The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 07, 1887, Image 1
Ctfhtmlra 5. .- .' " . r . it ! y VOL. XVIH.-NO. 20. COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1887. WHOLE NO. 904. m Martial. c. r COLUM BUS STATE BANK. COLUMBUS, NRK. Cash Capital $75,000. DlRKd'ORB: LEANDKRflKRRARD. Pres't. UEO. V. HUI.ST. Vic- Prew't. JULIUS A. RKKD. K. U. IIKNItV. J. K.T1SKKR. Cashier. Raik of plt, IM(Hni atad CxchnHxe. t"llectlBN I'romptly "rtlc n aII Pel tat. Pray latcrritl Timo WeM IAn. 274 COLUMBUS Savings Bank, LOAN & TRUST COHPaWY. Capital .Stock, SI 00,000. OFFICERS: A. ANDERSON. Pren't. O. W. SHELDON. Vice IWI. O.T. ROEN. Trwis. ROHERTUHLUi. Sec. 41 VVilI rocuiio time ilfixwitM, fnni $1.0(1 kin! Hit) amount upwards, and will pay the cus tomary ruto of interest. c t?C""V particular!) draw jour attention to our facilities for nmkiiiK Iohuh on nl estate, nt Uiu lowest rate of interest. o tryCity, School mikI County Rendu, ami in dividual securities are Imuk1i(. Wjune'stfy POtt THE WESTERN GO TTIGE OB&AN CALL OS- A.&M.TURNER Or . W. RIBI.RR, Tra-fr-ll-ats !-. CBTtitMO ononis are first-class in eTerj ir ticular, unci ho truarantocd. SCHIFFROTH t PLITH, DKAl.SRS-lN CHALLERQE WIND MILLS, AHD PUMPS. Buokeye Mower, combined, Self Binder, wire or twine. Flaps Repaired on short notice tX"Ou door west of IleiinVs Drugstore. 11th street, Coluraba. eh. 17uovSMf HENRY G-ASS. COFFINS AND METALLIC OASES AND ItBALKR IN Purnltara, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bn- ratu, Tables, Safes. Lounges, etc., Picture Frames and Momldinga. tWjtitjHiii-itig of all kinds of Uphol stery Gootls. 4f COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA. PATENTS CHEATS, TkABE I4IIS AM CWf WfilTS Obtained, and all other basinet in the U. 8. Patent Offico attended K for MODERATE FEES. Onr Bee is opposite th U. 8. Patent Office, and we can obtain Patents in lees time than those remote from WASHINGTON. fend MOTHlL OK DRAWING. We advise as to patsBtability free of chance; and inako NO CHAKgIjUNLESS WK OBTAIN PATENT. We refer here to the Poetmaster, the Bupt. of Keney Order Div.,and to oBcials of the U.S. Patent" Office. For circolani, advice, terms and referent to actual clients in your own State or county, write to Opposite Tatent Office, WaehingtoafurC. i "HlJTBfi aT- - ''nBBBBBBBBBBBBBRaW w""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""F TnE BIRDS OF INDIA. A HINDOO TELLS OF CURIOUS SU PERSTITIONS CONCERNING THEM. The Owl a IMrd or 111 Omen-Stories. of the Peacock The "Adjutant," 'the Crane and the Cuckoo legend of the Chakwa Lot Money. The very interesting quotations from the "Folk Lore of British Birds" tempt me tell of pome curious superstitions current in India about Linls. lean only mention a few of them those that come to my mind at the moment. It may be mentioned, however, that some Indian legends and sayings about birds will bo found in the pages of the "Hindustani-English Dictionary," by Dr. Fallon, the only man, European or native, who, so far a? I am aware, ever attempted to collect these stories and sayings. In India as elsewhere the common owl is a bird of ill omen; but a white species is held in high esteem by the Hindoos. The white owl is always supposed to bring good luck; hence it Ls held sacred to the goddess of pros jerity, and the people are pleased when it builds its nest in their houses. In the coun try these birds often establish their quarters in the darkest nooks and corners of old house, breeding there generally twice a year and producing five or six young ones at a time; and all their screeching and shrieking is endured for luck's sake. It is considered great good fortune to get a glimpse of a white owl in the daytime. The crow bears tho same, evil reputation in India as in other countries; its cry thrice repeated being thought a suro token of death. But in some parts a crow or raven cawing only once on the left of a young woman is held as a sigu that her rover is coming to meet her. The name of the bat is never uttered at night by the common jnople, tho lelief being that tho utterer would soon lose all his property. A curious legend about the rhakwa, or Brahniiui duck, Ls found all over India. For some indiscretion two lovers were turned into Hrahininl ducks and condemned to pass the night apart from each other on the opposite banks of a river. All night long each asks in its turn if it shall join its mate, and the an swer is always No. "Chakwa, shall, I comer "No, chakwi." "Cliakwi, shall I comer "No, chakwa." The chakor, or Indian red legged jMrtridge, which is found all over the Himalayas (tho hen lays from ten to fif teen eggs), is said to be enamored of the moon and to eat fire at the full moon possibly from the fact of its seeming ,to hover about the moon. The appearance of- the cliatak, a small bird, is held to presage a good shower of rain; the bird living only on rain drops and always crying for them. Tho ieacock is said to scream and dance with joy at the sound of thunder, and he "dances, dances on; when be looks down he weejH anon" (at tho sight of his ugly lee t, they Kiy). The peacock is credited wltli a strong thievish proitensity, as appears from this saying: "The deer, the monkey, the patridge, and the jieacock rob the field of its store." Anything that Ixjtraysitself is likened to "a peacock in the thief's house" a saying founded on the btory of a peacock which swallowed a gold necklace brought home by a thief. This bird is sacred to the Hindu god of beaut-, who is represented as riding on it. The kite, the hawk and tho vulture art all regarded as very unlucky birds. The screech ing of tho first brings serious misfortune, the night of the second famine and oppression. and the approach of the third death. By whirling a kite round the head of a Moslem child on a Tuesday or Saturday and then let ting it go great blessings are insured to the little one. Fowlers trade on this suerstition. Kites sometimes carry off gold ornaments; and Mohammedan women say the reason is because the young kites will not open their eyes till some gold js placed in the nest; hence the saying, "The philosopher's stone is in the kite's nest." The half mythical garuda, a kind of eagle sometimes called "adjutant," is the mortal enemy of snakes. The legend goes that the mother of garuda quarreled with her sister, who was the mother of tho snakes, respecting tho color of the hole that waa produced at the churning of tho ocean; and since that time there has been constant enmity between their descendants. On the occasion of garuda's marriage, tho serpents, alarmed at the thought of his having children who might destroy them, made a fierce attack on him; but he slew them all save one, which be has since worn as an ornament around his neck. To this day superstitious Hindoos re peat the name of garuda three times when walking in the fields and going to sleep at night, as a safeguard against snakes. The crane is considered to be the most cun ning of all birds. It stations itself quietly by a pool, apparently absorbed in meditation till it sees a fish to dart upon. So the word "crane" has become synonymous with the "hytioerite, traitor, etc." in Sanskrit and the languages derived from it A crane is said to have betrayed the hiding place of one of tho Pandaya brothers, whose adventures are described in the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. The pigeon is thought to be auspicious. Pigeons are carefully reared in houses, which they are believed to preserve from decay. Tho dove is looked upon as a harbinger of good luck. The sight of a pair of doves by a young married lady whose husband is away from home means that he will come back to her soon. There is a woman's saying that the cuckoo's note heard on the right is an excellent omen ; and yet the cuckoo is held to bo an unlucky bird in most parte of India. The bird papiya of the parrot species, is said to cry "My eye is going" from the legend that once a man seeing many wicked deeds doue before his eyes, died uttering these words, and was transformed into the bird. Suierstitious people are afraid to do anything wrong be fore a papij'a, lest it should betray them. One little bird bears the curious designation of "the bird of the lost money"; because it seems to utter in a low voice something that means "Oh! have you kept, or have I kept itP There is a tradition that its first ances tors were a man and wife who, having lost all their wealth, died heart broken and were transformed into these birds. The country folk believe that if you jingle money before them they will curse you, believing it to be their own. St. James1 Gazette. THE REWARDS OF LITERATURE. Publishers 'Who Drive Hard Bargains. Fabulous Sums for Special Work. It has recently been made public that Rich ard Henry Dana, Jr., receivod only $250 for his popular book, "Two Years Before the Mast," while his publisher made a fortune of $50,000 by it Dana was anxious to sell bis manuscript, and, ho being at that time en tirely unknown, the publisher drove a bard bargain with him. Very different are the prices which have been paid to some writers after they have become famous. Mr. Glad stone has just received $1,250, or about twelve cents a word, for his article in the current number of a magazine. Even this amount seems small when compared with the fabulous sums given for special work. Dick ens was paid $5,000 each for two stories for Boston magazines, while The New York Ledger gave him a like sum for his rather in ferior tale of "Hunted Down." In this little story there are 1,000 lines, with an average of eight and a half words, or thirty-eight letters to a line; so that it was paid for at the rate of fifty-seven cents a word, or nearly thirteen cents a letter. The manuscript was literally worth its weight in gold, for Mr. Bonner af terward had it bound, and it was sold for $500 for the benefit of a fair. A larger sum proportionately was given Tennyson for his poem on "England and America In 1782," for in this there are only twenty lines, for which be got $250 a line. Some one mathematically inclined has flg Hred oat that the laureate received on that oc cataon nearly half a dollar for each stroke of bis pen. These are exceptional figures, bat au uterary wore is better paw bow wan ever before. Take Goldsmith, for example, who sold his ever delightful "Vicar of Wakefield" for 60, and who, after the success of "The Traveler," refused the 100 offered by his publisher, as he found on computation that this would be at the rate of a crown a couplet, and be could not conceive of a poem being worth that sum. What would be have said bad he been offered, like the modern poet, 50 a line. Of our own writers, Longfellow has, per haps, been the most generously paid. His "Hanging of the Crane" brought him $3,000, whilo the friend who conducted the negotia tion was given $1,000 a suggestive contrast to the manner in which genius was rewarded two centuries ago, when Milton sold the greatest poem in the language for 5. J. B. Clapp in Boston Globe. Tet the Picture Is There. It fa a curious fact, perhaps not known to tho general reader, that the exposure of a photographic plate makes no appreciable change in its appearance. It is a creamy white, semi-transparent piece of glass when it goes into the camera. It presents precisely the same appearance after the son has stamped the picture upon it The most pow erful microscope would not detect any change. The most expert photographer m the world would be unable to decide whether or no a plate has been exposed. Yet tho picture fa there. It only requires "development" to bring it out Aad that is what this "dark room" is for. The least ray of natural light would spoil the plate. But light strained through ruby or yellow-colored screens of translucent paper or glass fa de prived of those rays which are so easentaJ and at the same time so fatal to photographic success. The operator places his plate in one of the "developing peas;" pours over it a certain combination of chemicals, and, lol a marvel ous metamorphosis begins. The white surface darkens, and as the chemical continues its action, the picture' grows on the plate before' his eyes, until the scene or object on which the lens was turned fa ss accurately repro duced as though caught and held in a magic mirror. Boston Transcript For a Million aad for a Ceat. It has recently been stated that two of the largest checks for money ever drawn in New York have just been framed; the first for $1,000,000, signed by C. Vsnderbilt, and the second for $0,000,000, signed by W. H. Vsn derbilt When I was a clerk In the banking boose of Jay Cooke & Co., $1,000,000 checks were not so uncommon as to be thought worthy of framing. At that time, about 1868, the government was converting the 7-30 notes in to new 5-20R. Jay Cooke & Co. used fre quently to deliver $1,000,000 in 7-30at a time to the sub-treasury, and we thought nothing of it I remember going over with $2,000,000 and getting a check for that sum and interest added. I carried in one lot to Fish & Hatch $1,000, 000 new .VJOs. They were just off the govern ment presses and were numltered consecu tively. For these I got a check for a million and some odd thousands. The smallest check that I ever saw was for one cent It was drawn by a western official in the treasury of the United States. That check excited more remark by the clerks who saw it than any of the $1,000,000 ones. Cor. New York Tribune. A Plaaterer's Platform. To facilitate the operation of plastering a device has lately been invented, termed a plasterer's platform, which is set on castors and may be elevated or lowered to wall or ceiling as the convenience of tho workman may require. Accompanying this arrange ment Ls au improved two band trowel, and tho platform is capable of extension in a hori zontal as well as in a vertical direction. Thus, by the combined use of the two, all cumber some staging and the old time hod and short single handed trowel are dispensed with. The mortar is placed in an extensible trough, which Ls suspended on the platform at a point and in a manner convenient to workmen; the apparatus can readily be moved endwise from room to room, and the cost of laying on either plaster or hard finish is said to be thus much reduced. New York Sun. Spontaneous CombastioB. A little experience of my own may be sug gestive. Having occasion to stain some wood work in my store after business hours, I mixed the stain in boiled linseed oil and wiped the work off with large rags. These oily rags I rolled up in a tight ball some five inches in diameter and threw them on the floor at the rear end of the store. Fortu nately I stopped to do some writing, for at the end of half an hour rbegan to smell burn ing paint I hunted for tho cause out doors and in, upstairs and down, and finally, stum bling over the rags, tho ball broke open and revealed a mass-of fire. The inside of the bunch was all a live coal The next day, to convince doubting Thomases, I tried the ex periment over again, and in three-quarters of an hour had a brisk fire started by spontane ous combustion. Cor. Chicago Tribune. At the Villain's Throat. One of the most admired performers in a sensational drama recently produced in Cin cinnati was a big bulldog, that at a critical point in tho play came bounding out, and, seizing the villain by the throat, or there abouts, bung on like grim death, amid up roarious applause. The other night he grabbed the man as usual, but something gave way, and the dog fell near the footlights, and then be stood there and calmly ate a big piece of liver, which had been fastened under the villain's throat.and had hitherto been the incentive for the dog's exertion. New York Sun. A "Boomerang" Shell. Another new shell, which is called the Mitrailleuse, after tho celebrated fieldpiece of that iiamo, Las been invented by a mechanical engineer named Thimon, who has served in the artillery. This terrible engine is pro ductive of four different results. It shatters the object at which it is aimed, and, continu ing its course, sends twelve bullets forward and the same number backward, finally ex ploding and discharging 144 bullets. Experi ments will be made with the new engine at Perigueux in a few days. Paris Cor. London Telegraph. Ice of a Glacier. With regard to glacier ice, a eurious specu lation has recently been made, according to which the Aletsch glacier, situated between the Juugfrau and the valley of the Haute lllioue, if it were cut into blocks of the size of tho Paris Bourse, and these blocks were put side by side, would furnish sufficient ice to form a double ring round the earth along tho equator. Most of the Swiss glaciers are far too difficult of access to make it probable that they should ever be utilised for indus trial purposes. New York Sun. Ignorant of tho Country. "I have been conductor on a Pullman car running between Chicago and Hornellsville for the past five years," said a young red headed man in a suit of blue clothes, "but I must confess that I never saw a single station on the lino between Chicago and Youngs town, O., and I pass them all three times a week. No, I am neither blind or deaf; but you see the run between Chicago and Youngs town is made at night, and I have no oppor tunity to see the towns west of Ohio. Chicago Herald. As Dlamlaatod Cathedral. The great Glasgow cathedral was lighted throughout with gas for the first time a fort night ago, and the effect fa said to have been exceedingly fine, as the brilliant light fully reveals all tho interior beauties of the build ing, which have hitherto been concealed; while from the outside nothing can be finer than the view of the long liaa of stained (lass windows. Chicago Times. THE C1TTS BREAD. MACHINERY THAT EXCELS THE HAND IN TURNING OUT LOAVES. I Tho Men, Toaats aad Capital Employed. Difference Between Hand Made I-oaves aad Those Made by Machinery, loaves la tho Orea. A loaf of bread the most Ingenious ma chinery has been devised to make it; ma chinery that will beat the hand all to pieces in purity, quickness, and the quality of the article turned out In the large establish ments a machine mixes tho sponge, makes and kneads the dough, and dry heat in brick conduits bakes it, while steam in coils of pipe gives the delicious gloss to the upper crust To the average consumer a loaf of bread seems to be just what its name implies; but, then, one of the leading concerns in the city turns out seventeen varieties of bread Eu reka, home made, Vienna, hotel, Pullman, brick, pan, American cream, Canada, Jumbo, a new process, corn, Graham, all rye, half rye, ' and Hamburg. This does not include pum pernickel and schwarzbrod of the sturdy Teuton, nor the savory horn bread of the French gourmand. Of leading firms who have made the pro duction of bread an object of big investments there are five hi the city. One of them em ploys sixty teams, 100 eople, a capital of $100,000, and turns out 14,000 loaves of bread evoryday. The five firms, together with a dozen wholesalers, havo not less than 800 teams, 1,500 men and $1,250,000 employed, while the estimate for the 343 retailers is 1,000 teams, 2,000 men and $750,000 capital, making a total of 1,800 teams, 3,500 men and $2,000,000. All these agencies are busy from morn till night, and part of the latter, to turn out the 300,000 loaves of bread which, an experts estimate says, are daily consumed in Chicago, not to speak of rolls, buns, twists, cakes and crackers. WHAT A IVFKRXNCKl Afoafpf bread an everyday occurrence, yet what a difference between the small baker who "sets" his own sponge, kneads his own dough with big, red knuckles not overclean, and then goes to rest for a nap with a piece of underdone dough for a pillow, waiting till the "rise" comes, and the steam bakery. Its worth ones while to make a trip through one of the big establishments, especially at this time of the year, when the streets are cold and the sidewalks slippery. The spong- l.ers, mealy all over, make the sponge the yeast and just enough flour to give the mass consistency on huge, ilat tables, which are rolled into a warm room, the temperature of which is kept to a certain degree with great nicety. Then the sponge, after it has fermented, together with the necessary flour for the bake, is turned into a hopper, where "con ductors" with eccentric arms knead the dough until it is perfectly "even" and "done." Tho same hopier brings the dough to huge troughs in the Imsenient, where the mass Ls allowed to rest for another "rise." timed with almost alcwlute certainty. Then the ttenchmen mold the loaf, after the piece of dough lias lieen weighed. This, of course, has to be done by hand, and so exierieuced Ls a first class ltencliinaii that he has but rarely to add to or take from the lump of dough which is to make tho loaf of a certain weight Twice the dough is "worked over," two lumps being handled at the same time by the benchmon, whoso left hand must bo trained as well as his right Then the oven man does the baking, either in separate pans or on long trays, according to the quality of tho crust desired. REGULATINO THE HEAT. In the ovens the heat is so well regulated that the oven man knows to a second when his bread is done, it scarcely requiring a look during tho baking. Dry air ducts do the baking for common bread, while steam coils at the ceiling of the oven permits moist heat to be turned on at any momont for a fine fluLshingof the crust Boys do the dumping of the bread from the ovens into the baskets, and then it is ready for the last two handlers, the driver and the grocer. In the bakery visited the common five-cent loaf of bread weighed seventeen ounces; Eureka bread, costing six cents, and one day old, weighed eighteen ounces; home made bread, also six cents, had the same weight one day pro ducing a shrinkage from one-half to one ounce, and a six cent loaf of Vienna bread weighing between sixteen and seventeen ounces. "There is a common belief," said the baker, "that when flour goes down 50 per cent, which, of course, it never does, bread ought to go down 50 per cent too, but, you see, a loaf of bread requires just the same handling, machinery and capital invested whether flour is $1 or $2 a barrel." Big concerns pur chase the flour in large quantities and keep it a certain length of time before it is used. Old flour makes better bread and permits of exact calculations for rising of the dough and the bake. White-hooded sisters of charity do not a little driving in the bread line, gathering in unsalable loaves for the poor in their care, and. as to stale wheat bread, paper hangers use not a few leaves to clean wall paper and smoky ceilings. Lincrusta-Walton, the new ornamental composition for wainscoting and plafonds, is almost exclusively renovated by being rubbed with stalo bread. Chicago Herald. ' DRESSER TO ADELAIDE NEILSON. Hannah Leone's Occalt Iaflaeaee Over tho Great ActressMedjeska's Notion. Hannah Leone's history has never been told, and as it gives an interesting page in theatrical history it fa worth relating. Hannah many years ago married a worth leas fellow named Leone, and after enduring with him for a few years she finally left him and accepted the position of a dresser to Adelaide Neilson. Hannah is a short, hump backed woman, but she has pleasing features and some call her pretty. From the time she first accepted the position with Neilson, np to the time of that talented actress' sad death, Hannah performed her duties without ever making a mistake. Her duties as a dresser consisted in packing and unpacking her mistress' wardrobe and in dressing Neil son for the stage. As Hannah was obliged to know where every article was and at a minute's notice be able to place her hand upon it, it may readily be seen that her duties were not only onerous, but that they also re quired a great deal of bead work to success fully perform. Hannah exercised some strange occult in fluence over Neilson, and it is said that that most beautiful but most wayward woman feared and loved no one but her, and that one look from Hannah's clear eyes had more in fluence over her than the prayers and en treaties of a hundred friends. Certain it is that Neilson loved the quiet little woman, for after her (Neilson's) will was read it was found that she had bequeathed to Hannah Leone the most beautiful and valuable set of jewels of her priceless collection. After Neilson's sad death in Paris Hannah returned to this country, and for some time remained in privacy ; but iii 18S2 or 1883 she became Modjeska's dresser, and she was with the latter until last falL Modjeska, like other great actresses, has her pet superstitions. First among them is that if she goes on the stage at the first pro Juction of a new piece without rubbing her hand over a humpbacked person's back the play will be a dismal failure. Hannah, on account of her hump, was invaluable to Mod jeska, but owing to some disagreement she was finally discharged. At the production of "Daniela" in New York a short time since, after everything was ready, Modjeska refused to allow the piece to go on unless she could rub her hand over a humpbacked person's back. The stage manager was in agony until he haommed to espy a numpDacxea man in the audience. The manager quietly had him called upon the stage, and after Modjeska had daintily caressed his hump with the tips of her fingers she consented to make hor entrance upon the stage, and the play moved smoothly on. Hannah Leone is a finely educated woman, speaking three or four different languages, and it is owing alone to the great love she boro Neilson that she has never risen to a higher place in the world. She is living at present in New York, quietly, on one of the uptown streets. She has had many offers from great actresses to enter their service, but has not considered any of them favorably. New York Star. DUCK .HUNTING IN THE BAYOUS. Disappearance of Mallards and Teat How Professionals Hunt. The only explanation of the disappearance of tho ducks from.their former haunts near the city is the destruction of the feed wild celery, water cress, wild rice, etc. During the past month these plants have died in such quantitiesthat the ducks have fled to other feeding places, and' those that remain behind are remarkably thin and have a fishy flavor. The unusually low water in the river and in the swamps, in consequence of which most of the lagoons are dry, may have something to do with the disappearance of these swamp plants and the flight of the ducks. The ducks have retired deeper into the swamps, and Lake Ieray and Bayou des Allemands have become the hunting grounds for mallards and teal. The latter is one of the oldest hunting grounds in the Union, and the supply of game is apparently as inex haustible to-day as it was a century and a half ago, when the Dutch hunters from whom the bayou is named supplied, the town of New Orleans with ducks. There are over 400 pro fessional hunters on Bayou des Allemands alone, and from the single station of Bayou des Allemands, on the Southern Pacific roads, no less than 1,000,000 ducks were shipped to New Orleans last year, and as many as 12,000 in a single day. The average number killed each year by a good professional hunter fa 7,000. The profe-BiionaJs hunt in parties of from ten to thirty, and have regularly organized camps in the center of the swamp. They havo their rudo huts built in the higher patches of ground, and running from their houfios for miles back in the prairie are ditches that they have cut, and which they keep always open. It fa through these miniature canals that they push their pi rogues when searching for ducks. Both sides of the bayou are complete networks of these ditches, running in all directions. The most rigid observance is maintained of the rights of ownership of these canals. It is this that prevents amateur hunters from accomplish ing much in tho way of shooting ducks, as they have no use of these canals and are un able to force their pirogues, or dug outs, through tho thick matted grass everywhere covering tho swamp. Even the professionals find this grass very troublesome, and more than half the ducks killed are lost in it Nearly all the best hunting grounds in the bayou have thus been taken up, and tho ama teurs ore left only the outlying districts, where ducks are few and tho hunting bad. Just west of the duck fields are the snipe and woodcock grounds, in St Mary parish, where a good hunter will pick off 350 snipe and 150 woodcock a day. Both snipe and woodcock are abundant just now, and there are some pralrio hickens to be found also. The supply of these, of wild turkeys, deer, rabbits, and other game, is making good some of the deficiency due to the lack of ducks. New Orleans Cor. New York Sun. The Market for Sassafras. "It's twelve years now since I began to supply the Chicago market with sassafras," said Thomas Sapp, the other day. Mr. Sapp is a tall and portly gentleman from Indiana; his hair is gray and ho wears on his chin a tuft of whiskers of the same shade. "Yes, sir, I've been in this line twelve years and I have somo customers now that I had at the first When I started out I didn't have much of a trade, but I have built It up until now I get rid of about $000 worth a year. Ob, yes, it's a pretty fair business. You see the sassa fras that I sell and that which fa sold in the stores are two different things. I cut mine when the sap is in tho root, the stores get theirs when the sap is in the boughs making leaves. I calculate that sassafras is good fot everybody. Now I come from the Terre Haute region and I know what I am talking about "Sassafras has different effects upon differ ent ieople. The best way to take it is to eat a little of it every day. Some folks will take a whole hunch and chew it down at once. That's no way. Some others will boil it down, get the strength out of it and drink it all at once. That's no way, neither. The way to do is to eat it a little at a time. It re laxes the system and opens the pores, letting the impurities pass out in that way. Now there's one man in tbfa town that I have sold tojfor twelve years, and from the fact that during all that time he has been in one place and at one desk I suspect that he's a pretty steady man. He says it does him good and I guess it does. What does the sassafras tree look like Well, well, now, the sassafras tree looks like it looks like I should say that- it resembles well, it looks more like the black gum than anything else that I know of. It's a great tree." Chicago Herald. Tho Culloarr Artist's Despair. The French delegation sent over to the inau guration of the Bartboldi Statue of Liberty was entertained at dinner by the Union League club. And what a supper ! A supper such as only the wedding feasts of Gamache could give an idea. The dishes served were of the most ex quisite and costly description; the confection ery was of the most learned and artistic sort; dish after dish came on selected from a bill of fare which covered no less than an enor mous page of closely printed text Nothing, in fact, was wanting except the appetite to do honor to a banquet worthy of Sardanapalus. At midnight the first course was still in progress. The chairman thereupon took a decisive step He summarily put a stop to endless pageant, and ordered champagne to be served. I have since learned that this firm resolve on the part of the chairman proved almost a death blow to the cook of the club, an Italian, whose amour propre was at stake. He had dreamed of out rivaling his most formidable competitors of New York by setting before real connoiseurs a repast which, from first to last, should prove a gastronomic crescendo of the highest order. In his despair, the cook was with difficulty prevented from thrusting, not a sword like Vatel, for he had none but a kitchen knife through his body. Kind words, however, brought him round to a calmer mood. Take consolation, O grand culinary artist! for the French delegation, despite its poor appetite, has retained a last ing sense of your merits. M. Charles Bigot in Paris Revue-Bleuc. Take SufBcleiit Drink. Medical authorities now declare that it fa of vital importance to health that the system should receive daily a sufficient quantity of water to amount to what sailors would call a "flushing;" that is, .sufficient to wash away the waste. Most of the matter which should be excreted is solid, and requires a compara tively large volume of fluid to dissolve it m that it may be cast off, an example of which may be seen in the case of uric acid, which needs several thousand times its weight in water to dissolve, or else it crystallizes in the shape of calculi, or produces other disease. Three and a half pints of water or other clear fluid, not obstructed by semi-solid contents, should be taken daily by every adult, and by Urge people as much as four and a half or Ave pints, In order to keep the cells of the kidneys well washed out the effete waste matter from the possibility of depositing itself where it may do harm, and the system in health generally. Harper's Bazar. A NEW PARLOR GAME. WHOEVER FIRST COMES ALONG WITH IT WILL GET RICH. Any Trivial tittle Thing Easily Becomes a CraseFun With Beaa BasePara phernalia of tho Game-Drawing m Fig. "The man who will invent a new parlor game that will catch the fancy of society needn't trouble himself about the little cares of this life." said a society man. "All tho circles high and low are thirsting for some thing new, and whoever gets in with it first fa sure to make a fortune. Now, to show you how easily a trivial little thing becomes a .craze, I nave only to call your attention to the bean bag game. It isn't the old bean bag that you toss from one row or line of persons to another, bat a game that requires a little skill in throwing. That's the secret of the whole thing the throwing. You want a number of bean bags of different sizes, a piece of painted canvas, with a hole in it, and ap pliances to stretch the canvas between the folding doors dividing two parlors, and when you've got them you've got the new craze complete. I've seen twenty married men and women throwing bags at the hole in the canvas for two hours, and they seemed to enjoy it so much that they were reluctant to stop and go borne. If you bear a business man complain of a sore shoulder you can truthfully suspect him of bean throwing. There is a sort of excitement about the game that makes it popular, but it wont run very long. Men like it because they want to demonstrate to their wives that they can throw straighter than women; also because it makes them think of the days when a shin ing silk hat was a mark for a snowball or a brick. TCX SIZES or BEAM BAGS. "Of course there are prizes for the best throwers as there are for the best players of progressive euchre, and once the things gets in motlou everybody does his best to get the best prize. There are ton sizes of bags, and they count from 10 to 100, the latter of course being the largest bag. A thrower begins with the ton, and if he succeeds in putting it through the hole in the canvas lie tries to send the twenty bag after it, and continues to throw until he scores a miss, when he has to give way to the next person on the list The paraphernalia of the game, as you can see, is simple, yet it can be made to cost a good deal of nioneyjf any anylmdy has a no tion for costly things. I am credibly informed that the genius who inveuted it has already made $20,000 from tho manufacture and sale of bags and canvas, awl that bis profits are increasing every day. "There is another form of amusement that is coming into favor very rapidly, though ib isnt nearly as popular as the beau tiag. It is the drawing of objects on paper and slates blindfolded. I was at apart' the other night when a contest of this kind was gotten up by some of the ladies, and it proved a source of genuine fun. " ' Now,' began one of the ladies who pro posed tho game, 'I will blindfold Mr. M and let him try to draw a pig.' Mr. M was accordingly blindfolded, a pencil was put in his band, and ho Ugau to truce tho outlines of a porker ou a piece of drawing paper. It was funny, I tell 'ou, to watch that pig as he develujd it AVhen ho got through and removed tho handkerchief from his eyes to catch a glimpse at his work he just said, 'Rata, that ain't a pig. I can do better than that' "He was right It wasn't a pig, and it would havo taken a greater genius than any that saw it to have likened it to any object to be found above ground. There were two or three stock yards men in the party, men who buy and sell hogs every day, and not one of them came nearer a pig than a pig itself could if it had a penciL All this may look trivial to persons who don't get a great deal of parlor entertainment, but I assure you it was good fun for everybody there, it doesn't take much to amuse people who are at all inclined toba domestic in tlieir tastes, and the simpler the game the more popular it will become. That's why irogressive euchre has stood so long." Chicago Herald. Georgia Dialects. In former days Georgia that Ls the great crackerdom of Georgia was settled from little colonies of other states and countries. Thus, each section preserved traces of the local dialect spoken in the region whence the settlers emigrated. In the mountain countries people say "we'uns" and "you'uns." "kin you'uns tell we'uns the way," etc. In wire grass Georgia these, expressions are not used except in rare instauces. In the mountains they call it a "hunk o' bread," meaning u piece. In the wire grass it fa a "chunk ' bread." Bo it goes. What is coiumou in one section fa strange hi another. What fa said of the whites is especially true of the negroes. The negroes of the northern and middle counties speak a dialect that Ls in many ways different from the outlandish gibberish jabbered by the salt water darkies, whose gabble is about as intelligible as the chatter of rice birds that infest their own tide water plantations. And yet the guilelesi author will hear a conversation between two city hackmea and retire to his study and evolve a dialect sketch that is a cross between the tarwbeel twaddle and the talk of the typical dude minstrel with formidable shirt front and burnt cork accompaniments. At lanta Constitution. Hit Salary Didn't Go Up. "I had been working for three years for one of our old time wholesale houses," said a De troiter who was calling up reminiscences, "and I finally concluded that I ought to have a raise of salary. I began on $4 per week and was raised to $6, but there it had stuck for two years. The head man of the firm was a cold, stiff, austere man, who seldom recognised an employe ami was known to be hard hearted. I hesitated a lonf tiino before daring to approach him on tho suljt-t nearest to my heart, but one day I slid into the private office when I knew he was alone. "'Well, sir,' he smqa out, short as pie crust " I I came to to' "Came to what, sir!' " 'I I came to ask you if you you didn't thinkr " 'See. here, William!' he uud as he wheeled around on me, 'if my daughter loves you, and you love her, I've no objection to your mar riage. Fix it up between you and don't bother me again.' "The old roynardt Ho bail a daughter, but I had never spoken to her in my life, uud he knew it He answered me the way he did to stop me from asking for a raise of salary. It was a year and a half after that before I was lifted to $8 per week." Detroit Fret Press. GLIMPSE OF DETECTIVE LIFE. Everday Side of a Very Commonplace Occupation Bat Uttle Glory. "There to one thing I never could under stand," said one of the oldest of the central office detectives the other afternoon, "and that Is why there should be such a fascina tion to most parsons about the life of a de tective. I think about half the youth of America must hold fa their dearest ambition to be detectives some day. I aappose the great nasaber of trashy hooks thrown on the public every weak whjph portray the life of a detective as all excitement and glory are re sponsible for most of it-books like the lurid staff pabhshed over the name of Allan Pinkerton, and which Allan Pmktrton had about as much to do with as you or L The truth fa that there fa precious little that's ffckiag ui ttffl kw. of glory in a detedffs's Hfe. Were not forever going aboa J dfagufaes and tracking down express robbfm aad desperate nmrderers at the risk of oar jives, loan toll yon. There isn't oue detojjfveia ton thousand that ever has any experience remotely resembling the wiia tales that are continually being told about us. If Fifth avenue millionaires should be continu ally described as habitually sawing cords of wood every morning before breakfast the public would think it very strange, woulln't itf But that wouldn't he half as uuuatural as .constantly describing detectives as un earthing strange and mysterious crimes by means of clews of red, red hair or a broken toothpick, Tho average detective fa really not much more than a watchman. Ho differs from an ordinary patrolman principally hi that be wears no uniform, has no regular beat, and fa rappoaed to have greater ability and discrimination. The larger part of bfa work fa not a bit more interesting or exciting than that of the average patrolman. He may recognise some old offender on the street and run him In, watch some important building, hunt up somebody's stolen watch in a pawn shop, stay up all night in the rain or snow to keep an eye om a boodle alderman's back uoor, or go out to Chicago and bring back some criminal who is wanted here. If ho is good looking and has a polished address he may be assigned to somo big ball or party to see that the guests dont runoff with the spoons, but ten chances to one if hoVon the force twenty years he'll never do anything more exciting. In order to get the precious privilege of leading his hum-drum mid uncomfortable kind of a life, most of us have served hard apprenticeship iu tho ranks of the police and demonstrated the possession of sense and judg ment iu some emergency such as may nover happen to more than one man in 10,000." New York Commercial Advoftiser. Kunalng an Account. It is a convenient thing to have a standing account at a store, where you can go at any time, order what yon please, and have it charged, without the worry of having to con sider whether you havo money in your purse to pay for it or not, but it is also true that these items, small though they may be, mount up with appalling rapidity into a sum that always surpasses expectation. Besides, this, the very best calculators, and those who generally use a wise economy, buy thing9 in tins way which they could easily do with out did they take the time for reflection which cash payments would often compel. It is so easy, when an article that seems nt the time desirable ls seen, to order it sent and charged for, tho temptation overcomes the buyer before the strength which comes from looking at the matter on all sides enables her to resist the impulse to buy. Often purchases are made in this way and regretted, while something that was for more necessary must in consequence be gone without Merchants understand that a great deal more is likely to be bought where there is a running account than when cosh is paid down, which explains their readiness to trust thoso whom they havo reason to bclievo will pay what thoy honestly owe. The excess will in nine cases out of ten, more than couqwu sato for the loss of interest upon the out standing sums, though there is no question but that they sometimes lose large amounts by the failure of individuals through mis fortune, sickneKS, duath or deliberate rascal ity to discharge their debts. Emily S. Boutou in Toledo Blade. A Monuiiu.nt to Napoleon III. A very violent controversy Ls going on in most of the luqiers on the proposal of Hig. Negri, syndic of Milan, to erect tho monu ment executed in honor of Napoleon III, in 1S73. The Milanese, remembering Napo leon's efforts for the liberation of Lombardy, and his triumphant entry into Milan by the side of Victor Emmanuel In 1850, opened a subscription to erect a monument to him. The well known sculptor Barsaghi was charged with its execution, and at the clou of the Milan exhibition in 18S1 it was to havo been ereuted. But unexpected opposition arose from a strong faction of the advanced party. They rembered that iu 18t Louis Napoleon's troops opposed at Mentana tho at tempt of the Italian volunteers to liberate Rome, and protested loudly against the exer tion of this monument in a public square. Serious disturbances ensued, und it was de cided to let the question stand over. It Ls now thought that the municipal council will iusist upon the erection of the monument Home Cor. London News. The Effects of Mafhria. It does not matter at all whether the ma laria springs from a rocky sub-stratum which keeps the surface water from lutssing oiT, as on Staten Island and much of tho coast knolls, or from underground streams, as in tho lower half of New York city, or low river flats, whether those of the Bronx or tho 1'otomac, or a country barnyard, or a combination of sanitary blunders in an uptown mansion, sea side villa or princely schloss. Malaria Ls bad air, and wherever it comes meansjirst ague, then rheumatism, then death, and the last not before it is wished for. As a clever doc tor and inspector of the board of health told the writer in a charming, but unsanitary, house iu one of the healthiest places around New York: "You must either have things put in order or die, or else you will wLsh you had died." New York Mail and Express;. The Hot End of the ,Ioke. Here is a good story told of Roddy's caval ry. One day the troopers were about to go into battle, dismounted, leaving every fourth man to hold the horses. The men were drawn up to count from right to left Of course, every fourth man felt jolly, and this is the way the count went on: "One, two, three, bully 1" "One, two, three, bully!" Gen. Roddy heard each fourth man call out "bully." His face flushed. When all had called off he said: "Numbers 1, 2 and "bully" will go into the fight as dismounted cavalry. No. 3 will hold the hones." There were a good many sick "bullies" that day. Atlanta Constitution. Seeking- an Expert Opinion. "Are you an actor f asked a lanky look-in man, addressing a Ufa to habitue. "I am, sir-r," was tho reply; "ar-r-e you looking for talont?" "Not exactly, but I want to ask you wliat kind of wood, in your opinion, makes thulxat railroad ties?" New York Sun. Stitches in an Overcoat. A Vienna tailor, wagered recently that it took more than 40,000 stitches to make a win ter overcoat To decide the question a coat was ordered, and a committee of experts sat to superintend the work, as well as to see thai no unnecessary stitches were made. Tho re sult was announced as follows: Body of the coat, 4,780 stitches: collar, 8.05t; sewing col lar on, 1753; buttonholes, 2,520; sleeves, with lining, 0S0; pockets, 921; silk lining of lody, with wadded interior, 17,t3; braiding, 2,72m. Total, 30,019 stitches. Keicheubergcr Zeifc ting. A Hymn of Grace. The Nashville university singers, a Land of colored students, aru traveling in Canada. At a hotel in Brantford the other day, after they hail taken their places for dinner, they began to chant a hymn as grace, but were in terrupted by a Chicago guest shouting: "Stop tliat singing!" The singers desisted, al though earnestly requested to proceed. Tho interrupter, after dinner, was ordered to seek another hotel. Now York Sun. A Fine Dinllnction. Lawyer Now you know the man isn't truthful, do you not? Witness I wouldn't like to say so, sir. Lawyer Why notf A milder way of stating it would suit you better, (terhapsf Witness Just so. I wouldn't like to de cide as to the veracity; but I know that be is decidedly unhfatoricaL The Rothschilds, who now control all the quicksilver mines in tho world, are said to bo intending extensive investment in gold mines. National Bank! OF COX.TXMJ3X78. NEB. -HAS AN- Authorized Capital of $250,000, A Surplus Fund of - $20,000, And the laiwHt Pal A la Cash Capital of any lnuik in thin art of the State. tSlVotitrt recehed and interest 4iut ou tiuudfHttitrt. CfifIraft ou the principal oitit n in this coun try and Kurot! bought and Mold. t3'oHs?tiou and all other buttineet tciveu prompt and careful attention. HTOOKIIOI.DKUH. A. ANDERSON. Pn-'t. HERMAN P. H.OEHLKICH. VicePres't. O.T.KOEN. Cashier. J. P. KKCKKIt, HERMAN OEULRIOH. (LNt'lliriTE, W. A. MCALLISTER, JONAS WKU If. JOHN W. EARLY. P. ANDERSON. J. ANDERSON. RORERT UHLIO. t'AHL REINKE. gushtrss Wrfe. D. T. Mautt.n, M. D. K. J. Sciiun, M. D. Dr.. M AETYH & SCHUO, U. S. Examining Surgeons, Local Surgeon. Union Pacific, O.. N. & H. II. and R .t M. IU RV. Consultation in Ccnnan und English. Tele phoned at otiice mill reHideueeH. Cft'-OHiiv ou Olivo stnvt. next to Ilrodfueh- rern jev.eirj Blow. rOLUMRUS, NERRASKA. 4'A.y TTAittUlO .HKAi;!ll. ., 1'HYSICI.IX .IA7) SUMJEOX, Platte Center. Nebraska. tf-y vyf a. ncAi,MiTi:i;, .tTTouxKr.t- xor.inv I'uituc. OlJiis-ui-ntairn in llenrjV Imililiiif,-. corner of Olm.nml nth Htr.s-N. miRKUsVj L.I II .1A7 COLLKCTIOX OFF1CK. I'lmtnin Ern-I Imildiiii.. Illli stiei t. '-rii..Y" jtMi, B PLASTERER. tC-Onl.TH left at Arnold' or at hi liotn.t will n-ceiw. prompt iitteutioii. "luyss7J'.m tiJt.i.iVAr Kt::ii:ic. ATTORN FYS AT LA II', Ollii-o over First National Rank. CoIiiuiIuih, Xelraka. MMf rifvsici ix .ixn xriHtKox. "Ojli.e and riMiuiH, (ilii.k Imil.linj,', tllli reel, telephone citmmiiiiM'ation. .y utre. J. .11. flMIMKIM.I, .irroh'XKV r xor.ucY rrni.n;. CrrOitiis. over Ki.-sl National Rniilv.Coliini. lilts, ISelirnoka. luurv i:iimii--, coi'xty arni'KYoR. i4fKMv dextrine siirveiiiK doiiit can ail dress. me at ('.luuibiix. Neb., or call at mi ollico in t ouit House. fUnajhti-y jv -;i: ioti:aiii:hn. W. H. Ted row, Co Sapt. I will l. at inj othYe. in the Court House the llnril hatiirija ,,r e-i.li month for the examina tion of teacher. y.Mf D K. J. 4 HAS. , 1,1', UKUXSf 'II KR a KZT. Columbia. Nebraska. ,ffl.m''v, ,l,h K,','-t. Consultations iu En glish, trench uud ' muni. l"im.iri)7 vy "-" linos, ZZrEXPKFb'SMLW.-im onej KojmN l-tw-en any iwiintM of the city, hand suitable for pi.iMti.riu: ami buil.Hiik' pur IMwrt. furnished iu any part of city or on board cars nt rca-.ou.il le prices. SOmaraTy JOHN . UKilllNS. C. .1. .HARLOW. Collection Attorney. HIGGINS & GARL0 W, ATTOUXEYS-AT-LAW, Sptcialtj made of Collections by C. J. (Jirlow. 3i-m . r. fti;:' er, m. i HOMCEOPATHIST. Chronic Diseases aid Diseases of Children a Special tr. 58piliceon Oliieslrcet, threo diM.rs north of rirst National Hunk. 'j.iy rp ii.ri;k;iii-:. Nth St., opposite Lindell Hotel. Sella Harries. KniiilI.(oIIarri.WhipM. RIanketn, ( urry onih, lini-hex. tnmkx, isd'sex, biitfft-y top-, rie-hioiiH. carriage trimmi'mc. Ac, at tho Iouit-t p.-.Hil,Ie prie, h. h'e4iirH prompt h at tended to. RGBOYD, - MANUrAUTCUKIt OK- Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware ! Job-Work, Roofinj and Gutter ing a Specialty. Cs7Nl.op on Oliie stn-et, 2 doors north of RrtHlfiiehrer's.lew.-lr Store. yj-tf YOU can live at home, and innke more money at work for u-. than at any thing e!w in the uorlil. ('ul.ital not needed: ou are M.irted free. Koth s.-xe:all iw. A uj one can do the work. Ijire eariiiPK sup. from 1 r..t tatt. ( itlj outfit ami tiTii: liw. I! tier pot delny. Cisottyou nothing toceuil u jour iu!!rer.r. anil hud out; if yon am wi.-ejou will doiHiat once. H. Hai.i.ktt A Co., I'ortlHiuI. Maine. docXJ-'sSy 100 paces. . tioolctoran lnuMBa,, advertiser .RTISINC '. u llc cxporl "" '"' ..''' or fitherwiie. 1 1 contains Ii-tso! newspapers ami estimates of the cost oradvertisiii;.TlieadvcrtNer who wants to scn1 one dollar. Umls m ittlie in formation he reriiitrca. while forhim who will invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad vertising, a scheme is indicated which will meet hit every rermlrement, or can be matte todotoby ilightchti-nrjtamsilji arrivtdat bycor respomlenee. It'J editions have been issued. Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents. Write to GEO. P. KOWELL A CO., NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU. (lOSpruoaaUPrluUngUouseSq.), Now York.