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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1883)
KATES OF ADVERTISING.
ISSUED EVERY WEDNESDAY,
M. Iv. TUTttSTER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
J3T OFFICE, Eleventh St., up stairs
in Journal Building.
OI..U .n..1n "
VOL. XIV.--N0. 24
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 10, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 700.
f X. WOOD, M.
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
tSTllm open.'d"the office f rmejly oc
,rTfH .v rr Knnesteel. U-oin.
On Thirteenth St., and Nebraska Ave.,
over Friedhofs store.
jgg-Office hours, 8 to 12 a. in.; 1 to ." p. in.
Oi.u Ashbaugh, Dentist.
A TTORNE YS-A T-LA W,
Up.stairsinGluck Building, Hth 8-i"eet
Above the Now bank.
TT J. IIIJlMOi,
iek Street. 2 doornre.t or Hammond Houue,
rpiIUUSY; & POWERN,
IS" Office in -Mitchell Block, Colum
bus, Nebraska. u'u
p EER Sc BEEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
Office on Olive St.. Columbus Nebraska.
S G. A. HULLHOKST, A. M., M. D.,
IIOMEOPATIU C PHYSICIAN,
3-Two Blocks south of Court House.
Telephone communication. -'
EO. T. SPOOLER,
"Will t:tk- contracts for
Bricklaying, Plastering, Stonework,
VST Satisfaction guaranteed, or no pay.
V. A. MACKEN,
Wines, Liquor. Cigars, Porters, Ales,
Olive Street, next to First National Rank.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing. 11th St. V. A. McAllister, Notary
J. M. MACKARLAND. K. K. COW DKIt Y,
Aittrcej Mi Hcttry PstV :. C:llo:t:r.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACFARLAND & COWDBRY,
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
EO. '. MEKKV,
Jt5TCarriage, house and -,ign painting,
glazing, paper hanging, kiil-oiniiiing, etc.
done to order. Shop on 18th St., oppoMte
Engine Hotui-, Columbus, Neb. 10-y
TO II- R1TMCIIE,
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Sells Harness, Saddle, Collar. "Whips,
Blaukct. Currv Combs, Bruhe, trunks,
valises, buggv top, cushions, carriage
trimmings, Vc., at the lowest possible
prices. Repairs pn mptly attended to.
JOII C. TASKER,
Heal Estate .A.geiit,
Genoa, Nance Co., Neb.
WILD LANDS and improved farms
for sale. Correspondence solicit
ed. Office in Young's building, tip-stairs.
o. c. kbjnton',
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
tgrShop on Eleventh Street, opposite
Heintz's brue Store. -JB-v
LAND AND INSURANCE A GENT,
His lands comprise some tine tracts
In the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion of Pbtte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. -0 y
nOLOaiBCR packing eo
COL UMB US, - NEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hog
Directors. R. H Henry, PreU; John
Wiggius, Sec. and Treas.; L. Geirard, S.
VTOTICE TO TEACHERS.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transaction of any other business
pertaining to schools. CCT-y
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, uear
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 32 tiino.
Livery and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public wzth
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
conducts a sale stable. 44
D.T. Maktyx, M. D. F. Schug, 51. D
Drs. XA&TYN & SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons, Union Pacific and
O., N. & B. H. It. H's.
2?e:iti:?it3 3tmri Sni ui Tsxsir a Halit.
CASH CAPITAL, - $50,000
Leander Gerrakd, Pres'i.
Geo. W. IIulst, Vice Pres't.
Julius A. Reed.
Abser Turner, Cashier.
llaak of lepoMit, IMmcoubi
Collection Promptly made oh
Pay Intercut on Time IepoM
DREBERT & BRIGG E,
tSTPrompt attention given to Col
lections. Insurance, Real Estate, Loan,
Eleventh Street, opposite the
Has on hand a full assortment of
CROCKERY & GLASSWARE,
Pipes, Cigars and Tobacco.
Highest price paid for Country Produce.
Goods delivered in city.
GIVE ME A CALL!
All kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Buggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders the
JgTShop opposite the "Tattersall." Ol
ive St., COLUMBUS. 'J-Om-e
H. LITERS & CO,
New Bri.-k Shop ojipoxlte Helntz's Drug Store.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eleventh Street, Columbus, Nebraska.
wound, disease, accident or otherwise,
widows, mothers and fathers of soldiers
dying in the service or afterwards, from
disease which originated while in the ser;
vice, are entitled to a pension. New and
honorable discharges obtained for ol
diers. Increase of Pensions ob
tained at anv time when the disability
warrants it. "All soldiers who were rated
too low are entitled to an increase of pen
sion. Rejected and abandoned claims a
specialtv. Circulars free. Address, with
stamp, Si. V.TIERNEY, Box 4S5, Wash
ington, D. C. 43-12ct
JOHN niIBEK,thejollv auctioneer, has
opened a hotel on 13th St., near Tiffa
ny & Routson's, where clean beds and
square meals will always be found by the
patrons of the house. I will in the fu
ture, as in the past, give my best atten
tion to all sales of goods or farm stock, as
jjgrSati&faction guaranteed; call and
see me and vou will be made welcome.
JOHN HUB ER,
Proprietor and Auctioneer.
Columbus, Neb., June 19, "S3. 9-tf
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
tgyWholesale nnd Retail Dealer in For
eign "Yines, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
5T Kentucky Whiskies a Special tu.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
llth Street. Soatk of Depot.
JS. MURDOCK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction . in work.
-All-kinds of repairing done 'on short
notice. Our motto Is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunitytoestimateforyou. iST'Shop on
13tb SU, one door west of Friedlibf &
Co'b. store, Columbus,' 2f ebr. 483-y
OFFICERS AND DIUKCTOKS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY,
ROBERT U II LIG,
W. A. MCALLISTER.
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, Real Estate, Loan anu Insurance.
J.E. NORTH & CO.,
Rock Spring Coal,
Carbon (Wyoming) Coal.
Eldon (Iowa) Coal
.$7.00 per ton
. G.00 '
. j.50 "
Blacksmith Coal of best quality al
ways on hand at low
North Side Eleventh St.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
O FFTCE, COL UMB US, NEB.
SPE1CE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, aud Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstractor title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
CITY PROPERTY FOR SALE,
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Lony Time and low rate
All wishing to buy Rail Road Lands
or Improved Farms will find it to their
advantage to call at the U. P. Land
Office before lookin elsewhere as I
make a specialty of buying and selling
lands on commission; all persons wish
ing to sell farms or unimproved land
will liud it to their advantage to leave
their lands with me Tor sale, as my fa
cilities for affecting sales are unsur
passed. I am prepared to make final
proof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homesteads.
jars''. W. Ott, Clerk, writes and
SAMUEL C. SMITH,
Agt. U.P. Land Department,
C2I-y COLUMBUS, NEB.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALER IX
Furniture, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges.
&c.i Picture .Frames and
$3TRepairing of all kinds of Upholstery
fBSSHB -v. i- JaA9V
In one of the surgical wards of Belle
vue Hospital a reporter of the Tribune
was surprised to see about a dozen
children lying on their backs, with their
feet bolsleredup and their legs incased
in splints and plaster of Paris. Tho
oldest child in the lot was under five
years of age, while the youngest was
about two years old.
"Every one of these children has had
both legs broken," an attendant said.
"When were they injured?" the re
"Eight of them had their lege broken
to-day in this room," was the reply.
A tall young man with fair hair and
a smiling face, who was introduced as
Dr. Fraser C. Fuller, a member of the
Bellevue Hospital surgical staff, said:
"I am responsible for the treatment of
these little ones. Thev all were either
bow-legged or knock-kneed. Their
limbs were so much out of shape that
they were hardly able to walk. If they
had been permitted to grow up without
surgical attention they would have be
come confirmed cripples. They have
been subject to the operation known as
osteotomy. In tho case of a bow-legged
child an incision is made in the leg, be
tween knee and the ankle. The skin
and underlying tissues are cut through
with a knife as far as the bone. Then
an ordinarj' carpenter's chisel is used.
The bone is cut about two-thirds of the
way through, the chisel being held
somewhat obliquely. As soon as the
chisel is withdrawn the leg is grasped
firmly above and below the cut and the
bone is broken sufficiently to permit the
straightening of the limb. Bandages
and splints are applied and set in plas
ter to keep the bone in the right position
until the fracture Is healed. The treat
ment is similar in the case of a knock
kneed child, except that the bone is
broken above the knee."
"How long does it take a child to re
cover from such operation?"
"The bone is set within four weeks
after the fracture, but the child is not
permitted to use its limbs much for
several days after the splints are re
moved. Walking is allowed by slow
degrees. When the children are able
to run about again, however, their legs
are as straight as those of ot'er boys
"Are not the children liable to loose
their lives while under treatment?"
"There is comparatively little danger
in performing such an operation on a
child under six years of age, but the
risk increases as the child grows older.
I have been operating upon all the
bow-legged children we could get hero
for a year. None have died, and those
who nave been in the hospital long
enough to recover have gone away with
"Do the children suffer much under
"They are put under the influence of
ether while their limbs are being
straightened, and they suffer much less
pain afterward than a grown person
would under like circumstances. Notice
the way I string their heels up above
the level of thoir heads. That is to pre
vent too much circulation of blood in
the legs. It prevents inflammation and
lessens the pain."
The children, who lay on their backs,
with their feet in the air, appeared to
be rather comfortable. One or two
were fretful, but the nurses said their
uneasiness was caused by forced inac
tion. Most of the little ones were tho
offspring of poor Italians. It was said
that their legs had become crooked be
cause they had been permitted to walk
alone too'earlv and because their bones
were soft from lack of proper nourish
ment. Dr. Fuller exhibited photo
fraphs of several children on whom he
ad performed the operation' of osteot
omy within a year. Some of the pic
tures were taken before the operation
and others after the children had recov
ered. A comparison of the pictures re
vealed wonderful improvement. In
one set of pictures children were repre
sented with botli legs bowed so badly
that their knees were a foot apart when
they stood with their feet close together.
The other pictures showed the same
children with limbs straight and well
shaped. An increase in height, as well
as the removal of the deformity, caused
a pleasing transformation. N. Y. Tri
bune. Gamblers' Superstitions.
"When the kerds are comin' yer way,
why play 'em fur all they're worth.
Make the dealer's eyes start out the
socket, and dou'tatop the lick till you've
busted the machine, or luck changes."
This advice was given me the other day
by one of the old-timers, during a con
versation regarding faro and other
games which are played at most fron
tier towns openly and publicly.
"I made a run at Garcia's, one night,
and scooped 'em to the tune of $4,000,
and before they know'd they were hurt,
and when Charley was bankin' I tapped
him for over 8,000 inside of thirty
minutes, and then turned fool and blew
it in at Gold's. My rule, 3'oung fellow,
is to stop when luck changes, and its
a durned good rule, but I can no more
follow it than a doctor can take his
own medicine. When I'm winnin' I want
to break the bank; when I lose, I play
on, hoping for a good streak. Some
times she conies, sometimes she
"Speaking about good streaks, gam
blers are very superstitious about signs
and tokens, I suppose?"
"Superstitious! 1 should savso. They
may look bold and free and easy, but
I tell you every one of 'em are more su
perstitious to the square inch than a
mule has kicking power. Look at old
Hill quiet, clever man as ever lived,
generally speaking; but if you want to
see him riled just interfere with one of
his pet superstitions and he'll curse a
blue streak. He's a great believer in
spiders. Let one of them black, ugly
things be about him while he's dealing
and he's as happy as a dead Injun.
Why, one night a stranger dropped in
during the game; the bank was win
ning every lav-out, and. spying a spider
crawlin' on Hill's shoulder, he brushed
it off and killed it. Well, such yelling
and swearing! Hill stopped the game,
and the startled stranger left the place
in a hurry. Since this Hill has had
bad luck, and attributes it to the spi
"I lost a cool 81,200 one night by iust
having a feller's foot on my chair dur
ing the game. When I found out the
cause I just raised my voice with both
hands and made a very pretty speech.
The feller apologized and staked me
with $100 and took his foot away. I
started in and soon swamped the bank.
I tell you I want no man's foot on my
chair while I'm handling the paste
boards. Why, there's Brownie, I've seen
him throw many a five-dollar gold piece
away just because some one would beat
his faro game. He'd look through his
money, and if he'd find the piece the
player had changed in he'd throw it
over the housetops, just because the
money was bad look for the bank.
"Oh! I tell you these things sound
funny, but there's something in them.
Why. sir, one of our boldest dealers
gets nervous and shaky if certain men
visit their rooms during a game. Now,
there's Mao, he's a good 'tin and bold,
still he thinks Murphy's a "hoo-do," or
bad luck for him, ana sometimes he'll
stop dealing when Murphy comes in.
His partner, Eddleman, is just as su
perstitious. "There's Joe. Just let him meet a
strange lady, and the Evil One himself
couldn't persuade him that he wasnt
going to have good luck. But lot his
washerwoman bring home a collar
ironed on the wrong side, and he be
lieves bad luck will follow him for a
week. I've seen him stop a big game
because ho happened to find he had put
on a different pair of socks from what
he intended. If his servant should for-
fet to black the heel of one of his boots
oo would consider this a sign of good
luck, and would back his faro gamo to
"Ned's the coolest of all. He believes
in a streak of luck, and also has some
et superstitions. He believes good
uck will follow him if he, by mistake,
puts on his stockings wrong side out,
and is never so happy at dealing faro as
when he finds the bow of his necktie
has slipped under his right ear. If it's
fotten under his left ear he gives the
ealer's box to Brownie."
"How "about the players who buck the
game? Are they cranky also?"
"Yes. There's Cooley Bearer, forin
stance. I've known him to follow an
old woman along the streets just to get
the nib of her cigarette. This he'd keep
for several days in his vest pocket, on
the left side, and then go and buck the
tiger. If he'd win he'd say the cigar
ette brought good luck. If he lost, then
he'd say the old woman must have been
praying when she was smoking.
"Then there was Lance; his hobby
was that if he could touch a hunchback
tierson on the hump without the person
tnowing it, he would be very fortunate
and strike a bonanza. Last summer
one of the Boston tourists nad a hump.
Lance saw him and prepared to touch
him. He followed him to the old
churches, curiosity shops and public
places, and several times was on the
eve of stealthily touching the hump,
when the gentleman would turn around.
So persistent did Lance become that the
gentloman reported him to the police,
and the annoyance ended, much to
Lance's chagrin and mortification. He
often said: If I could have done it, then
it's good-by to banks,' but he didn't do
"Another favorite superstition some
players have is to bet high on certain
cards if certain things occur during a
game. If the dealer drops any money
in making change, then the ace and
king should be played to lose. If a ne
gro enters a room smoking, the jack
should be played to win. If two ne
groes enter arm in arm, then play the
ten as a winner for all its worth." San
ta Fe Cor. Philadelphia Press.
Flying Down a Mountain.
A party of English tourists who had
ascended Mount McGregor, near Sara
toga, complained to Mr. W. J. Arkell,
the manager of the inclined railway,
that they had not had a sample of speed
in any of their travels on this side of
the water. Mr. Arkell voluuteered to
satisfy their desire. He disposed of
them in an observation car, to which
was attached an engine. What hap
pened is recorded in the Saratogian:
"Gentlemen, you will be in Saratogo
or somewhere else in ten minutes,"
said Mr. Arkell, as he waved his hand
to the engineer and said: "Let her
Nobody in that crowd to this day can
tell just exactly what happened. Per
sons who were "in the neighborhood of
Mount McGregor state that they saw a
streak of lightning climb down the
mountain side and go plunging in the
direction of Saratoga. Persons who
were down at the McGregor depot in
Saratoga were greatly surprised by the
suddon appearance of a dusty little
engine and a single car in which were
five human beings. One of them sat on
the brake calmly picking his teeth with
a silver tooth-pick. This was Mr.
"Did you enjoy your little trip, gen
tlemen? said he, as he stepped off the
brake and searched under the seats and
looked out of the window for what was
left of these four Britishers. The
remnants of the four answered feebly:
"Are we still alive, sir?"
"I don't know, said Mr. Arkell.
"I know that it is twelve miles
from the end of the road at the top
of the mountain to the end in town.
We were just six minutes and a half
coming that distance, and I pledge you
mv word, gentlemen, we didn't turn a
curve on the whole trip. We went on
a bee-line, and where the tracks were
out of a dead-line we simply cut over
the country till we struck the tracks
again. It was a reasonable speed for a
first trial, gentlemen, but if you will
come up again, now that we have had
a little experience, I think we can
beat the last record by a minute and a
The Outcast Plow.
"A short time ago, I was passing a
farm and saw a good plow, not an old
plow, but one apparently new in the
spring, left standing in the furrow, just
where a month or two before the boy
had left it when he finished the iield. I
said to myself, 'Alas, poor plow! were
you a Scotch implement you would not
thus be left out in the cold.' You see,
gentlemen, I'm a Scotchman and must
therefore be excused if I have a natural
tendency, or perhaps failing, for com
paring the customs of the West with
those of my paternal country. But I
said to myself, 'As this is a strange
country, perhaps the farmer has some
good reason for leaving his plow in the
cold.' 1 asked myself, 'was that plow
manufactured down South, and has the
considerate owner left it there to be
come accustomed to the stern rigors of
a Northern climate?'
"Perhaps the timber required season
ing. Maybe he left it there because it
was nearer the field where he intended
to employ it next season than it would
have been had he taken it home. I
noticed one thing requiring care and
forethought the share was covered
with earth. I said to myself, 'That's to
keep it from rusting, doubtless.' Did
the farmer leave his plow there in order
to say to any neighbor who might wish
to borrow "it, 'Sorry, my friend, but
we've lost that plowP
"Now if t'tiat plow had been left out
in a Scotch field, the farmer would have
built a neat shed over it, or at least
have covered it with straw, and fixed on
it a label bearing the words, 'Here lieth
my faithful plow.' " A. 8. Alexander,
in Farm, Herd and Home.
The English Parliament refuses to
ke vaccination compulsory.
Little bnt Goed. .
"Yes," said a well-known Evansville
tourist to us the other day, "I've trav
eled a good deal in Kentucky and it
isn't a particularly quiet country for a
man to move about in, The better sort
of people there, mind you, are as nice
folks as you would mee"t with anywhere,
but the roughs are about as rough as
they make them. They have a way,
too, of introducing a pistol into an argu
ment which is not appreciated by the
colder spirits of the North."
"Did you ever get into any trouble?"
"Once, when I was staying at Lex
ington, I had a rather unpleasant ad
"Let us have it, by all means."
"I noticed a big, "tough fellow come
into the hotel and pay for a bed. He
was as ugly a looking brute as ever I
saw. W ore a black patch over his eye,
and had his baggv jeans stuffed into his
boots like a regular dime-novel border
ruflian. I came at once to the conclu
sion that it would be healthy to keep out
of that fellow's way, and I confess that
I was surprised that such a bully would
bo accented as a guest at a first-class
"The next morning I was up early.
It was a little chilly, and I took a chair
by the stove while they got breakfast
read'. I hadn't been there more than
five minutes before in walked the very
fellow I wished to avoid, and he
drew a chair up and sat down beside
" 'Say, stranger, how about them
trains for Danville?'
" 'I do not know anything about the
trains,' said I, rather stiffly.
"Then I got up and took a chair near
the door. There was no one in the office
but a dapper little clerk, a chirpy little
fellow about five feet high and very
girlish in appearance.
"The obnoxious Kentuckian came
aud squatted down in a chair beside me.
1 felt myself getting hot and cold with
vexation, but knowing that I would
have no chance in a personal encounter
with such a giant, prudence suggested
that I act quietly. Then he drew out
of his pocket a'dirty piece of tobacco
which looked as though he had half
chewed it with his wolfish fangs.
" 'Hev a chaw, stranger?'
'.' 'Thank you, I never chew.
" 'Now, see here, ver darned stuok
up Northern cuss. Think yer can come
down here and show off ver high-toned
airs. Guess yer'll swaller that lump
of 'bacca, or I'll'
"What he would have done I do not
know, for in an, instant, with all the
lithe activity of a panther, that little
clerk sprang over the counter with a
big navy revolver in his hand and everv
hair of "his head bristling like the back
of a terrier in a dog tight.
" 'Get out of this, you brute, or I'll
blow the roof of your head off.'
"The bully's savage loos vanished
from his face, and like a whipped hound
he slunk backward out of the door,
only saying in a meek, shame-faced
manner: 'Don't shoot, mister; for God's
sake don't shoot; I war only a foolin'.'
"Then, when the door was slammed
to on the figure of the retreating bully,
the clerk turned to me and said in the
most polite and indifferent manner: 'I
think, sir,' you'll find your breakfast
"Yes, they often wrap up first-class
goods in little parcels." Evansville
In Scotland more laxity is permitted
in reference to wills than in England
since 1888. In the former country al
most any kind of written document pur
porting to dispose of the testator's
property and sufficient to show his in
tention is regarded as a good will. It
is not necessary that ink be used, and a
legacy by word of mouth is good to the
extent of 100 Scots, or 8 6s. 8d. ster
ling. If the will is holograph that is,
written by the grantor's own hund no
witnesses are required. If it is not hol
ograph, then two witnesses arc neces
sary, with a regular testing clause, or
with the designations of the witnesses
written after their signatures. They
need not sign their names in the pres
ence of the grantor, but he must either
sign or acknowledge his signature in
their presence. In England even' will
must be attested by two witnesses, no
matter who wrote it, and after either
seeing the testator sign or hearing him
acknowledge his signature, they ought
to sign in his presence. A gift or legacy
to a person witnessing a will is void,
but it does not affect the validity of the
will. The same holds good in Scotland,
except in the case of very small lega
cies, which are not void. In England
a creditor may be a witness, while in
the sister country the opposite is the
case. All English wills must be in
writing. Soldiers and sailors, however,
when on service, may make nuncupa
tive wills that is, by "word of mouth. If
a will is written on more pages than
one, each page should be signed, the
witnesses signing only on the last.
In England, if the grantor can not
sign, he may make his mark or an X,
or he may ask some one to sign for
him. In "Scotland, only a notary or the
clergyman of the parish can sign for
another. All erasures and interlinea
tions should be carefully mentioned at
the end of the deed, and all marginal
additions signed. Such, then, are the
principal formalities to be observed in
the execution of a will. In the old Ro
man law, if a father wished to disin
herit a child, he was required to insert
a special clause to that effect, or such
child could get the will rendered void,
on the ground that he had been forgot
ten. Blackstone, in his "Commenta
ries," conjectures that this gave rise to
the custom in England of leaving to a
disinherited child the sum of Is, to
show that he had been remembered,
rrom this custom springs the well
known phrase, "I'll cut you off with a
shilling." Chambers' Journal.
Miss Jennie Headly, ten years old,
added another to her aquatic honors by
swimming from the Manhanset Houso
to the Prospect beach, across Deerin's
harbor, in which the Atlantic Yatch
Club fleet anchored a few days ago.
The distance covered is about a mile.
She was not weary at the finish, and
could doubtless have swum back again.
Some one asked her what she thought
of on the way over. She replied: "I
thought of sharks, and I felt as if I was
in a great big world all alone." N. Y.
During a heavy thunder-storm at
Taunton, Mass., tho other morning
lightning struck the house occupied by
Peter Fitzpatrick, running on a wire
clothes-line attached to the corner of
the house, doing considerable damage
and stunning Mrs. Fitzpatrick.
A Poughkeepsie hotel has a parrot
that cries out "up boat" or "down boat"
as the Hudson River boats heave
sight. Poughkeepsie Eagle.
RELIGIOUS A5D EDUCATIONAL.
iowa spends $5,000,000 a year for
A New York clergyman rides to and
from his church on a tricycle.
There is said to be a widespread
revival of religion among several of the
churches in Japan under the control of
the American Board.
Tho Trustees of tho Indiana State
Agricultural College, at Lafayette, have
abolished the study of Greek and Latin
in their institution.
The opinion prevails in Washing
ton that the colored schools in that city
will soon bo abolished and all schools
made "mixed," both as to scholars and
Tho first class of young women,
four in number, to graduate from, tho
Harvard College Annex have passed
their examination and received their
Rev. Dr. Herrick Johnson has re
signed the pastorate of the Fourth Pres
byterian Church in Chicago, and will
devote himself wholly to his Chair in
the Presbyterian Theological seminary.
Bishop Kavanaugh, of the Method
ist Church South, aged eighty-two, and
his brother, aged eighty years, were in
a pulpit together in Kentucky, on a re
cent Sunday. Tho Bishop preached in
the morning, and the Doctor at night.
Mr. John V. Carney, of Benning
ton, Vt., recently paid an accident in
surance premium on 38,000, covering
the children of the Methodist and Epis
copal Sunday-schools of Bennington,
who went on an excursion.
Tho American Sunday - school
Union. Philadelphia, offers a premium
of $1,000 for the bost book, written for
the society, upon the "The obligations
and advantages of the day of rest."
The book must be popular in character,
of a "high order of merit," and consist
of not less than 60,000 nor more than
100.000 words. Tnis premium is
offered in accordance with the terms
and conditions of the John C. Green
A German Theological Seminary at
Crete. Neb., under Congregational con
trol, is meeting with fair success. They
have $10,000 bearing ten per cent, in
terest, and have just closed their year
with $180 in the treasury after all ex
penses are paid. During the past year
they have had a class of thirty young
men, and next year expect to have a
class of thirty-live. Every effort will be
made to rush the work and enlarge the
influence of the Seminary.
The chief object of some people's
lives is to obtain happiness. They think
of nothing else. It is the burden of
their conversation. And they are spe
cially anxious in their quest at this
season of the year. They give the most
anxious consideration to this subject.
You would be surprised to see how
much it worries and perplexes them.
For it is a great undertaking, this pre
paring for nappiness. And that brings
out one rather remarkable phase of this
matter, which is that happiness is still
in the future. These persons are al
ways "to be blessed." Xhe reality for
ever eludes thom. But their ardor is
not to be damped. They will have a
good time when they get all 'fixed for
it. But days slip into months and
years, and they are never fixed just
V c said it took much preparation.
If you ask such persons where to find
happiness, they will invariably look
away from self and away from home.
To have that wonderfully good time
they must seok othor scenes and new
faces. Generally the amount of happi
ness expected is exactly proportioned
to the distance to be traveled, and the
size of the company into which they will
If you tell them of pure, simple
homes, into which a great deal of hap
piness enters, they will not believe it.
The have only pity for the stay-at-homes.
They don't s'eej how they can
do it. For their part it would be too
tedious for anything. But, then, they
do not believe in vegetating; nor in
these poor, narrow, provincial lives.
They talk familiarly of the important
streets and buildings of great cities.
They know famous preachers, but are
more taken with leading; actors. They
have called on the lamed poet of
our day, and bored him insuffera
bly, too. They have seen the things
most talked of; those which aro all
the rage, you know. They arc full
of a superficial knowledge. And in
some quarters pass off quantities of
chaff for pure gold. But ask them for
real knowledge and you will get little
These people will be found in num
bers among the multitudes now seeking
the mountains and the sea-side. J. hey
will take everything hard and make
life less pleasant for all about them.
They will find fault with about every
thing and everybody. The scenery is
so tame, the food and rooms far from
right, and the people so different from
o;r set, you know. And so they return
home unsatisfied and unhappy.
Their philosophy is all wrong. Hap-
?iness is not to be obtained in this way.
here are multitudes in the mountains
and the sea-side getting any amount of
happiness, but they do not belong to
the class named above. And there aro
far greater multitudes at home in city
and country, busy w ith the cares and
duties of life, and yet getting a great
deal of happiness out of life. The hap
piness lies near home, and mainly with
ourselves. Oh, hard-worked father, as
well as mother, feeling troubled be
cause you can not go away for a vaca
tion, you may get a great deal more en
joyment right at home than most of the
uneasy, flying multitudes. Get the
most .sweetness and joy out of each
day and you will have little reason to
regret not leaving home this summer
in quest of happiness. Golden Rule.
The failure of a big Chicago lard
house, the other week, brought out
the information that Chicago lard was
composed of tallow, cotton-seed oil, old
butter and anything else at hand when
the kettles were hot- A Michigan re
tail grocer who was loaded up discov
ered that all his customers avoided his
lard. All of a sudden his tin pails dis
appeared, and he exhibited tidy little
crocks in their places, which went off
like hot cakes. "Had to return that
Chicago stuff, eh?" was asked half a
hundred times per day. "Yes; peo
ple wouldn't touch it." "And this is
ves ah, well, this is real old-fashioned
lard, and no mistake, Send t&e up a
crock this afternoon. Lands! hut that
smells of the farm-house, and carries
me back to the hog-killing days!" t
was Chicago lard taken from pails and
put into crocks aud the price rajseeHwa
cents per pound, but the grocer wh
does a successful business must humor
the public Wall Street Ntw
J3TBnsiness and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
IS! For time advertisements, apply
at this office. -
0Lgal advertisements at statue
ISTFor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
13TA11 advertisements payable
PERSONAL AND WPERSONAL.
The mother of Professor Foster, of
Middlebury College, Vermont, fell
down stairs recently, killing herself
instantly. She was sixty-seven years
Capt. Webb's first exploit in the
water was to save the life of a younger
member of his family. His last was to
fling away his own. Buffalo (N. Y.)
Miss rrimeo, the famous rider, has
abandoned her profession on account of
failing health, and will horeaftcr reside
with her mother in Greeley Col. Chica
William Mackay the Nevada bonan
za man, according to a London paper,
has an average income of $S),00O,OOO :i
year, and the mines from which he
derives his wealth give no signs of be
The remains of George Whitelield,
the eminent divine, lie buried beneath
the pulpit of the old Presbyterian Church
at Ncwbnryport, Mass. 1 he tomb was
visited recently by his grand-niece, Mrs.
Walsh, of Savannah, Ga.
Eugene Chapontop, who was onco
a great attraction in Barnum's show,
where ho toyed with a 275 pound dumb
bell, and held a 175 pound man out at
arm's length, the man standing on his
hand, is now cook in :i Syracuse (N. Y.)
Senator Jones, of Florida, a nativo
of Ireland, who recently returned from
a visit to his birth-place, said to a re
porter: "While I enjoyed my visit to
the old country I could not live there
again. That is the country of the past
this Is the country of tho future."
N. Jl Graphic.
Chester A. Arthur was quietly mar
ried to Miss Lucy Contestor in Darling
ton, Ind. T., the other day. The gift
of tho groom to the bride was a hand
some pony ornamented with a saddle
and bridle. It may be necessary to add
that the happy couple are young In
dians of the Cheyenne tribe. Chicago
Mr. John Holland, who, it is
claimed, celebrated his 102d birthday
the 15th of June last, has just made the
journey from Bentonsport, la., to
Nashua, N. H., intending to spend the
remaining years of his life in the latter
place with a married daughter. Ho
stood the fatigue well, and on tho eve
ning of his arrival joined in a merry
dance with his
friends. Chicago Tribune.
Thomas A. Edison, the electrican.
said the other day: "I have given up
inventing and experimenting. I am a
business man now, devoted to making
inventions pay. It requires just as
much ingenuity to make money out of
an invention as to make the invention.
I am a contractor, and I like the work.
I have sold out my interest in the elec
tric locomotive, and do not want to see
the inside of a laboratory." N. Y.
The oldest businoss man in Con
necticut is Col. George L. Perkins, of
Norwich, who is in his ninety-fifth year,
nnd is Treasurer of the Norwich &
Worcester Railroad Company. His
recent order to ticket agents concern
ing the trade-dollars, read as follows.
"The trade-dollar, so-called, is gener
ally refused in payment, and you will
please not receive them. They wero
intended for China, nnd it is inexpe
dient to delay their departure for tho
place of destination."
A LITTLE NONSENSE.9
Even if a man has two lawns ho
generally wants a lawn mower.
They thought they heard burglars
in the house last week, and in going
down stairs to investigate Bibbs said to
his wife: "You go first; it's a mean
man that would shoot a woman." Bos
"I know." said a little girl to her
elder sister's young man at the supper
table, "that you will join our society
for the protection of little bird, becauso
mamma says vou are very fond of
larks." Detroit Post.
"He comet h not," said she, and
she was quite right; he didn't arrive.
HLs intentions were all right, but they
failed to sticcessfuly combat the bull
dog that was screened in the moon
kissed shrubbery. A'. Y. Journal.
The old gentleman who got tripped
up while trying to cross the hall-room
remarked, as he slowly crawled to a
perpendicular, that it was always pleas
ant to be thrown in the company of
young people. Boston Transcript.
"My dear," said Mr. .Jones to his
wife, "you are might- free to call every
body a fool. Can you tell me what a
fool looks like?" "Yes I can. but I
won't," she replied angrily. "Why
not love? "Because you can look m
the glass and see for yourself. That's
the way I found out."
One evening, at a dinner, General
Butler was entertaining the company
with a long and, as he supposed new
storv, but really one which lacked the
qnality of freshness. When the "point"
finally came the members of the party
laughed, of course. At the foot of the
table was a fat, old gentleman, who ap
peared immensely tickled, and as he
struggled with emotions, he gasped: "I
always did enjoy that story." Boston
"Whut makes yer ack dat way?"
asked old NY-lson of his wife, as she
turned and looked at a woman who
passed along the street. "I wausteriee
whut she's got on," the woman replied.
"Now ain't dat a fine trick? Wanstor
see whut she's got on. Doan think dat
she's got any ob yerse'fs clothes,
docs yer? Think dat s'he's been stealin'
3ome"thin', I reckin. Come on heah.
now, an' quit er tryin' tor ack like a
white 'oman." Arkansaw Traveler.
Heavy tragedian at a railroad hotel
"Prithee, landlord.dwells there within
the precincts of this hamlet a machin
ist?' Landlord "A machinist? Yes.
sir." Tragedian "Then take to him
this bird of many springs. Bid him
wrench asunder these iron limbs, and
then, for our regalement, to chisel slices
from its unyieltiiug bosom, for we would
dine anon- And pray you, do it quick
ly. Yon peas you need not Tiarry, for
those, with dext'rous management, we
can swallow whole. Away! ' Life.
Little Paul sat with his father in
the baggage car, and with open-eyed
wonder silently took in everything they
saw. Suddenly he exclaimed: "Oh.
papa! There's a big ax up there on the
wall. What do they use it for?" Glancing
up from his news'paper, the fond father
replied: "It is used by the company,
mv son.when the- want to cut down tho
conductor's salary." Paul said, "Oh."
and then wondered if tho salary was the
same kind his pa always bought when
they had turkey for dinner. Drake's
Nine young women of Huntsville.
Ala., beat nine young men at base ball
by a score of 20 to 11.
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