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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1884)
laeCED EVSBT WEDXEiDAl.
3SI. K- TURNER ic CO.
Proprietors and Publishers.
KATES OF JLBTEMTIStSC-.
STBuaineaa and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
"S? For time advertisements, appl
at this oSce.
fcfT Legal advertisements at statut
j3Tor transient advartlainf, m
rates on third page.
ST"A11 advertisements payable
23" OFFICE. Eleventh St., tip stairs
in. Jtcrnal 3uilding.
Per j ear
'' VOL. XT-NO. 81.
COLOILBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 26. 1884.
WHOLE NO. 759.
D.T. Mabty-. M. D. F. J. schcg. II. D.
Bra. MA3.TYS & SCHTJG",
U. S. Examining Snrgeons.
Local Surireon-. t"ni.a Pacidc. V
i B. H.and R. A M R-P.-
Consultations m Gernnn anil Eali-b.
Telephones at olfie and re-idence-.
CQLnMBHS. - NE3RASSA.
F. WILSON. M. 1..
PH IS I CIA X if ' UR GEOX.
Di-ea-e- of women and children a spe
cialty t ountv puvii.-tan. onire former
ly occupied by lr. Bonr-teel. Telephone
I.I.A AMIKAI 4-H. I- !.-
On corner f Elt-vrimi and .r'!i -tr. et-.
over kriist- hardware -i.t
J- 111 "I0"V
lith tr-t. Z a.tir wrst at Hammon.t Hon-e,
A TTORXE TAT LA IP,
OiHm'ob oinr -u. vilunii'tiv Nehra-ka
V. A. MACKEN,
Foreign n,.i T -ie-r- Lqir and
11th street. ' uiunir i- ":
A TTORXE Y A T LA W.
Office up-stir- in M.-Alli-terS bnild
in:r. llth -t. W. A. Mi- ili-ter. Notary
T"OH TIM Ol' II Y.
NOTARY PUBLIC AND CONVEYANCER
Keep- a tull line of -stationery and -otaool
supplies, and all kind- uf ieiml forms.
Iu-ure- aam-i tire, ii-ihtnin. eyelune
and turnadoe- Omo in Poweir- Block.
Platte entei . ":)-x
J. M. MACFaRLAP.
B. R. Ct'WDKRY.
LAW AND COLLECTIOX OFFKE
MACTAHliAiTD Sc COWDEES".
C-'uniW. : X-braska.
r. r. ki kr. ii. ""-.
Ui'i'c-.Mir t Ir. ii. A. ilJ.'h r-t
HOMEOPATHIC PHYItlAX AXD
Resrular graduate oi : racilu-i! -l-leie.-.
Ortire up -tair' in bru-6 Miliums
north ol -taie Bank. --'
J. J. .TIAl HA.
Justice. omit a Survey fir. Xvtary
Lasui and Loiierttou A'jeU.
jSTParue-iJe-iriH H mdoue i-au
notifv me i mail a PUtt rre. N-t.
r H.Kl JSCI11--
Uth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
-ella Harness. Saddle-, dollar-. Whip-.
Blanket.. urry Como-.. Brnlie-. trunks,
valises, imv top, cu-tiiona. carnage
trimming-. .t- at the lowe-t po-ible
priee-. Repair- pr mptlv attended to.
P 11. LAWRENCE.
DEPUTY LO. SURVEYOR.
Will du neni-ral -urveyina :n Platte
and adjoining i-mntie. oolee with ;-.".
i i-fk at hom'. ?.".( outtit
I'rev Pay ab.iiltltelv -ure. No
n-fc. apital n t ntiuired.
Reader, ii iou want !u-me
.t M.M. i.-n ir.n .if .-ltlier eS. v.iun ir
old, can maKe reat pa all the nine uie
work, with a: i ii- '-rtainf? . wrue i.r
particular- t.i H 11 vllht a o l..rt
COXTRA TOR for ALL KiyD jF
Office, Thirteenth St.. between ohe
and Xebra-ka Avenue. Residence on the
corner of ELrhth and olive.
All Work Guaranteed.
I S. MTJEDOCK SON,
U i Carnenters and Contractors. t
Havenadan extended experience, and
wUl euarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short i
notice. Our motto i-, Uood work aad
fair prices. Call and sive us an oppor i
tunitytoestimateforyou. "Shop on
13th St one door west of Friedhof .t i
Co's. store, Columbus. Nebr. USJ-t i
o. c. shnoinT
MAStFACTl REK OK j
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware ! !
Job-Work, Bocfin and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
yyShop on Olive treet. 2 door
north of Brodfeuhrer- Jewelry Stare.
LA XD AXD 1XSUBAXCE AG EXT.
His land- eomprise -ome tine tract
in the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ot Pl.'tte countv. Taxes
pId for non-resident-. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
pOLOfBIS P.4CKLVU CO-
C0LC1TBUS, - XEB.,
Packers aad Dealers in all kinds or He:r
product, cash paid for Live or Dead" Holj
Directors. R. H Henry. Prest.; John
Wljrgins, Sec. and Treas." L. Gerrard. S.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plana and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
at. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus. .Ne
braska. 32 6mo.
-TICE TO TEACHEKS.
J. X. IConcrief, Co. Sapt
"Will be in his office at the Court House
cm the third Saturday of each
maBtk far the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
fijrthe transaction of any other business
pertaining- ta schools. 56T-y
National Bank !
Authorized Capital, -Paid
Surplus aiid Profits, -
OFFICERS SI PIEECTOKS.
. ANDERSON. Pres't.
.VML C. SMITH. FT Pre'.
O. T. n EN. Cashier.
J. W. EARLY.
W. A. MCALLISTER,
i Foreign and Inland Exrhansre, Passaze
Tiel-!-. am: R-:i! E-tate Loans.
COAL .rf LIME!
J. E. A'ORTH & CO..
Rork Spin? Cu:il
Carbon v Wyominsj Coal .
Eltlon Iowa- Coal
..nT.UO per Ion
Blacksmitli Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North. Side Eleventh. St.,
Improved and Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property for Sale Cheap
-at mi-. -
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Loitfj Tivie itnd !ir rate
23Final proof made on Timber riaini-.
Home-tead? anil Preemption-.
g"All wi.-hin to buy land- of any de--rnpuon
will please eall and examine
my li-tof land- before looking el.-e where
JSFAI1 haviu land- to -ell will please
call and irive me a description, term .
231 a:o am prepared to m-ure prop
erty, a T have the agency of several
tir-"t-cla.-s Fire insurance companies.
F. W. oTT. -oln-itor. -peaks German.
MM I' EL. C. .niTII.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MAN I FA.CTI REL ANU WH(LE--ALL
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COLUMBUS. XEB.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Paeitic. and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands Tarsals at from SS.GO to $10.00
per acr for cash, or on fire or tea year
time, in annual payments to suit purchaser-.
VTe have al-o a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price aad
oa reasonable term. Also business and
ri idrnce lots iu the eitv. "We keep a
complete abstractor title'to all real es
tate in P'.-tte Conntr.
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Busies, Wag
ons, ettu made'to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Xowers, Reapers. Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and 5elf-bmders the
ISfShop apposite the " Tatters alL7 on
Olive St, COLU3LBUS. afia
Somebody stravs to the meadows sweet
And leans airainst the bars;
The daaies are thick about somebody faec
And the sky is thick with stars.
Mmebody whistles adown the jreen laaa;
Somebodr leans to hearr
Then somebody- answers back-again
In lark-notes, soft and clear.
Rosy red jrrows somebody's face.
As somebody asks. -Is it you'"
Then somebody's arm ffeta out ot place.
And jomebody's mouth does. too.
Somebody's smoothing- somebody's hand,
Aslanjr "Can somebody wait?"
Somebody loses all self-command
And absently asks; Is it lare?"
Somebody steps from a bush near by.
In somebody's hand is a strap;
Somebody- yells as she turns to dy,
Oh, jimminy gosh, if s pap:"
OF THE PRESIDENTIAL
Every four years there is a class of
new voters, orforgetfut ones, who want
:o know about the Presidential election,
how it Is effected and carried out. and
why the system has taken its present I nas ever since characterized the Demo
rather complicated form. cratic Convention. The Republican
The election of President and Vice- j National Conventions beiran with the
President of the United States is placed , nomination of Fremont in 1S.J6. and
by the Constitution in the hands of the I have not changed fonn materially
States, bat ( 'oneres mav fix the time I since the convention whi -h nominated
for choosing Electors and the day on
woieh they shall give their votes. Many
people regard the" Presidential election
as the whole body of the people voting
together to choo-e a President; but the
constitutional truth is that it is an elec
tion by all the States, each in its own
way. upon a day fixed by Congress. In
the beginning some of the States i-hose
their Presidential Electors bv vote of
the Legislature vihe two Hou-es voting
in some concurrently, in others jointly):
otberschoe them by popular vote as
now. but by districts, instead of all on
one .ticket- These methods would still
be strictly constitutional if any State
wished to" adopt them. but. as a matter
ot faet. ail the Mates have, without anv
written agreement or compulsion. and onlv one term in the Presidency,
adopted the same method of choice Charles C. Pincknev and Henry Clay
namely to use the constitutional phrase) ' are the onlv candidate- who ever ran
to "ap'point their elector-" by popular, twice and bailed of an election at all
vote for them upon one ticket for the ; the former in 1.)4 and la(8. and the
whole State, and Congress has fixed the j buter in 1S2 and l4A.Sprinqjield
Tuesday after the first Monday in So- (Muss, i Rermbhcati.
veniber a- the dav when this
Tne number of electors is fixed by
the Constitution, being as many for
each State as the number of Senators
and Representatives to which the State
may be entitled in Congress. Congress
lias added by law the explanation that
this means " entitled at the time when
the President and Vice-President to he
chosen come into office."
Originally the Constitution required
that the Electors should meet in their
respective States and ballot for two
persons, and the one who received the
niot of all the votes should" be Presi
dent and the next Vice-Presidents but
thL- method was found to involve the
obvious difficulty, as soon a- parties
crystallized, that the President and
Vice-President were likely to represent
the fwo opposite parties, creating need
less antagonism between the two and
subjecting the Government to a change
of party Administration in case the
Pre-ident diet! or from any cause was
peeeeded by the Vice -President. Hence
in !v04 was adopted the Twelfth amen l
nienr. providing that the electors should
designate the per-.n voted for as Presi
dent, and in ;istiuct ballots the person
voted for as ice-President.
these votes are forwarded from each
State to the President of thi enate at
Washington, and opened 'n the presence
of both houses of Congre-s when the votes
are "counted" that L-, the totals of
ail the lists from the several States are
added up and the result announved.
In case no person has a major.ty of the
Electoral votes for President, the t 'on
stitution requires that the House of
Representatives ' shall choose imme
diately by ballot the President" from
among the three highe-t candidates.
But the vote shall be taken bv States.
each tate having one vote,
serving the principle that
dential election is an election by States.
In case the Presidential election should
go to the House this year, that body
would elect a Democrat, a- the State
delegation- would stand twenty-three
Democratic to fourteen Republican, not
lounting Florida, which would be even
ly divided. To coost tute a quorum
under these circumstance-, members
must be present from two-third-, of the
Mnts. and a maority of all the States
is neeessary to a choice. In the case
of a failure to elect a Viee-Pres'.denL
one -hair be chosen bv the enate. vot-
ing individually, a ma ority of iL
whole number being neee-ary to a
choice. A person to be eligible as
President or Vice-President of the
I nired btates must be a natural born
citizen, thirty-five years of age and a
resident within the United States for
It is a frequent suggestion that a di
reet popular vote would be a great im
provement upon this elaborate machine
ry of Electors but that is open to grave
doubt. Although the Electors are mere
clerks and do not exercise that correct
ive upon the popular choice which the
lather- expeeted they would, they co l--titcte
a ready and inexpensive means
of arriving at the result, and their ex
istence is a great bulwark of the power
of the States a- States. For instance,
in t. e last election, if the result had de
pended on the popular vote, it would
have taken several weeks to ascertain
that General Garfield had a plurality of
7,tifc votes in the enormous total of 9,
:204.4:2s voles less than one-tenth of
one per oent- But with the Electoral
system, it was readily ascertained on
the night of the election that while each
of the :wo candidates had carried nine
teen Mates. General Garfield hail 214
Electoral votes and General Haneoek
l.- It may well be claimed for the
Electoral College that no svstem has
ever been put in practice disposing of !
so vast concerns with equal facility, cer-
L-iinty, dispatch and popular tran mill-
rv. Imagine the calamity to our busi-
ness and political interests if every Pres
idential election were to be succeeded
bv the period of uncertainty which char
acterized the election of 1376. The cir
cumstances of that occasion were ex
ceptional and might be remedied, so
tar as their recurrence can be prevented
u u.... H mc cii-u-iuicu.. u, uicuuux
of the bill which has passed the Senate
to regulate the ifresidential count.
But no account of the Presidential
election would be complete which ig
nores the Presidential convention a
Ixuly which rivals Congress in impor
tance and yet is unknown to the Con
stitution or to the laws of the United
States. The Presidential convention is
a strikinar instance of the stabilitv'
which an institution may acquire with -
out a single word- or oasis in Jaw or
constitution; it shows how the unwrit
ten Constitution may be almost as es
sential a part of the Governmental ma
ch n ry as the written. After Wash
fc' ton nd Adams, the early Presidents
vv.-re nominated by the Congressional
caucus of the party a plan which,
worked without friction so long as tho
Virginia regency" held the reins. Thus
were qnietly nominated Jefferson and
iladion. Monroe had some difficulty
to carry the caucus over Crawford, and
when Crawford at the end of Monroe's
term succeeded in carrying the Con
gressional caucus of his party himself,
there was general disgust with the
machine and a -plit in the Democratic
(then called Republican) party which
resulted in the choice of J. Q. Adams
by the Flouse. General Jackson did
not require anv set of men to nominate
him in 125. on account of the general
indignation that h1 had lost the election
of lrM. During the campaign for his
re-election, the" opposition taking the
name of Whig held the first National
Convention (1SJI), nominating Clay,
and the Democrats followed in "1336 by
nominating Mr. Van Buren in that way.
Mr. Van Buren was elected on that oc
casion, but wa defeated at the polls by
General Harrison in lt". and was de
feated in the convention in 1H44 bv the
adoption of the two-thinls rule, which
Lincoln. The first conventions were
held in the fall a year before the elee
Washington. Jefferson. Madison.
Monroe, Jackson. Lincoln and Grant
j were all elected for two terms, and
' Grant was the only one who tried for a
' third. The two Adamses were candi
dates for re-election and failed. Van
Buren was a candidate for re-election
i against the sasie candidate as at firt
an(i was defeated: then he was a candi-
date before his convention the third
time and tailed of nomination. a above
stated, and. for the fourth time, took a
Free-Soil nomination to '-beat the other
fellow." making four campaigns in suc
cession in which he was in the field
A Model Deposition.
Many years ago a prominent attor
ney residing in one of the coast towns
of Texa-. obtained from a w tness who
had been the Sieriff but wi then the
County Clerk of a town in ML issippi.
a rather singuar deposition. When re
ceived by mail and nled it wa- opened
and read by the attorney, but wa- not
offered in evidence for reasons obviou
upon its pera-al. He found the depo
siton so amusing that he cal led f he atteu
tion of the lawyers in attendance upor.
the court, and offered them opportuni
ties to read it privately in nL- otlice. It
was as follow -. "he tormal caption ol
return being omitted
Interrojiiiorv I. "iid you ri3it Tex
as fn 1M7.J If yea. what made ou
come here "'
Answer. I did. I came on general
Int. " What places in this State
did you vi-it during your trip in HIT3
What precisely occurred at each of thoe
places while you were there?"
An-. "I came to Galveston on the
steamer New York, commanded by
Caota'n W right, a'ter a rough vovage.
' during waich I became acquainted with
lorn. Die v ami Harry, wii. were pa
senjr.rs like isiy-elf. n landing we
regsterel at tne Tremont House, and
thereupon Tom invited all three of us
to take a dr nk. which we did. Then
in turn Harrv invited ns totaevcadrmk.
which we did- Next
panv to oin me in vet
I invited the
which they cheerful! d !.""
Then followed several pae. clo-ely
written, suiting the places in Texas vis
ited In the witn--.- during the trip and
the number of dnnk-. and with whom
he took them while at each place, and
nothing el-e. and w iniing up hia
answ-r to 'lie seeoutt inter rogatory a-
"I may po-.-ibly have taken yet ot' er
drinks, and with other person-, wh leat
some of the place- above mentioned,
but if -o. after the time that has elapsed,
they have laded from nn memory.
Tho-e -peeiiied are all that I took. So tar
as I now remember.'
Int. :;. "Have you not been the
Sheriff, and are you not now ( ouuty
Clerk of ( ountv. in the State ol
Mis--iss.ppi if yea. is there not the
record of a deed in your office, which
deed eoavey- the per-onal propertv in
volved in this suit to the plaintiff there
in? If yea, append a true certified
copy thereof t- your answer to this in
terrogatory, and state whether you
have done so."1
I Ans. "I was Sheriff, and am now
I County Clerk, of the County Court ot
i County, in said State. I find the
l record ot -uch a deed in one. of the
j book- of my office. I do not append a
! true, certified copy thereof to my an
! -wer to tais interrogatory, because I
, have uot been paid uiv fees for so do
ing, and am -satisfied that i: I do so. 1
should nevtr get them.
lut- 4 ana last. Do you know any
thing further that might be of benefit
or advantage to either of the parties to
this suit? If yea. state the same fully
and at length, as if spe:a!ly interro
Ans. "Nothing except that if the
plaintiff is -erioiis in meaning to recover
the property he is suing lor, I would
ail viae him to employ another at
torney." Texas Sittings.
Too 31uth for a Clerk to Lose.
I come as an humble but I hope deserving-
supplicant for your daughter's
hand."1 was what he said as he entered
the room in which the retired capitalist
"Indeed!" replied that gentleman
"And have vou an income to
wife and family comfortably?"
.. xot jnst a"t present, sir. 1 am a
' Morir m - hnnW-im ,-rnw hnr mt- t,
pects for becoming a member of the
firm before long are very flattering."
Well, I like your looks, young fel
low, and if the matter is agreeable to
my daughter yon have my consent. 3Iy
daughters happiness is mv nrst aim in
life. If "von should find that vour pros-
i pects turn out less nattering than you
anticipate I will do something for you
myself. I expect to again engage in
business in a short tune
"You are very kind, sir.' responded
the young man gratefully; "and may I
ask what line of business von will fol
low?" "The banking business! Ishallstart
a bank with a capital of -1,0O0..O0l"
iiere the vouns man turned pale and
1 started for the door.
I hope you will excuse me. sir.7 he
stammered, "but I have suddenly
changed my mind about marrying vosr
danghter, "I have got about "ii.
saved up, and .:.eC0 is a gooii de.u
money for a hardware clerk to los. .
What fa a Peer.
The word peer" itself, etymologi
cally. in no way denotes superiority "of
position, onthecontrary, strange to say.
it denotes equaliry , beinr simply a form
of the Latin par. equal, and comes to
us through the French word pair, bear
ing the same metining How comes it
then, that an ennobled person should
be designated by a term
an equal?": "and of
person an equal? One
whom is such
questions namelv, that
every peer of
the realm is the equal of
everv other peer of the realm that is
of the Cnited Kingdom; just as the
member- of all other clssses of the
community are the peers of eaeh other
in regard to citizen rights. We say
'peer of the realm." because ail pears
are not entitled to be so styleil. Thus,
a member of only the Irish peerage is
not the equal of an English peer or a
peer of the realm.
for the reason that j
he is not. by the mere reason of being a
peer of Ireland, entitled to a seat in the
House of Lords. In other words, he
is not a peer or lord of Parliament unless
he is eleeted to be such: a remark which
At the time of the union of Ireland
with Great Britain, continued by the
statute 39 and 40 George HI (1S01). it
was provided in the act of Parlia
ment that the peers of Ireland
should have the power to ehet twenty
eight representatives from amongst
their own body to sit in the Upper
Hou.-e of the united legislature for life.
Such representative peers are chosen
when necessary, and when elected, are
Lords of Parliament, anil have all the
privileges of peers of the United King
dom. "Other Irish peers who are not
repre-ntative peer are in a verr
different position. They are not lords
of Parliament, although they prima facie
enjoy all such privileges as appertain
to the peerage generally. And this
being so. an Irish peer, whether re
presentative or not, cannot be arrested
lor debt, in which respect he is on an
equality with all peers of the realm.
An Irish peer may also be elected as a
member of the Hou.-e of Commons for
a constituency in England or Scotland
(by 39 and 40 George UL c. 67); but
by -uch election he become- for the time
being a commoner, and o pro tern.
lo-ethe privileges of a peer. It will
be remembered that Lord Palmerston.
who represented Tiverton in the House
of Commons for so many years, was a
peer of Ireland: and the present member
of Parliament for East Suffolk. Lord
Renulesham. is also an Irish peer. His
Lordship, therefore, though the peer of
all other Irish peers not representative
peers is not a peer of. say. Lord
C'ariingford and other noblemen who sit
in the Hou.-e of Lonis as of right. In
deed. Lord Rendle-ham. so long as he
sit.- in the Lower House of Parliament,
is of nece-sity simple a commoner.
As to peers of Scotland only, they
al-o are entitled to elect representatives
out of their general body to sit in the
House of Lords. The number so elect
is sixteen: but unlike the Irish represen
tatives peers, they sit only during the
existanee of the parliament for which
they are elected. On the other hand, a
Scotch peer of any grade unlike an
Iri-h peer, is a peer of Great Britain,
and he cannot, therefore, sit in the
House of Commons for any constituency
whatever. The only difference between
a Scotch peer and a peer of
the United Kingdom L-. that
the former cannot as of right
that L-, unles eleeted a representative
peer sit in the House of Lords: in all
other respects he is the peer of a peer
of the realm. Chamber's Jourrud.
Foreign Postal Service.
Some comparisons are made by Le
Genie Ciril between the cost and char
acter of domestic postal service in Ger
many and in France, which are of spe
cial interest to us Americans, just begin
ning, as we are. to dream of emulating
the convenience, security and cheapness
with which transportation of this kind
is performed abroad. In regard to sim
ple letters, it seems that thepostage on
tho-e circulating within the country is.
for those weighing less than half an
ounce, two and one-quarter cents in
Germany and three cents in France:
the rates in both cases being higher than
new rate here. With letters
nion1 than standard weight there is,
however, a very great difference be
tween the German practice and that of
other nations: thus in Germany, a single
rate of five cents pays for the transpor
tation of any letter more than half an
ounce and less than eight ounces in
weight: while an eight-ounce letter in
France would require to be prepaid with
nine cents worth of stamps, and in the
United States with thirty-two cents
worth. Postal cards cost in France
two cents each, and in Germany one and
one-quarter cents: and sealed postal
canls. at the same price, have just been
introduced into the latter country. Post
al orders, which cost in France twenfy
tive cents for the smallest sum. are in
Germany only one-fifth as much, and in
the latter country an extra, payment of
one cent entitles the sender to have the
money carried by the postman to the
house of the person addressed, and there
paid to him. In the same way the post
men are obliged to receive money from
anyone who wishes to send a post
al order, and give a receipt for
it. entering at the same time in
a book the name of the person
to whom the order is to be sent, and the
Postmaster then makes out and fonvards
the order required. A species of mis
sive used in Germany, but nowhere else
so far as we know, is the express letter,
which, for an extra, postage of six cents,
is forwarded to the person addressed
without passing through the post-office
of the town in which he lives: a messeng
er, who travels on every mail train, talc
ing the letter immediatly on the arrival
of "the train, either by day or night, to
the house of the one" it is intended to
reach. As the boxes in the stations are
opened to receive letters until one min
ute before the departure of the train, an
express letter of this kind can be trans-
mined very quicklv. In respect to the
transmission ot parcels, the German
po-tal service far surpasses that of most
other nations, and an enormous business
is done in this way by the Post-ofBce
Department, Packages of less than ten
pounds weight are carried everywhere
for twelve cents, including delivery at
the house of the consignee. It is amus
ing to find that the establishment of this
convenient system has fostered the
growth of a large business in certain
products, those particularly noted being
butter and smoked herrings. Butter is
now put up for this sort of transporta
tion in ten-pound cases, of which im
mense numbers are sent from North
Germany to the cities, and boxes of her
rings of the same weight are constantly
forwarded from the seacosttown to the
interior. Last year the number of boxes
of herrings passing through the mail
was not more than 450,000, and it is said
that tiu njghjng yjJLurej of th GQMS n?
pear to be on tire from the smoke of the
little fires over which each fisherman,
eures his herrings for this convenient
market. The bu-iness of the poor fish
erman is still further aided by an ar
rangement under which the sender of
thejox. on payment of a commission of
two per cent, can receive at once from
his Postmaster in cash the value of his
consignment. thr Pa-t-otSce Department
taking upon itself the risk of making
collections on the arrival of the package
at its destination. American Architect.
More Than Instinct.
E. L. Cole, of Troy, give us the fol
lowing account of the remarkable attainment-
of a Skye terrier owued by
He has never had a great deal of train
ing, the effort in that line having ceased
some time ago. owing to the too fre
quent demands to -show him. He
has learned his master's habits, and re-
ports at the door promptly at 7 o'clock
in the morning, rarely varying more
than a few moments. He seems to have
learned the earliest hour at which he
would be admitted. When the clock in
the office strikes the usual hour for his
master to leave he begins to think about
j home, anil proceeds to search the office
until he finds a particular daily paper of i
I that day. To find the one he wishes he
will travel over desks and hterary
shelves, and never making a mistake as i
! to the paper, bring it to his master and
commence a noise that is neither bark.
; jrowl or whine, but a low gutteral j
sound, indicating that he thinks it is '
i time to go home. The paper being
! folded up is given him. and on the road
he avoids dogs and small ooys. On his
arrival thereTie dislikes to give the pa-
Eer up. except to a particular one of the I
ousehold. without his master's touch- I
ing them. He will select newspapers j
' that come to the otlice regularly in the j
' order in which he is told and this after
I they have been plaeed by the direction
I of "the person who wishes to test the
; dog's power. He will piefc out any par
I ticular paper named, ami when a paper '
is held before him he will -read"
it. with eyes fixed on the paper,
proceeding to growl with a rising i
and falling emphasis, and when tired of
reading concludes with a hearty sneeze.
He has"been accused of stealing sheep. '
and when persons in the room begin to ,
talk about the matter, he puts hi- tail
between his legs and leaves the room,
apparently in mortal terror. He tie
livers an "oration," beginning in a low.
broken voice, but as he -warms up"
speaks louder and louder, ending with
a" veil into which he seems to throw all
his passionate nature. He goes through '
the manual of arms: shows" how he was
run over by a wagon and injured, limp- t
1 ing and crawling to give a very realistic ,
illustration: receives sentence for iliao-
bedience to orders, and faiL? down an-
parentlv dead when a loud "ban" de
notes the tiring of the ride, fights a '
prize-fight according to Marquis of
dueensbury rules, and come- up -miling
when knocked out- In all these ae- .
tions nothing can divert hi- attention j
until he receives a signal from his
master. It is laughable to see him imi- !
.tate the walk of a baby, toddling along, ;
swaying from side to side, and his prayers '
are said by placing his fore paws on the
back of a chair with hi- head down be
tween them. Sometimes he will turn '
-ommersault-. but a- he has hurt his '
neck, often in the act he does not like to
' do it. Only the wonL. "Isaac, bring i
' me the whip brings him to terms. He
will imitate the "Dundreary skip of
Sothern in -Our American Cousin." J
When the New York papers arrive, if j
he is sent to get a paper he will find a ,
newboy. drop the coin at his feet and !
get his" paper, but he will take only j
the one he has been told to buy. and (
will return to the bov for his change if I
change is due. He takes the mail. let
ters and paper from the postman at the
office door and carries it to his master. !
and should the postman go by without
leaving any mail, endeavors to call his '
attention by loud and furious barking.
He may be. stopped when under full
headway by a .-ingle motion of the
hand, and will stand for a minute or '
more as if carved in stone. Many more
of his doings might be told. Troy ,
Collecting a Bill.
A citizen who has an office on Monroe
avenue has for the last three vear- been
owing a grocery bill. The grocer's col
lector called on him over ni- hundred
times to secure payment of the debt, but ,
was alway- put off with some excuse or
other. At one time it was death an- i
other sickness another bad luck, and
-o it went on until it really swnied im
possible for the debtor to invent any
new pieas. The other da;, the grocer
himself took the bill in his fist and corn
ered the debtor in his otlice.
Yes. I know, very orrv hand you
the money a week from to-day.'" was the
-See here!" said the grocer, as he
Ioeked the door and pulled" off his coat,
"I've been figuring on this matter. This
bill is for fifteen dollars. I can give
you the worst licking a man ever re
ceived ami get off with a fine of ten dol
lars. I'll then give you a receipt for the
other five and the account will beelo-eiL
Prepare to be pulverized !"
"But -uppose I lick you then what?"
queried the other.
"Then there won't be any resort to
the law. ami vou shall have a receipt in
-That seems to be fair, and I'll do
my best."' said the dehor, and at it they
went. The grocer expected to get away
with him in about a minute. Put he was
a deceived man. It wa.-n"t over three
minutes before lie was kmc-ketl over a
chair and rendered hors ie romlaL
Is it a receipt in full?" asked the
debtor, a- he -at a-trideof the other and
kept both banL- fastened in hi- hand.
"She is !
"And you'll pay me two dollar- cash
for the broken furniture?"
"Then you may get up. and 111
recommend vou to a- doctor who'll fix
j your brokeu collar-bone a- good as new
i inside of a week."
The grocer gave him a receipt for the
account, and Tianded over two dollars
in cash, and later in the day. when tell
imrthe story in his store, he explained:
"Gentlemen. I've sa--ed -cores of
citizens, abused dozens of hackmen.
and been aching for three years past for
a chance to pulverize some one. It's
worth seventeen dollars to me to know
that my grit gives out with the first
round !" Derail Free Press.
The tower of BabeL with its confus
ion of tongues, has found a modern rival
in the recently-opened reading-room of
the magnificent Cafe Bauer, in Berlin,
where the representatives of nearly ev
ery nationality on the globe have estab
lished a rendezvous, and where no few
er than seven hundred journals, in eigh
teen different languages, including
Turkish, Japanese and Chinese, may be
OF GENERAL DiTEXEST.
Jay Gould gave his son Gcre S3.- I
000,000 to begin life with.
Deputv United States Marshal Gum- j
roper, of Springfield. Mo., undertook: to '
light a fire with kerosene It didn't '
kill him. but he won't do it again. ,
Chicago Herald. t
The combination of the quinine
manufacturers of the world is broken, i
and prices are much lower in New
York. A. F. Times.
Two members of a party of burglars
recently apprehended in London were
women, who. attired as men. burgled
with their male "pals."
E. O. Stinnard. of St. Louis. pre
diets that wheat will never again btt
high in this country, as the competition
from India will be too keen.
A disagreeable witness in a Black
HilL court got a stinging blow under
the ear as he left the box. the defendant
in the case performing the suggestion.
Out West they carry the hiberna
ting idea of the bears into effect in
business. More than one hnndred firms
in Idaho sbut up shop during the early
part of winter to wait for spring.
For being-a good cook and getting
up at three o'clock in the morning for
teu years. Govenor Cleveland h:ia
pardoned Henry Harrison, a negro whu
was sentenced to Sing Sing for twenty
years for robberv. .. Y. iun.
A Rochester baker has made an ex-
hibition cake so Large that no one can
take it. It is without doubt the larg
est cake ever made in the world, and
balances the scales at exactly six hun
dred and ten pounds. Rochester jY. Y.J j
Commenting on the admission of a
batch of thirty-five lawyers to the Bos
ton bar. the ,ournat ot that citv re- j
mark.-: "In ita present condition law
presents a field only for a grim struggle
for the survival of the fittest.
In the part of Africa known as
Nubis there grows a species of acacia
that whistles so loudly as to make it-elf
heard for miles away. The stem is hol
low, and the action of the wind pro
duces a sound similar to that emitted
by a flute.
A shoemaker at Stamford. Conn.,
has occupied the same bench in the
same shop for so manv vear- that he
has three times worn away the part of
the floor where his feet had rested. an
puns on a new half sole of leather over
the hole every year. Hartford Post. ;
Edwin Hoover, a citizen of Cleve
land, for many months an invalid.
awoke the other morning and said ho
had such a fearful dream he couldn't
sleep. Then he turned in bed with an
expression of relief, saying: "I can j
sleep now." uttered the single word. .
"Mother." and expired. Cleveland .
A man who has invented three J
lightning rods is livino: in poverty and '
obscurity in Detroit. T.V. Y. Commercial j
Advertiser. The man who became the ;
agent for the rods and attempted to in- :
troduce them, is still living in the hos- !
pital with his skull cut open, and his
body covered with bruises. It is less
dangerous to invent a lightning rod
than it is to attempt to sH it. Xorns
A neat story of the late Baron
Rothschild Is told" in the French papers.
He was very busy one morning, when
the Vieomte de L. P. was admired into
his office. The Baron, absorbed in his
reading, said without lifting his head.
"I am at vour orders, sir: take a chair."
"Pardon me." was the an-wer. "I am j
the Vieomte de L. P." "Ah." said th .
Baron, not looking np. "take wo
The goo-e-bone is also among the
shattered idols of this generation, the '
heavers have gone to join the vanished
delusions of the past, the corn-shucks
have proven themselves snares, and the ,
moss on the trees of the forest i a- big
a fraud as old Vennor himself. All
these things were confidently said last j
fall to presage a mild and open winter. '
Trenton tX.J.t Oazette.
Among tlie invitations sent by the '
Montreal carnival committee for the
ball in that city was tine to the Miyor of l
Bo-ton. On the corner of the card an- .
peared the iL-ual letters. R. S. V. P. In
politely declining the invitation, the j
Mayor addressed Mr. C G. Clouston. '
the Secretary of the ball committee, ap-
pending the R. s. V. P. as a title, pas- '
sibly as denoting some high rank only
bestowed -on her majesty's subjects. i
A "question-box" has been put up
in Boston for the use of tho-e who go to '
Mr. Joseph Cooks Monday lectures at
Tremont Temple. As an interlude, be- ;
tween the "prelude" and the lecture
proper, each Monday Mr. Cook will i
open the box and reply to at least a
dozen questions taken from among i
those in the box and al-o tho-e received
by the lecturer during his travels. Thus
fourteen subji-eLs will" be discussed each
week. Boston Post.
It L- not generally known that Da
kota has a coal-oil region. It "is located
in Wyoming in the southern part of the
Territory. It i- confined to an area of
some six or eight miles, amonjr the
rocks, aad a company has secured the
claims and is commencing to develop
it. The oil ha- been testeof in Pennsyl
vania and found to be of the best lubri
cating quality. I'he yield, however,
does not promi-e to be very large.
We are told that there is no driving
of the'flock in Spain. When the shep
henl wishes to remove his sheep, he
calLs a tame wether, accustomed to feed
from his hands, and the favorite, how
ever distant, obeys his calL while the
rest follow. One or more of the dog,
with large collars, armed with spikr-.
in order to protect them from the
wolves, precede the flock; others skirt
it on cither side, and some bring up the
rear. If a -beep be ill or Iame or lag
behind, unobserved by the-hepheni the
doe stays with it and defend- it until
some one returns in search of it---.'. Y.
Vhr i'p Flew.
First Critic Heilo Georg-! why this
nurry. vv nere are you gtng.
Second Critic Don't you know.
Somewhere; anywhere. To the ends of
the earth, probably
First Critic But what i- the matter?
Second Critic You know I went to
see Irving and Terry Ia-t night. Well. I
worked" like a horse getting up a fine
article that would knock Willie Winter s
poetic enlogmms- higher than a kite
First Criae No doubt of ir.
Second Critic Une of my expressions
was: There is genins in the wrinkles
of living's brow." Rather line, wasn't
First Critic First-class. But what
has that got So do with your ha-ty flight?
Second Critic In the hurry of writing
I got in the name of Miss Terry instead
of Irving. Mercy' There she cornea
-tow. Tin. off. Philadelphia CalL
FOtSONAL AND IMPYJtSONAL.
Mrs. Ouincv Shaw, of Boston, is
said to spend &J50.000 per annum in.
The two daughters of Amasa Stone,
late'of Cleveland, will have S1.25O.00O
each from his estate. Cleveland Leader.
Samuel Lewis, of Waterfaury,,
Conn., although he can converse fraent-
ly in three languages, can not read or
write in either of them .V. Y. Sun.
j The Earl of Huntington says that
i General Grant and Thomas Nast are the
only two Americans thoroughly well
known in England. Chicago Tribune,
A woman aged thirty years lives in
the woo!s of Belmot, N. H. wears over
alls, and chops wood with her husband,
averaging a cord of wood a dav. Rot
Morosini. Jay Gould's private sec
retary, has amassed a fortune of 31,000.
000 by husbanding the crumbs that fall
from his ma.sterTs"table. as it were. .V.
Rev. Edward Selkirk has been rector
of Trinity Church at Albany. N. Y.. for
forty years, and during that time he
has married 670 couples and officiated
at 59 funerals- Albany Journal.
Mrs. Graves, of Rochester. N. Y..
jpho fell into a sewer and broke a limb,
besides spoiling her clothes and rofHing
her temper, has just obtained a judg
ment against the city for 319,000.
The late Wendell Phillips was not
a rich man. but he was in independent
circumstances. He inherited consider
able money from relatives, and he added
to the -um quite materially in his lectur
ing days. -Boston Transcript.
It is understood that Mr. Abbey has
engaged Sarah Bernhardt for a tour of
the principal cities of this country at
Sl.iibo a night: she to fnrni-h her own
company, and he to pav all costs of
transportation. X. Y. Herald.
George Thompson, of Brooklyn,
aged eighty-four years, was the first
pri-oner -entenced to Sing Sing prison.
He has spent nearly -ixtv years of his
life in that institution, aad received a
sentence for one year in the -ame place
recently. Brooklyn Eagle.
Governor Robinson, at a recent din
ner, recognized a college chum whom
he had not seen for thirty vears. Thr
gentleman had been an earnest worker
for the Governor during the recentcam-
' I paign. but had never associated him in
'' his mind with his former college friemL
The friends of Master Putnam, who
lost his life on an ice-floe near St, Law
rence Bay after the Io-- of the Rodgrrs.
are to erect a tablet to his memory in
the chapel in the Annapolis Academy.
The designs of the tablet represents a
man on an ice-floe, surrmmded by his
Iog and sletLs. vainly crying for assist
ance. Baltuiutr cn.
X LITTLE NONSENS E.
A dangerous practice That of the
newlj fledged phy-iciau.
Fancy. Mummv. the hairdresser
wanted to shave ruv ma-tache oft"'
"Yes? Well and did he?" Punch.
"I declare. Charley!" exclaimed
Clara, -you take the word- right out of
my mouth"' "O mamma piped in
the little pitcher, "now 1 know what
Clara and Charley were doing out in
the hall when she let him in." Boston
"Just think! In Heidelberg I once
came acro-s a negro that was actually
so black that he could not be -eea witn
out a light!" "H'tn! saw a fellow one
time in Mannheim who wa- so thin that
he always hail to enter a nwua twice be
fore he could be noticed' -German
"My dear." said a wife to her hus-
1 band. "I shall henceforth call you
Fire." "Why. love, will you apply
such a peculiar name to me?" asked
, her husband. "Bcanse you go out
Generally everv night-" i"arl PretxFt
1 V,ekli. '
j Mrs. D Isn't this awful3 Mr. D
' What, dear? Mr-. D. The paper
J says that in Brooklyn Mr. Benjamin R.
' Hubbell tried to kill" his brother-in-law.
' David Kemlo. bv -hooting a pistol at
' him. I can't under-tand why families
! should - Mr. D Hid he succeed" Mrs.
D. No. Kemlo"- life was -aved by a
I button, which turned the bullet. Mr
i D. Hi-wife evidently keeps hia bet-
tons sewed on. If any one -faould ever
' shoot at me I -hould be a dead duck.
i -Ah. good evening! I come to ask
j you to go roller-skating this evening
"So sorry, but I I don't roller-skate
' any more thi- -eason." "Indeed! But
why " I am sure yon are the emboti-
ment of grace when vou -kate." "Per
I haps you mean when I zammlarotate
Reginald, do cultivate elegance in tn
versation. It i- roller-skating no more.
It is zampilamtation." And the younjr
man leaned against the casement until
he had gathered -trngth enough to say
-Good night,"" HurUunt Post.
Psalm of (married) life.
Man that is married to Woman is ot many
days and full of trouble.
In thr moraine ae draw-j i sutary. aad ji
Behold, it .s .rone.
It is a taie rtiat is told;
It vuaiahelh and no one know trhitaer !t
Ke nseta up clothed in the chidy irarmeHts
lit the N.srht
And -wiceth the omnambuleBt purrirone
Wherewith to soothe hi-. Infant Postertty
He etimeih as j. hor- Or ax
And dra"veth the chunntuf his offjprtnsf.
He p-nilrth his -hefeeis Ih the purchase
To cover the bo-Him of his
Tet himself ; een at the zare of the city srith
Yea! he is altogether wb-u-bb!.
Brilliant Connecticut InTention.
A Bridgeport. ( t onn. ) professor has
invented a neat thing in the way of a
steam heater to carry about the person.
It is called the -portable body steam
heater." The apparatus i- a small af
fair, consisting of a copper boiler, under
which is a diminutive lamp, ail incased
in a nickel box. and balanced something
like a compass, so that, no matter what
position the out-ide box is in. the boder
aad lamp will alway- remain in the re
quired vertical po-i:ion. The entire ap
paratus is -o small that it can be earned
' in the pocket. After the lamp is ughred.
the water m the boiler is heateit ami
circulated through rubber tabes, waicn
run down th? Iec-. around the ankles,
np around the back, and back to the
boiler. The circulation of the warm
water keeps the bIy warm on the
coldest day. A safety-valve and escape
for a higher pre-sure of steam than the
affair is allowed to carry flows off at the
back of the wearer's neck. Elaborate
heaters are being constructed for ladies''
wear. They can be worn inside the
bustle, and "entirely oh-oured. Before
going out of the house the lady's maid
can light the lamp, which, by the way, is
ganged to run six. eight, or ten hours.
and""my lady" walks out under a free
pressure of steam, and warranted to
keep warm during the promenade.
Seur Haven Xerxs.
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