The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, June 23, 1886, Image 4

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ABOUT MARRIAGE.
to Tfceee Abes to Slip 0
Katrimoaial If ooee.
Somc.manyforthefunof the thing
and never ice where it comes in. This
Id discouraging.
Some marry for the sake of a good
companion and never discover their
mistake. This is lucky.
Man is a fickle "critter." Even
Adam, who had his wife made to order,
found more of less fault with her.
Don't marry a man for his reputa
tion. It is liable to be only a second
hand affair, borrowed from his ances
tor8
"Many women have married men for
their fine exterior. But that's all thero
k to an ancient egg worth mentioning.
Many marry to spito some one else
only to learn that they got the butt-end
of the' transaction, and its worst end at
that.
Marriage is a lottery full of chances.
That's what gives it flavor. All like to
chance it, because everybody thinks to
win;a prize.
Wedlock, in its original state, was as
pure as sweet milk fresh from the cow,
but man couldn't rest until he stripped
it of much of its rich cream.
I say when you arc ready to get mar
ried, get married. However, it isn't 60
much trouble to get married as to know
when you want to got married.
The hot-headed youth marries in a
hurry because he fears marriageable
females will be scarce next year, and
lives to wonder how the supply holda
out
Marriage resulting from love at first
sight is not generally wedded bliss on
a par with sour milk. 'One or the other
gets swindled, and often both.
Many a man has married for beauty,
only to learn that he paid $10 for what
can be purchased for twenty-five cents
at all druggists. This is hard.
The most affectionate people before
marriage seldom hold out in the samo
proportion after the knot is tied. It is
better philosophy to commence only as
you would live afterward.
From the matrimonial market the
saints of both sexes were culled out
long ago. Don't expect to marry one.
You must guess at some tilings and
take chances for the future on this
basis.
Woman is sometimes the real cause
of unhappiness in the married relations
of life, but in the majority of instances
the boot is on the other foot and she is
really the true comfort there is in it.
Don't marry a woman for her taper
fingers and lily hands alone, for mar
ried life and its rugged experiences
call for a wife that knows how to make
a pot boil and can spank babies sys
tematically. But few people marry for pure lovo,
and they in-after years suspicion that
what were at the time promptings of
the tender passion were, in all proba
bility but the first symptoms of cholera
morbus.
The man who marries a woman sim
ply because she is a handy arrange
ment to have about the house does so
from a purely business stand-point,
and in the end, if not compelled to
support him, she has has done better
than many women I know of.
Many a man who lias married for
monoy has nevor realized a dividend
upon the investment; and many women
who have done the same tiling have
left word for their posterity that, al
though a fair transaction upon the
face of it, yet it is just as liable to be
put-up job. Toledo Blade
HE WAS DISCOURAGED.
Bow at Patriot Suffered for the Bake of
Freedom' Noble Bird.
A young man with his coat ripped
down the back and his hair dreadfully
mussed up culled to see the Captain at
police headquarters yesterday and
lodged a complaint
I was coming in on the Gratiot road
this morning," said he, "wearing a
brass caglo on my vest as a badge. OJ
course you are aware that it was as
American eagle?"
"Yes."
"And jou fully realize that th
American cafele represents liberty?"
"I do."
"When the American eagle isarouni
all tyrants and oppressors have to take
a back seat As.iwas walking along I
met two young men, and one of 'em
steps up and says:
" 'Is that 'ere a wild goose or a
menagerie snipe?'
" 'That's the proud bird of liberty,'
says L
"'Ikin chnck that 'ere proud bird in
the mud!' says the other.
" 'Not while I live!' says I, and the
fight begun. I was flung down, stepped
upon, rolled over, and the emblem of
liberty w:is torn off and spit on and
trampled into the mud."
"Well?"
"Well, something ought to be done.
I don't care for myself, but when any
body insults our emblem he must be
taught a lesson."
"I'm afraid there is no law to cover
the case."
"No law to protect the American
eagle?"
"Never herd of one."
"Humph! Isn't this a land of lib
erty? Didn't the blood of our fore
fathers dye a hundred battlefields that
we might bo free? And now you tell
mo that it is all an illusion?"
Mostly that way, I guess."
'Very well. I'm done! I'm done
with brags eagles, live eagles and all
other sorts. Vm done with the life of
c General Putnam the adventures of
Marion and the exploits of Washing
ton. American libertv can go to Hal
ifax! Good day." Detroit Free Press.
m
REMARKABLE RUINS.
Discovery of Prehistoric Riilnn la the State
of Sonora, Mexico.
The Chihuahua (Mexico) Enterprise
reports the discovery of some remark
able ancient ruins on a hill or mountain
four leagues south of Magdalena, in
Sonora. The hill is about 700 feet high,
and half way up thero is a layer of
gypsum, which is as white as snow, and
may be cut into any conceivable shape,
yet sufficiently hard to retain its shape
after being cut In this layer of stone
are but hundreds upon hundreds of
rooms from 6x10 to 16x18 feet square.
So even and true are the walls, floor
and ceiling, so plumb and level as to
defy variation. There are no windows
in the rooms and but one entrance,
which is always from the top. The
rooms are but eight feet high from floor
.to ceiling, .the stone; is so white that it
seems almost transparent, and the rooms
are not at all dark. On the walls of
these rooms are numerous hieroglyph
ics and representations of human being!
cut in stone in different places; but,
atrange to say, all the hands have five
fiagers and a thumb, and the feet have
six toes. Charcoal is found on the
loorof many of the rooms; implements
of every description are to be found.
The hoasee or rooms are one above the
other to three or lour stories high, but
.between each story there is a jog or
recess the fall width of the room below.
so that, they present the appearance of
i steps leading up the mountain.
It has recently been discovered
that Lake Diss, near DeLeon Springs;
Volasia County," Fla., is fed by an
enormous spring, which boils up about
" two kmadred yards off the south shore
f the lake. When the surface is per
fectly stUl.the.boiling can be seen over
r aa area of about five acres. It is pro
posed to anchor a buoy over the center
of the spring, since the best of cool
water eaa eJMained tbera at a
STUDYING POLITICS.
Wead MjWall
Tfinirif lira
tea. Waa Cttnnlil
; Familiar With It.
Ud to the present time we seem to
have gone upon the principle that poli
ticians, like poets, are born, not made;
any man has a vote and any woman
an interest in affairs pertaining not
only to present interests, but to the
world's future history. Thai a man
should vote has been deemed a
matter worthy of being secured at the
cost of the uprooting of States and the
overturning of civilizations; how he
shall vote has been deemed to be a
matter of concern only to the candi
dates for election.
Yet the study of politics is a study
not only important but very interest
ing. To judge by the amount of talk
bestowed upon every political question,
even the most trivial, there are few
minds that would not find a keen pleas
ure in the intelligent investigation of
political with their allied social ques
tions; and although a radical difficulty
in the formation of a proper school of.
practical politics would seem to lie .in
the fact that most people imagine they
know all about the subject already, yet
IUVIV 19 B 113111" gi;ui;itMiri um,.....,,
noifhanno nf the. nxtonr, of thair en
dowments in this particular, and from
their numbers it may uc nopea tuat
some dudUs for the proposed school
may bo secured.
There are two kinds of women in the
world: those who hate the very mention
of politics and those who arc deeply in
terested in the subject With a few
notable exceptions, both are about
equally ignorant; both have a strong
influence on the present voting popula
tion; both at some possible future time
may themselves become voters. To both
the study of politics would "be useful
and not merely as a means of correct
ing an influence often highly pernic
ious, or of stimulating to the exercise
of a beneficent influence. It would,
above all, be useful as opening to them
new avenues of thought as estab
lishing for them new points of
contact with the outer world and as
creating new channels through which
intelligence and culture may How into
their homes. The narrow range of
women's interest has dwarfed many a
mind endowed with large powers or
growth; the pettiness, the untruthful
ness, the little meannesses to which
woman is thought to be more prouo
than man are generally the result of
tho narrowness of her vision. She
does not see truth in a broad light and
therefore she can not see it truly. Let
her intelligence be exercised in matters
iracticnl beyond the sphere of her
tome duties and she will gain morally,
even more than intellectually.
It is especially-important that women
who are already interested in large
questions, charitable workers, religious
teachers, temperance reformers, should
be thoroughly well founded in the
science of politics. The adjustment of
political action to the social problems
of modern life is to be the great duty
of the future. With these great prob
lems women have much to do, on their
practical side, and the true adjustment
of social and political conditions is a
work which demands the best powers
of our brightest women as well as our
most promising young men. Prob-f
Jems of sanitary science, of public
health, of providing work for the idle
and industrial education for tho inca
pable; problems relative to the housing
of the poor, the employment of prison
ers, the relation of ignorance to crime,
of amusement to public morals, of re
ligion to charitable work all these
problems have to do with politics quite
as surely as docs woman suffrage, and
all of them demand that women,
whether voters or not should come to
an intelligent acquaintance with the
fundamental principles on which polit
ical science and practical politics are
based. Philadelphia Times.
NOBLE TOREADORES.
IIow Bull-Fights Were Conducted in Spala
Id tne Tear 1005.
In 1605, loe toreadorcs, wo learn from
the Gayangos Diary, were nobles and
gentlemen of the court, who enconn
tcrcd the bull lance in hand and mounted
on hlgh-mcttlod steeds. Horses were
indeed sometimes killed. We read bore
of the Duke of Alva having one that
had cost him one thousand ducats
killed under him; but such accidents
appear to have been exceptional, and
the bull seems to have been given a
fair chance for his life not as in these
days, when, if the Espadc can not kill
him, he is hamstrung with the mediatuna
and then dispatched with tho dagger.
If it was cruel sport, at least it was a
chivalrous one in 16o5. The King did
not figure as a toreador, but in the
jttcgo de canas, the javelin games, that
followed ho did, ana by universal ad
mission made the best figure. among all
who joined in them. From Pinhciro's
account he Seems to have had as-good
a scat on horseback as his son Philip IV.
Tho arena was-the Plaza Mayor Valla
dolid, perhaps the most picturesque
old plaza in Spain, and Pinhciro waxes
eloquent over the spectacle it presented,
with its windows and balconies packed
with people and radiant with beauty.
He estimates the number of the specta
tors at over forty thousand, nearly four
times as many as the present Plaza de
Toms at Madrid holds. Tho landlords
of the houses round the plaza always,
in letting them, reserved the right to
dispose of the balconies and windows
on these occasions; and though they
were obliged to find places gratisfor the
town council, municipal officers and the
officials of the palace, nevertheless they
made more in one day than the rent of
houses for a year. Each of these bull
fight), he says, cost at least thirty
thousand cruzailos, (about $15,000.
but representing, of cource, a much
larger sum now;) but tho Valladolid
people seem to have thrown thoir
money about pretty freely. "In a
matter of pleasure," he remarks,
'these devils never think about what
it costs," and in the Diary he gives re
peated example of the lavish expend
iture he observed on all sides. Black'
wood's Magazine.
m
The Soul of Honor.
An American went to one of his
friends who was in a sick hospital.
"Well, and how arc you getting along?'
he asked.
"Badly, old man, very badly. The
doctor has just told me that if I turned
over on my left side it would kill me
immediately."
You surprise mo."
"It's just as I have told you."
"It's all nonsense."
"You don't believe it; well, I will bet
yon ten dollars it is so."
TU take it"
"Well, then, look here," and the sick
man turned over and died. His friend
deposited a ton-dollar bill on the side
of tho bed and left Paris Oaulois.
Suicide an Accident.
Judge Dyer, of the United States Dis
trict Court, In a suit to recover $10,000
insurance on the life of a man who
committed suicide while insane, insared
in the Accident Insurance Company of
North America against injuries effected
by "external, accidental or violent
means," suicide being especially ex
cepted, decides against the,, company,
Jkolding that in this case the act of sai
eide was no more the man's act in the
sense of the law than if he had been
impelled by aa irresistibU physical
power. X. T. iWf.
CANADIAN . GOVERNMENT.
Bow the Varlowf Prevtaeeg
"" 'Dominion" Are Governed.
The Dominion of Canada consists of
the provinces of Ontario, Quebec for
merly Upper and Lower Canada Nora
Scotia, .New Brunswick, Manitoba,
British Columbia and Prince Edward
Island. They were united nndcr the
provisions of an act of the Imperial
Parliament passed in March, 1867,
known as "The British North America
Act 1867," which came into operation
on July 1, 1867, by royal proclamation.
The act orders that the constitution of
the Dominion shall be "similar in prin
ciple to that of tho United Kingdom;"
that the executive authority shall be
vested in the Sovereign of Great Brit
ain and Ireland, and carried on in her
name by a Governor General and Privy
Council; and that the legislative power
shall be exercised by a Parliament of
two houses, called the "Senate" and
'the House of Commons." Provision
is made in the act for the admission of
Newfoundland, still a self-governing
crown colony, into the Dominion of
Canada. In 1869 the extensive region
known as the Northern Territories was
added to the Dominion by purchase
from tho Hudson's Bay Company. The
members of the Senate of the Parlia
ment of the Dominion are nominated
for life, by summons of the Governor
General under the great seal of Canada.
By the terms of the constitution, thero
are 77 Senators, namely, 21 from the
Province of Ontario, 24 from Quebec,
10 from Nova Scotia, 10 from New
Brunswick, 3 from Manitoba. 3
from British Columbia and 4 from
Prince Edward Island. Each Senator
must bo thirty years of age, a
born or naturalized subject, and pos
sessed of property, real or personal, of
the value of $4,000 in the province for
which he is appointed. The House of
Commons of the Dominion is elected
by the people for five years, at the rate
of one representative for every 17,000
souls. At present, on the basis of the
census returns of 1881, the House of
Commons consists of 213 members,
namely. 93 for Ontario, 65 for Quebec,
21 for Nova Scotia, 16 for New Bruns
wick, 5 for Manitoba, 6 for British Co
lumbia and 7 for Prince Edward Island.
The members of the House of Com
mons are elected by constituencies,
varying in the difi'erent provinces. In
Ontario and Quebec a vote is given to
every male subject being the owner or
occupier or tenant of real property of
the assessed value of $300, or of the
yearly value of $30, if within cities or
towns, or of the assessed value of $200,
or the yearly value of $20, if not so situ
ate. In New Brunswick a vote is given
to every male subject of 21 years, as
sessed in respect of real estate to the,
amount of $100, or of personal prop
erty, or personal and real, amounting
together to $400, or $400 annual in
come. In Nova Scotia the franchise Is
with all subjects of the age of 21 years',
assessed in respect of real estate to tho
value of $150, or in respect of personal
estate, or of real and personal together,
to the value of $400. Voting is by
ballot The Speaker of the House of
Commons has a salary of $i,000 per
annum, and each member an allowance
of $10 per diem, up to the end of 30
days, and for a session lasting Ipnger
than this period, the sum of $1,000,
with, in every case, ten cents per mile
for traveling expenses. The sum of $8
per diem is deducted for every day's
absence of a member, unless the samo
is caused by illness. There is the samo
allowance for the members of the Sen
ate of the Dominion. The seven prov
inces forming the Dominion have each
a separate Parliament and administra
tion, with a Lieutenant-Governor attha
head of the Executive. They have full
power to regulate their own local af
fairs, dispose of their revenues and
enact such laws as thej- may deem best
for their own internal welfare, provided
only they do not interfere with or are
adverse to the action of the central ad
ministration under the Attorney Gen
eral. Toledo Blade.
A COTTON HARVESTER.
The Advantages and Drawbacks of a Won
derful Machine.
The machine is absolutely harmless
to the plant No matter in what state
or condition the plant is in, or at what
season the harvester is run over a row,
no damage will follow. The writer
saw Mr. Mason break the stems of over
a dozen burrs on a thickly-clustered
stalk, until they were hanging by the
finest filament and after tho picker
stems had passed through not one was
torn off. It seems almost miraculous
that this could be, as they were at
tached by such a slight filer. A darky,
bungling into the bush with his fingers,
couldn't have helped tearing oil" half
of them. Had tho burrs contained
lint the ligament would have given
way, of course, and the burr woiiW
have been jerked from its broken
stem. But the machino has never been
known of itself to break a boll or a
bloom in the field. Wet or dry it does
its work. I have seen cotton picked
by it in such a wet and soaked condi
tion that when allowed to dry natur
ally in the sacks, it became as hard
and caked as plaster of Paris.
It has yet its defects, of course, and
it is far from the object of this article
to conceal them. The first is, that as
at present constructed, it can not work
in-cotton over five feet high. That can
easily be overcome by m:ucing different
sizes or the machiue adapted to ordi
nary and to rank growths. Nine-tenths
of the cotton, however, now grown in
the South can be harvested with the
present size.
Again, the machine sometimes drops
a little cottou from the picker stems
before they euter the box. Also the
cotton, as it passes up on the elevators
to enter the sack, is sometimes blown
off on windy days. 0This can readily bo
provented by covers, which have never
been put on except for the purpose of
experiment because Mr. Mason did
not want any part of the interior
workings of the machine hidden from
view while he was studyingand improv
ing it.
In the fourth place, a boll it occa
sionally passed over and left unfath
ered. This occurs seldom, and prac
tically is of little consequence, two
trips generally cleaning a row thor
oughly. When a boll is accidentally
left it will be gathered at the next
picking, for the planter can run over
his crop so rapidly and so often that a
boll left here and there is of slight im
portance. The frequent harvesting
must also necessarily result in a better
grade of cotton, as the fields can al
ways be kept clean in advance of a
rain. .
Finally, the harvester sometimes
fails to gather the lowest bolls whoa
flat on the ground in the dirt That is
difficult to remedy without introducing
complications whloh would seriously
interfere with the working of other
.parts of the machine
But Mr. Mason is hard at work rem
edying, as rapidly as possible, these de
feats as they present themselves, and Is
confident of bringing the harvester's
present capacity of two thousand
pounds of seed cotton per day up to
double that amount or three bales per
day, and of reducing the cost of picking
to less than one dollar a bale.
And all this by one man and oa
mule. Southern Bivouac'
A. Chinaman who was.asked if he
liked the neoole of California, said: "1
like the Americans; not many Ameri
cans here, mostly
Americana good men."
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
Eighteen thousand female students
are in attendance upon the colleges of
this country. Chicago Herald.
The Christian Dakota Indian
young men have formed eleven "Kosha
Okodakiciye," which is tho way they
call their Y. M C. A.
It has been proposed by mis
sionaries in China that tho new version
of the New Testament prepared by
Rev. Griffith John, of Hankow, bo
adopted as the basis of a union version
for all China.
Conversions have been reported
from all fields of labor of the American
Sunday-school Union from Ohio, Kan
sas, .Minnesota, Nebraska, and Wis
consin. Four new schools have been
organized recently in the Indian Terri
tory. At a regular meeting of the trus
tees of Dartmouth College, the request
of students of the college that the reading-room
be opened on Sunday was not
granted, that subject having been re
ferred to the trustees by voto of the
faculty. Concord N. B.) Monitor.
A vestryman in one of the fashion
able churches of New York declares
after years of experience in passing the
platter, that tho Richest heiresses rarely
put in more than a dimo, no matter
what the occasion for benevolence.
They take tho lesson of tho widow's
mito metaphorically.
The maximum of daily school work
in Prussia is seven hours for children
eleven years of age up to nino hours
for those sixteen years and upward.
The standard is still higher in Denmark.
No wonder that a large percentage of
the children under such systems are re
ported as sickly and weak-eyed. Chi
cago Sun.
The following statistics of tho Welsh
churches are taken from the most trust
worthy sources: In the year 1881, the
population of Wales was 1,571,267.
The Nonconformist denominations com
prise 864,389 of this number, and pos
sess 4,447 churches; Calvinistlc Meth
odists (Presbyterians), 277,290; Con
gregationalism, 276.201; Baptists, 195,
631; Wcslcyan Methodists, 86.438;
Primitive Methodists, 19,382; Uni
tarians, 5.000; and Methodist Free
Church, Society of Friends, and Scotch
Presbyterians number 1,608. Christian
Union.
The Official Year Book of tho
Church of England" has published
statistics of the amount contributed by
churchmen during the last twenty-five
years to distinctly church objects. Tho
figures have been carefully checked
with the view of excluding contribu
tions devoted to purely parochial pur
poses, such as tho maintenance of ad
ditional clergy, or the relief of the sick
in particular parishes, to middle class
schools, to unsectarian institutions, and,
with few exceptions, to sisterhoods.
Even when thus limited, the total sum
contributed in the quarter of a century
is said to reach the enormous amount
of four hundred million dollars. N. Y.
Examiner.
PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS.
A wealthy girl never has freckles.
Thoso specks on her faco are merely
brown-eyed daisies slumbering in afield
of roses. Burdelte.
A Texas editor says: "Wo nevei
could understand why so much shot
should be wasted in killing birds while
so many young men part their hair in
tho middle." Texas Siflings.
Aged Suitor "I shall lovo yon as
long as I live." Young Lady "That
will not suffice. I want some one who
will love mo as long as I live." Flie
gendo Blatter.
Teacher: ''Why, how stupid you
arc, to be sure! . Can't multiply eighty
eight times twenty-five? I'll wager
that Charles can do it in less than no
time." Pupil: "I shouldn't be sur
prised. They say fools multiply very
rapidly." Prairie Farmer.
The Chinese answer.
Tou ataootee tno and bangce me.
You bootee ino and bangce inc.
Me doee workee. gotteo boodle
Livee on ratoc, poodle;
O. me Htco oh. so obeapce.
And me workoo while you sleepoo.
"If there's anything I like it's roast
goose.
remarked Fendcrson, as he
passed his plate for a second helping.
"Itdocs you credit" said Fogg; "there s
nothing so beautiful as affection
amongst members of a family."
Boston Transcript.
Bothering a rich man by boasting
of a set of malachite studs he had just
bought, a fop asked if he did not admire
them. "O, yes," replied tho man of
wealth, "very much indeed; I've got a
mantlepiecc like them at home.' reek's
Sun.
"Tho remedy is worse than tho dis
ease" as the young lady remarked
who was expecting a male friend to pass
the Sabbath evening, aud so was seized
with a headache so violent that she
could not go to church with her family;
when her mother put her feet in hot
water, gave her a dose of castor oil,
and sent her to bed at seven. Boston
Post.
"Fino horse you've got there,"
said Jonas to a Kentucklan riding a
beautiful bay saddler. "Pretty fair
boss,' responded the Kentuckian, with
affected indifference. "Thoroughly
trained as a saddle horse, too, u.'nt he? '
"Knows all the motions, he does."
"What do you call him?" "Thebes."
"Thebes! Tint's odd. I never heard
such a name for a horse before. What
do you call him that for?" "Because
he has a hundred gates, of course.
Don't you know ancient history?"
Merchant Traveler.
BULLYING A BULLY.
A Witness of the Sam Welter Stripe SI.
lencm a Brow-Beating Lawyer.
There is nothing a bully dislikes
more than being himself bullied; and
the man who ridicules overy one else
is ordinarily the most sensitive to, sar
casm. At a criminal trial "the oouo
sel for the plaintiff" had threatened,
and In some cjiscs had cruelly brow
beaten, the witnesses, when it chanced
that a hostler, who was simplicity per
sonified, was called to give his testi
mony. "Now, sir, I hope we shall have no
difficulty in getting you to speak up!"
said the attorney, in a very loud, com
manding voice.
"I hope not sir!" shouted the wit
ness, at the top of his lungs.
"How daro yon speak to me in that
way?"
"I can't speak no louder!" screamed
the hostler.
"Iiavo yon been drinking?"
"Yes, sirf '
"I should infer so" (fiercely) "from
your conduct; what have you been
drinking?"
Corfee, sir!" hoarsely vociferated
the knight of the stable.
Something besides coffee, sir,
you've been using! Don't iook at me
like that, sir!" (furiously) "look at tho
jury, sir! Did yon have something in
your coffee?"
Yes, sir!"
"What was it?1
Sagar!"
" "This man is no fool, your Honor-
he is worse!" stormed the counsel.
"Now, sirrah," turning to the wit
ness, "look at me! What besides su
gar did you take in your coffie thie
nibrafng?"
The hostler collected his forces, drew
' a deep breath, and in a voice that could
have been heard blocks away, bellowed
out:
A spuno!- A- spume; aa' mothta
toe!" Youth's 0mpmnio.
EDUCATIONAL.
eat Tenure of Office for Teachers
Current INibllo Opinion on Educa
J tlonwl Topics.
TENURE OF OFFICE OF TEACHERS.
The most important reform in school
administration that is now demanded in
this country is a-more stable .tenure of
oflico for teachers. Nothing but a per
manent tenure of ofiice'diiring ciiicieney
and good behavior will secure the ser
vices for life of tho men and women best
able to improve our children in head
and heart. Security iu ofliec is essen
tial to procuring " tho best talent for
teaching. The duties are so laborious
and the compensation m small that the
ablest men must have at least the poor
boon of security in the faithful dis
charge of their "duty if they arc to be
turned to a life-work in the schools.
In building up her spleudid public
school system, Prussia started out with
this doctrine, as a fundamental princi
ple. There the tenure is for life, pro
vided efficient service is rendered. In
deed, the Prussian law has long since
expressly prohibited the appointment of
any regular teacher for a determinate
period. The result is a noble set of
men in schools, of whom Horace Mann
wrote:
As a body of men their character is
more enviable than that of any of the
three so-called 'professions.' "
In Saxony, while the cities are al
lowed to elect teachers from properly
presented and certificated candidates, a
teacher can be removed only with the
concurrence of the governmental au
thority, after governmental examina
tion. So in Bavaria. Every safeguard is
employed to prevent the appointment of
unworthy teachers, and a proper pro
bationary period is required; but when
the teacher is once continued iu his
place, he is secure so long as lie does
his duty. Says an eminent authority:
"The precarious tenure has not lleen
found necessary in any other enlighten
ed country on the face of the globe;
and. in our own country, the annual
election is unknown in uuivcrsiticsv col
leges, and higher educational institu
tions, generally, outside of the public
school; so that this odious annual elec
tion has no place in the civilized world
except the public schools of the United
States."
Now I submit that the facts just stated
make it highly probable that we are
wrong in this country. Where the public-school
problem has been studied
longer ami .with better results than
with uh, it is likerV that the treatment
fit teachers in this respect is preferable
to our own. It is certainly for the inter
est of European governments to obtain
the best teachers at the lowest price,
and a stable tenure of office is there
universally regarded as one of the first
conditions.
PUBLIC OPINIO.
Some wide-awake, observant children,
ready at the age of five or six to look at
anything but books, will catch the idea
of spelling by sound, while their eyes
wander. Probably it would be better
not to give them this idea carl', but
hold them closely to learning one. or two
words at a time by sight perfectly, so as
to be able to recognize them instantly.
A good perception of form ought to help
in learn inir to read and spell. Student.
The teacher who will succeed must
not fall into the error of dealing with
his school a if it were simply an aggre
gation of little jeople, each like the
other, and all of whom may be taught
and developed in tiie same general man
ner. A school is a community of indi
viduals, no two of whom are alike, and
no two of whom can be most success
fully taught, governed, or developed in
cxactlv the same way. West Virginia
School Journal.
What children require to be taught
more than anything else is, to spell cor
rectly, to read intelligently, to write a
good, plain hand, and to know arith
metic, irrammar, and geography. If
children can be taught these thorough
ly, even if they get no more schooling,
they will do well; and if they ikuscss
average intelligence, combincu with
perseverance and a desiiu for knowl
edge, they will be ablo to improve them
selves as they go through life. What
they need first is a solid foundation to
build upon. Salem Gazette.
When the teacher is easily provoked
and falls to scolding to remedy existing
evils, it may be set down at once that
she knows little of the doctrine of disci
pline. It is the delight of a certain
class of boys to tease the very life out of
such a teacher, and we don't say their
dispositions are very perverse either.
Tell one of these ouick, nervous, fun-loving
boys to do a tiling, and impress its
imiortancc with a scowl and a menac
ing threat, and if he has any snap about
him he will do the opposite. The rea
son is that the request conies as a stern
demand as a "I dare you not to do it"
Miss. School Journal.
The best teachers do a work unknown
and unseen. Whoever says to a class of
boys and girls that widen strengthens
the weak, improves the ignorant en
courages the down-hearted, gives new
hope to the discouraged, softens and
cultures the rude and foolish, does a
work equal to that which the angels of
heaven undertake. Tho labor may seem
to be nothing in the eyes of those who
simply look to see the results that busi
ness brings forth houses, land, money,
and fame. Yet it is just such work that
is urgently needed to vitalize conscience
and to infuse noblo ideas. A country is
rich if it has many such men and wom
en at work poor, indeed, if it has but
few. Penn. School Journal.
It is possible to provide machinery on
a great scalo, and yet to accomplish lit
tle. In the last century it was romarked
how little good came of the rich endow
ments of our universities and how they
were surpassed by much poorer univer
sities in other countries. Machinery
thrown away! In this century we have
tried machinery of a different kind.
Have we always had success? Wc set
up the examination system; we extend
ed it over the whole country; and what
do wo think of the result? Is this ma
chine so decidedly better than the other?
I think n few persons will say so. Emu
lation turns out to be a rude and coarse
motive, competition proves to be an ex
hausting, unhealthy process. It is com
plained that those who have been
trained under this system imbibe low
views of culture; that this sort of educa
tion has disappointed results and can
scarcely be called liberal. J. B. Scclcy,
in Nineteenth Century.
if
Japanese Puzzled by a Negro.
"When I was in the country (of Ja
pan) in the interior, a foreigner was a
curiosity, equal to the first Chinaman
or Jap seen by us here. On a visit made
to the summit of Fujl-yama in the Sum
mer of 1871 I went to the famous hot
springs at Hakone; at nearly every tea
house our party was as much of an ex
hibition as Jo-Jo, or the woman with
big feet is here A colored servant
dark as Erebus, whom I bad with me,
was a phenomenal subject to the inno
cent Japs. The men and women would
como up to him, try to rub the black off
with their bands and be surprised they
could not and laugh over it with the
contagious and hilarious glee the pcoplo
so much enjoy." Philadelphia Times,
The available coal of Alabama, col
lected into one lump, would be forty
five miles loilg by twenty-five miles
wide by ten feet thick. A breaking off
of 5,000 tons daily from the lump would
leave a large part of it untouched at
tne expiration of 6,000 years.
A Hindoo loom complete is worth 68
centa, and weaves shawls, silks, and
muslins which our most expensive ap-1
paratss cannot equsi. 1
MASTER AND MAN.
Relations of the Two in England A De
moaatratiTe Dntler.
General Badcau, writing on tho rela
tion of master and man in England,
says: I was staying once with a young
nobleman who had a crowd of peers for
guests. Wc had been dining some miles
away and drove back late at night in
what is called an oinuibns. The valet
of ono of the visitors, a lad of 19 or 20.
stood on the steps outside. Bv a ioll of
I the carriage this youth was thrown off
into the road while wc were still some
i distance from the house, and the wholo
, party alighted to look after him. He
was unable to walk or to endure the
I motion of tho carriage, and a couple of
viscounts, airomccr ox tne army ana a
Baronet carried the valet a quarter of a
mile up a steep hill, then bore him into
the room of the master of the house,
and one tore open his shirt to look for
his. wound. There was no surgeon, so
they bathed his breast and his forehead
themselves, and the youth lay on tho
nobleman's bed till it was certain ho
was not seriously injured. Not till then
did the gay young rollickers assemble
for their late carouse.
I kuow of another nobleman whoso
eldest son was standing for Parliament
Tho contest was keen, and the excite
ment in the family extended to tho
servants. Finally, the heir was elected,
and tho news was brought to tho Earl
and the Countess as they stood on the
steps of the house in a crowd of friends
and followers. The butler, a very re
spectable man of o0 or more, who had
been in the family all his life was una
ble to contain his delight He rushed
up to his mistress, threw his arms
around her and kissed her, and tho sa
lute was forgiven by the lady as well as
the Lord. I did not witness this dem
onstration of fidelity, but I was told by
an Englishman who was present and
pronounced it unusual, but not inex
cusable. The Queen, it is well known, sets the
pattern in this consideration for ier
sonal "retainers. She not only visits her
gillies in the Highlands, but the serv
ants on all her estates; she attends their'
balls and their christenings and funer
als; she invites them at ' times to enter
tainments at which she is present in
person; an honor she never pays tho
nobility; aud her affection for her de
voted John Brown she has been anxious
to make known to the world.
Twice I was present at country houses
where the servants joined in a dance
with the family. Once it was after a
servant's wedding, which was, of course
an event. On the other occasion, at a
well-known lodge in the Grampians, a
highland reel was proposed, but there
were uot enough ladies to go round, so
the best looking of the housemaids were
brought in amlplaced in the line with
Marchionesses and the daughters of
Earls. One was by far the prettiest of
her sex in the room, and the heir of the
house didn't like it at all if anv of his
f guests danced too often with his maid.
But none of these 'young spinsters pre
sumed on the favor that was shown
them; the distance in rank was too great
to be bridged bv any transient famili
arity. It was the very consciousness of
the jrulf that made the condescension
possible.
At a house of a nobleman who had a
crowd of sons, and'these always a crowd
of boyish visitors, the whole frolicsome
party was sent oil nightly, after the lad
ies had retiretl to a distant tower of the
castle where they might make as much
noise as they pleased. They drank and
they smoked, and they played cards,
and had. two or three of the footmen
told off to them who stayed up half tho
night with their vouni
--V . ua. . . aaa.j&x t t f v !
ni-Ktirc tt wfr
on them anil amuse them. The young
men were all of the same age, and tho
gentlemen often invited their servants
to a cigar or a glass and not unscldom
to a turn at the gloves, for most young
Irishmen box. They played fair; the
lords and the lackeys wrestling together
on an equality. The servant might get
his own master down if he could, and if
tho valet struck out from his shoulder
tho gentleman took his punishment like
uman.
Two Robust Lies.
Whenever a Mississinpian tells a lie It
is generally robust and healthy and can
walk; but the moment a Georgian hears
of it, eo great is tho rivalry between the
two States, he girds up his loins and un
loads a' "whopier" that is so strong it
has ribs and backbone, and breathe.
Not long ago a man living near Ellis
villo. Miss., said that the cold wave in
January swept over that State so quick
ly that the ponds in the swamps were
frozen stiff before tho snakes living in
them could duck their heads under the
water. He further remarked that he
amused himself for a wholo day by
walking on the ponds and kicking oil
the heads of the snakes which stuck up
out of the ice. This story traveled from
one place to another until it reached
Georgia, where for a time it, to use the
language of the prize ring, knocked out
everything it met, but linally a noble
Georgian Invented a muscular lie that
climbed on tho collar of the Mississippi
prodigy, and literally pulverized and
mashed it into the earth.
Tho Georgia man said that while
chasing a fox acros3 an abandoned cot
ton field bis horse and himself fell into
an old well about seventy feet deep. The
fall killed tho horse instantly, but he
escaped without injury, and at once
commenced looking around for a way
to reach the surface of the ground. To
his dismay ho discovered that it was
impossible for him to get out by climb
ing tho steep walls of earth that shut
him in, anu he commenced howling for
help at tho top of his voice, but none
came. On the mowing of the second
day the stench from the carcass of his
horse was stilling, and he mado up his
mind to suffer a horrible death, when he
noticed n numlwr of buzzards hovering
about the top of the well. Finally the
birds alighted in the well, and a bright
Idea flashed through his brain, and he
determined to make the buzzards bear
him up to the ground above. As thoy
settled on the carcass of tho horsu he
seized them by the legs until ho had
three of the buzzards iinnlv grasped in
each hand, when he gave tlicm a violent
"shew," and they new up, carrying him
with them, but they did not stop when
they got out of the. well, but continued
to soar upward until ho was horrilicd to
find that he was fifty yards above the
surfaco of the earth. Suddenly, how
ever, it occurred to him to release one
buzzard from each hand. This iio did,
and to hisrrcat joy his weight dragged
the remaining buzzards slowly down un
til he was safely landed on terra firma,
when ho at once dropped on his knees
and returned thanks in prayer.
When the story of tho Georgia fox
hunter reached the cars of tho Missis
sippi man, who launched tho cold
weather lie, it mado him feci so utterly
mean and worthless that he sold out
and went to Texas. N. O. Slates.
Mrs. George H. Pendleton is credited
with leveling at Oscar Wilde one of the
keenest shafts of wit of which he was
the target when visiting this country.
He hau remarked, disparagingly, that
"America has no ruins and noted curi
osities, you know." She is said to havo
retorted: The nuns will come in time,
and as for the curiosities we import
them."
A few days ago, in the course of some
excavations at the Acropolis, Athens,
near the Ercctheuin, three statues of wo
men, in an excellent state of preserva
tion, half as large again as life, with
large heads,, and completely colored,
were discovered. They belong to tho
period before Phidias, are delicately
finished, aud are of an archaic art, ad-
mirablv preserved,
mam
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an. I I am
Sold by all Drugjjfats.
Price $1; Six tattles. $H.
Prepared by Dr.J.C. Aver & Co., I...-II.
Mass., II. S. A.
tiik
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And all other Important Points East,
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For through tickets call on the Ticket
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Pullman Slkki-kks and the Fi.nkst
Dinim; Caks in tiik Wokli are. run u
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K. Miller,
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A. V. II. C'arpeHler,
ger. (Sciri Pass. Ag't.
J. F. Tachrr, Cieo. II. HeaSTerd.
Asi't tieH'l Man. As.Vt Pass. Ag't.
J.
T. Clark, (ien'l Sup't.
Feb. 1T-I
LOUIS SCHEEIBER,
II
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and all work (iiiar-
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on
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and Self-binders -the
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larnop opposite the "Tattersall," en
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W1W5PAPSR
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duo
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AND
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F-iruu for sale cheap. Also unimproved
r.inniii and grazing lamU, from ft to lfi
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ExTSpecial attention paid to making
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Claim.
1ST Ml having land.4 to sell will find It"
to their advantage to leave them in my
hamfa Tor sale. Money to loan on farms.
F. II. Marty. Clerk, peak. German. .
SMf Columbus, Nebraska.
FREE LAND!
vou
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ESTABLISHED IN I860.
rut:-
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For Epileptic Fits, Mental Anxiety,
Loss of Memory, Softening of the Brain,
and all thoao disuaaeg of the brain. I rlo
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For Impotence, Sterility In either sex.
Loss of Power, premature old age, and all
those dixeases requiring a thorough in
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Price f0c per box, six boxes $"2.50.
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For all diseases caused by the over-use
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