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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1885)
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ISSl EVERY WEDNESDAY,
M. 3v. TURNER & CO.
Proprietors and Publishers.
Z2T OFFICE, Eleventh St., up stairs
in Journal Building.
VOL. XV.-NO. 42.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 11, 1885.
WHOLE NO. T70.
. . 5
CASH CAPITAL, - $75,000
Leander Gerhard, Pres'l.
Geo. W. Hulst, Vice Prcft.
Julius A. Reed.
R. II. Henry.
J. E. Taskeu, Cashier.
Hank of Deposit, DiNcesmt
Collection I'roniptly Made
Pay lutereNl oi Time Iep
It. HENRY G-ASS,
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IN
Furniture. Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables, Safes. Lounges.
&c. Picture Frames and
1ST Repairing of all kinds of Upholstery
6-tf C0LITM3US. NEB.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pomps Repaired on short notice
J30ne door west of Heintz's Drus
Store, 11th Street, Coluinbu. Neb. S
TTTTIT T) for workins: people. eml 1
HH, Kcent pos-taire, and we will
-LA-i--U-L mail jourec. a ioyal. al-uabh-am;ile
box bfj;ood- tbat will put
ou in the way of making more money in
a few day than jou ever thought po
ssible at "any business. Capital not re
quired. You can live at home and work
in spare time only, or all the time. All
of both ee. of all a:e, grandly suc
cessful. ." cents to $5 eas-ily earned
every evening. That all who want work
may iet the buine. we make this un
paralleled offer: To all rho are not well
satisfied we will send $1 to pay for the
irouble of writing us. Full particulars,
direction-, etc , ent free. Immense pay
absolutelv sure for all who tart at once.
Ion't delay. Address StiXs-OX & I O..
A WOKI OF VAK.IG.
FAllMEUS. stock rai-ers. and all other
intenstfd parties will do well to
remember that the -Western Hor.-e and
Cattle In-urance Co. of Omaha is the
onlv company doinir business in this tate
that insures Horse, Mule- and Cattle
a-ainst lo by theft, accident, diseases,
or injury, i a also acaint lo by tire and
lightniui: i. A 11 representations by agents
of other Companies to the contrary not
withstanding. P. W. IIENRU'H. Special As't.
15-y Columbus, Neb.
But a Grand Success.
R P. BRIGHAM'5 AUTOMATIC WA-
ter Trough for stock. He refer to
every man who ha it in use. Call on or
leave order at George Yale'5, opposite
Oehlrich's grocery. 9-Gin
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public w'th
pood team, bumrio and carriage for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Alo
conducts a sale stable. 4i
PLATTE CENTER NER
The best accommodation for the travel
ing public guaranteed. Food good, and
plenty of i Beds clean and comfortable,
charges low, as the lowest- 13-y
ATjTJTTTTn Send six cents for
I 111 I i Pi POS'Se.and receive
J. J.VA.UJ-1. freC) a costly box of
soods. which will help you to more money
fight away than anything else in this
world. Ail, of cither sex, succeed from
first hour. The broad road to fortune
opens before the worker, absolutely
sure. At once address, True &. CoM
I Stall ft Meant Sts..Caic&fO.
W21 Mat jtrttld to s7 iMa tUt
1 Cor lstd. 390 M X10 Lxsstbi
l.f lunmu, Sste. Cm, Beta,'
IPntm. IwM Cap-Lama.
Sink. Ikm MlMrH StaA. u4
iMau. Say Oolta. KcpmK
mit, ! tenm lauraraoa ua
gTmSSg m v fcA-fr'frtr
A. Quaint Old BoutherniTown, Fall of In
terest to S tranter.
If the Southern tourist will leave the
beaten tract of travel at Mobile, and go
fay steamer to Fensacola, he will enjoy
a very pleasant break in the monotony
of railroading. Mobile and its bay are
full of historic landmarks, and when
the steamer leaves Fort Morgan, and
heads to sea for the short ran down the
coast, there is much that is of interest
in the marine landscape.
The approach to Pensacola, as the
Mary Morgan runs in, is of ever-varying
beauty. Long lines of sandy beach
and dark woodland point in converging
lines to the distant harbor. Closer in
is the tall light-house pointing finger
like heavenward, with a background of
dark trees and peeping cottages, below
which runs, like a ribbon of satin, the
snow-white beach for miles. Presently
the long ocean swell ceases, and we are
passing-the forts- On the left are the
ruins of Fort McRae, now only a few
massive arches of tough masonry totter
ing amid the surges rippling under their
gloomy shadows, while opposite is Fort
Pickens, gray, straight - faced, and
sturdy, crouching, as it were, on the
hind's end of historic Santa Rosa Isl
and. In spite of its battle record it
looks quite modern, with the great guns
gazing vigilantly out to sea. In the
distance the remains of Fort Barancas
lie sleeping with the memories of Gen
eral Jackson and the Spanish com
mandant who blew it up at the capture
of the place bv the American army in
As we enter the harbor we find it
land-locked and of immense magnitude,
its further shores appearing as if on the
horizon. It is a shelter for the navies
of ttie world.
To the left appears the town, fronted
by the massive buildings of the navy
yard, the great derricks holding aloft
boilers for expectant hulls. The size of
the place can onlv be guessed at from
the steamer's deck by house roofs and
The lower part of the town has an
essentially nautical flavor. The sandy
streets are filled with a motley crowd of
mariners. The talk is of ships and car
goes, and the bell of the NorweffUn
chapel, nestling almost under the yard
arms of the ships at dock, mingles with
the forecastle bells striking the hour,
tolled maybe by some ancient quarter
master of a sexton; and strangely out
of place seems a back-country ox-cart,
whose great broad wooden-tired wheels
and crates of "gonies," or land-turtles,
rolls silently over the sand.
The wharves are immense structures
thickly laced with car tracks, walled in
by masses of closely packed shipping
whose interlocked spars and masts are
as a forest through which a road is cut
out. Here the smaller iron steamers,
those "ocean tramps." nestle beside the
great three-masters to secure a share of
the vast forests of lumber annually ex
ported, which by train loads continually
pour on the docks.
Out on the broad harbor are fleets of
vessels clustered about great timber
rafts which have been floated out to
them, and from which their gaping
holds are being rapidly filled. Tugs are
towing out rafts to ones further distant.
Here are two just spreading their wings
to sail. There is one just arrived and
dropping anchor, and in the offing
more are inward bound. It is an ani
mated scene rendered doubly delightful
by a balmy air, a cloudless sky, and the
odors of pine freshlv cut. Harper's
How Much May be Saved by Judicious At
tention to Little Thing.
A verv suggestive sight was witnessed
a short time ago in a visit to a larjre
manufactory of machinery and tools.
The outlet to the sink had been closed,
and the large drain pipes had to be re
moved and cleansed. The result of that
cleaning was a surprise to the pro
prietors, although it was not so to at
least some of the workmen. If a list of
the articles found in the drain pipes and
at their outlet in the tail race was made
it would be almost like an inventory of
the small parts used in the manufac
tures of the-cstablishment There were
hundreds of pieces of broken files, taps,
reamers, drills, parts of machines and
tools spoiled in the working, and a
wagon load of cotton waste. The water
closets had been used as convenient
"catchalls." "scrap heaps" and "glory
holes." How much the establishment
had lost in this way could not readily
be estimated, as much of it must have
been swept away by the stream and
much of it buried out of sight
It is surprising how much may be
saved in the shop by judicious attention
to little things and by handy appliances
for saving. An establishment that
works up brass and iron in about equal
proportions for more than a year mixed
the drillings, turnings, and filings of
both metals indiscriminately, and dump
ed them out of doors as useless rubbish
to be got rid of. A separating machine
was suggested, and now one of the pro
prietors "declares that it paid for its cost
within three weeks. It is self-operating,
requiring only the occasional supply of
the chips and" the removal of those al
ready separated. The mixed chips pass
through a trough in a thin stream be
fore a revolving cylinder composed of
horse-shoe magnets; the brass chips
drop in front into a box, and the iroa
and steel chips are carried on the mag
nets to the under side, and are brushed
off by fixed brushes into another box.
Before being separated, these mixed
chips were worthless; after being sepa
rated the iron chips had a marketable
value, and'the brass chips a value ten
times as great.
In a large manufactory of machine
screws, where two barrels of oil a day
is not an uncommon amount to use, if
all the machines were supplied afresh,
three-fifths of this amount sometimes
more is saved for further use. This is
done by a small centrifugal machine.
The chips, soaking in oil, are dipped
into the little curshaped receiver, the
cover closed, the belt started, and the
oil comes in an almost invisible horizon
tal sheet against the sides of the envel
oping pan and runs into a tank ready
for use. The chips are cleaned so near
ly that they barely soil the hands.
In a certain machine shop worn out
and broken files are placed in a trans
verse holder on the grindstone frame,
held against the face of the stone by
springs, given a traverse by a belt and
a spiral cam. and the result is bits of
smooth steel just adapted for forginf, to
boring oar cutters and keys, with a
further result of keeping the stone trued.
In brass manufactories there is un
avoidable waste of the metals in the
scoria; of the melting furnaces, in the
rolling mill department, and the wire
drawing. Whatever of this waste, with
the sweepings, can be gathered is put
into large mortars and subjected to th
impact of pivoted pestles until the
whole is pounded to a dust. Then it u
floated in a running stream of water
through a chute over riffles, which
catch the heavy metallic particles and
allow the lighter trash to pass off! The
metallic residuum, packed in crucibles
with luted covers, gives back a profit
able percentage of solid brass toM
used. Scientific American.
Am Important DUcovwcy la
At the annual meeting of the Boston
Society of Natural" History, a highly in
teresting statement was made by Prof.
F. W. Putnam, Curator of the Peabody
Museum of Harvard University, con
cerning his recent explorations of cer
tain mounds in the Ohio Valley. The
subject was illustrated by drawings
hung upon the wall, and by photo
graphs. These-explorations, "in which"
he was assisted by Dr. C. L. Metz, of
Madisonville, O., were made last year,
and were restricted to one particular
mound field or tract upon the borders
of the Little Miami River, in Madison
ville, about twenty miles from Cincin
nati. It is to be regarded as one of the
felicities of the event for the work and
its results constitute an event in the
full significance of the word that, be
ing situated so near to one of the great
cities of the land, it has happened that
no persons impelled by mere idle curios
ity have hitherto dug into these
mounds in a random way, and thus
practically destroyed them' in respect
to their special value to the
archaeologist. The excavations now
made were conducted on the most ap
proved methods of science. Nothing
worthy of notice has escaped observa
tion and record, and every relic has
been carefully preserved for scientific
purposes. In" the brief discussion which
followed the Professor's statement, one
of the members of the society declared
the results thus reached to be the most
important discovery yet made in Amer
ican archeology. Several of these
mounds were what are called "altar
mounds," and in these the valuable
and instructive relics were found.
These, in number and variety, were suf
ficient in themselves, if none others bad
ever been found, to give a very distinct
it might almost be said comprehen
sive idea of the civilization of the so
cial state of the ancient mound build
ers. Among other things found .were
articles of personal adornment, such as
ear-rings of pearl and bracelets of met
al. The precise advance of the art of
working metals is thus disclosed. The
metals had been wrought by ham
mering the ore. Molten work was
beyond the skill, or rather the
knowledge of the artificer. The metals
were iron, copper, silver and gold. This
is the first time gold has been found in
the mounds. The gold, and in some
instances the silver, was used for plating
an inferior metSl, being hammered thin
and clinched at the edges. Most signi
ficant of all. perhaps, was a little statu
ette, which not only presented the
human form in a shapely it might also
be said artistic contour, but showed also
the earrings and the drapery of the
waist which were fashionable in the
American prehistoric times. Some of
these relics must originally have come
from the Florida coast, from Lake Su
perior and from the Rocky Mountains,
indicating thus either extensive migra
tion or intercommunication. The indi
cations are that the cremation of the
dead was practiced by these natives, and
that an altar mound is significant of
some great sacrificial ceremony, and
that these trinkets and relics, some of
which pertained to the useful arts, rep
resented an offering on the part of
these people, equivalent, in comparison
with our pcale of values, to hundreds
of thousands of dollars. Mechanical
THE MODEL WIFE.
The Woman Whom Hoabaada Loto Mora
Than Their Cigars and Horses.
Scripture, and history, and poetry vie
with one another in sounding the praises
of the model wife. The man who is
blessed with a companion worthy the
name of a model wife can snap his fin
gers in the faces of all the old bachelors
that ever breathed and give them points
each day in every exalted pleasure that
makes life worth living. There is no
danger of his applying for a divorce.
Unfortunately for the married men of
this generation, the model wives are
most all dead. The struggle for exist
ence was too much for them. The
ceaseless, silent self-sacrifice needed to
build upa model domestic character
could only be met and borne as long as
there was a living appreciation of the
personal laws of duty that underlie all
sorts of ideal existence. The men who
appreciated model wives, and were in
return willing to be model husbands,
were so few that the good wives that
is, the model wives grew discouraged
and took to their graves or some more
The few model wives that are left are
cherished by their husbands beyond
even their cigars or their horses. " The
model wife of the workingman, clerk or
business man has some appreciation of
the ten thousand little labors, petty
cares and annoyances that her husband
has to go through each dav in his work
shop or office. She considers that such
worrying cares are a part of the duties
by which her "husband makes a living
for himself, for her and for the chif
dren, if there are any. And when the
husband comes home from his work,
tired, perhaps cross, and hungry and
out of sorts, she is always ready to meet
him with some quiet and gentle good
cheer. Her own person is attractive
and restful to him. She always has
some pleasant scheme in mind to maka
his home hours delightful to him and
so make herself indispensable and a
The model wife does not see how
many poor and silly or exciting things
she can say to her tired husbandlf
she has anything to ask she waits until
he is rested and fed. She invites pleas
ant people to her home, not to show
how many rich things she has, but to
make her husband's home hours pass
cheerfully. She knows that if she is
half a woman no other can displace her
in her husband's affections. She is al
ways more attractive in her manners to
her husband than to other men. She is
the genius of the household. But, un
fortunately, most of them" are dead.
A shoemaker of Utica, N. Y.. has
completed a mechanical curiositv, con
sisting of two booses each su Jeel
square. Inside of these houses are dif
ferent wooden figures working at trades.
There are nearly 300 of the figures.
The motive power Is a small three horse
WINTER IN CALIFORNIA.
mw It Differs from the Wlntar Weatfcs
la New England.
After Thanksgiving, winter. In the
Atlantic States, east of the Hudson,
good sleighing is expected at this date.
Here nothing more than a few white
frosts indicate that winter has come.
There have been frosts in the lowlands
during the past week. Last night the
frost crept up on the hillsides a little.
'The crystals lay on the plank side
walks in the suburban towns, and
sparkled as the rays of the rising sun
touched them. For a moment or two
there were millions of diamonds, then
small drops of water, and then noth-
bing. cut tne trost maices crisp morn
ings, and a coal or wood lire most en
joyable morning and evening the
wood fire especially. Moreover, the
frosts help to color the foliage, although
in this country the deciduous trees drop
the greaterjjart of their foliage before
the" frosts come. The soft maples,
elms, white birches and locust trees,
which have been naturalized here, for
the most part, have cast their leaves.
Yet the map'es take on a wealth of col
or before tne leaves fall; so the frost
does not do all the coloring. Even
the eucalyptus, which casts its leaves at
midsummer and continues dropping
them until late in autumn, has a wealth
of color which is hardly noticed. The
coniferous trees prevail so largely in
California that the high colors of decid
uous trees which grow on the hillsides
and mountain slope? of caste n St.-s
are rarely seen here. Yet iu e ery u -11
after the first frosts have come in this
latitude, one may find patches of color
shading off from gold to scarlet, with a
great many subdued tones, which art
ists, who are good colorists, do not fa"l
to notice. The firs and the pines clothi
many of the mountains in eUrna
green. When they are bare, they are as
desolate as in Spain until the vernal sea
son sets in.
The first rains have already coiue.
But the winter rains have not" yet ap
peared. There is a sort of hush between
autumn and winter. If one goes to thc
wojJ. he will hardly hear any other
sound than that of the harsh 'and ob
streperous blue-jay. Here and there
will be a tapping on tha trunks, and an
occasional squirrel descends to spe wha.
provision in the way ol acorns there
iuav yet be left on the ground. In the
r.pjnj where the ground is soft, ther
wo the tracks of the sneaking coyote
Even owls cease in a measure to hoot i
the winter season, and the moumfu
sound of doves has altogether ceas -d
A great silence has fallen upon th
woods. There is hardly a singing b:rJ.
The linnets in the suburban garden ,
wh'ch two months ago were so active i
feasting on the ripe fruit, buginn ng
with cherries and continuing until t.u
lot ripeear had disappeared , hav
become silent also. No more songs a: d
no more depredations, for the good rea
on that there is nothing to st al, an i
tne pa ring season has not begun. Tii--white
frots are the fitting introdu ti jii
of wint-T. They precede the heavier
The trade winds have died out. Thejk
will not prevail in this latitude b?for.
the middle of next May. Some are un
kiud enough to say that it Is a pity that
they should ever prevail. But the-.
winds are the Lord's scavenger-, Lnt
up as so manv messengers from the al:
cean to deliver thu city from plag.io
atl pe 4i!ince. San Francisco h:i- no
bcu a e can city from the d.iv uf i
foundat'oii. There is Oriental dirt, am'
Occidental dirt. It has come lu bo a
foreign c'.ty. Merchandise fill tin ul -walks,
and in many places crowd the
jredslnan into the treet. Offal 5
;hrown there. The six months' t-ad.
winiL? of summer and the ix mui hs
raiu are the two sanitary agent- whi h
ki'ep watch and ward over the .' ty
The mot dangerous weeks of the y -a-,
on tie scoro of health, are tho e vlun
neither the trade win 1a nor th r.iin
prevaiL The winter season being less
pronounced in this latitude, there i
'less disposition to store ui auvth'ng.
All the season is open, and e.einow
the bees arc making honey, or arft sro
ing to rob other hives. They get a part
of their honey honestly, and, a to the
rest, they do not scrapie to got it d -honestlv.
San Francisco Bulletin.
MR. PARKHURST'S DILEMMA.
Vhe Unfurtunato Predicament In Wai. It
lie 1'ouuJ Himself oa a Kecent Suiul y
The neighbors of Maurice J. Park
hurst, of North Eighteenth street, ad
vised him when he put a f:ag-tafT on
top of his house, in order to celeb.'ate
Governor Cleveland's election, that his
idea of havinjr a srilt ball in the middle
of the pole was absurd. Mr. Park
hurst thought that he knew better,
however, and so ran his halliards up
through the ball ani floated the stand
ard of Democracy from the top. He
swore, moreover, that the flag should
always fly from his roof during the in
cumbency of his party. The wind ol
Saturday night interfered with this
plan, and yesterday morning found
Mr. Parkhurst's banner flat on the
slates. Its owner, while eating hi
breakfast, told his wife that it 'should
be up again before he went to church,
and that he had climbed trees when he
was a boy. Accordingly, he repaired
to the roof. and. finding taat the rope
was broken, proceeded to shin up the
pole. He found no difficulty in getting
to the top, and, having fixed the rope,
The location of the gilt ball interrupt
ed Mr. Parkhurst's down-trip. After ho
had let his legs go below the ball the
he found that its protuberance was
so great as to prevent his closing them
about the pole beneath. Mrs. Park
hurst, who had leen admiring her hus
band from the scuttle, screamed as .she
saw his dilemma. He climbed back to
the top of the ball and took in the situ
ation. Along Columbia avenue, near
which Mr. Parkhurst lives, jeople be
gan to go to church. Mr. Parkhurl
tried again, but found that the circuiu
lerence of the ball and the length of his
legs retained their original relation.
Meantime his wife ran for the neigh
bors. When thev came they saw the
obvious impossibility of either cuttting
the pole down or getting a ladder long
enough to reach the middle of it. Mr.
.Parkhurst swore. Then a thought oc
curred to him. "Just catch hold of
that halliard and let me down easy."
he said. "Tho pulley's new and I gues
it will hold." Two men immedi
ately manned the lifeline, and in the
manner of a flag Mr. Parkhurst wa
flaunted gracefully to the roof. He im
mediately hauled up his banner, ant
said yesterday that he would continue
to keep it and the gilt ball in thdr old
.positions. Philadelphia Times.
. Berlin, Germanv, has only fiftv
churches. Only 20.003 of tho million o'r
inhabitants are cuurch-oors.
National Bank !
Aittaized Capital, - - $250,000
Paii Ii Capital, - 50,000
Siralis aid Prsits, - - 6,000
OTFICXES AXD DIRECTORS.
A. ANDERSOX, Pres'l.
SAM'L C. SMITH, Vice Preset.
O. T. KOKN, Cashier.
J. VT. JJABLY,
W. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, anu Real Estate Loans.
D.T. MaKTYX, M. D. F. J. SCHUG, M. D.
Dr. HAMYH ft SCHUG,
C. S. Examining Surgeons,
Looal Surgeons. Union Pacific, O., N.
A B. H. and 11. M. R. R's.
Consultations in German and English.
Telephones at office and residences.
umce over rirsk juuii ,-..
p J. GARLOW, Collection Att'y.
SPECIALTY MADE OF BAD PAPER.
Office with J. G. Higgins. 34.3m
F. WaUS. M. O;
PHYSICIAN dt SUB GEOX.
Diseases of women and children a spe
cialty. Countv physician. Office former
ly occupied by" Dr. Bonesteel. Telephone
LLA ASnBAUGU, D.D.H.
On corner of Eleventh and North streets,
over Ernst's hardware store.
XT J. HL1W03I,
fta StrMt, t daara wtst or HaMOad Doom,
Columbus, Neb. 491-y
ATTORNEY AT LA IF,
Office on Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska
V. A. MACEEN,
Foreign and Domestic Liquors and
llth street, Columbus, Neb. 50-y
A TTOR2TE YS A T LA W,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing, llth St. W. A. McAllister, Notary
NOTARY PUBLIC AND CONVEYANCER.
Keen a full line of stationery and school
-upt'lies, and all kinds of legal forms.
Iusures against lire, lightning, cyclone
and tornadoes. Office in PowclPs Block,
Platte Centei. 19oc
J. M. macfarlan-d, b. r. cowdery,
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFKE
HACFARLAND & COWDBRY",
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
F. F. RUJWER, 51. .
(Successor to Dr. C. G. A. Hullhorst)
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND
Regular graduate of two medical col
leges. Office up stairs in brick building
north of State Bant.
a. a. MAUGUA3I,
Justice, County Surveyor, Notary,
Land and Collection Agent.
KTPartiesdesiriHe surveying done can
notify me by mail at "Platte Centre, Neb.
llth St, opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blankets. Currv Combs, Brushes, trunks,
valises, buggy tops, cushions, carriage
trimmings, &c, at the lowest possible
prices. Repairs promptly attended to.
DEPUTY CO. SUBVEYOB.
Will do general surveying in Platte
and adjoining counties. Office with S. C.
COLUMBUS, - NKBRASKA.
JS. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
orill .n.ntw v . 1 5 .f-irtinti in wnrt.
All kinds of repairing done on short
-r .-w .. s r J 1' .r4
uouce. uur mono is, uuuu ui
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. iSTSbop on
13th SU,one door west of Friedhof &
(Jo's, store. Columbus. Nebr. -kvj-v
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing aad Gutter
mg a Specialty.
0"Sbop on Olive Street, 2 door.
north of Brodfeuhrer's Jewelry Store.
LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT,
Hit lands comprise some fine tracts
is the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion of Plstte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
MIGRATION OF BIRDS.
Xjstarioos aad Interesting' Qoeatloa la
Zoology Which Poxxles the Scientists.
Familiar as this migration of birds is
to us, there is, perhaps, no question in
zoology more obscure. The long flights
they take, and the unerring certainty
with which they wing their way be
tween the most distant places, arriving
and departing at the same period year
after year, are points in the history of
birds of passage as mysterious as they
are interesting. We know the most
migrants fly after sundown, though
many of them select a moonlight night
to cross the Mediterranean. But that
their meteorological instinct is not un
erring is proved by the fact that thou
sands are every year drowned in their
flights over "the Atlantic and other
oceans. Northern Africa and Western
Asia are selected as winter quarters by
most of them, and they may often be
noticed on their wav thither, to hang
over towns at night, puzzled, in spite
of their experience, by the shifting
lights of tho streets and houses.
The swallow or the nightingale may
sometimes be delayed by unexpected
circumstances. Yet it is rarely that
they arrive or depart many days soon
er or later, one year from another.
Foul weather or fair, heat or cold, the
puffins repair to some of their stations
punctually on a given day. as if their
movements were regulated by clock
work. The wiftness of flight which
characterizes most birds enables them
to cover a vast s-pace in a brief time.
The common black swift can flv 2761
miles an hour, a speed which, if it
could be maintained for less than half a
day. would carry the bird from its win
ter to its summer quarters. The large
purple swift of America is capable of
even greater feats on the wing. The
chimney swallow is slower ninety
miles per hour being the limit of its
Cower; but the passenger pigeon ol the
'nited States can accomplish a journey
of 1,000 miles between sunrise and sun-
The distance traveled seems, more
over, to have no relation to the size of
the traveler. The Swedish blue-throat
raises its young among the Laps, and
enjoys its winter holidays among the
negroes of the Soudan, while the tiny
ruby-throated humming bird proceeds
annually from Mexico to Newfound
land and back again, though one would
imagine that so delicate a little fairy
would be more at home among the
cacti and agaves of the Tierre Caliente
than among the firs and fogs of the
North. London Standard.
Feature of the Horrible Disease Which
Prevails on the Island of Cyprus.
The ancient disease of leprosy has
long prevailed in the Island of Cyprus,
but it affects a a rule only the Christian
population, only one Mohamedan being
known to suffer at present from the
disease. It exists in three several
forms, but several of the victims have
all these varieties at once, and most of
them have more than one. The unfor
tunate ones now infected with the
malady do not seem to be regarded in
thcae later days with as much fear and
abhorrence as was inspired by them at an
earlier epoch, when the Western parts
of Asia were so terribly afflicted by the
scourge. There is. of coure. a gener
al deire to seclude .them and avoid
their ociety, but still some lepers are
married to healthy persons, who do not
trouble themselves to separate from
them. Endeavors are made, whenever
an undoubted case of leproy is dis
covered, to induce the sufferer to be
come an inmate of an asylum, which is
called in rather homelv phrase the
'Leper rami. Ibis
been enlarged during
preceding the last medical
the iland. and it then contained liftv
inmates, including several whose his
tory is extremely curious, and two chil
dren not at present aflectcd. but born
of leper parents resident in the "farm."
The disease is said to be more prevalent
among males, but there are several fe
male patients, and. until her death last
year, at the age of ninety, there was
an old woman who might be regarded
as the patriach or rather matriarch of
the establishment She was the first
patient adm.tted to it, and had lived
there over fifty years. She professed
to have suflered from the disease for
about seventy years, but without any
great pain or appearance of weakness.
The opinion of the med'cal officer, who
ha. had good opportunities of studying
the disease at the farm is that there is
still nocertain knowledge whatever as to
its orig'n The old-utablLhcd idea that
it is capable of hereditary transmiion
is. however, borne out by his experi
ence: ami one notable example is
quoted to show that it can be contract
ed by contagion. Boston Budget.
A DRY TIME.
Tin Day i Cnminir When the Earth
Drink l All the Sea.
Mot of the planets have probably
cooled down by radiation to a solid un
der crat like the earth. Thesun, owing
to his greater mas. is still a fiery globe
not yet cooled down so as to have a
sol'd crust. But our moon being a
body of small mas, only about one
eightieth of the earth' ma-, is sup
posed to have had time to cool down to
a solid globe all the way from its sur
face to its center. Its internal heat is
supposed to have been all radiated
away into the surrounding cold space.
Now the hot interior mass of the earth
can, of course, contain no water, and
little or none of the free gases that con-
stitute an atmo-phere. Thev would be
bo-Ietl off. expanded and dr.ven to the
surface where are found now the sivat
bulk of our oceans and our atmosphere.
But when the earth shall have parted
with all its internal heat, having thrown
it into the surrounding cold space as
the moon has done, then the cold,
solid but porous mass within its present
crust, which is now incapable of ab
sorbing water or air, ou account of the
present high temperature, will begin to
drink up the water and air just as the
parched soil after a summer's drought
drinks up the rain. 3nd the ground is
dry in a few minutes after the shower.
But you may well ask. could the solid
porous mass within the present crust of
the earth thus drink up the whole of
the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans and cause all the waters uf our
globe to disappear? Let us examine
this more closely.
While the interior of the earth re
mains as hot as it is at present it is no
more possible ior the water and air of
our globe to penetrate to these fiery
regions than it is for a drop of water to
remain on a hot stone. But the earth
is losing its heat day by day and year
by year, radiating it out into the sur
rounding cold space. I know it has
beer computed that the earth receives
from the sun annually just as much
heat as it loses in a year by radiation
into the surrounding space. Grant
that it be so for the present and for
many thousands of years to come. But
the trouble is that the sun himself is
cooling off, and. therefore, will not b
alwavs able to send us as much heat as
he does at present. The time will,
therefore, surelv come when we shall
lose more heat by radiation into space
than the sun will be able to return to
us. Then it will be only a question of
time for the earth gradually to cool
down, as the moon has already done,
from surface to the center. When that
time comes will not the dry but solid
and porous core of our globe drink up
the oceans and atmosphere, causing
them to disappear, not into large cav
ernous pockets, but into the minute
pores of its substance?
The proposition appears to be estab
lished by strict calculation that the in
terior of the earth when cold will be
able to absorb more than four times.
- possibly more than thirty times., tha-
amount ot water now on its surxace.
Now, it seems certain that in the man
ner first explained the earth will con
tinue to lose both its superficial water
and its atmosphere. The earth, the
other planets, and even the sun him
self, are regarded as doomed at some
future day to the same fate. Melan
choly fate! some will say. But whv
complain of the general law of nature?
Everything in nature has its morning
ot life, its high meridian of glory and
strength, its .evening decline and its
midnight of blackness and death. Is
the case of a world is that the last
term of a series? Prof. Cookley.
'Art PreaerratiYe' Known In Chlatt
and Japan Many Centuries Ago.
The art of printing on wooden blocks
in China seems to be due to the acci
dent of some one desiring a facsimile of
an inscription on a stone monument, in
I the first instance, by the process of rub-
bing with coloring matter over the
paper, and subsequently by covering
the stone with Indian ink, placing the
paper against it, and rubbing. In 175
A-XL, the text of the Chinese classics
was cut on tablets, and of these impres
sions were taken, some of which are
said to be still in existence. Printing
from wooden blocks seems to be no
older than the end of the sixth century.
It was not until the tenth century that
printed books became common. The
use of movable tvpe was said to date in
China from the eleventh century. Mova
ble copper type was used in Korea at
the beginning of the fifteenth century,
and even earlier; indeed, one book so
printed appeared to date from the
years 1317 and 1324. And even if it
were, after all, not so old as it seemed
to be, there were others dating unques
tionably anterior to the invention of
5 tinting by movable types in Europe.
re invention reached Japan from Ko-
I rea. and there was a distinct, mention
; of Korean tvpes produced by casting
and molding about 1420 A. D. In
Japan the earliest example of block
printing dates from the middle of the
eighth century. Before that, stone in
scriptions and engraved saals were in
use. The early Japanese prints were
chiefly reproductions of Chinese. The
first really National work printed in
Japan was the "Ni-hon-gi," at the end
of the sixteenth century. Printed slips,
apparently printed from cast copper
or bronzed blocks, containing a
Dharan, out of the BudhLst Scripture,
were distributed to the number of one
million in 764-770. The earliest
Japanese printed books were of
a considerably later date.
Of those known, the oldest
was printed about 1200. Printing re
ceived a great impulse from the expe
ditions of Hideyoshi against Korea,
when a number of books were brought
back by the victors, and the Japanese
learned what had been achieved by a
feople whom they had considered vast
y their inferiors. Among these were
some books printed with movable type,
which seems to have found immediate
frvor with the Japanese, for nearly all
the books of the next thirty or fortv
years were printed with movable type.
illustrated books wero ex-
tremely common in more 'recent
Japanese literature, the earliest known
bore the date 1610. Previous to this
there were wood cuts on a large scale
representing the popular
gods, and to
some of these a verv
CTeat ae was at-
tributed. One was dated 1017, and an
other was engraved by Nichiren, who
died 12S2 London Atltenanim..
An Excellent Trait or Character With
Which Few Persons are Overburdened.
We are a great people. This is a
saying that has been repeated so often
that we have naturally come to the
conclusion that we are infallible in
morals and religion, and in the con
duct of our private and public affairs.
And yet we can learn many things
from people that we deem far beneath
us in intelligence and cultivation, re
garding the treatment of those who
should be near and dear to us as long
as their light of life holds out to burn.
It must' be confessed that we have,
a a general thing, but little filial af
fection. We are generous in public
charities. We endow orphan asylums
and other philanthropic institutions,
but we are prone ;o forget that charity
begins at home. Our sense of inde
pendence is so great that we are apt to
believe that every one outside of an
eleemosyiftry establishment should
take care of himself or herself as the
case may be. Hence when our parents
grow old and are unable to work we
too often look npon them as burdens.
and are anxious to shift the responsi
bilitv of looking after them upon some
The commandment beginning: "Hon
or thy father and thy mother' has no
significance for us. It is to many of
us an old-fogy utterance, well enough
I for those who used to read their Bible
I in more primitive times, but of no
earthly value in this progressive age.
The poor emigrant who saves from
her scant wages enough to take care
of the old' folks at home in the old land,
we are given to regard with feelings
akin to contempt Why should she re
duce her meager bank account to pro
tect those that should be in the care oi
the parish? we are apt to remark in
the height of our prosperity, when de
crepid age seems as far off as the sun
We shall grow old some time, no
doubt, and: the earth will be burned up
at some period in the illimitable future,
but why trouble ourselves about these
things now? Let each day take care of
itself; and each man take care of him
self, that is our motto, and a very good
one it might be if we were to live for
ever. But the night will come to as,
as it has come to our fathers, and it
will be well if we can then say: "Even
as I did. unto my parents, do thou unto
me." Boston Budget.
PITH AND POINT.
did vou clear by
I cleared my pock-
rs. said Brown.
The revised Chicago grammar
teaches: Positive, corn: comparative,
corner: superlative, busted. Pittsburgh
A mind-reader gave a seance to a
batch of dudes the other day, and
threw up the engagement in disgust
because he hadn't sufficient material
to work on. Chicago Tribune.
"I never argv agin a success," said
Artemus Ward; "when I see a rattle
snaix's hed sticking out of a hol
I bear off to the left and says I to mi
self that hole belongs to that snaix,"
"The New York market is exten
sively supplied with foreign eggs."
We thought our fathers cast ou tho
foreign yolk for good mora than a
hundred " years ago. Boston Tran
script. A solemn old scientist printed the
fact that by bathing the feet iu te
pid water a man could double his
circulation, and now all the editors
are having tanks fitted to their office
A thrilling adventure is thus de
scribed by a boy poet:
A chubby little slater
Was scrubbing at a tub;
A chubby little brother
Came up to help her rub;
The chubby tittle brother
lie tell In. with a cry;
The chubby little sister
she hun him up to dry.
A gentleman whom it would be
flattery to call homely remarks to a
child at a house where he is visiting :
"Well, my fine boy, what do you think
about me. eh?" The child gags him
self with his fingers and remains si
lent "Come, now," says the visitor,
kindly, "why won't you" tell me what
you thnk of" me?" ""'Cause I don't
want to be whipped."
Admiral Duncan's address to the
officers of his fleet when they came on
board his ship for his final instructions
previous to the memorable engagement
with Admiral de Winter, was couched
in the following laconic and humorous
manner : "fJentlemen of my fleet you
see a very severe Winter fast ap
proaching, and I have only to advise
you to keep a good fire."
"Hello, Smith, what's up?" cried
Brown to his friend, who, freh from a
wrestle with a stove pipe which had re
sisted all efforts to put it in place, stood
at the window with soot on his hands
and wrath on his brow. "Nothing's
up." snarled Smith, "it's all down and
wants putting up." "I see," said
Brown, "these are not piping times of
peace, they are times of piecing pipe"
"Look heah. Ransom." said an old
negro to a young fellow. I doan' min
yer 'sociating wid mv daughter, but I
drutheryer wouldnf come roun' my
house no mo'. Time 'fore de las' what
ver was heah, I missed er water
bucket an' de las' time de bridle was
gone, an' now, ez I has a use for de sad
dle, I drutheryer wouldn't come heah.
I doan' say dat yer ain't hones', fur de
Lawd knows I b'lebes yer is, but such
cuts things happens while yer is in de
neighborhood, so je,' ter please er ole
man. what ain't enjoyin' very good
health, please doan' come roun' dis
house no mo'." Arkansato Traveler.
ALL FOR LOVE.
How An Indian Won III Itride by Swim.
tulas Acrcxw the .MUnourl With HI Left
Kand Tied Behind Ilim.
An Indian named Tsi-ung-che-ung.
one of the nomadics who have been
roaming about the city and vicinity for
some time, performed a truly wonder
ful feat yesterday in the presence of a
few admirers of hL tribe who gathered
to witness his exhibition of daring and
strength. The hero of the tile is a
strong, square-built, good-looking In
dian, and his feat was to swim th
Missouri with his left hand tied behind
him, his reward for this being the hand
and heart in marriage of a bewitching
(?) daughter of one of his fellow
scalpers. The wouder of the feat was
not only in swimming the treacherous
stream with one arm fastened behind
him him. but in going in water al
most as cold as ice, with his buckskin
trousers on to catch the sand and
threaten to pull him to the bottom.
At ten oYlo.'k yesterday morning the
daring fellow was in readiness, and
his admirers, together with the girl
of his choice, were on the ltiuk, just
above the bridge, to see him start It
was a thrilling and pathetic scene.
The young gallant gazd up and down
the treacherous stream, while the
girl ki-yied and sang in a weird,
mournful manner a seemingly plain
tive love chant It was a novel and
certainly interesting scene- Every
thing was in readiness. The young
Indian, with a graceful wave of the
right hand, and amid the encouraging
shouts of the other reds, shook the
hand of the fair prize for which he wa
risking his life, chopped off a little
aboriginal muaic. in a sort of a good
bv hefio-if-I-dont-ee-you-araiu air and
plunged into the river. A yell then went
up from the crowd of spectators which
caused the capillary integument of
the reportorial cranium to start
zenithward at the rate of a mile a
minute- The swimmer bold dove from
the bank, and was lot to view for a
number of second, when he came to
the surface several yards above the
point from which he tartcd, having
made a long diagonal dive up and
across the stream. He struck out
boldly, paddling himself along with
one hand. When he reached the mid
dle of the stream he raised his arm and
went straight down, disappearing be
neath the muddy urfare. As the wa
ters closed over him the maiden who
had been watching every movement
with interest manifeted great nervous
excitement, and just as he was about
to jump into the frail canoe which was
half launched, her lover appeared with
a careless toss of the head, and his
raven locks floated upon the urging
waters. As he neaml the opposite
shore the admiring braves, led by the
rirl. began waving their hands and
Mnnng a song of joy, and when he
reached thebankandstoodfacinghis ad
mirers, loud were the exclamations of
gladness .ent up from the point where
Se started. It was indeed a wonderful
feat .wimming the stream with one
irm completely disabled and wearing
heavy buckskin pantaloons and shirt.
"vith'no boat or body guard to accom
pany him. Bnt he accomplished it
v.th apparent eae. and for his reward
received what to h in was more than
.J1 ele combined. The reporter was
old the wedding would take plaee at
the camjiins: grounds of the Indians,
twenty miles north, next Tuesday.
Among thoe who witne.etl the feat
nvr. sever.il tr:inie Indians, who had
been invivd f-oni afar to participate
a h T . . tMi tin wedJuig. Bur
..arL : l. i.j iritunc.