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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1885)
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 4, 1885.
ItUr:i it tho Pen:S:e, Cslsstaf. Het., m nei
IM SITTING ON THE STILE."
8he turned the music ewlftly o'er.
Her lovely color came and went;
Sie tossed her Jaunty bat aside,
And st before the Instrument.
Re Ivory keys her Ivory hands
Touched with a master touch tke trhfl
With sweetest voice she sang that sweet
Old soda;: "I'm sitting on the stile."
He softly stole within the room
To hear her sins;; entranced he sat
Upon the most oonvenlont obalr.
Toe obalr which held her launtr bat.
Bhe turned and looked with amrulabed
He turned and lookod with sickly ssaile;
Beheld the rule ho had wrongs.
Ana saia: "i m sitting on we styiei
-Mr. Gto. Arttntxaa, umrvmgum
A POOR INVESTMENT.
The Custom of Putting Spare
Cash in Precious Stones.
"The time-honored custom of put
ting your spare hundreds or thousands
daring flush times into jewelry and sil
verware, under tho impression that you
arc at any rate laying away a nest-egg
for a rainy day, is a great mistake that
people are waking up to," remarked a
broker and an agent who is an old and
prominent citizen of San Francisco,
and into whose possession has fallen in
a special way of late a large quantity
of tho valuables of which ho spoke.
"It is a custom fruitful of sorrow
and disappointment to many of the
persons who indulge in it, and in more
instances than you would imagine,
upon first thought, a source of serious
annoyance and difficulty to their
friends. All the conditions underwhich
the habit is practiced, favor such re
sults. In San Francisco during the
last few yolirs tho facte of the case nave
been demonstrated in a most peculiar
and forcible way. The public knows
very little about the matter, how the
trade in these costly articles is con
ducted, or what is the ultimate disposi
tion of the wares, and it should be pro
vided with general information con
cerning the subject. Then consider
able vexation might be avoided, es
pecially on this coast. The subject is
an interesting one, full of novelty and
suggestions of the lights ami shades of
life- on the high tide of success, as well
as the low ebb of financial depression,
and I will try to give you a few points.
Probably there have been few instances
in history where there was snch a uni
versal disposition on the part of every
one to buy these costly goods as dur
Bg the bonanza times of California;
tho noteworthy era of colossal fortunes
made in a day; the time of inflated
valnes in all property: tho days when
people of all social grades, into whoso
Lands, as if by magic, heaps of gold
had fallen, plunged into all sorts of ex
travagances, anu the venders of dia
monds and precious stones, and costly
ornaments, and wares of gold and sil
ver, reaped a harvest. Millions wero
"Not only did large establishments
offering these gems and luxuries pros
per here, but Eastern dealers sent out
targe consignments to be sold here.
The Eastern dealers continue to do so
now. The sales in this city were enor
mous, and there wa another extremely
large influx of joods which were
brought here by old settlers and min
ing magnates who had gono East to
visit their homes again after making
their fortunes. When the large major
ity found that the untrustworthy stocks
had swallowed up their money with
tho same startling speed that it had
been amassed, the gems, etc., in their
possession went for the most part to
the pawnbrokers. As a matter of
course none of their owners received
anything like the amounts tho goods
originally cost Many people, yet re
taining their faith in tho stocks they
held, put up their jewels as security in
the hands of their brokers. Then came
the first realization of what a small
percentage of the original cost can be
obtained under any circumstances. I
wish to emphasize particularly the case
of jewels and precious stones, because
it is a natural and widely prevalent be
lief that at all hazards a jewel a dia
mond ear-ring, for example, would be
worth at any time, and in any place,
very nearly what it cost, for the set
ting is an inconsiderable portion of the
value, and the stone remains 8hc same
always. But the belief has no founda
tion in fact- In actual practiae it
would only be a question of extraordi
nary luck if the owner obtaiued, under
a forced sale, more than thirty-five to
fifty per cent, of what he paid for it
when he bought it out of the store.
One of the most astonishing examples
of this kind that has come to my knowl
edge occurred in this city.
"A gentleman took a magnificent set
of diamonds, which he had presented
to his wife while in affluent circum
stances, to his broker, and delivered
them up .as collateral for stock that he
was holding. Tho sot consisted of
ear-rings and a cross, and the man had
paid a linn in this city iivo thousand
six hundred dollars for them. He sup
posed, of course, he coidd dispose of
them any day for at least from three
to four thousand dollars, and nearly
any man owning jewelry in the city
would believe the same thing. But
they would be far from right. When
the stocks that the broker was holding
for the gentleman sank lower instead
of going up, it became necessary to
sell the jewelry, and the very best offer
that the firm who had sold them to the
gentleman would make to take them
back was one thousand three hundred
dollars not one-quarter of what the
goods first sold for. It is a very plain
casc- The firm admitted that the
stones were the same tlmt they had sold
for the large amount, but the price at
which they would take them back indi
cated that a profit of about four thou
sand three hundred dollars had been
made on them. This is only one of
many cases, and nearly all dealers
seem to prefer to deal with the trade
and bring more and more stones to the
market in preference to offering even
half what is paid at first for any jewel.
Many thousands of dollars' worth of
precious stones aiul expensive jewelry
are held in the safe vaults of this city
to-day which must be parted with by
the owners at a great sacrifice, as
many of the owners are among our old
and most respected citizens. In flush
times they accumulated the property in
the way of presents from their friends
or individual purchases, and now when
hard times have come upon them tho
treasure relics of bygone prosperity
must go to pay for the necessities
of life, and to secure money with
which to tide over temporary penury.
It would surprise any one to hear the
mames of our local men who have been
reduced to this method of raising
funds, and the array of gems brought
together would be a further revelation.
The men in question shrink from
going to a pawnbroker. They seek out
a friend and ask him to lend some
money on the goods. The friend
knows that the man is not telling a
falsehood, and, after viewing the orig
inal invoice for the jewels, he advances
with a good will two thousand dollars
oa a three thousand dollar set of
diamonds at a fair rate of interest
Finally the man to whom the money
has been loaned goes to his friend in
perfectly good faith and says that time
ate not much better, that even the In
terest is burdensome and the jeweiryi
must be sold. Then the mistake of the;
whole transaction is brought to light.
The price obtainable for tho jewels is
much smaller than the money loaned.
A few examples of these! cases are:
One lot of silverware, consisting of
wedding presents and various pur
chases, costing in all more than two
thousand dollars, was sold for five
hundred dollars. Come in here and
look at these sets and see what yon
think of them, Here is a pair of dia
mond ear-rings and a brooch that cost
Wo thousand dollars. I can not sell
them for four hundred dollars. Here
k a seven hundred dollar set of
silver wax that can go for one
hundred and fifty dollars to an
parohaaac. That diamond locket
was bought for efarsa hundred
dollar, and it goes a begriaf when
offered at four hundred dollars.
Aad, as jam sea, not aay of them show
wear in thaaliehtest decree. Undoubt
edly in some cases the owners of these
jewels paid exorbitant prices in the be
ginning, for there are unscrupulous
dealers who are apparently trustworthy,
but as a rule the gems are of the finest
quality, and the men who handle that
class of goods are not usually objects
of suspicion. Ilowever, you will no
tice a strange thing when you go to a
jeweler to havo an expert place a value
on a set of diamonds upon which you
wish to make a loan. Ho will tell you
that he would not sell the set for a ccr
tain amount ho names; but upon the in
stances above enumerated it is evident
that he would not give you half as
much if you were to offer the set to
"This expert valnation is an inscruta
ble system. I suppose there have been
several instances where the amount of
money loaned on a set of diamonds
was based upon an expert's valuation,
which, as I have said, proved to be a
considerably larger sum than could be
realized at a forced sale. A lady in
New York is the possessor of jewels
bought at Tiffany's for eighty-four
thousand dollars, and she concluded to
sell them, because they were so much
trouble to her. Tiffany would not
take them back and pay more than
thirty thousand dollars. I carry a
food watch, and have for a long timo
een living in the happy belief that by
means of it I could get home at any
time I happened to bo caught out of
town, but I am every day growing to
consider my heretofore happy belief a
delusion and a snare. I don't know
bnt that I would be obliged to walk
home if the car fare was too big,
vene if tho place where I was
literally swarmed with pawn-shops.
People for the last two years have
been melting up their old silver
to get the bullion. At one timo
one concern alone melted up an aver
age of six sets per week, and at tho
present time sets are continually sent
through the banks from private homes
in this city and from all parts of tho
coast to the mint to bo melted up. At
a recent date a wagon-load of silver
coming from Mexico, and comprising
every article of household furniture,
even to wash-bowls, was taken to the
mint. Some people do this because
plated ware needs watchful care, and
others do it because they are compelled
to." San Francisco Call.
DOGS AS PETS.
The Species Most In Demand and What
They Bring: In the Market.
Dogs, certainly, take the palm in
popularity, and, as pete, there is an
unceasing demand for them. It is a
mistake to suppose that the black-and-tan
is losing ground in popular favor.
If he is going out of fashion it is be
cause he is also going out of existence.
Black-and-tan dogs are very raro in
deed, and it is almost impossible now
to get a really fine ono. The rage for
smallncss became so great that the
black-and-tan terrier lias been pretty
nearly reduced out of the world. A
fairly good ono can still be bought,
however, for about one hundred dol
lars, and a pup, that may or may not
live to attain its full growth, wonfd be
valued at not less than twenty-five dol
lars. The other dogs for which about
the same prices rule are the Yorkshire
and fox terriers. The latter is not so
jrreat a favorite
with women as with
men, but of late
vears the Yorkshire
has become very popular with all lov
ers of toy dogs. The pug or "toy bull"
as he is sometimes called, Ls also greatly
prized, and good ones, weighing from
eight to ten pounds, may bring consid
erably over one hundred dollars. Pups
can bo bought for a third of that price.
The peculiarity of the pug is that ho
is little more than a diminutive bull
dog. He has the same wrinkled, un
prepossessing countenance, and
looks, like the stock from
which he sprang, as though ho
thirsted for blood, nis appearance,
fortunately, belies him, :is the bulldog's
usually does, for tho pug is good
natured and affectionate enough, and
makes an admirable and appreciative
pot- His days are too often shortened
by over-feeding and too little exercise;
but he seems to prefer that it should be
The rarest ami most expensivoof
all pet dogs is the King Charles spaniel.
A lady who has secured a really good
one may go home and congratulate
herself, for she owns a treasure. She
had better keep a watchful eyo upon
him, too, for he is easily stolen and as
easily disposed of. These dogs can
hardly be said to be in the market.
They are very rare, and with their long,
fine, silky hair, large pendant ears, and
meek, intelligent eyas, they aro exceed
ingly beautiful. They are better known
in England than in "this country, but
there, too, their prico is very high. It
is very hard, indeed, to get the poorest
kind of a King Charles for 100, and
for a good one $200 is not considered
by any means an unreasonable price to
ask. The King Charles is rather deli
cate, and is often injured and even,
killed by over-feeding. Both among1
the terriers and the King Charles breed
of dogs the male is valued a little
higher than the female, but the differ
ence in price is very slight. N.
Henry was an editor, and Maude was
a poetic young woman, with whom he
was more or less in lovo. They were
out last Sunday breathing the clear air
of the hills, enjoying the beautiful
colors, with which nature was painting
the trees, and in various ways luxuriat
ing in the harmonious holiday of a Sun
"Oh, Henrv," she exclaimed, raptur
ously, "isn't'this lovely?"
"Quite delightful" he nnmded.
as Tua. at f li rw- mm . .
wisl see me nuts, Henry, in au ine
shades and tints that the painter knows.
What a soft, hazy blue the air assumes,
and what a restful quiet there is every
where." "Yes. Maude, it is firatrdass."
Tt ! A timo TTAtm full rtf ntafr
There is poetry in the woods, there is
fucuj in wc running water, mere is
poetry in the rough old trees, there is
poetry in the cattle in the fields, there ir
poetry in everything."
"Yes, Maude, darling, there ls poetry
in evcrvthinfi'. even In mv wjitik.h.ilr
bushels of it, dear. Let's go and get
a SOUare meal at that frm-hnu.A nvr
yonder.' Merchant Traveler.
Silk is now PTnwn in twantv id
A TALK WITH A DRUGGIST.
The Penchant of Physicians for Sorcethlaa
New-RUe and Decadence of Remedies.
"Is thero anything new?" repeated
the druggist after the inquiring reporter.'
"Yes, there's something new every few
minutes. Here's a list of new remedies
with high-sounding names thai I have
been studying over. The able manu
facturing pharmacist who introduces
them to the medical profession vouches
for them as being wonderful, but it is
not likely that even the names of two
thirds of them will be recalled two or
three years hence. Doctors are death
on medical novelties, and manufactur
ing pharmacists, knowing their weak
ness, are always giving them something
new. The more rare and high-priced a
remedy is, the surer it is to find favor
with the medical practitioner. Tho
number of roots and leaves that within
tho past five years havo been torn from
their primeval haunts in South Ameri
can swamps and jungles and Austra
lian forests is astounding. It begins to
look a3 if no guilty plant could escape.
There is not absolute safety even in the
darkest corner of Africa. Ho you re
member cundurango, advertised far and
wide a few years ago by Dr. Bliss, of
Washington City, as a cure for cancer?
It was wonderful, because new. costly
and untried. To-day it is rarely used
and the profession havo no faith in it at
all. In this list of new remedies few of
them will prove of any value at all.
Hero is the Judas tree, or red bud. It
was thrown out of the pharmacopoeia in
1840, and hero it is again as a new
remedy. The only good thing I know
of the Judas tree is a beautiful piece of
poetry written about it. a couple of
years ago by Dr. H. W. Taylor, of Terro
"California is now in high repute for
wonderful curative agencies culled from
tho vegetable kingdom. Most of them
rejoice in exceedingly ornato names.
Here is tho yerba santa, herb of
health; yerba bena, herb of beauty;
yerba reuma, whatever that means, and
many others. Among tho recent cura
tive fancies is duboisia, an Australian
plant similar in its properties to bella
donna. The Sandwich Islands furnish
a plant called tonga, from which wo
havo a proprietary medicine called ton
galinc, which has quite a run now,
probably for the reason that nobody
knows anything especially about it.
Tho lily of the valley, which, in Solo
mon's time, toiled not, neither did it
spin, is now put into a concentrated
liquid and credited with having control
of the action of the heart. Here's the
manaca, a Brazilian weed of which lit
tle is known. For that reason it is gal
loped after by doctors, who are willing
to believe that it is a specific for rheu
matism. "One good thing may be said of Alas
ka. I do not think she has given a sin
gle leaf, stalk, flower or root to our
parmaccutical acquisitions. It quite
reconciles me to the possession of those
barren leagues of ice and solitude.
"Among the unpleasant remedies that
are passing out of favor is propylamin,
made from herring brine, and about the
most nauseous smelling stuff in the en
tire scope of materia medica. It is sel
dom used now. Amoug tho most valu
able contributions of chemistry to the
healing art is that of salicylic acid, which
is used for many diseases, and in rheu
matism has superseded almost every
thing else. Tho demand for it is great,
and for that reason it is fortunate that
science 3 able to furnish an artificial
supply, Kolb, a Gcrmaw chemist, now
making it from coal-tar. Others mako
it, but all under his patent, Tho veg
etable supply might be sufficient, but it
would be at such a cost as not to allow
of its use in a fifth of tho cases it is now
employed in. Have you any idea of the
number and importance of the products
of coal-tar? Well, there's a long list of
them. Among them is a substitute for
genuine benzoic acid, which formerly
was made of hippuric acid, horse urine,
and is now a coal-tar derivative. That's
better than horse urine. People are
more squeamish about such things than
they used to bo. A hundred year's ago
camel's stale was a popular remedy.
"Guarana and jaborandi are two
South American remedies that after
several years' use continue in favor.
Jaborandi is now extensively used in
the form of the salt, pilocarpi in fevers.
It was at ono time claimed that it would
restore hair to bald heads. I had a
customer who tried it for a long time,
and one day, after a couple of weeks'
absence he came in with a beautiful
head of hair. Did tho pilocarpin do it?
I thought so until he took the hair off
and showed mo it was a wig. Guarana
is a nerve medicine much used for head
ache. It does not sell to the extent it
formerly did, tho novelty having worn
"Coca is another South American
plant which rejoices in the dignified
name of crytiirovylon coca. Its active
firinciplc is the alkaloid cocaine. The
eaves of the coca have long been used
by the South American Indian mountain-climbers,
who arc said to do a pro
digious amount of work with its aid.
They chow the leaves with :ishes, which
heightens the effect of the drug. It is a
wonderful stimulant, not an intoxicant.
The cfl'ect of chewing the leaves is said
to be to retard the w.isto of tissue so
that much work can bo done with little
food; neither is much liquid required
under its influence. Unlike other ex
hilaranls, its continued use docs not pro
duce any ill effects, and the Indians who
habitually use it live to old age. Upon
its introduction to the civilized world,
chemists went to work and found that
its virtues depended upon an alkaloid
which they call cocaine. This alkaloid
is considered one of the most remarka
ble medical discoveries of the century.
In weak solution, introduced a few drops
at a time into tho e-o, it establishes
complete anaesthesia of that organ, so
thatthe most diflioilt and delicate oper
ations of optical surgery can be per
formed without pain te the patient.
This is better than chloroform, becauso
more reliable and without the ill effects
of the latter. This is tho report we get
of it from abroad, where it has been
tried, and from the most trustworthy
sources. It has not reaohed this city
yet. By the aid of cocaine the pain at
tending operations of dental surgery
will bo entirely vanquished. Indeed,
the problem" of local anaesthesia appears
to havo been solved by the discovery of
this alkaloid. It is anticipated that sci
atica, will also yield to this new power.
It is exceedingly expensive 60 cents a
n?n 8VSR nn nnnpn S-t.jOO a rtnnnil
but, like all other discoveries, will grow
cheaper. I remember when bromide of
potash was put up in ounce bottles and
sold at sixty cents an ounce. It now
sells at twenty-eight to thirty cents a
Eound. Atropia, the active principle of
clladonna, formerly sold at fifty cents
a grain; it now sells at that much a
dram. I expect the day is not far dis
tant when cocaine will be cheap enough
to be in active demand for domestic use
in mashed fingers and stumped toes."
"Why a man laughs at a joke in
stead of weeping, and why one weeps
at a stroke of pathos instead of laugh
ing, are questions," says a recent Ger
man writer in discussing the positive
results of science in the department of
psychology, "which are just as blind as
ever they were in Pannenides or Plato;
but the man who should reverse the
process would be voted mad by his
Canada has a military force of
about 39,000 men, comprising about 750
regulars, 500 mounted police and abou
87,740 "active militia."
DUTIES OF FARMERS.
Some of the Things Which Should Never
Be Given the Go-By.
Let every owner of buildings and
contents and especially farmers who
are generally more or less rcmoto from
cities and villages where fire engines
aro kept, and the water supply is abun
dant keep a good lino of insurance on
buildings and contents. It costs some
thing, it is true, and if one docs not
get burned out it seems to some as
though it was money thrown away,
but such is not the case. Insurance
never was cheaper than it has been of
late, and no one, unless he is very rich,
and has property well scattered, can
afford to go without insurance. Farm
barns are especially liable to be struck
)y lightning in summer and set on fire,
while there is In winter moro or less
danger from tho uso of lanterns, tramps
smoking in the barn, etc. Farm build
ings are often so connected that if one
burns they all will, and such a fire
often means utter ruin to tho owner.
There is no excuse nowadays for not
getting insured, and ono who does not
will receive littlo sympathy if he sufJbrs
loss by fire.
Tho farmer should havo more system
in doing business than is generally
found in sections remote from cities.
They are generally honest themselves,
and so suppose all others aro. We
lately had occasion to look up the title
to a farm, and found three mortgages
on tho same one is generally toe
many and when we reported how
things stood the farmer said he had
paid oft" the larger one some years ago,
and he supposed it was discharged. lie
had nothing on record to show that
Cact, however. Every one should,
under such circumstances, have the
business done properly. So in paying
any bill, or paying money on ac
count, the party paying should
always insist upon a receipted
bill or a receipt on account. It
will not do to trust one's memory.
Wc have saved money and much
bauble, not only for ourselves, but
for others, in doing business on strict
business principles. Men may be ever
so honest, but mistaken. Some -cars
ago a grocer with whom wo traded
brought in a bill and requested pay
ment. We could not say absolutely
off hand that the same had been paid,
but wo had that impression, and so re
quested a littlo tiyie to look over our
receipts and check, book. On examina
tion we soon found a cheek for the
amount payable to the order of the
trader, with his indorsement on the
back, on which he had drawn tho full
amount of the bill. Tho sijrhl of his
name on the cheek was sufficient, and
he apologized handsomely for the mis
take; but if we had net been able to
show him the check, or a receipt, he
would have always felt that we owed
him the amount, unless we had paid
him again. We give this as au illustra
tion showing the need of care. Farm
ers, as well as all others who do any
business, should keep books, and not
trust to memory or chalk marks on the
back door. Many law suits and much
hard feeling has grown out of careless
ness in regard to accounts between
neighbors. '"Short accounts make
Farmers should when they buy real
estate be as careful as other people are,
and havo tho title to the same carefully
examined by a competent conveyancer
or lawyer some one who understands
the business. Nothing has surprised
us more than the carelessness dis
played in this particular. There aro
very few farm titles that are strictfv
correct. This we know. Only this
week we had the title to a small" farm
examined upon which we were loaning
money, and found there wero no
less "than three undischarged mort
gages. Sometimes the descriptions of
tho real estate are so vague that it is
almost impossible to locate it. In
other cases the instrument by which
tho land purports to be conveyed is
very defective in execution, showing
the importance of having titles exam
ined when ono is buying, before the
purchase money is paid.
A farmer should bo very careful
when he is hiring or letting a farm and
be suro and have proper leases written,
and havo the same properly executed
Somo depend upon oral leases, but
they aro only a snare, for it would be
next to a miracle if both parties should
remember alike for three or five years.
What is written will tell the same story
every time. Let there be a full and
thorough understanding between the
lessor and lessee before the documents
are prepared, and thou when they are
properly signed there is little danger
of further trouble. Tho lessee should
always bear in mind, no matter what
the lease may say, that if the lessor ob
jects the lessee can not remove from the
farm any dressing made upon tt during
the term of the lease. Tim courts have
decided following tho English deci
sions that the land shall not be de
prived of the dressing made upon it.
Farmer should in .short do all their
business, so far as it is possible, on
strict business principles as business
men do, and the will save themselves
much needless trouble and vexation.
A MAD PRACTICE.
How Somo I'orsonH Shorten Their T.tvej
by riKhtlnsr Sleoji With Tea.
The practice of taking tea or coffee by
students, in order to work at night, it
downright madness, especially when
preparing for an examination. More
than half of the cases of break-down,
loss of memory, fainting, etc., which
occur during severe examinations, and
far moro frequently than is commonly
known, are due to this.
I frequently hear of promising stu;
dents T.ho have thus failed; and, on
inquiry, have learned in almost every
instance that the victim has previously
dmirged himself with tea or coffee.
SIoV is the rest of tho brain; to rob tho
hard-worked brain of its necessary rest
is cerebral suicide.
My old friend, the late Thomas
Wright, was a victim of this terrible
folly. He undertook the translation of
the "Life of Julius Ca;sar," by Napo
leon III., and to do it in a cruelly short
time. He fulfilled his contract by sit
ting several nights successively by the
aid of strong tea or coflee (I forget
which). I saw him shortly afterward.
,In a few weeks he had aged alarming
ly, and become quite bald, his brain
gave way and never recovered. There
was but little difference between his
age and mine, and but for thi; dreadful
cerebral strain, rendered poiblc only
by tJc alkoloid (for otherwise he would
have fallen to sleep over his werk,-and
thereby aved his life), he might jtill
be amusing and instructing thousands
of readers by freh volumes of popu
larized archaeological research. W.
Matticu Williams, in Popular Science
Two floks of sheep, one number
ing two thousand seven hundred and
the other three thousand seven hun
dred, were recently driven by trail from
Washington Territory into Montana.
The sheep taken eastward from this
Torritory greatly outnumber those of
former years. Chicago Times.
P. R. Hoj- describes the manner in
which Indians make their stone imple
ments. From an extended series of
experiments with rocks he comes to the
conclusion that all the instruments
thus, far found could not have beea
jaade by chipping rocks with round
The Prntilhlt: 1 -. T'n-'r Exporta
tion by tn- Oit'iinau .overaineni.
Our advices from Texas represent
considerable difficulty en the part of
those who wish to engage in Angora
goat husbandry, in securing pure stock
from Asia J.Iiuor, by reason of the pro
hibition placed on tho exhortations
from Constantinople, by the Turkish
Govcrnmenf, of Angora gouts. This
matter has a peculiar interest to the
growing mohair industry of this coun
try, and knowing that if any ono could
Jive light ou this subject it was C. W.
enks, we addressed that gentleman
an inquiry of tho cause which prompts
Turkey to take such a course. It mar
be needless to say, that Mr. Jenks is
the most competunt authority in thia
country on this subject, and the fol
lowing' communication wiiLnodoabt
be road with intarwjt:
"The absolute inofneiency and bi
competency of the Ottoman Gevera--meut
are well known to you, and per
haps its uttor treachery and faithlew-ne-ss
as well. These are shewn la aH
that pertains to the mohair industry, as
in other matters. They are aggravated
by tho industrial policy of Great Brkala
toward tho industry, in Turkey, as la
liko circumstances shown in Ireland,
"When forty years ago the French
and English sought, by importations
of the Angora goat, to establish the
Angora husbandry on their own soil,
there were no obstacles put in their
way. Later, these ventures proving
unsuccessful, the English arranged to
manufacture the mohair on their terri
tory, and iuonop ilize the same. This
competition gradually silenced the
spinning wheels and looms of Angora,
Geredch, Droinish and Trebizond, and
the Ottomans saw thoir markets leav
ing them, and the goods they had
made, for the bazars of Bagdad, Con
stantinople, etc., being supplanted by
the English artisans. About this time
the'' exportation of the animals was
again sought by tho nations of
tho West Turkey had lost the
monopoly of manufacture in the
industry. but blindly clung to
the idea she could retrinvo her loss by
retaining the animals. I was obliged
to guard, with paid police, my animals
from the home flock to the vessel to
secure their safe delivery on ship
board. Finally the rapid growth of
the industry in the Capo Colony (from
six thousand pounds mohair in 1865
to two million in 1880), in
duced the Porto to enjoin the ex
portation, and my last inquiry for
them in 1881 was met by refusal to sell
by the Angora shepherds, followed im
mediately oy injunction by the authori
ties against exportation to any quarter,
which enactment so far as I know, is
now in force. The reasons given by
the Porte for the course are these:
"That a once extensive and profitable
industry in the manufacture of mohair,
in the Province of Asia Minor, has been
entirely destroyed by the artisan? of
"It is also now attempted by the
transfer of the Anjjora flocks to South
Africa, and elsewhere, to remove the
sources of supply of the raw material
and iutroduee a competition that
would be ruinous. Therefore exporta
tion of the goats, iu any number, for
any purpose, to any quarter is entirely
"This is official to me from the best
posted man in Asia Minor on the sub
ject, Hon. Gavin Gathcrall, B. C, An
gora, Asia Minor, now deceased.
"I will say in closing, this condition
of things is not necessarily fatal to tho
prosperity of the industry in this coun
try. There are small flocks of Angoras
now in the United States, thorough
breds, that are in stock and product
fully the equal of any in Asia. These
can be the nucleus of futuro flocks
here; in fact are now so, and are being
drawn from by shepherds West and
South. The Angora district proper of
this country is the entiro Eastern slope
of the Rocky Mountains, from New
Mexico to Manitoba." Caiman's Rural
"TOO LONG A BILL.'
A Terrible Creature Which Got Away With
a MNHoitrl River Steamboat Qaptain.
Ed Walsh, of Fargo, tells a good
story of how he once got the best of a
Missouri River steamboat captain. He
was going from Sioux City to St. Louis,
hist summer, and the flies and mos
uuitoes were vorv troublesome. It
took Ed about all tho time while on
deck to light them off. He sat under
the awning one day, busily engaged in
keeping the flies and mosquitoes at bay,
when the Captain came up mopping
his brow with a big bandanna that
hadn't been washed for over a year,
and noticing Ed's wild gesticulations,
asked him what was tho matter.
"What's the matter?" replied Ed,
"why tiiose infernal mosquitoes are
enough to kill an elephant.
"Oh. pshaw," said the Captain, "this
ain't iiothin'. They'ro darned thin
now. compared with what they bo
"Well, they're plenty thick enough
to satisfy me," said Ed, making a dash
at a big blue bottle fly that was boring
for gore on the instep of his nose.
"They don't trouble me; I've got
used to them," said the Captain.
"Get out! Nobody can get used to
them," replied Ed.
"Sav," said the Captain, "I'll tell
vou what I'll do, young feller. I'll bet
yer fifty dollars that I can take ray hat
off (ver sec I ain't got over a hundred
and fifty hairs on my head) an' I won't
scare a fly or mosquito off my head for
"I'll take you," replied Ed, jumping
up and producing the cash.
A crowd had gathered around by
this time, and the stakes were put in
the hands of a bystander, while Ed
todk out his watch and the Captain
took his seat in the sun, on a camp
stool Ho took oft" his hat and time was
called at just two o'clock. In about
three minutes the old fellow's pate was
black with flics and mosquitoes probing
their bills into the tender flesh. Ten
minutes cxphed and the old chap sat
coolly chewing his quid of tobacco as
complacently as if there wasn t a ny
within a thousand miles of there.
Twelve, thirteen minutes passed, still
not a murmur. Ed began to get un
easy. He saw he was going to lose his
"How much longcr've I got?"
queried the Captain.
"Two minutes," replied Ed.
"I'll get thar easy," said the old
chap, as he spit on the deck and shifted
the tobacco on the port side. A half a
minute more passed and Ed. was
growing desperate. At last a thought
struck him. Stepping around behind
the Captain he pulled a sun-glass from
his pocket and brought it to bear on
the center of the old man's cranium.
The sun was hot, and in about three
seconds the sun-glass began to burn a
hole into the Captain's head. The old
fellow began to get fidgety and squirm
around in his seat. At last, at the ex
piration of fourteen minutes, he asked
if the time wasn't, up.
"No," replied Ed, "you've got one
"One minute be. blamed!" howled
the Captain, jumping up and brnshing
off his head. I can stand any ordinary
fly or mosquito a day an' a half, but I
can't stan no cuss that's got a tele
scope bill long enough to bore into my
brain," and he slid down into the cabin
to get away from the jeers of the
crowd, just fifty-six seconds behind
time. SI. Paul Herald.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
A lawyer in Toccon. Ga., asked M
a fee five bushels of apples and one of
The highest velocity that has been
imparted to shot is jjfmi as sixteen
hundred and twenty-six feet per second,
being equal to a mile m 3.2 sreonds.
Dr. C. C. Abbott 1mm dcovered
that crows have no lu&i than twunty
seven different cries, each distinctly
referable to a different action. Al $.
It takes the labor of five men an
entiro year to build a locomotive. This
is the average at all the sixteen loco
motive works in. the United States.
N. T. Times.
The Boston Bast knows all about a
man by parsing his house. If ho has a
tone dog ea (he laws that suttles it,
and aa ehused under the head of
A Newark maiden attempted to
play her piaae tke ether day, hut
oetua' not souaa a aale. Investigatiea.
showed that her smtH. brather had
filled the top fall mla.Xm-k
"Did aay eae ever see a gM (et a
letter at the peet-oiSoe fc-oM her feHow
and net read k aatil she get home?
No, sir; and history ha ae record of
any snch freak of girl." KHtluvbg
In the presentation of a cup to an
Euglish runner the other day, the
referee, making the speech, said: "You
have won this cup by the use of your
legs, may you never lose the nso of
your legs by tho use of this cup."
Local Optio'n in England.
Among tho gentlemen sent to State
Prison this fall iu various localities may
be mentioned "Brockv Bill," "Whale
bone Sam," "Texas Jim," "Terrible
Jones," "The Hastier." "Bully Bates"
and "Scotch John." Society will drag
this winter. Detroit JVes Prms.
The New York 8tate eapitol build
ing is the most expensive edifice on this
continent. It has already coat six
teen million four hundred thousand
dollars, and estimates of the further
sum required varv from five million to
fifteen million dollars. N. Y. Herald.
Crocodiles are the only reptiles
whose nostrils point in the throat be
hind the palate, instead of directly into
the mouth cavity. This enables the
crocodile to drown its victim without
drowning itself, for by keening its
snout above water it can breathe while
its mouth is wide open. Boston Budget.
A recent calculation shows that a
man weighing one hundred and sixty
pounds, and running a mile in six min
utes, performs work about equal to
that of a half-horn: engine, while a
walker sustaining five miles an hour for
a long time does work equal to that of
a quarter-horse engine, and consumes
only ono-twentictu of tho weight of
food or fuel.
General Sherman said at the cattle
convention at St. Louis recently: "I
myself have seen the cow-boys of Ari
zona, New Mexico and Texas, and can
say they are a bravo lot of fellow, a
little wild, perhaps Haughter, bnt, on
the whole, with, the impulses of a
generous and manly nature. -I wish
one. and all of you health, happiness
A New York photographer is
quoted as saying: "After twentv-five
vears' experience under the skylight,
and photographing ovor one hundred
and fifty-seven thousand peoplo, I have
become convinced thnt in nineteen
cases out of twenty the left sido of tho
face gives the most characteristic like
ness, while to the same degree the right
side is tho most symmetrical."
Life in New York flats, where each
floor is occupied by a different family,
is not always harmonious. A musical
young lady, who lives on the second
floor of a flat on Concord avenue,
meeting on the stairs the old gentle
who lives on tho first floor, said to him:
"That miserable dog of yours howls
all night long." "Yes, I know it; but
to make up for it he doosn't play on the
piano all day long." N. Y. Star.
One of tho queer sights in the
streets of Japan is the rows of wooden
sandals, old and new, large and small,
which aro seen outside of the doors of
the houses, where they are left upon
entering. They have a separate place
for the great toe, and make a loud,
clacking noise. It is surprising to see
how quickly tho people step in and out
of them without even stopping. Straw
slippers are also worn, and travelers,
starting on a journey, take a supply of
several pairs, in order to have new
ones ready when tho old ones give out.
They cost only one and one-half cents
The old-timers will not recognize
the utility of the woathcr bureau. Just
after the recent cold wave had come, a
merchant in explaining the cold
weather Hag, said: "Now, you see,
the flagis hung out at least twenty-four
hours Defore the cold wave reaches
this place. This gives the people time
to protect all perishable goods. "That
may be true enough," replied the old
fellow, "but before them blamed Yar.
kecs rigged up the fool contrapshub
thar wa'nt no cold waves. When the
weather wanted to change why, she
just changed, an' thar wa'nt no wave
about it." Arkansaw Traveler.
"When an impression," says Dr.
R. Wood Brown, "is received upon the
retina, tympanum, tongue, fingers or
olfactory bulbs, it is conveyed by
proper nerve filaments to cells in the
gray matter of the brain. These cells
vibrate from excitation and undergo a
change, say that of moleculararrange
ment. If this impression is repeated
often enough, the molecules arc perma
nently changed, and we have memory
cells and remember the impression.
But repeated impressions are not al
ways ncccsary to produce a memory
cell. A sudden violent excitation will
cause a permanent change in a cell.
Awhile ago a man who has a ranch
close to the Texas line, and has some
very fine Jersey cattle down there, took
quite a fancy to a Kiowa Indian. He
went on a trip to Fort Worth and took
the Indian along. They remained
about two weeks and the Indian came
back with a new suit of clothes that the
ranchman had purchased for him. A
few weeks after that the Indian got
short of provisions, and what didie
do but go to the Jersey herd, take out
a cow that was worth at least one
hundred dollars and kill it. The agent
heard of it, called up the Indian and
asked him why he killed that cow. The
rndian .-aid he wanted some meat.
"I thought j'ou were on friendly
terms with the owner," said the agent.
"So I am; we're the best of friends,"
answered the Indian.
"Well, then, what did you kill
your friend's cow for?" asked the
The Indian was astonished at the
question and replied: "Why, if you
couldn't kill your friend's cow, whose
cow could you kill?" St. Louis Globe'
The cholera ep:demic in Paris pro
duced a special oew.papcr, which the
newsbovs cried vigorously on die
Boulevards. Buy WAnti-Trac (the
Anti-Scare), the" only journal which
doesn't mention the cholera." Their
announcement was true enough, for
when the passers-by bad invested their
pnny in ISAnti-Trac, they found only
four blank sheets of paper a regular
YOUR BEST TIME
FflE ACQU1IING A PIACT1CAL EDUCATION
A DECIDED SUCCESS.
AT KKEMOXT, NEB.,
Opened surce? fully October 21, with ten
teachers and a troori nlteiul.iiicc, w ieh
doubled during llio nr-t tivo week, anil
is otill steadily increasing.
Fifty Studetit! in the ISusincss College
and Short-hand Clauses: nearly tlfty in
the Normal or Teachers Dep irtiiieutaml
common 'tranche, and a good attttndauce
in th Muiic mud Art Depmrtmuut.
PRESIDENT JONES has had over
twenty yean experience in Educational
PROFESSOR HAM MX, Principtl of
tho Business College, has h.id over fifteen
years' experience and is a Superior Pen
man and Expert Accountant.
PROFESSOR 3101ILER is an oriiu
and inspiring teacher in the Natural
Science and Uusinc?H Department'.
PROFESSOR LAWTON, of Bo-ton,
Mass.. is a superior instructor i'i Mn-ic.
MNs Sarah Sherman, of Chicago, is an
artist of rare talent and skill, and a mo.t
successful Teacher. Mitt I. y ilia I.
Jones and Miss Jc-sii Civles are grad
uates ot the Northuoicrit University,
and able teachers. Mr. A. A. Cow Irs i
a practical short hand reporter unii an
adept at type-writiug. The other teach
ers are thoroughly ijualiiicd.
kxie.sk.s vi:itv i.otv.
Tuition for fifteen week ?!.". Board
costs from :f2.0 to $!.00 a week. In
clubs and by sell-boa riling it costs less.
Places can be found fur several more
studentt who wish to pay p irt or whole
ot board by housework or chores.
The WINTER TERM of 15 weeks will
begin Dee. 30, but students CAN K.stku
at ANY time, and are doing so contin
ually, pa inj charges only from time of
entering to tune ot leaving.
For particulars address the under
signed, W. P. JONES, A. M.,
Prest. of Normal College, Fremont, Xeb
Improved and Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property, for Sale Cheap
Union Pacific Land Office.
On Long Time and low rate
ISTFinal proof made on Timber Claims,
Homesteads and Pre-emptions.
pyAll wishing to buy lands of any de
scription will please call and examine
my list of lands before looking elsewhere
I3JTA11 having lands to sell will please
call and give me a description, term-,
fjTI a'so am prepared to insure prop
erty, as I have tho agency of several
first-class Fire insurance companies.
F. W. OTT, Solicitor, speaki German.
SARIIIEL. C SMITH,
30-tf Columbus, Nebraska.
SPEICE & NORTH.
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on fire or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. Wc keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
AU kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ens, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Alto fell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Xoweri, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
"Shop opposite the " Tattersall," on
Olive St., COLUMBUS. 26-m
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 6mo.
TOTICE TO TEACHERS.
J. B. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in hit office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transactton of any other business
pertaining to schools. 667-y
in presents given away.
Sena us 5 cents postage,
iuuu ana Dy man you win gee
free package of goods of large value.
mat win start you in woncjin-ii win at
once bring you in money faster than any
thing else in America. All about the
f0,000 in presents with each box.
Agents wanted everywhere, of either
sex, of all ages, for all the time, or spare
time only, to work for us at their own
homes. Fortunes for all workers ab
solutely assured. Don't delay. U. nAL
LCTT & Co., Portland, Maine.
A. & I. TURNER'S
BEST 2Z GOODS
The Lowest Prices!
CONSULT THE FOLLOWING ALPHA
AI.IIUillM, Arithmetics. Arnold's Ink
(genuine). Algebras Autograph Al
bums.'Alphabet B.ocks.Author's Cards,
Arks, Accordeona, Abstract Legal Cap.
Bibles, Bells for I oys, Blank Books,
Birthday Cards, Basket Buggies, boy's
Tool-chests, Balls, Banker's Cases,
boy's Wagons, Sleds and Wheelbar
rows, Butcher Books, Br.iss-eded Bu
lcrs. Bill -hooks, Book Straps, Base
Balls and Bats.
CAIVDIEM, Cards. Calling Card-, Curd
Cases Combs. Comb C.ies. Ciirur Ca
Books, Christmas Cards, Chinese Toys,
Crayons, Checkers. Chess-men, Crojue j
DOMESTIC Sewing Machines, Draw
ing Paper, Dressing Cases, Drums,
Diaries, Drafts in books, Dolls, Dressed
Dolls, Dominoes, Drawing books.
ENVELOPES, Elcmeutary school
books, Erasers (blackboard), Erasers
FICTION Books, Floral Albums, Fur
GKAilINAR.S Geographies, Gcome
tries,Glove boxes, toy Guns,Gvroscopes
(to illustrate the laws of motiou).
IIAKPKK'K Headers, handsome Holi
day gilts, Hand-glumes Hobby-horses,
13fK.i. (:ill good kinds and colors). Ink
stauds (common and fancy).
JEWEL Cases Jews harps.
KEGS of ink, Kitchen sets.
LEDGEKK, Ledger paper, Legal cap,
Lunch baskets, Lookingglasses.
.HANOI? & Hamlin Organs .Magnets,
Music boxes, Magazines, Mustache
cups. Mouth organs, Memorandums,
Music books. Music holders. Machine
oil. Mats, Moderator's records, Muci
EEULEM for sewing machines, Noto
ORGASM, Oil for sewing machines,
Organ stools, Organ seats.
PERIODICALS, Pictures, Puzzle
blocks, Presents, Picture books, Pianos,
Pens, Papetries, Pencils, Purse-.. Pol
ish for furniture. Pamphlet cases. Paper
cutters, Paper fasteners. Picture puz
zles, Picture frames. Pocket books,
Perlumery and Perfumery cases, Paper
racks, Pencil holders.
REWARD cards, Rubber balls, Rub
SfJIIOOl. books, Sewing stands, School
Satchels, Slates, Stereoscopes and pic
tures, Scrap books. Scrap pictures,
Sewing machine needles. Scholar's com
panions, Specie purses, Singing toy
canaries, Sleds for boys, Shawl straps,
TELESCOPES. Toys of all kinds,
children's Trunks, Thermometers,
Tooth brushes (folding), Tea sets for
girls. Tool cheats for boys, Ten-pin sets
tor boys, Tooth picks, Tin toys.
TIOLmS and strings, Vases.
WOODBRIDGE Organs, Work bas
kets, Waste baskets, Whips (with
case), Webster's dictionaries, Weather
glasses, Work boxes. Whips for boys,
Wagons for boys, What-nots, Wooden
EleTonih Street, " Journal" Building.
DR. WARNS SPECIFIC No. 1.
A Certain Cure for Nervous Debility,
Seminal Weakness, Involuntary Emis
sions, Spermatorrhoea, and all diseases of
the genito-urinary organs caused by self
abuse or over indulgence.
Price, $1 00 per box, six boxes $5.00.
DR- WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 2.
For Epileptic Fits, Mental Anxiety,
Loss of Memory, Softening of the Brain,
and all those diseases of the brain. Prixu
$1.00 per box, six boxes $5.00.
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 3.
For Impotence, Sterility in either sex.
Loss of Power, premature old age, and all
those diseases requiring a thorough in
vigorating of the sexual organs. Price
l'i.00 per box, six boxes $10.00.
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 4.
For Headache, Nervous Neuralgia, and
all acute diseases of the nervous system.
Price 50c per box, six boxes $2.30.
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 5.
For all diseases caused by the over-use
of tobacco or liquor. This remedy is par
ticularly efficacious in averting palsy and
delirium tremens. Price $1.00 per ox,
six boxes $5.00.
We Guarantee a Cure, or agree to re
fund double the money paid. Certilicate
in each box. This guarantee applies to
each of our live Specifies. Sent by mail
to any address, secure from observation,
on receipt of price. Be careful to mention
the number of Specitiu wanted. Our
Specifics are only recommended for spe-
ciuc uiscases. lieware of remedies war
ranted to cure all these diseases with ono
medicine. To avoid counterfeits and al
ways secure tue genuine, order only from
DOWTV A, CUI3I3T,
Health is Wealth 1
Da K. C.Wxst'8 Nzbvk avo uaxvx ratAT
mcrr, a graaranteed srfcific for Hysteria. Dizzi
ness. Convulsions, Fits, Nervous. NcnrnlKia.
Headacho, Nervous Prostration caused by tho usa
of alcohol or tobacco. Wakefulness. Mental Vo
pression, Bof toning: of tho Brain resuluntrm m
taiiity and leading to niseir, decay and death.
Premature Old Ago, Barrenness, Loss ot power
In either sex. Involuntary ix8se anaDpernaiL
orrhcea caused byover-exortion of. tho brain, sclz
aboseor over-indulgence. Each box contains
ono month's treatment. fLOO a box, or six bore
tor tiXD. sent by mail prepaidon receipt of pneo.
WE GUARANTEE BIX BOXES
To cure any case. With each order received byua
for six boxes, accompanied with S&OU, we will
nod the purchaser ocr written guarantee to ro
tund the money if tho treatment does notoasci
cure. Guarantee issued only by
JOHN O. WEST & CO.,
M2 W. MADISON ST., CHICAGO, ILLS.,
Sole Prop's West's Liver Pills.
WK will rT lk iSt rtwu4 for toy cm of Uw CoofUWF
VjtfftlM, Skfc HmAtrht, Inrlig1,CoBtUpUm or Cotxirnnt,
wo cusot an with Won't 7ottblo Ltrt r tiUt, whoa tho ditto
Ueatara MHctly eoraplM with. TSoy ro pertly vrftU&U, aaJ
mr&ll tOflTontU&cUoa. gajarCoalod. Lorjo boco,coa.
lotolrpUU.caU. WW mU 07 oil draff". Brwsrool
TSJ wrtulo . n faotaw aoubcUmi only by
KUX C. WIST CO, HI A IU W. Xodlaoa St, CUcam.
more money than at anything
else by taking an agency for
e oest selling book out. Jte-
ginnera succeed grandly. None fail.
Terms free. Hallktt Hook Co , Port
land, .Maine. i-Xl-y
ses, Checker Boards, Children's Chair-.,
Cups and Saucers (fancy) Circulating
Library, Collar and Cutl Boxes. Couv
ftflSSSSa lru JBSSflBSW RBSSsHCI
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