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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 28, 1884)
WEDNESDAY, MAY '28, 1881.
Itter:i it tis P:rt:E:s, C:lsfe:. Set., as reicsi
THE LIGHT HEART.
My siller an' roM 1 hae bad to tine,
An' lost ore the lands that once were mine;
Tbe stranger sits down in my father's ha'
For when ye beffln, 'tis easy to fa'.
If sty heart werna light, I think I wad dee:
But when I was poorest it aye said to me:
"There's your wark: beyinir!
He's worth gold can win it:
Penny's always penny's brither:
A i?ude penny brings anither:"
See rather than cry: Alas an' Alack!
I'm doing my best to win a' things back.
Many guid friends I had ance on a day.
But they went wi' the siller an' land away.
When I needed nae help, I had plenty o
When I needed help maist, I hadna an offer.
IT my heart werna light, 1 think I'd been
But aye when I fretted it cheekily said:
"There's your wark; begin it!
Friendship! you must win it.
IT first to yoursel you'll be true.
True friends you'll find inair than encu.
For friendship gle friendship, not siller an
An I'm thankfu' I did just what I was told.
Sometimes the days are eerie an' dreary;
Sometimes my wark is lonesome an' weary;
5 mind o" the feasting, dancing, an' dafhng,
Tie music an" love, the sunshine an laughing:
An I think if ray heart werna light Iwad
Bnt aye it makes answer, sae couthie an
"Say it's dark above ye.
Say" there's nane to love ye:
Plenty o' folk are glad an' dear.
Plenty o folk hae gold an' gear.
It's mean for yoursel to be always repining.
Sor somewhero on earth the sun is aye shin
ing." Sae I winna b sorry for a that is gano;
Murky or sunny, I'll never complain
As lang as my heart is sae canty an" lieht:
Nae matter what comes, a is sure to be right.
If fashed for mysel, then for ithers I'll say:
On somebody's head there is sunshine to-day.
Busy the lee-lang day.
Singing the hours away:
Never was I sae happy before;
Never for gold or siller in store
Wad 1 gic up the cheerfu leal friend at atr
.For hadna my heart been sao light I had died.
Characteristics ortlie Bedouins of the
Desert Tli e General Standard of
Coura.se Illeh Their Weapons and
aietueds or Fislitliitf.
The Arabs, whether the pure Bedouin
or the "barbarized" population of the
Jarger towu, are, from national charac
ter, physique and conditions of life, ad
mirabty suited for arms, and make,
under discipline, line soldiers. As
skirmishers and light cavalry they have
probably no superiors in Asia, and as
the auxiliaries of a regular force, told
off to harass communications and annoy
the enemy generally by stampeding
convoys, cutting off stragglers, keeping
encampments in perpetual alarm, and
so forth, they would be absolutely with
out rivals. "Seen in their native coun
try, a singular monotony of feature
strikes the visitor, for in the de-ert, as
has been said, "expression of face
knows few varieties." Sometimes there
is a stupidly ferocious Upe, but as a
rule a lieree self-suflicicncj is the pre
vailing tone, which in old age and high
position is replaced by a very striking
dignity. Keeping the eye partially
closed" when abroad, partly as a defense
against the driving sand and glare, and
partly also from the constant vigilance
with which the cautious i'edouiu keeps
scauninir the horizon, gives to the face
a sinister cast which is accidental,
while the frowning, due to tins same
causes, seams the face with premature
wrinkles. But apart from this the true
Arab of the desert is exactly what he
looks a lieree and hard-living bandit.
Their tribes have no dwarfs or idiots
among them, and on the other hand no
men of extraordinary stature. In height
aaid weight they maintain a singularly
close average, and as for a fat Bedaw
een, such a phenomenon is impossible.
Nor are old men very common, for the
sword, the first argument of the people
of tho desert, is fatal to length of j-ears,
nud cuts short dispute and life together.
If it were not. as with lions, that in
every community tho fiercest and
strongest obtain the predominance
and exercise their authority with impar
tial ferocity, and if the terrors of here
ditary blood-feuds did not to some ex
tent keep spears from throats and clans
from internecine bloodshed, the nation
might long ago have dwindled into in
significance, and, instead of being, as
tbev still are, the strongest race within
their limits, would have become the
mere jackals of solitary places. Their
conception of valor are not in harmony
with Western ideas, for the Arab,
perched- up in the peaks, thinks it hon
orable "warfare" to shoot down upon
unsuspecting travelers. He is wel
comed as a hero when he is really only
an assassin. "Arab wars are a succes
sion of skirmishes, in which live hun
dred men will retreat after losing a
dozen of their number. The firstcharge
as a rule secures a victory, and the van
quished fly till covered by the shades of
night. Then come cries and taunts of
women, deep oaths, wild poetry, excite
ment and reprisals, which will probably
end in the flight of the former victor.
When peace is made both parties count
.up their dead, and the usual blood
money is paid for excess on either side.
Jenerallv, however, the feud endures
till, all Lecominjj weary of it, some
great man, as the chcrif of Mecca, is
called upon to settle the terms of a
treaty, which is nothing but an armis
tice. After a few months1 peace, a
glance or a word will draw blood, for
these hates are old growth, and new
dissensions easily shoot tip from them.
All this is contemptible enough to
Western ideas of warfare, but Burton,
than whom no one knows the Arab
better, says the Bedouins arc not cow
ards. The habit of danger in raids
-upon each other or on armed caravans,
and in the maintenance of their blood
feuds, the continual uncertainty of ex
istence, the desert, the chase, the hard
life generally, all blunt the nervous
system, while their constant handling
of weapons, both in sport and earnest,
and amazing passion for martial exer
cises, habituate them to look death in
ihe face like men. Under the influence
of certain powerful motives they rise
easily to absolute heroism and none
more potent than religious fanaticism.
A romantic chivalry toward women
makes the Arab prize very highly their
approbation of his personal courage,
ana his poetry incites him to exploits of
veritable knight-errantry, while both
combine to make a peaceful and inno
cent life a matter of individual re
E roach. "The name of hanvni
rigand is still honorable among
them." Slain in raid or foray man
is said to die "ghandur," or a brave.
He, on the other hand, who is lucky
enough, as we should express it, to die
In his bed. is called "iatis"' carrion
rhis weeping mother will exclaim: OI
that my son had perisiied of a cut
throat,' and her attendant crones will
suggest, with deference that such calam
ity came of the will of Allah." When
such sentiments prevail it is easy to un
derstand that a ferocious turbulence
6bould be the rule, and tbe general
tmrlnrl of tinrrn;l fniiriir lw liiorh
Indeed, the Bedouin considers nothing
manful' but violence, nothing so honor
able as war. Until he is on horseback,
pear in hand, he hardly considers him
self a man. The only occupations of
manhood are shooting" and riding. As
a rule they are wretched shots bHt
jHiperb horsemen. Their weapons are
matchlocks like the Afghan "jizail"
with barrels of preposterous length,
which they prefer to fire off when lashed
down to a rest; flint-lock pistols of
blunderbuss bore, javelins, s pears,
swords, and daggers. Of late the rifle
has found its way among them, and the
Arabs with whom our troops are
go -paruauy armed
ffcr weapon throw away' by tksJfnsit At
Egyptians in their rout at Tcb and
oapturod in the arsenals of Tokar and
Slnkat. But the favorite weapon, that
with which they are forever playing and
practicing, is the "kanav' a spear
twelve feet in length, shod with a finely
tapering head of iron, and ornamented
with tufts of ostrich-feathers or horse
hair. A short stabbing javelin, with a
broad blade, is also carried, and it is
with this that the unmounted Arab does
his best work. The shield is like that
of the Beluchis and Afghans, a small
round buckler of hide bossed with brass.
The sword is long and slighly curved,
though both it ana the dagger an inva
riable feature of the warrior's equip
ment vary accordingtoindividuaUaste.
Snch weapons as these, it is evident,
can not render the Bedouins formidable
to the disciplined forces of modern
times if treachery and ambuscade have
no part in me conuuions oi me en
counter, for terrible as their appearance
may be to the scarcely-drilled and
wholly cowardly soldiers sent out under
Baker Pasha, neither the hideous clamor
with which they make the first rush, nor
the gasconade of gesture with which
they attack, will have much effect upon
such troops as tho Black Watch or the
veterans of the Sixty-fifth. When mak
ing their first rush they come on with
incredible speed, and, as itsecms, with a
desperate determination, but a steady
volley soon checks the pace, and the
sight of a well-formed square imme
diately extinguishes all the ardor of the
attack, whereupon the yelling mob scat
ter out of reach, brandishing their wea
pons with infinite ferocity, but complete
It is necessary, of course, speakiug of
the Arabs of Egypt, to draw inferences
from other Mohammedan races that have
been confronted with modern troops,
for these races are now for the first time
in their history opposed to disciplined
soldiery armed with weapons of pre
cision. In Afghanistan Moslem fanatics,
urged on to the conflict by their holy
men, rushed into battle with astonishing
enthusiasm, but a steady reception by
infantry fire and artillery at once
turned attack into flight and religious
frenzy into panic And the Arab is,
after "all, the Mohammedau modified by
certain conditions into a special type,
but gaining nothing as a soldier by those
In Algeria the French, superior ia ar
mament and in adequate strength, broke
the Arab revolt without trouble. But
it must not be forgotten that the same
races, when confronted fifty j'ears ago,
fought for many years with equal cour
age and equal success. Few armies
have shown such long sustained and
heroic intrepidity as did that of Abd-el-Kadir
against the French, and the les
son then taught to Europe ought not
now to be forgotten. Osman Digma
may not be one of these remarkable men
so frequent in Eastern history, who by
their individual courage aail capacity
have restored the fortunes of their coun
try, and "have changed the face of the
world;" but the men whom he com
mands are much like those that again
and again drove the bravest troops of
France back to the sea, and they are
fired by the same Moslem fanaticism
that has carried the green flag of the
prophet m triumph over so many coun
tries, and that once held Europe' in awe
for nearly a century. Mounted on small
but swift horses, which they manage
with extraordinary skill and dexterity,
they are described as equally embar
rassing to an advancing and formidable
to a retreating army, hike the Cossacks
and the Orientals generally, they ride
with very short stirrups and on high
saddles, thus securing a greater com
mand over their under-sized steeds,
which they are able to pull up with the
utmost suddenness. "The' attach no
dishonor to flight." On the contrary,
it is one of their principal maneuvers,
and when, as often happens, they turn
not in a mass but in a scattered swarm
upon a smaller number of pursuers, the
feigned flight often results in real vic
torv. London Standard.
That the following, at Lillington, near
Leamington, is genuine, there is no
reason to doubt; the lines are touching.
They are in memory of a man named
And poorly died,
And no one cried."
Equally melancholy, though, with a
different kind of sadness, are the rhymes
on John Hill; they come from "a
churchyard at Manchester":
"Here lies John Hill, a man of skill.
His age was Ave times ten.
He ne'er did good, nor ever would,
Had he lived as long again."
Very likely not, for, if in half a century
a man does no good ho will hardly turn
over a new leaf at fifty years of age. Is
the following to be considered as an
eulogium on the person commem
orated? "Provost Peter Patterson was Provost of
Provost Petor Patterson, here lies he.
And what is the
meaning of this
in Cuson church-
mg at all?
Has it any mean-
"If earth be all.
Why o'er and o'er a beaten path.
You walk and draw up nothing new.
Not so our martvred seraph did
When from the Verge of Wales he fled.
The martyred seraph was William
Seward, of B'adscy, Worcester, who died
October 22, 1742; how a man could be a
a seraph, and how a seraph could be
martyred, are unexplained mysteries.
It is somewhat curious to find a per
son not only writing his own epitaph,
but doing it" in the following mariner.
Mr. Thompson speaks of himself as dead
and buried; and yet he survived him
self for the space of sixteen years. At
Kirk Bradden, in the Isle of Man, we
"Here underlyeth the body of the
Reverend Mr. Pathick Thompson.
Minister of God's Word forty years.
At present Vicar or Kirk Uraddan,
Aged nr.aniio. 107.$.
Deceased ye 24th April, Anno 1639."
This vicar apparently looked forward
with calm equanimnity to his death; "a
calm despair" is indicated by these mel
"At threescore winter's end I died,
A cbeerlcbs being, lone and sad,
The nuptial knot 1 never tied.
-.uu wisacu my iatner never bad.
Mothers, look out for the dime novels.
No poison more insidious could be in
troduced in your homes. Keep the
mind's health as carefullv protected as
you uo the body's, and the State Re
form School will not open its doors to
close them for years upon one of your
darlings. A mother's boy in Montreal,,
only fourteen years old, wa3 recently
detected in a three hundred dollar forg-'
ery. He and two companions were
about shirting for New York, and had
thirty dime novels in their possession."
A boy in the Thaddeus Stevens public
school at Philadelphia, when repri
manded by his teacher drew his revol
ver and threatened to shoot her. This
led to- a search of the pupils, -when
seven revolvers were captured f wan boys
about ten years old. About one hun
dred and twenty dime novels were dis
covered to be the property of the youth
ful scapegraces. Union Signal.
The divorce suit of Mary Chadwick
against Alfred Chadwick was tried at
Detroit recently. Tbe Chadwicks were
market-gardners near Windsor, Oat.
The wife testified that her husband had
frequently yoked her to a plow with a
steer. The husband did' net deny the
charge, bat pleaded that it was tfc
ordinary custom amour mark.
igaroners in uatfwn-ct
Hagfe CirevJar Saw.
The largest circularsawthat has been
sent out of this city recently was exact
ly six feet in diameter. It was ordered
by a match company and went to Mich
igan. .Fifty-two teeth projected from
its rim. It is now revolving at the rate
of 672 revolutions a minute, and is cap
able of making a ten-inch to twelve
inch cut with each revolution. It can
eaw off a forty-foot plank, therefore, in
an infinitesimal portion of a minute,
though as a matter of fact the frame on
which tho logs are fed to a saw is ad
justed to move at about the speed at
which a man can walk. At that rate
ihere is nothing but a whirr and a
ihrick to announce the journey of a
log's length. This is not ajsolid saw or
it would have more than one hundred
It is one of the new patterns in
which the teeth are separated from the
plate and can be inserted and removed
at pleasure. The teeth in the sort of
taw of which this monster is a speci--men
are little curved bits of steel
pointed like chisels at the cutting end.
They fit into round sockets cut out of
the edges of the saw plates, and their
little chisel blades project slightly be
yond the circle of the plate. There are
various inventions in movable teeth for
circular saws, and in nearly all of them
the circle plays an important Dart. It
looks purely ornamental, but in reality
it prevents tho steel from splitting with
Solid saws, continue' to be made in
great numbers, but the inventors of the
movable teeth, different patterns of
which are made by all saw manufact
urers, are deriving fortunes, because
new teeth can bo replaced for a few
cents and in a few minutes, and the
body of the saw remains the size it was
made, whereas solid saws have to be
newly filed and set and sharpened
every time they dull, a process that
consumes time and requires the services
of .a sawyer whose skill commands
good wages. Every outting reduces
the size of the saw. A seventy-two
inch saw is a big one even in Michigan,
where-the sixty-six inch saw is in com
mon use. There these five and a half
foot saws are run at a speed of from
500 to 700 revolutions in Norway pine
logs, and they out as deep with" each
revolution as the monster above de
scribed. The little chisel-bit teeth will
chew out pine during awholc working
day, and an entire set of dull ones can
bo replaced next day in five minutes
for three cents a tooth. Some of the
sawdust from one of these great saws
was sent from Michigan to the estab
lishment of a great sawmakcr in this
city. It was esteemed as a curiosity.
It was not dust at all, but a mass of
little pellets of wood, three-eighths of
nn inch in thickness. The lumbermen
prefer to waste lumber in this way pro
vided they get speed out of their tools.
These huge saws are used singly in
sawing a rough log into planks. After
ward the planks are reduced to desired
widths by edger saws, which arc
smaller implements revolving together
at the proper distances one from tho
A saw mjiker must know whether or
not his customer wants to run his pur
chase at a high rate of speed before the
saw is made. Saw makers, in devel
oping a disk of steel into a saw, ham
mer it so as to leave either a hard or a
soft center. A saw that has a soft cen
ter will wabble in the middle if a per
son takes hold of it by the edge and
shakes it. I it has a hard center one
part will not shake more than another.
A saw with a hard center, if driven at
a high rate of speed, will not cut
straight. Its edge will wabble. But
if it has a soft center, and is sent
around at a rate of 700 or 800 revolu
tions a minute, the centrifugal force
straining at the center stiffens the saw
and keeps tho edge steady. To the av
erage mind it would seem thatthero has
been the same straining after ornament
al efl'eet in tiie vertical saws, so odd are
the shapes of the teeth. But here, again,
the study has been solely to produce
strength and cutting power. Some of
the vertical saws have dull teeth alter
nating with tho sharp ones. The dull
ones do not reach out quite so far as the
cutters. Their purpose is to clear the
sawdust from before the cutters. N.
Candidates far the Royal Academy.
Every candidate for admission must
present certain specified drawings or
models. These are examined by the
Council, and if considered of suflicient
merit, the exhibitor is admitted as a
probationer for two months, during
which time he or she must attend at the
Academy to make similar drawings or
models. Should these seem to tho
Council to be as good as the first sent
in the candidate is admitted as a stu
dent. He then enters the antique
school, which, to use the phraseology
of the old laws, is "for the study of the
best remains of ancient sculpture," and
where be finds a plentiful supply of
casts. The instruction here is given by
the keeper, assisted by a Curator. The
next step takes the student either into
the preliminary painting school, (for
the study of the purely technical de
tails of painting), and school of drawing
from the life (for the study of drawing
from.the nude), if a painter, and if a
sculptor into the school of modeling
from the life, (for tbe more
special study and practice of
the art of sculpture.) In order to reach
these schools he has to satisfy the
Council, by the performance of certain
specified tasks, that he is capable of
profiting by the instruction given there.
The Keeper and a Curator carry on the
teaching in the preliminary painting
school. In the school of drawing from
life, it is done by a Visitor, of whom ten
are elected from among the Academi
cians aad Associates to serve for a
month each, and a Curator; and in the
school of modeling from the life by a
Visitor, of whom hve are elected in the
same way to serve for two months each,
and a Curator. To the upper school of
painting (for the special study and
practice of the art of painting), and in
which the system of instruction by Vis
itors and a Curator is the same as in
the life school, only such students are
admitted as have succeeded in satisfy
ing the Council by the presentation of
certain paintings and drawings that they
have thoroughly mastered the work re
quired in the preliminary school, and
are capable of painting from the living
model, both dressed and nude. The
admission of architectural students
is regulated in the same way as that of
-other students, but six months is al
lowed them instead of two in which to
do their drawings as probationers,
since, being in offices, they can only at
tend in the evenings. They are thei
admitted into the architectural school
(for the study of architectural draw
ing and design), which is divided into
the upper and lower division. One
year must be passed in the latter, during
which drawings are made of given sub
jects, and then, if qualified, the student
C asses into the upper division,. where
e kas to make designs; he further ac
quires the privilege of studying in the
"ntique and life schools. There is also
i special class for modeling for archi
Sects under tke charge of a separate
teacher. Lectures to the students are
ielivered daring the winter on both
natomy and chemistry as applied to
the fine arts, and on painting, sculpture
and architecture; and the library is
open dairy, free access is also given
to both the summer and the winter ex
hibitions. Fortnightly Btvitw.
aw. acrong was the first cotton-
in California, aad it vmt
19 Bates. Stm srnm$-
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
nops should be kept in bags and
hungup. They are not good after a year
old. Cincinnati Times.
It may not be known to every per
son that is troubled with hiccough, that a
lump of sugar saturated with viuegar
will stop it almost instantly. New lork
Artistic wall racks for the display of
photograpns, family albums being out
of date, are among the novelties of the
day, and are advertised as the "fash
ionable craze." New York Graphic.
To relieve heartburn, mix a little
corn meal in water ; allow the meal to
settle, and drink the water. Or eat a
bit of powdered charcoal. These will
often relieve when magnesia or chalk
There is no use in cleaning youi
poultry bouses unless you burn the old
nests. Thev will harbor more of the
various kinds of poultry parasites than
you can ever exterminate with a white
wash brush. Troy Time3.
An Ohio farmer says he cured his
horses of coughing by using oil of tar
and camphor gum. He puts in all the
camphor gum the tar would cut and
gave a teaspoonful on the tongue thnv
times a day after feeding.
The portion of the body which most
requires protection again t cold and
wind, is that between the shoulder
blades behind, as it ' is at this point the
lungs are attached to the body, and the
blood is easily chilled. HalVs Journal
Spruce butter tub3 are the best;
hemlock makes a sweet tub; acids from
tho oak color the butter and injure its
appearance; white ash gives the butter
a strong flavor if kept long and in
creases tho liability to mould; maple
smells and cracks badly. Soak all tubs
four to six days iu brine before using.
Rolled apple dumpling3 are a nov
elty and are delicious. Peel and chop
fine some tart apples; make a rich
crust as for biscuit, roll it half an inch
thick, spread it thickly with the apple,
spriukle fine sugar and powdered cin
namon over it, then cut it in strips two
inches wide; roll it up just as you do
jelly roll: put a little lump of butter on
each roll after it is put in the tin or
dripping-pan: a little juice will drain
from Ihe apples if they are good ones:
keep this to put into the sauce; .flavor
this with brandy or wine if you like it,
otherwise make a plain sour pudding
sauce. Chicago Journal.
Although it may require some ex
tra work, it will pa v well, and be a de
cided convenience, to have a pasture
field just large enough, and located con
veniently to the stable, for the work
horses. Horses that work during the
day, and seldom are allowed the privil
ege of the pasture field except at night,
will lelish the grass more and thriv".
better on it than if all kinds of stocK
are allowed to run through itduringthe
day. Besides all this, they are entitled
to "the be-t, if there is any choice, and
such pasture lots should "be kept well
covered with the best of grass Boston
A Nmcltyju Yentilutica
A curious system of ventilation, which
has been introduced into a church in
Londou, is described iu the British Arch
itect. The church, which some of our
readers may wish to visit next summer,
is that of St. John, on the Wilton Road,
and is intended to accommodate a con
gregation of a thousand persons. As in
niosi churches, the air at evening ser
vices was for a long time observed to be
very close and oppressive, and it was
decided to adopt a "thorough system
of ventilation." Two shafts are there
fore et in the west end of the church,
communicating with the external air,
and titted with water-pipes, which, when
desired, throw a tine spray down the
shaft. The falling drops carry with
them a considerable amount of air,
which issues from the shaft into the
church through a number of openings
about nine feet above the floor. In pass
ing out, the currents of air are led
through tubes, around which are groups
of gas-jets,""" and these, when lighted,
warm the air to a pleasant temperature,
which can be varied by turning on more
or less of the gas. Above the gas-jets
are extraction shafts, with caps to pro
duce a vacuum, and these are said to
carry away, as fast as vitiated, the air
delivered from the "spray tubes" as
well as that from a small furnace in the
basement, which supplies three registers
in the nave floor. The whole affair
seems to have a primitive simplicity
which is very amusing. According to
the British Architect's description, the
total capacity of the apparatus extends
to the admission of "no less than 70,000
cubic feet of wanned fresh air per hour,
and this," it goes on to say, "it is evi
dent, is enougn to effect a good change
in the air of the place." We do not
know exactly what an English church
goer would consider a "good change"
in the air of an ecclesiastical building,
but architects in this country, where
ventilation is a matter of every-day
practice, will hadly need to be reminded
that seventy cubic feet of fresh air per
hour for each of a congregation of a
thousand persons is less than one-twentieth
of the standard allowance in build
ings pretending to an ventilation at
all, and only about one-fortieth of that
provided for some of our best theaters
and churches, to say nothing of hospi
tals and first-class schools. The idea of
warming the fresh-air supply foi a large
church by means of gas-jets is also
novel, and will, wo venture to say, com
mend itself more to the gas companies
than to those who pay the church bills.
Salt for the Live Stock,
There are some who claim that the well
known liking of our domestic animals
for salt is due to education; that it is an
unnatural appetite; that in a state of
nature animals do not have salt, and as
sert their belief that it does more harm
than good. It would be a suflicient an
swer to these persons that our animals
are not in a state of nature, and what
the prehistoric cow and horse had or
did not have has nothing to do with what
shall be given to their descendants.
Those who write and talk so earnestly
against salt are not many and are usu
ally people of notions, which they mis
take for ideas. The great majority of
cattle raisers and farmers are fully con
vinced that salt is necessary for the best
health of farm animals, and practice
what they believe. Thejamount of salt
required is small, and it should be given
at froquent intervals. If a little could
be given each day it would be best, and
if with the food, as we are accustomed
to take it ourselves, it would be so much
the better, but such a method is hardly
practicable. Supplying salt once a
week will answer, and this is the usual
interval between saltings, if salt is given
at all. Some special day or time in tho
week should be chosen as that for salt
in the domestic animals, and then it
should not be allowed to pass without
dispensing what some one has termed
the "seasoning of the week."
The handy salt-dish consists of a low
box made of hard wood, with a thick
bottom, and a handlo made of hickory
a piece of heavy barrel hoop will do
nailed upon the sides of a box in the
shape of a bow; or, a common market
basket. In dispensing the salt to stock
in the open field, it should be so placed
that all the animals can get their fair
share; and again, it should not be
thrown upon the ground, where it is
largely lost, or, if eaten, it must be with
a quantity of earth. Flat troughs
should be provided, even for economy's'
sake. Farm, Field and FiruiAe.
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THE NEW CASADAY is the lightest draft and
plow in the market.
SUCTION, FOI5CK AND
PIPE TONGS, ETC.
These goods, which for style and finish and the perfect manner of doing their work,
are unexcelled. The UTAIT" is the simplest, best and most
durable check rower made.
CD . S
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EY-ill line of " RIVERSIDE " Stoves. Call and
If you want to do business with a strictly first-class house, come and examine the
goods and get Our prices. .
KEAIJSE, LUBKEE & CO.,
Thirteenth Street, near B. fc M. Depot, COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
KRAXfSE, LUBKEE &
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Goods Manufactured bt the
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The "UNION" and the "WESTERN" are
the leading corn planters of the great
corn-growing region of the west. They
have the rotary anti-friction drop. Come
and examine them.
The old reliable "STUDEBAKER" Wagon with truss axles.
It stands at the head, above all competitors.
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ON SHORT NOTICE.
MADE MOST PROOF.
see them before
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