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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1887)
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VOL. XVII. -NO. 39.
. COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 19, 1887.
WHOLE NO. 871.
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AND DEALER IK
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reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
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pT Repairing of all kinds of Upholstery
e-tf COLUMBUS, NEB.
EBEAFTER we will furnish to
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MAL at the very low rate of 83.73 per
year, thus placfns: within the reach of all
tbe best state and ecunty weeklies pub
liehed, giving the reader the condensed,
general and foreigu telegraphic and state
oews of the week. Trv for a year and
be eatifitied. may.VC-tf
t Maaree SU..Ctueafs.
BAND CAT AkUUUE, I
mo, sw pao, ' p,i"
eu. sbtu, caps
IVra miliar, Slffk and
Stmirj Dui Otueu. BMt
far Anttteor but, MMl
, aaa'a'a ' navsn.aw
Tbe war! may a' gaaff heels over hsad.
An' kings may turn tae yeoman,
Misers may u forget their greed,
An1 saes gang like showmen.
But bile I earn a penny
Nae win' maun blaw, nae rain axa fa'
Her heart I'won when it -was sew.
An1 her wee ban' the gied me.
Sac I maun aye be leal an true.
In case my daw Uj need ma.
I'm prood tao win a penny.
An' crack my thoomb at care an' gloom
It has been uphill a' oor days.
But aye w hen caul J care neared ma
My lasL?, tii' her winsome ways,
Stood by my side nn' cheered me;
An1 tae my last guld penny
What e'en betide, I'll aye devlde
Some day, an' Death, the orra loon,
W'kl grin in baith oor faces,
But weel I ken he camia' droon
My lassie's modest graces.
I'll wager ye a penny
That sune or lang content Til gang
Syne, when we cross tbe Jordan's tide.
An' sicht you Ian1 sae bonny.
The unci's w uaur the door Stan's wide
Will never speer at ony
"Hae the wail's big penny"
But welcome gie baith her an1 me
A PERIPATETIC PHILOSOPHER.
A. Hronsou Alcott' Karly Uf-Oas of
the Most Unpractical of Mortals.
A. Bronson Alcott, still ulive and men
tally clear, notwitlistanding a recent
stroke of apoplexy, at nearly 87, is one
of the mast remarkable and peculiar
characters of the time. He is an idealist
and l'latonist and one of the most un
practical of mortal:, though born, reared
and living nearly his whole life in pru
dent, thrifty New England. A Con
necticut farmer's son, ho was sent by a
country trader, soon after reaching his
majority, to Virginia with u lot of knick
nacks to eddle tlirough the state. So
rare and eccentric a peddler lias seldom
been been. One of Ids last Jlioughts was
to sell anytlung. His chief desire was to
talk, and talk has continued his dominant
desire ever since. He went from planta
tion to plantation, and as he was amiable
and interesting he staid at the planters'
houses, read books and discussed phil
After twelve months his employer suc
ceeded in getting him home by remitting
him money, when he found that Alcott
liad given away most of his stock to the
slaves, poor wlutes and children in the
houth. Peddling was decidedly not his
vocation, as he perceived himself, and he
next undertook teaching. He went from
Boston to Concord, where he still is, as
unworldly as a child, and as dreamy as a
Persian poet. He lias tried to establish
several ideal communities they failed,
of course and for many years traveled
about the country holding what he was
pleased to term conversations, mainly
transcendental monologues on fate,
poefry, nature, divinity, manhood, sym
xithy and kindred topics.
He is incapable of earning money, and
Ids family would have starved long ago
but for Ins eldest daughter, Louisa, who
has been writing since girlliood and has
become a very popular author with young
folks. The elder Alcott is said never to
liave liad $10 in his possession but once,
and he gave that to a professional tramp,
who told liim a transparently false story.
Hearing the diameter of the man, the
vagabond afterward returned the bank
bill with an apology. Such perfect inno
cence as Ids is clianning in the abstract,
but in the head of a family it is jiositively
exasperating. He lias never liad any
place m America in the nineteenth cent
ury. His proper sphere is Utopia,
where some of his theories might be re
duced to practice. His mind is very sug
gestive, and Emerson, practical even
when most poetic, was one of Ins ardent
admirers. New York Commercial Ad
vertiser. A Western Weather Prophet.
Foretelling the weather is beginning
to affect Capt. Glassford, who lias charge
of tliat department on this coast. He be
gins to talk of the winds and the rain
and the sun as if they were personal
friends of his on a globe trotting tour. I
asked him the other day a somewliat im
'Wliat's going to happen in weather?"
He didn't look up at the sky as any
body else would do. He didn't hesitate
and say, "Well, I think ." He was
apparently quite confident, knew all
about it. He spoke up like a fellow who
was responsible for it and ordered its
course, and his tone was just as if tlie
weather was a man or a party and travel
ing on his orders.
"There will be a few showers here to
morrow," he said; "only a few showers.
There's a storm up in Oregon now, but it
won't be down for a few days, and it may
perl taps be detained a while longer. It
takes time, don't you know, to work
those tilings up and down the coast. San
History of a Madstone.
W. R. Sonner, of Fort Worth, Tex.,
has a madstone that has been used over
100 times and with success. It has a
history. In 1848 Capt. Wilson, of Ala
bama, killed a white deer, and, knowing
the Indian theory, looked in its stomach
and there found astone as large as a
goose egg that resembled a petrified
sjKMige. This was the madstone. The
Indian theory is that the white deer is
more susceptible to vegetable poisons
taken into the stomach when eaten with
grass tlian other animals. To preserve
the life of the animal, nature has placed
in the stomach this porous stone, which
absorbs the poison, neutralizes it and
saves the deer's life. The stone, applied
to a bite into which poison lias been in
jected, at once draws it out, and when
its pores are filled drops off. Being
soaked in milk, the stone is made pure
again and ready for another application.
New York Sun.
How Much Blesseder.
Says a writer: "It is a blessed thing
for any one to have a friend whom he can
utterly trust" So it is; but just think
how much blesseder it is to liave a friend
who will trust him utterly, and how much
more profitable, too. New York Graphic.
A civilized man will never want to sell
a thing for more than it is worth, nor
will he want to buy anything for less
.than what it is worth. Col. Bob Inger
DAILY CHICAGO MAIL,
Both. Papers One Year,
HOW EXPLORERS ARE SURPRISED.
arkable Discoveries that Some
Them Have Ueeeatly Made.
It happens now and then that an ex
plorer makes a sensational and wholly
unexpected discovery. Several unique
facts with regard to certain tribes of sav
ages have recently been ascertained. Mr.
W. Montagu Kerr, for instance, has
found among the Makorikori tribe in
Africa, whom he is the first to describe,
gunpowder which they make themselves
for use in the flint lock muskets which
they obtain from native traders.
This tribe live far from the east coast
and quite a distance south of the Zambesi
river. Then- gunpowder burns slowly,
and its explosive force is far inferior to
that of ours, but it answers their purpose
very well. They mix the efflorescence
of saltpeter with charcoal, which they
make from the bark of the mufati tree.
This mixture is baked in an earthen pot
for several hours, and then it is pulver
ized and spread in the sunlight, where it
is left for some time. It k not. at-ail
likely that the Makorikoris, like the Chi
nese, discovered the art of .making gun
powder. Their fathers doubtless learned
it from the Portuguese or from slaves
who had lived among white men on the
coast. We hear strange things once in a
while of African tribes, but it was hardly
to be expected that a wholly unknown
tribe, .hemmed in by the mountains of
inner Africa, would be found engaged in
the manufacture of gunpowder.
A few years ago Lieut. Wissmann came
home and told a remarkable story about
tribes he had met with south of the Congo
river, who were far more civilized tlian
most African peoples. His report is now
fully confirmed by the travels in the same
region of Lieuts. Kund and Tappenbeck.
They found last year, between the Congo
and tlie Saukuru rivers, many street vil
lages, with large, gable roofed huts stand
ing squarely on either side of tlie street,
inhabited by brownish red, fine looking
people. These villagers have advanced
notions of comfort. They sleep on wooden
bedsteads, instead of on tlie floor. Their
homes are the largest yet found in Africa,
and are kept clean. Their streets are
about fifty yards wide, sometimes two or
three miles long, and are carefully swept.
Refuse of all sorts is taken away and
thrown into pits dug for tlie purpose.
They are clever hunters, and train their
dogs to follow game. They carve pestles
out of ivory for pounding manioc, and
they liave astonishing skill as wood carv
ers. Lieut. Kund brought home two
wooden cups representing negro heads,
which might readily be taken for Euro
pean products, owing to their superior
workmanship. Behind the houses of this
populous Zenge tribe are neatly kept
gardens and plantations of bananas.
When Lieut. Holm visited an isolated
settlement of East Greenlanders two
years ago he was astonished to find
among these natives, of whom the world
liad never heard, walrus spears of which
the handles were made of wood, al
though no timber grew there, and the
points of hoop iron. He ascertained that
the sea currents had brought these use
ful commodities to the poor Esquimau in
the shape of wreckage and iron bound
It lias recently been shown that in
parts of Chili where European trees and
plants liave been introduced tlie native
flora is actually disappearing and the im
ported vegetation is flourishing in its
place. Explorers are often surprised to
see tlie familiar plants and fruits of other
regions growing as exotics where they
did not dream of finding them. Kerr
discovered the tomato in tlie far interior
of Africa, and Schweiufurth was much
astonished to find tobacco in the heart of
the continent, where it was raised and
enjoyed by natives who had never heard
of its American home, though the name
by which the weed was known among
some tribes was doubtless derived from
our name for it. New York Sun.
Toothpick vs. Toothbrush.
"The toothpick," said a well known
Providence dentist, "is the real preserver
of human ivory. The brush is all very
well in its way, and is entitled to a posi
tion on every well regulated toilet stand;
but its usefulness is very limited. It
serves only to give a fleeting polish to the
teeth, and is of no avail for the preven
tion of their decay. Tlie finest set of
teeth tliat I ever knew anything about
was owned by a man whom I once em
ployed as an assistant. He was 33 years
old, liad thirty-two perfect teeth, and
had never used a toothbrush in his life.
But he was always very careful to pick
Ids teeth thoroughly after each meal.
The food which lodges between a person's
dentals, if left there to decay, will soon
destroy the strongest set of teeth; and as
it injures the enamel to remove tlie par
ticles by suction, tlie toothpick is in
valuable. The wooden one is the best, as
it is soft and flexible and does not scrape
the teeth. Providence Star.
Hairpins by the BarrelfaL.
There is-a hairpin factory over on the
hill in Brooklyn where hairpins are made
by the barrelful from one year's end to
the other. Most of them are the
japanned ones, which sell the best.
"Yes, we do a great trade in hairpins,"
said tlie junior member of tlie firm.
"Ours is one of the few factories in
America where fine hairpins are made.
Most of them come from England and
France, you know. But I think in a few
years those of American make will take
first rank. We sell most of our goods
for western cities New York uses im
ported ones almost exclusively but oc
casionally we send them a long distance
off. We had an order last week for a
hogshead of crimped hairpins, which
was shipped on a sailing vessel for the
south coast of Africa. The captain of
the vessel told us that the Hottentot
women had found out the value of the
hairpin, and that they did a great trade
with them. We make some thousand
barrels of hairpins every year, and find a
good market for them. Morning JournaL
Not of Mach Aeeoant.
Experts in chirography are no longer
considered of much account in a court
case. It is an avowed fact that two out
of about every 100 people write so near
alike that one hand is a forgery of the
other. Detroit Free Press.
Cost of Government.
Some one of a statistical turn of mind
has figured out that it costs $92,600 per
hour to govern France to-day, or twice
as much as under Napoleon HL
WEEKLY STATE JOURNAL,
Both One Tear For'
HUNTING THE MAN EATER.
A Canning Brute, Before Which People
Aro Powerless Comedy and Tragedy.
An old man eater develops an amount
of cunning which is simply appaMing. It
never remains for any length of time in
one place, but incessantly travels from
one village to another, concealing .itself
with the utmost art, carrying off one of
tlie inhabitants and immediately making
its way to some distant spot. A single
tiger has been known to paralyze a tri
angular district of some forty miles in
I extent. The natives feel themselves
powerless. Their only real hope lies in
the European, whom they despise and
1 abhor as an unbeliever, but resjiect for
his powers. Mounted on trained elephants
and guided by native trackers, mostly
belonging to tlie Bheel tribe, the English
hunters first discover the lieast in its
hiding place. A man eating tigress liad
been tracked for four days by the Bheels,
and at last "harbored." As the party
approached the tigress charged them and
then retreated to the thicket. The ele
phant was taken through the cover, but
the tigress had slipjied out.
On making a "cast" to discover the
lost track a fresh footprint of a tiger was
seen over that of the elephant. Again a
circuit was made and with the same re
sult. Completely puzzled, the Bheel was
about to start oil on foot in search of the
track, when one of tlie hunters liappened
to look back and saw the tiger crouching
behind tlie elephant and scarcely visible.
The crafty animal liad been creeping
after tlie elephant, waiting for an oppor
tunity of pouncing on the Bheel as soon
as he left the shelter. Had it not lieen
for the casual glance by which the jiosi
tion of the animal was delected the de
vice would have been successful. As it
was, the hunter placed a bullet between
her eyes as he was watching the Bheel,
whom she instinctively knew to be the
real clement of danger to her. Tlie ex
ultation of the little man may be con
ceived.. Comedy and tragedy go hand in hand
in these hunts. An amusing example of
the former is given by the same traveler.
A tiger liad been wounded, but, al
though one of its hind legs was broken,
it made its way into a patch of high
grass and hid there. Guided by tlie
Bheels, the elephant entered the grass
patch for the puqose of driving out the
tiger. Tlie cunning animal allowed the
party to tass and then sprang at one of
tlie Bheels, "a little, liairy, bandy legged
man, more like a satyr than a human
being." Tlie Bheel dashed at the nearest
tree, and, owing to the broken leg of the
tiger, was able to climb out of reach.
Finding himself safe, the Bheel "com
menced a philippic against the father,
mother, sisters, aunts, nieces and chil
dren of his helpless enemy, which sat
with glaring eyeballs fixed on his con
temptible little enemy and roaring as if
his heart would break with rage. As the
excited orator warmed by his own elo
quence, lie began skipping from
branch to branch, grinuing and
cliattering with the emphasis of an
enraged baltoon; Dourin-r out a tor
rent of the most foul abuse and attrib
uting to the tiger's family in general and
his female relative in particular every
crime and atrocity that ever was or will
be committed. Occasionally he varied
his insults by roaring in imitation of the
tiger; and at last, when fairly exhausted,
he leaned forward till he apjK-ared to be
within the grasp of the enraged animal,
and ended tins inimitable scene by spitting
in Ins face." Rev. J. G. Wood in Good
How Hawks-and Owls Eat.
Capt. Tom Langston, who is one of
Atlanta's most enthusiastic sportsmen,
says: "Did you ever notice a hawk or an
owl preparing to make a meal on a bird?
The difference in their methods is very
great. A hawk will first pick all the
feathers off the bird and then tear it to
pieces as it Is devoured. He goes at it in
a very sjsleniatic and dainty manner.
Not so with an owl. After killing a bird
tlie owl swallows it whole, feathers and
all. He then sits quietly, and in an hour
or so you will see the owl move his neck
about as if he was trying to untangle a
knot in it. Then he will sort of hump up
ids back, lower his head and the next
moment a ball of feathers will roll out of
Ids mouth, Tlie operation shows tliat the
owl divests the bird of its feathers after
swallowing it, while tlie liawk plucks out
every feather and quill before he takes a
bite." Atlanta Constitution.
Something in a "Name.
Tlie most prevalent surnames in Scot
land, according to Mr. George Seton, are
Smith, the name of one person in every
6ixty-nine; MacDonald, one in seventy
eight; Brown, one in eighty-nine; Robert
son, one in ninety-one; Campbell, one in
ninety-two; Thompson, one in ninety
five, and Stewart, one in ninety-eight.,
'jne person in every twelve in Scot
land," says Mr. Seton, "will answer to
one or other of these seven names."
Tlie Smitlis in England and Wales are
calculated to be about one in every
seventy-three of the population. If we
take the three common names of Smith,
Jones and Williams, one person in every
twenty-eight will answer to one or other
of them. Leisure Hour.
Thompson Jones, did you say? Why,
he is sluftless, lazy and utterly incompe
tent. Johnson But there must be something
good about lum. Isn't there something
you can say in his favor?
Thompson We-el ye-es perhaps
there is. He often lias very good inten
tions. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Convicts In Prussia.
There are in Prussia 24,01.1 male and
female convicts engaged in about twenty
luuusines, among wmcu are louacco,
bookbinding, shoemaking, carpentering,
weaving, sailmaking, basketmaking and
woodworking. The question of convict
labor is attracting a great deal of atten
tention. Frank Leslie's.
Alaska Medicine Men.
Medicine men among the Alaska In
dians wear plated rows of hair on their
heads, preside at all feasts, play on tom
toms, interfere with other people's busi
ness and make themselves generally dis
agreeable. Harper's Bazar.
Prince Bismarck still refuses to read
German text printed or written in Roman 1
mm ihny HrnuEAi
Both One Tear For
THE HYGIENE OF CYCLING.
A Fewerfal Means of Strengthening the
) Human Body What a Doctor Says.
According' to Dr. Kunze, of Halle,
cycling is a health stimulating exercise,
, which ought to be commended by medi
cal men. It a powerful means of
strengthening the human body, and may
even be considered an exercise acting as
a preventive and curative of no mean
order of certain bodily ailments. Looked
upon in tlie latter light, cycling is a kind
of gymnastic exercise possessing specific
effects which are absent in ordinary
gymnastics. The velocipedist (especially
the bicyclist) learns, first of all, the art
of balancing himself by practicing it on
an instrument as sensitive as it is easily
overturned. To acquire it, it is necessary
to call into precise action certain muscles,
every individual muscle being trained to
do its particular work. Those who are
thrown from a bicycle, as a rule cer
tain eventualities, against which even
tlie most skilled velocipedist cannot
guard, excepted do not yet possess the
required ability to balance themseiVes.
Tins latter acquirement is of great use
abr in practical life. Those who possess
it will be able to jump ditches with
greater precision and safety, pass along
narrow paths, mount more difficult stair
cases, climb up and descend precipitous
mountains, and will aLso carry themselves
more erect than those who do not possess
this jower of preserving an equilibrium.
A further effect of velocipede riding is to
strengthen the muscles, not only of the
lower extremities, but also those of the
abdomen, the chest and the arms, which
are constantly being excited to contract.
The muscles of the lower extremities con
tractand relax in the action of propelling
the velocipede, and there is no other
movement which requires such rapid and
energetic contractions. We frequently
find tliat the muscles of the thigh and
lower leg of cyclists increase in size, and,
consequently, cyclists are able to bear
without fatigue long walking tours. As,,
however, every organ- which becomes
stronger is less liable to disease, strength
ened muscles predispose velocipedist less
to ailments than the relaxed muscles of
non-velocipedist8. It would be lugldy
interesting .if reliable statistics could be
obtained from the various cycling clubs,
showing whether and how frequently
muscular rheumatism of the thigh, for
instance, is met with among vclocipedists.
The effect of cycling exercise upon the
abdomen is of very special importance.
With the contractions and relaxations of
the muscles of the thigh those of the ab
domen stand in close relation, and it is
evident tliat the latter must be equally
tonefited. Upon the chest cycling exer
cise acts in two ways. In the first place,
by the contraction of the muscles of the
abdomen the stagnant air in the lungs is
more thoroughly exjielled, and, in the
second place, the apparatus of breathing
is more wwerfully acted upon by the
greater difficulty of respiration and aspi
ration experienced in quickly propelling
the velocipede. The more effectual ex
pulsion of the stagnant air from the lungs
must be of favorable influence upon the
change of matter in the human body, in
bo far as the entry of oxygenated air into
the lungs is thereby increased, oxygen
forming ono of our most important
means of nourisliment. Those who wish
to exKind their chests, Dr. Kunze says,
should mount a velocipede. Scientific
Mixing Chloroform and Air.
The new French method of administer
ing chloroform with water is found to
insure a far greater degree of safety in
the use of this anaesthetic. For this pur.
pose there are used ten grams of chloro
form vaporized in a hundred litres of air,
a dose agreeable to some and to none dis
agreeable. The most trying effects of
the anesthetic, those felt in the period of
repulsion, are by this means almost en
tirely removed. Tlie period of excite
ment is not great, and only lasts from
one to two minutes, wlule in the case of
more than one-third of the adults it is
entirely nlsent; the pulse a little acceler
ated during the period of excitement, but
remains ierfectly normal and regular
Complete insensibility is produced in
from six to eight minutes, and is main
tained during the whole time of respira
tion; after the patient becomes insensible
the quantity of chloroform is reduced to
eight grams, and later to six. Painful
operations, it is said, liave no effect, ex
cept that the respiratory movements are
slightly accelerated; there is no nausea
tion, and though the amount of chloroform
administered is not enough to cause poison
ing, while there can be no fear of asphj-xia,
for the amount of oxygen is reduced only
by a hundredth. Indeed, it is asserted
that, with the exception of cerebral con
gestion and faintings, none of the ordinary
dangers need be feared. New Orleans
Drawing the Human Face.
Tlie advent of daily papers into the
field of illustration has made a demand
for artists who can portray the human
face, and you can easily see how scarce
they are by the faces presented of those
with whom you may be acquainted.
Every artist who is capable of repro
ducing a landscape cannot do the same
for the face. Besides calling for special
qualities, or talents, true facial expression
requires long experience. One must
learn to master a man's characteristics at
a glance. By study and observation the
artist must note what certain lines in a
man's face constitute expressions; wliat
is the proportion or length of his nose to
the other features, and what cliaracteris
tic it exposes most strongly. The suc
cessful portrait painter, like the poet, is
born, not made. But one who could not
make Ids mark in line might by applica
tion achieve a moderate success. To be
a caricaturist requires still other talents.
One must liave .the comic idea blended
with the knack of reproducing expres
sions. There are very, very few success
ful caricaturists, considering the number
who aspire to be considered m that fight.
A. B. Greene in Globe-Democrat.
The Cats of the Forum.
The Roman forum now contains a
vast colony of cats, which were first in
troduced at some remote period and liave
since multiplied to an enormous extent.
The cats are supported at the government
expense, and every day a municipal offi
cial goes to the forum with a huge basket
of scraps to feed the pensioners. London
, WITH THE
Both One Year For
The Empress Catherine' Knlea.
The Hermitage, a palace built by Cath
arine H in which to receive her favorites,
is now a public museum and art gallery.
The first thing to be seen on entering is a
marble tablet, on which are inscribed the
rules made by Catharine herself to govern
all who came to her little entertainments.
They are :ts follows: " 1. Leave outside
your rank, hat, and especially your sword.
2. Leave outside your right of precedence
and pride. 3. Be gay, but do not dam
age or break anything. 4. Sit, stand or
walk, regardless of any one. 5. Talk
calmly, not too loud, so as not to make
the heads and ears of others ache. G.
Discuss without anger. 7. Neither sigh
or yawn, nor make others gloomy. 8.
Let all join in any innocent game pro
posed. 9. Eat what is sweet and good,
but drink moderately, in order to .leave
with a level head. 10. Tell no tales out
of school; what goes in ono ear must go
out of the other before leaving the room. "
Penalties for those who broke any one of
tlie first nine rules, ladies included: For
one offense, drink one glass of water' and
read a verse of a certain Russian poet.
More than one offense the same evening,
memorize the verse; and for breaking the
tenth rule, never to be admitted to the
Hermitage again. The Argonaut.
Concerning Criminal Cases.
It amuses me to hear people say of big
criminal cases where a number of par
ties are defendants: "Why don't you
try them all in a lump?" and there is al
ways talk of lawyers taking advantage of
legal technicalities when a severance is
obtained in such cases. The people think
they know more about the law than the
lawyers. In such cases a severance is
really the best thing. If a jury is
brought to feel tliat it has to hang some
one it won't stop to draw the fine. Of
three men indicted two might be inno
cent, but tlie guilt of one would liang
them just tlie same. It would be the
same in the case of a merciful jury the
innocence of one man would save the
other two. No lawyer for the defense
wants three men hung on him at once if
he can help it, and he can fight off one
case to see how strong the state's evi
dence is against them all: The prosecu
tion does no more want three men dis
charged at once, and if they lose one case
through a mistake they can rectify it in
trying the other two, and have justice
done. H. D. Laughlin in Globe-Democrat.
Where John Chinaman Lingers.
Wherever the Chinaman settles he ap
pears to have como to stay. He alters
houses and shops over to suit his bar
baric ideas of living and working, and
here, as in San Francisco, once you liave
had a Chinaman for a tenant it is next
to impossible to get a white man to fol
low lum. My barber leases a house to
live and do business in. Having no uso
for the basement he let it to a Chinese
laundryman, and within a month you
could smell Cliinanien all over the house.
It is an indescribable odor, compounded
of opium and tlie queer cookery they
indulge in, and aggravated by their
habit of packing together in close rooms
heated as red hot as coal can heat them.
In tliis case it became such a nuisance
that the landlord ejected his unsavory
tenant. It was some months before the
cellar could be fumigated and purified to
a sufficient extent to render its lease to a
native possible, and to tins day the
memory of John lingers in whiffs and
puffs when closet doors are opened or the
rooms are very warm. Alfred Trumhle
in New York News.
The Birthplace of Abraham.
Not far from Aleppo is situated the
little town of Orfah (the ancient Ur of
the Chaldees, which is of great ldstorical
interest, it having been the birthplace of
the patriarch Abraham. There are few
Jews in the place, but tlie Arabs still
point out a small building lying outside
the town which they declare to be the
house wherein Abraham first saw the
light, and which they therefore term
Beit el Chalil (ha house'of the friend of
God). It is most improbable that the
actual house should have stood for thous
ands of years, but the building in ques
tion is of great antiquity. By its present
owner, an Arab peasant, as well as by
the Arabs generally, it is held in the
utmost veneration the more so since it
is feared that within a few years it will
fall to the ground Jewish Chronicle.
The National Museum.
The National museum at Waslungton
is not sufficiently capacious to accommo
date the exhibits designed for it. Proba
bly 100 tons of exhibits from the Centen
nial exposition, comprising artistic
bronzes, tiles, porcelains and a thousand
varieties of typical liandiworn of foreign
countries, remain in the original boxes in
which they were shipped from Philadel
phia ten years ago. Congress will be
asked to appropriate $230,000 with which
to begin the construction of a new build
ing, to flank the Smithsonian building on
tlie west, as the present museum flanks it
onjtlie east. Frank Leslie's.
A Great Wrong.
In the first seven or eight years of a
child's life it will probably be settled
whether he is to be swas'ed by supersti
tion or intelligence, whether he is to five
terrorized by fear or buoyed up by hope
and courage. Whoever sends a child into
life, permanently anticipating evil, sus
picious of every one in authority, jealous
of equals, with a disposition to lord it
over inferiors by way of making tilings
even, does the child, his associates and
society a wrong so great that no counter
charity can cover it. Boston Journal of
A Hairpn Mjrstery.
A physician gives an excellent reason
for the loss of hairpins, and explains
what seems rather marvelous, that is, to
see a hairpin rise of its own accord from
the coil of hair and jump to the other
side of the room. His reason is that the
electricity in the hair has an antipathy to
hairpins and sends them off. But he does
not explain where all the hairpins lost in
this way go. A new prophet of the com
ing century may perhaps clear the mys
tery, and in the meantime hairpin manu
facturers grow rich. Mornine JournaL
A Map la the Hat.
The latest London invention in hat
lining is a map of the city printed on silk,
so that any stranger or gay young fellow
may find his way home or see at a glance
if. cabby is taking him the nearest route
to his destination. Frank Leslie's.
$2 a year.
ADVERTISE IN THE JOURNAL
If you -want; to sell or buy
anything; If you want to 'lend
or borrow anything; If you
front a situation, or If you
The Craae for Relics.
A lady who has passed the summer in
Europe sent for an artist who has done
some admirable and successful decora
tive work and informed him that she
wished to give him a commission. She
then liad a servant bring in what seemed
to be about half a bushel of bits of rock,
cement and similiar rubbish, with two or
three pebbles neatly wrapped in paper.
"These," she explained to the aston
ished artist, "are the relics I gathered
abroad.. They are all labeled and came
from famous places. . I worked so hard
. for some of them. Tliat stone came
from Salisbury cathedral. It was inside
an iron fence, and I liad to attract the
guide's attention to the tower by asking
him the measurements of some of tlie or
naments. Then I stood on the founda
tation of tlie fence and leaned over, and I
give you my word I was lamo for weeks
from those dreadful pickets! and hit
it with my parasol till I could reach
through and get. it And this"
And so she ran on, while the other sat
silent in sheer amazement, antil-ahe-said:
"Now I want all these worked into
some oeauuiui uesign; something sym
bolical, you know. You do make such
lovely things; and they can all be set in
cement or something. These pebbles,"
she continued, unrolling one of the
packages, "all come from Abbotstord,
and these I shall have set into stucco in
the shape of a heart for 'The Heart of
Midlotliian,' you know and hang it up
in tlie library."
Tlie unlucky" designer stammered he
knew not what, 'but something wluch he
said probably endangered Ids future wel
fare, since outwardly he lied and inward
ly he cursed; while the lady, paying
small heed to him, ojened with an air of
the utmost reverence a small box and
took out something wrapped in tissue.
"This," she stud, "should be in the
center, for tlds is the most precious of
She unrolled the tissue paper and dis
closed a fragment of coarse, modern
brown pottery, at which she gazed with
a reverential air. The artist bent foward
and regarded it also, endeavoring in vain
to guess why it was so choice and rare.
"Wliat is tliat?" he managed to ask at
length, divided between amusement and
impatience at her folly.
"Tliat," she answered, "that is from
Shakespeare's tomb. .
He stared at it and at her, more puzzled
"Sliakcspeare's tomb?" he repeated.
"Yes," she explained, with an air of
restrained triumph. "When I was there
a workman was doing something to the
wall, and he had a big pitcher with lum.
Somehow or other it got knocked down,
and tins piece fell exactly beneath the
bust of Shakespeare. Quick as a thought
I put my foot over it, and when he
picked up the pieces he didn't see this
and I secured it. Did you ever know
anything so lucky?" Boston Cor. Provi
One of the Things We Lack.
Tlie "Indian and Colonial" exhibition,
which lias just closed in London, was
open a few days more than six months.
During tliat period 5,.w0,74'J persons vis
ited it, an average of 33,S40 a day. Last
year "Inventions" exhibitions " in the
same city drew 3,70,581 visitors, or 23,
071 a day. In 1884 no fewer than 4.153,
390 persons went to the "Health" ex
hibition, or 27,."iy.l a day, and in 18S3 there
were 2,703,051 visitors, an average of 18,
387 a day, at the "Fisheries" exhibition.
Tlie" Indian and Colonial" has been very
successtful financiallv, although the hiirh-
est charge for admission lias been twenty
five cents. Of course such immense ex
hibitions are not to lie thought of in a
city like Cleveland, but the results in
London show what possibilities for such
shows are. hi a smaller way the exhibi
tions yearly held in Chicago, Pittsburg,
St. Louis and other American cities are
equally profitable, both to their man
agers and to the citie in which they are
located. They draw trade and "are a
great advertisement of local enterprise
and public sprit. Cleveland Leader.
Amusing Story of Italzac.
An amusing story is told of Balzac by
Leon Curnier, the French publisher. Tlie
great author liad promised to contribute
to Curnier's projected periodical, Les
Francais peints par eux memes, but his
ardor had cooled after the first blush of
the novelty was over, and it was imnos
sible to get anything from him. On the
eve of publication one of the printer's
messengers was sent to him with strict
injunctions not to come Ijack empty
handed. Balzac gave him three or four
scraps of paper, on which a few lines liad
been hastily scrawled. The manuscript
was quickly put into type and a proof
dispatched. Balzac returned it inter
lined, corrected and amplified, until the
matter was double the former amount.
Eight times was the process repeated, and
at last Nos Epiciers was the result.
Tlie correction cost 1,000 francs, but
20,000 copies of the first number of the
periodical were sold. The Current.
All Nice and Itegnlar.
Binksis not very appreciative of the
present style of room decoration, and
Mrs. Binks is constantly grieved by his
indifference to her efforts to be aesthetic.
Tlie other dav. however, the cood lndv
came home from the rehearsal to find the
four legs of every cliair in her parlor
ornamented with a bow of satin ribbon.
Binks stood by, looking as pleased as a
basket of chips. "There, dear," he said,
"I saw you had only ribbon enough to
fasten to the top of tliat rocker, and so I
brought a whole pioce along and made
things look all nice and regular. ' ' Boston
Ho Can N'ever Forget.
It is said tliat the hotel clerk can never
forget his early training and fastidious
ness in the matter of his personal attire,
and it is claimed that those who have
gone into other vocations can always be
detected by their style of dressing as in
fallibly as the army officer can always be
by his bearing and inclination to wear
his coat buttoned up as if in uniform.
The argument was proved by tlie men
tion of several gentlemen, and inquiry
uiscoverea mat m early life they liad all
been hotel clerks. New Orleans Times
Democrat. Don't get into anybody's way with
your naturalness, but try to be yourself
wherever yod go. Rev. Sam Jones.
alaclcleai'fl Armies SalTe.
?The Beit Salve in the world for
Cots, Braises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Bheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all
Skin Era lions, and positively cures
Piles, or no pay required. It is guar
anteed to rive perfect satisfaction, or
money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. Fot Sale by Dowty & Heit
Authoriztd Capital of $250,000
A Surplus Fund of - $I7,OOo!
And the largest Pa 14 a CssaA Cat..
Hal or any bans lu UiJst
of tbe State.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. P. BECKER,
W. A. MCALLISTER
Maktyx.M.D. F.J.Schco.m iv
Drs. ICASTTJT 4k SCHTJG,
D. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons. Union Pacific. O N
B. H. and II. M. R. &.
Tii2U,ttions in German and English
Telephones at office and residences.
euSeltore!04' M ' Brd
COLDlfBDS, . NEBHABsTA.
ATT0HXEY8 AT LA Wt
Office over Kirt
LA W AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building 11th street.
(J 1. EIAA. mTdT,
PHYSICIAN AND SUIiGEON.
BTOttce and rooms, Gluck buiidine
tlta street. Telephone communication
PHYSICIAN AND SUJtOEON,
Platte Center, Nebraska. 9.y
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
ISth street, east of Abt'ft barn.
April 7, '8-tt
J. M. MACFARLAND,
Attersiyisi Usury Fsbl e.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
J)K. J.CHAM. U 11.1,1,
Columbus, Nebraska. '
i?v?uT uUh Set Consultation
nfcnglisb, trench audOrrniao. --'iBm
PLATTE CENTER, NEB.
... open-T a"1cci1 attention given
o commercial men. Has a good sample
loom. Sets the best table. OivJ . iP -
irial and be convinced.
.."??rtie9 de8iriJ,' surveying done
an address me at Columbu, Neb., or
i all at my office in Court House.
W. H. Tedrow, Co Supt.
i1 ?Ll!,j,!t my offlce in the Court House
.he third Saturday of each mouth for the
xamination of teachers. 3y tf
f. r. Munrv em, m. d
Chromlo DIsmsm aad Diseases
"Office on Olive street, three doors
north of ! irht National Bank. 2-ly
A TTORKETS AT LAW,
Office up.stairs in McAllister's build-
u8;,1"1 St W- A- McAllister, Notary
JOHN G. H1GGINS.
C. J. CAKLOW,
' HIGGLUS & GABXOW,
ti:ii y in uli
I C I.
C1 H.ict JM-hi:.
Hth St., opposite Lind. It Hi.tt- '
"'ells Harnett. Saddles. 1. .
ISlankets, Curn Comi. l!rio
a'is-.". Ii!rsr tj., n:-hi
trimmintrs. Jcc at th low -;
prices. Repairc pr. mpth attenrln: tr
pAMPBELL A CO.
Racrs and Iron ! "o
The highest market price paid for ravs
and iron. Store in the Bubaeh buildintr
Olive Bt ColumhuB. Neb". j.vt r '
can live at home, and make more
money at work for us, than at
anvthinir ele in thi n-m-M
!t.1 Tint nu.ilml. -.. ... ". YI'
t .u , ju rc siariea Tree.
B th sexes; all ages. Any one can do
the work. Large earnings sure from
first start. Costly outit and terms free
Better not delay. Costs vou aothiBs- to
send us your address and find out if
you are wise you will do so at oace. 'n
Haixctt & Co., Portland, Maine.
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