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COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 905.
VOL. XVIH-NO. 21.
LKANOKK UKKKiKI), I'reVl.
OKO. W. HULSr, Vire I'reVt.
.IU1.IUH A. ilKKI).
K. II. HKNKV.
.1. K. TAHKiCit. t!aihier.
Bask I" Woponlli
Collection Prosiipily W !
IntrrcMt o 'I'lm
LOAN & TRUST COMPANY.
O. V. SHKIiDON. Viv lro't.
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KOHKRT UHI.IG. Sv.
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hu1 any amount upwards, uml will 1J' tho rtis
toiniiry rate or interest.
JS'-We-particiihirij draw our attention to
our facilities for mtkiiis loans on Mil tt.ilo. lit
the lowest rtUs of iuter.-oL.
City, Hohool ami County Bonds, mid in
dividual securities are lanighl. liyiiiie'SJj
A. & M.TURNER
or 4i. w. kiklp:::,
JSP-Thetw organs nr nret-o'ais in every imr
ticulsr, anil r.- jiir:iuUvl.
SCHAFFROTH & PLITH,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short lwtiee
BT"One door wet or rieintr's Drug Store, 11th
street, Columbus. Neb. IVnovsG-tf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
Feral tare. Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
4kc, Picture Frames and
HBRepairimj of oil kinds of Uphol
ft-tf COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA.
CAVEATS, TRADE MARES ASD COPYRIGHTS
MVitnlneH ami nil other business in the U. S.
stent Umce attended to lor 3iuur.itA.LE.
Onr nffirsa is nnnoriite thp U. S. Patent Office.
mnA we can obtain Patents in l;e time than those
remote from WASHINGTON.
Send MODEL OR DRAWING. We advice as
to catantability free of clianct: and make NO
CEaBGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We refer here to the Postmaster, the Snpt of
lleney Order Div.. and to officials of the U. S.
Pata&t Office. Fcr circulars, advice, terms and
hiennei to actual clients in 3 oar own State or
cottfitr. write to
Opposite PateatOmoe, WashingtonTDrc.
WESTERN GOT ME ORGAN
POOH TEWFIK PASIIA.
SKETCH OF THE
RED OF LIVING
POTENTATES. An Insignificant Looking Prince Child
ish Attempt at Diplomacy An Un
lini!teil Capacity for mowing Both
Hot ami Cold Sympathy With Arabl.
Of all living potentates, certainly the most
undignified is His Highness Tewfik Pasha,
knedive of Egypt. The son of a common
Fellah slave occupying a menial position in
tho khedival household, who had momentarily
captivated and subsequently disgusted old
Ismail Pasha, Tewflk has little resemblance
to his half brothers, sons of the legitimate
wives, who all of them Rive one the impres
sion of being gentlemen to the very tips of
The first time I met him was in the spring
of 'lSrJ at a dinner given by his father, the
Khedive Ismail. I had arrived rather early
nnd was standing in tho reception hall at the
top of tho stairs talking with Ismail, when
the grand master of the ceremonies suddenly
announced "Le I'rince Heritier." Immediatelv
afterward an insignificant looking young man
with a kind of hunted look about lib. eyes
skullled up to his father, humbly kissed tho
hem of his coat, and then with his hands
crossed on his breast retired to a distant cor
ner of tho room, followed by tho contemptu
ous glance of tho old knedive, who, without
returning a single word of greeting to his
sou, went on talking with me. Nobody at
that time could forsee that Ismail's deposition
was .so near, and consequently I was one of
the very ?ew who considered it worth their
while to show any courtesy to tho young
prince. During tho following weeks I saw a
good deal of him both officially and socially,
and I used to lo considerably amused to re
mark how at balls and receptions ho would
wander through the rooms talking with tho
Europeans in the most contemptuous way
about the natives, and with the latter m an
equally disagreeable manner about tho
former, utterly oblivious to tho fact that
natives and Europeans sulsequently com
pared notes on tho subject Gifted with the
innate Oriental taste for intrigue, most of
Tewjik's attempts at diplomacy have been
marked by similar childishness. One cannot,
however, blame him for the timid, hunted
look about his eyes, for his life, especially
during the last few mouths preceding his
father's deposition, was in great danger.
When I next saw Tewfik it was in tho
autumn of 1883. His father was in exile, his
brothers banished, and the battlo of Tel-el-Kebir
had been fought With reference to
the latter, my personal acquaintance with
Arabi and much discussion on tho subject
with both natives and Europeans convince me
that the Arabi movement was distinctly pro
moted and connived at in earlier stages by
Tewfik, and that he only withdrew therefrom
when he saw tho hopelessness of tho caus.
Tho true object of Arabi's insurrection ap
pears to have been entirely lost sight of. It
was a distinct movement of Mohammedans
against Christians, whom Arabi promised to
drive out of tho country. It must be borno
in mind that as usury is forbidden by the
Koran all the moneylenders and bloodsuckers
iu Egypt are either Christians or Jews; and
that owing to their inability to pay the heavy
taxes the starving peasantry have been
obliged to mortgage all their land. Hence a
warngainst the Christians, which by driving
them out of the country would thereby liqui
date all debts and mortgages, was exceed
ingly popular with the natives, and thoroughly
in accord -with the innermost feelings of tho
His sympathy with Arabi is proved by the
fact that all of his closer confidants and ad
herents, and all the relatives of his wife,
openly joined in the movement up to tho
arrival of British troops in Egypt Arabi, a
mere Fellah, was but tho figurehead, and
taking into consideration the incredibly ser
vile nature of the race, would never have
dared to go so far had he not been assured of
tho effendina's secret sympathy notwith
niii!c hi official ilisannrovaL Without
venturing to assert tliat all tho charges of
complicity which Lord Randolph Churchill
made against Tewfik are exact in every detail
(ho has hitherto declined to withdraw them),
undoubtedly they aro not entirely groundless.
It is this official loyalty coupled with private
treachery, this insane desire to bo all things
to all men, which causes Tewfik to be abso
lutely without a single devoted friend, either
native or European.
Poor Tewfik I I always think that his father
was right when he remarked to me about his
son that "ho had neither Heart nor neau.
Not content with having an official agent in
England when the Liberals were in power,
he was continually sending over secret emis
saiies, genorally blunt tools, to intrigue with
the Conservatives, nnd of course as soon as
Lord Salisbury assumed tho reins of govern
ment, ho attempted the same little game with
tho Liberals. Needless to add, the English
minister plenipotentiary in Egypt was fully
aware of all this, and nothing was more
amusing than to watch Tewfik eagerly and
uiiblushingly swearing by the beard and other
portions of the prophet's sacred person that ho
had never sent anybody to England, und
then to watch the queer, sceptical smile of
Sir Evelyn Baring, who had the proofs to tho
contrary in his pocket, Tewflk thereupon
with tho object of changing this disagreeable
topic of conversation, and of turning it into
channels which he thought would bo more
agreeable to the English diplomat, would
launch out into tho most bitter abuse of the
French and of their representative. Half an
hour later would find the khedive complain
ing to the French plenipotentiary of Sir
Evelvn Baring's rudeness and of tho intoler
able conduct of tho English in Egypt- Dur
ing the course of the day ho would seek to
ingratiate himself with the German minister
by attacking the French colony, and with the
Russian representative by abusing tho hitter's
German colleague; leaving them all subse
quently to compare notes. Then in the even
ing, when tho audiences were at an end, ho
would gather around him his native cronies
and begin to curse all around and in tho most
indiscriminate manner "those unclean dogs of
Christians, whose mothers' grsves may tho
pigs defile!" Egypt Cor. New York Tribune.
HOW A NOVELIST WORKS.
Advice of an "Overwork" Specialist.
Choice Between Rest and Insanity.
After four months enforced idleness David
Christie Murray, the novelist, is back again
in London and at work. He is thinned down
prodigiously, but seems to have recovered his
old vitality and health. I speak of his illness
because, independent of the fact that he is
the best known and most widely read of the
younger English novelists, his case is an in
teresting one to all slaves of the pen. He had
been working very hard for years, producing
the equivalent of four three volume novels
annually. This means 600,000 words every
day in the twelvemonth, Sundays and all
Under this strain he broke down all at once
last summer, like a watch with a snapped
mainspring. One evening just before the
crisis he drove with me down into the city
and told me of the accumulating orders for
work which he had hanging over him and of
the'effort he was nirin to stop smoking.
Hoascribed bis increasing nervousness and
inability to work to the excessive use of
tobacco, and he had then gone, I forget how
many days, without touching it This did
not prevent our halting the cab down near
the bank, I remember, for him to get out and
buy some cigarettes. A few days afterward
came the announcement in The Athenaeum
of his enforced retirement frem all labor and
correspondence and of the non-appearance of
his promised Christmas stories.
He tells me now that he went to the most
famous of "overwork" specialists. The doc
tor made him shake hands with him, grip
ping hard, first with the right hand, then
with" the left This was the chief test, and
the decision was that he must take immediate
and complete rest The novelist pleaded his
list of pressing engagements and contracts;
the physician declared that be must chooso
(wtwwn renoso and the madhouse, f or one
side of his brain, and all the nervous organi
zation which it controlled, was in a mo
critical condition. Mr. Murray then told tho
doctor, with a view to reassuring him, that
be had stopped short for some time his use of
"You have a cab waiting outside, haven't
your asked the specialist.
Well, jump into it as quick as yon can,
aud drive to the nearest tobacconist's. When
you are well again, moderate your smoking
if you like. But to stop it short in this way,
now, is the most senseless thing you could
Mr. Murray went down into tho solitude of
tho Cornish coast and, taking a lonesome cot
tage on the cliffs, set himself resolutely to
tho task of doing nothing. Tho first fortnight
was torture, but the burden of idleness began
then to grow fighter. Four months of it has
brought him back, fit once more to begin
labor. London Cor. New York Times.
Intelligence of Cats.
"Talk about dogs," said tho proprietor of a
saloon, the other day, "when you Und a dog
that lias the intelligence of that cat just let
me know,'' ointing to a huge yellow cat that
lay contentedly asleep near the stove. "I can
talk to that cat just the same as I would to a
human being, and sho understands me. She
will fetch and carry just like a dog, and in
sweeping up at night, if I leave anything on
the floor she will find it and bring it to me. I
could teach her anything. My mother, up
stairs, suffers with rheumatism, and sho uses
that cat instead of a hot bottle to keep her
feet arm. Any time night or day, she will
hop up on the bed when called and stretch
herself on my mother's feet aud stay there
until told to go down. Sho will sleep there
all night without moving."
Just then something as black as midnight
flashed upon the counter, and with a magnifi
cent bound sprang four feet vertically upward
to tho top of a cooler near.
"Gracious !u exclaimed the reporter, "what's
"That's Satan," exclaimed tho proprietor
tiuietlv. "Ain't ho a jumper? That cat can
spring around among those bottles recklessly,
and I never know him to break one. But
hero's something curious for you." He opened
a door and called in a purring voice, "Kitty,
kitty, kitty." There was a miaul outside,
andtheii a cat as white as snow came creeping
into the room, and then another of the same
"Ain't they beautiesf' said the owner, ad
miringly. "Look hero! Did you over see
such eyes!" placing one on tho table. Curi
ously enough, one eye of each cat was a glow
ing aiutier in color and tho other a beautiful
"They have kittens outside, too, aud they
have tho same ej-es as tho father and mother.
I don't know what kind of cats they are. An
old sea captain gave them to ma What do
3-ou think an old maid would give for those
"Go out," ho continued to the cats, and tho
beautiful creatures crept meekly out
"I allow the black cat and the yellow one
only in here, and the whito ones only in there,
and it's curious how well they know where
they lelong. I might leavo that door open
and tho cats would stay in their respective
rooms. Wonderful, ain't they T New York
New Statue of Queen Anne.
During the past week or two there has been
an unique sight to be seen in front of
St Paul's cathedral. The sightseer on the
'bus top has had the extraordinary spectacle
presented to him of a person, standing on a
Iiedcstal that was fenced in, struggling to get
free lrom a loose wrapper mm. cuiiiimckjjj
enveloped the person, head and all. This was,
in fact, tho new statue of Queen Anne, which
had not then been unveiled. Tho winds
fluttered the covering to and fro and gave
the odd appearance to the statue of struggling
to get free. Queen Anue seemed to have be
come n modern Galatea. The ghastly part of
tho affair, however, was the striking resem
blance tho figure had to a person to be
hanged. The covering over the head tied
tightly at the throat, the ropes around tho
lower part of the 6tatue, the elevated position
tho whole effect, in fact, bore a striking
likeness to the chief figure at an execution.
It is a relief that tho late storm and tho lord
mayor removed the covering, allowing the
great queen to stand out as tho sculptor in
tended sho should. Luke Sharp's lxnidon
Why He Prefers Males to Horses.
A well known manufacturer of this city
it isnt necessary to glvohis name finds it
necessary to employ a double team to do his
hauling. For several years he kept two
horses, and while they did their work well he
suddenly concluded to dispose of them and
i,ir n'r of mules instead. He says that
after tho horses had dona their day's or week's
work he was continually annoyed by some of
his friends or employes asking for the use of
the horses to take pleasure drives. Not car
ing to offend them he frequently acceded to
their requests, while all the time his better
judgment told him that it was rough on the
horses, which by their honest work were en
titled to their justre8t This thing went on
for a while, and our friend was pondering by
day and by night how he could bring about
a change. It occurred to him one day that
mules were not very popular for pleasure
driving purposes, but that they answered
every other purpose of horses in fact, were
in several respects preferable for bis own use.
So he concluded to sell his horses and get a
mule ft""" His plan worked admirably, and
the other day he informed us that since he
got the mules he hasn't been asked once for
their use by bis friends or employes. Allen
town (Pa.) Register.
Kicked by the Cow.
I turned the cows out, and as old Bess was
a little slow in going I just caught her by the
tail and gave her a switch with it to hurry
her up a little. I'vo been feeding old Bess off
and on for five years, and I thought that she
honored mo and respected me, but suddenly,
in tho twinkling of an eye and with malice
aforethought, she raised her hind leg and let
fly at me with all her might She hit me on
the shinbone, and you might have heard the
collision for fifty yards. It hurt so bad I let
go her tail prematurely and hollered. I was
a cowardly acx 01 nera, out nevanoejess x
shall ever hereafter let those cows' tails alone.
I thought from the report that the bone was
broken, and I took on powerful and let Carl
help me all the way to the house, but when I
examined I found the bone all right and only
the epidermic cuticle abraded. I've lost con
fidence in cows. They have no gratitude and
no emotions of an exalted character. Thoy
are not fit for pets. Ahorse belongs to the
nobility, but a cow is a scrub. She has about
as much affection as a mule. She is a ma
chine to manufacture milk, and that is alL
Nevertheless, I never like to sell my cattle
to the butcher. I never kill one for my own
use, and I never want to eat a beefsteak that
comes from one of my own raising. Bill Arp
in Atlanta Constitution.
Where Gambetta Died.
Gambetta's house, at Ville d'Avray, which
lately has been visited by so many devoted
republicans on the anniversary of his death,
is still a shabby, mean little place, though
now almost a public monument, and owning
its own special gardien. It is as bare inside
as outside. In the hall are a chair and a
table, where the visitors write their names on
a sheet of paper. A poor staircase leads to
the room ' where Gambetta tiled, which has
been kept unchanged ever since. Two tables,
a chest of drawers and a bed form all the fur
niture, but the walls are hidden by wreaths,
crowns and memorial marble tablets, which
have overflowed on to the staircase outside.
Cards and bouquets cover the tables, and
flowers are showered on the bed. Home
A PERSIAN AT HOME.
AMERICAN AMONG THE
JECTS OF THE SHAH.
Greeted by the Wives and Their Babies.
The Kvenlnc Meal Solace of the Pipe.
Music on the Guitar A Visitor Ar
rives. Bayza Mohammed is my servant He is a
good Mussulman, although not strictly ortho
dox, belonging to tho sect of Danoodees and
believing that strong drink was given by
Allah to cheer the heart of man. Being a
jolly fellow and a good Moslem, ho has three
wives. It does not take much 10 support
three wives in Persia, hardly more than to
support one, that is among the poorer classes.
The first wife he married when sho was 11 and
be 17. She was his cousin, fair Mayrich, and
sho lords it over the other two, being a rela
tive. It's 6 o'clock, and I have dismissed
Raycafor the night As he enters the low
door of his little house by the D wazeh Kaswin,
he greets his women -folk- witur -Peacavbe
with ye," and they reply in chorus: aWith youf
also be peace and tho goodness of Allah!"
The babies, however, are not quite so formal.
They clamber up on his knees as soon as ho
has squatted down before his meal, served on
the floor and arranged around him in a num
ber of small tin platters, each covered with a
cone shaped dish.
THE EVENING MEAL.
Their respective mothers bear the little
mischiefs away, though, and the papa gravely
dips his fingers in a brass basin and goes
through the form of the religious ablution.
Then he reaches out for tho various dishes.
In one there is the succulent rice made beau
tiful to look at by saffron and little shreds of
nmtton. In another there is roast lamb. In
another there is sour soup, flavored with
lime juice and containing bits of meat He
helps himself to all these good things in turn,
his sleeves being tucked up to the elbow,
using no knife, fork or spoon, but instead
pieces of the flabby, flat bread which he tears
off from a slice as big as a sheet and lying at
his right hand side. Dexterously he scoops
up the gravy and tho broth, and is soon
ready for his dessert, which consists of cu
cumbers, peaches and "jelly from heaven," a
6pecie of pudding made of rice flour and
pistaches. He then rises, goes in front of the
house to the brink of the Kanaut (canal of
running water, conducted from the icy tops
of mountains), and drinks from the hollow
of his hand a good draught Meanwhile tho
women and the children have simultaneously
mado a ravenous attack upon tho remnants
of the edibles, and when the master returns
they have finished.
Rayza sits down on his rug spread out
on the raised part of tho room facing east
"Ghalyan biar," he says briefly. His favorite
wife, Mayrich, brings it to him, first sotting
tho charcoal and tho moistened Shiraz "tani
beki" in a glow by pulling at the black
mouthpiece herself for a minute and blowing
out the thick, powerful smoke through her
nostrils. The pipe is in first class working
order and the water makes its pleasant bub
bling souud at regular intervals as ho inhales
the smoke. "Kuoub est," Rayza says, which
expression of approval on his part makes
Mayrich, for the moment, the focus of his
other wives' jealous eyes. The Persian is not
talkative with his wives, although ho is gen
erally kind and indulgent to them. Tho re
ligious law having ordered all these things,
down to the minutest detail, there is lnucli
less jealousy and wrangling among the dif
ferent wives and with their lord than one
might suppose. But in this particular caso
there was perhaps just cause for jealousy, be
cause it was really that evening Malek's turn
to wait on the husband and to become is es
pecial companion. She, however, is Only a
"temporary wife," and her rights are there
fore not strictly respected.
THE aCITAR'S TINKLE.
Rayza contentedly and silently smokes on
for another five minutes. The women have
cleared away the dishes and have smartened
themselves up a bit. Malek has put a yellow
rose in her black tresses and kneels down at
Rayza's feet, holding a Persian guitar be
tween her fingers, on which she forthwith
begins to tinkle. She is an expert There
is not much music in this instrument fash
ioned like two inverted hearts meeting at the
points and covered with seven strings to a
western ear, but it delights Rayza, especially
when tho babies begin to crow in unison with
its monotonous twang twang.
At the moment there is a shrill cry: "Adam
mirarad" (a man is coming), and all three
women at onco throw their face veil over and
turn their backs to the door, through which
at that moment enters Ali Zadar, a friend to
Rayza, employed as a scribe iu the house of a
noble. uThou earnest propitiously," says"
Rayza, rises from hi3 sitting posture and po
litely bows to his guest, inquiring at the same
timo with extreme minuteness after his
health, progress and temper. All this being
satisfactorily answered and tho women hav
ing meanwhile retreated backward into a
smaller room adjoining, Rayza invites his
friend to sit down alongside of him and yields
his own ghalyan (water pipe) to his guest, or
dering at the samo timo a new pipe. This
and a bottle of arrack (strong, raw liquor
mado of rice) aro brought by tho veiled Malek,
who iu handing it to Rayza whispers some
thins into his ear, to which he mockingly
replies: "Not before tho moon rises." The
The two friends smoke and drink now for
some time, occasionally interrupting this
with some quotation from tho poets illustra
tive of the fact that happiness is fleeting and
must bo made the most of while it lasts. Thus
an hour has passed. Cor. New York
INNUMERABLE RUINED CITIES.
Valuable Relic Which Await tho Coming
of Venturesome Kzplorers.
The ignorance and indifference of Hispano
Americans on the archeology of this country
surpasses belief, even taken into account tho
natural indolence of tho southern races and
the fact that during tho last few hundred
years their energies have been maiidy ex
pended in uprisings against an ever changing
government But since Stevens, M. Chaz
ney, Dr. Lo Plongeon and others have re
cently made important discoveries tho Mexi
cans have awakened to a lazy consciousness
of valuable possessions. With a dog in tho
I manger spirit they have enacted rigorous
laws against the exportation of relics, idols,
etc., which would enrich the museums of tho
world, yet in which they themselves are not
sufficiently interested to bring to light.
There are innumerable ruined cities buried
deep in tho wilderness of Mexico and Central
America which 6till await in silence tho com
ing of the explorer; there are hundreds of
deserted temples and crumbling pyramids
which were built so far back in the twilight
of time that no traditions remain of the
builders. In Yucatan alone no less than sixty
seven prehistoric cities have been discovered,
despite tho fact that this wildest territory of
Mexico presents almost insurmountable ob
stacles to the traveler in tho way of warlike
savages and trackless deserts, whose hot sands
outrival Sahara. Even tho all-conquering
Spaniards never succeeded in making much
impression upon the Mayas of Yucatan, and
to this day there are aboriginal tribes in the
interior still flourishing as before the con
quest, but so powerful and bloodthirsty are
they that no European who has ventured
within their domain has returned to tell the
By the way, a modem Mexican historian
has lately made a new attempt to prove that
America was discovered in the Fifth century
a. d. by a party of Buddhists monks from
Afghanistan, of whom one Hwui Shan by
name returned to Asia after an absence of
forty-one years. A short account of the land
which he visited, supposed to be Mexico, was
included in the official history of China.
There is proof that Hwui Shan, actually did
visit some unknown eastern region; and It is
also true that all tho traditions of ancient
Mexico contain an account of the arrival of
some monks, who came from tho westward
iu the days of tho Toltecs the people who
preceded the Aztecs in this country. Cor.
Hurry and Dispatch.
Among the many causes of poor and in
efficient work is the habit of hurry which
takes possession cf some bu";y people. Having,
cr imagining thoy have, more to do in a
given time than can be done properly, they
grow confused, agitated and nervous; and
under this pressure they proceed with the
work in hand without requisite deliberation
and care, perhaps omitting parts and produc
ing at last an imperfect aud inferior perfor
mance which can neither bo permanent nor
satisfactory. ThiTe is Iiardly any employ
ment, from the simplest manual work to the
mot complex and difficult manual labor,
that does not suffer from this cause. The
dwelling house in prrxvss of building is to be
finished at a certain time. With proper fore
thought and system it would have been done,
but the time approa.be. and the work is still ,
va-vimnlrtfl Tho future 011'iinnnta ore im-
iaoomplctCL. Tho future occupants are im
patient, tho contractor is anxious, tho work
men are driven, tho work is hurried through
and annoyance, discomfort, and sometimes
danger ensue aud repairs are soon found
Tho business man undertakes more than he
can manage, the days are not long enough
for his needs, ho is agitated by the constant
pressure, driven by conflicting claims, his
business suffers for the waut of a clear and
cool head, his health suffers from contiuual
and uurelaxed exertion, his family suffers
from bu deterioration, and general disaster
ensues. The physician, with many other
calls to make, hurries through tho visit,
neglecting soma important symptom, and the
patient dies; the lawyer hurries through his
plea nnd loses his case; he preacher hurries
through tho preparation of his sermon and
fails to make an impression; tho artist hur
ries on hU picture to completion and his best
conception is not there; tho teacher hurries
through a prescribed course of instruction
aud the class is left dtatitute of the more im
portant elements of knowledge. It is not too
much to say that a largo proportion of tho
unbappiittsss, tho ignorance, the loss of pro
perty, and eve?, tho less of lifo that is endured
in tho world is to bo directly traced to the
hurry and drive wliich characterize so much
of tho labor performed. Public Opinion.
I.lfe on the Texas llorder.
None of tho houses belonging to tho Mexi
cans are very extensive, though many of
them anrquite comfortable, while others are
the veriest hovels. How they manage to live
iu soma of them is a mystery. One old man
lives in a cavo near the creek. He is appar
ently very aged, and during his whole life
had been n cowherd until ago prevented his
persuing that avoenfon pjs3 longer. The old
mau is blear-eyed and deaf, wears sandals in
place of shoes, and owns an immense straw
hat, which ho has apparently used for years.
His hoarsu voice frightens the children, and
his poor, thin blanket affords but little pro
tection from the biting north wind. Never
huviug known anything better than his
present condition, ho takes it as a matter of
course, and scorns the copper cents which aro
given to him in charity. If his countrymen
cannot do better than that he prefers having
nothing. Hh ordinarily carries a bag over
his shoulder, into which donations of every
kind are poured without much reference to
coneruity. In hiw day ho has been a great
horseman, judging from his low legs, on
which, with tiie help of a cane, he tottei-s
alopg. Once I saw a little girl with him, and
could not but reflect what a life of poverty
was in store for her. Tbu old man has seen
many vicissitudes, stretching back to the time
when comparatively little was known of tho
interior of Mexico. Chihuahua (Mex.) Cor.
Soldiers Retting on Flies.
"Yes, we used to Isive u spasm of goodness
in the army every now nnd then," said an old
soldier yesterday. "That is to say, tho officers
would get good and try to make the rest of us
come up to their ideal You soe, when time
hung heavy on our hands we would while
away our leisure by an indulgence in the
wicked game of chuck-n-luck, or in seven up,
or by an occasional poker gnme. I remember
when wo were in Mississippi"
"What is chuck-a-lucki"
'Mercy alive! Didn't you ever see a let of
.fellows mark off numbers
"1 U 3 4 5 6
"put the money on the numbers and throw
dice, and tho fellow's numliers turned up take
the iot! Well, as I was going on to say, tho
officers had a spasin and decided to break up
gambling. They took up every card and dice
box iu tho camp. What did we dof Why,
bless your soul, wo went on gambling. A lot
of fellows would each get a little piece of
bread and smear on a bit of syrup and lay
out tho spread, and then all sit and wait
There were a million flies about camp, and in
a minute you would see a fly light on a picco
of bread and go for tho syrup. Well, the
owner of that piece of bread would take tho
pot. That aud other devices for evading the
orders of the officers convinced them that
they could not head us off, and they gave us
back our cards and dice, and we resumed
business. Atlanta Constitution.
A Kose Superstition. j
It ha5 been declared, on tho usually coinpe-
tent authority which originates superstitions i
of every sort, that it is highly unlucky for a
rose, when worn on tho person, to scatter its
leaves on the ground. I venture to quote an
illustration of this from the "Lifo and Corre
spondence of M. G. Lewis." Tho lady to
whom this portent happened was Miss Ray,
who was murdered at tho piazza entrance of
tho Covent Garden theatre by a man named
Hackman. When the carriage was announced,
and sho was adjusting her dress, Mrs. Lewis
remarked on a beautiful roso which Miss
L Ray wore in her bosom. Just as the words
were uttered tho flower fell to tho ground.
up tho leaves scattered themsolves on tho '
ground, tho stalk only remaining in her hand
The poor girl, evidently affected by this inci
dent, said, in a slightly faltering voice: "I
trust I am not to consider this an ovil omen."
But soon recovering her presenco of mind,
she expressed a hope that thoy would meet
again after tho performance, a hope which it
was decreed should never be fulfilled. All
tho Year Round.
There's No Limit to It.
To what length will the Russian censorship
of the press go next? In a novel recently
submitted to the censor, the author, in de-
scribing the tent of ono of the grand dukes
during the war with Turkey, mentioned as
ono of its ornaments "tho portrait or a certain
actress." This phrase was altered in the
proof sheet to "a large map of the theater of
war," and on tho author objecting that his
description was "historical," he was coolly
told that "in Russia nothing is historical ex
cept what appears in the official journals."
The name 'of the secretary of the interior is
Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, A. M.,
LL.D.. while he has a clerk under him, a
colored man, whose father' christened him
Washington Jefferson Lincoln Gerritt 8mith i
Jones. There is another colored man, work
ing in a Washington barber shop, whose title
is Farragut Dahlgren Foote Porter iiopians,
in honor of the several naval commanders from that fruit A gentleman who has trav
nnder whom he served in the navy during the' clod extensively in California, In conversa-
war Boston Globe.
Toys for the London Poor.
Loudon Truth undertook the distribution
Of 14,150 toys, sent by many people, among
the hospitals, workhouses and orphanages in (
the city. When tho notion was first puc in t
practice, six years ago, about 1,000 toys were
received and distributed. The number has '
since grown yearly. Boston Transcript
THE GREAT SPHINX.
INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF THE
WORK OF DISINTERMENT.
The Sand Carried Away la Large Bas-
kets Astoaishlng Results from Appar
ently Inadequate Means Various Ex
vatioB Restorations of Roman Date.
The last occasion on which tho Great Sphinx
was cleared down to the level on which the
paws rest was in honor of the opening of the
Suez canal in 1SC9. The ever drifting sands
had, however, reburied it almost to tho throat
when Professor Maspero, during his last year
of office at BoulakDegan again the work of
disinterment This work has now been going
on, somewhat intermittently, for more than
twelve mouths, and is at the present time in
active progress under tho direction of Pro
feasor Masnero's successor, M. Grebaut A
tramway has been laid down from the Sphynx
to the edge of the Pyramid plateau, passing
-"" nunc - .a.. v , ...
ing popularly, though incorrectly, called the
temple of the Sphynx. Along this tramway
light trucks convey the sand to the point at
which their contents are discharged, the
trucks being loaded by Arabs of both sexes
and all ages, who carry the sand upon their
heads in large flat baskets, ascending and de
scending all day long from the excavations
below to tho tramway abovo and vice versa.
The means look curiously inadequate, but
the results are astonishing. Already the en
tiro fore port of the great stono monster is
laid bare, and the huge- chest, the paws, the
space between the pavs, the altar in front of
them, and the platform upon which they
rest, are once more open to the light of day.
Nor Is this all. Between the Sphinx and tho
edge of the Pyramid plateau a vast space has
also been cleared, thus bringing to viow a fine
flight of steps some 40 feet in width. These
stops, which are described by Pliny, were un
covered by Caviglia in lS17.bat have been
entirely lost to sight for nearly seventy years.
A second flight cf steps and the remains of
two Roman buildings were also foud by
Caviglia, and will again be brought to light
if M. Grebaut continues to work in this direc
tion. To the right of the Sphinx that is to say.
in tho direction of the granite temple, to the
southward, a further excavation is in pro
gross, the result of which will probably con
firm tho surmises of those who believe the
Sphinx to stand in the midst of a hugo arti
ficial amphitheatre hewn out of the solid
rock. This gigantic work would of course be
contemporaneous with the Sphinx itself,
which Marietto attributed to tho mythic
ages before tho advent of Mena, the first king
of tho first dynasty, and which Maspero con
siders to be, if not actually prehistoric, at all
events the oldest monument in Egypt
From the level of the area below the great
flight of steps (which lead down, and not
un, to the Sphinx) one now measures the
Whole height of tho huge human-headed
monster, whoso battered countenance stands
out against the cloudless sky 100 feet above.
BETWEEN THE PAWS.
The space between tho paws is thirty-fivo
foot long and ton feet wide. This space was
anciently converted into a small sanctuary
lined with votivo tablets, only one of which
tho famous stela of Thothmes IV yet re
mains in situ. The stela records how the
king, when upon ono of his hunting expedi
tions, lay down to rest at midday in the
shadow of the Sphinx. Ho thero fell asleep,
and dreamed a dream in which the venerable
imago c-on jured him to clear away the sand in
which It was nearly buried. Then tha prince
awoke mid 'made silence in bis heart," and
vowed to do that which tho god had com
manded. Tho paws of tho sphinx, as thoy now appear,
are a restoration of Roman date, being cased
iu comparatively small slabs, and to somo ox
tent hollow underneath. Tho breast of the
sphinx has likewise been faced with slabs, ap
parently in Roman times; and these- slabs
have again been repaired by cutting away the
weathered surface and inserting a f resh fac
ing. Like tho legs of the Colos.J of the Plain,
and thoso of the great statuo of Aboo Simbol.
the paws of the sphinx aro covered with tho
Greek scrawls of early travelers; but these
grafll-ti are mostly of a late period and so
slightly scratched that few are legible
throughout Such as they are, however,
Professor Maspero has, it is understood, do
voted himself to tho ungrateful and difficult
task of translating them.
M. Grebaut's excavations are not lumtea to
tho clearance of the sphinx only. Various
interesting tombs have lately been discovcied
in tho vicinity of tho great pyramid, end to
tho westward tho face of the Libyan cliff has
been reached where it forms tho natural
boundary of the Pyramid plateau, oome
good early rockcut tombs, with built fore
courts, have been found in tho face of this
cliff, in two of which the walled up recesses
or secret chambers, called "scrdabs," which
were constructed for the safe keeping of
funerary portrait statues, are yet intact with
their contents. London Times.
Editor Grady at Home.
In May last a Memphis reporter, who was
swinging around the southern circuit in
search of a newspaper that could not oxist
without his services, chanced to visit Atlanta
and called upon Mr. Grady.
"I entered a luxuriously appointed ante
room and confronted a handsome young man
wearing a priceless diamond pin and a deli
" 'Wait here until I seek the presence,' he
said, solemnly, and disappeared through an
"By this time nerve was as scarce about my
person as the price of board.
"Presently the handsome young man re
turned and said, He will see you.'
"I followed him and found myself in Mr.
Grady's audience chamber. It was furnished
with Oriental splendor. There were four
persons in the room tho governor of the
state, a United States senator, a stenographer
and the man I was seeking. The great jour
nalist was seated on a rich divan, dictating to
the stenographer, while tho others hung
breathlessly upon his words. I took him to
be about 40 years old. He is thick set mid
has tho appearanco of a man whose stomach
never gets left, if ho knows it His head is
round and covered with a short growth of
black hair, his face sallow, smooth shaven and
i;,tvt iiv a Tnir of cold, niercimr black eves.
. . . ,, modu1ated. but nenetratins.
It t through me like a knitting needle
, ond stuck in tho wall beyond.
1 u nvii him ho said to th shorthand man.
j ,T j my ovo UDOa y0U a, jf Gordon does
not get a majority or tho delegation rroiu
ycur county Well, sir,' suddenly discov
ering me, 'what do you wautr
" 'I thought Uncle Remus was here,' I stam
mered out Nothing elae occurred to me. I
" 'You'll find him down at Miss Sally's,' re
plied Mr. Grady, and somehow in about a
minute I found myself on the pavement out
side." Memphis Avalanche.
A NEW AMERICAN INDUSTRY.
Making Wine from Oranges Utilizing
the Surplus la a Good Way.
The wonderful crop of oranges which has
been produced in California has led to the
manufacture of a new and non-alcoholic wino
' non wim a rep01 luus aescrioea toe pro-
: "In San Gabriel, Los Angeles county.
CaL, where the sweet navel or seedless orange
grows to great perfection and in large quan
tities, the Mexican residents made from it a
wine, not unlike the May wine of the Ger
mans. This wine, of course, had to be con
sumed at once or it would spoiL But the idea
was suggested by this practice that good wine
could be made from sweet oranges, and the
question was now to make the wine so that it
could become a marketable and profitable
commodity. As soon as the souring was
overcome, mora money bad to be invested.
This was accomplished after considorabla
money had been lost Tho sweetest oranges
are selected, thoso of the navel or seedless
kind; but not until they are fully ripe.
Oranges when shipped to market for eating
ore generally packed green and ripen on the
way. Not so with thoso used for wine.
When gathered, a machine remove tha peel,
leaving only the juicy pulp. The pulp is
placed in a largo vat, with layers of the An
gelica grape sugar. The pulp aud sugar are
allowed to remain together about throe
weeks, when, by the aid of a jack-screw press
worked by machinery, the whole of the juice
is squeezed out This is run off into casks
and purified every month for about two or
three years. It is kept from souring by the
addition of distilled glycerine preservatives,
and at tho end ot that timo is considered fit
for genera use. It is drawn off into cask of
u commercial capacity aud is ready for ship
ment "As transportation, especially to a distance,
would cause the wine to muddle, it la again
refined at the end of the journey aad the
dregs precipitated before it is put into bot
tles, in which condition it is sold to the gen
eral public. The wine has already bean ex
ported to England and many parte of
"Is not the wine fermented in some way."
"Not at alL It is purely the juice of the
orange, a simple fruit wine, and contains no
alcoholic spirits whatever. People eat oranges
after meals as a digestive; now they can par
take of the pure juice alone for the same
reason. I think it will soon outrival any of
the mild drinks of the present day."
"Then it is simply a still wine without any
intoxicating qualities P
"Yes, in its original form. But it can be
made into a sparkling wine by the introduc
tion of carbonic gas. By diluting the orange
juice one-half, and adding the gas, a beverage
equal to champagne can be produced, with
out any of its intoxicating or enervating
effects. This has been done, and temperance
drinkers have been delighted with it Asa
summer drink it is far better, according to
medical men, than lime or lemon juice, as
it does not leave such bad results aa some
times follow the drinking of lemonade."
New York Mail and Express.
The Villages of the West.
I had a talk recently with a Massachusetts
man, who has been west on a prospecting
tour. He said: "I have been astounded ingo
ing through the western country to note the
remarkable stage of improvements which
they have attained. If you get off tho cars
at any town of 3,000 or 5,000 inhabitants or
larger, you will find yourself hi the midst of
a civilization that is equal to any of the great
cities of the east You find electric lights,
perfect telephone and telegraph district mes
senger service, modern improvements in the
way of sanitary drainage, street cars, Uuo
public buildings uud perfect fire service.
Looking the place over you will find build
ings of modern construction, finely equipped,
possibly with elevators and with all tho mod
ern improvements. Such a town is as far ahead
of a New England place of the same size as
anything you can imagine. It took me some
time to realize the conditions and to figure out
the causes from which they resulted. The
real fact seems to be that these western peo
ple are getting tho benefits of all the improve
ments and inventions and progress of tho
older civilization. Tho cars on the western
railroads are more luxurious than those of
tho older lines in the east Railroads are
built on a scale of improvement much finer.
It would do the people of the cast great good
if they could bo transplanted out into the
western country for a little while to see the
differences I have noted." New York Trib
une. Useless Education.
A gentleman residing near Kingston asked
his daughter to write a short business let
ter for him the other day. The result was
not particularly encouraging to tho man who
flattered himself that his daughter was nop oT
the heap" in tho way of "eddication." Wonls
wore misspelled iu tho letter, grammatical
errors were flagrant, punctuation was ignored,
syntax was at sixes and sevens, and the whole
production was more worthy of a child of il
than a young lady who was nearly "through"
In rage and indignation the arent asked
his daughter what she did in school. uOh.
wo didn't bother with anything like that,"
was tho reply ; "we study the higher branches."
"Well, for 's sake, begin over again." said
the man, "and fly low. Here I'm giving you
an education in the hopw that you will be
able to write my letters and assist main
other ways, nnd here you haven't the first re
quisite. It's downright discouraging, that's
ivhat it is," and the man heaved a sigh over
his offspring's glaring deficiencies, in the seem
ingly obsolete but most important branch ot
a person's education. Kingston (N. Y.) Free
man. Embalming In Ancient Egypt.
The surviving fragments of the early litera
ture or Egypt are mainly of a religious char
acter; their doctrine of the future state leav
ened their national lifo iu almost every par
ticular. To them tho body was an integral
part of the immcrtal humanity; therefore it
had to be preserved from corruption that it
might be a fit receptacle for the soul to dwell
in through eternity. Although it was sacred,
under the special protection of tho god Thoth,
though each part was under the guardianship
of a special divinity, yot this sacredness did
not preclude careful inspection and the pro
cesses necessary for preservation, for all
parts had to be perpetuated. The organs re
moved from the bodies of persons of the bet
ter classes were not returned into the body,
but were preserved in vases of alabaster or
stone. A. Macalister.
Causes of Baldness.
It is rare that a bald head is found among
men under 50 or 60 years who spend eight or
ten hours a day at the artisan's bench. How
much the strain of modern rapid life and
business worry and hury is responsible for
this physical deterioration is a matter of dis
cussion. The opinion is general, however,
that tho cosmetics, hair restorers, tonics and
shampooing fluids used by barbers tend to
destroy tho hair follicles and produco bald
ness. Men who shave themselves or visit the
barber only once a week, and thoso who use
nothing but water as a dressing for their hair
as a rule have a luxurious growth. New
York Mail and Express.
The Fashionable Disease.
Rhoumatlim is the fashionable disease this
winter. Pneumonia fa left out in tho cold,
and diphtheria lias its ugly nose put out of
joint by the grinding, though less dangerous,
torture of the "favorite" of the hour. If
anybody has anything the matter with him
now, it is rheumatism: a dig here, a shooting
pain there, mark the presence of the fiend,
and lucky tho victim of its Incipient attacks
if it doesnt twist him bim into fiddle string!
before be is cured. Chicago Herald.
Senator Stanford's University.
Senator Stanford's university in California
will be open to young women as well as young
men, and all tho laboratories and libraries
will be used by tho two sexes iu common, and
it is his intention to see that hb bright young
professors are not overburdened by under
graduate teaching. Harpers Bazar.
Heavily Endowed Colleges.
The most heavily endowed educntionnl In
stitutions in tho United Stutes are: "Girard
college, 10,000,000; Columbia, So.OOO.OiX);
Johns Hopkins, $4,000,000; Harvard, 3,000,
000; Princeton, $0,500,000; Lehigh, $l,fcO0,000;
Cornell, l,40O,00OC New York Bun.
Helen of Troy was over 40 when she per
petuated the most famous elopement on
National Bank !
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the lartpet Falsi im Cask Capital
any bank in this part of the State.
s7"lpoita recdivvd and intert iald oa
ty Dmfts on tho prine iinl citiVs in thiscoun- .
try and Kuropo bouiiht and sold.
3w"Coliacliofi and all other bushifsa git en
prompt and careful attention.
A. ANDKK30N. Prea't
HHRMAN P. H.OKHLKICH,
W. A. MoALUbTKR.
JOHN W. EARLY.
CARL REIN KE.
D. T. Martth, M. D. K. J. Bchco, M. D.
Drs. XABTY ft 8CHUO,
U. S. Examining Surgeons.
U. H. and B. A M. R. RV
Consultation in German and English. Tele
phoned at office and residences.
HP" Office on Olive street next to Brodfaeh
rer's Jewelry tttore.
COLUMBUS, ... NEBRASKA.
TON MEADE, M.
PHYSICIAX AXD SCRQSOX,
Platte Center. Nebraska. 9-y
ATTORSKY it XOTARY PUBLIC.
Offieo up-stairH in Henry's building, corner of
Olivu and 11th strHvtd. rnitf 10-87 y
71. cokzv :. i;.t.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building. I lth utrvfct.
JjfOnlors left at Arnold' or nt hirt home
will rtTrixi prompt attention. JlaylS'KJ-Bui
ATTORNEYS AT LA U
Mint National Hank.
- EVAIVM, M. IK.
PHYSICIAX AXO SURGKUX.
C2Oth"fe nnd room, (Unck htiiltliuK. Uth
street. Teleplioim coiiiuninieHtioii. 4-y
trronxKY ,t xtr.tRY rcui.u;
First National Itnuk, C'olum-
COL'XT Y .St': I'K ro:.
Esy-Parfitrs tlosirinK KiirvHjinK done can ad.
drt-B rao at t'olunibim. Neb., or rail ut my oth'c
in 'ourt llouuo. Saiaj&tt-y
XT OriCK TO TEACHEM.
W. H. Tedrow, Co Supt.
I will l. at my olliiein the Court House tho
third Saturday i itn-h month for tho exainiua.
tioa of toarhem. IrtMf
T. J. EtAM. IVia.t.Y,
Dl:i JTSf H ER A RZT.
ptT-OOien 11th Ktrwt. Consultations in fcn
Klinh, French and Gorman. ISixnurs?
Cf.uvey goods between any points of tho city.
Sand suitablo for plastering and building pur
pov, furnished in any part of city or on Doard
cars at readonablo prices. SOmaraTy
JOHN (i. 1IIGGIN9. C. J. OAKLOW.
HIGGIN3 & GA&L0W,
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Garlow.
I F. RUrVXER, JI.
Ckronio Dlaeaeee aad Disease ef
Childrea a Speoialtr.
jyOtlice on Olive street, three doors north of
First National Rack. 2-ly
Uth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Hells Harness. Buddies, Collars, Whips. Blankets.
Curry Combs, Brushes, trunks, valises, baggy
tops, cushions, carritK trimmings, &c, at the
lowest poosible prices. Repairs promptly at
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
IdBHhop on Olivo street, 2 doors north tf
Rrrdfueurer'H Jeueiry Stole. 334 f
csin me at borne, ana make more
money at work for us. than at any
thing el in the world. Capital not
needed: ou are started free. Both
Kexes: all age. Anyone can do the work. Largs
earnings mire from tirvt Mart, f 'ostly outfit and
U-raiH Ire. Better not delay. Ccata ou nothing
to nend ns your address and hud out; if you art
wise ou will do so at once. H. Hallktt & Co..
Portland. Maine. decSS-'86y
A book of loo pages.
The best book lor an
advertiser to con
sult, be bo experi
enced or otherwise.
or tiMorHnanera and estimates
wants to spend one dollar, finds in It the in
formation ho requires, while forhltn who will
In vest one hundred thousand dollars In ad
vertising, a scheme ia Indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or cm as modt
rimidMM. ltt edition have been Issued.
Sent poet-paid, to any adores for 10 centa.
HKIf-SPAPER ADVEfcTMWO 1CKEAU.
(NftraeePruiUBgHoaeeSq.), yew York.