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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 17, 1883)
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WEDNESDAY, OCT. 17, 1SS3.
Istirsi xt tis Fe::::t, Co'.rr'i, Het.. i: u::zi-
Only & snrea of hair set in a ring;
Yet how 1 prize that lock of silken halrl
I do efteem it as a priceless thing.
And evermore the precious bauble wear
Only a little chair. Ion? vacant now.
But memory often fills the empty seat:
A fair, sweet child, with calm and sinless brow,
I seo in fancy sitting at my feet.
Only the portrait of a childish face.
The silent shadow of a vanished forn.
Pressed often to my own in glad embrace.
With loving prattlo and fond kisses warm.
Only some broken toys; but oh ! to mo
They are the relics of a happy past;
Kept as a treasure under lock and key.
Memetoes of a time too bright to last.
Only some llttlo garments, worn and old,
Gazed at in secret sorrow now and then;
Guarded as misers hoard their darling gold.
And hide the treasures from the eyes of men.
Only two tiny shoes worn-out almost;
You would not deem them worth a passing
But oh I they conjure up a rushing host
Of sweet, sad memories that come unsought.
Only a little bed: how oft I bent
To kiss the lovely tenant sleeping there:
My heart was happy in its great content,
Nor reck'd the sorrow it has had to bear.
Only a little while, but short at best,
And time will waft us to the other shore;
Partings and death no more shall rack the
In that blest home, the land of K;
A CLIFF ADYESTURE.
In the far north, long ago, when I
was a boy, my brother and I used to be
expert cragsmen, if I may use the term.
Few things gave us more pleasure than
to scale all the steep precipices, of
which there was no lack in our neigh
borhood. These precipices ranged from
one hundred to four hundred feet in
height. We were never troubled with
dizziness and, boy-like in such a pastime,
did not know what fear meant. Dan
gerous it certainly was, and many a
narrow cscapi' we had. I shudder now
at the thought of the places in which wo
ventured. One of our adventures after
birds' eggs very nearly proved fatal.
We had ofteu tried, but had always
failed, to obtain any ravens' eggs for
our collections. We were anxious to
procure specimens, and determined
that somehow or other we should. Now,
be it known to those who are not ac
quainted with the character and habits
of the "bird pf ill omen." that he is one
of the most sagacious and cunning of
the feathered tribe. He builds his nest
high up in the most inaccessible cliffs,
so that it is almost impossible to reach
it except with the help of a rope, and
even with such assistance it is no easy
task. We knew of a raven's nest about
fifty feet from the top of a very steep
and bare precipice of four hundred
feet which there was no possibility of
scaling in the usual way. Above the
nest the cliff was partly overhanging,
and beneath and on both sides, except
the spot chosen for the nest on a solitary
shelf, it was smooth and steep as a
wall. For many years the same pair of
ravens, safe and unmolested, had occu
pied this spot and reared their broods;
but, with the pertinacious ardor of
boyhood, we were resolved that
they should no longer find that their
eyrie was impregnable, and we laid our
plans accordingly. It was necessary to
have recourse to a rope, that one of us
might be lowered down from the brow
of the cliff; also a pulley, in the form
of what sailors call a "block," was re
quired; for one of us would, of course,
have been unable to haul up the other
with the single rope only; but the doub
ling of the rope by means of the block
would diminish the weight and pressure
by one-half, and bring the task well
within our strength. According, we
obtained a coil of about forty fathoms
of rope, such as is commonly used for
the sheet of the sail of a small boat; also
& small block, and a strong oak staku.
The brow of the cliff was a smooth,
grassy sward, the turf being hard, and,
to all appearance, tough. We secured
one end of the rope to the stake, which
we drove firmly in the ground right
above the raven's neL My brother
was to make the descent; I was to stand
by the rope and manage the lowering
and hauling up. A small piece of wood
to sit on having been attached to &4ftp
of rope and secured to the lower enuof
the block, all was readv for action, and
the descent commenced. Slowly I paid
out the rope. 1 could not see over the
cliff, but was quite within easy ear-shot,
and even second or two the shout came
up: "Lower away, lower away;" at last
it was: "Hold hard," and in a little:
All right. Haul up now." I knew
that the prize was won, and began to
full away lustily and cheerily; but when
had recovered not more than three or
four yards, to my horror and dismay I
noticed the treacherous soil yielding to
the strain, and the stake being drawn.
I had barely time to seize the stake end
of the rope. Another moment and the
stake would have been wrenched out of
the earth and dragged right over, and
well, I dare sy I should have held on;
I am sure I should; but that would have
been of no avail. My poor brother must
have fallen down, down, till the block
caught the stake with a jerk, which
would have fetched me over, too, if I
had kept my hold: and down those ter
rible hundreds of feet we should have
been dashed to inevitable destruction.
As it was, the situation was dreadful
enough for us both. For some time at
least I -could hold on, but that was all.
It was beyond my strength now to haul
in one yard of rope. "Haul away, can't
you?" shouted my brother, little think
ing what a dreadful thing had hap
pened. I paused a moment before answering.
I was afraid, when he knew the truth,
that he might faint or lose presence of
mind at the appalling position in which
he was placed. I did him injustice. A
braver, cooler spirit never beat in breast
of man or boy. "Don't be alarmed," I
cried, "the stake is loosening a little."
That is how I put it, to lessen the shock
to his nerves. "Keep still a moment,"
I added, "till I see what can be done."
But, in truth, 1 could not think what
was to be done. I could do no more than
hold my place and niy hold. "Has the
stake entirely slipped its hold?" he
cried. "I fear so, yes,"' I replied. "But
don't be afraid : I can easily hold vou as
vou are till we think what can be done."
He knew the worst then ; we both knew
too well the peril of the situation. Had
he been only a few feet fiom the brow
of the precipice, he might have got up
by the rope hand over hand, for he was
light, wiry and active, and his muscles
strengthened and toughened by constant
exercise, gymnastics, rowing, cricket,
and the like. But nearly fifty feet ! It
was out of the question it was impos
sible and wc both knew it. Moreover,
we had no hope of help coming. There
was not the slightest chance of any one
passing that way ; for the cliff was far
away from human habitation, an iso
lated headland at the extremity of a
peninsula, where a few more than half
wild sheep grazed ; a place, therefore,
where no one had occasion to visit ex
cept the owner of the said sheep two' or
three times in a year. Of all this we
were perfectly aware. "What's to be
doner' at last I cried. "But at any
rate don't get shaky."
I "Firm and clear came up the reply :
"Shaky ! old fellow. No ! that I shan't,
and I know you won't, either. I know
you won't let go. We shall do-yet, nev
er fear. I am thiuking of a plan." And
then, after a moment a pause. "1 have
it If you hold hard by the stake end
jof the rope, and slip the other ovef.I'll
slide down till I reach some footing.
Wait till I shout that I'm all ready, and
then kick the rope out as far as you can, I
that it may not come down on my head. '
You understand?" "All right," Ishout
ed back, instantly comprehending and
immensely admiring the reidy wit .of
the device. "Be careful in moving;
don't jerk ; give the rope a twist round
your legs, and slip down slowly." It
was not without danger that this could
he done, and everything depended upon
steadiness and nerve. Haste or flurry
would in all probability have been fatal.
He had to disengage himself from the
loop' in which he was sitting, pull him
self up a few feet, and get firm hold of
the rope with hands ana feet above the
block ; and to accomplish this, hanging
as he was in mid-air was no easy matter,
as the reader will readily understand.
In a few seconds I'knew'by the strain
on the stake end of the rope that he was
transferring his weight to it alone.
"Now, then," ho cried, "pitch away ;
There was no tension now on the
longer end of the rope. With both
hands, therefore, I grasped firmly the
stake, and kicked the coil as far as I
was able. "All right!" my brother
shouted. "Hold hard now, and I'll slide
down slowly," Wc knew the rope was
not long enough to reach all the way
down to the rocks and bowlders where
the sea was grumbling; but we had
good hope that a hundred feet or so
down ho would find a footing. In a
JittJe more than a minute I felt the ten
sion suddenly cease, and grew deadly
faint from the terrible fear that he hat!
lost his hold. The next instant, to my
inexpressible joy, I heard his far-oil
shout: "Right now, old fellow. I've
jot good footing, and will be up di
ectfv; it's all plain sailing now." I
ran along the brow of the cliff to a point
irom wmen i. couiu see mm. i seeiucu
scarcely able to realize that he was safe
till I actually did see him. He was
nearly half way down, and we waved
mutual congratulations to one another.
After a few minutes' rest, he passed
along laterally for some distance, and
then ascended by an easy part of the
precipice which we had often before
traversed. At last he set foot on the
green turf, where I was anxiously wait
ing him. Each looked into the other's
flushed and streaming face, and I am
bound to acknowledge that, though we
tried very hard, we ignominiously failed
to repress a little blubbering. Cham
Paralysis, or Palsy.
By this wo understand a condition in
which there is loss of muscular power
from the arrest of nervous influence;
and in which the muscles themselves
continue unimpaired, but wholly or
partially cease to be strong and moved
by the nervous energy. The paralysis
of the whole system, or what is gener
ally called palsy, seems never to occur
in the horse; and the paralysis of the
whole of one side, or what is called
hemiplegia, seems to be comparatively
rare; but the paralysis of both sides of
the hinder extremity, or what is called
paraplegia, is somewhat frequent, and
occasionally very stubborn and severe.
When hemiplegia occurs it is compara
tively mild; but, if not cured, it usually
E asses into paraplegia. A palsy-struck
orsc is commonly affected first in one
or both hind legs, walks on his fetlocks,
is scarcely able to move forward, stag
gers at every step, and eventually falls.
His disease is essentially inflammatory,
and may generally be traced to a fall,
to over-working, to exposure to cold
and wet while covered with prespira
tion, to some injury in the head, or to
the effects or mismanagement of stag
gers. The remedies are blistering or
mustard poulticing, warm clothing,
mash diet, frequent injections, and the
administration of sedatives or tonics,
according to circumstances and the
cause or causes. A numbness of the
limbs sometimes arises from ordinary
prolonged exposure to cold, wet weath
er; but this must not be confounded
with palsy, and needs no special treat
ment; but it will soon go off in the
stable or other comparative!' snug
situation. Paralysis of the sphincter
muscle or neck of the bladder is some
times induced by riding a horse hard
and not giving him time to stale; and
this causes a constant dribbling of the
urine, and is often styled, with refer
ence to the mere effect, to the exclu
sion of reference to the cause, inconti
nence of urine.
Palsy in cattle is sometimes very com
mon, and at times may assume the ap
pearance of an epizootic, and has been
known to attack numbers of animals in
certain districts. It generally has the
form of paraplegia, but occasionally at
tacks the fore legs as well as the hind
ones, and is usually slow in its progress
beginning in mere debility, increas
ing into stiffness and awkwardness of
motion, and terminating in total loss of
the power of limb. The most frequent
causes of it are turning cattle out too
early in the year to grass, depasturing
on low, marshy, cold situations, driving
out hard-driven cows to search for food,
during cold nights, and stewing up cat
tle in. damp, ill-ventilated, ill-kept,
filthy barns and sheds. The chief rem
edies for it are comfortable housing,
profusion of clean litter, loosening med
icines in combination with cordials;
and, in bad cases, the free external use
of stimulating liniment, and perhaps
the interal administration of mix vomica
and strychnine, in small and repeated
Palsy in sheep and lambs sometimes
affects'every limb, and sometimes af
fects only the loins. It most frequently
attacks lambs, but also attacks sheep of
all ages and particularlv ewes that
have aborted or have had tedious and
difficult parturition.- Some young lambs,
when attacked by it, die the very night
of the attack, and others lose all power
in their hind legs, and seldom recover
sufficiently from the effects of it to be
come large and vigorous sheep. The
principal causes of it are severe weather,
excessive nutriment, sudden change of
food, and pressure on the brain from
the presence of hydatids. The cure for
it in all cases, except when it arises from
hydatid pressure, is strictly similar to
tfie cure for it in cattle; and any possi
bility of cure in hydatidal cases must
necessarily be contingent on the previ
ous reduction of the exciting cause the
removal of the tape-worm cyst, if its
location is such that it can be reached
with proper instruments. Numbness or
rheumatism arising from exposure to
severe frost has no necessary connec
tion with palsy, and may generally be
removed by very simple and obvious
remedies. Prairie Farmer.
Bights or the Bull in England.
A recent decision by Lord Coleridge,
C. J., in the Queen's 'Bench Division, as
quoted by the New Jersey Law Journal,
sounds singular here, where statutes
and municipal regulations so generally
irohibit estrays, and hold their owners
iable. Unfenced highways are increas
ing under the protection of these laws,
and in some New England cities and
villages there are long stretches of front
yards and lawns without any defensive
protection from the traveled street or
roadway. The judge in this case ruled
that the owner of an ox, which had en
tered the plaintiff's open shop door
while being driven through the street,
could not be held liable for damage
done. He said: "We find it established
as an exception upon the general law of,
.trespass that where cattle trespass upon
umencea tana lmmeaiaieiy adjoining a
highway, the owner of the land must
bear the loss (quoting authorities). I
could not, therefore, if I would, ques
tion the law laid down by such
eminent authorities, but I quite
concur in their views, and I see so dis
tinction for this purpose between afield
in the country and a street in a market
town. The accident to the plaintiff was
one of the necessary and inevitable
risks which arise from driving cattls ia
the streets in or out of town
Lion, Tiger and Boar.
Is the lion or the tiger the superior in
courage and strength? There is little
evidence on record to help us to a de
cision, but all that there is is completely
in favor of the tiger. The two animals
have been put together to fight, but the
lion has invariably declined the combat.
They- have accidentally got into each
other' cages, and the tiger has killed the
lion. Feats of strength are authenti
cated of the tiger to which the lion can,
on evidence, lay no claim, and of the
courage before man, the evidence is all
on the side of tho tiger. For myself,
then, I give the preference without
hesitation to the tiger. The poets give
their preference to the lion.
For in the poets the tiger forms part
of the courtier-retinue of the lion
"Gaunt wolves and sullen tigers in his
train" having, as Spenser, Allan
Ramsay and others state, defeated the
tiger in single combat, when the prize
was tho sovereignty of the animal
world. Crowley speaks of the lion as
thirsting for tiger's blood. Southey,
imitating his fancy, does the same
and of tigers' "trembling" while the
lion sleeps: wjiile several others de
scribe the two as meeting, and the tiger
The shaggy lion rushes to the place.
Wjth roar tremendous seizes on his prey,
hxasp'rate 6ee! the tiger springs away,
Stops short and maddens at the monarch's
And through his eyes darts all its furious
Half-willed, yet half afraid to dare a bound,
lie eyes his loss, and roars, and tears the
Yet, in spito of the poets, I am of
opinion that a very considerable dignity
attaches to the Raja of the jungles.
Sportsmen know well what an over
whelming awe possesses all wild life
when its voice is heard. The wild boar,
it is true, will turn upon it, but then
the wild boar is the type among the
beasts of a chivalry that Ls Quixotic in
its rashness: and the tiger by this pre
sumptuous conduct arrives at pork that
he could not otherwise have captured.
As I have said before, "there is no
nonsense about the tiger, as there is
about the lion." He does not go about
imposing on poets. Wolves may, if
they like, pretend that they arc only
dogs gone wrong from want of a better
bringing up, and the lion swagger as if
he were something more than a very
large cat; but the tiger never descends
to such prevarication, setting himself
up for batter than he is, or claiming re
spect for qualities which he knows he
does not possess. There is no ambigui
ty about anything he does. All his
character is on the surface. "I am,"
he says, "a thoroughgoing downright
wild !east, and if you don't like me you
must lump me; but in the meanwhile
vou had better get out of my wa."
There is no pompous affectation of su
perior "intelligence" about tigers. If
they are met with in jungles, they do
not make-believe for the purpose of im
pressing the traveler with their uncom
mon magnanimitv, or waste time like
the lion in superfluous roarings, shak
ings of heads, or "looking kingly." On
the contrary, they behave honestly and
candidly, l'ke the wild beasts they are.
They either retire precipitately with ev
ery confession of alarm, or in their own
fine outspoken way "go for the stran
ger." Nor when they make oil" do they
do it as if they liked it or had any half
mind about it as the lion, that Living
stone tells us trots away slowly till it
thinks itself out of sight and then bounds
oft" like a greyhound wasting time in
pretentious attitudes or in trying to save
appearances. They have no idea of
showing off. If they mean to go, the'
go like lightning, and don't for a mo
ment think of the figure they may be
cutting. But if, on the other hand, they
meau fighting, they give the stranger
verv little leisure for misunderstanding
their intentions. Belgravia.
. The Rival Doctors.
"What was the most interesting case
in your long experience, Doctor?
It was at a little entertainment given
in honor of Dr. Tourniquet's retirement
from practice an event we younger as
pirants felt inclined to celebrate with
no small satisfaction that the forego
ing question was put to the guest of the
"I think," said the old gentleman,
"about the most interesting case I ever
had was the first."'
"Would you mind relating it?"'
"Not at all. Whatever secret there
once was about it, all reason for keep
ine it has long since passed."
"It is now nearly fifty years," he con
tinued, "since I presumed tosettle here,
and enter into competition with old
Carver, whose dazzling gilt sign, em
blazoned with his name and profes
sional designation of 'Physician and
Chirurgeon' Curmudgeon would have
hit the mark more near" had hitherto
enjoyed a monopoly of lighting fools the
way to dusky death.
"He never passed me without a
scowl, and never spoke of me but with
contempt. His evident purpose was to
nip my pretensions in the bud. I should
never have a case if he could help it. I
began to lose heart at hist, and was
seriously considering the advisability of
giving up the struggle and leaving the
headstrong population to old Carver
and their late, when one night I re
ceived a hurried call to attend a gentle
man who had just had his leg broken.
"Mr. Loammi Furneval, the indi
vidual referred to, was a respectable
middle-aged bachelor, for some time
thought to be particularly attentive to
Miss Berencia Potts, a maiden lady of
fortune, and nearly his own age.
"In attempting to board a moving
railway train, he had missed his footing
and fallen so that one of his legs was
run over and completely crushed almost
to the knee.
"They carried him home on a stretch
er, and, as usual in such cases, messen
gers ran for all the doctors in the place
that is to say, m the present instance,
for old Carver and myself,
. "We arrived simultaneously.
" 'It's a compound comminuted frac
ture of the tibia and the fibula!' said
old Carver, pushing forward to take
possession by first getting his ugly paw
on the injured limb, which he fumbled
roughly through the clothing. 'It's a
case for immediate amputation,' he
added, opening his case of instruments.
" I shall not require your services,'
spoke up Mr. Furneval, with consider
able energy for one in his condition.
I prefer placing myself in the hands
of I)r. Tourniquet.'
''Everybody looked astonished, and
old Carver's face grew blacker than a
'Your blood be on your own head!'
he croaked ominously, and bundling up
his instruments he banged the door be
" 'I wish to be left alone with the Doc
tor,' said Mr. Furneval, when old Car
ver had gone; 'if assistance is needed it
can be called.'
"Everybody withdrew but the patient
and myself; and there, alone and single-handed,
I did everything the case
'You don't mean to say you ampu
tated the limb without assistance?' said
a fidgety little M. D., across the table.
" No; you see Mr. F., as I have said.
jvas Keeping company with Miss Potts,
anu imnKing ne migut oe oeiter auie 10
walk than to hobble into her affections,
we decided against amputation, and pro
"Next morning I met old Carver on
the street. -He was in the habit of pass
ing me with a frown without speaking,
but this time he stopped.
" 'How's your patient?' he inquired,
with a sneer.
" 'Doing finely,' I replied.
" 'Your first amputation, I suppose?'
'"Neither first mor last, I said; 'I
didn't amputate at alL'
" 'I suppose j-ou know the lejr's
smashed to splinters?'
" -I do.'
" 'And vou haven't amputatear
" 'And don't intend to?
" 'Better go to the undertaker's an
order a coffin then.'
" 'He's busy on one of your last vic
tims, I believe,' said I, hurrying along.
"For nearly a week my patient saw
no one but myself and the servant who
carried up his meals.
"Then a few friends were admitted to
cheer his confinement, which he bore
with admirable pat'ence. In six weeks
I removed the splints, and the next day
Mr. Furneval was walking out as well
as ever. My fame was in everybody's
mouth. Even old Carver could find
nothing to carp at, for he had every
where circulated the terrible nature bf
the injury, and predicted the patient's
speedy death. My practice soon ex
ceeded my most sanguine hopes, and
old Carver s whilom patrons flocked to
me in such numbers that he shut up
shop and retired in disgust.
" 'Was the limb really as badly frac
tured as at first supposed?' inquired the
fidgety little Doctor opposite.
'"Cjuite ground almost to powder,
you might say.'
" 'And gave no signs of lameness af
terward?' '"No more than before there had
ireviously been a slight hitch in that
eg, but I think there was less after
wards.' "'Wonderful!' exclaimed the little
" 'Not at all. You see, and there lay
the secret, the injured leg was of wood,
and we replaced it with a better one. "
Confessions of a Gambler.
"What are the chances against a
player in a square game of faro?" the
reporter asked an old gambler who
stood on Sruith field street lamenting
the restrictions that were placed on his
business by the Pittsburgh police.
"Against a sucker a 'producer' I
mean?" inquired the gambler.
"I mean the clerk or merchant that
drops in to tackle the game," said tho
"Well, that's what we call the 'pro
ducer,' " the sport explained, and then
went on. "That's the class that pro
duces the wealth that makes gambling
a business. It is the 'producers' money
that keeps thegame going. The chances
he has of winning, with nothing against
him, and if he hasn't got a system, and
isn't betting high, are about one out oi
two, or, maybe, two out of five that is,
he will lose'in two out of three or in
three out of five plays against the bank,
and, no matter how often he wins, he
is sure to be a dead loser in the end.
If he plays big, and has a system, tho
dealer soon gets on to it. If he is struck
on a card, or plays 'three on a side,' or
'odd and even,' or 'both ends against
the middle,' it will take the dealer no
time to find it out, and, as it is his duty
to protect the bank, he will shuffle tho
cards so as to lay the player out cold.
The plaver generally sticks to his sys
tem and has no chance. . If there are a
number of persons playing, of course
it is difficult for the dealer to handle
the cards in this way, but often the nu
merous players seen at the table are
staked players, who are playing with
the bank's money, and of whom the
dealer takes no notice, as it makes no
difference whether they win or not, so
his whole attention can be given to the
producer. In nearly every bank they
have a lot of cappers hanging around,
and when a producer comes in they are
staked' to start the game.
"The dealer has another trick," the
sport continued, "that we call 'taking
the card by the ear.' If the player is a
'high roller,' that is, a big better, and
has a favorite card, it may lose for him
all the time. In that case the dealer
puts it on its proper pile, but, if the
player is winning, the dealer, will throw
this card down carelessly, so that it
doesn't lay squarely on the pile. Pre
tending to straighten them up, he will
slip the card under the pile, and then
shuffle them so that in the next deal
the player's chances are to lose; if tho
player wins again, the dealer will again
take the card hy the ear. These things
can not be done where there are a num
ber of genuine players, for in that case
it makes little difference to the bank
who wins or loses, the players playing
each other's money and the bank hav
ing the benefit of the splits."
"And this is what you call a square
Why, of course: all this is done
merely to protect the bank, which must
have some protection. In a brace gamo
the player stands no more show of win
ning than he does of swallowing a light
ning-rod. In the square game there is
some show for him. But every player
has his system with which he expects tc
break the bank, and he finds out in the
end the truth of the saying that there
never was a system the dealer couldn't
beat. These things are necessary, as I
said, to protect the bank. It is ofter
subject to losses by shoe-string players,
who, being deeply in debt, manage to
get hold of a few dollars, and, having
nothing much to lose, conclude to try
their luck. Sometimes a fellow wins
$600 or $700 off a 'shoe-string,' as we
call a small stake, goes out and pays
his debts, and that's the last the bank
sees of the money. The chances are if
he has five or ten dollars left he'll come
back, and, if luck is still with him maj
win a few more hundred. But, talk
about it as you may, faro is the fairest
and squarest game, and if a man must
gamble I'd advise him to tackle nothing
"Can't faro be beaten!"
"Not unless you play a limitless game
and have a mint of money to do it with.
If a banK has 82,000, you can bet $2,000
on a card, and if it wins the bank is
busted and there's an end of it. If you
lose you have to keep on doubling yout
bets until you do win, when, of course,
the desired end is accomplished. But
ever' bank has its limit, and when you
get to it j'ou've got to stay there. The
fact that few gamblers" have money
shows which way the wind blows. It's
a rare one dies rich. The banks make
the money, the 'producer' furnishes.and
the professional sport kind of hangs in
between the two until women or whisky
bring him to his grave." Pittsburgh
"Do you beat brass?" is the initial
catechism of the latest fashionable han
dicraft in Philadelphia. It is a particu
lar pet with feminine fingers, and re
quires a thorough and practical knowl
edge of hammers and tracing tools,
brass and block. A class of ladies, un
der the patronage of the Scandinavian
Thor, have produced some beautiful and
lasting work. The instructor teaches
them the way of holding their tools,
and the proper kind of stroke to make
upon the steel dies. The method is
simple. On a block of wood, a brass
plate or sheet is fastened. The design
is then drawn upon it; the outline ham
mered by a die, which has a row of
dots. Other dies give the groundwork
a frosted or mottled appearance. Every
thing depends on the skill of the work
woman. Really valuable articles in
repousse brass can be made from a
Siece of brass costing but a small sum.
ard-receivers, paper-weights, and
plaques can be made. The brass-beating
educates the hands and develops
the muscles. It is worthy of note how
much interest in the mechanical arts is
publicly shown. Sometimes the ham
mering of brass is combined with the
use of the paint-brush. A brass tray
lately seen has a loose spray of purple
Jiansies, apparently flung down care
essly upon it. Philadelphia Ledger. i
IIOJIE, FARM AND GARDEN.
If one ob"ccl8 to wet toast, tho
edges only of the slice may be dipped
in ooiling" water before the toast is but
tered, and it will then be more tempt
ing and eatable than if perfcctlv dry.
N. Y. Post.
In judging a horse he should always
be made to si and still. Defects in the
limbs or feet that would be unnoticed
while in motion will be plainly seen
by his care to rest weak or diseased
muscles when standing. Cincinnati
Mr. Charles Gibb says that in Rus
sia the finer varieties of plunis are raised
by planting the trees at an angle ot
forty-live degrees or lower, and bending
them down before snow falls in winter.
Which then covers and protects them
If you are afraid that your yeast
cakes are a little stale, put one of them
in a cup of warm water with a good
Einch of hops; let this stand for an
our or so before using; it will have an
excellent effect on the yeast and will in
sure good bread. Exchange.
An Indianapolis (Ind.) fruit grower
says: " Last year I put twelve moles iu
my strawberry patch of five acres to
catch the grubs, and they did the work.
I never had a dozen plants injured dur
ing the summer, either by the grubs ot
moles. I know some people do not
care for moles on their farms, but I
want them in my strawberry patch."
Lemon Custard: Twelve eggs;
twelve cupfuls of sugar; six lemons;
one tablespoonful of flour; two tea
spoonsful of cream. Grate and squeeze
the lemons, mix the. sugar well with
them, add the well-beaten yelks, then
the flour, the cream, and last of all, the
well-beaten whites. Bake in pie-plates,
lined with rich puff paste. Chicago
A delicious pound-cake that is
made without using soda is highly rec
ommended: One pound of sugar (oither
granulated or pulverized), half a pound
of butter, eight eggs (the whites and
yelks beaten separately), ten ounces of
Hour; for flavor.ng, one whole nutmeg,
grated. Tuis cake should be baked for
an hour and a quarter in a moderately
hot oven. Chicago Journal.
Tho use of rye in the garden of an
Ohio truck grower is mentioned by the
Farmer of that State: "That part of the
garden that can be cleaned oft in time
is plowed and sowed with rye, and
whatever manu.v is ready is spread at
that time. The rye makes quite a growth
during the fall and winter, and when
turned under in spring counts some
thing as a fertilizer, besides rendering
the soil very mellow. Iu the sweet c r:i
the rye is sown at the time the corn re
ceives its last working."
The goosebeiry and currant do
well in partial shade. In fact, if you
xi ould have the gooseberry in great per
fection, get a lot of old brushwood ana
cover the rows closely, so that the
plants will have to push through, and
you will be astonished at the growtl
and healthfulness of the bushes. The
decaying wood als. furnishes an ew. 1
lent manure for them. The finest cur
rants ever grown can be had by mulch
ing with old chestnut burrs, or even
sawdust. It has been noted that the
grape-vine thrive amazingly whu it
gets into an aspaiau bid. Ti:e.e are
generally elevated, liud are thus dry,
while the rich soil necessary for aspar
agus is also good for grapes. Ameri
Blistering constitutes one of the moat
effective appliances of tho healing art,
and is one of the chief remedies in a con
siderable number of diseases. The main
pnnciple on which it acts is that of
counter-irritation, or of reducing in
flammatory action in an interior organ
of the animal system by exciting a
stronger local inflammation on the near
est exterior part of the system; and a
subordinate principle is the accelerating
of the action of the nearest blood vessels
or the rousing of the local absorbents to
a temporary condition of unusual en
ergy. Blisters are eminently efficacious in
dispersing such callous swellings as
arise from strains, bruises, and other
similar causes. They are of great ser
vice in reducing the inflammation of
parts remote from the surface. This in
flammation of the internal parts of tho
foot may be reduced by blistering above
the coronet; inflammation of the bowels,
by blistering the abdomen, and inflam
mation of the lungs, by blistering the
sides. Blisters are also the best reme
dies for curbs, windgalls, spavins and
various other disorders. When properly
made and free from any such caustio
ingredients as sulphuric acid and cor
rosive sublimate they inflict no perma
nent damage on the skin, and do not
prevent the hair from growing; and
when they are not successful in the first
application they can, with all safety, be
repeated. But a blister ought never to
be applied to a part which is irritated
or tender, for it might then produce ex
tensive and virulent sloughing; nor
ought it ever to be appl&d where there
is a tendency to grease or scratches, for
it would be likely to aggravate such dis
orders; and whenever it requires to be
applied during winter, thorough care
ought to be used to protect the animal
from cold or from a current of air about
When a blister is to be applied, the
part should previously be cleared as
much as possible from hair, a quantity
of the blistering ointment should be
well rubbed into it, and a thin coat of
the ointment afterward spread over the
whole surface. A horse, on beginning
to feel the action of the blister, is very
apt to bite the part, and, in conse
quence, both to do serious mischief to
the part and to blister his month. To
preveut this, he ought to either be tied
short or to have what is called a cradle
placed about his neck, during six to
eight hours after the application of the
blister. When the blister is applied to
any of the legs, the bedding should be
removed during the same number of
hours, and if the hinder limbs are to be
blistered, the tail should be tied up
during the first day.
The most active ingredients in the
great majority of suitable blisters is pul
verized Spanish flies. One common bli
stering ointment for horses is composed
of half an ounce of powdered Spanish
flies, an ounce of oil of turpentine, and
four ounces of hogs lard; another is
composed of one and a half or two
ounces of Spanish flies, half an ounce
of oil of origanum, one ounce of oil of
turpentine, "two ounces of hogs' lard,
and four ounces of common tar. Cor
rosive sublimate has frequently been
recommended as an ingredient of blis
ter; yet, except when very severe blis
tering, as in a case of bone spavin, or
ring-bone, is required, it ought in every
instance to be omitted, for it is very apt
to ulcerate the skin, and leave a perma
nent mark or blemish. Good mustard,
made into a paste with hot water, and
applied hot, often blisters as well as
ointment of Spanish flies, and ought to
be used instead of the latter, when a
large surface is to be blistered, such as
the sides, the abdomen, or the loins.
Some of the preparations of iodine and
mercury also make active blisters, and
are sometimes used mixed with oint
ment of Spanish flies. Prairie Farmer.
The great American composer has
not yet appeared. The New York Com
mercial Advertiser says it may be that
be blushes unseen amid the symphonies
in green that deck the Hudson River,
r the movements in lard that rise like
a harmony inpig from the musical,
"stock-yards of Chicago. When he does
ajpear ht will mast probably die poor,
SUIEXUE AND INDUSTRY.
Minnesota is to have a sugar beet
factory, with machiuerv imported from
17....A'k Tf ,t-ill lii ,sr1,. fr rirtmt?n
AUIUIJC IU .1 i uv. t..uj w. uiv4whiuu
1 The people around Auniston, Ala.;
are not satisfied with the everlasting '
supply of timber in that county, ami '
tne replanting in oas aim pine trees
has begun. i
An Elmira (N. Y.) florist has suc
ceeded in growing bananas in a green
house, and the fruit is said to be a vast
improvement on that imported from
The first salt made by white men in
Syracuse, N. Y., was matle in 1788, the
annual product at that time being one
hundred barrels. In 1880 the product
was sixteen million barrels.
Honey-raising in cities is a new in
dustry lately developed. The editor of
a magazine published iu New York City
and devoted to bee culture is a practi
cal man, and keeps an apiary of one
hundred hives on the roof of "his pub
lishing house in the heart of the city.
The owner says his bees gather honey
from the trees and flowers iu the city,
and do uot g beyond its limits.
Dr. Brown Sequard is said to have
discovered a new anesthetic which de
stroys sensibility, but not consciousness
or physical activity, for an entire day
or more. When it is adm'uistered to a
man by the hypodermic injection pro
cess, he is not incapacitated for work
or enjov nunit, yet he tan submit to
having his llesh cut without feeling any
pain. It is obviously a marvelous gain
for medical science. " It is some form of
carbonic acid. Chicago Herald.
Curiosity-lovers and those scien
tifically inclined may be much gratified
to know that uapkius are now being
made of pun glass, a luxury which few
per-ons will deny themselves at the
reasonable price "of $100 per dozen.
They are of a delicate pearl color,
about the size of an ordinary' breakfast
napkin, and almost as pliable as silk.
The filling consists of minute glass
threads, crowed, by a silk chain;
and the fringe of glass fiber is about
two inches long. Chicago Journal.
Captain John Ericson's latest in
vention is a "solar engine," whose use
in irrigating tropical lands entitles it to
notice in this column. Of its success
the venerable inventor has no doubt
whatever. It may be rigged up on a
houseless and treeless prairie, and is
propelled by an engine set in motion
by the heat of the sun, without direct
human guidance. It is expected this
deyice will prove sufficient to inigate
perfectly a district like Southern Cali
fornia, where sunshine without rain
lasts six or seven months at a stretch,
and where the sun is remarkably
fertile. In fact it is applicable to the
complete irrigation of all parts of the
country wherever the suu shines and
water may be reached by boring.
PITH AND POINT.
We have heard of a great many dif
ferent ways to make hens lay, but the
surest way is to use a little "hatchet.
It is just as well that a majority of
people have trouble. They would go
out and barrow it if they did not have it
in the house. N. 0. Picayune.
A committee of one-eyed citizens
will go up to Frankfort this winter to
see what the new Legislature is willing
to do to restrain the feminine parasol.
Before cutting a man's head off in
China the authorities considerately
make him dniuk. In this country they
considerately make him drunk before
putting a head on him. Yonkers Ga
zette. Dr. Crosby says "those who are en
gaged in amassing colossal fortunes be
long to the dangerous classes." We do
not care to be referred to in that point
ed way, and the Doctor had better stop
it. Texas Sitings.
There are few things so irritating
in this life as to wait half an hour for
your adversary at checkers, and then
have him look" up, as just aroused from
a nap, ami stupidly inquire: "Whose
move is it?" Boston Transcript.
"The reason I don't have a choir,"
said a certain colored preacher of Syra
cuse, N. Y., "is because Mary don't
speak to Jane and Jane don't think
much of Ellen and Jim thinks Bill goes
home with his own girl too often."
When Ethel tumbled down and
broki a basket of eggs, the children all
cried: "Oh, Ethel, won't you catch it
when your mother sees those broken
eggs. Won't vou, though!" "No, I
won't tach it, either," said Ethel. "I
won't tach it at all. I'z dot a dran
niothcr!" Eli Parkin.
"No," said the sad-eyed man, "I
never press a young woman to play up
on the piano. I tried it once to my sor
row." "Why, what followed?"' asked
a half-dozen eager voices. "She
played," replied the sad-eyed man. "I
shall never forget the lesson I learned
that day." Chicago Tribune.
She was from Toronto, and was
speaking ardently of her home. "You've
no idea, she said, "How the Dominion
towns are growing." "Oh, I think I
have," replied the Buffalo friend. "Able
class of people, too. Read every day of
lots of bank cashiers and the like gone
over there to stay." Buffalo Express.
A railroad restaurant sandwich sent
among some minerals to the Concord
School of Philosophy puzzled that body
more than a little. Finally the majority
decided that it was a piece of rock of
the palezoic age, while the minority
conteutled that it was a fragment of an
exploded meteor. tforristown Herald.
A New Style of Suake Story.
Miss Brooks, a respectable young
woman and a daughter of a truck farmer
at Sheridan, two miles from Woraels
tlorf, on the Lebanon alley Railroad,
met with a startling adventure while
out walking in the woods with a female
companion. The story of their wonder
ful escape is vouched for by the best citi
zens in the place.
While the two ladies were promenad
ing in a secluded spot in the forest.Miss
Brooks suddenly experienced a heavy
pressure around her waist, which in
creased to such an extent as to almost
deprh e her of breath. She cried out
from pain, and her companion sprang
to one side. Miss Brooks put her hand
to her waist and discovered a thick and
heavy roll underneath her light evening
costume. Immediately thereafter the
two were horrified beyond description
on seeing the head of a snake protrud
ing from the folds of the dress, its hor
rible fangs darting in every direction.
With rare presence of mind Miss
Brooks' companion seized hold of the
former's dress and pulled the skirt from
A huge black snake was found coiled
around her waist. It immediately
dropped to the ground ami disappeared
in some dense underbrush. The ladies
say that it must have been fully six feet
in length. It must have been lying in
their path, and as they passed along
worked itself up the young woman's
under-clothing and found a resting
Elace around her waist. Upon reaching
ome Miss Brooks was so overcome
that she fainted. Philadelphia Press.
Young Mrs. Susan E. Roberts, a
summer guest at Saratoga, accompanied
an excursion party to Lake George and,
in the words of one of her companions,
was "the gayest of the gay" throughout
the entire trip. On the return of the
Sarty Mrs. Roberts took arsenic and
ed leaving a letter to her absent hus
band, the contents of which are un
known. Troy (2f. Y.) Times.
Daily Exireis Trfcitis tor Omu1u. fni
rugu, Kaixa City. St. Loui-.. uinl all jxmitd
Kiut. Through cars via IVurin to Indian
apoUii. Rlesaut I'ulliimii I'ulucc Cniantl
lay coaches' en all through trains, ami
Dining: ' cast oi Missouri Klvir.
Thrnni'h Ti.-krts r l!m ! mvr .'. I'.utcs
I ItagrtKi- whl !k) cliecl.H.1 1 Vtinutinti. Any information as tn rutOb, routes r lime ttblod
J will ii chuvrfiiKy furnish. l iijsjii uilicu:ti it to any agent, r r to
1. S. Kl'STIS, cVneru! Tleket Agent. Omaha, Kob.
Chicago Weekly News.
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