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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1886)
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ISSUED ZVUT WXDXESDAY,
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
&T OFFICE, Eleventh St., vp stairs
. in Journal Building.
BATES OF A-rrEMTIMH-
"3rBu8lness and profosstonalcarda
of five lints or laia, par mm, It
1ST For time advertisements, applr
at this office. , r
SSTLegal advertisements at statttt
"GJTor transient advertising,
Perycar T M
rates on third page.
BTAH advertteeeaeats payable
VOL. XVI.-N0. 49.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 81, 1886.
WHOLE NO. 829.
: -: --.
"" ' ' ' "I
f COLUMBUS, MSB.
CASH CAPITAL, - $75,000
LKA.NDEK GeBKAED, Pi'Cs'l.
Geo. W. Uulst, Ftce Pre1 1.
Julius A. Reed.
R. II. Henry.
' J. E. Task eh, Cashier.
Msmlc or Depwtlt, IMcem
OHectieMH Promptly Made ost
I?y IUeret Time Depos
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pimps Repaired on short notice
jSTOne iloor west of Ilointz's Druj;
Store, lltb Street, Columbus, Neb.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IN
"Furniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Sec, Picture Frames and
lgTllepairina of all kinds of Upholstery
V Be Warned
In time. Kidney diseases may be prevented
by purifying, renewing, and invigorating
the blood wito Ayer's Sarsaparilla. "When,
through debility, tho action of the kidneys
is perverted, these organs rob tho blood of
Its needed constituent, albumen, which is
passed off in tho urine, while worn out
matter, "which they should carry off from
the blood, is allowed to remain. By the
use of AVer's Sarsaparilla, the kidneys
are restored to proper action, and Albu
Bright' s Disease
is prevented. Ayer's Sarsaparilla also
prevents inflammation of the kidneys, and
other disorders of these organs. Mrs. Jas.
W.TTld, Forest Hill St., Jamaica Plain,
Hass., writes: 1 bare had a complica
tion of diseases, but my greatest trouble
has been with my kidneys. Four bottles
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla made me feel like
a new person; as well and strong as
ever." "W. M. McDonald, 48 Summer st.,
Boston, Mass., had been troubled for years
with Kidney Complaint. By tho use of
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, he not only
the disease from MWiiwIng s fatal form,
but was restored to perfect health. Joha
McLellu, cor. Brldgo'and Third sts
Lowell, Mass., writes: "For several years
. I suffered from Dyspepsia and Kidney
Complaint, the latter being so severe at
times that I could scarcely attend to jny
work. My appctjto was poor, and I wn9
much emaciated; but by using
my appetite .and digestion improved, and
my health has been perfectly restored.'
Sold by all Druggists.
Price 91; Six bottles, $5.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell,
Mass., U. S. A.
This House, recently purchased by mc,
will be thoroughly refitted. Board
by the dav, week or meal. A few rooms
to let. A' share of the public putronage
is solicited. Feed stable in connection.
S-y Albert Luth.
State Monroe Sti.. Chicago.
91, 1B0 pap. J, t-ognriBPi
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TT 7 ""7 71 Send bIx cents for
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peas before the workers, absolutely
. sure. At eace address, Taos Co.,
LAFAYETTE IN AMERICA.
His lut Visit to the Country for WMth
Be Did So Much.
Congress, learning that General La
fayettc had expressed an anxious de
sire to visit this country, tho independ
ence of which his valor, blood and
treasure were so instrumental in achiev
ing, requested, the "President of the
United Suites to ascertain the time
when it would be most agreeable for
him to perform this visit, and that ho
offer to the general a conveyance to
tins country in one of our national
General Lafayette declined this offer
of a public ship. He sailed from Havre
n the packet-ship Cadmus, accompa
nied by his son, George Washington
Laf.-vyctle, and arrived at New York on
the 15th of August, 1824. His recep
tion in the city was all that his heart
could desire. He soon proceeded on a
tour through the United States. Every
where he was received and honored as
"the National guests For anoro.tljan
a year his journey was a complete ova
tion. As he passed through the coun
try, every city, village' and hamlet
poured out its inhabitants en masse to
meet him. He visited all the States then
composing the Union.
When the time of his departure drew
near, a now frigate, the Brandywine,
named in honor of the gallant exploits
of General Lafayette at the battle of
Urandywinc, was provided by Congress
to convey him to France. It was
deemed appropriate that he should take
final leave of the Nation at the seat of
Government in Washington. President
Adams invited him to pass a fow weeks
in the Presidential mansion. During
his sojourn at the capital he visited cx
Prcsiuents Jeflersou, Madison and Mon
roo at their several places of resi
dence. Having paid his respects to tho vene
rated sages, the "Nation's guest" pre
pared to take his final departure from
the midst of a grateful people. The
7th of September, 1S&, was the day
appointed for taking leave. At twelve
o clock tho ollicers of the general Gov
ernment, civil, military and naval, to
gether with the authorities of Washing
ton, Georgetown and Alexandria, with
multitudes of citizens and strangers,
assembled in the President's house.
Mr. Adams then addressed him in an
appropriate speech. I copy a single
"You havctravcrsed the twenty-four
States of the great Confederacy; you
have been received with raptures by
the survivors of your earliest com
panions in arms; you have been hailed,
as a long-absent parent, by their chil
dren the men and women of the
present age; and a rising generation,
the hope of future time, in numbers
surpassing the whole population of that
day when )u fought at the head and
by tho side of their forefathers, have
vied with tho scantv remnants of that
hour of trial in acclamations of joy at
beholding the faco of him whom they
feel to be the common benefactor of all.
You have heard the mingled voices of
the past, the present and tho future
age joining in the universal chorus of
delight at your approach; and the
shouts of unbidden thousands, which
greeted jour landing on the soil of
freedom, have followed every step of
3-our way, and still resound like the
rushing "of inany waters from every
corner of our land."
General Lafayette's happy reply
closed with these words:
"God bless you, Mr, and all who sur
round us. God bless the American
iieoplc, each of their States and the
federal Government. Accept this
patriotic farewell of an overflowing
heart. Such will be its last throb when
it ceases to beat."
The moment of departure at length
arrived, and having once more pressed
the hand of Mr. Adams, he entered the
barouche, accompanied by the Secre
taries of State, of the Treasury and of
the Navy, and passed from the capital.
An immense procession accompanied
him to the banks of the Potomac, where
the steamboat Mount Vernon awaited
to carry him down the river to the
frigate Brandywine. The next, morn
ing this boat anchored in safety near
the Brandywine. Here Lafayette took
leave of the Secretaries of State, the
Treasury and Navy ami the guests who
accompanied him from Washington,
together with umii' military and naval
oflieers, and eminent citizens who had
assembled in various crafts near the
frigate to bid him farewell. Cor. Lou
FESTIVAL OF MO U LOUD.
The Strange Sights to lie Seen in Morocco
Safli is perhaps the least known, but
withal, on account of its picturesque
situation and traditions, the mot in
teresting of the seaport towns of Mo
rocco. Here is to be found the ancient
palace, still in a good state of preserva
tion, of a "sultanogre" named Moulay
Yczzid, who was in the habit of de
capitating his domestics to play at
bowls with their heads. This monster,
surnamed ltidbeard," a characteristic
derived from his mother's race, was
the son of Moulay Mohamed ben Ab
dullah, who married an Irishwoman,
the widow of an English sergeant of
the line, who died here some time in
the 3-ear 1730. Safli is also one of Hie
holy cities of the Moorish Empire, and i
in consequence is thronged with ragged
but saintly individuals, who thrive on
tho charity of the devout. During tho
Mohammedan holiday of Mouloud,
which was celebrated on the 19th and
20th of December, and which embraces
a fair held yearly in honor of that saint;
so dear to all Mussulmans, "Moulay
Abd el-Kedar-Gillely-el-Bagdady," the
Europeans resident hero were tho
shuddering spectators of tho religious
frenzy exhibited by the "Aissowa and
"Hamadsha," or "Hanidoushy," on
the occasion of their public proces
sions, which are also conducted in this
holiday. The "Aissowa" are of die
brotherhood of "Moulay Hanied ben
Aissa," a saint of great favor among
tho Moors. It is pretended that
their manifestations, which in
clude snake-charming and jug
gling, ridicule the miracles of
Jesus Christ, and this preposterous
statement is accepted bv the Moors as
sufficient explanation of their vagaries.
Tho "Hamadsha" are the disciplmants
of one Sidi Ali ben Hamdoush, whose
sowia is situated on Mount Zchrouan,
near the city of Mequinez. It is their
practice on the occasion of religious
festivities, to throw cannon balls into
the air, which they receive on their
bare heads, and to inflict gashes ubon
their persons with a small axe. .Tho
holiday of Mouloud is accompanied by
the displays of religious enthusiasts
throughout his" Shcerelian Majesty the
Sultan .of Morocco's, dominions; but at
no other point do these fanatics aauue
themselves with such ferocity as at
SaflL where tho rapaciousness of their
behaviour renders it extremely danger
ous for a Christian or Jew to cross
their path during certain hours of the
day. Even the Musselman spectators
stand with naked feet, fearing the
"Aissowa," for lack of prey, should
seize and devour their shoes. None
but an eye witness can conceive the
degrading scenes which occur during
these processions; and none, oven the
enactors, can derive enjoyment there
from. c The "Aissowa" are naked to
the waist, and wear thoir hair so that
when necessary it covers the face. The
"Hamadsha," on tho contrary, are
shaven, as is the custom of Mohamme
dans. Tho principal performers as
semble at their respective zowias or
chapels in town, and sally forth attend
ed by the "gcrnowa' (blacks), who
arc usually tho musicians of the
party. They beat tam-tams and
play an instrument whose tones
it is impossible to describe on
paper. Suffice it to say, the student of
this instrument is not allowed to pur
sue his practice in town, but has to
play in a solitary and distant spot until
proficient This will convey some im
pression of the music imparted to list
eners by this barbarous flageolet. As
the processionists warm with excite
ment, then commences the fun of the
fair. The Aissowa seize any livo ani
mal in sight, be it cat, dog, goat or
sheep. Goats are usually provided for
these occasions by admirers. They
tear them to pieces, and vio ono with
another to devour the bleeding morsels
of llcsh. They 'struggle, rolling over
and over upon the ground, shouting,
leaping and gesticulating. They wave
the entrails and skins of their victims
in the faces of their comrades, who try
to seize the prcy-with their teeth or rut
their faces in the recking mass. Just
behind and around arc the "Hamad
sha," covered with blood and mire,
singing their quaint and not ungrace
ful Irymn, and chopping themselves to
the cadence of tho music. Such is the
strange behavior of these fraternities
on high days and holidays. Aftei
parading the town by day, in the cvun
ing these zealots return to their sanctu
ary, where a supper is provided for
their edification. It is worthy of note
that their most exciting beverage is
green tea, taken with a large-quantity
of sugar, and flavored with mint. The
supper is followed by a pipe of "kcofe"
(the- leaves of the hemp plant), which
forms an agreeable sedative after the
excitements of tho afternoon. Cor
Fall Mall Gazette.
THE SUM PITA U.
A Peculiar Blow-Gun aatl Poisoned Ai
rown Used by the Iyk.
A peculiar weapon, and one whose
like we have not yet seen, is the "sum
pitau" or blow-gun of the Dyaks. This
weapon is a long, straight, and pol
ished tube of heavy wood, about eight
feet long and an inch or two in diame
ter, bored out with the utmost care,
customarily ornamented with tweed
patterns, and often surrounded at the
end with metal. At the end, lashed to
the side in such a way as not to inter
fere with the main use of tho weapon,
is often found a spear-head, giving the
sumpitau a two-fold use, and showing
us that it was after all no Caucasian
wTio invented the bayonet.
The sumpitau shoots a poisoned ar
row. This is only about six or eight
inches long, and as thick as a heavy
darning needle, being frequently only
a large thorn. At its base secret of
tho force with which it can be blown
it has a little wad or ball of pith, which
just fits the caliber throughout.
The top of this tiny arrow is poisoned,
Rev. Mr. Wood thinks, with the juico
of the deadly native upas tree; but in
this he is not necessarily right. Mr.
Carl Bock, who is perhaps the only
traveler of note who ever saw the pro
cess of preparing the arrows, thus de
scribes what ho observed among the
Poonians of the interior:
"They had a bundle of arrows by
their side, and as soon as the poisonous
matter was hot, they took a small
quantity and smeared it over a wooden
plate, by means of a wooden instru
ment resembling a pestle, till the plate
was covered with a thick layer. Then
taking an arrow, they rolled tho head
across the plate, so that it becamo
coated with the pasty matter. Next
they made a spiral incision in the ar
row head, and again rolled It over tho
plate. Wliat this arrow poison is made
of, 1 never could ascertain, notwith
standing all my inquirios on the spot.
It certainly contained nicotine,
which the Dyaks collect from their
pipes, when they get foul, after smok
ing." Many scientific men of Europe have
attempted the discovery of the nature
of this poison, but have failed; nor has
an antidote been discovered which is
more certain than the common treat
ment for a snake bite copious
draughts of spirits and abundant exer
cise, with cauterization of tl)e wound,
ll is probablo that different poisons are
The wound of this tin' arrow is usu
ally within a few minutes fatal to ani
mal or man. The bravest troops dread
to march against an enemy so armed;
for tho hidden foe, using a wcanpn per
fectly silent (even more so than the
bow and spear) can creep undiscov
ered to easy distance and slay a dozen
men before his location can be deter
mined. It is strange, too, at what
range this weapon is fatal. At forty
or fifty yards tho native can use it with
perfect accuracy and can even do exe
cution at seventy-five to one hundred
yards; a distanco almost incredible,
r'nglibh sailors soon learned to dread
the canoe attacks of these fierce pirates,
who came on with their 'pea-shooters,"
and blew a perfect cloud of death
darts through every cranny of the
The Dyak uses the sumpiSau as a
hunting weapon; for which its perfect
silence renders it the moro serviceable.
Most of his-game is killed with it. He
cuts out an inch or so of the flesh from
about tho tiny wound, and then eats
the animal with perfect impunity. The
poison seems not to affect the remain
dor of the body at all. The effect of
this poison is supposed to be a stoppage
of the action of the heart. Cor. Amer
Bothering a rich man by boasting
of a set of malachite studs he had just
bought, a fop asked if he did not ad
mire them. Oh, yes," replied the
man of wealth, "very much indeed;
I've got a mantlepiecc like them at
home." N. . Herald.
Smythekins is trying to arouse the
courage of his better half, who has re
cently lost her pet parrot -and is over
come with grief v "Come, come! What
the deuce.- Be a man, my dear! Sup
pose" you had lost met'! N, T. Mail.
A Mate Girl Was Made Persons Faint by
. "Anna Dickinson was the greatest
talker ever employed in the mint of
late years,"-said an old employe of
that institution to a reporter. "But,"
he continued, "there was a dumb girl
here before the war who could out-talk
with the fingers any woman's tongue
on the face of the earth.'
The old employe was in a reminiscent
mood. He said: "The name of the
dumb girl was Rebecca Davis. She
was a really beautiful woman and was
conscious of it, as most pretty women
are. She was employed in the mint in
1854, '53, '66. 'Becky,' as everybody
spoke of her, was liked by all. Her
sister, a Mrs. Tompkins, kept a well
known confectionery in those days on
Chestnut Btreet, between Eleventh and
Twelfth, where Birch's store is now
located. 'Becky, ' while entirely dumb,
was not deaf. You could talk to.her
and she talked back with " Her beauti
fully expressive eyes, her head or her
fingers. She was about twenty-five
years of age when she was first em
ployed, of tine figure, graceful in every
movement, full of life and always good
natured. She was at work in the ad
justing room. One day in the winter
of 1856 she created a consternation in
the mint that almost amounted to a
panic. While at work at her seat en
gaged in manipulating the bright gold
eagles, she turned ner pretty- face
around to the girl next to her and ex
claimed loudly: 'Oh, I believe I can
speak!' Her companion to whom sho
spoke fainted outright, and so did tho
young lady on her left The other
women in the room left their places
and ran to the assistance of the two
prostrate girls. 'Becky' began to chat
ter like a magpie and almost fainted
herself. Her speech had come to her
so sudden that she could not realize it
any more than her astounded room
mates, to whom she had been making
signs for years. She remained in the
mint some years after that, and her
case attracted tho attention of the
greatest medical scientists of the day.
Rebecca was a Roman Catholic 4n re
ligion, and in 1858 sho entered a con
vent near this city. I do not know
whether she is living yet or not, but
she certainly scared the girls on that
"Anna Dickinson was employed hero
during the war. She could talk on any
subject and gossip with anybody. Her
political discussions with tho other
employes, male and female, were
numerous and led to frequent reports
against her. Somebody went to Di
rector Pollock about her denunciations.
He expostulated with her and finally
dismissed her. Some years afterward,
when she became famous as a lecturer,
she came here and spoke to a largo
audience at the Academy of Music.
Her friend, Judge Kelley, was to in
troduce hoi- to the audience, but he had
not arrived, and the audience was
growing impatient. There were
several distinguished gentlemen on the
stage, one of whom was ex-Go vcrnor
Pollock. He was finally prevailed upon
to introduce his former employe in the
mint, which he did in an eloquent
manner. 'When ho had finished Miss
Anna looked daggers at him and did
not stir from her seat. Judgo Kelley
came in a few minutes afterward, and
she was again presented, to the audi
ence. So you see she got even with
Mr. Pollock for dismissing her by
publicly rebuking him. She was a
great girl and smart as a whip.
"There goes a person who has been
hero longer than I have," said the
veteran, as ho pointed toward a lady
of about 52 years of age, around whoso
face lingered traces of former beauty,
and whose figure was still shapely and
'erect. "She came hero a young miss
of ten years, thirty-two years ago, and
is now the chief adjuster. During the
time of her employment she was mar
ried to a gentleman a few moments
before he died, who had courted her
for some years. She is really 'the
Mint,' and knows more about the busi
ness than all the rest of us put to
gether." Philadelphia Times.
Rapid Inerese of the Germanic, and De
crease of the Latin, Races.
The Latin rsces, that is, France, Italy
and-6pain, have ceased to be whatever
any one of them may be destined yet
to become again, the mighty factors in
the world's progress which of old they
were, ihcy minister exquisitely to the
comfort, the luxury, the culture and
the picturesqucness of life; but the apt
itude for foreign commerce which they
show is comparatively slight, and in
the colonizing business of humanity
they only play a subordinate part.
Moreover, their population, when com
pared with the population of the An-flo-Saxon
and the Teutonic races, is
iminishing. Thus, in a period a littlo
than 100 years, from 1788 to 1885, the
aggregate populations of France, Spain
and Italy have onlv increased from
51,000,000 to 82,500,000. On the other
hand, the populations of Germany and
England during this period have each
trebled. Germany in 1788 had a popu
lation of about 15,000,000; in 1885 it had
increased to 45,0e0,000. Great Britain
in the same way had in 1788 a popula
tion of 12,000,000; in 1885 the figure was
86,000,000. Another country largely,
but not exclusively, populated by the
Anglo-Saxon race America has in
less than a hundred years increased
nearly thirteen times that is, from less
than 4,000,000 in 1790 to nearly 60,000,
000 in 1885. Finally, it must not bo
forgotten that Canada, Australia, South
Africa, as well as other British depend
encies, collectively, contain a popula
tion of some 10,000,000, chiefly of Anglo-Saxons,
and there is every reason
to believe that tho development and in
crease of this population will be rapid.
On the occasion of a recent per
formance of Uncle Tom's Cabin, at
Paris, Mo., the manager of the troupe
borrowed a pistol to use on tho stage.
Finding the weapon loaded, he drew
oat the cartridges and substituted
blank ones. When the play was over
he replaced the cartridges. A boy,
twelve years old, was sent for the pis
tol, and in crossing the ball he raised
it to a level with the head of a play
mate, fourteen years of age, named
WeSlcy Mills, and pulled the trigger.
Hills fell to the floor dead, shot be
tween the eyes. St. Louis Globe.
The growing fashion of using the
monosyllabic ejaculation of "Thanks!"
in place of the good, hearty, old-fashioned
"I thank you," is economizing
with the mouth at the expense of the
heart There is no more heart in the
simple expression, "Thanks!" than
there is comeliness in a horse with its
Mane and tail out off. Chicago Jour
Paid li Capital,
Surplus and Profits,
OVFICEUS AND DIKECTOKS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'L C. SMITn, Vice Pres't.
J. V. EARLY,
W A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, aua Real Estate Loans.
" . 29-vol-13-ly
D.T. Mautyn, M. D. ,F. J. ScilUG, M.D.
Drs. MAETYN & SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Sursrcous. Union Pacific, O., N.
& IJ. II. aud K. & 31. R. It's.
Consultations in Gernfan and English.
Telephones at office and residences.
fiaroffieo on Olive street, next to Urod
feuurer's .Jewelry Store.
COLUMBUS, - .. NEBRASKA.
TT7- 51 . COKIUKl.UJS,
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building 11th street.
ATTOliNEY AT LA W,
Office on Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska
r I. EVAINM, HI. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SUliGEON.
B2r0ffi:e and rooms. Cluck building,
lltb street. Telephone communication.
TTAIHIIrOX H1EAIE,M. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SUliGEON,
IMatto Center, Nebraska. 0-y
Chronic Diseases and Diseases of
Children a Specialty.
2SrHico on Olive street, three doors
north of First National llank. 2-ly
NOT ART PUBLIC.
Stlt Street, 2 door west of Hammond House,
IMOAKY TO LOAI.
Five years' time, on improved farms
with at least one-fourth the acreage under
cultivation, in sums representing one
third tbe lair value of tbe homestead.
Correspondence solicited. Address,
1 U.K. TURNER,
rtQmy Columbus, Nebr.
A TTOR2TEYS A T LA W,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing, llth St. V. A. McAllister, Notary
oi'iuK to xi:a;iii:ic.
W. H. Tedrow, Co. Supt.
I will be at mv office, in the Court
House on the t.i'rd Saturday of each
month, for the purpo.-c of examining
J. M. MACKAKLAND, B. K. COWDKRY,
Attsrsej asd ITstary Patl e. Collietor.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
Colutabus, : : : Nebraska.
JT. JT. NAVGIIAIV,
Justice, County Surveyor, Notary,
Land and Collection A gent.
TTartics desiring surveying done can
fy mc by mail at Platte Centre, Neb.
JOHN ;. IIIRGINS. C. J.;OARLOW,
Collection AttorAey .
HIGGIN5 & GABLOW,
Specially made of Collections by C. J.
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, "Whips,
ISIauket. Curry Combs, Krushcs, trunks,
valise, buggy tops, cushions, carriage
trimmings, &c, at the lowest possiblo
prices. Repairs promptly attended to.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for cither
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on loth Street, near
St. Paul Lumler Yard, Columbus, Ne
pAJllIlEML Sc CO.
6 Raors and Iron ! a
The highest market price paid tor rags
and iron. Store in the Rubach building,
Olive st., Columbus, Neb. 15-tf
S. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
H&vebad an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunitytoestimateforyou. ISTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof &
Co's. store, CoIumbuB. Nebr. 483-y
R. O. BOYD,
Tin and Sheet -Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Boofine and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
tSTShop on Olive Street, 2 doors
north of Hrodfeuhrer's Jewelry Store.
THE EAST SIDE.
Th Kost Remarkable Fart of tho Amer
A seedy-looking chap went through
the smaller hamlets of New England a
fow years ago lecturing on "New York
City." He told his hearers that the
part of tho city lying west of Broadway
was called the West side and tho part
east of Broadway the East side, and that
all who dwelt on the West side were
social aristocrats,, while all who lived
on the East side were of no account
socially. If ho had been somewhat ac
quainted with the subject he could
have stated an actual difference be
tween, the East and .West sides of the
town which would have been as marked
as the one he imagined and considera
bly more interesting. For a little more
than two miles from the Battery Broad
way separates the East and West sides.
From Washington square to the Har
lem river, some seven miles, Fifth
avenuo istho dividing street. Tu re
spect to tho population the West side
is like most American cities contain
ing" a preponderance of native
born residents with a fairly
even sprinkling of people of
other nationalities. Tho exceptions to
this statement arc tho regions inathe
vicinity of Thompson street and of
Twenty-seventh street, favored by the
colored clement, and the French quar
ter, which lies close to the break in the
dividing lino near Washington square.
But the great East side has a distinctive
feature, a feature that is found probal
ly in no other city of the globe stand
ing out so conspicuously its quarters
where the people are almost without
exception immigrants, or the children
of immigrants from another land. The
Germans of the East side make New
York the third largest German city of
tho world. They are found pretty
nearly all over the East side, but there
are regions in which there is little that
is not German. The Irish clement also
is numerous, but is so well dilTiised
that there is no Irish "quarter." But
most of the other nationalties repre
sented are confined chielly to some dis
trict of which they have taken posses
sion, but there is hardly any national
custom or observance, social or re
ligious, which is not kept up in these
colonics. TJie Czar is killed, and there
is a memorial service in the little Rus
sian church in lower Second avenue.
Garibaldi dies, and there is a gathering
to do honor to his name, at which even
thing is purely Italian. An annivcr
sarr of the Bohemians comes around,
and the Bohemians Hock from the tene
ments over beyond avenue A and be
low Sixth street to keep the day accord
ing to the custom of their people. The
Franco-Chinese war-cloud looms up in
the East, and the Chinese of Mott street
hold a meeting, and you might as well
be in Canton as in this meeting. The
Now Yorker who has not gone up to
Jones' Wood to attend the Volksfest
has missed a great national anniversa
ry. He who has not strolled through
the Jew market-place down at Norfolk
and Hester streets I think it is has
missed an opportunity of seeing those
who might have been the originals of
Cruikshanks' drawing of Fagin. And
now recently a son of Mine. "Modjcska
is married, and a noteworthy company
gathers in the little Polish church at
Stanton and Forsyth streets, right in
tin; thickest of the jammed-up tenement
district. Truly, the Great East side is
a wonderful part of a wonderful town.
N. Y. Cor. Albany Journal.
AllcRorj- Whoso Fitnexs Wilt Ko
parent to Every Htialcr.
An American traveling in Europe
about ten years ago observed in tho
gayest assemblies of Paris and Vienna,
and iii the gambling halls of Monaco,
Mr. C , one of his fellow-countrymen,
a scholarly, grave man, whose
tastes and pursuits in life, as also his
work, lay wholly in study and re
search. "What can bring him night after
night to such places? He looks unut
terably wretched." the stranger n&kcd
of an American official
"Ho is tho victim of an "octopus,"
was the jesting reply. "His wife is
one of those soft, clinging, absolutely
selfish creatures, who wrap themselves
about a mau's life, and bend it to their
will, stilling it and drawing all the
strength out of his soul, precisely as the
devil-fish would out of his body. Mrs.
C chooses to live a fast, dissipated
life, and she forces her husband to in
dulge her in it by her incessant ca
resses and protestations of affection."
A year later Mr. C became a
bankrupt, and soon after lost his rea
son, and after a few months he died.
American correspondents writing home
stated that the cause was unknown, as
his domestic relations were most happy.
But those who knew him best, said
that he had been "stilled by an octo
pus." Lavatcr declared that each human
face bore a likeness to some .animal,
and also indexed the character; thus
that we found in some men the features
and qualities of the lion, the mastiff or
the wolf; and in some women those of
the rabbit, the dove, the cow or the
serpent. If we follow out this whim
sical fane, we may class many human
beings with the clammy, bloodless octo
pus. They arc usually men or, moro
often, women of weak intellects anil
indomitable will, who invariably con
sider their own comfort or wishes lirat
in life, and who have found wheedling
by gentle manners -and caresses the
surest way to success. Such women
should remember that not soft words
and fond sentiments are love, but ac
tion work, hearty and helpful; in a
word, the fullilling of tiic law which
bids us sacrilicc self, strength, life it
self, to others. The Companion holds
ip the mirror before them, that they
may have a glimpse of their real selves.
The cure is in their own hands. Even
in the old Greek fables, human beings
who had degenerated into the likeness
of animals could regain their first
nature and shape by watchfulness am!
prayer. So far the Greek fables are
true. Youth's Companion.
DAM AR ALAND.
Country Whose Antiseptic Climate
. Heals Serious WoumN.
One of the most curious results of
my obsenations is that the climate of
Damaralan4 possesses what we might
call an antiseptic character for several
months of every 3ear. Tho quality is
an attendant of the long annual
drought. Ever living thing suffers
during that period of the excessive
heat, and much comfort is impossible,
even in the shade, while, in places ex
posed to the warm winds, the ther
mometer has risen to one hundred :ind
twenty-Bine degrees; and the sand, un-
moistencd for six months, becomes no
hot that I have seen eggs hardened in
it. This arid heat is opposed to the
propagation of ferment, for it dries up
every" thing that is exposed to the
wind before it has time to sour. No
manifestations of tuberculosis are
known. .Wounds of every kind heal
remarkably quickly and well, without
enough suppuration taking place to
make tho bandages stick. The manner
in which large, neglected wounds heal
of themselves would form an interest
ing study for a professional surgeon. I
observed a case of a Herero whoso
righl lower arm had been shattered in
battle by a musket-ball. The healing
process had worked itself out in such a
way that the whole lower arm with all
its muscles had become withered and
useless, while the upper-arm bone was
whole and covered at its lower end
only with brown skin. All the muscles
and ligaments of tho elbow-joint had
vanished, while the shoulder-muscles
remained, so that the unpleasant spec
tacle was presented of tho-man appear
ing to gesticulate with his bones. A
woman lived at our station Whose feet
had been barbarously cut off in some
war several years before, so that her
oaptors might more easilv get off the
iron ornament which the llerero wom
en wear on their ankles. Although the
woman had to lie helpless for a long
time, her wounds eventually healed up,
and now she has been hopping around
on her knees for thirty years. C. G.
Butlner, in Popular Science Monthly.
Showing How Those Faithful Animals
Figure in Annalj.j
At a time when dogs, especially met
ropolitan dogs, are somewhat under a
cloud, ima3 be well to recall some of
the claims of our old friend to respect
and esteem. Every ono remembers the
dog of Ulysses, who died in greeting
his master just returned from his long
wanderings, and the story shows the
consideration in which the dog was held
in the heroic ages of Greece. The old
Persians, too, held the dog in high es
teem; to the Magiaus he was a sacred
animal, the representative and friend
of Ormuzd the Beneficent, and the
great satraps were distinguished by
their trains of hunting dogs, as was the
King himself, and Xerxes set out foi
the conquest of Greece surrounded bj
a great body-guard of faithful dogs.
Those most highly prized b the Per
sians came from India, so called, prob
ably from the Bactrian regions, where
the- dog is still held in high repute
Captain Woods tells us that the ol'd
fashioned Uzbeg would think it no iii
sult to be asked to sell his wife,
but would resent an offer for
his dog as an unpardonable af
front; while among the border tribes of
Turkestan the epithet of the dog seller
is one of the profoundest contempt
Indeed, the birthplace of nations is
probably the original home of the dog,
and when our Aryan ancestors began
to migrate westward from their ancient
seats with their lloeks and herds they
brought with them, no doubt, their
lierce aud faithful dogs, who have left
theirdescendauts ofto-day the English
mastiff, the Pyrencan sheep-dog, the
Albanian wolf-hound. Ancient laws
too record the estimation in which the
dog was held. "A herd-dog that goes
for the sheep in the morning and fol
lows them home at night is worth tho
best ox," say the ancient laws of
The best herd-dors of tho present
day perhaps are thclireton sheep-dogs
rough, shaggy, uncouth with an
aspect as if they had a little of the blood
of bruin in their veins, but highly
valued by their possessors, who are not
to be tempted into parting with them by
anything under the price of the best
ox; and the Breton dog is one of the
most sagacious of his kind, watching
and tending his flocks with an almost
incredible zeal and devotion. All the
CASTS FROM POMPEII.
How nn Ingenious Italian ICcproducrl
Ancient Kmnan Forms.
A museum has been erected in Pom
peii, in which are preserved plaster casts
of some of the people who perished in the
eruption. These people were covered
up by the line ashes just where they
fell, and in the positions in which they
died. These ashes hardened, and al
though the bodies, with the exception
of a few bones, entirely disappeared in
tho course of ages, the hollow places
left in the allies were exactly the
shape of the forms and features of the
persons who had been there. An in
genious Italian conceived the idea of
boring into these hollow molds and
tilling them up with liquid plaster of
Paris. When this became dry and hard
the ashes were removed, and there
were the plaster images of the persons
who had been overtaken and destroyed
before they could escape from that ter
rible storm of hot ashes, which came
down in quantities sufficient to cover
a whole city from sight. In some of
these figures the features are very dis
tinct, and we can even distinguish the
texture of their clothes and the rings
upon their lingers. There are eight of
these ligures men, women and girls
besides the cast of a large dog. To
stand and look upon the exact repre
sentation of these poor creatures who
perished here, seems still more to short
en the time between the present and
the days when Pompeii was a lively,
bustling city. Frank R. Stockton, in
HEADS AND TAILS.
Ho it Tom Scott Caino to Choose I'ai).
reading as a 1'rofcsMou.
A friend of Tom Scott, the noted
president of the Pennsylvania railroad,
told mc last night how Scott's choosiii"
of railroading as a profession hung on
the flipping of a penny. Said he:
" Tom Scott told me the story himself.
He was the toll-collector on the Penn
sylvania canal at Columbia, when the
railroad autliorities. hearing that he
was a bright young man. offered him
the position of station agent at Altoona.
Scott was very popular, and when he
told his friends of his offer they, urged
him to refuse it and stay on the canal.
He resisted their importunities, but
linally, taking a big red copper in his
lingers, said:" 'Boys, I will let the fates
decide. Heads is Altoona and tails
Columbia.' He then threw the copper
into the air with a twist which sent it
into a dozen somersaults, but it fell
and the head wa3 uppermost. The
boys then said that ono trial was not
enough. It must bo the best two out
of three. Scott consented to this and
threw twice more. His next throw was
heads, and so the railroad won. Had
the copper fallen on the other side who
can toil what his future would have
been? " Clevelanxl Leader.
PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL.'
Of Jay Gould's partners. Connor
is said to be worth two million and
Morosini three million dollar.
Senators Blair and Frye are said
to bo tho only members of the Upper
House of Congress who are teetotalers.
N. Y. Post.
Pennsylvania has only four living
ex-Governors: James Pollock, An
drew G. Curtin, John F. Hartranf t and
Henry M. Hoyt.
A real live Polish Prince, Poni
towski by name, is keeping bachelor's
hall on a farm of thoroughbred horses
near Athens, Ga.
Mrs. Deborah Powers, of Troy, N.
Y., is nicety-five years old and at tho
head of the banking firm of D. Powers
& Sons. Troy Times.
Chang, the Chinese giant, recently
lost twenty-live thousand dollars by an
unfortunate investment m an Austra
lian gold mine". Pittsburgh Post.
-. A Chinoso lanndryman in St. Louis
named Jue Jun was recently received
into the Pilgrim Congregational
Church. Five of his countrymen wit
nessed the ceremony.
Miss Mary Dickens, a grand
daughter of tho great Charles Dickons,
is playing on the provincial stage in
England, and her playing is spoken of
by tho press in terms of praisc.
Adirondack Murray says that
while a Yale student no lived foar
months on a diet which cost him fifty
six cents a week Indian meal and wa
ter, not enough meal and too much
Sol Abrams, who is reported to be
one of the richest men in Oregon, used
to lead a horse, packed with notions,
which he sold to peoplo between Ore
gon City and Silverton at an early day.
Pope Leo is said to have an income
of one million live hvndred thousand
dollars annually, and it is stated on
the authority of Monsignor Capel that
the Pope's personal expenses are lim
ited to two dollars and lifty cents a
Prince Panl Esterhazy, according
to a European journal, with his bounn
less estates. Tran.-ylvnuian forests and
other sources of wealth, would prob
ably go beyond the late Mr. Mr. Van
dcrhiit by a trifle of twenty or thirty
million dollars or so.
A soldier, W. P. Moore, was
robbed of eighteen dollars and fifty
cents many j'ears ago while stationed
at Liberty, Mo. He was. a week or so
ago, the" recipient of over sixty-one
dollars, sent him anonymously, to pay
the principal and interest. St. Louis
The na ive who carried from the
field the boilj- of the Napoleonic Prince
Imperial when he lost his life fighting
in South Africa w:is presented with a
diamond ring and pensioned by the
Empress Eugenie. lie came to Massa
chusetts and was lost sight of, but the
ring was found last week in "a Boston
Leopold von Ranke, now moro
than ninety, presents the anomaly of a
man who has never taken any exercise
and yet is in perfect physical health.
The German historian has almost lived
in his library, working for fifteen hours
a day, and he has laidout more work
which he hopes to Amiplcte before his
one hundredth birthday.
"A LITTLE NONSENSE."
Which is the stronger, an apple or
a pear? An apple; it tlrow a pair out
oi the garden of Eden. Prairie Farmer.
Dishonest railway managers profit
by watering their stock. But every
honest farmer waters his stock. Chi
Very Sad: "Aw, Algernon, sick?"
"Co'd." "riowMy'eatcli't?" "Lifted
mj fiat rawthah suddenly t' one o' the
girls, y' know.' Chicago News.
"Got anything new this beft3tly
weather?" asked one citizen of another.
"Yes, said the interrogated, with a fresh
frown on his corrugated visage. "Neu
ralgia." Chicago Ledger.
Farmer: That is a voracious pig; I
gave him a paiifnl of slop which ho
drank all up, and I picked him up and
put him in the bucket, and the blamed
thing didn't till it half full! Albany
The scholarly people give a philo
sophical reason for speaking of steam
boats, fire engines, etc., as she. Tho
Lowell Citizen says the fire engine is
called she because all the men turn and
look at it when it pusses along the
"I didn't see you at church Christ
mas Day." "I was there, though. I
have a new pew away back under tho
gallery." "You are unfortunate."
"Not at all. I consider myself very
lucky. I can't hear he choir at all."
At a party a young lady began a
song, "The autumn days have come,
ten thousand leaves arc falling." She
began too high. "Ten thousand," she
screamed out, then stopped. "Start
her at five thousand," cried out an auc
tioneer present. N. Y. Mail.
A Captain commanding one of the
British ironclads, being at a grand ball
fhat had been given to the officers of
the fleet, was accepted by a beautiful
partner, who, in the most delicate man
ner possible hinted to him the propri
ety of putting on a pair of gloves.
"Oh," was the elegant reply, "never
mind me, ma'am. I shall wash my
hands when I have done dancing."
A Good Excuse: Said Judge
Noonan, of San Antonio, to a convicted
malefactor: "It has been proven that
you burglarized a house, stole a ham,
and forged another man's name to a
note." "May be so." "You have also
been sailing under the false names of
Smith, McMullen, Goodrich and Per
kins while you were committing your
crime." "Well, Judge, you didn't ex
pect me to allow my own honest name
to be mentioned in connection with
such villainies anddragged through the
mire." Texas Silings.
Manual Training in America.
The progress of manual training in
the Uuited States during the last few
years has been very great, whether it
be considered from the standpoint of
the growth of public sentiment on the
subject, or from that of its introduction
to existing schools, public and private,
ad the i'stablishment of independent
schools. It is in some form in certain
of tho schools of twenty-live, of the
States of the Union, ami there are at
least forty educational institutions in
the country where it is made part of
the course of instruction. The charac
ter of the schools into which manual
training has been introduced is varied.
The range is from the most noted col
leges and universities in he land to the
public schools of small cities. Ctiarlt
I H. Ham, in Harper's Magazine.
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