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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 6, 1884)
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ISTLegal advertisements at statute
tSTFor transient advertising, see
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tST OFFICE Eleventh St., up stairs
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VOL. XV.--N0. 15.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 6, 1884.
WHOLE NO. 743.
!.''. .Mauti n. .M. I). V. .1. M'UKi, M. I).
Drs. JIARTYN & SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Snrjrron-. I'liion racilir, (., N.
.V 1'.. Il.amJ It. A- M. K. US.
iiMiltitin i (JiTinan anil Kn;li-li.
Ti-li-plioiieo at ollire anil res'uli'nco.
COLUMBUS. - NEBRASKA.
i ioi!4;iii:ktv. m. .
' YS1CIA N f- SUB G BON.
Jj?HMlin- sffoml ilcmr r.itof iio.t-ollicc.
I H.S(. .tl.
physician e sent; eos.
MNimsi") ol woimii ami clillilron a spc
fialiv. Count liviri in. Oil'n-i- forme r
l or.-ni.i.il l." lr. HniicMri-l. Ti-lepbom-
1,1. A ASH K A i;-H, ..
DENIAL V A BLOB,
On M.rnir of Kh-M-ntli ami North itrecl,
oi-r i:rn-C- lianlwan- store.
0101:1.11 s v si:i.i.ivai.
A TTOltXE YS-A T-LA W,
Upstairs in (Uiu'k P.uildinj,', Ilth atrcct,
Above the New hank.
"IT .1. iisidmo:,
xotaby run LIC.
1'Jlh Mrrcl.i iloors west oT Hammond House,
Columbus. Neb. -H-y
rrillJKSXO.-N A: lOWi:iKS.
s u na eon i extis ts,
5r5rlie in .Mitchell Itlock, Coluni-lni-,
A TTOBXEY A T LA W,
Ollieu on Olive M.. t'oliunbu, Nebraska.
V. A. MACKEN,
Forciyn ami Domestic Liquors and
nth street. Columbia, Neb. ."0-y
A TTOliNEYS AT LA W,
Ollice up.tair in McAIliftcr's build
in;. Ilth t. W. A. .McAllister, Notary
.1. M. MAl-KAIlHSli, . n. COWPKIIY,
tv.zz-.t7 ssi Hctiry Vzt z. C:ll9:t:r.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACFARLAND & COWDERY,
Culitmhtrs, : : : Nebraska.
i i ki;i-i:ic, .11. iM
(Siieei'-ir to Dr. C. U. A. Hulllior.st)
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND
SUB U EON.
Ki-KUlar railuate of two meilieal eol
lees. I Mire Olive St., Olll'-lialf lilnek
mirlh of ll.iiniiionil House. --lv
j. .1. ;viAt;4-iiA:,
Justice, County Surveyor, Notary,
Land and' Collect ion Ayent.
JSTPartics ilesiriw? hiirveyiiij; ilone can
notifv me by mail at Platte Centre, Neb.
Ilth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Itlankets. I urry Combs, llrtikhes, trunks,
valises, biiy tojw, eu-hious, carriage,
trinmiiiiv's. A.V., at the lowest possible
priees. Repairs pr nipllr attended to.
a week at home. $.".00 outfit
free. Pay absolutely sure. No
risk. Capital not reiiuiretl.
Header, it vou want biisinesb
at Which persons of either sex, youn or
old, eau make yreut pay all the time they
work, with absolute certainty, write for
paitieulars to II. IIai.i.kt .t Co., Port
CONTBA CTOB FOB ALL KINDS OF
Ori'iOK, Tliirteeiith St., between Olive
and Nebra-ka Aenue. Kesideneu on the
corner of Kiirhth and Olive.
All Worlc Guarantood.
JS. MURDOCK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Havehadan extended experience, and
will miaranteo satisfaction in work.
All kiuds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is. Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity toestiniateforyou. jSJ'Shop on
Kith St., one door west of Kriedhof &
Co's. store, Columbus. Ncbr. 4S3-V
O. C. SKLAJSTJSrOlSlT
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
I3"Shon on Eleventh Street, opposite
Heintz's Urui: Store. 4G-y
1 XV. 1'I.AKK,
LAND AND 1NSUBANCE AGENT,
His lands comprise some fine traets
in the Shell Creek Vallev, and the north
ern portion of Pl:tte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. iO y
OI.ILllltllS 1'ACKHG CO.,
COLlTJfJiUS, - NEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hoc
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hogs
Directors. 11. II Ilenry, Trest.; John
"Wiggins, Sec. and Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plsns and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Taul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 timo.
TOTICE XO TKACHKK8.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in bis office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transactton of any other business
pertaining to schools. 667-y
CASH CAPITAL, . $75,000
l.KAN'IIKIt (iKKItAKll, PrCS,i.
(Jkik W. IIui.st, Vice Prcs'l.
Jui.iiis A. Rkkh.
lv. II. Hknkv.
J. E. Tasicku, Cashier.
Bank of IepoIt, IklNCoant
Collect Iobn l'romptlj' Itlade oa
Pay IstcrcMt oa Time DepoM
I. J. DKKBKKT,
iitA n. ititior.LK,
CITIZENS' BANK !
tSPrompt attention given to Col
lections. JSTPay Interest on time deposits.
ISTInsurance, Passage Tickets and
Real Estate Loans. S-tf
WHOLESALE AND 11ETAIL
FLOOR AND FEED STORE!
EDITED i MILTED HI HSAI.
AND FOUR KINDS OF THE WEST
WHEAT FLOUR ALWAYS
J3AI1 kinds of FUUITS in their sea
son. Orders promptly filled.
lltJi Street, Columbus, Sfelr.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
xsv dkalhu in
Purnitnre, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus!. Tables, Safes. Lounges,
&c. Picture Frames and
qSTBcpairing of all kinds of Upholstery
C-tf COLU3I1JUS. NEIL
for the working class
Send 10 cents for postage,
and we will mail you free
a royal, valuable box of
sample goods that will put you in the way
of making more money in a few days than
you ever thought possible at any biiM
iiess. Capital not required. We will
start you. You ean work all the time or
in spare time only. The work is univer
sally adapted to both sexes, young and
old." You can easily earn from 50 cents to
$." every eveninir. That all who want
work may test the business, wo make
this unparalleled offer; to all who arc not
well satifticd we will send $1 to pay lor
the trouble of writing u. Full particu
lars, directions, etc., sent free. Fortunes
will be made by those who give their
whole time to the work, (ireat success
absolutely sure. Don't delay. Start now.
Address STIXSON& Co., Portland, Elaine.
A WORD OF WAUIX;.
FARMERS, stock raiders, and all other
interested parties will do well to
remember thatthe "Western Horse and
Cattlo Insurance Co." of Omaha is the
only company doing business in this state
that insures" Horses, Mules and Cattle
aainst loss by theft, accident's, diseases,
or injury, (as also against loss bv fire and
lightning). All representations by agents
of other Companies to the contrary not
withstanding. HENRY GARN, Special Ag't,
15-y Columbus, Neb.
IBut a, Grand Success.
RI. KRIGIIAM'S AUTOMATIC WA-
tcrTrough for stock. He refers to
every man who has it in use. Call on or
leave orders at George Yale's, opposite
Ochlrich's grocery. JMJm
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public wfth
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
conducts a sale stable. 44
"Will msJ fnpU t y ritai It
. AA VIA
Mtfc DV3U. VWHU BHK
rhntm VIM 4Etlh BmJ
r !! Hftkdk MA
National Bank !
Authorised Capital, - - 8250,000
Paid In Capita, - 50,000
Surplus and Profits, - - 0,000
OFFICERS AND D1KKCTOKS.
A. ANDERSON, VrcsH.
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Prcs'l.
O.T. ROEN, Cashix-r.
A. W. EARLY,
W. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign anil Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, ana Real Estate Loan.
J. E. NORTH & CO.,
Bork Spins J'oal,
Carbon (Wyoming) lloal .
Eldoii (Iowa) Coal
.$7.00 per ton
.. 6.00 '
.. 8.50 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North Side Eleventh St.,
Improved and Unimproved Farms,
Hay and Grazing Lands and City
Property for Sale Cheap
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Lony Time and loir rale
ESTFInal proof made on Timber Claims
Homesteads and Pre-emption"..
EflrAll wishing to buy lands of any de
scription will please call and evamine
my list of lands before looking eNe where
37All having lands to sell will please
call and give mo a description, l:rm ,
3SJI -I'so am prepared to injure prop
erty, as I have. the agency of several
lirst-ctass Fire insurance companies.
F. W. OTT, Solicitor, speaks Herman.
ttAIHIIi:i C. SJIIXII.
;;0-tf Columbus, Nebraska.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE, COL UMli US, NEIl.
SPEICE & NORTH.
Ocnoral Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual psuymentB to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of titleto all real es
tate in Platte County.
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers, Beapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and 8elf-binders the
"Shop opposite the " Tattersall." on
OllV St., COLUMBUS. 26-m
Washington-, D. C, July 22, 1884.
To tlio Hon. John IL Henderson,
Dkak Sin : Ilnviug received from
yon on the 24th of Juno the official
notification of my nomination by the
national republican convention as the
republican candidate for Vice-President
of thc'Uuitcd Statea, and con
sidering it to be the duty of every
man devoting himself to the public
service to assume any position to
which ho mty be called by tho voice
of his countrymen, I accept the
nomination with a grateful heart and
a deep sense of its responsibilities;
and if elected shall endeavor to dis
charge the duties of the office to tho
Lest of my ability.
This honor, as is well understood,
was wholly unsought by mo. That it
was tendered by the representatives
of tho part in a manner so flattering,
will servo to lighten whatever labors
I may be called on to perform.
Although the variety of subjects
covered'in the very excellent and vig
orous declaration of principles adopt
ed by the lato convention prohibits,
upon an occasion calling for brevity
of expression, that full elaboration of
which they arc susceptible, 1 avail
myself of party usage to signify my
approval of the various resolutions of
the platform, and to discuss them
lMtOTECTIOX TO AMERICAN' LABOR.
The resolutions of the platform de
claring for a levy of such duties "as
to afford security to our diversified
industries, and protection to tho
rights and wages of the laborer, to tho
end that active and intelligent labor,
as well as capital, may have its just
award, and the laboring man his full
share in the national prosperity,"
meets my hearty approval.
If there be a nation on the faco of
the earth which might, if it were a
desirable thing, build a wall upon its
every boundary line, denv commun
ion to all the world, and proceed to
live upon its own resources and productions-,
that nation is the United
States. There is hardly a legitimate
necessity of civilized communities
which cannot be produced from the
extraordinary resources of our sovora!
6tates and territories, with their man
ufactories, mines, larms, timber lands
and water ways. This circumstance,
taken in connection with the fact that
our form of government is entirely
uniqne among the nations of the
world, makes it absolutely absurd to
institute comparisons between our
own economic systems and those of
other governments, and especially to
attempt to borrow system from them.
Wc stand alone in our circumstances,
our forces, our possibilities, and our
In all successful governments it is a
prime requisite that capital and labor
should be upon the best terras, and
that both should enjoy tho highest
attainable prosperity. If there be a
disturbance of the just balance be
tween them, one or the other suffers,
and dissatisfaction follows, which is
harmful to both.
The lessons furnished by tho com
paratively short history of onr own
national lite have been too much over
looked by our people. The funda
mental article in the democratic creed
proclaimed almost absolute free trado,
and this, too, no more than a quarter
oi a century ago. Tho low condition
of our national ciudit, the financial
and buMurs? uncertainties and gener
al lack ol prosperity uudcr the sys
tem, can be remembered by every
man in middle life.
Although in the great number of
reforms instituted by the republican
party sufficient credit has not becu
publicly awarded to that of tariff re
form its benefits have, nevertheless,
been felt throughout the land. The
principle underlying this measure has
been in process of gradual develop
ment by tin: republican party during
the comparatively brief period of its
power, and to-day a portion of its an
tiquated democratic opponents make
unwilling concession to the correct
ness of the doctrino of an equitably
adjusted protective tarill', by follow
ing slowly in its footsteps, though a
very long way in the rear.
The principle involved is one of no
great obscurity aud can be readily
comprehended by any intelligent per
son calmly reflecting upon it. Tho
political and social systems of some
of our trade-competing nations have
created working classes miserable in
the extreme. They receive the mer
est stipend for their daily toil, and iu
the great expense of the necessities of
life, are deprived of those comforts of
clothing, housing and health-producing
food with which wholesalo men
tal and social recreation can alone
make existence happy and desirable.
Now if the products of these coun
tries are to be placed in our markets,
alongside of American products, eith
er the American capitalist must suffer
in his legitimate profits, or ho roust
make tho American laborcr'sufl'cr, in
the attempt to compete with the
species of labor above referred to. In
the case of a substantial reduction of
pay there can be no compensating ad
vantage for the American laborer,
because the articles of daily consump
tion which he uses with the excep
tion of articles not produced in the
United States, and easy of being
specially provided for as coffee and
tea are grown in our own country,
and would not be affected iu price by
a lowering in duties. Thereiore,
while he would receive less for his
labor, his cost of living would not be
decreased. Being practically placed
upon the pay of European labor, our
own would be deprived of facilities
for educating and sustaining bis fam
ily respectably ; he would be shorn of
the proper opportunities of self-improvement,
aud his value as a citizen,
charged with a portion of tho obliga
tion of government, would be lessen
ed; tho moral tone of the laboring
class would suffer: iu turn the inter
ests of capital, and the wcll-beiny of
orderly citizens in general would be
menaced, while one evil would react
upon another until there would be a
general disturbance of the whole
community. The true problem of a
good and stable government is bow
to infuse prosperity among all classes
of people the manufacturer, the
farmer, the mechanic and tho laborer
alike. Such prosperity ia a prevent
ive of crime, a security of capital, and
the very best guarantco of general
peace and happiness.
The obvious policy of our govern
ment is to protect both capital and
labor by a proper imposition of
duties. This protection should ex
tend to every article of American
production which goes to build up
tho gcnoral prosperity of our people
Tho national convention, iu view of
tho special dangers menacing the
wool interests of the United States,
deemed it wise to adopt a separato
resolution ou tho subject of its proper
protection. This indastry is a very
large aud important ouo. The
necessary legislation to sustain this
iudustry upon a prosperous basis
should bo extended.
No one realizes more fully than
myself the great delicacy and diffi
culty of adjusting a tariff so nicely
and equitably as to protect overy
homo iudustry, sustain every class of
American labor, promote to the
highest point our great agricnltural
interests, and at the same time to
givo to one and all tho advantages
pertaining to foreign productions not
in competition with our own, thus
not only building up our foreign
commerce, but taking measures to
carry it into onr own bottoms.
Difficult as this work appears, and
really ia, it is susceptible of accom
plishment by patient and intelligent
labor, and to no bands can it be com
mitted with as great assurance of
success as to those of tho republican
OUR MONETARY SYSTEM.
The republican party is the indis
putable author of a financial aud
monetary system which it is safo to
say has never before been equaled by
that of any other nation.
Under the operation of onr system
of finance the country was carried
through an extended and expensive
war, with a national credit that has
risen higher and higher with each
succeeding year, until now tho credit
of the United States is surpassed by
that of no other nation, while its
securities, at a constantly increasing
premium are eagerly sought after by
investors in all parts of the world.
Our system of currency is most
admirable in construction. While
all the conveniences of a bill circula
tion attach to it, every dollar of
paper represents a dollar of the
world's money standards, and as
long as the juat and wise policy of
the republican party is continued,
there can be no impairment of the
national credit. Therefore, under
present laws relating thereto, it will
be impossible for any man to lose a
penny in the bonds or bills of the
United States or in the bills of tho
The advantage of having a bank
note in tho bouse which will be as
good in tho morning as it was the
night before, should bo appreciated
The convertibility of tho currency
should be maintained intact, aud the
establishment of an international
standard among all commercial na
tions, fixing the relative values of
gold and silver coinage, would bo a
measure ol peculiar advantage.
INTER-STATE, FOREIGN COMMERCE AND
The subject embraced in the res
olutions respectively looking to the
promotion of our inter-state and
foreign relations are fraught with the
greatest importance of our people.
In respect to inter-state commerce
there is much to be desired iu the way
of equitable rates and facilities of
transportation, that commerce may
flow freely between tho states
themselves, diversity of industries
and employments ho promoted iu all
sections of our country, aud that the
great granaries and manufacturing
establishments of the interior may be
enabled to send their products to the
seaboard for shipment to foreigu
countries, relieved of vexatious re
strictions aud discriminations in mat
ters of which it may emphatically be
said, 'Mimo is money," and also of
unjust charges upon articles destined
to meet competition from the pro
ducts of other parts of tho world.
As to our foreigu commerce, tho
enormous growth of our industries,
and our surprising production of
cereals aud other necessities of life,
imperatively require that immediate
and effective means bo lakon through
peaceful, orderly, aud conservative
methods to open markets, which have
been aud are uow monopolized largely
by other nations. This more par
ticularly relates to our sister repub
lics of Spanish-America, as also to
our friends the people of tho Brazilian
Tho republics of Spanish-America
are allied to us by the very closest
and warmest feelings, based upon
similarity of institutions and govern
ment, common aspirations, and
mutual hopes. The "Great Repub
lic," as they proudly term the United
States is looked upon by their people
with affectionate admiration and as
the model for them to build upon,
aud we should cultivate between
them and ourselves closer commercial
relations, which will bind all together
by the ties of friendly intercourse and
mutual advantage. Further than this,
bciug small commonwealth in the
military and naval sense of the
European powers, they look to ur as,
at least, a moral defender against a
system of territorial and other en
croachments which, aggressive in the
past, has not been abandoned at this
day. Diplomacy and intrigue have
done much more to wrest the com
merce of Spanish-America from the
United States than has legitimate
Politically we should be bound to
the republics of our continent by the
closest tie, and communication by
ships and railroads should be en
couraged to the fullest possible ex
tent consistent with a wise and con
servative public policy. Above all,
we should be upon such terms of
friendship as to preclude the possi
bility of national misunderstandings
between ourselves and any of the
members of the American republicau
family. The best method to promote
uninterrupted peace between one and
all would lie in the meeting of a
general conference or congress,
whereby an agreement to submit all
international differences to the peace
ful decision of friendly arbitration
might be reached.
An aggreement of this kind would
give to our sister republics confidence
in each other and in us, closer com
munication would at once eusue, re
ciprocally advantageous commercial
treaties might bo made, whereby
much of the commcrco that now
flows across the Atlantic would seek
its legitimate channels, aud insure to
tho greater prosperity of the Ameri
can commonwealths. The full ad
vantages of a policy of this nature
could uot be stated in a brief dis
cussion like tho present.
FOREIGN POLITICAL RELATIONS.
Tho United Slates has grown to bo
a government representing more than
million people, and in everv
tienso, excepting mat oi naval power,
is one. of the first nations of tho
world. As such, its citizenship
should bo valuable, entitling its
possessor to protection iu every
quarter of tho globe. I do not con
sider it necessary that our govern
ment should construct enormous
fleets of approved iron-clads and
maintain a commensurato body of
seamen in ordor to place ourselves ou
a war footing with the naval powers
of Europe. Such a course would not
bo compatiblo with the peaceful
policy of our country, though it seems
absurd that we havo not tho effectivo
means to repel a wanton invasion of
our coast towns and cities againt any
power. Tho great moral force of our
country is so universally recognized
as to render an appeal to arras by us,
either in protection of our citizens
abroad or in recognition of any just
international right, quito improbable.
What wc most need In this direction
19 a firm and vigorous assertion of
every right and privilego belonging
to our government or its citizens, as
well as an equally firm assertion of
the rights and privileges belonging
to the geaeral family of American
republics situated upon this con
tinent, when opposed, if ever they
should be, by the different systems of
government upon another continent.
An appeal to the right by such a
government as ours could not be dis
regarded by any civilized nation. In
the treaty of Washington we led the
world to the means of escape from
the horrors of war, and it is to be
hoped that tho era when all inter
national differences 6hall bo decided
by peaceful arbitration is not far off.
EQUAL RIGHTS OF CITIZENSHIP.
The central idea of a republican
form of government is the rulo of the
whole people as opposed to the other
forms which rest upon a privileged
Our forefathers, in the attempt to
erect a new government which might
represent the advanced thought of
the world at that period upon the
subject of governmental reform,
adopted tho idea of the peoplo's
sovereignty, ami thua laid tho basis
of our present republic. While
technically a government of tho
people, it was in strictness ouly a
government of a portion of tho
people, excluding from all participa
tion a certain other portion, hold in a
condition of absolute, despotic, and
hopeless servitude, the parallel to
which, fortunately, does uot now
exist in any modern christian nation.
With the culmination, however, of
another cycle of advanced thought,
the American republic suddenly as
sumed the full character of the gov
ernment of the whole people, and four
million human creatures emerged
from the condition of bondsmen to
the full status of freemen, theoret
ically invested with the uamo civil
and political rights possessed by their
former masters. Tho subsequent leg
islation which guaranteed by every
legal title the citizenship aud full
equality before the law in all respects
ot this previously disfranchised peo
ple, covers tho requirements and se
cures to them, so far as legislation
can, the privileges of American citi
zenship. ISut the disagreeable fact of
tho case is, that while, theoretically,
wc are iu the enjoyment of a govern
ment i'f the whole people, practically
wc arc almost as far irom it as we
were iu the antebellum days of the
republic. There arc but a few lead
ing and indisputable facts which
cover the whole statement of the case.
In many of the southern states the
colored population is iu large excess
of tho white. The colored people are
republicans, as arc also a considerable
portion of tho white people. Tho re
maining portion of the latterare dem
ocrats. In face of this incoutestible
truth theso states invariably return
democratic majorities. In other
states of the south the colored people,
although not a majority, from a very
considerable amount of the popula
tion, ami with the whito republicans
are numerically in excess of the dem
ocrats, yet precisely the same result
obtains the democratic party inva
riably carrying the elections. It is
not even thought advisable to allow
an occasional or unimportant election
to be carried by tho republicans an a
"bliud" or as a stroke of finesse.
Careful and impartial investigation
has shown those results to follow the
systematic exercise of physical in
timidation and violouce, conjoined
with the most shameful devices ever
practiced in the name of free elec
tions. So confirmed has this result
become that we are brought face to
face with the extraordinary political
fact that tho democratic party of the
south relies almost entirely upon the
methods stated for its success in
This unlawful perversion of the
popular franchise, which I desire to
state dispassionately, and in a manner
comporting with the proper dignity
of the occasion, is one of deep gravity
to tho American people in a double
First. It is in violation, open, di
rect, and flagraut, of the primary
principle upon which our government
is supposed to rest, viz: that the con
trol of the government is participated
in by all legally qualified citizens, in
accordance with the plan of popular
government, that majorities must
rule in the decision ot all questions.
Second. It is in violation of the
rights and interests of the Btates
wherein are particulary centered the
great wealth and industries of the
nation, aud which pay an overwhelm
ing portion of the national taxes. The
immense aggregation of interests
embraced within, and the enormous
ly greater population of these other
states of the union, are subject every
four years to the dangers of a wholly
fraudulent show of numerical
Under this system minorities actu
ally attempt to direct the course of
national affaire, and though up to this
time success has not attended their
efforts to elect a president, yet success
has been so perilously imminent as to
encourage a repetition of tho effort at
each quadrennial election, aud to sub
ject tho interests of an overwhelming
majority of our people, north and
south, to tho hazards of illegal sub
division. The stereotyped argument iu refu
tation of theso plain truths is, that if
tho republican olouient was really in
the majority thoy could not bo de
prived of their rights and privileges
by a majority; but neither statistics
of population, nor tho unavoidable
logic of tho situation, can be overriden
or escaped. The colored peoplo of
tho south have recently emorged from
the bondage of their present political
oppressors ; they have hail but tew of
the advantages of education which
might euable them to compete with
As I have heretoforo maintaineil, in
order to achieve tho ideal perfection
of a popular government, it is abso
lutely necessary that tho masses
should bo educated. This proposition
applies itself with full force to the
colored people of tho south. They
must have better educational advan
tages, and thus bo enabled to beconio
the intellectual peers of their white
brethren, as inauy of thorn undonbt
ly are. A liberal school system
should be provided for the rising gen
eration of the south, and the colored
people be made capable of exercising
tho duties of electors as the white
people. In tho meantimo it is the
duty of tho national government to go
beyond resolutions and declarations
on tho subject, and to tako such action
as may lie in its power to secure the
absolute froedom of national elections
everywhere, to tho end that our con
gress may cease to contain members
representing fictitious majorities of
their people, thus misdirecting the
popular will concerning national leg
islation, and especially to tho end
that, in presidential contests, tho
great business and other interests of
the country may not bo placed in fear
and trembling, lest an unscrupulous
minority should succeed in stifling
the wishes of tho majority.
In accordance with the spirit of tho
last resolution of the Chicago plat
form, measures should be taken at
once to remedy this great evil.
Under our liberal institutions tho
subjects aud citizens of every nation
havo been welcomed to a homo in
our midst, and on a compliance with
our laws to a co-operation in our
government. While it is the policy
of the republican party to encourage
the oppressed of other nations and
offer them facilities for becoming
useful and intelligent citizens in the
legal definition ot tho term, tho party
has never contemplated the admis
sion of a class of servile peoplo who
are not only unablo to comprehend
our institutions, but indisposed to
become a part of our national family
or to embrace any higher civilization
than their own. To admit such im
migrants would be only to throw a
retarding element into the very path
of our progrese. Our legislation
should bo amply protective against
this danger, aud if uot sufficiently so
now should bo made so to the full
extent allowed by onr treaties with
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
Tho subject of civil service admin
istration is a problem that has occu
pied tho earnest thought of statesmen
lor a number of years past, and the
record will show that towards its
solution many results of a valuable
and comprehensive character have
been attained by the republican party
since its accession to power. Iu the
partizan warfare made upon the latter
w.th tho view of weakening it in the
public confidence a great deal has
been alleged in connection with the
abuse of the civil service, the party
making tho indiscriminate charges
seeming to have entirely forgotten
that it was under the full sway of the
democratic organization that the mot
to, "To the victors belong tho spoils,"
became a cardinal article iu the dem
With the determination to clcvato
our governmental administration to a
standard of justice, excellence, and
public morality, the republican party
lias sedulously endeavored to lay the
foundation of a system which shall
reach the highest perfection under
the plastic hand of time and accumu
lating experience. The problem is
ono of far greater intricacy than ap
pears upon its superficial considera
tion, and embraces the sub-questions
of how to avoid the abuses possible
to the lodgment of an immense num
ber of appointments in the hands of
tho executive; of how to give en
couragement to and provoke emula
tion in the various government em
ployes, in order that they may strive
for proficiency aud rest their hopes
of advancement upon the attribuus of
official merit, good conduct and ex
emplary honesty ; aud how best to
avoid the evils of creating a privi
leged class in the government service,
who, in imitation of European proto
types, may gradually loso all profi
ciency and value in the belief that
possess a life-calling only to be taken
away in case of some flagrant abuse.
The thinking, earnest men of the
republican party have made no more
wordy demonstration upon this sub
ject; but they have cudeavorcd to
quietly perform that which their
opponents arc constantly promising
without performing. Under repub
lican rule the result has been that,
without cugratting any of the objec
tionable features of the European
systems upon our own, there has
been a steady and even rapid eleva
tion of the civil service in all of its
departments, uutil it can now be
stated without fear of successful con
tradiction that the service is more
just, more efficient aud purer in all of
its features than ever before since the
establishment of our government, and
it defects still exist in our system,
the country can safely rely on the
republican party as the most effective
instrument for their removal.
I am in favor of the highest stand
ard ot excellence in the administra
tion of the civil service, and will lend
my be6t efforts to the accomplishment
ot the greatest attainable perfection
in this branch of our service.
THE REMAINING TWIN RELICS Or BAR
BARISM. The republican party catno into ex
istence in a crusade against tho dem
ocratic institutions of slavery and
polygamy. The first of these has
been buried beneath the embers of
civil war. The party should continue
its efforts until the remaining iniqui-
ly shall disappear from our civili.t
tion under the force ol faithfully
Thero arc other subjects of import
ance which 1 would gladly touch
upon did space permit. I limit my
self to saying that, while thero should
bo the most rigid economy of gov
ernmental administration, thero sho'd
be no self defeating parsimony either
in our domestic or foreign service.
Official dishonesty should be prompt
ly and relentlessly puuished. Our
obligations to the dofouders of our
country should never bo forgotten,
and tho liberal system of pensions
provided by tho republican party
should not bo imperiled bv advorso
legislation. Tho law establishing a
labor bureau, through which the in
terest of labor can bo placed in an
organized condition, I regard as a
salutary measure. Tho eight hour
law should be enforced as rigidly as
any other. Wo should iucrcaso our
navy to a degrco enabling us to
amply protect our coast Hues, our
commerce, aud to givo us a forco iu
foreign waters which shall be a ro
spcctablo and proper representative
of a country liko our own. Tho pub
lic lands belong to the pooplo, aud
should not bo alienated from them,
but reserved for frco homos for all
desiring to possess thorn ; and, finally,
our present Indian policy should bo
continued and improved upon as our
oxperienco in its administration may
from timo to timo suggest.
I have the honor to subscribo my
self, sir, Your obedient servant,
John A. Loo an.
PoIsohm aad their AmtidoteM.
Accidental or intentional poisoning
is so frequont that every ouo ought
to know somo simple autidoto for
thoso poisons in most common tiso.
Whon poison has been taken into
the stomach the first thing to bo done
is to causo vomiting, then somo
remedy may bo given which will
neutralize or destroy the action of tho
Vomltiug can usually be caused by
drinking a large quantity of tepid
water, then tickling the throat with
tho fingor or a feather. Or a tea
spoouful of powdered mustard in a
glass of warm water may ho given,
or an emetic dose of ipecac. Try tho
tepid water first drinking it rapidly.
Arsenic Excite vomiting as soon
as possible ; also give warm, greasy
water, warm milk, cream, equal parts
of sweet oil or melted lard and lime
water, or the whites ol eggs. Either
of thesis romedics, or two or three of
them should be given as soon a-
possible, in connection with measures
to procure vomiting, and arc to bo
repeated occasionally afterward.
Corosive Sublimate. Causo vom
iting as soon as possible, and at tho
samo time let tho patient drink freely
of eggs stirred up in water. If egs
aro not at hand, give milk, or Hour
Opium. Excite vomitiug as quick
ly as possible. Pour cold water over
the head, spine and chest ; if the pa
tient is a child, plunge the body in
warm water then suddenly removo
it into the cold air occasionally. Do
not let the patient fall asleep, keep
him walking. Do not give vinegar,
but give ten or coffee.
Alcohol. The effects of alcohol in
poisonous doses, may be counteracted
by showering the head ami body with
cold water, when the body is hot.
A seamstres-i was arraigned iu a
New Haven court on a charge ot hav
ing stolen three gold com-; irom her
employer. She blamed the theft u
her baby. In order to find out tho
truth or her stop', the baby, which
was eleven months old, wan brought
into the court-room ami the threo
coins were placed on a table near its
mother's chair. The baby looked at
the coins for a moment, and then
clutched them with a miser's eager
ness, refusing to give them up. Tho
seamstress was allowed to go tree.
Ten years ago a penniless man, with
a peculiarly shaped head, made a bar
gain with a London professor of ana
tomy by which the latter was to havi:
the head on payment ot the man's
funeral expenses. Meanwhile the
man became wealthy, and when ln
died the other day his friends tried to
avoid fulfilling the contract. Hut thu
professor insisti'd, and the matter in
to be brought before the I&w courts.
Pending the decision the defunct gun
tlcmau has been buried with his head
on hi- shoulders.
A correspondent "Pocta," wants to
know what n "port's club' in. We
can't say about other offices, but our
jioet's club is a wooden bar about
three feet long and heavily loaded
with lead at the business end. Further
information will be personally sup
plied. New York Graphic.
Fried Tomatoes. Peel tho to
matoes, cut in slicos about half an
inch thick, dip each slice into white
flour, then into beaten egg; spriukio
pepper and salt over each slice and
try in hot lard. These make a good
A skeptical young man one day,
conversing with tho celebrated Dr.
Paar, observed that he would believe
nothing he could uot understand.
"Then, young man, your creed will be
the shortest of any man I know."
A man whose knowledge is based
on actual experience bays that, when
calling on their sweethearts, young
men should carry affection in their
hearts, perfection iu their manners
aud confection iu their pockets.
"What does Good Friday mean?"
asked one Halsted street urchin ot his
companion. "You'd better go home
and read your Kobiusou Crusoe,
the withering reply.
A health journal says that you
ought to take three-quarters of an
hour lor your dinner. It is well also
to add a few vegetables and a piece,
You may set a clock and it will go
automatically correct ; not so with
men aud women.
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