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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1887)
VOL. XVH.-NO. 50.
COLUMBTTS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 882.
! Cash Capital - $75,000.
, . . DIREGIORS:
LEANDEK UEKKAUD, PrWt.
' UFO. W. HU1.S1'. Vice Pres't.
JULIUS A. REED.
. It. H. HENHY.
J. II TASKEir, t'ushier.
" UitmU of Hcpoolt, iIs4CO-sm
CellectioMM i'rompJly Made
Iay Inlrrrl oi 1'lnae Iep-
LOAN & TRUST COMPANY.
A. ANDERSON, Pres'L
O. W. SHELDON, Vice PreVt.
O. T. UOEN, Trens.
ROBERT UHL1G, Sec.
J3?Vill receive tune deisMits, from $1.00
and an) amount upwards, and will paj the cus
tomer) tHte of interest.
3?V particularly draw )our attention to
onr facilities for inakiup loans u real ebtate, at
the lowest rate of interest.
"City, School and C'ountj Bonds, and in
dividual securities are bought. ltijune'HJ)
". . v -
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
A. & M.TURNER
Or . W. KIUI.EK,
S"These orsans are fitst-class in every par
ticular, ami so guaranteed.
SCHIFFROTH ft PLITH,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Paaps Repaired on short notice.
r-One door west of Heinrz's Drug Store. 11th
- street, Columbus, Xeb. 17nov-tf
ijaSS . j z 1
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AXD DKAUEE IX
. Farniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Ac, Picture Frames and
JS1' Repairing of all kinds of Uplioh
' . 6-tf COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
CAVE1TS, TK4DE MIRKS AM COPYRIGITS
' Obtained, and all other business in the I). S.
Patent Office attended to for MODERATE
Out office is opposite the U. 3. Patent Office,
sad ve can obtain Patents in lees time than those
remote from WASHINGTON.
Bend MODEL OB DRAWING. Wa advise as
to patentability free of charge: and make NO
CHABOEGNLESS WE OBTAIN PATENT.
We refer here to the Postmaster, the Supt. of
Money Order Div., and to officials of the U. 8.
Vmttmt Office. For circulars, advice, terms and
'references to actual clients in your own State or
ooontr. write to
Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
When on my day of life the nbrht la failing.
And, in tna winds from unsunned spaces
I bear far voices out of darkness calling
My feet to paths unknown.
Thou wbo bast made my borne of life so
Leave not Its tenant when Its walls decay!
0 love divine, O Helper ever present.
Be tbou my strength and stay!
Be near me wben all else from me Is drift
lujr Earth, bky. home's pictures, -ays of shade
And kindly faces to my own upllftiug
The love whlcu answers mine.
1 have but Thee. O Father! Let thy spirit
Be with me then to comfort and uphold;
No gate of pearl, no branch of palm 1 merit.
No street of shining gold.
Suffice It if my good and ill unreckoned.
And both forgiven through thy abounding
I flml myself by hands familiar beckoned
Unio my fitting place;
Some humble door among thy many man.
Some sheltering shade where sin and Striv
And flows forever through heaven's green
The river of Thy peace.
There from the music round about me steal
I fain would learn the new and holy song,
And find, at last, beneath Thy trees of heal
The lire for which I long.
John G. Wblttler.
ROSY AND RUE.
We were very poor. I suppose there
is no absolute disgrace in being poor,
but it certainly was very annoying.
Mother didn't mind so much. Mother
was one of those gentle, resigned little
creatures who don't mind anything.
But Rosamund rebelled in spirit, and
so did I, when it became necessary to
put into the papers that advertisement
that brought us our lodger.
"What will people say?" cried I, dole
fullv. "How the Bonifaces will sneer!" add
"Children, don't be foolish," said
mother, shaking her cap-strings in her
Eretty. reproving way. "Anything is
etter than running in debt. And we
really have no use for the big upper
room, and there's no reason why we
shouldn't get a few shillings a week for
And this once mother persisted iq
having her own way.
''Keeping lodgers is such a vulgar
way of getting one's living," said Rosa
mu'nd, with her pretty pink nose in the
"There is nothing vulgar about it, my
dear," said mother. "Vulgarity doesn't
depend on things like this?'
"I am sure," pouted the beauty, "if
you would only wait until my pictures
are soid "
"But we have wailed eight months
already, dear," sighed mother. Tm
beginning to be afraid that your pict
ures haven't touched the popular
As for me, I said nothing. Neither
mother nor I had dared to tell Rosa
mund that I was doing up old Mrs.
Morse's caps and Miss Nancy Waite's
fine laces for so much a week, and that
money was what paid our butcher's
Rosamund was inclined to be haughty
and aristocratic; but then, as mother
said, aristocrats must live as well as
Well, the lodger came. Miss Elsie
Everard her name was. She was a very
learned lady, and brought a heavy box
of books with her encyclopedias and
dictionaries, and volumes of references
enough to set up a whole library. She
was writing up something for a scientifio
periodical, and worked diligently all
the mornings. She had her hair cut
short like a man's, and she must have
been fifty if she was a day. Rosamund
and I used to speculate how she would
look if she had on a cutaway coat and
But we secretly revered her, too, after
a fashion, when' someone told us how
much money the editors of the Antedi
luvian Magazine paid her for those
sheets of stubby, blotty writing, with
every other line crossed out, and queer
little interlineations crowded in here
I admired her genius. Rosamund
admired her for the beautiful silk gowns
she had, and the jewels that glittered in
her ears when she went out to tea with
I must admit that she was not much
trouble, ate what was set before her,
and never complained because the
sheets were not linen, or the table nap
kins double damask. And mother said
she didn't know what she should have
done without the money.
1 had been out into the garden one
day to pluck some raspberries to make
a tart for dinner, and while I gathered
the rich, crimson globules, the tears
slowly trickled down my face. For I
had a real trouble.
Mary Waterman was giving a party,
and had invited me, and I had nothing
to wear. For, as to going in that old
pink muslin that had been washed and
ironed into a mere string; or the spotted
Swiss that Josie Walters called "From
everlasting to everlasting," because I
had worn it at every social gathering
since Easter I made up my mind that
1 would sooner stay at home.
Rosamund had smiled triumphantlv.
"J shall wear my blue sateen," said
she, "It's just the color that becomes
But I had no blue sateen, and no
prospect of one, and I knew perfectly
well that Rosamund would use every
effort to attract Walter Yorke's atten
tion. She didn't know how should she?
that Walter had given me a rosebud at
the picnic in exchange for my sprig of
lemon verbena. She didn't know that
Walter had said that Ruby Joyce was
the prettiest girl in town.
But there is so much in fortuitous cir
cumstances; and Rosamund had the
coquettish grace of a Mrs. Langtry, if
once she chose to exert it All at once
an idea flashed into my mind. I had a
pretty little velvet jacket of the deep
rich ruby red now so fashionable, and
perhaps Miss Everard would lend me
that cream-white surah silk skirt of hers
with the Spanish lace.
She and I were nearly of a height,
and I would be so careful of it She
had said, laughingly, that she owed
me a good turn lor recopying those
pages of manuscript that the water-jug
had deluged, and now was the moment
to claim it
I dashed away the traces of the tears,
caught up my brimming basket of rasp
berries, and new into the house. Moth
er met me on the threshold.
"Oh, Rue," said she, hurriedly "Miss
Everard has had a telegram that her
uncle is very ill, and has taken the ten
o'clock train to Birmingham; and she
wants you to straighten up all her things
and pile up the books and papers, and
Why, Rue, what's the matter?'
For, unable to conceal my chagrin, I
had burst into a fit of childish tears.
Why oh, why couldn't the telegram
have waited until the affair of the while
surah silk was settled?
"Nothing," I said, pettishly, "only
only it's so warm, and I've scratched
my hands among the raspberry bushes.
I suppose it doesn't matter now whether
we have a tart or not, does it?"
"Not so much," said mother. "We'll
have a make-up dinner a bit of cold
meat, and a boiled erg, and a cup of
tea, and I'll make a real old-fashioned
cake for tea. Rosy is so busy remodel
ing her dress for Miss Waterman's
partv. You won't go, Rue, 1 suppose?"
"Yes, I shall!" I retorted, almost an
grily.' Rosamund lifted her large, serene
blue eyes from the flounces she was
"What will you wear?" said she.
"For I presume you don't want to be
the laughing-stock of the village in that
washed-out pink thing or the stringy
I colored angrily.
"Something-anything?" cried L.
"I'll go, anyhow: I'm not going to be
a Cinderella, eternally curled up in the
"My dear!" mildly remonstrated
But I only laughed and ran off to
Miss Everard's room. Was all the wortc
and drudgery in one's eventless life to
be mine? Why couldn't Rosamund
have put away the lodger's things as
well as 1?
In Miss Everard's wardrobe hung the
white surah silk in tempting, glistening
folds. I put it on, waist ana all, and
walked up and down in front of the
glass. All it needed was taking in the
body seams a little to be a perfect fit
i scarcely knew myself in this new
setting of lustrous, sheeny white. I
looked, almost incredulously, at my
"I'll wear it!" I said to myself. "I
know she would give her consent were
she here, and there is no reason why
my whole future should be blighted be
causo 1 lack the courage to seize upon
On the table there lay a glittering
band of gold set with three turquoises.
I clasped it exultantly around my wrist
"It is becoming to" me," I said, "I'll
wear that, too. I won't dress until
Rosamund has gone. She will think
that I have given up the battle, and it
will be rather amusing to see her face
when I come in, robed as gloriously as
the Queen of Sheba!"
And I laughed softly to myself as
once more I hung the lovely white gown
up in the wardrobe. I danced and
sang about my work all day. Rosa
mund looked curiously at me once or
"What ails Rue?" said she. "Has
someone left her a fortune?"
"Fortunes don't come our way," I re
torted. But, after Rosy had gone, in the star
ry, sultry dusk of the summer evening,
mother knocked at my door.
"Rue!" she called, "where are you?
Here is Mrs. Morse's maid come after
the caps. Are they ready?"
1 gave a guilty start In my preoc
cupation I had forgotten to take the box
of laces home as usual.
"Yes, they're all ready," said L 'Til
put them into the box at once. I'm so
sorry that it slipped my mind."
"It don't matter, miss," Maria, the
maid, said cheerily. "I was coming past
I handed out the box through the
crack of the door.
"Hero it is," said I.
"Are you going to bed already, dear?"
"It has been such a hard day," I
"You are not ill. Rue, dear?"
"No, mamma, not ill," 1 answered,
with a guilty pang at my heart "Don't
fret. I shall be as bright as a button
to-morrow morning. It s only the heat,
and and Rosamund's tormenting
"Yes," sighed mother, "I'm afraid
Rosy is rather trying sometimes. Good
And she went softly away, while I
made haste to complete my toilet with
throbbing heart and burning cheeks.
Did I look pretty in the white surah
silk, with the bit of blue ribbon at my
throat aud the blue lobelia-stars in my
hair? or was it only my own self-conceit?
But Rosamund certainly did stare as
if site were all eyes when she saw me
standing at the'head of the Lancers
Quadrilles, with Walter Yorke at my
"You!" she cried.
"Myself at your service!" I answer
ed, courtseving my lowest as I advanc
ed in tho dance.
Until my unexpected appearance,
Rosamund had been the belle. After
that at least so people had told me
afterwards carried off the laurels.
"You little enchantress!" cried Wal
ter. "What have you done to yourself?
I never knew before that you were so
pretty. Why don't you always wear
white, with little glimpses of blue about
"Where did you get that gown?" an
grily asked Rosamund, when we were
once more in our own room, the wooden
clock-on the laudiug striking two in the
morning, and the light of Walter
Yorke's cigar traveling slowly away
down the dew-drenched road. "Did
Miss Everard give it to you?"
"Did she lend it to you?"
"I borrowed it yes."
"Humph!" said Rosamund. -The old
story of the daw in borrowed feathers.
I always thought you hadn't any spirit;
now I am sure of it!"
I smiled exultantly. Could I not af
ford to laugh at her little, spiteful
taunts L who had so far outshone her
all the evening; I, who had been speci
ally singled out for Walter Yorke's at
tentions? The surah silk had not been soiled at
all scarcely crumpled, in fact.
I took it carefully off, shook out the
white, shining folds (how like they were
to woven moonlight!), and hung it up
in Miss Everard's wardrobe.
I took the faded lobelia from my hair,
untied the blue ribbon knots, and put
down my hand to uuclasp the bracelet
with the three azure stones.
It was gone!
Need 1 picture my blank dismay!
Need I describe the terror with which I
examined every fold of the surah silk,
every festoon of the snowy lace? Need
I tell how I grovelled on the floor,
searching every square inch of carpet
for the ornament? how I lay awake all
night by turns crying and wondering
where it could possibly be, how I should
account to Miss Everard to all my lit
tle world for its disappearance? Why
did I ever touch it? What did I want
with it? Why could I not have been
satisfied with the lobelia stars and the
blue ribbon at sixpence a yard?
I rose the next morning looking pallid
and heavy-eyed, with a heart like lead
in my bosom. Rosamund looked criti
"Apparently," she said, "evening
parties don't agree with you. I only
wish your last night's admirers could
see you now."
"Don't be ill-natured. Rosy," said
mother, gently. Sho had smiled at the
story of my escapade, and sympathised
loviugly in my triumphs. "See, Rue,
here is a letter from Miss Everard. She
wants all her books and clothes packed
at once, and sent after her. We've lost
our lodger, I'm afraid."
"All her books aud clothes?" I re
"Yes. We must set about it the first
thing after breakfast" said mother, be
ginning to pour out the tea.
I clasped my hands in despair. Every
thing seemed to be turning black around
"Stop." said mother; "here's a post
script that I overlooked:
" Tell dear little Rue that I beg her
acceptance of the turquoise bangle that
she will find on my dressing-table as
a slight acknowledgement of all her
"The turquoise bangle!", cried Rosa
mund "that beautiful thing! Well,
you are in luck! Where is it Rue?"
"Where should it be?" I retorted, a
great weight seeming to lift itself from
my heart "Oh, how good of her
Just then Mrs. Morse's maid came in.
"Miss Ruby," she said, in a whisper,
"here's something missus found tangled
up in the lace of her best cap a brace
let with three blue stones in it"
There was an end to all my troubles.
They seem trivial enough in the telling,
but I assure you there was a keen edge
to them at the time. I can laugh at
them, now that I am Walter Yorke's
wife, with the blue-studded bangle on
my wrist The turquoise, he says, are
just the color of my eyes.
And Rosamund poor Rosamund
isn't eveu engaged!
THE LIFE OF A DIVER.
There is always a peculiar concern
felt in the operations of a diver, and
while the subjoined report of a conver
sation of one of these submarine work
men had with a Boston Traveler re
porter does not contain a great deal
that is strikingly new, it can hardly fail
t to be strikingly interesting. Having
described tup. suit and explained the
system of feeding the diver air, he said:
"A diver docs not care to go below
the surface more thau 100 feet on ordi
nary occasions, although there are some
who can go to a depiii of 150 feet but
he does not care to remain at this depth
for any length of time.
"Of course, there are many dangers
attendant upon a diver's life, but he is
apt to become indifferent to them. Until
within a year or two it wasure death
for a man to have his air pump give out
or a break to occur in his supply pipe;
but recently a valve has been attached
to the pipe which prevents the air with
in the dress from escaping if an acci
dent occurs to the air supply. Then
again, some people have an idea that
divers are attacked by fishes when in
the water, but this is not the case. In
the waters in this vicinity we see but
very few fish, but in tropical waters we
see plonty. If, however, you leave them
alone they will leave you alone. The
shark is a very cowardly fish, and will
seldom attack a man; but if one be
comes too familiar we let the air escape
out of our sleeves, which have elastic
wristbands, and the hissing sound
which it makes invariably frightens
"Many people have tho idea that the
bottom of the ocean is one vast treas
ure bed, and the divers must reap a
rich harvest when they go below. There
are undoubtedly many treasures in the
sea, but no one knows their location,
and, therefore, the divers seldom find
anything of any value.
"Many divers carry on what is called
the 'wrecking' business; that is, they
purchase the hulks of wrecks'in hope of
obtaining enough out of them to make
considerable money. But this is very
'speculative business, aas, in many in
stances, tho wreck Will be broken to
Eieces by the sea before anything can
a taken from it A wrecker of Boston,
a few years ago, purchased for $10,000
a large ocean steamer which had been
wrecked, and in less than a week the
vessel went to pieces, and he was $10,
000 out of pocket
"Another and most important part
of a diver's business is the rescuing of
bodies of those who have been drowned.
Untii within a few years these bodies
were recovered, if at all, by means of
grappling irons, and the bodies were
often thus badly mutilated, but nowa
days a diver can go down and rescue
the body with no trouble . at all. The
bodies of the drowned in wrecks are
generally in all manner of positions,
and the diver often sees most horrible
things in these places. But it not only
in the ocean that divers rescue bodies,
but in ponds and rivers, and sometimes
even wells. This branch of the diver's
work is a most humane one, and his
endeavors should be recognized.
"But the greater part of the diver's
work at present is what is termed the
scientific branches; that is, the repair
ing of dams, building of seawalls or
breakwaters, the cleauing of steamship
bottoms, the clearing of clogged pro
pellers. By improvements in the armor
in recent years, the diver can do about
all the work under water that he can
do on land. He carries an electric
light attached to his breast, and by it
he is enabled to see without difficulty
in those places .where he would be
unable to work were it not for the
light Divers undoubtedly see many
things which, if they had a training in
science, would help Che world of science
to the solution of many problems which
now vexes it; but the diver becomes
used to the sights, and therefore sees
nothing remarkable in them. But
many stories published in the papers of
the sights and experiences of divers
under water are of the wildest char
acter, and have in them no shadow of
truth, and," continued the diver to
whom the reporter was talking, "I have
been in the business some thirty-five
yean, and have been in all kinds oi.
waters, and I never so much as heard
of a fish attacking a diver. But if one
should take it into his head to do this,
it would be a sad day for the diver, for
a fish developes surprising strength
when he is seen in his native element,
and could walk all round a man in no
"When an accident happens to a
diver's air supply he feels as if he was
in a vise, and as the flexible rubber suit
is not able to withstand the great pres
sure, while the helmet is, all the blood
in a man's body is forced to his head,
and he has to have exceedingly strong
blood vessels in his head to be able to
withstand this pressure, and in nine
cases out of ten the man's death is
caused by the bursting of these blood
vessels before he can be pulled to the
"But after all, in spite of the danger,
it is a fascinating business, ana I
wouldn't change it for any other."
There are 96,000 women on the pen
The bachelors at Lulo, Neb., have a
club, and they wear safety pins for
Queen Victoria's dessert service of old
Sevres the finest in the world is val
ued at $250,000.
Two rival companies will bid for the
French crown jewels, which are soon to
be offered for sale.
Unmounted photographs are the thing
for the library, even if they are not ad
mired and covered with dust
Several influential Georgia citizens
are making an effort to have the legis
lature establish a state labor bureau.
The oldest bank building in this coun
try is situated in Albany, N. Y. It was
erected in 1802, and has been occupied
by one concern ever since.
It is reported that a herd of buffaloes
are grazing within a radius of 100 miles
from Miles City, M. T. ' The cowboys
have so far kept all intruders away from
As several clergyman are essential to
a fashionable wedding ceremony at
church, so. now, half a dozen ladies are
required to "assist" the hostess at a re
ception. Prof. Benjamin Apthorp Gould, the
eminent astronomer, is spending the
winter in Cambridge, Mass., occupying
a house adjoining that of his intimate
friend for years. Prof. G. M. Lane.
Hallam Ten uy son. the laureate's eld
est sou, has set the old nursery story of
"Jack and the Beanstalk," in "English
hexameters," to a series of sketches
very.rough ones by the late Randolph
A Deming, N. M.. justice holds court
out of doors because the laws of the
territory, he says, do not provide for a
justice oflice, and the fees will not per
mit the justice to pay rent and have
An Englishman who lately visited the
cemetery at L'ubou, where Fielding is
buried, reports that the great novelist's
grave is uncared for aud overgrown,
and the inscription in some places al
Newspaper interviewing is falling
into inuocuous desuetude at the capitol,
owing to the fact that representatives
of the local press have no security
against the repudiation of their own
statements and those accredited to
M. Paul de Cassagnac can fight or
not as he pleases. An offended fellow
editor recently telegraphed to him, "I
shall have tho honor to send you my
seconds to-morrow." and the fire-eater
coolly replied, "You need not send
them, for I will not receive them."
According to local papers the trade in
abalone-shells at Sau Diego, CaL, has
almost ceased. A dealer who used to
receive a thousand tons of them every
year from the coast of Lower California
and shipped sixty or seventy tons by
every steamer, says the caprice of fash
ion and an over-stocked market have
destroyed the business.
In Philadelphia women make a good
living as professional "lumpers." They
contract to call each day and trim and
keep in perfect order the lamps of the
household. The metal, the chimneys,
the shades, and the wicks are kept im
maculate aud the oil fresh, and the re
lief to the average housekeeper is worth
more thau the slight fee required.
A Washington writer has revived a
good story about Henry Clay taking
dinner with President an Buren and
helping to extinguish a fire which broke
out in the White House kitchen. Mr.
Clay was scheming for tho Presidency,
and embraced the occasion to say: "Mr.
President 1 am doing everything in my
power to gut you out of this house, but
1 assure you 1 do not want to see you
The Sioux Indians on tho Pine Ridge
Agency have established a novel court
for the punishment of petty crimes. The
Chief Ju-tice is the celebrated warrior,
associate rejoices in the title of "No
Flesh." The court was established
about two years ago, and is reported to
have brought about the most excellent
results. Recently, however, the mem
bers of the tribe discovered that the
court has no legal jurisdiction, and
now, when the Chief Justice solemnly
sentences them to jail for the commis
sion of some misdemeanor, they coolly
snap their fingers at his Honor and walk
out of the court
Economy in sending cable messages
is not always desirable. Relatives in
New York of a lady of social celebrity
in Paris, hearing she was ill, cabled
that if she was not better they would
straightway sail, and asked for instruc
tions what to da The answer came
"no better." . Only this and nothing
more. The relatives sailed on the next
steamer, and their astonishment was
great upon arriving in Paris to find the
supposed stricken lady giving a dinner
party. The explanation, although
simple, was very annoying. The cable
answer had been "no," in response to
inquiry whether the relatives should
sail, and "better" as to the lady's
health. Economy, and absence of
punctuation cost the "party of the sec
ond part" nearly a thousand dollars.
Years ago Dr. Edgar, a wealthy resi
dent of Greenville, Pa., died and left a
will, bequeathing his estate and personal
property, which amounted to a large
sum, to the erection and maintenance
of a tabernacle dedicated to spiritualism
and free thought and to be used by be
lievers in that doctrine. The doctor
himself was rather an eecentric charac
ter, so that this queer disposition of his
estate occasioned nothing more than
Eassing comment from his neighbors.
listant relatives, however, hearing of
the matter, brought suit to break the
will, and succeeded in having it set
aside as illegal. The new-found heirs
at once assumed charge of the property,
and it is under their management yet
A short time ago a lady arrived in
Greenville from California to prosecute
her suit Much interest is manifested
in the outcome of the case.
A case of honesty that was best even
as a policy is related by a writer in the
Fairchild (Me.) Journal of a young
country lawyer that met last summer at
Poland Spring, whither he had gone
with an invalid sister, a rich old gentle
man from this city, who wanted an
honest man to send'to Europe on an im
portant business mission. He thought
this young lawyer would fill the bill,
but proceeded to test him first After
gaining his confidence be told him of a
plan he had for making money bv a
short but very dishonest method! The
young man listened attentively and
then firmly declined to be a party to
any such arrangement In vain the
old man pleaded that scores of men oc
cupying high positions to-day had made
their start in precisely such a way. The
young man was tirm as a rock. The
resuit was that the Pniladelphian, be
ing convinced of the young man's in
tegrity, enquired his services, and he is
uovv on his way to Europe,
John L Hi ii. of Philadelphia, has re
turned from Europe, where he combined
business with pleasure oy examining all
the big clocks in Europe, with a view
to acquiring knowledge which might be
useful in view ot the fact that Philadel
phia intends to have the largest clock
m the world in the tower of her new
City Hall. The dial will be 36 feet in
diameter. Great Ben. as the clock in
the lower of the House of Parliament at
Loudon is named, has a dial of 22 feet
10 inches iu diameter. Tho works
woigh 14.000 pouuds. and it is guarded
as carefully as if it were a gold nunc.
A record is k.-pt of its workings, and it
has varied bin one-tenth of u second in
the last two or three years. A person
has to climb 1.400 steps to reach the
clock. It takes two men four and a
half. hours each day to wind it up, and
every morniug its tecord.is takeu and
transmitted to Mr. Dent, the maker.
The lighting in the tower is done by
hand. It could all be done by machin
ery, but the object of doing it by hand is
to give employment
The Wages or Women.
There is something wrong about that
civilization which compels a woman to
work sixteen hours per day for six days
in a week in order to earn $3.50. Un
fortunately there are women iu tho
large cities wbo have to work in this
way. It is hard for people who have
the means of supplying their daily
wants to realize that any of their fellow
beings are doomed to a" life of darkness
and grinding poverty such as these
That women are in many cases un
derpaid for their services as seamstress
es and as saleswomen in stores is un
questionably true. Hard-hearted as a
stone and cruel as a serpent is the man
who will extort a profit from the pover
ty of the women who work for him.
But it would be folly to seek the cause
of this evil in nothing but the flinty
heartedness of employers. The trouble
is due, not to the form of government
nor to the organization of society, but
to the civilization which drives women
by the score into certain employments
and keeps them out of others.
When a dry-goods merchant may
take his choice from among twenty ap
plicants for work at $6 per week it is
not expected that he will insist upon
paying $10. The number of competi
tors in certain lines of work reduces the
wages. Women will work for starva
tion wages in a store or at sewing rath
er than secure a comfortable living by
There is something wrong about civil
ization which teaches a woman that is
is more honorable to sew sixteen hourt
a day for starvation wages than it is to
secure a comfortable living in domestic
service. There are undoubtedly hun
dreds of women and girls working in
stores or as seamstresses who have not
one whit more refinement and are not
in any respect better educated than
firls who are employed as servants in
ouseholds. But the former hold them
selves far above the latter. The civili
zation is wrong which teaches young
girls and women to make a distinction
of this kind.
It is also a wrong civilization which
teaches young women whose parents are
well able to provide for them and who
are surrounded by the comforts of home
life that they are in duty bound to go
out into the world and compete with
their less fortunate sisters in the strug
gle for a living. Home life and home
work constitute the proper sphere for
every woman, and it is a false philoso
phy which teaches anything else. The
woman, whether married or unmarried,
who cannot live at home and find em
ployment in home work is unfortunate.
But the unhappy condition of these un
fortunates is rendered all the more un
happy by the competition of girls who,
although they have comfortable homes,
will, for the sake of earning a pittance
of pin money, seek employment as
"salesladies," or clerks, or seamstresses.
Sagacity of the Coyote.
It is during the weeks going just be
fore and following immediately after
the birth of the puppies that 'the old
dog-coyotes work their hardest and
most systematically. In hunting at this
time, our wolf adds to his ordinary per
tinacity and zeal, the sagacity and en
durance necessary to turn bis victims
and drive them" back to his home,
knowing that otherwise his mate and "
her weaklings will be unable to partake
of the feast
A remarkable picture of this was
given some years ago, by a writer in
an English magazine, who, in one of
the best "animal chapters" it has ever
been my fortune to read, detailed such
a chase as witnessed by him in the )
grand forests near Lake Nicaragua.
"Certainly," he exclaims at the con
clusion of his account "certainly no
training could have bettered that dog's
run. To drive a grown tack back to
his starting-place, to send on a portion
of the pack to that point where he would
strive to break cover, to head him again
and again into the cover where his
speed could not be exerted to the full,
were feats which might well puzzle all
the best dogs in England, and the
human intelligence which directs them."
His game and its getting are not
always so noble as this, however, and
the coyote knows well the pinch of
famine, especially in winter. "The
main object of his life seems to be the
satisfying of a hunger which is always
craving; and to this aim all his cunning,
impudence, and audacity are mainly
directed." Nothing comes amiss.
Though by no means the swiftest-footed
Suadruped upon the plains, he runs
own the deer, the prong-horn, and
others, tiring them out by trickery and
then overpowering them by force of
numbers. The,buffaIo formerly afforded
him an unfailing supply, in the shape
of carrion or chance fragments left him
by his Brahmans the white wolves
who steadily followed the herds, and
seized upon decrepit or aged stragglers,
or upon any calves they were able to
surround and pull down, "in such piracy
the coyotes themselves often engaged,
though it tried their highest powers; and
success followed a system of tireless
worrying. The poor bison or elk. upon
which they concentrated, might trample
and gore half the pack, but the rest
would "stay by him." and finally nag
him to death. I remember once read
ing an account of the strategy by which
a Targe stag was forced to succumb to
a pack that had driven it upon the ice
of a frozen lake. Part of the wolves
formed a circle about the pond, within
which the exhausted and slipping deer
was chased round and round, bv patrols
frequently relieved, until, fainting with
fatigue and losi of blood, the noble
animal fell, to be torn to pieces in an
instant Ernest Ingersoll, in Popular
Millet as an Art Student.
One of Millet's boy friends and com
panions knew him first in the city of
Cherbourg, a few miles from the artist's
birthplace, the city where he received
bis first lessons in art He bad heard
how the young peasant Millet tried to
imitate the engravings iu his Bible dur
ing the noonday rest how he drew the
figures about him, and covered the
fences with sketches, until his father
took him to Cherbourg "to see whether
be could make a living by this busi
ness." When the artist to wkom they
went saw Millet's drawings, he said to
the father: "You must be joking.
That young man there did not make
these drawings all alone."
And when convinced that they were
really the boy's work, he exclaimed:
"Ah, you have done wrong to keep
him so long without instructions, for
your child has iu him the making of a
Presently the municipal council of
Cherbourg awarded Millet a meager
pension that he might study art ""in
Paris. But the councilmen expected the
artist in return, to send back large
paintings to the city museum. They
became angry at his delay; and he,
finally, bought an immense canvas, and
in three days painted a picture of
Moses breaking the table of stone. He
varnished it at once and sent it to the
museum. But as the picture was var
nished before the paint had dried, it
soon began to crack. Now the picture
looks so old that some of the good peo
ple take it for a painting by Michael
Angela Then the councilmen asked
Millet to paint a portrait of the mayor,
who had recently died. Millet had
never seen hiin; but from an old minia
ture likeness he painted a beautiful por
trait the face seen in a three-quarters
front view. Wishing models for the
hands. Millet found a man in the neigh
borhood who had finely shaped hands.
This man. as it happened, had been
imprisoned for some offense. When
the portrait was finished and shown to
the councilmen, they sent for Millet and
told him that tbey were greatly dis
pleased. The likeness was good, they
said, but there were two grave faults:
The artist had painted only a three
quarters view of the late mayor, where
as his honor invariably entered the
council chamber facing straight for
ward; and, secondly, it was shameful
to have used the hand of a man who
had been in prison as the model for the
hand of a man so good as the late
mayor. Poor Millet! There was noth
ing for him to say to people so simple
and ignorant as these. Ripley Hitch
cock, in St. Nicholas.
Tree Planting on the Plains.
In no portion of the country is tree
planting more generally practised than
in those States which lie between the
Mississippi River and the Rocky Moun
tains. The prairie settlers found but
little timber, and that confined to the
borders of the streams. They began to
plant trees, first apparently for protec
tion against the strong winds, and
afterwards for fuel and other purposes.
In most cases the Western Cottonwood
(populus angitlata), was the favorite
for shelter belts, while Willows aro to
be seen in many places. Although much
has been said by writers on forestry
against the Cottonwood, yet I regard it
as one of the best of the pioneer trees.
As has beeu shown by experience, it
will thrive upon the open plain, when
many a better tree would make but lit
tle growth, or die outright Its quick
growth enables the settler to supply
himself in a short timo with fuel, not
the best by any means, but still a fuel
But the day of the Cottonwood is
short It is like the human pioneer; its
work is soon done, and theu it must
give place to a better growth. After the
Cottonwood has shaded the ground,
and kept the winds from sweeping the
surface, the Maple, the Walnut, the
Catalpa and the Ash find no difficulty
in obtaining a foothold. Often, indeed,
the Silver Maple Acer dasycarpum).
and the Box Elder (Xeymuio uceroides),
are planted successfully almost as soon
as the Cottonwood, and serve, like it to
furnish fuel, and to prepare the soil for
other trees. Eventually, the Walnut
Elm, Ash and Catalpa are the species to
be most abundantly planted for fuel and
for timber. The Hard Maple Acer
saccharinttm). must wait until the soil
and the air have beeu much modified
before it can be successfully planted.
So, too, wilh Oaks, the Chestnut and
the Beech. Of evergreens, the Scotch"
and the Austrian Pines may be made to
grow with little diliicultv. after the pio
neer trees have accomplished their
ameliorating work. t'rof. Chits. E.
Uessey. in American A'rtcuttiirist.
What is the cause of corns?"
"It comes by nature, like a wart or
any other pimple. No greater mistake
was ever made than to say tight shoes
caused corns, but when the corn is form
ed the pressure of the shoe causes the
pain. Yoii can bet it never produces
that nuisance of the foot, and my rea
son for so saying is that in my practice
I have had children of 3 years brought
to me for treatment Now. it is not
natural to suppose that a child of tender
years is foot-clad with shoes so tight as
to produce corns. With them, as with
older persons, nature is the originator,
providing corns are not hereditary, as
consumption and kindred diseases are
in some families."
"You don't mean to say that corns
can be banded down from sire to son?"
"I most certainly do say they can be
reproduced like a bad 'temper, good
disposition, or any special feature oi
the' face; and why uol? if a son or
daughter has a loug or short nose like
either of their parents, why cau't they
have corns like their ma or pa has J Is
not this idea suggestive and reasona
ble? It is an old maxim with students
that like begets like, and the offspring
would not be a clear image of the par
ents unless it resembled them in one
way or another, corns included. It
may be said that corns are cut and often
eradicated. That may be true, though
1 doubt it but for sake of argument we
will admit the assertion. What are we
to say about boils, scurvy, and all other
ills flesh is heir to? Is it not often the
case that parents subject to such abom
inations are to all appearances free
from whatever it is, and yet their im
mediate descendants at one time or an
other suffer as they did. So it is with
corns, my boy, and don'tyou forget it'
"Beg" pardon, old fellow, but do you
know you have been using mighty
poor grammar lately." "it's intention.
"What will people think of vou?" "I
don't care what tbey think. I'm bound
to do all I can to head off the Anglo
maniacs." "How's bad grammar go
ing to help you do that?" "Because I
can sav it isn't English. See?" Boston
National Bank !
C OLUMBUS, Iff
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the lart Paid i Cask Capital of
any bank in thin part of the State.
SDeposita received and intercut paid ou
SDruftrt on tho principal cities in this coun
try anil Euroix bought and sold.
Collections and all other butunwM.Kivea,
prompt and careful attention.
HKHMAN l H.OEHLKICH,
J. P. HKCKKK. IIKUMAN UKIILK1CH.
O.SrilUTTK. W. A. MuALUsmCK,
JONAS WELTII. JOHN W. KAKLY.
1 ANDERSON. O. ANDEKSON.
UOHEKT UllUu. CAKLKEINKE!
D.T. JUuty.v. M. D.
V. J. Schco. M. D.
Drs. MAKTY5 ft SCHUG,
U.S. Examining Surgeons.
lvx-al Surgeons. Union Pacific, O., N. &
H. II. and li. , VM.lt It's.
Consultation in German and EnKlixh. Tele
phone at otKce and rexidoucvH.
J5-Oflic on Olive street, nest to Hrodfneh
rer Jewelry Store.
AMIMIW KADi:,n. .,
1'HYSWIAX AXD SCRGEOX,
Platte Center, Nebnuka. 9-y
.11 . COK.1 KI.S UM,
Zllt AXD COLLECT! OX OFFICE.
Upotairs Ernst huildintr. 11th street.
O IJI.I.1VA.K A: BKEUKR,
ATTOnXEVS AT LA II.
Office over Firxt Nationjl Bank. Columbus,
P1IYSICIAX AXli SCRGEOX.
OtKcH and rooms (Jluck Imildintr, 11th
street. Telephone coininnnicatioii. i-y
ATTORNEYS AT LA It',
Othce up-taiftt In HenrV building, corner of
OHe and 11th btreetrt. V. A. McAllidtt.r, Nt
35"Partien 1. siring nurveyiug done can ad-dret-
me at Colmubux, Neb .r call at in othcu
m Court llous;.. Smat.)
W'ri4JI-: TO TIMCIIKKN.
W. H. Tedrow, Co Supt.
I will bo at mv office in the Court House tha
third Haturdu) of eaih month for the eiaminn-
iion ol L'SichiTH.
K.J. Ill AM. Wll.l.l.
DKI JT.SC'I I K K A I J ZT,
J.OHice Uth Street. Consultation iu En
Kb h, Kn.u li and uVrmim. "i:iiiar37
JOHN U. UltiUlNH. C. .1. I1AULOW.
BIOOIHS & U4SL0W,
8;cialty made of Collection by C. J. (iarlow.
v. ici;:vi:k, ji. ik.
CVroalo Diseases aad Diseases of
Children a Saecialtv.
JSyOtlice on Olive street, tlire.' doors north of
First National Bank. lj
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sell1 Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips, Blankets,
Currj C-ombs. Brushes, trunks, valit. botfio
tor, cushions, carriage trjimniuKs, Ac, at the
lowest possible prices. ttViair. prouipU) at
'attorney and notary public.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
J. M. MACFARLAND,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing- and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
JST-Shop on Olive street, 2 doers north of
Brodfuehrer's Jy ejry Store. J2-tf
DBA LEU IS
Strict attention given to repnirinK of Watches
and Jewel ry. J3B--Vill not be undersold by
HS).Aveaae, Opposite Clotaer Hesse.
can live at home, and make more
money at work for lis. than at any-
"'.Hi. nwj 4U me WIIIJU. I ttHlUl HOI
needed: yon are started frw. Both
sexes: all ajtes. Anj one can do the work. LarKe
earnings sure from first start. Costly outfit and
terras free. Better not delaj. Co-t jou nothinic
to send us y onr address and hnd out; if jou are
wise ou will do so at once. II. H llett A Co..
Portland, Maine. iiec22-'srly
A book oflOO patrea.
The best book for ail
advertiser to con
sult, be be experi
enced or otherwise.
Jtcoii tains lists of newsp
newsDaDers and estimates
wants to spend one dollar, finds In It the in
formation he requires, while forblm who will
Invest one hundred tbonsand dollars in ad
vertising, a scheme la indicated which will
meet his every requirement, or can be made
to do to by tlight changes easilg arrived at by cor
respondence. 149 editions have been issued.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents.
Write to GEO. P. ROWEJX & CO..
UEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU.
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