The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, May 21, 1884, Image 1
K i THE JOURNAL. ISsU::i KVEKY WKDXKbDAY, M. K. TUliNER .fc CO., Proprietors and Publishers. . ' J3" OFFICE, Eleventh St.. up stair, m Journal Building. terms: Per year $$ Sir months Thre months SO Single copies " BUSINESS CAED3. r.T. martyx, m. d. f. j. schug, xr. d. Dm. MAETYN & SCHTTG, D. S. Examining Surgeons, Local Surgeon-. Union Pacific, O.. X. .t B. 11. and It. A 31. U. It's. i . Consultation!- in Germ in and Ensrli.-h. Telephone at office and residences. COLUMBUS. - ' NEBRASKA. 42-v P. itorc'iiKsirY. m. i., PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. ISTOllii-e econd door e.it of post-office. J. 1'u ysiciax f- sun geox. Ureases of women and children a spe- cialty. i;ouniv iniysucisu. umi.cjiuiii ly occupied by Dr. Uonesteel. Telepboiit exchange. 50 o l.I,A AMHBAIIOH, .!. S. DEX'JAL PARLOR, On corner of Eleventh and North streets, over Erii-t' hardware Store. C OKKKI.II'S Al SIJMJMVi.;, A TTOIlXE YS.-A 'I -LA W, lip-stair'- in (Jluek I'.uilding. lltli street, Al.nv.- the New hank. H. j. ii r :. notary run li a. lilh Strert.2 .loors -t of lliiiiiiiioud House, Cdutnhus, Xi'b. rpuDHN TO. A: IMlWlilUi, 4!1-V T s una eon i ex tists. fSTOllire in .Mitchell llloek, Colum bus, Nebraska. l-'f J. . Ki'i:ifti'it. A TTOUXE Y A T LA W, Ortice on Olive St.. oliimbus. Nebraska. :i-tf V. A. MAGKEN, HKALKK IN' Foreign ami Domestic Liquors and Cigars. 11th street, Columbus, Neb. f0-y M Al.l.ISI lit IlltOS., A TTORNEYS A T LA TT, Olliee upstair in McAllister's build iue:. 11th M. W. A. MeAili-ter, Notary I'ublic. .!. M. MACKAKI.AN1. " K. COWDKUY, Attsrscy isl Vzxzj KtVz. Csllecicr. LAW AMI ML-LEtT'OX OFFH'K UK MACFARbAND & COWDERSr, Columbus, Nebraska. i i iti .vi:is. .11. i. (Sileeev.or to Dr. C. C. A .'llllllhorct) HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND Sl'RGEOX. Regular graduate of two medieal col leger. Olliic Olive St., one-half block north of llamuinnd House. --ly C. M. SWEEZEY, Land, Loan and Insurance, lU.MlMlKEY, NEB. .Monev to loan on long or short time on Heal Estate i" mmii to suit parties. .r0-y j. j. .mauiia:v Justice, County Surveyor, Notary, Land and Collection Agent. jgri'arties desiring surveying done ean notifv me bv mail at 1'latte Centre, Neb. ."il-Gm F II. RI7HC1IK, llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel. Sell Harness, Saddles, Collars, TVhips, Klankets, Curry Combs, llrushes, trunks, valises, buggv'tops, cu-hions, carriage trimmings, &c at the lowest possible prices. Jtejiairs pr mptly attended to. $66 a week at home. $5.00 outfit free. Pay sb.ol.itely sure. o risk. Capital not rcquircu. Header, if vou want business at which persons of either sex, young or old, can make great pay all the time they work, with absolute certainty, write for particulars to II. II allot .t Co., Port land, Maine. GEORGE SP00NER, CONTRA crOIt FOR ALL EINDS OF 21 A SOX WORK. Office, Thirteenth St.. between Olive and Nebraska A enue. Residence on the corner of Eighth and Olive. All Work 3tiaiiintod. 4S-tf JS. MURDOUK & SON, Carpenters and Contractors. Havenadan extended experience, and will guarantee satisfaction in work. All kinds of repairing done on short notice. Our motto is. Good work and fair prices. Call and give, us an oppor tunitytoestimateforyou. ISTShop on 13th SU, one door west of Eriedhof & Co's. store, Columbus. Nebr. 4S3-V o. c. SHAJsrsror7 MASUFACTUUKU ok Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware ! Job-Work, Boofinj and Gutter ing a Specialty. tSTShop on Eleventh Street, opposite Deintz's Iirug Store. 4B-y G W. CI.ABK, LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT, HUMPHREY, NEBR. His lands comprise some line tracts in the Shell Creek Valley, and the north ern portion of Pbtte county. Taxes paid for non-residents. Satisfaction guaranteed. 20 y pOLUnBlIN PACKING CO COL UMB US, - 2TEB., Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog product, cash paid for Live or Dead Uoga or grease. Directors. R. H Henry, Treat.; John Wiggiua, Sec. and Treas."; L. Gerrard, S. Cory. -1CTOTICE XO TKACHEK8. J. B. M onciief. Co. Supt., Will be in his office at the Court House on the third Saturday of each month for the purpose of examining applicants for teacher's certificates, and for the transactton of any other business pertaining to schools. 567-y ike T s V,0L:XV:-iN0,.4Qr COLUMBUS STATE, BAJHI! 3t::;ct:n t j Oimra ft Sua uiZsaut ft lulit. COLUMBUS 1EB. CASH CAPITAL, $60,000 . uti i. ; DIRECTORS: Lkanurh (ikbkard, Pres'l. (Jeo. W. IIulht, Vice Pres't. "".Tur.ius'AvRKED: " " 5 f EDWARD ir.!GERnARD. J. E. Tasker, Cashier. w!m) vi(I lluak ef Deposit ltceaat ubiI EicliaBgc. Collectloati Promptly Made ea nil Poliilfc'--- ' -. '--- l'ny Uteresi oa Xlate IftepoM lt. 274 D. J. DRKHKRT, CnMli. . IRA B. BRIGGLF, ' . r;laMMt Cufcitt. THE '. '" CITIZENS' BANK ! IirMPIlHEY, NEB. k tSTPrompt attention given to Col-, lections. JOTPay Interest on time deposits. ISTIiiBurance, Jam8ae Tickets and Real Estate Loans. 3-tf LINDSAY &TREKELL, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL FLOUR AND FEED STORE! OIL CAKE, CHOPPED FEED, Bran, Shorts, BOLTED i BlfiOLTED COU HEAL. GRAHAM FLOUR, ANP FOUR KINDS OF THE BEST WHEAT FLOUR ALWAYS ON HAND. U5TAH kinds of FRUITS in their sea on. Orders promptly tilled. lltli Streef, Columbns,- Nebr. HENRY G-ASS, UNDEETAKEE ! COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES AND DEALER IN Furniture, Cliainr, "Bedsteads. Bu reaus, TaVJles, Safest Lounges, &c. Picture Frames and Mouldings. JSTRepairiag of all kinds of Upholstery Goods. Ctf COLUMBUS. NKB. GOLD for the 'working class Send 10 cents for postage, aod'we will mail youree a royai, yaiuaoie oox oi sample goods that will put you in the way of making mote money in a few days than you ever thought possible at any busi cess. Capital not required, we will start you. You can work all the time or in spare time only. The work is univer sally adapted to .both sexes, .young and old. You.cankeasily earnjrom f0 cents to $5 every "evening! That nil who want work may test the businesj, we make this unparalleled offer; to all who are not well satisfied we will send $1 to pay for the trouble of writing u. Full particu lars, directions, etc., sent free. Fortunes will be made by those who give their whole time to the work. Great success absolutely sure. Don't delay. Start now. Address Stinson & Co., Portland, Elaine. A WORD OF WARNING. FARMERS, stock raisers, and all other interested parties will do well to remember that the "Western Horse and Cattle Insurance Co." of Omaha is the only company doing business in this state that insures Horses, Mules and Cattle against loss by theft, accidents, diseases, or injury, (as also against loss by fire and lightning). All representations by agents of other Companies to the contrary not withstanding. HENRY DARN, Special Ag't. 15-y Columbus, Neb. TAMEM SALMON, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. Plans and estimates supplied for either frame or brick buildings. Good work guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne braska. 32Cmo. J. WAGNER, Livery and Feed -Stable. Is prepared to furnish the public w.'th good teams, buggies and carriages for all occasions, especially for funerals. Also conducts a sale stable. 44 LYON&HEALY BMSISS a. mili mllXtiT ANDCATALOg ft m. M M. ZM ath-Sla. Cas StlW KauWM. Tin ! DniH ! SUA. ul a7 Su4 Oattk. nMt, mum iq(Mi laavncaaB .- ---' afCtrtnarilMKct asE5 w-" Tjfc LbbbVb Vassal Stat t tilt ll 1 -f J2jJ kJBBBi aaa nn k4l MSSBMlato ZMXm j.- t. FIRST National Bank ! COXT7affBtJaV Aitiorirei Capital, -Paid Ii Gapitil, Sirpfes Kki Profits, - $250,000 50,000 6,000 OFflCXBS AND DIRECTORS. A. ANDERSON, Pres't. SAM'L C. SMITH, Vice Pres't. O. T. ROEN, Cashier. .1. W. EARLY, HERMAN OEHLRICH. W. A. MCALLISTER, G. ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON. Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage Tickets, ana Real Estate Loans. 20-vol-13-ly COAL CLIMES J. E. NORTH & CO., DEALERS IN Coal, Lime, . ., Hair, Cement. loekSpiig Coal, Carbon (Wyomiig) Ceal. ...$7.00 per Ion .... 6.00 " .... 3.50 -" IHdou (Iowa) Coal Blackimith. Coal of beat quality al w " ways on' hand at low- a. v"-' , eat prices. j - '' 4 1 Nortlf Side Eleventh St., COLUMBUS, NEB. 14-.tm UNION PACIFIC LAND OFFICE. Improved and Unimproved Farms, Hay and Grazing Lands and City Property for Sale Cheap AT THE Union Pacific Land Office, On Long Time and low rate 'of Interest. tSTFlnal proof made on Timber Claims, Homesteads and Pre-emptions. 3A11 wishing to buy lands or any de scription will please call and examine my list of lands before looking else where g5fAU having land's to sell will please call and give me a description, term , prices, etc. ' -fSri a so am prepared to insure prop erty, as I have the agency of several first-class Fire insurance companies. F. "W. OTT, Solicitor, speaks German. SAMUEL. C SMITH, 30-tf Columbus, Nebraska. BECKER & WELCH, PROPRIETORS OF SHELL CREEK MILLS. MANUFACTURERS AUD -WHOLESALE-DEALERS IN . FLOUR AND HEAL. OFFIC, COL UMB US, NEB. SPEICE & NORTH, General Agents for the Sale of REAL ESTATE. Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00 per acre for cash, or on fire or ten years time, in annual payments to suit pur chasers. We have also a large and choice lot of other lands, improved and unimproved, for sale at low price and on reasonable terms. Also business and residence lots in the city. We keep a complete abstractor title to all real es tate in Platte County. 621 COLDMBIIN, NEB. LOUIS SCHREIBER, B All kiads of Repairing doie an Skrt Notice. Biggies, Wag- is, etc., Bade to order, aid all work Giar- aiteed. Also atll the world-faaeuj Walter A. Wood Xowafi; steajjers, Ciia- ed Maemiaes, Marraitori, and SeH-nimders the beat Made. 'Shop opposite the "Tattersall," on olive St., COLUMBUS. 36-m :. .1 BlacKSfflilD ana Wason Maser Mlttwlfs COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. MAY 21, 1884. DO ONE THING WELL. Do one thin? well. And it will tell. If you will only wait a spell. Nor courage lose. Nor e'er refuse Your beat endeavors still to as. Though st the st&rt You may lose heart. Aad tear your crude designs apart, Still keep right on Until you've done Your task, and own a victory won. The stubborn will Toils on, until It meets success, and proves its skill: The fight maintain. Nor ojr complains. And is rewarded for its pains. Tasks well begun, If left half done. Are not much good to any ono; Who thus misspends His Urns intends His life to fill with odds and ends. The master-hand. Can fame command. And make its impress on the land; Who would excel Must doubts dispel. -And labor to do one thing well. Joiephlne Pollard, in .V. Y. Ledger. LEAP-YEAR. The peculiarity of Leap-Year is the peculiar length of the mouth of Febru ary, so the history of the origin of Leap Year is closely connected with a history of February, and this takes ns back al most to the origin of the year itself. As a year is the time of the earth's revolution round the sun, it should con tain 365 days aud a friction of a day. The ancients having groat respect for the nloon, wanted the year to be subdi vided into parts corresponding with her revolution-round the earth. The dilli culty of thus adjusting the month's or moon's revolutions, so as to be together equal to the earth's revolutions round the sun, gave rise to February itself, and to many of the changes which the month has undergone, belore standing at its present number of days. Rom ulus division of the year is the first European one known, and the one upon which our own division is based. He had ten months, whose total length was 304 day's. How he patched up the -ear with odd days, so as to make it any thing like correct, we can not say. In deed, unless we bear in mind the legend of his being suckled by a wolf, it is uiQi cult to understand how Romulus could have gone so far off the mark as sixty one days an error which would have soon landed hint in hopeless confusion. To remedy the mistake, Numa Pom pilius. the second King of Rome, added two months to the year, namely, Janu ary and February. January, named after the god Janus, who presided over the beginning of everything, was made the first month of the year. Februare is, in Latin, to expiate. In this month the expiatory sacrifices were performed; and, as the sins of the year were, very naturally, atoned for after they had been committed, February was made the last of the months. It was brought to its present position of second month by the Decemvris, 200 years later, and for reasons best known to themselves. But though Feb mar-, as well as Jan uary, had been added, the year was not long enough yet. His months Numa made to correspond with the moon's revolutions, thus making the days in the year 354, or, in regard to the earth's revolution, eleven days too short. The canceling of this error led to the iirst change in February. Though the Roman's desire was to preserve, as far as possible, the months of the length of the moon's revo lutions, it was found necessary to alter one of them. Why Febrnary was chosen in particular for this pur pose is a question which is wrapped in mystery. Perhaps, since February was the deity of the dead, the necessary laceration was inflicted on February, because over it the Genius of Death presided. February was, at all events, changed, and the mode of alter ation was rather a clumsy one. Its clumsiness may be imagined when we state that the alteration in the month was made every alternate year by the addition of a whole month, called an intercalary month, and which was placed not at the end of February, but between the 24th and 25th days of Feb ruary. 11ns addition was found to be too great, as the year, instead of being ten uays' short, was now one day too long. This latter mistake was also rectified, anil bj- a mode of correction even more clumsy, if that were pos sible, than the one just referred to. After this, every error having been cor rected, the j'ear was of almost as correct a length as it is now, that is, as correct as the average, for it was of different lengths at different times, but always came round to the correct length every twenty-four years. And if every man had dene his duty no doubt this arrange ment of the year would have been pro served till now, and there might be no such Leap-Year as we have at all. But the alternating, clumsy and irregular system would not work, and from its ruins arose the present one. The management of the calendar was in the hands of the Pontiffs of Rome. They could alter the lengths of the in tercalary months as they pleased, and the possession of this power was found to be exceedingly convenient. They lengthened the extra month when they wished themselves or their friends to remain a little longer in any magiste rial office, and shortened the months if they wanted to hasten the annual elec tions. They acted the more shamefully in this, because they betrayed a trust given them by the ignorant common people, who had no knowledge of the complicated calendar, and who could not tell whether those in charge man aged it rightly or not. To such an ex tent did tnese Pontiffs carry their mis conduct that the calendar became utter ly confused, so that by Julius Caesar's time the winter months were in the au tumn and the autumn months in the summer, and so on. Things had come to a crisis, something must be done, and this was how matters were put right: Between November and December of the current year Julius Caesar intro duced two months in addition to the intercalary month in the middle of Feb ruary and made that year contain in all four hundred and forty-five days. The historical name of this extraordi nary year is "The Year of Confusion." or, more properly, "The Last Year of Confusion" it was the year B. C. 46. This year of Caesar's completely recti fied all former errors. The difficulty now arose how to make all subsequent years of the proper length, and it was Ctesai-'s attempt to do this that brought about the intro duction of Leap-Year. Previous to this, as we have noticed, the months were made to correspond as nearly as po-sible with the length of the moon's revolu tions. Caesar, however, being no luna tic, abolished all reference to'tho lunar revolution, which reference had pro duced nearly all the confusion, and did away with the intercalary months. The mode of arrangement which he MdV adopted, was a very simple one: he made the months of the year to bo of thirty-one and thirty days alternately, except February, which, in ordinary years, had twenty-nine days, and only every fourth year tliirtv'days. The only stupid thing was that the extra day was not placed at the end of Feb ruary, but betweenthe 24th and 25th or the month, where the intercalary period used to be. The fact of its being thus inserted gave rise to the term Bissextile, a common name for Leap-Year. The 25th of February was, according to the Roman way of "(backward) reckoning, the sixth before the Kalends) of March sextus ad Kalendas Maritas. The ad ditional day was put in by repeating this sextum," and was thus called bissex tum, hence Bissextile. Thus Cajsay introduced Leap Year. But, as in his Leap-Ycar Febru ary had thirty days, it did not corre spond exactly with our present year. The difference consists not in the length of tho year itself, but in the individual lengths of the months. This necessitat ed a further change, by which Febru ary came to have twenty-nine days in Leap-Year, and twenty-eight in other years. That the name of Julius Caesar might forever be associated with the calendar, a month was called after him, and that in which his birthday occurred was choscu. It had before been called Quintillis. But men are very jealous of .any favor shown to their neighbors at least most men are, unfortunately. So Augustus C:esar, the successor of Julius, on his army achieving some victories, not of much more impor tance than France boasts of at present in China, succeeded in getting the month in which these were won called after him. This was the one after Julius', aud it was named Augustus. It so happened, however, that this latter month had thirty days, whereas July had thirty-one days. Augustus could not brook' that Julius month should be longer than his own. so he made Au gust of thirty-one days, also. This stupid vanity of Augustus brought much confusion into tho calendar. Tho length of the last four months of the year had to be changed to preserve the alternate length system of the months. And further the change which bears on the subject by addiug a day to h3 own month, August had, of course, added a day to the year. To correct this ha made February a day shorter. Febru ary, therefore, "became of twenty-eight days in ordinary years, and twenty nine in Leap-Year, and the other months as they are now. So that Julius' simple mode of hav ing the mouths of thirty-one and thirty days alternately was completely de stroyed. Let us bear in mind, too, that Augustus made no alteration in the length of the year, though he intro duced such an irregularity into the lengths of the months. All his changes were made merely to suit his personal ends. To remember Julius' way of the months required no effort, but now. what with February and its out of the way length, and what with other alter ations, it became necessary, in order to remind us of the length of" the months, to construct tho well-known ridiculous rhyme of our school-days: Thirty days hath September, April, June and November. All the rest have thirty-one. Excepting February alone. Which bath but twcnly-eurht davs clear, And tweuty-nine in each Leap-Year. Brooklyn Eagle Lunacy Facts. Our authorities employ two examin ers through whose inspection every lunatic must pass. During the briof period of six months the number com mitted to the various asylums was 587, of which more than one-half were wom en. This shows that New York pro duces a crop of nearly 1,200 pauper lunatics besides those sent to Blooming dale. No wonder the asylums both public and private are overflowing. Among the men the predisposing cause to a large degree is intoxication, while among the women it is ill-treatment and disappointment together with that general misery which the sex is subject ed to in all great cities. Among the above-mentioned cases are some which show the vagaries peculiar to employ ment. Here is a printer for instance who believes himself to be a star actor earning an enornious'salary. Another printer is the Chief-of-Police and is in pursuit of murderers. Then there is a sailor who knows where buried treasure of immenso amount ma' be found. A machinist, on the other hand, believes that his enemies are torturing him with electricity. Here, too, is an English man who is about to niarrj- Queen Vic toria. A demented policeman believes that there is a conspiracy to murder him in the station-house. In the-o cases one may see a peculiar connec tion between habits of life aud mental disease. A merchant of my acquaint ance who lost his reason while in a busi ness that made him rich spends his whole time in. calculations with ink aud paper, and every day he tells the keeper how much money he has made. Poor fellow, I knew him when an ambitious young beginner. He paid dearly for his success, .since his miud was ruined by the effort in pursuit of wealth. N. Y. Cor. Ctica Herald. Mr. Miffln's Terrible Gun. On the floor in one of the rooms oi the Norwalk Iron-Works Company is a long, heavy cylinder. Its length is about twenty-eight feet and the diameter of the bore is about lour inches. In another department men are at work constructing an air compressor. When the latter is com pleted it will be connected with the tube mentioned above, and what the inventor confidently believes will be a most tremendous engine of war will be completed aud ready for trial. Several years ao, while in Washington, a gen tleman from Ohio heard a naval ollicer say that if a gun could be constructed that would throw dynamite it would thoroughly revolutionize modern war fare. Air. Miflin that was the gentle man's name -proceeded at once to in vent such a gun, and he has reason to be lieve that it will be a perfect success. It would not do to use powder as a pro pelling power, for its sudden action would explode the dynamite cartridge at the start aud blow" the gun to atoms. Compressed air at a pressure of about three hundred pounds to the square inch will take the place of powder, and the gun now in South Norwalk is ex pected to throw a three-pound cartridge a distance of two miles. Imagine the effect of a cartridge of even so small a weight striking the side or deck of a vessel or the ramparts of a fort. The explosion would be terrible in its re sults. If the gun is a success, others oi size sutlicient to throw one hundred pounds of dynamite ten miles will be constructed. The gun, loaded with sand instead of dv nam:te. will be tested i South Norwalk at an early day in the presence of naval officers, scientihemaa and others. Norwalk Conn.) Hour. liitttpl FACTS AND FIGURES. R. F. Beckwitb, of. New London, Conn., lias occupied the same store fifty years. The wealth of Massachusetts, as assessed for tax purposes, is fl7Sl, 297,0ol, an increase of $47,000,000 on the valuation of 1882. Boston Post. The total assessed valuation of the Territory of Dakota is 69,154,605. against .$47,000,000 in 1882. This gives an increase of over $22,000,000 in ono year. - The water-supply of Brooklyn is increased 10,000.000 "gallons a day by systems of driven wells in the suburbs, sunk to a depth of forty-seven to ninety-six feet. Brooklyn Eagle. The four buildings for the World's Industrial and Cotton Exposition in New Orleans are to have 1,000,000 square feet of exhibition space, and are to' cost in the aggregate only $255,000. X. O. Picayune. A syndicate of New York capital ists has purchased the franchises and completed portion of the Kansas City & Southern Railroad. This road starts from a point near Blue River on tha Chicago & Alton, about four miles from Kansas City, and runs directly south through the Missouri coal-fields to the Arkansas River. Chicago Jour n&t. A recently published statement of the yield of precious metal shows that in 1882 the output of gold in the entire world was valued at 4118,000,000, and of silver at $94,000,000. It is a fact not generally understood that Russia is the third greatest producer of gold, the vield of that country being $30,000,000; onlv $21,400,000 less than the United States, aud $2,000,000 less than Austra lia. Ar. 1'. Herald. Few people reflect upon the fact that the Indians are the richest land holders in the United States. We have 237,066 of them, exclusive of the Alaska Indians, holding 151,397,768 acres of land. Some of the tribes own 3,000 acres per Indian. The average's about one square mile to each Indian, while a white man is not allowed to pre-empt more than 160 acres of the public land. Chicago Times. The sale of animals of a menagerie at Amenia, N. Y., recently drew a large number of curiosity-hunters, and the bidding was spirited. A white deer brought $48, and a black one only $25. A cinnamon bear was sold for $10, and an Abyssinian ipex brought $36.50. A pair of striped hyenas were sold for $70, and a prairie wolf for $5. A sacred cow was struck off for $25, and a zebra brought $105. Three monkeys were sold for $20, a Rocky Mountain badger, $10; two Minnesota coons, $5; a white crane from Iowa, $14; two white cock atoos, $10; a Rose cockatoo, $5; a green parrot, $2; an African leopard. 3100; four large badgers. $28; two prairie dogs, $3,forty Guinea pigs, $300; und an African boa snake, $76. Troy Times. WIT AND WISDOX. If we had no defects we should not lake so much pleasure in discovering those of others. La RoclteJ'oiicauld. A medical writer says that girls are to constructed that they can not jump. Just make one of them an offer of mar riage and sec. A Toronto man waited until he was sighty-lhrce years old before he got married. That's like running three miles to get a good start for a fourteen Inch jump. At the banquet: "Fellow-Irishmen, I am glad to be with you here. I hope we shall meet often. Gentlemen, you may have supposed it, but I am myself something of an Irishman. I have a cork leg." Chicuyo Times. Why is the tramp like a servant girl? Because he lives out by the month. Any minstrel show or circus desiring jokes like the above should send in their orders immediately, as we are just clear ing out our fall stock at a great sacri fice. Detroit Post. "No, Joseph, the Steam Hcatinf Company was not formed for the pur pose of heating steam. Steam is heated before it is made that is to say, when you heat the steam no, when you make the steam nc well, confound you, don't you know steam is hot any way, and doesn't have to be heated by a com pany?" Scientific American. A short time ago at a school in the North of England during a lesson on the animal kingdom the teacher put the following question: "Can any boy name tn me an animal of the order indentata; that is, a front-tooth, toothless ani mal?" A boy, whose face beamed with pleasure at the prospect of a good mark, replied: "I can!" " Well, what is the animal?" " My grandmother!" replied the boy in great glee. "Yes,'' said Sylvia, "Hat's the meatiest girl I ever did see! She knows I think young: Mr. Tawmus is just too lovely for anything, and I think she's of the same opinion. Well, I was leaning out of the window the other day, and Mr. Tawmus passed, and I smiled. Would you believe it? Hat had a set of her aunt's false teeth in her pocket, and just as I 'smiled, she dropped them out of the window. Mr. Tawmus didn't sec her. as she was behind me, and what could he have thought?" Boston Post. A rare relic: "What's this?" in quired an Austin snorting man who was rumaging among the pistols and amuni tion in Petmecky's gun-store. "That," said Petmecky, " is a real rarity. It is a pistol that once belong to the Em peror Charlemagne." " You don't say so!" ejaculated the sporting man. "Why, man, in the time of Charle magne there were no pistols." " Well, of course," replied Petmecky, "that's just the reason it is such a rarity. If Charlie had keptja gun-shop full of Der ringers everybody would have had ono. Texas Sij'tiny. Another St. Louis Girl. A rich Chicago girl was visiting a poor friend who was teaching school in St. Louis, and tho two girls were talk ing over their respective situations in life. "You have to work very hard, don't you?" asked the Chicago girl. Yes," was the answer, but I find a great deal to interest and entertain me." 'I don't do anything, but have a good time, and I enjoy it thoroughly." "I should think you would." 'Let's change for awhile. How would vou like to be in mv shoes?" "Well." said the St." Louis giri, looking at the foot of the other one, there s onlv one thing against it." "What's that, pray?" "Why, dear, if I got into your shoes to-day, the papers all over the conaaty would come out to-morrow morsdag with flaring head-lines: Mysterious Disappearance of Another St. U Girl,' and I don't w ant any notcjr " JfcrdtssW WHOLE NO. 732. PERSONAL AND LITERARY. Beethoven became deaf in 1801, blind in 1823. and died in 1827. after composing one hundred and thirty-seven diftereut works. Miss Martha Jellison, who had taught school for sixty years, died in Ellsworth. Mb., the other day at the age of ninety-three. Boston Fast. General Butler found the State House of Massachusetts destitute of a Bible. Ho should bo given credit for leaving a handsome qopy for the .study of his successor. Ben is one of the best Bible scholars in the United States. Chicago Inter Ocean. Dean Lo Breton, tho father of Mrs. Langtry, now lives in retirement at St. Brelado's, ten miles from St. Heller's. He is said to be tho handsomest man in the Island of Jersey, tall anil upright in bearing, with a dignified mien and feat ures. He long ago was separated from his wife. who is chaperoning Mrs. Lang try. The New York Historical Society, with 1,81)8 members, no debts, and $69,000 on hand, is taking steps to se cure a new building. Thepresent quar ters on Second avenue are much too small to accommodate it library of sev enty thousand volumes and its great mass of maps, pamphlets, pictures and other objects. X. Y. Times. Major William Arthur, of the army, bears a strong peroual resemblance to his brother, the Presideut, though of lighter build and a more distinctive mil itary bearing. He has seen a great deal of active service on the plains, and was a Irave aud efficient ollicer during tho iin.illiiiH Ha i-. til !..... 4l.i .inuMii v-t- 1DUCII1UU. ilC Otlll UCU13 uic Wats Ul suvere wounds received in battle. For politics he cares little, his tastes beiu purely military. Washington Star. - Charles Nordhoff, who edits tho Washington news department of tho New York Herald, is paid a salary of $10.0X1 per annum, and has in addition a house which is provided for him by the proprietor of tho Herald. His wife is a daughter of Bishop Ames, and in teres s herself especially in the welfare of young women from ludiaua who go to the capital either to find employment in one of the Departments or to enjoy the pleasure of Washington society. The library of Harvard College contains the tir.st two dra'ts of I.ongfel lows "Excchior." The lirst is written on the back of a note addivssed to Longfellow bv Charles Sunnier, and is indorsed "September 2S, l4l, 3:30 o'clock, morning. Now in bed." The second shows variations aud erasures. For instance, the lin..' "A youth who born 'mid snow and ice" was written four times belore decided upon: "A youth who bore in snow and ice," "A you h who bore a pearl of price,' and "A youth who bore above all price." Tho inception of the line "A tear stood in his bright blue eye was, "A tear s ood in his pale blue eve."- Hartford fust. nujiouous. "My Lord," said Tawmus, "you've no idea what a horror it rivc a man to steal up behind a irirl who i scribbling. look over her shoulder aud find that she's idlv writing vour name. with a Mrs.' prefixed. " Boston Pod. A "Bumper:" "What's phrenol ogy, ma?' Bumps on the head, my dear." "Was pa phrenological when he came home the other morning and you were putting vinegar and brown paper on his head, ma?" Fan. As two ladies were gazing at tho large black bear brought into town yesterday, one remarked: "Oh, what a nice buflalo-robe his skin would make!" The other replied: "Or such a splendid sealskin sacuue." Oil City Derrick. A Terrible Infant: I recollect a uuic called Ann, Who carrio I me about the grass. And ono tine duy a flue young man Cume up and ki.-ed tho pretty hiss. She did not make the least objection 1 Thinks I: "Aha! When 1 can talk I'll tell mamma;" And that's my earliest recollection. Irish gentleman (paying debt of honor): "There's the sovereign ye kindly lint me. Brown. I'm sorry" I haven't been able" Saxon (pocketing the coin): "Never thought of it from that day to this. Forgot all about it." Irish gentleman: " Bedad! I wish ye'd tould me that before!" A confirmed old bachelor was out at a social gathering the other evening, where he was so unfortunate as to be come seated behind a party of vivacious young ladies. Conversation turned upon athletic subjects, when one pert young miss inquired: "Mr. Brown, what is j'our favorite exercise?" "Oh, I have no preference; but just at present I should prefer dumb belles," was hL rather curt reply. Chicago Times. "This introduction gives me great pleasure, believe me," frankly ex claimed Brown, when introduced to a popular societv actress. Really, vou flatter me, MrBrown." "Not at'al. I have worshiped you from a distance for over twenty years and " Brown is still engaged racking his brain trying to find out why the actress cut "him short, and has since declined to recog nize him when they accidentally met. Boston Globe. A colored individual who went down on the slippery Hags at the corner of Woodward avenue and Congress street scrambled up and backed out into the street and took a long look toward the roof of the nearest build ing. "You fell from the third-story window," remarked a pedestrian who had witnessed the tumble. "Boss. I believes yer," was the prompt reply; "but what puzzles me am do qucshun of how I got up dar" an' why I was leanin' outer dc winder." Detroit Freit Press. "According to the testimony of thv witnesses you were caught just as you were getting out of the window, with the contents of the till in your pockets. Now. what excuse have you got?" and the magistrate leaned back in his chair very complacently. "I know it, your honor, and I shall always be grateful to the man who caught me. When I have these somnambulistic fits I am in dan ger of falling out of windows and hurt ing myself." "That idea never occurred to me," remarked the magistrate, pen sively. "It has often occurred to me," remarked the prisoner, with uncon scious humor. 4That being the case, I will direct the Governor " "To turn me loose?" "No, but to have an extra bar across yonr cell window, for fear you may fall out" Chicago Herald. The gentlemen at a recent leap year party wore toilets of surpassing richness and elegance, shone in all their lovely and radiant beauty, and made themselves utterly and entirelv irre sistible. The young ladies aft wore handsome hand-mo-downs, purchased at a fire sale of damaged goods at Osage City, and were .simply enchanting in their loeliiie3.--.Ayfers City (Jfc.) Tribune. TAM AUD FIRESIDE. Bee hives' should be raised occr. lioaally in the winter, and tho dead bees aad dirt swept out. Exchange. If potatoes are to be cooked in. their jackets, a coarso cloth put into' the water to rub them with, not only makes them cleaner, but saves time and the hands. Troy Times. The want of pure and fresh water accounts in many instances for the lack of eggs during the winter season. Fowls require a constant supply of, water, and without it will not lay. ', Prairie Farmer. Feeding a baby: Young mothers; may not be aware that if the point of the spoon bo hold against the roof of the mouth it is almost impossible for the child cither to choke or eject the fluid. Tha Household. An exchange recommends tho fol lowing as an unfailing reined- for "splint" in horses: Take oil of amber, oil of spike, spirits of turpentine, equal quantity of each. Apply twice a day and grease with a littlelard. Sauce for Game or Poultry: Put into a stewpan and set ou a slow tire a quarter of a pint of vinegar, three table spoonfuls of olive oil. a bunch of sweet herbs, anil spice to taste. Add to the whole some good gravy, ami servo hot. Boston Globe. The fact has long been well known that wood ashes placed in kegs or wooden boxes aud set in wooden out houses, have set the buildings on fire, even many hours afterward. Heuee tho importance of putting such ashes in iron vessels, and of storing in buildings of masonry. It is, the American Cultivator says, a fact that tho wheat crop in some of the older States is now twice aud often three times as large per acre as it was fifteen years ago. It ascribes this im provement largely to the buying of superphosphates and other commercial fertilizers. Broken Goblets: Many goblets get broken off at the foot, and there is nothing nicer to keep jelly in, if ouly they would staud up. This they can be'mado to do by boring holes in a board with a bit the size of tlu shaft of the goblets, and far enough apart so that the rims of the gksse will just touch each other. -Soda water: For the syrup take two pounds sugar, two ounces tartar- - - , .. . i . .. . i ? " 1 vcrlltJ,s l,ol,r ,thT, p,nt?. ,JO'1: ' " "- " " o "" wnues oi three eggs beaten stiff, one-half cup of flour stirred very smoothly in eggs, one-half ounce wintergiven or other flavoring. Put two tablespoonfuls of this syrup in a glass, fill nearly full of water, then add one-half tea'poon of soda. Detroit Post. Lovers of that sturdy old New England dish, baked beans, mav be glad to know of a new wrinkle in preparing it, suggested by Mr. IMiil brick in the Xew England Fanner. "I believe," he says, "if people generally knew what a delicious dish celery makes with common baked beans, there would be a larger sale for it. Chop up the celery fine and mix it with the baked beans; season with vinegar ami mustard lo taste; you will call foV a second plato af it every time.". Fertilizing Fruit Trees. It appears at practice to root lirst sight a straugo prune with a view to check luxuriant growth and then to manure the soil to encourage the tree to recover its strength by the applica tion of a fertilizing agent. But this is the practice that many excellent culti vators have found it expedient to adopt where root-pruning has been carried out. The explanation is that root-pruning properly performed only severs the largest roots and it is acknowledged that these large roots are only useful in promoting an undue luxuriance in the branches, which, in the case of trees with a limited fruit-bearing surface, is not desired and therefore their removal is a necessity. But anything that will promote the formation of fibrous roots within a reasonable distance of the sur face is essential to promote fruitf ulness. For this purpose many have fouud. in dealing with a soil that is not naturally rich, that it is necessary to apply a dressing of farm-yard manure over the roots to encourage them to increase in number ami extend in 'usefulness. Very much depends upon the char acter of the soil and the way in which it is treated. When the soil is good and deep, and manure is freely applied to it for the use of vegetable crops grown near the trees, no surface manuring will be required. But in the case of gardens where a space is set apart for fruit trees of this form, aud where no manure is applied for the use of other crops, it is often necessary to give the trees the benefit of a layer of mantiro on the roots immediately after the root pruning is completed. The proper way to apply the dressing is to remove four or five inches of the soil over tho roots and then lay the manure on them, placing the soil back again on the top of it. Unless the soil is very poor and the growth weak, once in three years will be often enough to apply the dress ing. But in an extreme ea-e it may bo applied annually. In our own ease, in one part of the garden where the oil is not very good, we find it necessary to lake notice of the growth of trees, and If we find any of them not quite so vig arous as they should be. we apply tho manure oftener than on the beltei ground where the growth is of average vigor. English Gardt tier. The Kind of Potatoes for Seed. The time is arriving when the peri odical questions which are not and aever will be settled come up for an nu ll discussion. One of these is im portant just now that is, what is the best kind of potatoes for seed. Some Ihink large ones are the best, some believe small ones are as good as any, and others fancy the medium size are to be preferred. No doubt all are fight, for as a small cion grows to be a iarge aud vigorous tree as quickly :e a large one. and a small bud makes as good a branch as a large one, so a small potato, which is really a .mall branch or a small bud. is :is likely to grow as vigorously and produce as well as a large one. A skillful garden er once grew more than a thousand pounds of potatoes from one tuber. He sprouted it in a hot-bed in the win ter, pulled oil the sprouts and potted them as fast as they grew ami were re newed from the eyes, and as the young plants became large enough, they were made into cuttings and these potted, and so on until the season for planting potatoes was over. Several hundred plants were set out in all, and the prod uct was the largest ever grown from one potato. If potatoes can thus be grown, and as a matter of fac. they can, why cannot a very small cutting, or even the eye itself be planted and pro duce a crop? If this, then, can be done, it certainly seems a waste of time to dispute about the kind of seed that is best to be used for planting. But it is best to be safe, and it is entirely safe to choose the very' best and sound est of the medium-sized tubers for seed; keep them cool and dry, so that they will not be weakened by sprout ing; and then, when the time comes, plant them in good soil, give them the cleanest cultivation, and protect them from the Colorado beetle. X. Y. Times. William Brettell, aged twenty, son wt an ironfounder at West Bromwich, Kkgland, committed suicide recently by jumping down a cupola in which iron was being melted. The iron was at white heat at the time, and death must have been inetont-neous.