The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 07, 1887, Image 4

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U
r WEBSTER'S SPELLER.
EVOLUTION OF THE ONCE POPU
LAR "SPELLING BOOK."
Koah TVcbKters Great and SneeefMfnl
KatorprlHeThe Fortune's of a Con
necticut School Teacher Work The
Fatuous "Select Fables."
One of the books much in vogue in the
colonics, Thomas Dilwortli's "Now Guide to
the English Tongue," nnd when first pub
lished, nbout 1740, it was probably a great
Improvement on its predecessors, for it hod
great run in both countries. To-day, in
glancing through it, it seems nearly worth
ies; and this opinion of it began to take
shape towards the end of the Revolution,
when Joel Barlow probably only expressed
public sentiment in complaining that 1ads
once lugged iato it when young are afraid of
all kinds of grammar all their days after."
At this time Noah Webster, fresh from Yale
college, was prcsonted with an $S bill of Con
tinental currency (worth about half that sum
fen specie) by bis father, and told that he must
strike out for himself. To a Connecticut ool
kge brad lad this was equivalent to saying,
Teach a school," and teach he did, first in
Hartford and then in Goshen, N. T., and
from practical experience became convinced
of the worthlessuess of Dilworth.
To a native bred Yankee an error is some
thing to be corrected, and a poor piece of
work something that needs improving. IVeb
ftar sec himself to the task of reforming the
"New Guide" a work of no mean proportion
with the lack of philological knowledge in
this country at that time and after two
years of hard study completed his revision,
when he traveled through the states, en
deavoring to obtain copyright laws in order
to protect bis work. Returning to Hartford
with partial success, he next sought a pub
lisber, but of course without success, so, with
the aid of a loan from Joel Barlow, he was
driven to the necessity of taking the whole
risk upon his own shoulders; and Hudson &
Goodwin, printers in Hartford, printed in
1784 5,000 copies, taking from tho author a
bond to make good any deficiencies there
Bight be.
Webster bad originally intended to call his
book The American Instructor," but by the
advice of Dr. Ezra Stiles, president of Yalo
college, the title was changed touAGram
raatfcal Institute of tho English Language,"
ad nothing proves the real merit of the work
a strongly as the fact that for twenty years
it bora that title, and yet lived, though at
the end of that period the name became "Tho
American Spelling Book," and still later, in
revised form, "The Elementary Spelling
Book." The book proved a great success;
edition after edition was called for, and sup
planted nearly every book of its kind pub
lished in this country.
It was the custom then for authors to sell to
the printers the right to print editions for a
certain number of years, and accordingly
Webster sold bis privilege to printers in Bos
ton, Hartford, Albany, New York ami Phila
delphia, for transportation was then so diffi
cult that none of these printers could inter
fere with each other's sales. The copyright
was soon of great value; in 1T83 the book was
selling at the rate of 500 a week, and in 1790
the sales in a single state were 30,000. For
years the author lived on the proceeds from
the speller, while many publishers were coin
ing money out of it In 1S17, when the work
was revised, one printer gave him 3,000 a
year for his term of copyright, and another
$40,000 for the privilege of printing editions
for fourteen years. By 1818, 5,000,000 copies
bad been sold, and by 1847, 24,000,000, or an
average rate of nearly 400,000 copies a year,
and from this time on it is safo to estimate
the sales at a million copies annually.
Each printer varied his editions in particu
lars to please his own fancy. The Philadel
phia printer "embellished" his with a portrait
of tho "Father of his Country," and Mr.
Thomas, Uio great New England printer, not
to bo outdone, ornamented his with a vile
wood cut of what purported to bo "Noah
Webster, Jr., Esq." This wood engraving
and tho absurd title of the book woro made
for want of a better the points of attack by
those at enmity with him. "Mr. Grammatical
Institute," "Mr. Institutional Genius," "Mr.
'Squire, Jr.," were roiiio of tho names applied
to him, and William Cobliett went so far as
to draw up a mock will, in which he be
queathed him six "8panish milled dollars, to
be expended on a now plato of his portrait at
the head of his spelling book, that which
graces it at present being so ugly that it
scares the children from their lessons; but
this legacy is to be paid him only on condition
that hs leaves out the title of "Squire' at the
bottom of said picture, which is extremely
odious in an American school book, and must
inevitably tend to corrupt the political prin
ciples of the republican babies that behold
it."
To all who studied the speller, the part that
probably made the greatest Impression was
the "Select Fables." These were an after
thought of the author, for they do not appear
in the earliest editions. How many have car
ried along, in after life, the moral lessons
taught by "The Country Maid and Her Milk
Pail," "The Fox and the Swallow," "The Cat
and the Rat," "The Fox and the Bramble,"
and many other equally sharp examples of
evil doing, which were probably quite as effi
cacious on the ethics as the corrections in
pronunciation were on the language of the
children.
The spelling book slowly underwent altera
ations. The printers discovered very soon
that the title was clumsy, and changed it to
"The American Spelling Book." The author
was constantly simplifying and improving,
for although soon occupied in his dictionary,
yet be always seemed to feel an especial in
terest in his first venture, and well he might,
for almost his whole support was derived
from the book. Others copied his ideas, hop
ing to obtain a share of the profits, and as
the century advanced the book was slowly
driven out of New England, the land of its
birth, by the improvements in school books,
yet the sales increased steadily, and it found
refuge in the south and west, and even trav
eled to England. In a revised form it helped
to educate the Confederate youth during the
rebellion, and to-day it can still be found in
schools here and there throughout the
country.
THE SOIL OF WYOMING.
The Laud Cat by Gulches and "Draws."
The Valleys sad "Bottoms."
East Nebraska is a prairie; west Nebraska,
with its alkali streams and sand hills, begins
to take somewhat of the character of this
country, with its strange unevenness. But
in Wyoming wo reach the consummation of
roughnet, in what may have once been
prairie. To be sure, as we look from a car
window, if in the spring, wo may see the
strange muuumeut-like sandstones and the
crater-liko knobs about a "plain," so seems it,
of thousands of acre of verdure. The land,
as a rule, is an alkali, soft limestone and sand
stone formation, the homo of the nutritious
buffalo grass and sagebrush. Attempt to
ride across ono of the plains and you find how
great the disparity. The land is cut in every
conceivable direction by abrupt gulches and
"draws," with perpendicular sides from thirty
to one hundred feet deep, entirely concealed
by their character until you are right upon
them.
There is no water in these in this season.
They usually follow tho natural watershed,
but head anywhere ami everywhere upon the
plain, and, strangest of all, ore as deep and
abrupt in their head as any where. You find
the valleys but u repetition of what you x-o
ou a larger scale from a poitit of eminence
an apparent plain, and yonder a crater-like
bluff but ujwn ascending its steep side you
are Mirprised to find its summit but tl.e
boundary of another plateau, with gulches
deeper and wider. I spoke of valleys a
moment ago; this country Kas none after the
fashion of any eastern conceptions. The
streams are few and far between, usually
from twelve to twenty miles and more, and
then the merest rivulets, at this season, after
minYing tor miles in their course, and occa
sionally breaking out spring-like and flowing
a short distance These rivulets have narro w
"bottoms" often quito fertile, but scarcely
saore than garden spots, with a few scrubby
cottonwoods and box-elders, entirely hidden
from view by the proximity of the ncigulxu--iag
bluffs. When wider and more like val
leys, as is the bottom of tho Platte, tltcy are
too sandy for cultivation. It k only by
Irrigation that even the "bottoms" are made
productive. It is along these bottoms that
the TWttV have been accustomed to water and
that the ranches havo been built All thU
beautiful country to look upon is utterly lw
yoai the reach of the plow or any agri.-ul--taral
crop, aad is only saved from utter
oesert oy too sprnig nuns, wnicb grow the
grass m a short month or so.
Just break tho sod for any purport) and tho
soil is tho sport of tho winds. The only pos
sible hope would bo in artasian wells, but
they could not be reached for thousands of
feet, and possibly not then, without great
.nn lmt with success nrobablv scarce
enough to supply man and beast Thoro ore
at present four ways by which men can nc
quiro land in the territory homestead (100
acres), pre-emption .iw). timDcr culture iiwj
and desert reclaiming (04. Now none jf
these rights can be exercised except along the
streams, and then tho very loosest construc
tion must bo made of tho conditions applic
able only to an unbroken prairie. Wyoming
Letter in Detroit Free Press.
Memory of Faces.
There are as few peoplo who can remember
faces as there ore who can remember and ro
call facts, though people generally think it is
very easy. I have had some amusing ex
amples of the success of somo of these people
In these undertakings. Now on 'chnnge we
have 3,212 members, nnd compliaieutaries to
bring the total up to 4,400 people. Of course
a large number of thesj peoplo are not on
'change once a year, but when they do come
a person must know them and not stop them,
as when they do visit tho floor they generally
have visiting friend with them, ami to stop
them would bo embarrassing. To assist me
in remembering these peoplo I have made a
study of faces, and now I rarely see a stranger
that I do not note some peculiarity about him
by which I can identify him. Tho habit has
grown so that I often register in my memory
men with whom I Lave no connection, and
who I will probably never see again.
So you see this is a study, whether ono has
a faculty for it or not, and when a person
talks about being able to do so offhand, he is
talking about something he don't know any
thing about The other day a friend of mine
came up to me at the door on 'change, ami
said ho would like to bet mo the dinners ho
could pick out as they passed each oue of
forty men on the floor, whom I was to name
as they came in. I had tho satisfaction of
eating a very good dinner at his expense. I
picked out forty men, of course not those who
live in the bull pit, but men whose names he
knew, and whose faces he bad also seen.
How many do you think he secured out of
the forty? Just eleven. Cor. Globo-Demo-crat
Work of the Telegraph Operators.
I presume there is a more appreciable dif
ference in telegraph operators than In any
other class of workers in the world. The old
timers delight in talking of receiving lifly
words a minute, and sigh wearily as they re
fer to auld lang syne and the decadcuce of
speed in the present generation. This is all
very well, but thirty-five words per minute
is considered far above the average, and
when an operator is receiving even that num
ber he is pushed, and frequently resorts to ab
breviation. Lady operators as a rule are ac
curate, but are physically incapable of the
heavy work entailed by press reports for city
papers. Put a lady operator at the instru
ment in a small city where pony reports ure
ceived and she will tako twenty words a min
ute and dp it welL Btit when it comes to
using the stylus on manifold, where a largo
number of copies is to be taken, a lady doe:
not possess the requisite physical strength t
accomplish tho task. Operators are eccentric,
and their style of work differs greatly. Once
theybecomo set in a certain channel they
never change, and while experience gives
them better control of their work, there is no
perceptible improvement in penmanship.
Telegraph operators who can carry on a con
versation and receive at tho same timo are
very scarce. Cor. GIobe-Dcmtcrat
Fishing for False Teeth.
"What do we do with u man who has swal
lowed bis false teeth'" repeated a Washington
Iwulovanl physician with a merry laugh.
"Fish for 'em, my boy, fish for 'em. How!
A very unique way, I can assure you. False
teeth usually lodge in the (Esophagus. We
take the sufferer and lay him on his back.
Then we open his mouth and drop a delicate
rublier hook down his throat This hook is
attached to tho enilof a silken cord, ami is
facilitated in accomplishing its errand by a
small piece of silver which is fastened near
tbe barb and serves as a 'sinker'. A delicate
contrivence at the end of the cord tells you
when the hook meets with any resistance.
After angling for a short time tho expert at
the business is bound to get a bite from the
teeth, providing, of course, they have not
fallen into tho sufferer's stomach, and then
the work of hauling them out begins. This
is a rather delicate task, but if the fisherman
knows what he is about (and he does, you
know), there is little to fear. It is a very
pretty experiment, but, happily, there is litUe
demand for its practice." Chicago Herald.
lfnw Donkey Parties are Conducted.
Donkey parties are tho latest thing in the
way of a social gathering in Milkwaukee. A
largo slihoutte representing a tailless donkey
is cut out of paper or cloth and fastened upon
thewalL To each guest are given a cambric
tail and a pin. Then they are blindfolded, ons
by one, placed in a corner opposite the donkey,
whirled three times around, and then started
on a blind search for the donkey, upon which,
if they reach it, tho tail is to be pinned. If the
guest goes in another direction and stumbles
against a wall, door, chair, or anything else,
there he must leave the tail Tbe movements
of the blindfolded are apt to be ludicrous.
The person who makes tho best effort to place
tbe tail upon the donkey where it belongs re
ceives a present of some kind, while the guest
who makes the most unsuccessful effort gets
the booby prize. New York Sun.
A War la Needed.
My recent tour through Texas convinced
me that that state is ripe and thirsting for
war. Almost every business man in Texas
is of the opinion that tbe state could spare at
least 20,000 useless fellows, adventurers and
sharpers, and the easiest way would be to
have them killed in war; so when that Mexi
can imbroglio came up they were elated over
the prospects ef such an opportunity, and
were willing to drop money into the hats of
every tramp that came along to help to ex
cite the people. They attribute the vast and
rapid growth of northern cities since tho war
to this riddance of unsavory material, and
expect that the time is not far distant when
they will be called upon to send some of those
bullet stoppers beyond tho Mexican borders
to try and civilize tho knights of the lasso.
Cor. Globe-Democrat
Who Is the Great Man?
It is not the habit of people to suppose that
a great merchant or financier ranks with a
general who has won battles, but it not un
commonly happens that tho general is a mere
granny outside of his profession, and that
even the battles to which he owes his celebrity
were won as much by accident as by skillful
design. As to the display of courage called
for by war, it is not greater than men engaged
in the life saving service, firemen and engi
neers and the police force are constantly
called upon to exercise. While it is not un
natural that commanders of the first rank
should be admired, it is certain that there is
a good deal of vulgar and unnecessary toady
ism to epaulets in general. Commonplace
military officers wont compare with good
mechanics in very many admirable traits,
and they cut too wide a swath socially.
Pittsburg Chronicle.
How they Dress in Japan,
The Japanese are complaining that the
comic opera "Mikado" has sent Japan back
twenty years in the popular opinion and es
teem. The Japanese have not worn oriental
costumes for fully that length of time. The
Mikado dresses like any English or American
gentleman, and so do all of his subjects, ex
cept such of the extreme lower classes who
are too poor to afford to buy modern clothes.
Upou great court occasions the oriental spirit
comes out in gay colors and a superabund
ance of gold and jewels, but cut and design
are European. Chicago Herald.
U Kemarkable Strait.
A diner-out who had bad more than hit
share of the wine was carefully feeling hi:
way home at night, when ho unfortunately
stumbled against the circular railing which
surrounded a statue. After having gon
around is about seven times, tbe hopelessnesi
of his situation flashed upon him, and hi
sank down upon the pavement outside with a
despairing shriek: "The scoundrels. They've
shut me in here!" Chicago Tribune.
An Klectrtcml Feeder.
Experiments tried with a new electriaal
device for use in feeding sheets of paper to
printing presses prove quite successful. It is
automatic, and notice of any trouble is
signaled at once by ringing a belL Boston
Budget
ON TIIE MISSISSIPPI.
TIMES WHENG UERRILLAS MADE LIFE
UNPLEASANT ON STEAMERS.
Confederate Partisans Fishing for Fed
eral Gudgeons Steamboat Passengers
Under Fire How the Bobbery of a
Widow Was Peremptorily Stopped.
Ono of tho amusements of the period was
to take a run on a steamer up to Cairo. It
was generally an exciting amusement The
banks were haunted by guerrillas, who some
times carried with thom a six pound gun,
and who quito often made life on tbe steamer
unpleasant They were skillful fishermen,
thee guerrillas; they angled for Federals, and
they employed the most tempting bait Ono
of the forms of bait need was cotton. A
boat pushing along the stream would spy a
half dozen or a dozen bales of cotton piled on
the bank, and would at once steer for it with
a view of buying it if there was an owner, or
cribbing or "confiscating" it if nobody was
In the vicinity. The steamer would run
alongside, throw out the gangplank, aad get
ready to tie up to some tree, when there
would suddenly be beard shrill yells, vol
ley of musketry would follow, and a whoop
ing crowd of butternnts would board the
boat, "go through" the safe and the passen
gers, take everything valuable and portable,
and then decamp
Many a Yankee gudgeon bit at this cotton
bait, and was hooked beyond rescue. In time
the cotton hunter grew more cautious. He
edged very gingerly toward the tempting dis
play; he came up, just touching the nose of
the boat to the landing without throwing
out the gangplank, so as tote ready to sheer
oil at the slightest sign of danger. Ono has
often seen a wary trout tow approach a
tempting worm ready to tarn tail and send
away in case of anything suspicious or tho
sign of a hook in the appetising appearance.
There were bends in the river where the guer
rillas could He concealed antll the boat was
within close gunshot, and were able to send
in a half dozen volleys before the imperiled
craft could get out of range. One day, be
tween Memphis and Cairo, the Hillmanwas
proceeding leisurely up the river without any
suspicion of danger. A passenger was stated
in the barber's chair being shaved, whan a
cannon suddenly opened oa the beat Tho
first ball killed the barber and passed on
without in the least interfering with the cus
tomer. PA6SEMOKBS VRDBB WtMM.
On such occasions there was little to be
obtained in the shape of provision for safety.
Everything about a steamer was so frail that
in place of being a protection thsspper struct
ure really added to the danger from the flying
splinters. About the only thing available
was to lie flat on the floor with tbe head or
feet toward the direction of fire so as to ex
pose the smallest possible portion of the form
to the missiles of the guns. While lying there
the roar of the artillery, tbe yells of the Con
federates, tbe crash of the shot through tbe
woodwork, the noise of tearing timber, the
momentary expectation of being skewered by
a long splinter or being bored through longi
tudinally with a round shot, wars anything
but pleasant It seemed to the pssssngnr
hugging the floor and trying to make him
self into a compa not larger than a knitting
needle that the boat was an eternity in getting
away from the locality. It was a time whan
the swiftest boat on the 'river apparently
made no better time than that of ths slowest
of snails.
Boats plying on the river were subject to
visitation at every wood yard. The officers
expected these visits and prepared for them.
They would leave a few hundred dollars in
the safe for show, and the remainder of the
money they would hide tn the mattresses.
When boarded by guerrillas they would open
tho safe after a little persuasion, and the
robbers would take the cash contents, satiated
that they had secured all tbe available plun
der. Many of tbe boats were captained by
Confederates, a fact which was known to the
bushwhackers, with the result that such boats
wero not disturbed or were occasionally halted
and searched as a matter of show for the bene
fit of the galleries.
I recall ono instance in which tbe robbery
was on the other side. The Platte Valley
was convoying a company of new troops
down the river when, at a point between
Cairo and Memphis, the boat made a landing
to get some wood. There lived in a little log
house at tbe point a widow with four sons,
all of whom were In the Union army, with the
entire sympathy of the mother. The valorous
recruits swarmed ashore and "went through1'
the premises of the old lady in a brief time.
Every chicken, egg, bit of meat, everything
edible, including pigs and calves, and any
thing and everything in tbe house which
attracted the fancy of the raiders, and which
could be eaten or sent home as a trophy, was
gobbled up and carried on the boat
A WBAK COaTJfAHDBK.
Tbe captain of the company tried his best
to restrain the men, but, while well inten
tioned, he was weak. He was from the same
locality as his men, and many of them called
him by his first name instead of his title, and
apparently had no respect for him.
The officers of the boat offered such objec
tions as they dared, and the old lady stormed,
wept, avowed her Union sentiments, aad as
serted that this fact and that she had four
sons in the Union army should protect her
from ruin by tbe northern men. It was all
useless. The men laughed at her, and scoffed
at the claim that she was a Union woman.
The boat was about to cast off the lines, and
the old lady was reluctantly being forced
down the gangplank, when suddenly a clear
voice was heard above the clamor:
"Captain, form your men in line 1"
The voice was clear, penetrating, and filled
with imperative suggestions. There was a
quick cessation of the uproar. Everybody
turned to look on the speaker. He was a
slender man in dtisen's clothing, a stranger
whom nobody knew, of commanding appear
ance, and a stern face, whose firm lips and
deep, flushing eyes showed intense earnest
ness. "Fall in, men!" came from the captain after
he had glanced at the stranger. The men did
so at once, and then all looked at tbe stern
civilian.
'Consider your company under arrest, sir!
Let every article ts&en from that woman be
returned without an instant's delayl"
The soldiers hesitated a single moment
"Quick march, there, now!" rang out from
the civilian, with an impatient stamp of the
foot, as he noticed the hesitation. At once
the men moved out, and ashore, deposited
their plunder, and sneaked back sheepishly on
the boat
"Who are your asked the captain, as the
boat backed away from the landing.
"I am Gen. Schuyler Hamilton," was the
answer, "and your command shall remain
under arrest till they are given an officer who
can control them!" "Poliuto" in Chicago
Times.
ITALIANS AS RAILROAD BUILDERS.
Supplanting; Irishmen oa Great Con
tractsTalk With a Contractor.
Heman Clark, who is associated with John
O'Brien in building a large part of the new
aqueduct, is one of the most extensive rail
road contractors in the United States. He
employs men by the thousand all over the
country and has had a long experience with
laborers of all nationalities. His attention
was called to the statement recently pub
lished that the Italians were rapidly supplant
ing the Irish in all kinds of contract work in
New England. "It is not only true in regard
to New England, but of all parte of the coun
try," ho said. "On all the big railroad jobs
throughout the west yon will find Italians in
droves. In fact, I think I might safely say
that at present fully SO per cent of the bands
employed on this kind of work are Italians.
On some roads they are employed almost ex
clusively. "To be sure, they are not nearly as good
workmen as tbe Irish, bt they can be hired
at cheaper rates so much cheaper, Indeed, as
to more than make op what they lack In abil
ity t Then they are as a rale quiet and indus
trious. They live cheaply and save almost all
they earn. Their one aim is to snake what
they consider a fortune 4500 to 91,000 and
go back to Italy, where they can Uve atease
for tbe rest of their lives on this amount
They never shink of settling hers, being snneh
like the Chinese in this respect They are su
perior to the Celestials, however, as workmen.
Tbe Chinese are of little use for outdoor
work. On one job we had on the Pacific
const there were o,000 of them employed. I
discharged every one of them. It didn't pay
to have them around at any wages; at least
I thought so. An Irishman looks down on
an Italian. He considers hhn far beneath
him, and where the modern Romans are esn
plyedm large nsmbsrs yonV see tin) Irish
superintending them as section bosses."
"Do yon consider the Irishman the most
efficient railroad laborerr
"The Irish and the Scandinavians are the
beet We employ a great many of the latter.
They are good hands and like the Irish aro
ambitious, only their ambition takes another
form. They are always on the lookout for a
place to settle down, and buy a little farm.
When they havo earned enough to do this
they go back to this spot and become in time
good citizens. The Italian simply works for
money and this he carries around with him
or else banks it here in Hew York. They
come to this country in droves brought over
of course by the padrones who bear almost
the same relation to them that the Six Com
panies did to the Chinese. They are increas
ing every year. Except in the east they liavo
; not yet become a factor in politics. They
are averse to strikes and hence employers
: find them useful as a sort of balance wheel iu
the troubles that are constantly arising be
tween themselves and their help. For this
reason their emigration is encouraged.' New
York Tribune.
AN OLD "FORIT-NINER"
TELLS HOW BEARDS WERE POPULAR
IZED BY CALIFORNIA PIONEERS.
rae Story of Oradnal maaeinatlott
from the Razor A Picturesque Lot of
Men In the Land of Gold The Doctors
to the Kescae.
"The early gold seekers In Calif ornia con
ferred a benefit upon the country uncon
sciously, it is true which I havo never seen
niAntirmd but for which the vounser eren-
eration can hardly be grateful enough."
The speaker was one oi roe oiu lony-nmcrs;
k vu itnmkinar of the tinnl dinner
at tbe Associated Pioneers of California,
which he bad anenaea. " w nen x was a
vramcr man." he continued, "no one in any
part of tbe United 8tates with which I was
acquainted was permitted to wear a beard.
There was an unwritten law against it, which
was more strictly ooeyea man uu statutes
uMlnit mnrder or robberv. A man with a
full, flowing beard, such as may be seen any
where tn a wauc oi nve minutes, wouiu uvo
homi followed and hooted at bv a crowd of
boys in any New England town; while a
mustache was an open coniesnon ioai uif
wearer was a rowdy and a social outlaw.
The wearer would not have been admitted to
membership in any church, nor unless he
was a military officer received into any re
spectable circle. Side whiskers could bo worn,
or chin whiskers; but the lines were drawn
against the complete thing or the shaded up
per Up by a public opinion so strong ujui u.
seemed immutable.
IN TBK LAND OK PROMISE.
"The gold excitement broke out, and in
almost every town and village there were
some who caught the fever and started for
the land of promise. We had a bard time of
it; the fortunate fellows just as hard a time
as the unfortunate, except for the courage
that success brings. There was no leisure,
and little inducement for self adorment in
tbe absence of women. We got careless about
observing the rules of our old civilized life,
and one of the first evidences of this was that
one after another we stopped shaving. It
took too much time, and our razors got dull,
or our bits of looking glass lost or broken;
and soon every mining camp on tbe coast was
filled with full bearded men.
'Early in the fifties, the men who had left
wives and children or sweethearts at home,
and who had raked together a few thousand
dollars, began to return; some to bring their
families back and others to pay off the mort
gages on their farms and remain. We had
been free from the trammels of tbe old civil
ization long enough to be indifferent to some
of it arbitrary rules, and then we were con
ceited euough to think that our adventure
had given us the right to bo recognized as
heroes, and didn't mind wearing a sort of
distinguishing badge. So a large number of
us returned to our old homes with much tbe
same appearance that we had in the mines.
"We were decidedly a picturesque lot, I
suppose, and wherever we went wero imme
diately recognized as returned gold diggers,
and received the respect among our old
neighbors that our supposititious wealth, alas!
only supposititious in many cases command
ed. In no very long time there were few
towns in which there were not several re
turned Californians; aud, as tho novelty of
full beards began to wear off, the real im
provement which beards made in some men
was seen. Huge jawed, long lipped men came
back absolutely handsome.
DOCTORS TO THE RESCUE.
"Then the doctors entered tho field young
men with weak lungs and bronchial troubles
seemed to be cured. At first the climate of'
California and tbe exposure of camp life ob
tained the credit, but after a winter at home
it was believed that the protection given by
the beard should share the credit, and soon
many of the physicians, especially in New
England, advised then- patients to cease
shaving. The innovation now made its way
rapidly. 'By the advice of tbe doctor was
as satisfactory an answer to all comments as
it is in the same part of the country when
one is caught taking his 'bitters' before
dinner.
"It was some years, however, beforo the
prejudice of generations became so weakened
that preachers could wear beards without
severe comment on the part of some mem
bers of their congregations, if not secession
from their folds to those of shaven shepherds.
It is a tradition that the late Professor Stowe
adopted a shrewd device to rid himself of the
bated razor. He was delivering an address,
so the story goes, on slavery, and as be be
came impassioned with the subject "he ex
claimed: 'This curse must and will be wiped
out; the day of freedom for all men in our
land is coming, and razor shall not touch my
face until it dawns.' He was probably one
of the first Congregational ministers to wear
hair en his lip.
"When it became allowable for any who
chose to wear a full beard, entire emancipa
tion followed easily enough, and men began
to trim thoir beards to suit themselves, until
before long they could wear mustaches alone
without causing remark. We old forty
niners created this revolution we who came
home; and in tbe advantages to health, to
say nothing of the improvement of the moral
tone of community which is caused by the
overthrow of every senseless superstition, I
think that in this we did more good than did
the gold we brought home." New York
Tribune.
A Proposed Stage Novelty.
"There is one thing I am in favor of." said
a bald headed man in tbe Chicago Opera
house tbe other evening, "and. that is tbe
abolishment of the drop curtain. What do
you think of an innovation that would permit
the audience to witness the skill of the scene
shifters and stage setters A person takes
more or less interest in watching the construc
tion of a fine building. Why wouldn't the
same thing hold good in a theater It would
be of great interest to most people to watch
the construction of a mica cascade or the
rapid growth of trees and hills under the
magic touch of men in overalls. The con
trivances used in producing a full moon would
also prove a source of wonder to the specta
tors. To thoroughly admire the art of stage
setting one mustoe the details. The pin
itself is no novelty; but tbe process by which
the metal is stamped into a pin cannot help
but be interesting. With a good orchestra to
grind out music I think the mechanical end
of a show when exposed to the audience would
prove highly entertaining." Chicago Herald.
Keeping Up the Barriers.
As long as mother and father, knowingly
or unwittingly, will in the presence of tbe
child continue to associate with the term Jew
all that is deemed undesirable and objection
able in man; so long as writers of prose and
verse, history and romance, of nursery tales
and Sunday school books will continue to
picture the Jew as the embodiment of avarice,
passion and dishonesty; so long as the child
will be taught to hold the Jew responsible for
cruelties practiced by others; so long as tbe
Jewish child will continue to be told of cruel
ties practiced upon its forefathers because of
their religious belief, and be taught to look
upon all not of its faith as strangers and idol
aters so long the barriers cannot fall. Jew
ish Messenger ,
The Cowardly Walrus.
Mr.- Elliott denies the courage and ferocity
commonly attributed to tbe huge, hideous
monster known as the walrus. It is, on the
contrary, abjectly timid, and so covered with
a wrinkled, warty, pimply hide as to recall
degraded human "bloats." Its enormous
ivory tasks are need only la digging clams,
and are very loosely planted in their osseous
COURTSHIPS OF BIRDS.
NATURALIST HOLDER'S VERY INTER
ESTING COLLECTION OF FACTS.
The Sandhill Crane's lllrd Circus Frolics
ef Feathered Dancers The Uummlsf
Bird's Fight for a Wire Other Curious
Courtships.
In some of tbe African tribes wbeumar
riago is proposed by tho dusky lover tho coy
maiden puts him through a course of physical
sprouts that is considered a test of Ids capa
bilities as the protector and supporter of a
family. He appears before her and her
friends and goes through a scries of ground
aud lofty tumbling that would do credit to
a professional athlete leaps into the uir,
strides aloug to show his walking powers, and
throws his limbs this way aud that to show
the development of muscles; finally, if be
makes a good exhibition, he is accepted, and
over afterward tho woman does all tho hard
work, tbe groom having demonstrated, how-
ever, that be can do it if pushed to the walL
Among the cranes, especially tbe sandhill
cranes, almost exactly the samo thing can be
i seen in the mating season, and if any one can
approach a flock at this timo they will be re
paid by a most remarkablo sight veritable
bird circus. A relative of mine bad a large
marsh upon his estate, and here the great
j birds made their summer home; buildiug
their curious nests there and rearing their
young. The marsh was surrounded by high
grass, and it was his practice to creep through
and watch the birds unobserved. The antics
they went through it would be impossible to
describe now they would caper along in
pairs, stepping daintly with tbe winning gait
of the ideal exquisite, lifting their feathers or
wings, taking shortstops and gradually work
ing themselves up to a bird frenzy of excite
ment, when thoy would leap into the air and
over each other's backs, taking short runs,
this way and that, all for the odlficatiou of
the females standing by, and finally, after a
series of these exhibition, the different birds
selected their mates.
nouo or feathered daxcebs.
Among the birds of tbe western hemisphere
tho cock of tbe rock ranks next to the crane
in the strangeness of its evolutions. Tbe bird
is confined to South America aud is about the
sizo of a small pigeon; lias a bright orange
web in tho male, with a plumelike arrange
ment on the head. It is a proud bird, prin
cipally building its nest in rocky places not
frequented by man. At the commencement
of the breeding season a party of birds num
bering from ten to twenty, assemblo, and
selecting a clear space among the rocks form
a ring or circle, facing inward. Vow a small
bird takes its place in the center and begins to
hep about, toss its head, lift its wings and go
through all the strange movements possible
that appear to bo watched with great intents
by the rest When tbe performer fa thor
oughly exhausted he retires to the circle and
another bird enters the ring, and so on, until
all have put through their paces, when the
paire probably make their selection. Often
the birds are so exhausted after the dances
that they can hardly fly, lying panting ou the
rocks.
In England tbe courtship of the great Eng
lish bustard is a rare sight, the magnificent
creature performing most of its love antics in
the air, making great swoops downward, al
most touching the ground, then rising aloft
to hover over its mate, uttering a peculiar
cry, then alighting and vying with the turkey
in it proud aspect Tbe great Otis Ben
galiensis struts alout like a peacock, hum
ming the whilo in a curious series of notes,
supposed to bo tho dulcet tones addressed to
the female bird.
The courtship of the humming bird Lta
IKirticularly arduous operation, tho lover
having to fight his way to nuptial life. Sev
eral species of these little living gems are
common in my dooryard and aro engaged hi
a continual warfare with each other; often
the engagement is carried on with such vigor
that the birds are injured. A friend near by
tells me that in observing these contests she is
positive that at times the male when finding
that he is being worsted feigns death, aud
drow to tbe gruond, in fact, plays possum, to
escape, and carries it to such an extent that
she has gone out and picked the bird up and
brought it into the bouse, where it soon recov
ered. SOKE CURIOUS ANTICS.
There is one in South America known as
Florisuga mellivor that performs some curi
ous antics during the courtship season. It
resembles some gorgeous insect as it darts
through the air, its head and neck being a
beautiful metallic blue with a border of
white, other portions being a rich mji
trreen. The tail, which is pure white, can bo
I expanded so as to form a semi-circle, and
when in tbe air with tbe tad feathers out
stretched it looks as though it were resting
on a twig. For several moments the little
creature will remain literally suspended in
the air with this curious cross piece vibrat
inga sine1"1' mode of courtship.
In the water birds we find many carious
courtships, especially in tbe albatross, that is
a most devoted lover and mate. Even when
tbe female is on the nest he will stand by,
and go through the meet extravagant mo
tions and uttering curious shrieks, which
sound like laughter, hi return for which the
female gently caresses him with her bilL The
nest of this bird resembles that of some flam
ingoes, being about two feet in height and
ten inches in diameter, the top falling over
the edges, so that when deserted by tbe birds
they form convenient seats, and are so used
by sailors who hunt the bird to secure tbe leg
bones for pipe stems.
Near the borders of southern California is
found a bird called the sunato that has a
strange courtship. It is about tbe site of a
magpie. During the mating season four or
five birds collect together and seem to vie
with each other in the extravagance of their
posturing wooing now in rows, now single,
in a regular dance, and by way of music ut
tering loud, discordant squawks. Their long
tails ore lifted high in the air during this per
formance, and their entire behavior fa re
markable in the extreme. There fa hardly
a family of birds but what we find has some
such peculiarity, leading to the conclusion
that there are certain traits that are very
much alike in all forms, from man down
ward. Professor C. F. Holder in Ban Fran
cisco CalL
Hereditary Insanity.
The physical defects of fathers are more
frequently reproduced in the offspring than
those of the mother. In cases of men
tal disease the tendency is in the op
posite direction. Insanity is much more fre
quently transmitted from the mother than
from the father. According to French au
thorities, 279 out of 407 cases of mental affec
tions were traceable to mothers. Herald of
Health. '
Two Thousand Tears Old.
A small case in the numismatic collection at
tho mint attracts no little attention because it
contains but a single coin, and the interest
doesnt decrease when the inscription fa read:
"Struck in tbe Philadelphia mint at least
2,000 years ago." Of course our Philadelphia
isn't meant, but Philadelphia in Asia Minor.
Philadelphia CalL
Co-operatloa in a College-
The faculty of Princeton college have
agreed upon a plan to admit students to a
share in the control of the college.
Under the plan, a committee consisting
of twelve undergraduates ix seniors,
three juniors, two sophomores and one fresh
manwill be elected by tbe students for
friendly conference with tbe faculty, who, it
is believed, will thus be enabled to administer
the discipline of the college with greater ease
and justice to all concerned. Frank Leslie's
The Paris Bon Marche.
Tbe celebrated shop called tbe Bon Marche
in Paris has a "band" or orchestra composed
of 250 of the men and women connected with
the establishment. The other evening; writes
a correspondent, they gavo a concert in the
huge balls of the store, and eminent artists
liko M. Fauro, of tbe Grand opera, were
among the singers. There were no less than
7,000 people in the audience. Chicago Times.
Cure for Blight's Disease.
Some eight or ten years since. Gen.
Scbenck was afflicted with Bright disease,
and never expected to recover, but an old
Vermont physician put him on a strict diet of
stale bread and skimmed milk, which restored
him to health, and he is now enjoying his old
ige. Boston Budget
BO many mujum mtm w mrm wmm m
the streets of Paris that, police rapilaftfcau
hn iiwgM naosssanr.
IN WITCHING TtMB.
Tli ii UM Ins isiiilihis Is liii im
And tarons the aadsJght'a envois cofct
. fold bv fold.
Aad hi the settle aeds the sire.
And the dene droops aad maids draw aigber
Fsrh Ttt tht rssm irf tt itinr.
(So do the bashful seek the bold
mwttoMagthnel)
Ea as this hear, when revels the.
And tbe spent nurth and mood require
SoBMthlag to stir tbe sense or hold
The soal In awe, tksss tales were told
Told, while the ssokerlag names expire,
uwtetdag timet
Austin Dobsoa.
Personal.
Mr. N. H. Frobilchutoiu, of Mobilo,
Ala., writes: I take great pleasure in
recommending Dr. King's New Dis
covery for Consumption, having used it
for a severe attack of Bronchitni anil
Catarrh. 'It gave me instant relief aud
entirely cured me nnd I have not 1hd
afflioted since. I also beg to atnto that I
had tried other remedies with uo good
result. Have also used Electric Bitters
and Dr. King's New Lire Pills, Kith or
which I can reeouiinoud.
Dr. King's New Discovery ror Con
sumption, Coughs and CoKIm, is m)ld on
a positive guarantee.
Trial bottles free at Dowty i Beclior'a
drug store.
Prof. Edward Olson, for n long time
connected with the University of Chica
go, is to take charge of the Dakota uni
versity as president.
The MsMMclleef JImsi Im C!wmi.
As well as the handsomest, and ethers
are Invited to call en Dr. A. Helntz and
get fret a trial bottle ef Kemp's UaSsaui
far the Throat aad Lnfcgs, a remedy that
is tiling entirely upon its merit aud is
guaranteed te cure aad relieve all
Ckrenleaad Acute Coughs, Asthma,
Bronchitis snd Coasumptioa. Price M)
cents SndSK Deca-Ho
Boswoll P. Flower hits arrived in Paris
and with an urch glance toward Albany
says that Cleveland's renoiuiuution anil
re-election are assured.
Ad v ire to CoBaMptive.
On the appearance of the lirat symp
toms -as general debility, loss of apa
tite, pallor, chilly sensutious.rollowoil by
night-eweats and cough -prompt meas
ures of relief should bu taken. Con
sumption is scrofulous diseaso of the
lungs; - therefore use the great anti
scrofula, or blood-purifier and strength
restorer, Dr. Pierce's 'Golden Medical
Discovery." Superior to cod liver oil
as a nutritive, and unsurpassed as a
pectoral. For weak luugs, spitting of
blood, aud kindred affections, it has uo
equal. Sold by driurgubt the world
over. For Dr. Pierce's treatise on con
sumption, send 10 cents in stamps to
World's Dispensary Medical Association,
titio Main street, Buffalo, N. Y.
Sarah Bernhardt is said to havo shock
ed her dear Paris by emphatically de
claring, "l cannot play any morn in
Paris. Your Parisians aro too poor. I
like butter on my bread. So I will havo
to return to America." Bfer pet tiger,
which she is pleased to call an Algerian
black cat, has been fined 100 franks for
disturbing neighboring families.
Neither whiskey, ginger, blacklierry
brandy, or anything else begins to equal
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera aud Diar-
roja Remedy for bowel complaint. It is
the only medicine that always cures
bloody ilux, cholera morbus, dysentery
and diarrhoea, and it never fails. It
costs 25 cents and is worth 25 dollars
when needed. Mr. A. Finley of Bain
bridge, Putnam county, Ind., writes that
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diar
rhoea Remedy cured him of a severo at
tack of diarrhoea, tbe first doso quieted
and eased the pain and tho second dose
cured him completely; he also says that
he cured s bad case of bloody dux with
the same bottle. Sold by Dowty &
Becher.
Lester Wallack is occupying his sum
mer retreat on the shore, near Stamford,
Conn.
English Spavin Liniment removes all
Hard, Soft or Calloused Lumps and
Blemishes from horses, Blood Spavin,
Curbs, Splints, Sweeney, Stifles, Sprains
Sore and Swollen Throat, Coughs, etc.
Save $50 by use of one bottle. Every
bottle warranted by C. B. Stillman,
druggist, Columbus, Nob.
Tho oldest general in the United
States army is William Selby Harney.
He wub born near Nashville, Tenn., in
1800 and entered the army in 1818.
Weaderfsl Care.
W. D. Hoyt & Co., Wholesalo and Re
tail druggists of Rome, Oa., says: We
have been selling Dr. King's New Dis
covery, Electric Bitters and Bucklen's
Arnica Salve for four years. Have never
handled remedies that sell so well, or
give such universal satisfaction. There
havo been some wonderful cures effected
by these medicines in this city. Several
cases of pronounced Consumption have
been entirely cured by use of a few bot
tles of Dr. King's New Discovery, taken
in connection with Electric Bitters. We
guarantee them always. Sold by Dowty
k Becher.
The fugitive McGarigle was a vain
man in his days of prosperity. He kept
a scrap-book and pasted therein all
newspaper notices concerning himself
and his doings.
ffteasie FeMJllaii PmsIs
Allow a ceqgh te run until it gets bsyead
the reach ef medietas. They eftea say.
Oh, it will wear-away, but in most cases
it wears them away. Could they be in
duced to try the successful medietas
called Kemp's Balsam, which we sell oa
a positive guarantee to eure, fhey would
inaiedlately sse the excellent effect sfter
taking the irst dese. Price 60c aad flJOu.
Trial aitt fru. Dr. A. Heists.
Ex-Representative Frank Hurd, of
Ohio, is so much pleased with the demo
cratic platform in that state that as a
free trader he will take the stump for
the ticket
Worth Yoar Atteatios.
Cut hl oat and mail it to Allen &. ('.. Au-
gaiitA, Main, who will (tend you free, somethinir
new, that jnnt colon moer ror all workoni. An
wonderful as the electric light, at (trauma at
pure gold, it will prora of lifelong value and
importance to you. Both aexe. all ages. Alien
& Co. bear expense of starting you in baiaws.
It will bring you in more oash, right away, titan
anything elite in this world. Anyone anywhere
can do the work, and live at home also. Better
write at once; then, knowing all, should you
conclude that you don't care to nngage, why no
harm is dona. 4-ly
Every man thinks he is about right
himself. An old Quaker said to his
wife: "All the world is queer except thee
and me, and thee is a little queer."
(titod Wage Ahead.
Ciwirgo StitiMin t Co., Portland. Maim, can
givo yon work tliat you can ,t and livu nt home,
runkiiiK :n-at imy. You aiv -tnrU-.! tw. tV.j.i
tal not nv.W. I.I1ih..vm. Alia. Cut thi
out and writo.it ..no..; tu, Iiaii will ! domt iT
you couchitl.. n.: to (:o to work, nr:.-r you Wru
all. All inrti.-id.irt Hw. Hm imvoit: work in
this world. j.ty
Charles Dickciuj the yottn;,vr, gives
' tho iirst public rwulinus in this country '
tho evoniiii.' of (Vl. -JT.. at Uliiokrin
hall, in Nw York.
Do Not Think r.r:i JL.meut
that catarrh will in tiuio wvar out The
theory is r-ilsy. kn try l lo!iovo it W
cauao it would bo jilcas-mt if irtt: but it
is not, as all know. Do not. h-t ..ny .iut.
attack in tho h.id remain ttn-utbduod.
It is liable to iluivloii-i into catarrh.
You can rid yourself of thv cold and
avoid all chance if catarrh by usin Dr.
Saeu Catarrh I&ih.hIv. ir already af
fected rid yourself of this tri:M..boino
diseaso speedily by the sumo iiiecus. At
all dru&fists.
Senator Spoonor writes from l'nris
that his month in Holland was delight
ful. Ho and his family will be home
this month.
ItucUicifH Arnir.n Salvo.
Tnn Best Salvi: in the world for Cuts,
Bruises. Sores, Ulivrs, Suit Uucum,
Fever Soros, Tetter. Chopped lissruls,
Chilblains, Corns, ami all Skin Krup
tioiiK, ami positively cures lilis. or no
pay required. It L giuniKieed to give
perfect satisfaction, or iiioiu refunded.
Price 2T eenis prr box. For cale by
Dowty & Becher. july27
THE CHEAPEST BAT1NQ ON EARTH i
ASK YOUR QhOOSH FOR THEM!
TBASKITISKOOIU'AKY, BT.XOXJlB.lt.Q-
AND
BUSINESS COLLEGE.
FxG33Q.orLt aSTeTo.
This iiiHtitntinu prtrtir- yoiiui; (U
thoroughly for Ti-Hchin, for Kiipim-cH Lifts for
Adiuinttioii to Colli1, for jtw or Medical
HchooN, for Public H-akinx, in Iutrmueutnl
aud Vocal Mnxic, in Drawing and Priiiitinic. and
in Elocution, Short-hand and Tjpe-writiriff.
Ill tlin Normal DrjKirtuiOut, thorough in
atrurtion iw ijivt-u in all liranuhes rt-qmred for
any ctrtifientt from Third fimne to tjtntu 1'ro
fetMiontd. Tim Huaiut-tiH Coiirre inclu.Iio lYiiiiia!ihip,
Commercial Corri-Mrfiinl-civ, Commercial Ijiw
and Book-ke'iiii, with tlu bt-t int-tiual- of
kevpiDK Farm, Factor, liaukinK mid Mercantile)
accoUutH. (r'ivo premium were uwanlcti to
this department at the recent State Fair.;
Espensert are very low. Tuition, ltoom Itent
and Table lioard :ir placed at cit, ax nearly a
pomiible.
Spring term U'sint April it, 1;7. Hummer
term begini July 5, t"C7. For particulate ad
dnu 31. E. Jonfs.
nov3-8rtf Fn mont. Neb.
$1,500!
VsoeUnlle of Patent CheM and Checkerboard, ad-
vsrusug we ctisDratea synTita biock nemedies
and lEKWASS or l.Oa. ir you fall to
Sad It oa this small board call on your drncxtst for
falMse. HandsomelrlJthographedboardVFKEJC;
or ssnd S3 cents for postage to us.
OOUGH blocks;
From Mason Long, the Conrerted Gambler,
roar Wavns, Ind.. April 5, 1381. I hare siren the
ayavltaCoagn Blocks a thorough trial. Ther cured
my little g1rl(3 years' old) of Croup. My wife and
motaer-tn-law were troubled with coughs of long
standing. One package of the Blocks has curen
them so they can taut "as only women do."
w Mason Long.
iWORH BLOCKS.
LIMA. C Jan. 25, 1887. The Synvlta Worm Blocks
acted like a ebana In expelling worms from my lit
tle child. The child Is now well aad hearty. Instead
of May and sickly as before.
Jonx G. BOBBIXSOX.
IUCKIEMY ILOCKS.
The Crest Mantes sad Dyseaterr Checker.
Dsxraos, On July Ttb. "SB. Our six-months old
child had a seTera attack of Summer Complaint.
Physician could do nothing. In despair wa tried
Synvlta Blackberry Blocks recommended by a
friend snd a few doses effected a complete cure.
Accept our heartfelt Indorsement of your Black
terry Blocks. Ma. axd Mas. J. bahzilut.
The Synvlta Block Remedies are
The neatest thing out, by far.
Pleasant, Cheap. Convenient. Sure.
Handy. Reliable, Harmless and Pure.
No box; oo teaspoon or sticky bottle. Iut up tn
patent packages. MS Domes 3 Cents. War
ranted to cure or money refunded. Ask your drug
gist. If you fail to get them send price to
THE SYNVITA CO., Delphos, Ohio,
V Ww IXH RECEIVE THEM rOSTPAII).
rCUECKJUUJOAJW VltEE with each VllUKU,
LOUIS SCHKEIBER,
if.
All kinds of Repairing June oh
Short Notice. Buggies, Wa;
itr.
rt
ons, eur., aiaue to or tier,
and all work (iuar-
anteeil.
Also tell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
best made.
aCsTShon opposite tbe " Tatter null," on
Ollvs St.. COLUMBU8. 2tf-m
TRAgKS
- a AMI
. BBSBSsfcasBSBM'- -"? -t
eJrf&qggELsBB
BBBBBe!sBBBBbKJS'--5v SHNv.SBBBBMeVsBBBS
3BK,;g LS"-Bsssssfi$'-ssssW'
g J aljEeSSSffSsMSBSBSBBSSBBBBBiSTaSflr lSSSlaM
MMOMMAL SCHOOL
BWsmillanflWaiu Matte
BEAST!
Mexican
Mustang
Liniment
siatiea, leratekst. CsatraeUi
Lnabafo, Isrsias. Muscles,
XksuaiatisB. Strains, Zrastioas,
Bans, Stiteaag, KosfAu,
Scalds, StuYJoiats, Sersw
Stings, Backseat, Worms,
Bites, Galls, Swisney,
Bruises. Sores, Saddle Galls.
Bunions, Spavin Piles.
Coras, Cracks.
THIS GOOD OLD STAND-BY
accomplishes for everybody axaoUy what UcUliunt
forlt. Ono of the reasons for the great popularity cf
the Mustang- Liniment Is found la Its universal
applicability Everybody needs such a medicine.
The LasBtorssaB needs It Incase of accident.
The Ilaasewif needs tt for general family use.
Tk e Caaaler needs It for his teams and hU men.
The Mechanic seeds It always oa hU work
beach.
Tho Mlnernecdslt lacaseof emergency.
The Vieaeer needlt-caat getalong without It.
The Farmer needs it la hi house. hU stable.
aad his stock yard.
The Steaasheat aaaa er the Beataaaa needs
It la liberal sapply afloat and ashore.
The Horse-fancier needs tt-lt U hU best
friend aad safest reliance. ,
The Steck-srewer needs It It will save him
thousands of dollars aad a world of trouble.
Tho Railroad ataa needs It and will need It so
long aa his llfo Is a round ef accidents and dangers.
The Backweeasssaa needs It. There U noth
ing like It as an antidote for the dangers to Ufa.
llrab and comfort which surround the pioneer.
The Merchant needs It about hie store among
his employees, accidents wiU happen, and wbea
these come the Mustang liniment Is wanted at once.
Keen a Settle la the Ilease. TIs the best of
economy.
Keea a Settle la the Faetary. ItslsuBediate
ase la case of accident eaves pain and loss of wages.
Keen a Battle Alwaya la the Stable far
ase whea wanted.
PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.
An OIIVt Worthy Attention IVinn
Every IlenuVr of the. .lisurnal.
louu rnoicK k rouu ;ot rtvr.ns, KKsr.
SUNHIUNK: K..r ..iiI!i;ii1m f..rt!i.. of all
tiKfr. uIiohm lunrth nri not witlu'ml, in a hntnl
.Mm pur. tiHi-ful nml immt iutert-rtint; inpfr;
it ic pulili.-htil monthly lj K. (". AuVn A. t'o..
Villain!1., Mnitic, at M ci-uti n year; it i- linntl
som.'l) illuflrntt-d.
DAUtillTKCS OK AMKIW'A. LIti-i full .f
KM'fului'M nrc worthy of reunrtl ami imitation.
"The hand that ruck tl:iMT.ul!"riili 1. 1 hi will.
thnnncli its Kt'i'tli. ;aiiil;u( infliiem-.-. Kiuplmt
irally n womanV Kt;iT in nil liriinclus of ht-r
wortcaiii! fxaltnl Miitn.il in tin world. "Kt.-r-I'til
fiti!ii" i- thii ft-timiatioii from which to
I'nihl. liniiitr-oiiiflj il!iitmtii. rul.lixh.il
monthly 1 Trno A i '., AikkIh. Muiur. at M
i"i ni i r ji-ur.
niK ii:rr:ru. hoi'skkkki ki: asi
I .All IKS' l-'IKrailtK l'()MI'MO.N. Tl.m
lnu'ti-iil. wtifilile iMifporuill provoa Ixxui to H
iioiiM.-U.vit rn ami l.uli. uho n-iul it. Ilium a
Imiiiii.II.'.-. h.'lil of iiM'fiiln.'-, anil itn ahility ni
x:iih .-.iml ! tho ix-rn-.ii.il. It i ntroriic uil
-oiiml in all iln wiri.il ih-partiin-ntH. IIiiiiiIkoiiii'
l illiixtrat.-il. ruhlinhcl monthly I. 11. Ilalli-tt
.V t'o.. I'orlia.'nl, Maim, at Mlt-fiit x-r jnnr.
KAUM AND IIOUHKKKCm:. :oo.l Farm
iiik,'. tioixl lioii-kt.'t.ini.'. (tooil I'ht-tT. Thin
haiuh-onit'ly illm-tnil.-.! jai-r irf (huoNnl to th
tttomiCT-t iiiiM.ilaut ami iiohlo inilutri-n of thn
yiorhl fin mini; in all iln hrnm-hrw hoiiM-ki--iiiK
: -.-r l.-partin.iit. It in ahloaml ui to
tin- iroi:r-r.-.tti timer; it will Im found practical
anil of irieat K-ncral iiwfnln.-1-H. l'iibliiht.l
inonihlv ly tli-orf."' Stint-on A t'o.. Portlanil,
Mai m at M -mtn ir ji-ar.
r1 V will wml fn-o for on., ji-ar, w hirimvnr
of !:iImi naim.l l-ai-.Te may ImchoM'ii, to any
on.- who pay for the Joiiu.sal. for ou year iu
Blnm-o. '1'lii-t applies to our Hiiiti-ribtr ami nil
who may ih to l--omt. Milm.-riU-rs.
,"""' will M'lul fn. foronii ear, whiclmviT
of tin iiIhjth papetH may Im chotn.u. to any riib-fi-rilH-r
lor the JorjHN f. whoM-fiilwcription may
not Im paul up, whot-hall my up to latii, or bo
joml date: proviil.il. hi. never, that Much payment
nhall not ! h-fN than one jear.
fc-'-To anyone who hands ns pa)inPtit on ac
count, for this pai'r, for thrvi yearn, wt Khali
wnil frw foroiiHjenr. all of thealxive dift-riUl
pniers;or will wml eue of them four years, or
two for two ji-nrs. at may bo preferred.
ixTViuf above dehcribed iiajmru which w
oiler f rim with our, are nuiont; the lx-t and im.ct
Micoefful published. We ttimc-ially recommend
them to our xulmcriliem. nnd Imlittvo nil will
hud them of real UHefuInewn and great interest,
ltf 31. K.TuHNEn A Co.
Columbus, Neb. PublitthfrH.
BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTRATRD.
This Masazlae portrays Ameri
eaa thought aad life from oceaa to
ocean, is tiled with Bare high-class
literatare, aad caa he safely wel
comed ia aay family circle.
IMC 2SC. HI3A TEAM If bUR.
Samplt Copy of turrtitt numbtr malM upon re
etlpt of 25 ett.; back uumbori. 15 ttt.
Prewilasa List with either.
Aidrtts:
B. T. BUSI SON, FiUlifcan,
ISO & 132 Pearl St., If. Y.
TBS C&SAU of all S03KS of AS71TTDE&
Condensed into one Volnme.
PIONEER
nt TJTATn
HEROES
Mil DEEDS.
The thrillin;adventnre of nil the hero extilor
em anil frontier fiKhtfr with Indian, out law
nnd wild lmaotM, oyer our whol country, from
the earliest timt- to the present. Lives and fa
mc:iiH exploit of DoSoto, I-nSalle, Stamlinh,
Iloone, Kenton, llrady, Crockrtt, Bowio. Hous
ton, ("arson. Custer, California Jm, YViJil Hill,
KiilTalo Hill. Heneralx Mile and Crook. Krent
Indian Chief i and ncore of other. Splrn.il.IlT
IHuMralrd with '-"JO fine eiiKr.tviiin. i.3IKT3
WAHTIT. Ijow-irired,a!id lmat anything to Mill.
Time for iyiaent allow wlaentMnhort of ftindn.
II. SCAJISlKLhACO..
auir-l-fui 8t. luiB. Jlo.
ATTENTION
We are now nre-
parwi to nirniitli
nil claiMn with employment at home, the wholn
of the time, or for their spare momenta. Bimi
nef h new, liKht anil profitable. Portions of either
mux iu)ily earn from fiO cents to $3.00 per PTenin
and a proiiortional mim by derntinK all their
time to the liiineM. Hovm and frfrN corn nearly
an much iih men. That nil wlw m-o thin may .nd
their nililrvHH, and tent tho huHine, w make
thin oiler. To Kiich an are Hot well atiiititi w
will hen.I one dollar to iy for the trouble of
writing. Kull inrticu!arH and outfit free. Ad
dreen, (iKoKoKttTlNno.N A Co., I'ortland. Maiuu.
iWJZ-Wy
AGENTS WANTED
for the :not complete popular family phymciau
Ixx.k ever ptlhliMied. Select Moniethintf TIIOK
oi;;iii.y t:sr.Ki;i.. of tiu:k r.w.t'K. and Halm urn
nlwnyx Miru and (ante. KNTI KKLY NKW, up ti
the very' latent science, yet in plain laiiKUHxo. A
CKKATKOVKLTYiunll it purt and attract
iiixtarit attention. 'u enKravintrH. The moot
orofunely anil beautifully illiixtnited book of th
kind rr cot tip. KKKX OK ALU it in BY KAK
the LOWK.ST I'IMCKI) ever published - !
than half the cot of any decent volume yet out.
Amenta who are tired of htruKKlintr with huh.
priced hookH, writ.i um for particulars of thi
Krout new departure in Itookxellintr.
H.ANKT l'UKlilHHINU CO.
at: l'ino Street, til. Louin.Mo.
SOdayrt time i veil atcentM without capital.
autfM-tim
l?'Tl?A IMMIK A6KRTN
1!mY J L1y iiiuh teum
AKentw who have hail fine miccet should write
u in a LKTTF.K (uo postal cjihIh) named of bookn.
date, number hoM in what time, what term re
ceived trci.i.KhTici!LitM),Hnd obtain from ua
NKW PUN arid fcXTlMOKDISAUY DISCOUNTS tu
better themselves ou new and fant-eellintc books.
aoriWni 1IENRV BUCKL1N I CO..
ttt. Loois, alo.
niliiiBlllilfl
V
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