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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 3, 1884)
KATES OF AlWEKTISINC;.
37Business and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
t2J For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
IStTLegal advertisements at statute
Z3 OFFICE, Eleventh St., up utairs
lit Journal Building.
ISaTTor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
7A11 advertisements payable
VOL. XV.-NO. 19.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 8, 1884.
WHOLE NO. 747.
IsSUKD KVERY WKDXKbDAV,
M. K. TURNER & CO.
Proprietors and PabliGhers.
4 flVtt 4V4A vl
D.T. M Aim x. M. I. F. .1. -chco, M. D.
Drs. UASTYN & SCHUG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeon-. 1'iiion Pacific. O.. X.
.v, P.. 11. and It M. U. K'-.
Consultation i" (icrintn anil Knxli-h.
TYIcplmiic at olbcc and icidenre.
COLUMBUS. - NEBRASKA.
I'll YSi cia x c- .ST: 7 A'OJV.
i.J5T tiln - ul l'n i it ! po-t-oIhVr.
S VBI.'N..'l. IK.
rii ysiciax .f sri:;i:ox.
Di-.-.i-t- i.f women and children a spe
cialty. ( ntiiil ;! -i.-i.m. Oiii.-c fnrmer
1 iM-riitnt it b" Dr. I'.t.n.stcii. Teh phone
a - HI
S.B.A ASII1SA8 HIM, B. B...
On turn r 1 KI m nt n .mil Ni Hi sticets.
u i l.ui-t'- li.udu.irc store.
KERI'.5 S .V S5 .!.JVA,
.1 TTOL'X: YS-A 7 -LA W,
1'p-tair in Chirk Ihiililin-, lltli street,
Aboe tin' Ni-w bank.
T I .1. XBk B,
xotaiiy run L1C.
liitli strn-l.i .fours st r lluiniuontl llouso,
Columbus. X1. 4!'l-
ATORXFY AT LA IV,
Office on Olic "-t.. olumbii. Ncbi.ika.
V. A. MACKEN,
Forchjit ami Domestic Liuitors and
lltli street, Columbus, Xeb. ."0-y
A TTOh'XFYS A T LA W,
Ollin up.-taii- in Me Allistei's build-in-.
11th M. W. A. McAllister, Notary
.1. M. MATIU.M,
Attcrscj isd Hctiry T-.:
It. K. CC'U IIKKY,
LAW AND (OLLK(TH)X OFFICE
MACFARLAND & COWDERY,
Coluinl.it. : : : Xebrusku.
I. I BS-.KB6, .18. .,
(sU((..nr to Dr. ( . (J. A. HuIlhort )
HOMEOPATHIC 1'IIYSICIAX AM)
Regular graduate of two medical col
lege. Ofiic Olive St.. one-half block
north of Hammond Home. 2-ly
j. .1. i.ai;sbba:v
Justice, ('nun fit Stirccior, Xotary,
.ami mill Collection Aaenl
Jj7r.il t ic desirim -ur e im; done can
notilx me 1 mul -it IM.tt te cntre, Xch.
Ilth St., opposite Lindcll Hotel.
SilU llariie-. Saddle, Collar-, Whips,
IH.mkctv. ( urr C Mil-, ltnishe, trunk-.,
aliM-s, oiiKtfv " top-, cii-hion-. carr.ae
trimming-. .V at the lve-t po ilile
price-. Kepui- pr inptl attended to.
1 bb. !.,iw;u:.x i:,
DEVI TY CO. SVUVhl OK.
Will do general -urvejin in Phil to
and adjoining countie-. Otlice with S. C.
rOI.lMlll. - - - XlllHAMv.
AfX " t week at home. ?"i.M outfit
Hirr tree, l'.iv ah-olutely -lire. No
fnfV ri-k. ( apital not required.
' Kc.idei, it ou want lu-ine
at which per-on- of either -c, joiin or
old. cm uiikt nat p.i ..II the time thej
work, with al-oluie certainty, write for
partictilai- to II. II U.1.KT .V Co., Port
COXTL'ACTOi: FUJI ALL A7.VD.S OF
11 A FOX WORK.
Okkick, -Thirteenth St., between Olixe
and Nebra-ka Axeitue. UeAidence on the
corner of Kuhth and Ulie.
jVll Work Guariiiiteetl.
S. MUKDOCK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
k Havehad an extended experience, ami
CiI Guarantee sati-faetion in work.
All kind? of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto i-, Good work and
fair prices.. Call and jrive u an oppor
tunitvtoe-timateforjou. JgETShop on
Kith St., one door wc-t of Kriedhof A:
Cu'd.ore. CoIumlniK. Xebr. 483-v
O. C. SELAJSTjSTOIsr,
Tin cind Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofin-: and Gutter-
ing a Specialty.
j3TShop on Eleventh Street, oppo-ite
lleiutz'.- Urua Store. 4U-
LAX J) AXD IX SU11 AX CE AG EXT,
if His land comprise some line tracts
In the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ot Pl.-tte county. Taxes
paid for non-re?ideut. Satisfaction
guaranteed. '20 y
s-iolujibus PACKING! CO.,
COL UaLB US, - XEli.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Ilojr?
Directors. 11. II Henry, Prest.; John
"Wiggins, Sec. and Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick building. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on l.lfli Street, near
t. Taul Lumber Yard. Columbia, Ne
braska. - Cmo.
-VTOTICE XO XKACBBKRS.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
"Will be in his office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the trausacttou of any other business
pertaining to schools. 6ti"-y
A. & M. TURNER'S
BEST E GOODS
The Lowest Prices!
CONSULT THE FOLLOWING ALPHA
AE.RU.ias. Arithmetics. Arnold- Ink
(sreiiiiine). Algebra-, Autograph Album.-,
Alphabet 1 ock-.Author'-Card-,
Ark-, Aceordeoni, Abstract Legal Cap.
Itible-, Hell- lor t.oys Blank Books,
Birthday Card-. Basket Buggies, boy's
Tool-ehe-t-, Ball-. Banker'- Ca-es,
boy- Wagon-, SleiU and Wheelbarrow-,
Butcher 15ook, Bra-s-edged Ku-ler-,
Bill -book-, Book Mraps, Base
Ball- and Bat-.
A."5JK, Card-, Calling ("arils, Card
Ca-u- Comb-, Comb Ca-e-, Cigar Case-,
Checker Bo-srd-, Children's Chair-,
Cup- and Saucers (fancy ) Circulating
l.ibrai. Collar and Cutf Boxe-, Copy
Book-,' l hri-tmas Card, Chine-e Toy-,
Cra on-. Checker-. Chess-men, Croipie
BX.(2i:.Va'EC Sewing Machine-, Draw
ing Paper. Dre ing Ca-e.-, Drum-,
Diane-, Drafts in book-, Doll-, Dre ed
Doll-. Donunoe-, Drawing books.
i:Vi:i.OBI, Elementary -cliool
book-, Era-er- (blackboard), Erasers
I'B'B'B."V Books, Floral Album, Fur
(iSItA.lBJIAKS, Geographies, (icomc
tne.s.Clove boe-, to Guu-,G roseope
(to illu-trate the law:s of motion).
BflABtSa:EC'S header-, hand-ome Iloli
daj gill-, HaiiU-glasse., H obby-hor-cs,
Hand atehel-, Historic.-.
B.XBiS. ( II good kind-and colors), luk
st mils comiuiiu and fancy).
.ILWSJi Case.-, .lews harps.
Ui:di.S ot ink, Kitchen sets.
E,I:EC-B:ECS, Ledger paper, Legal eap,
Lum h ba-kets, Iookingglas.-es.
.lIASt'V t Hamlin Organs, Mau'iiets,
.Music boxe-, Magazines, Mai-tnehe
cup-. Mouth organs, Memorandums,
Mu-ic books, 31u-ic holders, Machine
oil, .Mat-, Moderator's records, Muci
KB:BBB: for sewing machines. Note
OBCiMA.V1, Oil for .-ewinir machines,
Oram stools, Organ s'eat-.
BB:B!BOBkECAB.S, Picture-, Puzzle
block-. Present", Picture books. Piano-,
Pen-. Papetries. Pencil-, Purses. Pol-i-h
for furniture, Pamphlet ca-e-, Paper
cutter.-. Paper fasteners. Picture puzzle-,
Picture frames. Pocket books,
Pertumery and Perfumery c-ies. Paper
racks, Pencil holders.
KEWA1CI) cards Kuhhcr ball-, hub
be r doll-.
.M'EBOOI.. book-. Sewing stand-, School
atcliel-. Slate, Stereo-copes and picture.-,
Scrap books. Scrip picture-.
Sewing machine needle-. Scholar's com
panions. Specie pur.-e-. Singing tov
canaries, leds for boy-, Shawl stiaps,
'rB:B.B:OEK. Toys of all kind-,
children's Trunk-, Thermometer-,
Tooth brushes (folding;. Tea set- for
girls. Tool chests for bos. Ten-pin -et
lor boy.-. Tooth pi'ks, Tin toy-.
VBOSA.tS and -trin,'-, Va-e-.
VOEBKKBEUfl: Organs Work bas
kets. Waste ba-ket-. Whips (with
ca-e). Web-ter's dictmnai ie-, Weather
gla-ses, Work boxe-. Whips for bo-,
Waon- for boys, What-nots, Wooden
Third floor North of "Clottsr House."
CHICAGO WEEKLY TRLBUNE
From now until after the Pre-idential
Election, post-paid, to any add re-- in
the I'nited States, for
To present sub.-eriber.- of the .Toui:
nal, we will pcml the Campaign
Tkiispxi:, when reijuested, upon
the payment of one year in ad
vance for the Jouun'au
M. K.TURNER A CO.,
Health is Wealth!
Dn L. C. West's Nerve asd Krxe TntAT
Uent, a Kuaranteod epecific for Hystena, Dim
ness, Convulsioaa, Fits, Nervous- .Neuralgia,
Headache, Nervous Propt ration caused by tho uso
of alcohol or tobacco, WakefulneES, Jlental IJo
proesiou. Softening of tho Brain rcsnltingin ln
Banity and leading to misery, decay and death.
Premature Old Abo, Barrenness, Loes of power
in either sex. Involuntary Losses andSnermat
orrhoea caused byover-exertioa of thobrain,6cli
bbuse or over4ndulgeuco. Each box contains
ono moutli's treatment. $1.00 a box, or six boxes
for$MXX sent by mail prepaid on receipt of prico.
TVE GUAKAVTEE BIX SOXES
To euro any case. With, each order received byna
for six boxes, accompanied with $5JX vro will
end the purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund tho money if the treatment does cot effect
a euro. Guarantees issued onbhy
JOHN O. "WEST & CO,
S62 W. MADISON ST., CHICAGO, ILLS.,
Sole Prop's West's Liver Pffls.
PE ALE'S EDUCATOR,
ifSrOffice at Lindell Hotel. Call and
examine and be convinced it is the best
book published. Agents wanted to can
vass in Nebraska. 14-3m
"WK fll jy tfc iter nwwri I at tar ef Um CempUa
rjipiili TiliVHiUiiti 1lf n.rnnti Mllmi nrrcmliiM
asaManwlth'W(a'(VtttUUtlTCrrumbta U dbw
ItaMnmktlycaBplMirah. Thy v ponly vtptakk. tat
wrfra tatfrltithfwttw, Btftr Cotlat. lirn toxn,ns
MabcMfUli.tSaMb r ml by U draabu. Onrmnot
MowttiullaUkM. Ta (tsolM BuafKtand mlr br
WHMRWISt CCsttl A 161 W. Xilhn St, Cklo.
i ! nmv irMeBnii4rlfsl,
CASH CAPITAL, . $75,000
LkANOKU (tRKKAItn, iVCiV.
(!k(. V. IIui.st, Vice Prcs't.
.Jtir.ius A. Kkkd.
K. II. Henky.
J. E. Taskku, Cashier.
Hunk of 8epoIf, IkiscoMBt
Collections Promplly Made on
Pay Interest on Time
I. .1. IMCKHKItT,
ika it. nitinr.i.K,
CITIZENS' BANK !
ISTPrompt attention given to Col
lections. ESTPay Interest on time deposits.
ISrinsurance, Passage Tickets and
Real Estate Loans. -tf
WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL
FLOUR AND FEED STORE!
BOLTED i UIBDLTEQ COM MEAL.
axi Foru inxns of the best
WHEAT FLOUK AI.W VYS
ISrAll kind-" of FHITITS in their sea
son; Orders promptly tilled.
COFFINS AXD METALLIC CASES
AM) DEAI.KK IN
Furniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables. Safes. Lounges.
&c. Picture Frames and
ZJTJiepairini; of all kinds of Upholstery
for the working class
Send 10 cents for postage,
and we will mail you free
a royal, valuable lov or
sample good thai will put you in the way
of making mote money in a few days than
jou ever thought pnihle at any busi
ness. Capital not required. We will
start you. You can work all the time or
in spare time only. The work is univer
sally adapted to both sexes, young and
old." You can easily earn from .'ill cents to
$." every eveniiur. That all who want
work may test the bUMiies-, we make
this unparalleled otl'er; to all who are not
well satistied we will send $1 to pay lor
the trouble of writing u-. Full particu
lars, (Hi ections, etc., sent free. Fortunes
will be made by those who srive their
whole time to the Work. Great success
ab-olutelr sure. Don't delay. Start now.
Address min&on & Co., Portland, Maine.
A WORD OF WAKXirVO.
FARMEKS, tock raiders, aud all other
interested parties will do well to
remember that the "Western Horse and
Cattle Insurance Co." of Omaha i the
only company doing buiucss iu this state
that insures" Horses, Mules and Cattle
aainM loss bv thelt, accidents, diseases,
or injur, (as also against loss by tire aud
lightning). All representations by agents
of other Companies to the contrary not
withstanding. HEXRY GARX, Special Ag't.
L"V-y Columbus, Xcb.
T3ut a Grand Success.
EP. BRIGHAM'S AUTOMATIC WA-
ter Trough for stock. He refer to
every man who has it in use Call on or
leae orders at George Yale's, opposite
Oehlrich's grocery. !MJm
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public with
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Alo
conducts a sale stable. 44
State A Monro Stt-CWcafS. .
W01 m4 tnaU la ut aUna lb
r lss3. SOD nn. 210 Eurs
for Iss3, 200 fho. 210 Earii
f iBjlmnwl. Slm Cf. Ael.
Pomrooi. Epiilet4, Cu-Lunh
St&Bil Dram Matoti SU&. sad
limb. Sasdrr Hud Oattn. Ham
xunlab, ah IkIU ImtlnicUM U4 Ex-
far Amateur BaaJa, aad a
Paid Iu Capital,
Surplus and Proiits,
OFFICERS AND DUCKCTORS.
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
O. T. ROEX. Cashier.
.1. W EARLY.
W. A. MCALLISTER.
Foreign and Inland Evchange. P.iss:ige
Tickets, auu Real Estate Loans.
COAL & LIME!
J. E. NORTH
DEALERS IX -
Rork Spins Coal
Carbon (Wyoming) Coal...
Elilon (Iowa) foal
.$7.00 per toil
.. COO "
.. J.jO "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality
ways on haud at low
North Side Eleventh St.,
1 1 ::m
Improved aud Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property for Sale Cheap
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Lotiy Time and luic rale
ISTFinal proof made on Timber Claims,
Homestead-, and Pre-emptmi-'.
JQTAI1 wi-hing to bu laud- of any d -serlptiiin
will please rail and examine
in listof laud- before looking el-e w heir
J3J"A11 hai.ig land- to -ell will pleie
rail and give iiu a de-e iption, I rm .
23"! a so am prepared to insure prop
erty, a I h.i- the agency of -rveril
lirs"t-cla- Fire in-uianer coinpinii-.
F. W. OTT, Solicitor, speaks (Jeimin.
sa.tbsib:b. :. s.ib b bib.
."(i-tf Columbus, Nhi.ik.i.
15ECKEU & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MAXUFACTTRERS AXD WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IX
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. CO. UM U US, XKli.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, aud Midland Pacitic
R. R. Lauds for sale it from ."J.0O to 10.00
per acre for cash, or on live or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large aud
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also busines and
residence lots iu the city. We keep a
complete abstract of titleto all real es
tate in PUtte County.
All kiuds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers, Beapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
"Shop opposite the " Tattersall," on
Olive tit., COLUMBUS. iS-m
BlacKsmiui ana WaeonHaKe
The Mojave- Desert-is Svsuccessioa of
rest plain andanoutitain ranges. The
soiTis not excessively sandy, except at
few points, and could water be brought
on these immense wastes they could ba
made literally to blossom as the rose.
What convince3 one of this is the fact
that the desert along the railroad, having
received an unusual supply of the
distilled spirits of Heaven during the
past two months, has bloomed with
amazing fertility, and the land, as far
as the eye can reach, presents the as
pect of a garden-bed of variegated
nowers. darkly rich in their setting of
emerald green. Here and "there are
little patches of barley, where the seed
has dropped by accident. Near Fcnner
Station, almost the center of this
desert, lifteen acres of barley are grow
ing, showing every evidence of rapid and
healthy progress. With the average
rainfall of J the valleys of California
-eight and ten inches this great
scrt could easily be made to grow the
eals. Or perhaps other means of
producing artificial irrigation may be
discovered that will bring under culti
vation this vast area. Apparently as
indices of nature's inteution oases aro
scattered at intervals ovor tho desert.
No lofty mountains stand near to act
as receptacles and reservoirs, and
whence comes the enormous How that
breaks from these deserts springs
is a secret for science to solve.
The only reasonable theory is
that they flow long distances in sub
terranean channels. These desert
streams rise to the surface thus mysteri
ously and disappear in an oven more
incomprehensible manner. Iu the
northern portion of this desert a stream
of one thousand inches bubbles to the
surface in the midst of an almost end
less plain. A pool of about twenty feet
in diameter is formed, and tho water is
thrown with such force to t''e surface
that no living being can penetrate to
any depth. Weighty iron chains lloat
on the surfaco like corks. This stream
debouches upon the plain, and, after
traversing it for several miles without
abatement, the entire volume disap
pears in the sand within a radius of one
jiundred feet. These sink-holes of the
Mojave desert are numerous, the water
ironi which, probably, finally reaches
the slope of the Pacific and feeds the
.stream's of the valley. The Mojave
rier, rising on the north slope of the
Sierra Nevada and meandering over
the desert for over one hundred miles,
is finally swallowed up in a similar but
more gradual manner. Nothing in the
jshape of the land occurs to prevent its
further progress, as its course would
lead it into tho famous death valley,
which, like a portion of the Colorado
idesert, lies below tho level of the sea.
Hut instead of the lost waters of the
desert seeking a refuge in the deep
basin, a spectacle of extraordinary ster
ility is here presented.
At several stations along the railroad
artesian water is obtained, giving color
to the theory that subterranean streams
anil lakes are in existence. At Lucca
Station, artesian water is found at a
depth of two hundred and twenty
,seven feet. As this is a very reason
able depth, and to dig a well would be
no greater expense than to buy an
.irrigating head of water in the favored
lands of Southern California, some en
terprising Yankee will, undoubtedly,
.buy up this desert and lay out a large
coiouy. oiicii u scucmu is now on iooi
,at Lancaster Sation, on the Southern
'Pacific Railroad, whsrc artesian water
is also obtained. Hut tho wisest pro
vision of nature is found in the Coli
rado River. Its present use does not
extend much beyond providing a chan
nel for navigation to the interior, and,
as the railroad encroaches upon its
domain, its usefulness is tritling. But
it can not be doubted that it is destined
to play an important part in the recla
mation of our great deserts. Its waters
are used by a few white ranchers and
the Indians along the course of the
stream. These desert agriculturists
are not particularly successful, their
;rops being sown along the river bed,
where the cost of diverting the How of
the water comes within the'r limited
nvans, and two years out of three their
lands are swept by the rise of the river
and their products are very shortly food
for tislies in tho Gulf of California.
Hut in the seasons from depredation of
Hoods the wonderful fertility of the soil
richly recompenses the scattered
grangers. Cereals, fruits and vege
tables ripen here much earlier thin in
tho coast climates. The soil is a rich,
red clay, its composite parts including
all the elements required in healthy
fertilization. The banksof the Colo
rado aro rather high, with a gradual
rise of tho land for several miles back.
This, together with the easy descent of
the stream, has always offered a serious
obstacle to diverting tho river upon tho
desert, and. if ever done, it will probably
be accomplished by tho Government, as
private capital would prove inadequate.
At sonii' points the expense of irrigating
canals would not be so great and can
be attained by private enterprise
notably, the Hlythc colony where the
water has been diverted and thousands
of acres of productive land rendered
capable of cultivation. Oucdestru tive
feature of irrigation upon this i ivcr is
the fact that tiie water is so mtidiiv that
the deposit soon obstructs and finally
fills tho canals. This difficulty can be
obviated by constructing large reser
voirs and filtering the water. Fan
Our India-Robber Supply.
The increase in the consumption of
India-rubber in tho United States has
bceo very large tithin the past ten
years, and more particularly within the
latter half of the decade. This is owing
both to the great increase in the con
sumption of rubber boots, shoes and
clothing consequent of the increase in
population, and to the multitude of new
uses to which rubber has been put to
the almost total exclusion of horn.
Our imports of India-rubber are
classed together with gutta percha,
both being on the free list and being to
some extent similar articles.
1 ho great bulk of our supply, and
the best rubber, also, comes from Bra
zil, where its collection and prepara
tion in crude state for shipments forms
tho principal resource of the two great
provinces of the Amazon Valley, Para
Next to coffee and sugar, rubber oc
cupies third place in Brazilian exports.
Notwithstanding this, hardly any
thought is given to the future of this
great industry in Brazil. The same
wasteful and exhaustive system of col
lecting the rubber which" has been in
vogue for half a century is followed to
day. The industry is chiefly in the
hands of an uneducated and half civil
ized nomad population of Indian mix
ture aud is pursued in a crude way with
no thought beyond immediate profit
la consequence millions of rubber trees
have been destroyed and many others
abandoned from premature and excess
The waste in this way is so great thai
many well informed Brazilians far that
unless better methods are employed
this rich resource will before many
years suffer a serious and perhaps
fatal decline. In the few eases where
care is exercised in not tapping trees in
the months of August ana September,
when they change their leaves, groves
have yielded continuously for thirty
years and are still in good 'condition.
The rubber tree requires a growth of
from twenty to twenty-five years before
it producesthe milky sap which forms
the rubber. Hence little or nothing
has been done to propagate the trees,
and everything about the business is
carried on as if the supply of trees
woald never give out. Brazil imposes
a very heavy export tax on rubber,
amounting. State and provincial, to
twenty-two per cent, from the Province
of Para and twenty-one per cent, from
tho Province of Amazon. Boston Com
Employer and Eaaleyed.
The hire of services is a contract b
which the labor of a person is given for
compensation or reward Out of this
contract arises the relation of employer
and employe, of which it is the purpose
of this article to treat The division of
servants into classes or grades which
obtained iu England many years ago,
is somewhat amusing. Thoseemployed
for domestic servico were called me
nials or domestics, because they resided
within the domain or yard of their mas
ter, although not necessarily within the
house. This name also applied to gard
eners, grooms and others, aud it has
been held to apply to a huntsman who
did not reside within the yard. The
positions of governess, housekeeper and
laborer on tho farm, were regarded as
superior to menial servants.
Iu this country no such distinction is
maintained, anil the only question is
whether there was a hiring, and if so,
on what terms and fo.- what length of
time. The law places contracts for
labor on the same footing as other con
tracts; the employed must perforin his
part of the contract according to the
agreement, and iu return the employer
must pay the contract price. If one
man hires a laborer to work on his
farm, and another peison, knowing of
the contract of employment, entices,
hires or persuades the laborer to leave
the service of the first employer during
the time for which he was employed,
the law ffives to the party injured a
right of action against the other.
Every contract for the hire of serv
ices, whether for a month, a year, or
an indefinite tiiuo, is subject to the
right of the employer to discharge the
employe if sufficient cause exists for so
doing. Ut course dismissal for sufficient
cause will prevent recovery of the
future salary, and in England the em
ploye forfeits tho salary which he has
already earned. It is not so in this
country. Here he may recover the
value of his services already rendered.
It is difficult to tell what will be mis
conduct sufficient to justify a discharge.
Some cases hold there must be on the
part of the servant either moral mis
conduct, pecuuiary or otherwise, will
ful disobedience or habitual neglect
Whether a servant was rightfully dis
charged depends upon the nature of his
duties and the terms of his employ
ment. We might discharge a servant
for his acts of omission in one case
when we would not in another. Inso
lent language might be good causo for
dismissal in ono case, when under other
circumstances it might not A servant
was discharged for trespassing upon the
premises of a third person, and it was
held a sufficTcnt ground for dismissal,
though no injury resulted from the
trespass. The discharge of a railway
clerk for disclosing the accounts of
the company to another company
is justifiable. Generally it may be said
that a servant may be" rightfully dis
charged for any breach, express or im
Jilied, of the contract of service. The
ollowing causes have been held suf-
ticieut to justify a discharge: I he com
mission of a "felony by the servant,
although not against tho property or
person of his employer: using insolent
language to the employer or to mem
bers of his family; refusing to obey a
lawful order of the employer; grtws
immorality; habitual drunkenness, or
perhaps even usingle aetof drunkenness;
quarrelling with a fellow employe; ob
scene or blasphemous language in the
presence of the employer's family, or
in the presence ef other servants; dis
closing the secrets of the employer's
trade or business, or betraying tho em
ployer's confidence; fraudulent conduct
in respect to tho employer's
business: cmliezliug the employ
er's goods or money; habitual
carelessness or negligence: refusing
to work at harvest unless the employer
furnishes beer; engaging in business in
jurious to the business of the employer.
A servant is bound to obey all reason
a'de commands of his employer, and to
do such work as he was hired to do.
If the command be to do some unlaw
ful or fraudulent act, tho case is differ
ent, and a discharge in conseouence of
such refusal is unjustifiable. The same
is true if the service is unreasonable. A
servant is bound to use due care in the
business in which he is employed, and
slyjuld use sufficient care to protect his
master's property from injury. If he
does not do this, he may be discharged
for habitual negligence. Yet he is not
bound to protect his master's properly
at all hazards, nor is he liable for ordi
nary accidents. If the servant has been
tultv of misconduct, and the master.
nowing it, still retains him in his ser
vice, it is presumed that he has con
doned the offense. Hut if there has
been proper excuse for the delay in dis
charging the servant, then there is no
presumption that the offense is for
given. Addison (i. McKenn, in Coun
A Plausible Explanation.
Papa "In Boston the other day I
saw a curious sight. A store-keeper
there was arrested for keeping a live
monkey in his show window. It drew
such crowds that the street was ob
stnieted." Little Xcll "He didn't hurt the
monkey any, did he?"'
Papa "Oh! no; I gucs not."
Little Nell "And they arrested him
just for keeping it in the window?1"
Little Xcll "Oh! I know why. It
must have been because he made the
I'apa "Why, what would the nionkej'
Little Xell"1 dess he thought the
dudes on the street were his long-lost
brothers and he wanted to go out and
play with 'em." Philadelphia Call.
When Charles Blake, of Philadel
phia, wants another umbrella be will
not go to the State of Delaware for it
He got one at Wilmington last winter
which cost him twenty lashes and three
years' imprisonment in the Neveaaiki
Jail Chkaao MuraUL
Mr. Beekleton Dees swarmed the
other day, and the new generation, leav
ing the hive, went over to an adjoining
block, and settled in cone-shape on a
peach tree. Hiving bees, when not
managed skillfully, is a painful perform
ance. The be does not know that the
human family admires his proverbial
industry, and often stings the man who
seeks to establish a home for the bill
collector of sweets. The entire neigh
borhood was aroused when Mr. Beckle
ton's bees swarmed, and children, both
white and black, assembled to see the
fun. Mr. Beekleton was not at home
when the insect muster occurred, and
the management of the affair was taken
in hand by the hired gentleman. A
spring wagon with an impromptu hive
was brought around. The unsuspecting
horse, lashing the flics with his tail,
soon attracted a scouting party of bees.
The poor animal, stung to desperation,
kicked and snorted, and breaking from
his fastenings, ran out into the street
and pawed the ground. A member of
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals, came along, and seeing the
horse tangled in his harness, but not
observing the bees, approached with
"It's a shame." said he to the hired
gentleman aud other persons who stood
near, "that you allow this horse to
tangle himself in his gear. Whoa!
Good Lord!" and waving his hands in
the air he struck a trot, while a swarm
of bees hovered arouud his devoted
cranium. He ran to the btreet crossing,
thrashing himself with his hat reach
ing there just as a car carao along.
Some of the bees "zipped" the mule,
and with a lunge the animal jerked the
car from the track and ran against a
fence. The only passengers were a fat
man who sat reading a pamphlet on
the Bauting System, and an old maid
who carried a little porte-mounaie
sachcl. A prominent bee went into tho
car and drilled a cavity into tho fat
man's jowl, and a companion buzzed in
and saluted the maiden lady on the
neck. Banting's book flow out of the
window and the beads on the porte
monnaie receptacle rattled as the old
maid lifted her skirts and rushed from
the car. The pain that a lean man can
endure without striking denioustration
will bring intensified fits to a fat man.
and on this occasion Mr. Banting wad
dled from the car ami fell over a tree
box blown down by a recent storm.
No sooner had he left the car than a
dozen bees followed him. They crawled
around his collar, leaving tracks of fire,
and delighted themselves by a dance on
his bald head. He bawled like a steer,
broke down a garden fence, and when
last seen, he was traveling towards the
equator. The old maid had consider
able trouble with her skirts, and her
high-keyed shrieks must have rent the
neighborhood like the waitings of the
When Mr. Beekleton reached home
and learned that his bees had swarmed,
he went over to assist the hired gentle
man. "Hold on there," he cried. "Don't
fight 'em. Let 'em buzz around. They
won't hurt you. See?" as tho bees be
gan to buzz around his ears. "Wait a
few moments and they'll be quiet" A
bee lit on his moustache. "All you've
got to do is Geo whiz! whoop!" He
ran against the fence and knocked off
his plug hat, and in trying to fight off a
bee that showed a disposition to settle
on his eye, he trod upon the hat and
mashed its crown through the brim into
the ground. Everybody ran away and
left him and, as he wandered around,
he struck the peach tree and jarred the
buzzing cone to the ground. Then be
knew that man was made to moan; that
life is full of suildcn pain and cries.
That bravery which would prompt a
man to rush forward and rescue a fellow-mortal
from a swarm of augry btses
has not yet been discovered. Man has
many virtues but this self-sacrifice is not
one of them.
When Mr. Beekleton reached home,
after the bees grew weary of his society,
he looked like a bloated bondholder,
and that evening, as he lay on the floor
of his front gallery, a mau who saw him
said: "Blamed if I don't believe old
Thingembobem will swell up and bust"
Oh, no; bees will not sting you unless
you molest them. Arkansaw Traveler.
The New Kick of New York.
The third circle of New York society
is based on money money alone aud
so freihly made as to contain a clinging
odor of the manner of its making not
always fragrant Its members are apt
to be vulgar, if from no other cause
from their pecuniary ostentation and
love of display. They have not had
wealth long enough to become accus
tomed to it; consequently they aro rest
less in their desire to advertise a fact
which affords them so much shallow im
portance. As a rule, they are but half
educated, and their manners are defec
tive. They tend to noise, self-assertion,
and boastfulness; they rehearse their
lives, seldom romantic or enticing; they
strut and swaggar from conceit aud con
sciousness of what they have accom
plished. As money is their sole test of
worth aud significance, thev are not
squeamish as to the method of its ob
tainment, and they do not inquire,
therefore, too closely into the antece
dents and record of the members of
their set They form a kind of buffo
company whose pretensions and extrav
agance would be diverting, if not repel
lent. They have the showiest
carriages in the park, the costliest
clothes, the biggest diamonds, the high
est voices, and the worst pronunciation.
They arc forever advertising themselves
in every possible way by word of
mouth and by paragraphs in the news
papers. Their dearest ambition is to be
thought fashionable, and they are &o
diligent to this end that outsiders are
often made to believe them all that they
assume to be.
They are very fond of frequenting the
watering places, notably Saratoga
they do not affect Newport, where
Knickerbocker or Mayflower blood,
backed by a big income." asserts itself
and of attracting attention by their
gaudy turnouts and their miscellaneous
prodigality. The members of other cir
cles rigorously avoid these shoddyites,
as they are commonly called, and the
shoddyites have, therefore, little society
save of their own sort. This always
annoys them, and they spend more lav
ishly than ever when they make an ad
vance that Ls repelled, being under the
impression that cash is social as well as
financial capital, aud that its reckless
disbursement is a passport to a better
circle they are always trying to
enter. It is their misfortune that they
can conceive of nothing higher or holier
than money, and the blunders they com
mit from this misunderstanding are
manifold and momentous. If they were
fashionable the prejudice against fash
ion would not be without reason, for
they aro odious to every one possessed
of self-esteem and delicacy. N. Y.
Cor. Chicago Tribum.
PERSONAL AND DtraSONAL.
Miss Lilian Smith, aged twelve
years, has opened a shooting gallery in
Nevada City, Nev. The young lady is
a phenomenal shootist
Daniel Wolford and his twelve
grandchildren took the temperance
pledge at a Cooper Union temperance
meeting in the presence of 1,500 people.
N. Y. Times.
Miss Eva Mackay, daughter of the
bonanza king, is at the head of a society
of young ladies who go about doing
what good they can among tho worthy
and deserving poor of Paris.
The widow of Chief Justice Sprague,
of Toronto, Canada, died of grief for
her husband. She had been well until
she heard of her husband's death, and
then took to her bed and died tweU-e
Annie Russell, aged eight year,
came from Templemore, Ireland, alone,
en route to Mrs. Hussey, Miller's Cor
ners, near Clifton Springs, N. Y. A
tag bore her address, and she got to her
destination safely. Syracuse Journal.
Mrs. Dubys, daughter of General
W. T. Sherman, owns a plantation at
Pass Christian, Miss., and the place is
famous for having one of the richest
rose gardens in the entire South, ex
hibiting more than 3.50 varieties.
Patrick O'Rcgan. who was chief
officer of the British Coast Guards over
fifty years ago, is living on Brewster
street near City Point, Boston, aged
ono hundred and four years, and good
for many more. Boston Herald.
Consul General Everett Frazer, of
the Corean Empire, has displayed tho
flag of that country at his office" in New
York. The flag is red, with a central
figure called tho "Tackin Fir"; other
wise, the "Great Extreme." or "Tho
first great cause, least understood,"
Around this figure are four groups of
lines, representing Heaven, Earth, Fire
and Water. X. Y. Sun.
There is no Judge on the English.
Irish or Scotch bench who has attained
the distinction won by Judge Daly, of
New York, of having held judicial
office for forty years. The nearest to it
is Lord Fitzgerald, from ISG0 to 18S2 a
Judge of tho Irish Queen's Bench, and
since a Lord of Appeal. He is sixty
seven years of age. Judge Daly "is
sixty-eight. X. Y. Iribune.
Dr. Henry T. Whitney, a nativo of
Lunenburg. 5lass.. who, with his wife,
has been connected with the mission of
the American Board at Foo Chow,
China, for seven years, has returned to
this country, bringing a Chinese girl,
daughter of a wealthy Chinaman, who
is to study medicine at Washington, D.
C. After completing her education,
she expects to return to practice in her
Ella Wheeler's marriage had its ro
mance behind it. When the Army of
the Cumberland held its reunion in
Milwaukee, Mr. Robert M. Wilcox, a
young manufacturer from Connecticut,
was present He had read Miss Wheel
er's poetry and wished to see her. It
happened that she contributed a poem
to the occasion and was pointed nut to
Mr. Wilcox. On his return home he
wrote to her, and. though she had
never met him, she liked his letter and
replied. A pleasant correspondence
followed, and soon a meeting was
'brought about It proved a case of
.mutual love at first sight Milwaukee
"A LITTLE NONSENSE."
A burglar alarm clock wont otl" tho
other night without arousing the family.
It went off with the burglar.
It is the custom among the French
to kiss the forehead and nut the lips.
When the Americau girls began to wear
bangs thev knew what the were about.
.V. Y. Graphic.
The dog is not so much below man
kind, and is certainly to be congratu
lated rather than commiserated on ono
thing -he doesn't have to send liicollar
to a laundry every week. Lou-ell Citi
zen. Silver dimes of 1.S07 are worth
thirty cents each. Ah, dear, it seems
to us the last dime we had must have
been somewhere along iu that year.
But it was only worth ten cents then.
Just our luck, -liurliiiijton Huwkeye.
A colored man came into a Galves
ton newspaper otlice and wanted to
subscribe to the paper. "How long do
you want it?" asked the clerk. "Jess
as long as it is, bo-s; if it don't tit tin.
shelves I kin t'ar a piece off myself.
"Boy!" ho called as he snapped his
fingers at a post-office boot-black, "are
.you the lad I handed a dollar bill to
yesterday to get'ehanged. and you beat
me out of thirteen cents?" "No. sir."
"Look out! "How do you know you
ain't?" "Cau-e; do I look like a boy
who'd beat you out of a shilling when I
could walk off" with the dollar' Strang
er, you must have, got hld of some poor
lectle kid who's jift begun hizne-s!"
Dftroit Fri'e I'reis.
A well known oil producer told us
yesterday of a rather good thing which
occurred when he was a hoy. He and
several other chaps heard a poor woman
iu a miserable shanty praying for bread,
and it was suggest d 'hat they procure
a dozen loaves and throw them down
the chimney. This wa done, and after
awhile the boys knocked at the door and
asked: "Well, auntie, did the Lord send
you any bread?" "Yes. indeed." was
the rcplv. "and he made the devil's chil
dren bring it" Oil City Derrick.
Crushing a serenadcr.
A youth went forth to serenade
The lady whom he Ioviil the bet.
And at her house hi fiotstcps stayed
Until the moon bad jrone to rest.
Ho warbled till the moniiii tljrht
Catno laiiK'lliir o'er tin- hilltop's rim;
But no fair maiden bicw.il his ifht.
And all seemed dark and dreur to him.
With heart aglow ami eyes ablaze
He drew much nearer than before.
When, to his horror and amaze.
He eaw "To Let" upon the door
Mrs. Jooblewizzle had hired a new
and a very green errand boy and she
sent him with a basket and some money
to get some groceries. When hu came
back he did not report and she called
down stairs to him:
"John, did you get the cabbages?"
"That's wot you tole me to git," ho
answered, with a lazy drawl.
"Did you get the potatoes?"
"That's wot voti tole me to git."
"Did you get" the stirch?"
"That's wot you tole me to git"
"Did you get the soap?"
"That's wot you tole me to git"
"Did you get" the sugar?"
"That's wot you tole me to git."
"I know that,' she shrieked after tho
same monotonous reply floated up to
her for the fifth time, "but did you get
"No, ma'am. I lost the money, and
some dang thief uv a boy stole the
batJaet" Merchant Travtler.
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