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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1884)
IofcUKD EVERY WEDNESDAY,
1I. Iv. TURNER & CO.
Proprietors and Publishers.
KATES OP AYEKTISIH.
HTBusiness and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
137 For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
2"Legal advertisements at statute
l3TFor tranaient advertising;, see
rates on third page.
tSTAU advertisements payable
23" OFFICE. Eleventh St.. up ftairs
n Journal Building.
Six mouths 1
Three months 5
Single copies OS
VOL. XV.--N0. 29.
COLUMBUS, NEB.. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 12, 1884.
WHOLE NO. 757.
D.T. JIautyn, M. D. P. J. Scnco, M. D.
Drs. MARTYN & SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons
Local Sunreons. Union Pacific, O., ".
.t U. II. and 15. .V M. It. R's.
Coiisult-ition-, in (Jenn-m anil English.
Telephone, at oilice anil residence.
COLUMBUS, - NEBRASKA.
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
DNeaics of women and children a spe
cially, t'ouiitv phv-ician. Oilice former
ly occupied l.v" lr. Uonctecl. Telephone
1,1, A .V-illltAI -II, .. -
On corner of Eleventh and North street-..
(cr Ernst's hardwaie More.
A TTORXKYS-A 1-LA W,
Up-stair.-, in (iluck Ituildin, 11th street,
A hove the New hank.
II J. Eli: UNO,
xo ta i: y r UltLI c,
12th StrrM.2 lour west of IUmniond Houir,
Columbus, Neb. -'!-'
r ;. i:i:e:u:k,
A TTORXEY A T LA W,
Oilice on Olive St., Columbus Nebraska
V. A. MACKEN,
Foreign and Domestic Liquors and
11th street, Columbus Neb. 50-y
A TTOllXEYS AT LA W,
Olliec up-stairi in McAllister's build-in-
Hth St. AV. A. .McAllister, Notary
NOTARY PUBLIC AND CONVEYANCER.
Keep1- a lull line of stationery and school
Mipplic, and all kinds of lc-al forms.
Injure:, against lire, lighlniuj:. cyclone
and tornadoes. Oilice in Powell's Hlock,
Platte Centei. 19"x
J. M. JIACFIU1.AS1I. B. K. COWDEKY,
Atune; si H:iirj PsM :. C:Ui:tcr.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACF&RIjAND & COWDER7,
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
a-'-1 ci :vnb:ic. .yi. u.,
(Succcor to Ir. ('.(' A. Hullhor.-O
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND
S I' i: 11 EON.
Regular graduate f,f two medical col
leges. Oilice Olive St., one-half block
north of Hammond House. --ly
.i. -i. ias;a.
Justice, County Surveyor, Notary,
Land and Collection Aycnl.
jfPP:iit ic desiring surveying done can
notify inc 1 mail at Platte-Centre, Xcb.
i ii.ici s hi:,
Hth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
lUankot-.. Curry Combs, Hruhhes, trunks,
valise, buggv'tops, cushions, carriage
trimming's, .Vc.. at the lowest possible
prices. Repairs pr nipt ly attended to.
DEPUTY CO. SUIiVEYOU.
"Will do general surveying in Platte
and adjoining counties. Oilice with S. C.
coi.usinus, - - - nkbkaska.
a week at home. $.r.tM) outfit
free. Pay absolutely sure. ro
risk. C apital not required.
Header, if vou want business
at which persons of either sex, young or
old, can make great pay all the time they
work, with ab-olute certainty, write for
particulars to II. IIai.lrt .V. Co., Port
VONTItACTOIl FOIl ALL KINDS OF
Office, Thirteenth St., between Olive
and Nebraska A euue. Residence on the
corner of Eighth and OHe.
.All Work Guaranteed.
JS. MU11DOCK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Haveliailan extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done ou short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunitvtoestimateforyou. SSTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof &
Co's. store, Columbus. Ncbr. 483-v
o. c. shannxxn-,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
SSTShop on Olive Street, 2 doors
north of lirodfeuhrcr's .lewelry Store.
LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT,
His lands comprise some line tracts
In the Shell Creek Vallev, and the north
ern portion ol Pl.'tte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
fOLIHIBUS IACKI3i CO.,
COLUMBUS, - NEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds or Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hogs
Directors. R. U Ilcnry, Prcst.; John
Wiggins, Sec. and Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on loth Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 6mo.
-fcJOTICE XO TKACIIEIW.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Snpt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transactton of any other business
pertaining to schools. 667-y
A. & I. TURNER'S
BEST p GOODS
The Lowest Prices!
CONSULT THE FOLLOWING ALPHA
AI'ltll.tlN, Arithmetics. Arnold's Ink
(genuine). Algebra, Autograph Al
bums, Alphabet R ocks. Author's Cards,
Arks, Accordeons, Abstract Legal Cap.
llibles. Hells Tor i ovs, Ulank Rook,
Riithd-iy Cards. P.asket Buggies, boy's
Tool-chexti. HalN, Ranker's Cases,
boV Wagons, Sleds and Wheelbar
rows, Butcher Book, Brass-edged Ruler-.
Rill -books, Biok Straps, Base
Ball- and Bat-.
4."1I1. Cards, Calling Cards, Card
Ca-es Combs. Comb Cases, Cigar Ca
ses, Checker Boards, Children's Chairs,
Cups and Saucers (fancy) Circulating
Librarv, Collar and Cull" Boxes, Copy
Books'Chri-tnias Cards, Chinese Toys,
Cra on, Checkers. Chess-men, Croquei
IMKVIKSTM- Sewing Machines, Draw
ing Paper, Dres-ing Cases, Drums,
Diaries. Drafts in books, Dolls, Dressed
Dolls, Dominoes, Drawing books.
UNI' ELOPES, Elementary school
book-, Erasers (blackboard). Erasers
F1CTI02V Books, Floral Albums, Fur
CiKAItlJlAKS, Geographies, Geome
tries.Glove boxes, toy Guns,(tvroseopes
(to illustrate the laws of motion).
IIAllaEK'S Readers, handsome Holi
day gilt-, HanU-glaes, Hobby-horses,
Ilanil atchels. Histories.
LKS. (.ill good kinds and colors), inkstand-
(common and fancy).
JEWfX Cases, Jciv.s harps.
KECaM of ink, Kitchen sets.
IjEIMSEKS, Ledger paper, Legal cap,
Lunch baskets, Lookingglas-es.
71AJiO' & Hamlin Organs, Magnets,
.Music boxes, Magazines, Mustache
cup-. Mouth organs, Memorandums,
Music books. Music holders, Machine
oil, Mats, Moderator's records, Muci
XEEDEES for sewing machines. Note
OK(Mii, Oil for sewing machines,
Organ stools. Organ seats.
PERIODIC A ES, Pictures, Puzzle
blocks. Presents, Picture books, Piano.-,
Pens, Papetries, Pencil-, Purses, Pol
ish for furniture, Pamphletca.-es, Paper
cutter.-. Paper fasteners. Picture puz
zles, Picture frames. Pocket book-,
Perlumery and Perfumery eases. Paper
racks, Pencil holders.
KEWAICI) card-, Rubber balls, Rub
S;iIOOE book-, Sewing stands, School
Satchel-. Slate.-, Stcrco-copc ai.d pic
tures, Scrap books, Scrap pictures.
Sewing machine needle-. Scholar's com
panions, Specie purses, Singing toy
canaries, Sleds for boy-, Shawl straps,
Shell goods. -
TEEEKCOl'ES, Toys or all kind-,
children's Trunk-. Thermometer-,
Tooth brushes (folding). Tea se - for
girls, Tool chests for boys, Ten-pin set
for boys, Tooth picks, Tin toys.
YIOEirS and strings, Vases.
WOODBK1DU1 Or-am, Work bas
kets, Waste baskets, Whips (with
case), Webster's dictionaries, Weather
glasses, Work boxes. Whips for boys.
Wagons for boys, What-nots, Wooden
Third Boor North of "Cloth:: Bouse."
From now until after the Presidential
Election, post-paid, to any address in
the United States, for
To present subscribers of the Jour
nal, we will send the Campaign
Tribune, when requested, upon
the payment of one year in ad
vance for the Journal.
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Health is Wealth!
Dr E. C. West's Keetz asd Braix Tbeat
IIXKT, a gnaranteed specific for Hystona, Dira
cosB, Con-rnlsions, xita. Nerrons. Neuralgia,
Headache, Nerrons Prostration caused by thonsa
of alcohol or tobacco. Wakefulness, Mental De
pression, Bof toning of the Brain resulting mm
ranitr and leading to miserr, decay and deatn,
Frematura Old Ace, Barrenness, Loss of power
in either box. Involuntary Losses andBpermat.
orrhcea caused byover-oxertioa of thobram, self
abase or OTer-indulgenco. ach box contains
one month's treatment, f 1.00 a box, or aix boxes
Cor5JX).6entbymail prepsidou receipt of price.
UTE GUAKAXTEE BIX. BOXES
To cure any case. With each order recerrod by us
for six boxes, accompanied with fSJOQ, wo will
send the purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund the money if the treatment doesnoteflecl
euro. Guarantees uaued only by
JOHN O. "WEST & CO,
862 W. MADISON ST., CHICAGO, ILLS.,
Sole Prop's West's liver Pills.
PE ALE'S EDUCATOR,
ESTOffice at Lindell Hotel. Call and
examine and be convinced it is the best
book published. Agents wanted In can
vass in Nebraska. 14-3m
WX" fil pr tta ibsvt rrwwri tat tay am of lint CmtpUUV
PjtmfS, Sick Hmbtht, ladjpttfca, Cauttftita or ComItcm
qmlcCTwahWMttYiptolUtlror Klli.wttm tW ft
HdMBt MticUy acsptM vttk. Tbcyan nlrnplitk,al
nmhauitOdaeaom. BitwCoiSai. Iij tnnw
taktocp01,cJfc ftt mU ty tSX Jitfau. Bmrac4
wwuhutc vu,m ta w. aadiHa St,
CHICAGO WEEKLY TRIB
Sttm VfiV P J v5
i nr!ss5 wsi?mt w 'rSi
CASH CAPITAL, - $75,000
Leander (Jerrard, Prcs'i.
Geo. W. Hulst, Vice PreSt.
Julius A. Reed.
R. II. Henry.
J. E. Task Kit, Cashier.
Bank of Deposit, IMmcohhi
CoIIectloBN Promptly Mode osi
lny latercMt on TIsue lepo-
Um. ' 274
D. J. DRKBKKT,
IRA B. BRIGGLR,
ESTPrompt attention given to Col
lections. E3TPay Interest on time deposits.
S3TInaurance, Passage Tickets and
Real Estate Loans. :!-tf
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
FLOOR AND FEED STORE!
BOLTED i UHBQLTED Cfl&9 HEAL.
AND FOUlt KINDS OF THE BEST
WHEAT FLOUR ALWAYS
UTAH kiiuN of FRUITS in their sea
ou. Orders iirouipily tilleil.
lltli Street, Co1uiii1um, Xelr.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IN
Furniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Ac, Picture Frames and
JSTRepairing of all kinds of Upholstery
Ctf COLUMBUS, NEB.
for the working class
Send 10 cents for postage,
and we will mail you free
a royai, valuable tox ol
sample goods that will put you in the way
of making ino:e money in a" few days than
you ever thought possible at any busi
ness. Capital not required. We will
start you. You can work all the time or
in spare time only. The work is univer
sally adapted to both sexes, voting and
old." You can easily earn from" f0 cents to
$.1 every evening. That all who want
work may test the business, we make
this unparalleled offer; to all who are not
well satisfied we will send $1 to pay for
the trouble of writing u. Full particu
lars, directions, etc., sent free. Fortunes
will be made by those who give their
whole time to the work. Great success
absolutely sure. Don't delay. Start, now.
Address Stinson & Co., Portland, Maine.
But a Grand Success.
RP. BRIGHAM'S AUTOMATIC WA-
ter Trough for stock. He refers to
every man who has it in use Call on or
leave orders at George Yale's, opposite
Oehlricb'A grocery. !.(Jm
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public w'th
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
conduct-! a sale stable. 44
PLATTE CENTER NEB.,
The best accommodation for the travel
ing public guaranteed. Food good, and
plenty of it. Beds clean and comfortable,
charges low, as the lowest. 13-y
I Stele Hssrs Ste-Cklcsf.
WU Mm4pnpU laujaUna Ik
L far 1ML SW m zltt baa
iPm im Emalcib CwLasm.
i Stub. Dram iUtmH SttSk. tW
na, saoj asa uni
1Bn WW. !
Authorized Capital, - - S250.000
Paid In Capital, - 50,000
Surplus and Profits, - - 6,000
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'LC. SMITn, Vice Pres't.
O.T. ROEX, Cashier. '
.1. W. EARLY,
W. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, and Real Etate Loans.
COAL & LIME!
J.E. NORTH & CO.,
Reck Sping Coal,
Carbon (Wyoming) Coal.
Eldon (Iowa) Coal
..$7.00 per ion
... 3.50 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North Side Eleventh St.,
Improved and Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property for Sale Cheap
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Lomj Time and low rate
E2TFinal proof made on Timber Claims,
Homestead'? and Pre-emptions.
JSTAII wishing to buy lands ofany iL -scrlptiou
will please call and examine
my listof land before looking elsewhere
t3T"AH having lamN to sell will please
call and give me a description, term ,
25J1 a so am prepared to insure prop
erty, :u I have the agency of several
first-class Fire insurance companies.
V. W. OTT, Solicitor, speaks German.
na.iuii:l c:. smith,
Ml-tf Ciilumltiis, Nebraska.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE, COL ITM II US. NEB.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. B. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or ou five or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the citv. We keep a
complete abstractor title'to all real es
tate in Platte County.
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers. Beapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
Shop opposite the " Tattersall," on
UUY6 St., COLUMBUS. 36-m
and Wbood Maker
A YMAB'3 WOOING.
Twm antumn vfcsn first they stood & the
lape pears on tke pear- tree, ripe corn on the
The awallowa flew awlftlT far nn In the blue.
And Deeding- still aouthirard, were lost to the
said he: "Can you love me, as I can love
She said, quite demurely: "Already I do?"
Twas winter when next they met oa the
Xne pear-trees were brown and white was the
The swallows were feathering' their nests in
She looked In hts face, and she burst Into
His nose It was pinched, and his lips they
Bald she: "I can't love youl" Said he: "Nor I
Twas spring-time when next they stood on
And white was the pear-tree, and green was
The swallows had thoughts of a speedy re
turn; And the midges were dancing a-down the
He said: "Pretty maiden, let by-gones go by
Gan you love me again?" She said: "I can
Twas summer when next they stood on the
There were pears on the pear-tree, tall corn
on the ridge;
The swallows wheeled round them, far up In
Then swooped down and snapped up a midge
let or two.
Bald he: "Lest some trifle should come in the
And part us again, will you mention the day?"
She stood, looking down on the fast-flowing
Vhen answered, demurely: "As soon as you
OUR NATIONAL TBEASUBT.
A Tessris and a Frtaon Carious Talags
Foauid 1st the Baaeaseat-tfaeCaraeatar
CaMnes aad aUaekasKltk Shop antf
ta Treaaary stadia and Prlatlaa;
Oalee-th Store-Hoe as ataataaraat
Just below the White House, shutting
off the view of the city, rises the great
dreary pile known as the National
Treasury. It is a massive building
made of great blocks of stone originally
white, but now gray with age. and black
and dirty with smoke and rain. The
thick stone roof, flat and heavy, is held
tip by many a long row of dirt' sand
atone columns, which seemed to stand
as guards against the sunlight and cheer
fulness to tho people within. If it were
not fur the windows whose sad, bleary
eyes peep out from the gloom behind
the pillars one might take the building
for a grand national sarcophagus, in
which were sealed the great dead of the
Nation, one on top of the other in a
series of chambers as in a noted ceme
tery at Geneva. As it is, it looks like a
prison, and the thick walls, tho iron
grated windows of the first story, and
the doors cut from the street, as it were,
through solid rock, carry out the illu
sion. The Treasury is both a tomb and
ft prison. In it are buried thousands of
hopes, ambitions and lives, which other
wise might have brought forth good
fruits, in it to-day are imprisoned
thousands of young men and old men,
pretty girls and grayhaired old women,
whom it will grind to powder as it has
done the thousands in the past. Wait
until four o'clock this afternoon and you
may see them pour fourth from those
cave-like doors, over which should
be written as over Dante's hell:
"All hope abandon ye who
enter hero." Such a crowd. They
represent every class of humanity, on
every grade of life's pathway, young
and old, cleanly and dirty, soured and
cheerful, jaunty and despairing, but
over all a sad look as that which might
accompany the intelligence of a lost
soul. "They did not use their souls and
hence they lost them." The food of the
Government departments is the souls of
its employes. The copyist who day by
day follows the same routine becomes
at 'last a very machine, satisfied to be a
cog in the wheels of the Government and
good for nothing else. His other facul
ties disappear, and the blooming cheek
withers, the glossy hair turns to gray,
while day by day imprisoned here lie is
digging the grave for his better nature.
The walls of this Treasury are saturated
with such souls and the great giant rats
on to-day are as hungrily as ever.
The Treasury building is a world in
itself. From its attic to the sub-basement
it teems with life, and with the
exception of food it produces nearly
everything necessary to its existence.
Many people have the idea that the Gov
ernment runs itself, and that no one
thinks of economy in its purchases and
management. The Treasury is a fit an
swer to such charges. Everything in it
is bought by contract, and'Uncle Sam
gets the lowest rates. All the carpets
for the offices of the Governmental! over
the United States are bought by the
department here, and are cut and made
in this Treasury building. This work
is done in the attic. The same princi
ple runs through every room down to
THE BASEMENT OP THE TREASURT
is a place which few people visit. But
it is full of curious things. Entering
the central one of thoses cave-like doors
you come into a long, low whitewashed
vaulted corridor, lighted with gas and
growing smaller and smaller as it loses
itself in the distance. From this branch
oft other like corridors, and the whole
looks like one of the subterranean tombs
in the desert near Cairo. Go along this
corridor and you will pass a carpenter
shop. Here all the carpentering of the
building is done. Next is a cabinet shop,
connected with a spall saw and plain
ing mill, where a doeen men work con
tinuously making and repairing the
furniture for the hundreds offices above.
Elegant work they do, too, and mahog
any bookcases and Rautiful offico desks
lie all around. A little further on is a
blacksmith shop, and the bellows and
anvil hammer and blow as Uncle Sam's
iron work and locks are repaired. Here,
A PRINTING OFFICE,
a branch of the Government Printing
Office. The Treasury does its own
printing, and the corridor entering this
office is stacked full of forms standing
ready for tho press. "No printing of
fice in the world,' says the foreman,
"keeps so many forms standing as we
do. We have now more than 1,400
forms standing, and we annually keep
that number. This is done for the print
ing of eight copies of the confidential
report as to the interest on the National
debt. We print it four times a year,
and we can print on one press from
one hundred and twenty to one hun
dred and forty forms in a day. We
consider one hundred and twenty
forms an average day's work.'
I took a glance into the
as I went by. It is in a low vaulted
room, with an opening bar into the hall,
where a girl deals out coffee and pie.
The dining room was filled by a long
table on which a cloth not the whitest
-was spread, and at which a
little fat man with a gray
bead as round as a bullet was
eating. I recognized in him Mr. Elliot,
tke Actuary of the Treasury, but the
smell of the viands was mot appetizing,
and the table turned my stomach.
THE BASEMENT STORE-ROOM
is where the furniture, towels, soap and
glasses are given out to the various of-,
ttces. It is a little vaulted cell facing;
the avenue, with two cubic inches of
gloom to every inch of space. Thej
storekeeper stands behind a counter and
keeps close account of everything. A
pile of towels lies at one side. They are
of white linen with a red band on each
end, on which is printed "U. S. Treas
ury." It takes five hundred towels a
day to supply the Department, and last
month 13,440 were used. The washing
of these towels is done by two gangs of
women, one washing them during the
first half and the other the last half of
the month. They are paid thirty cents
a dozen, and are charged with any tow
els they cannot account for. Their
wages average twelve dollars a month.
The Treasury uses about two thousand
cakes of soap a month, and it takes
three hundred dollar's worth of ice to
cool its drinking water.
THE WASTE-PAPER ROOM.
All the old envelopes, newspaper
wrappers and scraps of paper which ac
cumulate in the Treasury are carefully
saved, and taken to a room in the base
ment called the waste-paper room. It
looks like a division of a great country
cellar. The walls are whitewashed and
vaulted, and one-half of the room is di
vided into three great bins, which are
filled with different grades of paper.
The waste baskets are brought daily to
this room and emptied on the floor in a
big pile, behind which three women are
constantly at work sorting it out into
baskets. They separate the white paper
from the colored, tear the sealing wax
off of envelopes, and then throw the as
sorted paper into these great bins,
whence it is baled up and sent off to
New York for sale. The receipts amount
to quite an item, and one firm buys all.
THE TREASURY STUDIO.
There is a sculptor-shop in the Treasury
basement. In rooms facing the South,
off of one of its gloomiest corridors,
Italian and American artists continually
work modeling in clay and casting into
plaster. They design the beautiful col
umns and allegorical pieces which are
being put into the Government buildings
all over the country, and the work is
sent from here out in every direction.
To-day one long-haired Roman was
working on a great relief for some city
post-office; another was fixing the broken
acanthus leaves in a plaster cast of a
great Corinthian column, and the mas
sive head of a goddess, surrounded by a
wreath, stared out from a table near by.
The Treasury sculptor-shop turns out
some beautiful work, and it saves
the Government many thousands yearly.
. THE STATIONERY DEPARTMENT
of the Treasury is an enormous machine
which feeds the Government offices un
der the department extending from
Maine to Alaska. It has its store-rooms
in the basement, and it uses an almost
incredible amount of material. In com
pany with Mr. Bickford I went through
the various rooms. Some were devoted
entirely to blank paper, and ream was
piled on ream until the rooms were fill
ed to the vaulted ceiling. Others were
all envelopes, and these had a dry,
headachy air, as close and stifling as a
drying room. The least dampness
would moisten the mucilage and mil
lions of envelopes would be stuck to
gether. Here were bales of spon
ges, and there were great bins tilled
with ink bottles. In one room waste
faper baskets formed the chief contents,
n another, store boxes filled with ink
in bottles. There was sealing-wax by
the hundreds of pounds, large bins of
wrapping twine, millions of pen-holders
and millions of pencils, pins in half
pound boxes innumerable, and mucil
age enough to fill an artesian well. Sev
eral great rooms were filled with thou
sands of blank books piled in shelves
like a great library, and of all shapes
and sizes. Among them is the
BIGGEST BLANK BOOK
used by the Government, weighing as
much as six babies, and cost
ing forty dollars to make. It
is the ledger of the Assistant
United States Treasurer at New York.
It is nineteen inches long.thirteen inches
wide, and contains twelve hundred and
fifty pages. It is made of the best pa
per anuone is used every year. There
are some big envelopes here, yellow
manila fellows, costing twenty-one dol
lars and twenty-nine cents a thousand,
and being seventeen and three-fourths
inches long by fourteen and three
fourths inches wide.
The wrapping paper here would make
a good sized hay stack. It is of the best
quality and made of the manila rope
used in digging oil wells. This gives it
a smell of petroleum, but it is very
strong, and makes excellent money
straps, and is good for sampling sugar.
It is so strong that the damp sugar can
not melt it.
WHERE THE BRAINS GO.
But the blank paper and the blank
books are the more wonderful, and by
them one can gain some idea of the im
mense business of the Government.
These millions upon millions of sheets of
paper, these hundreds of thousands of
blank books will, ere a year has passed,
have been used. Upon them will go
the brains and muscle of the thousands
of Government employes from Portland,
Me., to Portland, Ore. Now, they rep
resent only the muscle and the machine
power necessary to make them. A year
from this they will represent the lives of
thousands. How many men will worry
over that sheet of paper? Will some
mind go crazy over that ledger? A
year and these barrels of ink, these tons
of pens will have served their purpose,
and will be cast away. The brain and
muscle that used them will also have
passed away. This paper and these
books will alone remain.
All this store is
and I know of no uncle who manages
his affairs more closely. With these
millions of pencils and these stacks of
paper, the men who have charge of
them must render an account for every
sheet If they want a pencil they make
a requisition for it; if a sponge is miss
ing, the whole system of books is gone
over until it is found. All is bought by
contract, and you and I pay twice the
prices for everything that our dear uncle
pays. I could give you the cost of things
that would surprise you.but it is enough
to say that dealers coming here to make
their bids go away in despair at learn
ing how close-fisted Uncle Sam is, and
how he will split a cent in making a
bargain. Washington Cor. Cleveland
Susan B. Anthony says that one
great hindrance to the suffrage move
ment -is women's lack of education im
money matters. They have had no ex
perience in earning money or in know
ing howYar it will go. N. Y.Post.
Fifteen widows of soldiers of the
war of 1812 are living now in York
Conmty, South Carolina.
There are two principal prisons im
Canton, the Nam Hoi and the Pun U,
district jails analngous to our county or
State prisons. The main part of the
building is called the Great Prison,
where are confined those convicted of
capital crimes. It is surrounded by
'thick adobe walls, and the corridors anil
cells are approached through tho single
entrance of the keeper's lodge. Through
a hole In the crazy door is presented the
grimy paw of the keeper, which we
touch with a Hongkong ten-cent piece
and are immediately admitted. We
enter a dark, dismal den, black with
sooty cobwetn and full of dense fumes
of gray smoke. A spluttering of opium
pipes comes from a corner where the
sickly yellow light falls upon the
.withered faces of two or three turnkeys
in recumbent posture curled round the
lamp, with opium pipes in their hands.
A few more ten-cent pieces are needed
to gratify, not satisfy, the cupidity of a
half-dozen hungry-looking. greasy,
smutty, down-at-heeled petty officers,
who demand exorbitant fees before we
We finally pass into a narrow, dirty
alley, flanked by the main wall and lead
ing to the wards and cells. There are
six wards, each ward containing four
celli, the walls of which are in parallel
sections. Each ward consists of an open
quadrangle of execrable filth, about
forty feet square, with cells on the east
and west sides. In the center of this
area is a shrine containing the image of
a god, supposed to have the power of
melting the most obdurate heart, caus
ing penitential tears to flow from eyes
that have only gloated over deeds of
'blood and shame. Very little homage,
does this idol receive from the Cantonese
jail-bird, except on the birthday of the
god, when the prisoners are regaled with
an extra bowl of rice, a piece of pork
and perhaps a cup of wine, 'provided at
the expense of the Governor of the jail.
This disinterested official takes care to
amply refund himself by a careful ma
nipulation of the funds for prison main
tenance which the prisoners know to
their sorrow the next few days.
The cells are separated from each
other by upright beams and are divided
off from the outer courtyard by a
wooden palisading, giving them the ap-
Eearance of cattle-pens, in which are
erded together as many as thirty
human beings in each pen, with hardly
sufficient space to lie down. In each
cell is a raised wooden floor, full of ver
min, covering nearly the wholo area of
the space. Here the prisoners sleep and
eat their food, and are permitted to
lounge about the open yard during the
daytime, A few pots, an earthenware
furnace where they cook their rice, and
a stool or two arc the only furniture, ex
cept a large tub in each cell to receive
the excreta. As this tub is usually left
open and stands in a crowded don where
the prisoners sleep, the stench on a hot
summer's night can be better imagined
than described. We have now passed
through labyrinthian passages reeking
with vilo odors, past a group of women
and children, perhaps, vainly wailing
for husbands and fathers whom they
will see no more. Door after door is
locked behind us as we penetrate the
recesses grim and dark and drear of this
horrible place, while the awful thought
of being seized and forcibly detained
among these demons haunts us with a
We now come to the quadrangle de
scribed above. As the door opens we
hear again the clanking of chains. A
prisionet sees a stranger at the door and
announces in shrill tones the arrival of
a "foreign devil." We aro immediately
surrounded by a crowd of ragged, un
shorn, squalid, emaciated, cut-throat-looking
wretches, whose savor is
anything but that of "Araby the
Blest." They crowd uncom
fortably near us, a hundred
hands are held out, ferocious eyes
glare upon us beneath their shaggy
looks and a chorus of voices demand
kamshaws. We look appealingly to the
keeper, who comes to the rescue with a
mouthful of untranslatable curses, de
livered in stentorian tones, upon which
they disperse. We see them next squat
ting down on the bare earth in merry,
garrulous groupes, as if oblivious of their
impending doom. They are mostly
half-naked, or dressed in tattered gar
ments filled with insect life, their long
disheveled locks matted together and
their bodies corroded with two or three
strata of filth.
Water and soap, brush and broom,,
razor and comb are scarce commodities
in a Chinese prison, and hundreds of
these wretches live year after year with
out touching water till the execution
er's knife turns them faster into clay.
They spend their time gambling and
singing lewd songs, or occupy them
selves in entomological pursuits, such as
picking the vermin out of their clothes
or from each other's heads, which, when
caught, are popped into the mouth for
safe-keeping. This last item is no fic
tion, but an every-day common-place
fact. During one of the five or six
visits made by the writer of this sketch
to these prisons he was accosted by a
prisoner of the most villainous type in
broken English. He had been captured
in Hongkong and had tasted the sweets
of Victoria prison fare before his rendi
tion. He said with the utmost naivete:
Hongkong prison well' good place.
He pay good chow chow, good clothes,
good bed, good dlink. Spose hair get
long, have got barber makee shave.
S'pose me get sick, have got doctor
makee well. Hongkong prison welly
clean, all ploper. My no likee dis place.
Here all too muchec Iouzee, too muchee
muck, too muchee hungry, too muchee
thin, too muchee die. This is men
tioned to show how strongly the Chinese
jail-bird appreciates the comforts and
luxuries of Hongkong prison life com
pared with his native prison hells.
San Francisco Chronicle.
The Toronto Mail tells this story:
"A resident of Collinsby objected to a
young man paying his respects to his
daughter, and set a large rat-trap at
the spot over which the lover would
surely pass. The parent did not know
that his wife was visiting when he set
the trap. About eleven o'clock at night
he was aroused by the screams of liis
wife, who had one of her feet caught in
the trap, but she was released by the
lover, who was in the parlor at the
time, before the husband arrived. The
young man is now a welcome visitor at
Celestin Collet. King of the Chiffon
iers, who died the other day at Neuilly,
aged eighty-one, was in receipt of a'
Jension for the last twenty-five years of
125 a year from the Empress Eugenie.
In 1858 the Empress lost a valuable dia
mond bracelet, which he found in a dost
heap and carried to police headquarters.
The next morning he was sent for and
thanked, and the pension conferred,
which the Empress has exprosed a de
sire to continue to his fauilv while she
OF 6ENSKAL VTUB.
A whole row of dwellings la. Mon
treal have been vacated because the
tenants believed them haunted. Mon
Tobacco raising in North Carolina
beats gold mining. A Warrenton farmer
refused $1,000 for his crop on sersa.
acres. Chicago Herald.
A Cincinnati bunko steerer of great
skill in his profession boasts that he has
made a handsome living off of Kentucky
suckers for ten years. Cincinnati
An old stager in Wall street attrib
utes Gould's success to his spending his
evenings at home anil coming to the
office in the morning with a clear bead.
N. Y. Herald.
John Doyle is in tho Bellvue Hospftal
in New York suffering from a self in
flicted pistol wound. During the last
thirteen years he has made twenty-nine
attempts to kill himself. W. Y. Mail.
"No, don'tgo yet," said the Buflslo
Efirl at midnight, as her lover rose to
eave. "Don't go yet, it isn't late. Re
member that the clocks in the city have
been shoved ahead sixteeu minutes."
The Earl of Aylesford, who at one
time was the greatest spendthrift La
Europe, Is living on a 27,000 acre farm
in Texas with his brother. They spend
their time riding, hunting, and having
fun with the cowboys, who call th
Earl "the judge" and his brother "the
kid." Chicago Times.
Three dining-room girls of a Sidney,
Neb., hotel recently packed their trunks
and silently departed leaving a letter.
The letter disclosed that they were dis
satisfied with their pay; that they had
heard a rumor that their places were to
be filled by negroes, and they thought
it real mean that they could not have
their -company in the parlor. Chicago
The Floral Cabinet characterizes
that economy which feeds the body well
at the expense of starving the mind as
wretchedly short-sighted. It is this
economy that builds mansions indica
tive of wealth and power, without fur
nishing the endearments of home cul
ture and refinement. This economy
has gaudy flowers on the lawn as an
external evidence of wealth, but none
of them ever find their way into the
One of the stories told to show the
value of presence of mind in times of
excitement and danger, is concerning
some of the recent riots in New Orleans.
The mob was threatening and increas
ing, and the local militia was called out.
At a crisis In the affair one of the citizen-soldiers
leveled his musket at a
prominent opponent, when the man
next to him struck up the gun exclaim
ing. "Don't shoot that man his life L
insured in our office!" N. 0. Times.
A Paris correspondent says that at
a grand dinner not long ago he saw
several ladies who. insteadof taking off
their inousquctaire gloves, slipjieu the
hand through the opening made for the
three buttons, rolled the glove and
stuck it in the lengthy part covering
the arm, thus baring the hand to eat
and not the arm. After dinner they
slipped their glove on again. A young
lady who afterwad was asked to play
on the piano did the same thing.
Probably the smallest and most
unique post-office in the world is a bar
rel which swings from the outermost
rock of the mountains overhanging the
Straits of Magellan, opposite lerre del
Fuego. Every passing ship opens it to
place letters in it or take them out.
Every ship undertakes to forward all
letters in it that it is possible for it to
transmit. The barrel hangs by its iron
chain, beaten and battered by the
winds and storms, but no locked or
barred oflice on land is more secure.
Henry F. Millwa.nl shot himself
after participating in a mock tragedy at
Springlield, O. Some weeks ago Mill
ward, assisted by a number of friends,
constructed a dummy out of a bundle of
towels and pillows and laid it on a bed;
in the Arcade Hotel in that city. The
room was carefully darkened, and the
dummy covered with a sheet. A paste
board head with grotesquely painted
features was attached to the body, so as
to be in plain sight when the sheet
should be removed. When all was
ready the report was circulated through
the city by the jokers that a drummer
had committed suicide at the hotel. The
report attracted hundreds of citizens,
including the Coroner, who were piloted
up to the room one by one. Millward
killed himself in the same room.
Andy Johnson's Last Letter.
There was found on the desk of the
late ex-President Andrew Johnson a
letter which he was engaged in writing
when he was stricken with paralysis.
His death came soon afterward, and the
letter was left lying where it was found
until sent by the family to the late
Judge Jojpi M. Carmack, of West Ten
nessee, to whom 4t was addressed. The
letter was exhibited at the American
office, yesterday, and reads as follows:
"GaKKJivltXB, Tknn., June 6, 1875. John M.
Carmack. Esq.: Dkjik Sm Your letter of
the 9th ult. has been received and read. 1
confess I was somewhat surprised when I re
ceived your account of Vlce-Prenldent WIK
son's conversation with Governor Ishitui Har
ris and others in rexard to what weuld have
been the policy of Prcsbtcnt Llncold. If he had
lived, etc In your letter you state that H.
Wilson. Vice President"
Here camo the fatal stroke. The
word "President" was the last ever
written by the hand of Andrew Johnson.
The letter was written with a lead
pencil on ordinary printing paper, such
as is generally used for "eopy" in
newspaper offices, and the ex-Presidont
was evidently preparing it with the ex
pectation that it would be published.
What an interesting chapter of the his
tory of that exciting time it would have
been. Anything he might have said as
to the probable policy of the Adminis
tration, if Mr. Lincoln had not been as
sassinated, would have been of the
greatest value. A few moments more
and it would have been given to the
world. But it was not to lie.
By Judge Carmack, who naturally re
garded it as a historical relic of great
interest, the letter was left to his nephew,
Mr. John T. Miller, of Jackson, and the
latter will have it deposited among the
papers of the Tennessee Historical So
ciety. Nashville. American.
The year 1900 will not be a leap
year, although it is divisable by four
without a remainder. In order to make
a calendar and solar time agree as near
ly as they can be got for many years to
come, the Gregorian calendar drops
three leap vears out of every four cen
turies, and these omissions are upost
such leap years as will not divide bv
four hundred without a remaisder, al
though they can be divided evenly by
four. The year 1600 was a leap yesr, ,
but 1700 and 1800 were not, aad 19QQ
will mot.be. N. Y. Times.
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