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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 25, 1886)
Ab amy at children encamped by the seal
Waa a Buster of warriors 'tie getting-to be!
,1kej are coming In clans, with their mothers
1 and maids;
Taeycome in battalions, with buckets and
Taeyare coming to make a descent on oar
They will alter the shape or It, sure! such a
t Intrenching and digging from morning till
What foe would dare scale such redoubts IB
Could any invader such parapets take
. As these forts that the sturdy young charn
See them shoulder their shovels and march to
See them merrily join the long battle array!
Here's a ware! On their works it begins its
Oh! Abu! Our brave soldiers are turning
' Ah, they rally. they charge! No more
.sight, nor affright!
They recapture the forts, and they'll Ight
' J Maria Si Hammond, in St. Nicholas.
A MOTHER'S CHOICE.
"So yotfll give me up, will you!" said
Walter Merevale. "A pretty specimen
of constancy you are, Ju."
"But I can t help it," said Judith Jay,
hanging down her head. "I know Wal
ter acar, that I am not good enough
for you. Your mother is quite right
when she says I am an insignificant
country girl with no accomplishments
"But it isn't my mother, so far as I
am aware, who is going to marry
you," said Walter with imperturbable
That don't signify," said poor Ju
dith, swallowing the big lump in her
throat, not without difficulty. "I have
resolved not to be the bone of conten
tion between mother and son. Dear,
dear Walter, it breaks my heart to give
you up, but "
-For richer, for poorer, for better,
for worse,' " repeats Merevale. "Don't
that include the mother-in-law question,
"But I have not yet taken those awful
rows upon me, Walter," said Judith,
with an awe-stricken expression of
"And you will give me up?"
"Yes, Walter," in a very low voice.
"Suppose I decline to be given up?"
"Suppose I sue you for breach of
"But you never would do that"
;But you love me, Ju, don't you?"
-"IRI-didn't' Walter, I could never
place our welfare before my own aap-
Siness, as I am doing now," sighed
"I dba't want any such appalling
heroism as this," said the unromantic
lover., "My mother is all very well,
but how au old lady who has had her
own youth and her own love-making
can reconcile it to her conscience to go
meddling with the young people s con
"Oh, 'hush, Walter!" said Judith, put
ting her soft little pink palm over his
rebellious mouth. "Remember what
the Bible says 'Honor chy father and
thy mother!' "
"Now, look here Judith," said Wal
ter, "do you really wish to give me
"Yes, I do," Judith answered after a
second or so of hesitation.
"Very well," said Merevale. "It isn't
polite to contradict a lady. Hencefor
ward 1 consider myself given up! If
I'm to bo a dutiful sou, I'll be a duti
ful son with a vengeance. My mother
shall pick me out a wife to suit her
self!" He walked oft whistling, with both
hands in his pockets. And poor little
Judith ran back into the house, and
began to cry attr a very uuheroine
"But I have done my duty!" she wail
ed. "I have done my duty! There is
always that to remember!" "
While Mr. Merevale walked to The
Place, au old gray-stone house in the
midst of whispering maple trees, and
surrounded by one of those great ideal
New England farms which suggested
the Land of Plenty, where a handsome
old lady sat knitting on the jxrch.
"I've done it, mother," he said cool-
"Done what, Walter?"
"I've given up Judith Jay. Or, at
least, to adhere more strictly to the
truth, she gave me up! I hope you are
Mrs. Merevale laid down her knitting
and crossed her inittened hands piously
on her lap. "
"I am thankful for that, Walter," she
said. "But as you know how pain
fully anxious I am to see you married
"All right, mother," interrupted this
irreverent young man. '-Go ahead!
Pick out any incumbent you please! Ju
dith is determined that I shall marry to
suit you, and it would be a pity to
thwart her! Just name the young wo
man, and I'll go on my knees to her at
"My dear Walter, are you crazy?"
' "No, only dutiful."
"Then," said Mrs. Merevale, with an
exultant heart, "if you really mean
what yon say. Miss Florella Winton is a
young person of wealth, accomplish
ment, and' social standing!"
"All right," said Walter; "I'll go and
E repose to her at once. Only please
avealist of second and third candi
dates ready 'in case Number One savs
Vo!" " " " J
"My dear Walter!"
"Irs better to have these things all
straight and ship-shape," said Walter.
'There's nothing like system, even in
"Miss Florella Winton, however, did
not say "no." She said "yes," and Mrs.
Merevale's heart grew triumphant with
"She will be a daughter after my own
heart," said the.old lady. "Dear thing,
I love her already. She is coming up
flPYt WpaIt in tm nvar iha lirmca ritti m
elightful to help her plan
all her housekeeping arrangements. I
always felt sure that waiter would come
to his senses in time."
Miss Florella Winton came to The
Place a cherry-cheeked, hazel-eyed
village beaut-, dressed after the latest
city fashions, and not devoid of some of
the airs and graces popularly supposed
to pertain to the "girl of the period."
"A jolly old cavern," said she, look
Jng round the parlor, "but too dark.
Slash a window through the norttfside,
Wally, and turn that turnip-patch into
a tennis-court Of course you'll refur
nish." "My dear Florella," pleaded Mrs.
Merevale, "the furniture is very good
still, -and " J
"Are you going to be mistress of the
house, oram lP'retorted Florella, turn
ing short upon the old lady.
"But, Florella, so long as I live here
"But you're not going to live here,"
florella said, with a very emphatic nod
of the "head. "One of mv unalterable
maxims is, 'Don't put up with a mother-in-law.1
Every one knows that there
can't be two mistresses in a house,
don't they. Wally?"
Mrs. Merevale gasped, actually strick
cm dumb With anger and astonish
ment v "And," went on Florella, "there's the
Id farm-house, by the creamery that
yon could live'in, just as well as not I
wast the whole of my own house .for
y. own relations, and I mean to have
it I've asked a jolly lot of young folks
down from New Haven to visit me this
aatamn, and we don't wast any old
fcJrs pottering around eh Wallv?"
"Walter," cried Mrs. Merevale, "do
worn stand calmly by, and hear your'
Bat Walter, too wise to commit him-
eltoaly leaned sxaiast the fire-place.
. tbi- "TtoamOA w tHH ataa A
"Settle it among yourselves." said
he. "Suit yourselves, and you'll suit
me." r . - " S -
"I will not stay here to be insulted,"
said Mrs. Merevale.
"I ain't insulting you." said Florella
with provoking good humor. "I'm only
telling you the truth."
"And, my son, who ne never would
have proposed to you if I ha hadn't
advised him to!"
"That's what old people always say,"
observed Florella. They think the
world would stop wagging around if
they didn't push the wheels."
Mrs. Merevale hurried sobbing out of
, "I never was spoken to thus in all my
life," she said hysterically. "Dear little
Judith Jay always treated me as if I
were a queen! Oh dear oh dear!
what a dreadful mistake I have made!"
While Walter and Florella, left alone
in the dark wainscoted parlor, looked
at each other, half awed, half delight
"Wasn't I horrid?" said Florella in a
"Didn't know you could be such a
brave little soldier," said Walter in the
same sollo voce.
"Do you think she has had enough
of it?" said Fiorclla.
"I should sav that she had,"
very slowly rcplieif Mr. Merevale.
Half an hour subsequently Walter
found his mother weeping pitifully in
her own room an elderly Niobe.
"Why, mother, what's the matter?"
"It's that girl!" cried Mrs. Merevale
"She's the very daughter-in-law you
selected for yourself," reasoned Walter;
"But 1 never suspected that she could
be such a dragoness," faltered the oor
old lady. "Oh, why did I interfere!
What made me suppose that I knew
better than Providence did?"
"Do yon think Judith Jay would suit
you better than Florella, mother?"
"Yes. a thdusand times!" said the un
wary Mrs. Merevale, clasping her hands
"Well, then, mother, I'll tell you a
secret," said Walter. "Florella and I
have only been doing a little parlor
drama in one act. We aren't engaged
at all. Florella is to be married in the
spring to Captain Lee "
"And I wish him joy of her!" said
Mrs. Merevale with rancor.
"And 1 shall never marry anybody
but Judith Jay," added Walter.
"Judith is at least docile and ami
able," said Mrs. Merevale.
"But I thought I would let you see
how matters would work if vou bad
J 'our own way about it," said Walter,
aughing, "And now, shall I go and
bring Judith here?"
"Yes, Walter," said the old lady
"As your future daughter-in-law?"
The sun was just setting as Walter
rushed into the Jay cottage.
"Come, Ju." he cried gleefully, "it's
all right I've honored my father and
mother or, at least all that's left of
them and they've had quite enough of
it Florella Winton has played Queen
Stork until my mother is thankful to
come back to Queen Log. Come Ju,
for better, for worse, for richer, for
Walter, what do you mean?" said
Judith, her eyes still red and swollen.
"Come up to The Place and see,"
said Walter with calm exultation.
And little Judith Jay found herself
joyfully received by her majestic moth
"I don't know what I have done to
deserve such happiness," said Judith in
a trembling voice.
"You have been a self-sacrificing little
darling," said Walter "that's what
you have done."
LEE AT FREDERICKSBURG
husband wandered far away from the
clash of arms to the memories of their
youthful love and' courtship under the
shade of her ancestral oaks, for Chat
ham was originally the property of a
near relative. As l" concluded the sen
tence, 'They shall never bavo the land,'
hearing a slight noise. I turned and
saw the general, who had silently en
tered, in dressing-gown and slipper.
The great buek-uhot drops slowly rolled
down that face, whose calm was never
broken by the earthquake shock of
battle. Slowly and silently he retired,
and I could 'but feci the deepest com-
E unction that words of mine should
are sent another pang through that
The Microscopic Structare of
August Century. Maior J.
Horace Lacy gives some of his reminis
cences of General Lee. From his arti
cle we quote as follows: "Ascending
the heights, I soon reached what was
called the leadquartivs battery of
General Lee. Afar across the valley
and river in the grey light of the early
morning could oe seen the white
Eorches of my home, Chatham, made
istoric by Federal army correspon
dents, as the 'Lacy House.' The porches
were filled with officers and gayly
dressed women, and from half a score
of brass bands rang out across the val
ley 'Yankee Doodle' and 'Hail Colum
bia!' The commanding officer asked
me if I would permit him to scatter the
unbidden guests at my home. At his
request I asked General Lee to author
ize the fire of the heavy guns, which
wpuld have laid Chatham in the dust
With a smile he refused, and, asking
me to walk with him, we withdrew a
short distance. He then motioned me
to sit by him on the trunk of a great
"Looking across at Chatham through
his field-glass he said, 'Major, I never
Eermit the unnecessary eflusion of
lood. War is terrible enough, at its
best, to a Christian man; I hope yet to
see you and your dear family happy
in your old home. Do you know I love
Chatham better than anv nlace in the
world, except Arlington! I courted and
won my dear wife under the shade of
those trees. By the way, not long since
I was riding out with my staff, and, ob
serving how your grand old trees had
been cut down by those people, I saw
that a magnificent tulip poplar at the
head of the ravine, north of the house,
was still standing, and with somewhat
of your rhetoric, I said to Venable and
Taylor: "There is nothing in vegetable
nature so grand as a tree. Granpling
with its roots the granite foundations
of the everlasting hills, it reaches its
sturdy and gnarled trunk on high,
spreads its branches to the heavens,
casts its shadow on the sward, and the
birds build their nests and sing amid its
umorageous ioiiage. Kenold, the mon
arch stripped of attendants and guards
awes the vaudal by the simple majesty
of his sublimo isolation." Pocketing
my field-glass close and riding on, I
heard, mingled with laughter, a request
from the young gentlemen that I would
bring my glass to bear once more on
the monarch of the forest I looked,
and even while I had been talking the
ax of the vandal was laid to the root,
and the monarch had fallen.'
"Then moved by emotion unusual to
his calm equable nature, he continued,
1 had three hundred acres of wood
land at Arlington. Serving the United
States Government for many years on
the frontier. 1 marked with my own
hand each tree that was to be used for
timber or fuel. They tell me ray trees
are gone yours are all gone;' then ris
ing from the log. with a fire and a'pas-
oiuu rarejj witnesses, in mm, ana with
all the majesty of his sublime presence,
he said: 'Major they have our trees;
thev shall never have the landP
Three years after the close of the
war I was a visitor at the home of Gen
eral Lee, then president of Washington
and Lee University. After dinner the
general retired, and I was invited to
ee Mrs. Lee in her chamber. She was
a great sufferer and confirmed invalid,
incapable of motion save in a roller
chair, which was the chief delight of
him, who had so Jong directed great
armies, to move from room to room,
bending over her with the grace of a
Sidney and the devotion of a youthful
lover. I told Mrs. Lee the story which I
have so imperfectly attempted to repro
duce. Need) I, tefl any woman who
leads these pages' that tears streamed
down that patient farrowed face, p or
that a light' and ioy from bevond the
atari beamed through thorn team, as she
w that thfl.lhona-hJa at hr ami
An inspection of the different species
shows the marked diversity in the struc
ture and appearance of the woods, and
one is quickly relieved of the general
impression that they are all alike. Ex
amined microscopically, the differences
in structure are sufficient for identifica
tion of the species, and at the same
time enable one to judge of the suita
bility of a particular wood for definite
uses. So little has been done in this
country in the microscopical study of
the woods for engineering, architectural,
or mechanical purposes, that but few
are aware of the variety in form and
structure of the wood cells, ducts, and
special fibers which make up the woody
tissue of the different species. An ex
pert can readily determine whether a
certain wood, used for railroad-ties,
will sustain the service of a trunk line,
or is only suitable for a branch of limit
In the Conifcra, which includes the
pines, cedars, larches, red-woods,
spruces, and firs, as a rule, each layer
of growth only has two kinds of wood-
cells called tracheids, one of thin walls
and a large lumeu, and the other of
thick walls and a small lumen; when
the former predominates, making near
ly all of the layer, the wood is generally
soft and in the white pine (I'inus stor-
6ms, Ij.), the cedars, red-woods, spruces,
and firs. When the thick-walled cells
form one fourth to one half of the layer,
the wood is much harder, as in the
long-leaf yellow pine (tinus paluslris.
Mill), Fiutts mitis, and the larches. On
the thin-walled cells of all the species of
the Coniferce are dome-like or lenticu
lar markings, principally on the sides
parallel to the medullary rays.
The thick-walled cells are "often mark
ed ou the sides at right angles to the
medullary rays. The Conifcra have
more or less resinous products, and the
presence" or absence of the upright resin
canals aid in distinguishing the genera,
while the form and character of the
medullary rays, the presence or absence
of rasin-ducts, the character of the cells,
enable the species to be identified. In
the alburnum or sap-wood, the starch is
confined to the cells around the rasin
canals and in the cells of the medullary
The cellular structure of the oaks,
chestnuts, hickories, ashes, walnuts,
maples, beeches, birches, and magnolias
is far more complex and more highly
differentiated than that of the conifers;
beside the wood-cells, there are ducts.
vessels, and special cells containing
starch in the alburnum or sap-wood.
In nearly all the species of the first five
orders mentioned, the ducts' grow in
concentric rows, in the first of the sea
son's growth; those which form later
may be inclined through the layer of
wood-cells, becoming 'smaller as they
approach the outer portion. In the live
oak, the ducts run radially through the
ring, antl the small fibers are nearly
solid, giving the wood great hardness,
making it so valuable for ship-building.
P. II. Dudley, in Popular Science
A Ten-Year-Old Heroine.
Three months ago, writes a Cam
bridge, Mass., correspondent of the
New York Herald. Mrs. Edward Barry,
wife of a day laborer on the Fitchburg
railroad, living in the Belmont district
died from .hard work and exposure,
leaving five children to the care of her
kind-hearted though rather dissipated
husband. The eldest child, Nellie, 10
years of age, has acted as housekeeper
since the death of her mother, and has
managed to clothe the backs and sup
ply the mouths of her four younger
brothers from the $1.50 a day wages of
their father. Last night it was very hot
in their cottage, and Nellie, .after put
ting the little folks to bed, and singing
and fanning them to sleep, put her
father's supper on the back of the stove,
and sat down to wait for his return. He
was late. The little clock on the mantel
ticked off the hours and brought 9
o'clock, but no father. Then Nellie re
membered that he had been drinking
since the Fourth aud went out to seek
him. Failing to find him she returned,
tired and worried with her heavy cares.
She went to the little heated chamber to
look at her sleeping brothers, and then
resumed her place in the chair, deter
mined to stay awake until her father
came, but the heat combined with her
hard work, was too much for the child,
and she was soon sleeping with her
head upon her arm.
An hour later she was awakened by
the sound of falling timbers, and spring
ing to her feet she saw the whole end of
the house on fire, while clouds of smoke
filled every room. What she did first
she can not tell. All she knows is that
when her first neighbor arrived he met
her coming out of the burning house
with the last of her little brothers in her
arms. The other three were lying on
the grass in front of the house in their
night-clothes. Her eldest brother, Jim
my, says she came up-staira and, taking
them one by one. carried them out in
safety. Her face is burned and her hair
is scorched, but otherwise she is unhurt
The three smaller ones aged 2, 4, and
6 years were not awakened until the
arrival of their tipsy father, who reach
ed home with the "fire comnany. The
premises caught in an adjoining barn,
probably from an engine spark, and
spread to the house. The little heroine
and ber brothers were taken to the
house of an aunt in the Dublin district
and to-day she has been receiving so
manv congratulations that her little
head" is nearly turned. Several wealthy
people who heard of her deed have
made arrangements to give ber an edu
cation, thinking so brave a girl should
have an opportunity to elevate herself.
OUR FIRST LOCOMOTIVE.
The Trial Trip f th StoartoMgw Ua a
Horn dala. Aagtast , Iff.
Guide-books, as a rule, possess no in
terest that is at all dependent on any
inherent value in the facts that aire pre
sented in them says the New York Sun,
but Mr. J. W. Burdict the general pas
senger agent of the Delaware and Hud
son Canal company's railroad, in a
little pamphlet just issued, has been at
some pains to present what he deems
trustworthy facts about the first locomo
tive that ever ran upon an American
railroad. According to him, the first of
these engines was the Stourbridge Lion,
so called because it bore a lion's head
on the front of its boiler and was made,
by Foster, Boswick & Co. in Stour
bridge, England. Horatio Allen, a
young civil engineer, had been sent to
England by the canal company to bny
strap-iron for the rails, chains for the
inclined planes, and three locomotives
for the levels of the projected railroad.
He returned in 1828, and the first of the
locomotives reached New York in May,
1829. It was set up at the West Point
foundry at the foot of Beach street in
this city, and in the summer was ship
ped by boat to Honesdale, where it was
put upon tho iron-strapped wooden rails
of the new road. It was of the pattern
afterward known by the name of "grass
hoppers," because of the walking-beams
that elbowed up and down over the
boiler, like the leg joiuts of those in
sects. It weighed seveu tons, or less
than one of our elevated railroad loco
motives, but it had no such pulling
power as they possess.
It was big and clumsy, with four
wooden wheels, spoked and with iron
tires. It had no cab. and the cylinders
were upright The first trip was made
on Aug. 8, 1829, in the presence of a
crowd collected from forty miles
An old Queen Anne cannon was
brought up from New York to add its
voice to those of the people. Predic
tions of failure were not wanting; the
breaking down of the track, which was
built largely on trestles and piles, was
especially apprehended, and there was
little inclination on the part of those
present to trust themselves on the new
vehicle. Mr. Allen, declaring that if
there was any danger he was ready to
meet it took his position on the locomo
tive, and, after running slowly back
ward and forward a few times before
the assembled multitude, pulled the
throttle valve open, and. shouting a
loud good-by to the crowd, dashed
swiftly away around the dangerous
curve and over the swaying trestle, set
ting in motion the first locomotive that
ever turned a wheel in the western
hemisphere. The track was of strap
iron, spiked next the inner edge to
large hemlock sleepers laid on cross
ties. At the time of the trial trip the
timbers and ties, though securely con
nected, had become warped, and in
some places raised from the ground, by
exposure to the sun. The road crossed
the Lackawaxen river over a frail hem
lock trestle one hundred feet in height,
and as the locomotive was found to
weigh seven tons instead of four, as the
contract had stipulated, it was feared
by everybody that the trestle would not
bear its weight
As the Lion passed over the road the
weight pressed everything underneath
firmly down to its place ou the roadbed,
with no little creaking and groaning.
The loeomntive tiroved to be all that
the engineer had expected. After run
ning at a fair rate of speed as far as
Seelyville, the Lion was reversed, and
'returned to the dock at Houesdale araiJ
the shouts of the eople and the boom
ing of the cannon, having mot with no
accident and encountered no difficulty.
The trial trip was thus completed, and
the locomotive was pronounced a suc
cess. Mr. Allen remained iu Hones
dale three weeks after this experimental
trip, during which time he made some
improvements in the locomotive. After
his depart lire, however, tho company
not being rich enough to purchase iron
rails, and the wooden ones proving too
frail for tho engine, it was housed in a
shanty on the canal dock, where it lay
for years, a prey to rust and decay. The
boiler was afterward used in a foundry
at Carbondale; the pump was used for
several years by an emnloye of the com
pany, and the rest of the old hulk was
partly hacked to pieces by relic-hunters
and partly sold for old iron.
On Oct 6, 1829, less than two months
after the historic rido in the Stourbridge
Lion, the famous competitive test of lo
comotives at Livcqxxjl took place. The
result of this was the firm establishment
of the steam railroad at the head of all
methods of land transportation. There
were four engines, in competition, and
Stephenson's Kocket won the prize.
Eleven mouths after this the Liverpool
and Manchester railroad was estab
lished, and the Rocket ran fifteen miles
at a speed of thirty-seven miles an hour.
Then there were only twenty-three
miles of railroads in this country, and
now the number of miles of track ex
is senseless to offer resistance. Sap
posing that there are firearms in the
noose, the chances are that they can
not be effectually used. Persons who
are aroused from deep sleep by burglars
are not in a coudition to lire'rifles and
revolvers. They will be dazed.. while
their unwelcome visitors will bo active
and on the look-out A motion or a
noise on the part ot the sleepers will be
almost sure to bring the burglars to
.their sides, when the pistol, dirk, or gag
will be used. The vases of torturing
persons in farm-hotiAcs with a view of
making them di-clou where money and
other valuables are M-creted are numer
ous. In repeated cases robbers after
plundering a house aud tying its in
mates have set it on fire, with the in
tention of destroying all evidence of
their criTuc--'. The instances where the
inmates of a farm-house have been able
to defend tlieiiiv;lvcs against deter
mined burglars, to .shoot them, or to
frighten them away are exceedingly
Every j'ear when the time arrives for
starting fires in stoves outside the kitch
en we hear of large quantities of bauk
bills, deposited in stove-pipes and ovens.
being destroyed. They were placed in
these receptacles for safe keeping by
some member of the family, who
neglected to inform the others, or who
at the time of lighting the lire forgot
about it. The :ratn-biu and corn-crib
are sometimes used as depositories of
the money saved by farmers. They
often set ve a iisetul pur'tosc, but occa
sionally the nionev is devoured by farm
animals or vermin, or is hauled off to
market with the grain. The practice of
burying money in the cellar or garden
or of M'cruting it in onie crevice be
tween the wall.s ami plastering of the
house is far more common. In some
cases the moin-v is secreted so well that
it is never found by the person who hid
it or by his relatives for whom it was
saved. Sudden death, mental derange
ment, or loss of memory may prevent
the treasure from being found. Jn
many old country towns there are
legeuus auout money that was lost in
this way. Iu ease a lire occurs in a
dwelling, the money secreted iu it is
That a tariu-hou.se is a very unsuit
able place for keeping money, aud that
its presence there serves to invite burg
lars, must be admitted, 'it is by no
means .strange that farmers have be
come .suspicious of cross-roads banks,
that have little or no capital, whose
directors are irresponsible and whose
officials are of questionable integrity.
But there is scarcely a county in the
country that doe.s not contain at least
one reliable bank. There is no con
siderable cily iu which there is not a
bank that cnjoy.s the confidence of the
business men of the community. If it
is not. convenient for a man living in
the country to make deposits in this
bank personally, it costs but a trifle to
send money lo it In express. The ex
press company is responsible, and banks
will forward receipts for money received
by the express agents. Hesittes 'the
banks there are uow .sale depositories
in nearly all large chics, where patrons
can place money, p.ipcrs, and other
valuables iu pmute boxes of which
they hold the U-. if they do not
afford uh-oluif security, they furnish
the nearest apnroach to it tinit human
wisdom, skill, ami iiii-vmiiiv can sirr-
Mrs. A. 1. Stewart tbe first for veara.
Poor old lady! One look at her is as
good as a sermon on the follies of this
life. Her coupe, gorgeous in gilded '
trappings and satin- cushions, was
standing at the curb, mid. just as I '.
passed the great white hall doors were
thrown opeti with a flourish aud out
she came. Against a lung vista of
marble columns and shining lloore she
began to creep slowly down the stairs,
leaning heavily on 'the arm of her
majorAlomo. That major-domo, bv tin
way, is a wonderful old creature." He
looks like a creation of Tmllnpe's, ami
always dresses in decent blnck. with a
black velvet skull-capon his long nil
very hair, and his rrohl-tipjxut wand :
office' in his hand. He led Mrs. Stewart
with fatherly, care down the long flight
of stops, then at the bottom delivered
her into the bauds of two gigantic foot
men, who supported her to the carriage,
whjle a maid followed, her blooming
face' Deeping out frotn under a mass ot
shawls and air cushions. That tin
widow of the merchant millionaire is
as fond as ever of the oups and vani
ties is shown' iu her blushing cheeks,
in the mane of wild black curls, bob
bing into her eyes ami pouring in a jet
ty cascade dowii her back; iu her gowil
of black silk, stilt' as pasteboard, and
covered with laces and jet and red satin
bows dragging its heavy length out be
hiud her. It looks, however, as if she
could not have much more time left
wherein to enjoy them. She was so
feeble the other day that her footman
had almost to lift her into her carriage:
then the maid came tripping to the door
and began putting her in shape
Eunchcd up her cushions and arranged
er shawls, pulled the gloves up over
her tiny, trembling hands twitched
her bonnet into place, pulled down her
veil, patted the bow under bcrchiu.
and settled her into -the
one might settle
doU. Aeuf York
CHICAGO SHORT LINE
M, Miliacdce ami
THE BEST ROUTE
From OMAHA and COUNCIL BLUFFS
TO THE BAST.
SAML. C. SMITH, Agt.
Bally TMtvra Oaaha, C:cU S'.afc,
Chicago, -and--'- Milwaukee.
St. Paul, Minneapolis, Cedar Rapids,
Clinton, Dubuque, Davenport,
Rock Island, Freeport, Rockford,
Elgin, Madison, Janesvilte,
Beloit, Winona, La Crosse.
Ami all other Important Point
Northeast ami Southeast.
Geairal M MrHulir.
I3TI have a large'nuinber of improved
FarniH for sale cheap. Also uaimproved
farmimr and grazing lands, from l to $15
BTSpecial attention paid to makiac
tiual proof ou Homestead aud Timber
GTAH haviu- Iaals to sell will tind it
to their advantage to leave th-m in my
hands for sale. Money to loan ou farms.
F. II. Marty, Clerk, npeak German.
0-tf Columbus Nebraska.
an extra expensive
Ltlter to San Fran-
For through titkets eall on the Ticket
Aiieut at Columbus, Nebraska.
Pullman Slkm-xus ami the Finkm
DiNiMi Cars in tub World an- ruu ou
the maiu lines of the Chi Jlil
waakefA Mi. Paal Wy, aud everv
attention is paid to pas-sender.- liy cour
teous employe of the Company.
IK. Miller. A. V. II. rnraoBtor.
General Mau ger. Gcn'l Pass. As?t.
FARMERS & STOCKMEN
line on the
Asi't Gen'i Man.
Jro. . Ileaflferd,
A't Pa-in. At't.
J. T. Clark, Geu'l Sup't.
gesL i A wii ...
To "Kl.ii-" or Iff "iiive."
FARM HOUSES AS BANKS.
The cows at Empire, on the Carson
river, Nevada, feed on the numerous
small, low, flat islands at that point,
which divide the river up into many
meandering sloughs and branches. A
short time ago, when the river was
high, these islands were completely
submerged, but uow they are above
water again, and covered with short.
sweet grass, which the cows eagerly
seek. They are so used to wading and
swimming from one island to another
that their feet have become broad, with
a strong, thick, web-like sole leather
formed between the toes. Any one of
these cows can out-swim a rowboat or
The hopeful 6-year-old son of one of
Waterbury's best-known lawyers walked
into the district court room the other
morning, and, presenting a black kitten
with a string about its neck, said: "Pa
pa, will youtake care of mv cat until
achool is outF' Hartford times.
"Pa, who was Horace Greeley?1'
"He was aa .-editor, Bertie." "Pa, did
he ised to write the base-ball reporto?"
"No, Bertie, I believe not." "Hamph!
TIi mnlda't hmva him mach of am
. iSft? 7 ?W tUtor, Vfffc . ..
Tb Daaaera Involred la Keeping- Mommy
ad Other Valuable la Country Home.
The murder of a farmer and his wife
near Janesvillc, Wis., recently for the
purpose of obtaining the money hoarded
in their house is only one of several
hundred-similar crimes that have been
committed in this country during the
past few years. A month rarely passes
that an account of the robbery of some
farm-house or the murder of some of its
inmates is not published in this paper.
A prosperous or wealthy farmer who
makes a practice of keeping large sums
of money or other valuables in his house
generally lets the fact be known to the
Eublic He is fond of stating that he
as no confidence in banks, depositories,
or other institutions designed for the
safe keeping of money. He advertises
to the world that he is custodian of his
own valuables, and that his house,
ordinarily his bed-chamber, is the place
whero he keeps them. By so doing he
invites robbers and-burglars, who rarely
hesitate to take life if it becomes neces
sary to do so in order to secure booty or
to prevent being captured. A house
breaker ordinarily carries a set of burg
lar's tools in one hand and a revolver
in the other. He has no more hesitancy
about using the latter than the former.
By the common law the house of
every man in city or country is declared
to be his "castle." As a role, it does
not resemble a castle in the matter of
means of defense. It has no massive
walls of stone, no ponderous gates of
iron, no deep moat tilled with water, no
bridge that can be drawn at night or in
times of danger, no protected place in
which armed sentinels can stand, no
alarm-bell for calling assistance. A
farm-house generally stands at quite a
distance from other dwellings. It is
not constructed with a view of affording
security to life and property against
robbers or assassins. It is ordinarily
built of wood, and has numerous doors
and windows that are easily opened
from the outside. It rarely ever con
tains a fire and burglar proof vault or
safe. It is not provided with means for
summoning assistance. No person is
employed to watch it while the members
of the family are asleep. A dog may.
be kept for the purpose of civnW an
alarm in case strangers approach in the
night, but the chances are that the
creature barks so often and on such
slight provocation that the inmates of
the house, if they are sound sleepers, are
not aroused by its barking in times of
Such a building is not a fit depository
for valuables of any kind. It is liable
to be burned down, and can be easily
catered by anyone who has the courage
ud dispoaftioM to do-so. As a rnlA
A young woman having np-H-aled to
the .Sm for the coin-ct usage of the
words ride aud drive, that authority in
formed her that "it a voiinir woman
goes out on hoi-M-haek with a oiiiiginan
Bhe rides with him: but it .-.lie j;ms with
him in a carriage or a lm;g- she
flrives with him." From this dictum the
Washington Post di-sents, declaring
that there is no foundation for it, either
in grammar or in best current usage,
"As a matter of fact." it says, "oue
does ride iu a carriasre, and usually
does not drive, but hires a cheap man
to drive for him. It will answer well
enough in England, where equestrians
are common, to make the discrimina
tion which the ttn explains, but it has
no application to this country, where
there are more who 'ride' on bicycles
thau on horseback." The usage in this
part of the country among many culti
vated people who are not mere "verbal
uuues ami rneiorical exquisites sanc
tions the distinction made by the Sun.
But there is no authority for it in the
be.t English dictionary. Stormouth
gives the words as synonymous. A
"ride" is "au excursion ou horseback
or iu a vehicle," and to ride is to "be
borpe or carried aloug, as iu n carriage
or on horseback." A "drive" is, ac-
cording to same authority, "a ride or
excursion in a carriage;" while the verb
signifies "to guide or regulate, as the
horses in a carriage. " Tliib would seem
to limit the driving to the one who
drives, all others in the carriage simply
tiding. The obvious and root meaning
is commonly the bet- Oue certainly
rides, but dues not drive on horseback;
he rides, but may not drive, iu a vehi
cle, lo say that you have been out
"driving" conveys plainly enough the
fact that you have beeu in a carriage.
To say that you have been- "riding"
may require a descriptive word to tell
the whole story. It was this fact, prob
ably, which led the country folks to say
buggy-riding-" and "horseback - rid
ing." The latest word, "horseback
ing," is dreadful. The sum of the mat
ter is that it is correct to say either "to
drive" or "to ride" to indicate an "ex
cursion iu a carriage;" and that to in
dicate an equestrian excursion plainly
one must say "iu .the saddle" or "on
horseback." Vo.iton Herald.
Air for Plants.
Many soil-cultivators are scarcely
aware, writes a corresjondeut of the
aural Sew Yorker, how necessary a
circulation of air is about the roots of
growing plants. A coating of ice or
an impervious crust proves fatal to
growth' by shutting oil the, access of
fresh air. Stagnant water has the same
effect. Yet we can grow many sorts of
plants, even grain, in water without
any soil, but ' the water must be re
placed by a fresh supply well tilled with
fresh air at least once a week. Plants
will grow and extend their roots in the
open air itself, provided that it be sat
urated with moisture and sheltered from
parching winds and burning sun.
Nurserymen prepare their cuttings of
bardwooded, slow-growing plants by
putting them iu the damp, still, even
temperatured air of a cellar, enveloped
in moss or some similar open-textured
covering preservative of moderate moist
ure, yet not liable to mold, and there
they gradually callus, and the forming
callus is not washed or dissolved by any
watering. Cuttinss of roses and other
things that take more time to move in
growth than merely herbaceous plants
do, will root readily in summer set in
sandy mold in a dower pot, which is
set in another in the manner of a glue
pot, the outer larger pot standing in a
vessel of water which rises nearly or
quite to the bottom of the inner one.
The joint around the top of the pots is
luted with a smear of clay, and a pane
of glass may be laid on. In a place in
full light, but sheltered from wind and
direct sunshine, no further attention is
requisite, unless to keep water in .the
pan. In two or three weeks the plants
will be rooted and fit to set out "Wood
that is getting bard, as just after flower
ing, is best for such cuttings. No water
ing being necessary, tho young growth
can not be harmed by it.
m i m
The Widow Stewart.
The boarding-house women of Wash
ington are numbered by the thousands.
There are two classes of these. The
first merely rent rooms and the second
give board as well. It is a great 'busi
ness here at Washington for women to
take large houses, paying from $75 to
$300 per month for them, and then sub
let the rooms to single gentlemen or to
families as the case may be. They re
ceive, as a rule, as muctf for their ground
floor rooms as they pay for the whole
house, and there have been instances in
which women have made themselves
independent by room -renting. One
hundred dollars and more is not an un
common rent here for a couple of fur
nished rooms in a good location, and
$50 and $75 are often gotten for two
rooms' on the second floor. A good
third floor front room will bring $25.
and a house that rents for $100 a month
unfurnished will often bring in $200 or
$250 if furnished aud sublet, besides
giving a room for the landlady. A num
ber of landladies' make money here
keeping boarding-houses, and the one
who entertained VV. D. Howells during
his last sojourn in Washington has
been able to buy the house in which she
lives, which i's worth about $40,000,
and is now starting a new hotel near
the treasury. Of course her success is
phenomenal, but there are numerous
others whq are doing well in a smaller
way, and the number of those who
make their living by feeding others is
legion. Cor. Cleveland Leader.
m i m
Iwo Elephants Badly Scared.
"It's a well-known fact that elephants
are afraid of shall objects," said Head
Keeper Byrne at the Zoological garden
to a Philadelphia Times man, "and I
have seen one of them almost scared in
to a fit at the sight of a mouse. These
warm days we have been giving them
a bath at 4 o clock, and to amuse them
and the spectators we have thrown half
a dozen inflated bladders into the pond
when they went in to swim. At first
they almost scared them to death. Then
Empress struck at one with her trunk
and when it bounded into the air both
trumpeted and scrambled out of the
pond. To-day Empress, who has the
curiosity of her sex and a mind of her
own, gently fished one of the bladders
out of the water and then kicked at it
with her hind feet No serious results
following, she continued her investiga
tions, which ended by her putting her
front foot on tho bladder. It exploded
with a loud report aud the two ele
phants scampered home."
A Wise Hamming-Bird.
Wisdom docs not depend on size, as
you all know, my dears. The ant and
the bee, in fact, often seem to know
more than some of the largest animals.
The humming-bird, too, though the
smallest of birds, is hot lacking in intel
ligence. A friend of the Deacon tells a
pleasant little story of one that was try
ing to secure the honey from a flower
with a deep cup, and at the same time
was plainly very tired. The flower
grew near a porch where a family was
sitting, and, seeing the trouble of the
bird, a young girl walked slowly toward
him, holding out her finger. The tired
bird looked sharply at her and then ac
cepted the offered perch, alighted on the
finger, and, when it was held close to
the flower, returned to his work of
honey-gathering. The girl stood quiet
ly, ana he used her finger as a resting
Klace till he had finished his meal, when
e flew away home. A wise humming
bird that, say I, and a wise girl, too.
and Wagon Make
AU kinds of Repairing doHe oi
Short Notice. Biggies, Wag
eis, etc., nade to order,
aid all work Guaranteed.
Also Mil the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers, Beapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
Country is Wonderfully
Cheap Lands for sale in the vicinity
ot the lirelv town of Sterling
Grand Openings for all kinds of Basi
nets. Present population of
S3ff"?entl for circulars to
PACKARD ft KISG,
Sterling, Weld Co., Colorado.
Shop opposite the " Tatter!!,'
Olive St.. COLUMBUS. 2ti-iu
3 esasaS';n,,s,-o3( Kl
Cbemeat Eating omEmrtltf
ESTABLISHED IN IIS0.
WASHINOTOX, V. C.
Dally, except Sundays. Price, $G.OO per
yeir iu udrance, postage free.
WEEKLY IATIIIAL Hf IIIIC1I.
D.'Mitt-tl to eir:i! neivn and original
mutter ol. tallied from the IV'inti iiiieni of
Agriculture hii(I other Department ot
tin-Government, rel.itinir to the trminir
mid pUntiu interests.
Au Advocate of Republican principles,
reviewing fearlessly and fairly the act
of t'oiixrets and the Nattoua! Adminis
tration. Price, $1.00 per year iu advance,
E. W. FOX,
President and Manager.
The Xational Kkfublican and the
Columbus Journal, l year, J2..V).
Aix'TOUB OBOcnt ros
l THIOfttCIMAL aM
1 Tak no othr
Some days ago,
aarbla' palace on
and fifth avenue,
She Wm Oratefal.
A man and woman who were evi
dently husband and wife, and proba
bly journeying to aome point on foot,
sat on the steps of the Mechanics
bleek wih their bundles the other noon
to eat luncheon. The man spread a
handkerchief on his knees and pulled
out a hunk of bread, a piece of meat,
twoabananas, and two onions, and began
eating. The wife made no attempt to
help herself, nor was anything offered
her. The man got away with the bread
and meat and one banana, and be was
peeling the other when a lawyer's clerk
who had been interested in the affair
"Aren't you going to share with youi
"Alius have," replied the man, as he.
bit the banana in two, "and I alius
shall. Here. Bets?" .
He selected the smallest of the two
onions.and handed it out to her, and she
smiled ber gratitude at the clerk as she
vigorously munched away. Detroit
Held by wire ropes to the tip-top
point of Sonnblick Mountain, a peak
10,000 feet high in the Tyrolese Alps, is
a new block bouse. Flanking it is a
massive stone turret, a wire ropeway
8,000 feet long leads down the moun
tain, v In this block bouse is to dwell a
meteorologist aud, his observatory is
higher than any other meteorologist's
A farmer's wife living up among the
New England hills had a longing all
her life to sec a hippopotamus. A circus
and menagerie visited-a neighboring
town, and she harnessed up her old
horse and eagerly jogged over the rough
roads. When she stood in front of tue
cage where the huge beast was confined
all she said was, "My! ain't he plain!"
ab JMSt joraan, Mien., man u ac-
a sign reading.
CAVEATS, TRADE MARKS AND COFTRIGITS
Obtained, and all other business in the
U. S. Patent Office attended to for MOD
Our office is opposite tne U. S. Patent
Office, and we can ol.tain Patents in less
time than those remote from WASHIXQ
TOX. Send MODEL OR DRAWING. We
advise as to patentability free of charge:
and we make XO CHARGE UXLESS WE
We reler here to the Postmaster, the
Supt. of 3Ioney Order Div., and to offii.
cials of the U. S. Patent Office. For cir
culars, advice, terms aud references to
actual clieuts iu your own State or
county, write to
C. A. fWOftr Ac CO..
Opposite Patent Office, Washington, D.C.
The COLDMBLH JOIIBX.XA1,.
once a week, and the Chicago Herald,
onoe a day, for one year. ft.8. The
JOVBNAL and the Weekly Herald,
one year, 99.75.
M. K. Turner & Co.,
12may8ft.T Columbus, Nebr.
TTTJIT T)for working people. Send 10
H ftj I j cents postage, and we will
MM- ' " JJ- mail you yre, a loyal, val
uable feample box of goods that will put
you in the way of makinu more money in
a few days than you ever thought pos
sible at any business. Capital not re
quired. You can live at home and work
in spare time only, or all the time. All
of both sexes, of all age, graudly suc
cessful. 50 cents to easily earned
eVery eveniug. That all who want work
may test the business, we make this un
paralleled offer: To all r ho are not well
satisfied we will send f 1 to pay for the
trouble of writing us. Full particulars,
directions, etc ,ent free. Immense pay
absolutely sure for all who .-tart at once.
Don't delay. Address .vri.NsON &. Co.,
DR. WARM'S SPECIFIC No. 1.
A Certain Cure for Nervous Debilitr,
Seminal Weakness, Involuntary Emis
sions, Spermatorrhea, and all diseases o(
the genito-urinary organs caused by self
abuse or over indulgence.
Price, $1 00 per box, six boxes $5.00.
DR- WARNS SPECIFIC No. 2.
For Epileptic Fits, Mental Anxiety,
Loss of Jleinory, Softening of the Brain,
and all those diseases of the brain. Prwe
$1.00 per box, six boxes T.00.
DR. WARM'S SPECIFIC No. 3-
For Impotence, Sterility in either sex,
Loss of Power, premature'old age, aud all
those diseases requiring a thorough in
vigorating of the sexual onrans. Price
$2.00 per box, six boxes $10.00.
DR. WASH'S SPECIFIC No. 4.
For Headache, Nervous Neuralgia, and
all acute diseases of the nervous system.
Price 50c per box, six boxes $2.50.
DR. WARM'S SPECIFIC No. 5.
For all diseases caused by the over-uie
of tobacco or liquor. This remedy is par
ticularly efficacious in averting palsy and
delirium tremens. Price $1.00 per box,
six boxes $5.00.
Are Guarantee a Cure, or agree to re
fund double tbtv money paid. Certificate
in each box. This guarantee applies to
each of our five Specifics. Sent by mall
to any address, secure from observation,
on receipt of price. Be careful to mention
the number of Specific wanted. Our
Specifics are only recommended for spe
cific diseases. Beware of remedies war
ranted to cure all these diseases with one
medicine. To avoid counterfeits aud al
ways secure tue genuine, order only from
DOWTV A CMIIVN,
W-1 Columbus, Neb.
Real is Weal!
9VSBVi'nSBSBf p sKai
Da E. C. West's Nzavs asd Bum Tau.
msT, a cuannteed aMcifie for Hysteria. Dird
new. -CoirnuaioBa, rite. Mttoo Ntinlgr.
UaudKbm, Karroos Prostration canted byth mm
ofsJoohol ertobaccob WakafuhMss, Hsatel Da-
ioo. HofteniBC or tn Hrsla mamas; ta la-
HEBEAFTER we will furnish to
both our old and nero subscribers,
the Omaha WeeklyJlepublican and Jour
nal at the very iow rate or 84.73 per
year, thus plaring within the reach of all
the best stati mid county weeklies pub
lished, giving the reader the condensed,
general and foreign trlrgrapbic and state
news of the week. Try for a year and
be satisfied. may.VW-tf
A book of 100 page.
The best book for aa
IIIO suit, bo fie expert-
JSSSSeaced or otherwise.
sanity and hading to Baistrr. dseay and dsatfc,
fzamatura Old As. Bamonsas, Loss otpowac
In sitaer aox. Involuntary Loasaa aadBparraaf.
orrhcea canaad byoTsr-exsrtion of thabnia.aalf
aboaaor OTsr-indubjence. Each box contaiaa
one Month's treatment. $1Oabox.oratxbozaa
tortH 0Q.sapt by mail prepaidoa rscsiptof pric.
WE GITABAXTEK BIX TFS
for six boxas, accompanied with SUQ. w will
aanrl tha imrrliaasr nnr written caaiaates to ra
Candtte saonsy if tte traateaantduaaaofM
acura. Gaaaaateaa iasaadonly by
JOHN O. WEST & CO
Ml W. MAOMON ST., CHICAGO, ILL,
Sola Prop's West's Lira Pills.
in presents given away.
Send us 5 cents postage,
and by mail you will get
free a package of goods of large value,
that will start yon in work that will at
once bring you in money faster than anf
thing else in America. All about the
$200,000 in presents with each box.
Agents wanted everywhere, of either
sex, of all ages, for all the time, or spare
time only, to work for us at their own
homes. Fortunes for all workers ab
solutely assured. Don't delay. H. Hal
lktt & Co., Portland, Maine.
Itcontains list of newspapers and estimates
of the cost of advertising. The advert iserwho
wants to spend one dollar, fluria in It the in-
Invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad-
formation be requires, while forhini who will
walkinar Mat that I x8' ruau, "
vertlainir. a scheme is indicated which will
aacethls every requirement, on can be made
to do mo by tlightehanaeseatUy arrivtdat bgcof
rtipettdeitee. 19 editions bare been issued.
Seat, post-pahl. to any address for 10 cents.
Wrfcoi to GEO. P. KOWELL. CO.,
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU.
M8HMMjaSt.PriatiBgHooseSq.), New York.
tMQff AffBCT of
' WKwglyytUrtawH ilmrntUrwCm aaSaS
f'T'T'l'K Nk HffrrH. Ii il1lu.Ci.m,ini NCMhaa,
UnsaraiMcUycoariMwtta. Ttty w sly . mi
T'STTl.'ZJ minmrvam. wprrmm, Ltif hu.ca-
SSmmS r'Jji'''", ' ayn ry ty
TITTTVT more "soBey than at anything
ly I else by taking an agency for
" the best selliBg book out. Be-
giBBers succeed grandly. None fall.
Tanas free. Haxxarrr Book Co , Pars
laad, Msiae. 4-3-j
i, oar iifannrra af .
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