dangers, that even while
sitting at a camp fire in the midst of white
men his eyes were taking in every moving
object in the entire circle of his vision,
slowly moving his eyes from over one
shoulder around to gaze ever the other
shoulder so as to complete the circle, tak
ing in everything as far as ne could see.
, this everlasting watch had become a fixed
habit; he was the embodiment of "eternal
, vigilance. 'John F. Oliver in Magazine
0f American History,
i The llralth of Aotrei-n.
j "What do I need to become a successful
i "You need a good nose, with passable
i features and a respectable figure added
I thereto. You need some brains, a voii;-
capable of training, a minimum of nerve
and a genius for advertising. You need
perfect health. With all these qualities
you 'Till probably fail, but you won't suc
ceed without them, especially without the
The mest charming actresses on the
stage ar, with rare exception, women
with robust health. Personal charm has
quite is much to do with success .he
boards as mental ability. pcr':ap e:
and personal charm that something
which lies deeper than ere lieatity. and
is called, for want of a better word, "mag
netism" depends tu a wonderfrl extent
ou the physical condition of t actress.
Eliza Putnam Ileato.i in Kn3 City
The Gain of Keeping Cool.
Very much is gained by keeping cool
under all sorts of danger and threats of
danger. If the cholera were to come this
way it would take special delight in pick
ing off those whom it would find already
frightened half to death. Wheeling Tn
telligencer. A London newsdealer says tiie circula
tion of American magazines in Great
Britain exceeds that of all the leading
home publications of a like character.
Tie most remarkable echo known is
hat in the castle of Simonetta, two miles
trom Milan. It reports the sound of a
pistol sixty times.
Syrup of Fiks
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is tho
most easily taken, anil the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Pilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, CaL For
sale only by Dow Bwho. 27-y
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largest Paid im Cask Capital of
any bank in this (Mrt of the State.
P-Deposit received snd interest paid oa
BDrafts on tho princ ipal cities in this coun
try and Europe boaght and sold.
fc 'Collections and all other business gireu
prompt nnd careful attention. " "
A. ANDEHSON. Prest.
HERMAN T. II. OEHLRICH.
J. P. BECKER. IIE1UIAN OEHLRICH.
O. SCIIlJTrK, W. A. MCALLISTER.
JONAS WELCH. JOHN W.EARLY,
P. ANDERSON. G. ANDERSON,
ROBERT UHLiG. CARLRE1NKE.
D. T. JLvbttn, M. D.
F. J. Scnco, M. D.
Drs. MAKTYN & SCHITG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons, Union Pacific, O.. N. &
Consultation in German and English. Tels
phoneu at offico and residtncits.
"Office on Oliro Mroet, next to Brodfaeh
rer s Jewelry Store.
TTAJIIE.TO: .tlKAIHC, M. .,
PHTSICUX AXD SURGEOX,
Platte Center. Nebraska. &-y
ATTORXEY ,t XOTARY PUBLIC.
Office nn-stairtt in Henry's bnildinp. corner of
Olivo and 11th streets. nncKWffy
TXT 91. C'OKIVKbMUK,
LAW AXD COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upatnire Ernst bnildins. 11th street.
OVLLIVAN Ac REEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAM',
Office oyer First National Bank, Colnmbns.
. EVANS, M. !.,
PHYXICIAX AXD SL'KGEOX.
Bt"JriT nd room8' (JIuc.k hndinir. Uth
street. Telephone communication. -i-y
T M. 91ACFAML.AIV1,
ATTOItXEY A XOTARY PUBLIC.
busfSbka?1, FIrSt Nat,'nal ,Jank-Colum-
JSParties desirinu snrveyinse done can ad
fen'S'i?' CoIu,l)U8. -"'" call at my offie,,
W. H. Tedrow, Cc Supt.
ti?JJ1.bo fl n7 oHw'n Hie Court Honsethe
lird Saturday of each month for tho examina
tion of teachers. 2D-tf
K. J. HAN. IVM.i.Y,
iri?ffiee. Uth, S,rw't- Consultations in En
glish, t rench anil German. J2innrb7
ALGRAF IIKO ,
DRA Y and EXPRESSMEN.
Light ami heavy hanliti- Good handled
with care Headquarters at J. P. Becker A Co.'s
office. Telephone, XI and 3 1. S0mart7y
JOHN G. HIGGINS.
C. J. GAitrnw
HIGOIHS & GAE10W,
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Garlow.
Mth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars. Whips. Blankets,
lurry tombs. Brushes, trunks, valines, bucy
toi. cushions, carriage trimmings. Ac, at tho
lowest possible prices. Repairs promptly at
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
ST8hop on Olive street, 2 doors north of
Brodf uehrer s Jewelry Store. 32-t f
We will pay the above reward for any cao of
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick headache, indi
gestion, constipation or costiveness we cannot
cure with West's Vegetable, Liver Pills, when tho
directions are strictly complied with. They are
purely vegetable, and never fail to give Nitisfac
tiijn. Largn boxes containing 30 sugar coated
pills, 25c. For halo by all druggists. Bewaroof
counterfeits and immitations. Tho genuine
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST &. CO..
S62 W. Madison St., Chicago. 111. decT'STy
the world durinir tho
last half century.
Not leAMt nmnn? tm
wonders of inventive Droirress is a method uml
system of work that can be performed all over
the country without separating the workers from
their homes. Pay literal; any one can do tho
work; either sex, young or old: no special ability
required. Capital not needed; yon are started
free. Cnt this out and return to us and we will
send yon free, something of great value and im
portance to yon, that will start you in business,
which will bring you in more money right away,
than anytliing else in the world. Grand outfit
free. Address True 4 Co., Augusta, Me. dec2i
A book of 100 page.
The best bookforaa
advertiser to con
sult, bo be experi
enced or otherwise.
It contains lists of newspapers and estimates
of the costof advert islng.Thoadvertlscrwho
wants to spend one dollar, finds la it the in
formation he reonires. while forhim who will
invest one hundred thousand dollars mad-
vertiaing; a schemo is indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or can be mad
to do to by tlight changes eetUy arrived at by cor
retpondenee. 149 editions have bees Issued.
Sent; post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write to GEO. P. RQWELL CO.,
NEWSPAPER APVERHSXSG BUREAU.