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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1884)
I H K J O lJ XvJN -A. Li
WEDNESDAY, NOV. iU, 1884.
SriKcd st tin P:r.:3:o, Cslsstzs. Hot., as weal
MY SECOND LOVE,
I have a confession to make, my wife;
I havo fallen in love atrain.
And think the younjr ludy returns my lore!
Oh, ain't 1 tbo worst of men?
Ebe is vounrer than you, this new-found lor.
And her cheek is softer, I ween;
Her hair is fairer than threads of gold.
And her feet arc the smallest I've Bccnl
She loves me. I think (though she says notao):
For she sin lies when she sees my race,
Ar.d often rests in my arms content.
While I hold her in close embrace.
I love her as truly as man e'er loved;
I miss her what time she's away;
And the smile with which she bado mo good
bye. It blesses me through the day.
.And' now, my precious, confess the truth.
Cornel Say you are jealous, do!
Before I toll you my two truo lovc3
Are my baby llolle and you.
Will S. Faris, in Current.
THE SEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE.
If you should see, for the iirst time,
the brokers in the New York Stock Ex
change (founded neur the close of the
last century), as j'ou may easily do, by
bieppmiujj u single llightoi stairs irom
Wall street into either of the two gal
leries, 3-0U would be excusable for be
lieviug yourself in a niad-house.
The great room, or hall, about one
hundred by forty feet, with walls and
lofty ceiling handsomely frescoed and
decorated, does not look in the least
like a lunatic asylum; but the crowd of
men on the marble lloor below you can
certainly act like maniacs. There are
hundreds of them, all very nicely and
fashionably dressed, shouting, gesticu
lating, moving rapidly, nervously about,
most of them with pencils or sUlographic
pens anil small books in their hands,
dashing down something every few sec
onds, and then lifting their arms and
voices again, as if to add to the general
confusion and uproar. Not a word, al
though tliey scream, is intelligible to
you or to uuylody else in the galleries;
you could hardly be persuaded that they
are bawling except for the sake of bawl
ing. If they really wish to be under
stood, they "must either be using a lan
guage you are unacquainted with, or
talking a kind of gibberish peculiar to
the Exchange. Can they bo serious or
Bane? They are very serious, and they
think themselves the sanest of the sane.
They are doing their regular business,
buying and telling stocks. They are
Bulls and Bears: the Bulls being "those
trying to put up priees, and the Bears
those trying to pull prices down.
' What sounds in the gallery so mean
ingless to you, and to every outsider, is
ierfectly clear to the men on the Hoor.
'liev arc calling out: One hundred New
York Central; Three hundred Burling
ton As Quincy; Two hundred Michigan
Southern; One thousand Western Un
ion; Seven hundred Northern Pacific
Preferred, or Ten thousand United
States Currency sixes.
When a broker wishes to buy or sell,
ho lifts his arm, to attract attention,
and names the kind and amount of se
curity. Bids are made by shouts; when
any one of these is accepted, the broker
noIs in a certain way, and the matter
is settled. The Inner makes a rapid
memorandum of the transaction; the
seller does the same, and the security,
whatever it may be, is delivered either
at the close of bank hours, or at the
time agreed upon.
From the beginning to the end of the
year, all transactions are conducted in
tliis manner. Hundreds of millions of
dollars change hands with nothing more
than a gesture, a shout and a nod. You
would suppose that mistakes must con
stantly be made. But this scarcely
ever happens. The brokers are used to
the din, and practice lias made them
perfect in the dillicult art of doing busi-
uess in the mulst ol apparent chaos.
The Exchange has a membership of
cloven hundred, about six hundred
members being active. The rest are
either old or elderly men who keep their
seats (it is styled a seat, probably, be
cause a broker very seldom sits down),
though partly retired, or men of ample
means who live or are traveling abroad.
The active members are mostly young
or youngish, very few of them being
beyond middle age. They certainly be
have like big boys just released from
school, so full are they of frolic and fun.
Dignity and rcpoe is the last and least
thing they care for or esteem. Indeed,
thty are opposed to anything like the
assumption of either. Often when some
distinguished stranger is Introduced
upon the lloor they ridicule him, and
play jokes at his expense, even fasten
ing papers with derisive phrases to his
coat-tails, or hustling him rudely, or
knocking his hat over his eyes. And
the more distinguished a stranger is, the
more boisterous and impertinent they
are apt to be.
Their lortiveness is particularly
shown -at t'hriMmas time, when hun
dreds of the brokers, mihic of them fifty
years old and more, appear on the lloor
blowing whistles and tin trumpets,
winding rattles and beating toy drums
often presents for their children af
ter the manner of street urchins. As
very little is done, usimlly, during the
holidays, the can give themselves ex
traordinary liceiiM'. and so, perhaps re
lieve their minds from the strain they
are usually under while on the Board.
The scenes there at Christmas-tide are
curious to witiies". Nowhere else in
civilization, it may 1-e safely asserted,
do solid men of business, a good propor
tion ol them millionaires, behave so
Another day of amiable riot is what
they style White Hat Da' in earl' Sep
tember when they call in, as they put
it, the white hats. The summer having
then fairly passed, they show their
knowledge and appreciation of the fact
by knocking oft and trampling on every
white hat worn by am of their brother
brokers at that date. " No white hat is
seen there then but comes to immediate
grief. It isstrock off. trodden on, kicked
around, so battered and marred that
after passing the severe ordeal of the
Board, it would not bring livo cents in
an second-hand shop in Chatham
street. Naturally, some of the owners
of the forbidden and broken bats get
angry at their treatment, although thev
might have been prepared for it; but
the brokers do the mischief so rollick
ingly, with -ueh an overflow of spirit,
that, the vexation soon dispelled, they
in turn become the unconipiomisinr
enemies of their associates' white hats.
Fun, even when boisterous and violent,
is contagious, and after a few minutes
of this horse-play, tne frown wf the
gravest brokers yield to sympathetic
The price of membership, or a seat at
the Board, as it is generally called,
varies greatly, though as a rulo it stead
ily advances. Many years ago it was
only a thousand dollars. Recently it
was thirty-five thousand dollars; butthc
long dullness of the stock market has
caucd a decline from that figure of ten
thousand or twelve thousand dollars.
The latest sale reported was at twenty
eight thousand dollars.
When a broker owns a seat he cannot
be deprived of it except by dismissal
from the Exchange "for violation of its
rules. Otherwise, it belongs irrevocably
to him, and to his heirs, in case of death.
This is a fortunate provision; for when
brokers fail so badly that they cannot
resume business, they still have their
seatthe sale of which will give them
something to live on, if deprived of tLeir
Brokers are continually failing; as
tbeyonust with the endless changes in
tke market, and the risk they are always
At a particularly wetted
I they are in constant danger, and may b
forced to suspend any hour.
Wall street is as uncertain as the
wind. When a broker has been honor
ably unfortunate, no matter what his
losses, his fellows are willing and glad
to come to his aid. They will accept
almost any compromise he is justified
in offering; they not infrequently cancel
obligations duo them in order to get
him started again. Such canceliugs are
seldom taken advantage of but for a
timo of stress. When the broker fully
recovers himself, he is pretty certain to
pay his creditors dollar for dollar, with
interest Much as the brokers are mis
represented and abused, they are noted
for their delicate financial honor, and
thev are generous to a faulL Their
pocket-books are ever open to every
appeal for assistance or charity. They
give away more money than any other
body of men in New" York, or in any
city under the sun; and yet they mako
no professions of benevolence. They
aro inclined to be cynical in speech;
but their cynicism rarely reaches their
The hours of the Board are from ten
a. m. to three p. m. daily, Sundays and
legal holidays excepted. To a stranger
all its meetings seem tumultuous and
frenzied; but they are very different. A
trained eye sees at a glance when things
aro dull. Ine sales aro sometimes
enormous--more than one million of
shares daily, representing one hundred
million dollars. It often happens that
they are too numeroiis to be recorded.
The' average, perhaps, two hundred
and fifty thousand to three hundred
thousand shares, though they are occa
sionally as small as one hundred and
lifteen thousand to ono hundred and
When Wall Street is excited, when
the Bulls or Bears have control of the
market, the gallerie are crowded, as is
the floor likewise. Nearly every broker
then appears to be whoHy frantic. The
Exchange looks like a mass of winding
arms and jerking heads; a press of bod
ies sways to and fro; the din echoes and
re-echoes from the wlls and roof; the
roar is deafening; hundreds of throats
are clamoring shrilly or hoarsely in
their wild hunger for gain; Babel is re
vived and intensified. The swinging
doors of the main entrance on Broad
Street, and those leading to New Street,
are ceaselessly banging, as the human
tide ebbs aud'llows. The telegraph in
struments, if von could hear tuem, are
all clicking like ma
do, to agree with
all clicking like mad, as thev ought to
the madness raging
around them. lite telegraph, messen
gers, being little fellow, make their
way mysteriously through the packed
throng, creeping under men's legs, and
climbing almost over their backs, to
deliver their dispatches telling of suc
cess or disaster, and enjoying the
hurly-burly which they blindly increase.
The delirium of speculation is at its
height. Scores of men are selling large
amounts of stocks that they do not own,
and buying heavily what they have not
the money to pay for. What does that
matter? Speculation is the greed of
gold that is hoped for.
Click, click click! Bang, bang, bang!
Yell, yell, yell! Boar, roar, roar!
The President waves his handkerchief
to a boy, who observes the signal, and
beats a gong vigorously. It is heard
above the crash and strife and noise.
Tho hand of the big clock above the
desk is exactly at the point of Three; the
Chairman pounds lierccly with his
gavel, and a sudden comparative hush
descends upon the Exchange. The
brokers seem to return to their senses.
The transition is almost startling.
Speculation with all its hopes aiid fears
and anxieties, its terrible temptations
and its numberless woes, is over until
to-morrow. Junius Henri Browne, in
A Cheap Hotel.
Three of us walked into the office ol
a hotel in a little town in Mississippi
I one night, and when the landlord had
been aroused from his nap behind the
stove, a big dog kicked off the only
bench in the room, and the smoking
lamp turned up so that we could see
each other, he sized us up and said :
"Gentlemen, I'm a poor landlord but
a truthful man. In the first place, I'll
have to put the three of you into on&
bed. In the next place, it's a bed sa
dog-goned mean that you'd a heap bet
ter lie on the floor."
"Can't we sit up in the room?" asked
"Don't believe you kin. There is a
dozen panes of glasses gone, the roof
leaks, and there's no show to build a
"What, sort of tavern do you keep,
"Poor miserably poor. I'm no land
lord, my wife runs all to poetry, and
the building is mortgaged for nior'n iLs
"How about breakfast?"
"Well, you can count on bacou, 'taters
and hoe-cake, with mighty poor coffee.
The table-cloth is full o' holes, we never
use napkins, and may -be there won't
be forks enough to go 'round."
"See here! growied the drummer,
you'd better get out o' this and give
room to somebody who can keen a
"I know it- 1 know it, but where and
how shall 1 go? 1 couldn't raise six
bits to save my neck, and what town
wants me? I haven't got no trade, am
too weak to labor in the fields, and this
kcepitf tavern seems to be the ouly
opening for me."
"Got any whisky?"
"Any good water?"
"Well, it's creek water, and purty
sandy just now."
"Any more wood to keep up the
"Not a stick, but I'll cut some in the
The four of us stood looking at each
other for a long minute, and it was Ilia,
landlord who spoke first. He said:
"Gents, it's no use too kick. I'm
sorry, and that's all I can do. I'll light
another lamp, bring out a pack of
kcerds, and will play seveu-up while the
hired man comes in and fiddles for us.
It's only six hours to day-light, and
eight to breakfast, and a sliilbug plujj
of tobaker pays the bill for the hull three
But when we left the next forenoon
he wouldn't even take that. He said
our society was recompense enough.
Detroit Free Press.
Everybody's Jioso One-Sided.
A very singular fact has been ob
served with regard not so much to tho
shape of the nose as to tho setting of it
in tho face, so to speak. To be strictly
correct, from the artist's point of view,
ttyc nose should be accurately in the
middle of the face, and at right angles
with a line from the pupil of one eye to
that of the other. As a singular fact it
is rarely or never found thus placed. It
is almost invariably a little out of "the
square," aud the fact of its being so is
often that which lends a peculiar ex
pression and piquancy to the face. A
medical writer points out that there aro
anatomical reasons why a slight devia
tion from the true central line mav be
expected, and that nose which "lies
accurately straight between the two
eyes may be considered an abnormal
one, and that the only absolutely correct
organ is that which deviates a little to
the right or left. Chicago Journal.
A writer in the Chicago Saturday
Evening Herald, speaking of "beauties,"
says : "I never saw a beautiUil woman
yet who did not leave the impression on
y mind that there was probably in the
next street some poor girl Washing dishes
who, if equallv well-clad, would look
Row the Great Statue Was Made.
Charles Barnhard has contributed to
the St. Nicto!as a very graphic and
Eopular account of Bartholdi's great
tatuo of Liberty, from which we mako
the following extract: "In the first
place, there had to be a sketch or
modeL This was a figure of the statue
in clay, to give an idea of how it would
look. The public approved of this
model, and then the first real study of
the work was made a plaster statue,
just one-sixteenth tho size of tho in
"The next step was to make another
model just four times as largo, or one-
fourth the size of tho real statue. This
quarter-size model being finished, then
came the task of making the full-size
model in plaster. But this had to bo
made in sections. For instance, the
the first section would include tho baso
on which the figure stood, the feet and
the hem of the garment. The next
section would include a circle quite
round the long llowing dress, just
above the hem. The third section
would stand above this and show more
of the folds of the dress, and reach
part way up to tho knee. In like man
ner thewhole figure would be divided
"The quarter-size model was first di
vided in this way, aud then to lay out
the full-size plan it was only necessary
to make a plan of each section four
times as largo as the section actually
was in the model. Every part of the
model was covered with marks or dots
for guides, and by measuring from dot
to dot, increasing tho measurement
four times, and then transferring it to
tho larger model, an exact copy just
four limes as large was made. For
each of tittle large sections, however,
there had to bo a support of some kind
before the plaster could be laid on.
Having marked on tho floor an outline
plan.of the enlarged section, a wooden
frame-work was built up inside tfio
plan. Then upon this frame-work
plaster was roughly spread. It soon re
sembled, in a rude way, tho corres
ponding section of tho" quarter-sized
model, but was four times as large.
Then the workmen copied in this pile
of plaster every feature of the model
section, measuring and measuring,
again and again, from dot to dot, cor
recting by means of plumb-lines, and
patiently trying and retrying till an
eact copy only in proportions) four
times as large was attained.
"Tho great irregularity of tho
drapery made it necessary to put three
hundred marks on each section, beside
twelve hundred smaller guide-marks,
in order to insure an exact correspond
ence in proportion between tho en
larged sections of the full size model
and the sections of the quarter-size
model. Each of these marks, more
over had to be measured three times
on both models, and after that came al
the reraeasurcments, to prove that not
a single mistake had been made.
"When these sections in plaster had
been completed, then came tho work
of making wooden molds that should
be exact copies both in size and model
ing of the plaster. These were all
carefully made by hand. It was long,
tedious and dillicult. Each piece was
a mold of a part of the statue, exactly
fitting overy projection, depression and
curvo of that portion of the figure or
drapery. Into these wooden molds
sheets ot metal were laid, and pressed
or beaten down till they fitted the ir
regular surfaces of the molds. All tho
repousse, or hammered work, was douo
from the back, or inside, of the sheet.
If the mold is an oact copy of a part
of the statue, it is easy to see that the
sheet of metal, when made to lit it,
will, when taken out and turned over,
be a copy of that part of the statue.
"These sheets were of copper, and
each was from one to three yards square.
Each formed a part of the bronzo statue,
and of course no two were alike.
"In this complicated niauuer, by
making first a sketch, then a quarter
size model, then a full-size model in
sections, then hundreds of wooden
copies, and lastly by beating into shapo
three hundred sheets of copper, tho
enormous statuo was finished. These
thfec hundred bent and hammered
plates, weighing in all eighty-eight
tons, form the outside of the "statue.
They are very thin, and while they fit
each other perfectly, it is quite plain
that if they wore put together in their
proper order they would never stand
alone. These hammered sheets mako
the outside of the statue; but there must
be also a skeleton, a bony structure in
side, to hold it together. This is of iron
beams, firmly riveted together, and
making a support to which the copper
shell can be fastened."
Although Mr. Ward was a good
American, lie was one of that class of
Americans who, so to speak, bridgo
over the Atlantic who help to mako
the New World intelligible to the Id
and the Old to tho New. We have often
expressed an opinion that this can not
bo done by the American putting off
from him what is charisteristic of his
own nationality, and trying to bo (what
he is not, aud can not become) a Eu
ropeau. But it can be done, and in
tho simplest and most natural way, by
the free intercourse of Europeans" with
Americans. One of tho most hopeful
of the signs of the time is that large
numbers of Englishmen, and among
them not the least distinguished, are
reciprocating the interest which Amer
ica has long felt toward Europe, and
especially toward the mother country.
Social reciprocity is, in fact, only an
other term for political reciprocity.
Personal relations, constant, mutual
and friendly, between large numbers of
families on both sides of the Atlantic
arc a perpetual and increasing guaran
tee of political harmony between tho
two great English-speaking nations.
When Americans come to feel them
selves at home in London and English
men in Boston or New York it will be
hard to create a serious quarrel be
tween tho two countries. Few Ameri
cans have done as much as Mr. Sam
Y ard to foster good feeling in social
life between the old and the new coun
try, and his death is an event which
may be regretted by more persons than
those who have had the happiness of
knowing him personally. Saturday Re
The Tope's Do?.
Popo Pius H. had a little pnppy slow
of eleven months old which he called
Musetta. "She was white, but not
very pretty, yet clever and affectionate,
with winning ways." One day as the
Pope was sitting in tho Vatican garden
transacting business, Musetta in her
rambles clambered up the sides of a
water cistern and tumbled in. The
Pope's ear caught the piteous tones of
her bark, and he sent bis attendants to
look after her. They arrived just in
time to save her life, and she came back
to tho Pope with demands for his sym
pathy. Next day, in tho same garden,
a big monkey broke loose and almost
worried Musetta to death. Tho Pope
prophesied that his favorite was not
destined to enjoy a long life. His
prophecy was soon fulfilled! Ten days
afterward the luckless Musetta was
looking out of an open window when a
wind suddenly arose and blew her over.
She fell from a considerable height and
was killed. The Pope moralized to his
attendants: "Let men learn from the
fortunes of beasts. We may escape
twice, hut the third peril is fatal.
Amend yonr lives before the third call
comes. Saturday Review.
Exercise to the extent of great fa
tigue does more harm than good..y.
But the most formidable religions
movement the East has known in many
years, an impulse which still operates
with increasing energy and of which
the end cannot bo conjectured, was
originated by an obscure fanatic named
Ali Mohammed, but who is known
among his followers as tho Bab (or
gate,) and whose faith, now entrenched
and waxing throughout the empire, is
denominated Babism. He was the son
of a grocer of Shiraz, and, like Mo
hammed, early began to dream dreams
and see visions. He was educated at
Kerbela, at the feet of a great Mo
hammedan doctor who early discovered
in his pupil indications of mystic and
supernatural endowment. From Ker
bela ho went to Bushire, where tho
spirit of prophecy fell upon him. Ho
proclaimed the comingof the Twelfth
ImaHu. Ho essayed miracles. Those
which aro recorded of hia seem better
calculated to excite ridicule than won
der, but they were sullicient to gather
round him a group of believers and
followers. Tho del usion spread rapidly.
With each accession of proselytes his
pretensions of supernatural power and
vision rose. Ho proclaimed himself
the Twelfth Imaun. Iu no long timo
he avowed himself to bo Mohammed
returned to earth again, and claimed
the dominion of all the Mohammedan
people. Lastly, as increasing mul
titudes thronged round aud wor
shipped him as the orator of tho
holy prophet of God, ho advanced
his pretensions to their final limit, and
proclaimed himself tho earthly incar
nation of God himself. It seemsstrango
that the exorbitancy of his successive
claims did not alieuato his proselytes,
but it had, instead, tho ellect of attach
ing them more passionately to him.
They wero determined that his native
city should hear from his lips of tho
mystic trausubstanliation which had
made of tiio grocer's boy of Shiraz,
whom tiie priests and ciders had doubt
less often seen at play with other boys
near tho city gates at evening, or bare
footed iu the mosque kneeling at his
prayers, a portion of tho substance of
the Almighty himself. But a prophet
is traditionally without honor in his
own country, and tho bastinado was
applied to the feetof tho Bab with such
promptitude and energy that ho made
a full confession of his impostures and
was put iu prison. This persecution,
however, only served to inureaso tho
number of his believers, who were pen
etrated with the same fiery and warlike
fanaticism as that which Mobamniejl
infused into his followers. There were
mauy proselytes among the priesthood
and the schism, hitherto local and ob
scure, broke out simultaneously in all
parts of the empire. In 1850 tho chief
priest of Zingan, a city on tho road
from Tabriz to Teheran, publicly
avowed his belief in the new faith, and
an army was sent against him. With
thousands of followers he took refugo
within the walls of the city
and maintained a scige for
many months, but was at last over
come, and his entire garrison, includ
ing the women and children, was slain.
Meantime, during the progress of tho
seige, the Persians, maddened by tho
obstinacy of his followers and alarmed
at the spread of his doctrines, brought
fourth the Bab to execution. He was
bound to a post with ropes, and a file
of musketeers, at the word of command,
discharged a volley at him. When tho
smoke cleared away it was found that
the bullets had cut the ropes which
bound him, and he had disappeared.
The soldiers and tho multitudes assem
bled to witness the execution were for
a moment awed at what seemed to
them a miracle. But in a few minutes
tho fugitive was discovered, un
wounded, iu the guard house near by,
where he had taken refuge. He was
brought out again, and this time was
shot If he had reached the bazar
near at hand, instead of tho guard
house, he would very likely have
escaped, as he had multitudes of secret
friends aud believers among trie people
there, and they would have concealed
him. It may be imagined than an
occurrence so miraculous as his disap
pearance would have been hailed every
where throughout the East as a proof
of his divine mission. As it is, Babism
is a vital and augmenting spiritual
force in Persia, and, having in view
the impassioned and fanatical character
of the people among whom it has struck
its roots, ho would 00 a bold prophet
who should venture to forecast its
future. Trhcrau, (Persia), Cor. Brook
The Power of Memory.
Most wonderful is the number of
remembrances to be found in every
human mind, their variety and correct
ness; their removal from consciousness
when they are not want d, and their re
turn again and again when they aro
wanted; tho facility with which they aro
recalled, and their opportunate recur
rence when they are sought for. Wo
need not look to extraordinary in
stances; the memory of every child,
duly considered, is astonishing. Some
thousauds of objects aro remembered;
persons, with their names and charac
ters; events, with their times and places;
things, with their various qualities;
words, with their proper signification.
These are remembered after months
and years; they are brought baek with
little etlbrt and often come of them
selves just as needed. Tho remem
brances of most persons go back to tho
years aud lessons of childhood, and in
clude what has been witnessed in many
hundred scenes, heard from mauy
hundred persons, read in many hundred
books. Much is forgotten, but much is
remembered; and more might be re
membered, and recalled more readily
and correctly, if the laws of memory
were promptly known and used.
The power of memory is increased
by exercise. It is generally stronger in
youth than iu old age. There is much
difference in the beginning of life iu
natural ability, sonic remembering
everything more easily than others.
The three most desireablo qualities of
memory aro faculty, retentiveness
and readiness; and all these are im
proved by practice. The first and sec
ond depend much on the attention given
to what is to be remembered; the third
on tho number, variety and arrange
ment of the associations by which it
may be recalled. There aro minds on
which most impressions are so slight
that they are soon forgotten. Others
who have learned and retained much,
do not remember things at the right
time. Few have memories so quick,
retentive and ready as not to need
some special culture, and there are
none whose memories may not be im
proved by attending to what is most
important, and forming associations to
aid recollection. Artificial memory is
tho use of arbitrary arrangements to
aid in recalling dates, words and facts
which have 110 natural connection.
They are found easily, when distributed
in various localities on a page or a wall.
Such connections arc occasionally of
use for time; but natural connections
aro more lasting, and are on every ac
count to be preferred when attainable.
There seem to be some varieties of
memories a special aptitude for re
membering words, or numbers, or facts
or argument-, or voices, or faces.
There is some difference in natural per
ceptibility; but most of the differences
in memory are to be attributed to the
degree of attention given to various ob
jects, and to habits of observing and
thinking. Prof. Co twin.
Observation of a new roller skater:
Sometimes, before sitting down, you
kick out violently at nothing with great
rapidity and the skate says "Klacketty!
slambaug ! duin klicketlv bang !
An Hour in a Country Fostofilt.
nave you a letter from Michael Mo
wn? He's over iu Cannidv an' we're
I expectin' a bit av a note from him.
I The above inquiry was addressed to
the clerk in a Northern Miehiga-i post
ollico by a lady who, upon receiving a
letter, gave him a "thank ye, sor," and
"See some strang.J folks hero in tho
course of a year, don't you?" I ven
tured to inquire.
"Well, I should remark. That lady
was a specimen, aud it she hadn't ro
ccived that letter she'd have given me
tho partie ilars of Mr. Mor m's history.
No matter what branch of business a
man engages in, ho will strike a class of
people that wo call chronics, and the
post-otlico always conies in for a gen
erous share of them. In the dry goods
business the chronic is tho lady who
tumbles tho goods over an hour or two
and then birys a yard of gren ribbon.
At the grocer's he is the man who sits
on the wood-box until half Ihe lights iu
the store aro out, ami then wants a
piece of pork, some lard and a pound
"What tlo you most disliko of your
"Book agents, by a large majority.
They'll come in. oily as a lawyer's
.ongiio, talk an arm oil" you, and waut
pou to eollect for them; ask you a
ihousaud questions, and stand around
' when you waut to talk with vour best
I ' "Ever write letters for any of your
j "Lots of them. The other day a fel-
low came in that could ueitherread nor
; write. Ho was about half shot and
I wanted me to write a letter to his girl
i for him, and I wrote it, too, vou bet.
They were going to bo married and he
wauted her to be clothed iu her purple
and fine linen when he arrived.
"How about handwriting?"
"Just gaze on that," handing me a
tatter addressed to
Taimvortli County of
Cure of Wellington
The address covcre I the faco of tho
envelop leaving no room for tho stamp,
which was placed on the hack. The
writing would paraly.o a schoolma'am
and was done with blue ink.
"That letter doesn't lack for address
any way," I remarked.
"That's where you are mistaken.
Such people as the writer of that letter
will cover an envelope with ink and
then omit the State."
"Howaboutreadingpostals?" I asked
as he was posting up a notice to 'Please
lick your own stamps!'
"Now, that's another piece of non
sense. We don't read three a month,
and even if we did we would bo com
plying with the postal laws. The only
postal I ever read and rcmembored was
sent by a lawyer to a doctor with this
inscription: 'The harvest is past, the
summer is ended and your account is
not paid. Why is this? "
Just then the door opened and an ex
ceedingly pretty girl cams in. The
hint the cierk had given me regarding
the staying qualities of book agents was
as "seed sown upon good ground," and
bidding him good morning I left, re
marking to myself, "Two is company,
while three is none." Cor. Ddroit Free
The Quinine Habit.
Said a distinguished medical prac
titioner, who has grown gray iu his
profession, speaking of tho report that
tho use of quinino as a stimulant is be
coming a very common habit among
men of business and ladies in society:
"Yes. it is unquestionably true that
the great increase in the sales of quinine
during the last live years by retail
druggists is very largely referable to
what may be styled tho quinine habit;!
and it is fully asfrequent among women
in society as it is with men whoso nerves
arc overtaxed by hard work. And I
may say to you, though many will dis
pute it, that of the two the quinine
habit is more rapid in its ravages when
once thoroughly established, more diffi
cult to break, and more dangerous iu
every respect than the habitual use of
opium or its preparations. Few save
practicing physicians are aware of tho
tremendous potency of this drug in its
effects upon the nervous system. As
you know, depending upon the quantity
taken, quinine possesses four very dis
tinct properties being, iu very small
doses, tonic and nervine; in moderate
doses, directly stimulant; in large
doses, sedative and soporific; and
in very large doses, intoxicating pro
ducing a peculiar species of drunken
ness similar in its features to masked
epilepsy.in which, while performing cus
tomary actions aud talking with the co
herence of a person iu full possession of
his senses, the victim is really perfectly
unconscious of what he is doing and
totally irresponsible. There is no ques
tion that tho regular use of the drug as
a stimulant is rapidly increasing among
the higher classes, aud the fact is ono
of the most lamentable that has come
under my notice for years. The way a
man gets into it in tho first place is
very simple. He feels a littlouustruiig
ami out of tune, perhaps, and so con
sults the family physician, who sug
gests a few doses of quinine. In a day
or two he feels singularly improved
his brain is clever and bright; his pliys
ieal energies seem to have renewed
their youth. Elated with the result,
whenever he feels down spirited or oui
of sorts, he resorts, of course, to the
remedy that has once served his pur
pose so well; and very soon has ac
quired tho habit of using the drug in
regular daily doses. In three months.
so insidious are its effects, the quinine
habit is fully established, and the prob
ability is that tho man (or woman, as
the case may be) has not five years to
livo. Worse still, so peculiai
are tho effects of the salt on the
nervous system, there is a strong
probability that the victim will die ot
suicide; for it is a singular fact that no
toxic in the materia medica acts so di
rectly and rapidly to produce suicidal
predisposition and impulse. Morphia
has no such effect, deplorable as its
ravages are. The morphia habit gen
erally transforms the most truthful
man or woman into the most inveterate
liar iu the course of two or three years
a romancer of tho wildest type. On
the other hand, while quinine produces
no perceptible effect on the veracity, it
leads to a nervous irritability that is in
tolerable alike to iLs victim and his as
sociates, and frequently ends in tho
sudden development of suicidal mania.
Again, a patient may be reduced to tho
verge of the grave by morphia, and still
recover a remnant of physical and
nervous energy when the drug has been
eliminated from the system; but when
once the system gives way under tho
cumulative influence of quinine the
breakdown is irrevocable. In the course
of an experience embracing thirty-five
crises of the quinine habit in its latter
stages, during the last two years, I have
never seen a case in which the victim
was good for anything after the habit
was broken, and, as a rule, the patient
collapses and dies if the withdrawal of
the stimulant is persevered in. Knowing
these facts, I cannot tell you how I
dread to prescribe quinine to men a little
fagged out with overwork, and I think
it is timo that medical practitioners
began to be as cautious with it as they
are with morphia." N. Y. Commercial
About tvreaty-five hundred Chinese
coins, some of which represent mint
age of thirteen or fourteen centuries
ago, aro to be added to the coin de
partment of the British Museum. They
aro front the Taniba oolloetion.
- Six-shooters have superseded bells
a s alias. Tew. as liro alarms. Over
i two hundred shots were tired on llin
evasion of a recent blazo. Chicago
Sponge vessels returning to Key
West rep rt au excellent supply. Tho
spo ges average larger than usual, and
the cargoes in this instance are con
sidered to be the t est ever brought into
u Florida port. Philadelphia Pnss.
A New Jersey dog was attacked by
pair of bats, and as one jumped on his
back tne other clawed his face. Tho
dog got rid of the cat on his back by
running under the fence, and then he
ret tuned to the charge and killed tho
other cat, while tho first escaped.
A toad was seen to enter tho
chicken yard of Andrew White, of New
C:itie, N. II., climb into the feed in"
saucer of some young chickens, anil
roll himself over and over iu tho meal.
He had noticed that Hies swarmed
about the dish, and they soon began to
do so about him. Whenever a lly
passed within two inched of his nose
his tongue darted out and Iho lly disap
appeared. lituton Pos..
- The Aniw and Navy Journal sum:
The officers at West Point are un
doubtedly put to much inconvenience
in endeavoring to attend to their regu
lar duties ami at the .miiiio time to wait
upon visitors to t!ie academy. It is for
this reason, probably, and for the
fu-titer reason that "isits of largo
bodies interfere with the regular rou
tine of military post, that such visits
are not encouraged."
A Houston doctor had a mocking
bird which lived in the garden. When
eer he returned home t e bird would
hy toutioe in front of the door-step
aiid sing for hours. It appeared to bo
in an ecstasy of delight whenever the
doctor was at home. The doctor died
of yellow fever, and after the funeral
the family opened the doctor's room
and found tho mocking-bird lying at
the head of tho bed, kIomI.- -Tex'us Hit
ings. An old man and his wifo from
away back in Kentucky reached the
Ohio Kiver on their way to visit some
kinsfolk iu the BuekeyeState. Neither
of them'had ever twin the river, and
when they droe down to the bank,
where they had been told they would
find the ferry, the old man gazed in as
tonishment at the stream and shouted:
"Gewhillikins, Susan Ann, the creek's
nz, air we can t ford it fur a week."
He drove back to the hotel and was
given some information which was
valuable lo him. Cleveland Leader.
Life in Florida has its drawbacks.
In Hernando county, a few days ago,
a Mrs. Shiner was seated near the door
of her residence sewing, and her child
was playiug near at hand. Hearing a
slight noise, she looked around and .-aw
crouched within a dozen feet of her and
her babe an immense panther, ready to
jpring. With a shriek she sprang to
her feet and dashed the heavy shears,
with which she was cutting iier work,
in the panther's face, snatched her
child, aiid rushed back into the house.
Tho panther, disconcerted by the sud
den attack and noise, beat a deliberate
retreat for the swamp. Chicago Times.
Suicide aud Sleeplessness.
The circumstances attending tho
death of the Dean of Bangor -albeit
they ate infinitely distressing present
no novel features. Tho reverend gen
tleman was a man of considerable in
tellectual "power," which is the samo
thing as saying that he was constitu
tionally liable to intervals of mental de
pression. All highly intellectual nieu
ai.j exposed to this evil. A pen
dulum will always swing just as far in
one direction as it docs in the other
Great power of mind implies also great
weakness under certain conditions. The
u arvel is not that great minds occa
sionally become deranged, butthatthey
so often escape derangement. Sleep
lessness means not merely unrest, but
starvation of the cerebrum. The brain
cannot recuperate, or in other words, it
cannot rest Physiologically, recupera
tion and rest are the same thing. Sleep
is simply physiological rest. Tho only
cause for regret in these cases is that
the blunder should ever be committed
of supposing that a stupefying drug
which throws the brain into a condition
that mimic? and burlesques sleep can
do good. It is deceptive to give nar
cotics in acaeof this type. The stupor
simply makes the danger. Better far
let the insomnious patient exhaust him
self than stupefy him. Chloral,
bromide and tho rest of the poisons that
produce a semblance of sleep are so
many snares in such case. Sleepless
ness is a maladvof the most formidable
character, but it is not to be treated by
intoxicating tho organ upon which the
stress of the trouble falls. Suicide,
which occurs at the very outset of de
rangement, and is apt to appear asano
act, is the iogical issue of failure of nu
trition that results from want of sleep.
It is curious to note how a sleepless
patient will set to work with all the
calmess and forethought of intelligent
sanity to compass his death. He is not
insane in any technical sense. He has
no delusion. Ho does not. act, or sup
po-c himself to act, under an "in I it
enec." He simpl wants Iodic, and.
perhaps, not until after he has made an
attempt to kill himself will he exhibit
any of the formulated symptoms of
mental disease. Lancet.
Iteliiiuis Equality In England.
The time has now long gone by since
those who approach the question'of the
establishment must first turn or cap
ture the great fortresses that have been
at sundry times and in divers places
diligently reared in defense of a Na
tional Church by a long array of potent
divines. From the noble gravity of
Hooker, iu the sixteenth centuryj and
the shrewd reason of Warburton and
Paley in the eighteenth, down to the
practical wisdom of Chalmers, the ve
hemence of Arnold, the eager tenacity
of Stanley in our immediate day and
generation, ail the resources of "eccle-sia-tieal
eloquence and logic have gone
to build up and lo fortify a theory
which may still impress tho student of
abstract polity, but which has a stead
ily and rapidly lessening relation to
real affairs Nor is it any more need
ful that the as-ailant of "the establish
ment should begin with the imposing
pleas of some of the most renowned of
lay statesmen, from Burke to Mr. Glad
stone, in favor of the solemn consecra
tion of the Commonwealth by binding
it to a groal ecclesiastical corporation,
"exalting its mitred front in courts and
parliaments," and giving to the civil
magistrate the guardianship of the set
tled institution of religion. However
gracious the ideal, it is now seen to be
practically unattained and forever un
attainable. As we trace back the
course of event3, the most reluctant eye
scc-i them all tending uniformly and
with growing momentum to the secu-
kiriittionoftheStatcaml the emancipa
tion of tho Church. Social forced, po
litical forces, intellectual forces, spirit
ual forces, all unite in one undeviating
and indetlectible direction. Attach"
ment to the Church of England as a re
ligious society is probably deeper in the
hearts and imaginations of turn than it
Las ever been. But tho march of leg
islation for the last half century has
faitnfu'ly registered the growth of the
couviotiou that the installation of the
Episcopal Church in the seat of privi
lege is no condition of its moral or re
ligious efficacy, while it is ft political
isjustice, a social mischief, ana a hin
drance to the full sense of equal citizen
hip in a united" comrJuaity. ThtWmrU
CASH CAPITAL, . $75,000
Lkaxdkr Gerhard. Pres','.
CiKo. W. Hui,st, I' ice Prcs't.
Julius A. Hekh.
K. II. IIkxrv.
J. K. Taskku, Cashier.
Baak or lepoit, IMmodubI
Collection Promptly lal- on
InttrcMt on Time
11 in: a.i i'.
E-jrPrompt attention jiven to Col
lections. IdJTay Interest on time deposits.
SSTInsurance. Passage Tickets ami
Real Estate Loans. "!'
COFFINS AND MTAi.Mr CASKS
AND DK.ll.Kt: IN
Furniture. Chairs, Bedsteads. Bu
reaus. Tables Safes. Lounges.
&c. Picture Fiames and
3cTlicpairinu of all Aim's of I ptmhterit
col. cm ?:r
Buckeye Mower, combined. Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short noliee
IST'One iloor wvst of llrintz'" Drug
store, lltli Strict, Coliiinlni-, "rl. s
Is warrant! .1 ti ttt-.ir lnr-r. fit
tlic fnrni m itrr. uml iri' In tfc-r
UMartloii ttl kllali otht-rl'or't
111 thit mtrlti't ir ItrikrT !.iit! uill
l- rrfui. I it. 'lti- Intl r iiii!it"f
l'liir::- l--t 1 liVM-iaiii uvtiiiii-
JKiny t-.i. li lnr"4 1. 1'rlc , 31 w uii.l upw-nt. A.-!t juiir
tuvriliant fur thu.
ROTHSCHILD, JOSEPH i. CO.,
l.uuir.itlun.r3.:i'Jii.il u..iu:. !i M., ui.iigo.
KIMKDHMF .fc CO.
for the working cla,s
Sent! lOciMitsfur postage,
ami Wf will mail you '?
a royai, vaiuaiili- lm ot
sample goods that will put you iu the way
of making mo:i; money iu a few tlay.s than
you err thought poiiMe at any hti"i.
ni'."s. Capital not ri-ouiri'il. Wi will
start j mi. Vou ran work all the time or
in ."part- time only. T!.- work is univer
."ally adapted to Ixitli -e-, young and
old. You i-an easil earn from ;"U cents to
." every eveniti'.'." Thai all who want
work may te.-t the hU"iiie", ue make
tli ir- unparalleled oiler; to all who are not
well satMicit we will ."end $1 to pay lor
the tronhle of writing 11-. Full particu
lar", direet ions, ete., ent free. Fortunes
will he made hy those who give their
whole time to the Work. Creat miitcss
al"Oliitel ."lire. Don't dela. Start, now.
Aildres" Tl.'.sON & Co , Portland, .Maine.
a Grrand Success.
P. P.IMtillA.M'S AI'TOMATIC WA
terTrottgh for stock. He relers to
every man who has it in il.-e I all on or
leave orders at (ieorge Yale., opposite
OehlrichVs LTocery. O-Otu
Livery and Food Stable.
I prepared to furni"h the public w'th
good team.-, buggies and carriages for all
occasion", especially for funeral". Also
conducts a "aie stable. . j
PLA'ITK OKNTKU KB.,
The best accommodation for the trael
ttig pitolit: guaranteed. Fo .d good, and
pleiuj of it. lied.- clean and comfortable,
charges low, a tl.e lowest. l.'I.y
AT) p T r IP Sc,,tl ,x -t',lt3 '"i""
rrij I i Mi po.sUge.atill receive
goods w hich will help you to more nioney
right away than anything else in this
woild. All, or either sex, .succeed from
lir.-t hour. The broad road to fortune
opens belore the worker-, absolutely
sure. At once address, Truk t Co ,
State A Monroe Sts.,Chicago.
WillMidfmilJ to iny addmi t&cir
I for 115. im fxtf. III) EapmnDpl
lof laatnimrau. Suit, Cap, ifctu,
PPoxnpott. Epufeu. Csp-Lua;a
Suui. Dram Mijor'i Sufi, nd
AMD CATALDCUr. ff
I Hab. Srtairy Hud ChilbU, XMh
rteis aba lwla.l ibtfuctlaa u4 i
I IQT ADUMf HAAdA. mi A C&l&fcwe
-1 1 -st i
0& &Rk aSfc HI MBi
A. & I. TURNER'S
The Lowest Prices!
CONSULT THE FOLLOWINU ALPHA
xll.ltlMIM. Arithiiu'li.-. Arn..l.l' Ink
(iionuitn). Altfchra. Autxrndi Al
lium". Alphabet It ock.. iitlni-N CttriU,
Ark", Aeconh'ons, Allr:ut I.eal Cup.
ilihlc.-. I5l-IU Tor os. ithink Hook-.
ISirthihiv I'aiiU. Ka-ki-t Kiltie-. 1m)-
Tol-olwt. H:tlK, lt:iiik-rN l':iut.
lioj S Wagons. Sli-ii anil Wlu-olhar-to,
IttiW'lier Hook. rr:i--fili-tl Itu
IiT. Kill -hook's Kok Strips, K.ise
Kail- and Kats.
IMODIUM. Cinl.-. Calling I'ar.N. fnnt
I'hni'- Comics ("omli Ci.-. CL'ir i't
m.". t'liri-kfr IIoanK.Olu il-fii-. Cli itr.
Cup- ami S:ttu-T ifiiu-v ) Circulating
l.ilirarj. Collar anil Culf loi. Copy
Kook.",'liritiiia Caril. Cliinc.-i Toy.",
Crux on., Clu'i-kcr.s. Cln,'.iufii. t'roiiiei
!M.TIi:.Vr!4' H.-uiiiir .M n!iiii.-s. Draw
nig I'.iprr. !rr 111 C.im, IM-iiui,
I '1. u -. 5 r.i I": - in liook", I tolls, 1i r.iit'it
I'olls, liiiiiiiiot". Itr.itviug Ixioki.
i:Va:i.OIls Klciueiitary -chool
liook-.. Kra-rr- M.u'klioaril), K rubers
I'lmo: Hooks, Klor il MImiui, Fur
tlEAII.M AIC. (ieograpliii. Oeome-
tril'.-.tiloVC lOV", tOJ (ill!l,ti rom'OplS'
to illustrate tilt law-, of motion).
Sl.iacPKIC Ui-a.li-r-. lian.Uomi' lloli
il.i trill". II nitl-yla""!'", lloMiy lur.iM,
II tnoV" Itrlltrl". lll"lorif-.
,11 i'oo.I ktuil- -mil i-.ii.ir-.), luk-
, minoii ;n t I nil-
.1 K W i:i. ti"t-. .l,-i " Siari
S.5-:tS of 111k, Kiti-heii t!"
I. iiiu li la-kt.'t".
ilif.-r p:qu r, Li'gal
.?IAS( X- ll.iiiilin Org.ui", .'uagneti,
.Mit"i- hoe, Mag.tiiie, Mii"t'rhe
eiip-. .Uotith orgati", .Memorandum.
.Iuie hook". Mii"ie holder-, M leiiine
oil, M it". .Mod. rator" record", Mitci
i:i-:aI.Ii for ."ewing midline". Note
Olw4aA.Vs oil for fcwiuir machines,
Org.ui ."look". Organ eat.
IH:l:HIH.'AI.S. I'iciurc.-. I'ii7.lc
Idoek", I're.-etii", Picture hook". Piano-,
Pen-. I'ipi'tric.". Pencil", Piir."C.". Pol
i"li foi furniture. Pamphlet e-i"c.". P-ipcr
cutter-. Paper f.i-lcne.-". Picture puz
zle". Picture frame". Picket hook-,
Pcrluii.cry and Pcrttiuicri c i-e- Piper
i ti ks. Pencil h d ler-.
iSi:W,tlCa cm!.-. UttMicr hail-. Cit
SCIIOOI hook. Sew ing -tainl". School
Satchel.". Slate", Stereoscope." and pic
ture", Scrjp hook". Scrap picture-.
Sew itisr tnacliitie needle", Schol irN companion-.
Specie purse.". Singing toy
catiaries. Sled" for hoy. Shawl straps,
'l'KM'XrortX Toy of all kinds,
children." Trunk". TheriiioineterH,
Tooth hrushes (folding). Tea set" for
girl,Tool che.-t" for hoy, Ten-pin "et"
for ho. Tooth pick". Tin toy".
VIOI.I.VS and "tritig". Vases.
lVOOIKKIIK.'K Organs, Work has
ket, Waste ha-kets. Whips (with
ca-ej, Wehster." dictionaries. Weather
tr!a--es, Work hoi-. Whips for 'oys,
Wagiii for hoys, What-nots, Wooden
Third Boor North of "Mer Eouso."
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 1.
A Certain Cure for Nervous Dehilitv,
Semitiil Weakness, Involuntary Kini.i
"iotj", Spermatorrhea, and all diseases of
the geiiito-tirinary organ- cali-ed hy self-ahu-e
or over indulgence.
Price, $1 on per hox, six boxes $.1.0U.
DR. "WARNS SPECIFIC No. 2.
For Kpileptic Fits, 'ental Anxiety,
!."! of Memory, Softening of the Hraiii,
and all tho-e diseases of the brain. Prie
$1.00 per box, my boxes $5.00.
DR. "WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 3.
For Impotence, Sterility iu cither nex,
Los" of Power, premature old age, and all
those ili-ca-es requiring thorough in
vigoratii g of the "cxtial organs. Price
$2.00 per Iioy, siY boxes $10,110.
DR. WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 4.
For Headache, Nervous Neuralgia, and
all acute ili"caes of the nervous system.
Price flOo per box, "ix boxes $2.50.
DR. "WARN'S SPECIFIC No. 5.
For all disease" caused by the over-Use
of Stbacco or liquor This remedy is par
ticularly elncacioti" in averting palsy and
delirium tremens. Price $1.00 per box,
six boxes $.".0O.
We Guarantee a Cure, or airree to re
fund double the m..iiey paid. Certificate
in each box. This guarantee applies to
eacb of our live Specilics. Sent by mail
to any addre."", secure from observation,
on receipt or price. He careful to mention
the number of Specific wanted. Our
Specitics are only recommended for .spe
cific ili-eases. Ueware of remedies war
ranted to cure all these diseases with one
medicine. To avoid counterfeits and al
ways secure tne genuine, order onlv from
IMWTY Ac lli;V,
W-l Coliiinbti-, Neb.
Health is Wealth!
Da E. (".West's Nxete asd Bb.uh Tmut
Mixt, a Buaranteed. specific for Hysteria, Dirti
ness, Convulsions, Fits. Nervous. Neuralgia,
Headache, Nervous ProRt ration caused by the uaa
of alcohol or tobacco. Wakefulness. Mental Do
pressiou. Hot tening of tho Brain resulting in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death,
rrematnro Old Aro, Barrenness, Loss of powec
in oithor Bex. Involuntary Losses and Boermat
orrhoea caused byover-exorUon ot thobrain.aelf
abuso or OTer-indulgonce. Each box contains
ono i month's treatment. $1X0 a box,or six boxes
torSjXO. Bent by mail p repaid ou receipt of prico.
1VE CUARAXTEE SIX BOXES
To euro any ease. With each order received byns
tor six boxes, accompanied with $5X0. we will
enu tho purchaser our written guarantee to re
fond tho money if tho treatmentdoeanoteffecl
euro. Guarantees issued only by
JOHN O. WEST & CO,
862 W. MADISON ST., CHICAGO, ILLS.,
Solo Prop's West's livec Pills.
A P l?i!TW.1 wanted for The Lives
A IT I'l I LI 0 a" te Presidents
. ' , X1 Xl' of the U.S. The larg
est, hindsomest best book ever sold for
Ii-.s than twice our price. The fastest
selling book in America. Iiunittti.se prof
it i aeiiis. ah intelligent people waut
. .mi,) one can tieeoiue a siieeesotul
agent. Terms. free.
IwUIpsyOaiheTaTmrJ fortny nxef UrtrCoBfkktf
l7PIi. Sick Htdach,Iadlctioa, CocittpUloa or CotUrmmt,
auotwi&Wtil'iY(tulULtnrruit,wh ik am
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atrnr&ntociTaiaUiI.ctioB. gotCoU. Urn Uim.cos
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jgf?.?' WW CO.IH w W. ifateoa n, CMaa
MBMfKk tot ky Somali eanai;t.rfs3essiiSB
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