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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1884)
ISSUED EVKRY WEDNESDAY,
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Pabliiheri.
MATES OF AlWEKTUIlIVC;.
KJTBusineaa and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
J3S For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
XSTLesal advertisements at statute
j3"Por transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
JdZTAll advertisements payable
J3" OFFICE Eleventh St., up stairs
in Journal Building.
VOL. XIV.-NO. 38.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 16, 1884.
WHOLE NO. 714.
I tm. ' H-sV- rHCsV
jUlAS. SIOAM (Yek:Lke)
IUnder "Star Clothing Store," Ne
braska Avenue, Columbus. vi-Ava.
On Corner of Twelfth and North Streets,
over Ernst's hardware store.
JSTOaiee hours, 8 to 12 a. in.; 1 to 3 p. m.
Olla Asuracgm, Dentist.
ATTORN KYS-AT-L AW,
Up-stairs in Gluck Building. 11th street,
Above the New bank.
tt j. iii;ino:.
Hh Street, i doori weit or Haamoad Hobm,
Columbus. Neb. -Ul-y
rpilUIEKTOX Ac POWERS,
S URGEON DEN TISTS,
JEST Office in Mitchell Block, Colum
bun, Nebraska. "'
T G. KEKUKK,
A TTORNE Y A T LA If",
Office on Olive St.. Columbus, Nebraska.
G. A. IITLLHOUST, A.M., M. D.,
HOXEOPA Till C PHYSICIAN,
jSTTwo Block-. outh of Court House.
Telephone communication. r-"y
V. A. MACKEN,
Wines, Liquors. Ciyurs, Porters, Ales,
etc , etc.
Olive Street, next to First National Hank-
.. iMTKU ItHON..
A TTORNE YS A T LA W,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
iug. 11th St. W. A. McAllister, Notary
J. M.-MACKAKLAND, B. K. COWDERY,
Attcrroj isl H:u?y PsWe. CsUirtw.
LAW ASH COLLECTION OFFICE
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
KO. IV. DEKItl'.
JSTCarriajje, bouse and irn painting,
glazing, paper hanging, Uals-omiiiing, etc.
done to order. Shop on mb St., opposite
Engine House, Columbus, Neb. 10-y
v? ii. ki:.sciii:,
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blankets, uny Combs, Brushes, trunks
valises bugs;vtis. cushions, carriage
trimming-, ,Vc.. at the lowest possible
prices. Uepairs pr mptly attended to.
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have bad an extended experience, and
will guarantee satiifaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us. an oppor
tunitvtoestiinateforyou. jQTSbop on
i:lth St., oue door west of Friedhof &
Co's. store. Columbus. Nebr. 4KT-V
o. c. srr a isrisroisr,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
jgrShop on Eleventh Street, opposite
Heintz's hruc Store. -Jti-y
W. CI. ARK,
LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT,
HUMPHREY, NEB 11.
His lands comprise some fine tracts
In the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ol Pl-tte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
pOLII9IBUSI PACKMG CO.,
COL UJIB US, - NEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hogs
Directors. R. II Henry, Prcst.; John
"Wiegius, Sec. aud Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
-VfOTICE TO TEACIIEIW.
J. X!. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
"Will be iu bis office st the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
fortbe transaction of any other business
pertaiulng to schools. 567-y
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Taul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 6mo.
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public w.'th
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals.' Also
conducts a sale stable. 44
D.T.Martyn, M. D. F. ScmiG, M. D.,
j Drs. MAETYH SCHUO,
U. S. Examining Surgeons;
Local Surecon. Union Pacific, and
O., N. & B. II. R. R's.
COLUMBUS, - NEBRASKA.
a week at home. $5.00 outfit,
free. Pay absolutely sure." No
risk. Capital' not - required.'
"Rpader. if vou want business
at which, persons of either sex, youaeor
old. can make great pay alljthe time they
worh, with -absolute certainty, write for
particulars to H. Ramjet & Co., Port;
National Bank !
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS.
. ANDERSON, Pres't. ,
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Preset.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY.
T. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange. Passage
rickets, Real Estate, Loan ana Insurance.
J.E. NORTH & CO.,
Bock Spring Coal, ...-tf.QQ P" tea
Carton (Wyoming) Coal 6.00 "
Eldoa (Iowa) Coal 3.50 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low- .
North Side Eleventh St.,
Improved and "Unimproved. Farms,
Hay and Grazing.Lanils and City
Property for Sale Cheap
Union Pacific Land Office,
On Long Time and low rate
ISTFinal proof madeon Timber Claims,
HomenteaiH aud Pre-euiptIo:H.
t3TAll wishing to buy lands of any de
scription will please call and examine
my list of lands before looking else wbere
tSTAll having lauds to sell will please
call and give ne a description, t-rin ,
3TI a so am prepared to insuro prop
crty, as I have the agency of several
tirst-clasa Fire insurauco companies.
F. W. OTT, Solicitor, speaki Germm.
30-tf Columbus, Nebraska.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COL UNB US, NX It.
SPEICE & NORTH.
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. B. Lands for aale at from f 3.00 to S10.00
per acre for cash, or on fiTe or ten years
time, In annual payments to suit pur
chasers. "We haTe also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved. Tor sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. "We keep a
complete abstractor title to all real es
tate in PUtte County.
BlacfeilaM Wagon Mte
AlLJuiisef.lRepairiig dee oh
Shart Nttice. Biggies, Wagr
is, etc, MdVta erder,
d all wsrk Gaar-
Also sail tke world-famous Walter A.
Weed Hewers, Eeapers, Com ain-
tt, 'Maekaes; ilatmtm, t
Sp,oppIte the "Tattersall." Ol-
One birthday there is In the life of each girl
That excels every other, I ween.
When the brightest of prospects before her
And visions of joy set her all in a whirl
Ti the day when she reaches eighteen.
And for a time her gratitude, hearty and
For all the Ion? years that hare been.
To the parents who ercr have shielded from
And the Father above who bestows every
Is the day when she reaobes eighteen.
The pleasures of childhood are bright as a
And sweet are the charms of sixteen;
But to every fair maiden yet brighter will
The glory that comes with the morning's first
On the day when she reaches eighteen.
Then the tint on her cheeks is the nectarine's
With lily-white spaces between.
And through the bright eyes, be they hazel or
Tou discover a heart, oh, so tender and true!
On the day when 6be reaches eighteen.
Then talk not to me of the glory of age.
With Its looks of a eilvery sheen:
For little but sorrow is left to the sage.
While proudly each maiden turns over the
Of the day when she reaches eighteen.
Sweet as the rosebud unfolding to view.
Fresh beauty that waits to be Been,
Is the dawning or womanhood, noble and
With the glory that comes to each maiden
On the day when she reaches eighteen.
Thoma n'titar. in The Continent.
UP IN A BALLOON.
Thrilling Experience ef a Darlag;
Prcacb Aeronaut Am Incident of
- the Laat Siege or Farla A Night of
"I have not been in a balloon for ten
years, and the very sight of one almost
makes me sicfe." He was a little dried
up fellow, in a great shaggy coat and
queer felt hat, and he spoke to a little
group who wete watching the maneuvers
of Prof. Warner with his balloon at the
Exposition yesterday. He was a quick,
nervous little man, and, although his
language was refine", his slight French
accent proclaimed his nationality. The 1
crowd gathered closer to the little man,
and ceased to watch the big rolling mas?
of canvas that was filling with gas so
"I was an aeronaut from my child
hood. My father was the confidential
friend of Dr. Jossan,' the great French
aeronaut and had me in a balloon before
I could walk. I don't know how many
ascensions I have made. I have been
up so often that I used to feel as easy
five miles above the earth as if I were
walking on solid ground. I was twenty
two years old when the Franco-Prussian
war broke out, and was then in Paris.
My father had just died and left me a
few thousand francs, and I was spend
ing it as foolishly as most boys do who
have never been used to money and Who
suddenly come into a little fortune. In
stead of fighting for my own country I
was squandering my father's hard
earned francs in the cafes of Paris. I
got up one morning and they told me
Paris was surrounded that we would
all have to starve or surrender. The
several attempts that had been made to
break through the lines had failed, and
the city was full of gloomy faces and
sad hearts. Then I happened to remem
ber what my father had said about the
means by which GeneralJourdan gained
his knowledge of the position of the
Austrians at the battle of the Fleurus in
1794, and how the French had used them
successfully at the sieges of Manbenge,
Charleroi, foanhcim and Ehrenbreistein.
Why not use them now?"
"It was toward the end of September,
1870, that I went to Gambetta, the
leader of our Provisional Government,
and laid the matter before him. He
made immdiate inquiries among scien
tific men of the practicability of the
scheme, and found that it would work.
We started two balloon factories. I had
charge of one in St. Denis. In a month
we had over forty balloons. We used
to make the envelope of calico, Tar
nished on the outside with a mixture of
linseed oil and oxide of lead, while the
net-work, car and other arrangements
were after the ordinnry fashion. All
the balloons that I superintended had a
capacity of seventy thousand cubic feet
of gas. We used to ha'e them manned
by sailors, and they were mainly used to
carry messages from Paris to Marseilles,
to EvTcnx, to Tunis, and other points.
It grew to be quite a common mode of
sending letters during the long months
of the siege. Most of the balloons used
to have with them carrier-pigeons.
Letters would be sent back into Paris in
this way. The contents of the letter
would be photographed. This would
reduce its size to within an area of one or
two square inches of the thinnest kind
of paper. This paper would be en
closed in a quill and fastened to the cen
tral tail feather of the pigeon. The
enemy began to open fire on our bal
loons at last add several of them were
lost or tell into the hands of the Ger
mans. To avoid this we used to send
them out in the night, and the Govern
ment forbid the use of lights to keep the
enemy from seeing the balloon. I had
been busy in the factory for a month or
more, when it suddenly occurred to me
that I would like to take a trip myself.
I made all the arrangements, and on
the night of the 25th ofXovember I got
into the 'City of Paris,' capacity 75,000
cubic feet, with two hundred and fifty
pounds of letters for Evreux. I left
about nine o'clock. The air was cold
and damp. I took one of the workmen
with me, a quiet, modest little fellow
named Lefebre, who lived at Evreux
and wanted to get out of Paris. The
wind was in the right direction, and we
had no difficulty in getting off. In a few
minutes the city lay below me. I could
see the twinkling lights gleaming like
serpent eyes out of the abyssmal dark
ness. All about me the air was so black
that I could almost feel it like a visible,
palpable reality. Dark masses of
clouds that I guessed to be twenty L
iuuiuouu ieei. iu luiusuess lay use an
ebon wall above me and on all sides.
The stillness was something dreadful. I
had been up a thousand times before,
but in daylight, and never under such
circumstances. I passed over the ene
my's camps till I saw the last of their
camp-fires fade away in the night.
xou can never tell by the motion of
the car how fast you are-going. I haye
been swept along by a whirlwind and a
glass full of water by my side never
spilled a drop. It is only by compari
son that you know that you are moving.
Some instinct told me that night that
we were being driven forward with a
fearful velocity. We tried to keep up a
conversation,, but the awful sublimity
of the occasion and the vague fears that
filled us both kept us from talking. I
had an idea that we were about four
miles above the earth's surface. For
the first rime I began to .think of the
immeasurable abyss that lay below me.
Sometimes in dreams you nave all felt
that you were falling .into depths never
sounded by plummet, or hanging, on
the verge of a precipice over an eternity
of space that rolled below.
"1 feltioaie of tads feeling of horror
unutterable stealing over me. Sudden
ly I felt the car give an ominous creak.
The bottom was of wicker-work, fas
tened by ropes to the sides of the car.
We both felt this floor giving way under
up. Tho horror of the scene is beyond
all conception. A sailor who saw the
hull of the vessel falling away from un
der him in the midst of a storm was for
tunate compared with us. I sprang for
the ropes which connected with tho
valve in the top and gave it a strong
jerk. There was no perceptible
fall in the balloon. I gave another and
a stronger pull. The cord gave way,
and I found half of it in my hand. I
sprang into the network, and yelled for
Lefebre to do likewise. The balloon
lurched over, and I noticed a few mo
ments later that the force with which
Lefebre had jumped from the car had
detached one side of it and hung down
by only a few cords- The balloon now
rolled from side to side. We were
hanging by the network that enveloped
it and did not know how long we could
remain suspended or how soon the cords
would break. The air, it seemed to me,
was becoming colder. My hands were
becoming numbed. Could it be that we
were entering a higher and rarer stra
tum of air? Were we still ascending?
I looked down and shuddered. I called
to Lefebre, but he failed to an
swer me. My blood almost froze in my
veins as the thought flashed on me. He
had slipped off and been precipitated in
to that frightful void. I determined to
cling on as long as I could. I tried to
tie myself up in the net-work so that I
couldn't fall, but this was impossible on
account of my almost frozen hands. I
wrapped my hands up as well as I could
and then waited for daylight. It would
be impossible for me to try and tell you
of my sufferings, mental and physical.
I knew that death stared me in the face,
and the most awful of deaths. I knew
that I would be found an unrecognizable
mass of mingled bones and ilesh. I felt
my hand slowly loosening and the cords
slipping away from me. The cold be
gan to overcome mind and body, and
the intense struggle for life began grad
ually to die away into a languid acquies
cence. I knew i could holdup but a lit
tle while longer, but the thought failed
to give aught but a faint feeling of un
rest, as though I were being told that
another man in a far-off country was
suffering. All my thoughts were im
personal. I felt the air grow warmer,
and a new and most vivid sense of my
danger dawned upon me. I clung to the
ropes with all my strength, and trem
bled as I thought this strength would
not last me longer. My arms ached,
and there was a dull pain in my head
that was fast deepening into a rapid
throbbing of the temples, the bloodi
seeming to rush and whirl and roar
about my ears. There comes a time
when a hunted man drops, when the
swimmer fails to raise his arm, and I
never felt before what feeling must come
over such a man till then. The last
minute that I could cling to the ropes
was reached. I felt that not even for
my life could I hold longer. With a
prayer on my lips, my palsied fingers
slipped from the cords and I began to
fall. When I became conscious the bal
loon was lying a few yards of in a heap,
and tangled in the cordage was Lefebre.
My first attempt to pull open the valve
had been successful, and whenJI loosened
all holds I was only half a dozen feet
from the ground. Lefebre had becomo
entangledin the net-work and fainted.
I never went in a balloon again, and my
nerves are so completely shattered that
I can never see one without the old feel
ing of horror creeping over me."
A Wicked Joke.
The members of the Oil Exchange are
a rather swell set of young men,
but the lead in the matter of clothes is
taken by a youth known as "the dude,"
whose name is withheld for the sake of
his relatives. The dude strolled into
the Exchange during a dull hour yester
day, and Solomon in all his glory was
never arrayed like one of him. To be
gin near the bottom, his feet (the dude's,
not Solomon's) were incased in the
glossiest of patent leathers; his trousers
fitted like the paint on a lamp post; his
coat had never a crease from tip to top;
bis linen was starched until itshone,and
his collar was perfection itself, and raised
his chin so that he could only gaze at
the floor at the hazard of cutting his
throat. But his tout ensemble, so to
speak, was completed and set off b the
darlingest silk hat imaginable, with the
broadest aud most curling of brims and
a beautifully bulgent top. Altogether
he was radiantly, dazzlingly beautiful.
The dude stopped near the middle of
the floor, struck an attitude much af
fected by garden statuary, and gazed
serenely and pityingly upo"h his common
place fellow-brokers. But horror of
horrors! A rude man came behind him
and jerked the silken tile from his head,
and the next moment it was thrown to
the floor, had received a kick, and a
dozen brokers were running after it.
They surrounded it, scuffled for it, and
away it sailed again toward the ceiling
with the entire membership of the Ex
change, save only the owner, in wild
pursuit. Round and round the floor
famboled the merry brokers with the
at before them. $ow it was suffering
in their midst, then it shot over the floor
in desperate efforts to escape, only to be
again overtaken, trampled, kicked and
trodden until it presented an appear
ance as if it had been laid down on by a
cow and then spent a summer under a
dust heap, and the gay brokers were
tired out and perspiring.
The dude, duriug this terrible period,
stood aghast, and with horror depicted
in every feature, turned in frozen des
pair as the gambols of his wicked as
sociate led tiiem to the four cardinal
points of the room's compass. But when
a grinning messenger-boy brought him
the battered corpse of his precious dicer,
he forced a smile which was only a des
olate mockery of happiness, and re
marked: "Aw dawn't care, anyway. It was
an old hawt.
Then the rude man who had torn the
tile from the unhappy adolescent's head
approached, and handed him the silken
hat uninjured, and the dude learned
that he had been the victim of a wicked
joke. An old hat had been sub
stituted on the floor, while the joker
held the victim's tile behind his back
And it came to pass that the noise ol
the unholy laughter was so great as to
jar the ticker into the waste basket, and
the dude will wear a derb- hat to-day
and forever after while on" the floor of
the Exchange. N. Y. Times.
Swallow-Tail Point light-house,
near Toronto, Ont., was named in a
unique way. At a banquet given by
some citizens, during its erection, to Mr.
Kent, who was to be its keeper, no one
but the latter appeared in full dress.
Thereafter he was called "Swallow-Tail
Kent," and when he took up his resi
dence in tne tower tae name went
Bunaiag; Traias by Signal.
Well, it is some yean since I hare
worked at train-dispatching," said the
old train-dispatcher, "but I suppose it
hasn't changed much since I quit it, ex
cepting that it is easier now that they
have double tracks where they used to
have single. No, there's no secret about
it; I don't mind telling you how
it is done, but I'm afraid you'll find it so
simple it will not make very interesting
reading matter for your paper. First,
you know, there are "divisions of a rail
road. For instance, the main line of
the old Chicago, Burlington & Quincy
road, where I used to work, is divided
into three dispatchers' divisions tho
first from Chicago to Mendota; the sec
ond from Mendota to Galesburg, and the
third from Galesburg west to Quincy
and Burlington. I used to work at Au
rora, and we had charge of the first, or
east division. When a regular train
was ready to leave Chicago on its sched
ule time it started without orders, each
telegraph operator on.the line reporting
to us when the train passed his station.
This report we entered on a sheet kept
always before us, and at a glauce we
could tell where every train on our divi
sion was at any time. If a train was
not ready to leave on or near its
schedule time it lost its right to tho
road, and had to run as an extra. An
extra train always had to have orders
before it could leave the Chicago yard."
"How do trains get those orders?"
"Well, when Conductor Smith, say,
is ready to pull out of Chicago he goes
to the telegraph office and asks for his
orders. The operator tells the dispatcher
at Aurora that the train is ready to start,
and the dispatcher sends a regular tele
gram to the conductor and engineer of
the train. If the train is to run wild tho
" To Conductor and Engineer Train No. 15
(for instance): Hun to Aurora as a wild train.'
"This is .signed by the chief train dis
patcher. Then the conductor sends an
answer to the chief dispatcher, thus:
" 'I understand I am to run to Aurora as a
wild train. John Smith, Conductor, No. 15.'
"Th dispatcher replies thus:
" To John Smith, Conductor No. 15: Your
understanding is correct.'
"The conductor now delivers a copy of
the order to the engineer, and the train
is ready to start. Of course, abbrevia
tions are used in much of this telegraph
ing. For instance, the conductor's un
derstanding of his order is sent over the
line thus; 413, run to Aurora as a wild
train' 13 meaning 'I understand'; and
the dispatcher's reply to this is simply:
'To John Smith, conductor No. 15; 0.
K,' with the dispatcher's initials."
"What is a wild train?"
"A train that has to look out for noth
ing on the road but regular trains. It
keeps out of the way of all trains that
have schedule time, that's all."
"Suppose there are extra trains on the
road for this No. 15 to meet, how do
vou give orders then?"
"Simply add where he is to meet
extras. As 'Run to Aurora as a wild
train, meetting extra, Brown conductor,
at Hinsdale, and extra, Jones conduc
tor, at Naperville.' "
"But do you never hold regular trains
"Oh, yes. often. If a wild train can?
gain more time than a regular train
would lose we sometimes hold the regu
lar train at a station until the wild train
"How do you do that?"
"Well, suppose Smith's wild train
was coming west and I should see that
it could reach Hinsdale five minutes
later than the regular eastward-bound
train's time for leaving there; I would
rather delay the regular train five
minutes than have the wild train wait
twenty or thirty minutes at Riverside, so
I send a telegram thus:
" To the Operator, Hinsdale: Hold train No.
12 until 10:53 o'clock for No. 1j.'
"Then to the operator at Riverside I
" To Conductor and Engineer No. 15. River
side: Vou have until 10:55 o'clock to make
Hinsdale for No. 12.'
"There you see I have one train held
while another train is on the road."
"How does the operator at Hinsdale
stop No. 12."
"As soon" as he receives orders to
hold the train, he shows a green flag or
lantern which always means that there
are telegraphic orders for the train."
"That seems verv simple," said the
Daily News representative, but often
there are many accidents attributed to
"Yes, but most of the collisions that
are so attributed are results of careless
ness on the part of the line operators.
Sometimes an operator receives an or
der to hold a train and forgets to show
his green signal. If the train does not
happen to stop at that station regularly
it may go whizzing by and get away
from the operator before he can eaten
it. That is one cause of accidents, for
of course the other train thinks it has a
clear road and comes right along. An
other cause is the failure of engineers to
see the green light. This is not of very
frequent occurrence, however, for en
gineers are the most watchful men on
earth, I believe. I often wonder how
they manage to see everything along
the road and keep watch of their ma
chinery and clocks and steam-gauges
and time-cards all at the same time."
"How do dispatchers keep this record
sheet of which you speak?"
"They have asheet ruled into squares.
Tho lines across the sheet indicate the
stations on the road and the lines up
and down show the trains. Every time
a train is reported as passing a station
the dispatcher marks the time in the
square that indicates both that train and
that station. Thus, if train No. 15
leaves Riverside at 9:10 the dispatcher
makes those figures in the square that
is below the number of the train and to
the right or left of the name of that sta
tion. A glance, therefore, shows him
where the train was last reported as
leaving. If in due time it is not re
ported as leaving the next station tho
dispatcher calls up the operator and asks
if the train is in sight. If it is not, and
the dispatcher has reason to think the
train is stalled or broken down between
stations, he gives the operators on each
side of it orders to "hold all trains until
the trouble is removed. There is noth
ing intricate, you see, in the system.
If every man does his plain duty there
is no danger from running trains by
telegraph. The main trouble is, cheap
operators are apt to be stupid men, and
the companies rarely pay enough to get
good, smart operators at the the small
stations." Chicago News.
A good many young people try to
be original, and make a miserable mis
take in the endeavor. They imagine
they can turn the whole world round by
some eccentricity of dress or behavior,
or by some method of speech. In gen
eral, they offend their friends, and de
light their enemies. As a matter. of
fact, people had better let well alone,
take up the custom of those about then,
and rest assured that what the collective
wisdom of the world agrees to do, ia em
the whole, best. The HvuuKoU.
The Piute is not an impressive char
acter. Civilization has done its worst
for him. He has learned all the bad
and none of the good. He dtesses in
tho prevailing style of the mining camps,
with flannel shirt and broad-brimmed
hat. In the spring, summer and fall he
hunts, fishes and picks berries, and
disposes of his surplus stock to the
whites. He is an inveterate gambler, a
hard drinker, when ho can get liquor,
and when drunk is a fiend. The tribal
relations of the Piutes have been broken
up, although they still recognize a nom
inal Chief. They roam aimlessly
over the country from place to place,
begging and stealing, and living the
Lord only knows how. In" the winter
they are the scavengers of the State.
They know the location of every swill
barrel, refuse-heap and ash-pile in
Nevada, and never a day passes that
they do not make rounds, "always find
ing something to repay them for their
trouble. One of them" recently came
ambling up to an ash-barrel which, the
owner remarked to a bystander, con
tained nothing that even" a Piute would
deem of value. The red man poked
around it for a time, and then tipped
the barrel over, empting mast of its
conteuts on the ground. The owner
had some misgivings, but he still
laughed, and said the "Injun" would
find nothing there. Pretty soon the fel
low picked out something and put it in
his pocket. The owner's curiosity was
aroused. Walking up to the redskin,
"You don't find much in thero do
"Mebbe," said he; "heap catch 'em
He had found one or two ancient to
bacco quids in the ashes, and did not
despair of picking out a few more. So
they go from the back doors of the best
houses to those of saloons and slaughter
houses, gladly appropriating to their
own use hundreds of things which the
white man has discarded as useless.
To most people the Piute is the personi
fication of a joke. A more solemn
mortal than he can not very well be
imagined, but his quaint ways.his imita
tion of the white man, more especially
the bad white man, and his queer as
sumption of the airs of civilized life
make him a very picturesque object
when he does not render himself a
nuisance, as is quite apt to be the case.
It doesn't take a great deal of silver
change to start a big gambling game
among the Piutes. If a crowd of fif
teen or twenty can raise ten dollars or
twenty dollars in silver the sport will be
kept up for hours. These gambling
spells lake on the nature of a tourna
ment, and last sometimes for weeks, at
tracting the red sports from all parts
of the State. They meet in the daytime
on the sunny side of their wickiups,
from which they extend wings by ty
ing blankets onpoles to break the force
of the wind. The gamblers place two
poles on the ground about ten feet apart
and parallel with each other, and seat
themselves on the ground cross-legged
outside the poles. There are generally
six or eight bucks on each side, and the
stakes are stacked on the open ground
between the poles. The game that they
play is incomprehensible to the white
mind, but it seems to be nothing more
than guessing by one buck in which hand
another holds some shells. While this
is in progress the players sing a monot
onous chant and sway their bodies to
and fro. When night comes on sage
brush fires are lighted, and the games
often last until morning, the squaws
and children standing near, as deeply
interested in the game as the players.
No game can be played without the
dismal accompaniment of chanting, and
no weirder sights can be imagined than
those to be witnessed in one of these
protracted day and night tournaments.
It was at one of these festive gatherings
that one of the wives of Chief Nachcz
gave birth to twins, and the proceedings
were broken up in the expectations that,
in accordance with the traditions of the
race, one of the new-cornel's would be
given up to be killed. The mother,
however, begged so piteously that the
life of her offspring be spared that
Nachez concluded to let them both live,
and the dissapointed redskins resumed
The Piutes have no enemies but the
Washoes, a tribe even more degraded
than they. Reports frequently gain
currency that the two "nations" are at
war, and that dreadful bloodshed has
resulted. These stories usually origi
nate with the Piutes, who are unconscio i
able liars, and seem to enjoy the narra
tion of tales of slaughter tor the edifica
tion of the whites, particularly when
the latter are in a generous mood. The
two tribes have not had an actual fight
since 1863, when the Piutes managed to
reduce their ancient enemies to subjec
tion, and from that day to this they
have lorded it over the subject race .in
the most inhuman manner. No Washoe
is permitted to own a gun or any kind
of a firearm, and the discovery that one
of them has anything of the kind in his
possession is the signal for a Piute raid
and fight, if the weapon is not immedi
ately surrendeerd. This terrorism in
which the Washoes are field by the
Piutes, themselves the least warlike
perhaps of all the American Indians ex
cepting the Washoes, would be ludi
crous were it not almost pitiful. Low
and despicable as the Piute maybe, it
seems to afford him satisfaction to
know that he is the master of somebody.
Personal encounters between 'uenibers
of the two tribes are of frequent occur
rence, and these form the basis, in the
minds of the genial Piute romancers, of
tho bloody battles so often reported as
having taken place in remote places.
Reno Cor. N. Y. Sun.
Boniface De Roo, a native of Hol
land, who had lived for the last seven
teen years in Akron, O., where he died
recently, bequeathed $10,000 to that
city, his entire fortune. When he was
eighteen years old a severe illness prac
tically destroyed one of his lungs, but
b' uncommon prudence and care he
prolonged his life to seventy-two years.
He visited many States and countries in
search of the climate most favorable to
his infirmities, and, thinking that he
knew more about his condition than any
one else, entertained a poor opinion of
doctors. Brought up near the field of
Waterloo, De Roo, as a boy, saw the
troops of cavalry- riding to the battle,
and remembered holding the horse of a
French officer who had occasion to dis
mount on his way to the conflict.
A German paper, the Illustrirte
Zeitung, reports that German emigrants
return weekly in great numbers from
America. One hundred agricultural
laborers returned recently from Chicago
to their old homes in " East Prussia.
They explained their ill success by the
much quicker, but less thorough, "work
of the Americaus with whom they had
to compete. They had with difficulty
earned their passage money.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
A Boston oculist protests against
There are one hundred and five,
unused burying-grounds within tho
corporate limits of London.
Samuel Hoffman, of Ohio, went
crazy because the Prohibition Amend
ment was not adopted. Cleveland
Two brothers named Lynch died in
tho same hospital in New Orleans re
cently without either knowing of tho
presence of the other. N. O. Picayune.
The most important and valuable
stamp collection in the world belongs to
a son of the Duchess of Gallicra.
Though it is vet incomplete, the stamps
alone have cost $300,000.
It was a pet monkey that struck a
match and fired the British bark
Marqurite at Bayonne, N. J., laden
with 1,375 barrels of naphtha and 2,000
of petroleum. N. Y. Sun.
General Grant has had made at Hart
ford, for presentation to the Viceroy of
China and the Mikado of Japan, two guns
modeled after the Gardiner patent,
which have been fired at the rate of
seven hundred shots per minute.
David Hawthorne, of Philadelphia,
beat his wife. She dealt him a mortal
blow with a tumbler. He lived a week,
and went around all right, when tho
arter' burst, causing death. His wife
wa.s exonerated by his own statement.
A civil engineer who recently
surveyed one hundred and seventy
miles of railway in Arkansas reports
that the citizens strenuously opposed
the construction of the road on the
ground that it would scare all the game
out of the country. St. Louis Globe.
Pearl street, New York, is tho
crookedest street in the world. It is a
mile and a half in extent, and yet its
curves are so incessant that you cannot
in any place see more than two squares
ahead. It intersects Broadway twice,
forming a half circle whose arc is nearly
one mile in length. N. Y. Mail.
A New York Judge says there is no
law to prevent a woman dressing in
men's clothes if she wants to, and dis
missed one in that garb brought before
him by a valiant policeman. The Judge's
head is level. Any woman so lost to
the sense of the beautiful as to be willing
to make herself hideous in the masculine
costume of the day ought to be allowed
the privilege. N. Y. Times.
On a railroad train from Macon,
Ga., the other day was a remarkable
couple. The gentleman was Mr. Thomas
G. Smith and the lady was his sister.
They were born in Sandersville. but at
the age of eight years Mr. Smith went
to Texas, where he lived and prospered
up to a few weeks ago, when he returned
to Georgia and met his sister after
seventy years of separation. Chicago
The great Napoleon married a
widow. Scarron's widow became a
court favorite. Rousseau went crazy
after a widow, and Gibbon, the historiai",
made himself ridiculous over one.
Disraeli married a widow, and three of
the most distinguished widows in
Europe to-day are the Empress Eugenie,
of the French; Queen Isabella, of the
Spanish, and Queen Victoria, of the
"Eyes of vair," the old phrase
used by English poets, is a curious re
sult of phonetic spelling. Vair is the
spotted fur made by the skin of the
gray squirrel; verre is the French word
for glass. The poets evidently meant
what Chaucer wrote: "Eyes "as grey
as glass," but they wrot'e vair, and
hence the counterpart of the mistake
about Cinderella's slipper, which was
of "vair," not "verre."
Long shelves in one of the offices
at the White House contain cases, each
of which bears the label "eccentric."
These cases are crammed with written
communications bushels of them in all
which have been received by the
President in the last two years, and
which are so "eccentric" that no man
can tell what their writers were trying
:to express. Such letters of course re
main unanswered. Washington Star.
"Our own tobacco exports," says
the Boston Advertiser, "are at least ten
times larger than are those of Turkey;
but probably few people know that in
tthe production, consumption and cxpor
of tobacco America exceeds every other
'country, and that, as a producer of
quantities, it is followed immediately by
Russia, Hungary, Germany, France
'not by Cuba, which has but about 4,500
tobacco farms, and exports less than
Mrs. Charles Dunlap, living a few
miles from Circleville, O., a poor wom
an, depending on daily labor for support,
.went to town one day recently and un
expectedly came across a man whom she
had worked for several years, and re
ceived of him over $200. " This she had
earned by hard labor. After shopping
in town she set out for home, and on tho
way encountered two men on foot, one
of whom asked permission to ride in her
spring wagon. Sin; refused, but offered
to carry the man's valise, whereupon
both men climbed into the wagon. One
of them seized the reins, and the other
seized Mrs. Dunlap by the neck and
took her money, amounting to $235.
The robbers then fled. Chicago Times.
A Berlin Ladj's Mistake.
M. Marius Vachon, in the last num
ber of the France, makes merry over the
advice given by the "grave Gazette de
Cologne' to German ladies to have their
dresses made at home, and to show a
healthy independence of French fashions,
which in Germany, as elsewhere, the
fashionable modistes slavishly imitate.
Yet this would be very sensible advice
for German ladies to follow if many of
them are capable of making such an ab
surd mistake in their mode of wearing
dresses made in the French fashion as
the wife of a certain Prussian function
ary, to whom he refers. To do honor to
some great occasion this lady ordered a
'costume" in the very latest Parisian
style from a fashionable Berlin milliner,
and duly appeared in it on the night of
the fete. A universal titter greeted her
entry into the room. Ladies hid their
faces behind their fans, and the pattern
of the paper on the walLs suddenly be
came an object of interest to the gen
tlemen, most of whom turned round to
examine it. The lady's mortification
was naturally very great. She ordered
her carriage at once, and drove to the
dressmaker's to ask for an explication of
the merriment which she knew must
have been due to some peculiarity in
her attire. The couturiere no sooner
saw her distinguished customer than she
.burst into an uncontrollable fit of
laughter. "What! you too?" said the
lady wild with rage. "Pardon me,
madame," said the milliner, "it is too
much for me. I do not wonder at their,
laughing. You have pat on your dress
the wrong way; yon have put the 'pouf
ia front. St. Jamm? Omutte.
PERSONAL AND LITERARY.
Whan Henry Ward Beecher was at
Srand Forks, Dak., he was invited to
empire a base-ball match.
Miss Mollie Garfield and Misj
Fanny Hayes, daughters of two ex
Presidents, attend the same school in
A young tooth, coming out as
natural 'as if in childhood, is nursed by
Mrs. Isabella Weeden, of Colusa, Col.
who is the mother of two bo3s ovel
seventy-eight years old. Chicaga
There are two ladies iu the neigh
borhood of Newborn, Ala., who wert
livibir in that section before Alabama
was a State. That was before 1819.
The act organizing the territory dates
two j'ears previously.
Tom Thumb's full name was
Charles Sherwood Stratton. not Ilcy
wood, as generally announced. In tha
Mounta'n Grove 'Cemetery iu Bridge
port, Conn., years ago he bought a lot
and erected a tall marble shaft, sur
mounted by a life-size statue of him
self. Near this monument he was
buried. N. Y. Pott.
Mrs. Eliza Gnicie Halsev. widow of
Rev. Charles Halsey, and (laughter of
the late Charles King, LL. D, Presi.
dent of Columbia College, died at Eliza
beth. N. J., recently, in her seventy
third year. Mrs. Halsey, at the age of
fourteen years, welcomed Lafayette to
New York, it Castle Garden, when ho
visited tlm country iu 1824. N. Y.
Colonel William E. Curtis, manag
ing editor of the 7r Ocean is, it
may not be generally known, but it is
nevertheless the fact, the author and
composer of the beautiful ballads which
sporadically appear supplementary to
our esteemed contemporary. One of.
these ballads: " Wait till "tho Clouds
Roll By, Jennie," is now before us.
We are not acquainted with Jennie,
but no confidence is violated in tho
statement that the ballad is ono of ex
traordinary merit. Chicago News.
Miss Murphy, of San Francisco,
who was married the other day to
Baronet Wolseley, could not have
married him for his title. Her hus
band, who is old enough to be hex
father, is only a Baronet, while her
papa, who was plain Dan Muqihy
when he left Cork for San Francisco
several yars ago, is now a Marquis
of the Holy Roman Empire and a
Knight of St. Gregory. The Pope
made him both live or six years ago.
The Pope also sent his blessing to the
young couple. Old Murphy, when lit
got spliced to Lady Wolseley 's mamma
did not receive any pupal blessing.
They got on very well, however. Their
bank account runs into the millions.
A little girl on Long Island offered
a rather remarkable prayer a few
nights ago when she said: "1 do thank
Tliee, God, for all my blessings, aud 111
Jo as much for you some time."
"Here, boys!" exclaimed a kind
old grandma, "I wouldn't slide down
thosu banisters. I wouldn't do it!"
"You wouldn't do it. grandma? Why,
you couldn't!" exclaimed littlo Tommy.
In one chapter. Boy melon- -shady
spot secluded nook yum! yum!
all gone boy sighs colic comes-boy
howls mother scares -father jaws
doctor comes colic goes boy well
wants more (nt'cu of funeral" hereaft
er.) Detroit Free I'ress.
A private message to the Boston
Post says that the Society for the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Animals threat
ens Tto arrest Jay Gould, Cyrus W.
Field, Russell Sago, and a number of
other New York farmers. They haven't
watered their stock for over a "month.
The speaker who alluded to Jus
candidate as "the war-horse that
snuffed the battlo from afar," climbed
up to the composition room with a club
after reading it in the paper as "tho
ward boss that snatched the bottle
from a bar." Boston Commercial Bul
letin. It is a common saying that a wom
an can't keep a secret as well as a man.
All bosh. Why, a woman will keep a
secret that a man would forget in two
hours, longenough to spread ltovcrtwo
counties. She never loses her grip on it
till she gets a better one. Burliiiytoii
Poot's wife remarked to him, as
they started out the other night to tako
supper with the Browns, that she ex
pected Mra. B. would have a stumiing
coiffure. "Well, I'm sure I hope so,
grumbled Poots, "I haven't had any
thing good to eat siuce the last time wa
were at mother's." Lowell Courier.
"Mamma," cried a little four-year-old
girl, after coming from a walk
with her next oldest sister, "Mamie
shoved against me and pushed me down
right before some gentlemen, and hurt
me, too. "Well, it doesn't hurt you
now, does it? Then why do yoi: cry?"
"'Cause I didn't cry any when sho
pushed me down.' ' Kentucky Journal.
The high-school girl aked her
brother Jim to go with her to the festi
val Wednesday night. For a wonder
he was willing, and replied: "I'm your
oyster." "Dear! dear! shall I never
be able to impress upon your mind tho
utter wickeduess of slang?'' said she;
"you should say: ! am your acephal
ous mollusk. " Oil City Derrick.
An able-bodied insect: The guard
of an English railway carriage recently
refused to allow a naturalist to carry a
live hedgehog with him. The traveler,
indignant, pulled a turtle from his wal
let, and said: "Take this, too;" but the
guard replied, good-naturedly: "Ho :io
sir. It's dogs you can't carry, and dogs
is dogs, cats is" dogs, and 'edge'ogs 13
dogs, but turtles is insects."
Why Ho Was Proud.
Two negro vagabonds, who havo been
ap before the Recorder innumerable
times, happened to meet in the corridor
of the court-bouse. One of them held
his nose up high in the air and put on
a great deal of style The other was in
the custody of a policeman. The pris
oner said to his old friend:
"What's de matter wid you, niggah?
Has 3-ou won de big prize in de lottery
dat ver holds yer head so high?"
"I doesn't want ter be familiar wid
de criminal elemint. I don't know you,
"Well, den, what docs yer blow j'er
self out so much for? "A e has been in
jail for weeks and weeks tergeddcr. We
has stole chickens tergedder more dan
"I wants yer to understand dat for
once I doesn't come inter dis court-houso
in de capacity ob a malefactor. On dis
hcah prond occasion I is here in de ca
pacity ob a witness for de State, and
not as de prisoner at de bar, an' I wants
ter be respected accordinV Texas
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