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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1887)
VOL. xvin -NO. 19.
COLUMBTJS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 903.
LKANDKR GKIIKARI). I'res'L
OHO. W. HU1.ST, Vice l'r-it.
JULIUS A. RKI2D.
It. II. I1KXRY.
J. M-TASKCR, Cashier.
Haik of IfrepoMit. llouu!
CelleclloHM Promplly :! ! oh
Pajr fBlrrNl on 'I'lnie llepo-
LOAN & TRUST COMPANY.
A. ANDKRSOX, Pn'f.
O. W. SHELDON. Vic I'w't.
O. T. ROEN. Tn:iH.
JSWill receh.t time d-Msits, from $1.00
nnil Hiiy amount upwiinls, and will pay the cus
tom.iry nite of interest.
MWe-iinrticularly draw our attention to
our facilities for making loans on real e.-tate, :it
UlM lowest rilteof illtelent.
Cft-City. School and Count! Bond, and in
dividual securitien are IsmM. lf.jtuie'NSy
Or . V. Ulltl.KK,
3Tliese organs :ire liist-rlnss iu every par
ticnlar, and so UHniut.HNl.
SCHIFFROTH & PLITH,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short notice
fcS?Ono door viT.t or lleiutz's Drugstore. 11th
street, Columbus, Neb. lino;5-tf
COFFINS "AND METALLIC CASES
AND DKALKK IN
Faralture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Ac. Picture Frames and
.- -!g Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
6-tf COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA.
CIV'EITS. TaADE MARKS AND COPYRIGHTS
Obtained, and all other business in the U. 8.
Patent Office attended to lor MODERATE
Oar office is opposite the O. S. Patent Office,
and we can obtain Patents in ln- time titan thttfe
remote from WASHINGTON.
Bend MODEL OK DRAWING. We advise a
to patentability free of charge: and make NO
CHARGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We. refer here to the Postmaster, theSupt. of
Money Order Div., and to officials of the U. S.
Patent Office. For circulars, advice, terms and
(fenacM to actual client in your own State or
county, write to
C. A. SHOW ACQ...
Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
SIEGE OF TILE ALAMO.
RECOLLECTIONS OF AN EYEWITNESS
OF THAT TERRIBLE STRUGGLE-
The Hopeless Fight or lOO Gallant Kee
tucklans Led by Cols. Travis and
Uowie Davy Crockett's Death Scene
After the Massacre.
In the struggle for Texan Independence
iiouo bore a braver part than CoL R. L.
Cromplon. of Roxbury, Mass. A reporter,
bearing of Col. Crompton presence in the
city, sought him out, and, by the expendi
ture of much persuasive eloquence, induced
him to give an account of bis experience dur
ing the war of independence.
"In the winter of ISM," CoL Crompton be
gan, "I left my homo in Massachusetts for the
puqKJse of seeking my fortune in the west.
My destination was Lexington, Ky., but
whilo on the Ohio river I fell in with a party
of young men who were on their way to join
CoL Travis in Texas, and, carried away by
their vivid pictures of the life of adventurous
excitement that awaited them in tbnt coun
try, I joined their band without much knowl
edge as tn the right or wrong of the cause
which I pledged myself to sustain. Wo trav
eled by boat to New Orleans and there took
ship for Galveston. Hero wo procured horses
and proceeded to join the Texan forces, then
operating in the neighlwrhood of San Antonio
do Bexar. Anything less like an army in aj
pearauce it would lo hard to imagine. Uni
form there was none, each dressing to suit
his own peculiar fancy, and the men were as
various as their attire.
ENTERING SAN ANTONIO.
"Shortly after my arrival I attached my
self to the command of that magnificent Ten
nessecan, Col. Milam, and soon became de
votedly attached to him. He was a man of
splondid character, without the sternness of
Travis or the strong ilavor of blackguardism
that hung about Houston.
"As soon as we liad gathered sufllcient
strength we attacked the Mexican forces in
San Antonio. They fnr outnumbered us nud
a desperate struggle ensued. For days we
fought in the streets nud among the adobe
houses, each of which was a miniature fort
ress. With picks and spades wo dug our way
through the walls from hou50 to house, thus
avoiding the great loss which would have re
sulted from any nttempt at a direct storm.
The fight for the Veremindn house was fierce
and bloody, but at last we drovo the Mexi
cans out and took osscssiou. But our tri
umph was soon turned to mourning, for
shortly lifter it was captured the lieloved Mi
lnm fell dead, shot by a Mexican who lay
concealed leliiiid a wall on the opposite sido
of the San Antonio river. We at length ob
tained -tossoti-ioii of the town, but did not re
tain it long, as the advance of President
Santa Anna compelled us to withdraw, leav
ing Travis, w ith less tlian 150 men, to garri
son the town.
"I shall never forget the day when young
Maverick rode into our camp with the news
that Travis, refusing to retreat, was shut up
iu the Alamo nud surrounded by an over
STEALING THIlOCmi THE LINES.
"I do not know what madness possessed me,
but when 1 heard that Houston had decided
that he was too weak to march to tho relief
of Travis (as was indeed the case) I deter
mined to gallop to San Antonio, endeavor to
steal through the Mexican lines and join my
old Kentucky friends, who were nearly all
within tho garrison walls. I reached San
Antonio without difficulty, and found that
one assault had already been made, and that
the besieged had more than held their own.
So far all was well, but iu endeavoring to
creep between the Mexican pickets I was fired
ujon and wounded, and owed my escape from
death to tho darkness. With difficulty I
made my way to the house of a Mexican
whom I had liefrieuded during our occupa
tion of the city, and he generously agreed to
conceal mo In his house. A narrow window
commanded an excellent view of one front of
the Alamo wall, and from this point I could see
nearly all of that memorable struggle. Day
af ter day the Mexican fire was kept up, and
time after time were their storming columns
hurled against the old church wall, which
formed the Texan rampart But nothing could
disturb the calm desjieration of the defenders,
and at the close of each day the lone star flag
floated as proudly, and, apparently, as securely
as ever from the roof of the mission. Tho
Mexican losses were fearful Their clumsy
eseopetas were no match for the long Haw
kins rifles in the hands of the Kentucky and
Tennessee backwoodsmen. Hundreds fell
every day, but their loss was little felt in that
overwhelming host, while every man of the
garrison who died was an irrejiarable injury.
The lino along the wall grew very thin, but
still there was no thought of surrender amidst
that gallant band. At length, when death
and wounds had reduced the )oor handful to
half its original numbers, Uie Mexicans ef
fected a lodgment in an undefended portion
of the wall, and poured iu by hundreds.
THE LAST DESPERATE STRUGGLE.
"Although there was now no ho-e of suc
cess, the brave Texans fought as steadily and
firmly as on the first day of tho seige. From
room to room went the fight, and the puny
Mexicans learned by bitter exjerience what
deadly weapons bowie knives and clubltcd
rifles were in the hands of desperate Ameri
cans. But human endurance has its limits,
and at length Santa Anna was master of the
Alamo, but not until the lust American lay
cold in death. From my window I could
hear the shouts and yells and see the strug
gling figures. When all was over, I begged
my host to go into the Alamo and bring the
news of all that had occurred. He came
back in an hour or two, and said that such a
shambles had never lieen seen. Tho dead
were heaped in wild confusion all over the
building, and the gutters fairly ran with
blood. In a room on the ground floor was
the corpse of Col. Bowie, who had been butch
ered upon his sick bed. Not fnr from him
was found tho bravo and eceentrie Crockett.
But the most impressive sight was in a small
room in the upper story, where the gallant
Travis lay, a bullet hole in his forehead, sur
rounded by the corpses of fifteen Mexicans
who had died by his own hand. Of tho Tex
ans, not one survived, but tlioy did not dio
unavenged, as 1,000 Mexicans fell before less
than 150. It was well said that "Thermopvlaj
had its messenger of defeat, the Alamo had
"I served through tho rest of tho war and
wns at San Jacinto, but after tho tale of the
Alamo all seems small and petty, and it
would bo an anti-climax for mo to continue
my story." St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
POSSIBILITIES OF MISHAPS.
What McCIellan Said of Grant's Good
Lack Porter in a Balloon.
The possibilities of what might have been
cave at all times been an interesting specula
tion to historical writers. It has been gravely
written that the nod of a peasant's head
changed the destiny of tho world on tho field
of Waterloo by concealing from Napoleon
the impassable condition of a sunken road.
Gen. McCIellan, in his recently published
memoirs, has contributed to history some in
teresting studies of this character. When
McCIellan came into prominence early in the
war, Grant sought him in Cincinnati to ask
him as an old army acquaintance to give him
employment The general says he would have
done something for him, but he was away,
and before his return Grant had been made
colonel of an Illinois regiment "This was
his good luck," says McCIellan, '-for had I
been there I would no doubt have given him
a place on my staff, and he would probably
have remained with me and shared my fate."
From all which it appears that tbeappar
ently trifling fact of an Ohio general missing
his train in the early days of 1861 mightpiave
placed the most conspicuous figure of the civil
war in a position where he woald never have
been known. JL skectical mind might, how
ever, suggest that from the point of view of
1861 the small fact that the Ohio general did
not miss the train kept Grant out of a posi
tion from which be might have succeeded to
the command of the army of the Potomac
without the tedious process of burying him
self in a host of Illinois colonels, going through
a series of western ventures and mishaps, and
only reaching tho east after a dozen others
bad been tried and displaced.
McCIellan relates another misadventure,
leaving the probabilities of the event to be
imagined, that happened to Fitz John Porter.
In 1863 Gen. Porter went up in an anchored
balloon to observe the enemy. The balloon
broke away from its moorings and sailed off
over the enemy's lines. McCIeOan heard of
it, and says he was in a terrible seare and
sent an order to all the pickets to try to save
the balloon wrecked generaL He writes iu a
letter printed in his memoirs: "But the order
bad no sooner gone than in walked Mr. Fitz,
just as cool as usual He bad luckily come
down near my own camp, after actually pass
ing over that of the enemy." A different
current of air might have greatly changed
the current of events to the advantage of
Fitz John Porter. If ho had come down in
tho enemy's camp he might have been de
tained as a prisoner of war .long, enough to
prevent the occurrence that overwhelmed his
prosiiects, and, bfa reputation being thus un
impaired, ho might have come to be the great
figure of the war. Courier-JournaL
DANGERS OF HYPNOTIZATION.
tJH of Hypnotlum In the Treatment of
Imbecile or ltefractory Children.
At a late meeting of the association of
scientists at the congress of Nancy, France,
nino papers wore read by members, illustrat
ing in tho most vivid terms various phases of
this subject It hod been found effective in
tho euro of lunacy, and in controlling the
natural habit of mind and strength of will
exhibited in a normal state. M. Liegeois,
professor of law, m a summary of sugges
tions, pointed to the danger to humanity
from the exerciso of the hypnotic power.
Tho subject may bo made tho victim of all
manner of hallucination, and be reduced to a
condition in which be is incapable of defense
against criminal violence, and in which the
most serious acts committed against him,
leave no impression upon his memory after
he is recalled to the natural state. He may
receivo suggestions tending to the commis
sion of any given crime or misdemeanor after
tho lajso of several hours or days, and ho will
commit tho act at the appointed time with a
fatal certainty. Tho conclusions were that
the persons suggesting a crime ton hypnot
ized subject should be held responsible for it
to tho law, and that lrypnotlzation should not
lie permitted, save in the presence of a wit
ness, in whom entire confidence Is placed.
Dr. Liebeault, from experiments in seventy
soven cases, was enabled to say that hypnotic
treatment had been successful in curing chil
dren, adults and aged persons of weaknesses
in connection with the natural functions of
tho body. By menus of suggestion during
induced sleep he was enabled to re-establish
tho disturbed harmony in every instance.
Dr. Borillon formulated the following con
clusions in regard to the use of hypnotism as
an educating influence: That in the treat
ment of children who are merely indolent, in
docile or mediocre tho power should be lim
ited to verbal suggestion iu tho wakeful state
the children being inspired with the most
perfoct confidence. Each child should lie iso
lated, and, with a hand placed upon its fore
head, should be addressed in language indi
cating gentleness, precision and patience.
The hypnotic state might be induced in the
treatment of children who are impulsive, re
fractor', incapable of the least attention or
application and manifesting an irresistible
tendency toward eviL During the hypnotic
sleep tho suggestions have more power. They
make a profound and desirable impression.
It is possible in many cases, by frequently re
peating them, to develop the faculty of at
tention iu subjects hitherto intractable, to
correct bad tendencies and to recall to virtue
spirits which otherwise would be hopelessly
lost M. L. Holbrook in Herald of Health.
The Professional Dlner-Out
It would probably be Impossible for any
social censor to define exactly tho line of de
mar kation between the professional dead beat
and the professional diner-out In both cases
it is a man pretending to be what he is not, in
order to get something for nothing; a sort of
confidence game played quite as dexterously
in society by Ponsonby de Tomkyns as might
be practiced on the confiding, vulgar public
by Hungry Joe. But we are adepts at mak
ing nice distinctions in these days of advanced
social polish, and it is not in this direction
alone that we sent one man to Coventry or
Sing Sing for what we reward in another as
a special virtue.
The stock in trade of the professional diner
out is his dress suit and the people he knows.
Smith invites him because Jones does, and
Bi own because Jones and Smith do. He lives
inexpensively in a cheap lodgings or a club,
where he never pays for any meal but his
breakfast Indeed, a diner-out who is master
of his profession can get plenty of invitations
to breakfast, too, so that his actual outlay
on himself may be reduced to the merest cost
of bed and clean linen. I know one man
who, on an income of $1,200 a year, which is
the rent of a house left him as sole inheritance
by some relation, feeds fatly from year's end
to year's end, and still has money over. And
no one to meet him at the festal board would
set him down for anything less than a mil
lionaire. What becomes of the professional diner-out
in the summer season it would bo difficult to
say. When the town is empty he has to pay
his way, of course. He generally turns up
lean and haggard enough when tho fall fash
ions begin to flash along the avenue, so it fa
probably safe to infer that be lives on his in
come during the dog days. But he makes up
for lost time when the round of hospitality
recommences, and is doubtless none the better
for his probation of enforced abstemiousness.
Alfred Trumble in New York News.
Kawllns' Opinion of Grant.
In the meantime Grant had been moved to
Cairo, and had sent for Rawlins to come and
join him. He made Rawlins, I think, bis ad
jutant The adjutant is the clerical officer of
the regiment who keeps its rolls. He may be
called the military bookkeeper. I asked
Rawlins what impression Grant made on him
when be first went upon his staff. Said he:
"I looked at Grant with great anxiety, be
cause by joining his regiment and being at
tached to his person my career was somewhat
bound up in his own. I knew very little
about him, and if he should turn out to be a
failure I would have made a mistake in my
selection of a commander. The first thing I
noticed about him was his methodical,
systematic way of opening his mail Letters
would come to him from all kinds of officials,
state and national They would comprehend
quartermasters' papers, pay accounts, etc.
There would be a basketful of these letters in
a single maiL Grant assorted them with the
ease of a clerk in a postofllce, and the busi
ness of his regiment from the very outset was
done like an old regular army officer."
This conversation with Rawlins I held in
the headquarters building at Washington, at
the corner of Seventeenth and G streets, op
posite the Winder building. During most of
the conversation CoL Parker, the Seneca In
dian, was present, who had also been on
Grant's staff. Rawlins about that time had
become'a sickly looking man, with manifest
marks of consumption, a pale, leaden hued
skin, a man of shambling figure and coarse,
Illinois hair. "Gath" in Cincinnati Enquirer.
A Worthies Island.
Quelpaert, an island in the Yellow sea, fc
the most hopelessly worthless piece of dry
land on this earth. Grass will not grow
there, nor water run, nor fire burn, nor
animals live, and the stars even will not
shine upon it Chicago Herald.
German roe deer, rabbits, pheasants, Eng
lish partridges and swans have been import
ed into this country for the Tuxedo park.
IN THE POSTOFFICE.
STRANGE SIGHTS AND ODD FOLK
IN UNCLE SAM'S BUILDING.
Brady of the Restless Hassan Panorama
la the Corridor Suggestion ef Ko
caamce and Glimpses ot MUery Pastnr
Ground for Beggars.
The federal building, ordinarily known as
the pcstofllco, stands in a sea of slush. New
York is a pretty dirty place at the best, but
the dirtiest spot is Mail street, extending from
Broadway to Park row, and utilized by 100,
900 peoplo every morning and every af ter
aoon. It makes no difference whether the
snow has been cleared from every street in
the city. Mail street, which is supposed to be
cared for by the general government on the
south and tho municipality on the north, is
slushy in wet weather, a piece of ice when
the wind whistles ehillily across it It's a
pretty sight, too, this great, brown stoned
granite building heavy, cumbersome, with
not less than a score of broken windows and
dirt galore. Iiitm scuff -tlirougb-tbTiSsirHnot) the most exteusive and-valuable col-
as best we can and approach -the main en
trance, fronting the great square where stand
the Astor house, St Paul's church and the
dirty depot of all the surface roads.
Dirty? All the time. Immediately In
front of tho doorway is a marble pavement
which by long continuity of attrition is worn
sway into a series of little ltasins, which iu
snowy weather are filled with slush and on
rainy days with puddly water.
Push open the door.
What's here? Mercy, what a smell! An
analysis of this atmosphere would reveal a
precious compuud, would it notf Whom do
wo see? Bootblacks, messenger boys, groups
of Italians, bevies of Germans, a hordo of
Irish, rural guests by the score, girW peeping
in the windows, long lines of expectant pur
chasers of stamps, warmers of coat tails, tele
graph operators and over all a continuous
bum as of busy hives of bees.
THE WATCI1EB AND TIIE WATCIIED.
Who is this gorgeous creature, with gold
bullion on his cap, buttons of shining brass,
twitching a cane right and left, hitting now
a boy, punching now a tramp, consequential
all the time?
Ho a watchman.
He watches all these people of whom I have
spoken, and bo watches the unrolling of hu
manity's panorama day in and day out until
he might, if he would, become so thoroughly
faudliar with human nature in all its phases
as to make him fit for a professorship in the
great college of tho races. I stand by his side
and share with him his opportunity. Four
boys rush in. Pell ntell they approach this,
that and tbe other box, quickly they unlock
and empty its contents iu their bags. With
whoop and yell and lad like scream they rush
out again. Au old lady with a coalscuttle
bonnet, a faded suit of brown, timidly ap
proaches the officer mid asks for a stamp. He
brusquely points to a window at the other
end of tho corridor. Timidly she moves away
again, obviously not understanding the direc
tion, as she stops and asks again of a passer.
A queer looking man, pale as white paper,
tbin, seedily dressed, slides up to the window
of tho general delivery, and with a look of
suspicion on either side whispers a name, is
compelled to repeat it, answers a question or
two, receives a letter, pockets it and slides
Who is it, whence comes it, why didn't he
open and read the letter?
A jaunty girl, with a red feather and a bird
and a gold handled umbrella, passes with an
entirely satisfied look upon her face, takes
from her pocketbook a bill, twysson stamps. I tha gtprmjng tbe ice castle, only
and with a nod and smilo to thejaer- Pfriewof the semi-comical adventure s
into tbe street, on tno ocner siae, nummmg
herself as blithely as once song the bird
which ornaments her hat
AIDS TO STRANGERS.
Hanging in various corners of the dark and
gloomy corridors are lists of unclaimed letters,
in French, German and English. The picture
of strangers far from home, old men, young
girls, each wondering whether there is news
from those they love across the sea, is both
interesting mid pathetic. To see an old man
point his stubby finger to the list behind the
glass and vainly seek to find his own namo
printed there, is of itself a suggestion to an
artist, but to watch the varying phases of
emotion as seeking he thinks he finds, or then
has lost, affords light and shadow for a genre
picture, the interest of which need not be ex
aggerated. A detective mails a decoy letter,
a tradesman a bill, a rascal a blackmailing
anonymous disclosure, a gallant a note sug
gesting an appointment, a sweetheart unveils
the secret of his love, and those great bundles
what are they? Circulars from a patent
medicine house, notes of invitation to a grand
banquet and those edged with black announce
ments of a funeral service.
Hangers on abound in the postofllce cor
ridors. This man, a little, beaming faced Irishman,
who may be 50 and who may bo 70 years of
age, is waiting for a job. He hails every
man with a gripsack and every woman with
a large bundle, hoping to earn a sumptuous
quarter or at least a humble dime.
It is a fine place for beggars. Beggary m a
great trade. It has all manner of men and
women in its practice, from the plausible
swindlerjdown to the vulgar petitiouer.for the
humblest coin. Now and then, however, a
man may ask for aid and not be considered
rightfully a beggar.
In less than an hour 10,000 people passed
through the postofllce.
It is a busy place.
Millions of letters, millions of newspapers,
hundreds of thousands of packages, millions
of dollars, all pass safely in and out, year
after year and the human worth that passes
in and out every day is in volume so tre
mendous, so multitudinous that, if there be
any truth at the bottom of the religious well,
and there be a future, one may well hesitate
ere he criticises tho incomings and outgoings
of the riff raff, the off scouring of earth, to
whom tho postofllce building is not only a
warming spot and a breathing, place, but a
field for endeavor in their peculiar phases of
industry, dirty, criminal, wretched offcasts
though they be.
It seems strange, but really there appears
to be a moral in everything, don't you know.
Joe Howard in Now York World.
THE FRANCS TIREUR9.
Corps of "Free Shooters" Whlcls
Gloried in Their Irregularity.
Between Laon and Rbeims I passed through
Chalons and Epernay, at which places I saw,
for the first time, the Francs "Tireurs, or free
shooters, a corps to which I must devote a
few lines by way of description. The corps
was, in tho most comprehensible possiblo
meaning of tho word, irregular. The men
who composed it were not only irregular in
everything they did, but appeared to glory in
their irregularity. They seemed to have very
few officers, and the few they had were sel
dom, if ever, to bo seen on duty with tho
men. The latter bad evidently souls above
obedience, for they did very much what tbey
liked, and in the manner they liked. They
evidently hated the regular army, and tho
latter returned the compliment with interest
When at Epernay I witnessed a skirmish
between a battalion of regular infantry and
a small party of German Uhlans, who were
evidently feeling their way and trying to find
out what was tho strength of the French
troops there. The officer commanding the
French outpost behaved with great judg
ment, trying by retiring his men to draw
on the Uhlans and find out their numbers.
He had almost succeeded in enticing the ene
my to advance, and had managed to hide the
strength of his detachment, when all at once
a body of Francs Tireurs came up, and with
out waiting, or even asking for orders, tbey
began at once to blaze away at the Germans,
causing the latter to retreat The officer
commanding was very angry, and sent orders
to toe irregulars that they were to casse fir
ing forthwith; but they took no notice of,
what was said, many of them declaring in a'
loud voice that the regulars were playing the
ganio of tho enemy, and did not want any ot
tho latter to be defeated or killed. When an
attempt was made to find out who was in
command of the Francs Tireura no such per
son could be found, and on an order being
given that tho commanding officer would
cause an official inquiry to be made into the
conduct of the irregulars the whole corps,
not less than 500 strong, vanished and dis
persed, so that they could no more be found
All The Year Round.
Charles Sumner's Study.
Charles Sumner's study, in too second story
of his residence at the corner of H and Fif
teenth streets, was a paradise in the estima
tion of bibliophiles or persons of a fine art
education. To one fortunate enough to gain
an entree it appeared almost impossible to
bring order out of tho great chaos of books,
pamphlets, manuscripts, newspapers and
waste baskets prevailing in the room. The
walls were hung with very choice engravings
and photographs, of which Mr. Sumner was
an ardent admirer, havinjr in his possession
lections iu the country. The situation ot tbe
study was very cheerful, and tbe furniture
was rich without being gaudy. Here and
there -xirtions of lounges could be detected
amidst tho mass of books and papers, while
occasionally a moderately clear view in per
spective could be obtained of a full length
If asked to "take a seat" a visitor would
find it no easy matter to comply, and if be
attempted to sit down without an invitation
he would be wonderfully surprised with the
sudden growth of the furniture. It would
require numerous experiments for one
to learn through how many inches of
official letters ho would have to plunge in
order to reach tho inkstand or paper cutter.
Here one found a simile to the "Tomb of the
Scipios," where tho statesman could call be
fore him authorities on civil, ecclesiastical,
military, naval and social matters, and have
them repeat again the truths with which bis
giieeches were fortified and sharpened. Bos
Sardou lu II U "Den."
Sardou, although poor, had a little "den,"
where be labored assiduously twelve hours a
day. It was littered with books of all kinds,
picked up at thoso wonderful secondhand
l)Ook stalls that line the quays on the south
banks of tho Seine. What did he write?
Dramatic works of all kinds operas, dramas,
comedies, vaudevilles, fairy pieces and even
pantomimes. What did he wrise them for?
He did not know himself, but he had faith in
his star. Ho knew that the real talout would
overcome all obstacles and at last rise vic
torious into tho sunlight of prosperity.
Sardou was now going through what he
called his "exercises." He read the great
works of Scribe and Mclesville, but would
stop at tbe end of the fourth act Then he
would sit down at his desk and write a fifth
act himself. This finished, he would read the
two fifth acts to the partner of his joys and
sorrows, without telling her which was which,
and leaving her to decide as to who was tho
author from internal evidence. It is on rec
ord that she often decided that the denoue
ment imagined by Sardou was superior to the
real denouement by Scribe. Then this skill
ful dramatist would reverse matters and
write tbe first three acts of a play after
having read tho last two. Paris Cor. New
Rather Too Mnch Reality.
Of tbe 200,000 people who admired the mag
nificent chariot in which tho fire king rode at
tho carnival directors had with tho vehicle
just before the carnival opened. On the Sat
urday before the opening of the carnival it
occurred to Manager Van Slyke that he hail
better make a trial of the chariot to see that
it was in good running order. It was brought
and a team of horses hitched to it Daniel
Moon was prevailed on to impersonate the
Mounted on his throne, the amateur fiery
monarch was being driven in royal state to
ward the palace grounds, when the fore run
nersof the vehicle suddenly dropped into a
rut and pitched the gasoline tank forward,
which had been negligently left uncovered.
Mr. Moon was suddenly impressed with the
belief that there had been a volcanic eruption
hi that neighborhood and that ho was the Ve
suvius down whoso sides the fiery lava was
pouring. It was a close call for both himself
and the driver. By dint of exertion on the
part of Mr. Van Slyke and tho other gentle
men who composed the fire king's extempo
rized IkhIv guard, and by a good deal of roll
ing in the snow and wrapping in blankets, the
amateur fire king and his charioteers were
rescued. But there was some scorched hair
mid eyebrows and seven pairs of spang new
blankets Luraed in a few moments. St Paul
Tho Caves and Cave Dweller.
One of the curiosities of Vicksburg miriug
the siege was tho caves and the cave dwellers.
There was no lack of hills in the city, and
into these the jieople non-combatants espe
cially burrowed like rats. And hero they
ate, drank and slept and sometimes died.
Of course these places were of all sizes, big
and little, somo mere holes and others very
commodious habitations containing a number
of rooms. The size or style of the house de
pended entirely upon the whim or wants of
the builder. Tho best were dug on the steep,
straight sides of the highest hills, through
which they sometimes extended, with several
entries and exits by which one might have
some chance of escape in case of danger. The
most of them, however, were tho veriest
death traps. A cave in was a matter of fre
quent occurrence, as the fall of a shell on the
top of one of these hills was almost sure to
bring dowf i the upper part of the cave. One
night, during a heavy bombardment, the
Rev. Mr. Lord camo to Mrs. Eggleston's and
asked permission to stay there all night His
cave had fallen in and one of his children had
been buried in it The child was rescued
alive after considerable difficulty. W. C.
Wilde in Philadelphia Times.
Every Danger Removed.
A good story is told of a French advocate
who had made it a rule never to take up a
caso in which be did not thoroughly believe.
Ono day be chanced to be entertaining a dis
tinguished company at dinner when he was
informed that a client urgently requested a
few minutes' interview. It turned out to lie
a man whose acquittal on the charge of steal
ing a watch he bad that morning procured.
Appearances had been strongly against the
prisoner, who, it was thought, liad been not
a little assisted by the character of his coun
sel Doubtless the poor fellow was impatient
to express his gratitude, and an audience was
not unwillingly accorded. He looked some
what abashed at the presence of the guests;
but, reassured by the kindly tone of the host,
"Monsieur, it is about that watch f "
"Yes, my friend, I congratulate you on. tbe
triumphant vindication of your innocence."
"Then the trial is quite over I"
"And I cant be tried again T
"They can do nothing more to me?"
"How could they?''
"Then I may wear the watch!" Boston
Mrs. Cleveland's Handshaking.
Mrs. Cleveland says she never feels tired
from shaking hands, either at the time or
afterward, however great tho number she
thus greets consecutively. When some one
said to her at one of her noon receptions last
week, "You havo now equaled the great
handshaking feats of your husband, as the
papers say you shook hands with 327 in an
hour lately," she laughed merrily and an
swered: "Ob, of course, I could not afford
to let him get ahead of me." Chicago Times.
THE NEW INVENTION M. OE BRAZ2A
WILL TAKE TO AFRICA.
Explorer Convinced ef the Necessity
of Makia-r Themselves Cet-afertable.
"RoBghlBs; It" to Simply am Iavltatloa
to DlsasterwXodera Advantages.
Theimprovements that have been made
within a few years in traveling equipment,
have greatly increased the facilities for ex
ploration, while lessening its discomforts.
Sayorgaan de Brazza will soon take back to
Africa tbe latest invention designed to facili
tate the work of explorers. If it is as perfect
as its inventors assert, it will be a great boon
to African travelers.
One of the greatest impediments to explora
tory work in all tropical regions is the large
number of rivers, big and little, that must be
crossed. An expedition sometimes has to
cross three or four streams in a single day.
Often the stream is unfordable, and the party
has to walk miles to find boats or a ford.
When tbe river can be forded the explorers
pass over on the shoulders of their stout car
riers. Sometimes a careless or unfortunate
porter drops a box or bundle of valuables in
the water, and it is ruined or lost Every
body will remember the picture in one of
Stanley's books representing tbe explorer as
standing on the bank of a rapid river, aiming
his rifle at one of his porters, whom ho threat
ens to shoot if he drops his load. The poor
fellow, submerged to his neck, is struggling
slowly along with Stanley's precious box of
records on his head.
The French Congo is cut up by almost in
numerable streams. When Do Brazza goes
back there in a month or two he will take
with him two portable bridges. They are a
new invention just patented by a great com
pany of French machinists. These bridges
are each thirty meters, or about 100 feet in
length, which exceeds the width of most Afri
can rivers. It is asserted that soldiers, sailors
or natives will be able to put up one of these
bridges complete in three quarters of an
hour, and that men, mules and heavily laden
wagons can safely cross upon them. They
are, of course, divisible into small pieces, and
can be transported on tbe backs of porters
across savage and roadless countries.
MAKING THEMSELVES COMFORTABLE.
Explorers are now more firndy convinced
than they used to be of the necessity ol
making themselves as comfortable as the cir
cumstances will permit, and so they provide
themselves with roomy tents, iron bed
steads, cork beds, rubber bath tubs, folding
chairs, portablo bibles and other con
veniences of civilization. They think, in
tropical countries especially, that any at
tempt to rough it more than is actually
necessary la simply to invite disaster. Tut
improvements also that have been made in
their scientific instruments and food supplie
have much facilitated their work and added
to their comfort By the inventiou of dry
gelatine plates travelers have been able to
discard their rude and inadequate drawings
for the more satisfactory process of photog
raphy. The comparatively new practice ol
canning all sorts of provisions is a great boon
to explorers. It is found even iu tropical
climates that canned soups, meats and veg
etables will keep for an almost unlimited'
length of time. In this way explorers now
take along for their private table little deli
cacies which their predecessors could not ob
tain, and the empty tin cans In most parts ol
Africa make very good money, as tho native!
regard them as valuable presents.
In the past fifty years there have not been
any great improvements in the geographical
instruments used by explorers, though in
their present form they are more handy and
portable than they used to be. Modern stem
winding ami water tight watches are a great
convenience, and so are portable boats mode
iu sections, a comparatively recent invention.
The greatest advantage, however, enjoyed
by recent travelers is the ease with which dis
tant parts of the world are now reached.
Fifty years ago we were 100 days distant
from the cape of Good Hope and 150 days
from Bombay. Now tho explorer is not only
carried with celerity across tbe sea, but, as a
rule, he can make use of modern facilities oi
travel almost to the very threshold of the
region he intends to explore. New York Sun.
MRS. FRANCES HODGSON BURNETT.
In Her Workshop at Washington Her
Passion for the Picturesque.
Among tbe female novelists who live at the
national capital, perhaps the best known is
Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett, who has a
pretty red brick house on I street. Up in the
third story you will find Mrs. Burnett's work
shop, or "den," as she likes to call it Sho is
suffering this winter from ill health resulting
from overwork, and has spent the season in
Boston. She is now returned to Washington,
however, and intends to stay here tho rest of
the winter. Her husband, Dr. Burnett, is a
dark eyed little oculist, who practices his
profession here. He is said to have not a
little talent at painting. And indeed their
house is that of an artist from basement to
attic. The novelist and her husband have a
passion for old weapons and antique furni
ture, pretty bric-a-brac and Oriental rugs.
Her craze for the picturesque extends not
only to her inanimate subjects, but to her
A lady who recently paid Mrs. Burnett a
visit is the authority for the statement that
they are very handsome boys. Their proud
mother fa quite aware of their beauty and
she keeps them dressed in a most becoming
fashion. She has taught them the art of
posing. If the bell rings and a visitor is an
nounced Mrs. Burnett turns to her sons and
says: "Take your positions." Immediately
the well trained boys falls into positions best
suited to their dress and beauty. The elder
one will lean his elbow ou the corner of the
mantel and rest his head upon his shapely
band, while the other will stretch himself in
in a graceful attitude on the heavy rug in
front of the fire. The visitor enters and can
not fail to bo struck by the picturesque ef
fect thus obtained, and goes away with her
mind full of admiration for her friend's
children, and feeling almost ashamed of the
general roughness of her own boys at home,
whom she is much more likely to find sliding
down the banisters, sitting ou tbe fence or
playing ball than hi poses that would gladden
an artist's soul
Of course, tho attitudes given above are
only for winter use. For summer an entirely
different set prevail, but they are quite as
effective, and indeed aro the pride of Mrs.
Burnett's heart What will be tho result of
this novel mode of education is a question
that agitates many of the novelist's friends,
but they will soon have the opportunity of
seeing, for a boy who can leau his elbow on
the mantelpiece cannot be very small
Washington Cor. Detroit Free Press.
Methods of the Sand Bagger.
The regular winter season of sand bagging
has set in, and belated pedestrians aro nightly
waylaid, "slugged" and robbed in all parts
of tbe city. Tho deftness which character
izes many of these jobs suggests the clean
action of that noted exponent of highway
robbery, Patrick Kent, and were it not for
the fact that Mr. Kent is spending the second
of a series of winters to be passed within the
walls of Joliet the police would say he was
the man with the bag. Patrick Kent, tho
ablest man in tbe profession, terrorized tho
residents on the avenues east of State street
two years ago. Within a month be sand
bagged twenty-two persons and carried off
considerable plunder. "Sandy" Kent had a
syrtoss. He knew many of tbe high salaried
men in and all about the business houses on
the south side; knew their pay days and the
amount tbey received and when tbey would
start for their homes. In this way be was
enabled to pick out the man who had stuff,
and he himself said that he never dropped a
aaa without being well paid for his trouble.
ine persuaaer no usea was a long canvas bag
one and a half inches in diameter, with about
eighteen inches of the length filled with bird
shot Then there was about six inches of
a slack for a handle. No matter bow heavy
a blow was struck it would not fracture the
skull, but it was sure to knock the victim in
sensible. "Winter Is the proper time for going bag
ging," said Kent, a few days before he went
to state prison. "It Is the only time in which
the work can be done safely, and the night
must also be dark. Your man must be picked
out early in the day. and you must know the
route he takes to bis home. Of courw he is
bundled up. Meu going homo after dark
business men aro like cows going home to be
milked; they tako the same path all the time,
see? Well, what's the matter with bein' in
an alleyway when he is about to pass? If
you want to be successful you must wear
rubber shoes; then you can sneak up.when
his back is turned and do him. Hei stunned
for a couple of minutes and gives yon time
to go through him. He doesn't know who
struck him, an' the chances are two to one
that you'll escape. But never soak the stuff;
that's how I was caught"
Tbe only way to escape a collision with a
sand bagger is to provide yourself with a 44
caliber revolver and take tbe middle of the
street when going homo or to work at a late
hour. Mr. Kent has prescribed this rule
and his authority cannot be questioned.
Savannah's Colored Population.
A very considerablo portion of tho popula
tion of Savannah is colored. What progress
the colored people have made, and what they
havo done toward securing homes sincothey
began to look out for themselves, can bo
easily seen by visiting the city's suburbs.
For years thoy havo been quiet but persistent
purchasers of real estate. Their settlements,
just without tho municipal limits, almost en
circle tho city. It must not bo supposed that
all of their houses are mere shanties. Some
of them are quite pretentious, and are sur
rounded by well kept gardens.
These homes were not paid for in a year or
two, but represent the proceeds of years of
patient toil and the most rigid economy. On
some of them there aro still mortgages, which
there is not much doubt will be paid in time.
It is a fact worth noticing that very few
colored men fail to meet the payment on their
homes, and when they do there is always a
good causo for the failure. And there is an
other fact worth noticing. It is that they
pay their taxes willingly and return their
property above, rather than below, its market
value. They aro not yet sufficiently civilized
to bo tax dodgors. Savannah (Ga.) News.
Uow l'ickwlek Languished.
For the first live months of its existence
Charles Dickens' first serial, "Tho Pickwick
Papers," was a signal failure. The average
sale was only about fifty copies of each of the
five parts. Commercially, therefore, the pub
lication was a decided failure. The publish
ers seriously debated whether thoy ought not
to discontinue- it; but whilo tho question was
under consideration Sam Wcllcr, who hud
been introduced in the pre ions number, be
gan to attract great attention and to call
forth much admiration.
Tho press was nil but unanimous in prais
ing Sam as entirely ait original character,
whom nobody but a great genius could have
created; and all of a sudden, iu couscqucucu
of Sam's popularity, "Tlio Pickwick Papers"
rose to unheard of faver. The back uuimV'rs
were ordered to a largo extent, and of course
all Idea of discontinuing was abandoned. By
tho timo the twelfth number waj reached tho
publishers wero so gratified with the signal
success to which tbe work had now attained
that they sent Mr. Dickens a check for 500.
At its conclusion tbe sale had reached alwut
40,000 copies per number. Tho publishers, it
was understood ot tho time, made a clear
profit of nearly 20,000, after paying Dickens
3,500. Detroit Free Press.
Flowers at Funerals.
A custom has grown up among us in lato
years of burdening tho coffin with floral
adornments, until undertakers aro at their
wits ends. Many peoplo now think that they
do not show proper respect to their dead un
less the custom is observed. Some there are
who can do this by tho aid of large purses,
with no inconvenience to themselves what
ever. Others will feel the strain for time to
come. Widows there are, who, amid the
.scalding tears of tho death hour, feel as
though they would gladly givo their heart's
blood, if possible, to lavish honor on tho de- J
the time, but liko a festering chuiu it makes
itself felt during the long, bitter years that
are sure to follow. Young parents lose their
first born, and amid their frantic grief they
are ready to go to tho extreme of the fashion,
ordering the flowers, regardless of cost they
are for their darling. Thus it goes on to tho
extremes until some friends in their grief and
sorrow beg that no flowers bo brought
Mr. Kvart mil ,fulius C'-ar.
Tbe New York Sun has discovered a re
markable resemblance between Wm. M. Ev
arta and Julius Cu?sar, as depicted in the Feb
ruary number of Scribner's magazine. It
discerns tbe face of Evarts iu all essential par
ticulars reproduced hi tho -ortrait from the
Vatican bust "the brow of Evarts, the
nose and chin of Evarts, the char
acteristic lines from the nostrils to the coruen
of the mouth, the check of Evarts. "The
expression of Evarts is here In Ca-ar's face
thoughtful, self-satisfied, sad and yet hall
This is the more puzzling, according to The
Sun, because an equally extraordinary like
ness exists between Mr. Evarts and Cicero.
"Several years ago a bust of the great Homan
orator, inqiorted by a certain Chicago mil
lionaire, passed through the New- York cu.v
torn house without paying duty, because the
inspectors and everybody else mistook tho an
tique sculpture for a bustof Mr. Evartx, then
secretary of state. Thus Cicero came in dead
head because be looked so much like Evarts.1
Lady's Brassey's Monkey Boudoir.
The show apartment in the house of Lady
Brassey, whose "Voyage on the Sunbeam'
made her famous as a clever woman as well
as the the wife of a rich man, is tho monkey
boudoir. It Is described as a snuggery to de
light tho soul of Darwin. Tbe monkey is
adapted in all the details of the decoration.
He climbs over walls, gambols ou tho f r!ze,
scrambles over the ceiling, and is stuff ed and
suspended in mid air wherever ho can Lx
made picturesquely available. Monkeys are
worked in the tapestries, figure in the carpeti
and rugs, and aro painted upon tho piano and
carved upon its legs. The quaintness of the
conceit is only exceeded by tho success with
which it has been dcvelo-ied. London Letter.
Substitute for Cards.
Big visiting cards have been th rage with
a certain element in Paris, and as a protest
against their use a number of the leaders oi
the American colony there have decided to
taboo cards altogether. As a substitute they
place a small ornamental slate in their balls,
upon which callers are expected to inscribe
their names. Boston Transcript
Getting Ready to Die.
A Jacksonville, Fla., newspaper has this
advertisement: "Being wanted of approacli
ing death by my physicians I will sell my
new ?450 piano for $1C5. I will nlso sacrifice
my organs and sewing machines, or rent
them. Also American Encyclopedia. People's
Encyclopedia, Gen. Grant's Memoirs and
other ljooks. J. P., Hotel News office."
Colored People and Jewelry.
"Some of our best customers are colored
people," said a New York jeweler the other
day. "When they have money they wear
good clothes and good jewelry. Diamond
earrings arc setoff better ou a dark back
ground, and the colored ladies understand it"
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
Ami tho largest Paid im Cask Capital of
any bank in this art of the State.
CSr-De-HXiitt received and interest iwid on
J3TDraft8 on the nrinc irnl cities in this coun
try and Europe boinrlit and wild.
tVColIoctions ami all other busluea Klveu
prompt and careful attention.
H Kit MAN P. H. OKHLKU'II.
J. P. HKCKKK, IIKKMAN OKHLKICH,
u.scitirrrK. w. a. moallihxek,
JONAS WKLt.H. JOHN W. EAKLY,
P. ANDERSON. (1. ANDERSON.
ROUKRT UHLio, CAHLRKINKe!
1). T. Mauttn. M. I).
V. J. Sciiim. M. l.
Drs. MARTYff & SCHUG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons.
I.ocal Surgeons. Union Pacific. O.. N. A
H. H. mid H. A M. K. lf.
Consultation in German anil English. Tele
phones at office and remdenetii.
"Office on Olive street, next to Brodfueli
rer's Jewelry Hton.
TTANII.TOA MKADK,N. .,
I'HYSICIAX AXO SURGKOX.
Platte Center. Nebraska. ft-y
T A. illcAIJ.lMTEK,
ArrOKXEV r XOTARY 1'UBLIC.
Office uiM-tnirs in Henry's huildint;, corner of
Olive and Ilth streets. anul(KS7y
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Ul'xtairs Ernwt Imitdint;. Ilth strict.
wC'-Orders left at Arnold's or at hi homo
will receive prompt attention. .MaylVsV-lJiu
LIJI.I.IV.i Ac Kfr.Klftl-.K.
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
Office oer First Nntioual Hunk, Columbus.
"1 I. KVAiV, M. .
1'IIYSICIAX AXI SL'KUEOX.
tc'-Ojjice and rooms, Glu.-k building, Ilth
street. Telephone i-ommiiiiii-atioii. 4.y
T ill. N.t(TAKI,AAI,
ATTORXBY .r XOTAKY I'l'ltUC.
JSr-Offiro over first National Rink. Colum
J2s-PnrtieH desirim; surveying done can ad
dress me at olmiibus. N,.,., or call at my ottic
in ( ourt House. 3iiinjsrt-y
W. H. Ted row, Co Sapt.
I will U, at my office in the Court House the
third hatunlny f each month for the examina
tion of teachers. SX-tt
It. J. II AN. WII.I.V,
.PPP"S'Kce. ,,t" Stn-et. Consultations in Kn
Klisli, trench and German. i'marsT
Convey kjkhIh Utw.iTi nuy joints of the city.
Maud suitable, for phmteriiuc an. I building i.ur
1HW. furnished in any iart of city or on IkkihI
carsut rwiKonahli) prices. ajumrsTy
JOHN O. 1IMGLNH. C. J. GARMJW.
HIGGINS & GAHL0W,
Specialty made or Collections by O. .1. G.irlow.
Chronio Diseases and Diseases of
Children a Speeialtv.
,tSrOflirion Olivobtreet. threw doors north of
rirst National Rank. 2iy
C H. KlNfJHE,
Ilth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Hells Harne-, Saddles. Collars, Whip. Rlankets,
urry ( omle.. Brushes, trunks valif-, bumy
tops, curhions, ciirrinm. triinminns. Ac, at thu
lowest irfv-Hihl., prices. Repairs promptly at
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Booting and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
fctTShop on Olive street, U doors north of
Knsdfiiehrer'rt Jewelry Store. SZ-tt
can me nt home, anil make more
money al worK Tor us. than at any
thing else in tho worliL Cnnilnl not
needed: ion aro starti-d free. Koth
sxi; all af-s. Anonein do the work. Ijiri?
eamiiiK sun from fin-t stait. Costly outfit and
terms fre. Ret ter not delay. Cortnjoti iiothinK
to send u your address Hnd find out; if joii are
wist. )ou will do so at once. 11. Hallktt A Co..
Portland. Maine. deciii-'Wy
A book of 100 pases.
Tbe best book for an
advertiser to con
sult, be bo experi
enced or otherwise.
It contains lists otiiewsDarM.TS and estimates
of the costofadvertUliiff.The ad vertlser who
wants to spend ono dollar, finds in It the In
formation be requires, while forhim who will
invest ono hundred thousand dollars in ad
vertising; a scheme is indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or eon be made
to do to by slight eJurnaeataiQn arrived at bycor
rttpondenee. 140 editions have been issued.
Sent post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write to GEO. P. ROWCLL A CO..
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU.
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