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VOL. XVILT.-NO. 2.
COLTJMBTTS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1887
WHOLE NO. 886.
Ul'O. W. HUI.S1', Vic I'n-Vt.
.IL'l.lL'.H A. IthK!.
K. 11. 11KNKV.
.1. lLTArJKKK. Cashier.
teak or Weponlt. ""'
Clleetluait Promptly Jlode oa
aay lateral oa Time epo
LOAN & TRUST COMPANY.
A. ANDE1WON. IWL
O. W. SHELDON. Vi.v l'rwj't.
O. T. HOKN. Tu.
KOBKItT UHLIO. rkx.
Will re-eel liuie dctiosittf, from $1.00
and an) uinouut upw:irda, and vill pu tho cu
Coioiir rtle of interest.
fc-VV Nifi-iiliirl diaw .ur attention to
our f(uilitit ru making loan on icnl rotate, ut
ttu lowrat rate of inlfritt.
tTCit. School and County Bomb, and in
ilni.lubl grcuiitiif ate lm;lil. Uijuno'sfiy
Or U. W. KIBI.KK,
SSSTh" cirpuni are ftn.t-clat in ever par
ticular, uml o guaranteed.
SCHIFFROTH ft PLftTN,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wiro or twine.
Plaips Repaired on short lotice
3-On door went of Hrintz's Dru Store, llth
treat, Columbus, Neb. linovsrUtf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DKALKK IX
Farcltare. Chairs, Bedsteads. Bu
reaus. Tables. Safes. Lounges,
Ac. Picture Prames and
ZIiijmhuHfof all kinds of Ujihol
64f COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
14VE4TS. 1 iUBE MAKES AND COPYRIGHTS
Obtained, and all other business in the U. 8.
Patent OthV btst-udnl to for MODERATE
Ouroflir if of.potiite the U. 8. Patent Office,
and wo Can obtain Patents in leas tini than tbo
remote from WASHINGTON.
8od MODEL OK DRAWING. W adi a
to patentability f no of charge; and make NO
CHARGE UNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
Wa refer here to the Pottmaater, the Bapt. of
Mom? Ordr Dir., and to official of the U. B.
Patent OSice. For circulars, advioa. tarms and
references to actual clie&ta in jour own State or
ooAty, write to
Oppoaita Patent6ftcir WaahSagtonTDrC.
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
WEILS IN DiDiA.
PLACES WHERE THE CASTE DIFFI
CULTY IS QUITE PROMINENT.
' Ura Inf Water Oa or tie Principal
Duties of tb Poor Hindoo Wife.
j Lars Wells la Pnbllo TboroacBfares.
A Strange Story.
From time immemorial, drawing water
at the well has been one of the principal
daily duties of a poor Hindoo wife. In north
ern India wells are generally dug outside
the towu or village; wberefrom the women,
old and young (but more often the latter),
start twice a day early iu the morning
end at about 4 o'clock in the afternoon to
fetch water home, carying earthen vessels
on their head or under one of their arms.
Arriving at the well, they attach the loose
end of the rope that is fastened at one side
of its circular mouth to the earthen pitcher
which then they let down into the welL
The vewel will -hold about six or seven
quarts of water, which w a good weight to
pull up; and the women have to take great
care that th vessel, which comes up with
u swinging motion, does not strike against
the sides of the well, as the least stroke
would dash it to pieces. Sometimes one or
two beams are thrown acrox the well near
the elj;e. whereon women nst one of their
feet, throwing on it the weight of their
whole body. Of course I must be under
stood to describo here the primitive wells
from which water U drawn solely by the
hand. Very often you may see fifteen or
twenty women assembled at a well, who,
after having a great deal of gossiping, go
home in groups, balancing their pitchors
full of water in the manner previously de
scribed; some of them carrying as many as
three such vessels at a time two on the
head (one on top of another) and the third
under one of the arms.
THE CASTE DirFICCLTT.
The caste difficulty shows itself as promin
ently at the well as elsewhere. Women of
different castes mwt not touch each other's
vessels. Hindoos of various sects will not
take water to drink from each other. In
some parts, at the wells where both men
and women draw water, the Brahmins will
use brass or copper vessels belonging to per
sons of other castes after scrubbing them
well with dust and water and washing them.
A leather bag need only be washed, for,
having come originally from the tanner,
who is of very low uaste, no further defile
ment can happen to it. But strict Hin
doos, whether Brahmins or others, will
never drink water that has been drawn in a
leather bag, nor use it for ablutions. In
villages where there is but one well persons
of low caste and outcasts draw water on
o'ue side of it, and when they are gone, Brah
mins and other superior castes come and
draw water from the other slue. Where
there are many wells in a village it is usual
lo sy. apart a special "one for people of low
or no castes. A dog or other animal falling
into a well defiles it entirely; and, to render
it fit for use again, all the water must be
drawn fr.m it at least three times and
Ganges water or cows' urine poured into it.
All' - Taste woman meeting a funeral on
her way home with water from a well will
sometimes throw away the water at once as
denied. The dead body of an animal de
files ako; and no water is procurable until
It has been removed from the wa to the
well and the ground purified.
Wells are naturally greatly prized in the
arid, hot parts of India, and many Hindoos
earn great renown by """'"g them where
they are much needed. Some religious peo
ple seek for merit in the construction of
large wells in public thoroughfares and
other places for the purpose of supplying
travelers with water. Very often people
use them for irrigating their fields. A large
well, built of strong masonry, with a circu
lar, white, smooth platform round it for
people to sit on when they draw or drink
water, costs from 2,000 to 8,000 rupees.
Even the wants of the brute creation are
not overlooked by the Hindoos. They
make reservoirs of strong masonry, about
live or six yards long and a yard wide, ad
joining a well, and in the hot season these
are always kept filled with water. Return
ing from pasture or from the fields in the
forenoon for repose, and retiring at dusk
for the night, whole droves of cows, bul
locks, buffaloes, and goat slake their thirst
here. Landowners and wealthy men vie
with each other in constructing these wells
and reservoirs; and princes sometimes imi
tate the example of their opulent subjects.
The average cost of an ordinary well has
been estimated to be about 300 or 400 ru
pees. OBJECTS Or WORSHIP.
Wells have been objects of great endear
ment with some villagers. Not satisfied
with wasting time and money in. their own
and their children's marriages and in those
of idols and trees, they tometimes marry
wells with great pomp and ceremony. In
some parts of the country wells are wor
shiped, and votive offerings are often seen
lying near them.
Wells in India were at one time put to
the most dreadful uses. Wayfarers and
others were murdered and their bodies
thrown down into them. Criminals were
often thrown down them, and even at this
day many horrid deeds are done at the wells
in out-of-the-way parte of India.
Jung Bahadur, of Nepal, used to tell a
remarkable story about a well. A not un
common mode of execution in Nepal is to
throw the offender down a well. It oc
curred to young Jung, who was bred amidst
the intrigues and plots and counterplots of
the Nepalese court, that it was the fault of
the victim if he did not come up again alive
and unhurt; and, in order to test the mat
ter and also to be prepared for any case of
future emergency, he practiced the art of
jumping down wells. By and bye it ac
tually happened that Jung was sentenced by
his prince to this punishment. Undis
mayed, he begged one last favor of his sov
ereign that he might be permitted to jump
in. So reasonable a request was at once
granted. Surrounded by a large number of
people, the prince himself forming one of
the sightseers, Jung went to a well, where,
taking off his superfluous clothes, he crossed
his legs, jumped boldly down, and in a
moment was lost to the view of the prince
and his courtiers, who, assured of the
doom of their victim by the dull splash, re
turned to the palace. The supposed drowned
man, however, was quite safe and sound,
clinging to the sides of the well, which he
knew beforehand to be plentifully provided
with chinks and crannies. At midnight his
friends, who had been previously rehearsed
in their part, came and rescued him from
his uncomfortable position. After awhile,
when affairs in the Nepalese court took a
favorable turn for him, Jung Bahadur al
lowed his friends to resuscitate him, and this
adventure did much to restore the future
prime minister of Nepal to the favor of his
sovereign. Hindoo in St. James' Gazette.
M'CLELLAN AND LINCOLN.
A raw Mild CrltlclsmaTee Appoint
ment of Stanton Before the War.
My relations with Mr. Lincoln were gen
erally very pleasant, and I seldom had trouble
with him when we could meet face to face.
The difficulty always arose behind my back.
I believe that he liked me personally and
certainly he was always much. influenced by
me when we were together. During the
early part of my command in Washington
be often consulted with me before taking
important steps or appointing general offi
cers. He appointed Hunter a major general
without consulting me, and a day or two
afterward explained that he did so "because
the people of Hlinois seemed to want some
body to be a sort of father to them, aad he
thought Huater would answer that pur
pose." When he appointed as general officers
of the ralsssasa prisoners from the
first Bull Run, he afterward explained to j
me that be did it as a recompense for their
sufferings, unaware, no doubt, that in other
armies they would have been brought before
some tribunal to explain their capture.
Soon after arriving in Washington the
president one day sent for me to ask my
opinion of Hooker, who was urged for ap
pointment as a brigadier general of volun
teers, and stated that he wished me to re
gard the conversation as strictly confiden
tial. I told him that Hooker had been a
good soldier in Mexico, but that common
report stated that he bad failed in Califor
nia, but that I had no personal knowledge
of this, and I advised him to consult with
officers who were in California with Hooker.
He, however, gave him the appointment a
few days later. Remembering that this con
versation was sbught by the president, and
that he desired me to regard it as confiden
tial, it was with no little surprise that I
learned, after Antietain, that Hooker had
been informed of tho conversation, except
of its confidential nature, and that it was
sought by the president.. j
As before stated, when Stanton was made
secretary of war I knew nothing of the mat
ter until the nomination had" already gone
to the senate. Next day the president came j
to my house to apologize lor not consulting
me on the subject. He said that he knew
Stanton to bo a friend of mine, and as
sumed that I would be glad to have him
secretary of war, and that he feared that if
he told mo beforehand "some of those fel
lows" would say that I had dragooned him
Officially my association with fie presi
dent was very close until the severe attack
of illness in December, 1861. I was often
sent for to attend formal and informal cabi
net meetings, and at all hours whenever
tho president desired to consult with me on
auj subject; and he often came to my
house, frequently late at night, to learn th9
last news before retiring. His fame as a
narrator of anecdotes was fully deserved,
and he always had something apropos on
the spur of the moment.
Lone before the war. when vice-president
of the Illinois Central Railroad company, I t
knew Mr. Lincoln, for he was one of the
counsel of the company. More than once
I have been with him in out of the way
county seats where some important case
was being tried, aud, in the lack of sleeping
accomodations, have spent the night in
front of the stove listening to the unceasing
flow of anecdotes from his lips. He was
never at a loss, and I could never quite
make up my mind how many of them he
had really heard before and how many he
invented on the spur of the moment. His
stories were seldom refined, but were al
ways to the point. Gen. George B. Mc
Hallroad Travel la England.
The railroads themselves, their bridges,
their stations, are incomparably better than
ours. They seem as if built for eternity.
But there it ends. The cars are short, so
that they havo but six wheels, two here,
two there and two beyond, and one is ob
viously, of necessity, always over a grind
ing wheel. Then they oscillate so that
they almost always make one seasick, and
always give a feeling of nausea. My test
consists in conversation and reading, and
I found that in the one I had to raise my
voice, aud in the other my eyes became
tired, and it was impossible for me to read
with any degree of comfort. Now here I
do both with perfect ease. My eyes are
strong and I am well, but I could neither
talk nor lead in the English cars. Ameri
can cars would be very much better. There
are a few palace cars over there, but are not
popular as yet, and there is but a faint be
ginning of hope of comfort for the engin
eers and stokers. For a long time they have
been compelled to do their arduous work,
exposed to the elements, and even now they
have nothing but a glass frame over them,
open in front, affording a most imperfect
protection against the moist, cold, chilly
climate, so they "bundle up like so many
mummies.'' Henry Ward Beecher.
Ways of Geaalne Brazilians.
They have no ambition, no "go" In them,
no will or desire for anything but to sleep
away their days and pass their nights in
singing, dancing and revelry. Inhabit
ants of any country like these of Boqueirae
are as useless as if they did not exist. They
have nothing to sell or means for purchase.
Their little labor is expended in raising a
few vegetables, fishing, and building a poor
hut barely sufficient to accommodate them.
It is never repaired; and when tho rain
comes in in one part of the roof the ham
mock is removed to another corner, until,
finally, when the hut decays and collapses
in spite of props, another is built alongside
it. The women make the few cotton gar
ments of the men, that like the huts, are
never repaired, and are worn until the rags
will no longer hold together. Yet, withal,
they are the most independent of all peoples,
proud of their right to do nothing, and
they do it most effectually. W. Wells.
A British Blockade Buaaer.
The late Hobart. Pasha's recently pub
lished book of reminiscences gives a curious
account of the trade of blockade running
during the American war. Hobart's first
personal venture oonsisted chiefly of cor
sets and Cockle's pills. A thousand pairs
of stays were readily sold at a profit of
1,100 per cent.; but in spite of his eloquent
recommendations of their ' virtues, the
grosses of pill boxes ware left upon his
lands, while sundry parcels of tooth brushes
were an absolute drag. He carried the
"Cockles" back to Nassau, where he
swopped them for chests of Ineifer matches,
which went off wall at Wilmington on his
next cruise. And he sent a heavy order to
England for coffin screws, which seem to
have fetched fancy prices la the south in
these days of ssd mortality.- Paris Horn
A Matter of Custom.
A comparison of the manners and cus
toms of various European nations discloses
many interesting facts, among which the
following is by no means the least:
When a person afflicted with the influ
enza so far loses control of himself as to
sneeze in society, the Italian will bow grace
fully, wave bis hand politely in front of
him, and ejaculate "Salute."
Under similar circumstances the Span
iard will appear slightly pained, doff his
sombrero, and .explain, "Con Diosl"
The Frenchman, that politest of beings,
will cry, "A vos souhaite, monsieur!" with
an air of great concern.
The Turk will invoke the blessing of God
upon you, and the EnyHchman will shout,
"Bless me, what a d d bad cold you've
Scientists are puzzled over the peculiar
effects of the moon on an Atlanta man.
"He drinks a great deal of water during
moonlight nights, but during a period of
dark nights be drinks no water at all.
There's nothing curious or scientific about
that. Moonlight nights his wife can see
whether he goes to the water pitcher or the
medicine closet. Dark nights the chuckling
villain can rattle the water pitcher with one
hand while he drinks with the other. Ge
A Model Newspaper Osace.
Where on earth wOl you find in any
other business a counterpart of The New
York Sun office, which turns itself into a
social club when each night's work is
done, with every one from Chester S.
Lord, the managing editor, down to the
bead office boy exercising together in a has
tily rigged gymnasium, or joining one
another at luncheon aad 'ttsg oa the
events of the night as equals New York
Mail and Express.
Oregon hogs axe mosarfattsaedn wheat.
GYMNASIUMS ON THE GERMAN PLAN
ALL OVER THE COUNTRY.
"Father Jahn" and the Turners Stu
dents Societies and the Turnveretu
Coder Ban Classes In a Chicago tSyiu
aasluin The PuplU.
"Do you know that athletic sports have
in reality coma into vogue among Ameri
cans through the influence of the German
turner societies" remarked a member of
tho "age class" at the North Side Turner
hall a few evenings ago. "You wouldn't
even have had your national game of base
ball if it hadn't been for this influence. To
be sure, athletics were stimulated by the
civil war. Plenty of young students who
went into the army illy prepared for hard
physical exercise came out strong, vigorous
men. They comprehended, then hat they
might have had the same physical training
along with their meutal development.
From that time gymnasiums on tho German
plan began to spring up all aver thfi.co.uuz
"There are now few colleges, either for
men or women, without gymnasiums. Col
leges for men lake especial pride iu turning
out representative athletes. It would
havo beeu impossible previous to tho war
for a college to havo raised the money
that is now annually exiwnded for the po
motiou of athletic exercises.
"America has widened very materially
in tho last threo decades, and not a little c
it is due to the German clement. In all ath
letic matters Germany is the modern Greece
of tho world. German gymnastics aro
more scientific than the old Greek exercises,
which consisted mostly of games."
"When were the first tuni"r societies es
tablished in the United States?"
"In 1850, tho next year atter the exiles
came here. They were naturally obscure,
and had but few members. Now there are
33,000 turners iu this country. New York
has tho largest number, Chicago next aud
Milwaukee third. Milwaukee is our strong
hold. There we have a school where pupils
are instructed in turning for professor
ships. It is culled tho Turnlehrcr Seminar.
Its methods are modeled after thoso that ob
tain in Germany."
THE WOKD "TURNER."
"What is the meaning of the word 'tur
ner?" "Turners are considerably divided intheir
opiuiou in regard to its origin. The word
turnkuust, or turnen, is now accepted as the
common German meaning of gymnastics.
Turning was a phrase first employed by Pro
fessor Ludwig Jahn known to all turners
aa 'Father Jahn who organized the first
society in 1812.
"After Napoleon's invasion and Ger
many's defeat, 'Father Jahn' conceived tho
idea that if the Geruiau youth were trained
and developed physically they would be
able to successfully cope with Franco.
Gymnastics had own but little practiced
up to that date, aud chiefly by the nobility.
The. Germans then were stiff in their ways
and dress. They put themselves into gar
ments that swaddled them up like women.
Father Jahn said, "We Germans can't even
turn ourselves urouud. We have no use of
our bodies. No wonder tho French
whipped us. Come, let us join together for
tho purpose of turning ourselves around till
we are as strong and as capable of en
durance as any men. In this way the
turners became a distinct body.
"It was not difficult for Jahn to popular
ize any movement ho undertook, for he was
not only a writer and teacher of note, bit
an agitator aud an ardent patriot. It was
but natural that a rapid growth of intelli
gence, as w ell as physical development, and
consequently an advance in liberalism,
should be the residt of this coming together
of the youth of the land. This liberal spirit
grew apace, aud finally took sliape in the ad
vocacy by the turners of a republican
form of government 'or Germany. Tho
Prussian government feared revolution,
and regarded these republican ideas with
alarm. The students societies and the
turnvcrcins were put under ban and con
demned as hotbeds of dangerous liberalism.
Jahn and one of his favorite pupils were
arrested. In Januray, 1820, the govern
ment abolished turning in Prussia and closed
all of the grounds. Jahn was acquitted and
released in 1825, but there was no more
turning in Prussia until 1842.
"Meantime, his pupil, Francis Lieber,
came over to Boston in 1827, and took charge
of the Trcmont gymnasium, where he also
established a swimming school.
IX A BIO GYMXAS1UU.
"The teaching of gymnastics pajs quite as
well as teaching other things. Some of our
instructors get $1,000, 1,200, 1,500,
$1,800, and upward per year."
Downtsairs in the great gynasium were
150 little girls, clad in flannel suits of navy
blue trimmed with white braid. Small,
sturdy lassies of 6 marched as precisely and
held themselves as erect as trained sol
diers. One little girl swung herself re
peatedly up and down a ladder with her
hands. When some- pair of hands slipped
from the rings fastened to the ends of the
long ropes that were sspended from the ceil
ing a great shout of laughter would go up as
the little girl fell fiat on the safety cushion
"We have nearly as many American pu
pils as German Amreican," said Professor
Henry Suder, the teacher in charge. "Every
season our attendance increases. We have,
too, another girls' class, composed of over
100 whose ages aro from 10 to 14.
"There are three boys' clas&es on the
north side, numbering in all over 400. Then
there's the young men's class and the 'age
"What is the 'ago class?' "
"Oh, middle aged and old turners who
like to keep their hand or, rather, their
bodies in turning exercises. They prac
tice but ouce a week. Tho others havo two
evenings a week.
"Besides these wo have a ladies' class.
You would bo astonished to see what they
can do. If a woman wants to have a grace
ful walk, keep from growing fat, and have
a good, clir complexion, just let her join
the turning class. Some of our ladies have
muscular development like athletes. They
wear a dress specially designed for the
exercise. Chicago News.
A HARD -LIFE TO LIVE.
A Dark Tinted Plctare for Stage Struck
Girla to Look Upon.
All honor to the brave girls who have gone
through mud and mire and fatigue and sor
row and temptation and have come out good
actresses, good women. They have a staying
power which we all admire. They are the
jewels of the profession; they make it honor
able. No, it is honorable in itself. Every
profession that is an honest effort to earn
one's bread is honorable if they who serve at
its-altars serve with pure bauds. I have
known many actresses: I have seen them in
their humble homes; I have sat by their sick
bed; I have heanl the story of their patient
toil, their plain, neat, self-sacrificing lives,
and I have felt like taking the mock queen
mantle and pressing it to my lips in honor
of their courage. And from one deathbed
.1 came once thanking the actress for the
lesson she had taught me of a soul so strong
that it could defy temptation and of a heart
so good that it could ignore itself, and when
I left her attic I felt that I bad been very
But for all this, after looking at the pro
fession on all sides, it is a hard one for
women, almost impossible for those who are
not born to it. It is one which no woman
should choose lightly. She should measure
well her own strength and her talents, for
no woman can herself judge if beauty or a
gift at elocution or dramatic appreciation
will bring her success on the stage. She may
be a s-reat eeniusand rat fail. The Derspcct-
ive of the stage is so curious. It is like
seeing one's face iu a conclave or convex
mirror it maybe drawn out long or doubled
up very short. No one knows until she ti ies.
Then the physique, admirable for reading,
may be ineffectual oit the- stage. We knew
one very beautiful woman, full of the best
stage ancestry, the inheritor of theatrical
blood, who was a failuie on the stage, while
Adelaide Xeilson, fresh from the gin shop,
with no ancestry, very little education and
a bad burr in her pronunciation, was an
It is with no contempt for the profession
of an actress tliat these words aro written.
No; it is from the standpoint of much re
spect, much knowledge of and much sym
pathy for those gifted women who contribute
so much to our enjoyment. And it is uKo
from a largo acquaintance with enthusiastic
girls who have desired to be actresses, aud
from an acquaintance with one lady who is
almost middle life beeamo so infatuated with
the profession hat she went professionally on
I he stage. Beautifully dressed, mistress of
her part, an admirable amateur, she failed
signally. She took to her bed And died. It
broke her heart. And, sorrowful to say,
the enmity of the men and women on the
jstj.with whom she hopedjto become a pro
fessoiual worker helied to" kill" fier.Mrs.
John Sherwood in Kew York World.
New York'4 Girl Arabs.
Her head was held erect and her face
wreathed in smiles as she went out of court.
She waved her hand to some desperate look
ing youths, mere lad. on the benches and
whispered to the nennst one: "I'll be with
Maggie on de Island to-morrer. I'll give her
de best love of do gang."
Thus she sjos:o of going to jail. A few
years ago she would have been classified in
that same court as a "pivoter," but to-day
she conies under the term "a chippy."
Pivoter means a girl addicted to picnics, ex
cursions ami other affairs at which there was
a great deal of pivoting or waltzing, and
chippy means a young thing. Both terms
apply to the same class of wayward girls in
short dresses. You can get an idea of the
sizt? of this town when you realize that there
are enough misguided children of one sox to
add to our language a woid for common use.
The police estimate that there are 20,030 of
these girl Arabs in New York, and at least
as man- inoro in Brooklyn, Jersey Ctiy and
They are the feminine counterparts of the
"gangs" for which wo are notorious. They
aro the product of our tenement house
system, iu which humanity is so crowded
that the children have to grow up in the
streets for want of room indoors. The sample
chippy is a revelation to humanity. She is
feminine iu nothing except dress. Other
gii Is are led to err, but she was born astray.
She boasts that she was never known to cry.
She fights like a boy, and would as lief fight
with a boy us not. She smokes, drinks,
swears, picks pockets, pilfers and sometimes
chews' tobacco. She haunts theatre galleries,
picnics, skating and east side ball rooms.
She is indifferent whether she sleeps at home
or in a box wagon laid up iu a side street
over night. She terrorizes her parents, and,
joining with other chippies every morning,
descends on the avenues w here goods are ex
posed ou the sidewalks, aud they are as if a
scourge wus upon them. Julian Ralph's
On Mount Etnu's Summit.
We left our mules and began to climb the
frightful wall of hardened ashes which
yielded a bit beneath our feet. We went on
panting, catching at projections, halting
each minute aud supporting ourselves with
our iron shod staves. It takes nearly an hour
to climb these last 300 meters. As we went
up the sulphurous vapors came into our
f:.-es. We saw first on the right and then
on tho left great jets of smoke coming out
of the fissures iu tho soil; we soon found that
the stones at which we clutched were hot.
At last we reached a kind of narrow plat
form. In front of us a dense cloud of smoke
was rising tdowiy, like a white curtain roll
ing up. We advanced a few steps, taking
care not to be suffocated; and suddenly at
our ver3 feet yawned a pi odigious,"a fright
ful abyss more than three miles in circum
ference. AVe could dimly discover through
the vapors the other side of the monstrous
hole, 1,500 meters wide, with its walls going
straight down into the mysterious kingdom
of fire. The beast was calm. It was asleep
away down beJow. There was nothing but
tho smoke constantly escaping from this pro
digious chimney 3,812 meters high.
Around us everything was stranger yet.
All Sicily was concealed by tho mists, so
that we seemed in the sky, in the middle of
the sea, above the clouds, so high, so high,
that the Mediterranean appeared to bo a part
of the blue sky. We wore enveloped iu azure
on all sides. We stood erect on this phe
nomenal mountain which pierced tho clouds
and seemed to repose upon the sky that
stretched above our heads, under our feet,
everywhere. Guy do Maupassant.
An Estate in China.
The estate showed three or four generations
of agricultural enterprise. Oldest were the
stumps of the coffee, which was put iu forty
years ago, made money fast and its day was
over. Then came the quinine. Tracts of
this plant, the cinchona, presented wonder
ful beauty. Tflo large leaves of both colors
were as perfect in form and apparently in
fiber as though the tree had a lifetime be
fore it. Some of them were deep red, the
rest were a glossy green. Each tree was a
bouquet without a blossom. Their colors
can be felt but not told. Tho planter is
stripping off the bark regardlcssly. The
peeled trunks were bound with straw to heal
and protect their wounds. So long as the
trees stand it he strips off 'another skin after
six months; and that second bark is finer
than tho first. When no longer this out
rageous treatment is profitablohewilldig up
the tree and get the final, an excellent medi
cinal scrape, from the roots.
Then perish the medicine crop, which, for
these flaming trees, will be next year flam
ing becauke they are forced to live too fast
and the interspersed tea bushes, now low,
then higher, will take place as tho main if not
sole plant of tho planter's caij. Scattered
among all these were trunks, directly out of
which by tough stems hung heavy, dark
crimson pods, the bulky front of the choco
late tree, cacoa. But of all these and other
plants tea is the main agricultural expecta
tion, not only of this estate but of nearly all
the tropical orient. Anna Ballard in Chi
A SLEEPLESS NIGHT.
The center of this universe of stars
Is the poor human heart that feels its pain I
Nearer to its individual gain.
Its story personal of wounds and scars
Than all the far off thunder of the cars
Of wheeling planets in the midnight plain;
One moment's torture makes the pageant valu
One tear the vision of th' eternal Mars.
Bound in a narrow- mystic ring of Are,
We live but when we suffer, and we touch
The real only when we suffer much,
All else is shadow. Ah ! n hen hopes expire,
And to Its source the stricken heart blood runs,
Hy life to me is more than all the suns:
A Big Hoosler.
John H. Craig, whose home is in Indiana,
near Indianapolis, is six feet four and one
half inches iu height anl weighs 836 pounds.
Ho measures eight feet two iuches around
the hips and eighteen inches around the
ankle. He was born thirty years ago, and
then weighed but eleven pounds. Two
years later he took a prize at one of Bar
man's baby shows in New York city because
he weighed 206 pounds. Boston Budget.
Au Old Church.
The church edifice at Shrewsbury,- N. J.,
is 1 17 years old, aud is built on the site of
an old stone church erected over 200 years
ago. A Bbile which was presented by
Queen Anne is used in the service. The Bible
is printed in red and black inks, on thick
paper, in quaint type. New York Sun.
A GEORGIA YANKEE.
A CORRESPONDENT'S ENTERTAIN
ING SKETCH OF EDITOR GRADY.
A Supernaturally Versatile Writer and
a Rattling Good Talker His Newspaper
Experience la .New York On Short
Kationa Quick Work.
Henry W. Grady won fame long before
fame made him famous. It was Grady who
wrote the masterly description and subtle
analysis of the character of that rough old
rock of the Confederacy, Robert Toombs,
copied throughout the length and breadth of
the Union seven or eight years ago. He is
also tho author of the marvelous story of the
Daniel boys which excited the interest of the
nation over a year ago. Grady it Is who six
weeks ago so thrillingly described the at
tempts to lasso a hog in the streets of At
lanta. The (ruth Is tlmt as a writer he is
supernaturally versatile. He tackles a gander
pulling, a statesman and a Young Men's
Christian association with equal intellectual
He astonished the-New England Yankees
because he was the first specimen of a Geor
gia Yankee who had ever shown himself at
one of their dinners.
Grady displayed head, self control, wit,
tact and horse sense combined in a company
where the latter ingredient is usually lacking.
Beyond sll this he has something to say, and
he took three days to think it over before he
said it. When he did say it his manner
showed that he meant it from the bottom of
GRADT AS A TALKER.
I first met Grady over five years ago. It
was at the Yorktown centennial. I had
heard many mi intellectual tidbit credited to
him, and I studied him with some interest.
He talks well, rattling along without effort,
and he is never at a loss for a wnnl. In
terest is excited naturally, and is increased
by quaint Georgia phrases, such as "I'm
dinged" aud "I'm d'rotted." At times,
however, Grady takes on a foreign polish,
which heightens tho effect of his Georgia
dialect. While at Yorktown I heanl him tell
a powdered graduate of the naval academy
with "what shug froid he got shut of an in
souciant scronger, who sprang from the old
regime in a" tacky section of country once
occupied by the vielle noblesse of the aborig
ines." I last mot Grady three days before his
celebrated speech. He was as musical as a
mocking bird aud as bright as a button. He
embodied his newspaper experience in a
series of homilies that would have done
credit to Ben Franklin. These homilies
were crammed home with stories so quaint
and original that the hearers shook with
laughter. Nor was he behindhand in the
art of ''chaffing" au art in which New
Yorkers aro supposed to excel.
What interested me more than all else
was his story of his newspaiier experience
iu New York. It was some time after the
war. The south was so poor that he put
to New York iu search of a living. He put
up ut the Astor house aud traveled over to
The Herald olllce. Tom Counery received
him kindly. Grady gave him an iusiue
view of Georgia politics, and Conuery asked
him to write an article about it. He wrote
two columns, iu dushing style, and was over
joyed to find it printed on the following
morning. He waited that day iu the ante
room of The Herald office from 9 a.m. to 3
p.m. before Mr. Conuery appeared. . The
article was praised, but nothing was said
about pay, aud the (fcorgian was too mod
est to mention it.
LIVING OX SHORT RATION'S.
He applied for tho post of Herald corre
spondent at Atlanta. Conuery replied that
The Herald had no salaried corresondent3
in the south, but if he wanted anytliiug
from Atlanta he would telegraph him.
Meantime he was at liberty to pick up w hat
news he could and forward it at sjiace
rates. Back went ioor Grady to the Astor
houe. He had barely money to pay his ho
tel bill and to buy a return ticket. So jxwr
was he that he went home w ithout a mouth
fid to eat between this city and Atlant.i lie
kept The Herald posted on Georgia news,
however, and at the end of the month re
ceived a small check for his services, includ
ing tho screed printed duriu j Lis stay at the
Astor house. One day he received a tele
gram from Mr. Conuery asking him to as
certain whether a certain man had regis
tered at any Atlantu hotel. He found no
such name on the registers. Then he won
dered why they wanted to get track of the
man. Ho went over the old files'of The
Herald and learned that the man had been
mixed up in some Cuban trouble, and lied
left Havana a fortnight, back ou a Charles
ton steamer. Grady reo-soned that he would
be more .apt to run to New Orleans fioiji
Charleston than to Atlanta. He telegraphed
to a friend in New Orleans, who discovered
the person wanted Grady sent this dis
patch to Conner":
"Your man is registered at the St. Charles
hotel, New Orleans.'
The New York editor was astounded. He
had received the reply within six hours of
the time of the inquiry. From that day
Grady's fortunes began to rise. New York
Cor. Pioneer Press.
TWO' ACTORS, ARM IN ARM.
The Instinct of rose and Parade A
Blacksmith on Shipboard.
I shall never forget the effect produced
upon Broadway by the simultaneous appear
ance on the sidewalk ono day of Barrett and
Booth arm inarm, clad from neck to toe in
heavy ulsters shod in big rubber overshoes,
topped with heavy fur caps and with big
handkerchiefs wound around their necks.
They stalked down the middle of the side
walk with stiff legged and jerky pomposity,
wrapped in impenetrable gloom, staring
straight ahead and passing comedians, walk
ing gentlemen and supers as monarchs might
take their way through a horde of cringing
vassals. A few of the peoplo who did not
recognize the celebrities at once laughed out
right at the spectacle of the two under sized
and muffled little men putting on such airs
as did America's two most famous tragedians
that afternoon on Broadway.
"The instinct of pose and parade," said
one of the men to whom this incident was
related, "afflicts the best of them. I am
fond of the theatre, you know, and havo a
very large acquaintance with actors, uot
only in New York and London, but in Paris,
Berlin and Vienna, and I have found that it
is the tragedian who always poses. I know
no more genial man or franic and cordial
gentleman than Wilson Barrett, and yet I
saw him exthibit himself once in a way that
made me wonder for ten days, what the in
fluence is that causes a man to make a pea
cock of himself simply because his efforts are
directed toward tho heavier walks of the
"When I came over from London last fall
Barrett was on the same steamer. The usual
entertainment for the benefit of the Sea
men's home was put iu the hands of a young
Englishman on board, and when he was
making up the programme there were
many professional people ou board he went
to Barrett and asked him if be could depend
upon him for a recitation or a bit of talk of
some sort. Barrett agreed to aid the enter
tainment and said that he would recite a
little poem about a blacksmith. When the
entertainment was about half through the
manager suddenly remembered that Barrett
was missing, and leaving tho saloon he hur
ried around looking for the missing trage
dian. After rushing about the deck glanc
ing into the smoking room aud the captaiu s
cabin, the manager finally found his way to
t Barrett's stateroom and discovered the eye
of the famous tragedian peering from the
half opened door.
" 'Is everything ready?' asked Barrett in
a stage whisper.
" 'Eh,' said .the other, 'everything is ready
enough. All you have to do is to step up
and speak your little piece, you know.'
"Barrett threw open the door, dished
through the throng of passengers in th
saloon, sprang upou the stage and stood re
vealed in the costume of the brawny aud
theatrical blacksmith. His hair was ar
ranged in studied disorder, his legs clad in
corduroys, his muscular anus bared to th
shoulders and his leather shirt thrown open
at the neck so as to show a vast expanse ol
athletic chest. As it was a gray and driz
zling day aud the ship was pitching about on
a heavy swell, the effect was uot inspiring,
for there were no footlights aud calciums to
help the make up of the actor, and the pitch
ing of th ship caused him to stagger about
like a drunken reveler on the icy walk at
midnight. The recitation was, of course, a
failure, as everybody laughed at tho efforts
of tho blacksmith to keep on his sturdy pins,
and there was no end of guying going on all
Still they all do it, you know. Blakely
Hall in Kansas City Times.
LIFE ON THE BOSPORUS.
Tlew of i Turkish Kltcheu In Deer
Wretchedness The Sea Breeze.
All of the gardens are-surrounded by walls,
no matter what shape square or triangular,
or whateverdirection the street has happened
to take. Queer and heavy wooden doors
mark the entrance, and when oien often
bring to view pretty green gardens. More
often, however, theso doors open directly
into the house, of which the walls form one
side. The upper story usually projects over
tho top, affording the women good views of
the pasers-by. It seems very singular to be
watched by so many unseen eyes, but this
appears to be tho only means of amusement
the Turkish women have, unless they them
selves go out to promenade and gossip. They
seem to live chiefly in these, upjier rooms.
It is a curious fact that in most houses it
U a. view of the kitchen and surroundings
that first greet one. They make, very littlo
of tho entrance, and a visitor may have to
wander through all sorts of apartments be
fore reaching tho reception room. As yot
we havo not had the good fortune to bo ad
mitted into a harem, but as we glanco in
when iwssing wo seo that most of theso poor
homes aro utterly devoid of everything but
bait? necessities of life and often these aro
lacking. Of stoves they know nothing, so
in cold weather they wear a large amount of
clothing, generally wadded, and then they sit
around their "mongol" or charcoal holder.
It is a remarkable fact that the houses are
chiefly windows. Surely they get all the
light and sunshine possible, but at tho same
time the casing is yo loose that tho wind also
finds easy access.
Iu this poor settlement within tho walls,
and in fact in most parts, I believe, there is
no drainage whatsoever. An open ditch
runs here by the walh and into it is thrown
all the refuse. Many houses connect with
this, but the way is all opeti for gases and
grms of. discuso to return to tho homes.
How many times we ask ourselves: "What
is il that keeps theso jeoplo alive?" Then
when the wind blows the current of the Bos
porus is quickuied aud we know tliat it is
these fresh sea breezes that carry ull germs
away and the water that conveys so much
rubbish from its bunks. The castles, situated
as they are ou two points, catch all ttu
beeees that blow from either end of the
Bosporus, and thus the inhabitants hero are
particuurly faored with pure, fresh air.
The current here too is unusually strong aud
thus also favors these poor people. Constan
finople Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
At an Algerian Wedding;
A marriage celebration in Algeria is an
interesting relie of ancient customs. The
briJegioom .'0-s to bring the bride, and the
quests assembled outside the house will wait
ft r his return. Soon the sound of pipes is
heard coming from the summit of some
ueighboiiug hill, and the lisuniage proces
sion approaches the bridegroom's house. The
pipeis always tome first in the piocssion,
then the bride muittVd up iu a ril. riding a
mule led bv her lover. Then comes a bovy
of gorgeously ditsscd damsel!', sparkling
r-ith silver oruanunts, after which the
friend.-, of the bride lollow. The procession
htoje in frout. of thebridegioom's house, and
the girl's friends line both sides of the path
way. The pipers march off on one !de
while the bridegroom lifts the girl from the
mule and holds her in his arms-. The girl't
friends thereupon throw eirth at the bride
groom when ho hurries forward and carries
her over the threshold of his house. Those
about the door beat him with olive branches,
amid much ulaghter.
In tbeeveiiingon such occasions the pipers
aud drummers uicv-alled in, aud the women
dance two at a time, facing each other, nor
does a couple desist until, panting and ex
huusted. they step aside to make room for
another. The tlane- has great energy of
movement, though the steps are small and
changes of position slight, the dancers only
circling round occasionally. But they swing
their bodies about with an astonishing
energy and suppleness. As leaves flutter
before the gale so do they vibrate to the
music; they shake, they shiver, and tremble,
they extend quivering ai ms, wave vails, and
their minds seem lost in the abandon and
frenzj of the dance, while the other women,
looking on, encourage by their high, pierc
ing, thrilling cries, which add to the noiso of
the pipes and drums. Brooklyn Magazine.
India Itubber Small Fruit.
I wouldn't believe it. That any man
should suppose that women in order to get
sly nips of alcohol would take the" fluid con
cealed in-mock fruit surpassed all the folly 1
had ever encountered. Why, the simple
upshot of such a device would be that grape
and tho like, real and unreal, would become
suspicious and coulln't bo eaten with pro
priety at all. But I have investigated.
India rubber small fruit is an actuality. It
was patented. "Tho general nature of my
invention," says tho misguided inventor, "is
a capsule formed of thin India rubber or
equivalent material filled with spirits or other
fluid, imitating the apiiearance of grapes,
currants and similar globular small fruit."
The rubber nip seems to have been found
an improvement upon the !d plan of re
treating into a comer of a jiarlor car and
fishing a fl&sk out of a gripsack.
The circular continues: "Persons who aro
apt to become faint in prolonged and
crowded assemblies will find a ready restora
tion." This evidently means that while men
go out of the theatres between the acts the
women, provided with four cr five pony
brandies, can worry through a five act
tragedy without disturbing their neighbors
or acquiring an undeserved reputation for
dissipation. "For orators, actors and sing
ers," says the circular, "they are invaluable,
owing to the unobserved manner in which
they can bo utilized to overcome fatigue
from exertion." The directions for use are
minute and particular. New York Cor. Chi
William and Mary College.
There is a sad illustration of the decadence
of power in the present condition of that
once famous and prosperous institution of
learning, the William and Mary college, the
first endowed college in America. In order
to preserve the state charter it is necessary
that the college bell should bo rung every
daj', and as there is neither school nor pupils
thw duty devolves on the president. Every
day, storm or sunshine, the lonely professor
may bo seen wending his way to the old col
lege, and soon tho melancholy sound of the
bell wakes the echoes iu the silent and de
serted building and preserves the sad memo
rial of happier days tothecity of Jamestown
and state of Virginia. It is indeed a mourn
ful commentary upon departed greatness,
but thre are hopes that it may l resuscitated
as a seat of knowledge. Detroit Free Press.
Not much of a compliment: "My face is
my fortune," said Miss Blueblood to young
Dumley. "How poor you must feelj" re
plied that young man, cominiseratingly.
National Bank !
COZ.XJ3IBXJS. Iff KB.
nd the larr-st Paid im Cask Capital of
auj hank in this pnrt of tle Stat.
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000.
J." l)p-oits revied r:d interest -iid on
ifcDniflu oa the principal cilini. iu tliii coun
try iuid KumH Itouht aud mild.
""('olIecutn and nil other buin givaa
!nmipt and careful Htteuiiou.
HKKMAN l. II.UKHLltK'll.
O.T. KOEN. CaHhier.
J. P. BKl'KKIt, HKKMAN OKH1.K1CH,
!.S(llb"lTK. W. A. MoALLlSTKIt.
JONAS WK1.CH, JOHN W. KAKI.Y,
P.ANUKKSON. 5. ANDKKSON,
KOHKKT UHMG, CAUL ItKINKK.
F. J. Schco, M. D.
Drs. X AETYH ft SCHITG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
lH-al Surtfeons. Union Pacific. O., N. A.
It. II. and It. A 31. K. lt'.
fouxidtiitiou iu ('irinnn Hnd Knili"'i. TVI
phones at tittiet. Mild midenis.
aC-OUiis. on OKe ntreet, n.-xt to Krodfueh
rerV Jewelr Stun".
an nvro m -:, ai. ..
rilVSlClAX .I.V7 SCRfihUhV.
Platte Center, Nebraska. U-y
LAW AM) COLLECl'lOX OFFICK.
Uitairn Krnst building, llth cttxert.
lJ!i.l.llA Jk K.V.VMVM,
ATTUHSKrs AT LA II",
Otluv uver I'irnt National l;i.uk, Cohuubua,
N. briwku. MMt
C 1. t'tANM. . ..
i'H vsoy.i.Y am sii::ko.;
iiT"OUiee und rooiun, tilii.'k building-, llth
street. Telephone cuiuiuunirulioi:. 4-
A TTHJtXKYS A T LA 11".
Ottici- uiwetnirs iu llwn'n l.uililiiiK, cormr of
Olltt UUtl lltll nllrrln. V. . A. .M.-.UlloluT, No-
iTjirtii--. l-iiii: -urv-iiiK dune can fJ-ilri-ns
iiii nl l olimildin, Ntl.. ..r cull at ui ittiee
in ( our: lloiitu. iu.'inrt-
W. H. Tedrow. Co Supt.
I will U- at my nthiv in ttietoilrt ll.niKrttlid
third y.itliriliij iT each nitiiitli tor tlit. tix.'iiuilm
tinu of teacher. -J-tf
K. J. illAM. Vll.I.l.
IKTT.S( 'I I Kl I A RZT.
( olumbUH. Nflirar-tut.
;()tliee llth Strict, ('oiir-ulliition-. in Kn-li!-li,
r midland Herman. "JmurS;
JOHN C. Hlt'CINS. . J. CAKI.OW.
HIGQINS & OAKLOW,
SiK-eiallj iruuiiMif i oil timiM l i ..I. (iarlovt.
Chronic Diseases aad Diseases of
Children a Specialtv.
$ Office on Olive street, thn-e !rr north of
First National Hank. S-ly
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
twin HnrnesH, Sudd!. Coll.iro. Whip. Ulaukrt-i,
Curry Comb, ilrusln-n, trunki. alis-p, hiii-''
tops, cushion, carriage trimming. Ac., Ml the
lowest iiotf-dhlo price. Uejmirs priiiiiptlj at-t-ndd
ATTOKNKY AND NOTAHY PUBLIC.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
J. M. MACFARLAND,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ins a Specialty.
JSfSJliop on Olive ctreet, 'J doom north of
Krorlfuelirer'- Jewelry Store. 32-if
Strict attention ciw it l rjiirin) of Watche
and Jewelrj. r'ill not lw uniltrM.ld l
NehAvenue, Opposite Clothar House.
can live at home, nnl inr.ke nior
money at rk for u-. than at auj
thing fl-w in tho world. Capital not
IiMled; oll are ftnrtnl free. lioth
Mx-: all rj;. Au)oat can do the work. Large
earning nurefrom tket f-.tatt. Contl out tit and
term fr. Better not dla). Cf.ti jou nothing
tos.ud tin ouraddremtuml hnd out; if jou ar-j
wi-e ou will do fo at once. H. II ti.i.KTT A Co.,
Portland. Main.-. il-e'J-'srty
A book of 100 pastes.
Tho best book torau
adirurtlMU. fife ftrfcrt.
RTISINCa'""' b ne MP"'
nilUlliq.,.i or otherwise.
it contains lists olnowsDHUers and estimate
wanit io imi one uoii.tr. uni i hid iu
formation he requires, while furluiii who will
invest one hundred thousand dollars In ad
vertising', a scheme is indicated which will
meet hit evory requirement, or can be viaite
to tiota byli'jhtctiauaratatUj orrirttl at by cor-
rtipondente. 149 edition have been issued.
Sent, pott-paid, to any address for 10 cent.
Write to GKO. P. KOvTELL A CO.,
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU.
UOSprussSt-frlaUagUpaaetiq.), New York.