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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1883)
MATES OF AOTEMTISirVC;.
tSTBusiness and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
S3 For time advertisements, applr
at this office.
SaTLegal advertisements at statue
JQTFor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
X7A11 advertisements payable
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
Issued kveky wkdxiiiy,
M. K. TURNER So CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
JS OFFICE, Eleventh .St.. up Hairs
in Journal Building.
. J J i. u
VOL. XIV.-NO. 26.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 24, 1883.
WHOLE NO. 702.
9 "I T. 1YOOE), 31.
t2TH-i opem-d the office formerly oc
cupied by Dr. BonesteeL l9-'"m.
On Thirteenth St., and Nebraska Ave.,
over Friedhof- store.
ESroiIir.- honi-. Mo 12. i. in.; 1 to ."!.
oi i a A.-iunMiH, Dentist.
SCi:i-l'J?S Ac NUBjI.IVASV.
J A TTOJiXEYS-A 1-LA W,
1 p-taii- in t;li4; Uuildinj,-, lltb street,
!t iv tin Nt'W hunk.
TJ J. IH'SJ40.
NOT A It Y PUBLIC.
litli sirn't.S ilotirs nest r Hamiiioti.l lloiihe,
Columbus. Neb. vn-y
rrnHB'Jss'o a. iow:k?.
N U EG EOS It EX TfSTS.
jSTOm.-c in Mitchell Block, Colum
bus. Xthr.isk.i. UAi
f s:i:bs a- sseii'.sh'k,
a Trans e vs a t la w,
Office on Uli- 1.. Cnlumbu. Ncbra-ka.
;. . Ill LLHOR-T, A. M.. M. D.,
'HOMEOPATHIC I'll YSICIAX,
lifTu" Block- -outli I i mill Hou-c.
Telephone communic moil. "!'
; ill t.ii.. ...: t. a t-ioi
Bricklaying, Plastering, Stonework,
T Sat it faction iiinrntntrcd, or no pay.
V. A. 2SACKEN,
Wines, IJrji.i .. Ciym-t, Porte, , Ales,
( 'c , etc
oli -licet, ii. tt ! ir-t X uioiiil Rank.
A T TO ItS E YS A T LA W,
Oih.e up--l.tir- in McAllUterS build-in;-,
lltb t. V.'. A. MAlii-tei. Xotaiy
.1. M. 5IACI lK!.M. R- COW IM-.RY,
A.;r.s a-3 y-ur-V.':. C:ll8:t:r.
LAW AXii COLl.EtTlOX OFFICE
Coluuibut. : : Xebr'iska.
y 5:0. . ek:kky.
PAIS I Eli
liT1 airnirc. ii'ui-f iii.l -imi paint ni!r,
rl.iing, p.iK-i biiiinir, k.il-umiiiiu:;. etc.
done to order. -hp on nth "St., opposite
Engine lt.u- . t tiliiiiil-u-. Neb. Iti-j
J IE.CC1 S'5i:,
llth St., opposite Linddl Hotel.
-m-11- II aniens, iddb -. (dlui-. Whip-,
ltlniket-. uri omit-, l'.iu-lic-. trunk-,
.i'i- -. l"i'i I p-. it In-'".i-, cirri i-i
triiiiinitu- ,Vc . n the l.iue-t po--ible
pn-. Kii.u.- pi in th intended to.
Renl ICstit to Agent,
Genoa, Nance Co.. Neb.
T1LD LAND- .mil uiiiocl f.irin
V fi -ale. .mi -pniidonci' solicit
ed. Oiliee in ill :'- buildinir. np--taii.-.
O. C. Sl-I A3ST jSTOIST,
v. ini vori ii Hi oj-
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
KlT.-hop .-n I'!t tilth -ti.il, eppo-itc
Ileint Mi ii -' le. -n-y
( IV. 4'K.AESU.
I.ASD AXD IXSCIiAXCE AG EXT,
Hi- land- ciinpri-e -ome line tracts
in the Shell ('reck .illcy. and the north
ern portion ol I'l tte county. Taxe.
jiaid for non-ic-ident-. satisfaction
iruar uteed. 20 y
oH.tt.iim; lurKixs c'm
COL UJfli US, - SEP ,
Packers ami Dealer in all kind- of IIoj,'
product, ca-li paid for Live or Dead Ho
Directors. It. II Henry, Pre-t : John
"Wisrgius, s-cc. ami Tre.i-.: L. Geir.ird, S.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
"Will he in his office st the Court Ilou-c
on the third Saturday of each
mouth for the purj.o.-e of examining
applicants for teacher's certiicates. and
for the tran-actton of any other lft!ines
pertaining to school-. ."OT-y
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates -upplied for either
frame or brick building-. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on loth Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard, tolumbn-, Xe
braska. .r2 Brno.
Liverv and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to fttrni-h the public w'th
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funeral. Alo
conducts a sale stable. 44
D.T. JIakty.s. M. D. F. -"riiffi, M. D.,
( Deulscher Art:.)
Dts. MARTYN & SCHUG, l
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Sunreon. Union Pacific and
O., X.&1L n.n.K'-.
St::sit-jr:t5 3emrl 3ii t&i Tanir t Eolit.
CASH CAPITAL, . - $50,000
Lkan'Iikk (iEHHakd, Preset.
Geo. W. IIulst, Vice. Pros' I. . .
JijUos Af Herd: tfcJ. 4
, i . f
Edward A'i-GtKltARi)- .
J. E.a'ASKEU, Cashier, .
IlaaU oi' lcpoit UUcouni
ColleetieBM PromptlyJVlHile on
Pay latcrext ob Time Ieios-
DREBERT & BRIGGLE,
jSPrompt attention given to Col
lInsurance, Real Estate, Loan,
ElcM-uth Street, opjio-itc the
r Has on baud a full assortment of
CROCKERY & GLASSWARE,
Pipes, Cigars and Tobacco.
Highest price paid for Count r Pioduce.
tioou ueuereuiu cuy.
GIVE M'JE A CLL'I
All kinds oi' Ilepahiug done on
Short Notice. lUil's Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work! Guar- .
Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders -the
jSrsiiop oppo-ile the " T.itter.sall." OJ.
i e St.. COLT'.M IU'S. 'JJiiii-c
H. LTJERS & CO,
AVaoron TBnildei s,
Xi'w UrlrV Sho opposite llrtntzN llruc Store.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eltrcnth Street, Columbus, Nebraska.
X JLlNOlUiNOwcre disabled by
wound-, disease, accident or otheru i-c.
widow, mothers and f.tlhers of scldier
dyhi!: in the seniee or afterward, from
disease which originated while in the sei"
vice, are entitledto a peu-ion. New and
honorable discharges obtained for sol
dier. Increuoe of Pen, ion ob
tained at any time when the disability
warrants it. All soldier- who ere rated
too low are entitled to an increase of pen
sion. Rejected and abandoned claims a
specialty. Circular free. Address, with
-tamp, M. V.TIEKNKY, Bo 45C, Wash
ington, D. C. 4."i-l-2ct
JOHN HUBEU, the jolly auctioneer. hs
opened a hotel on 18th St , near Titf.i
ny tt Itouton's, where clean beds and
square meals will always be found by the
patron of the houe. I will in the fu
ture, a in the past, sivc my be atten
tion to all sales of:oods or farm stock, a
jSSSatisfaction guaranteed; call and
see me and iou will be made welcome.
Proprietor and Auctioneer.
Columbus, Neb, .Tune 10, "$3. 9-tf
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
25f-Wholcsale ind Retail Dealer in For
eign AVines, Liquors and Ciears, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
SSVfcntucJLi IVhiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk Strowt. South of Depot.
,Y , S. MURDOUK & SON,
U Carpenters and Conti
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee, satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Ourr motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. JSTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof &
Co'b. store, Columbus, 2ebr. 4S3-y
BlacKsmlUi aiid Wagon Make
COLUMBUS. If EB:
Authorized Capital, -Cash
. .. i t . :
OFFICERS ASD DIRECTORS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'L C. S31I TH. Vice Prea't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY,'
Foreign and Inland Exchan?e, Passage
Tickets, Rear Estate, Loan ana Insurance.
J. E. NORTH & CO.,
Rock Spring Coal,
Carbon (Wyoming) Coal .
Elilcu dou) Coal
..SIM per ton
.. 6.00 "
.. i.50 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North. Side Eleventh St.,
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANrFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
O FFICE. COL UM Ii US. NK II.
SPE1CE & NORTH,
General Agent tor the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lauds for sale it from $:i.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lauds, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots ir. the city. AYe keep a
complete abstractor title'to all real es
tate in Platte County.
CITY PROPERTY FOR SALE,
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Long Time and low rate
All wishing to buy Rail Road Lands
or Improved Farm- will find it to their
:idanta?e to call at the U. P. Land
Office before lookin elsewhere as 1
make a specialty of buying and selling
land on commission; all persons with
in? to sell farms .or unimproved land
will fiud it to their advantage to leave
their lands with me lor sale, as my fa.
cilities for affecting sales are unsur
passed. I am piepared to make final
pi oof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homesteads.
C5fV. W. )tt, Clerk, writes and
SAMUEL C. SMITH,
Agt. U. P. Land Department.
('21-y COLUMBUS, NEB.
COFFINS AXD METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IX
Tarniture., Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges.
&o., Picture Frames and
TSTliepairinaof all kinds of Upholstery
JPP Jfcr-. - - JZllUt
A BOSTON MAIDEN.
She was a Boston maiden, and she'd scarcely
And m lovely as a houri, but of grave and so
A iwect encyclopedia of every kind of lore.
Though loie looked coyly from behind the
glasses that she wore.
Sbo sot beside her lover, with herelbow on hli
And dreamily she gazed upon the slumb'ring
Until be broke the silence, saying, "Pray,
Inform me of the meaning of the Thingness of
"I know you're just from Concord, where the
lights of wisdom be.
Your head crammed full to bursting, lore,
with their philosophy;
Those hoary headed sages and maids of hosiery
Then solve me the conundrum, love, that I
have put to you."
She srailod a dreamy smile and said: "The
Thingness of the Here
Is that which is not past, and hasn't yet ar
rived, my dear;
Indeed," the maid continued, with a calm,
"The Thingness of the Here is Just theThls
ness of the Now."
A smile illumed the lover's face, then without
He slid a manly arm around the maiden's
And on her cherry lips impressed a warm and
And said: "Love, this is what I call the Now-
ness of the This."
LETTERS TO A COUNTRY DOCTOR.
For the last three or four years I have
been making a collection of the curious
or quaint letters sent to me by my poorer
patients, ami though, from the nature
of the contents, I cannot make public
all that is written, I will, with your
permission, give .some extracts from
them, which will tend to afford .some
information as to the orthography and
modes of expression in common use by
some of the rural inhabitants of Hertford
shire. The extracts are copied literally
from the originals, and are absolutely
correct, except as regards the names,
which are, for obvious reasons, dis
The knowledge of anatomy exhibited
in the following is very poor:
"My cough is som beter, but when i
cough it calces awful pain on the left
side of the atomock below the hip. i
have aploide a leteeed poultes."
A deeper insight into anatomical de
tails is shown by the person who wrote:
"I feel very full at the chest where
the digestive organs lie, especially after
Another writes most emphatically:
"ifyou pleas .sir would ou be so kiiid
has to send me hay bottle of meadson,
for hi have got such hay pain hay cross
The next extract is very quaint:
'To Mr. Blank, Surgeut. plese sir i
write beeiug unable to come myself feel
ing so tirde and ill. i cannot "rest any
where such cofleing and soriness and Iw
numbfells and trembleing with much
The patient evidently meant to say
that she had feelings of numbness with
More explicit was the poor woman
"I have such bad crying .stericks wich
causes me .such pains in my chest and
heart makes me leel very weak."
The next example shows that the per
son who wrote it had conquered the dilli
oulties of orthography, but had a very
confused idea of the use of pronouns: -
"Mrs. .Johnson's head is a little better;
when I put my arm out .straight there is
such a tingling in my thumb, but her
medicine makes me feel sick.''
A poor man came to the .surgery one
day, and, fearing he would be unable to
see nie personally to explain his .symp
toms, had written the following letter
which he handed to me, as I happened
to be disengaged:
"Sir you gave me a bottle of medecinc
about tree weeks ago for my cold at the
chest and the small of the back. My
cold was begingeing to come out of me
nicely, but 1 could not see ou the next
time. I feel a little stun" up at the chest
as if a little Hem wants looseing: sir,
mv kind thanks to ou for a nother
The following patient had evidently
tried to cure himself before applying to
his medical man; he writes:
"Will you be kind enough to send me
something to ease a very sad pain in
my inside, for I have beign suffering
since yioterday at noon. I have had
brandy and w hisky and several things
but nothing dont give me any relefe."
The latter part of the next letter re
minds me of the famous lines in Mac
beth: "If it were done, when 'tis done,
then 'twere well it were thine quickly:"
"Mrs. Stone wanted your opinion as
to whether anything could be done for
him by sending him away anywhere,
she would be ;Iad if anything could be
done, to have it done, if you thought it
could be done."
Very affecting is the following epistle,
received from a poor woman whose
husband wa in extremis:
"Sir: My poor dear husband is so
much wor.se, his poor harm is in such
dreadful pain and so swolen. Coud ou
doo anything to ease him. and his tongue
is coated dreadful, and 1 cannot get anv
food down him. I am broke for Lini
ment and medeson, do ciudly come as
soon as possible from vou Keapctfullv.
As is also the following: "He was
taken with a .sinking and guddy feel,
and we thought he would die for a hour
It is very gratifviug to a medical man
to hear that a patient is better, and that
he attributes the good result to his doc
tor's skill, hence I transcribe the fol
lowing: "If you please would be so kind as to
send me some more medsin, as the other
suit me so will, and my coft is a little
better, but I have the rematic so bad in
'Another grateful patient a poor
workingman writes a most genuine
and touching letter.
"I have got my little girl to write me
a few lines to jo'u, to tell j-ou I am very
much obliged to you for what you have
done for me and now I must
conclude with kind love to vou, vours
affectionate, Amo Baker."
The word medicine seems to be a puz
zler to man- poor people, and it is spelt
rery variously in ray correspondence, e.
g., meddeson, medesin, meaddsen, med
eson, medsin, medsen, medinse, mede
cian, medecin, medecinc. meadson.
Some get over the difficulty by asking
for something, somethink, or somethind
for their ailments. The word appetite
is rarely attempted, but when it is it in
rolves a complete failure, as in the en
"Pleas to send me som moor medecin.
I ham getting better, but mv Back is
Tery weark and Hapytite very bad."
As specimens of quaint spelling the
two following extracts are amusing:
"Sir pleas Will you Be so Koind As to
seand Me A Bottoll of Meaddsen, the
Bottoll Was left yesasteaday."
"Sir I should bee verey much a blige
to you if you could come and see My
Jiusbon at wonce for I should like to
have jour advice for his head is so verey
baa ama he swelen so as he cannot .see
out ofjone eye."
Almost as interesting is this extract:
"My back was taken bad a week ago
I had, a Plaster from the Cemist that
don't cem to do me any good I have
Sot it "jbn know. I Was took on y ester
ay morning when i begun to" work
that'slike a snap come the bottom my
back I fell down and that took the use
away from me for some minutes."
I could give many more extracts, but
I fear I shall tire my readers, and, there
fore, will only quote a remark made by
a recently made widow. When I asked
her how her husband died, she replied:
"He went off as easy as a glove."
In conclusion, I will refer to a few of
the strange terminations to the letters I
have had. One person signs herself
"yours respectively," another "I re
main with your assistance," another
"your ammble servant," another "your
afflicted and poor servant." All the
Didn't Mean Him.
"Take a square look at me!" he com
manded as he halted in front of a
policeman on Michigan avenue yester
day. The policeman looked him all over.
He was a pretty good chunk of a man,
carrying a florid face, a prominent nose,
and an air of general innocence.
"I don't see anything wrong about
you," said the officer.
"Do my clothes fit? Do I wobble
when I walk? Do I wipe my mouth on
my coat-tails? Does the sight of me
remind you of cabbajre and other ;reeu
"Well, no. You look to me like an
honest good-natured fellow."
"Then," said the stranger as he
brought his list down with a thump,
"there's going to be bloodshed in tho
town. I came m this morning with an
excursion. We had scarcely landed
when a man called out: 'Did you
bring along that kcow?' I)id ou mean
that for me?' says I. He said he didn't,
and 1 passed on."
"He might not."
"Then, as I was going up the street,
a chap in a door says he: "Ah! smell
the carrot crop!' jDo you mean that
for me?' says I as I walks up to him.
He says hedidn't and I passed on,"
"I presume he didn't."
"Well, I got up to Griswold street,
and I was looking for the Posloffice, and
a man calls out: Til bet he brought
along raw onions and turnips for Ids
dinner!' 'Do you mean that for me?'
says I as I walks up to him. He says
he didn't, and I passed on."
"He must have referred to some one
"Well. I walked through the Post
office and started for the City Hall, and
was almost there when a young fellow
in the door of a barber shop calls out:
'There goes the biggest cabbage-head
of the season!" 'Do you mean that for
me?' says I as I walks up to him. He
says he didn't and I passed on."
"He could not have meant you."
"Well, as I was walking through the
City Hall a great big overgrown chap
sings out through his noo: 'Behold the
second crop or dandelions! Oh, my!'
'Do you mean that for me?' .says I as I
wallcs up to him. Ho said he didn't,
and I passed on."
. "That's right."
"Mebbe so, but you look a-here! I'm
going down to the ferry dock. The
lirst man or boy who calls out carrots,
pumpkins, onions, turnips, scare-crow,
green-horn, pig-weed or hucklebery
blossom to me won't have no chance to
lie about it. I'll turn on him and rend
him, and slay him and hammer him
stone blind! Mebbe nobody means
anything, and mabbe its simply their
way, but I've got my dander up, and if
you hear a roaring sound like a cyclone
you may know that I'm climbing for a
man who has called out 'summer
squash!' to me!" Detroit Free Press.
Different Classes of Brazilian Slaves.
Among the classes of slaves in Brazil
the lives of some are so different from
those of others that the case of one class
cannot be taken to represent the state of
the whole. The highest-class slaves are
the maids, pages, or valets, whose sole
work is to attend on the master or mis
tress to whom they have been dedicated
at birth, the custom in many planters'
families being tti give to each of their
children the soundest and best-looking
slave child nearest in age and of the
same sex. These little slave maids or
valets have to do all the labor and bid
ding of all sorts of their young owners,
acting as shadows when so required, and
as .substances when occasion demands.
These children the one free, the other
bond grow up together, often weaving
cords of love and affection, so that what
ever may be the lot of the other slaves
these remain with their lirst owners, and
are never sent away to work in the plan
tations or elsewhere, except in cases of
very bad behavior. The next in favor
are the artisans, the bricklayers, car
penters, anil smiths, who are often hired
out, and who are well treated in con
sideration of the great revenues they
bring to their owners, in fact many a
hired slave of this class earns for his
master from five to ten shillings a day.
Then come the house slaves, the coach
men, the eooks, and the washerwomen;
following these are the town slaves, who
are hired out to work at any labor, the
owner receiving so much per head per
day. Last of all come the plantation
slaves, who often in appearance look
little human, and seem very Calibans in
many, many ca-e- These .,ad ones are
they who earn all the wealth of the land;
these are they who rise before the sun,
and after a-king in forced formality the
blessing of Christ from their master or
over-eer.are led off in herds to toil till
dark, their food being taken to them in
carts, and doled out as to a herd of
creatures more,su ine-like than human;
these are they who do all tho hard work
of the plantation, the life-sapping toil,
leaving that which is easy to the colonist
or free laborer. No one who has only
seen tin city slaves can form an idea of "a
herd of slaves being led off to their work,
nor can tell the sensation of meeting a
half-hundred human beings homeward
turning after a hard day in the sun, each
carrying wood to serve for the food
cookfng, each on meeting you folding
his hands and abjectly begging your
bles-ing in Christ's name. On they
come, one straggling behind the other,
the young and still strong in front, the
old and feeble and the women, with
their little ones bound to their waists,
toiling far behind. London Times.
At the Albany Depot restaurant in
Boston is the original water pitcher and
salver used in 1852 by the lirst water
boy on our railroads. It is a very elab
orate affair, appears to be made of sil
ver, and comprises a large pitcher or
tank, with two silvery goblets, borne on
a large salver. In those early days the
newsboys had to carry the" water
The Tear's Calamities.
The disasters of the current year have
been most extraordinary. Their fre
quency, and the appalling charrcter of
most of them, are a constant source of
remark. Leaving out pestilence, which
in Egypt is working a frightful havoc,
having already destroyed 30,000 lives,
probably, the record of catastrophes is
most gloomy. About 400 lives have
been lost in this country by cyclones.
By the falling of the pier at Tivoli, near
Baltimore, 100 souls per'shed. In the
flood, invading the m-ue at Braidwood,
77 persons were destroyed. By the
burning of the Newhall House and oth
er hotels, 100 human beings have been
done to death in the flames. By the
upsetting of a North Carolina boat 18
persons were drowned. By the railway
collision at Carlyon .'10 persons were
crushed to death. The New York
bridge panic caused the death of 15 per
sons. These are only the more conspic
uous of the catastrophes which in this
laud have thrown a shadow on so many
homes. On the other side of the water
the same law of casualty, only, if any
thing, more territie, has prevailed. A
panic n a factory at Bombay resulted
m a less of IS lives. An avalanche on
Mount Ararat buried 150 souls. A boil
er explosion in France swept away S4,
a mine explosion 127, and an explosion
in Sicily 35. A tire in Hungary burned
up 35 persons, another in Italy 47, an
explosion at Scutari 150. The circus
disaster in Poland killed 268 persons.
In the floods in Germany and Austria
140 were drowned. The fimbria car
ried down with her 434 human beings.
In the Sunderland panic 202 children
were swept into eternity. More de
structive than all was the terrible loss
of life through the caithqiiakciu Ischia,
where 2,000 persons are believed to have
perished. IIow far are these calamities
to be attributed to natural causes, which
man is powerless to control, and how
far to the ignorance or carelessness of
men? It seems quite certain that the
Newhall tragedy, the Sunderland hec
atomb, the ajipalling destruction of
the Cimbria, are, to a large ex
tent, referable to human respousibleness
that is to say. that the foresight and
knowledge of which men an capable
might hae avoided these disasters.
Like the great Chicago tire, they teach
a lesson of the reign of natural law and
the inexorable necessity that man con
form thereto. If anything could move
the stony heart of nature it would seem
to be a gathering of fond mothers and
their innocent children at the North
Point pier, or that assembly of sweet
ness and love that was slaughtered at
Sunderland, or those poor girls flinging
their arms through the flames and
crying for help at Milwaukee. But
nature hears no prayer. A fiie-trap is
a lire-trap all the same though a hun
dred homes be desolate, a hole with no
exit is a cage in which fright does its
appaling work precisely as though a
thousand hearts did not ache. Is the
saying now .so common that "human
life is the cheapest thing in the market"
true? If so, all the worse for human
nature. It is much feared that this
saying, at least, is not quite a lie, and
can not be regarded as a slander until
parsimony and avarice shall be elimin
ated from the causes or the occasions of
The disasters by cyclone and extra
ordinary floods are beyond criticism.
Science has not yet discovered what a
cyclone is; some say a wind-storm, a
concentrated hurricane, others sa' an
electric storm, the very reservoir of
lightning tlropping down to the level
of the earth, a performance of nature
on a lower stratum, such as is all the
time going on in the clouds. The
cyclone all the prophets to the con
trary can not be foretold as yet. And
there is no defense against it but a cave
in the earth. The belt of cyclones even
is uncertain within wide limits, so that
they can only be infallibly avoided by
the abandonment of "any country where
the cyclone is known. Till science,
therefore, shall catch up. at least, men
must call the desolation caused by
terrilic whirls of wind and water and
electricity as being due to natural
causes, and in no sense refer them to
the respousibleness of men. The fact
that calamities come not singly, that
railway disasters, tires, and all the train
of woe come in groups, and that other
forms of disaster take the same occasion
to work ruin, is one of the strange
things which neither philosophy nor
religion is competent to solve. The fact
is none the less glaring, and the
current year is a siilliciently conspicu
ous illustration. Chicayo Times.
How Granite Columns arc Polished.
The word "granite" generally con
veys the idea of roughness, coarseness
ami solidity. The idea of tinish, smooth
ness and polish docs not, in the popular
mind, belong to the material. But most
kinds of granite are susceptible of a
beautiful and almost faultless surface
iinish. The effect of this finish in con
trast with the hammered faced granite,
on monuments where a tablet is surface
polished, or lines of lettering are in
brilliant contrast with the dull gray of
the unpolished stone, is very fine, espe
cially so when the shafts of columns are
thus finished, the bases being hammered
and the capitals carved. As this finish
can now be obtained by machinery at a
low cost, the possibilities of obdurate
granite for ornamental a- well as for
building purposes have been greatly en
larged. Granite columns, vases and similar
cylindrical ornaments are polished in a
lathe. This differs but little from an
ordinary machinist's lathe, except that
a continuous bed is not necessary to hold
the lathe heads, that the spindle of the
foot stock revolves as well as that of the
head stock, and that no tool carriage
and appurtenances are required. The
head-stock is furnished, like that of the
ordinary back-geared lathe, with a back
shaft, on which is the driving pulley , or
the cone of step pulleys, from which the
spindle is driven by means of a gear and
pinion, the surface speed of a column
under process of grinding and polishing
being from 230 to 240 feet per minute,
giving to a twelve-inch column about
seventy-seven turns per minute and to
a thirty-six-inch column about twenty
five turns per minute.
To center and swing a column in the
lathe the stone has a square recess cut
in each end, into which is fitted a block
of cast iron with round hole through its
center. The place of this block is found
by means of a cross of wood with slid
ing arms on each of the four limbs of
the cross, the arms projecting over the
surface of the column longitunalty, and
when equidistant from the center de
noting the place of the center block, so
that the true center of the column or
shaft is found, just as it is on an iron
shaft, from the circumference. The iron
block is secured in place bv a running
of Babbit metal, or a similar unshrink
ing compound, around it. The centers
of the lathe spindles fit the holes in the
blocks, and wtfen swung to the lathe
I the column ia rotated by means of alu
or uog on the face plate engaging wit
one seated m the end ot the column.
Back of the lathe is a wall 'of plank
against which rest the ends of a num
ber of iron blocks, three or four inches
diameter, long enough to project over
the column and to have their rear ends
resting against the bulkhead or wall.
Their under sides are concaved to em
brace the column one-fourth of its diam
eter or less, aud as the motion of the
column in grinding is reverse to that of
the ordinary lathe, the blocks are held
against thewall by the rotation of the
column. These blocks are arranged
closely side by side, and when the- col
umn is first worked its irregularities of
chiseling and unevenness of' contour
make these blocks play up and down
like the movement of" pianoforte keys
under the lingers of a performer. But
as thegrinding progresses this irregular
movement becomes a very slight undu
lation, pleasant to see.
A trough runs under tho column its
entire length, ami from it an attendant
shovels beach sand and water on tho
revolving column, the blocks with their
concave faces acting as grinders, just
as the hinge clamps of the machinists
are used in polishing a turned shaft.
And like the clamps, the series of
blocks are occasionally pushed along
one-half of their width to avoid rings
of roughness. This quartz sand is used
until all the bruises, "stunts," and
chisel marks are taken out, and the
surface shows a uniform color. Then
the trough is cleaned and emery of the
numbers forty to sixty, according to the
quality of the stone. Is weighed out in
the proportion of about half a pound
to every superficial foot; thus a column
of ten feet in length by three feet diame
ter - ninety superficial feet would re
quire from forty-five to fifty pounds.
This is all weighed out at one timo,
and is never added to during the entire
process. Mixed with water, it is fed to
the grinders by the shovelful, over and
over, until the grinding is entirely
completed. The reason for this is
evident from the fact that, in using,
the emery becomes ground up and
mixed with teletrilus of the granite
and the partieles of the iron blocks or
grinders, ami after a time is a pasty
mass, losing much of its original sharp
gritiness. If. now, fresh, unused
emery was added, the effect would be
to scratch the half-finished surface.
When the grinding is finished the
common cast iron grinding blocks are
removed and others are substituted
having their embracing under sides
faced with felt. To these is fed the
ordinary marble polish of oxide of tin
and water until the surface of the
column shines like glass and reflects
like a mirror. The entire time required
to polish granite columns dependent
on the exactness of their chiseling is
from forty to fifty hours, diameter and
length making but little change, as the
work is simultaneous and the surface
speed a constant. Scientific American.
A Schoolmaster Running the Rapids.
W. tl. Ballard, principal of a public
school in Jamaica, Long Island, ar
rived in Montreal on Saturday evening,
having run all the rapids of the St.
Lawrence in a skiff seventeen feet long,
three teet nine inches in the beam. In
conversation with a Montreal Star re
porter he said: "I left i 'ape Vincent a
week ago last Thursday with three
friends. The Gallops didu't amount to
anything; a child could run them; but
when we struck the Long Sault we had
our hands full, I can assure you. We
tHik the south side, where the current
flows with lightning-like rapidity: so
we just steered our boat and let the cur
rent carry us along. When we got pret
ty well down into the worst part of the
rapids we ran ashore, and saw a glor
ious sight. The north and south cur
rents of the Sault met just below, and
the waves were piling on top of one an
other, rolling in a corkscrew manner
and boiling in a way to make the
bravest heart quake. But we got into
our boat aud had an exciting time for
a few minutes. We had first to dodge
a whirlpool and then keep clear of the
'corkscrew waves,' but we did it
and came into Cornwall safe and sound.
" When we struck the cedars I saw
my companion looking a little anxious.
Every few seconds he let a -Hi, hi,' out
of him, which I interpreted 'Pull your
oest,' and I bent to my oar, while he
threw all his strength into his paddle
strokes, and we swept with lightning
like rapidity through foaming, roaring,
boiling swells. My boat is one of the
best of the kind in existence, and went
over the swells in a beautiful manner.
One moment I was on the brink of a
wave looking down perpendicularly on
the white face of my pilot, next mo
ment our positions were reversed and
I was in the trough of the boiling wa
ters. We had some pretty close shaves,
but muscle and skill triumphed, and
we came out of the rapids safely. We
then ran the Cascades, swept through
St Louis and ran the Lachine. The
latter rapids don't amount to much,
however, and I would undertake to run
them with a boat load of people with
out any pilot. Well, here I am, safe
and sound in Montreal, and can look
back with pleasure to my adventurous
trip tlown the rapids.
" Last year I ran the entire length of
the Susquchana, five hundred miles,
coasted tlown the Chesapeake Bay,
ascended the Delaware River, and
thence home by canals, having traveled
about eighteen hundred milesC A pretty
good way to spend a vacation. I think.
A New York broker who reached a
village in Ohio the other evening was
interviewed, soon after placing his name
on the register, by a farmer, who said:
"I just wish you had arrived here
"Any excitement?" replietl the
"Well I should say so. My son, Dan
iel, was convicted of stealing seveu
sheep, and has been held to the higher
court. You ought to have been here!"
"Why; I'd have had you on the jury,
and you could have cleared Daniel
slick as grease. Our folks here don't
look at things as vou New Yorkers do."
Wall Street Seu-s.
"The oddest customer," said the pho
tographer, "I ever had, was a Tennes
sean who came in and had himself taken
with a sign across his chest, on which
was printed, in large letters :
The father of thirty-four children.
"He was in sober earnest, and want
ed fifty copies. He was dumb-founded
when, by way of a joke, I showed
him the negative, on which the sign
' K. C J.
nenllihc ruof-ytriht forehtaf eht.' "
A Mrs. Knapp, of Philadelphia, a
Slimmer visitor at Deal Beach, N. J.,
has erected a life-saving station at that -point
at her own expense.
A Massachusetts man who was sent
to State Prison for life for kicking bid
wife to death has had a stroke of pa
ralysis and last the use of the leg With
which he killed the poor woman.
The way in which the world skips
along now-a-days makes it necessary
f6r every man to be his own majesty or '
everybody's lackey. These be times
that try men's souls for one extreme or
tho other. Chicayo Inter Ocean.
Tho three-year-old daughter of
Charles Brittaiu a miner, of Lykons,
Pa., climbed up the side of apig-pen and
put her head through an opening to look
at the swine. Her feet slipped, and she
hung until she died of strangulation.
The Judge of a local court in
France has been suspended for two
years "for undignified behaviour in hii
profession." the principal charge
against him seems to be that he was in
the habit of smoking a pipe in the cor
ridors of the court house. X. Y.
A stampede of Texas steers in the
streets of New Orleans a few days ago
made lively work for the police. Several
men, two mules, and two horses were
badly goretl. Tho number of steers was
estimated at about twenty, but, an ac
count savs, they scattered over the city
so quickly aud doubled on their tracks
so often that there seemed to be
hundreds of the raging creatures at
large. N. O. Picayune.
The road agents who recently ,
robbed a coach in Montana ranged the
men in line with hands up and relieved
them of all their valuables. They then
passed a bottle of whisky ami a box of
cigars, compelling each one to take a
drink and a smoke. One of the unfor
tunates hail never smoked a cigar in
his life, but under the persuasive and
urgent invitation of the gentlemanly
robliers he lit his first cigar. Chicayo
Mrs. Jane Farrington, a wealthy
witlow of Westtield, N. Y., received !
call from a party of genteel burglars the
other night, 'they forced her to open
the safe, from which they took $500 in
cash and $3,000 in Government bonds.
When she beegged that some ancient
goltl and silver pieces, which were
family relics, be returned, they gave
them to her with an apology for taking
them. They then courteously bade her
good night, expressing their regret that
their safety made it imperatively neces
sary to leave her bound and also to gag
her. N. Y. Sun.
A specimen of the "monkey-faced
owl." a rare bird, was recently captured
by Captain Pitts, of Orlando, Ha., in
the Everglades. It is described as be
ing somewhat smaller than the hooting
owl. The plumage has the soft, furry
texture of the owl family, but a tiugo
of orange enters into the color. The
head aud face are those of a baboon,
the face beiug white, while the eyes are
much smaller than those of an owl of
tiie same size, coal-black, and some
what almond-shaped, opening and clos
ing with lids like those of an animal.
In fact they more nearly rescm ble the
eyes of an otter than a bird.
It is said that where a dollar's
worth of goods pass the Custom Houses
ou the Niagara River, 1,000 worth are
smuggled, either one way or the other.
From Canada are .smuggled butter,
spirituous liquors, aud silks: in return
for which the Americans smuggle into
Canada cheap jewelry, kerosene, and
innumerable products ot Yankee in
genuity cheaper here than there. The
smuggling is done at night in rowboats.
It is saitl that it would require at least
fifty night watchmen on the Niagara
River to prevent this traffic. Next to
the Niagara as a field for smugglers
comes the Detroit River. Detroit Post.
Henry Packer, of Hartford. Conn.,
employed by .the trainer of elephants
with Barnum's show, was killed by the
elephant Queeu at Cincinnati. He had
not provoked the animal in any way,
but was at work, preparatory to the
morning parade, when the monster sud
denly pinioned him with her great body
against the side of the tableau car, anil
remorselessly crushed the life out of
him. The pressure was so violent that
the car was thrown over, and thus the
poor fellow was released. The trainer
says it is only a proof of the sly, mali
cious cunning of these beasts. He thinks
she saw an opportunity to do an injury
to Packer and! embraced it. St. Louis
Lung, a Portland (Oregon) China
man, abandoned the laundry business,
in which he had made some money, and
undertook to run a farm. He came
to town the other day looking a little
seedy. One of his old patrons meeting
him. said: "Well, Lung, how did you
make it at farming? ' Not muchee
good." replied Lung sadly, "I sow wheat
and bird he come catchee some. Byrne
by wheat grow up anil plenty squirrel
come catch heap. Then leaping machine
come cut him and cost too much, and
when thasher man come, take all wheat
pay him. anil his gang eat up my tlee
fat hog and cuss me 'cause I not give
'em pie tlee time every day. I no likee
farm any more." Portland Journal.
It Was After That.
On a train coming up from Philadel
phia, the other day, a New Yorker
shared his seat with a stranger who
proved to be an ex-County Treasurer
from Ohio. After some little conversa
tion the citizen inquired:
"So vou were a County Treasurer,
"What was the amount of vour de
falcation?" "My books balanced to a cent; sir!"
was the indignant reply.
"Ah!" growled the New Yorker iu a
disappointed voice, anil it must have
been easy to see from his looks that he
was deeply chagrined. The stranger
doubtless felt sorry for him, and after a
few minutes of painfnl silence re
marked: "But I subsequently acted as post
roasterand cheated the Government out
"Oh! you did!" chuckled the New
Yorker, and a feeling of quiet satisfac
tion at once rested upon his face, and
friendly relations were again established.
Wall Street News.
N. T. Elliott, of Live Oak, Fla., had
a very fine patch of Hubbard squash,
from" which he expected to realize at
least $100. A few days ago he found a
few worms on his vines, which he sup
posed to be grass caterpillars. Arising
one morning, not long after, he found
he had neither vines nor fruit, the worms
having completely destroyed both.
They first eat the vine and then the
fruit. Hundreds of squashes were de
stroyed in one night.
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