The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 24, 1884, Image 4

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    Sprlcjf Water.
There is a common notion that spring
tratcr Is pretty much the same every
where, that its constitution varies muoh
less than that of water from other
sources. It is truo that in general
spring water is the best drinking water.
But there are verv wide differences in
the quality of different springs, and
especially in the quantity and quality of
the various mineral substances which
they contain. The main distinction is
into hard and soft waters. The hard
waters are those which contain limo
and magnesian salts, and consequently
will not form a lather with soao until
after the soap has decomposed these
salts. The "soap test" for hardness
consists in employing a solution of soap
of a given strength, and ascertaining
how much of this must bo added to a
given quantity of water to form a lather
which will last a given time. Hard
water may be softened to a considerable
iextent by boiling it in some cases an
economical expedient. There are hard
?vaters that require seventeen times a3
much soap to make a lather as soft water
requires Tho soap thus wasted in using
bard water costs tho community an'
enormous sum annually.
Soft water is comparatively free from
lime, and from the magnesian salts.
The effects of its habitual use on health
and growth aro still an unsettled ques
tion. Of French recruits, says Galton,
a larger number from soft than from
Ijard water districts were rejected on
examination. But this proves nathing,
lor tho rejection might nave been due
to other physiological causes. And,
'on the other hand, Highlanders are a
stalwart race, nnd tho water they havo
Is mostly soft water." In the United
States, ever since measurements havo
teen made, the tallest American-born
soldiers have come from Kentucky
Toon follow, in the order of average
fttatucs, the men of Kansas, Minnesota,
$IissQuri, California, Nevada, Indiana
arid Virginia. In no other States does
the average staturo rnn over five feet
eight inches. In Kentucky, it may bo
added, tho ailment of stone in the blad
jder is frequent, presumably on account
.of the prevalence of magnesian salts In
.tho drinking water.
The terms "hard water" and "soft
water" need a little more careful defini
tion than they commonly receive. There
re many kinds of hard waters. One
"kind is that which flows from strata that
nritnJn miinli mnnmps?n TMa tomta In
Isome cases to produce goitre, a disease
jbf-which tho chief causels indeed a very
jllffcrent one, namely,
, IliOUUiUlLUb ,--
tn?n(Mfiiant n?m
osure to sunlight, as
amonsr the m-
jhabitant? of that rather gloomy tract of
,tuo river Khone, tho vaiais, mst above
Lake Geneva. Still tho ailment has
ifoeou traced, in Darts of Franco and
tEnfeland (in tho latter it is called-
Derbyshire neck"), to tho use of hard
magnesian waters.
This, happily, is ia this country not a
danircr to health worth mentioning. In
general the hard waterg that come from
(tho chalk and limestone formations are
tho best; those from clay soil, from sur
face soils, and from,loosc sand, or from
soft sandstones, are" apt to bo impurer.
Water that flows from granite rock Is
generally both soft and pure,. But some
of the most famous and cflicleut mineral
.springs, us those of Carlsbad and
&larienb:id, come from tho granite, and
are highly charged with constituents of
the granite in solution.
Springs are seldom abundant enough
to form the direct supply of a city; It
would be better for us if they were. The
impurities of city drinking water are
generally contracted in the streams,
ponds, and reservoirs through which
they must pass before reaching the con
sumer. But there aro fortunate excep
tions to this rule. The city of Vienna
has a new supply from the Kaiscrbruun
and the Sixtenquelle, iifty-eight miles
from the capital. Besancon, m Eastern
France, is thus entirely supplied, and
from one of the most beautiful springs
that I havo ever seen the Source '
Acier. It pours out of a mountain side
780 feet above sea-level, and sixty-seven
feot above tho ancient city of Besancon,
which it now supplies for the second
time in the course of seventeen hundred
years. 'When tho Emperor Marcus Au
rclius. in the second centurj', occupied
this province, he constructed an aque
duct, which still exists. Its tight brick
vaulting is still as perfect in man parts
of Its six miles1 course as when it led
the waters of Arces ("The Arches," so
called from the brick arches over which
the canal was parity carried)" to tho
Roman citizens of Vcsontio.
About forty years ago tho people of
Besancon built the modern aqueduct
over nearly the same course as that of
Marcus Aurclius. The spring, or sub
terranean river rather, breaks at a single
bound from the limestone rock, deep in
an ancient wood. Its leap is like that
of the' "mighty fountain" in Colerige's
"Cubla Khan." But tho torrent is in
tercepted by a dam, which turns into
the mouth of the aqueduct a supply
sufficient for sixty thousand people.
Caught up by the engineering works
the moment it leaves the rock, and be
fore any contamination from air or soil
can occur, the water reaches the city
as cool and limpid as when it springs
from tho mountain-side. The living
spring actually flows in the old town.
It is almost at an unvarying temperature,
and the only fault that is found with It
is that during the long-continued rains
it is slightly turbid. The surplus water
rashes down tho hill-side at Arcier in a
beautiful cascade, and pours into the
river Eoubs, the Dubis of the Roman
wine and water drinkers' time. Titus
Munson Coan, in JIarj,crs Weekly.
Raisins Colts.
Wo are asked by a correspondent
what kind of foods a colt should have,
and whether or not plenty of food will
make a better horse than scant food.
There is no difference whatever in tho
principle of feeding young animals. All
of them, whether they are children,
colts, pigs, calves or lambs, need food
of nearly tho same character. They
are born into the world with perfect
but diminutive systems. If wo expect
to fully develope them into a grown
creature, wo must feed such foods as
will furnish material to increaso the size
of tlfo bones, and that will build up the
muscular system. Unless we do feed
such foods we might just about as well
feed nothing; for the young animal, if
wholly deprived of them, could make
no growth and could not retain health.
There is, of courcc, in all foods some
thing of the none and muscle forming
elements, and when fat forming foods
are fed almost exclusively to growing
animals, those elements aro the onlv
elements that keep life in them at all.
But if so fed they arc loosing all the
time, and it is a process of gradual de
cay. In the case of swine that are often
so largely fed from the start in this war?
this is as truo as it would be with the
colt, but they are kept such a compara
tively short time that the ill effects are
not as conspicuous as they would be with
the colt. If we take a colt and feed it
corn exclusively we shall havo nn
imperfectly developed horset and
one whose" system is full of disease.
We a"Tiin repeat, in this connection,
that nme-tcnths of the diseases of ani
mals can be directly tracea to mis
process of starving the system by neg
lecting to supply it with the materials
that it needs to repair tho waste of bone
and muscle, or in case of young animals
,the materials necessary to make growth
of bone and muscle. This, too. will
answer the question of our correspon
dent, whether or not plenty of feed wIU
.make a better horse. Allt young and
crowing animals are great feeders, it
& from what they eat that they must
-get every particle of growth of bone ami
and as they-are deylopIag
rapidly, they consume a great deal; and
they ought to have all of the. proper
kinds of food that they can digest dad
assimilate. They do not need fat be
yond a limited extent, and they can get
all that they do need from what are
termed the flesh forming foods. Tho
horse never should bo highly fattened,
and certainly not when a colt. It is
not fat but strength that wo want in the
horse, and wo cannot have that unless
we develop Its bone and muscles. It
is the worst of fallacies to stint a colt in
its feed, but that does not mean that he
f shall be stuffed. An animal may be
hurt by too much feeding as well as a
child. Ho should havo just enough and
no more, and of the right kind of food.
What is enough? Of course no rule can
be laid down for that The judgment
of the feeder must settle that point with
me parucuiar coit mat nu is iccumg.
As to the proper food, that must
be, as alrcadj stated, largely of
the bone and muscle forming character.
What aro these? Oats, barley, rye, rail
let, meal, peas, oil meal, good hay,
wheat bran, roots and grass. It is
always well to furnish animals, and
especially young animals, with a change
of diet, but precisely what wo shall feed
in tho above list will depend upon cir
cumstances, as which we may have,
price, etc. It must never be forgotten
that all animals need a reasonable
amount of bulk in their food. The di
gestivo functions can bo maintained in
vigor only in this way.
And wo deslro to call attention here
again to the necessity of that very
cheap necessary in properly developing
theyourfg animal pure air. Deprive
tho colt or other young1 vrcaturo of a
free supply of oxygen, and we have im
peded the entire work of the animal
economy. Tho blood is not oxidized,
and that means that It becomes incap
able of performing its functions, and
that the case, indigestion and all tho
other ills of animal flesh may, and
many of them will likely follow. But
ifcis not tho very easiest thing In tho
world to furnish pure air in tho right
way. We may open the stable door
nnd get a supply, although that may
not do perfect becauso of the inade
quate means of exit for the foul air.
But even if such means were perfect, a
great draft of air through a stable door
is not tho thing. Nor is it tho thing to
establish a means of ventilation by
means of a steady draft. Proper ven
tilation Is tho admission of pure air in
6uch a wav as that tho animal shall not
Ipure air. The former should come in
feel a draft, and a free exit for tno mi-
at the bottom of tho stable, arid the lat
ter should go out at the top of the stable.
It Is not mnch trouble to establish
ventilation, and it is worth a jrreat deal
of money to any
Western "lluraL
owner of stock.
Children at Table
Brillat Savarin, in his book entitled
"Physiologic du Gout," says what, ren
dered into English, reads thus: "A fine
dinner without old cheese is like a
pretty woman who lacks one eye."
Confessing a weakness for old cheese, I
should change the simile thus: A fine
dinner without children at table is liko
the same woman lacking both eyes.
English children, as a rufo, are not al
lowed at table with their parents before
they are twelve years old. In this
country, however, as soon as tho Httlo
tot can feed himself, he is generally
admitted sometimes to receive careful
training from judicious parents, and
sometimes to train, injudicious parents
after his own sweet will. To my mind
a parent loses much that would add to
the cheer and beauty of family life, as
well as a golden opportunity for train
ing and culture, by keeping the children
at a separate table. Let tne little fellow
come with you, and try and avoid two
extremes that of allowing him to
monopolize the conversation, or of
training him in such a manner that tho
table will bo to him only a place where
ho may, under the most absolute re
straint, satisfy his hunger. Bring
everything that you have gathered dur
ing tho day of cheer and brightness to
your table. If 3-ou have read anything
of speeial interest, or made a pleasant
visit, or have a sweet surprise for any
one, mention it there.
If the little one asks a question (and
he certainly wilH tako time to answer
him (if you can), always teaching him
to wait until others have finished speak
ing. But let him feel that he has a
place there. Do not silence him, for a
ohild is often more sensitive than you
know, and one who is continually
silenced and made to feel that he had
no definite, place will rarely feel at ease1
:is ho grows older, or develop into a
conversationalist when you may greatly
desire it- If you see him with 'flushed
checks and flashing eyes, under the in
spiration of an audience, trj-ing to tell
of something that Interests him, do not
crush him uy telling him that "li;tlc
children should be seen and not heard."
Who was the author of that outrageous
remark? Was it Benjamin Franklin?
Discuss the current events of the day,
and let the child feel that the table is a
place where ho may learn something.
But above all things, put far from you,
for the time being, anything that tends
to annoy. Let not the jar of the domes
tic machinery should there be any
be heard at table. Even should you be
compelled to reprove, do it so carefully
that, if possible, none but the offender
shall hear, leaving all severity of dis
cipline or oven moral reflections con
cerning his conduct, until you havo him
All this table training will require
a deal of thonght nnd care; call it
trouble, if you will, but the labor ol
training children or of one child, even
in any direction is no sinecure. Ju
dicious direction will do more than con
stant repression. They do not care
particularly to be "seen," but they do
want to be "heard" sometimes. There
fore, let them be heard, teaching them,
out of a largo patience, good behavior
at table; anu the eyes that see them and
tho cars that hear them shall be blessed.
Mrs. Bradford, in the Congrcgaiion
alist. Fashion Fancies.
Muslins are revived for evening wear.
These are fine and generally piqued in
floral designs. Tournures and bustles
of all kinds are surely going out of fash
ion this spring. A curved steel is placed
in the skirt instead, or perhaps a couple
of these steels: Silks for spring wear
ara shown in floral patterns. There are
also some very line checks displayed.
Inch stripes of black and cold are also
j to be found, these being used for plaited
skirts as last year, batms will be much
worn. Gray walking suits of one wlor
look remarkably well. Great discretion
should be exercised in the matter of
trimming with any color; slight touches
of red or blue, the way of finings, are
quite permissible however. We aro
threatened with the English walking hat
of several years since. Dotted veils are
not nearly as popular as those made of
plain Brussels net This net is so very
line that it can hardly be seen. It comes
in brown, black, red, dark blue and
green. Long overskirts will bo fashion
able on all spring gowns. The majority
of theni will be without trimming".
Tight-fitting polonaises, made of cloth
and trimmed with bands of feathers
down the front, will bo much worn.
Flowers will trim all the new spring
hats, to the exclusion of feathers. Gold?
braid princcsse bonnets are much wern
jujt now. They have strings of broad
maroon ribbon velvet American
A "cow man" is the owner of a
herd, while a "cow boy" is ono wKo is
employed to drive and take care of the
herd. Chicago Herald.
About Orange Trees.
Tho Agricultural Department at
Washington has a good-sized hot-hoaj
devoted entirely to the cultivation of
orange and lemon trees. There is not
much use for any one to apply for an
orange or lemon troe who does not live
in the orange-growing belt. This ex
perimental nursery is maintained for
the benefit of the practical growers of
citrus fruits, most of whom live in Cal
ifornia and Florida, If every person
who wants an orange tree for a hot
house ornament was to bo gratified, tho
department would have to greatly en
large its facilities for growing plants.
I The object is to introduce the best va
j rieties of oranges that grow in any part
of the world into the Florida and Cali
fornia orchards.
ISunning down the middle of the hot
house there is a bed of earth, probably
four feet wide, in which tho big orange
trees are growing. lhere may bo
twenty or more of these trees, and most
of them are fifteen or twenty years old.
Constant pruning and cutting has pre
vented them from growing to the usual
size, and the trunk of the largest is not
more than two inches and a half in di
ameter. These trees represent the best
varieties of oranges, and once a year
they bear fruit, which attests the excel
lence of the family of which each ono
belongs. The Scriptural maxim, "Ev
ery tree is known by its fruit," is tho law
of this experimental garden, and
such as do not bear good fruit aro
speedily torn up by the roots. In the
summer the roof is taken from the hot
house, and nature is allowed to have
its own way. As soon as frost is threat
ened the glass roof is put back in its
place, and if any branches have pushed
f eir way above the ridgepole they aro
cut off, to that no tree ever gets to be than fourteen feet high. Orange
trees in T'lorida grow to a height of
forty feet in twenty-five years. One
tree' has boon known to produce a crop
of 10,0'K) oranges in a single season.
Tho price of oranges at the orchards
is about one cent apiece, so that this
tree brought its owner $100 a year. Not
many trees are so prolific, but an or
ange grove within easy reach of rail
road transportation is a vory lucrative
piece of property.
Although the orange Is more apt to
reproduce from the seed the distinctive
qua'itios of the variety to which it be
longs than any other fruit, sometimes
it docs not; henco the department does
not risk the growing of good oranges
from tho seed. All tho little trees
are grafts from the big trees in tho hot
house. Seeds aro put in pots, and
when the plant that spriugs therefrom
gets largo enough a shoot from the big
tree is grafted into it. When it arrives
at age it produces the fruit of the
big tree. These grafted plants grow
very slowly in pots, and at three years
of age thoy aro nothing but switches.
When planted out in suitable soil they
grow much more rapidly, but at best
the orange tree is of very slow growth.
It is this circumstance that wrecks
the prospects of so many people who
go to Florida expecting to make money
from an orange orchard. After they
plant their orchard they must wait
about twelve years before it comes into
good bearing." It is not surprising that
those who are past middle life get tired
waiting for a return for their investment-
Aged people should only plant
orange groves for their children. The
trees arc hardy and live a long time. It
is said that there arc orange trees still
producing fruit that are over 500 years
old. This may be an exaggeration. A
youth, howover, whose parents have
planted an orange orchard for him is
likely to continue to eat of the fruit
through his wholo life, even if it be pro
longed through tho four score years
allotted to man.
There is an impression in the North
that Florida produces a variety of
oranges which differs from the oranges
of other countries. When people ask
for Florida orange, and are given
oranges that were grown in that State,
they aro satisfied, and if the fruit turns
out" to be sour or woody in its structure
they presume that it has been pulled
before it was i ipc, and make no com
plaint about it Now, as a ma ter of
lact, there arc almost as many varieties
of oranges as of apples, and pretty
nearlv all the varieties arc grown in
Horida. Some are delicious and some
are very bad. The Spaniards brought
the orange to Florida more than 350
years ago, and probably for :S00 years
nothing was done to improve the slock.
There is a great tendency in 'all fruits
vi:ou grown from tho seed to run back
into wildness, and the Florida orange
suiTurcd grcattyfrom this deterioration.
The birds arried the seeds about, and
the wild, sour oranges that grow in the
swamps are the legitimate descendants
of the good oranges of a couple of cen
turies ago. A good many sour and
bitter oranges of she old stoc aro still
sent to the Xorth, and find purchaser
because they come from Florida.
When Mr. William Saunders, supcriu
tendent of Gardens and (.rounds of the
Agricultural department, was on tho
west coast of Horida. last winter a
year, he was told at Tampa that tho
very best orange's grew at Manitoe.
When the boat arrived at Manitec a
man canio on board with a basket of
oranges, and Mr. Saunders bought a
dozen. After tasting four or live, and
finding them bitter and sour, he threw
them all into the water. The huckster
had evidently got hold of a very bad
variety of the native orange. The best
oranges that grow in Horida have been
introduced there since tho war.
The Agricultural Department gets
orange trees from all the orange-grow-
ing countries in ine wonu, anu propa
gates those that seem to bear good
jfruit. The best orange tree in the hot
house came from Bahia, Brazil. The
fruit is medium-sized, thin-skinned, of
golden color, and delicious flavor.
Many hundred shoots from this tree
have been grafted into plants and sent
to California and Florida, and from
these whole orchards have been pro
duced by budding and grafting. In
California particularly this orange has
'Obtained the highest reputation, and it
has taken the premium at all the fairs
where citrus fruits have been exhibited.
Another very gooa orango is the St.
Michael's, a variety that is highly
Erized in London. It seems to grow
ettcrin Florida than in tho tropics.
The Florida winter gives tho rest that
all fruit trees ought to have. By far
the larger number of the orange "trees
and plants in the collection of the Ag
ricultural Department were obtained in
The orange takers nearly tho whole
year to mature. The trees blossom in
February, and the pulling of the fruit
begins in November and continues
through December. The fruit docs not
drop readily, and will remain on tho
branches during the" whole winter. It
ought to be taken off, however, when it
is fully ripe. The trees in the hot
house of the Agricultural I'cpartraont
observe about the same order that the
do in Florida. They were in blossom
in Februarr and the oranges are now
as large as the marbles which bovs call
Oranges that grow in
hot-houses are as
ou or even better
man tnose that grow in tne open
orchard, provided the temperature is
properly managed. They must not
have too much moisture when ripening.
The same may be said of grapes and
pineapples.--Washington National lle
publican. Artesian wells in New York City,
show that the F'ast River underflows
the island. In the deep wells lately
sunk the water ebbs and flows with tho
tide. A7. Y. Sun.
Mildew may bo removed by dip
ping the stained parts into buttermilk,
and putting them
in the sun. CI0V4-
land Leader
Two Western inventors have re
cently obtained patents for the use of
sawdust instead of sand in plastering
An Ontario village is lighted with
g:is made from sawdust, said to be e.pual
to coal gas and free from sulphur.
Montreal Witness.
A man at Enterprise. Miss., has
taken out a i atent for an invention for
uiiciiiug a norsc to a uuggy wiiuoatany
harness except tho collar.
Class is becomiur fasn:onable as a
protection to oil paintings, and as a
safeguard against moths and damp the
backs of valuable pictures are covered
with rubber cloth. Boston Globe.
Dr. Wilson, in the Mel ail News,
claims to have obtained much better re
sults from the use o. tho internal mem
brane of hens' eggs for healing largo
surfaces in wounds than from either hu
man or rabbit skin.
Two cases have been leported to an
English medical society in which the
lectro-magnet lias been suc.-essfu ly
used for removing picjes of iron irom
the eye. Without the magnet it is
thought that the sight of the in ured eye
must have been lost in each case.
An exchange says that "by means
of an ingeniousinstrumcnt invented by
Dr. Lombard, of .New York, it is ascer
tained that a woman's is warmer
than that of a man by three-fourths of
a deg ee. and .-omctimes a-, high as one
half o' a degree, while in no instance
has the warmth of a male's body been
found to bo greater than that of a fe
male." - The time required for the forma
tion of mineral veins appears to be
much less than has been generally sup
posed. A ditch which was tilled up two
years ago with common clay containing
iron, has ust been opcupd again ly Dr.
Fleitman, who has found, to h s great
surprise, that the clay has become white
and is permeated by nicks filled with
compa -t iron p'ritos, these veins being
from a twenty-fifth to a sixth of an inch
in thickness. N. Y. Maif-.
A model of a no el canal-boat has
been placed on exhibition by a Cleve
land inv ntor. The boat Is to be pro
pelled by a screw, so g-ared that it can
be n-ade to turn by horses or mules
traveling in a circle in their stable in
the boat. The inventor claims that
abundant power can le had in this
manner, and that a large saving can bo
e"ecled, particularly iu river towing
bills and by the reduction of help; that
it would be cheaper than the present
method of towing even though no bet
ter time were made, but he is confident
that four or iia miles an hour can bo
accompl shed. Cleveland Leader.
Hitherto it has puz'.lcd eminent
surgeons to account for sudden death
caused 13' apparently inadequatu
wounds in the heart, such as those
made by tho prick, w:thout penetration
even, of a needle. Ilerr S'chmey, a
student of the Physiological Institute,
Berlin, has, however, discovered that
when a needle pricks a certain small
spot on the lower I. order of ihe upper
third of tho septum ccrdis, quite in
stantaneously the movements of tho
heart arc arrested and forever set mo
tionless in death.
If any one doubts that tho Ameri
cans aro an inventive pcoplo, let him
examine the Patent Jflice reports,
which few, however, will do. as they
would rather accept tlm newspaper
statcn ents as eritablc than wade
through a library of shelved and dusty
volumes. The patents granted by tho
Government reach to the enormous
number of nearly .'tt:),0')0. There have
keen no les than 0,;.s0 patents ob
tained on the plow alone, about as many
on the harvester, and over 8,t.00 on
stoves and furnaces. It sounds singu
lar, in this connection, to hear that Mot)
separate and distinct wa;.s have baen
discovered of making a corset. Wash
ington Star.
Do not wait till the iron is hot, but
make it hot by striking. Kdicanls.
Disparage and deprecate no ono;
an insect has feeling and au atom a
shadow. Fuller.
- "Yes," sighed a broken-down man
who had given his signature to oblige
a friend, "the most foolish thing 1 ever
did in my life was to learn to write my
own name. N. Y. Commercial Adver
tiser. A correspondent writes t a coun
try paper that by using phosphate he
has had the best corn ho ever raised.
We have never tried phosphate, but
we have found a pair ot tight boots to
bo a very cliective corn raiser. BuJ'alo
Dumlcy came into the dining-room
and, casting a sweeping glance over
the table, jammed down into hN chair,
and muttered under his breath, "Livor
again, of course. Wo' e had liver ev
ery morning for two weeks." "What's
the matter, Mr. Dumley?" asked the
landlady; aren't you feeling well this
morning?" "No, madam," tie replied,
shortly; "I am suffering with liver com
plaint, -l'hi'aiclphia Call.
Old Mr. L., one of the best of men,
is an invalid, but always maintains,
despite his sufferings, a cheerful exter
ior. "How do you feel to-d:ty, sir?'
queried a friend, recently. " "I'm feel
ing very poorlv, thank'God," ho an
swered, cheerfully. "Why is that?"
asked the friend in astonishment. "You
aro suffering, nnd yet you thank God."
Anybody 'can thank t!od when he is
feeling well," was tho reply. Boston
What is my opinion of prudenco?
It is the head on a nail which prevents
it being driven too far in What is
my opinion of affectation? It is a
cheap chromo "touched up" to look
like an od painting. hat is my
opinion of braggadocio? It is a linon
collar with the starch washed out of iL
What is my opinion of intemper
ance3 It Is a fire we kindlo in our
selves without a dollar's worth of in
surance ou the premises. Merchant
An elder in one ot tho churches
was last week making up a club of
subscribers for a Sunday-school paper.
In his rounds he called at a house
where he found a little girl of seven at
home. He explained his errand to her,
hoping to get her name to the list, and
she replied: "Well, I'll ask mother,
and I'm quite sure she'll give me tho
money, for she says we must patron
ize the peddlers who come along, or
they will bo driven to steal and rob."
He hasn't gone back to see if she suc
ceeded. Detroit Free Press.
"Bridget," said Mrs. Wigglcsvvorth
to the new kitchen ladv from Messina,
"you may lay the table." -Is thy
servant a" hen, that he should do this
thing?" queried Mr. Wigglesworth,
facetiously, as the door closed. "Why
not?" returned his wife, for once com
ing to time, "She is a Biddy." And
Mr. Wigglesworth said "H'm!" and
went out to see if his sweet peas were
coming up, and found that with tho
assistance of tho neighbor's hens they
were Itockland Courier-Gazette.
At a recent auction sale in Wash
ington of the effftcts of a colored
woman, who was for years the house
keeper for Thaddeus Stevens, a snuff
box, presented to the great commoner
by the Territory of Colorado, was pur
chased by Mr." Thomas Donaldson for
$31. The box cears the following in
scription: "To Hon. Thaddeus Ste
vens, from Colorado Territory, through
H. P. Bennet, delegate. When Old
Thad takes snuff, Colorado will sneeze.
Pike's Pekgold." irosAt'n7to Star.
Rochester, N. Y., has aton fvoa
feet eleven inohea in height.
JFhe season for
in tne extremelv larire
jcnine and tne unbounded praise and satisfaction expressed by each purchaser, being over, we are
again ready, and offer to the farmers of Platte and adioininsr fioimtins p-nnfls whinti sw nnw in comn
and which we propose
Hay Rakes,
Hay Sweeps,
Farm Wagons,
At the Lowest
We sell the
Threshing Machines
and Daisy,
Buggies and Spring Wagons.
Light - Running Orchard City Wagons.
We cordially invite everybody to call on us.
in our line, and will give you BOTTOM PRICES.
Thirteenth Street,
self-binders and reapers, which has proved successful to us beyond anticipation
number nfmafihines wfi sold, as wii a -in tiio ofrf svrv.o4sn r u
to sell at EXTREMELY
Living Prices. Come and Convince Yourselves
celebrated AULTMAN
r i
near B. & M. Depot,
Spring Wagons aBuggies, "
Sulky a Walking Plows,
Wind Mills,
Pumps and Pipe.
& TAYLOR, and 0. AUI.TMAN & CO.'S
Powers and Engines.
We are always ready and
IN -
glad to show anything