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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1885)
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 2G, 1885.
Xstml at tii ParteSci. Celurtss. ct.
HIS PURPOSE HIS PLEASURE.
Perfect Happlaee Achieved by
"It is only a poor kind of happiness
that can ccmcfrom thinkingonly about
our own pleasure."
It was one of the most thoughtful of
tne English women of our day who
said this, and it is one of her truest
utterances, but verr few people prac
tically believe the saying. Yet occa
sionally we read of lives whose whole
existence shows that the- idea of their
own personal happiness entered very
little into their thoughts.
In 1803 a young man of seventeen
came to New York to make his way in
the world. He was honest and in
dustrious, and very soon was able to
support himself. And to lay up some
thing from his earning.':. He felt the
neea of :i better education, which his
poverty had denied him. "Itr. God
gives "me wealth," he thought,
"other young men in future
years. shall not feel the need of
the means of culture as I do now."
The thought became his purpose, and
h:i purpose and the fulfilment of it
were his enjoyment. He became a glue
manufacturer, and his glue was the
best and the cheapest that could be ob
tained. Later, he built rolling mills,
blast furnaces and steel works in vari
ous parts of the United States, and in
course of time became a millionaire.
The years in which he was accumulat
ing this fortune were years of hard
work, with little of what young oeople
would call pleasure in thcni. But in
all that time no business transaction
was over entered into by him which
was not thoroughly upright, while his
name became synonymous with sim
ple, direct honesty, and he found
the highest pleasure in that
But in tficse years his purpose
strengthened a plan by which his
great fortune was to be of use to the
people of New York. II's own wants
and those of his family were simple in
character, :.nd he cared little for the
amusements whichhnany rich men esti
mate so highly. He had gained a great
fortune, and for a purpose. When he
was past sixty years old he put into
actual form the dream he had from his
youth. The Cooper Institute is the re
sult of all those years of gathering and
planning, and the thousands of men
and women who have been trained
there for lives of honor and usefulue-s
are the witnesses to the success of his
schemes for the uolifting of humanity.
Probably no private citizen of this
century has won the love of so many
people as did Peter Cooper. Rich and
poor spoke his name with reverence,
and whenever his kind face with its
fringe of hair was seen, people who
would not have moved aside for a
Prince made room for h:m.
Years came and went, and the Coop
er Institute, under the direction of its
beaeficent founder. w;is constantly ex
tending the .sphere of its influence.
Not only his own c'.ty. which was so
dear to him, but the whole country felt
the impulse which Peter Cooper,
through the Institute and through his
other charities, imparted to it.
At last the busv. kindling life ended, 1
and all New xork was in mourning.
It was a long life, lasting ninety-two
years, none of which were spent in
service of self, but all in that ot hu
manity, and thus fragrant with good
Poter Cooper had placed his own
happiness as last to be attained. Yet
no man ever experienced purer happi
ness than he to who it came unsought
On that April day in 18SS when his
body rested in All Souls Church, three
thousand pupils of the Cooper Institute
came reverently to lay their roses upon
the coflin of their benefactor, and in the
heart of cadi one must have been im
pressed the belief that the happiuess
Winch lasts is not that which aims only
at securing one's own pleasure.
His purpose of life was his enjoy
ment. Youth1 s Compa n ion.
The Product and Industries or Thin Boun
tiful Tropical Inland.
At the time of our lirst vis't here the
keys were not inhabited, save that on
which the town of Key West is situ
ated, and Indian Key. the resort then
of wreckers. Indian Key be"ng midway
between Ky West and Cape Florida,
affording the wreckers a convenient
rendezvous. Tne wrecking vessels
were much like our Northern pilot-.
boats and were stationed w.thin sig
naling distance from each other along
the reef. Should a vessel be observed
in the toils of the dangerous reef, the
fleet would be seen making all speed
for the prize. In ante-bellum times the
prizes were surticiently great to excite
the most unremitting vigilance. . Cer
tain changes in the commerce have de
stroyed wrecking as a bus'ness of any
moment Another industry has sprung
up, which gives occupation to many
who have been accustomed to ttie lone-
ly life along the reef. On
of our traversing Planti
On the occasion
-itinn lCov In
.. ..a...V'.a am.. .u
1874. we encountered on landing a
small boy who carred a rusty
sabre "at a shoulder." By his
permission, our party, consisting of
tive able-bodied men armed with shot
guns, landed. The guard becoming
satisfied that our intents were charit
able," we were graciously shown a
tract of several acres of recently cleared
ground on which were growing rows of
pineapple tops. Here was the lirst ex
periment in the culture of pineapples in
Florida. The success of this venture
was so deelded that since then, we are
told, many of the keys are quite de
voted to "this enterprise. The pines
grown here prove to be of superior
flavor. The s;-onge business :s yet one
of the chief sources of income to the
populat ou of Key West The several
forms of comiucre al sponges grow in
the sh"ailow lagoons and creeks along
the inner waters of the reef. In most
instances the ponge is secured by
hooks, appearing, when taken, as the
most repulsive of black masses, heavy
with water and the jelly-like flesh which
.constitutes its living organism. These
Tare thrown ashore and left to be washed
"by the waves, or are frequently rinsed
by dashing water over theiu. In a few
4ays. during the warm weather ot the
'latitude, the soft parts dceomjose and
the lighter, more attractive skeletons
remain, which constitute the sponges
What a delight is the lirst visit to a
tropical town the first sensations' of a
balmy atmosphere born of a continued
.trade-wind, the characteristic "trade"
that moves so quietly during the winter
season-Jn4his semi-tropical region, and
is so tempered as nimbly and sweetly
to recommend itself unto our gentle
senses. We vividly remember the de
lights and indescribable sensations of
our first visit with the rigors o.f a New
England winter air but just shaken off.
full mcon was just visible over the
feathery tops of innumerable cocoa
palas as we landed, and the mellow
light sparkled tat ,u sitely on their leaf
lets; their sharp, outlines, too. against
the sky, with the pervading- odor of
-.line, leaon, and jessamine, told a
radical change of scene. Still more,' at
'the entrance to oar friend's grounds
i tfeese wonarwuiy mam sensations
cts lacreasM: easasoart- by
foliage. Itie air was 'redolent witt
jessamine, and. above alL the verandas,
revealed the delicate lawns and linens
of summer costumes, and a peculiar
and captivating hospitality heightened
the Mjoymcnt of this our" first experi
ence of the tropics. To the present
visitor, the then inevitable Venus in
parti-colored turban, passing the deli
cate. .refreshng cocoanut water and
curacoa, and the grateful services of
Cato, with fan in hand, are things of
The cocoanut before its white meat
has become solid, is jelly-like, and this
in all stages from the nearly liquid
form is esteemed a luxury, and served
at luncheon or to evening callers dur
ing the wanner season. The cocoanuts
will be observed to be in all stages
upon the tree, from the beautiful corn
colored flowering group, resembling
large tassels of corn, to the perfect
nuts, which require constant care to
prevent their dropping on the heads
of stranger sojourners. Those "na
tive here and to the manner born"- in
stinctively cast an eye above when
-passing, liie glory of Key West is
the abundant distribution of the cocoa
palm. The young and grandly flowing
fronds and leaflets, as well as the tall
trunks, with their graceful umbrella
tops, contribute to an unaccustomed
eye a scene of marvelous beauty.
There is a cur.'ous ound, simulating
falling rain, produced by the gentle
movements of the leaflets over each
other; this when but little air is .stir
ring. Could the beauties of these
semi-tropical towns be cumulative, a
wondrous aspect would be the result:
but the recurrence at certain periods
of heavy gales, amounting to hurri
canes, strips nearly everything of veg
Besides many plants and trees indi
genous to semi-tropical regions others
of more pronounced tropical culture
have been introduced. The Geiger tree
is perhaps the most attractive, on ac
count of its large showy red flowers,
that look more appropriate to a low
plant than a tree, and .ts large showy
leaves. Captain Geier. an "old c tisren
of Key West in the earlier times, and
a noted wrecker, bro ight this tree to
Key West from Cuba: and, no one be
ing sufficiently acquainted with botanv
to name it. it was called as above. It
is the Cordia scbestina Linn. In the
Jeup collection of the trees of America
there is a good example of this tree,
and a line pa'nting ot its leaves and
flowers. At the period of our lirst visit
in 18M, several trees had recently been
introduced, notably the royal palm.
The visitor in Havana will enjoy the
grand examples of this tree on the
plaza of the Capta"n-Generar.s palace.
The stately and architectural trunks
and the rich green of the leaflets or
frnnils rndnr t)in trH wrront nnallv"
attractive. The date palm is another,
of nearly equal interest It requires
about seven 3'ear.s for the tree to reach
the period of bearing fruit We
chanced to remain in the reef region
just long enough to see the fruit comn
to perfection. Several gardens of the
old residents of Key West are embel
lished by the date palms, whose thor
oughly tropical aspect var.ed by the
cocoa palms, first breaks upon the view
of the visitor as he approaches th
island. Cor. X. Y. Evening Post.
AN INTERESTING DECISION.
The Government Not ltespontlble ft-r
Packages Placed on Top of Mall-Boxe.
A very peculiar case cams up before
United States Commissioner E. L
Gregory yesterday afternoon. Abou
three o'clock a young man namec
Lawrence, having a package to mail,
laid it on the top of the mail-box at the
corner of Cherry and Union streets.
Shortly afterward he was standing
near and saw a negro wan whose
name was subsequently learned to be
Turner, take the package and start off.
He at once followed and stopped him.
and Detectives Han'fin and Price ap
pearing about that t.me. the negro was
arrested, and at four o'clock arraigned
before the Commissioner on the charge
of interfering w.th the Un.ted States
Capta'n Withers. Superintendent of
the free delivery department of the
Post-office, was summoned to give testi
mony in regard to the law, and upon
this tet"mony Turner was discharged.
According to the law and all rulings
upon the subject, the package had not
been mailed, and-in cousequonce Turn
er was not amenable fo the United
States law. but the value of this pack
age being small, it only containing a
rubber stamp, the prosecution did not
care to push the matter.
A word in regard to this practice of
placing packages and papers on the top
of mail boxes will not be amiss, and
probably prove of service to the gen
eral public not posted in the matter.
Letter-carriers arc positively instructed
not to take such papers or packages
whi'i it interferes with the delivery of
first-class mail, and as they are nearly
loaded with as much mail' as they can
well carry, packages thus left often re
main there until the following day.
Their taking or leaving them is dis
cretionary. Letters, papers or pack
ages are not mailed and under the pro
tection of the United States postal laws
unless they are placed within the mail
box or in the Post-office. People often
leave valuable packages in this manner,
laboring under the impression that the
Government is responsible for them.
Such, however, is not the case, and if
stolen, the person is only liable under
the State laws. Nashville Union.
A Singular Reptile.
A snake of a very rare kind is now
at the Smithsonian Institute. It was
captured near the'famous Buck Horn
Wall, -on the line of the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad, near Deer Park, Aid.
The peculiarity of the snake is that it
can. and does whistle and sing 1-ke a
young mocking bird. In general ap
pearance it is use the ordinary snake,
except its head is shaped somewhat
like a pug dog. In length f is tour
feet long, and the largest part of its
body is four and a quarter inches
in circumference. When it whistles
or sings it makes a series of jumps
like a frog. The head snake
professor of the Smithson:an institution
is now at Wood's Hole, Mass., and it
will probably be sent there for his ex
amination and classification. It is in
shape and color altogether different
from any of the African singing snakes,
and besides issues a louder and more
harmonic sound or whistle than is re
corded of any of the classes of snakes
that are found iu the East Indies. A
similar character of a snake is said in
thcbooks to be frequently seen on the
island of Sumatra. So far this is the
lirst singing or whistling snake that
has been found in this country. The
man who caught it supposed he was
chasing a young mocking bird. Wash
ington Cor. X. Y. Herald.
A paper-making linn in New Jer
sey is .turning out counterpanes and pil
lows of paper. No. 1 znanilla paper is
used, two large sheets being held to
gether by a slender twine at intervals
of three or four inches. The twine 5s
summed, so as to hold the sheets firm
ly together where it lies. A hem is
Jdacea on the counterpano to keep it
rom tear'ng. The safety edge is com
posed ot twine, ornamental designs
are stamped on the outer surfaces of
the covers and cases, giving them a
neat,' attractive appearance. When
these counterpanes and pillows become
wrinkled from use they can easily be
smoothed out with a hot latiron. The
new paper bedclothing is seventy-five
casts per set, and will probably Tieaoirn.
popular. JT. T. Trikum.
WILL STICK TO HIS LAST.
1e Speealatfaa' Which Taagfct Mr. Willow
to Couflae lite Koers'a aa Brato to
Calico and Xaalla.
Sam Willow was a prosperous; dry
goods merchant His store on Four
teenth avenue was the coder of fashion
in that part- of the city. However dull
his neighbors might be his store was
crowded from morning 'until evening,
and the cries of "Cash !" followed
each other so closely and continuously
that it sounded from the street like a
ftublic school on examination day. So
ong as Mr. Willow devoted his'entire
attention to the dry-goo:ls business be
prospered. Owing to his excellent
judgment in the line of calicoes, mus
lins and hosiery he was always able to
dispose of his purchases at a handsome
profit But Mr. Willow had one un
fortunate habit. He was restless and
ambitious. He never learned to let
well enough alone. He was continu
ally investing his surplus wealth in
outside speculations, which were with
out exception disastrously unprofit
able. "So you think of mortgaging the
bouse to raise fifty thousand dollars,
do you. Sunison !'" observed Mrs. Wil
low to him one morning recently.
"Yes, my dear," responded MY. Wil
low, with ardor. I have a sure
" Sure thing ?" returned Mrs. Wil
low, incredulously. "Do you recol
lect the sure thing you had last year?
It was in wheat, I believe. You got
your pointer from a man who was get
ting up a corner.
"Yes, my dear," answered Mr. Wil
low, "but th is not a speculation at
all. It is as sure as taxes."
"Is it in the dry-goods line ?"
" No. not exactly, but it will pay
better than any dry-goods store since
"What is it ?" inquired Mrs. Willow,
with more curiosity than she had yet
"That's right," replied Mr. Willow,
illogically but enthusiastically. "I
new you would agree with me. It Is
a jrold mine."
"A gold mine, Samson Willow?"
"Yes, my dear, a veritable golcouda,
a bonanza." We will be princes, both
of us. Sure thing. Secret No one
knows of it but myvlf and one other
man. 'Fraid he'll ;o to Jay Gould or
Vanderbilt with it if I don't give him
my answer to-day."
"Let me hear more about it," said
Mrs. Willow, excitedly.
"This man arrived here last night
from Montreal. He came that wa- be
cause he was afraid it would excite
suspicion if he came direct from Ari
"Yes. my dear. That's where the
mine is. He discovered it while he was
prospecting for lead. No one knows
there is any gold there. He picked up
a boulder of sol d gold, worth fifteen
thousand dollars if it's worth a penny.
He says there is lots more of it there.
I took it in my hands. It is heavy
and solid. He wants me to go into
gartnership with him. If I give him
m fty thousand dollars he will give me
a ha'lf interest and the nugget We
will use the money to buy machinery
and develop the mine."
"Let me sec the gold, and if it is
true I will sign the mortgase," ex
claimed the old lady with decision.
"You shall see it. this very day," re
turned Mr. Willow.
And so she did. The next day the
mortgage was recorded. The gold was
promptly transferred and the lucky
miuer went to Boston to buy the ma
chinery. Mr. Willow was ra an ecstacy
of joy. He could hardly wait to sell
out his store and visit his wonderful
Last week he bought back his store
at a loss of twenty thousand dollars
and rented his former house. He will
never leave the dry goods business
again. The cause of Lis change of
mind is explained in the following item
which appeared in a local paper a few
days after the sale:
"The large nugget labeled 'Austra
lian Gold,' valued at fifteen thousand
dollars, stolen from the Geological
Museum in Montreal by burglars, turns
out to be merely a plated lead facsimile
of a celebrated nugget found some
years ago." Al I'. Graphic.
A DIETARV BLUNDER.
Sir Ileurjr Tlioiuptou so Denominates the
I of Concrete Substance in water.
Sir Henrj- Thompson writes: "Most
people might naturally be aware that
the primary object of drink is to satisfy
the thirst which means a craving for
the supply of water to the tissues the
only fluid they demand and utilize when
the sensation in question is felt Water
is a solvent of solids, and is more pow
erful to this end when employed free
from admixture with any other solid
material. It may be flavored, as in tea
and otherwise, without impairing its
solvent power, but when mixed with
any concrete matter, as in chocolate,
thick cocoa, or even with milk, its
capacity for dissolving the very qual
ity for which it was demanded is in
greater part lost So plentiful is nutri
ment in solid food that the very last
place where we should seek that quality
is the drink which accompanies the or
dinary meal. Here at least we might
hone to be free from an exhortation to
nourish ourselves, when desirous only
to allay thirst or moisten our solid
morsels with a draught of fluid. Not
so; there are even sonic persons who
must wash down their ample slices oi
roast beef with draughts of new milk
an unwisely deviled combination even
for those of active habit but for men
and women whose lives are little occu
pied by exercise, it is one of the great
est dietary blunders which can be per
petrated." One would think it was
generally known that milk is a pecul
iarly nutritivo fluid, adapted for the
fast growing and fattening young
mammal admirable for such, for our
small children; also serviceable to those
whose muscular exertion is great, and
when it agrees with the stomach to
those who can not take meat For us
who have long ago achieved our full
growth and can thrive on solid fare,
it is altogether superfluous and mostly
mischievous as a drink." The. Lancet.
The picture of Washington cross
ing the Delaware has popularized a
scene that recurs every spring. Except
for the absence of the figures of the
commander and his compatriots, it has
lost none of its picturesque features.
When the winter snows are melting
and the spring rains fall the swollen
current of the river sweeps along with
its burden of jagged ice-cakes as resist
lessly as when it imperiled the lives of
the vugged little army who dared the
passage that Christmas night .one hun
dred years ago. At the point where
Washington crossed the Delaware it is
comparatively tame to what it is along
the upper courses of the river. Boston
William H. Robertson, who re
cently retired from the position of
Collector of Customs at New York,
was the second oceupant of the office
who since the organization of the Gov
ernment served the full term of four
years. Of his predecessors one died in
office, a few resigned, and many were
removed. Troy Press.
Curled maple is only an accidental
form of sugar maple, in which the
grain is beautifully contorted. This
form is highly prized by cabinet mak
ers, and one thousand dollars has been
given iara singb tree Chicago MmU.
ALL VERY TRUE.
Bob Bardette'a Aalrlce to a Sraatallnr aa
Yes. my son, I know, these expensive)
funerals and expensive monuments and
costly tablets and such things cost
great deal of money that might other
wise go to the poor. I know that the
churches in the United States eosft
many thousands of dollars which alto
might be given to the poor. I know,
my son, that onr modern Christianity
is much given to worldly show and
grandeur, and has departed from the
simple ways of the fathers. I appre
ciate yourgrief over all this. You are
not alone in your sorrow. You are not
the first man. my son? that lifted up
his voice and wailed: "Why was not
this ointment sold for three hundred
'pence aud given to the poor?" Come,
mv son. let us reform things. Let us
sell all the churches and give all the
money to the poor. Let us bury oar
dead in unmarked ditches by the road
side and send the cost of a Christian
burial to the heathen. Let uspaint onr
legs, let our hair grow long and go
naked, so that we may send the money
we now waste in fashionable adorn
ment to the perishing millions of India,
Let us do all this. Then, you see. the
poor heathen will have everything and
we will have nothing; they will wear
clothes and live in houses, and we will
wear rings in our noses and live in
caves; they will be civilized Chris
tian men and women and we will
be wild barbarians, perishing in be
nighted ignorance, lifting up our ap
.pealing voices for the price of the box
of ointment Then we will know how
it is ourselves. Is that your idea, my
son? Stop your paper and pew rent,
then, and peel off your clothes. I will
sell them for you and buy you a spear,
a bear skin and a string of beads, and
if I have anything left after deducting
my commission I will send it to the
heathen. My boy. when you are
tempted to howl because a body of
Christians builds a church that costs
fifty thousand dollars, you sit down
.and hold your noise and wait until yon
see in how many years that church
sends out one hundred thousand dol
lars to the poor and the sick and the
heathen, at home and abroad. I tell
5'ou, my son. when a roan invests one
thousand dollars of his money in a
church building he manages to pay the
interest on that amount for church
purposes. And then but before go
ing on with this sermon you protest so
vigorously again.st expensive churches,
what are you doing with the pew rent
you save? How many poor do you
pension with the money you hold back
from the preacher? Ah, yes; I thought
that was your car when I saw it com
ing. Ta-ta. Brooklyn Eagle.
A COLONY OF EXILES.
Sandy Point, the Chilian Penal Statloa Its
Location, Surroundings aad Besowrcea.
Sandy Point is a Chilian penal sta
tion, and a large portion of the inhabit
ants arc exiles. When we were there
the war was still going on between
Chili and Peru, and among the prison
ers were two Americans, who had been
captured in an attempt to blow up the
Huascar with torpedoes. They came
very near being executed, but were
finally exiled. The Governor himself
was in a state of semi-exile, and found
life much more agreeable in Sandy
Point thau he would have done in Val
paraiso. Gold was discovered several
years aro in the mountains about two
miles from the village, and a quantity
taken out by panning, but at that time
there was no excitement about it I
saw considerable in the form of grains
and small nuggets, the largest of which
was-about the size of an English walnut,
and had been made into a watch charm.
It was thought that some of the mines
would prove to be very productive, if
properly worked, but no one there
seemedto have the money or energy to
develop them. There is also a vein of
good coal about three miles from the
village. It had been worked some a
few years previously, and a railroad
had been built from the mine to the
wharf, but after war broke out with
Peru it was neglected, the whasf went
to ruin and the railroad was destroyed.
The only coal to be had there was
brought from England and a good price
was charged for it. We coaled shin
and were obliged to pay nineteen dol
lars and fifty cents per ton and deliver
it ourselves. The timber on the moun
tains does not grow to a great height,
but is of fine quality, and tne trunks are
of large diameter.
During the summer months it does
not rain at all, but every winter a large
quantity of snow and rain falls, so tl j.
there are no dry years. The pi:, is
furnish excellent grazing, and the .oil
will yield good crops. There is every
reason to believe that it will become a
good grain-producing country. I had
read much about the great size of the
Patagonian Indians, and thought the
reports must be greatly exaggerated,
but I found that they were true. None
of the bucks that I saw were under six
feet in height, and they were broad in
proportion to their height The
squaws are about five feet six or seven
inches, and are heavy, but not fleshy.
Like all other Indians, they are very
fond of the white man's fire-water.
Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
This word is from the Latin "prami
sent in advance. In law the
literal meaning of the word "premises"'
is "statements previously made." but
the word is now commonly used as
signifying a house and its surround
ings. In this sense it had a singular
origin. In a legal deed of conveyance
it was customary at the commence
ment of the document to give a formal
description, at great length, of the
property to which the deed related.
Where in the same deed it was neces
sary again to refer to the property
the" words "the premises," in the sense
of "that which has already been de
scribed," saved useless repetition aad
weie well understood. By some extra
ord'nary change, the phrase "the prem
ises" came to signify, not the descrip
tion of the property, but the property
itself, and in this sense the word has
now become incorporated with the
English language, and has been used
in legislative acts relating to or describ
ing lands. The dictionaries have no
reference to this misuse of the word.
8t. Louis Globe-Democrat.
A traveler pictures the guano coast
of South America as the most desolate
region on earth. On one side is the
Pacific Ocean, with its great swells
sweeping almost aronnd the globe, as
regular and constant as the throbbing
f the human pulse. On the other
side the impenetrable Andes rise in a
.range whose altitude averages fifteen
.thousand feet and whose peaks tower
; twenty thousand and twenty-two thon-
sand feet above the sea. Between the
, ocean and the mountains for one thon
.sand miles, with ayarying width from
twenty to fifty miles, lies a strip of
drifting sand which no river waters
and where rain never falls. There is
not a well or a spring along the coast,
and drinking water is an article of
merchandise, like ice or flour, costing
about seven cents a gallon to the con
The London journals have not yet
decided whether it is Saakin, Suakiaa.
Souakin or Souakim; hut when General
.Graham gets home he will be ,ablc to
settle it. He has had considerable of a
spall at that place- -V. Y. WarltL
There am 87,000 paupers in Ixu
don. In 1 l'iO the first tnk ug clock was
invented by a Cisler'cau mo k.
Many of the plant 11 thc'luilerics
Gardeusarc two and three huudred
The lance has disappeared from
the list of weapons ucd in the Aus
trian armv. The lancers will be con
verted into light cavalrymen.
A Paris judge refused to hear a
eae against a wife who had thrown
her husband cut of a window and brok
en his leg. but ndvt.s.'d her to open a
gxmnasMiiu at which other wives could
- It s oliic'a'Iy rep.irt-d that -.800.-000
acres of grez ng lands in the king
dom of the Netherlands supports
1.5U0.00 cattle i7.i.lK0 hor-es. JvH).U00
sheep and S.0.'i.i'J hogs. This is less
than.on.1 aero to the animal. ,
During a recent spcch in favor of
cremation. Sir Spencvr Well- men
tioned that an epidemic of scarlet fever
broke out in a country town on' the
opeuiug of some craves of persons who
had d cd with that d sease thirty years
In Normandy bird dealers arrange
singing contest- lietwef n favorite chaf
fiucues Ahii-h are .sometimes.couipelled
to sing alternately as many as eight
hundred t me.s. Occas.onally the cruel
practice o depriving thcni of sight is
indulged in. : s bl ud b rds arc often
the best s age ..
The Yr - ' :i ! who on the
march at 1 : .1 private to a
mule's sadd i .1 . -1 -.1 c.tsh ered for a
year, and t .- .. wrmnent journals
cpio'e th s ptim.hmi'iil as evidence that
torture i- not to.e ated in the French
army, although the opposition prints
attain that it rs frequently inflicted.
There arc now established on the
coast of Great itritain -1 lifeboat sta
t ons. In th-: current year there were
o.tiM ca-ua!t cs to .shipping around
the Br tish Ilcs: fi.'W lives and eigh
teen ves-c!s were saved, in addit on
to 189 lives by .shore boats and other
means, where rewards were given,
be'ng a total of 7tf:i lives saved through
the agency ot the society. During the
year 1 feboat were launched 'Jo'2 times,
and not one man of their crews was
The New South Wales reg ment
whi.-h took part in the Soudan cam
pa gn. has arriwd home in Sydney.
J'hey were g.ven a tremendous re
ception. The day was made a public
hoi da. Delegates, cauie from all tho
colonies in Autral:a and all tin;
ava lable troops were drawn up to wel
come the returning .soldiers. The
Governor delivered au address to the
cont'i'.guiit. thank n-f thciu 'u the
name of the Queeu and the enlon'cs
for the great 'services they had ren
dered. Japan is made up of a chain of
voleau v moaiita ns. and tiie arable
land of the empire :.- o.Hc ally put at
ll.iriy.riO"' :-r s 1c s lh:i 1 one-half the
area ot the : late" ot .Sew York and
this is so fcrt !e aud thoroughly cult -vated
that it feeds a populat on" of 37.
OW'"! about that of Fvance. K'ce
is one of the principal ciops. and of
thi -om ". . n.wo l.iKhels arc raised
auntia'lt. Hand labor is generally
used, ;.n;l two or three ciops a. ear
are rased on the same land. Artificial
irrigation is genjral. bfing necessary
over one-half of the cultivated land",
and frequent! the water is taken from
streams from twenty to th rty miles
d stunt The total number of horned
cattle is '.ll",o:(l. and of horses l.tiOA,--0o.
Wood of all kind.-, is choap and
Lour Wag. thtt Rule ou the Dark Couti.
The following is a picture of life in
Afrca as portrayed by Consul Peter
Strickland, of Senegal: Drunkenness
to a greater or lesser extent seems to
be the general cond tlon of tin vast
raa'ority of tin; trades and other people
j of Senegal who are not Mohammedans.
It is niy deliberate conv ct 0:1 that it
costs tho nat.ve trades-prople in Sene-
I gatub a more for rum than it does for
ioou. auti wuai mates it very annoying
for their employers is the fact that
their -crviec- can not be depended on
.so long as they have the means in
hand toJmy rum. House servants are
as bad a ; the rest, and unless Euro
pean families are lucky enough to se
cure Mohammedans for their cooks. '
they can never know wheu a fast
will be intruded upon Uiem. Tho
women in vhe matter of drink
ing, are. if anything, worse than
th; men. and if cuiplovcd for waters
ate .-uiv to .sna-h all the crockery
wi bin their reach in an incredibly
short pace of I me. It is a custom
among tlfem al.-o to form themsidves
into lr 11k ng clubs of a dozen or so
each, a d wlieuever their accumulated
ni-nn? are -uNic cut to purchase three
or lour gullo s of liquor, they will,
after excusing themselves from .work
o 1 some fr vol.nis pretext, meet at a
hou-e .selected for the purpose and in
dulge in orgies too terrible to be de
scribed. It is .-omefunes a week be
fore they recover from these debauches,
and the" interests of those who are
obliged to employ thi-m sutler accord
ingly. 'Added to the annoyance from their
drinking hab.ts. is also the fact that
most ot these nU'inpcra'.e women arc
of s::ch easy virtue that the'r husbands
seldom trust them, but leave them for
others on the .slightest pretext Ihe
women also change partner-1 as often
as chance follows occasion, so tht so
e'etv, a3 we recognize the term,
scarcely has an existence. It is one
of tie iuost com ron of things among
the so-called Chr.stiau n-itivcs of S'ene
gambia, to see children, brothers and
s'stors, through their mother, but all
having different fathers, thus com
pletely reversing the Mormon custom,
where chiMrcn are ofteu brothers and
sisters through their father but not
through their mothers. Scores of chil
dren also d e through neglect ex
posure, and diseases, for which the
drunken habits of their mothers are
d lcct'.y responsible. It docs seem as
though our Government must be culpa
ble iu granting drawbacks on rum and
alcohol which are exported by the
ship-load, to debauch and destroy the
unrclh-ct ng inhabitants of uncivilized
countries. It is my deliberate opinion
that rum in Africa is at present doing
as much mischief as the slavo trade
ever did, aud that it is a shame for a
civilized country like, the United States
to aid any of its merchants in exter
m nating these northern Zulus of Af
rica." Consular lleporL
The Peruvian Army..
The Peruvian army is made up niostlv
of Indians and Cholos (as the mixed
races are called), and are brought in
from the mountains tied with ropes.
'A train-load of these 'volunteers'
came fu from the country," says a Lima
letter, ".f all of them with their hands
tied behind'them. and were driven into
a corral like so many cattle, where
they were g vca un forms and runs and
put through a course of sprouts. It is
of little interest to tho Indian on which
side he fights, for ha knows npth'ng
about the political troubles of the coun
try, and serves anv commander who
happens to capture him, like a mule or
a horse, until bo is shot or runs away
They are obedient, tractable and en
during, and although those who know
enough will cut oc hands and feet to
avoid service in tne army, .taetr mu
tinies always originate wish the
OF GENERAL INTEREST. .
Brooklvn cla'ms a population t
70.000. of about half that of New
The only Way to tell a good cirtr
is to smoke it. Color ha; nothing to
do with it Chicago Herald.
As a rule not nions than oue letter
out of twenty written to the President
reaches its destination.- -IVusluugtan
About one acre in a hundred of
tho arablejand in the country is occu
pied by zigzag fences. Xathville Amer
ican. ' '
The Vermont State Prison con
tains six persons serving life sentences
for murder and three serving ten,
twelve, and eighteen year seuteuces
People of violent temper, savs a
barber, have close, growing hair.
Coarse hair denotes obstinacy, wh le
line hair indicates refinement, and peo
ple whose hair is harsh have amiable
but cold natures. I'hi'.mldphia Press.
It having been brought to the no
tice of a tramp who was mentally en
feebled that there were authenticated
instances of. weakness of the mind hav
ing been cured by work, he smiled
idiotically and inquired: "Who wants
to be cured?" A. Y. Mail.
A plant called by the Mexicans
gonagra. indigenous to the deserts and
uplands of Arizona, has been found to
possess superior tanning qualities and
is coming into extensive ttee for that
purpose. It is an annual growth and
hat a root resembling a beet
Many a mistakun marriage and
many a needless and wrongful divorce
would be prevented, even among peo
ple who have nd real respect for relig
ion, if the ministers of every denomi
nation would not only teach but act
upon the scriptural doctrine. Aliuuna
A twelve cent table d'hote dinner
suppliedjjy a New York caterer con
sists of soup, fish, one k ud of meat to
be selected by the diner, with salad,
chow-chow, coffee, dessert, aud pleuty
of bread and butter. And the caterer
prospers with an average prott of forty
dollars per week. V. 1". Herald.
A patriotic Philadelphian sent to
the New York World1 pedestal fnnd
the other dav the handsome sum of one
hundred dollars, and with a modesty
equaled only by his niuuiliccuce de
clined to give his own name as the
donor, but desired that the coutr bu
tton should be cred'ted to Genera'
Grant. Philadelphia Times.
Whale shooting is a growing .busi
ness on the Maine coast Several
steamers are engaged in the business,
another trying factory U to be built,
and the success which has attended the
operations thus far warrants the belief
that whale hunting, will eventually be
come, one of the important industries
of the State. Boston Herald.
- Delimit and delimitation are new
words to American readers. Webster
doesn't have them, and in the first pari
of Worcester both words are marked
a "rare," Stormouth's English Dic
tionary defines delimitation: "The
boundary-line of a country; the fixing
the boundaries of a country, or coun
tries, especially wheu a rearrangement
of territory is to be effected. Louisinllc
A man talks to an assessor one
way and to a mercantile agency an
other. With the latter he wants to put
his possessions at a value as hi;h as
possible to get conimcrc'at standing,
with the fofmer he values them as low
as possible to escape taxation. He
does not think that the mercantile
agencies verify his reports to them by
the amount he returns for taxation.
A writer has been estimating what
It costs each individual for necessary
food of sufficient variety per day and
yar; aud also the value of the total
amouut of food upon which the people
of the United States subsist for that
time. He makes it $4.:MO.OOO.O(0 an
nually for the whole people, and for
each individual "58U.81 per year; and
only twenty-live cents and eight mdls
per day for eaeh person. Detroit Post.
A recent visitor at Sanborn. I). T..
was .surprised to find that a cowboy
there was a bright voting miss of th'r
teen years. All last season she herded
alone over fifty cattle, riding a pet
Indian pony. At eight o'clock every
morning she jumps astride of the bare
back animal, drives the herd to the
prairie and watches them all dav. She
takes her books and spends her leisure
hours in readiug and study. Chicago
A South Carolinian tells a strange
storv in natural history. While out
hunting he k'lled the mother of some
young squirreN and secured four of the
l'ttle ones unhurt. He carried them
home and gave them to a cat that had
lost her K'ttens. She took charge of
them, and became exceedingly fond of
them, and now they are frisk v little
fellows running everywhere and grow
ing fiuelv. They seem to like their
It is a pity some of the poor peo
ple on either side of the Atlantic can
not have the vast quantities of meat
annually thrown overboard from ocean
vessels. From a report jut issued bv
the British Agricultural Department it
appears that dur.tig 1884. of live ani
mals imported from Canada, 608 cut
tle, 1.770 sheep and one pig were
thrown overboard, and 81 cattle am!
324 sheep lauded dead. Of those iui-
poUed from the United States, 1,570
cattle and SVIiT sheep were thrown over
board, and 85 cattle and 92 sheep
landed dead, or a total loss of 4.8.ti
animals. X. Y. Tribune.
A recent writer on beating of
green-houses and conservatories says
that the secret of successful heatiiig
is to raising the temperature of the
watar in a short space of thne so as to
cause it to flow through the mliat'ng
pipes with such velocity that it may re
turn to the boiler before losing all its
heat. Th's is achieved by bringing the
water under the influence of the lire in
small continuous bodies, and 'if this is
carried out the radiating pipes can be
reduced in size with advantage and
economy. .The time for putting all
such things "in order is during the warm
t-aon. Chicmjo Journal.
The New England "Meteorological
Society propose- to find eut this sum
mer all it c.u about thunder storms,
aud to that end invites observers iu ev
ery town iu New England to iinitt; iu
ma'rking the leading features of such
storms as come within their ken. and
report to headquarters. The simplest
data are such as can- be gathered by
anyone the" time rain begins to fall,
the direction of the wind, duration of
rain, etc.: while more difficult and del
icate observations, such as the height
of the storm clouds, character of light
ning flashes, and Vulocity of wind, are
to be undertaken by specialists. Bos
In the Clinical Record Dr. Holland
relates that one of hi. lady patients
once called on a 'psychometric
healer." vho greatly impressed her
with his prescience iu telling her that
she .MiiVercd from occasional headache
Mid pain in the side due to the fact that
her liver was bound back to her dia
phraghm. The lady thought that only
a map of diabolical' insight could have
discovered her symptoms without an
examination, and she hastened ner
vously, to her physician. There she'
was informed that almost every woman
E silent a doctor has is a sufferer fronr
eadache and sideache, and that she
would be in a bad way indeed if hei
liver were not ancaared in the saanner
stated bj Ins ehsrlstnn.
results from that true contentment which
Indicates iwrfcct health of body and mind.
You may possess it, if you will purify and
invigorate your blood with-Ayer's Sarsa
parilla. E. M. Howard, Newport, N. II.,
writes : I suffered for years with Scrof
ulous humors. After using two bottles ot
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, I
great relief. It has entirely restored me to
health." James French, Atchison, Kans.,
writes: "To all persons suffering from
Liver Coiuplaiut, I would strongly recom
mend AVer's Sarsaparilla. I was afflicted
with a disease of the liver for nearly two
years, when a friend advised me to take
this medicine. It gave prompt relief, and
has cured me. Mrs. II. M. Kidder, 41
Dwight t, Boton, Mass., writes : For
several years I have used Ayer' Sarsa
parilla, in luy family. I never feel safe,
without It. As a liver medicine and
general purifier of the blood, it has uo
equal." Mrs. A. B. Allen, Winterpock,
Va., writes: "My youngest child, two
year of age, was taken with Bowel Com
plaint, which we could not cure. We tried
many remedies, but he coutjnued to grow
worse, aud finally became so reduced Iu
flesh that we could only more him upon
a pillow. It was suggested by one of the
doctor that Scrofula might be the cause
of the trouble. We procured a bottle of
and commenced giving it to him." It surely
worked wonders, for, in a short time, he
was completely cured?'
Sold by all Druggists.
Price $1; Six bottles, 95. .
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer .t Co.. Lowell,
, Mass., U. S. A.
THE FALL TERM
A.t Fremont. XclrnNlcn,
SEPT. 1st, 1885.
UNUSUAL A IVANTA5KS WILL I5K
AFFOKDED I'KlfOXS W1SH1XCJ TO
THE BUSINESS DEPARTMENT
affords every opportunity for improve
ment, Penmanship, Business Arithmetic,
Hook-keeping, Commercial tNirreHpoml
ence, and imitation of actual Ihimiiu.-'s.
We can speak with the utmost conii-
dence of the instruction joveu m our
Music Department. .Mi l"oe Conrad,
instructor of the Piano Forte, a graduate
of the Cornell Conservatory of Music, ii
not only a brilliant performer, hut a
pains-taking and tuiperior teacher. Tim
instructors iu Vocal Culture, Note-reading
and Singing arc thorough and suc
cessful. Expenses. -
Tuition for ten weeks, $10 to 1 if
paid strictly iu advance. lius in
cludes admission to Normal and Itusines.
classes. Music, $12 for twtnti lessons.
Short-hand, $12 for twenty lesions. Type
writing, with use or instrument, $10 tor
twelve weks. Good day hoard can he
obtained in the College Home at $2.25 per
week. Hooms ."i0 cts. to 7.1 cts. per stud
ent. W. PJUNILS A. m.
President of Normal College,
Denver to Chicago,
Denver to Kansas City,
Denver to Omaha,
Omaha to Chicago,
Kansas City to Chicago,
Omaha to St. Louis,
WEST TO EAST!
BAGGAGE CHECKED THROUGH.
Throush tickets over tho Burling
ton Route dre for ea!o by the Union
Pacific, Denver St Rio Crando and
all other principal railways, and
by all agents of the "Burlington
For further Information, apply to
any agent, or to
P. 8. EUSTIS.Cen'lT'k'tAg't.
A honlr of 100 MffnL
, Tbe best book for an
. aaveruaer 10 con
IIC suit, be be experi
S9enced or otherwise.
jbb SgjgafSmMaa BBlHBBaaamSBaSaBBpa5ia.vii V wax, n -
It contains lists of newspapers andestimatea
of the coat of advertising-. The art vertiserwho
... ..a nA n1i. tftn.la In ItfflA In.
invest one hundred thousand dollars In ad
verUatss. a scheme la indicated which will
Met his every requirement, or eanbemade
to 4am aw tliatdeJumotMemtat amttdatbtcor'
rmmtmimte. 1) editions have been i Issued.
Seat post-paid, to aay addresa for 10 casta.
Writarto tJEO. r. KOWEIX CO.,
NEWSPAPEK ADVKKHSKG BUREAU.
U0 Spruce 9CPrttttinsHaeSq.), New York.
"" n"BVfBB"p " "s..13""
ScHgB r'sRvn Pftfri?T2jpj"rBSSa
BS BS Pf(rn WrtJvr'-":- ""r'Vg
BBaasSBBnnSBBSBHBlsSaBSfu b!mm s3i.snSH
BEST E GOODS
The Lowest Prices!
CONSULT THE FOLLOWING ALPHA
AI.H1J3IN Arithuieti.-s. AriioM' lul;
(genuine), Ata'drat. Autot;r:iiir Al
bums, Alphabet 1. ocks.Aiithor'oi'itrd',
Arks. Accordeons, !str:ti-t l.ca! Cup.
nKIIMIlK.'e. Uaoketr.l'.abv Tov.lt..l,k-,
Hibles. HclN Tor l.o, V..in I'.nol...
Itirthday Card;, Casket 15ncio. ws'-Tool-ehest.",
IlaIN, i:.uikers Cum-.,
boy's AVajron. SlmN and Wheelbar
rows, lititflier li)ok. Itrass. edned ICu.
lcr., t'.ill.lifloko. Book Strap-., IJ.e
Halls ami Hats.
C'A:IIIX. Cards. Callin- Curd. I'.ud
Casiw Combs. Comb Case-., cisrar Ca
se. Checker Hoards. Children's Chairs.
Cups and Saucer i fam: ) Circulatimr
Library, Collar ami Cud Ho.es,.Copv
Ttooks, Christmas Cards. Clitue.so To-",
Crayon, Checker. Chess-men, "r.ti"ici
IMMIi'riJ Scwiu Machines. Draw
iuj: l'aper. Dressing Cases, Drums.
Diaries. Drafts iu books, Doll. Dressed
DolLs, Dominoes, Drawing books.
KtllKI.OPtX Kliiueiitar M-hool
books, Erasers (M.iekhoard). Krasers
FIC'TIO:' Hooks. Floral Album., Kur
KAtf.flAK. Oeoraphle. (home
" tries.OIove boe. toy Ouns.C v roseopes
(to illustrate the laws of motion).
llAKIi:R'M Headers, handsome Holi
day jrilts, Hamt'iclassc.-,. ifolihy.hor.se,
I.Xli., (:ill good kind- ami colors. Ink
?t:i:nl lenmmon ami f.mey).
lftVZ-:i. Cum's. .lews harps.
KIIUM of ink. Kitchen sets.
l.KUGEKK, Ledger paper. Legal cap,
Inuich baskets, Lookingglas.es.
"lASO."' ,fc Hamlin Organs. Magnets,
-Mllric boxes. .Magazines, .Mustache
eiips, Mouth organs, .Memorandums,
Music hooks. Miisie holders. Machine
oil, Mats, Moderator's records, Muei
rVKKUI.KM for sewing machines. Note
OlMA:. Oil for sewing m:- bines,
urgan stools. Organ seals.
PKHIOUItALS. Picture. lu.e
blocks. Presents, Picture books. Pianos,.
Pells, Papetries. Pencils. Purses. Pol
ish for furniture. Pamphlet eases. Paper
cutters. Paper Listener.. Picture puz
zles, Picture, frames. Pocket books,
Pertiimery ami Perfumery eases. Paper
racks, Pencil ladders.
KKWAKIk cards, Hubber balls, Hub.
NfJIIOOI. books, Sewing stands, School
Satchels. Slate, Stereoscopes ami pic
tures, Scrap books. Scrap pictures.
Sewing machine needles. Schol ir'scotu
pauioiis. Specie purses, Siuging toy
canaries. Sleds for boys, Shawl straps".
Ti:i.t:!OPtX Toys of all kinds,
children'. Trunks. Thermometers.
Tooth brushes (folding). Tea sets for
girls. Tool chests for boys, Ten-pin set
lor ooy.s, loom picks, Tin toys.
V10I.I3M and strings, Vases.
UOOURRIIKJi: Organs. Work bas
kets, Waste baskets, Whips (with
cac), Webster's dictionaries, Weather
glasses, Work boxe. Whips for boy.
Wagons for boys, What-not., Woollen
Eleventh Street, "Journal" Building.
DR. -WARNS SPECIFIC No. 1.
A Certain Cure for Nervous Debility,
Seminal Weakness, involuntary Kmi.
slons, Spermatorrhea, and all diseases of
the geni to-urinary organs caused by self
abuse or over indulgence.
Price, $1 00 per box, six boxes $.1.00.
DR. WARNS SPECIFIC No. 2.
For Epileptic Fit, Mental Anxiety,
Loss of Memory, Softening of the lirain,
and all those diseases of the brain. PrWe
$1.00 per box, six boxes $.".00.
DR. "WARNS SPECIFIC No. 3.
For Impotence, Sterility iu either sex,
Loss of Power, premature old age, aud all
those diseases requiring a thorough in
vigorating of the sexual organ. Price
$2.00 per box, six boxes SI 0.00.
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 4.
For Headache, Nervous Neuralgia, and
all acute diseases of the nervous system.
Price fiOe per box, six boxes $2.."0.
DR. "WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 5.
For all diseases caused by the over-use
of tobacco or liquor. This remedy is par
ticularly efficacious in averting palsy and
delirium tremens. Price $1.00 per 'ox,
six boxes $.i.00.
We Guarantee a Cure, or agree to re- .
fund double the money paid. Certificate
in each box. This guarantee applies to
each of our tive Specifics. Sent by mail
to any address, secure from observation,
on receipt of price. Itc careful to mention
the number of Specilic wanted. Our
Specifics are only recommended for spe
cific diseases. Heware of remedies war
ranted to cure all these diseases with one
medicine. To avoid counterfeits and al
ways secure tne genuine, order only from
DOWT1' Al CUI.H,
19-1 CoIumbiH, Neb.
Health is Wealth!
Da E. C.Wst's Kxstk as Biuni Tmat
Err, a guaranteed specific for Hysteria, Dizu
neea. Conrulaiona, 1'ite. Nerrooa. Neuralgia.
Heedacho,NerToua Prostration caused bj the dh
ot alcohol or tobacco. Wolcefulnes. Mental Do
praasion. Softening of the Uraia rewriting-in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay ana deatS,
Premature Old Age. Barrcnncs. Losa of power
in either sex. InToluntarjr Loesee andHpermat.
orrhota caused by orer-exertion of the brain, eelr
abateor orer-indulgence. Each box contoina
one mouth'e treatment. flX0abox.oraixboxea
lor t5J0.ientby mail prepaidon receipt of pnea.
WE CUAMAXTEE SIX WXMM
To cure any case. "With each ordwreceiTed'bTM
for ix boxea. accompanied inUi liCft w will
aand tbe purchaser our written guarantee to re
Caodthe money if the treatmentdoeasotsCsCl
core, eaaianteea. iesaed only by
JOHN O. WEST & CO,
t2 W. MADISON ST., CHICAGO, ILLS.,
Sole Prop's West's Liver KUa.
WZwtntytkafcaTimr fcrur n UnwCcmjUUt
VfifffU. Skk Hndwh,Uiltmtin. CouUpaitoa o CaMlnm,
mdutlaiKtt WrVftoMLlTtrrill,,wWa ib arm
tausr strictly csoplM wits. Tittyarcputly vcfrUM,a4
mrlUI to (It MUaXactloo. Wn&r CMMd. Urf texM.co'
MlalaeBiiljuScate. Wt ud by U diuu"-. Bml
tatlitlrt TW nub auatlmetaia alr W
JOHN G. WIST XX, HI a IU " ' fTT. ITSSI
lj 1 , v .. .. r..... ,it,ltJ
-"T-rT--T" more money than at anything
VV I else Dy taking an agency for
" AJ. the best selling book out. Be-
ginnen succeed grandly. None fail.
Terms free. HaiUTT Book Co., Port-
laad, If aiae. 4-82-j
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