The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 14, 1887, Image 4

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Am Xatarestla. Froblm Dlseasse by a
Fr-saca Natarallst Net a New Idea.
Seme Very Interesting Casea Tka Next
Can monkeys bo domesticated and made as
seful to man as the Uorse, the ox and the ass
are useful, but in a different way! Such la
the in -esting problem discussed in a book
Just issued here by M. Victor Meunier, who
has made a study of these curious specimens
of the animal kingdom.
And this problem, according to the author,
will in timo receive a successful solution.
Maukind will in the future draw from the
tanks of the Simian tribes servants skillful
enough to perform tasks now only discharged
by reasoning I hod almost said "reasonable"
beings tasks that require only strength of
muscle, bkill of hand and ordinary intelli
gence. But M. Meunier draws a very distinct line
between the higher and lower orders of the
monkey race. Among the latter he places the
fiarbary ape, the pouched, the striated and
other varieties; among the former the chim
panzee, the gorilla, the orang-outang and the
'gibbon," or long armed species. And it is
only from among the last named that the ser
vants of the future will be recruited.
Nor is the idea of Simian domestics a new
one. Safforr, in the last century, staked his
great reputation as a naturalist on the follow
ing statement:
"I have seen a chimpanzee that always
walked on two legs, even when carrying
heavy burdens. A word or sign was suffi
cient to make him obey, and his temper was
equable and gentle. I have seen him offer his
hand to lead out those who had been calling
on bis master and walk with them like a com
panion. I have seen him take his seat at
table, unfold his napkin, wipe his lips, use a
spoon ail fork, pour out a glass of wine and
pledge a health when invited, lhave seen
him take a cup and saucer, place it on the
table, pour out tea, put sugar in it. let it get
cool before drinking, and all without other
instigation than the signs or words of his
"He never injured any one, but always ap
proached you carefully, and as if wishing to
be petted. He was prodigiously fond of can
dies, everybody fed him with them, and as ha
had a cough and his lungs were affected, it is
supposed that the indulgence of this appetite
shortened his life. He only lived one summer
in Paris and died the following winter in
Another learned savant, Camilla Flam
marioo, points out that all the chimpanzees
that have been brought to Europe have been
similarly docile. One that had been brought
to the zoological garden in Antwerp was
taken into the family of the superintendent
He showed affection for his master's children,
shared their games, went with them into the
garden, picked cherries for them, dragged
them about in a little carriage and even some
times dined with them, when he would empty a
glass of champagne to the health of the com
A female monkey, described by Capt.
Grandperret, had been trained while on a
voyage to America to heat the oven, and per
formed her duties to the satisfaction of all
concerned. She was careful not to let the
burning coals tumble out on the deck, and
was evidently pleased when toe proper degree
of heat was obtained. She would then go
and inform the baker. But this was not her
only specialty, or, to speak more correctly,
she hod no specialty. She could turn her
hand (rj to all and any of the ordinary em
ployments of the sailor, such as weighing an
chor, taking in sail and making everything
taut, and not only this, but what she did was
so well done that the Jack Tars came to re
gard her as quite one of themselves.
At Loango a chimpanzee was trained to go
for water to the river and wood to the forest,
sweep the room, make the beds, turn the spit,
etc. Having fallen sick a bleeding set him on
his feet again. Nor did he forget what
cured him, for being again attacked a year
afterwards, and seeing the doctor come into
the room, he held out his arm that the process
might be repeated.
An explorer, M. Poussielque, traveling in
Florida, was one day entertained at San
Geronimo by Gen. Lloreute. The latter
several times referred to his servant Antonio,
and striking u tall Antonio appeared. He
was u monkey about four feet in height,
dressed in white trousors and a red vest and
wearing a cap. At a signal from his master
be stuck a napkin under his arm and laid the
table. "And," adds M. Poussielque, uhe
waited on us doing everything himself, more
rapidly than four negro servants would
have done it'' Antonio was 12 years old,
having been born in the Gaboon and brought
to Florida by the negro who had educated
The question then recurs, can the monkey
be domesticated and made subservient to
man, as the dog, the horse, the ox has been
made subservient. The dog has been trained
to hunt and be a faithful guardian of man's
interests; the ox has been taught to drag
heavy loads, but the intelligence of the ape
far surpasses any of the &o called domestic
animal.-;, in that be alone has a hand and can
become a workman. Paris Cor. New York
Seasons Why a Maa Should Not Loaa
Ills Lighted Ciar,
A placid and callow looking young man,
who wore a silk hat, a fur trimmed coat, light
overgaiters and patent leather shoes, tripped
nimbly up to a well fed man seated in the
Liudell hotel lobby yesterday and raised a
mutilated "snipe' to his lips with: 'A light,
if you pleasef" The well fed man continued
to work bis half smoked cigar while he made
a careful search of seven of his pockets for a
snatch. The placid, half fed dude kept an
uneasy gazo at the burning cigar. Two min
utes passed in that way, and the well fed man
was tired, and be showed it.
"I haven't a match, but you can probably
get a light at the cigar stand," said he, rising
to point out to the young man an alcohol
blaze not ten steps away.
"Begy'r pawdon," gasped the callow one,
while a flush of indignation chased over his
The well fed man resumed his seat and
puffed away serenely at his cigar.
"That was right," observed the first to
speak, "and, though it is a little innovation
of the popular custom, it is a common sense
act. I always carry matches for the benefit
of my friends, as well as for myself, that 1
may be able to smoke my own cigar, but if I
chance to be caught without a match I never
have tho courage to refuse to turn over my
cigar when asked for a 'light' I consider it
impertinence toacaman for a light off his
cigar, but custom has established that imper
tinence ao firmly you are criticised if you at
tempt to inaugurate a new era for smokers."
"It is an old, meatherbeaten and foolish
Idea that courtesy makes it necessary to let
very stranger, without consideration of his
ccBpatkm, handle your cigar," offered a
gentleman on the other side of the well fed
man. ' If I am smoking a cigar and it is
half or three-quarters burned, lam not going
so let a stranger handle it and then return it
to my mouth. A gentleman who thinks be
fore be acts would not expect me to, and
when I happen to be without a match and do
not feel flush enough to buy another cigar,
I politely inform the man that I am without
a match. It is only occasionally you run
upon a man who is so rude as to ask you why
you don't give him your cigar."
"It was only yesterday," interrupted an at
tentive listener, "that I saw a physician stop
catting the diseased flesh of a patient and
light a cigar. Three minutes later a man
dropped around and asked the physician for a
light. He gave it to him. I would not have
touched his cigar, nor would I have al
lowed him tto touch one I was smoking, for
snaa is naturally a careless animaL There is
aa iBuneass number of persons whose business
it is to handle poisonous substances, and in
a4min to these there are not a few who ac
cidentally touch a matter of which a small
particle will taint a cigar. The most minute
speck of poison will cling to the moistened
part of a cigar, and, touched to a chapped lip,
asay destroy yoar comfort and the beauty of
year face for weeks. The drug clerk, com
nmiadinr pssscriptions in which are deadly
runs out o get mm ut we lagreoienu
corner, and while on the way con-
i it his UBqaestJoBed privilege, under the
,fo ask you lor a.ught. The
rkanlrs -rmVmirl ia csrt-ta kinds of labor
areeoullydaageroiismea to give or reeeiv
a 'light from. One workman may have brass
dost oa ads fingers as he goes home from work,
bat he doss sot consider that J I will, and
hereafter say cigar will be inviolate." St
Lonis Republican,
Little Mlnoa la a Jewelry Store Select
lag a Watch for Her Small Belt.
A little girl came into the leading jewelry
store the other day to select a watch for her
small belt She came with her mamma and
the footman lifted her out of the carriage,
while a demure little French maid walked
three steps behind the child, ready to do its
slightest bidding with alacrity. The little 10-year-old
was clad in sables from her jaunty
cap to a pair of tiny fur overgaiters that
covered her boots; her cloak was a marvel of
beauty and she carried a natty little gold
tipped umbrella in one of her gloved hands.
She walked down the long corridor of the
store beside her mamma with her juvenilu
nose held high in the air and her eyes moving
from side to side with the calmness of an old
sightseer. Presently they came to the coun
ter where the little watches were on show,
and one of the clerks threw open the show
case while another hurried down to the shop
to get a chair for the little miss to stand
upon. She handed her umbrella to the maid,
drew off her gloves with great deliberation,
mounted tho chair and began looking the
watches over carefully one after another.
They cost from $100 to $600 apiece. Each
one was scrutinised with the utmost delibera
tion and there was not the slightest expression
of childish wonder or delight Her scrutiny
would have done credit to a Jewish pawn
broker examining articles on which he was
asked to advance a pledge.
"I wish you would be quick and select ono,
Miguon," said the mother, moving wearily
from one foot to another and innocently re
fusing to notice any suggestions of the sales- '
men; "you certaiuly have had time enough j
to make up your mind. Why don't you take
that pretty one with the sapphire set in the j
back of the casef j
"I dont like sapphires," said the child j
calmly. "They are unlucky." j
"No, miss," interposed the salesman pleas
antly. "It is the opal which is unlucky and J
not the sapphire." j
The child raised her gray eyes to the sales- j
man's face for the first time and stared at him j
calmly. Then she said with a manner that t
very much resembled her mother's, "I don't j
think I'll trouble you to tell me what stone is '
or is not unmcky. l am quite able to decide
myself and I much prefer doing it without
having any outside interference."
It is impossible to describe oa paper the cool
effrontery of the child's manner. The sales- t
man blushed like a school girl and held his
tongue, while the daughter of $10,000,000
stood calmly on her chair, flanked on one side
by her languid mother and the other by her
silent maid, criticising tho watches slowly and
carefully. She complained of the chasing on
one, the shape of another, the beveled edge of
a third, the size of a fourth and so on until
everybody in the vicinity was wearied by the
spectacle. Finally she decided to order one,
and was carted off upstairs where she could
give her opinions in detail to an expert in the
manufacture of watches. Take her all in all
she was about the n.ost unpleasant type of a
New York girl that I have ever seen. Blakely
Hall iu New York Mail and Express.
A Kansas Preacher's Scheme.
The following is a copy of a letter recently
received from a man in Kama in the office
of a prominent claim agent of this city:
"Srn 1 want to ask you to find me a boy.
I am willing to enter into duplicate contract
with you, allowing you $25 for your trouble.
I want a boy, strictly whits, not over 6 years
of age nor under 18 months. I wast him to
be of good blood, though he may come
through a disgraceful channel as, indeed,
that is the source from whence I expect him.
I want his parents or those having him at
their disposal to invest at least $1,000 in a
good piece of western land, let the title be in
any party they may select, but allowing me
the free use and benefit of it (by keeping
taxes paid up) until the child (boy) is 21 years
of age, it being stipulated in the agreement
that, should the boy live to be SI years of age,
then the land be his; Lut should he die in his
minority, then the land would revert to some
ono else, and I would give possession. I be
lieve these are about the conditions I am will
ing to take the child, raise it as my own, treat
it as my own, educate it as my own. I have
but one child; it is a girL I am 40 years of
age, am a local preacher in the Methodist
Episcopal church, and have no home, and I
think this is a lawful and Christian way to
get one. The $25 1 would pay out of my own
pocket. If you will undertake to find the boy
send blanks for duplicate contract Respect,
fully, Rev. ."Washington Star.
A -acky Mistake.
"Talking about druggists' mistakes," said a
druggist, "I'll tell you a funny inistako I
made about three years ago. A young Ger
man came into the store one morning and
said be wanted fifty cents worth of arsenic
to feed to some rats. I sold him what I sup
posed was the poison, and would have thought
no more of the sole if the fellow had not come
round the next day and berated me for sell
ing him quinine for arsenic. I learned later
that the German, who had become despondent
over some money matters, bought the
'arsenic' with the intention of committing
suicide. He took the quinine to his lodgings,
put on his grave clothes, shaved himself with
a dull razor, and then lay down upon the bed
with a teaspoon! ul of the alkaloid in his stom
ach. When he woke up the next morning
and found himself alivo he came to the store
and relieved himself of his bile. Three weeks
later he got a good job in a downtown cloth
ing house, and is now earning a good salary.
He comes around about once a month to tell
me that some of the mistakes druggists make
are not so bad, after all.' Chicago Herald.
At a Masquerade Ball.
We have had another of those big masque
rade balk which are annual orgies for decency
to blush at Bnt some of the freaks of impro
priety are so funny that they really ought to
bo described, especially when they require no
shocking of the reader. On this occasion the
advertisers of wines and other things were
permitted to get then- work in. The manu
facturer of a new medical plaster celebrated
his ingenuity by parading a pretty young
woman, whose figure was perfection. She
wore a dress no lower than those seen at
the opera, but that isn't saying that much
material was used betwixt belt aud bareness
at the back. Ths exposed surface of the skin
was white and smooth, save for the portion
covered by one of the plasters, which was
lettered with the announcement of its name
and purpose. The animate and comely bill
board seemed to enjoy her comical distinction.
A second hit in advertising was impromptu.
Along toward daylight an intoxicated woman
careered through the hall in a wild waltz.
Her partner was the agent of a certain
brand of champagne. On her back be had
fastened a large placard, inscribed: "I am
jolly drunk, and I got so on champagne."
New York Cor. Chicago Herald.
Mrs. aagtry'a Gold Mine.
Miss Jeannette Gilder writes of Mrs. Lang
7 in a much more kindly fashion now than
she did four years ago. She probably knows
little better what she is saying. Tins k
from a recent letter of that clever woman:
Mrs. Langtry fe a shrewd woman of busi
ness as well as a beauty, and she does not
hesitate to take a "flyer" in Wall street on oc
casions. She gave an account of her latest
bit of financiering to a friend of mine. It
seems that quite by accident Mrs. Langtry
overheard two gentlemen discussing the big
strike in a certain Arizona gold mine and its
probable effect upon the stock of the same.
Without consulting any one she quietly sent
an order for several hundred shares. To her
interne disgust she saw in the newspapers a
day or two afterward that the mine "my
mine," as she called it had been suspended
from the stock exchange. "I made up my
mind that I had been done out of my money,
and said nothing. A lily for luck," she con
tinued, as she showed a quotation with the
mine, which was quickly replaced in the ex
change, quoted at $11.85, nearly double her
purchase price. New York Graphic.
Importance of Crops.
If crops were estimated commercially in
proportion to their value, corn would be first,
hay second, wheat third, cotton fourth, pota
toes fifth, and tobacco sixth. The production
of eggs and poultry k nearly equal to that of
cotton and largely exceeds in value the com
bined crops of potatoes and tobacco.
Young society DarwhuT is the
The Periodical Literature af the Me
tropolis The New York Press Remark
ably Comprehensive la Its Scope aud
Character Modern "Crab Street."
The literary product of New York naturally
falls into two general classes, one comprising
the new books said the ether the press, taking
that word in its comprehensive meaning. Far
be it from me to confound the press with
literature, but the two overlap each other,
there being a literary side to the press and a
periodical aspect of literature.
In analyzing the literary life of New York
it will be found useful to observe the above
classification and to consider the two parts
separately, taking first the periodical litera
ture of the city. There are 643 newspapers
and periodicals in New York. And taking
these fint in the mass, without regard to their
literary character, this great body of printed
product includes 33 daily newspapers, 25"
weeklies, and 234 monthlies. There are also
no less than 22 quarterlies, a name that cer
tainly Las a literary sound. The remainder
of the 042 appear at various intervals.
The New York prestAs remarkably com
prehensive In its scope and character. Nine
foreign languages are represented, the Ger
man having a long lead, with a total of 03
iieriodicals. The Spanish are next with 9,
vion aud Bohemian with 4 each, the Italian
with S, the Hebrew with 2, and the Polish
and Hungarian with 1 each. There are 80
periodicals designated under the head of the
religious press, representing the following list
of denominations: Hebrew, Baptist, Spirit-1
ualist, Catholic, Methodist Episcopal, Evan
gelical, Reformed, Unsectarian, Episcopal,
Presbyterian, Swedenborgian, Free Thought,
Congregational, Undenominational, Re
formed Catholic, Methodist, Religio-Scieu-tide,
Christian. Free Methodist, Wesleyan.
The educational press, so called, includes
fourteen college papers, three journals of ,
education, and periodicals devoted to pen
manship, phonography and deaf mutes.
There are eight law periodicals, twelve de
voted to insurance, and twenty-two to finance.
Eight treat of science in all her aspects, aud
mining, electricity, and engineering have
three special organs each. "Sport" in its wide
sense inspires fourteen, music nine, the drama
seven, art four, military life four, and the
fashions sixteen. Various social organizations
publish thirteen more. There are four tem
perance organs and one voice for woman suf
frage. Finally may be mentioned the trade
journals, though few of these have any rela
tion to literature. There are altogether 100
of them, of which forty-five deal with com
mercial interests, nine with railroads, fifteen
with dry goods and clothing, and six each
with the book trade and with scientific inven
tions. Now, perhaps a third of these periodicals
have a literary standard, and make their
editors, contributors and correspondents live
up to it And in many cases tbk standard is
high. Nor k this so only with respect to the
press that k deliberate in its periodicity. When
all k admitted that need be as to the slovenly
characteristics of daily, journalism, it may
safely be contended that the thirty-three daily
newspapers print a vast amount of good
literary work. Indeed, if I may be permitted
to free U-yself in the matter, I believe there k
a higher literary standard in the newspapers
than in the magazines. The necessity of
hasty publication in the case of the daily press
results m much tJopwork.
But where "copy" can be prepared with .
any leisure, as for example, for the Sunday
issues, an almost dit rtening amount of
real literature is produced. The daily papers,
too, as everybody knows, have the help of
the ablest writers of the age in their critical '
functions and special literary features.
Urged by rivalry, tho leading newspapers are
eager to buy matter that has graphic merit, '
and many of the brightest mi nds are exchang
ing a solid fame for an immediate mess of
pottage in tbeseductive guise of "space rates." ,
1UO weejujr kuu uiuiiuuj pivascuouAuiuajJfc
to assume a virtue of "fine writing" if tbey ,
have it not But many' of them are war
ranted in calling themselves literary. Out of
the entire 450 there may be 100, or certainly
fifty, that have a right to be included In the
literary life of New York. These periodicals ,
attract to the city and encourago to effort a !
very large and interesting body of keen :
minds and trained pens. The modern "Grub '
street" is as crowded as ever, but it k the !
back writer's own fault, generally hi these j
days, if be or 6he cannot make a decent
living. '
We have seen that the field of work is aa
wide as human thought itself, and in each
path eager rivals seek the best that k offered.
Hera in this city, beyond dispute, k the great
literary market of the country, and if one has
literary wares of merit they are pretty sure
to tlnd a customer. But because it k the beat
market it k a cruel one. Itk the place for
the good, not the poor; for the strong, not
the weak. So let young David be sure of
bis sling before he pushes forth to defy the
Philistines. Cor. Boston Advertiser.
Mo-asamedaalsm la Central Soadaa The
People Not Unwashed Barbarian.
When I reached Central Soudan the sights
and scenes I there witnessed burst upon me
like a revelation. I found myself in the heart
of Africa, among undoubted negroes, but
how different from the unwashed, unclad
barbarians it bad hitherto been my lot to
meet iu my travels in Africa! I could hardly
believe I was not dreaming when I looked
around me and found large, well built cities,
many of them containing 10,000 to 30,000 in
habitants. The people themselves, pict
uresquely and voluminously dressed, moved
about with that self possessed, sober diguity
which bespeaks the man who has a proper re
spect for himself. I saw on all sides the signs
of an industrious community, differentiated
into numerous crafts, evidence sufficient to
show how far advanced they were on the
road to civilization. I heard the rattle, the
tinkle and the musical clang of workers in
iron, in brass and in copper. I could see
cloth being made in one place, and dyed or
sawn into gowns or other articles of dress in
other places.
In the markets, crowded with eager thou
sands, I could see how varied were the wants
of these negro people, how manifold the pro
ductions of their industry and how keen their
business instincts. Almost mora remarkable
than anything else, no native beer or spirits,
no European gin and rum, found place in
their markets. Clearly there were no buyers,
and therefore no sellers. Outside the towns,
again, no forest covered the land; the density
of tho population and its numerous require
ments bad made the virgin forest a thing of
the past, and its place was taken by various
cereals, by cotton and indigo and other vege
table productions which minister to the inner
and outer man.
What could have produced fhk great
change! for that a change had occurred
could not be doubted. Certainly contact
with Europeans had had nothing to do with
it The character of the industries, the style
of art, indicated a certain amount of Moor
ish influence, giving them the direction which
tbey had assumed. How had the first great
steps been taken! No Moors or Arabs were
to be seen among the people. No such races
held the reins of government, and by their
powerf ul influence caused the introduction of
new arts and industries. Evidently, what
ever had been done had been done through
the free aspirations of the negroes toward
higher things. I was left long in ignorance
of the agency which had thus transformed
numerous tribes of savages into semi-civilized
nations, ruled by powerful sultans, who ad
ministered justice of a high order (for
Africa) and rendered life and property safe.
That agency was almost exclusively Moham
medanism. Joseph Thomson in Contempor
ary Review.
The New lavaslea.
The new Invasion of the south continues,
and not a day passes without a party of
northern visitors invading thk section for the
purpose of inspecting its advantages. The
other day the western lumbermen's excur
sion, consisting of several hundred of the
largest lumber dealers in the west and north
west, were examining the splendid forests of
central Alabama; another party, from New
England, was being carried diagonally
through the iron districts of Alabama and the
pin region of MisaWppi; wke a third party
Iowa, Illinois ad aorthwesteni capitalists
was ininsctlng the resources of the Yasoo
This k the story of one day, and includes
only the larger parties backed by large capi
tal, making these Investigations with a view
to possible investments. Oursouthernspecials
give account of numerous smaller parties
touring through the south with a combination
of business and pleasure In view; and as for
single individuals, there Is scarcely a southern
paper which comes to us without a number of
personals telling how Mr. A, of New York;
Mr. B, of Boston, or Mr. C, of Chicago, is in
town inspecting the lands or water powers
and seeing the adaptability of the surround
ing country for mining, factories, farming or
stock raising. We are evidently in the midst
of an era of great investment, which must be
Inevitably followed by an era of great devel
opment, infinitely greater than tho develop
ment now under way. Now Orleans Times
Amid the myriad troubles that meet us day by
Who would not from the conflict a moment turn
And in a far off fairy land, where men no burdens
Forget awhile our tears and toll la "Castles In
I the air"
When many a bright hue. prospect fades fast
beyond our view.
And hopes which neared fruition prove shadowy
and untrue;
May we not In that dreamland, beyond all clouds
and care.
Behold our paradise restored in "Castles in the
01 there are lonely chamber. In every home and
And in life's song of sorrow each one must bear
But hark! what mystic melodies soon hush tho
voice of care.
As parted hands are clasped once more in "Castles
In the air."
Then never grow discouraged, though fortune
favors not.
And we pursue life's pilgrimage unnoticed or
We have an hour of victory and lustrous Isurcte
Far all are kings and conquerors in "Castles in
the air."
Jacob Gough.
Too Attractive By Far.
In a school section in Northumberland
sounty, where a young lady is engaged as a
teacher, there has been quite a dispute as to
whether it would be prudent tore-engage
her or not It was claimed that she bad too
many admirers of the ottposite sex, and that
the section had thus been deprived of a ior
tion of her time that should have been spent
in the discharge of her duties as a teacher.
Accordingly, at school meeting, the trustees
bad an agreement drawn up to the effect
that 6he should not keep company during the
coming year with any man during school
hours, as her undivided time should bo de
voted to the school. Upon hor refusing to
sign this agreement it was decided to leave it
to a vote of the meeting as to whether she
should be compelled to sign it or not A
show of hands was taken, which resulted in
a tie, when the chairman, being a young
man, gave the casting vote in her favor.
Toronto Globe.
Bohemias Oats Swlndlera Outdoae.
A South Middlcton farmer, who was in
duced by the agents to buy twenty bushels of
Bohemian oats and gave his note for $200,
after maturer reflection rued his bargain and
sought a way to escape the consequences. Ha
invited the agents to call and see him, inti
mating that he might buy more grain. Tbey
called to see him, of course. He said his wife
had been bothered about the old note and be
wished they would let him show it to her to
convince her that it was only for $200. This
they did cheerfully. When the farmer got
the note in hk hand he hastily threw it into
the stove. Then he turned to the agents and
said: "Now, you scoundrels, leave the house,"
and without listening to any of their protests
or arguments, he made them go, and be is
glad ho k rid of the whole business. Carlisle
The Steel Pen and the Quill.
Tho steel pen is an exceedingly modern in
vention. Any person past middle ago can
remember when its use became general in
Before that time the quill pen was
universal, and to make or sharpen it for his
pupils was one of the chief tasks of the school
master. Many persons still employ this
archaic instrument, driving to madness all
who are within hearing of its more harrowing
sound. The utter inability of the present
generation to listen to tho scratching of the
quill pen k one of the moststartlingevidenccs
of the Increase of nervous disorders among us.
The pretended preference for it is generally an
The name of the person who first used a
quill pen has not been preserved, and the loss
has not been seriously felt It was probably
some monk or 'learned clerk" of the middle
ages who found that it could usefully supple
ment tho stylus with which be was illuminat
ing a manuscript The quill might have
easily been suggested by the bodkin made of
the bone of a bird or other animal transmitted
from the Romans to the medieval monks, or
by the sharpened reed, also used by the
Romans and still In use among the Arabs.
The Chinese and Japanese use a sort of brush
in writing, and when well instructed write
rapidly and with artistic skill. 8an Francisco
Central Africa's Trade Center.
There k at but a little city in central Af
rica. Kasongo has become the great center
for the ivory and slave trades. Dr. Lenz says
its houses are arranged in streets. About 10,
000 people inhabit the place. Here uro fitted
out all the caravans that start for L.ik Tan
ganyika with slaves and ivory. Hero is tho
distributing point ft r all the goods from Zan
zibar, which the Arabs scatter over tho coun
try among chiefs, who sell them ivory or
slaves, or who help them on their slave raids.
Caravans are continually coming uud going.
Provisions are abundant and cheap. Many
of the houses are large, and are very well
built with sun dried bricks. The hills around
the town are covered with rice fields. The
Arabs have also introduced cattle since Stan
ley was there, ten years ago, and now large
herds flourish on the plains some distance
from the town. New York Sun.
A Cool Proposition.
"I think," continued the railroad man, re
flectively, "the meanest man I ever met in
tho matter of passes was a member of con
gress. All one winter he had bored us for
pa wi upon one pretext and another. One
day be wrote us to send him a pass for him
self from Pittsburg to Washington and an
other for hk sou from Pittsburg to Balti
more. The lad, he explained, was going there
to schooL It appears that he subsequently
changed bk mind, and kept the youngster at
Washington with him. He wrote us thk in
formation, in fact, and inclosed in the letter
the boy s pass and asked us to send him in
money the fare from Washington to Balti
more. He explained that the pass entitled
him to the ride, bnt that be would take the
money instead. It was the coolest proposi
tion I bad ever beard." Washington Letter.
How President Washington Lived.
The style of living of President Washing
ton's family would not be tolerated in a presi
dent of these democratic days. Hk servants
were all in livery, and thk livery was white,
trimmed with scarlet The general kept a
chariot and four horses exclusively for Mrs.
Washington, and for thk he had black pos
tilions in livery. He rode himself in a cream
colored, six horse coach, and he appeared at
hk receptions with a sword at hk side. He
did not shake hands at his receptions. The
guests were arranged in a ring, and he walked
around and spoke to them with dignity. Only
those that had the proper introduction, or
the proper social standing, came to hk lovecs,
and it was necessary to appear in full dress.
Frank G. Carpenter.
Beecher Among the Britons.
Henry Ward Beecher said to a Philadelphia
reporter the other day: "Holmes, Longwell
and Whittier are all that remain of the aboli
tion party of the past. As for myself, I found
the British people bad the most absurd idea
of the importance of my work in the cause of
the emancipation of the slave. My services
in that matter were always dwelt upon at
length by those who introduced me when I
lectured. I finally got to believe that twe
people were alone responsible for the emanci
pation of the colored people. I was one, and
my sister, Mrs. Harriet Beecher 8towa,waf
the other."
Xot Well Aeaualated.
Squfluib Dilby, bow many books are there
in the Bible?
Dilby Blest if I know I Find a new one
vary time I look Into It
mi nnc-Dvra r.i aims they are
A Soldier's Experience la the Field No
Colds Caused by Exposure la Active
Service -agar of Excessive Comfort.
Oh the Plata.
Reading recently an article of Dr. Brown
Sequard on "Taking Cold," it occurred tome
that colds are peculiar to civilized life, and to
our comfortable, warm rooms. I have bad
colds perhaps as frequently as any one, but
during one period of my life I was entirely
free from them, with one exception.
I served through the war in the Fifth Ohio
cavalry, beginning at Shiloh, and ending my
service with the march to the sea. We were
an active regiment, always at the front, and
therefore remarkably unencumbered with
tents or comforts. We were exposed to all
weathers and all seasons. Many a time we
were rained on for a week or more. When
tho sun came out the next week or the week
after, it dried us. Many a time, long after
dark, after a march in rain and mud all day,
wo have been filed, into miry woods, where
wo slept in the rain with the running water
wushing between us and our blankets. I
Lave seen men waku in the morning with
their hair frozen in tho mud. But none of
u3 caught cold. We swam the Tennessee
river after midnight, when the mercury was
at zero, and among floating ice, and came out
with our clothes, to our armpits, frozen llko
sheet iron, and then marched till morning.
In the cold winter of 1863-64, we were in the
mountainous country of East Tennessee,
where it is as cold as Ohio. We were there
from November until March, without any
tents or shelter of any kind, moving every
day, and sleeping in a different place every
night, with the temperature frequently below
I have, with my comrades, ridden upon the
skirmish line when I could not lift a cartridge
out of my box, nor even pick up a carbine
cap. I havs been on night pickets, mounted,
when the pickets had to be relieved every
fifteen minutes, because if left longer the
men could not load and fire. But we never
caught tho slightest cold, nor did I ever in
times of cold aud exposure to wet see a sol
dier with a cold.
But I did catch one cold iu the army, and I
never had such a one before or since. It
came from excessive comfort, or what seemed
comfort to iu. Wo were at CampDuvios,
Miss., the southern outjKwt of the great fort
ress of Corinth. Having been there some
mouths we began to build neat log cabins,
with openings for doors and windows no
glass or doors, of course.
Ono of our mess being a young bricklayer
we thought to surpass cur neighbors in style
and comfort, and we sent for brick, and he
built us a large chimney and fireplace, and
we built a good fire. That settled us. Four
of us had to go to tho hospital with tremen
dous colds on our chests and in our heads. We
never had such heavy colds in our lives. Thk
was about the middle of our three years of
service, and before and alter that I never saw
an exposed soldier with a cold. (Of course a
few days after our cabins were finished we
got marching orders.) I believo all old sol
diers will bear me out that in active cam
paigns whet e there was great exposure to the
weather, no one had a cold. And come to
think of it, iu my experience in Colorado and
Utah in lecent years, I nover saw an Indian
with a cold, though they stand more exposure
than our cattle da It k our hot rooms that
giu uh our colds. If a person would camp
out from fall till spring, exposed to the
weather of a severe winter, he would never
take either a cold, pleurisy or pneumonia, and
would be absolutely free from them. But
when you are iu Rome you 'must do as the
Romans do, and take warm rooms and colds.
Andrew Van Bibber in Scientific Amer
A Class of Honest and Kathasiattte
Nuisances Who Haver Die.
All Investigations by archaeologists into the
various races mid their history break on an
inexplicable influence that seems toconnert
widely different places, periods and peoples.
They find old jars in use in India that the
mound builders had here, and they come
across iron teaspoons in the primeval forest
beds of coal They are astonished to find the
gridiron of tho north of Ireland figuring in
the social life of China three or four thousand
years ago. Tho Bedouin Arab has the nrmv
blanket of the Esquimaux, and in the ruins of
Pompeii they come across peanut sheik like
what the sweeper sweeps out of the gallery of
the theatre to-day. Well, why k this! Archae
ologists cannot telL I can. The mysterious
ubiquitous influence that leaves no track save
tho article k simply the drummer. It was
the drummer who did it all. He left those
curious Grecian scrolls in Egypt; he carved
those hieroglyphics on the rocks of ancient
Britain ; he k the man who introduced French
sandy into Herculaneum and stuck the
mound builders with Iron teaspoons.
Do you over know what becomes of a
drummer Not that you care, but have you
ever seen a dead drummer 1 I dont believe
drummers die. I believe they simply talk
themselves into gas. uGas thou art, to gas
returnest," was written ot the drummer. I
have met one or two men who have been
drummers, but they do not talk much aboat
it When a drummer gets tired of talking
he just disappears. I do not see how thk
country survives the existence of drummers.
You go into a small country place; you step
iuto the hotel; you find in the office sixteen
coats hanging up on the wall and sixteen
valises in a row on the floor, and sixteen men
sitting with their thirty-two feot up on the
stove, tolling sixteen lies about their business
and tboir adventures, all at one time. You
can't get what you want in that town. The
drummers have made the store keepers buy
what they have to sell, and you've got to take
it or go without It seems almost impossible
to believe that a drummer should ever be
able to disguise hk identity. He is, as a rule,
aggressive and runs things.
If you see a man come into tho office of a
hotel and step up timidly to tho counter and
ask the clerk if there are any letters for him,
please, you may know that he's a bumble
private citizen and a plain guest If you see
a fellow bang open the door, stride in and
leave it open behind him, go and hang hk
coat on a peg and jam hk valise on the floor,
walk behind the counter, take out all the let
ters and read the addresses from every box,
open the drawer and look in, then you'll know
it's a drummer good for one night's lodging
and several drinks. He generally lets every
body know that he's sold a lot of stuff, and be
talks very loud about the fun he's had some
times. But they told me of one druaer
who called himself a count, and wore a long
fur lined ulster and an imposing foreign look
ing mustache. Ho came in the summer sea
son and stayed a long time. He was the rage;
the girls fell in love with him; the mammas
admired him; he was on the eve of getting
engaged to a haughty San Francisco belle,
when a lady walked into a drug store one day
and found him with a lot of samples of soap.
trying to stick the proprietor with hk stock.
That let him out and he disappeared. But
the profession disowned him, for as a rule the
drummer k a straightforward, open, honest
and enthusiastic nuisance. San Fraackco
Gen. Grant la 183.
I And in my notes a description of Gen.
Grant written behind Vktksburg in June,
18G3. It may be of interest at this rscaota
Almost at any time one can see a small but
compactly built man of about 45 years of
age walking through the camps. He moves
with bk shoulders thrown a little in front of
the perpendicular, hk left hand in the pocket
of hk trousers, an unlightsd cigar ia hk
mouth, hk eyes thrown straight forward,
which, from the haze of abstraction which
veik them, and a countenance plowed into
furrows of thought, would seem to indicate
that be k intensely prsoecupisd. The sol
diers observe him coming, and, rising to
their feet, gather on each side of the way to
see him pass tbey do not salute him, they
only watch him curiously, with a certain sort
of familiar reverence. His abstracted air k
not so great while be thus moves along aa to
prevent hk seeing everything without appar
ently looking at it; you will discover thk la
the fact that, however dense the crowd in
which you stand, if you are an acquautaace,
hk eye wiU for sn lostant rest on you with a
glance of recollection, accompsnkd with a
grave nod of recognition.
A skin hme suit without scarf, sword or
zsaz, 52Z srmr i
fa close to fcLd,fu beard between light
aaa -way,- a square cut lace, waose Unas
a-dcoator-UV-leextreai endurance and
detsrisBaiton. cossplsts the external ap
pearance of thk small man, as one sees him
passing along, turning and chewing restlessly
the end of akuuligatsd cigar. Hk oounte
nsacem rest has the rigid imssobil itaof cast
iron, and while thk indicates the unyielding
tenacity of the bulldog, one finds In hk gray
eyes a smile sdoMr evidences of the pos
sessko of those softer traits ssea upon the
lips and over the entire faces of ordinary
people Oa horseback he 'loses all the awk
wardness which distinguishes him as be
moves about oa foot Erect and graceful,
be seams a. portion of hk steed, without
which the full effect would be incomplete.
Along with a body guard of the general rides
hk sou Fred, a stout lad of some la summer
He endures all the marches, follows hk father
under fire with all tho coolness of an old
soldier, aud k, in short, a "chip of the old
block." "PoUuto" in Chicago Times.
I know they are ended, ended.
The wsdneae. the folly; the pala;
With the past but a dead recollection.
Your face shall not vex me again.
All the years of my waiting aad hoping.
All tho years of my faith and my grief.
All the years that beheld you exalted
To the shrine of my highast belief "
I know they are ended, ended,
Tbey have supped to the void of the
Tho eyes of the blind have beea opsawl
To behold the dear heaven at last
I know it k broken, broken,
The image Ideal you wore,
Yet over as haadful of ashes
I welcome contentment once saore. .f
The soul, that fancy embodied
In the light of ite beautiful eyes, '?
You have chosen to drag from its attar
To the depths where It suUenlyues;
But though it k broken, broken,
I'm glad the delusion Is o'er, T
For over Its handful or ashes
I welcome coateatmsat once more.
I know they are over, over.
My youth, and the hopes of its prime.
And yet, like the robta of the angels
Were the dreams of that airect am suser-time;
For they fed on the manna of heaven.
Aad eashrlaed your name In iu light.
Aad beckoned you upward, aad upward.
To the verdure clad hilltops of right.
But now they are over, over.
The madness, the folly, the pala.
In the calm of my life, and Its future,
Your face shall not vex me agala.
Birch Arnold la The Current
Oa Helen's cheek wss once a glow.
An arc of dreamland glimpsed below,
A silver purpled, peachy beauty
Ia tidal swaying to and fro.
O flush of youth! outvelveting
The butterfly's Arabian wing!
The very argosies of morning
Bear not from heaven so rich a thing.
On Helen's cheek a springtide day.
Fragile and wonderful it lay;
From Helen's cheek these twenty snmmera
Child lips have kissed the bloom away.
Nay, Time ! record it not so fast.
The reign of roses overpast;
All victor pomps of theirs encircle
A loyal woman to the lost.
So true of speech, of soul so free.
Of such a mellowed Mood is she.
That girlhood's vision, long evanished.
Rounds never to a memory.
No loss in her Love's self descries !
Up trembling to adoring eyes.
The sweet mirage of youth and beauty
On Helen's check forever lies.
Louise Imogen Uuiney in The htdependeas.
A visit to the sewers of Paris was a feature
of a press festival recently held in that city.
Five hundred persons availed themselves of
the singular progranune.
The Verdict Unanimous.
W. D. Suit, druggist, Bippus, Ind.,
testifies: "I can recommend Electric
Bitters as the very best remedy. Every
bottle sold has given relief in every
case. One man took six bottles, aud
was cured of Rheumatism of 10 years'
standing." Abraham Hare, druggist,
Belleville, Ohio, ntBrms: ''The beet sell-
ing medicine I have ever handled in my i
20 years' experience, is Electric Bitters."
Thousands of others have added their
testimony, so that the verdict is unani
mous that Electric Bitters do cure all
diseases of the Liver, Kidneys or Blood.
Only a half dollar u bottle at Dowty &
Becher'8 drug store.
Mine. Nevada Palmer has goue to Kuis
to remain until October.
Worth Your Attention.
Cut thi out and mail it to All A Co., An
gesta, Maine, who will send you free, somatlunjc
new, that lost coins inoer for all workers. Aa
wonderful aa th electric light, as genuine aa
pars cold, it will prove of lifelong valao and
importance to you. Both sexes, all ages. Allen
ACo. bearezpenHeof tarting- you in business.
It will bring you ia morn own, riKht away, titan
anything else in tbia world. Anyonu anywhere
can do the work, and livo at hooit 1h. Better
write at once; than, knowing all, should you
oonclade that yoa don't care to engage-, why no
harm is done. 4-ly
Mrs. Langtry's 7,000 acres of Califor
land cost her just $100,000.
Vise) selleMt Mam I si Celaaa
hv. As well as the handsomest, and others
sre invited to call on Dr. A. Oeiatz aud
get free a trial bottle of Kemp's Balsam
for the Throat and Lungs, a remedy that
is selling eutirely upon its merit aud is
guaranteed to euro and relieve all
Chronic and Acute Coughs, Asthma,
Bronchitis and Consumption. Price 60
cents aadSL Dftcl-
Mrs. G. M. Hutton, the richest woman
in Baltimore, inherited 820,000 from her
father, Thomas Winans.
A Wobmb'h Discovery.
"Another wonderful discovery has
been made and that too by a woman in
this county. Disease fastened its clutch
es upon her and for seven years she
withstood its severest tests, but her
vital organs were undermined and death
seemed imminent. For three months
she coughed incessantly and could not
sleep. She bought of us a bottle of Dr.
King's New Discovery for Consumption
and was so much relieved ou taking first
dose that she slept all night and with
one bottle has been miraculously cured.
Her name is Mrs. Luther Lutz." Thus
write W. C. Hamrick Jk Co., of Shelby,
N. C. gel a free trial bottle at Dowty &
Becher's drag store.
And now they say that Mine. Etelka
Gerster has hopelessly ruined her voice
by indulging in fits of furious anger.
Somebody's child is dying dying
with the flush of hope on his young
face, and somebody's mother thinking
of the time when that dear face will be
hidden where no ray of light or hope can
brighten it because there was no cure
for consumption. Reader, if the child
be your neighbor's, take this comforting
word to the mother's heart before it is
too late. Tell her that consumption is
curable; that men are living today whom
the physicians pronounced incurable,
because one lung had been almost de
stroyed by the disease. Dr. Pierce's
"Golden Medical Discovery" has cured
hundreds; surpasses cod liver oil, hypo
phosphites, and other medicines in cur
ing this disease. Sold by druggists.
Miss Cora Blooomb, who is to marry an
Austrian nobleman next Booth, is bow
in Paris purchasing an elegant trousseau.
Neither whiskey, ginger, blackberry
hmndy r m to equal
Cb-Uitarhii-'s Colic, Cholera and Diar-
" xveinoay lor Dowel complaint. It is
the only nedicino that ulays cures
bloody flux, cholera morbus, dysentery
and diarrhoea, aud it never fails. It
costs 25 cents and is worth '" dollars
when needed. Mr. A. i'iuiov of Bain
bridge, Putnam county, Ind., writes that
Chamberlain's Colic, Chvilera and Diar
rhoea Remedy cured him of a severe at
tack of diurrhcoa, the first dose quieted
and eased the pain aud the second dose
cured him completely; ho also says that
he cured :t bad case of bloody dux with
tho sjimo lwttle. Sold by Dowtv Jfc
Miss Chestnut is the name of one of
tho most beautiful holies j.t Atlantic
City. She ought to be able to change it
before the season is over.
Cood Wages Ahead.
Goorjp Stinaou Co., Portlntid, .Muiiw. can
ive you vor tluit u can il. tmd lit ut hiuu,
making; givnt pay. Wti tire Ktnntii tre. t'avi
tal not uvlrtl. Mo'li svavs. All :i-.Tt. Cut thia
out and write at ouc-j; u-j will ! dotxt if
you concludo not to ku to work, utter u Wrn
all. All particulars fnv. lJest puyicK work in
this world. j 4-ly
Mrs. Crawford, Paris correspondent of
tho London daily AVirx and Truth, is
said to earu SlO.DiMI a year hy Jut en
the lurest stun made lr. ;t woituin out
of journalism.
S;nt- b-"ioI;-1j l"le?
Allow u tou-h to run until il uet- beyond
the iravbul mrtlieiiie. 'lln-y often cay.
Oh, il nii! Ut-ur :iway, hut in most enses
:t wear-. tL m away. Could I he be in
lucril (o try the sm-cekatul medicine
.-!l-tl K inpN t'.ul-Mtn. which we sell on
pnsitiw jju.irautte to curt:, they would
:mmedi:ttev ee the e.xrcilvut effect after
t-kini? the tirt dose, r.-ico flUc and $1.00.
' Trial size free. Dr. A. Iieiut.
Mrs. Hiiumol llitss, of Nov.- VorJ:. who
id now at tho Clarendon hoto!. Saratoga,
hands $.t),0o0 worth of diamonds over
to the hotel rlerk for snfo keeping every
English Spavin Liniment ror.iovcH nil
Hard, Hoft or Callou-Jod Lumps and
Blemishes from lionet Blood Spavin.
Curbs, Splints, Sweenuy. Stilies. Sprains
Sore aud Swollen Throat, Coughs, cte.
Save C0 by use of one hoi tie. Even
bottle warranted by C. li. Stilhuan.
druggist, Columbus, Neb.
Sirs. Cleveland took her tirst dip into
the waters of Bu.Uir's bay on Friday
morning. She outwitted the observing
nutives uud mauaad lo enjoy the water
are made pallid ami mi'iitra-tivo by
functional irregularities, which Dr.
Pierce's ''Favorito Prescription" will in
fallibly cure. Thoudiiids of testimonials.
By druggists.
Mine. Etelka Gerster has sojurjdod
from her husband, tho doctor, and is
making ready for a concert tour next
wiuter in the United States.
Bi'rklen'n Arniea Sale.
The Best Sve in tho world for Cuts,
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum,
Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands,
Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin Erup
tions, and positively cures Piles, or no
pay required. It is guaranteed to give
perfect satisfaction, or money refunded.
Price 25 cents per box. For sale by
Dowty & Becher. july7
Fiaa : ooixF-srr. ex.ooia.ia
Vse-sUBUe of Patent Chess and Checkerboard. ad
aad a
tstng the celebrated Synvlta Block Remedies
mil to
st for
aEWs or siiaaa.
If voa fall to
and Uoa this small board caff on yourdru,
drusslst for
rall-te, BraimlrUKgTapnedtoaru7FRK;
Tsu-sue. aaaaomeiriuogTap
or send ) cents for postage to us.
From Mason Long, the Converted Gambler.
Fobt WATNS. ImL. April 5. IBM. I have given the
Synvlta Congo Blocks a thorough trial. Thar cored
air little glrt(3 years' old) of Croup. Mr wife and
BOtaer-tn-law were troubled with coughs of long
rtandlag. One package of the Blocks has cureu
them so tbey can talk as only women do."
nf. C Jan. 25. 1887 The Synvlta Worm Blocks
acted like a charm in expelling worms from my lit
tle c lid. The chUd Is now well and hearty. Instead
of paay aad sickly as before.
Johx G. Robbixsok.
The Crest Msrrhaa sad Brseaterr Caterer.
Dsxpros. 0 July 7th. "86. Our six-months old
ehild aad a severe attack of Bummer Complaint.
Fhyslelans could do nothing. In despair we tried
fJTBVlta Blackberry Block recommended by a
xnead and a few doses effected a complete cure.
Accept our heartfelt Indorsement of your Black
aerry Blocks. Mb.xdMus.J.BN r.
Tb Syarita Block Remedies are
Tha neatest thins out. br far.
Tns neatest thing out. by far.
Pleasant. Cheap. Cbnrenient. Sure.
Handy, Reliable. Harmless and Pure.
No box: no teaspoon or sticky bottle. Put up in
patent package. Dons & Ccrra. War
ranted to cure or money refunded. Ask your drug-
U yoa ran to get tnem send price to
THE SYNVITA CO., DeJphos, Ohio,
' axD axczrv- thzx postpaid.
All kinds of Repairing dune oi
Short Notice. Baggies, Wag
ons, ole., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also tell tha world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines. Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
best nude.
'Shop opposlts tbe " Tattersall," on
Ollva St., COL0MBU1. 'M-m
Bac-.mii and Wa&Qfi Maker
Hoof Ail,
Saddle Galls,
accomplishes for every body exactly what Is clalmml
for 1C One ot the reasons for tho great jvopuIarU) or
the u3taag Liniment t found In Its universal
applicability Everybody needs suuh a nietllctno.
The Laaaberma,- needs It lu ccse of accUent.
The Ilonsewlfe needs It for general family uto.
The Canaler needs It for his tennis and hU men.
The Mechanic needs It always on hU work
The Mtaer needs It la case of emergency.
The Vlencernoedslt can't gt along without tc
The Farmer needs it la his house, his stablv.
and his stock yard.
The Steamboat nan or the Boatman neda
it In liberal supply afloat and nthore.
The Horse-fancier needs It It Is bis best
friend and safest reliance.
The Stock-grower needs It It will save him
thousands of dollars and a world of trouble.
The Railroad maa needs It and will need It
long as his life Is a round of accidents and dangers.
The Backwoodsman needs It. There Is noth
ing like It as an antidote for tho dangers, to life,
limb and comfort which surround the pioneer.
The Merchant needs It about his store among
his employees. Accidents will happen, and when
these come the Mustang Liniment lswanted at once.
Keep a Bottle lathe Hesse. TIs the best of
Keep a Dottle la the Factory. Itslmmadtato
ass la case of accident saves pala and lost of wagts.
Keep a Bottle Alwayaia the Stable for
ase whea wanted.
Ad Offer Worthy Attention from
Every Reader of the Journal.
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iiiial to the ncnntinn. It ir Mrong anil
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The abov dettcribed papers which wn
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ltf 11. 1 Tuhnkk A Co.
Columbus. Neb. Publishers.
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