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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1887)
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COLUMBUS. NEB., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 5, 1887.
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WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
A SEASIIO'RE LEGEND;
It was my good fortune to spend the
happy summers of my youtliful days in
au old seaport town, whose glory lias
long since departed. Its fast decaying
wharves liad once echoed to the tread of
busy feet, and many very stately ships
had been moored beside them.
Now, as in my childhood days, no
proud ship finds a haven in the still
waters of its liarbor; its deserted sliip
yards ring no more with the sound of
fix or hammer; the "busy hum of com
merce is stilled, ai d a silence, broken only
by tho fisherman's call, or the merry
laughter of some yachting party, per
vades what was once a very busy, thriv
But commerce lias left traces of wealth
beliind, and I remember some old-fashioned,
though stately, houses, standing
near the shore.
These were the homes of some of New
England's famous sea captains, and in
one of these old .house I passed those
happy summer days.
The men of the family liad all been
sailors, commanding some of the finest
and be.-t known American ships. No
lorts had lieen tK distant for them, and
they brought home, as gifts, sjtoils from
every clime. Now. all these dead and
gon., the women of the family lived
done, surrounded by treasures from over
The old friend who liad cliargo of us
was very fond of children, and was never
happier than when relating to us the
stories of sea and shore with which her
mind was stored; and when a rainy day
came, driving us from the beach, wo
liked nothing 1 tetter than to listen to her
I will retteat to you, as nearly as I can
remember, the-story of the elopemeut
tliat took place many years ago. As I
recall it. I seem to hear again the musical
voice, long since hushed, to which the
snapping of the driftwood fire upon the
hearth aud the distant ltooming of the
surf ujKtn the beach, formed
A long time ago. when I was a little
girl, the events happened that I sun about
to relate to you. My grandmother knew
all altout it. and I often heard her tell tho
story to the young folks, in my day, as I
am telling it to you.
In thaf large, old-fashioned house which
stands on the brow of Beach Hill lived a
very wealthy gentleman, called Judge
1 say he lived there, but he only spent
part of the time in the little town of
S , for his business kept liiui in the
city during the w(nter months; but as
soon as the warm days came the house
would be opened, and he would ride
through the town in Ids big coach, drawn
by four horses and driven by a colored
The judge was a widower, and lived
alone with his bervants and mi old house
keeper. .So you may imagine the sur
prise of the villagers one day early in tho
spring of 1S12 when they heard tliat
Squire Cuslunan, as he was called, had
brought home with him a lovely young
At first all thought tliat he had mar
ried again, but soon the report was circu
lated that his niece had come from Eng
land alonev with only a maid to attend
her. to visit lum. And a long visit we
all thought it would be, for war liad just
been declared with Great Britain, and
probably there would be no friendly in
tercourse between the two countries for
a long time.
Of course all were anxious to see the
new comer, but none were gratified un
til the following Sabbath, when she ap
teared at church with the old squire. v
She was a true English maiden, with
fair liair aud lustrous blue eyes, and a
complexion in which lilies and roses were
skillfully .blended by nature's hand. She
was the "observed of all observers," but
bore herself modestlv, seeming uncon
scious of the gaze of all around her.
Many were the questions asked, many
the conjectures formed, as to her pres
ence in the lonely house, so far from
home and in an enemy's country; and
finally the mystery was solved by the
old housekeeper, who divulged it as a
great secret to a friend of hers, an in
veterate gossip, who soon made the af
fair tho property of the whole neighbor
hood. Rose Cuslunan, tbe daughter of the
squire's only brother, was a motherless
child, and liad grown to womanhood
without knowing wliat it was to be re
fused the slightest wish, for she had al
ways been her father's idol. He' had
planned in her early childhood that she
should marry the son of his most inti
But such designs are rarely accom
plished. At the age of 19 Rose met a
young and gallant officer in liis majesty's
navy, and lost her heart almost at first
sight. The affection was reciprocated,
and, not dreaming of any obstacle, the
lovers plighted their troth with the
fondest and brightest hopes for the
But the father of Rose sternly refused
to consent to their engagement, and for
bade Rose ever to see her . lover again.
But years of indulgence had not prepared
his daughter for such arbitrary measures,
and she continued to meet her lover se
cretly whenever she was able to do so.
One meeting in the park near the house
was witnessed bv her father, and so in-1
censed was he by this open defiance of all
his commands tliat he ordered the brave
young sailor from Ids grounds, using the
Rose returned to the house, locked her
self into her room and was soon con
vulsed with a perfect Mission of tears; for
under her sweet and charming exterior
she hid a will tliat was just as strong and
unsubdued as her father's.
In subsequent interviews with her father
she vowed she never could or would forget
Charles Ashton. Not all the affection she
bore her father, not all the remembrance
of his kindness and love, would prevent
her meeting her lover whenever an op
portunity was found. He well knew that
the young man was of honorable birth and
good position, but he could not give up the
early plans he liad formed for her future.
After weeks of fruitless argument with
his daughter, it suddenly occurred to him
to send her to Ids brother, our Squire
Cushman, in America.
It seemed in those days a long journey
to an almost unknown land, but her
father thought a few montlis in a strange'
country would tame hk self-willed daugh
ter, and that before winter he would join
DAILY CHICAGO MAIL,
Both. Papers OneYpar,
her, visit his beloved brother, and another
year would find Rose willing to return
and comply with his wishes.
The squire did all in his power to make
the visit agreeable, even relaxing his ha
bitual reserve and inviting all the young
people in thu neighborhood to bis house
to be introduced to his niece.
Although Rose was very sweet ami
gracious to all her guests, no one became
at all familiar with her, and finally all at
tempts at intimacy "ceased, and she was'
left to the companionship of her uncle and
her old nurse.
But active preparations for war soon
banished all minor topics. The young
men .were getting ready to join their
J ships; privateers were being fitted out
and the whole countrywas wild with ex
Our village became almost deserted.
Every vessel of any size was manned and
equipped with guns and ammunition, and
sent out to meet the enemy, and all the
poor wives and mothers could dowas to
watch and wait at "home. 'News traveled
slowly in those days, and tidings of de
feat or victory seemed long in coming.
Often we climbed the hill and from
church tower scanned the horizon
, for a glimpse of some man-of-war, for
we lived in constant fear that our town,
like many others on the coast, might be
invaded by the enemy. But though we
often saw large ships tossing,, and once
heard the sound of distant cannonading,
we were left m peace.
And so tho summer Kissed; its weary
weeks of watching and anxiety wore
away; the line storm visited us with all
its fury, and then came the mild and
sunny Indian summer, the days of soft
delight, when all nature seems in a
dreamy, quiet mood, giving us a gentla
jmile before old winter, wjtli raging ele
ments, conies to bind her with liis icy
About the middle of October a watcher
on the hill saw a man-of-war heading for
our liarbor. He gazed .with almost
breathless anxiety until with liis glass he
descried the English flag at her mast.
Then he rushed down the steep road
into the mam street, shouting:
"The. British are coming! Save your
selves!" All at once was noise and confusion.
The men left their work, the women
forsook their spinning wheels, and all
ran to the beach or to the wliarves.
Yes. it was true; she had anchored out
side the liarbor. and, too large to enter
herself, we could see a large boat just
leaving her filled with men, who would
probably land and plunder, perhaps burn,
our village. Resistance was useless, for
the ship could easily shell the whole town,
lying as she did at the mouth of the har
bor, but little more than a mile away.
It had been planned long before that in
case of invasion tiie teople should take
their valuables and flee to the woods for
So as quickly as possible the large hay
cares were brought out, the best feather
beds were hastily thrown into them, the
tall clocks were placed on top, as many
women and children as could be were
piled in. each carrying a pillow case con
taining some valuables, the horses were
whipped into a gallop and (he procession
started belter skelter for the woods.
The servants of Squire Cushman sliared
the general alarm, and as the squire was
away from home, they, too, prepared for
flight, and urged the housekeeper to pack
up the silver, and, taking Miss Rose and
her nurse, to hasten to a place of safety
with them. But when she went to the
young lady's chamber she found her
watching the incoming boat with eager
eyes, and she firmly refused to leave the
They are not enemies to me," she
said. "They are from dear old England,
my home, and I will not run from them
even if the whole village goes."
The housekeeper tried to reason with
her, but in vain, and not daring to leave
her in the house, sent off the servants
with the most valuable articles to a safe
hiding place and awaited the result with
Rose stood at the open window, watch
ing the boat. As it neared the shore she
sent her maid for the squire's spy glass,
and, resting it on the woman's shoulder,
obtained a good view of the liarbor and
all who were in the boat.
Nearer and nearer it approached the
shore, and the few fishermen who lingered
neat the wharf, their curiosity overcom
ing their fears, saw tliat it was com
manded by a young officer, whose dress
betokened the high rank he bore.
The boat came up to the wharf, and
one of the sailors sprang ashore and fas
Giving a command to his men in a low
tone, the officer landed, accompanied by
two marines. Seeing the fishermen about
to run, he cried out:
You liave nothing to fear. If you let
us come and go unmolested, your village
shall be stared. Come here; I want to
ask you a question."
One of the most daring approached him.
"Now, my man," he said, "no tricks,
but answer me correctly. Do you know
where Judge Cushman fives, and will you
show us the way to liis house? Do not
fear; no harm shall be done to any of you;
only teU mo the truth."
The man, only too glad to escape so
easily, pointed out the house, and the
.officer, with liis men. hastened toward it..
In the meantime Rose had been scan
ning the boat with' eager eyes, trying to
discern the features of the laen. When
she saw the officer appfoacbiag-the house
she gave one long, freed look, and shout
ing to her nurse: "It is he! It is Charles!"
flew down the staircase, followed by her
servant and'thenousekeeper, and, as he
entered tbe open door, sprang into his
arms and was clasped .to his heart in a
loviifc embrace. J
But he stopped her eager questions by
saying: . .
"I have no time to lose. You see the
ship at the entrance of the harbor? 'Since
you left England, my darling, I have been
promoted to the command of 'that noble
craft and ordered to America. Yon may
imagine bow glad I was to know I was
to be near you, for, thanks to nurse here,
I received your last letter, and since my
dutybrought me to tliis part of the coast,
I.determined to find you. Yesterday we
overhauled a fishing craft from this port,
and I learned I was only a few miles
from you. I -at once shaped my course
for tliis liarbor, resolved to take you with
me, for I can endure tliis separation no
longer. "Where is your uncle?"
"He is away from home, dear Charles,"
aid Rose, "and nearly all the people here
WEEKLY STATE JODIE,
Both One Yisar For
fled, so frightened are thevof the dreaded
' "Good! Tliat makes it easier for you
logo," said Charles,
i "But what do you mean, Charles? How
call I go alone with you on that great
ship? I shall Ite afraid."
j "Afraid with me, sweetheart? Nursie
will go with you, and as my wife, you
will be safe from all harm. Let us find
! the clergyman here and he will unite us.
j Do vou think he lias tied?"
"No," said Rose, "he lias always said,
I believe, tliat he would never run from
the enemy; that he was a man of peace
and would be left unmolested. But,
Charles, since I have been here, I have
thought much of my disobedience to iny
father's wishes, mid although I could
never be false to you, dear Charles, I
have thought that time andlistance may
liave softened his heart, and, loving me
as I know he does, he might sometime
consent to our marriage."
"Sweetheart," said Cliarles, "do not
disappoint me so cruelly. When we are
married I am sure your father will, for
give us. Besides, I am .surrounded daily
by great perils, and may not outlive this
war. Let me at least call you my wife,
and I shall lie doubly urmo-1 for the con
flict. Do consent, dear Ro-.."
Ho clasped her (tr.ee more to his heart,
pressing kiss after kiss u.oi her lipu, and
none but a lover's ear could hear the
softly whi-iered "yes."
"Now, listen to my plans, dearest,"
said he. "We will go at once to the
clergyman and coiu)el him to marry u&.
Nursie sliall tack some iu.svsary clothing
for vou and meet us at the lsoat. Mv
orders are to crulie up and donui the
coast on the lookout for mert'liantmen.
I will sail as far as Halifax, there land
and leave you with a good friend of mine,
antl join you later in the season when
the weather compels us to seek winter
Ho then gave a few directions to the
nurse, who received them with many
bows and smiles, and ordered one of the
marines to wait for her and bring her
with him to the wharf. Their old house
keeper tried to interfere with their move
ments, but her words jtassed unnoticed,
for, leaning on her lover's arm. Rose
waved her a laughing good-hy, as she
Kissed out of the house forever.
The minister made many objections to
performing the ceremony, but they were
all overcome by the entreaties of Rose
and the stern commands of herlo'.er. and
as he afterwards .said, he had no alterna
tive, for ii he jtersisted in his refusal he
might have Iteen takei away prisoner in
the vessel and his church burned to the
So Rom and her husband sailed away
from our shores, never to return. Wc
heard, however. long after, tliat Charles
Ashton was wounded soon after his mar
riage, and had lelt the service. We never
knew how Squire Cus'mian bore the news
of his niece's flight. Noliody asked him.
and he died not long after, leaving his
property to s: distant relative.
There, girls, that is the way my grand
ma Used to end the story, but I can tell
you something more.
Last summer an English lady and gen
tleman stoped at the hotel here several
days. One day they obtained termissiQii
to go over tho old CiLshman house. They
lingered long in the chamber looking over
the sea, and we learned that the lady was
the grandaughter of Rose CiLshman. who
bad come, with her husband, to visit the
scene cf her grandmother's elojtenient.
The late of a Convict.
"The study of human nature," said
PrinciKil Keeper Patterson, of the state
penitentiary at Trenton, N. J., to a re
porter in the lobby of the National hotel,
"inside prison walls is more interesting
than pleasant. Theciass of human beings
one conies in contact with is usually so
depraved and hardened that it often
times surprises even those accustomed to
the life. We believe our system to be as
good as any in existence, and yet we are
not as severe in some ways as the people
of tho Eastern penitentiary."
"Are there not a number of criminals
scut you who instead should go to asy
lums? Do you not liave many cranky
cliaracters to contend with?"
"Well, we do in a certain sen&a.
Criminals are, as a rule, one-sided clcr
acters: their moral character, is, so to'
speak, lopsided. But it is not the men
who go into the prisons that are mentally
unbalanced; it is those who come out.
The fact is, the man who serves a five or
even a three years' sentence, out.-is apt
to leave the penitentiary unsound in
mind, if not 'in both body aud mind.
Imagine, for instance, the -life they lead,
day. in and day out. To the mess room
in the morning, where they cannot speak
a word to any one; to the workshop for
the day, where talking is strictly forbid
den; to the mess room again for supper,
where the same order is enforced, and
then to solitary confinement in their cells,
where there is no one to talk to. Think
of it. Such a life for years! Is it not
enough to drive a man insane? Why,
man alive, you cannot realize it; but the
percentage is siuiply frightful of those
who go to jail strong in both mind and
body and who come out wrecks in one or
both." Washington Post.
Keftifttance of Hard IlimieU Hricks.
It is found that walls laid up of good,
hard burned bricks, in, mortar- composed
of good lime and sliarp sand, will resist a
pressure of 1,500 pounds per square ir.-h,
or 210,000 pounds per square foot, at
which figures it would require 1.C00 feet
height of 12-inch wall to crush the bottom
courses, allowing 130 poiuids as the
weight of each cubic foot. It also appears
from accurate calculations and measure
ments that walls laid up hi the same
quality of brick and mortar, with one
third quantity of Portland cement added
to the same, are capable of resisting some
2,500 pounds -per square inch, or 360,000
pounds per square foot; this would re
quire a height of wall 2,700 feet to crush
tho bottom bricks. New. York Sun.
Presidents Hurled In "New York.
Of the twenty presidents who liave
passed away four lie buried in New York
Etate. Arthur sleeps in the Albany ceme
tery, Sfartin Van Buren was buried in the
old burying ground at Kinderhook, Mil
lard Fillmore's grave is hi Forest Lawn
cemetery, Buffalo, and Gen. Grant's re
mains lie in a tomb at Riverside. James
Monroe was buried in the old Second
Avenue cemetery. New York city, but
the Virginia legislature had his remains
removed to Richmond. Chicago Tribune.
Both One Year For
A SHADOW BOAT.
Under my keel another boat
Sails as I sail, floats as 1 float :
Silent and dim and mystic still,
ll steals Hi rough that weird nether world
Mocking my power, though at my will
The foam before its prow Is curled,
Or calm it lies, itb canvas furled.
Vainly 1 peer, aud ain would sew
What phautom in that boot may be;
Yet half I dreed, let I with ruth
Some Kha. of my dead past divine.
Some gracious shapo of my lost youth.
Whose deathless eye once fixed on mine
Would draw me downward through tho brine 1
TENTED TOWNS OUT WEST.
Bluiiliroom Caiup Alone the California
and Oregon Kallroail Line.
During the progress of the extension of
the California aud Oregon railroad from
Redding toward the Webfoot state dozens
of camps liave been located and liave been
dignified by being called "towns." Be
ing located hi wild mid beautiful moun
Jin regions they have been given roman
tic and toetical names differing from the
style of the Argonauts, who gave their
camps such euphonious titles as'Buzzard's
Roost. Poor Man's Gulch, Whiskeytown,
Hangtown, or anything else that hap
tened to suggest itself by some incident.
The railroad camj have always lieen
lively places, occupied by from 1,500 to
4,000 men. whites mid Cluhese. They
have comfortable tents and live a very
happy life in the mountains, where the
air is pure and bracing, the water cool
and clear, and where the atmosphere is
made healthy by the pines and ins.
As might be expected, one of tho first
tents generally put up is that of a saloon
keejter, and he drfrcs a lively trade deal
out bis -Dew of Death." his -Coffin
Varnish," his "Bug Juice" and other
choice brands. In connection with his
"siimple rooms" he kcejtsa "hotel," pro
viding blankets for travelers mid giving
them a "bed on the ground, but under
cover ot his canvas roof. But. no one
ever complains of such accommodations
they are the best to be had. and then it
might not Ite safe to find fault.
The railroad camits contain a rough ret
of men, but. in many instances, liard
working, honest fellows are found. The
mushroom villages have been followed
from the start b blacklegs, who have
waxed fat from the earnings of tbe hard
working men. Right after the pay car
arrives and distributes the wages these
sports produce cards and dice, and in a
very short teriod many men who have
lieen toiling with tick and shovel along
the rocky line find themselves without a
nickel to show for their labor. There is
one thing remarkable altout the camps,
and that is that good order lias been
maintained and few tights have occurred.
Every man who comes along the road
is offered work, mid there is no necessity
for idle men in the country. The big
camp, made up of track Iayes. is now
nliove Sisbons. at the Ita-e of Mount
Shasta, a region of told and snow, and as
jj hard winter is anticijtated, tiie tents
will scon have to be struck and sent
down to the valley. Sacramento Bee.
Necessity Tor Two Kant.
Sound travels by waves radiating from
a central point - of disturbance, like the
wavelets caused by dropping a pebble hlto
stnl water. So far as the hearing of each
individual is concerned, these waves move
hi a direct line from the cause of sound to
his ear. the impact being greatest in the
ear that is nearest to the source. The ef
fect, in this restect, of the total loss of
hearing in one ear was forcibly illustrated
by the statement-of a patient who con
sulted me recently. He lived in a wild
tortion of Tennessee, and spent a good
deal of his spare time in the woods, hunt
ing squirrels, accompanied only by his
dog. An explosion suddenly destroyed
the hearing in one ear. After tins acci
dent, while in the woods, he found that
he could hear liis dog bark, but for the
fife of him he could not locate the direc
tion xf the sound, even when quite close
to lum, and he was compelled to take liis
little boy along with him to find the dog.
After a time persons learned to correct,
to a limited extent, the errors hi estimat
ing distances after the loss of vision, but
the. effect of the loss of -an ear upon the
estimation of the direction of sound is
never corrected. Dr. Williams.
Fires from Steam Pipes.
With tech recurring fall and winter
the question if possibility of fires from
steam pipes becomes one of importance.
As the most insidious diseases are usually
most to Ite feared, so the most urcult
causes of fire are among those which
should Ije most carefully looked after. It
is very well known tliat wood, after re
maining for some time in contact with
steam, hot air or hot water pipes, be
comes carbonized on the surface and to a
short distance below. The charcoal, of
course, readily oxidizes. When steam is
not in the pqtes the charcoal will absorb
moisture. When again heated the moist
ure is driven out, leaving a vacuum, into
which the fresh air current, circulating
around the pites, readily penetrates. It
imparts oxygen to the charcoal, causes a
more rapid rise in the temperature, till
filially the xtint of ignition is reached.
The rusting of the pipes, if it occure,
might also conduce to the same result,
the rust being reduced by the lieat of the
steam to a condition in which it will al
sorb oxygen to the point of red heat.
London's First Street Car.
Oakey Hall contributed an article to
a recent number of The Pall Mall Gazette
on London tramways, in which he gave
a picture of the alleged clumsy tram car
first introduced in the great metropolis a
quarter of a century ago. In this he did
injustice to George Francis Train, the
man who introduced street railways in
Europe. The first street car run on a
London tramway was built in 1859 for
Mr. Train by Stevenson in New York
city. It cost $l,.j00 and was constructed
and equipped in the style of those now
seen on Broadway. The big double
decked cars hi London are imitations of
omnibuses and are a purely British in
vention. New York World.
Larget AVontlen Structure.
The largest wooden structure in the
world fa said to be tho government build
ings in the capital of New Zealand. The
block is four stories high, and occupies an
area of nearly two acres. The city itself
is mostly wcoden ou account of the earth
quakes of the region, and is called "The
City of Packing Cases'-' and "The City cf
Match Boxes." Cliicago Herald.
Both Ont Year For
LIFE ON A TRAINING SHIP.
Edacatinc Sallow for the United States
We happened to arrive at the training
Blu'p at a very opportune moment. There
was to be a lecture on international law
in tho war college, which liad brought
over many interested listeners from New
port, and the weekly drill of all the Ixiys
in the class was taking place on the lawn
before the college building, while the
New Hampsliire band, established be
neath a spreading beech hard by, breathed
martial music for the performing regi
ment. It-was a fine fall morning, tho
water blue and the sky cloudless, but tho
air was chilly, and the few spectators m
carriages drew their wraps closely about
mem, anu now anu men gave an invol
untary shiver. To and fro over the green
sward tramped tho boyish rank and tile
hi their white apparel, the sailor caps set
jauntily upon their close cropped hair
and the rifles carried over their shoulders
with careful precision, as they inarched
by twos, by fours, by platoons, went
through the manual of arms, mid per
formed all sorts of military evolutions.
To our unsophisticated eyes, their move
ments were marvels of grace and pre
cision, and we were not a little grieved to
hearaone of the trig young army ofiicers
who were looking on critically- observe
that it was very apparently the navy,
and not tho army, represented there.
At noon the drill was over, and the
troops filed through the armory, deposit
ing their guns as they went, anil returned
to the ship, where dinner was presently
served.- We followed them, climbing up
the plank gangway that led up the side
of the hull, and found ourselves on tho
uppermost deck of the five which the old
vessel boasts, for it has almost as many
stories as a New York apartment house.
Everything was as trim and neat as
constant care and work could make it.
The planks in the flooring of tho deck
were white as white could be; no speck
of dust or dirt was anywhere to be found,
and the exquisite order of naval man
agement pervaded all. A sentry in tho
uniform of the United States marine
corps and white cotton gloves that didn't
fit walked up and down before the cat
tain's quarters, and various officers, hi
braided fatigue jackets and becoming
caps, were coming and going hi discharge
of their various duties. Below, on the
second deck, the boys were at dinner.
They sat at long tables, row after row.
displaying as good appetites as miy set of
Luul lubbers could boast, and as tins was
the occasion of the departure of the com
missary, it was being celebrated by an un
usual feast. Each embryo tar had a large
supply- of roast turkey, with potatoes,
white mid sweet, and for dessert a bunch
of grapes and a Kiper bag of candy, deli
cacies which were duly appreciated.
They had not the sort of manners at
table that one looks for in Newjtort society,
these gay young sailors, for their knives
went into their montlis with alarming
frequency, and they ate with an eager
ness and rapidity which "Don't" and kin
drtd books of etiquette would denounce
severely. But they were well and strong
and hearty, and, perhaps, enjoved their
dinner quite as much as if it had lieen
served on delicate china and eaten with
gold forks and knives in the most elegant
and approved fashion. On this deck they
sleep, in hammocks of canvas, slung in
long rows from iron hooks set in the teams
overhead. During the day the hammocks
are neatly lashed up and piled away on
the upper deck. At 9 o'clock each even
ing every boy hnds lus own hammock,
slings it, arranges his blankets and cover
ings (the poor things are not allowed ttho
luxury of a pillow) and puts himself to
sleep; and each morning at 5:30 he rises,
and is allowed lialf an hoar in which to
dress himself, take down his swinging
bed and' lash it up, and to dispose of the
cup of cocoa that is all tho breakfast he
gets until 8 o'clock.
The routine on board ship is very strict
mid regular. Every soul in the class has
his appointed duties at drill, naval and
military, and in the school room, and he
is held strictly to account for them. The
life is pleasant, if a little monotonous, and
most of the boys profess a great deal of
borrow when they are forced to leave the
good old ship which lias been their home
for six long montlis, even while they re
joice at the prospect of going to sea. Bad
boys are discharged as soon as their evil
doing is found out. There are dark cells
in wliich they are imprisoned for various
offenses. Boston Sundav Herald.
t Method of Purifying Water.
Mr. Holmes, the engineer of the
water works at Hornsea, England, lias
adopted an ingenious arrangement for
filteringv-ul purifying the water supplied
by tbe company there. The process is
thus described byThe Sanitary World:
The water is pumped from a bore whose
bottom is on a level with the surface of
the Mere, the water being obtained from
the chalk. Formerly it was far from
satisfactory, and formed such a scale
upon the boilers that it materially af
fected their workings. Mr. Holmes 6et
Iiimself the task of reinedving tliis state
of things. Tiie water has alwavs been
putnied into a tank, and supplied thence
to the town. 3Ir. Holmes had a wooden
tank formed inside the larger one, and he
so spread out the water pumped upward
tliat it descended mto tbe wooden tank
in the form of rain. The air, getting to
the water as it descended, oxidized it,
and, of course, nfade it purer. Inside
this wooden tank several smaller tanks
were constructed, tlirough wliich all the
water passed. The sides of the smaller
tanks were made of prepared linen, and
as tbe water passed through them they
caught up the impurities which it held in
suspension. As the water flowed from
tlw upper tank into the lower, from
which the town is supplied, it was sent
rippling over gravel, winch further im
proves its quality. Although the con
trivance is admirably adapted for tbe
purpose it is intended to serve, it is hardly
suitable for towns wliich require a large
supply of water. Boston Budget.
An Arizona Lizard.
These lizards are found hi the canyons
of Arizona. They are very poisonous
as poisonous as the most venomous
snake. Tho natives claim that to inhale
a lizard's breath is sure and almost in
stant death. The truth or fallacy of this
has never been established. "Nobody
seems to want to lake the chances of try
ing the experiment. The lizard's fare, in
captivity, is a fresh egg every morning.
The attendant breaks the she'll and the
lizard sucks the egg. Cincinnati En
quirer. a year.
ADVERTISE IN THE JOURNAL
IT you want to aell or liny
any Uilnst Ifyou want to land
or borrow mnytnlnax IT you
wont a situation, or IX you
VICTOR HUGO'S BODILY VIGOR.
Trial of tho Poet' Kyesight mifii II
tlejTHti to (irow Dear.
Hugo had not only a strong, hwilthy
intellect, but also a sound body. Toward
the end of his life he grew deaf, so that
it became a real infirmity. But other
wise he preserved all 'his faculties,
physical and mental, up to his last ill
ness. M. Ulbach records several examples
of Victor Hugo's bodily vigor. When
writing up Notre Dauiu of Parts he used
often to go twice a day up to the top of
tho tower. In the evening he was gen
erally accouqtanicd by friends.
On one of these occasions, writes M,
Ulbach. "Victor Hugo was gazing with
delight at the purple hues of the setting
sun, turning bis piercing little eyes in the
direction of the Arsenal library," which is
a long distance off. -I seo Cliarles Mo
ther on his balcony, he remarked care
lessly to his friends; 'he isn't alone, there
are two lathes with him one of them a
liis daughter, but the other I do not
know.' Notwitlistanding their respect
for the xet. and their knowledgo of his
wonderful visual lowers.- the little group
indulged in mi incredulous smile. But
when, an hour later, they called on Mo
ther they wens astonished to find tliat
Victor Hugo's- eyes had deceived
neiiner mem nor mm. l once
asked the poet if this story was
true, and he told mo tliat it was, and
substantiated it with this one. When in
college ha used to attend lectures on
physics hi the medical school. One day
the professor wished to try some experi
ment hi optica, and invited tho students
to go with him to the roof of tho build
ing, whero he set up a telescojte turned in
the direction of tho Garden of Plants.
He then asked the young men to read a
distant sign which scorned undecipherable
to the naked eye. Victor Hugo happened
to bo the first who was called uj-ou.
" I do not need the aid of the tele
wojie,' hu said; '1 can make out tho sign.
It reads: Chantier du l'ardinal-Le-moine.'
In fact his excellent eyesight stood him
instead when he began to grow deaf.
"He saw so well." says our biographer,
"that he seemed to bear everything, and
when he asked that a phrase le reeatd
it was more to make sure "that he had
guessed correctly than to satisfy the de
mands of his deaf ear. A few months
before his death 1 was dining with bin
and was giving an account of my last
visit to Spain. I wont so far as to admit
a liking for bull fights, whereuj.stn Mme.
Luckrow said to me in a low tone: 'It is
fortunate father doesn't hear you for he
detests that cruel sport. Pray don't sav
anything more on that subject.' So 1
took up another tojt'c. but my host gave
me such a searching look that I felt
that I was discovered.
"I didn't scire the whole sentence,'
remarked thu poet; -vou said that vou
"I ventured to prevaricate.
" 'I was saying that I liked the Bohe
mian dance. '
" 'No. no, interrupted Victor Hugo.
shaking his head, while a smile spread
over his face, -vou said that vou liked
bull fights.' "New York Mail" and Ex-piess-.
The llalilt or Sunday St it til up.
Tliis habit has grown to Ite common in
our large dries, where men live at a dis
tance from their business places, :md,
therefore, take a light lunch every tlay
during the week. When Sunday comes
they have leisure for breakfast, and little
exercise during the forenoon; then liave
a royal dinner at 2 o'clock, and .-erhajts
lazy lounging and -'lying off," :is it is
called, during the afternoon: they thus
eat twice as much on Sunday as they do
other days. The appetite is just as good
as it would be if they were engaged in
their ordinary occutatioiis, but the
neetls of the system are not half so
great when a person is idle as when he is
actively or laboriously engaged in busi
ness, and the result is that Monday is a
blue day to very many. It is a day of
headaches and ill feeling, and by Wednes
day, jterliaps, they get kick into the nor
mal track again, and by Saturday are
ready for another stuffing on Sunday.
We believe tliat dyspepsia in city men
originates, in nine cases out of ten, "in the
practice of overeating and taking little
exercise on Sunday. Phrenological
The Stamp Collecting Muula.
The mania for collecting postage stamps
seenis to be gaining more ground than
ever in France. Among the most famous
collectors in France is a man who has
over 1,000,000 tostage stanqts preserved
in lo0 richly lxnmd volumes, and atirther
who keeps two clerks employed in classi
fying and arranging his enormous col
lection. Added to this, there are in
Paris altout 130 wholesale linns em
ployed in thu trade, and one of the best
known of these lias lately offered from
ViU to Jt40 for certain stanqts of tin year"
183G. Tuscan postage 'stamrsdattjd be
fore 1800 will be paid for atTe rate of
6 each, whiie-sl&mjn from Mauritius for
the year 181? fetch 80, and French
stamps of Id-it) are quoted at '1 each.
Parw Cor. London Telegraph.
Collecting; His Caricature.
Count Beust collected all the carica
tures of himself tliat apteared during
twenty years, and took great pride in
showing them to visitors at Altenberg.
He also collected newspaper articles and
pamphlets relating to himself. His mu
sical talent was considerable. Among
his valses the most popular. "Kctour ties
hides," was dedicated to the Princess of
Wales. His last jtoem, dated Altenberg,
June, 1S86, and entitled "Vorbei." ap
peared a fortnight ago in The Vienna Re
view. It closes with the words -Forgiveness
to enemies, the battle is over."
Enduring Quality or Human Hair.
A remarkable illustration of tho endur
ing quality of human hair may now be
seen in the British museum, whero has
been placed a wig lately found in a temple
at Thebes, which is supposed to have
been worn by au Egyptian priest at a
period not less than ,400 years ago.
A Possible DIcovery.
Perhaps one of the most astounding
discoveries we shall make in eternity is
that our planet is not only one of the
most insignificant in size, but one of the
least advanced in civilization. Augusta
Bachlea's Aratea Salre.
The Best Salve iu the world for
Cuts, Braises, Sores, Ulcer, Salt
Rheum. Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
IlaDda, Chilblain, Corns and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively cure6
Pile, or no pay required. It is guar
anteed toirive perfect Batiftfactioo, or
money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. Foi Sale by Dawly & Heit
kessper. mayl7 Iy
National Bank !
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $I7,OOo!
And the largest 1I4 . C.H -
Ital of any ban in this part
of the State.
Dci)0',it1 re,,eved and interest paid
on time deposit. v
afts on the principal cities in this
and Kurope bought and sold.
gycollections Bnd all other business
givea prompt and careful attention.
SAM'L C.SMITH, ViceFret't.
J. V. BECKER.
W. A. MCALLISTER.
Drs. KABTYN ft 8 CHUG,
U. 8. Examining Surgeons,
Loeal Surgeons, Unioq Pacific, O.. N.
Consultations iu German and English,
telephones at office and residences.
I30fflce on Olive street, uext to Broa
fouhrer's Jewelry Store.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building 11th street.
A TTOItXYS A T LA W,
Uldoe oyer First National
. KVAAN, M. O.,
PHYSICIAN AND SUliGEON.
B3TOtti.:e and rooms. Uluck building,
11th street. Telephone coiumuuicatiou.
JJAMIIrO .TiEAUKU 91. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SUE G EON,
Platte Center, Nebraska. 9-y
pjKR.fiA- a r::vHrKir,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON 3IAKEK,
13th street, eat of Abt'n barn.
April 7, Stf-tl
IT -sl. J. CHAM. Wll.l.Y,
T3EUTSCH Kl I ARZT,
e".e "tn reet. Consultations
m hnglisb, French and (ienimu. 22.m
Just opened. Special attention given
to commercial men. Has a good sample
room. Sets the best table. Give It a
trial and be convinced. OO-Omo
J OH kvmde,
ETParties desiring surveviitK done
tan auuress me at Columbus, Neb.
call at my office iu Court House.
OTICE TO TKACHKMfJ,
w. H. Tedrow, Co
1 Will be at H1V Office in th I'nnrt 1
the third Saturday of each nicnth for i
examination oi leacners.
r. p. Bur
- ". ! aas juiseases
' Ckildrea a Saaeialtv.
ETOffice on Olive meet, three doors
aorth of First National Bank. 2-ly
A TTORNEYS AT LAW
Office up-stairs In
lug. 11th St. W. A
. McAllister, Notary
J. t. MACVARLAND,
Ittemjial Usury rati e.
B. R. COWDXXY,
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACF ARLAND &
JOHN G. 1IIGGINS.
C. J. UARLOW,
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips
Blankets, Curry Combs, Brushes, trunks'
valises,- buggy tops, cushions, carriage
trimmings, Ac, at tbe lowest possible
prices. Repairs promptly attended to..
AltirBELL. At CO.
Rars and Iron !
The highest market price paid tor rags
and iron. Store in the Bubach building,
Olive st Columbus. Neb. 13-tf
'can live at home, and make more
money at work for us, than at
anrthinir 1a In thia wnrlit ra n.
its! not needed: vou are started free.
Both sexes; all ages. Any one can do
the work. Large earnings sure from
Srst start. Costly outfit and terras free.
Better not delay. Costs you aotaiag to
end us your address aad lad out; if
Jou are wise you will do so at eacs. Ji.
Ialuctt & Co., Portland, 31 alas.
or -JT r
Bupt. x I
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