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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1883)
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WEDNESDAY, MAY 0, 1S83.
ZrUrsi it tis P::t:E:o, C:fcnti, Set., a: se:ai
Soldiers twain stood facing- danger,
Side by side, nlone and still;
Bold was one, to fear a stranger.
Light of thought and stout of will.
But the other, frrave and serious.
Deeply pondered where he stood,
Felt'tbo spell of thffmysterlous
Of the mortal menace hidden
In that moment's sudden chance:
Till the throng of thoughts unbiddea
Trampled with his countenance.
Then hi3 comrade marked bis.pallor,
And a rallying charge he made, .
Out of his light-hearted valor.
Lightly spoken: " You' ro afraid!"
"True my friend," with blanched lips Mid he,
"I have fear as you have none;
But 1 stand here, staunch and stead v
You, with half my fear, would runl"
Wm. C. in&inson, D. !., In S. S. Tuna
THE DEACON'S QUARREL.
Did you everhear tell about Deacon
"No;" I dono as ever I did."
"Ye see. Deacon Tanner was real
pious, but his natunvas dreadfully ar
bitrary. He had naturally an all-fired
disposition; high and mighty as though
heJ-was a -British lord, and when he got
mad I tell ye ho was mad no half-way
covenant to bun.
"lie knowed it himself, and he fit
with it night and day, for he was honest
pious, and it done him good inwardly to
her a realseVto With the Ulu Adam now
'.'JTatur is nntur. and the devil in him
bein' set to be made over into a saint,
felt a kind o1 material comfort in fight-
in' the devil outside of him. Leastways,
that's the way he figured it, and was
forever a-praym an a-tcllin in meetm'
about the conllic's an' victories an' such
""For my part, I don't hold that b'lief.
I think a man's got good an' bad both
inside of him, without goin' abroad to
find iightin1. 1 think we've got plenty
inarduess to wrastle with, ami to use up
all the grace we've got a subduin' of it;
but that ain't here nor there. The dea
con was au honest man, and he thought
different; but whatsoever he thought,
I" tell ye he done about the right
'Well, Deacon Twist he was another
sort; took lire quicker' n a spruce bough
and didn't last no longer; blazed away
jest birch-bark fashion all of a minit,
and in half an hour he'd be just like a
cosset lamb, and orful sorry he'd give
"But he kep' givin' way an' repentin',
some like Peter in the Bible. But he
was a real good man they was good as
gold, both on 'em
"Now Deaeon Tanner, he'd set up a
saw mill down in Nejmsh Brook, and he
doncsawin' for everybody round. 'Twas
new country then, and he had lota o
business, so he kinder made a rewl that
fust come was fust served. and kept the
names of them that was promised in the
list, right along as they came, chalked
up on a board in the mill.
"I had ought to hev said that he and
Deacon Twist was real friendly both
being deacons of Chester mcetin', always
a-going to funerals and prayer meetin's
and school-us meetin's together, till folks
kinder give a skit at 'em now and then,
and some called them David and Jona
than. "Well, it came about one time that
Deacon twist wanted some log3 sawed
to cover his new barn. His turn to hev
'em sawed come aThursda' moruin',
and Deacon Tanner he was on hand real
earlv so's to gel all set to rights aforo
"Jest as he'd
got the saw iled and
who should come a-
tujrtjm' and a-toiliu'
up the hill with a
logs, but Kod Garrett from
" 'Deacon,' ses he, 'I'm in a real fix.
The' was a dredful blow over t' our town
last evenin' some folks called it a hurri
cane but anyway it hurried off the roof
o' my house, ami Hung it against that
mighty big rock iu the lot behind, and
smashed it into kindlin' wood.'
"I hadn't a bourdon the farm.' he
ses, 'uorl couldn't get one and Sary's
down with lung complaint, and.baby'3
got a spell of throat ail. I dono how to
wait till 1 get that roof kivered ag!in.
A rain settin' in would jest kill 'em; and
I put to aTore daylight, and I've drawed
these logs over, a-hopin' to get 'em
sawed afore anybody comes.'
"Well, Rodney," ses the deacon, kind
of slow, as though he was considcriu',
I've promise Nathaniel Twist for to saw
his logs this mornin', and I like to keep
to my word.'
" 'I don't believe but what he'd wait
forme ef he knowed,' said Kod. It's a
kind of extremity I'm in, as ye might
say. I'm extreme anxious to get them
boards right off. I feel to b'lieve that
Deacon Twist would let me do't ef he
was here. He's a pious man anda merci
ful man. I guess 1'dreskit ef!I was
you," Deacon Tanner.'
" 'Well, Rodney,' ses the deacon, 'it
does seem to be a work of necessity. I
guess I'll try it;' you dump them logs
and we'll set her a-goin'.
"So he'n his hired man they got a log
onto the slide,. and Rod Garrett an' his
brother who came with him they on
ycked the cattle an' put 'em under a tree
to cool off Then they stood around to
see the machine, and loyou! they hadn't
hauled off mor'n a half a dozen boards
when thej'heered Deacon Twist a-hawin'
and a-geein' to. his big pair o' Devon
cattle on the turn o' the hill.
"I dono as Deacon Tanner heered him,
an' I dono but he did; anyway he didn't
stop, he kep' the old saw a-goin, an'
when Deacon Twist drove up his load o'
logs there was the slido full an' a heap
more to put on to't.
" He was mad! He roared'out quick
er' n you could say Jack Robison:
" 'Whose be them logs? Hal'm off, I
tell ye! It's my turn to hev the saw,
an' 1 ain't a-goin' t be turned off like
this, Hiram Tanner!'
" Jest then the saw stopped aminnit,
an' Deacon Tanner heerd him.
" 'This here is my mill an' my saw,
Mr. Twist!' says he, "his eyes kinder
shinm' an' his face gcttin' pale, though
Tvvist's was redder'n a winter apple.
"I don't care a continental-if 'tis!'
ses Twist. 'You said you was. a-goin to
aaw for me tlus mornin', an' there's my
name -onto the list right afore ye, an' ye
ha' n't no right to lie an' brass it out, if
you be a deacon!'
By this time the fellers that.come up
along with Deacon Twist for tojielp him
load uppwai 'gawpih' round, a-lookin'
"And. as 'twas berry time, a lot of
the El well tribe was near by in the bush
es, and heariu' a noise, they came, too
crows to a carkiss, they always was.
Sons of Belial,' Deaeon Tanner used to
call 'em. But they wa'n't; they was old
Jake Elwell's sons, godless fellows
enough, halMnjin, and they was a-gfm-nin'
an' a-chucklin' tb see the row.
" Well, Deacon Tannar he rowed
wniter'n whiter. " T.. ...
" 'I cal'lateto do whatTSriil with my
own. Mister Twist,' ses he.antl I dono
as anybody madevoua judgelind divid
er over me. If you'd hear to reason,
without fiyin' off the handle -
"'The' ain't no reason to hear to.
roared Twist 'It's plainer'n the nose
on your face; you promised to saw my
. '.i;. i.i :i,i mnOTiinV uv now YOUr
I won't nerer bringno more logs to your
nffl whilst time endoors!" '
'Nor I won't never saw 'em if you
'He! he! he! squealed one ' tb
Elwell fellers, pootygood spunky dea
cons now, them be!'
Deacon Twist heered h;m, and his
jaw kinder dropped. He An a look tit
Tanner and stepped right 00 him and
Brother Tanner; Tvu did wrong;
Fve give occasion for the enemy to re
vile, and them Sonso' Belial' is a-makin'
us their music We've shamed the Lord:
Forgive me. Brother Tanner!'
"Tanner he stood a niinuit jest as
though somebody' d up and struck him.
Then he reached out his hand, and sea
"Brother Twist, we have both sinned. 4
Let us ask forgiveness from on high.'
"And so savin', he led Deacon Twist a
little piece off inter the shoemakc bushes,
and Rod Garrett said he never in this
mortal world heered such dredful affectln'
prayers as they made, both on 'am.
They didn't seem to think, he sai as
though the' was anybody round a-hefjin'
of 'em, only jest the Lord; but all the
men heered 'em.
"The Elwells they stole away kinder
dumfoundered, but the rest stayed by.
When the deacons come out after a spell,
a-holdin' hands jest like two youngsters,
they see they had beeu a-cryin'; and
when they shook hands right there, and
said as they'd quarrelled before folks,
they would make up before 'em, and I
tell ye it done them fellows good.
"Rod Garrett he said he b'lieved the'
wassuthin' in religion when he see
Deacon Twist a-loadin' of his boards for
him, and fairly forcin' Tanner to saw
the rest of Garrett's I02S afore he touched
his'n. And Hiram Platt he was kinder
on the fence before, but he came square
out and j'ined Chester meetin' next
sacrament day. and was a real close
"As for the deacons, it seemed- as
though they couldn't be good enough to
each other after all this. And it came
about that the' was quite a'wakenin' in
Chester that winter; seemed as though
it took a start to th' old saw-mill. I tell
you what, Joshuay, practice is wu'th all
the preachin' you can skeer np, now
- "Well, mebbe,' said the considera'te
Joshuay; "but arter all, Amasy, how
upon airth is folks a-goin' to know how
to practice without some preachin?"
"There, you hit the nail on the head."
said Aunt Desire, wiping her spectacles
Rose Terry Cooke, in Detroit Fret
The fig is a Very singular fruit. Mir
bel called it a "sycowns," which means
in Greek a lig garden. In its earliest
stages it is not very unlike some other
fruits, but in itsdevelopme.it it under
goes a strange modification. In its in
cipient state it is an aggregation of num
berless llower buds, which in ordinary
course would be developed on a long
branch; but the branch in the case of the
fig, instead of developing into a woody
limb bearing flowers, grows up around
the multitude of Mowers enclosing them
in a conical receptacle and forms a suc
culent fruit, as we call it, inside of a
woody branch. The luscious tig that we
eat is not a fruit at all, strictly speaking,
but a succulent branch. Every seed in
tao fig was a separate, regular flower,
and the seeds are strictly the fruit. The
fig tree bears two or three crops in a sea
son. In the Southern States there are
generally two crops, one in Ma and one
in July and August Figs are cul
tivated in Turkey, Greece, South
ern France. Spain, Italy and North
Africa. It has been cultivated
from the most ancieut times in the
East, and its fruit has been highly es
teemed and made an ordinary articln of
food in Southwestern Africa." The cul
tivation was transmitted from the East
to the Greeks and Romans, and throttgh
them to all countries where the climate
was favorable to their growth. The tigs,
when ripe, are dried in ovens, anil then
closely packed in chests, baskets or boxes
for transportation. Our best figs come
from Turkey. Those coming from Kala
mafa, in Greece, are considered the most
luscious. Italy and Spain export largo
quantities. In our Southern States figs
are mostly put up simply for preserves
for family use. In this State the time is
coming when they will be au important
article of commerce. Figs yield abun
dantly and require but little "care. The
fig contains a large amount of sugar, and
may be manufactured into wine, alcohol
and vinegar. It is a most healthy fruit
when used in a perfectly ripe state, and
it is a good anti-dyspeptic and the very
best fruit fordi'speptics to eat of freely.
Nothing is more luscious thau the fully
ripe fig, taken and eaten directly from
the tree. As yet in this State notenough
importance has been attached to this
fruit; but time will correct this matter,
and before many 3'cars the production
of the fig will be greatly increased in
California. The Chronicle.
An Upright Judge.
A Judge full of caustic humor and
shrewd common sense, and remarkable
for the brevity of his judgments and the
rapid decision with which he was wont
to cut the much entangled knots of
litigation, was Sir Samuel Martin, Baron
of tiie Exchequer, whose death at the age
of eighty-two was almost simultaneous,
by curious coincidence, with the recent
opening of the new law courts of London.
In a certain case he once summed Up as
follows, after a mass of contradictory
testimony and long speeches by counsel":
"Gentlemen of the jury, you have heard
the evidence and the speeches of the
learned counsel. H you believe the old
woman in red, you will find the prisoner
fuilty; if you do not believe her, you will
nd him not guilty." He had a thorough
hatred for interpreters in court, and
once, when a Spanish sailor was being
tried and the interpreter was particularly
unskillful, he exclaimed: "Mr. Inter
preter, tell the prisoner that he has got
Mr. to prosecute him and Mr to
defend him, ami that I am the Judge,
and this is the iurv that will trv him."
Tlus having been conveyed to the pris
oner, the Baron continued: "Now Mr.
Interpreter, stand down," and tried the
whole case in English, pure and simple.
Baron Martin's career was full of mercy
and kindness as well as justice, and he
left the bench a few years ago crowned
with the respect and love of all who
knew him. Apart from a irrowiner deaf
ness, his. physical and intellectual facul
ties remained unimpaired until within
three davs of his death. London Truth.
It is reported that a spike maker at
Troy, who is the seventh son of a seventh
son, is so steadily in demand by sick peo
ple, who believe that he is a born healer
of diseases, that he has been obliged to
abandon the nail factory and devote him
self to his patients, and that baseball
player, who is also seventh son of a
seventh son, is going to start on a heal
ing expedition. How the accident of
berno born seventh in a line of sons can
enable a man to scatter health broadcast
is something that professors in 'medical
colleges have never yet explained, but
should the. system prove satisfactory in
practice no explanation will be neces
sary. To be healed merely by talking
with a man who had half a dozen broth
ers born before him is much easier than
going through a course of physic and.
being subject to the blunders of careless
prescription clerks. If some seventh son
will do some trifling thing, like extir
pating a cancer or restoring a defective
eye, just to show his genuineness, he will.
hnd business enough to make him eter-,-1
tlQIII' Iaam I.: Li.r j W f T TJr
j "'ess is oirxuaay. jx. x. neraia.
A Chicaolhwh nKhtit a TinrsA rlvinor.
of cold is headed ""A'frozen plug. " u-i
fa hard for A-f!KiiLefri'TTni"tirwliY Iwh'J
ean his carter m theMre-Bepartment t$'4
let go of the old dialect DetroitFni'
How HejQot His Cuaage.
A lady, small boy and a reporter were
riding uptown in a Broadway ominibus
ibbnt middky'-recently. The lady and
the small boy had ovidently paid their
tares wnen tne repoitergot m. The re
porter deposited his five-cent nickel in
fthe glass-front apartment house, and
looked round for something to think
about Presently the driver was stopped
by the uplifted and menacing forefinger
of an eminently respectable-looking gen
tleman, verging on "elderly," of portly
presence auuunyieldiiig dignity of coun
tenance, who stepped into the 'bus with
the precision of tying a cravat, and in a
moment finding he had no small change,
handed the driver a two-dollar bill. Re
ceiving his little envelope of silver, he
found it to contain three fifties and some
tens and fives. He quietly, and with
habitual dignity, dropped a fifty-cent
piece in the two-story basementand attic
cash box, slipped the rest of the money
in his pocket and slowly and calmly
settled back, folding his gloved hands
on the heavy handle of his umbrella, and
gazing with mild sternness at nothing in
particular. He was the picture of self
satisfaction and solid, respectable com
posure. It was the calm before the
storm. The lady looked amused, the
reporter waited in hope that the light
ning would strike somehow, and the
small boy stared in amazement
Soon the small boy broke loose and
" Say, mister, you put a fifty in the
box. ou can' t get no change that way. "
WhatV and the respectable gentle
man's dignity was gone. He sprang at
the little uell strap and jerked it like a
telegraph sounder, uutil the driver won
dered what lunatic had got into his 'bus.
"Driver!" shouted the flushed and
angry respectable gentleman; "Driver,
I want my change I put a fifty-cent
piece in trait box by mistake and 1 want
"Well," remarked the driver, "I guess
you'll get it."
"Do you hear? Give me my change
instantly, or I'll report you to the com
pany." -"AH right" remarked the driver.
"You'd better ride rightup to the stable
The respectable gentleman resumed
his seat, the image of impotent rage and
tried to be again respectable and digni
fied, but he made the lady, the reporter
and the small boy confidents of his per
sonal opinion concerning the imperti
nent driver, the company, the two pas-senger-coaches-and-a-freight-car
box and the earth in general.
The respectable gentleman had scarce
ly settled back again, with his gloved
hands folded on his umbrella, and gaz
ing at nothing in particular, but with
a sternness that was no longer mild,
when a lady hailed the 'bus and got in.
A happy thought occurred to the respect
able fifty-cent passenger. "He smiled
benignly and with a "Permit ine,
madam," took the lady's live-cent piece
and put it in his pocket. His lips came
well together and his whole face assumed
an air of determination. As the driver
looked down through his little box-oflice
window aperture the respectable gentle:
"Driver, I am going to take fares un
til I get my change."
"Well, but "
"No buts; attend to your horses. This
eompany owes me fort'-fivc cents, and
I'm going to have it before I leave the
How long it took the driver to appre
ciate the situation the reporter did not
inquire, but he said' no more. Soon a
gentleman got in, and the company's
creditor moved toward the front of the
stage aud took his fare, explaining the
case. All the passengers smiled. Pres
ently two ladies entered. Everybody
looked at the respectable gentleman and
smiled again, the small boy clapped his
hands, the creditor looked determined,
frowned slightly, took the ladies' ten
cents and put it in his pocket The
driver merely looked down to see how
many "fares" got in. When a young
man got in, the smile became broader
than ever. He sat opposite the forty
five cent creditor. The latter leaned
forward, touched the young man on the
knee, and said:
"I will take your fare, sir."
The tone was so commanding that the
new-comer handed over his coin
amazedly, and the receiver slipped it in
his pocket The young man, after con
tinuing to stare at the self-appointed
conductor awhile, exclaimed.
"Where's my five cents?"
"In my pocket, sir."
"Give me my five cents change; Igave
you ten cents."
"Sir, it is all right. I am taking fares
for the present I accidentally," etc.
"Well, that's all right. But I want
my five cents change."
"I beg your pardon," said the respect
able gentleman, ignoring the yonng
man's request, and evidently too much
occupied with his mental arithmetic to
catch the idea. 'The other passengers
were by this time roaring with laughter,
and the young man became angry and
vociferous and threatened to call an offi
cer, and finally the Citizens' movement
creditor suddenly caught the meaning
of the young man's remonstrance, and
with profuse, but dignified apologies,
handed him five cents.
When the reporter left the scene of this
farcical comedy, the respectable gentle
man had got up to forty cents and had
begun to look mild ouce more. JV". Y.
Mail and Express.
Give Him a Medal.
On a Woodward Avenue car yester
day one of our solid citizens, whose
weather predictions have never been dis
puted since he was rated worth $50,000,
remarked to an acquaintance that this
was unusual weather for the last of De
cember. He had hardly spoken when
an old man with a bundle under his arm
hopped up and replied:
"It is eh? I'll just,bet you an even
dollar that you are nustaken!"
"Isn't this unusual weather?"
"No, sir! I'll bet you two to one we
had just such a December week three,
five and eight years ago. Put up your
"O, I don't bet on the weather; still,
I think such soft weather at this time of
year is singular."
"Bet you three to one it isn't singu
lar!" cried the old man.
"I told you I wouldn't bet."
"Then don't be deceiving people with
your weather talk. Bet you four to one
you can't tell what the weather was in
The solid citizen was bluffed into si
Icnceforamomentand then he remarked:
"Looks as if we might have snow."
"Bet you five to one we don't see a
flake this week!" piped the old man.
"How can you expect snow when the air
isn't cold enough to congeal this moist
ure?" "Then it may rain."
"No, it won't! Bet you six to one you
never saw rain with the wind where it
'Well, the barometer indicates a storm
of some sort!" shouted the solid man.
"HI take you ou that too, aud bet you
seven to one that it doesn't!"
The prophet seemed about to haul out
a dollar, but he changed his mind and
fell back in his seat and growled out:
"May be my thermometer doesn't
stand at lifty-f our degrees above."
."No, sir! No, sirl I'll bet you eight
to one that you are at least three degrees
out of the way! Come, now!"
, But the solid man came riot Detroit
When a mam "mysteriously disap.
peats"f nowadays, his "friends don't be
gin dragging the river or casting around
for a murderer until it -fa known how
kiflthnnks staad and hnwvmuch'' maw.'
ike has borrowed. DttrmtFOtt.
Pope Leo XIII.
After his mass; which he-says early,
Leo Xni. gives audiences to ."Cardinal
Jacobini, Secretary of State, and for
merly Nuncio at Vienna, whose political
learning is rare even in those of his
official position. His place is then taken
by the Cardinal Secretary of Ecclesiast
ical Affairs, and by the congregation of
Cardinals, each of whom has its fixed
day. These several counsels generally
occupy the whole morning, until ono
hour after midday. The Pope's dinner:
A potage, one dish, of meat and some
cheese; a few minutes suffice for its con
sumption. While he takes the air in the
afternoon generally in his carriage he
usually reads the Bishop's reports? all of
which come direct into his own hands,
the dispatches from the nunciatures, and
especially any news from Belgium. That
little kingdocu, which has broken its
diplomatic relations with the Holy See,
is particularly near his heart For it i3
there that he himself 'was Nuncio from
1R43 to 1846, and there thathe studied at
close quarters a great politician, Leopold
I. Toward four o'clock the Pope gives
his private and public audiences, and the
evening hours are devoted to the recep
tion of Bishops. This long day over,
Leo XIII. regains the solitude of his own
closet Then at last he is able to begin
Tall, thin, spare, with his pale and
deeply-lined face, tho Pope usually has
delicate health, of which he takes small
care. His austerity is extreme. The
spiritual sovereign of 200,000,000 Catho
lics does not spend 100 francs a month
for his table. The energy of a strongly
developed nervous system alone enables
him to resist the fatigue of his labor and
of his vast responsibilities. At times
those about him perceive a moment of
exhaustion and collapse; but a little hap
piness, a piece of good news, or a pleas
ant telegram, restores the life of his worn
frame. Suddenly well again, he takes
p once more his heavy burden, and be
takes himself to that work of reconcilia-.
tion aud peace-making to which he has
He is always grave or rather solemn;
always the Pope. The Italians call his
manners and surroundings ceremonious.
Gravity is inherent in his nature, as
those aver who have known him from
his earliest out li. He never abandons
himself, laughs rarely. He might be
thought stern did he not temper his
severity by. the patient attention with
which lie listens without interruption
to all who speak to him. His audiences
are far less frequent than were those of
Pius IX., but for that very reason .they
take more time. He has not the bril
liant side so noticeable iu his prede
cessor, the genial ease, the fine good
humor which endured, notwithstanding
the surprising vicissitudes of the last
pontificate; nor the frank, bold and
genial speech full of witty and happy
words, thrown off in that sonorous
voice which Pius IX. retained to his old
age. Leo XIII. is as slow pf speech as
the Archbishop of Paris. But if neither
the Pope nor the Cardinal has received
the orator's gift, each has been endowed
with the author's Perhaps this simi
larity explains the special sv'mpathy and
esteem which the Pope entertains to-
toward Mgr. Guibert
The pastorals in which the Arch
bishop of Punigia (this was Cardinal
Pecci's office before his election as Pope)
was wont to demonstrate the harmony
of faith and reason, of religion and
civilization, "growing like the flower
and fruit from the root of Christianity,"
were much noticed by Italian publicists.
The prelate loved to treat the questions
of the day and modern society. The
illustrious Bonghi said of him, that his
was "one of the most finally balanced
and vigorous of characters;" that he was
a man who had realized the ideal of a
Cardinal such as St. Bernard conceived
it" Since the Eighteenth century, since
the time of Benedict XVI. and Clement
XVI., Rome has not seen a Pope of so
cultivated a mind, so accomplished in
Latin and Tuscan verse, so familiar at
once with classic and with contemporary
letters. At the present time, the two
qualities which Leo XIII. most prizes,
and aims most constantly at securing in
his own writings, are simplicity and
moderation. His letters, his encyclicals,
are all submitted to the sacred college.
Nothing is more admirable than the
manner in which he elicits opinions and
weighs objections. He has. been known
to completely rewrite, after grave de
bates, encyclicals which he had already
completed. As he suffers from sleep
lessness; it is generally in the night
hours that he composes his most im
It is by this active life, the monotony
of which would frighten man' states
men, that the Holy Father is able to man
age directly, in all their immensity of
detail, the affairs of the church. Those
affairs have multiplied greatly siuce tho
first third of the century. More than
100 bishoprics have been founded iu
America. Pius IX. wrote little; he in
spired the writing of others. Leo XIII.
has his'own hand in all, sees all with his
own eyes and directs all. Moderation,
which, with austerity, is the dominant
note in the sovereign pontiff's conduct,
and which he has made into a law for
himself, has borne its fruits. At the
time of his accession the diplomatic corps
accredited to the Vatican was reduced
to about two embassadors those of
France and Austria. At present he re
ceives the envoys or the" ambassadors of
all the powers, save only Belgium and
Italy. With regard to those two coun
tries there are no signs of any possible
understanding; but the re-establishment
of diplomatic relations between the Holy
See and almost all States guarantees for
the present the existence of the Pope at
Rome and his spiritual independence.
Nevertheless, we must not suppose that
the present moderation denotes a change
or. a backward movement from the doc
trines of the late pontificate. I recall to
mind the recent significant saying of a
dignitary of the Roman curia: "All that
had to be said has been said. The church
never changes." Figaro, in Catholic
Something Queer About Ants.
Sir John Lubbock has made out that
ants do not recognize ants of the same
nest by any sign or password, though he
thinks it impossible that in the case of.
nests containing 100,000 each, all the
ants know each other individually. The
way. n which he disproved the sign or
password theory was exceedingly ingen
ious. He took pupa: from various nests
and gave to some of them attendants
from a different nest of the same species,
so that if they were taught any sign or
Eassword the ants thus brought up would
now the sign of their nurse's nest, and
not that of their own, except when the
nurse had been taken from their own
nest Then he returned some of them
to their own nest, some to their nurse's
nest. The result was as follows: Of
pupio brought up by friends, and re
turned to their own nest, none were at
tacked, but all welcomed. Of pupa?
brought up by strangers of the same
species, and returned to their own nest,
thirty-seven were welcomed and only
seven were apparently attacked; but of
these seven Sir John was doubtful in
three cases. Of pupae brought up by
strangers of the same species, and put
into the nest of those strangers, none
were welcomed; all fifteen were attacked.
Hence, ants of the same nest do recog
nize each other, but not by any sign or
password probably by some smell or
other sense quite unknown to us. The
whole series of these experiments of Sir
John Lubbock's are most interesting,
and we hope he will some day embody
hii studies in an essay on these highly
intellectual insects. Chambers'1 Journal.
At a recent aristocratic marriage in
England, several of the gentlemen wore
plain gold ear-ringa.
A word in season: Why liotsond
Dr. Mustard, of the Delaware State Sen
ate, to the Sandwich Islands. -f-JV. Y.
Sir William Thomson follows Dr.
Thomas' Reid in ascribing to man six
senses instead of five, namely, the sense
of force, of heat, of sound, of light, of
taste and of smell.
A statistician says, that 17,000
American women visit Canada every
year fo smugglo a sealskin sacque.
There is no doubt that this man has
been jilted. Rochester (If. Y.) Demo
crat. The great dry-goods stores of Now
York, as well as those of Paris, are com
pelled to watch for female kleptomani
acs. The nunibejr of otherwise respect
able women who steal is. said to be
astonishing. N. Y. Times.
The Fruit-Growers' and Forest
Tree Association of Canada, have passed
a resolution favoring the extripation of
the English sparrow. It was shown
that the bird was slaughtering Canadian
song-birds, besides proving destructive
to farmers-and fruit-growers.
A little prattling child in Denver
wandered out in the street, asking plain
tively for some one to "please come and
wake up my mamma." Finally two men
accompanied her home, and found her
mother dead from heart disease. Denver
A bullet shot from a pea shooter
struck a New Orleans lad in the head
and penetrated the brain. The "pea
shooter is composed of a forked stick,
two strips of rubber, two bits of twine
and d patch of leather. What a New
Orleans lad's head is composed of, is a
matter of conjecture. Chicago Herald.
Tho Boston Courier imparts the im
portant information that a person "can
not decide a knotty question with a tie
vote." But if you give a foolish talker
rope enough he will soon settle the
matter to the satisfaction of all parties
concerned, gravel' decides the New York
After a hard run a policeman at.
Seneca Falls, N. Y., discovered that the
laughing man "whom he had caught
dressed iu a striped convict suit w:is
only going to a masquerade ball. It
was "a "owl joke, and it will be a long
while before the officer can put in loaf
ing enough to make up for the exertion.
Utica Tier aid.
The man who told a CJeveland
Herald reporter about a trance trip to
Heaven in 1838, in which he encountered
the shades of John Quincy Adams and
Dr. Chalmers, has been taken to task- by
a correspondent of the Pittsburgh Dis
putch, who says that J.'Q. A. lived until
1848, and Dr.-C. to a much later date.
The lesson pointed out by this trifling
circumstance is that rom ancers should
be well posted on dates and deaths.
Oxford Mills can boast of the best
married man in Eastern Ontario, ihe
name is Robert Murphy. Six months
afte,r he buried his first wife he married
his second. His second wife was dead
only four months when he married
again. His third wife died only five
months ago, and a- fortnight ago ha
again entered the matrimonial state by
bringing home bride No. 4." Robert is
very persevering. Almonte (Out.) Ga
zette. For fifty-one consecutive years
William Stanford was an occupant of
the County Jail at Richmond, Va.. and
for eighteen of those j'ears he was
chained by the leg to the lloorof his cell,
a raving lunatic. He was released in
1877, a harmless imbecile, and a few
days ago he died. His last words were:
Dear mother" the only utterance he
had ever been known to make concern
ing his youth, some eighty years ago.
James McIIardy, the oldest inhabit
ant of the Braemar District. Scotland,
died recently, in the ninety-ninth year ol
his age. In his early years, when flax
was grown in Braemar, he followed the
trade of a heckler, but during the greater
fart of his life he worked as a sawyer,
lis wife died six years ago at tlie age of
ninety-seven, and their married life ex
tended over the long period of sixty
eight years. Their family consisted of
three sons and six daughters, the oldest
seventy-five and the youngest about
sixty, and, as far as known, they are all
. Probablv verv few realize the extent
of the manufacture of clothes pins, anon
the amount of ctfpital employed in the
business. Their manufacture is mostly
confined to New England, aud the State
of Maine produces its share of the com
modity. According to the Bangor Industrial
Journal, one of the most complete aud
extensive clothes pin factories is located
ht Vanceboro, Maine. From the same
source the process of manufacturing the
pins is given.
The wood used is mainly white birch
nm linnnli Tlio lnnrs nri out. nnil linnlod
to the shores of the lake or to the streams'
emptying into it, thence they are floated
down to the mill. As fast as required
they are hauled into the mill by a wind
lass and chain worked by steam power,
and sawed into lengths of sixteen or
twenty-two inches the former to be
made into pins, and the latter into
boards for the boxes required in pack
ing. The sixteen-inch lengths are next
sawed into boards of the requisite thick
ness by a shingle machine, then into
strips of the proper size by a gang of
twelve'circular saws, and finally into
five-inch lengths by a gang of three saws.
The logs have now been cut up into
blocks about five inches long and three
fourths of an inch square. Falling, as
they leave the saws, ou an elevator bait,
they are carried into an upper story, anil
returning to the first floor are deposited
in troughs, whence they are fed to the
turning lathes, of which there are sev
eraleach being capable of turning
eighty pins per minute- They are then
passed to the slotting machines, in which
a peculiar arrangement of knives in
serted in a'circular saw gives the slot the
proper flange, after which they are automatically-carried
by elevator belts to
the drying bins on the second floor,
where they are subjected to a high
temperature, generated by steam pipes,
until thoroughly seasoned. There are
several of these bins, the largest of which
has a capacity of one hundred boxes,
72,000 pins, and the smaller ones fifty.
The pins are now ready for polishing
and packing.. The polishing is accom
plished by means of perforated cylinders
or drums, each capable of holding forty
bushels, in which the pins are placed
and kept constantly revolving until they
become as smooth as if polished by hand
with the finest sandpaper. A few
minutes before this process is completed,
a small amount of tallow is thrown in
the drums with the pins, after which a
few more revolutions gives them a
beautiful glossy appearance. These
polishing drums are suspended directly
over the packing coupter on the first
floor of the mill, aud being thus imme
diately beneath the ceiling of the floor
above, are readily filled through scuttles
from the drying bins on the second floor,
and as easily emptied upon the counter
below, where they are sorted into first
and second grades, and packed in boxes
of five gross each. The sorting and
packing are done by girls. Two hun
dred and fifty boxes are packed per day.
The market for clothes pins is not
confined to any special locality, but is
found nearly all over the world. Ten
thousand boxes have been shipped to Mel
bourne, Australia, within the past four
months. Ten firms in London carry a
stock of ten thousand boxes each, and
two firms in Boston carry a like amount
One thousand boxes constitute a load.
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
During the past fifteen years 3,500
churches have been built, in this country.
Berlin with over 1,160,000 popula
tion,. has only forty-live places o'f wor
ship. r-During the past year sixty-oneCon-
grcgationalist ministers have died in this
country, at au average age of sixty-four
The Cornell Memorial of. New York
City is thought to be the largest Sunday
School iu the Methodist Church. It has
a total membership of 1,448.
In New York public schools, accord
ing to the new regulations, instructions
in singing are to be given in every grade
except the first grade of boys.
A gain of sixty-two per cent, the past
year is ths estimate of. the Southern
Methodists.. Would all 'the denomina
tions could truthfully report a gain aa
large. Ar. Y.-Kxtminer.
'--David MOrrice, a merchant of Mon
treal, has paid $50,000 for. building an
additiou to the Presbyterian college,
which was formally presented recently.
The Young Men's Christian Associa
tion has established branches at Cairo,
Beyrout, Smyrna, Damascus, Jerusalem,
Nazareth. Calcutta, Hong Kong and
Yokohama. Chicago Herald.
In the experimental kitchen in the
Iowa Agricultural College the girl stu
dents are taught the p'hilosophy as well
as the practice of cooking. They learn
the chemistry and comparative economy
of foods, the usual adulterations and the
methods of marketing.
' When the Derby Academy at Hing
ham, Mass., resumed its session after the
holiday vacation it was discovered that
some one had entered the school-room
and distributed six dollars in money in
the sehool-books which were left iu'the
desks. The largest sum which was re
ceived by a. single scholar was two dol
lars. Boston Transcript.
It is proposed that the centennial
anniversary of 'the pe tee of 1783 be cele
brated by Sunday-schools, colleges and
other. religious and educational institu
tions the world over with a "cosmopoli
tan service," to begin when it is noon in
London, Oct. 31. The Cosmopolitan
Sunday-school Association has the matter
Richard Boas, of Reading, Pa., a
student in Williams College, is likely to
gain considerable notoriety because, of
his alleged discovevyof anew method of
finding square numbers. By this mef hod
he simplifies the usual way in shortening
the process. At a late exhibition before
Prof. Dodd, Mr. Boas was given a num
ber of thirteen digit's, and ne produced
the square in less than one minute.
Rev. George O. Barnes, the Mount
ain Evangelist, recently told a reporter
that he liad within eighteen months
anointed with oil. 6,000 people and ef
fected about 600 wonderful cures. He
never, he says, employs a physician in
his family. "I dip my finger in the oil
and anoint the part affected, and the
pain generally disappears." The same
gentleman also believes that the day is
not far distant when Christ will be seen
descending through the clouds. N. Y.
The boys in one of our grammer
schools call their schoolma' am "Experi
ence," because she is a dear teacher.
"Never kiss anybody on the mouth,"
says Dr. Hall, "unless you are reckless
ofconsequenccs." What do they ever
bite? No matter we are reckless.
Somebody put a fresh turnover in
among those on the counter of a Phila
delphia railway restaurant, aud the
traveler who got hold of it was so aston
ished that Tie gasped four times.
First swell: "By Jove, Fred, this is
quite the highest collar I've struck yet."
Second swell: "Think so, old man?
Well, don't mind telling von; it's a little
idea of my own. It's one of the gin uor's
Rev. Dr. Hall suid that every rock
was a sermon. When a boy was steal
ing apples from Mr. Hall's orchard, the
latter pelted him out of the orchard.
When the boy's father subsequently
asked him why he limped, he replied
that he was very much struck with one
of Mr. Hall's sermons.
The following explains the differ
ence between " luck" and " Chance:"
You take a girl out to the theater and
discover that you haven't a cent in yout
pocket You are, of course, compelled
to invite her to an o-atir saloon, after
the performauce- "V,,ttn"JtVe3 fr some
reason; that's -inclc. fcnae .chance"
is a million to d".ne ,e will accept.
Chicago Times wceT-
At a recent cr the trombone
player suddenly sto&hci playing much
to the astonishniAit the leader, who
demanded an explaiWion. The unlucky
musician apologizeiVtating that he had
blown two of his frifrit teoth into the in
strument; but his (jcpusfe was considered
toolhin instead of othout N. Y. Com
mercial. "I don't believe you have the water
of the right temperature. You must get
a thermometer," said an Austin mother
to the new colored nurse. "What am
dat?" "It is an instrument by which
you cau tell if the water is too hot or too
cold." "I kiu tell dat ar without any
instrument. Ef de chile turns blue, deu
de water am too cold, aud ef hit turns red.
den I knows dat de water am too hot."
. 1'exas Sif tings.
A California man, coming home in
the night recently, stumbled over some
thing furry iu the hall. With rare pres
ence of mind he did not give the alarm,
but crept around the animal which he
jmlged to be a bear, got his shotgun and
lireu both barrels into the .beast. That
awoke his wife aud gave her the hyster
ics, and when he got a light and took
account of results, he fouud he had shot
his bearskin coat all to pieces. Boston
"Look here," said the Governor to
a high Stite official, "when are you going
to pay me that .ten dollars?" "upon
my honor. Governor, I don't know."
"Why, sir, the other day, when I men
tioned the fact of your indebtedness, you
asked me where I would be Tuesday."
"Yes, sir." "Well, wasn't that a prom
ise that you would pay me Tuesday?"
"No, sir." "Why, then, did you want
to knowjvhere I would be Tuesday?"
"Because I wanted to know where you'd
be so I could make arrangements to be
somewhere else." 'Arkansato Traveller.
Au Uncomfortable Position.
An alleged mesmerist named Town
send was placed in an uncomfortable
position before his audience, in Philadel
phia, by a medical student who had
closely studied mesmerism add kindred
isms, and who insisted on propounding
to the ielf-styled "professor, a series of
questions altogether beyond that individ
ual's comprehension. Finally the stu
dent asked why it was that the mesmer
ized subjects took particular care to stop
when they approached the edge of the
platform, and never went dangerously
near a wall or an opeu window. The
"professor" said: . "Why, my lrieud, I
control these people absolutely, and
f;uard them from harm, don't you see."
t was evident that the student did not
"see," for he requested that the subjects
who. were nimbly capering about the
stage should be thoroughly blindfolded
and then submitted to that "absolute
control" which thoroughly guarded them
"from all harm, don't you see." It is
needless to remark that the very reason
able proposition was not accepted, and
the audience dispersed with tho convic
tion that the mesmerist was a fraud.
mmmm . rT- . , . - -
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IjUEKS & HOEPELMAXN?
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired on short notice!
TSTOne door west ol" Heinf?'..
.Store, mil Street, Columbus, N'eb.
net, life is sweeping by,
jro and dare before you
die, something might v
and uhlime leave behind
conniier time. fW a week iu your own
town. $." outtit free. Xo risk. Every
thing new. Capital not required. Wo
will furnish you eervthing. .Many are
making fortunes. Ladies make as much
as men, and boys and girls make great
pay. Header, if you want business at
which you can make great pav all the
time, write for particular- to l. 'Hallett
fc Co.. Portland, .Maine. ai-y
A week made at homo bv the
iudu-trioiis. 15e.-t business
now before the public. Capital
not needed. "We will start
you. Men, women, boys and girl- want
ed everywhere to work for us. Now is
the time. You can work in spare time,or
give your whole time to the business.
Xo other business will pay you nearly as
well. No'one can fail to make enormous
puy.-by engaging at once. Costly outtit
and terms free. Money made fast, eusily
and honorably. Address True & Co.,
Augusta, .Maine. 31-y.